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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 29, 1910, Image 8

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Literary Ne&js and Criticism
■Souvenirs of the American Cow- 1
boy in Singing Mood.
COTTBOT . SONGS. CoH«cJ»a and VA}**?
?r John A. lx«n»x. Professor of Enc
lish in the Untwnto of Texas,
ppTxv. ac. T!»^ sturcis & Walton Ooan-
This l»ook renders a service to the
•faistor" < " American life similar to that |
jitrforniftl hy Owen VHSttr In his j
dories of tte West, and by the late j
"Frederic ;omimeto; in his drawing - t
and r-air-tin^s. It MBsrvaa for ■■ some
of the traits of a type fast disappcar
lac. and the.se. moTvov^r. savor not j
aicrely of the ertenial picauresquencss j
of the cowboy, but of Mi heart and j
mind. Professor ■SSBI may claim, j
tc»u that his researches have uncovered ;
a field which, if not rich in strictly
jkk*lc material ncverthck-ss has a cer
tain Interest for the student of literary
phenomena. In a brieX letter of ap
jiicciaiioji rr«»lix<-d to tiw volume Mr j
Jioocevelt says. "There is scencthiajr A*cry j
ennous in*tbfe reproduction here on tills ,
n-w continent of essentially tho ■ndi- j
tjoas of ballad grov-th which eM&ined in ;
medieval L^s2a.nfl. adin& by the !
**-ay. emirathy fur the ooitlaw. Jesse i
jui>n -*k»nc tfsßgisas cf Robin Hood." ;
Fiiutet'i' r "Wend*!!, m his »trodTiCttou, .
• Ito ttkes there pieces ac »xamnl»» of ,
i me folk sane and aptly voint? out tlieir |
vktnii as thrc.vrinpr lishT on the ■manner in ,
■ rach pone- originate.
Obrloosly tho rocboy's - Bg Is not a j
rnjittr of slow accretion. PJrofesßOT L,o- !
sn&x confesses to * violation of the etMa i
of baJlad F3therins m ha vies sftlocted |
»ad put to^rther the hest toea frcm dif- j
-f«rw! o? a. tea ef liis EpecJmens. |
«nd hence **»"* mar tnttr that more than :
«ne theme hat- been acvr-l«prd as It has :
jAased rrorn Up io lip, after the fashion ;
<•: the eMer coaatrte- But this •cum- j
*uinc- in tk» v-i*<** afft^ts the central ;
wV.ara.cur of liic w*lwy*a seas* In j
of tl*e fact that **■<• ar» bidding him |
£arew«l] h* h >a^t iingfiruii: survival cf I
*,-• htetialc period, ho date-. <-f cootw,*!
rr-r!r&rs.Uv* ; l_ v feptaLJaig. but from r<**" I
fords- . i£lk aheot his "pritnitrvc" ,
bafetti of tt<ou£-ht and feellns cannot d?b- '
«ruise his fundamenial modernity. He j
yr*a not oven i:i his carli'^t and, ihere
rare. most j«u!y rt*c« a kind of eu- j
rx'^naturai aad rpcintanecus creation of j
Th«» W«£t^ toot a hcir.r mcnlded more, or ,
lets oi Eastarn day, havtog behind him, j
eoußciottgry or ancocscjOßSly. ell th* to- i
Snatea oi & thoronghly rophisticated
civilizs-uon. It Is intereßttaE t* note
*fcrt whfl« these tefinences do not very
tpecificiillr color his ballads, they f.e*m ;
pretty effectually To hare denied him ;
that "charm cf sh^r naJv«t6 be- ;
ir^ts to a people's verse in its infancy, j
The j'oir-t ip Bngsesttvely exposed by j
R-nalysis cf the diction common to all J
thes* nameless Laliadists. It is the die- J
rion of the ordinary folk of our own j
Ume. put at the Berriee ol fairly spirited
narrative, only the technical terms of j
th« cattle range r.Jacinc a novel accent
upon otherwise quite prosaic lanpuape.
It is oadly.disapiK.iming to find In this '
"book so few of the phi-ases that denote a {
jrarticularly characteristic play of humor ;
«.r fancy. The openhig line of "Lackey ;
i:;ii." fur cxixnipiv. -Come, all you good j
old t.c-ys and listen to my rhymes," is j
utw-a ivith but trifimK variations over j
and «'v. r again to Ptart theso songr?, and ]
the extent to which the composers j
: . fresh Turn o* is measured ,
Charles Sorters Sons
The Tales of
Men and Ghosts
Tl.ir br>ok Includes «IJ of Mr? \Thar
ron's L-bor-» Btorlea tsat<bare nr'T^ar-d
m Un la; 1 twti ex thre* years
Rest Harrow
to j* dose tlw romance cf
Benhoose j^^J Eanchla.
"It H "n thougtiv. Btyle und cxpres
ox/b s jr-^iiT book.** — Philadelphia Ltd-
At the Villa Rose
Hjj A. £. ,V MASON
r*ii j freted $1.50
V *bti!lir:r detective stcrr by the
£u T hcr cf "'Tii' wruken Road."
"An absorbing best-seUw.*" — Wtr
The Star-Gazers
Fnntiepiee*, Ji.OC ntt; P^tpaid,
Thf lov« rtory of a jro?t pt-mc-tlve
ar : .j winning Aiaericaa Ctrl, the s<^n«
the Blue Arch
ZX2Q ''ict^ pcistjyaUL, 51.C0.
A orjilmnt etory of 111*- and love
to-d&y, fuli of tr.t: clever talk and the
keenly imming obsen-atiors that dis
trr.^'-is-'iES "Ca-iac-rons Prisoner.**
The Finer Grain
• ™" ™~™ ™~~^ """" '^ '^ ~~
?".!;5 ii«-f; jnj;:tpaid, ?l.riu.
Contain!* liv«- of nis Jiur-st storl«»« :
"TJ" \'il\*\ <;!<>vc." "Nora. Montrav
tr>." "A il'»im'l of Visits," "Orapj'
CorneMa.** nn'! "Th'- Bench of T»~m>UiL
The Spread Eagle,
and Other Stories
Illuslrcted, 51.10 net; pi/ttpatd, 21.30.
FcEUistic, f>*TTn»W>y tragic, -.i-Ti
tic Btanes, sorr*e ci the mo:i zngirj.l
Open Water
Hi.jjtrauti. *1.2" net; puttpuui. %l.tb.
i;» the autti<!! - f<l ••« »iit «»f Glotioe*^
Icr." Plull "t i--' 1 Creslj suJt -.cr und
Bj Ing «prai* ot ')•■■ >< a.
The Fugitive
(Uustrdt-d. *-.!.:•<■.
T * ii ' ' "f « i•«■-•:i •«■-•: . v.-]:o. running away
tram ■■olif^e v? *t>»- vd\v why ->* v
tint our Oa ■ I h' : -J' rttaatieai, v^-r*->
ihnjuftt, „ i*rl#* •"•' nras* mtvmtixiittti
! »rr*» i»e
by "They shot Captain Sheets to the ;
ground." in th*« ballad of "Jesse James";
or "One night raropa|se<i apalnst a
knife." in "Th« Day* of Forty-nin«- " \
On the other hand, once the reader has
put out of his • Bid any «9tpectatio» st a
pure poetic quality in the typical co^
!.,.y s"nc be recognizes with enjoyment ;
one characteristic of th" authentic hal-j
lad. a Fim]>l« dir»^.tpp«:s:. Here is an I
illustration, which we choose also, by
the way, us possessing more of the sal
lad movement than is recognizable any- :
where else In the book:
Come, all you Void, undaunted men.
You outlaws of the day.
It's time to beware of the ball ana chain j
And also slavery.
Attention pay t<» what I say,
And verily if you do.
I will relate you the actual fate
< >• bold Jack Donahoo. :
lie. had scarcely landed, as I tell you.
Upon Australia' e shore.
Than ho became a real hichwaTman.
As he had been berore.
There was TTiidcmrood and Mackcrrri:;:..
And Wade and Westley, too.
These were the four associates
Of bold Jack TVinahoo.
Jack Donahoo, who was w> brave,
Kode out that afternoon.
Knowing not that th« pain nt ceath
Would overtake him Boon.
Bo quickly then the hors« policf
Prom Sidney came to view; (
**Bepon e from here, you coTrsrdly floors,"
■sys bold Jack Donahoo.
Th« captain sad the :nar-
BtepiK<d then to decide.
"T»o >x»u intend to (it;ht u»
Or umo uf resign T"
"To surrender 'o such coirardly dors
Jh nioro tlian I will <li>,
Tlds day I'll ticht if T Jos« my Uff»."
ba: f t bold Jack Donahso.
The captain and th* sffrpsurt
Th« raen they <!ld d^ide:
They fired from behind )iim
And tLltr? *tott» eti<-Vi mdc:
If* "'.I police he dtd <rDOOT an-a-r.
Before the fata] hall
Dlr3 pierr* tii» heart of E>©ii»h i '"">
Ar.d causf bold Jack to tßll
Anri r.hsn he. fell, he closed hi." "J'ef.
He iiid :.h« wfrld 3di«n:
Conif-. all you boys, and rliip thti - -c
Of b«ld Jack Ponahoo.
In form thi? it? cxcepUonaJ. but In s»h-
Htanc^. it *s repreeentative. if we may
fsjsiga from Bse pong^s th^s co^vboy.
l^:ht bsnTtsß lejvshjrer though he may
he, has in his bjoors a penchant for
tnelancholT". He loves "■ strike th*
fcit^ian note. The hero*? off any num
ber of these ballads are brave fellow*
who in the lists of „.,.. M the trail
meet -with a swift and violent end. and
■when the cowboy is n? T mourning a
comrade's disapter c.r his own he hi
prone to betrall the hardships o? the
range. Only at rare intervals Ao we
come upon a cheerful strain, as In the
first piece in the collection, "The Cow
boy's Life," from xihich. we talce these
The sate of a stesi
To a coTrboys ear
IE music of sweetest strain;
And the yelping notes
Of the gray coyotes
To him are a g-lad refrain.
And Us jolly songs
cr>eed him alone
As he thinks uf the little eal
TVitn polder, hair
TVho is waiting there
At the bars of the home corral.
For a kinuly crown
In the 48) town
His «a<idi* b« wouldn't chance;
No 5Jf« so fre»»
As The life v. • cc«
AVay oiu on the Taso ranee.
This 1? Indeed a jolly sons:, and there
are others like it. hut, we repeat, very
few of thtm. Thu dominating tone al
most from beginning to end is the tone
of the brief lines terminating "The
Horse "Wrangler":
I've travelled up &n<3 I've travelled down.
I'vt travelled this country round aiid round;
I've !s\vrl in city and l"ye lived in town.
But I've cot this much n; tny:
! Before you try covr-punching, kiss your J
'Take a hea.\T insurance on your lift,
i Then c:it your throat wit a barlow knife — t
For It's easier done «hat v.ay.
Of penc-ralizatkine liko tho foregoing j
j Vac cowboy is tolerably lavish, yet he
! cannot be suid to carry his reflections \
i very far. The Mojrraphies recited — and I
i \ the biographical attitude iK constantly j
j : &i»Kura«*d — ar»» -.pry much alike. We i
! prath*»r. for ir.ptance, that the sweet- j
brans of cowboys ar*: amazingly apt j
at marryii'o somebody else, while the '
| faithful lover fondly labor? in the "West j
j for the means wherewith to buiid a ]
i home. In the saSdle, minding up his i
i herd, or enpared In miy ■wild epiyode, |
: th' cowboy Is a gallant and even reck- j
i less soul, not in the Ifaet civen to Intro- j
I spection. When h'. s:ng-s he vallovs in |
i th^ luxury of voc pulls out tho ... j
jor pathetic stop, an r J 1? wholeheartedly J
| sorry for himself.
Therein he Ik 5-urprJS'r;£ to TbT poir.t of !
I bewilderment. His hardships amount to {
j nothing- at all compared Tith these of
[tho man before the mast, hnt for sheer ;
j ?v.inr and exhilaration we "would give all j
i tho songs collected by Professor L'mai
[for oiie of those incomparable chanteys i
! v.-hioh buoy the sailor above the blight- !
j ing trinesa of his daily task. After i
! all, it Is for some rhj'thmic, ■siedioas j
j stimulation that you go to a -- -•'■' j
I thoujrh It be one of the crudest snatches j
I on tli^ lips of a peasant, and it is puz- ]
\ zling that the cowboy should not stir us j
1 -with so much ac the faintest lyric touch. i
j Prcfossor Lomax intimates that hfe may, j
Jon som* 1 future occasion, give us the
j music f«r th»- pJeces in this 1 took. ' • is •
! certainly n^f-dt-d, to raise those pieces to j
; their full value, reviving- whatever qual- !
i ities of sung, pure and simple, they may
<' diPoloM who*-' yiven forth to the night
I around the campflre or over the backß of |
i a thousand hurrying- cattle. Meanwhile, j
j we c&mc bock to th" homely truths em- !
: bodiert in these compositions, the bits of j
i roujrh description, the odd? and ends of j
: character and life. Commonplace, un
| impasSi"ned. and. to tell the truth, un-
J lovely into the bargain, the Ronps of the
I roivboy are at any rate sincere, bringing t
uf nesirer to the m»?n <>f the West.
At the rece&t dinner of th*- Eiißliali
| Aulhors' C!ul> Mr. G. L. Gomro«», clf-rk of
; the L«on(ioii County Council and ex-presl
; dtnt cf the Folk Lore Society, men
• ticned in lii? apeeth a bricklayer who hts |
; ieameii to read hi? Homer in th*> original
! and another WsrstSßgnMll whb hSk.' read
j all through Livy without Knowing &
: v.ord of LAtls, eiicpiy bectuss- hi -ovts.
! the rhythm uoc cadence of the Jen*
! euEjre. Mr. T. C. TTorsfoid, another
> apt-.. contributed en anecdote if a j
| man v.ho. like Mr. Gomme, tra* i SIS
ar;- ofttcial. A'rthony Trollope, ii? said,
; waa outr ar>;Kiii)ted a surveyor or in
j sj»t^tor of lajics. and in t!iL« <;haraoter !
I rout iralted upon by v deputation. After
;a very heated discussion Trollop* said UJ j
them: here, J want you t<» un- i
■derstaad one thi:;?. When 1 write to !
i you that 1 m» Jfur humble ao£ >b©dient j
?t»rv^n! I urn damned wll novhinp of t!»*»
j ps.rx." Mr. WorsfoM eaiO that it vrtte
I undfrytoy.) that Mr. Itudyard K1!''!?:K 1 !''!?:
tl^d b'^-n compelled to leave H'»Ttinjrt!«'rtM
i<>""ii!^ to thr tTlpj*era. ihe canwran acd j
' the autograph nonttr*. That rrut nuliit j
Tr .,,, ;,,,) he had discovered thit ihe I
■ '^rimaf Immediate <-auic of Mr. '-
iKitilirr- U:«vii!c nns 'Jsai tii- ••oh]
•Ir■.-•■'.',1 r ■.-•■'.', whfcii ht ««.-> axl»c<l wl.al v.nf j
the fare from Brighton to Rottlngcle-in,
replied: "Well, sir. it Is Is, M., but for
Mr. Rudyard Kipling it la 10s. Gd."
A Charming Book of Travel in
Henry Jsmm lawman, Illustrations by
Walter Kinp Stone. Svo. pp. 2*3. The
Housbton Mlfflin Company.
Mr. Forman's was not a literary pll
prrimagtC the suggestion of his title to
the contrary notwithstanding: He made
the Hartzreise according to Heine's pro
gramme, even to ending It, like him. with
the Bracken and at Ilsonburg at the foot
of th« castle of the "Wemiserodes, but
the poet served him as a tourist guide
even more than as a poetical inspiration.
His chapter headings are taken oftener
from Goethe than from Heine. All of
which does not mean that he did not fe«l
and does not Buprfrest the literary asso
ciations of the region, but that he gives
s . full share cf attention to its scenery*
history and abundant folklore, for the
last of which he has. indeed, a. manifest
fondness, retelling many a legend by the
way. He wanders into the early days of
the Holy Roman Empire at Goslar, re
peatedly stumbles upon reminiscences of
the Thirty Tears' Tar. of Tilly and Pap
penhcim; draw-E with laudable justness
of observation a Saxonian G<:heimrat atid
hig family encountered en route, sketches
other German fellow tourists as well as
the local natives ■with penuine interest
and fairness of point, of view, and, lover
of literature, only quotes his poets natur
ally, on the spur at the moment, from
memory. The smell of the lamp hi not
Ir his pages. Be was out. on a holiday.
of which this book is a by-product, never
having been, one thinks, its chief aim
and purpose.
He started from 8 ng«» of. courre
—like Heme — one of the poet's many
.shrines, a shrine also of Goeths. Cha
misßO. the roistering student Biemarck.
whose name is still to be seen scrawled
or, the wall of the university career, and
of our own G*r.rg-« Bancroft. The
Er'vcken ho climbed on a day of dismal
rain, vhich gave him only a brief
glimpse of the beautiea of its view. The
nlsrht he spent In the Brockenhaus on the
peak In no less appropriately sombre
A cool blanket of thick cloud met our
warm races as-, we opened the house door,
and we could not bee a foot before us.
Xhe wind bowled most dismally about the
wtadou-a an? shrieked savagely into chim
ney and cornice. Now ami then snatches
of song were grotesquely mingled with its
cries and waitings' spurts of rain whipped
the panes from time to time. ... it
v,-as exactly the night for a ditches' revel.
. I now understood *by the Brocken
vat the altar of witchcraft.
The first known climber of the
Brccken. Mr. Forman informs us inci
dentally, was Tileman Stoltz, a cartog
rapher, who ascended the mountain In
1560. Among its famous visitors are
Peter the Great, who visited Its peak in
1007 Goethe, who followed him eighty
years later, and. of course, Heine. The
author speaks with admirably repressed
bitterness of the f unicuiar railroad which
now carries trippers to the scene of the
Walpureis night, and of the picture
jwistcards that are sold there— grievous
profanations of romance.
With the "problem" of Heine Mr. For
man does not concern himself here. He
dots not quote Matthew Arnold; he does
not pity or analyze or rhapsodize. His
book is one of the Hart* mountains for
the general reader, not merely for the
iover of Heine, who, however, will be
gladdened by an occasional passing allu-
Fion. unobtrusively slipped In, that may
well lead him back to the pages of Mr.
Forman's guide.
Its History and Heroes in the
Nineteenth Century.
Thtt Story of thf City and of Its Peo
jil<- During the Nineteenth Century. By
>.!;,'-■ Caroline Crawford. With numer
ous illusTratiom:. Svo. pp. six, 411. Bos
ton : little. Brown &. Co.
Mips Crawford's new book i*= a con
tinuation of her "Old Boston Days and
"Ways," its opening pages being chrono
logically dovetailed into the closing oneß
of the earlier volume, the process being
neatly employed, furthermore, wherever
any of its separate pubjects requires this
tr^aTTnent to Indicate continuity of de
velopment Thus, for instanr-, her
chapter on the "Old Tim 6 Hostlerles"
continues v.ithout a break the earlier
record set dovm in "Among Old New
England Inns." Miss Crawford has the
knack of assimilating the results of
vide reading and moulding them into a
coherent vhole, and a gift of selecting
for Quotation that never goes astray or
wanders too far. She is an admirable
popular historian, who allies to accuracy
4 vivifying touch that makes informing
reading delightfully entertaining and
A? she closed her "Old Boston Days
and " ; ."ays" with the change of Boston
from a town Into a city, so she begins
"Romantic Days la Old Boston" with
that event, which was nut brought about
v.ithout much searching of heart. In
her fourteen chapters she deals with
transcendentalism and abolition, with
theatres and artists, society and famous
visitors, with the exeat Eoston fire— a
mi.'-pust in the history of the city— and,
finally and unavoidably, with Boston as
a literary centre. Throughout she gives
their full due, but no more, to the
women who have added to her city's
glory, whose fame has also become it*
own— Margaret Fuller, the women of the
abolitionist period, Julia Ward Howe,
Charlotte Cushman, .Mrs. Harrison
Gray « 'ti?. to name at random, but a
few among no many.
The finest Bower of the romance of
Boston in the nineteenth century Miss
Crawford find? the Brook Farm experi
ment and the triumph of abolitionism,
in both of which she sees a hope and 3.
promise for the future. The chapter on
the Brook Farm experiment « a worthy
example of her gift of wide and careful
reading and appropriate quotation. To
the world &t large it is a closed episode.
.■;...:. foiled because, in Dana's hard
headed phrase, "It did not pay." To
her it is a prophecy of what yet may
income a world- wide reality. It is moro
or lea* in connection with this that she
takes ht-r text from the triumph of the
In these present day* of social unrest,
wlit-Ti a compact minority ..: American
citizens ar«* sure that certain definite
thing* in the *-:uvi-rnm»;nt of »ur country
ar« vt-ry wrung. a.liljouKii rc^i^tfuliy ad
inittiiiK that thi-y hoo n»> Immediate proa
i •«"«•• of tfi'-lr efteetlvfi betterment, tt should
rebuke tlieir faintheartedness in<] eb««r
their Ktulx to reflect that tl«- treat work
i>r that other minority known as ■•ibolt
tiont?tf' Mas «rnompli«hi'f] (n Mbout thirty
rears. The ni'-n who net thli trcmendou?
movement in motion actually lived to t-e«
their cause yon ''in<i v.er* oW1p?-<1 to look
about for fwrther * > v!l« In n*-t\ «»f devoted
Mi** Crawford nlTvny* !iivr» !it
Houn'fs, thus faciUtotins a f,'ld<-r ""tiiro
of reading for those who deslrp to spe
cialize, once their interest has been
aroused by her general treatment of her
subject in its many phases. The illus
trations .are- numerous, and all of them
well chosen. The book will find its way
Into the hands of other than Bostonian
Americans, as its predecessors have al
ready done. It certainly deserves their
New Novels of Life in America
and Abroad.
art Kdwaru* White. Illustrated in rolors
by l^ejaren A. Hillfr. 1-nio, p|>. W4.
Doubleday, Page te 00.
Mr. White writes of a subject close
to his heart, and he writes of it not
only with enthusiasm, but with fulness
of knowledge. He holds the balance
fairly, his partisanship is for a cause,
but there la no enmity, no prejudice
'p&inst the men who in their day did the
ftiHn things whose doing tho rapid
development of the country demanded,
who did them In a rough and ready
fashion, without thought of the future,
wastefully amid an apparently inex
haustible supply, but yet beyond the
waste produced wealth, not merely for
themselves, but for the nation as well.
The book impresses one by its scope,
and tba assured skill with which this
mass of material has been handled.
First there is a picture of the olcltime
lumberman and his methods among the
last remains of tho wealth of Michigan,
of the life and daring: and skill of the
camp; then th« scene shifts to Califor
nia, where virgin forests are to be
stripped of their tall, upstanding
treasures. It it- here that the old is con
fronted with the new, heedless waste
with thought of those who are to come
after us; It 1c here that Is unfolded the
evolution of the idea of regulation and
supervision into that of preservation
and reforestation. It is here, also, that
is epun the tangled web of bribery and
corruption in the early days of the for
est preserve, of breaches of the law and
political influences in distant Wash
ington, of the losing fight of small
men against rich and powerful com
bines:, of unscrupulous exploitation for
private gain at the public expense.
Mr. White never for a moment loses
the attention of his reader, his etory
never loses Its interest as a etory. That
ie Jts great merit and value both as
fiction a.nd as an economics document.
The cause '*■ always presented behind
and through strong, living men, the
Straggle is primarily between individ
uals we have coma to know well, and
only then, though no less potently, be
tween causes good and bad. It is a
tale of the strivings and doings of men,
in which woman plays but an incident
al part, and one »s made to feel that
this is as it should be. Another treat
ment of It would have impaired its
strength. "The Rules of the Game"
contains no puch mighty figure cf the
old dispensation as the railroad mag
nate of Frank Norris's "Octopus." but
it gives us a giant of the new, matur
ing toward the fulness of his powers.
None the less one gives the book a place
of honor beside the "magnum opus"
of the writer whom American litera
ture lost all too soon, and, in placing
It there, reflects that in power and sig
nificance the later book surpasses the
older one, it la so convincing an argu
ment for the days to come. One wishes
"The Rules of the Game" the prosper
ous career it deserves, not only for this,
but also because it is a capital story,
whose author's mastery of an enormous
subject is nothing short of admirable.
B : Meredith Nicholson. Illustrated by
C. Coles Phillips and Reginald Birch.
32m0. T>^. 40v. The Houghtoa Mlffita
The opening pages of this extrava
ganza promise good fun. The dialogue
moves at a lively pace, the ways of the
Asolando— a pre-Raphaelite tea room
where pretty waitresses quote poetry to
the customer— are droll enough, and a
character of beguiling eccentricity is In
troduced in the person of Vim Octavia
H olllster. Pleasant expectations are
roused, too, when the scene shifts from
New York to a country house at Ka
tonah. and we make the acquaintance
of a young woman whose heart li evi
dently the object of a fantastically uiys,
terioua siege. But then, just as we are
comfortably ready to be amused, Mr
Nicholson proceeds to bore us half to
death. Ho Is whimsical by main
strength. Starting with the idea of be
ing light and gray, of writing: a clever bit
of nonsense, all gossamer end sparkle,
his inspiration has speedily run out and
left him to nog a trifling theme with
pathetic resolution. The characters are
so many characterless puppets, their do
ings are heavily preposterous, and in
that dialogue for which at the outset we
have such cheerful boj>cs the shallowest
Xunniments, occasionally garnished with
elans, take the place of wit. For a joy
ous lark In fiction, such as Mr. Nichol
son has essayed, humor that comers bub
bling to the surface without the smallest
effort is first and last Indispensable
Mood In a book of the sort is everything.
Mr Nicholson, we fear, has missed the
By Marpuerite Bryant. 12mo, pp. ?-■•-.
Duffield & Co.
There is reflection, a woman's under
standing and sound knowledge of eco
nomic and Industrial questions in Miss
Bryant's new story, which, long us it is,
answers for itself the question of the
proper length of action. Anne Kemp
burn, the daughter and companion of a
widowed country clergyman, feels the
call of the hour: she must go out into
the world, be of service to her kind. She
tries a sisterhood and charity, then ad
vances to a secretaryship with an
authority on labor problems, who passes
her on to the president of a British Iron
workers' union. All this is familiar ma
terial for a novel of the hour, but the
distinction and merit of "Anne Kemp
burn" lie In this, that the author pre
sents consistently the outlook of a
woman who is also a truthßeeker on the
tangled. Jarring clash of labor and enp
itul, the iuextricabh) muddle of ■;. in
fnresti of men und th«'lr methods of
fighting for what they believe to be their
rights. There Ib. of course, another side
to the story, that of the inner lire, of the
emotions that drive the Individual, find
this, too, v complex as existence Itself.
A notably abl< wrloim ;m<] plgniflcant
THE GIFT.WIFE. Ky Rupert Hush-s.
Hlußtrat«4 1?mr» V! . 11*> Ttfoftnt "Vaj"«i
«• Co. ;':
Rut for h)x infirmity Dr. David Jebb
"mi id !><■ ...rie of th* gr»-nt pursreoti* of
the day. As It Is, he must content him
self with a good practice in a small
Western town, whence he can disappear
on the plea of l>"inir called East once a
year when the appetite — It Is more than
a thirst— assails him. He always returns
cured for the time being, but without the
slightest memory of where he has been.
or what has happened to him. oi^ what
he has done. This is th* point of de
parture of Mr. Hushes's ingenious and
diverting tale. Dr. Jebb, who lost con
trol of himself and his actions in the
Ostend rxpreas bound for Southampton
and hoiriH, wakes up In a harem In
Uskub. tended by a heavily veiled
woman who talks deliclously broken
English. The complications and de
velopments mu3t be read In Mr. Hughes's
highly original fiction, though it may be
added that Dr. Jebb hud with him in the
train a child and a valise containing
§10.000, both of which have disappeared.
Foster. Illustrations an! cover design
by Paul WUbelmL 12mo. pp. CS«. Th«
.T. B. I^ippincott Company.
This story of an aeroplane, an air
man, Arethusa herself, a treasur« and a
vllJaln Is constructed of the flimsiest
material that may possibly please the
fluffiest of young- feminine romantic Im
aginations. The story is fairly well In
vented, if already lacking in original
ity, but In its details of Incidents and
minor characters it is little short of silly.
Arethu«a Is a member of a society whose
chief aim is the promotion of proposals
of marriage by girls- tint the air-man's
sojourn with this sorority is an inter
lude with no real bearing upon the mat
ter In hand. The book is a strangely
confident product of Ingenuous amateur
ishness, but may find its way Into plrla*
boarding: schools, ■vrherc however. It v.MII
most likely create tr.-o diametrically op
posed opinions.
A Group of the Masters Arranged
for Children.
Plutarch, is always good reading.
Therefore, although primarily Intended,
one would Judge, for classroom use,
Mr. F. J. Gould's "The Children's Plu
tarch" (Harper & Bros.) may well be
numbered among the holiday books. Mr.
Gould has separated the Greeks from
the Romans and placed them in sep
arate volumes, thus doing: away en
tirely with the parallel system of the
original work and with the compari
sons, known not to be Plutarch's work,
which accompany most of the pairs.
Mr. Howells furnishes an introduction
to each of the two volumes, chiefly ed
dressed to parents and teachers, who
may find Mr. Gould's ethical indexes
of practical didactic use. The versions
are adapted to the understanding of
children from ten to fourteen years of
Eleven of Shakespeare's plays, both
tragedies and comedies, bur. excluding
the historical dramas, have been re
told in "Stories from Shakespeare" (T.
T. Crowell & Co.), by Mr. Thomas Car
ter, who thus chooses to enter into com
petition with the work of Charles and
Mary Lamb. Ho tells the plots and
outlines the characters with a satis
factory measure of skill, quoting from
the originals with understanding and
purpose. "Romeo and Juliet" has, of
course, been adapted to the require
ments of the audience in view. The
stories will no doubt facilitate the first
steps of the beginner in Shakespeare,
and may even hasten his direct ap
proach of the Master. There are six
teen, full-r-asre color Illustrations by
Gertrude D. Hammond, R. I.
A companion volume. "Stories From
Dante" <T. Y. Crowell & Co.), has been
prepared by Misa Susan Cunnington,
who prefaces her tales with a sketch
of the Florence of Dante's time, which
la aIEO a brief biography, and with a
few pages on Beatrice. Th» plan of
Inferno, Purgatorio and Paradisio 5s
briefly outlined, then follow six stories
from the first, five from the second end
eight from the third. That of Paolo
and Francesca is not among them.
Therp is a brief reference to Virgil, of
course, and th*< necessary explanation
of the Ptolemaic system, but tho author,
remembering her prospective readers,
keeps wisely to the surface of her poet's
A Remarkable Study of the
French Peasant.
Paris, October 22.
The late Jules Renard, who was per
haps the greatest of the robust, rugged,
sincere, open air writers of contempo
rary French romance, has found a
worthy disciple in M. Gaston Round,
who in "None," a rustic novel pub
lished by Plon, has composed a master
ful portrait of the typical old peasant
of Burgundy, with long, sinewy neck,
bewed beneath the weight of the serf
dom of the soil. Nono talks to his
donkey as to a friend. He is cunning,
avaricious, yet kind hearted, and "not
too much of a robber." Nono is one of
the few really grand characters of the
French peasant^- to be met with in fic
tion, worthy of a place beside Balzac's
Pere Fourchon, Zola's Buteau, Jules
Kenard's Jaquot and Charles-L«ouis
Philippe's Gazet. the roadmaker. We
see this tall, wiry, bronzed, sandpaper
skinned Nono, suffering from the in
justice of his comrades, tortured by
the cruel Infidelity of his wife Nenette
and worried by the faults of his little
daughter Laurette. In spite of his too
frequent drunken bouts and volcanic
bursts of ill temper old Nono touches
a sympathetic chord in one's hwa.lt. and
we find him. after twenty years of tor
ment, opening hVa arms in forgiveness
and forgetfulnesa to hiH truant wife
and turbulent daughter, who have both
come home truly repentant.
M. Eugene Welvert, author of "lien
demaln3 Revolutionnalres," makes a
valuable contribution to the history of
court life in France during! the reigns
of Louis XVI and Napoleon I in his
work "Autour dUne Dame d'Honiieur.
Francoiae de Chains, r»uchesso de. Xar
bonne-liUra, 17;{4-ISL'I," published by
'iiiiuunr:- i - Family letters and
diaries not before published form the
basts of this solid volume of sketches
of eminent persona, anecdotes und per
sonal episodes. The Duchesse do Nar
bonne was a (laughter of that Mmc, d»
Chalui who was lady of honor to th«
Comtesso de Toulouse, daughter-in-law
of I/oui.x XIV. Thoroughli Imbued with
.fuurt traditions. . th£ duchoeso pu&soil
forty years of her Hfn with IfSM Awl
laid", the eldest and moat lnterestlni;
daughter of l.oui» XV, Her brilliant
and talented con, C<<unt Lout* >i<«. Nar
bonriK, minipfr of T.ouis ~XVI duriris'
tiio legislative assembly und efterwiard
This month there was such an unprecedented
increase in the orders for the November issue oi
that the entire edition, which had been made
tinusualiy large in anticipation of the demand
for Helen R. Martin's splendid novelette.
and the continuation of M X AVOC," by E»
Phillips Oppenheim, was sold out
the last copy one veek after publication. It will
not be the fault of your newsdealer if you ars un
able to obtain a cop}-. We apologize for the
disappointment to many readers this month,
and promise to try to make the otiput of the
December issue large enough O avoid this un
fortunate shortage again.
452 Fifth Avenue. N>w York
A HISTORICAL survey of the co-called "magical remedies" of
A HISTORICAL survey of the so-callec "magical remedies" of
IJL olden times — such as medical amulets and charms —
in? that they are in reality the forerunners of modern psy
chical medicine. Dr. Lawrence has sought to emphasize the fact
that the efficiency of many primitive therapeutic methods, and the
succcs? of charlatanry, are to be attributed to mental influence.
B*co. $2.00 net. Postage. 17 cents
Boston. Mass w^w i a. ■ v**^
The Conservation oi Natural
Resources in the United States
Inquire nt mnw heokstore.
aide-de-camp and ambassador of Na
roleon. was. during a brief period, th©
diplomatic rival of Talleyrand, and had
not his career been cut short by death <
from typhoid fever at Torgau. in 1515. 1
would probably have become one of .
the foremost figures of his time.
Napoleon granted a pension to Louts j
de Narbonne's widow (whose portrait |
by Mme. Vigee-Lebrun is one of that ar- j
tist's finest works) and to his mother, the I
Duchesae de Narbonne. Although the |
duchess remained faithful to th«» old i
regime, Louis XVIII annulled th© pen- !
sions at the restoration. During the ,
"hundred days" that ended with "Water
loo Napoleon paid the arrears of these ;
pensions out of his own purse and re- '
newed them; but they were again can- ■
celled by Louis XVIII during the second
restoration. Strange to say. Louis XVIII I
Kent the venerable duche3Be tC messen- ;
ger with a 1.000-franc banknote. Th-> !
duchess*% eighty years old at the time,
returned it to Louis XVTH with the ;
words, "No doubt the King, wishing t.<
roak? a charitable offering to th« poor
of the parish, had mistaken the ad
dress." The dignified old duchene died .
in her modest flat at No. 3- Rue Basse- !
du-Rempart (now being Torn down to (
make way for a new street, Rue Ed- ;
ouard VII), in the eighty-seventh y«ir
of her am on July 7. IS2I. Her son.
Napoleon's favorite. Count Louis de
Narbonne, according '<• the current «<•■- .
up of tin- flay, declared to bo accurate |
l>y Count F£tlor Golovkine in his '"S«jLive- i
Bin et Portraits." was real tho son
of th* Dauphin (eldest won of Louis XV) |
ami hi» uulf-aiaier. Mme. Adelaide. Tills
. .perni Is naturally denied l~n the present j
gtssßsflras M. Weivert « Look r«ntalnt; *
trustworthy references to many histori
cal person, _ including Mario Antoi
nette, Hlrabea'i. Mme. d* Stael. Napo- t
l&on. Talleyrand. Fouche. Bfaae Vig*?- |
Ltbmn. Prince rt» Kaunil: and Gouver- i
nour Morri*. C I, F,
Mrs. Ro^rt B. Mantel!. ~ry MUST.
Blanch* Bates. Israel Zangwtil *""* Tmn^
other famous pia'-ers and playwrisrfcts -■*-
late in November NAUTILUS th*iT . '*****_
experience* with New Thought. Christian
Science, etc Other hie features. inclisE=jr
new poem by ELLA WHEELER TIjCO*.
November NAUTILUS, JOe a' all ne***
stands or by mail from Box *«. H»lyea>»
Mass. ,
The latest American and EngH«S
books, also French and German
novels, may be had at the Mer
cantile Library, Astor Place &Sta
St. Branch.l4l Bwav. Room 715.
Books delivered at residences.
ant Sour -. of EnuuukUng from is* >!»» f^T*
Skyudel; how mi.: why ixmoctvetl to raatt* ■<"*
fl!fht». (»•■.: on Pag« <C «>f booh.. "Uv* la
!r the Stomach ■ By J. M. Pugna or!gtn*tjr
and author; al*> of 'The Hash cf rn!»i»si*.
Th» two books, first edition, cut do. • posrp*!-
J. M. DJka.NAUU PuMlaher. P. O. -v* *■»
BrookJyn. N. T.
WRITE ME: can r«t you any &•»>* < v **
published tiu any aubieot. Th» moil •*S«r*
book Cnder extant. Wnflf) in l'ncumt ci*!! »a 4
•^* my S»O.(H»U r»r« bowks. IIAKCK'M GKEAT
BOOK SllOf. Jotn Brlj[ht «t.. BinaicgSjun.
Current Talk of Things PresenJT
and to Come
"Th» inv-eiler on the Threshold." Mr,.
Robert Hichen*'s new novel, is. ua w»
have already unnuuarpd. to appear as
a Herlui in "Thi» CW^urv."* Another -
novel from his pen, a long one, *W '
bo published by Strikes next rear. It
Is to bo called "Dolores."
The enlartrd edition »»t' Dr. Pa»-'*
Toynbf^a ••l.if* of t>ant*«,'" which "*»-*
published f hf oth»>r d*> saassstßi rßW***
net** matter and lasss t'** Ulratra
tlons On? of th«s« iUtistratlctT'S >$ ff,
& little bnoTrn •rofus bust of ttf po*r.
A translation sf th» "E?r*nsctlas* '*..
*? sssri the hairdresser of Que«3*

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