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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 28, 1910, Image 17

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fJtPBOVBU MAIL SERVICE
Equipment for Rapid Handling in
Sac York's Ncxo Postoffice.
jfVr pictorial <Jl3Kra.m Illustrating this article see
papes 4 and 5.)
I'ncle Suns postal service is sometimes criti
cised as being behind the times because of its
slowness in adopting improved devices for speed
ing the mails on their way. Soon after the new
Pennsylvania station, at Seventh avenue and
3«*3 <ireet. is ' ' '"'" the critics will have an op
portunity to observe the operation of a system
of mechanical mail handling which will incline
them to think some one in the postal service
ha waked up.
When the contract was made between the
o-ovemment ami the Pennsylvania Kailroad for
itj-. erection of the branch postoffice at the ter
minal the railroad agreed to deliver the mail
there. The railroad, with the expectation of
savin? thousands of dollars a year in labor, is
constructing a new system, the like of which,
v, a b]v, is njt to be found elsewhere in the
world. By means of it the thousands of mail
v-jjj: coming into ■■■ going out of that station
dai'v will be handled with a celerity possibly
never attained before by a pouch stamped
"V. £■ **•"" With the aid of belt conveyers,
•jacket elevators, spiral chutes and automobile
tracks it will bo possible to load and unload in
three hours the 250 tons of mail matter which
will pass through this station every day. Radiat
ing from this office to different points of the
city will be a series of pneumatic tubes which
will facilitate the collection and distribution.
Th? devices which are being installed will affect
the movement of the mail of the United States
asd i"' fact. °* aiJ P 3l * 3 of the «-'d with which
jfe* York has postal relations.
Between 14,000 and 16,000 haps, weighing
from a few pounds to 200 pounds each, will be ,
bandied daily. A large proportion of this will be
•trough maiL It was necessary to devise a
mechanical system economical in time as well
as in men to move it, for trains may remain in
the station only a short time. The r>ostolHce,
directly v\<^r the tracks west of the station, is to
be connected with the platforms i•■ I m by four
spiral chutes, an endless belt fitted with buckets
ar.d four plunger ■ eval re for raising and
lowering trucks designed for the transportation
of bags of heavy ■ per mail. From either of
the mailing floors of the I stoffice a bag may
be started on its journey to the ends of the
earth by th.? simple act of throwing it into the
capacious mouth of one of the spiral chutes.
It gups down t>» the carrier belt below like a
youngster sliding down the chutes at Coney
Is!and. The belt, running horizontally over the
platform, carries it forward. This is a free ride
terminating in the hopper of the "tripper,"
which launches it into a curving rectangular
canvas tube, down which it is shot into the car.
No hand comes into contact with the bag in
the course of this trip from the office to the
car d.xir, unless the machinery fails. Then the
can lidingr on the seat of the hopper-like
•■;-:; ; - interferes and sets things right.
Four platforms will be equipped with the ma
chinery for loaaing trains. Over each of these
will be two endless horizontal carrier belts,
cj-crating in opposite directions from the two
Booths of the spiral chute. Running upon rails
ra?T'cr.de<i over the belts are the "trippers,"
•ciich jick vj> the pouches from them at any
desired point.
One of the platforms is provided also with ma
chinery fur unloading. This consists of a con
veyer i>e!t c;irri< j d beneath the platform and
emptying its burden into the buckets attached
t3 a vertical chain belt. The latter travels at
tie rate of twenty buckets a minute, each carry
hg a pouch. The bags are lifted to the street
level, whvre they re tumbled into one of the
spiral chutes, from which they may be switched
to the desired level.
Wbt ■ a mail train enters the station no pains
rrili be taken to do anything more than throw ,
the pouches out on the platform, it may not j
xegnire more than five minutes to la this. The j
train then passes on to the Long Island City j
jards. Th»:- bags ••• deposited one by one Into
opening's in the platform. At the right moment
_ plunger operated by compressed air pushes a !
i&S on to the belt. }. ■-.. the pusher and the j
belt are geared to and. run by the belt of the
backet Jift in order that the bags may be fed to :
*JLe backets at the roper intervals. Should the .
poach reach the point where it is dumped into j
the backet a secund too soon or too late, its ;
precious freight of sentiment and commerce
tight be injured by the machinery.
7..- perfect co-oj ration of the horizontal and .
vertical Lull.-- has a bearing upon the life of the
eccntrj that it is difficult to realize. Suppose
tie machinery chewed up a bundle of letters
containing documents connected with the Cun
iiiSham claims in Alaska going to President
lift or to the interested financiers, or the pro
posals of th'j tcion of a royal bouse to an Amer
ican heiress? It would hurt the feelings of the
persons Interested to a degree difficult for ordi
s^ry Americans to realize. A good deal de
;<£ds upon proper co-operation, as the captains ;
« Waterloo discovered.
Tor the lover of statistics it may be said that
Ca ba§s will scorch down through the chutes
a the rate of five feet a second, i ad move along
&c belts at the rate of more than two feet in
u» same length of time, the entire journey from
&c top of the chute to the door of a car. one
SEW-YOBK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, AUGUST 28. 1910.
hundred feet away from the mouth, being about
one minute. The whole system was devised by
k. B. Marks and J. E. Woodwell. engineers of
this city.
A great deal has bee* said about the station
and the yards in I^ong Island City, but very
little definite information has been made public
regarding the Harrison transfer point west of
the Jersey meadows. At this point, (>.l miles
west of the Hergen portal of the tunnels and
S.G miles from the big Manhattan station, the
locomotives of all the trains destined for Man
hattan via the tubes will be detached and re-
J laced by the electric motors. This means that
there miist be accommodations for the care of
scores of locomotives and electric motors at
that point.
The new Harrison station itself, through
which jour hundred or more trains will pass
dafly, will be little more than a transfer point.
There will be two platforms eight hundred feet
long covered with what are termed umbrella
sheds. Passengers wishing to go to lower Man
hattan direct or coming from that part of the
city or Jersey City will transfer here, crossing
the platform to the train they desire.
The establishment of this now Harrison sta
THE "LAST CAR" OF THE FUTURE.
The ran fcr the last air car will not be so safe as it is nowadays on terra firma. For those who
cannot break away from the old habit of running for their car, special strong men will
be kept on duty. —Throne and Country.
tion is conn" ted with tin development of a new
line into Newark. This will cross over the Pas
saic River on a bridge ar^Centre street. A new
station which will be more central than the
present Market street station will terminate
this spur at Military Park, fronting on Park
Place and adjoining Saybrook Place. This
building is in process of erection. The electric
trains passing between Manhattan and Newark
by way of the McAdoo tunnels will use this sta
tion. This will not mean the elimination of the
Market street station on the main line, but it
vz expected to add to the convenience of New
ark people. Kv< Dtually electric trains may be
run direct from the new Newark station to the
uptown Pennsylvania terminal,
THE PIANOFORTE.
Continued from iiririmd pa«r.
met rivals whose technical skill upon the key
board was admittedly as great if not greater
than bis own; but he met no one who could
improvise upon a given theme as he could-
And it would appear as if .sometimes something
else than the mere beauty of a theme would
fire his fancy. There, for instance, is the story,
often told, of his meetings with the redoubt
able Steibelt It was at the house of Count
Fri< s in Vienna in ISOO. At the first meeting
Bel thoven produced his Trio in B flat for piano
forte, clarinet and violoncello (Op. 1 1 >, and Stei
belt a quintet for a pianoforte and strings. After
these set pieces Steibelt yielded to the request*
<>f the company and won rapturous applause by
an exhibition of a fetching trick in arpeggios
which was one of the catch-penny specialties of
this charlatan. Beethoven could not be persuaded
to touch the pianoforte a second time that even
ing. A week later there was a second meeting,
at which Steibelt surprised the company with
a new quintet, and an obviously prepared im
provisation consisting of variations on a theme
which Reethoven had varied in the Trio played
at the first meeting. Such a challenge was too
obvious to be overlooked and Beethoven's
friends demanded that he take up the gauntlet.
At length he went to the pianoforte, picked up
the bass part of Steibelt's quintet, set it upside
down on the music desk, nonchalantly picked
out the first few measures of the bass with one
finger, and began to improvise upon the motif
thus obtained. Soon the guests were listening
in wonderment, and in the midst of the per
formance Steibelt left the room and never again
attended a soiree at which Beethoven was ex
pected to be present.
It Is impossible to imagine the marvellous
music which must frequently have been struck
out in this manner when Beethoven's imagina-
tion was at white heat; but the incident re
calls not only his fecund skill in developing
large and beautiful ideas out of apparently
insignificant but really pregnant motivi but
also his skill in writing beautiful Lasses. The
theme of the variations which make up the
finale "f the "Eroica" symphony is al.so the
theme of a set of variations for the pianoforte
(in X iiat. Op. '.<~^l) and the melody of the
finale of the ballet "Die Geschopfe dcs Prome
th'U.s." In its original form it is a little con
tradance which Beethoven may have written as
early as i7:*r>. In the pianoforte variations, as
in tlie symphonic, Beethoven begins with the
bass and introduces the melody as a counter
point upon it; thereafter it pemains the theme
with the bass as an ostinato. "A musician is
known by his basses" might well be set down
as an axiom. "In the Sonata Op. 7," said Ru
binstein in one of his historical lectures, "the
bass of the Largo alone, is, in my opinion,
worth twice as much as (many) a whole sonata."
Of the transporting eff< t of the variations
in Op. 11l I have already spoken. In cherubic
union with th--m stand the variations in the
Sonata < >i>. 109. Iloth sets, though th- ir flight
Into the upper ether is infinitely greater, may
be said to have had their prototype in the vari
ations which begin the Sonata in A flat, Op. -•">.
"A Titanic creation without parallel.' says Ru
binstein, speaking of the Thirty-three Varia
tions on a Waltz by Diabelli," and he goes on:
"What the Ninth is among the symphonies and
( on! linn iS on eighth page.
FOOLISH MAUD MILLERS
Seaside Visitor Thinks They Might
Enjoy Summer Without Sigh
ing for Riches.
"Why should there be so many men wishing
they had married Maud Mullers and SO in in/
Maud Mullers looking with envy upon the p{ l
aces of the rich judges?"
The questioner, a man, was tramping with a
woman friend along the board walk at a well
I known New Jersey shore resort. It was even
■ ing. and out upon the water below the twinkling
stars could be seen the lights of a coast liner
on its way southward. He had come down from
the city that day in an automobile and wan
commenting on some of the incidents of tho
journey. "So many," he continued, "think they
would be perfectly happy if only they wore
rich, but it seems to me that money isn"t nec
essary in order to have a good lime on the sea
coast in summer, anyway."
"What set you off on that tangent?" Inquired
his companion, as she looked toward him and
beyond at the moving steamer.
"Oh, some things I saw on the way down
this afternoon. We came along by the Shrews
bury River, you know. Well, on the bank in
the edge of a piece of woods where camping
ground is free I saw a wholesome-faced woman
cocking in the open air on a small kitchen stove
set up on sticks driven into the ground. In ihe
neighborhood were signs of a camp. A boy and
a girl, not yet in their teens and at that <ig<J
when they could enjoy the removal of the "prig
on cells of pride,' as Whittier styled shoes, had
taken off this article of footwear and were flut
tering about the woman, who was apparently
their mother. I suspect from their appearance
thai they were from the city and that the \\ns
band and father was commuting. That was a
wholesome and economical way— even with in
creased commutation rates— of getting a sum
mer's outing.
"I was pondering over this when my eye lit
upon a neat, if plain, houseboat with a sign on
it The sign read 'Rooms' and hung from the
canopied roof over the vine-clad balcony at one
end. There were two attractive looking young
women sitting on the upper deck under the can
opy, one sewing and the other reading. White
curtains hung at the windows, suggesting cosey
rooms within. What do you suppose the charge
for these pleasantly located apartments was?
They could be had for $2 a week. How docs
that compare with rooms at some summer re
sorts?
"Shortly," he continued, "we came upon a
house which I suppose would be styled a bun
galow for the same reason that one styles a
palace at Newport a cottage. Ornamental
hedges half hid it from the road, while wrought
iron gates of graceful design hanging upon
heavy stone posts kept the intruder out.
Through the openwork of the gate could be
seen blue gTavelstone paths bordered by blos
soming hydrangeas. I understand that a per
son may have the pleasure of resting in that
house for the season by paying a rent of .S-'-." I **.
Are the tenants, with their servant problem
thrown in for good measure, having any better
time than the tenants of the houseboat?
"Recently an exclusive bathing pavilion was
opened at Monmouth Beach. The swimming
pool in the centre, surrounded by Grecian pil
lars which in turn are surmounted by urns of
potted plants, brings to mind the court of honor
of an exposition on a .small scale. There are
imitation b< aches of refined sand and chutes
and platforms of various slants and heights foe?
the divers. The water is filtered before it L£
allowed to enter the pool. This afternoon I sat?
two youngsters garbed in the cast off hal ili
ments of earlier days sitting in the edge of a
pool where the wavelets rolled in over thi ir
fat, dimpled legs. They were making mud pies.
I don't believe that the little kidlets of the rich
romping around in the sand of that imitation
beach enjoy themselves one whit better than
those pie makers I saw on the mud Hat."
• You have moralized long enough." remarked
his companion as they reached the entrance to
their cottage. "It's not the weather for philoso
phizing, as you've been doing. Won t you come
in and let yourself down with a game of l.ridge?
George and Mary are on the porch and I know
they would like to assist in calming you off Id
that way."
JUSTICE BREWER OH KLEPTOMANIA.
"When Justice Brewer," .^aid Senator John
Kean, of New Jersey, "was on the Leavenvwrth
circuit as a criminal judge re had no patience
with the pleas of hypnotism and such new-fan
gled notions that then were coming to the fore.
Once, I remember, a man was being tried be
fore him for shoplifting. A vvitni ss said lie
thought the prisoner had kleptomania.
•• ■[ presume, judge, 1 be added, 'you know
what kleptomania is. eh? 1
" 'Yes,' said the judge, 'I do. It is a disease
that I am sent here to cure.'" — Washingtonia,
W For CONSTIPATION Try
I &iilllj€lliil «§oHv^
B . NATURAL. APERIENT WATER.
B Avoid Unscrupulous Druggists
s

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