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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 02, 1910, Image 9

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Anglo- American Memories

'' "P*ri»ht. 1510, by George »T. Smau>y.»
Lord(>n, September 17.
• # 1 The* know Kant by heart.*"
It is Mr. Haldane wh< Is speaking,
and the crotch is a characteristic one.
<,r charactPriFiic of one side of him.
CeOEtiody had undertaken to oxjxjunJ
to 3»Jr. HaJdane the mysteries of Gcr
ri-r r.ietaphysics. and this «as his *in
fflxr — the beginning of his answer, at
the <nd of v.-hich the expounder depart
ed unhappy- Whether Mr. Haldanc dw^
:n truth kruw the whole of the "Critique
*>f Pore lieason" by heart or not. hf has
*t *ny rate an aoquaintancf with <W*r
n.an pihDcecphy r.sore fu'.l and ninttte
r.nd e xart r.nd comprch.€r.si\e than most
;:^£l;shmtn. Whether it fits him or uzi
*its him for hi.< duties as V\*ar Minister
r-.ay be a question. Of tlie lact there is
t;o Question. Not one of his colleagues
Is la tins respect his rival. Not one of
l.in crponcr.ts en th<» Front Bench lias z.
timl'ar turn of mind, except the author
d th« "Defence of PhilosojAic Doubt."
Put nrithrr in Mr. BaJfour's case nor in
Mr. Halfianr's is :i thought that the
rr^diuitior.s 'of the cios-ct adtl much to
thW "21cicncy as «Jebutor? or rmiitical
U ■« Schcp^nhauto" stnd nr.t Kant with
VBom Mr. Halcane is most closely irien
tlfied. He lranslat^d ;ind publisbed
many years apo Scliop*:rjhi»er*a •fWortd
*,i SHU end Idea." a kind of Handbook
to Scbopenhaufr. He maile Jh* 1 <rreat
aposti'- of despair the «i«*iicht of Eng
leh maidens :'.r.<l jx»une matrons. I
have m«t many h ono wTvj talked
Scbopenhatser fluent!^ and sotnethnes
ore or more who hs«i mafitered hir.i and
kntfw 'wnat his, system really meant and
vhat bis influence on life and thought
had L«?«n. I er.ee J=ai<i so to Mr. Kai
dsne. w^ho anFVP.red: **Ycu have s
■ i
That is Jfa 1. The Mr. Haldane whom
the British public knoug is better Indi
cated by ane^dotr No. 2, as follows;
When the new Minister of "War Intro
dnced in 'he House of Corn-mon* his
■h'H for the reorsanizaticn °f tn e Brit-
Ith arrr.y b« made a speech five hours
lone, a speech .crowded with tacts, with
Sgnts, mtth complicated expositlcna of
ft?? new schema as a whole ar.d tn de
tail'; tie w*plc censecmive ani lumi
nouEl In answer to a questioa Mr. Hal
drse SEid.
•Tes. I made it without ? note. I had
■ rJ v /r ~ in -n-riting. not even a page of
fjxres. B-j^ that is nothing. In th" days
„h : _ j T - as baf^ at the bar I have
eonartijnes ? cr<e intD cc '^ rt not no ' cr!n ?
«rskh oat cf half a dozen causes -^o-uid
rcm^ oa that day. but ouite ready to go
rr) „ ; .jv, any cn= , of them, and not a note
In ary one of the six."

■ ■
i -
I used to know Mr. Haldan- c UtUe
Jn those legal days, which were s!fo po
litical, lor he l:as been ir. Parliament
; 18S5 as member for Hadflington-
Chire. in Scotland. I Ftill know him a
• • •. but meet him Irss often in the
±.est~s where hp then most often
to be Been. He v.as always a Liberal.
but to be a Liberal in ISSS v.-as one
thins, and to be what is called a Lib
triA 1n these days is quite another. Lib
c.r&l-Cf>nservativr is the phrase which
best defined the party which Mr. Glad
etone led — or best denned it till ISSG
TTh* Liberal of to-day is a Socialistic-
Sadical: of whom I believe Mr. Roost-;
vrU wjpecves. In the gradual resolution
«t ISberaiism into its constituent and
uonSictirjjr e'.em^r.ts Mr. Haldane cast
jTffl let with Lord Rosebfry. of whom
: • r.-as a friend, both political and per
eonsL T\*hen the Campbell-Bannerman
Ministry wr: formed in li*~>~> Mr. 11^1
«laiie -R-as made Secretary of State for
War. and when Sir Henry Campbeli-
Bannerman died, in 1^)08. and Air. As
<;ulth succeeded him as Prime Minister.
Mr. Haldane remained Minister of War.
s=r.d is Minister of War to-day.
Upon which two things are to be said.
His chief business, in addition to the
jrreat aominiftrative duties of the War
'jffice, has been the taking to pieces of
the army end putting it together
s.&airi. The operation m been per
lornied -»ith £K;:i tut not without ere
: Tin? discontent, and more than discon
i^nt—grave doubts as to the military
*jtur*» of Great Britain. That, however,
r..ay be inseparable from any process of
military reconstruction. Th« et-cor.d
tning ha? affected Mr. HuMane's posi
tion in & different way. Remaining a
Ci.Lir.et Minister, he has remained re
rponslble for the Cabinet's policy. The
e:ns. if they be *ins. of Mr. Asquith. of
Mr. Lloyd-G<for?',- and of Mr. Winston
Churchill, are all laid, in a measure, to
the account of Mr." Haldane. Not be
cause he is the ruling spirit in the C&bi
r^t, for he is not; but because the Cabi
ret,, whatever It may be in Council, is
homogeneous in public. Lord Mel
bourne, in whoa the spirit of English
j^olitjcs was incarnated, whea Prime
Minister in 1811. and when a Cabinet
Council was about to break up in dis-
Hcr-err.ent, Eet his back against th^
door, saying:
There is. in other words, a Cabinet
►ohdarity before the country, and many
;■ Cabinet Minister finds himself com
j*lled to defend from las plac^ in the
Houso of Commons, or on the pia.tf.orm,
the measure he had resisted to the last
Jn the f'abin* t Itself.
Thau unless all report!" p.to wronp:.
bas b^eu llr. HaldaiM'e lot. He entered
th» CampbeH-Banncrman Cabinet an
sartor from Lord Roßebery; as
«2!d Mr. Asqulth himself an<3 tfir Ed
v.arfl Grey. They remained as hostage*.
They are to-cay neither Ambassadors
nor hostages, but component parts of
the Radical tcrce trhich is dominant
•like in Cabinet and party. They took
BsT wtfssjp for Mr. Lloyd-George'e
Bsfiget. They joined :n the <"»rrr»:r
•eT«i!i«t ttt Hcusa ct laVaK ,Hie eclg
! check in this country upon revolutkm
are legislation. They acquiesced mi Mr.
; Asquith's surrender to Mr. Redmond
■ and his declaration for Home Rule. I
i offer no criticism on any of these per
; formanees. I only chronicle them, and
i 1 only do that because they explain,
: and nothing else caji explain, the change
i in Mr. Haldanes political position.
With his soft .manner and smooth
' voice and philosophical turn of mind,
Mr. Haldan* may not impress you as a
man designed by Providence to destroy
an army an<» then to create and govern
another. But there have been such men
I before now, and it la not a matter on
f which a civilian's opinion is of prime
! importance. The soldiers say — or some of
! them say— he has handled the technical
; part of the business in a very competent
j way. Perhaps it is too soon to be quite
sure. The German staff are reported
ito be pleased with Mb Haldane's
j scheme, but their pleasure is an equivo
! cal eulogy. The German Emperor in-
I vited Mr. Kaldane to be present at the
] grreat manoeuvres of last autumn and
'< paid the English War Minister compli
! merits, the precise value of which ■
t for the same reason, doubtful. We are
assured that the Ccninv^tec • ; Imperial
Defence, with its world-wide authority,
is satisfied that Mr. Haldane has done
What L= possible. Br.t Lord Kshcr. him
self a permanent member of the icrreat
Army Council, has lately satd that, to
put Mr. Haldane'fl. Territorials into
Working order, sixty thousand recruits
must come In yearly, and that no such
number can be had.
Th^r*- is however, one En^lit-h soldier,
net c member of that committee, bat
excluded from it. whose opinion would
probably so further with the English
public than a'] others. 1 mean Lord
Kitchener. But Lord Kitchener does
not take the public into his confidence.
i met Mr. Haldane at a party in Lon
don soiri' 1 two years ago. You do not
expect much serious discussion in a
throng of tjjat kind. bu f Mr. Haldane
made a remark which led me to Fay I
should like to ask him one question.
"What 15 it?"
■'I should like to know hmv it is that
an army is to "be made better by abol
ithinr me of the best battalions in it."
Just then a lady came toward us to
whom Mr. Haldane wished to speak, and
my qu^Etier; was *eft unanswered. "We
will discuss It some other time." said Mr.
Haldane. But that other time has not
yet arrived. T asked the question be
cause I ha»'. 2 ■friend or xvro in the bat
talion? marked for destruction. The 3d
Battaiion of the Scots Guards was
one. It was admittedly one of th<? finest
in the service. A little later I dined at
the mess of the officers en snjp.rd duty
at £t. James's Falace. It was a dinner
of eight, including two civilians— the
other a man well known about the court
end formerly Private Secretary to Lor:!
Salisbury. From beginning: to « j nd not
one of the efflcers said a "word about
their impending: fate. Where else could
thi? reserve have been kept? What
made th^ir silence the more remarkable
v.as th« fact that they all knew, though
my civilian friend and I did not know.
that the battalion had received orders To
report at Buckingham Falaee next
morning, th^re to be mustered •it by
the lato King. It was. in fact, mus
tered out on that Saturday morning.
The late King undertook this duty as
the highest compliment he could pay the
battalion. When they surrendered their
colors h*> received them, saying they
should bo safely kept till they could
apain bo delivered into the care of a
battalion which had carried them a.l- |
ways with distinction. Every soldier
was grateful to the King for those
words. His phrase was understood to
mean that h* hop^d and expected the
battalion would presently lie called into
being- once more. Whether Mr. Haldane
was grateful I do not know. The crit
icism v:as obvious. The King was com
mander in chief ef the army, and he '
clearly m*>ant to signify his disapproval
of the dissolution of the battalion.
In private life Mr. Haldane used to be
known not only for agreeable and brill
iant qualities, but for an independence,
of opinion and life rare in this country.
The opinion of the multitude was not
his. Even in such matters as dress he
snowed himself careless of custom. He
wore the same clothes summer and win
t-.r. There was a period during which
he never wore an overcoat. But the last
time I met him of v Sunday afternoon
he had on the kind of outer garment
here known as a Chesterfield, which he
had not laid aside before coming up to
the drawinp room, as if he delighted in
},ase:r.- from one extreme to another,
and so still keeping uv a kind of protest
against the tyranny of custom. Whether
this mutinous spirit had anything to do
with his project of army reconstruction
must be left for others to say.
□ W. S.
Addresses WUI Be Delivered for Noble
Foundation on Subject of •'Peace."
Cambridge. Mass. Oct. 1.-Ex -President
Thf-ouon- noosevelt will deliver a course
of two lecture at ward durinp the col
lege >ear. The university authorities an
nolnccd to-day that Mr. Roosevelt's lecture
dates have not been Used as yet, but that
the addresses will be delivered for the
V. i'.liam IV-lden Noble foundation. It is
understood that the subject of the lectures
Will be -Peace."
- - ratary or Btats

The desire on tl.t> part of yome N>w York
ers to know what they are. going to eat be
,(,:„ .» ,, v ord»-r It ha* resulted in a move
rn^nt to banish French from Hi- bill ol fare.
-KiirixiKtield I'nlon.
I'oli<-* Rraf? has b^ei «i>*rovered l>y the
mctinX Mayor of Sew York. Home d;ty lie.
Srdtocover the Sinppr Building »n<i tli«
<iodd.t;^ of Liberty.— Watcrbury Republican.
A four-y«-ur-oM l»oy tn New rot* lias
iLi-t become a. millionaire by thr- death Of
h-s father. Broadway may look for a
hr ; ir*t streak of light !n af»out seventeen
vJ»«rs while some one ts celebrating his
tweSty-nritbirUiday.-Chlc.go Dally Sews.
Th«- New York metroprlis can never have
a successful rival In North America as lons
is It is the centre cf the money power of
the continent and poasai • its peculiar
business advantages over aJI othera of our
cities. -New Orleans Picayune.
New York has stout M.VO school rhil-
SrVn on pan time and Philadelphia about
io,<>jp Another Instance where fhat^Tro:
rresdve" city puw it ail ovtr ui.-PhUa :
dtljihia luirei >- ._ . __—■-- —
Candy Manufacturer Passes
Away at Country Home.
John I Huvler. the candy manufacturer
and philanthropist, who was stricken with
peritonitis on Tuesday, died yesterday at
bis country home at Rye, N. V. On Mon
day Mr Huyler enjoyed a Fall in hla yacht
and had planned to so to Florida on Octo
ber 10. His family was present when the
end came. ■
The funeral will take place on Tuesday
afternoon at Calvary Methodist Episcopal
Who <\\r><\ yesterday.
Church, In 129tb street The burial will be
at TVoodlaTvn.
John ?. Huyl<»r was born in Nei' York
City on June £6. ISIS, the son of David
Huyier. a wealthy nak«--r and Lcf cream
manufacturer of Jam •"-' ' The family
was veil known and influential on the
Lower West Side, and iat«>r in KarK-ni.
wjiere David Huyler berarne on" of the
founder? of th" Calvary Methodist. Bptaco
pal Church, at Seventh avenue and 129 th
It was in 1876 that Mr. 'HuyW conceived
the idea of branching out Into the candy
business, and B # rented hi? first candy
store at Broadway and l?th street which
was exclusively devoted to the manufact
ure and sale r>f oM-fashioned molasses
candy. From this small beginning: the
present, enormous business ■"•■ "Hoyler*s."
trith its branch stores and selling acents
throughout the country, was built up in
the course ot thirty years.
Mr. Huyler became widely known through
hi? many acts' of charity and his interest
in church and educational work 11 is safe
to ?ay that he contributed in the course of
his life more than 11,000,000 to many causes
which he thought deserving of support.
Syracuse University, of wbich he was a
trustee!, received srifts from him on several
occasions, and many other institutions were
the beneficiaries of his generosity.
During* the lart years of his life Mr
Huyler sras highly interested in the eaMst
ins of iaymen for missionary work and all
other activities connected with church
Besides hi.^ candy factory. Mr. Huyler
was-- interested in otner commercial enter
prises. He was resident of the M^nemsha
Cldy Company and a director of the JSank
of the Metropolis, the Chestnut Ridpe
White Brick Company and the New York
Board of Trade and Transportation.
Mr. Huykr leaves a wife, who as Miss
Rosa I>e. of this city: four bobs and fire
grar.urhi'-drt-Ji. The oldest .sori, De Klyri
Huyler, i.- thirty years old. the youngest
fifteen. His *lau;cht*T. who mai ried Dr.
Reuben J. Held, died three years ago.
Jacksonville. 11a-. Oct. K\-' .ovr-ror
X. B. Broward of Florida dted shortly alter
noon here to-day. The condition of Mr.
Broward, who was 111 with gallstone, be
came so serious to-day that an immediate
operation was decided on. but to no avail,
as he died shortly after going on the op
♦.ratntf taU<=-.
Napoleon Bonaparte Broward was one of
the most eminent figures in present-day
Southern political life. In his early years
he was a. Florida logging hand, steamboat
roustabout and cook and codfisherman on
the Grand Banks. He m Governor of
Florida from IW3 to Ml Willie Governor
he was defeated in .i primary for the
United States Senatorial indorsement by
Duncan U. Fletcher. Last fall he .was
successful against Senator Tallaferro, the
nomination being equivalent to election.
Mr. Broward was lK>rn on a farm in
i.iuv^: County. Fia.. in 1&7 He was of
Huguenot descent on his lather's side, and
his mother vat of an old New England
family. His parents died when tie was
twelve years old, and two years later he
began his varied career in the active world.
In ISS7 he pave up the sea to run a wood
yard and begin his political career. The
same year he was appointed Sheriff of
Duval County, in which he was born, to
fill a vacancy caused by death. By reap
pointxnent, election and re-election he re
mained Sheriff until 1300, when he went
to the state Legislature from his county.
But before be quit the office of Sheriff he
had lined fame in at least two national
capitals as one of the most daring at the
Cuban filibusters.
In isa 3he re-entered the steamboat busi
ness, having secured an interest in the
Three Friends. This oceangoing; tug was
built in Jacksonville tor the primary pur
pose of supplying the Cuban patriots with
munitions of war. Broward himself com
manded th« tup on eight of her trips to
and from Cuba; he always took charge
whenever the signs pointed to an exciting
Through his connection with the Three
Friends BrowarU has the distinction of
being the only living Governor for whose
capture a foreign government offered a
lar"e reward. One of Braward's partners
was "Dynamite Johnny" O-Brien, the
Spanish government atoo having a stand
ins reward for his interception and capt
ure. .
After an illnefs of three Mwkc Joseph
C twin, formerly president of the New
York an.i Boston D • wood Com] . died
yesterday afternoon at hU horn*. No. 7
West 70th street Will, Mm at the time of
hi.s death were his wife and threo sons. Jo
seph C Baldwin, Jr.. who arrived from
Europe a. few day* *-° in •••;'"•"■- to ■
caWe dispatch announcing hts tether's cob
dition Harry B. and Charles Lansing
Baldwin. Anot h-r eon. Willt.mi M. Bald
win ,vho t\as Hiimmnn«l from Mexico. Is
expected to arrive In this city within a few
"■"j 1 ,, 1 B al4 win was t?«rn at New Haven In
im and came to New Ycrk while a young
man to enter the employ of the nrm of
Thorns Hope & Co. nholesalu grocer*
Afterward h* became rtinnected with wtll-
, Bm Partridge a Son. manufacturers of
*"ee*uffs aad chemicals. In IST. the firm
wag reorg anlzed under. ths name of the
x ,v . York Dyewood. Extract and Chemical
Company, and Mr. Baldwin was treasurer
t until iv',. when be was elected president.
In 1832 further development was made, and
under the corporate name of the New York
and Boston Dyewood Company Mr. Bald
win was elected president, remaining in
that office until its voluntary dissolution in
1906. He was a director of the Federal Safe
Deposit Company, the Market and Fulton
I Bank, the Texas and Pacific Coal Com
pany, and a trustee of &ie Washington
Trust Company and the North River Sav
ings Bank. He was a member of the Union
League Club and the Accomack Club, of
Mr. Baldwin married In ISSI Emma Jane
Mood, daughter of Feter Mood, of Charles
j ton. a C.
Walter King Rosslter, secretary of the
Brooklyn Union Gas Company for thirty
years, died yesterday morning after a brief
illness at his home. No. 161 South Oxford
street. Brooklyn. He was born in St.
Louis In- IST7; in 1872 he married Emilie K.
Mayo, of Beaufort. S. C. Mr. Rossiter was
a director and vice-president of the Equity
Gas Company, the Fiatbush Gas Company,
the Jamaica Gaslight Company, the New
town Gas Company and the Richmond Hill
and Woodhaven Gaslight Company. He
was a major in the national guard and
I a member of the Protestant Episcopal
| Church of the Redeemer. Mrs. Rossiter
| ami three daughters survive him. He was
a brother «of Clinton L. Rossiter. ex-presi
dent of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Com-
I pany, and now vice-president of the Long
Island Trust Company, and of Edward V.
j Koeatter, of the New York Central Rail-
I road Company.
Societies and Institutions Bene
. ficiaries of Mrs. L. F. Halstead.
About $20,000 in public bequests «re made
i in the will of Mrs. Laura P. Halstead. for
I which the petition for probate was filed
yesterday in the Surrogate's office by the
New Jfork Trust Company, as executor.
1 Mrs. Halstead died suddenly on August 5
I at Northfield. Mas., where she was attend
' tag the Northfifld Conference.
The largest single bequest is KjMi, which
| is made to the Working Girls' Vacation So
: ciety for the "Nancy Cottage" endowment.
1 Bequests of ITftttl each are left to the fol
! lowing Institutions: The Moody School,
! East Northfield, Mass. : th» New York City
Mission and Tract Society and the Wom
an's Union Missionary Soc'ety of America.
To the following institutions Mrs. Halstead
gave JI.OOO each: The Presbyterian Rest for
Consumptive?, at White Plains: the L. M.
Green Association, the New York Female
Auxiliary Society. th«» Presbyterian Board
of Relief for Disabled Ministers, the Board
of Home Mtsslene and the. Brnanuel Chapel
of the Presbyterian Church, in University
Place. The New York House and School
of Industry, the American Sunday School
Union and the American Tract Society will
receive 1590 each
Mrs. Halstead left a personal estate of
more than $145,000 and real estate valued at
173,00°. The residue -will be. divided among
h.^r kinsmen.
Miss Marguerite Chase, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Waldo Ketcham Chase, will be
married to Herbert Allan Bees at noon on
October * at Byd»-a-Whyle, the home of
the bride, a 1a 1 Farmington. Conn. Mr. Boas,
who hi connected with Phelps. Dodare &
Co., at d Paso, Tex., is the sc-n of Emil
Boas, general manager and resident di
rector of the Hamburg-American Line.
The ceremony will b» performed by th"
Rev. Dr. Roberts, of the Presbyterian
church of Farmington. A Bister of the
bride. Mrs. Dobyns. will act ss matron of
honor. The bridesmaids will be Miaa
Louise Wllkin.' of Baltimore; Mis? Mar
guerite Smith, of Orange: Miss Edna Grip
pin, of Bridgeport; Miss Grace Allen, of
New York: Miss Helen Webster, of Mont
clair and Miss Esther Hawley, of Farm
ington. William Anderson Keys will be the
best man. The usher? will be T. Charlton
Henry, Louis Marshall Ream. Frederick H.
Oshorn. John W. Surbnis;. jr.. Henry San
ders Caldwell and Ralph Chase.
Mrs. David Sommers Howe, of No. Mi
Riverside Drive, has announced th*» en
gagement of her daughter. Marjorie Foot?.
to Jame.« I. Bruyn. of this city. The wed
ding mil probably take Place In the late
The announcement of the engagement of
Miss Etta Louise Forrest, daughter of
Mrs. Victorine L. Forrest, of No. 871 West
End avenue, to Frederich James Faraham,
of this city, has been made. The date of
the wedding has not been definitely de
cided on. but it is expected it ■*i!l be in
the early spring.
Miss Arhn" BayUss, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Charles E. Bayliss, and Milton Wright
Griggs, eon of Chauncey M. Grigcr?. of St.
Paul, were married yesterday afternoon at
Christ Church. Port Jefferson, Lorur Island.
The ceremony was performed by th» Rev.
George W. Douglas, of Tuxedo, assisted by
the Rev. J. Morris Greer, of Port Jefferson.
The wedding <>f Mima Anna Bavler. daugh
ter of Mr an 1 Mrs William H. Bavier. iv
Charles Veiti h Mills. Of No. Z2 Linden
Pla- c. N<=-w Rochello. was celebrated quiet
ly last evening at her home. No. 14?. Cen
tre avenue. The ceremony uas performed
•by the Rev. Malcolm Douglas, of Short
Hills. N. J.. a brother-in-law ol Mr Mills.
Official Record and Forecast. — Washington,
Oct. i. The Ontario disturbance Is nor.- mov
ing down the St. Lawrence Taller, accompanied
by scattered showers and high winds in the
Great Lake region and th.- northern portionis of
New York and New England. The disturbance
in the Northwest is gradually developing, bat it
has not yet caused any precipitation cast of the
Ilockiea. but considerable rainfall 1- reported in
the Pacific region. It la probable that the tropi
cal disturbance is now In the southern portion
of the Gulf of Mexico, but its strength cannot
at the present time be determined.
Generally fair weather is Indicated for the
greater portion of the country east of the Rocky
Mountains for the next two days, although in
the western lake repion and the upper Mississippi
Valley unsettled weather is Indicated In advance
of the western disturbance as It moves oast
ward The temperatures will be lower In th«
Northern and middle Atlantic state* Sunday,
but warm weather Is indicated generally In the
Interior, and especially In the corn belt. In
the latter »*ctlon there 1b no Indication what
ever of approaching frost.
For«ra«t for Special I.tM-alities. For Eastern
.N. ■■. York. New Jersey. Eastern Pennsylvania.
Delaware. Maryland and the District of Colum
bU. (sir to-day and to-morrow; cooler to-day;
moderate northwest wind.-, becoming variable.
For New Rnfjland. fair and cooler to-<lay anil
to-mortow: diminishing northwest winds.
*" p or Western New York and Western Penn
sylvania, fair and somewhat easier to-day; fate
to-rr.orrow: moderate northwest winds, becoming;
llchl and variable.
Official observations si L'nJted States weather
bureaus, taken at 8 p, m. j-eaterday. follow:
f tv Temperature. Weather.
Albany «* ;:''«••
Atlantic City I* JTtST
■■■■■■■ fa %
Washington . •" l **r
Washington •" lea r
Loral OfllrlHl Ilrrord. — The following official
record from the Weather bureau shows th*
chang«si tn temperature for the lait twenty-four
hour?, in comparison with the correspondlnc date
of la«u in ar
I!W>9. 1010 . 1 lrwX) 1310
a.m. ...',2 «5l «p. m S!> 77
H , ni ■** B>> » p m . . ( 4
J,'!' *85 «Hjn p. tn JH ;o
ii e 2 "m. m ::;:...«» »«• » a «
1 p. m w iV '
Highest temperatur»i yesterday, $2 degree* »«t
1 SO £> m »■ lowest. Ul 'at 3 n m.); a. crag-. 72;
..era*' I*1 '* tar aorrsspaaflint dai last year. 5*
■ verse* for corresponds dat * •«*' thlrty-thr««
' e Lo!cal~for«<:*it: r « ir lo ~^*i' * aii to-morrow;
. -ci« to-day; cotlerate nertlwejt viols, beccm
tas variable, — •-_ •-
Mr. Carnegie's Gift— His Total
More than $150:000,000.
London, Oct. The American Am
bassador, who has taken a neighborly
interest in Lutcn since his residence in
Bedfordshire, made to-day his second
speech in that town. The occasion was
the opening of the public library built
through the beneficence of Andrew Car
negie and enriched by serviceable sets
of reference books presented by the
Duke of Bedford, whose residence 13
near by, at Leighton Buzzard. The duke's
family, the Russells, have long been con
spicuous there and in British public life
since long before Lord John Russell's
day. Luton is a manufacturing town of
from 25,000 to 30,000 inhabitants, the
chief centre of the straw goods industry
in Great Britain, and with the excep
tion of Bedford the largest town in Bed
The Ambassador's speech was a reve
lation of the resources of American
philanthropy. He disclosed the magni
tude of Mr. Carnegie's gifts for the pro
motion of human weltare when he de
clared that although £10,000.000 had
been bestowed in the form of libraries
in America and Europe, it was barely
a third of his entire benefaction;?, which
have exceeded £30,000,000.
Mr Carnegie, who is enjoying the am
bassador's hospitality at Wrest Park
over Sunday, was present at the open
ing of the library and received the free
dom of the town in recognition of his
public services, making a short speech
of thanks fcr the honor conferred.
The speech follows:
You do well to mark this occasion with
some rejoicing and official festivity. Per
haps you even do well to mark it with
an indulgence in that passion for speech
making at every opportunity which you
are apt to describe as American, but
which 1 call you all to witness has been
originally and distinctly English, and
British — since long before the settlement
of America. One can only regret that
you have not now found for it a speaker
to the manor born.
But the day certainly deserves at your
hands the recognition you are giving It,
for it is a day on which you gain a
notable public "building and a notable
new citizen. I shall have to B%y some
thing presently about the new build
ing, since you have imposed upon me the
duty of formally opening it— honor
which I owe, no doubt, to the privilege
I have enjoyed of being your near neigh
bor for now six summers— as they
are, and If you count the late one as -i
summer at all.
But first, perhaps. I might say some
thing about your new citizen, since he
is my countryman, and since I have
known him rather .well, and a long time,
without ever knowing much to his dis
credit, excepting that in spite of his lik
ing for libraries his spelling is deplor
able. Naturally, :nv attention was ar
rested by a reference to him which I
happened to hear the other day. as I
passed that point of high thinking, or at
least high speaking, the corner of Hyde
Park, near the Marble Arch. On* some
times hears that locality spoken of as
the safety valve •:' London, on the
theory, apparently, that superheated
social or political steam is there safely
Mown off. My own limited observations
have led me to think of •' as occasionally
less a safety valve for hoi clean steam
than a defect in the <irainae«, from
which is aping a tepid and pestilen
tial flow Of sewer era?. Let that pass,
however, as the hasty impression of a
casual listener.
But "hat I heard the other day set me
to thinking. The orator was discoursing
about the plunderers of honest toil, and
he pictured your new citizen, not too in
distinctly, as one of the worst of them,
a man who had amassed a great fortune
out of profits that rightfully belonged
to the workingmen he employed and
cheated, and who was now doling out a
little of it, in trivial and useless ways,
merely to gain a cheap reputation for
philanthropy. Well, I remembered that
Mr. Carnegie had always paid good
wages, and found new employment for
many men. I also remembered that he
had "been something of a workingman
himself: that he began at ■ weaver's lad
in a cotton factory, was next a messen
ger boy in a telegraph office, and profit
ing by that opportunity picked up the
art aims that be thus worked hi? way
into a railroad office, and so up till he
became a railway superintendent next
a successful manufacturer of railway
iron, and that he then had the farseeinsr
sagacity, courage and untiring persist
ence to Intro luce the Bessemer steel
making process In America. Recalling 1
ail this, I could see better where the
fortune came from than where the plun
der came in.
Then I took another look at the orator
who had pronounced that surprising in
dictment. Hi- didn't look or talk like a
man who had much claim to speak for
decent workingmen, or had often done
an honest day's work himself, In fact,
he looked like what the hard-headed
but irreverent workingman of my native
land is apt to call a •'jawsmith." and
he was then apparently plying the trade
by which he earned his andean wage.
Going home. I chanced to and this
pamphlet, containing a late official re
port of the trustees charged with carry
ing out one of Mr. Carnegie's schemes
for a cheap reputation, and looked
through it. in order to see what trivial
or useless thing the bad man was doing
now with his plunder. Well, he seemed
to have put a p:reat deal of money at
the disposal of these trustees, and they
had been industrious and versatile in
expending it. I found details of nearly
four hundred different things they had
done with it. Let me read you a few
samples, almost at random:
One of the first was to find a coal
miner named Daniel Davis, out at
Sherrodsvflle, in Ohio. This young man
of twenty-three and his mate were over
taken in the mine by the black damp.
Both fled. Davis got outside and was
safe. Finding that his mate had fallen,
he Instantly went back to try to help
him was himself prostrated, and both
died. The agents of this plunderer of
worklncmen hunted up the poo- wife,
thus left a widow. They gave her first
6. record of her husband's deed on a
silver medal to be handed on to her two
children as a souvenir of their dead
father, ami then gave her two hundred
pounds to help bring them up. When I
read that I couldn't help wondering
whether the glib orator of the Marble
Arch had ever given two hundred half
pence for so good an object in his whole
Next In this pamphlet I found the case
of a coast skipper named Castro who
went back and forth in Ms little sixty
foot boat through a fierce storm on the
New Jersey coast to a steamer strand
ed on Bripantine Shoals till hr had
saved fifty-two lives. To that daring
and splendid captain Mr. Carnegie's
trustees gave a gold medal as a record
hi? SOB) might some day like to have,
with a thousand pounds to educate that
MM. and three hundred more to lift a
mortgage on his home.
Then they found a coal miner out in
Illinois whose mate was crashed to the
ground by falling slate as they were
both running from the explosion ..fa
Mast which had already been Urea This
man Boettcher by name, had reached
safety, but when he saw hi? comrade's
situation he turned and ran desperately
to the lighted fuse. It was found homed
to Within « quarter of an inch of the
powder, where he extinguished it. Of
rourve he was* on the verge of losing his
own life, but he *aved his mate A hun
dred and .seventy pound? of Mr. Carne
gie's plunder went to pay oft the mort
gage on thai gallant fellow's home.
1 could keep you all afternoon reading
such cases. Let me give you only two
more. In Michigan a boy of £urteen
named Roller, saved a schoolmate or
twelve from drownin?. in fifteen feet of
water and a rift current, seventy-five
feet from the bank. Another lad of thir
teen on* BiMr, wived his schoolmate of
eleven from drowning in ten feet of
.water, end in a yery ewilt current. in
another river in the same state. Four
hundred pounds of Mr. Carnegie's fund
went to each of these schoolboys, to
give him as good an education as he
could take. And there are nearly four
hundred more cases like these, every one
carefully investigated, all details studied
and the recognition likely to be most
useful in each bestowed, and reported
here in a mat fact way as a part
of their official duty by the trustees.
The fund given them Jby Mr. Carnegie
for such purposes amounts in the United
States and Canada to £1.000.000, in Great
Britain and France to £450.000.
Greater love hath no man than this,
that he lay down his life for his friend.
What nobler use is there for money than
to help the men who have don© such
things.' It was one of your own poets
who. in lines familiar to all of you. re
lated Ben Adhem dream. The Record
ing Angel did not find his name among"
ihose that loved the Lord. Set me down
then, begged the disappointed dreamer,
as one' who lov«d his fellow man- You
remember the end. The Recording Angel
came again, next night, with the names
of those the Lord loved, and 10. Ben
Adhem's name led all the rest Per
; haps the man who finds heroes like
! these, helps them and trains them. or
their children, for further service to the
race is a better citizen than the one
who stands on a box In Hyde Park and
bawls out to a crowd of curious idlers
! every unreasonable and bitter phrase he
I can think of, to make his hearers hate
and envy those more thrifty and more
useful than themselves.
Yet. all this is but a very little part
of what your new citizen has long been
doing. He saw that only light could make
our liberties valuable or safe. In conse
quence, the teaching profession seemed
• to him the first line of national defence
and so he has provided a pension fund
! for men who give their lives to that
work, and placed in the hands of a. most
competent board of trustees in America
! £300,000 for that purpose. He believe*
; the world advances as our knowledge of
truth is extended, and so he has giver
another most competent board £2.4»>.<»*>
for the promotion of original research
i He had no chance for college training
himself, but he has given to colleges in
the United States and Canada over
£4.000,000. and to some in the United
Kingdom and colonies £136.000 more To
jail this, with a tender recollection of the
, land of his birth, he has added a trust
for th« University of Scotland of two
'million* of pounds. On the happy town
of his birth he has bestowed for the
benefit of the whole community in many
helpful ways the Dunfermltne trust oi
half a minion pounds, and for th*» town
; in widen he worked his way up he has
established the Plttsbun? Carnesrte in
stitute, with an endowment of 1 1. ♦ • >.«»■»-
For the benefit of workmen in the iron
and steel works which he brought to
such marvellous success he has estab
lished a relief fund of £900,000. In a de
■ire to diffuse among all. but especially
amor? the orderly and moral classes,
the enjoyment he himself eets from
I music, he has met churches here and in
i America half-way in the cost of their
organ?, till in this manner he has dis
tributed among forty-five hun™ or
them in all not less than £800.000. In
furtherance of his efforts against war M
!has built a headquarters at Washington
ifor the International Bureau at Ameri
! can Republics for £150.000 and at a cost
[of €300.000 a Palace of Peace for the
.international arbitrations at The Hague
—from one of which your country and
mine ha- just emerged with equal
.honor and mutual satisfaction at the
peaceful and just settlement of an em
bittered dispute that had lasted between
us for over a century. . "„ ~
A.nd nor I come down to what na3
brought .-„, here to-day. The lad to
whom a book was a prized and expen
sive luxury, and who knew.no univer
sity but the few books he could buy.
has row sought to bring that means of
self-improvement and uplift, by which
ho himself rose, within reach of all. He
has s thus girdled the English-speaking
world with' libraries, of which th*» very
llatesf to be opened is yours, here in
i Luton. to-day. Up to July of this year
he has spcrt in the erection of municipal
j library buildings like yours over O*V
Add this to the other sums I have
mentioned or alluded to. and you have
a total known amount of over . th . I ; TV
Tilli-m* of pounds already expended for
the- betterment of men by this weaver
lad and telegraph operator, the youngest
' citizen of Luton.
Thirty millions of pounds given away.
painstakingly, discriminatingly, on care
fully studied systems and only art's
laborious investigation, by one man,
Tvorkin? almost as hard at giving away
his money as he did in making it— gnen
mainly for the benefit of those as poor
v he once wa>, to strengthen the* b>
knowlpdee. to help them in distress, to
tromnte "peace in the world, and to ele
vate our common humanity! I am not
here to eulogize the man or his work.
You can put your own estimate upon
both I mar only say that never before
this century has the world sees anything
SK It Perhaps the official representa
tive of his country may be permitted
also to say that America la the land
Utiil of opportunities, and that even Mr
Carnegie does not stand alone. There
ar w-n ht ?entlemen. every unusual and
extraordinary thing in th* world hi criti-
Sed nowadays, and even gifts IBM this
spacious and handsome librarr which
Luton receives do not escape faultflnd
,;; -Th- impose a burden on the
•r£.rnunitv> wo are told. For one. I
rejTe that they do. A wise P~vider.ee
helps those who help themselves and
a ,clous philanthropy cannot follow
* sounder or safer rule. Under Mr.
Carnegie's plan, to get help, a cotnxnu
nitv mist co-operate with him and help
Sf-it sets nothing without at least
valuing it enough to sustain it. Noth-
n a i U fnr nothing is the **^£££ b J
law for a manly race. This library is
o be absolutely free to the PO?™*!*";
• habitant of Luton. but even he must
vO k f or any good he gets out of it. The
books will give him nothing, save as a
i I : fit of his own study, as a reward for
Ms own exertion. Thus, neither the
community nor the individual {£«•*;
respect or is pauperized b> getting *itn
°UWhe°n M?Carnegie gave -at one stroke
• seventy-eight library buildings to New
York City he refused all congratula
tion« "That i-« easy, he said, out
riltell you what I am proud of. 1 am
nroud of lUvinsj induced the second city
In the world to furnish free llb - art< **
! throughout its limit- for every one of Its
i inhabitants."
1 That points, of course, to the real
lvalue of all these library gift*, the up-
Ilift for the citizen and the educational
advantage for the community, But right
th-re comes another complaint as f re
fluent as the one about the cost to the
town for keeping op »■ Htoiy -The
new complaint hi that thU educational
facility doesn't educate. No doubt that
i often hapP%M in these libraries. It has
oven been known to occur in colleges
and universities everything depends on
how the educational facility is used-
Still yon don't abolish th«* water trough
• because now and then a horse you lead
! to it refuses to drink. faultfinder brines
J faultfinder brines
l forward his weightiest charge: "The
I main thing your libraries do is to fee£
Me v.nwholesome appetite for cheap and
Tenaational modem fiction." Now. «U
modern fiction is not cheap and sensa
tional- furthermore, there seems reason
to doubt whether feeding a taste for it
i is alter all the main thing these libraries
Ido ' Where it is the cure Is plainly in
• th. hands of your own authorities. if
yon don't furnish th*» fiction. it will not
ico out of >»ur library to produce the
flabby condition of intellectual amemia
of which we haa». v^w.
People «sften say that half the books
read in these libraries are novels. On
1 the other! here is Dr. Kenyon. prin
,.',, al librarian at the British Museum.
I (teetering of the free libraries generally
'that leas than -'* per cent of the books
iissurd to readers consist of fiction.
Whatever the general tendency. I
venture to suggest one consideration to
! «he authorities here who have the mat "
ter in their own hands. Books are not
so hard to get row as in Mr. Carnegie's
early experience. The lad who has
earned a shilling In a forenoon by car
rying parcels or blacking boou* can
now buy wit*\ it « volume from Mr
i Dent's wonderful Everyman's Library,
j embracing the • beet English elastics.
When .-i shilling cets him a good book.
■ why not lei him bay a good deal of his
own fiction, and provide him here with
a \*tz±t proportion of the popular sci
ence, the travels the biographiaft, tee
Inlstorlea, the sociological and economical
publications which he needs if ha la to
grow up a citizen worthy of England
! and the empire?
Another American telegraph ma
founded a great university, of which he
declared his ideal to be that it should
enable any man to learn any thins. It
this bui'dlEs; wo are now to open is t<>
be. as Mr. Caroesia desires, a real uni
versity of the people, it most aim at
equally comprehensive work. Obviously.
then its shelves must be» crowded with,
such books as have Just been indicated,
and above all with the latest, beat and
most complete works of reference. 1
congratulate you that this last want haa
already been supplied from a natural
and suitable source at home. Your com
plete reference library will thus con
stantly remind you of th« gr**t bouse
from which your county derive* its
name and of the broad page in British
history filled with the public record of
the Ruasells.
I have kept you — nw— ■■ly Ten* en
the threshold. It is time to enter your
new public building. May it take ran*
In L.uton from this day forward ™!
Hour schools and your churches, sjsmi
may you be able la all the future try
trace to It results of gtollar beaeflccace.
Duke and Duciiesa de Arccs •»•-*
520.000 to University.
Cambridge. Mass.. Oct. ! -A gift rf»T
to Harvard University from the Duke and
Duchess de Areos. of Spate, «as announced
at the university to-day. Th* Duke de Ar
cos was formerly Spanish Minister to the.
United States, and the duchess Is an Amer
ican woman. The fund is to be known as
th.c Wood bury FiO*erv Perpetual, and U
to be used in en«-ouras^ng research work
in historical archives. especaaJly theso of.
Another arift. of 52.«#. in memory of
Joltxa P. Welsh, of Philadelphia, class cf
37, is made by a power company of Nl»
a~.ira Falls.
j Three Chicago sfiirniaTg lamm AtasaVa
High Prices.
ChicMO, OC. I.— "Tn« '"■ " SSSST irtll
announce to-morrow momma; th" p»a»ti»sj
of the two-cent daily newspaper ia Chlca;t>"
with th* statement of tea reduction to on«
cent a ropy in Chicasro and suburb* en
■rdavs. Tn this -The Inter Ocean *
Joins "Th- ••hi.-afjis Tribune" and "Tb«
P.ecord-Hera!d." both of which annum i ■
a similar reduction to-day.
"The Chicago Post.' the last of the Chi
cago afternoon papers to sell for two cent*
a copy, halved its price two weeks ago.
Washington. Oct. I— Mrs. John I G<t
man. wif« of Colonel Oilman, cf Massa
chusetts, commander in chief of the Grand
Army of the Republic. i» seriously ■ her».
On her way to Washington front Gettys
burg, Perm., she was taken ill suddenly.
and has bJboi been under the care of
trained nurs«3 at th© horns of •'Corporal '
and Mrs. .Ta.-r>«s Tanner. H-r husband tra*
surcmened here to-day.
[By Tniaji siiti V> Th« Trfhn=».T
Yr'jnirstown. Otio. Oct. 2.— Cohsn sn4
Harris "presented Miss Adelai Thrrsten ac
the Park Theatre here tr>-ni*-. ta £&**
Ananias.*" a new comedy by Catherrs*
Chi»*"o!m Gushing "M 133 Ananias'' win
go to N<»-«- Tork City aiter the, hondsays.
BnVTZ— IirLIXP-— On S*?te=!ber 22. 1310. *t
t*« Church of th» Traadsrintien. la tHe city
ef New York. Sara* Brocia JlUlar. dau?ite
cf th* lat» Georg"* Etfwards MiUw a=a Faaa;«
ilin*»r Miller, deceased, cf Xorwallc. Conn.. a=i
Pred'rtck B-Uz. of Krversid?. Conn., by tirt
Rer. G. <*. Houshtcts. D. T. Mm KjM _R*v-
K<i-srarrt M. Oifcorne. the Bishcp *t sprta^e.rt.
11l prono':nc<*t the hanedictlcn. Ncr^alh.
Stamford and Greenwich. Conn., capers »<a«a»
CDCHRAM— ORIFFIX— On >*"aaj. Sa»aaß»sss'
SO 1910, in Mliiaaiiwilii i11"r.., Mart A.
Griffin ani Thomas Coehran. Jr., at New Ycr'<.
MORArcHINI— REMER- On r*mn >. S"-T>fTTv
b»r 2» at the Chapel of S'_ Mar? »■ v irvn.
"West 4-ith »t-. Ada. Alvord. sssssaw of Johrt
A. a- Elinor Ware Bbbbw, to Pi-rr- Mi>
TOWSSEXD-F"\" I Septemtw 30.
1010. in New Tor* rtzy. Ethel MaoDonai.l
Faw,-«t. daughter of Mr. ssJ Mr^. John t.lif
ton M*cDonalJ. cf Lontrrtll*. XT . to H. No»
ttnyham Townsend. c! New Yorli U'y- N->
Notice* «t nwrriaj:»» and deaths — s> be
•rrompanled hr toQ name asd *ddit*-.
Bald^ir^ J(?s*pj» C R*T. C»m- U _
BoothSy, Mrs. John V,\ Gcs«. C^rfaM F
HuTlfr. John 3 HuawtWr. vvair^- k.
King.- Fred«rlc!s J
; BMJWIX — On Sa-mrSa-. Oetofcwr 1. Wia ••
h;a .sfcintr* No 7 W-»»t T«tli M N«w •s*
tliiy. Joseph •'- Baldwin, fn t?:e TSi *-*" of
Ms a*". fSoOem of fun«rral hereafter.
CHAPTER. D. A- R-. anrouilf^s wirh sorrtiw »h«
»!earh ef Mrs. John .:mm Boorhb». * Bate""**
IIL'TLERr-On October I. at Us Nfflmr r«*«
dop.ee. By^. N. T.. John S. Huyl«r. la ti*
fioth yrar of his asr?. Funeral s»rvicwi «t th^
<Ut\-*rv M'tho^lst Episcopal Churcr.. 13th wx
«n<l H*venth aye., «n T".t^<ii»y, Cct^b^r ♦- a* Z
oclo.:k. Int<*rm^nf at WoodU-sn. at
jen'— nt th« famMr.
of th» City of N*w Tori.
Broif->r« Sorrowful • -w>isjioifner i» trad* ot
the deatii of Brother John Jlujlt. en ©ember
1. for twisty-two •-ear" a member of the i«oct»tj .
•ervtnr faithful It f>n »he school Commlt'«> in
Ri.~HAP.r T. DAVTES, Secrpt^ry.
KING?Bt*RY— At Lltcl»fl«!<I, Ccna.. P<»ptemt>rr
*•. Frederick Jotn Klnysbury. of wata%an .
in h. Js-Mh year. Service* at St. Michael' »
Ctrarch. LJtctifl^ld. on Monday, October 2. at
12 45 p. m. Bunai privaia. Boston papers
p!ea*« copy.
RAT— On Ha.VJ.rday. October 1. At No. 135 King
' ston arr.. Brooklyn. Carrlr Louis?, daucStef
vt Alrnim. M. and the tate Luznan Raj- Fu
neral private. Please omit flowers.
ROSa — At his home. No 25 Park «.. yrwar*.
N. J.. on tTlday S*ptetnoer SS}, tt»lff. Caarte»
Perrin Rosa. In his T*th year. Funeral at>r
■rices will be held at the CfciuraJ M. E. Church.
Market at.. Newark on Sajaaav. October 2.
it S p. m.
, ROSSITER — At Brooklyn, on Saturday. October
1. 1910. a»ter a short i::n«»». Walter Kin?
a>aSSSSBI aSS cf the late LawSßi T. and Mar
Wlckes lUinsi'.-r. Funeral »*r\: aa wt!l b« he I .*
at Church of the Redeemer. Fourth aye. aa4
Pactftc St.. Monday. October 3. a; 2p. m. Xn
termeat prtrata. Bckod mac hlca«o pspers
pl«a«« copy.
iu ITOODLAIV:? ckxxtkkt
:; -
la r— Stly aecaaatikl* by Kart«m traua* fr*r9
Grand Centra: Station. W«t>a:ar and Jmtuaw
avenu* trol!e?» and bT carriaice. Lot* JXSO 33.
Telephone 4SSS Grant-rev .'or Book at Tlows
or r»prts»ncat.v«.
Oflct. 20 Bast 2M St.. New York City.
Maple Gra>a* Ctantar.i. at Kew. Bora Que^nai.
»l-»teen mtmit-s from Pens. Station. P. O-.
1 Klchmon<! Htn. S«nd for book of v1»w».
FRANK K. CAJIPBEIX. 241 3 fSSSj 2*4 St.
Chapeis. Prtv.it- Ruorn*, Prirat* Aaa4sjkSSeßß>
Tel t«4 Che!««a.
Hrf. Olipaiis Merrttt. tt»* wwT<l-wi<J»-»a<Tw»
undertaker Only on« »!•<•• •• *«Vn«as; •*!«
• «<». and t»th at. Largest in th« worleV Tak
124 and 12 J Ctetaea.
TO">tn«. S»n«l *"• I a »M«»1»!a».
ffO%l'VßVf ff. PresSr»'v-C»vit«aeJ*r2 C».
\| » • «r>T r"TW« 19* Pr>a(iir<T. N. T
Do you wart desirable help quicker?
suiting the file of applications of selected
aspirants for positions of Tarlous kktss
which has Jest been installed at the Up
: town Office of ■
No. 12CA Broadway,
p^tween 36th and 37th Street.
Office hours: oa.m.to 6► m - .
_^^ *^^^— .
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