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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 25, 1910, Image 6

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MAVHATTAX PEACH— FircworKS.

Al^ Jimmy Valentine.
IndcT to Advertisements. \
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THURSDAY. AUGUST 25. 1010.
This nmctpeper is owned and put>- ;
listed l>v The Tribune Association, a j
Xnc Tork corporation; office and prin
«pc? place of business, Tribune Build- \
ing. Xo. 154 saam street, A'cic York; I
Often Mills, president; Ogdcn if. Reid. :
rccremrp; James M. Barrett, treasurer. ;
The address of the officers l* the office ;
0/ thiJt nctcspaper.
THE xrwF THIS UOKSVSQ-
FOREIGN.— The Japanese government j
communicated to representatives of tne j
powers the text of the convention an- ;
cexins Corea; no fears of serious trou " '
bit in the latter count-?' nre entertained, j
- Ex-President Madriz. according j
-. a dispatch received in Washington, j
is .-._.,. Amapala. Honduras, to j
Copta Ban ===== Moro chieis. repre
senting fort thousand inhabitants of
Mindanao, tendered their allegiance to ,
iiie United States, alter two hundred j
Filipinos at Zansoanga had presented ;
a petition for the independence of the j
islands to Secretary Dickinson. - :
Ambassador Kerens is endeavoring to \
induce Austria to open her frontier to j
American meat. .-■ Russia has placed j
an order for 51.450.000 worth of artll- j
lery with the Creusot Works in France; j
many me-nbers oi the Duuma are dis- !
pleased with the contract. -==■ Ad%'lces j
from the cholera-infected districts in j
Italy show decreases in both new cases t
and deaths.
DOMESTIC. — President Taft, on board
the Mayflower, presented the Tait cup
to Charles F. Adams, jr., whose yacht
v.-on the recent sonder races; Mr. Taft
and Sefior Riano. the Spanish Minister,
exchanged felicitations; Representative
lytmdenslajrer, of New Jersey, paid a visit
to the President. ===== Theodore Roo«=e
velt. at the estate of Douplas Robinson,
at Mohawk, N. V., declared that the "old
fruurd" would have all the tight they
wanted. ■ The Republican County
Convention of Orleans County instructed
delegates to the state convention to favor
Theodore Roosevelt for temporary chair
man; Prank A. Waters was nominated
for the Assembly. = It was an
nounced in Washington that all the
member? of the Cabinet would rae«t the
President" In Washington at the time of
his several days' stay at the White
House. ===== Wilkinson Call, United
States Senator from Florida from 1879
to 18? T. died at his Washington home
from apoplexy. = It was announced
at Washington that large tracts of land
in Wyoming. Idaho and Montana had
been restored to settlement and entry.
CITY. — Stocks m weak. — The
state refused, on the opinion of the At
torney General, to refund the $600.<XM
tax overcharges claimed by brokers on
behalf of customers. ... . — Mayor Gay
•nor was feeling' so ■aell that he ex
pressed a desire to V*e allowed to take
an automobile ride. ====- Mayor Gay
nor in a macazine article arraisrned po
litical bopsism and the national and
state party prejudice earri D d into local
politics. ===== The grand jury decided
to mak? an inv«:*-ticratH?n into the un
usual number of cases of irioience aris
ing out of the prarment workers" strike.
= Th^ aviators at Asbury Park
treated the spectators to some pretty
flying despite unfavorable winds. _ -
Chairman wmcox of thr- Public Ser
vice Commission said that the grade
crossing ;it Springfield, Lone Island,
where four persons of an automobile
■party were killed, would probably l>e
oliminated. ==- Madam Chira, the
fortune teller who was reported to have
predicted aitKinleys death, died sud
denly ;it a hall. ■ ■ •■ ■ The grand jury
lr.dicted John A. Qualey and Harvey
Wile* Corhrtt for the larceny of .*-'."."),
000 frojn Mrs. William T. Bull. ==
The greater part of the estate of Mrs.
Harriet Coles, estimated at $1,000,000.
was bequeathed to the Female Guardian
Society.

■ •
I
HOKE SMITH "COMES BACK"
1. • lion, iloke Smith h&& just de- j
Tjmnstraied mat it is easy enough to j
'"'•omtf Iwek" in <ieurgiu politics. He >
•was gr<*-at}y surprised two years ago j
r.hec he was defeated for rcnomina- j
lion in the Democratic primary by "Lit- I
tlf Joe" Brown, whom he had dismissed j
from office as a member of the i-*tate
Railroad f.'oniiniiision. "Little Joe's" j
virtury seemed to put Hoke's light cut. j
But the latter apparently gave much j
thought to the causes of his downfall, i
and rightly judged that they could n«t j
operate a *e<tmd time. His analysis j
was vindicated by the voie cast last !
Tuesday.
Mr. Suiith ccdoubtedlj oTv«"d his first |
nomination for Goyenor. in 1306, to the ;
active /-o-<»]>«\ition r>f Thomas n. Wat- j
-on. Watson was a Populist, but as all j
•white voter.-: nre allowed to participate I
ii* thf Democratic primaries in Georgia^ j
t'nd as ?*lr. Watson's local following was j
robsiderable. his support of Smith turned ]
th*» scale against ClarU IIowe!l. the •
v<!ifor of "The Atlanta Constitution," j
Mr. Smith advocated the passage of n j
constitutional amendment disfranchis- j
irq the negroes, :md also chrimploned
M)Ui<» amendments iif, the rules govern- j
ing the priin.-.ry which Mr! "Watson fa- !
*.oml. After he was elected he put !
through :: disfraichisemeht pcheme, but i
did nothing to liberalize the primary \
system. Mr. Watson accused Liini of bad
fnith. and in 1!«JS was instrumental in |
throwing the Populist yore to "Little ;
Joe" Brown, who was also supported by ■
IL<- snt**rf-«t« :'-.rcrrif*ved at the enactment
if a pstnte-wlde prohibition lan- and at
th? unreasonable warfare waged by
Governor Smith on the railroads.
Mr. Brown rxred his nomination t<> an
;.<-^idental union of elements tempora
rily "estranged by the Smith adminLstra
t^m. After he took office the combina
tion di s sohv*d. He was left represent
ing The reactionary v.'ing of the party,
iiid the impolitic tiJibusier conducted by
old followers in the Legislature at the
close of the last session, resulting in the
defeat of an :r.H i-lobbying act, greatly
offended public riuiout. Mr Watson
recently declared himself a Democrat
and again took an active part in the
primary ncht. But he was neutral this
rime as hetT« en Smith and Brown, con
fibing himself to ■ bitter assault on
those Democratic Representatives in
Congress who had voted to prolong
Speaker Cannon's autocracy by support
in? the Fitzgerald amendment to the
rules at the opening of the extra ses
sion m M:t •).. 1!*»!». Prohibition had
ceased to he a live issue, and the Brown
administration was compelled to stand
on its record of more or less masterly
::a-',ivit> .
A significant result of the primary.
."IKirt from iht- Smith-Brown upset, was
the defeat of two of the so-called "Can
roii Representatives" from Georgia.
Leonidas V. Livingston and William ML
Ilowhrd. They, with Representatives
Gordon Lee and C. G. Edwards, sup
ported the Fitzgerald amendment to the
rules and were charged with subser
viency to the Speaker in other matters.
Their rejection helps to make plain the
ftilJng of the voter* of botli parties that
t«,e-man rule in the House has had its
dny and that talk of reviving it in the
next Congress is political folly.
BASWES FlXDfit WIG VOICE.
■ Bon. William Barnes, jr.. of Al
bany, b* the only member of the "old
■ • ■ -i\h,. has recovered his voice
the pnbttcatioi of Mr. Taf t's lei
:•■ has not much to say alxuit that
■ :iv he feeis that the Jess
at i: the better. Not being able
• ■ lg ■•••■ ii. he thiuks best on
:he v : ■ .. ■ resent it. Here i 5
B of the letter and
m for It
So unwise was Us action [Mr. Grip
com' 1 ? notion in nominating Bir. Boose
velt] that President Taft has been called
r.por. to disclaim the absurd charge that
he was responsible for the selection of
Mr Sherman.
That is, it is all Mr. Griscom's fault!
President Taffs letter should be re
garded as a rebuke to Mr. Griscom'_And
all that the President did was to "dis
claim the absurd charge that he was
"resjKtnsible for the selection of Mr.
"Sherman"! Mr. Taft. it would appear,
did not say that he had approved the
suggestion that Colonel Roosevelt should
be selected as temporary chairman, and
that the idea that there might be opposi
tion "did nor occur to him" ; or that
when informed by telephone that an
other candidate was being considered he
"protested."' and that after the commit
tee had acted he had "deplored" the
action it had taken. Mr. Barnes did not
notice any of these things. Nor did he
see quoted in the President's letter a
telegram which had been suppressed, in
which the President urged co-operation
and consultation with Mr. Roosevelt.
And then Mr. Barnes goes on to say:
"Of course he [President Taft] v.as not
■Bible, nor was he consulted. Why
'should he be:" But Mr. Taft was con
salted when Vice-President Sherman,
representing the Barnes- Woodruff fac
tion, called him up by telephone to Bay
that Senator Root's name was being
considered for the office of temporary
chairman, and President Taft "pro
tested" against a contest, declining to be
, drawn into the fight a{ra.inst Colonel
I Roosevelt. Moreover, the "old guard"
made a studied effort to create the im
pression that Mr. Taft had been con
sulted and had expressed his approval
of Mr. BbermaiJ for temporary chairman.
The newspapers of the day after the
state committee meeting represent Mr.
William L. Ward, one of Mr. Barnes's
allies, as saying that he had consulted
v it!. Mr. Taft. while members of the
state committee who voted for Mr.
Roosevelt say that Mr. Ward tried to
persuade them to vote against him on
the ground that the President had ex
pressed to him. Ward, a preference for
Mr. Shermau. Moreover, Mr. Barnes
himself did his best to create the impres
sion that in acting as they did the old
guard" had carried out the wishes of the
administration. After Tuesday's meet
ing be said: "It simply means that a
"majority of the state committee decided
"it would be a good thing to place Mr.
"Sherman, n representative of the fed
"eral administration, in charge of the
"convention a.s temporary chairman."
Mr. Barnes did not use thai phrase, "a
"representative of the federal adminis
"tration." by accident. He has consti
tuted himself the special guardian of the
word "representative" in order to pre
serve all the sharpness of the word's lit
eral sense.
Among the other things in President
Tuffs letter which Mr. Barnes failed to
notice was the President's declaration
m favor of direct primaries. Mr. Barnes
still calls that system "Populistic." which
maker; the President of the United States
a Populist Probably Mr. Barnes also
failed to notice Mr. Taft's intimation of
his sympathy with a movement looking
to the retirement of State Chairman
Woodruff, "which failed" unhappily. It
vill doubtless be in vain to invite the
Albany "leader's" sttteiition to parts of
the President's letter which he over
looked. The whole subject is plainly
beneath his notice.
C ADA .1 V/» COBDEXISM.
Much Interest lias l>een aroused ami
much comment provoked by Sir Wilfrid
La liner's s]*>eehniakiiiK In the western
provinces or" thr- Dominion of Canada, 11l
which he has discussed the tariff mm
tion in a particularly outspoken mau
nor. Thus at Alberta, addressing ten
thousand fanners, be declared himself
a free trader of the school of Fox. Cob
den, Gladstone and liri^ht : he recos
nized the fact that hi? hearers (■:■>■ all
free traders, hut he argued that it was
impossible to have free trade in Canada
:js in <:reat ISritaiu, because <;rcat Brit
:;m had a leisure and wealthy class
from which it watf easy id collect re- -
enue, while it was impossible to tax the
new settler in such a land as the Cana
dian Northwest. However, he exited
cue day to be able to reduce the Cana
dian tariff rates and to secure reciproc
ity with the United ...
'Matter country was knocking at Cana
"da's door"
Practically. Sir Wilfrid pleaded not*
liOHsuutna. He is, of cours-e, a theoreti
cal free mider. lie and his party came
into power on the strength of a promise
of tariff reduction. Iliey would sneert
away the protectionist Fystem of the
Conservatives and estal.-lisli Cobdenism
in the Dominion. . ■•; the advent of the
Liberals was followed not by abolition
of the protectionist system but rather
by confirmation of it through the adding
uf same ultra-proteL-tionist details which
tl<e Conservatives had ii«>t 'ventured
vimn. To what e.\ieut the farmers of the
Far West object to these things re
mains io be demonstnited. V. .• have
not heard their objectiuiis formulated
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBI^iE. THURSDAY, AUGUST 25. 1910.
against, for example, preferential rates
to (;r<-M Britain, which are a purely pro
tectionist device. What la obvious Is
that under this protectionist regime the
Northwest baa been opened up and set
tled and has attained prosperity to a
marvellous degree.
There is a carious paradox in Sir Wil
frid's statement of the applicability of
protection uud free trade. He rpjrards
protection as necessary for a newly set
tled country, and yet Ik* says that it is
the newly settled part of the Dominion
which demands free trade; and he re
cords -free trade as appropriate for a
long settled land, although it is the older
parts of Canada which are the strong
holds of protection. Thai is to say, each
part of the Dominion wants the very
fbing which is um-'uited to it. Such is
the perversity of human nature! As for
the suggestion of the colle-tion of rev
enue from a class of the community in
stead of impartially from all in propor
tion to their means, ire doubt if it great
ly and permanently commends itself to
the Canadian spirit of fair play. Indeed,
we cannnot suppose that Sir Wilfrid
really meant to make it. or to commend
it. despite the fact that upon their face
his words have that significance. In a
country where those who might prac
tise free trade are devoted to protection
and where those who favor free trade
are compelled by inexorable circum
stances to practise protection we can
]>erceive little hope of the establishment
of Cohdenism.
THE RIGHT OF WAY.
Grade crssßangs of railroads should be
abolished wherever it is practicable to
do so. That proposition is. we believe,
- of axiomatic. Where they
cannot al present be abolished there
should be pate* or other devices for the
of the public, at '-east in the neigh
torhood of populous centres. That also is
indisputable And it goes withouJ
in- that where there ure putes they
be used and the gateman should
be vigilant and alert in the performance
of ins duties.
Nevertheless, caveat viator! It is the
part of wisdom, it is a precept of -dis
cretion, it is an imperative duty to self,
That he who crosses a railroad track
should look out for the locomotive. No
man in the possession of normal facul
ties crosses a railroad track without
knowing it. Nor is he ignorant of the
fact that the railroad train has the vipriit
01' way along its rails and that it is for
him who crosses them to look out for
lab own safety. It is no' hardship to do
so. Not one traveller in ten thousand
is legitimately in too much of a hurry
to obey the familiar admonition to
"stop, look, listen!" And not one acci
dent would occur if that rule were fol
lowed.
This admonition applies pre-eminently
to drivers of automobiles. Those indis
pensable but sorely misused vehicles are
nowadays more frequently run down at
crossings than any other, and yet it is
easier for the driver of a motor than
for the driver of a horse to look out for
a train. It is far safer to halt a motor
cur close to the track to take observa
tions than to do so with a horse, which
i!ii?ht be frightened by a suddenly on
coming train. Of all accidents at rail
road crossings we should say that those
to automobiles and their occupants are
least excusable.
THE END OF COREA.
The annexation of Corea to Japan,
which has now been actually effected,
was long ago assumed to be inevitable.
It will probably be for the good of all
concerned. Until the complete text of
the act of annexation is disclosed we
shall not know precisely what disposi
tion is made of the legitimate interests
<>f other countries in Corea. In view,
however, of the scrupulous regard of the
Japanese for international rights, we
may expect these to have been suitably
safeguarded. If Japan observes loyally
the agreements which were made by
Corea with this and other nations, there
will probably be no reason for com
plaint and no friction.
The act is also logical. That is to
say. if any country was to annex Corea
it was most fitting that Japan should
do so. Moreover, a fairly good case
might be made out for the proposition
that the possession, or at least the un
questioned and permanent control, of
Corea was essential to the security and
welfare of Japan— as good a case, at
least, as is made out for most other
corresponding acts of annexation. Leav
ing entirely out of the question the
semi-legend ar;- tales of early relations
between the two countries, we know
that -;. our own time Corea has caused
Japan much concern. Japan was the
first foreign power to gain a footing in
Corea and to make a treaty with that
"Hermit Nation," and thus in a sense
is to be credited with having "opened"
■ rtrea, as America opened Japan The
beginning of the end occurred in 18SS,
when Russia contemplated the estab
lishment of a protectorate over the
peninsula. The Japanese war
of 1894 swept away the shadowy Chi
nese suzerainty and left Japanese inter
ests supreme, and finally Russia's at
tempt to do m 1001 what she planned In
ISSS provoked the great war and made
the present consummation inevitable.
Those who have kepT themselves con
versant with the progress of events in
the Far East will not need to be re
minded that Japanese control of Corea
has already led to vast improvement in
the general r.ffairs of that country. It
would not '!••■ easy to find a more
creditable record than that which is
found in the ast annual report of Jap
anese administration in Corea. Under
actual Japanese ownership and sov
ereignty we may expect the processes
of reform and progress to go on more
r.'.pidly and surely, to the practical
benefit of Corea itself and of the coun
tries which have commercial relations
with it.
THE SOUTH'*. METROPOLIS.
Atlanta's remarkable gain in popula
tion seems to raise a serious competi
tor with Ne-v Orleans for first place
among the cities of the South v - • ■■■"
Orleans had a long start on all Southern
rivals. It was the only real commer
cial centre in the «;u!f region under the
ante-bellum regime. It was the chief
purt for cotton and sugar shipments and
distributed the manufactured goods
brought in for consumption from the
North or from Europe. It bad no manu
factures, because the Introduction of
manufactures was precluded by the
slave labor system. But no other .South
ern community was in .' position to en
gage in manufacture, and New Orleans
alona had a white population trained to
comnien-iui ■nits It suffered com
paratively little from the war. and
after the war easily outdistanced all
oilier Southern cities.
The growth of New Orleans has been
neuter, but relatively slow, and the
newer Southern centres created by
changed demands of trade and industry
are now beginning p draw up on it.
Atlanta was an small
{own thirty years ai». ' By ISOO its in
habitant.? had increased to 65.553, while
New Orleans had 24 i< >:'.o. Between 1890
and 100<i Atlanta* uiai increased to 89,
872, ■ gain of 37.1 jer cent, while that
cf New Orleans increased to 257.104. a
gain of only i v . ( '> per cent. In the last
decade Atlanta has grown at the rate
of "_:: per cent. Tie absolute increase
in numbers was (U.MVT. which is prob
ably greater Thau tie absolute increase
for New Orleans, f conditions do not
chancre Atlanta will be close at the heels
of the Louisiana metropolis within
twenty years.
Memphis ninde a surprising advance
between 1898 and l"X>0, its rate of gain
being >>.<". per cent It had 102.320 in
habitants in 1900 and ought to have
from 140,000 tc 150800 now. Richmond
has annexed Manchester, across the
James River, and expects to show 125,
000 people when .his years count is
completed. It is n>t growing, however,
BO fast as Atlanta or Memphis. These
two are responding to new influences in
the South— those <f commercial oppor
tunity and business enterprise. If they
can become seats of manufacture as
well as distributiig centres they will
soon challenge th( long undisputed su
premacy of the complacent mistress of
tl'O lower Mis-sissiipi Valley.
Barnes is the QuulMumM of the n?w
"old guard."
When it iF posstole to propel war ves
sels by gu.i~ power their radius of action
will lie greatly iicreased. As the in
ternal combustiin motor emits no
smoke, the proxinity of a squadron or
fleet will not be as easily detected at sea
by an enemy us ft is now. Conspicuous
se advantages will be, it is rather
absurd to say that the new battleships
and cruisers wO! render the Dread
noughts and Infexibles "obsolete." In
pun power and characteristics of
a different kind from those just men
tioned, the Norn Dakota and the Del
aware are far superior to a dozen or
more other battleships in the Atlantic
fleet. Yet then is no talk of sending
the Connecticut and a lot of older ves
sels to the junk piie.
Colonel Roosevelt promises the Barrtes-
WbodrufE group "all the fight they
want." We hu:ard the prediction that
thej- wont want much.
Colonel James Gordon, of Mississippi,
says that he will enter the primary next
year as a candidate for United States
Senator. His brief service in the Senate
wu.s a glittering success, and the coun
try would welcome his return for a full
term. The colonel is in his Beventy-
Beventb year, but he represents the new
South as well as he does the old. ably
reconciling ancient traditions with the
demands of present day progress.
A Chicago man has just established
himself as the champion dishwasher. Is
his wife a suffragette, or how else did
it happen '.'
In most of the- comments passed on
the failure of Americans who have
visited Europe to declare the full value
of purchases made abroad the moral
■ of the concealment has received
exclusive attention- These cases, how
ever, raise another puzzling Question.
Do none of the offenders read the news
papers? Sine winning oJ
lector L,oeb's administration scores of
seizures <>f dutiable articles have been
rted at length by the press. Sn,
too, has been the embarrassing plight
in which returning travellers havr been
placed by their neglect v> comply with
customs law. Ever;,- fresh instance,
therefore, betray? a strange degree of
recklessness or ignoran^
Here are the representatives of forty
thousand Moros declaring that they will
fighi rather than have America give
them their independence. What do our
anti -imperialists know about that?
Mi Redmond thinks thr abolition oi
the House v aIJ essential pre
liminary to the granting of Home Role
-••land. Mr. William O'Brien, on
the other hand, declares that the House
of Lords could be induced to Errant Home
Rule more easily than England could
be induced to abolish the House of
I " tin whole, Mr. O'Brien seems
to take th« more Judicious view of the
Bituatioi
Georgia mi£it save trouble by amend
ing her constitution to provide for
alterni ■ ; • - „• the heads of the
Smith and • ■ amilies.
Senator Depew return- in good time
Afl a candidate for United States Sen
ator hi welcome the opportunity to
take as u.-nu part in the discussion of
the issue noM befon \ ■ Republican! of
the state.
THE TtLK OF THE DAY.
An "advertbement pantomime" is m
course of preparation in Berlin. This novel
form of publidty is being adopted by one
of the large retail establishments of the
capital, which has commissioned a distin
guished compiler to write the music of the
production. Tie plot deals with two poor
children fount starving by a fairy on
Christmas E\fc. She proceeds to take
them, in a series of scenes, through th«
various departkenta of the great shop, giv
ing them piisents. Comic characters,
clowns and a ballet lend humorous relief.
The pantominß will probably be produced
at one of the lerlin theatres, customers at
the shop receiving free tickets.
"There's BOlKthlai about your daugh
ter," Mr. Stayato said reflectively, "there's
something abott your daughter"
"Yes." said id Mr. Thistlepod, "there is
I hay« notice* it myself, it comes every
evening at s o'tlock and It doesn't go away
til! 12 o'clock: and some of these nights I
am gointr to Bt It all the way from the
front parlor tdthe side gate and set- what
there is in - Tii -Bits
i
"Tuberculosii^ a Chicago collected $!&,
250.000 last yeaj from the State of Illinois
in human 1ml." This is the statement
of Chief Saniary Inspector Ball of Chi
cago, who usej as a basis for the figures
the valuation 4 $5,0>3 on a •■:■ Inspector
Ball also fi?uiis that between three and
four orphans *re made each day in Chi
cago by tubercJiosjs, thus ting a great
burden on bent? .ant institutions.
What sort ofJung power is a Brooklyn
it«r supposed toihave. any way? A citizen
of that inieresjng burg was held up and
robbed the ol hi night, and "The Eagle'
records it as trka We that his cries of
woe were not Hard, "the police station b*
ing but four b)cks nv,-av." Ever walked
Brooklyn blockl?— Puck.
In a few da) Iworkaaes will begin to de
molish the low rambling building back of
Notre Dame, ihich wus erected in UH
after plan* ha ■•■■■■■ Gilbert. No Pari
sian and few 1 II'"- to the city will for
get the pile dedpited to death and terror.
Tiie morgue mu^ go, and on the spot where
the disfigured c^ps« el suicides and mur
der's victims fund a ehort resting place
there will i"- .1 laru. It v, iii not be long
before bloominglnowers, children at t>lav
and men and women peacefully loitering
will form a new and pleasant picture there.
"But." says "La Temps," "this contem
plated transformation will not be the re
sult of an esthetic awakening, but will be
due only to the fact that crime has In
creased to such an extent in Paris that the
present morgue is Inadequate."
Servant-May I come in and* dust your
Heavens, woman, I am wrapped in
1 Servant - sir. I am glad I knocked
first!— Cussell's Saturday Journal.
A picture postcard sent from Albany by
a visiting English woman to her friends in
New York shows a front view of the State
Capitol. On the card the woman wrote:
"Looking down from these steps, I have in
sight a drug store, which the guide tells
me is on the corner of State and Eagle
streets. There is nothing strange about it
except that for many years it -was the Ex
ecutive Mansion, that King Edward-nt
that time Prince of Wales— was enter
tained there, and that its present proprietor
is Edward Loeb, the brother of your Col
lector."
"He's a terrible drunkard, isn't he.
"Yes. But he's a good citizen."
"How can that be?" „„ ♦„
"Every time he has jimjams he goes to
the courthouse and pays taxes on a pack
of pink and blue dogs."— Cleveland' Leader.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
BRILLIANCY AS A DISGUISE.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Naturalists find it hard to believe
that such an immense fact as a universal
obliterative effect of brilliant costumes in
the animal kingdom has lain right under
their noses without their seeing it; and
the fact that it is an artist, a visionary,
who presents it encourages their incredu
lity.
"When I first perceived the obliterative
effect of counter shading eighteen years
ago I met the same incredulity. I was
told at the various museums here and
abroad that the subject of animals' colors
had already been exhaustively treated by
Darwin and Wallace; and not until this
had gone on several years did it occur to
me to counter shade to actual invisibility
an artificial model, and then actually fool
the naturalists with it. In every vase they
failed to detect the model, though it stood
solid before them.
In my original paper 1 Auk. July.
I stated briefly, with the account of coun
ter shading, the effacing effect of brilliant
costumes, but not until this summer have
I done for this part of my discovery what
I did for counter shading. At last, natu
ralists' continued incredulity has reminded
me to repeat by the use of stuffed birds
and dried butterflies, placed in normal sit
uations out of doors, the method by which
I convinced them before.
I now invite any one who would be im
pressed by failing to detect the world's
most gorgeous birds and butterflies, ar
ranged about him, near by, in full sun
light, to come to Monadnock this summer
and I will show him the whole thing on
any fair day. I show it almost daily to
my friends, often nointing right art a bird
or butterfly not seven yards off, without
their even then detecting it.
Among the birds and butterflies that I
have used for this demonstration are red
and-blue macaws, both Indian and Java
peacocks, resplendent trogans, the black
nnd-orange "regent bird" of Australia,
Mexican green jays, the beautiful black
headed blue jay from the same region,
the most brilliant black-and-gold cas
siques, and many other gorgeous black
and-yellow dressed birds and insects. The
black-and-scarlet species of South Amer
ican heliconius butterfly are particularly
magical in their delusiveness.
Not once has any spectator detected one
of these specimens without my help.
ABBOTT H. THAYER,
Monadnock. X H.. Aug. 16, 1910.
ROOM FOR A NEW SOCIETY.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I, too, have keenly felt the affront
of the huge and hideous sign that defaces
and denies the mountainside at Harper's
Ferry, and deeply sympathize with the
sentiments bo well expressed by Mr. Mac
artney in this morning's Tribune. This spe
cies of vandalism is spreading: and threat
ens to despoil the natural beauty of our
country.
Societies there are innumerable, but on©
more is needed— n. society for the protec
tion and preservation of historic and pict
uresque America. A fund should be pro
vided for Its maintenance, and unceasing
efforts put forth to obtain the requisite au
thority in the first place, and afterward
to restrain and prosecute these venal vam
pires, who are blind to everything save
the gleam of the dollar.
F. V.-. COLLINS.
New York, Aug —. 1310.
THERE WAS PRECEDENT.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Referring to a recent editorial In
The Tribune, the use of the word "budget"
by ; . noted member of th.9 House of Com
mons a.- a verb was not original with him.
The prime meaning of a budget in mind,
one J. Taylor, in "The Penniless Pilgrim,"
published in the seventeenth century, wrote:
"We eat«, a. substantial! dinner and like
miserable Guests we did budget up the
rruersions."
In "The London I 'ally News" of October
0, ISB4, will be found: "An army of six
thousand men and a force of 7,757 police
were budgeted for in 1883." C. m.
Brooklyn, N. V., Aug. 30, 1910.
A -LIMIT TO LOYALTY.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: You and Tolstoy arc both wrong
about the peace business. Patriotism is a
virtue, but unlimited loyalty is not. You
cite the fact a man serves the community
when he serves his family. True, but he
does not serve the higher interests of his
family if he helps it to rob or murder other
families. Unlimited family loyalty leads
straight to the vendetta. We need loyal
ties to family, nation and mankind, limited
and supplemented each by each.
An American Indian educated at Carlisle
returns to his reservation to find hi:- people
about to go to war with the whites and
not to be dissuaded. Military patriotism
.moves him to join them, but he sees the
folly and hopelessness of th«» war, ami re
fuses. They call him a coward; but is he?
And is not a Frenchman in a similar posi
tion when ha r&fuses to fight in an un
necessary war with Germany?
We must defend ourselves at need against
savages or Orientals, but th« advanced
Western nations are only one.^cjvlltcatlrtiii
permeable by the same thoughts and al
ready permeated with democracy. A de
termined international party can save one
of them from permanent subjection to an
other hence their great armaments against
one another are a terrible anachronism.
As to the military oath, a man ought not
to commit murder even though he has
sworn to do so; and war, when unjust or
unnecessary, is murder.
J. DE LANCET' vi;i:pi ,- k
Fishkill-on-Hudson, N. v.. Aug. 3, 1510
MONEY TALKS.
From The Washington Star.
English may not become the universal
language for aonis time to come. But it is
already recognized throußhout the world as
the language of literal tips.
DESPERATE POLITICS.
From The Charleston News and Courier.
Now the RepubU an; making iles
perate .-nor!.-, to show that Hearst 'is on
Harmon a in.- i: B anything with then to
Harmon
SURPRISING.
From The Milwaukee Journal.
The Democratic State Convention of Okla
homa has given a vote of thank« to Sen
ator Gore for forcing the investigation into
the affairs of tin Indians. Is it possible
that .1 majority may be found in Oklahoma
that nas no Indian land or town lota or
ontingenl lees included la its assets''
People and Social Incident*
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Miss Eleanor Steele, who»« engagement
to the Comte Jean de Basel* do I^crpa
was announced yesterday by cable from
Paris In the« columns. .Ik the eldest
daughter of Charles Ste-le. a par- in
the firm of .1. Pierpont Morgan & Co^
who moved to New York from his native
city of Baltimore when ho joined tho firm
of J Pierpont Morgan & Co. He has a
town house in "West 49th street and ■ coun
try place in Weettary, Long Island.
Miss Steele made her debut last winter,
and Is now in France with her mother,
who was Miss Nannie French, a daughter
of Seth Barton French, of New York. The
Comte de Lagrcze i:- connected with the
Department of Foreign Affairs in Paris.
The Bascles de Lagreze are a very old
family of the Gascon nobility, whose name
figures in the mediaeval history of France,
and who were connected by ties of mar
riagee with the now- extinct royal Swedish
dynasty of Vasa.
Mr and MSS. Clarence Mackay are booked
to sail for New York on September 30. Mrs.
Mackay i? at present at the Hotel Ritz
in Paris, while her husband Is at his shoot
ing box in Scotland.
Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt, jr.. is at CSS*
bad until the end of the month.
Mr. and Mrs. Cortland P. Dixon and the
Misses Dixon have gone la the Adlron
dacks to stay with Miss Augusta Polhemus
for the remainder of the season.
Mr. and Mrs. Meredith Howlanfi. Mrs
Alfred Parish and Miss Gladys Parish and
Judge and Mrs. Francis If. Scott Ware
among those who sailed ye3teraay for Eng
land on hoard the Adriatic.
Miss Adele Colgate, daughter of Cora,
Countess of Stratford, has left for the Adl
rondacks to stay with Mr. and Mrs. Fred
erick W. Vanderbilt at their line Tree
Point camp.
Mr?. Prescott Hall Butler letUHM to-mor
row te her countrj' house at St. James,
Long Island.
The Marquis • 'apece de Bugnano. ppccia.l
ambassador of Italy to Mexico in connec
tion with the celebration or" the centennial
anniversary of its independence, and the
marquise as weil as Captain ' ount Na^ls
trati, who have been staying for a few
days at the- Waldorf-AFtona. sailed to-day
for Mexico on board the Mericc. of the
■\Vard Line.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT, j
[By Telegraph to The Tribune.] ;
Newport, Aug. "4. — Ref?istered at the |
Casino to-day were Oliver Harriman, of J
New York, who is visitins James F. D. j
Lanier: Miss R. De Forest, of New York, a ,
guest of Miss Freda Paine; Miss Helen M.
Parker, of Washington, a guest of Miss
Annie Powell; Miss Agnea Lodberg, of
Newport; S. Garston Harvey, of England.
who Is visiting 1 A. Gordon Ren ■ and
Charles E. Dunlap, of Philadelphia, a guest ,
of Edward J. Dei wind.
Mrs. Henry Clews was th« leader in New- i
port'? social entertaining to-day. This ;
evening: she had a large party for dinner ;
at The Rocks, and informal dancing fol- j
lowed. Mrs. Henry Barton Jacobs v/as j
also a dinner entertainer. Mrs. Joseph E. (
Widener entertained a large luncheon
party and Mrs. James Grisv.old Wests was ■
hostess at a women's luncheon.
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick 11. Prince, of !
Boston, have decided to close their season j
here on September 1. They will return to !
Boston for a time and then go abroad.
James J. Van Alen and Miss May Van !
Al«*n will not close Waken urst this year j
until October IZ, though Mr. Van Aien i
plans spending some time at Hot Springs, j
Va., before that date.
Mrs. Charles If. Baldwin is not to clo->=e !
her season until late in the fall, and Mr. I
WITH ROOSEVELT IN AFRICA
J. Alden Loring" Says Expedition
Was Not One of Slaughter.
Waverly, N. V.. Aug. C4.-J. Alden L'or
ins, of Owego, X. V.. one of the ti«*ld nat
uralists who accompanied tk« Roosevelt
African expedition, delivered his first lect
ure, "Through Africa with Roosevelt," here
to-night, as one of the attractions of the
'"old homo rveek" celebration.
Mr. Lorinp: covered tho entire trip from
Mombasa. British East Africa, to Goitrfo
koro, on th« Nile, wher* th*» hip jrame
hunting practicallj* ecased. After describ
ing the habits of the natives and rame
and relating many experiences that befell
various members of !h<=> party, the speaker
said:
Colonel Roosevelt and Kcrmit are two of
the finest men to be with In camp that i
have met. Their whole interest was for the
good of the- expedition, and they added
many rare animals to the collection simply
because they were determined to make it
as complete and valuable as possible.
Although handicapped by poor eyesight.
the colonel is a good marksman! Like all
sportsmen, he made many good shoes ami
he made many poor ones, but a- ■ whole
his shooting v.., above the aver ;_; _ and he
frequently brought down many flying birds.
j-uch as herons, cranes and " greater bus
tards. Hunting dangerous frame, such as
buffaloes, elephants, rhinoceroses and lions,
he exhibited the courage of a veteran big
game hunter, and the quickness with which
he mastered the situation when in danger
ous places and the accuracy or' his shooting
showed that he never got excited.
I do not think that the colonel gives In?
readers a fair impression of the very preat
danger that be and Kermit were so oft*-n
placed in. After we had said good by to
four or live settlers with whom we had be
como acquainted and met them again sev
eral weeks later, to And one with a badly
injured arm. chewed by a leopard, a second
in the hospital at the point of death from
a lion maulinir and a third who exhibited
a rent in a shirt made by the tusks of a
charging elephant that killed his pun
bearer, and after we had dined •.■••.. a is
sionary one noon and learned of his death
from fever the next day, we began to real
ize that hunting African big game was not
altogether a one-sided affair.
Mr Loring denied that the expedition was
one of slaughter. He said that it was pure
ly scientific, sent out by the Smithsonian
Institution for the purpose of enriching our
knowledge of science and to collect speci
mens of AXrican animals. Ten times the
amount of game could have been killed.
Already over twenty-five animals new to
science have been described, and when the
entire collection has been worked up many
more will have been found.
BAR HARBOR RIBBON
Three New Exhibitors Win Chief
Trophies of the Horse Show
[D, Telejjrauh to The Tribune ]
Bar Harbor, Me.. Aujr. 21—Edwurd Mc-
Lean. Otto H. Kahn and George Chipchaae
three new exhibitors, made practically ■
clean sweep at the Bar Harbor Horse Show
to-day, leaving only three ribbons in minor
classes for the other exhibitors.
.Mr Kahn's superb four-in-hand swept
everything before it. Mr McLean took the
tandem, the ladies' harness and a special
pony ribbon. Mr. Kahn's Dixie Girl took
first honors In the ladled 1 saddle horse elasa.
while Colonel 1;. de v Morrell won tho
single harness class ribbon. Mists Anne
Thompson took one harness pair and P..
Hall McCormick th« other. tJeorge Chip^
case secured blues in the combination pony
class, the saddle pony class and in the
hunter class from a tine tield of entries.
There was aaaM aaatth«] Jumping, und
some of the horses, becoming fractious,
bolted in*- the crowd Miss Tinker, of New
York, riding one of her own horses, was
thrown. fane was uninjured and remounted,
ttnishlne the Jumps.
PRETTY CLOSE TO IT.
From The M Paul Dispatch.
A Chteako congregation has opened a
swimming pool in the basement or the
church, it proposes iv bo next to nodli- i
neat, anyhow. IO •» mi I
and Mrs. William H. Fatten hay* dscidM
on October 1 as their closing date. They
will go to Lancaster. Mass*., at that tin*,.
Mrs. P. Brugui^rf has gorrn to Bar Har
bor for a short visit.
Mr. and 21th. Herbert M. Harnnar. ar*
•• - guests of Mr and Mrs. K. T. TVitwn.
jr.. at Saratoga Spring. N. T.
Miss Kleanora Sear.-, of Boston. i;« a guest
of Mi Payne Whitney.
Devereux Milburn Is visiting Reginald
Brooks at his summer home. y>~-
Vice-Commodore C. Ledyard B!a:r has as
his guests aboard the Diana VViriiata)
Manic* and F<>rd Huntington. of N>w York.
\V. Graham Bowdoin. of Baltimore, is v;.*.
iting Dr. Henry Barton Jacobs. Mrs. V.'!J.
HOB D Sloan*, of New York. Is a. guest
of Mrs. H. McK. Twombiy.
D-. • •-■•• jr.. of New York. L*.
making a short visit here.
Lawrence and .Tames M. "WatTburr, Jr..
have returned from a short visit in Nnr
York.
Mi*s Mary Burroughs has ended her visit
to Mrs. Marsden J. Perry and returned
to New York. •:
Mrs. XVillard Brown srave a larse dim»?
party this evening. Mr*. John ft. T>-»xel
was al.*"» a. lnr.ch»r;n entertainer.
Owinsr to Jlln^ss Reg-naid C. VanderbDt
has cancelled his annual hors*« shevw dinner.
Mr and Mrs. Varies M. Oshriehs hav<s
returned from Canada and are guests of
Mr. and Mrs. Leonard M. Thomas.
IN THE BERKSHJRES.
[By Tei-sra;h to The TrDuae]
L^nox, Aug. 21.— Mrs. Elizabeth B. Lynd-.
of New York, has bought the historical old
General TVi3liarn3 farm of MM hundred
acres,, midway between Lenor and Siock
bridge.
Mrs. Frank K. Sturgls. who has been tn
Newport since early tn July, win return to
Lenox or. Saturday for the remainder oJ
the season.
Mn Sarr. '
Mr. ... ■
o V-r
inont by autorr.j
I Marshall Kernochan has returned "
; Holmesdaio from Newport, where he «a3
a guest ■• his aunt. Mrs. John .f. WVaon^.
Mr. and Mrs. Edmund Coffin are vigitu-;
Mrs. John Sloajie at V.'yr.dhurst.
Mr. and ilrs. Howard "White, of London,
have arrived at the Hotel Asninv/all.
Mrs. Herman Emmett is a guest or Miss
Kate Cary at Butternut cottage.
Mrs. C C. Delmonico and Miss Detaoti
ico will return to New Tort on Friday,
after the rummer spent at the Maplewood.
in PittsfWd.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Blake are vlsitis*?
|Mr and Hi George Ba:y Blcke at Fin*
| Needles.
1 Chester G. Burden to-day announced th*
board of stewards and the programme for
the seventh annual race meeting of tha
: Berkshire Hunt- The stev.-ards will b«%
Rosa Whistler, of the Elk Kidge Hunt;
Frank K. Sturgis, Joseph W. Burden, of
the .Berkshire Hunt: Joseph E. DaviD.
] Harry G. Tanghan. Henry W. Smith, ri
the Meadow Brook Hunt, and Charl»a
1 Ffizer, of the Es=ex Hunt. Cups have be*-n
offered by Gtmod Foster, president ot th«
Berkshire Hunt; Frank K. Sturgis. Fred
eric Bull and Spencer P. >:■■■■ of the
, Berkshire Hunt, and p!at« and purses hay«
: been offered by Joseph W. Burden, of thfl
\ Lenox Club and the Lenox lion* show A?
i sociation. The races will be held on Sep
i tember O
Mrs. Augustus Zabriskle. A. O Zabriski*
! and Mrs. William T. Emmet:, who hay*
I been at the Curtis Hotel, a-» now natnr
! ing in the hills.
Francis Burrall Hoffman, jr.. ot Nc"*
i Tork. is at the Curtis Hotel.
Mrs. K. P. "Walker.; Miss Eleanor ,,,K,
! Walker, W. M. Brewster. 3IiSS Brrv.stc-r
I and Hisr, Stanley, of Sew Tork. are at Xhm
I Curtis Hotel.
J NAMES MEDAL CONDITIONS
! American Institute to Honor
Best Tenement Designs.
j The Nctr Tork Chapter of the Americas
j Institute of Architects announced yes:?r«
i day the conditions under -which medals an
j to be given by the chapter for excellent*
lin esterior design of apartment housr'.
i There will be two medals and fctir hc2?r*
i able mentions awarded each rear.
; The seven conditions under which fes
awards are mu.d«t are:
First, the medals and honoraiJe- wot*
' tions may b» made to the owners cf apart-"
j men:: each year. Second, one ciedal ar.i
i two honorable mentions may be award?'!
lin each of two classes of apartment -:- -.
j those of more than six stories In heists
I and tho^e cf £ix stories or ics^ i:: heis^i.
I Third, all apa.rtm.enta are eligible fa:' jtidz*
! ment which have been erected in tbfl bor
j ough of Manhattan or The 3ron:c ar.d fcava
i been completed within ... previous
j to the October judgments. Apartments hay«
j ing received medals or honorable mention
i are ineligible for future award. Fourth. th»
medals awarded are of bronzr. with fit*
name of the owner and the name and lo
! cation of the apartment, a certlfleati oi
' award Is also given the owner and the rriv-
J ilesre of placing the following inscription
j on his building: "Apartment House Med3l
j (date). Awarded by the New York Chap
1 ter of the American Institute ot Archi
tects."' The sixth and seventh condSttonS
are Jn regard to the jury that gives t**»
award, which consists of nine aibers,
who shall be the president of the Ne*
York Chapter, one of the secretaries and
| five members chosen by the cxeeutiv*
j committee of the chapter, together witi
( the Tenement House Commissioner of N*«
i York and the president of the Art Cam'
I mission of the City of New York.
WHITE HOUSE GUESTS
President Will Discuss Estimates *■*
Message with Cabinet.
[From Tha Tribune Bureau, i
Washington. Aug. 2t— President Tait ni^
have as his guests at the White Housa
on his nixw days* visit to "Washington »
stpteniber all the members of hla Ca>
ir.et. Daily conferences will t»? h?ii ***
tween the President and the members o£
his official family, and much business will
•■■ transacted, chiefly a careful t-tudy ■'.
the estimates of appropriations to be >.:-*•
mitted to Congress in December.
I tentative draft «>f the Presidents an
nual message ii Congraaj v..:: be prepared
at these conference.*" Ther«* probably tri'l
not l>e another Cabinet meetin- bclbsi tti*
convening of Congrvsii, a^ Presitler.l TafS
will bt» away the jrreater part of November
on the Panama trip. According to U:**!
reports, the President will rearh u«b*bS»
ton on" September i»J and leave here tot
Keverly on September 23.
CHINESE PRINCE ON WAY HER-^
Shanghai, Au£. -i.— The steamship H^s*
churl*. which sailed to-day. h.st* on btw rii
Prince Tsai-llsuu and his suite. eoispostnS
the naval mission which will spend '*****»
weeks in America studytns tlw I'nitea
States navy. Prince Tsal-Ksun hca^**
the party which recently v;si:«?vl Kurop**
but was compelled to defer its viaiJ W
America until after its return to Cfcta-*-
Tin- mission Is due to arrive at San '" J n *
Cisco September 16. and expects to sail ft" 0111
that purt on the return trip .■■»■• - 't
"BLIND TIGERS

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