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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 26, 1910, Image 6

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Amusements.
ACADEMY OF MCSIO-^:ir^— Tbe qissamaa
AX HMI BRA- Z B— Vw«l*vllle.
AMERICAN— 2— audevWe.
AJ'TOK — S:IS— S^vcn Day*
' ,_Th« ftonnrr \Tid«"«r«.
C^lNO-'irir. -H« Cam* trorn Milwaukee.
' ■ %• . . Little Bi~*"'
COLONIAL— 2— S— Vaudeville.
CKITKRIOX— Sia>-Tl»e Commßtrrs.
DALY'S— 6:S»-«B»Jar Mine
i££ru AVEVUE— 2— £— Vaudeville.
O tKHIcK- *:VO— ATJti-MaiTlxo«n>.
CLOBE— «:IS— TJio Echo.
pup
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KVirKERBOCSrn-?:lM)|.r WMM oast
l mFRTT-M5- The Couatrj" Boy.
W^^2^S^©s«Wtt« Clementine.
iI^AT¥AN Ma oSA HOrS E -S:l 3 -Han.
» Sherry.
%-ETV YORK— *:IZ— The Arca * ian V >n ,,_»
?v i.T-r' l I<"— « V— Is Matrimony a Faliur*.
s"us,TJ'sl-vifr--All«. JlßMcy VaHnUne.
TOST. EXP _-C3»--Tf Chpatri^ -
/'/</< r to Advertisements.
SinUrstnl t PMUe Notices. . .11 •
IW*.r? 12 - 3 SKcaJ Estate......^
BoVrd ft nnn«n*.U 4; Real M 4
Business j S^c <ir to "•••*- fi
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S. l;s .11 I 11 4
BtaVf s i^^-" 3
Xlar & Death s. < •• -
jHatf-giaic-SBfibwc
M( -,M>.\Y, SEPTEMBER 26. 1910.
Thi* ncicspcprr i* oirmd end P«&
lit.hed hv The Tribune Association, n
Bfeoi York corporal ion ; office and prin
cipal plica <>t ©M*?n<*«, Tribur.o Jlvild '
ing, Xp. 154 Stosos ttrcet. Xeic York;
dgdmWn*. present: Ogdcn 11. Reid,
■stcrciary: James 31. |ai«, treasurer.
The address of the *moen b the office
©/ this nctcspapcr.
THE YEWS TJIJS MORXiyG.
•FOREIGN— M. POIIIOU the French
""** by a fall at Char
7 •:!«?< ngt-r was sM«nUY »«"■
S= Two aeronauts, Mahieu and Lor
l^T started from Paris in biplanes for
BnSse"'" but met accidents after going
Sort* distances. ===== Authorities at
Naples admitted that one case of chol-
D the city. _ —
. . „n cruiser Yon der Taiu. will
n« Sooth ■
mps." of ran?, ad
mits"- justice of America's conten-
Son resardtas the fortification. of .the
Panama Canal. = Form.r Chinese
rtudents in America gave a dinner for
Secretary Dickinson at Peking; the
Prince Regent sent gifts to Mrs. Dick
laaoa and Mrs. Kdv.ard;-. ===== The
French government is preiraring to
■egtafrUA airship services d the African
colonies; an a<ro club has been formed
in Saicron.
DOMESTIC. — Presidont Taft reached
CTashiastaa; Secretaries Knox. Mac-
Yc-ash. BafUacer and "Wilson also ar
rived. It is announced that Secretaries
Meyer. Wicker.-hum und Nagel will ar
rive to-morrow. ===== It was reported
at Saratoga Spring that there would
be ;i lu»t contest in the Bepablican State
Convention over the adoption of the
Progressive*" platform: Pr-sldent Taft
is to l>o fully ami thoroughly indorsed
and the Hushes administration is to be
commended; the tform will denounce
praft and ursre a drastic housecleaning;
the direct primaries plank will not be
drafted until The arrival of Mr. Roose
velt. •■• It was reported in Albany
■that the Progressives planned to in
crease the membership of the Republt
can State Committee from thirty-eight
to ere hundred and fifty; Chairman
Oriscom claimed that Mr. Roopevelt has
Hl(j delegates. ===== A book, printed in
3 500. entitled '"Legacies of shlng
ten." was found in the stockroom of a
Kslamazoo (Mirh.) paper mill: it is be
lieved to be a rare and valuable relic.
! CITY.— The Citizens Union demanded
that the praft ly.imers investigate cer
tain legislative acts of Chairman Mer
rltt. Ex-President Roosevelt de
nied that he had considered a com
promise on the primary plank. == To
jnake pure that a sick man on a liner
did not have cholera the vessel WMM held
up ur.til tests could be made. — — Rep
resentatives of railroad employes be
longing to organizations with an aggre
gate membership of 318,000 held a meet
ing and indorsed the proposal of the
railroads to increase freight rates, be
sides adopting a resolution to take con
certed part in politics. ===== Five boys
undtr seventeen years old were ar
rested in connection with a puzzling
paries of robberies in Corona. Elmhurst
and vicinity. ; - A young woman who
was shot while in a saloon on Seventh
avenue declined to tell the police how
fhe was wounded. ■ T •• Federated
Labor ••>• decided to suggest candi
dates to the Republican and mocratic
parties. == Mrs. Era D. Sankey died
at her home in Brooklyn.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to
day: Cloudy. The temperature yester
day: : ''neat. 74 degrees; lowest, GO.
THE JU'DSOX-DELAVTARE CAXAL.
There was a striking suggestivoness in
the statement made by Governor Fort
».t Providence sa other day, that the
projected inal across New Jersey from
Vw York Bay to the RrtaajaiC River
mould afford direct communication be
tween two larjrer centres and n::is-,.< of
j»o;m!:iti'«n and business than could be
3<>''- elsewhere by ally <:ii;,li of . oiu
parable iength. It is quite true that no
where <-lse are there two comparably
creat <-ities *o close together and so
easily united ■•;•-. an inland water
way, and that fa«-t alone creates a strong
prim a fari' nrgnuieM in favor of the
canal, if it wore to *erve no other pur
j»ose. Ii would J»e vrell worth whiie to
- construct the earul ju*t for the sake of
coanwun;* tbe millions In aiid around
N«-u- YVirfc and the millions ill and
around Philadelphia with a iaife inland
w::HT\\\y only eighty miles long from
ceutr* jy centre instead of a «laji^-ron«
<»ul>;de :onte wm, Lundred and forty!
miles ions. 1
Tin-i,. are. g <nii«-r purposes to
U' wired. It liTTstHy argued, as Presi- !
dr-ut Taft <iid th«- tAher <lay at Cincju- j
uati. that fo far" as possible waterways
vb.iuM be developed as parts «jf a jreu
«ml system. That is what this canal
- .wouid conspicuously be. i' would t...
the and most Important part of
'l ue projected coastal inland waterway
:i long our Nortli Atlantic seal>oard. The
Cape Cod Canal, whaJi is now l«*'ng
«oiistru<tf<]. will make that route v*m
|ilet«* frwn Baton m v w York. The
>l'<mv Jersey canal would oxteij«i it to
Philadelphia thus would link <i»-
S"'Lhfr ti>«» Jlm-f credit cities of the At
• .l-^ntif Coast. The *asy oxfent-lon from i
tfcf r>f-(ii«arc to Chesapeake Hay would I
i:<lfl the metropolis of Maryland and the j
natlonal capital to the chain and would
also give inland connection nraonc: the
three great natural waterways which
. -.-,.. from the slopes of the Appala
chians co tidewater.
Tbe Immense utility of mich a canal
is rivalled by the facility with which
it can be constructed. It would not fol
low the <<mrse of the existing but long
neglected and moribund Delaware and
Raritan Canal, but would have a much
shorter route, by the way of the his
toric Cheesequakes Creek. In addition
to river improvements, it would require
only thirty miles of actual cutting,
across an jtlmost level plain. If made
and owned by the federal government it
would not be subject to the spoliation
which the two existing canals across
Now Jersey have suffered. Near each
of its proposed river terminals is now
one of the great industrial centres of
America, and we might naturally expect
not <,nly to see these greatly developed
but also important industrial communi
ties rented all along its course, until
the suburbs of New York and Philadel
phia became practically coterminous
nnd the canal Itself became the greatest
commercial highway of the land in the
worid.
RESPOXSIBILITY.
Now that the "old guard" is facing de
feat, it is muttering about letting Colonel
Ilooserolt "bear the resiMins'.oiiity for the
coming disaster." Tiiat responsibility
would not be absolutely crushing. When
a iiatient is gravely ill and a lot of
bungling physicians have made him worse
by their malpractice, and at the last mo
ment the family, perceiving what is the
matter, dismisses them and calls in a
great expert, yet, nevertheless, the pa
tient dies, the great expert is not ruined
by the responsibility for the disaster.
And in this ease the responsibility will
be PVen less than in the case of the able
doctor put m charge of a mismanaged
case at the last moment. At least, the
bungling malui acUtioners -re banished
wholly from tbe sickroom. Their medi
cines are thrown out of tbe window and
they lIM IIISC Iirn are barred from th 1
premises. They can do nothing to mar
the work of the new physician who baa
taken thvir place.
ilMßgeul In the case of these
men who propose to put the responsibil
ity for the "disaster"— to which they
1..0k forward with great eanldenw — upon
Colonel lloosevelt '. They cannot be kept
away from the patient. In nearly half
the state, as the primaries have just
shown, they will have control of the
local Republican organization. Tbe ef
fectiveness of the campaign there will
depend ui»on them. They have confessed
thai they are not interested in Repub
lican candidates or in anything but the
defe.T of the principle tor which the Ke
pubHcan party will stand. They care for
p.othinu. a< their vociferous leader has
explained, so much as for the places "on
the checker board"— tbe retention of their
grin '-1 1011 party machinery. They :>re
in a position to speak with a confidence
of coming "disaster" which the dismissed
m.-iipractitioner can never feet We are
weary of the certai-ity with which they
liiut at a catastrophe. If there is one. it
will be because of the state into which
they have brought the party by their
Brfamanaaenient, ly their defiance of
panne senthuent and by the open oppo
sition to a Governor who was put into
office to carry forward certain progres
sive policies, and because of their own
attitude in the campaign.
Is the "old guard" so blind as to tbiak
t 1 at ii the BepubUcans «re defeated the
state wiil say that if the wise rule of
- a::<l Woodruff had been undis
tnrbed the defeat would wn have oc
curred? There is one thing about which
tiere is an almfrtt unanimous opinion
among unprejudiced observers, and that
is that if the eaatasl of the party were
to remain unchanged the disaster that
would result would b«- unparalleled.
THE OSBORSE JUDGMENT.
The so-called Osborne judgment, in
which the supreme judicial tribunal of
the United Kinud' >n; denied the right of
trade uui ous to use tneir funds for po
pmposes, promises in one of two
or three ways to mark an epoch in the
Of tbat country and perhaps of
labor organizations throughout the
world. We have already remarked upon
the devrmined effort which is
i.y the uuion leaders, and particu
larly by socialists, to secure legislation
by Parliament annul ling that Judgment,
- done in tbe case of the Taff
Va!» decision. There is little doubt
that the Liberal majority in the Com
- would vote roc such action, but
•" Lords would do <~0, in existing
drcumstances, is not at all certain. The
net that it can be taken is an illumi
g exposition of a peculiarity of the
British n stem as contrasted with OUT
own, Cor i; corresponds with Oongres
reversal or annulment of a Con-
Bdtntknal decision of tbe Supreme
• au achievement which would as
suredly be a novelty iv American prac-
And That fact In itself in-.
• • _-;iiri'-a:iee of tn
■ w if the socialists should sue
in thus having the judgment an
• ■ would have taken another
I step toward their much desired goa
of makii;^ the Lords, the courts and
all departments of government entirely
subservient to the House of Commons,
and th\> of establishing a stogie-cham
ber gOVI
In addition to the circumstance Just
mentioned, annulment of the judgment
I would also asean the prompt transfor-
I iiiation of the trade unions into politi
cal lodies, and, as Stepa are now being
taken for the union of them all in a
national federation of labor, there would
thus l>e organized ■ vast national lab'r
party. Trade unionism would vanish,
or be merged with partisan politics. The
I Isdom of that course might well be
doubled, seeing how strongly Mr. Gom
jiers yiMi other leaders of the American
Federation of I^ibor have inveighed
:ipainst ituy such course here: but there
COOld b6 no doubt of Its immense effect,
for good or evil, upon J*.rlt:>h i>olitics
and upon the labor cause. It would
mean. Incidentally, tLe withdrawal from
the onions of many old-fashioned labor
unionists and the accession of many
oth«-rs of socialistic proclivities. kfaln
tenance of the Judgment, on the other
hand, would e.stab!Lsh an almost In
superable barrier against the partk-1
p;itluu i,f the unions In politics and
would powerfully uff<-ct tlio.-e organiza
tions by holding llieui to their original
aim and by raurtlug the socialistic ele
ment to forsake and shun 1 h<-;'i In favor
of an independent j»olitieal organization.
It would also cause the disappearance of
moS-t of the labor members from Paf
li.-tiix-iit. since ■i>-y could no( afford l<>
remain there <•• to satfe election un!e» ,
they received salaries from th*» unions
und had tbeir campaign expenses paid.
Thi' latter consideration gives rise
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY, SEPTOrBER"26. 3010- -
to another quite epochal sugg« '
which proceeds from the Conserv.-.Mvo
party. That is that the government
shall pay salaries to all members of
Parliament, as is done in other cmiii
t r i. -. nl slinll also perhaps make a
reasonable appropriation for each man's
n expenses. That is a novel pro
posal from that source, but its inspira
tion is easily perceived. It is seeu by
thoughtful men that it would be unfort
unate to have the labor members ex
cluded, thus depriving the House of
some men of valuable ability and de
priving the laboring classes of direct rep
resentatiou: and also that it would be
anomalous in so democratic a country
as Great Britain to maintain B system
under which there was practically a high
I>roi*>rty qualification for Parliament.
There are others who take the narrower
and less enlightened view that it would
be better to pay salaries than to have
the decision annulled aud the unions
brought into politics— on the principle
of choosing the less of two evils. It
woukl. therefore, not be surprising to
see the Unionist minority in the Com
mons and the majority iv the Lords
resist annulment of the Osborne judg
ment and at the same time favor as an
alternative the payment of salaries to
members of the House of Commons and
the restriction of flection expenses to
■ stated sum to be provided by the
state. The adoption of that course, as
of any <«f the others mentioned, would
involve a truly epochal change in the
British political system.
A QUBBTIOH OF PERSPECTIVE.
■ ■ The New-York World" says :
Bo far as the rank and file of the party
are concerned it makes no difference
whether the Republic convention next
week is controlled by the bossleis or by
the Bic Dictator.
"The Baltimore Sim" says:
On the leading and significant issue of
the New Fork contest patriotic and pub
iritt-il men of all parties and in
every part of the country cannot but
stand together, ano on this issue they
without regard to faction or po
litical alignment, wish victory for the
side \\ hi'li represents progress iiml politi
cal morality \ triumph for the
Conner [the Progressive forces] means •■
triumph for principle and therefore the
hening of the foundations of pop
ular and honest government not only in
New Fork but tn every other state of
the Union.
Our esteemed neighbor "The World"
OOtlld possibly correct the kinks in its
vision by studying the more normal
Judgments on this question of Democrat
ic contemporaries whose perspective is
not impaired by personal animosities of
local bins. It does not see as well as
its Democratic associates who stand
further off.
THE TRIT'MPH OF CANADIAN IM
PERIALIBM.
Imperialism has triumphed over Cob
deulani in Canada. That is the conspic
uous net result of Sir Wilfrid Laurier's
tour of tbe Dominion. It is a triumph
not so much of one party over another as
of moderation over extremes and of
reason over passion nnd prejudice. We
recently commented on his remarks on
free trade In the Far West. Rut he is
not t:oii!£ to re-establish free trade, or to
attempt to do go. On the contrary, he
has adopted a policy which displeases
Cobdenites at least as much as it does
certain extreme protectionists — The Can
adian "stand-patters" — but which pleases
reasonable men of both parties. He
will maintain t'le protective tariff sys
tem, with preference for England and
the empire, but he will appoint a com
petent commission to Investigate the
needs of revision. So *the Cobdenites
ween and a few Macdoualdites rase, but
the great mass of Canadians applaud.
In our time there has een no free
trade in Canada. The Mackenzie gov
ernment IS7.V7S, had a tariff for reve
nue, with incidental protection, of which
ir was said that the incidental was the
principal part. When Maedonald re
turned to power he established, in 157f»,
a protective tariff pure and simple, and
the proposal to give preferential rates
to Great Britain was scornfully voted
down. The followers of Macdonald were
In later years conspicuously imperialist,
but in those days they openly said that
if the connection with Great Britain in
terfered with high protection, so much
the worse for that connection. Seces
sion from the empire was preferable to
al andonment of protectiou. There are
few such extremists left, but such as
there are now join the Cobdenites at
the other extreme in disapproving the
present tariff with its preferential rates.
We must remember that although the
Liberals of Canada were formerly, at
least in name, free traders, it was the
present Liberal Finance Minister, Mr.
Fielding, who took the lead in main
taining protection with preference. Four
teen years ago he introduced the prefer
ential principle with the prediction that
all the empire would follow the Can
adian example, and when Mr. Chamber
lain began his epochal campaign for
tariff reform Mr. Fielding was prompt
and eager to support him and to prom
ise him the support of Canada. We must
suppose that Mr. Fielding, as well, also,
as Sir Wilfrid Laurier, in turn became
imbued with Mr. Chamberlain's imperial
ism, for that has become the dominant
feature of the present government's
policy. The British connection above all
else Sir Wilfrid proclaims, with no leg
islation against Great Britain ' and no
denial of the right of any subject of
the -British Empire, no matter what his
color or race, freely to enter the Domin
ion.
THE SUPERIORITY OF OCR EQUALS
A writer in "The London Spectator"
analyzes a psychological phenomenon,
i namely, the "shyness of superiors." He
takes up many phases of tho subject,
among them the shyness of grown people
with children and of healthy people with
the sick, but devotes most of his atten
tion to the shyness of the socially supe
rior with the!r Inferiors in the well de
fined F.!:giis!i class system. "Servants
Inspire shyness," he complains, "espe
cially in the guests of their employers.
"How chilling it is to be badly received
•'at the door •
We In this country tuiow the feeling
well, but In a different, truly democratic
form, wherefore we venture to call it the
"superiority of our equals." Bqnality as-
Eerting Itself Is likely to turn into ag-
superiority. The American men
dicant i- siu.ply on the defensive, aud
keeps aggression la abeyance, when he
prefaces his request for ail alms with:
>ay. young fellow," or "Say, old nan,"
a 4 tbe requirements of the case may bap
pen to strike niin. "Boss'! is the greatest
concession his feeling of equality will
allow 111 1 i in to make while establishing re
lations, l\ i- only ben be meets with
a refusal that Ui- BuperlorityiVyer his
equal lifts its Insulted head.
The fool sujteriorlty <>f our equals, 1 he
superiority tnat tual.<-3 us shy, la en
countered in hipher spheres, however.
Analyze, for instance, the cause of your
beaitalicy when diplomatically approach
iag tht jni:U<>r about some flaw iv the
service which it is his duty to render.
Consider the uncertainty with which you
await the answer when telling a street
car conductor thnt he has carried you
two blocks beyond your destination. In
both cases you are prepared for a plain
declaration of superiority, rising above
such a trifle as faulty service. Observe
in some stores the languid disdain, if not
the passive insolence, on one side of the
counter, the meekness on the other. Mr 3.
Gertrude Atherton. who has lived much
abroad and is given to radical state
ments, once expressed her astonishment
that all Americans of the "upper classes"
—the word 9 are her own — have not be
come anarchists in mere self-defence
against the superiority of the equals who
serve them. The superiority becomes
less aggressive with increase of authority
and responsibility. That of the floor
walker, for instance, is the patient, dig
pitied superiority of the expert over the
flattered layman, or oftener laywoman.
And. finally, behold the attitude of su
periority of youth over age. Yes, in
deed, we. too,. know the Englishman's
shyness, though it be produced in us in
a different way. He is shy because he
feels superior to Ms inferiors; we are
because we fear that inforiority may be
thrust upon us by our equals.
MOSEY AXD BUBMEBB.
Various factors in the general situa
tion tend to discourage commitments for
the future in the business world, but in
industrial and financial circles there is
a feeling of confidence that betterment
iin all lines soon will develop. Day to
day business is heavy, owing to the re
quirements of our large population, and
if it were not for the uncertainty over
the outcome of the current confused po
j litical campaign and over the final dis
i position of the railway rate agitation
\ there doubtless would be little hesitancy
lon the part of consumers in placing
large forward contracts, especially as
harvest yields promise to increase our
j material wealth to an enormous extent.
Underlying conditions are not weak, but
j increased strength would be added, by
liquidation In the commodity and labor
markets. New wealth produced this
year from the ground will reach, it is esti
1 mated, the heavy total of $8,500,000,000,
i and as the prosperity of this country is
predicated upon the returns of the farms
there should be no uneasiness over the
course of business affairs after present
uncertainties have been eliminated.
Senseless attacks upon railroad prop
erties by state legislatures are growing
less popular, while holders of railroad
stocks are beginning to realize that their
equities will be protected by the courts.
Speculation in stocks is inactive for
the same reasons that are retarding
business growth, while a better demand
for mortgage securities is reported. The
latter may either be interpreted as an
accompaniment of trade reaction,, when
idle funds generally move into solid
bonds, or as an indication of apprecia
tion by Investors of the opportunities
offered for the purchase of high grade
issues at bargain prices. As a rule ex
panding transactions in the bond mar
ket foreshadow a resumption of ac
tivity in stocks, and are generally con
sidered a forerunner of increasing busi
ness operations. Although at this time
of the year it is not safe to count upon
a long period of ; ease in money, the
character of the current inquiry for ac
commodation does not suggest tho de
velopment of higher rates In the im
mediate future, notwithstanding the
fact that bank reserves are none too
large to meet the interior crop require
ments in the coming weeks. Indeed,
the light demand here has forced the
banks and other leading institutions to
lower their quotations on all time
maturities. The easier tone, however,
in the collateral loan market has not
helped commercial paper, few offerings
being absorbed at less than 6 per cent.
i Foreign discounts appear to be tending
toward a higher level, and the refusal of
London bankers to accept our cotton
bills of lading without an American bank
j guarantee may cause complications in
the sterling exchange market.
Prices for finished steel products, with
j the exception of rails, are well under the
levels prevailing earlier in the year, and
while there has been some shading of
quotations In recent weeks by small con
cerns the larger producers do not in
dorse the rumors of a "wide open cut"
that apparently are being circulated for
stock jobbing purposes. When the open
market policy was adopted in February,
1900, absence of buying orders was due
to the high price policy then pursued by
the manufacturers, but at the present
time quotations are low and the lack of
j buyers, according to trade authorities,
j is owing to conditions outside of the in
dustry itself. "The Iron. Ag*" scouts
■ the idea of impending demoralization in
j the trade. The railroads are not active
j factors in the market for iron and steel,
j but their accumulating needs will make
j them heavy buyers just as soon as they
I can secure a definite understanding re
i garding the rate question. Copper mar
1 ket conditions appear to have turned for
I the better. More of the metal appar
ently is going into consumption than is
coming from the mines, with all indica
tions pointing to a heavy reduction in
1 surplus stocks in the next three months.
The statistical position of the cotton
market is strong and speculation for fut
ure delivery is more active at advancing
prices. Warehouse stocks are low and ,
I receipts are small, while an increased
demand is reported at the South from
representatives of European and do
mestic spinners. A heavy crop is not
i looked for, and spinners and spot dealers
are taking advantage of all recessions
in prices to accumulate the staple. The
cotton goods mills are not taking heavy
orders at prevailing prices, although
manufacturers are quite confident that
the actual requirements of consumers
soon will be reflected in a much heavier
demand at advancing figures. Spot quo
tations are higher than mill prices, and
Jhe disparity doubtless will be adjusted
by higher manufacturing levels rather
than by a. decided reduction in the cost
of the raw material. Present demand for
drygoods is chiefly for immediate wants,
large visible supplies of wheat have
little effect upon the market for futures,
and at flour mills there is no sign of
material concessions in quotations. Corn
is weaker, with the outlook favoring a
crop in the n< ighborhood of .'{ .000.000,000
bushels, the value of which will exceed
that of the wheat and cotton crop 3 com
bined and supply a tremendous increase
in the purchasing power of the West that
must l>e r. ilectt-d in all our industries.
• lii^ day or two now we shall know
whiter or not the Constitution is so
in . ii wast* paper and whotherour rep
resentative eystem of government la a
ruin. But, as Mr. Barnes must admit.
the outlook for them is dark indeed.
Returned New Yorkers will miss Paris
and its Apaches less than ever before.
We are doing deplorably well ourselves
in the way of unsuppressed lawlessness
and crime.
Between men taking up anew the
sport of shooting Niagava Falls and
young women threatening to dive off
Brooklyn Bridge, aviation will lose
some of the thrill of its dangers. The
more senseless and unnecessary the
risk, the greater the public interest and
the reward of the daredevil.
An extra large band wagon is in readi
ness at Saratoga with plenty of seats
for latecomers.
"If you want money all you have to
do is to ask a bank for It." said a fren
zied financier the other day. And evi
dently if you desire to dine and wine at
the leading New York hotels all you
have to do is to drive up to them in
some one else's motor car and ask for
what you want if you do not see it.
But the game does not last long, easy
though it appears to be bo long as it
does last.
The annual report of the Bureau of
Engraving and Printing shows that 11
per cent more work was done in 1909-' 10
than in IQOS-'OO. on a decreased ex
penditure of 1172.00 ft Retrenchments
like that all along the line are making
an exceptional record of economy and
efficiency for the Taft administration.
The Blue Bird is apparently not of
the aquatic variety.
It Is a good thing to abolish grade
crossings on the Long Island and other
railroads. But the remark that this im
provement will make automobile travel
much safer suggests the pertinent in
quiry how other travel on the public
roads is to be made safer from automo
biles.
Confronted with the indisputable fact
that under free trade the cost of food
has risen just the same as under pro
tection, the Cobdenites rise nobly to the
height of the occasion. "The English
peasant," observes "The Westminster
Gazette." "has forgotten the use of
"baldock and dandelions, hopbuds and
"other products of the hedgerows. Now
"that the price of food seema to be rising,
"it is well to reflect tn^r there is always
"something good t<-> ea.t «f you take the
"trouble to walk a few steps in the coun
"try." Truly, an engaging suggestion!
In the sacred name of free trade, go out
into the highwaj md hedges and
gather herbs and roots and barks and
leaves for food; or, like old Nebuchad
nezzar, go to grass! On the whole, we
prefer the classic French prescription:
"No bread? Then why don't they eat
cake?" But we should think that the
Cobdenite suggestion that English peas
ants feed themselves on baldock and
dndelions would mightily boom the
"free food" propaganda!
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
"The Boston Post" reports that $4,000
has been subscribed toward a statue of Dr.
Edward Everett Hale, to be erected in Bos
ton. In a strong appeal for further con
tributions "The Post" says: "Dr. Hale gave
of his life and his exceptional talent for the
good of humanity, for the uplift of those
who were downtrodden. No memorial can
sufficiently recognize this fact, the supreme
and controlling impulse of this great mind."
"I read that a chauffeur had been blinded
by an accident."
"Poor fellow. Wonder If it w!l! make any
difference in his style of driving."—Phila
delphia Ledger.
A PARADOX IN POLITICS.
[Bryan seems to bs drying t:p In Nebraska. —
Troy Times.]
Xot only is he drying up,
But he is playing: high
To desiccate surrounding things
And make the whole state dry
Now, how can Bryan act like that
And still remain a Democrat?
W. J. LAMPTON.
It was after the stone laying ceremony,
and a wire was sent to the builder with
tie news: "Stone laid with great eclat."
The builder, smothering an awful oath,
muitererl, "Another new foreign cement!"
and fiung the missive from him in passion
ate disgust.— London Globe.
Ex-Empress Eugenic paid one of her
periodical visits to Paris last month, in
order to purchase presents for the coming
wedding of Prince Napoleon Victor Bona
parte, the present head of the house, and
Princess Clementine of Belgium. Accord-
Ing to "The Paris Journal," the ex-Em
press patronizes Parisian shops almost ex
clusively, giving the preference to those
establishments that served her in the days
of the Empire. During these visits she
lives in the strictest retirement at the
Hotel Continental, overlooking the Tuileries
gardens, under the name of Countess of
Pierrefonds. She refuses systematically to
see the leaders of the Bonapartlst party.
has lost all interest in French politics and
has become utterly Indifferent to their
course. Sh<? never refers to the past, her
entourage being forbidden to do so, but
Paris, notwithstanding the memories it
must awaken, remains her favorite city,
the "kingdom." as she is reported to have
said, "of those who have lost their
crowns." Ex-Empress Eug?ni» is now !n
her eighty-rourth year.
"Father."
'•"Well, what Is It?"
"It says here, 'A man is known by the
company he keeps." Is that so, father?"
"Yes, yes. yes."
'•Well, father, if a good man keeps com
pany with a bad man, is the good man
bad because he keeps company with the
bad man. and Is the bad man good b^
cause he keeps company with the good
man?"— Punch.
" 'Cholera morbus' is a term with a curi
ous history," says The London Chron
icle." "To our forefathers 'cholera' meant
not necessarily a disease, but one of the
four 'humors present in every human
body, as the bilious humor, excess of which
made a man 'choleric' 'Cholera* and
'choler.' in fact, meant Just the came
thing. So the comparatively mild ailment
which we know as 'English' cholera was
referred to as 'the disease cholera* or
'cholera morbus," in order to distinguish It
from the other sense of th© word. Much
later, when Asiatic cholera was Introduced
to the alarmed notice of this country,
'cholera' got transferred to It."
"Too many cooks spoil th» broth," quoted
the Wise Guy.
"Yea, just ns too many appetizers spoil
the appetite." agreed the Simple Mug.—
Philadelphia Record.
The killing of a ' unter In Chlldwold
Park by another hunter, wr.o mistook the
man for a deer, the third accident of Its
kind this season In the Adirondack region,
recalled to a NVw York lawyer an experi
ence, of which h© said: "My wife and I
had walked far Into the woods from our
Adirondack camp and were thinking of
returning, when we heard a shot and close
upon It another. A ball struck a tree near
us and things grew interesting. We both
yelled at the top of our voices and the
shooting subsided. But we had the walk
through the woods, before ua. and took
turns In giving warning whoops. Then we
■ang. I nover 6ang before, and If l am a
Judge of musl. I never should do bo
again. But we kept it up without a mo
ment's intermlMloa until w« emerged from
thY; daaser.. zqo&, *bA tta adv&atuxa i$
ppoken of in c. -"!"-•'" • '•' '
for life.' "
-TVhy does a player pick up two tats
before he goes. to the plate-r
•■It makes one bat ceem lighter, don t
y °- U l 6 e ? " If. a flne scheme. I think . Til
try it on the biscuits at our boSSVBUg
house."— Plttsburg Post.
IMMIGRANTS AND CITIZENSHIP
Ignorance of Many Fledgling Voters a
Menace, Correspondent Says.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: J favor very much tho Ideas ex
pressed In the letter published in this morn
ing's Tribune and 6fgned "Thomas Lomax"
When there are more crimes committed in
the United States than in all the European
countries taken together it i? Indeed time
for us to study seriously our immigration
problem. But aside from the bearing of this
question upon crime and the. question of
wages, its corrupting Influence upon our
politics has interested me particularly.
Our federal government grants these
ignorant foreigners citizenship upon condi
tions which afford no guarantee of their
being nt persons to enjoy the right of
suffrage. The writer has been engaged
teaching the principles of civil government
to aliens who desire their full citizenship
papers. He has been amazed not only by
their appalling Ignorance, but also by the
carelessness of the courts. In thl» city
alone thousands of men who cannot read
English, and who have no conception of
the distinction between Hm legislative and
executive departments of our government,
have been made citizens.
When wa reflect that th» same persons,
most of •whom think that Mr. Taft is a law
maker, are to help us to decide the ques
tions of the income tax and direct nomina
tions we can realize th^ absurdity of It ail.
But it does not stop with absurdity: ignor
ance on the part of voters Is a real menace
to a democratic form of government. I
think that Congress or the state Legis
lature should supply every foreigner with a
few weeks' instruction in elementary civil
government before arming him with the
suffrage. A VOTER.
Xew York, Sept. 23. 1910.
IN REPLY TO MISS SEAWELL
Mrs. Harper Takes Exception to Com
ments on Suffrage Movement.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Will you permit a few words in
answer to the interview with Miss Molly
Elliot Seawell, published in The Tribune
of September 20?
So many concessions are therein made
to the virtues of the suffragist.^ that one
would hardly recognize the speaker as the
writer of the extremely hostile article In
the September "Atlantic Monthly." They
will be inclined to smile at Miss Seawell's
statement that at a suffra-ge meeting
which she attended "the women talked and
acted like natural persons." They cannot
see why a belief in the right to represent
herself in the government should trans
form a woman into an unnatural being.
They will also resent somewhat Miss
Seawell's surprise that the comments of
the suffragists on her "Atlantic Monthly"
article "have all been characterized by the
utmost courtesy." They are r.ot aware
that the desire to have a voice in matters
of public Interest necessarily destroys the
ordinary requirements of good breeding.
The advocates of woman suffrage have had
to be patient and tolerant under much
worse attacks than those of Miss Seawell.
The suffragists do not agree with the
charge that "the man who sits while
women stand in a streetcar is simply a
creature in trousers." Their sense of Jus
tice and fair play is so strong that they
are willing to concede that right to ne.i
If they choose to exercise It.
Miss Seawell's insistence that "if a
woman could vote she would lose her
property privileges, her dower and her
right to maintenance from her husband"
is strikingly original. Of all the unfound
ed objections it certainly takes the lead.
The women in the states where they have
the complete suffrage have not sacrificed
the slightest of property rights, but
rather have gained in this respect; and the
idea that a husband would cease to main
tain his wife If she had! a vote Is the most
amusing assertion that has yet been made
by the opponents. Besides, there are some
women who have no husbands to maintain
them, and who believe that if they had
power over laws and conditions they
would not be receiving enly half as much
pay ars a man who does exactly the same
work. IDA HUSTED HARPER.
Chairman National Woman Suffrage Press
Committee.
New York. Sept. 22. 1910.
DIRECT NOMINATIONS.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Now that it 13 probable that the
Progressive element will be. in control at
the Saratoga convention the question arises.
What will the Progressives do about direct
nominations when It comes to writing the
platform? It Is morally certain that any
ticket that may be placed in the field on
the basis of a compromise plank will be re
pudiated at the polls, for the voters who
have been Inspired by Governor Hughes to
fight for their rig-hts will brook no com
promise with their enemies, the bosses.
Better far a temporary defeat of the party
than a victory for those who have always
used the party as only a screen for their
nefarious transactions and se!f-ag-grandize
ment, as witness the shameful develop
ments of the investigation now being made
by the legislative committee.
Once for all, let this corrupt elersent be
torn out, root and branch, and the Repub
lican party bs allowed to work out Its mis
sion untrammelled by its worst enemy,
bosslsxn. S. P.. MORGAN.*
Middlstown. N. T., Sept. "4, 1310.
ECHO OF A SPEECH IN DENVER.
To the- Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The persona who seem to regard the
decisions of ti\e United States Supreme
Court as Medo-Persian and Infallible need
to recall Mr. Lincoln's words: "Nothing
is settled until It is settled right."
The critics of Colonel Roosevelt denounce
him for his utterances. He is. as he said.
in very good company. The Rev. Thoma3
Starr King, tn 1557. when the- Dred Scott
decision came, believing that there is a
higher law than the Constitution, said:
"Our duty, then, is first to sso that Chris
tianity is vitally Interested In this struggle
against our Supreme Court, and to feel
the solemnity of this fact that we are not
a Christian but a heathen nation if we
suffer the recent ruling to get seated as
law over the mind and conscience of this
land."
Th« enthusiastic admiration that many
have for Colonel Roosavelt Is due to their
faith in his splendid, ethical courage, un
hindered by the sophisms and virulent
abuse of the predatory interests. They are
thankful for a man who so finely embodies
V. hlttler's words:
Wherever _wrong shall right deny.
Or suffering spirits urre their plea.
Be thine a voice to emite the lie
A hand to set the raptlvo free!
CHARLES PARK.
Hudeon. It T.. Sept. 23. 1910.
OR WRITE IT.
From The vTaterbury Republican.
A new cure is called dioxydt&midoarMno
drug sto'e ** k ' Or !t at th *
DISSIPATING A RAINBOW.
i'r. .»i The Hartford Cou-a- |
ARBITRATION PM.SS
Premature Proposals— Let V/eU
Enough Alone.
f 'attire Proposal's— Let We|
Enough Alone.
London, September Id
The Atlantic fisheries award Is accepa>
ed in England in an admirable spirit
Gains and losses are balanced; 3atlafao»
tlon 13 expressed over a reasonable seta
tlement of a protracted dispute over th<
Interpretation cf a badly drawn treaty^
and guarantees are found for the right*
and interests cf American ftsherraer^
Colonial authorities ard the mothe*
country. One commentator remarki
sententiously: "Arbitration h.3.3 i«f|
sore 3 in the past; we have only to rr.eiw
tion the name of Geneva. But there 14
nothing; but encouragement to be draw*
from the proceedings in this car;« frosr
any point of view." A drawn fight with*
out a decisive victory all a!or.^ the i»a^
for either side convinces leader writers
that substantial Justice has been olm
talned on give-and-take principles aasj
that the Atlantic coast fisheries will b«
conducted In future without harasses}
controversy. The arbitrators have aj*
pealed to the spirit of reasonableness 03
both sides of the Atlantic and thereby
have done much to popularize the Hagu#.
tribunal.
This is the seventh case which baC
been tried and settled by this arbitration
court. America and England have »et
the exampl9 by referring disputed <iues*
tions to It. and France. Germany, Russia
and other powers have fallowed the sam<
procedure. The ex'stence of the perma*
nent court has facilitated other settlor
inents for which it has not been direct!*
responsible. The Emery case was ad*
justed between the United States ar<
Nicaragua outside the court after a pro*
tocol had been signed for carrying the
dispute to The Hague, and a boundary
question between Portugal and th«
Netherlands was disposed cf with tat
understanding that recourse wouid b<»
had to the permanent court of arbltra*
tion in the last resort.
Seventeen republics in the Wester^
hemisphere have agreed to a convention
by which pecuniary claims not settle^
by diplomatic agencies shall be re'errei
either to the permanent court or to one.
of special Jurisdiction. An International
court of justice has been established bbJ
Central America and one case invcivlaf
neutral obligations ha 3 been decided hf
it. France and Venezuela are likely t«
refer their disputes to arbitration at Ths.
Hague, and other cases are coming on,
A dozen boundary cases have been set*
tied out of court since the first peace
congress was held, and as niany as six«
teen disputes over frontiers, flnansiaS
claims, maritime rights and other eu-s»
tions of minor importance are r.o*v undeg
consideration by the governments cf zS
many as twenty-five powers.
Arbitration has made such rapid r-rcs*
ress since the first peace congress that
there is already a disposition among
soft-headed optimists to regard It as a
miracle working institution of super- ;
natural power. They have been unwill*
ing to wait for the gradual evc'.ution o<
order in the family of nations, but have
proposed with premature emotional en
ergy arbitrary measures for the substi
tution of arbitration fcr armaments.
The Czar in the original rescript, whici
was the summons fcr tha peace con
gress, contemplated systematic reduc
tion of armaments, but there was cj
practical method of working out tha so
lution. With equal fatuity poseurs have,
sought to convert the limitation cf tha
effective strength of armies arid navie*
into a detail of political mancsnvring or
diplomatic bargaining, and a British
Prime Minister was crsvailed upon tcf
place a battlaship In pawn subject to
international guarantees tot gscd be
havior.
More harm than good has been doe*
by these il! considered attempts to mini
mize the risks cf war by reducing tha
offensive power of standing armies and
fleets. Governments are willing to refer
boundary disputes ar.d ancient contro
versies like the Atlantic fisheries to ar
bitration, but they are not prepared H
reduce armaments by a single r a!ioa
or battleship.
Talk about the national duty cf re
maining weak fcr the sake cf suppress
lasj the barbarism of war is idle chatter.
Tha moral force of public opinion is not
behind it. While minor matters may ba
safely submitted to arbitrators, there ar<»
supreme interests which can be sett
only by the iron dice of war. Whenever
these questions of paramount 1 -.n: r>
tance arise nations mus* h« strcnj
enough to cieferyl themselves.
The really rational advocates cf peace
are not idealists vapcr: about general
disarmament, abolition cf BtsasssßS
armies, discouragement of r.f.e practice
and abandonment cf naval preparation
for another Trafalgar, but cautions dip
lomats and flexible ministers, who are
Industriously employed in removing
causes of irritation and estrarcremen*
among nations. Because they are con
vinced that fighting po^ver !s more nec
essary and important than ever bercra
In a world humanly governed by forca
or by the menace of it, they rejoice over
every boundary adjustment or the settle
ment cf any vexatious corttro\-ersy of
lens: -•.anding.
After a century cf diplomatic wran-*
gling the fisheries question has been dis
posed of by arbitration and the truth la
generally acknowledged that there was
nothing In it of vital importar.es t»
either — nothing that would ever
have jMttllti civil war in tho Anglo-
American world. The pleadings "... •
been conducted by emir- men, an im
partial Judgment has been rendered Trttlx
timely and reasonable* concessior to all
Interests, and In place of annual bssb>
erings over a modus vivendi there ■wrO?
be commissions of experts responsib'.a
to the permanent court at Tha Hagua.
The fisheries controversy has passed oui
cf diplomacy and ther will be better
feeling— a more helpful spirit of ac
commodation— both slUes of tha At
lantic. All nations profit by a good
example and en Invigorating impulse- !J
Imparted to the arbitration movemer.t-
How strong it is already is an easy in
ference from the fact that 130 arbitra
tion conventions have been cor.cli by J
the governments represented at th • i^o
peace congresses.
Enthusiastic Hotspurs are set eat!*»
fled with the rapid progress of interna
tional arbitration during tha last decada.
They want higher speed. They are loos>
i-if for summary and arbitrary measures
for compelling nations to submit their
grievances to arbitration before declar
ing war. One suggestion ts for a league
cf peace. In which tho power* «s&!l b*
under obligation to intervene - with,
armies Imli If tha b*Ulf«r«at» re
'ict arbitr*;:^. As^ie: r;;c^_^^— -

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