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deprecatinply acknowledging the fran tic ovation* of his fellow passengers. Braga has not many spare moments. l)ut he was kind enough to-day to re ceive th« correspondents. He particu larly desires it to be understood that the revolution had no military or personal aim, but like those in Brazil and Tur- Icpv was purely the outcome of philo sophical ideas. The dynasty had Tailed •a keep abreast of modern progress, he said, and had done nothing to render the people masters of their own destinies. This revolution was aimed to complete the realization of civil life untrammelled "by prejudices or clerical domination. One of the means by which the lat~ dynasty had endeavored Is maintain its position, he said, i ■■ continually to menace the people with British inter vention in order to crush popular senti ment, a? If an ancient alliance between two nations was one between dynasties and not peoples. Sefihor Brasja added that he had every conscience in the national resources, and was convinced that an honest admin istration would suffice without adven titious means to put the finances of the country on a satisfactory footing and achieve the moral and physical improve ment the nation so much needed. As striking proof of the readiness ••* the whole country to adopt a new form of povemrncnt, he declared, was the fact that the provinces were calmly awaiting the publication of the manifesto ar.d constitution of the government. Bcnhor Braga concluded by eulogizing his colleagues, all of whom ho said had hi? utmost confidence. Government's Programme. The Government if about to order a revision of the voting lists preliminary to holding elections for v constituent chamber. The provisional government vdll not remain In office beyond three months. The chief points hi the government s programme are. first, the development of public lristr-jction and national de fences on land and sea: second, admin istrative decentralization; third, colonial autonomy; fourth, to g-uarantee funda mental liberties by judicial power: fifth, expulsion of monk* and nuns; sixth. obilic;- civil registration; seventh. . lay instruction: eighth, eeparation of Church and State, and. ninth, the strengthening of thr credit and finance <jf the country. Admiral Cambido Rcls. The revolution ary chlrl. cennmitted suicide in the be lief that the revolt wa*= a failure. He will Tx» buried with military ceremony. Similar honors will hi accorded to Pro fessor Bombarda. whose assassination is «ba.id by many persons to have been the cause for the uprising. The provisional ?rcrvernment will defray the expenses of the funerals. The Municipal Ouard aiid the police force of the capital have been dissolved ■nd new forces will Ik established. Glad Royal Family Escaped- President Braga Issued a statement to day voicing the satisfaction of the gov ernment of the republic that the depart ure cf the royal family from Portugal had been carried out without any on toward incident. It said also that mili tary and civil adhesions to the republic were constantly increasing. When the Duke of Oporto embarked on the royal yacht at Cascaes he said, "I urn a Portuguese and hoi** to die In Portugal." The only remark attributed to the Queen Mother Amelie was simply -Au revolr." This she addressed to a la dy-in- waiting. The "Capital." a republican news pai>er. gives the following description of the flight of the royal family: •'Between T> and S o'clock on Wednes day morning thr Duke of Oporto em barked on tho yacht Amelie end sailed for Ericeira, a fishing town on the At lantic Coast, twenty-two miles north west of Lisbon. "At the same time the Queen Mother Araclie left Cintra by automobile for MaTra. She was followed an hour later by Dowager Queen Maria Pia. King Mar.; after escaping "ny a rear door of the palace during the l>ombardment. went to Cintra and thence to HsXra At 30 o'clock the royal yacht arrived at Ericeira- In the mean time the royal family riad completed the preparations for flight, and. escorted by twenty horsemen from the Fafra Cavalry fschool. proceeded to Ericeira. At '.', o'clock -,_••.-• - they embarked ■upon fishing boats, accompanied by two attendants and two ladi<=s of their court «md carrying their personal baggage. The fishing boats put out to sea. und at some distance from tne harbor trans ferred their royal passengers to the jacht Amelie" Fonseca Sails Away. ? > reel(lent-eiec: Fonseca c£ Brazil, who mat i- guest of Kins Manuei when the revolution broke out. sailed for Rio de Janeiro na the Brazilian battleship Sao I'iUilo to-day. The Brazilian cruiser I^arroso has arrived here. Dr. Jose Maria de Alpoim. chief of the Progressive Dissidents and a former Minister cf Justice and Worship, has io:nea the republican movement, and fc:s own jiarty has been dissolved. Three regiments of infantry arrived from the provinces to-day and joined the revolutionary party. Nearly all the banke and commercial offices, together with the custom Lou.— -s. have reoj>ened. in response to a request by the military governor. ROYAL FAMILY ON YACHT Welcomed by British Officers and Saluted at Gibraltar. Gibraltar, Oct. 7.— The royal family re mained to-day on the yacht Amelie, from the mainmast of which Hies a white burgee with a green cross. Last night'g report that King Manuel and the Queen Mother came ashore and were driven to the rummer residence of the Governor is incorrect. Th« Asm vith the King, the Qu^n Mother, the <jueen Dowager Maria Pia a.nd Prinre Allonso. the Duke of Oporto, on board, dropped anchor in the harbor at 11 o'clock last ni?ht. Lieutenant Hmsyadi . Janes 1 Natural Laxative Water Speedy Sure Centle Drink Half • Glass on Arising roR CONSTIPATION General Sir Archibald Hunter. British Governor General of Gibraltar, accom panied by his official staff, boarded the vessel and forma Il> welcomed Kinp Manuel to British shores. Admiral Frederick S. Pelham, superintendent of the British naval establishment here, with hie staff, paid a visit to the King this afternoon. smct precautions have been taaMß to safeguard King: Manuel. His yacht is surrounded by patrol boats, and no other veewel 1? permitted to approach it. The American cruiser l>es Muineßand the British fleet, with ships dressed and flyincr the Portujruese flap at the main mast, fired a salute this morning in honor of Hie members of the royal fam ily. A royal salute waf aiso fired by the "Rock" battery. 7.— Premier ranalejas to day received reports that it was the in tention of the members ol the Portu ptiese royal family ultimately to po to France hi a chatvau nwned by the Duke or to install themselves on HH pcapsrtJT of the Countess of Paris, the i>aiac<- of Villamanrique. Bl Bavfflß. QUIET IN OPORTO Republican Government Estab lished Without a Struggle. rto, < tet T— The Republican pov ernment has liecn definitely established here vjthout a struggle. Tht populace with unanimity 1 1 1 n IwwJ th* proclama tion enthusiastically. The general commanding the local di vision of the troops obeyed the instruc tions of the provisional government. SENOR CANALEJAS FIRM Spanish Premier to Adhere to Clerical Programme. Madrid. Oct. 7. — At ■ meeting of the Senate day Premier Canalejas reiter ated his Intention to adhe.re to his anti clerical programme. Including the "pad lock bill." He criticised the episcopate and the reactionary elements for their attacks against him and declared that his defamers would be held responsible. The Premier denied that discord ex isted in thr Spanish Cabinet, adding: •«\cv» -will win or die together." At the request of the Spanish govern ment France has asked the Carlist lead er Tlrso Olodabal, who fa residing at Saint Jean de Luz. France, to leave that town and fix. his domicile several hun dred miles distant from the Spanish frontier. This move is regarded a? indicating the extreme nervousness of the govern ment of Spain, which, on the one hand, is apprehensive of a recrudescence of re publication agitation and outbreaks in Catalonia, and. on the other, fears the conspiracies of Carlist leaders in the north, who are credited -with ambitions to embarrass the dynasty during the existing political anxiety. Advices from Catalonia state that the ■em of the republican revolution in Portugal was hailed with enthusiasm by Spanish republicans, who hoisted the flags of their party on their buildings and assembled in the streets, where they excitedly discussed the events at Lisbon. At some points the republicans paraded and were- dispersed by the police. Barcelona, Oct. 7.— An attempted dem onstration of sympathy -with the Portu guese Republic, which took place before the Portuguese consulate here to-day, ■was interrupted by mounted police, who charged the crowd. A regiment of dragoons which was about to leave for the manoeuvres was Bent back to barracks, and most elab orate military precautions have been taken to preserve order. Every flag or decoration In window* tvhich might be considered an emblem of celebration over iiie victory of the Portuguese provisional government was ordered down by the police. The newspaper "La Publlcidad," which acclaimed the Purtugueai Republic, has been seized by the autiioiities. The Republicans are protesting against the repressive measures ot the govern ment and the severity of the censorship. The coal miners at Teruel have de clared a general etrike. TO FOLLOW BRITAIN'S LEAD Prance and Spain Will Recognize Republic if England Does. Paris. Oct. 7.— The question of the for mal recognition of the Portuguese Re public already is the subject of exchange or views among the power?. So far as France and Spain are concerned. It is understood they undoubtedly will follow the lead of Great Britain, whose century old alliance with the Portuguese moo archs and her important commercial re lations give her a position of pre-eminent priority. From the point of view of pure diplo macy it is understood that France re gards the ilight of Manuel from Port u gal as the first great fact making possible the recognition of the republic, as the flight, per se. is considered a tacit ad mission that he abandoned the struggle to retain the crown. The intention here Heemt to be to await the certainty th^.t the republic is securely founded. Ad vices received in France •ad to the hi - lief that fc.T the present the people of Portugal generally are likely to adhere to the republic proclaimed in the capital, and that the nation will be spared the horrors of civil war. it is pointed out that there are many historical precedents for the lack of . j;^., in accepting the new Portuguese regime-. KinK Peter of Benria was not recognized by the rowers for several months after the assassination of Alex ander, and both Louis Phillip- and Na. polton 111 failed of recognition by Prus sia lor a considerably longer period. .Semi-official circles in Paris regard as absurd an idea prevalent that Spain will launch armed intervention against 'it provisional government in Portugal, de claring that this would only endanger the Spanish dynasty by ex'.iting the re publicans to solidarity at .i moment when they alrtady are primed to observe the approaching anniversary of the ex ecution of Dr. rxmadsoo Ferrer, who wae shot to death at the fortreas of Montjulch on October 13 last because of his alleged revolutionary teachings. The course of uffairp in Portugal i. destined to have a mom important and larrtuciiing effect on ull L'urope. in tin ; jpinion of Count de ifouza Itosa, the Portuguese Minister to France. Count Souza Rosa tuKts a pessimistic view of the revolutionary movenunt. He de clares that he no longer eonshlerH him •»*!f tb« Minister at Portugal, regarding the proclamation ol ■ republic an a for- ; mal severance of his obligations The customs officials at th* points of collection along the frontier continue ut their post*, and are collecting the usual duties, but without knowing for which regime they are acting. The official** and the eoidlers at these frontier posts maintain tor the moct part a discreet ' neutral attitude, awaiting the notilica- ; tiou of the new government to the pro vincial authorities. XEVT-YORk mTT.Y Tium-NE. S.VTrRDAV. fKTOBKR S. 1010. GRAPHIC STORY OF EYEWITNESS Correspondent Sends from Lisbon Thrilling Story of the Fierce Fighting on Land and on Warships. London. Oct. 7— The following special dispatch concerning Osß rising at Lisbon lias been received here by "The Daily Chronicle" from its Lisbon correspondent: Wrien I escaped from Lisbon on Wednes day wtth a band of fugitives aboard a Brit ish steamer the Republicans had won all along the line: four-fifths of the city, fmm Estacao do Alcantara Terra to Estacao do Santa Apolonla. was in the hands of the revolutionists, perhaps by now the other fifth has- been captured. The navy lent active assistance to the republican forces and fired on pjaces known to be in possession of the royalist troops. The movement appears to be con fined to Lisbon. The north seems to be In different in a sense It has taken no a< •irt in the rising. In Lisbon the mass of the people were apathetic and took ns ?ian in the tightinK- The struggle was mainly between the loyal and disaffected secthms Of the snny. It waa in no *r-n-e a popular uprising. Most of the inhabitants hid themselves in their houses, even in the cellars, until the fighting ended. Then they Issued forth, armed with all sorts of weapons, and dubbed themselves heroes and proclaimed themselves the liberators of their country. The movement completely surprised the government. The loyal st troops, especially the Mun clpal Guards, fought with remark able bravery, hut were disheartened by want of enthusiasm or support on the part Of their officers, many of whom were pe cretly in sympathy with the revolutionists, although they preferred to await events be fore openly Joining the rising. Desperate Street Fighting. After the most desperate street fighting that it has ever been my lot to witness —that in Constantinople last year was not more protracted or dogged — the great body of the troops, which up to then had stood by the cause of roymUsm, hoisted the flag of surrender and went over to the Republi cans. The spark that ignited the revolution was the murder of Dr. Bombarda, one of the Republican Deputies To the extreme adherents of the revolutionary movement the assassination of Bombards was a po litical crime. They used it to Incite the people against the monarchy. The Republican newspaper "Seculo"' on '. Monday evening Issued an inflammatory ■ placard, which stigmatized the murder as political assassination and called upon the people to rise and put an end to the mo ! narchlcal regime which permitted such foul I deeds. The placard was publicly denounced by two priests. This aroused the anger of the crowd. The priests were jostled and stoned. This Incident started a riot. The police in trying to quell it were attacked by Republican?, armed with revolvers. Shots were Bred. In the skirmish many were wounded. The riot err dispersed, but marched in a body later to the barracks of the Ist Artillery, known to be ardent partisans of the Republican party. In response to the clamors of the mob the artillerymen mutinied. They made their officers prisoners, trampled the royal ist flag under foot and marched out under the republican standard, with four field guns ami all available arms ard ammul tion. They intrenched themselves in a com manding position on the heights of the Praca de Marques Pombal They were supported by constantly assembling revolu tionists i:-. the Avenida da Liberdade. Officers Shot Down. The news of the rising was rapidly com municated to other disaffected centres of the city, and then in accordance with a prearranged plan the eommonicatlone of the capital with the outer world were cut. The ICth Infantry, in barracks in the northeast of the city, soon followed the example of the artillery. The colonel of the regiment and two of bis ofstoen while trying to rally the men to allegiance to the crown were shot down in cold blood. The troops poured Into the streets and were joined by civilians. Meanwhile the government, recovering from its stupefaction, tried to suppress the revolt. The authorities placed the city un der martial law and the troops of proved loyalty were ordered out. They took up positions overlooking the insurgent camp. By this time the ISth Regiment had effected a junction with the rebel artillerymen. The police lacked a directing hand. The Chief of Police, learn ing the extent of the rising, wired to the War Minister that he had a pudden attack or Fever and was compelled to take to bed. Several ministers were at different dinner parties. Th« commander and officers of the garrison were absent at Cascaes. The King was entertaining nhor Fon seca. President-elect of Brazil, all ignorant of the storm. The railway to Cascaes was cut before the officers were aware cf the rising and chaos reigned among the royal ists Then was nobody capable or willing to assume command. Not until 6 o'clock Tuesday morning did a colonel of the General Staff arrive in Lisbon to take charge of t:i<- operations. He came from rsnrsoe In an automobile lent to him by a British resident. In the mean time insurgent naval officers came ashore and took command Of the rebel sol c'iers. They commandeered cab hor?es. with which they broke through the royalist lines and Joined the rebels. There was considerable desultory firing in the night, but no plan of an offensive nature on tho part of the monarchists, who, relying mistakenly on the fidelity of the troops, hoped to overawe the rebels in the morning. Guarding the King. Measures* were taken, however, to Insure the safety cf the King. Troops and guns were held in the streets bordering the pal ace. At 3 o'clock Tuesday morning a body of rebel troops, with a mob of armed civil ians, tried to capture the palace. The loyalists mowed them doivn with machine guvs. Many mutineers were captured: the remainder fled in disorder. At sunrise the sailors in the marine barracks at Alcantara hoisted the republican flag. They sent out detachments to snipe the troops guarding the palace. This resulted in many casual ties. At the same time three warships lying In the bay hoisted Urn republic's flag, the crews cheering and firing a. salute. These ships were the San Rafael, the Adamastor and the Dobs Fernando. The people ashore returned the clieens. A desperate hand-to-hand fight, lasting over an hour, took place aboard the Dom Fernandu. The royalists were victorious and the bel fla? wus hauled down. The flayship Dom Pedro end the gun boat Pero d*AJemquer were more cautious i;. proclaiming rebel sympathy. They con tinued to fly the royal standard. The re mainder «>f tlie fi»*et also kept the King's flag ut their mastheads. The capital was non Ilk.- a city of the dead. No traffic was moving and there was no sign of a living soul. The two re publican cruisers weighed anchor and istcamed serSSi the bay within rang** ot tin- Dom Pedro, irhosi guns were silent. This Bccne was watched breathlessly by those on board the Brazilian battleship Hao Paulo ami the other foreign men The crews "f tho other robe! vessHu cheered vociferously while th* cruisers ■ailed to i/»*?i:. the work of destruction. Bringing op off Alcantara bsrraska they ■ I*!., i! lirn on the palace at v range of c»nf« thousand yards. They were u< • from in terruption, because the marlti« barracks was already in the bands of the rebels. The trssea surrounding the palare could not or would not bring their gunu to flr« on the crulserM. whow ":k1 shot carried away the flagßtaff flying the royal -luiiKn, amid the cheers of the crews. Other »i-ot.s struck the upper wing or th« palace, but many went wide and demolished houses on both Bides of the palace. "^Z^LT* pants, foreseeing a bombardment had l al ready fled; otherwise there *$?££X£ a considerable loss of life- ™ accurac> , gunnery was not remarkable for accuracy. King Shows Bravery. According to report, the King and his ad visers were in a state b orderln * J" t|^ They remained in the palace until the be ginning of the bombardment when many of the King-g entourage lied. The King comported himself bravely and coob. He wanted to stay at all costs. «>*«*"«« his flight would receive the worst poss - ble interpretation. .»■«.._ Ultimately he yielded to the lm |'" atlv^ pleadings of his friends and he left the Palace in an automobile, smoking cheer! I> . With a smile, he still insisted that he would remain at Lisbon and offered to go into the thickest of the lighting. He was moved to do this especially OS the rebels had early on Tuesday presented him with a bombastic ultimatum demanding his ab dication before 4 o'clock. The King proved himself to be plucky. He bitterly resented such unheroic flight, but his life was in danger and his scruples were overborne. He found hospitable shelter near the palace and later left the capital. It was rumored that he went aboard the Brazilian warship. The Republicans wanted to search it. but the commander refused to allow them aboard his vessel. He also declined to fall into what he con sidered a trap, when the Republicans de manded that he land marines, ostensibly to help maintain order. The rebel cruiser San Rafael later bom barded the arsenal, several of the shells taking effect in the building occupied by the Ministers of War and Marine, killing many non-combatants, who were unable to escape from their desks. The Ban Rafael was guilty of a second piece of murderous barbarity, firing shells into the Praca do Commercio. killing sev eral spectators and municipal guards. Ap parently the cruiser wanted to take the royalist troops in the rear. Accordingly she shelled the street connecting the Praca do Commercio with the Praca Dora Pedro, doing much damage to life and property. By a circuitous route the royalist troops' brought two field puns to bear on the San Rafael at • distance of four hundred yards. The first shot struck the deck forward and several gunners fell In a heap, dead and wounded. The second struck the cruisers stern, whereupon she swung around and went off at full si>eed. Her consort, th« Ailamantor. more powerfully armed, bombarded the citadel of San Jorge, commanding the harbor, but did little damage beyond destroying some buildings on the lower slopes. One result of the bombardment of the arsenal was that the defenders, chiefly marines without artillery, hauled down the royal standard and hoisted the republican colors. The rebels captured the Stores and muni tions. Fierce Land Fighting. On land Scree artillery fighting pro ceeded all day long in the Avenlda da Lib erdade, the handsomest thoroughfare, in Lisbon, between the royalists at the south end and the insurgents at the other end. The rebels mounted guns which enabled them to sweep the avenue, but the tree lined nromenade compelled them to direct their fire to the right and left, so for the most part they hit the two large hotels, the Ingluterra and the Avenida Palace. When the fire became too hot the guests in these hotels lowered themselves from the windows in the rear to the ground and took refuge in the stables, where they remained for two days, subsisting on bread and fruit and sleeping on straw. They included several Englishmen and one American. N'iirht brought but a short truce. The royalists took advantage of the darkness to draw still tighter their investing cordon, far in spite of considerable losses Tues day's lighting favored the monarchists. The authorities gave me every facility to move about unhampered. At nightfall on Tuesday both Bides were hopeful and con fident of success. The Foreign Minister assured me that the suppression of the re volt was a question of only ■ few hours. Pour Republican leader?, now ministers, had headquarters in a chemist's shop. They were equally sanguine. They sairt. "We will win— if rot to-«la>, then to-morrow " Nobody slept Tuesday nijrht Inky black ness settled over the disturbed city. A fresh cannonade, punctuated by the whirr of machine guns, broke out on the northern heights between the opposing forces. Creep ing up the deserted Avenida L,iberdade, I found that the royalists had mounted guns west of the avenue and were bombarding the insurgent position. A second battery h:ul been placed on the high ground near the asylum for the insane, and, was also firing on the rebel position. But i; was impossible to see the effect of this. Proba bly the damage was small. Though the din was groat, the gunners were handicapped by the darkness. The rebel cruisers, evidently apprehensive of a torpedo attack, began sweeping the bay on every side with searchllrrhti. while sheltering near as they dared to come to th" English ships. Loyalists Die Bravely. Presently a grim tragedy was enacted. Further out in the bay the Dom Carlo* ■' lit at anchor. Sue had given no sign of life during the day. Suddenly there was a great commotion on hoard. The noise of wrangling and shouting men was borne across the waters. Lights moved hither and thither. Then came the volleys of musketry and the rattle of machine guns. The republican portion of the crew was seeking to gain possession of the ship, which had continued to Oy the royalist flag till sunset. The warship's forward searchlight was now turned on the quarterdeck. It showed a group of officers and sailors around a machine gun. A white i..in- Indicated that a volley from their enemies had crashed among them. I saw group* of men on the quarterdeck using a machine gun. Then rani'- darkness and a pause But the tell tale light flashed out anew, and as the dark uniforms ware silhouetted against its white I" am the hidden machine gun whirred afresh, and the rest of the group on the quarterdeck went down. Once more tt;- searchlight flashed, but there was no need for fresh republican volleys. Every man was lying dead around the gun. Bo perlsn^d the last gallant rem nant of ofacera and men on the Don Cur ios, who sealed with their lives their Mworn ulleglance to the King. L.omion, Oct. I - "The l>aH\ ( 'iirntn. i.- 1 print) to-daj '•• concluding ehsateVs si the graphic story from Its Lisbon cf>rrp spondent of i;i« progress of the revolu tion, lie says i now come to the Una] pnan- of the struggle which mlmhrat'td In th< cniiaise (»f the monarchist cause In a sense It was due to treachery within and treason without. The mutiny on the Dom Carlos was a disastrous blow to the hope* of the royalist: When at sunrl?»» on Wednesday the republican tlugshfp— for such klio had now bf ■ 'hoisted and saluted over the bodies of the twain royal ists the republican liag, the must optimis tic !fli that the cause of the monarchy in tnhihotl. if not in Portugal, was At) good its dead Long before daylight the republican com mander of the Dom Cartes hail signalled us frieitdH on short) the triumph of me mutiny by firing two rounds of blank ear tridges and hoi;] tint; red and green light:- on the foremast. The entire Fines Ilia fleet in the Taj;us wu now In the posbeasion of the insurgents and a republic had b«*cn won by a revolting navy. The crew of the Dom Carlos in the hour °' victory became delirious with enthu siasm or liquor, or a combination of both. They behaved like demented beings, and in a way wejra nearly emulating the deeds of the Russian Baltic squadron when it met the Hull fishing fleet. At 1 o'clock on Wednesday morning a furious cannonading broke out aboard the- Dom Carlos. The ship's searchlights swept the whole extent of the bay and the foreshore on both sides of the Tagus. Fired at Phantom Enemy.- The night was ploughed with shells dis charged at a phantom enemy. It was us beautiful as a pyrotechnic display, but one can only marvel how the frenzied crew of the Dom Carlos managed to avoid sinking half of the neutral shipping of the bay. It was easy to realize by the light of this extraordinary performance what the state of mind of the crew was. One could picture them In the black, enshrouding night praying for daylight. Perhaps their consciences smote them tot their deeds of bloodshed and they already were hounded by the ghosta of their dead comrades. But. whatever the cause, they apparently were in a state of mortal terror, and their super heated imaginations made them see lurk- Ing foes everywhere. So, In panlcstrtcken terror. they loosed off every gun on the ship in turn. Towanj the latter part of the night the Dom Carlos directed her searchlight efforts mainly on t ne shore at Cocohos and the Brazilian warship Sao Paulo. She ran her powerful wan hllght over the Brazilian cruiser every two or three minute, and then the CtrCMS of Its search narrowed. The lights were depressed, sweeping in lessening circles until they pointed at a radnMl .>f scarcely more than two hunUrfM yards. Dawn Dissipates Nightmare. Wherever the beams of light fell there the machine guns served projectiles until the water round the cruiser fairly seethed. The end of this fantastic night battle, this furious fiehtlng with a non-existent enemy, came with the first streak of a dawn which was to herald the death of an ancient mon arcliv and the birth of a new republic. Glad of the respite which daylight brought, the mentally harassed crew of the Dem Carlo 3 sank uoon th- bloodstained decks to snatch a few hour? of fitful slumber. The republic was now established afloat; all that re mained Was to establish it ashore. At sunrise on the practically impregnable rock fortress of San Jorge there was shown the white flag of surrender. The castle of Almada. an antiquated, castellated struct ure, of little military value, on the south of the bay followed suit, and the forts which guard the mouth of the Tagus also joined hands with the revolutionaries. The news of all these defections reached the royalist troops who still were facing the republican forces in Lisbon and. natu rally, had the effect of disheartening them. Regiments which to Tuesday night had re mained stanch began with the dawn of Wednesday to show sign* of wavering. An honorable exception were the Municipal Guards, who throughout the struggle fought with SDlendid courage and fell hi heaps rather than surrender or Join the republi cans. But the other troops, after the naval successes of the insurgents, had no heart to continue what they regarded as a hope less and useless struggle. They had been severely punished by the artillery and rifle fire and tl.eir morale was completely broken. Many of them were mere boys, without the stiffening which is acquired by active service. Once they lost heart their demoralization was soon complete. The Republicans took good care not to minimize the importance of the success achieved by the navy, so the position on Wednesday morning that the royalist troops defending Lisbon found was a tri umphant Republican navy at their rear and a hopeful Republican army at their front. They might well have asked them selves what use there was in continuing the struggle after hI! A live republic was a* good as a moribund monarchy. At first small detachments, and then whole battalions refused to face the fire and hoisted the white flag. I Raw an en ample of this in the early morning while the struggle still was undecided, from an upper floor window of a cafe across the south end of the Avenu* 5 Llberdadc. The men of a Royalist Infantry brigade were lylner on the roadway, firing down the avenue. The insurgents had crept along, bringing a Maxim, which they used on the Royalists with telling effect. Almost at every discharge of the Maxim number?: of the Royalists broke and ran like hunted rabbits, even throwing away their arms in their panic. Firing Line Surrenders. I watched a captain trying to rally the fugitives. Hi» clothes and face were black ened with powder and a blood stained bandage was tied around his head. He shouted angrily to the frightened men. cursing them for cowardice. Almost by Hheer force he dragged some of them back into the filing line. They looked dazed. "Fire!" screamed the plucky officer,- as he looked along the levelled barrels. But no discharge came. The rifles were silent. Then from the end of one ririe barrel after another there fluttered a handkerchief which once had been white. If & soldier had only a colored handkerchief, hi made that do. The whole line had surrendered. The republicans saw it and cheered fran tically, and the much dreaded Maxim spoke no more. In this place this was the only officer 1 saw attempting to encourage his men; the others appeared utterly indifferent to the fortunes of the day. But, humiliated by the shameful exhibition of Ma men, thai hero promptly broke his sword in halve*, flung the nieces across the street, seated himself, On the curbstone and covered his face with hi. hands. It was a touching episode in a (lav full of tragedy. On the hlahec ground, shews the railway station and on the higher slopes where are the botanical Hardens and observatory, the fighting was resumed as soon as daylight Wednesday allowed the combatants to make out each other's positions. The ground* surrounding the observatory had been held, until Tuesday night by th» rovallsts. who stationed artillery on the east side nearest the Avenue Liberdade and th« ln.««ur»:«-nt position. The terraced slopes <!•••>■-, nd abruptly, the roads being like to bosamn slides and accessible in ascent only to men endowed with the physique and en durance of mountain climbers. From this commanding position the roy attsti during a portion of Tuesday night bombarded the Insurgents, who had posted themselves to tho northwest at the top of the avenue and also to the oast in the hilly, brok'-n ground near the lunatic asylum. An artillery duel went on for ■ couple of hours on Tuesday nicht. In the early BMTBtag ttie msargents ina«ie * spirited attetuu? to break the enclrcllnK cnnlon under cover of a heavy arttllrry tire They were wt first swept away by the m» tthlM fm fire Royalist Soldiers Desert. At this moment the royalist commander leveloped ■ router attack. He sent for ward a mixed force of municipal guards and infantry to clear the streets opening on the Avenida Braencamp. It must have been at this very moment that the new* ot the navy'R defection reached the roynl iStH. The infantry fell back In MSN disorder, leaving the municipal guards to b« caught like rats in a trap and shot down by the insurgents. The insurgents, taking fresh courage, ram* M anew and as they breast ed the slopes near the Bcole Polytechnlque the royalist troop* refused to Ire and re versed their rifles a« a token of surrender. The wr«tche4 royalist commander hold ing the botanical garden* realized that treacli-ry hud be«n done and fell back, re treating In disorder down the Rua Dom Pedro V tovaru the Miscricordla Hospital. The men lefssefl to stand aitainst the ad -.k' Republicans, and the remnant of the army finally bolted and they sped along hi the Rua San Rogue. ultimately reaching- the Place C'amoen. which is within two hundred yards of -he political Republi can headquarters. Here the fugitive* and soldier* from other parts of the city allied themselves with the debris of the royalist force and the band of survivors made a last and gallant stand In the cause of the monarchy. These heroes were chiefly municipal guards, with a sprinkling of the infantry line and artillerymen. The Republicans fired down the Rua San Rogue. supple rantlug their Maxim with a field sun. The royalists, driven to bay. had to depend solely upon their rifles. The struggle here lasted probably fifteen mlutes. The hall from the quick flrers swept down the Rua San Rogue, tearing gap* in the royalist ranks. Bravery of Municipal Guards. At last the end came. No soldiers, how ever heroic, could stand this cruel punish ment long, and a detachment of about one hundred Infantrymen hoisted the white flair and surrendered. The municipal guards who survived this Inferno bolted down the Ru» Serpa Pinto. throwing rifles away as they ran. Resistance was now at an end every where. The rest of the troops had surren dered and Lisbon had passed into the hands of the Republicans. Half an hour later the Republic was for mally proclaimed. Republican flacs were hoisted everywhere and the new regime was saluted by the fleet in the Tagus. PORTUGAL'S NEW HEADS Facts About Distinguished Re publicans Who Led Revolution. The officers of the new provisional gov ernment of Portugal constituted, with th»; late Professor Kombarda. the Republican representation for Lisbon in the recent Cortes, which was adjourned Mi aft»r it had asrembled for the reason that the gor ernment lacked sufficient strength to face the npi>osition. They have represented for years the republican movement and nave assumed the responsibility for the over throw of the monarchy. Of the eight men the three best known outside of Portugal are distinguished schol ars and teacher*. These are President Theophile liraga. professor of Portugese literature at th» Literary Co&ere a- Lis bon: the Foreign Minister. Uernardo Ma chftdo. of the Lisbon University, and Dr. Alfonso Costa, of the University of Coim bra, the Minister of Justice. President Bnsa has written much on the subject of sociological-political econ omy, published several volumes of poetry and ha* great ability as an orator. Hi* political career has boas comparatively brief, but he has preached republicanism for thirty-five year?. Fie ■ th. son of a Liscon physician. The new President at tracted much attention in the summer or IKS. when he accused the monarchist parly of •me assassinated Kins: Carlos In a subsequent debate in the Cortes he ft tacked the government' financial policy so bitterly that ■ duel with Finance Minis ter d'Espreguelra was narrowly averted. Of a democratic temperament and habits, he In popular with the masses, The Foreign Minister. Fernardo Machado. has for years been described as the first President of the predicted republic, and it is considered quite like!-, that he will be chosen to this office. Of all the Republican leaders, he is perhaps the strongest, and his Influence is great. He, too, is a brill iant speaker. In January. 1306. he was accused of conspiracy against the crown, but the accusations wre never proved. In 1908. speaking for the Republican party, he denied any connection with the assassina tions of that year. He declared at the time, however, that the general horror felt over the assassinations would die out and that the discontent with the monarchy would return. He has never ceased the propaganda of republicanism. The Minister of Justice. Dr. Alfonso Cos ta, is perhaps the most militant member of the government. lie has openly worked for the overthrow of. the monarchy. A year ago he was turned out of the Cones for fin attack upon the extravagance of the royal family. Following the August elec tions he declared that the monarchy was doomed and boldly advised King Manuel to abdicate. His follower* arc to a great extent among the lower classes, with whom he has long exerted a powerful influence. THE DES MOINES TO LISBON Ordered There by President — Salute Explained. Washington. Oct. 7. —The protected crtzls er De? Moines has been ordered to Lisbon to represent the United States. Command er Luby will make observations and re port to this government. This actior is understood to have been taken under tele graphic directions from President Taft. The tiring of the royal salute of twenty one guns and the flying of Portuguese col ors by the Dcs Moines on the arrival of the Portuguese Imperial party at Gibraltar was strictly in accord with the naval regu lations. The old regime at Lisbon remains the reigning power until there are of ficial advices to the contrary, and so far g?*C Green Trading Stamps With Al g£s P»rch»«s Double Stamps Before Noon. Single Stamps After Noon. £* GrcenhuV & Men s Fmest Quality Knitted Silk Neckwear. 75c TO SAY *1..">0 values .is to limit ourselves to the most conservative estimate. You'll find a great many that are worth more, than Si. 3o. The very finest silks are used and the weaves include the conservative, closely woven, plain colors as well as plenty of very smart fancy weaves and cross stnpe effects. Not a great many of each style, because we secured odd dozens from a maker's surplus. But the lot is a good large one and every single tie is a record bargain at 75c. Men's Pleated and Negligee Shirts, 85. White pleated shirts, coat style, cuffs attached : pearl buttons, sizes 14 to 17. Negligee and pleated Corded Madras and Jacquard effects; full made. Good selection of pattern*; $1 and $1.25 shirts at 85c. Lisle Web Suspenders. 25c They are the short lengths of webbing which is usually put into 35c and 50c suspenders. Gilt slide buckles, pigskin ends. Good line to select from. Grecnhut & Co., Sixth Ay*., 1 8rK to 1 9th St. s "£ KSZSg 8 * 3OOKS AND PUBL "A~ SPINSTERS COME INTO THEIR OWN Old Maids Are No Looter Wall Flowers in Popular Fiction. EEGONIE 1111 CHARACTERS Two Old Ladies Supply Fun mi Mystery in "Window at the White Cat" Novelists have always shunned the eM maid. Romance and realism hay. ; clus tered about the maiden of »— hja) fifteen, the widow of fifty, the ftaunt!»». extravagant queen and the thrifty housewife. But they have passed up the maiden lady a* Impossible. Where th*y had to drag h*»r in, they pursu*"*! her. like Balzac, with cynical tii3taate and disdain. It took an American author to ciscov* that the spinster may be made in fiction what w«» all know her to be In real ItTe — the salt of the earth. Mary Roberts Rlnehart. hers-lf a. wife and mother, de lights In the portrayal of old maids, and 1 has achieved in them her most amuainj characterizations. Every one reraein bors Miss Rachel m "Th Circular Stair case." so prim and proper, with her corkscrew curls, her tongue. «fii(r*-d wgh» caustic wit. bringing the reader a mesry laugh in the midst of thrill mystery. her natural timidity yielding at «M crucial moment to her intrepid forre of character. Every on? has laughed orer Aunt Seiina In "When a Man Harries." and the play made from it, "Seres Days." Two in New Book. In "The Window at the Whi:<* Cat." her latest and best story of fun and mystery, and to-day the most popular book in America. Mrs. Rinehart chres double measure of everything. There are two old maids in it. and they are more entertaining than a twi.- ringed circus. They are the centra of the mer riment and the bewilderment. Th» author lavishes the subtlest strokes of her art upon the MaitLmcf sisters th* younger of whom is sixty-five, a* often happens In life. Jane, for that was he name, was tyrannized aval by the older. L^titia. until she seldom mad«? any claim of having a sou! of hex own. Jane Wants a Switch. The reader fairly claps his bands when timid little Jar- breaks her fitters ar.d courageously t»e*»ks her freedom at one bound in a trip to Europe, for, as she writes in a letter found many days after, when she had been given up as mur dered: **T am sixty-five, and it Is time f hav<- a. chance to do the things I like." In her girl-Ilke glee she declares she is going "to buy a hat instead of a. bonnet, and clothes, and pretty things under neath, and a switch; Margery. I have wanted a switch for twonty year*. I suppose I am growing frivolous in my old age. but I .am going to have silk linings in my c'othes before I die.'* Dear Jane! Ever;- mother's daughter of us will hop*- she Tealized her dream- Of course there's a bee-utiful younc woman to serve as the object of tho young lawyer's romantic inclinations. But, after all. thn reul h»mine of "The Window at th- White Cut" is Miss Janr. a:- the navy knows Manuel is stin King of Portugal. NOTICE GIVEN TO POWERS Bragu s Note Not Answered by United States "Washington. Oct. 7.— A circular note 'err to all the powers r»r TheopWle Bra?n. stating that h« hay been prociairn-sl Prr» visional President of Portugal, that the revolution has been «>:<-^»»«:.s:': and that he has appointed a. cabinet, was r?<:eiv*i by the State Department to-day. Tt- Urtted Ftates has not replied to the note. The Stat«» l>«partrn«>r.: officials do no: propose to be hasty in recognizing the rev. republic, and will not enmrjsir thernse'.-r^ by any form of communication untft proo* of the stability of th~ proclaimed c«v?m m*nt i.-» forthcoming. Berlin. Oct. '.— A. 'la Costa Cabra', t! •■-. Portuguese C!iarg£ d" Affaires. cal'.*<2 at the Foreign Office to-day and announced tSvs chance of government in Portugal, in ac cordance with instructions which he bad received from th* Foreign Offie* at Lisbon. ' MONK ' EASTMAN IN ALBANY Albany. Oct. 7.— "Monk"* Eastsnao, th 9 former leader of one of th* East SU> gangs in New York, who has i>ecn out of Sing Sing pri»or. on parole for the list eighteen months, will get his full release this month under the law giving i iiinaailß tfon for good behavior. Eastman «.<is .sen tenced for ten years, and secured a reduc tion to six years and six month*. He ha* been working on a farm in DotchoM Coun ty, but is now reported as employed to Al bany and living under an assumed name. He is no longer very robust owing to as atdominal operation which he underwent while in prUon.