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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 22, 1910, Image 1

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V" LAX •••>" 23.412.
SCORE KILLED IN
QUAKER CITY FIRE
V^'alis Fall. Burying Thirty-five
Firemen and Fifteen
Policemen.
IES TAKEN OUT
BUT SIX BO
Man? More Pinioned in Ice-
Coated Wreckage of Morocco
— Dying- Men Talk
as Rescuers Work.
j fßr 7e':c?raph to The Tribune.)
--• leiphia, Dec. 21. — Twenty firemen
«ad -policemen lost their lives to-night,
w j HS two wails fell in a, fire which Be
5—5 — ; the five story brick building of
D. Fricdlander. leather dealer, No. 1116
11-0 North Bodine street. More than a
,—, — of others have been taken to hos
rJtalF. 'VVt
Six dftaud have been taken from the
ruins. Of those taken to the hospitals
hslf a dozen have fractured skulls and
art internally injured. Their chances
of recovery a*e slight-
When Bis second wall fell six uottoc
rrjpn ?rd Bremen were killed. At the
«im? the wall collapsed there were about
thirty policemen and firemen working
close to the tottering pile of bricks.
Fifteen of this number were able to
rush from dassjer. bat the r«maind . r
iverc caught-
It is not thought that any of the men
•*ho are yet beneath .the mass of debris
•will b*> rescued alive unless it can be
cone within an hour or so, as the weath
er is bitter cold, and in their injured
condition they will probably be frozen to
iieuih before the rescuers can reach
them.
While the firemen v ere fighting the
f\?m«=-3 from the roofs of adjoining
duelling houses the south wall of the
big Bttftdtas; crashed down upon them.
At th time there were at least thirty
five mem on these buildings, and all were
earned down. Six of the unfortunate
men were later taken out dead. Twelve
v <•,«=. able to extricate themselves from
thr - us of bricks and twisted iron.
Chief Baxter had entered the burning
building to call his men out. as he feared
that the walls were doomed. Just as he
stepped within the fire gutted structure
v.ith the order of "All men come out!" the
■rrhnle building crumpled and fell. The
men who also are thought to have met
iretsnt death were mounted on an ex
tension dkler. and ten were seen by
hnndreds «f horrified spectators as they
vrr bulled into the ruins.
While tlie llaines had only a moment
v^fore lit up the sky. the scene was left
in complete darkness. The electric light
.■■"-• «■ were cut by/the flying debris.
Hospital ambulances and patrols from
al! parts of the city were called and.the
■work of rescue i»/*.- 44 '' Scores who were
„:- the outskirts of the building were
taken to hospitals.
It was st first Thought that Chief Bax
ter had met instant death, but soon
afterward the chief, bleeding from a
<jozen v.r.unds. was seen fighting his way
nut of the burning: debris.
In the rear of the building the res
cuers heard 'he voice of George Filer, of
Truck 2, calling for assistance. As they
dragged ar.d chopped the debris away
the flames started to spread rapidly in
♦ hr- direction -where tlie man lay im
prisoned. - close were they that they
rould enei'urace him in their race with
the tire to reach him.
Tl:< sc<zr,Q which followed the crasb
of the falling south vail was sickening.
Thousand? of gallons of water had al
r^ady Itcen thrown into the burning
and there were at least two
Feet of ioj- water in the cellar.
The first two bodies to be taken from
the debris were those of Patrick Carroll
2nd George Xacliinsky* Their heads
"»■€!■« crashed almost beyond recognition.
A few moments later the bod:, of
Charles Erderman mi .pulled from be
v^3th a heavy girder, and John Carroll"-
body -,<3i I3k«=n but shortly afterward.
lyrd^rrrii.Ji"? fact; va? buried in a nia^s
of Ice snd John Carroll •> as frozen stiff.
vniile tb*? injured were being removed
from one sid«i of the building the groans
•of other firemen could be heard at the
<-'th«r cf the burned structure. Will-
Isn.- Glazier, ■■' Engine Company 6, and
Harry BertoKt. «f Chemical Engine 2,
v Vj.. f. pinioned by heavy girders,
-»r T (i abl° ••> talk with the rescuers -i"'d
Cir€<-t their vork.-
T\*h^n Glazier was finally rescued
frotn beneath the debris be was almost
Iroz^:-:. BTidIISMTTH whose body was be-
r <-. ; t5- Glazier, was frozen stiff. The
i'.f had caked on We fat«\ formins a
perfect mask.
In tl.p meantime a greater disaster
*ss -threatening tl»e ,';) who were
biaSed in the ruins. The north wall,
had remained standing began to
tetter and fears were •ntertained that
it b-ouW crafh down upon the unfortun
*i»e'nrcnv-ii at my moment. Assistance
K-is a^k«d .»f •..,. Police Department and
Ptperfotendent Tayl«.-r hurried 300 po
hv<m"!i t<j tlie ■oem with instructions
to t^ar the wall down and to prevent
!' st .-II cards, from falling upon the
bit Frozen and seriously injured men.
DEATH FrOM MOTHERS LIPS
Infant Absorbs Poison from Mouth of
Parent Who Shallowed Acid.
N>» Orleans. Dec. a.— After swallowing
'• larpf dose of carbolic acid it her home
here s>j-day. Mrs. Mary Kadolich Jay down
«m thp btd with h<r lip.s mussed to these of
3;er five-days-oM infant, which she nrmly
clasped in h<:r mm. When found the baby
*as <ie«d as the twit of absorbing the
"CM from its mother's Up? and Mrs. Ka.io
lifJi ua* dying. - It i* wild *■« quarrelled
•»"h h< :r husband last night;
PROMISES 1,100 SPEECHES.
{By Tc^graph io The ' Tribune. 1
i-ofclnn. PC 21.-Ma>or Fitzgerald will
piay the part of Santa Olaus si the Salva
'son Army h^adiu^rtprs Christmas Day.
*v«en Lio9 Christmas baskets will be given
•tray to i»oor familiar. Finch ba-K't will
contain food enaoigh for Jen. To ess 1 pgrj
K*u who receive? * <Ud from the Mayor
b« bam proniit <J a speVch*. Thi l.i an*
J.K-> short ftddn ■ •
New drink Christmas dinners. Dole's
Puw Hawaiian Pirn-apple .lvi"- Serve cold.
— A'Jvt
Tn-da.r and »o-m»»rro»v.
TAFT TO PLAY SANTA CLAUS
Will Give 102 Turkeys to Mar
ried White House Employes.
Washington, Dec. 21.— President Taft
"will play Santa Claus as usual this year
in giving away Christmas turkeys to all
the ' married employes of the ■ White
House and the executive offices, includ
ing the policemen on duty in the- White
House grounds. It will require 102 birds
to nil j all the baskets, and the expense
will be In the neighborhood of $350?
It Is a time honored custom of Presi
dents to distribute turkeys at Christ
mas.
EVERY HORSE INVITED
Novel Christmas Dinner Planned
in Kansas City.
[By TeJegTaph to The Tribune.]
Kansas City, Mo., Dec 21.— An inno
vation in Kansas City this year will be
a Christmas dinner for horses. Through
their owners all the horses in the city
have been invited to call around at No.
1311 Baltimore avenue some time Sun
day.
Tbt feasi -is being arranged by the
Humane Society. Each sue*', will be
allowed to get on the outpidr of a large
sack of oats and all the hay it want.=.
There should be much whinnying and
many hor^e laughs in tbe neighborhood
of Baltimore avenue.
FORTUNE FOR DISHWASHER
Mother of Dead Wife Leaves
$25,000 to Wanderer.
'"leveland. Dec 21.— William Sturnpf. a
dishwasher in a local restaurant, is mak
insr plane for a "•grand" Christmas cele
bration. He was notified yesterday that
his mother-in-law had died at Pinckney
ville. 111., leaving him $25.(X>0.
Ptumpf has been a widower ten 3~ears.
After his wife died h<^ became a wan
derer, finally coining to Cleveland. Hl3
prospects for the holidays were not any
too bright until late yesterday, when
William Cowen. his brother-in-law, who
had come from Pinckneyville, entered
the kitchen of the. restaurant and ap
prised him bC hl< good luck. Stumpf
was found through the publication in a
newspaper of a letter to Mayor Baehr.
PLIGHTS TROTH WITH BOOKS
New Jersey Physician Calls Ring
"Symbol of Inferiority."
rrty Telegraph to Th» Tribune.]
F'assai<\ N. J.. Dec. 21.— The engage
ment of Miss Gertrude Siskin to Dr.
Morris Korshet. one of Passaie's leading
physicians and Socialists, was announced
to-day at a reception. at the home of the
bride. Dr. Korshet surprised the guests
by giving Miss Riskin books by Victor
Hugo, Balzac, George Bernard Shaw,
Ibsen, Tolstoy, Zangwill and others in
stead of an engagement ring. Speaking;
of his departure from the time honored
custom, he said:
"In times long gone by man either
captured his female partner or purchased
her.. from her parents with present?.
When she was" his he- : p]aced r a crude ring,
upon her finger. It was regarded as a
symbol of Inferiority, and made the
wearer appear in the light of personal
property. Miss Riskin will not be my
chattel, but my equal, my companion and
helpmate."
CONFESSED SLAYER FREE
Judge Sends Him Home to Eat
Christmas Dinner.
Pittsburc:, Dec 21. — Bent with his sev
enty years and crippled from the beat
ing by th«» man whom he later shot to
death. John Bennett, a veteran of the
Civil War. who pleaded guilty of murder.
was freed on parole to-day by Judge
Robert B. Fraser, and to-night his oft- >
expressed wish that he mig'.it be at home
with his family before Christmas is real
ized.
Carl Peterson attacked Bennett in Oc
tober, beating him until he was barely
abl^ to crawl home. -Peterson followed
him and the old man tottered to a cor
ner of the room, reached for his old
army musket, which was loaded with
shot, and fired at Ms assailant, killing
him Instantly.
WEALTH ON 6!RL PRISONER
More than $1,000 and Diamonds
Revealed by Police Search.
Giving her ago as eight years older
than she looked— which was about twen
ty-two—a woman was locked up in the
Adams Street police station, Brooklyn,
last night on the charge of grand lar
ceny. She said her name was Lydia
Hill, her native city Quebec. Canada,
and her present home, No. 701 Dawson
street. The Bronx.
While Detective Downs as in a d*>
partment store in Pulton street, Brook
lyn, yesterday afternoon, he noticed the
young woman leave one elevator that
had just descended and step into an
other that was about to ascend. He fol
lowed her and saw Miss Hill's hand, he
declared, steal into the bag of Mrs.
Charles O'Connor, of No. L 56 Washington
avenue, Brooklyn.
At the station house her bag was
found to contain a gold watch, twenty
five subway tickets and $172 02 in
money, according to the police. She was
st-arched by the matron, and. according
to her report. 5000. two unset diamonds
and a diamond ring were found in Miss
Hill's stocking.
NO CONCESSION BY ENGINEERS
Western Railroads Will Make Their
Answer to Demands To-day.
■ Chicago, Dee. 21.— The managers of the
Bixty-one Western railroads will pive their
final Will to-morrow to the demands or
their engin«:men for a. wage increase. Com
missioner • Neil!, who ?ias been acting as
mediator in the wage dispute, to-night in
formed the railroad managers' committee
that the eßffaeera refused to concede a
sJnKl'; point In their demands.
' Commissioner Nelll held an all day consul
tation with representatives of the Brother
],„,„] of locomotive Engineers.
MAY CUT 200,000,000 QUEUES.
Victoria,. H. C Dec. 21.— The date set for
t|M removal of the qufii<-s from th« heads
of male Chinese w*m December v and when
the itesjnshlp Aymeric left China, a few
days before! th* edict was being generally
observed.
Assuming thai nearly two hundred mill
ion queues will be cut "ff. the human hair
njsrkft may Bf «luHsi
NEW-YORK. THURSDAY DECEMBER 22, 1910.-FOI RTKEN PACES. **• PRICE ONE CENT - <"• t.'BWVffliiTg.^'rff."-'**
DUVEEN PURCHASES IN
GOeNINT'S CUSTODY
P. A. B. Widener. of Philadelphia.
and Benjamin Altman Return
Objects of Art.
OTHERS EXPECTED TO DO
Nine Actions for Forfeitn
Begun — More Will Follow,
Total Invoh-ed Being
5600,000.
P. A. H. Widener. the traction magnate
of Philadelphia, and Benjamin Altman.
the New York merchant, have handed
over to the customs authorities art
objects smuggled over by Duveen
Bros., according to the statements of the
government agents. Other smuggled
articles will be sought for in the homes
of wealth}- patrons of the international
art dealers.
ThLs information was obtained at the
offices of Henry A- Wise, United States
Attorney, when it was announced that
nine libels had been filed against Duveen
Bros, for the forfeiture of rare art ob
jects, either smuggled or undervalued by
the fimly Among the customers of Du
veen Bros, in this country were John
D. Rockefeller. J. P. Morgan. Mrs. Collis
P. Huntiagton. Cftazies P. Taft, Henry
C. Frick and Grorge J. Gould. It was
said sonit . of the art objects sold to
these customers were smuggled over, and
the?- will be called on to hand them over
to the government.
Purchasers May Sue Firm.
"We will go after smuggled goods, no
matter where they are,"' explained Will
iam L. Wemple. Assistant United States
Attorney, who has charge of the prosecu
tion in the Duveen case. "There is no
intimation that those in whose posses
sion these valuable articles are found had
any knowledge they were smuggled, but
the government will confiscate them, and
tbe purchasers have their recourse
against the firm from whom they were
purchased. As .soon as the attention of
llessrs. Widener and Airman was called
to the fact that articles in their pos
session had been smuggled, they cent
them to the customs authorities. It is
expected fiat the other patrons of the
firm will follow the example thus set-"
The government will not seek to re
cover from innocent purchasers articles
that have been undervalued, but only
those that have been smuggled. In the
case of goods entered at figures lower
than the real value, the government will
peek to recover the withheld duties and
the value of the articles as well from
Duve^n Bros.
More Libels* Expected.
The total value of the goods which
the government asks. the court to declare
forfeited at "tho ' present time -'•".vin
amount to *GOO.OOO. Nine libels in for
feiture were filed yesterday, and four
more .will be entered to-day. The nine
complaints entered yesterday covered
good.s of which the foreign value. In
England or France, was $404,015 19. the
duty 5?n,845 28, making- the home value
£450.7<50 47. Claims on the goods by any
person who has any proprietary rights
In them must be filed by January 10.
Among th*» articles mentioned In the
various schedules were: A settee and ten
arm chairs. ?14.032; old Italian bronze
figures, $15,556: old Italian bronze group,
51 7.828: Limoges enamel coupe, $10,050;
two square China vases. £1 1,283, and $13,
223; one sofa, and eight chairs, $42,137 55;
large sofa, $ 1 1,942; ten tapestry chairs,
$16,135, besides a number of cabinets
containing Wedgwood ware and chess
men.
In the four libels to be filed to-day will
be scheduled a lot of valuable nigs which
are held at the Appraiser's stores for
undervaluation.
SAYS BOOKS WERE ALTERED
Serious Charges in Suit Over
Milling" Company Merger.
Camden, N. J.. Dec. . 21.— Serious
charges are contained in an affidavit
fUod with Vice-chancellor Learning here
to-day by counsel for the stockholders'
protective committee, which is applying
for the appointment of a receiver for the
American Milling Company. Frederick
Maurer, formerly private secretary to
W. W Glbbs, of the Marsdon Company.
which was taken over by the American
Milling Company, a ?3.506,000 corpora
tion, alleged that he was "instructed to
alter the bool:s of the concern so that a
profit could be shown," and avers that
■when he "refused the books were altered
by a bookkeeper, under orders .of the
board of directors."
The hearing on .the petition for a re
ceiver will I»p heard by .the vice-chan
cellor on Tuesday. Thp stockholders' pe
tition alleges that "there has been a
loss occasioned by waste or niismange
ment of 81.848,601 to the stockholders."
COLLEGE REFUSES 540,000
Acceptance of Endowment Would Im
poverish Donor's Family.
"Washington, Perm., Dec. 21." — "Washington
an <! • Jefferson College relinquished claim
upon a 540,000 endowment to-day because
it was feared the widow and six children' of
tho donor needed- the money more. Before
his death, a year ago, the donor, who was a
graduate, made a codicil to his will be
queathing the $40,000, wlii'.ii. was in addi
tion to $10,000 he had" already; set apart
for the college.
president J. I). Moffutt made the ' an
nouncement of the rejection at a meeting
of the board of trustees to-day, saying' that
In accept it would diminish the estate so ad
to leave an insufficient amount for the sup
port of the^widow and her children.
*It is believed that In making the. codicil
the donor overestimated the value of his
estate.
RABIES FATAL AFTER TWO YEARS
'port Huron, Midi ., Dec. :j.—Mleb Nettle
jfeConchfe. fifteen .-.ears old, who.was.bit
ten by a dog' two years hro, died to-day
from hydrophobia. Bhe was taken eick
about three weeks ago.
A USEFUL CHRISTMAS PRESENT.
Assorted '- as « Select**) Ire*. $*, $5, $6.75.
fj. T. Pewey \ Sona Co., 13S Fulton 6t . N. T.
•-AdVt.. , V _ . . ,- ;.; y_.., ■[]
MEN WHO HOLD THE BALANCE OF POWER IN SUBWAY SITUATION.
Controller Prenderjrast and President Mitcliel <>f th*» Board of Aldermen, with six votes in the Hoard of Estimate, ar«
opposed to the Interborougu's plan. Three additional votes would insure the rejection of the proposition.
GEORGE CROMWELL,
President of Borough of Richmond.
(Photograph by Fach Brothers.) "
"COUNT'S" WIFE SCORES
DUCHESS OF CHOISEUL
Former Miss Lunt Calls Accuser
of Husband and Self "Viper"
and "Shameless Woman."
ALMOST A RIOT IN COURT
Letter Signed 'Duke of Choiseul.'
Denying Right of Former
Mrs. Paine's Husband to
Title, Shown.
Tours. France. Dec. 21. — Sensational
incidents occurred to-day at the trial of
the self-styled '"Count" d'Aulby de Gat
igny and his American wife, formerly
Miss Francesea Lunt, of Boston, who
are charged with having swindled the
Duchess of Choiseul-Praelin in the sale
of spurious pictures during the lifo of
her former husband. Charles Hamilton
Paine, of Boston. The closing moments
of the trial this evening almost devel
oped a riot.
"Countess d'Aulby. who was ca.lled
to the witness stand after her husband,
bitterly attacked the Duchess of Chois
eul, designating her "that vioer. that
shameless woman, who tried to wreck
my home."
D'Aulby's lawyer. M. Bernard, attack
ed the counsel for the duchess for allow
ing her business agent to sit beside them
at -the bar and practically direct the case
for . the prosecution. i~ This . unpardonable
breach of etiquette of 'the French bar,
he -declared, wag an insult ; to the dignity
of the profession. \
Cries of sympathy broke out, and soon
the whole courtroom was bn its feet
cheering and j hooting. ' Judje \ Roberta
pounded helplessly, but was forced to- de
clare a recess, to 1 preserve order.
After the recess M. Bernard sprang
another surprise. He read a letter,' pur
porting to be signed by the "Duke of
Choiseul," claiming that Choiseul, the
husband, of the former Mrs. Paine, had
no right to the title of "Duke of Choi
seul"; that he was merely the Duke of
Praslin's representative, a junior branch
of the house of Choiseul, and a. grand
son of the Duke of Praslin "of bloody
memory."
"Countess" Confuses the Court.
"Countess" d'Aulby. unlike her hus
band, speaks French with wonderful
rapidity, but nearly drove the aged judge
to despair by nervous lapses into foreign
words, sometimes English, especially
when the nams of the duchess was men
tioned. She exclaimed in anger, speak
ing with reference to the plaintiff:
"I didn't know her relations with my
husband until later, but if I had known
T would have driven her out like the
shameless viper she was."
The witness said that, she had met
d'Aulby in New York, and had married
him for love, being especially drawn to
him by reason of his musical abilities.
She never mixed in her husband's busi
ness affairs, and only knew as a fact
that he had Fold pictures to Mrs. Paine.
The witness refused to answer ques
tions of the opposing counsel which were
calculated to show that she had con- |
spired to heighten the plaintiff's interest j
in the pictures, saying that persons so
alleging were "liars In the first degree."
To complete the day a Parisian ex
pert who examined the, paintings pur- !
chased by Mrs. Paine testified that some I
of them 'were desirable i copies, others !
passable, but that none was what the
catalogue pretended. He admitted, how
ever, that they might deceive the ordi
nary amateur.
D'Aulfay Asserts Good Faith.
D'Aulby's defence so far as Indicated
is that in filling the galleries of .Mrs.
Paine'B .home in ; the Avenue Bois de
Boulogne with .works of art and stock
ing the cellar with wines he acted in
good faith as the confidential agent of
Mrs. Paine, an office which came to him
as the result of personal friendship. .
The defendant to-day . was asked re
garding his ■ financial resources at ■ the
time that he met his companion. He'
admitted that .when he married Miss
Francesca Lunt," of Boston, his bride
brought him approximately |1t>4,000.
D'Aulby declared that he had never
said that the pictures sold to the Paines
were genuine masterpieces, but had al
lowed them to- be authenticated, by
American experts and by American
newspapers which had suggested that
the works in question be exhibited at
the Metropolitan Museum,' in New York
City. He added that even the late E.
H. Harriman had been Interested in his
offerings and had manifested' a desire
to deal with him!
The accused insisted that ho had re
ceived a letter from Paine Just > before
lie sailed tor America, and shortly prior
to his cleat* in .Boston,, "following the
■Hiss I Ions! letter incident," reaffirming
the writer's option 'to buy TVAulby's
pictures for $200.000 l
CYRUS C. MILLER;
President of Borough of The Bronx.
MORE THAN 300 MEN
KILLED IN A MINE
Explosion in English Colliery
Occurred Soon After Men
Had Gone to Work.
HUNDREDS ENTOMBED ALIVE
Rescue Work Delayed by Dam
age to Machinery, Which Pre
vented Lowering of Cages
— Cause of Disaster
Unknown.
Bolton, England. Dec. 21.— More than
three hundred colliers lost their lives to
day in an explosion in the Little Hulton
colitfry of *he TTulton Colliery Company,
which is located a little distance outside
this city.
The. explosion occurred early in the
morning, soon aft<=>r the miners had
entered the pit to begin work. Its force
was terrific, and later investigation
showed that the lower passages had been
blocked. Heroic efforts were made by
rescue parties all day long, but a fierce
fire which followed the explosion pre
vented the rescuers from penetrating be
yond four hundred yards Int" the work
ings.
The explosion to-day resulted In the
temporary disablement of the machin
ery whereby the cages are lowered and
drawn to the surface, and it "was con
siderable time before the first rescue
party reached the bottom of the pit.
In all, they brought out eight men still
living, but the majority of these were in
a serious condition from the noxious
gases. Ten bodies also were removed
and twenty additional bodies were found,
partly covered by heavy falls of coal.
Rescuers Return to Work.
The colliery fans were started again
late to-night, and the air was found to
be fairly good. Arrangements were then
made for relays of rescuers to go into
the mine every three hours throughout
the night. Toward midnight two more
miners "were found alive. They were ter
ribly burned, and are in a critical con
dition.
It ma announced that forty bodies
had been collected at the bottom of the
shaft, and they will be brought up as
soon as possible A flicker of hope still
animates the leacucrß that more men
may be found alive. Doctors, nurses
and ambulances are still on the scene,
and relatives, mostly women, are linger
ing in the vicinity.
Among the incidents was the death of
a rescuer, who. anxious to reach his two
sons who were entombed, got in advance
of his comrades, and forfeited his life
from afterdamp.
The King has sent a touching message
of sympathy.
Bolton is a manufacturing and colliery
centra, about fifteen miles from Man
chester- Its population ie about 2UMIW
TO CONTROL WORK IN MINES
Latest Tragedy in England
Causes Demand for Regulation.
[By Cable to The Tribune. 1
I,i>ndon, Dec. 2L — Th« terrible colliery
disaster in Lancashire, following .«,,
HusHy upon the tragedy at Whltehaven,
is almost certain to cau.se a new demand
for better regulation of tbe WOrti in
mines.
During the last ten or fifteen years
the methods of production, in the coal
mining industry have changed. The dou
ble shift Is commoner, the" use of ma
chinery is more widespread and electric
power is being largely employed. In
brief, there has been greater intensity
in the exploitation of mines and the coal
owner has manifested much zeal in ap
plying science to the increase of profits.
"This is. of course," says "The Daily
News," "entirely legitimate, but have the
precautions for safeguarding the lives
of workers been • correspondingly de
veloped? The evidence of the death rate
suggest.- that they have not, and scat
tered about various reports there Is other
confirmatory evidence." .
"The Kxpress" says the whole sub
ject of coal mining will have to be re
viewed la the light of recent experience.
6rSOBGE MA.NKNV.
President of Borough al Manhattan
HOE TOUTS HUNDREDS
INTO STREET IN COLO
Flames in Williamsburg Tene
ment District Do $100.
000 Damage.
FACTORY ORIGIN OF BLAZE
Several Buildings Still Ablaze at
an Early Hour This Morning
— Schoolhouse in
Danger.
More than one hundred families were
driven out in the cold late last night by
a fire which started in the wood turn
ing factory of Greene & Sons, at Nos. 43
and 50 Boerum street, Williamsburg-. and
threatened to destroy completely several
nearby tenement houses. Adjoining the
factory is Public School 41. Two com
panies who were "washing down" the
school building had a narrow escape
from death when the wall of the factory
toppled over into the courtyard.
With the thermometer hovering- only a
few degrees above zero and a bone
chilling wind blowing, the half clad ten
ants suffered great hardship. They were
forced to race out into the night with
hardly any warning, and most of them
I had- no time to get clothes to protect
themselves. For more : . than two hours
, they, had to remain out in the cold, as
[ the firemen found the wind would carry
' the flying sparks to the roof s'of the tehe-"
i ments. ■ ~ '-'. . ■"/ r y^" T: "'\ '-„,/ '
f'■ So' rapidly did the flames . spread that
by the time the first company arrived
the' factory building was enveloped in
flames. There was a strong northwest
wind blowing and a second alarm was
turned in at once. Even with the addi
tional lire fighters working desperately
the fire raged on unchecked so that two
more alarms were quickly sent in. The
high wind carried the sparks to the
tenement buildings across the street,
setting them on fire. • ....
. The reserves of four station houses
soon were on the scene and helped to get
the men. women and children out of the
burning buildings. The blaze spread to
Nos. 49 and 83 Boerum street, and it
was with much difficulty that the oc
cupants were taken to safety.
Not a few of the tenants greatly ham
pered the work of the firemen as well
as of the police by trying to save
their household goods. Trunks, suit- i
cases and wearing apparel filled the halls i
and, stairways, and it was some time be
fore the police could get these out of
the way and clear the passages for the
people.
The flames at Irngth gained such head
way on the firemen that Chief Lally or
dered a fourth alarm sent in. This
brought out several more companies as
well as Chief Oroker, Commissioner
Waldo and Deputy Commissioner Dris
coll.
In addition to battling with the tene
ment houses to say" them from being
burned to the gTound the firemen al?o
had to look after the school. Twe easa
janies \v*»ro playing several lines of boss
on it wnea the wall of the burning fac
tory fell within a few feet of them.
"Were it not for fifty feet of space afcsad
the courtyard, thus affording the men
plenty of room in -which to pet out el
danger, several of them must hfen '•••■ ■
seriously injured, If not killed.
The flames illuminated Urn sky for
miles around, attracting thousands of
persons to the pcene. Chief Oroker took
charge of the fire, and at a late hour
this morning several of the buildings
were still burning. It was said that the
damage probably would reach $l<>o,ooo.
BUTTER RECORD BROKEN
A Holstein-Friesian Produces
37.28 Pounds in Seven Days.
Syracuse, Dec. '21. — Pontlac Clotilde
De Kol. 2d, a Holstein-Friesian- cow,
owned by Stevens Brothers, of Liverpool,
has broken the world's seven day butter
record, .producing 9GU9I pounds. Since
lDQS'the record has been o.">.">. held by
Grace Fayna 2d's -Homestead. ■ *
EARTHQUAKES IN PANAMA
Several Shocks, but No Loss of Life
or Property Reported.
Panama. Dec. 21.— Telegraphic advices re
ceived here report severe earthquake shocks
In the district from David to Nai David
is 205 miles west of Panama, whilo N'ata Is
sixty-four miles southwest of this city. No
personal or property losses are reported.
The Assembly has approved the lay de
voting JBO.OOO yearly to promote Immigra
tion.
ONLY 3 HOURS FROM BROADWAY
to Atlantic City. P^nna. R. R. through train
from new Pcnna. Station. Special returning
train D«c. 2f- leave- Atlantic City 5.30 P. M
— Advt. :--'/-■
SUBWAY PROBLEM
NOT YET SOLVED
Majority of Board of Estimate
Not Ready to Act Without
Further Details.
GAYNOR WRITES SWANSTROW
Cromwell Favors Competition;
McAneny and Miller Want Mora
Light : Steers and Greaser
Non- Committal.
From developments yesterday It' iu«itf
appear that the city Is still 'some 1 wajr
from the solution of : the transit ' prob
lem and the autual beginning of work
on new subways. -^Attention wa* fo
cussed yesterday *by * the letter of . th»
Public Service Commislon' to the Board
of Estimate, which said that In general!
it favored the latest proposition of * "*
Inter borough Rapid Transit Company.,
and asked tLe views of the board.
It was made clear that a majority erf*
the Board of Estimate were not in favor
of passing on the Interborr ,z ■> -•>-
position without getting a. clearer idea,
of the exact details, which the commis
sion said it wished to work out with ih»
company.
Borough President Cromwell cany. out
in favor of competition in subways, and
Borough Presidents McAneny and Miller
said they would not care to vote on" th»
"proposition as it stood, and the former
declared he would not be in favor of
passing on any modified or more detailed
proposition without considering at th»
same time the comparative merits of the
triborough system and the proposition
that the Hudson and Manhattan Rail
road Company made and then withdrew.
Mayor Gaynor in a long letter to J.
Edward Swanstrom, former Borough
President of Brooklyn, reiterated his
preference for a subway monopoly, and.
by inference, commended the offer of. •-!-•
Interborough.
j Borough President Steers of Brooklyn
and Borough President Gresser of
Queens, both refused to commit them
selves, but. were understood to favor
the monopoly idea, In subways. s
From statements made by various
members of the Public Service .Commis
sion it was evident that there would be
a considerable difference of opinion when
it came to making more definite , some
features of the Interboroush offer and
changing: some of the other features. It
was doubted that the Interboroug!
would be willing to give such generous
financial terms as some of the commis
sioners felt should be made by the com
pany if allowed to have a monopoly. ,
May Be Considered To-day.
i Although the communication of tlie
Public Service" Commission dl.l not reach,
the secretary of the Board of Estimate
in time to go on the calendar for the
• meeting to-day. Joseph Haag. the sec
retary, will take it to the meeting, and it
j may be considered, by a unanimous vote.
Ordinarily it would be referred to th©
transit committee, but those members
of the board who favor the Interborough
do not wish it to go to that committee,
as Controller Prendergast and President
3litchel of the Board of Aldermen, two
of the three members of the commit 1^
are outspoken in opposition to the In
terborough's proposition.
It is likely that some one will, offer
a resolution asking the Public Service
Commission to give the board mor^> '• '■
mite information as to what th* Inter
borough is willing: to do before- the ha - i 1i 1
is asked to act. Borough President
j Miller intimated his Inclination to tak^
this course last night. If there should
I be a motion to send th-> communication
to the transit committee it might result
j in a clear-cut line-up for and against
the proposition as a whole
According to an opinion of the Cor
poration Counsel received by Controller
Prehdergast. the city will have more
money available for subway construction
than had been anticipated. He held that
the money released from the debt limit
by the exclusion of self sustaining dock
bonds might be used for subways, and
inversely that money released by the ex
clusion of self-sustaining subway bonds
might be used for docks.
It was estimated that the money re
leased from dock bonds would amount 111 1
from. 560.000,000 to $70,000,000. This
would almost equal the amount that the
Interborough offered to add to the 553.
000,000 that the city now has available
for the construction of a new system. •
Gaynor to Sw^nstrom. . ,
In his letter to .Mr. Swanatrom, Mayor
Gaynor said: •
On account of the limited credit of th«.
city I have therefore been most anxious
all along to have the subways built in
t»art at least by private • ipltaJ. so that
they enn be >>i'ilt at once, and simultane
ously Ik all of the boroughs. ', instead #*f
being strung out duriusr many years wKi.'*»
city funds become slowly available.
The Mayor went on to say that th-»
city owned the subways, whether they
were built by private or public capital.
and added:
In other word*, we hare reached full an
nicipal ownership of our subway railroads.
But we have not yet reached, the period
of municipal ■■•:••!- ■•:■.. We let the- equip
ment and operation out to companies. The
people of this city will not be prepared tor
municipal operation until the] become suf
ficiently educated and honest themselves to
elect competent and honest officials, anil
thus have honest government all the time*.
When we look about and see the dishonesty
and graft which exist now we cannot wish
to add thereto by pitting the operation- of
our railroads in official hands.
The city having the ownership of sub
ways, the Mayor continued to say. it
would seem plain that we should have
only one system of subways, with, a
single ."-cent fare over the whole sys
tem. lie asked why any one should now
advocate an Independent system, and
answered :
They say that th« people want an hp
dependent system built in •:■-: ■-- to have it
operated by a "good" company— a sort of
Utopian company, which will not look out
for Its* own interests at all. -but only f<jr
the tnterfsts and convenience of all tfte
.....r „f ... Well, now. -where Is that "good"
company to be found? They have not
thoucpt that far ahead yet. Theory to
one tninsr; practice another. Did any en*
ever hear of. much less see, such a. coni
in- ■ as that?
I think all public service companies lock
alike to you and me. 5Ve never saw a
"Kood" one yet. But more than this, -» >■•
th» "independent" "vslppi Is built, tr:-? r%t^

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