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Literary Netas and Criticism
A Glance at Samuel Butler and
THE WAY Or ALL, FLESH. By Samuel
Sutler. 12mo. pp. 430. E. P. Duttoa &
EREWHOX; OR, OVER THE KANGE.
tJy Samuel Butfer. ;:mo. pp. S3* E. 1 .
I'utton & Co.
EREWHON REVISITED: TWENTY
YEARS I^ATER. By Samuel butler.
12mo. pp. S3S. E. P. Dutton & Co.
If ever a posthumous edition of the
works of an author neglected in his life
time deserved and needed an introduc
tion, it i? that of the thr«v novels of the
lav Samuel liutler. They fairly clamor
lor a prefatory interpretative study and
for a brief outline of his life, especially
•The Way of All Flesh.** which is con
fessedly largely autobiographical- In
stead. Mr. 11. A. Streatfield. who has lost
»n enviable opportunity, furnishes us
with a few unimportant data concerning
the period of the writing and the year
of publication of the bonk. "Erewhtm" i
end Its sequel are isfued with no intro
ductory matter whatever except the j
author's own. which is insufficient for
present day purposes. It is more than
likely that we owe IMb new issue of
F.utlcr's novels^ — "The Way of All Flesh"
now appears for the first timo — to Mr.
Oeorpo Bernard Shaw, who acknowl- I
edged hia indebtedness to their author in
the introduction to "Major Barbara,"
iind thus drew attention to BVeaa. That I
"Erewhon," at least, was not altogether l
without honor in its own day and gene- ;
ration, which are. after all. not so very ,
remote— lS72 being the date of Its first j
publication — proved by a quotation !
from .-: review by Mr. Biirell in the
"Speaker." reprinted here on the fly leaf.
Samuel Butler was bora in l>vl.">. of a
clerical family, and. like Ernest I'ontif. x. !
the hero of "The Way of All Flesh." was i
destined for the Church. His own wishes
in th« choice of a career wero not con
sulted, and. again like his hero, hi- ac
quiesced, for it was still the age of ab
solute parental horny, which was but i
rarely disputed because the whole edu
cational system of the period, religious
and secular, had for its chief aim the in
culcation of a belief in the infallible
■wisdom of parents and of a realization of
the overwhelming burden of obligation
toward them of their children, whose
chief duty was blind obedience, and their
greatest virtue a consciousness of their
own unworthiness, inferiority and sin
fulness. It was still the age when father
always knew what was bast; the study
of child psychology was as yrt unborn. :
It it somewhat difficult for the rising i
generation to look back understanding^' <
from the present era of parental abdica
tion of all authority into the hands of
school boards, busy maiden la<li<-.« and
theoretical experimenters, across tlie in
terregnum of the "apologetic- attitude of '
Xiarents" to that day when -. nts never j
kn< ■ a d<>ubt ami children obeyed, often
with rebellion in th« ir beans and oft. ner
still with saaMuUerl hatred. "The Way
of All Flesh" boils with this reminiscent
I bitterness against a narrow, ofte-n unin
telllgent, but Dearly always well meant j
domestic tyranny. ;
Butler, like Ernest Poiitifex. went to
Cambridge. bt:t he-re t!>e- caree-rs of the
author and his h«To begin to diverge, for
Butler, having religious doubts, re-
Dounced the Church and emigrated to
N<\v Zealand, whereas Ponttfex, cowed
to the point of non-rts:stance at home
jiii-1 public Bchonl. took orders and began
his ministrations among the poor in Lon
don. Butler carries liis story through
thr«*e generations. Tlie fir. c t Poatlfex
was a puHislie-r of religious books, a
money grubber, hard :»s= a flint and am
bilious, who destine-d his fim Theobald
for the <~*hurrh and forced him Into it
against his questionings of conscience.-
Theobald became resigned, the-n Emug,-
In the course «>f his life, an honored
nonentity abroad, a tyrant In liis home
a.nd. like his father, a lover of money.
His son. Ernest, follows the earne course
up to a certain point, then modern in
fluences begin to make themselves felt —
religious doubts from Germany, Darwin,
the turmoil within the Church. Ernest
Is destined to find himself with their aid.
While be, twenty-two years old,
ignorant of life and the world, is taking
Jiimsflf with all the supernatural seri
ousness of the young cleric, and fina'-y
blunders into a scrape that tends him
to prison for Fix months — he who would
cure human weakness had :: .t under
stood bis own. carefully hidden from
Mm by Ji'e parents— while c!l this is
taking place in London Butler was
making a failure of sheep raising in New*
Zfi.lan<i. He read "The Origin of
Species" in his abundant leisure, a:id
the book gave him an idea — that of
"Erewhon." Returning to England in
the following year, he identified 3iis
hero's life again with his own. end be
gan to write for publication. Ernest
Pontiftx's eyes were open now to tha
narrow Incapacity of his father, the
acquiescent futility of his mother, the
fundamental errors of the whole system
under which he had been educated, and
cf the social conventions, pretences and
insincerities that forme^d its base. lie
had his period of f-torm and stress, learn
ing what his i^arcnts would not have
taught him If they had known it —
the-ir wnrldline-ss was confined to money
and position alon* — paying the price of
experience, and emerging at last, in the
is ■.-■■• e,f ample i. •;::.. left him by
a wise maiden aunt. Then he began his
career as a writer. The turmoil within
the Church of England, the uncertain
ties <:ngen<3<"'rr-d by the aggressive sci
c-ntifts and scientific doubters e>f theft's
Inspired him; his "Essays and Reviews"
made- a sensation.
fiutler htmsHf, meanwhile home again,
took up panting for a little while, then
dallied with music, and finally turned to
his pen. His <'onii'O£itkins, among them
r.n oratorio, wrnt the way of all liesh
the moment they were composed. He
wrot*- "Life and Habit." a study of evo
lution, and undertook to prove in "The
Authoress of the Odyssey** that that epic
was written by a woman In imitation of
the* "Iliad." I.- also took a familiar
jiroMem In "ShiiKt-speart-'s Sonnets
K*-<omidered." The autobiographical
"Way of All Flesh" was written inter
mittently from 1^72 to I.KS-1. ;t was
then laid aside* and never taken up
again. At his death., in l!«rj. he ordere-d
its posthumous publication.
It was Darwin who sugctEted one of
the two fnuin ideas of "Erewhon" (pub
lished in March, i 5..,. that of the pos
sible evolution of machinery to a point
where it would l»»-coine the master »>f
m^n, JnPtrad of his servant. Butler «-x-
I»cnds much Ingenuity on the develop
ment of this theory of the evolution of
machinery under the coxnpcMJng in
fluence of competition. Therefore, ill
! Erewhon. which lies hidden somewhere
iin the Himalayas, the people decided
after a bitter civil war that all ma
chinery should be abolished and never
again be used in the state. All existing
machinery was destroyed, but frag
ments wore preserved in museums, as
we i 'reserve the bones of fossils.
Matte curious still was the topsy-turvy
relation established in th|s country '"
tween the physical and the moral. Dis
ease was a crime; the person whose eye
sight became defective before his sixty
iifih year was imprisoned. It was as
rude to inquire after a friend's physical
health as it is with us to ask him if he
has recently committed theft. What
we call crime, on the other hand, was
treated as a disease, an ingenious antici
pation, it will be seen. A member of
the Stock Kxchange who had begun to
make money by fraudulent representa
tions, while recognizing the abnormal
symptoms in his mind, had neglected
his moral health, and gone on until he
contracted a bad case of forgery, when
the moral physician, or "straightencr."
severely reprimanded him for being so
careless, and prescribed for him. after
having carefully gone into the moral
health of his ancestors. In" Brewhon
there are colleges of unreason. and >'< -
formatory institutions — in short, the
clever extravaganza often outstrips and
obscures the satire. The Englishman
who has wandered into this country.
and to whom its ways and customs are
explained after the manner usual In
such narratives— be. in his turn, explain
ing those of his own country, not for
getting its religion — escapes at last in a
balloon which be has succeeded in mak
ing, with t*ie secret connivance of the
king and the queen, who see danger in
his continued presence there.
In "Erewhon Revisited" (1001) the
Englishman— who. by the way, had
taken the royal princess with him—re
turns, to rind himself the miraculous
founder of a new religion. Legend has
transformed him into a supernatural
•Sun. hiM." who had returned to his
father after delivering his message. But
there is strife over the words he has
spoken, bitter disagreements even over
the miraculous manner of his going.
Butler satirized here the quarrels, the
iimliaillßlihnr— the hypocrisy of re
ligious differences, but the book is not
pleasant reading, for in it there flames
forth in a.ll its bitterness his own hatred
Hatred. That is. after all, the key
note of these three books — much right
eous anger, but also a vast amount of
Intolerance and uneharitableness. It is
already traceable Jr> "The Way of All
Flesh," with its unjust Ignoring of th^
love, the devotion and sacrifice, the
j honest if mistaken conception of duty
j of the parents of an earlier social organ
ization, themselves caught in the net,
the safety of whose meshes for their
I children was an article of faith with
j them. There are tncea of a tolerant
! irony here, but unreasoning fury, remi
niscent of the Injustice, the wrongs, the
onhapplncss suffered in his own child
hood nt the hands of bis elders, who
knew ii" other way, carries Butler ever
further as he goes along, until, in "Ere
whon Revisited,*! be throws away all re
straint. Of the three books, the first is
of greatest Importance, but chiefly for
Dae older generation, which, In some
small measure, remembers much of
what Butler condemns, and therefore
lias the knowledge to restore the bal
ance of good against the errors on which
alone he lays stress. Mr. Shaw has
adapted much of his satire in "Ere
whon" and its sequel to the present day
understanding. "The Way of All Flesh"
Is eminently well worth reading as a
picture of the transition from ihe old
to the new, but it must be read with
many reservations. The old. too, bad its
appointed place In our social evolution,
and the children of periods of transition
must always suffer in body and mind.
The Book and Its Author Por
trayed by George Moore.
N"t lone aen wo bad occaalon to rof.-r
To the mann'T in which the literary folk
. f '.■!,•.: n. gravely Uacuasing the pror«"r
[organ, seemingly more volu
minous than any of his contemporaries,
araa really tciataeaa itself. Bomebody
.p and Baked the oracles if they
had ri"t 1 ' <rd of M lcomain Rolland and
bis ".'• bophe." rYance ha*
ng upon tne t«-n I that
rcaßance, and still th« hero has not run
bis uuutsx . V.'- have already announce i
the translatloa of the earlier part of this
remarka!!.- narrativf-, but now r.»r::--.-i
Dewa that it may be expected in thi.-,
oountry nea ■ Henry tlott A <"o.
nee Mr. Gilbert «"anr.i!i's version,
•■f th<- first f ur volumes
B < dltSon. It will be awaited
witli tl)<> liveUest curiosity. In the mean
tim>- the reader may like to know some
tßtag about the author of his book. A
brief esaay in th<- Land— "World." by
Mr George BEoare. sheds a littla light
on Tl:<- S'.lt.'- et.
This is the more welcome because of
its source. "Jean Christophe" baa a mu
sician for its hero, and Mr. Moore, as
the author of "Evelyn Innes;3," the best
musical novel in English literature, i. ;
peculiarly qualified to interpret M Hol
land's work. M Holland, by the way, Is
himself a musician, "a music critic of
some paper, an excellent pianist," and
he has written :> Look about Pe<thov< n.
He Is also the author of a study of
Michael Angelo, but Mr. Moore, report
ing the fruits of inquiries he baa made
In Paris, makes comparatively little of
these various performances and speaks
of the dramas which M Holland has
written ::s i ing "entirely without
merit." It is in "Jean Christophe" thai
the author is said to have found himself,
from which his English critic gathers
that he must be a man of about forty.
Mr. Moore was told that "he was ■ si ii
tary, seldom sn-n In Parisian society,*!
and he has heard or has imagined him to
be "a tall, tiiin, reserved man." Finally.
It appears thai Mr. Holland docs not
shini' in conversation, but that, as Mr.
Moon- notes, is difficult to believe of a
man "whose • 'id is always BO alert, bo
thoughtful md so picturesque when he
h. ro "f ii». | odaal
<tl a t;u!.:!y of m In a little
; . \> v. v iBV
• ■ ■ rtrtsjouo, a i :..
r.iii i : Bculty doea not «'>ist,"
(J. i of the boy's fctart in iif
i:i^i> Lw drawn Croat air. stoore'a nuia
NEW-YOR* DAILY rHinrXR WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 12, MM.
nasty of tho Urat vdtnae of ins bioera
The volume Is composed around two im
portant eventa the llrst, when Chriatophe
touches a piano and discovers the musical
scale. His father, who has never taken
a:sv mice of him hitherto, says he will
teach him music, and Chriiitophes aptitude
for the Instrument soon suggests that ' ie
beet thing to do is to turn him into . i
infant prodigy. Hut Christophe comes ot
a tough, fibrous stock, and resists his
father lie if. however, but a child and
has to learn to play show pieces. The
second event is when he is brought to hear
Hassler the great modern composer, a
man of genius, who has come to the Rhe
nish town to give a series of concerts of
lis music The composer takes christophe
in hi? arms and kisses Mm, and tells him
that when he grows up and writes music
he must come and play his music to him.
Christophe Is six years old when he is
taken to the Schloss to play before the
archduke and this scene ends the first
Mr. Moore sketches the contents of the
three succeeding volumes, but we may
pass to his remarks on the character of
the book as a work of art. Here are
some of his sayings:
My adnsfrattoo of "Joan Christophe* 1 was
■ little sneered at in Paris, i°'" although
everybody reads the book, nobody is, wiil-
Ing to praise It. it Is full of life, they
invt. but it la not • H written, so it is
<s&l6 But that Is not my opinion. The
;...,.'; ...,.' is extraordinarily well written be
cause it is written without the literary
tries which the ordinary l'arisinn
s to be style, and which I have como
gard rlt:)itiy or wrongly, as thp ne
patl <n of style. ' Tho sequence of scenes
and thoughts could not b< better, ami that
i^.- at least two thirds of style; and it is
n with ease and abundance, and
» ease and abundance are all that
s of style worth talking about. Any
hesitation In the mind betrays Itself at
once In the style. "Jean Christoph* Is
written .is simply as the first part ot'Jtoo
,,.-.■■ with the same lucidity of
vlplon Tii<- int. ntlon of tho author
Bfw>ms to be to wri'o a hook Into which he
will be able to bring everything that has
ever Interested '.im In life— all tho music
- heard, all tho art he has pp^n. all
the literature he has n '. all the Hfo and
i t'.at ho has lived through.
In criticism, us in fiction, Qeorge
Moore is a writer worth reading. A book
th • has thus stirred him must havo
The publication of the memoirs of the
Duchesse de Dtoo has, of coarse, re
newed Intersjst in the personality and
career of Talleyrand. A further contri
bution to the subject i:= therefore aptly
made In the forthcoming translation of
"I.a Vie Privf-p de Tall. yranoY" of M-
Bernard d<- Lftoombe. Th.- English v. r-
P !nn will be called "Talloyrand the Man."
We reviewed last Saturday Mr. Kip
ling's new book, "Reward* and Fairies,"
in the luxurious "Outward Bound" edl
t;..n publish. .l by the Bcrtbners, it is
brought out in tho ordinary edition by
Doubleday. Page & Co.. a well printed
octavo with tho samo clever illustrations
by Frank Craig. What a good book
it is! We find ourselves rereading some
of these paces of enchantment and es
pecially pause again over the delightful
verses. Almost could we review the
book a second time.
It is pleasant to see "The Ki?e of
Silas L.-iT.han-,'" reprinted In the excellent
■'Riverside Literature Series," published
i.y the Houghton Mifflin Company. This
novel of 1884 marks one of the happiest
moments In Mr. HoweUaffl career, illus
trntine at its best his quiet, sensitive
and searching study of American life
A brief Introduction sketches his life
and work and a thronolouical list of
bis writings Is Included. The book, by
the way. is ;i striking piece of workman
like printing; ana its convenient stee
further commends it.
Many a novelist will envy aflss Marie
Corelll the title for the new story in
which she is paid to have drawn up an
indictment of the M get-there-o.ulck"
theory of life. She calls It "The Devil's
Mr. Frederick Keppel, the print-seller,
was born In Ireland in 1845, and came
to this country while still a young man.
jlo has been dealing in prints ever since.
(The fruits of this long activity of his are
embodied in a book which the Baker &
Taylor Company is presently to pub
lish, under the title of "The Golden Age
of Engravtog.* 1 To that age he evi
dently assigns wide limits, for he carries
his subject from Diirer to Joseph Pen
re!!. He treats engraving and etching
historically, but Introduces also plenty
of reminiscence and anecdote. This la
to be a stout volume of 550 pages, and
It will contain 283 illustrations.
Apropos of etching, there is apparently
no end to the procession of stories about
the greatest of the modern masters of
the . . .lie, Whistler. The latest we find
In The London Globe," thus Bet forth:
It was Whistlers custom when drowsy
to go deliberately to ••••■- no matter where
or what the circumstances raipht be. At
one dinner party bis. gentle snore suddenly
aroused bis neighbor, who nudged 11 . 1 "/-".;
lently with his elbow. "1 bay. Whistler.
he protested excitedly, "you must not^eleep
1 ere " "Leave me alone!" snapped M hist
l, r ' "I've said all I wanted to. lye no
Interest at all in what you and your friends
have to say.V One eve.imp he was a guest
at a hotel as was also Edwin A. Abbey.
and Immediately • fter the dinner was served
went calmly to sleep. On the way to the
theatre he had another nap in the calx He
also lumbered peacefully through the i play.
The next morning ne blandly asked: "What
diri Abbey have to say last night? Any
thing worth while?"
Another anthology for the garden lover
i us. :-lr. William AapenwaU
Bradley is the compiler of "The cjardon
Mus." (the Sturpia & Walton Company),
and he gives us a quantity of happy
from the old English writera and
from i»oets of our own time. There is a
friendly Introduction, and a pi ot igraph
Of ■ beautiful garden serves as frontis
pk i <■
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tions in black and white from photographs
and with a map In colors by Gilbert 11.
Groavenor. 4to. pp. xxxli, G73. (Frederic*
A. Stokes Company.)
ROMANTIC CALIFORNIA. By Ernest PeixOttO.
Illustrations by the author. Bvo, pp. xiv,
219. (Charles Bcrlbner's Sons.)
Pointing out the leas known attractions of
the Golden State and the charm of spots
unknown and unfrequented by the general
A VOICE FROM THE CONGO. Comprising
Stories, Anecdotes and Descriptive Notes.
By Herbert Ward. With Illustrations from
Photographs, sculpture and drawings by the
author. -..., pp. xvi, 330. (Charles Bcnb
The material h"re gathered together Is the
result of several years spent among the
TJIK LANDS OF THE TAMED TURK; OR.
THE BALKAN STATES OF TO-DAY. By
Blair Jaekel. With numerous Illustrations
from photographs taken especially Tor the
book, ISmo. pp. xiv, 295. (Boston: 1.. C.
Page & Co.)
\ narrative of travel through Bervia, Bul
garia. Montenegro, Dalmatia, Bosnia and
SIENA AND SOUTHERN TUSCANY. By Ed
ward Hutton. With sixteen Illustrations in
color i -.- O. F. M. Ward and twelve other
Illustrations. 12mo, pp. xiv. 360. (TTi« Mac
Descriptive of a Journey through Southern
Tuscany and the churches, monuments,
paintings, frescoes, etc., in the towns and
THE AM' OF STONE MONEY. Lap of
the Carolines. By V. Hllam Henry Furnesn.
M. M D . V. R-" O. B. With Illustrations
from* photographs by the author. Svo. p.
278. Philadelphia: The 3. B. Lipplncott
Portraylns; life, Tnann<»r« and customs) of
the inhabitants of the little Island of far.
the westernmost of the Caroline group.
RAMBLES IX SPAIN. By John D. Flte Oerjld.
Ph D Tllustrnfcl. Svo. pp. xvtli, 310.
(Philadelphia: The J. B. LJpplncott Com
Treating of the whole country and th»
r>orp!<. jr. genprnl, with chapters on th*
Basque Provinces, Old Casti!e, Salamanca.
Granada and Valencia.
CHINESE STUDENTS' FUND
Boys in United States Will Deny
Themselves to Help Navy.
To show thai they are no less patriotic
than their friends at home, the Chinese
Btudentp in the United .States will contrib
ute monthly toward the popular fund now
being raised in China to enlarge the im
perl.il Chinese navy.
Y. ( '.. Ma. a Tale graduate, who la a
student in tlie department of political bcl
enoe ;it Columbia University, has been jm I
potnted by th« Joint Council of Chinese
Students in North America to act .-is chair
man of i< committee to collect funds from
M We do not believe th<- fiiml we'll get will
I mount to much," snH Ma, "but W« w;int
to show thai we are for the movement
Many government supported students
have agreed to save ;> part "f the $:';,n :i
;. r>;u- th-> ;ir«.' allowed. Borne boys will
deny themsel ■' ■ i^jyment of cigarettes
anri resort to the use .>f pipes to show tln-ir
patriotism. Not only government aup
pi rted Btudents will contribute toward the
fund, but also those who hav< t<> work their
way through collece.
About five hundred Chinoso students are
attending '< ! ile-?'-* or unlversitiea in this
country. The largest number in on<' in
stitution is at Columbia University, where
there are thirty-nine. There are thirty
two in the University of Wisconsin, twen
ty-five ;.t Michigan University, and the re
mainder In the Bast or Middle West
FORM QUEUE CUTTING CLUB
Chinese Organize to Discourage Wear
ing Hair in Pigtail Fashion.
The newest dub formed among the Chi
nese of this city is the Queue Cutting Club.
Its principal object la to encourage those
who still wear pigtails to cut them off.
It i- said that more than one-half of th«
Chinamen In New York are without queues
now, and the wiser half are Crying to In
duce the rest of their countrymen to fol
low heir example.
Sam, "i Boy Kee .*;• < ■> , who Is well
known In Chinese busteess circles, said the
dub, "f which he- i: a l<:t.lmir Bgnre, <l«>«s
noi only promote queue cutting, bo! :tl>-<>
among th<> younger bust*
i ■ i i. n .if the < 'immunity.
PERJURY BRINGS LECTURE.
Walter B. Rile . of New Rochelle, who
Is being sued by his sister, Josephine B.
i:u<->, for notne property left by their
father, was held by Supreme Court Justice
ToniijUiim, In White Plains, yesterday on a
charge of perjury after testimony be had
given In the case. Justice 'I napkin . bow
ever. ■on afterward accepted bis apology,
but gave Rlley a severe lecture.
[tiley claimed be should have the prop
erty, as he bud advanced bis father the
money to buy the property The record of
these advances was demanded, but when
he showed the, book it was evident the en
tries were fre^li ones, which eventually be
admitted having made a. few hours jj.
m m navy NOTES
Steady Progress Toward Com
pletion of Battleships.
Washington, October 11.
WORK OX FOUR SHIPS.-Steady prog,
ress Is being made on the four battleships
under construction at Atlantic coast ship
yards. In September the Florida. building
at the Brooklyn navy yard, advanced from
74.2 to 77 per cent of completion; the
Utah, bunding at the New York Ship
building Company's plant, at Camden,
N. J.. advanced from 83.5 to £S; the
Wyoming, building at tb« Cramp yards,
advanced from 3.".5 to 33.9. and the Arkan
sas, also building at Camden, advanced
from 43.9 to 47.8 per cent.
OIIDKRS ISSUED.— Tba following ordera
have bean wsu< d :
Major WILLIAM C. CANNON*, quart«nna««T.
from New York City to Ban Francisco, sail
lnK January 5 for PhiHpplnaa.
Captain CHARLES A. HAOAN. medical corps,
to Walter Reed General Hospital, District of
Following ofneers coast artillery to Fort Monroe,
November 1. for examination for promotion:
Captains ALSTON HAMILTON and JOHN
(• GILMORK. .'!■ ; Flr»l Lieutenant! WILL
IAM E. MURRAY and RALPH E. HER
JilN'O and Second Lieutenants WALTER P.
BOATWUIOHT JOHN P. SMITH. EDWIN
X SMITH. CLARENCE T. MARSH, JOHN
IS. IIATNARD and ISAAC El TITUS.
First Lieutenants FRANCIS O. STRDfO,
HENRY P. CARTER and ROBERT H.
OANTT, medical reserve corjjs, f> Army
Medical School, Washington.
Following Officers coast artillery to Presidio of
- i-i Pran is o, November I, for examination
for promotion: First Lieutenants NORRI9
BTAYTON, RICHARD FURNIVAL and
OEOROB A TAYLOR, anil Second Lies
tenants HARRY R. VAUGHAN and ABNEY
Leaves of absence: Major GODFREY 11. MCDON
ALD 18th Cavalry, on* month; Major
DAVID C THANKS. 4th Infantry, recrult-
Inj,- officer, twenty-aeren dnys from October
Rear Admiral J. B. MILTON and t vll lpnKtnj"-r
U. S. Cr. WHITE, placed upon retired list
from October I*>. -'•-.'•
Commoner C. B. BRITTAIX. detached Naval
\cad-:ny to command the Massachusetts.^
Ensfsrn F '\V ROCKWELL, orders to duty In
" connection with fittine out t&e Terry t+
voked; continue naval hospital. Boston.
MOVEMENTS OF WARSHIPS.— Tho fol
lowing movements of vessels have been re
ported to the Navy Department:
Oct • — The Minnesota and the Vermont, at
Philadelphia; the Arethusa. at Marcus Hook,
l'enn. . th.' Ajax. it Guantanamo; the Dol
; ■ in. 'at Annapolis.
Oct. 10.— The North Dakota, th» Call a, th»
Solace and the Yankton. at navy yard. New
York- the North Carolina, at Tompkli
the Delaware and the Dolphin, at Norfolk.
Oct. f) — The* Dolphin, from Annapolis for Nor
folk; i),.. Saturn, from Ittle for Tlburon,
< -.» i ; the North Dakota, from Tompkir.svJlle
for navy yard. New York.
Oct. i ( >_The Culgoa. "■ Solace and th« Yark
ton. from New York City for r.avy yard.
New York- the North Carolina, from Ports
mouth, N. H., for TompkinsTtlle; the Cel
tic, from New York City for Boston; the
Potapsco, from New York for Portsmouth,
N. II.; the Marietta, from Blue-fields for
NAMED, THOUGH UNWILLING
Miss Hay Wanted for President
of State Federation.
Tho atmosphere Is fairly opaque these
days with candidates, willing and unwill
ing, for office in women's organizations.
One of th* unwilling one?, It seems, la Miss
Mary Oarrett Hay, who at a meeting of the
Ist Judicial District of the New York State
Federation of Women's Clubs, held at the
Waldorf-Astoria yesterday morning, was
indorsed for president of that body, after
having positively refused to consider the
Mrs. William • '•initTii:;^ Story, who was
regarded as a certain candidate, ha.^ an
nounced that she will not run becav
is Kointc to run for the office of president
general of the Daughters of the- American
Revolution against Mrs. Matthew T. Bcott,
who win run to sue. ■tt-a bsrself. Mrs. Story
feels that it would not Ao to attempt to
ad as head of both orßanlz.itions at once.
wii.-n she sanctioned the use of h^r
name aa a federation candidate there was.
It s'-cius, an Impression that she would not
be nominated by the Daughters uni
or until Mrs. Sett had served a second
t-^rtn. Since thai time the p!"t in the tale
of this organization has thickened with
startling rapidity, and the Bght Is on for
next April. So Miss Hay, willy-nilly, v. Ml
be expected lo fill the chasm at the f^d^ra
tlon convi ntlon in [thaca on November 14.
STORK BFvINCtS LIONESS FOUR
New Arrivals, as Well as Mother, Doing
Wdl in Central Park.
Hendrick Hudson and bis sister, two Uon
cubs in the Centra] i.irk menagerie, had
their noses knocked out of joint by the
arrival yesterday of two sisters ;ind two
brothers in their family. The mother «>f
the .ix cubs la Helen and th iiitii»>r is Leo,
Tho four new arrivals, aa well aa the
mother, are doing splendidly, end in a day
.>;• two th.- whole family will be <-n view.
"Wh.'.t ,ir.' you going to do with all of
them, Bnyder?" some oae asked the head
"We'll hay« to sell a couple of old one.?
pretty .-<> .n to "iak" room," h>- answered.
lion flat Is getting too crowded."
THE TRIBUNE PATTERN.
The simple little dress that la rlosi-d for
Its entire length at the back is a practical
one iliat every mother likes. This i lei
allow a :i ■ hoice of pli ited or gi I
tkirt. hit;!: or square neck. lon-; ot
sleeves. It can ix- made ol sturdy material
and become an everyday morning fro, k. it
it can be made from finer fabrics, as sug-
L'.-.-t- d in the email view, and b* coi
no. 8.762 TISSUE PAPER pattern of
CHILD'S DRESS FOR TEN CENTS.
Urely different la effect. Cotton poplins
and piques would be pretty tot the plain
dross, while for tiie dr. *s"with the gathered
skirt cballls, cashmere, albatross and all
similar matt rials are appropriate, as well
as the washable ones that v great many
mothers use throughout the entir* year.
For the four year Bin will »><• required
W4 yards <>r material 21 or -T. :' ;i; i yards M
or v K yards v Inches wide, with \ of •
yard 27 inches wMo to trim as shown In the
The pattern. No. a~f£. is cut in siafs far
1 hil.li.n of two. four and »i» years oM, and
will l»• mailed to an) address 01, receipt of
Please give number ot pattern ami age
distinctly. Au<h-f.-s Pattern I•• ;• tment .
New-Yorh Tribune. I: In b hurry '••! !• it
tern end an e» tra .' -••••nt i»>.-t;i^.» tamp
and we will mall 11 by letter postage la
Of Interest to tOotnen
VELVETS Hi BROCADES
They Make Splendid Draperies
for Simple Frocks.
The woman who loves graceful draperies
can find endless delight in studying the
new gowns of the season. Since the tunic
first accustomed the fashionable world to
the wearing of one robe over another the
double gown has taken on many different
forms, and with the coming of the won
derful autumn fabrics these have become
more beautiful than ever. Soft satins that
wind around the figure in intricate folds
have been familiar for some time, and now
FIGURE 1-GOWN* OF OLD BLUE MOIRE RUN WITH FIN GOLD iHREADb.
GRAY SILK VOILE TUNIC EMBROIDERED WITH BLUE AND GRAY BEADS.
FIGURE COSTUME OF PEACOCK BLUE SATIN AND LACE.
i there are velvets and brocades of such a
texture that they can be used with similar
effect. These materials often have the ap
pearance of spl-endid draperie3 added to
• simple frocks of some sheer fabric such
as ( biSon, lace or net.
In the skirts of such costumes only the
smallest portion of the under robe may be
visible at one side, but in the corsage little
of the heavier material is used. There is
a marked tendency toward a diagonal sort
of arrangement on the latter that leaves
the under robe exposed on one side, as in
the satin gown Illustrated, This one-sided
drapery sometimes pusses over the shoul
der and may even form a second sleeve,
although in some models it stops at the
bust. In gowns of this kind, if the over
dress is not actually in one piece, fitted
by means of a few wrinkles, the waist i.->
most likely to be encircled by an elonga
tion of some portion of the corsase that
twists about in a most bewildering man
Materials that are not soft enough to
drape well are also so skilfully Boaassgai
as to produce charming effects in over
dresses. One model, in which the under
garment was of finest silver net over
white chiffon, had for its outer part a
beautiful white silk crepon with sprays
of flowers in brocade scattered over it.
The skirt opened diagonally in front, one
side crossing over the other quite stiffly,
snowing at the bottom a flounce of silver
net headed by a silver galon. A diagonal
drapery of the crepon crossed one shoul
der and fell over the upper arm. The ma
terial was cut in a point at back and front,
and these were knotted together under the
arm to form a short sleeve. Although
there were few of the soft folds usually
seen in arrangements of this kind, the ma
terial was so lovely that they were not
ANTIS, TOO, HAVE "PARTY"
No Objection to the Name, Even
Though It Suggests Politics.
The women who don't want votes are not
above taking a good idea from lbs enemy.
Tho woman suffrage party has been such
a success that the National League for the
Civic Education of Women baa borrowed
Its name, if not its principles.
Mrs. Gilbert Jones, chairman of the ex
ecutive committee of the league, returned
to town yesterday from a four months' va
cation and announced thai the new head
quarters of the league, at No. 21 Jlaiiison
avenue, were the headquarters of the
anti-suffrage party. The league has an
Assembly district organization and there
fore considers itself entitled to be called
a party, even if the name does suggest
At ti:t> OflkM of 1 -litr'." Mrs. .Fon^s
s.iid thai i led ber suanmei with
nadimr and study in th. gMng
t-.f r Instntettoa • :i sraaal
i am deeply gratlfled." she adde«l. "to
In Buying Here
You Have Assurance
No matter how small the article, nor how large, if
it is ma in Silver or Gut Gbss, you can get it here.
And whatever you buy hera is reliable. Half a century
of popularity has made Mtriden Ware, sterling or plate,
the choice of those who desire the best.
And it i: easy to shop here. Our new store is right
in the heart of things, and can be reached quickly by
tunnel, subway, elevated and surface cars. Our extensive
lines insure the greatest latitude tor choice and variety
The Meriden Company
(International Silver Co., Successor)
49-51 West Thirty-fourth Street
Carriage Entrance, 35th Street
' find that women thcrns^lvrs are demanding
| further education. They are not as easily
; persuaded as they or.cc were to accept the
I statttnenu of woman sufrragl3t3 without
From now on the league will hold regular
! Monday afternoon meetings at the head
taavtaf* Not only members but any on«
who la interested ir. the subject of women
or civic work, or the two subjecu In coa
' Junction. L* Invited to attend.
HOW TO SAVE GAS BILLS
Budget Exhibit Has Secret, but
Women Not Interested.
The men of technical minds who are fca
j charge I I the Jtaa meters at the budget «-
MaM are disappointed with the housewtv»n
;of New York City. There they are.- wait-
I ins? and yearning to explain to thrilty*
; housekeepers how they may save mone/
; on their gas bills, and the housekeepers
; don't come near them. The men who
patronize the exhibit bans? over the railing
! in a more or less indolent fashion and aslc
! sclent.- questions which strike terror and
disgust to the soul of the demonstrator.
"How much heat does a gas Jet generate In
■ year?" and similar questions which navo
nothing whatever to e!o with the matter at
i hand ere ask*.:. Moreover, when a woman,
possibly by mistike. do^s wander ir.to thai
mysterious realms where one f.nd3 gas*
water, *-lectricity, tunnels, bridges, street
cars and other articles equally remota from
feminine experience, she asks such foo!!s!v
questions, say the custodian?. tfcat they'
really \\i:-'.\ they had time to -write then*
down in a book. One woman yesterday
confessed that she had never beer, afcie ti>
read a pas meter, and when the custodian
attempted to show her she didn't beiie\»
he know how anyway, because she had a>
wa3's read it the other way round and ter
; husband never made any fuss about ti«
! gas bill. Another wondered why the city
didn't provide little papier rr.sch^ meter*
that vMsan couM take away as souvenirs.
But BarsMM women, to whom the saving it
M per cent on the pas bill ought to mean
a great deal, do net patronize the exhlb.t
In large numbers.
The arranj-'^rrsent for savins: Is s!mpl<\
just a regulator which reduces the amount
of gas passing through the burner so that
none will be unconsurned. With an Bi -
rejculated burner. It appears, a lar^j
amount of s:is Is not consumed. It makes
the lijjht flicker an'l escapes into, tho air
of the room unburned. There are *T» of
tliese regulators in tlw city's public build
iii;rs. anil they have saved Father Knicker
bocker $I<»!>.:'s'> i-.' in the 1 is: four years.
Why shouldn't the housewife share in theso
benefits? asks the budget exhibit.
lietter ewn than the regulator, however,
is an incandescent msntle. It saves ga-»
and makes a better liEht. They have th*>
exact figures at the exhibit, but no worrs'ia
shows any Interest in them. "It's a pity,
too." says the custodian; "here I am
tlnj; pai<l for standing here answering
foolish questions when the women ot t;-.e
city ought to be learning to read their gj.3
meters in! save on their bills."
The Public Service Commission Is es
pecially cater to have any woman wi;j
thinks her meter is incorrect semi for an
officer to conii» to inspect it. "Just send n.
card to the Public Service Commission." tt
was said, "'and a vn.irt will come. fak« cit
your meter, give you a new one and take
the old one away to be tested." Of tlio
one million meters tested by the commis
sion almost one-half have b«:en correct, 43
per cent have b<*en "fast." ar.>l only li>
per cent have betn foottd to be "slow."
ASBESTOS JEWEL CASES.
For women who seem to have everything
there is a new jewel cas.\ made of sttet
and asbestos, which is perfectly flrepro- f.
It is of eone>rou3 size. V> Inches ty 7.
and is mad? with two trays, divided into
compartments for rinss. bracelets, trinkets.
etc.. while in the lower section i» a sort
pad for brooohes. watches or mintatur«3.
Prass handles finish the t<-p an>l sides.
This .-.■■ covered with blue. red.
black or tan leathrr and la lined with v