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i Hl EtSDAY, FKBHUAB? 8. 1012.
This newspaper is owned and pub? lished hy Tat Tribune Association, n Sew York corporation; office and prin? cipal pla-r of business, Tribune Huild v,fi. \o. l?-l Sansau ntnct. Sue York; tit/in ?? M lilil? pr<si<lcnt; Conde' Hain? an, sfii'tari,; James M. Barrett, treat ??/ir. The takings of the officers is the office of this in ir|pgper. t.ri:-ri:iiT!ON RATKP? By Mall. Poet? a-je Paid. ? ut-ide of Greattr New fork Ua.lv sad tuadgy, one month.9 .70 i .1 Buaday, s'.n month*. 4.00 : md Sunda), ooa year..,.?. s oo Dally only, one month.50 Dally only, six months. 8.00 Illy, one year. 0,00 ?>..'". '?x in.nil.s.. 1-5 i.v year . 2-50 Foralga rabserlpttoas to all countries in the Ualvarsal Postal Union, including peataga DAILY AND SUNDAY: One month.gl.M One year.$17.00 SUNDAY ONLY: ?.x meatbS.I.YU*. One year.Id. 14 DAI i.v ONLY: One month.$t t*3 ?Ji.u year.$12.-8 CANADIAN* B ?TES. DAILY AND M'NDAY: One month.$ UO | One year.$10.08 DAILY ONLY: One month... S *>0 one year.$0.00 SUNDAY ONLY: One month.$ 70 ; One year.$1.58 Entered at the Poatofllca nt New York aa Second Class Mull Matter. THE SFIYS Tills UORSIXO. FOREIGN.?Geneial or.?/..-, declined the governorship of Chihuahua? Mexico; the past stms expected to u- filled i?y Abraham Gonzales: I'rauilis Hernandez, was reported tu have proclaimed him ?t-lf Governor in tii? name of Vaaquez Gomez. = King Frederick of Den? mark was ?aid to be suffering from pnei. monia; his condition was serion? =? W. Morgan sinister, ex-Treaaurer Gen? eral of Persia, had a long Interview In London with Sir Ldwar.l Grey. Foreign Secretary. **=-=_? Alfred SUtro's new play, "The Fire Screen," was produced in London with qualified succeaa -= A coal strike was threatened by the definite disagreement between owners and miners on the question of a minimum wa?e. -? The extra session of th-. Philippine Legislature ended with the deadlock o*ver the appropriation bills still unbroken. DOMESTIC?President Taft decided to appoint Charles Nagel. Secretary of Com? merce and Labor, to the United States Supreme Court, and nominated ex-Gov? ernor Myron T. Herrick, of Ohio, to ha Ambassador to France. =r= Solicitor McCabe, of the Department of Agricult? ure, issued a statement denying the charges made against the department in connection with the Florida Everglades. k-_ Legislation was being formulated in Washington giving the President added powers for the complete protec? tion of Americans on the Mexican bor? der. =~ Lawrence mill workers affili? ated with the American Federation of j Labor voted to demand a 1"> per cent j wage increase; the .Massachusetts Legis- \ lature ordered an investigation of the ? strike. -rr_rr The number of men indiciel in tho alleged dynamite conspiracy was ; said to exceed forty; capiases for their arrest were completed ai Indianapolis. ?:?- The jury was completed in the criminal case against the "bathtub trust" ai Detroit ,?? Charles W. Morse left Atlanta Cor New York yester? day; he will arrive here this afternoon. ==: A Hock Island passenger train was held Up by seven masked men at , th? western terminus of th.- railroad bridge which cros-cs the Miasli River at Memphis: it was reported only j a package <>t" registered mall was stolen, i CITY.?Sto. ks- wi re dull an?l irregular. I Frank cfotfyn twice circled the statue of Liberty in his hydroplane car? rying a photographer <>n his second trio. \ report that Dorothy Arnold was in Phils lelphia i !?.\?.-?l t?. i.e groundless, Colonel Roosevelt . statements out of Abra? ham Lincoln's writings as applicable t.? Ihe present political situation from bis j...sin of view. The wilis <>i' s wo? man and h?r nephew who died two davi ..pan were fll. I, showing that they were made ?.'i the ? . and each made the Bg?teo* ?i church now Lets ib.- r. . The - jHty records , indi case were d by Dlstrii Attorney Whitman, and they showed ths t two wlti ? - tas tlfled?Morthner i. Schiff and a ?private live. The Ami rlcan Tohacco Compon) declared the regular quarterly dividend on pi> i.iie.l Btock, but omitted thai on common, and ii was announced that President James B. imk.- w<? tire to ?become chairman of the board "f the British-American Tobacco Gomnan**. . ilE -vi. \'iiii:i.. -indications for to? day, i-air. The temperature yesterday: Highes?. :?". <i. gr?s. it ir>. TREATIES l.V/J 1 V \ /1 ERB I RIES. Some highly Interesting ami profitable reilections are caused by ihe approxi? mate coiuci.i.-ii? e of two anniversaries in our foreign blstor** .uni the Begotta? tion and. it is t.? be hoped, ratification of general arbitration treaties with two great nations. The other evening there was celebrated the one hundred end thirty-fourth anniversary o( the signing at that treaty of alliance with France which was bo important ? contribution to the success ?if our Revolution. Prepara? tions me now in progress on an Im ?ji'fssive s.a!o for celebrating the one hundredth anniversary of thai treaty o? Ghent which for the second and final time established penes between this country ami Great Britain. And I ?*rw weeks hence, it is r*oo_Mlentrv expected, there will be ratified general arbitration treaties between this country and those two. There is in these circumstances something which Will enhance the value of the treaty-making and tho ?*elebra tion of the a uni versai i?s. 'liiere is do occasion t<? spend tipp- in speculating npofl the motives of the French govern men? in making the treaty of alliance with us, at upon Um com? par?t i v<- values of ihe services ren? dered by I'.taiiniarchais _n?l Lafayette. Whether King Louis and Yergennes de siiiil the tiioi'?' to aid us Or to injure England is now an academic question. The great, salient fact is that France, or Frenchmen with the assent ami ap? proval of their t?overiiment, <ihi renda us services "i* simply Inestimable vain??. Of which this country can never cherish I *<". grai-fiil memory. Neither is ir pertinent t?. dwell upon the dlfferaneea of opinion and of policy which have arisen lieiw.iii this country and the liiile?! Kingdom in the last hundred years. The one essential fact, is that l?>r a hundred years the two nations have I??? 'i Si peace. uti*4 have been pretty steadily creating and strengthen? ing bonds of pete! which are now prac? tically nohrenhnble, it is to be noted tliat ilnring almost inathematl'-ally th? same identical hundred years Great Britain and Frau?*e have been at p< ton There have Ix-en disputes, some bicker? ings, and ;*t times strained relations all ground; but there have also been all ground liiMiP-ni .-s working for peace and for the ? ultivntioi. of those relations which should make peaeg perpetual. No .. H h pie eminently titling that these three nations should at this time ??ni. i- int,, something )ik<* a league ..f sweH reasonableuess and of inclination toward ill,- reign of Justice nttlier than of migiii. I'rom tin- historical point of vi?.\v there are in? other ihm- nations in the world whose association in the man r nor i?f?i)?.s??(i would be quit? **? ilgnil cant, and we may dOflbt If ?MW ???? any which would thus SXatl SO ureat a Influence throuijli example. The rat it ??ation <>f the pendil.;; treaties will !)?? Hi best jiossiblt* ?'ouiiiu'inoratii'ti of tins bUl dr?'d years of poaco, bocauae it will ' the strongest possible promise of oth?. peaeeful eentiiri?'s l?? <<>me. THE RESULT ?N FLORID I. The result of the slate and dlstrl? conventions in Florida cannot briu much comfort to those who aiv tryln t?) Obstruct President Tail's rencniiii; tion. They ?succeeded In engtaearrng secession and the election of contestiu delegates. Bat that invariably bappeii in riuriiia when there Li anj pmspo? Of a test ??!' strength In the nation:)' COI veiitiun. li happened four years ag when Mr. T:ifi was being opposed b Interesta desiring tbe nomination of less progressive randidate. it bappene in 1886, when there was an active pn convention canvass. Similar setjession are likely to accax In the other states ? the Par Bouth?Alabama, fieorgii BotSth Carolina. Mlaslesipp] and Louis ana?where the Republican voie i i meagre and Republican politicians re gard ih?' capture ??f a aeal In a nations eoiivenii.ii) as one of the great crises i politics. It has l.ccn repeatedly sln.wn thai i lakes only a moderate amount of mone; ti? nuance rxaatoata ttvm tttotm atatei But it has also been shown thai in nln cases out of ten poney upenl thai wa ? is a profltiesa Investment. There In : recognlged Republican organisation li | each of tin *e states, ami. it is empower* t<? op?rale the machinery by which dele trates t,. the national ronvention nr chosen. In making up the temporar: roll of the convention the national com tnittee ?s oiiUgrd to adhere t?> rule? und precedents and must ?rega?? ????ni ; pilanca with the procedure lai?! ?Iowa h; the recognised state and dl^trlcl com mitteea aa essential In determining tin regularity and validity of credentials It is obvious iii.tr If some definite ruk were not followed the committee w<?ui? be overwhelmed by a masa of frlvoloui contests, Involving do principle ??f parti government, but simply rapreaentini the ambitions of the outs t>? become tie ?IIS. About two bundled contesta of thli s?.rt were stii?tiiiti?'?l t'"in- years ago t? the national committee, which fount' after an examination that more than fu per ?-eut of them were absolutely with OUt merit. Tins the Florida contest! ! were thrown out. ami. aluce the Matar] , ..f 1?MK refle?'ted itself on Tuesday It that state with singular drcumatantlal ' ity. it is reason."ble to sasume that th? . ?intests now begun will have the sain? ! futile ending. Bo will practically all | the other guerilla operations attempted in ueigbborlng states. Thoas who think ! that they can defeat the Praaldent f?u renomination by fomenting party bolt? and schisms in th.? Far ?South are <?n a wild iroose chase. 77,/: DYNAMITE INDICTMENTS. Tile names of those intlicted by the r.?leral grand jury In Indianapolis for complicity In the union iai)??r dynamite outrages have not Leen made public but the diapatcbes intimate that tti?> labor leaden in the presen! net. like the t'ali foruia leaders Indicted at l.??s Angeles after the sentence of the McXamaras. are inen of local rather than <>f national prominence, if ibis proves to be the ??as" it will Indicate that the plot was widespread, ?t hast sinong labor leaders of the second class, th?? dynamiting? oe? Icurrlng in various parts of the ?'"iintry ? wherever the Ironworkers'' union was in I conoid viili employers. Tbe develop* meut of tbe Inquiry tends to -how thai 'when the McXamaras plain e?! i?? canae .un explosion they usually apprised local ;.?.re-eiiiatlves of tlii'ir union and ?'in pioyed their -??r\i?'cs s.. tar a> was nee ry. Rut if tti?' gorenunenl is able to prove such a widespread knowledge of tbe dynamite plol a tbe Indictments Just returned would indicate, is it to be ?-up posed thai this knowledge was confine?] merely to national and local officers ??f .t single union, and thai officials? of tbe Central body were nol able even to goes*. at what was happening? When only th? Mi'V-iiiiaras were aCCUSetl there was a degree <?f plausibility In the Ides that the explosions were the work of a small Land of SCSlOts, bul as e\ idciicc is de? veloped of the extent of th?' plot the ii?-?-?siiy will be brought home more effectively than before to honest and laW'Sbldlug .labor unionista of driving oui of the ranks g*| ibos.? who have I been In anj way responsible for violence and lawbreaking and <>f setting the or? ganized labor movement light ?before tbe public. The Indictments just hsiided down may serve t.? clear up tbe extent <?f the Idynamite plot. Some of those now t?. he prosecuted may furnish the govern? ment with Information about the com? plicity of others whose relation to the outragea has nol yet been established I Hi: A USER'S SPEEt II. William II has the courage of his puposas, lie. or bis government, has just raftered tbe most serious losses at the polls thai have been recorded In the history of the empire. The ?government "hi?.?'" lias been reduced to a minority ??f the Reichstag and the mosl numerous party of thai body, containing consld? erahjj more than one-fourth of all th.? i?ej.iiiies. ?s so hostile to ?le- Imperial government that it would not obey the Kaiser's rammons t?. aasemble in his palace to bear his ?speech at tin* opening of the session. Vet. the Kaiser pursues his policy undisturbed i lis apeeefa from the throne yesteitiaj was probably ?i>i ferenl In only a stagje reaped from whal it would nave been if the electioaa bad given the goverament "idoc" an over? Whelming majority. In the latter ease the imperial speaker might have referred to the \Indication and continuation of his government and the decline ?>f its eia-mies. Hut otherwise he would prob? ably have sp.iken jus? ?is h? ?lid rester? day. Sor Is this altitud?' ill (Sounded. The government has only a minority to de? pend iiixii) ta Its "hloe." Bui it lias the eomforiinu' knowledge thai a large fac* tion in the nominal op|ioslii<m will not oppose its policies on th" most important Issues which are likely to arise. In th?. "bloe" then are ?miy nu. tigslnffl km outside <?f If. Hut tlmre are ggBOUg the latter no fewer than forty-six members of the National Liberal party. Who ob? viously hold the balance of power. These are inexorably oppo?sd ??> ?'l< ri'-alism. Hut titty are ?jiii?e rea?!y to vote with ?he <'?ericais ggalnsl Dggjocrtcy, or in NppoJTl Of the major bous of the g?>v ernmenrs pfftgrgBlnal Thus pre may expect t?i se?? i ht* present tariff rabatan? tii.iiy sastalnad, gad tiu?saijia*ii|lj the new coiniiieicliil treaties negotiated' on that basis. The programme of Increase in the army and "a\y will also be ap? proved. On these questions the N'a : tioiial I.ilierals are In pretty complete accord with the "bloc," and the*- will surely not betray it Into the bands of it. foes by sacrificing principles which they themselves cherish. in other words, the government will he supported not. as in the last perils i nient, by a "bloc" and no more, but by a ' "hi...-" plus an ally, its majority win be : less secure than it was. but il will con? tinue !.. exist, and may endure unbroken for a whole legal lifetime of the Kelclis tag. German politicians and statesmen are not in the- habit of doing momentous things without, adequate nwtlves, and it is impossible to discern any motive which would impel the National Liberals to Join with the Social Democrats in turning oui the government or In com? pelling another appeal to the country. If in these circumstances the course and manner of the ?government are somewhat more restrained and moderate than they have been at other times, s<> that there are fewer clankings of .Linker's sabre?- in the Reichstag, that fad may be cause for gratifient! >n. Bnl In any case we may accept the Kaiser's speech as ?in authoritative forecast of policies which : will be pursued by Ihe ministry and which we may reasonably expect t?> see approved by the l<vi? list:?:.'. VOT CLOSED. \ Mpeclal dispatch t.. ni.- Tribune from Trenton published jresterday con? tained this statement The Governor aleo refused to say any thlng about the edltotlal In The Tribun?* on ti.?* Harvey letters. In which it was pointed out thai his statements sin..- the heginnins ol th. controversy did not with the fact?. Joseph P. Tumul? ty, his private secretary, said the (_ov? enmr considered the Harvey-Watterson Incident closed, and thai h? ?lid n?>t In ; t< nd to reopen it. it may be convenient to the Governor i., consider the Barv<sy-Watt?****eou Inci? den! "closed." s., far as the severan?re of ! his political relations with the two colo? nels is concerned They have also Im.iIi Intimated that they consider themselves definitely exiled from the Wilson count '? in?_ room and council board. The public | is ia.i greatly concerned about the mere? ly personal phases of the estrangement I Hut it is concerned about the manifest discrepan?*** between the statements seemingly given to the newspapers bj Governor'Wilson while the rupture was in process and its details were still with? held and the confessions contained in tin- letters t<> Colotael Harvey which were subsequently published sir. Wil? son's silence will certainly prompt tbe| public to draw the reasonable conclusion thai be cannot reconcile the eontradlc-i tions t?> Which The Tribune has railed attention, l>oes be care to spread the Impression that be said what be did to representatives <.f The associated l*r< -- and of "The Sun" and "I lie Herald'' only because he fell confident al the time that his correspondence with colo? nel Harvey would aeree see the light of dav? .\s an exemplar of hii;ii thinking and straightforward action in pol?tica the Governor owes it t?. bis own reputa? Hon f" square bis interview-, with his letters. If be rein lins mute ?i -,v||I not Ik1 easy to believe that it is within bis power t.? furnish an explanation which will explain. MAJORITY VERDICTS. Getting away from the old system of requiring unanimity on the part of ju? ries, as th.- nhio constitutional conven? tion has voted t.? do in civil eases, is not a novelty. Other states permit binding verdicts t?> be rendered In such cast s in two-thirds or three-fourths of the Jury. None of them bave, bow?_ver, m far as we are aware, departed from the rule <>f unanimity Id criminal rases, ami the Ohio constitutional convention rotad to adhere t<? ?t. Yet much might be said in ; favor of permitting the vote <>f leas than twelve men to convict, ;it least of the ; i?---? i crimes. The usual srgument for verdicts bj a two-thirds or ihr?-?'-fourths vote of the jury Is that thus thn delay occasioned i.y th?- necessity of retrying eases In which one or two obstinate or stupid Jurymen bave prevented an agreement \ would be avoided. Su? h delay M proba? blj less common in civil than in criminal 'cases, for where the verdict takes ?M form Of an award Of money a ?miipro mise on some amount can u?uall\ be worked out still, the occasions when Must lee would be done if elghl or nine I of the jurymen, being in agreement could render ?i bindli _- r?****dici are no I doubt nnmeron . Hut the po.-sii.iMi,. ol \i rdlcl bj less than a unanlnions rote would have other beneficial effect than thai <>f oh vin ting retrials, I or one thing, Juries w ?ubi be L'ol much more quickly than ih?-y now are If a unanimous vnlici were not required it la the knowledge thai any single juryman may bj his prejudice, his stupidity or his disbon? ?cstj prevenl B verdict's being reached that makes counsel In importan! trials exhaust all their resources t<> sound the renlreman's pr?judices and t?esl his ca? pacity. If a couple of stupid or biassed men would make little difference, the process of choosing s jury would be more rapid. Furthermore, hi the actual conduct <?f a trial time would not be wasted as it is now In talking at sin'_'i ? jurymen of whose attitude counsel think ihe.\ possess an Inkling <?r on whom the." think i hey are making ?in Impression. A verdict by tliree-l'.uirths or two-thirds of a Jury would be likely t.? he common ?sense; accordingly common sense would ! be uppermost In Ott trial. Another danger, which was exhibited In the McNamara trial?the danger of jury corruption?would be lessened by doing away with the necessity of unan! mous verdicts, one of the provocatives to jury buying h the (?act that the pur? chase of a single juryman will defeat justice. The corruption of renlremei before they enter the jury box and that Is when corruption is generally effected - is an uncertain and .lancerons pro. ess. if four or five Jurymen had t<> bo bough! in order to ban'' a J'iry the llke llhood "f corruption would be Might. These are all arguments which are en titled t.? careful consideration whenever the advisability of modifying the an? cient system of trial by jury is under discussion, though heretofore constitn tioiial convenu?,us have pol found them coiivliicin-.'. ??? lar as criminal caaei N concerned. Justice Gerard's obssn at ion. thai ."*>.??.. Yorkers are too busy t?> tak?- time to pro? test against the tipping evil, bits tas nail squarely on ih<* head New forkers ar too busy at this ?ir that to do a con? siderable aumbsr <>f thtngs which they ought to do for their own romfort. wel? fare and credit Tii.-r.- is also too mucn of th.- fosllng thai with all its evils Hew Yi.i-i Is 'b. best possible of eltlos in th ? heel i "? i'i?- of wori?!-. it o-.u^it always to be possll.Jo to take time to rebuko [evil t" abate nuisance* to protest and t<? resist impositions and I to remove from eves tha most psrfect thing in the world those blemlshaa which are readily removable. The fact that a man baa ?' 9TI?9 de 1 eiiuent upon him for support does not S| peaur to be an alto.-rethet convincing reason why he should |Nis?n other nvn and their wives by selling rotten meat disguised with chemicals. James B. Weaver, wh?. died on Tues? day, ha.l almost passed out ?-? publie recollection. Yet he was once a figuro O? some ?'onst-fiiience In national polities. and sa th?' Popultsl candidate for Presi? dent in 1808 he received over one million and had twwty-two supporters in the i;iettorai Collage. Our esteemed I ??ontnrnporary "The Brooklyn tSafle" j mad?! an original contribution to history, however, when it said jresterday ?that be ?"was twice tbe nominee of political "parties f?.r President and received "electors] votes of states each time he "\\?is proposed." When he was the Greenback candidate in 1880 be received no electoral votes. When Gompers said "Go to with your ; Injunction." be m?-ant it in the Bhaka | snearlan pense, as he now explains. This illustrates tha ?langer Of any one but , Shakes).care employing Bhakespearlan j language. In th?-? final sheltflng of th?? Honduran i treaty the United Btatea ?records its refusai to help a weaker neighbor in distress. Governor Wilson la going to sddresa the Kentucky Legislature to-morrow In the absence from tbe state of one of Its mu t noted I>?'n.?>' rate- editora and ?colonels, win no;, thut Indiscretion ?'all for another "court of honor"? A good many <?f the tVeetern straw on candidates for the Presiden y n?.w ?coming In load one t.? think that "Th.- Brooklyn Eagle" must bava loaned out some of its lOOt postal card ai experts. There were some itoubts and criticisms ??f )he wi.iiinin, the practicability and Ihe I success ??f the revaluation system whlcn ! was applied to the railroads of Nan Jsr ssy by Governor F??rt Bui the outcomo ! <>f it Is that taxpayers are universally I gratified, while tha- railroad companies 1 sre sstlsfl? i .?n.i declare that the method adopted for ascertaining the valui the properties is f..r th.? flral time i aclentlflc one, and Is tha fairest ever ?'in ployed That makes it !? ?>k u though those who did the mark schleved the su| posedly Impossible. il a fter the me? ting of the Interborough ?ilr. t. ? ? that m tti r v i r.- non? at the point where s j aubwi nti ? t v ith the ? Ity could be drawn up within twenty-four I On? ? 111 be n ? do il i "n< \t w<. k " THE TALK OF THE DAT ???? .i: i ? Inter? I Ib rr.ent ? nt ..f ti tic Adirenda? kt I dim to B P Intend? nl ?.f Dr. W B? ? ird U prsssrvse. th- pr?sent irlnl iMe rme for the deer eotd ...nil-in?'! with > that kin? the door," ?ay? Mr. Antea We bave hs-i It amount ?.f sold W?aether. O/t.m tha ] i been thirty <>r raore <i II ! troubled with deep ?now ?.\??-,-n ?ha ? ?? d? ? r be?rome tl t and If the weather Is extn qui? klv . hilled through .?n?l ?li? ?nt winter has h??n favorable t" .1 i the reason thai whlh I . be,-n ??"I'l ; too ?!? -i. f..r the ?!??? r to i i oflw furnish? s the ? \\r '? r I ?'.; | lies?" In?-nlr- : | comb? ni Bvei i Ing but th.- < hewlns trum." ?*. ! ? ; , , . ? r journal. BUTTER AND BOOS A little "butter" now nu?! then , Is relish??I ' ? men. Although n "ni' raaki ? lb? m i \ if -*eoi !?? i iv i? ea toe thlch To grease I as ?hen should try. Hut must not r itter fly, Thorr n full i,', r Ar?i meet to greet full i ow, F.-w h ? ? ?r- lav?- the I ? t< SI ??Ire,), Bo "rots an<l .?? ? them tired. N.. setlng, though at it we stjoff, Bhould ??Kit: us on to cx? them ,,rr The klndl) egg and I.utter men re to be applaud? I i up the r*rl< .? ?if e ich 'I hey hoM ihem almost out ??! ? both eggs bnd butter are t< Too ?brat t.? traste Or throw ri<'. <; B M "Th???. 're marrll d " "What make rou think so?" "l j' si 11< srd film si Ina her n she >?? is ??ver aolna to learn n? put on h? r own ? satei i '? Iroll Fi e Pti ?"oliin? 1 "Abe" ?.rub? r. the arell knows Bepubllcan leader, is fon?i ef telling th?? following story on one <.f tip. budding young politicians of his district ""n.? day in the last campaign a bright young ehap in m distri? t came to me and asked t.. ?."'> on the stump for tbe Bepubllcan tickit," ;i|i| Hi?- ?'o'onel. "so I ?arranged It SO tiint he coui.i speak ?>n the followlns Monday In one "f the upstate eountlea He eras back again <>n Tuesday tboroughl dlegueted. Thai u.i a fine place you s? ni me i?>,' h>? ).roi< si- .1. in the half an hour I tried in every way to arooae tha aodleace I used my i. si oratorical effects and told 11?> les \? hlch ? i conrdd? rod good, bol foi si me reason i couldn't ?o-t ri rise out of them, and when I i flalshed i ?li'i not ?get s hru-UV 'Th.it's I nothing,' i replied, 'i spoke al a meeting there about :. year sgo and, bk.- yourself, ?couldn't gal s rie. Fit.all. t t..M ,i funny | story .'mu one f? u??w away back la the hall laughed uproariously. And "Inn the meet ii ?-; was over a committee waited on m?1 sad spologlasd for the disttirbance.'" "1 ? an t Bee Whj 1 Should attempt to pro? mue your play," said the """"?girr. "There to be nothing in It "The Ata>or of tills mwn has promised me that be will threaten to Mop it if >ou put it on." the eager young dramatist re? plied. "Hurrah 1 We'll put it in rehearsal at once, and In ?i'1'lition to being the author I want you to be ilic pr. ss agent"?Chi? cago l.e?'or?l-H? raid, I'lscitorlal vsrn swnpi" rs who e fsntSS n tales during the snowbound r-rn?-on hav?>. ii? ;<i the laurel, bid lair U> be outdone The fresh air "fans'' have entered the Bald ., (asm ?'? sncii'y open to all out door ?!?? ?.?rv "for the mutual exchange of rmeea" has bren ortranised In Chl eago. i'hnrles M. fiar?! h? ad of a print? empany, is the origtoatar of the fre.-ih air "fan" ?b-baUns sneietv .!?? says tag stafsa of all fr.si. ah "t*n " should be ?;?t as ?lose to the Indian aa possible." "We want t<> let the ootdoei stsspers to? gether for mutual benefit." he says. "I've basa alaaplsg out sin?*?? last lana and haven't had ? rouKh or cold jo far. I've pleked up In health wonderfully." Teacher (at?wnly)--?J???hnny. what m the matter '?iili 'our eye? If you ami Willi? .V'hli have .n tenting sgsln I shall give each ??! you i sood n hipping! Johnn* ?with tbe victor's generosity) Yes'in. Hut you nsadat mind about Hill; he's ha?l ids.-TIt lilts. Teople and Social Incidents * r THE WHITE HOUSE. i ri Th? Tribun?* P.ureau. | Washington, Peh 7.-The President I"* i celved many congratulations on the fact I that the first sixteen delegates to the Re? pu II. an National Convention have been instructed for him. and the indications that members of Congress and others are rap | Idly seeking comfortable places on the Taft i ?>an?1 Wagon ?ire obvious. I General Powell Clayton, national com mitteeman, and H. L. Remmel, chairman of the Republican State Committee, of Ar? kansas, assured the President to-day that j he would have a solid delegation Instructed , to vote for him from their state. ! Captain Bet_ Bullock. United States Mar | Baal for South Dakota and a close friend i of Colonel Roosevelt, paid his respects to I the President. Captain Bullock is working I hard for tho President, and is confident he I will get the South Dakota delegation. Representative ?Harden, author of the j sntl-tblrd term resolution, called at the \\ bite House, but was unable to see the ? l'r- sident. Ths 1 resident's callers Included the Sec ! retar** of State, the Secretary of War. the j Secretary of the Interior and the Attorney I General Senators Brown, Crane, Borah, ; Burnham, Bacon, Btephensot}, Foster, 011 \ v. r. Kayner, Stone, Shlvely, Warren and | i.ippltt. Representatives Anthony. Need , ham, McUiiire, Burke, of 8outh Dakota; (?illett, Pow.-rs, I ?a Follette, McOutre, of Nebraska; Porter. Hoffman. Austin and j Burns, ?x-Oovernor Curry of New Mexico ' and b\ tiali.r-el.'t James. Mrs. Taft attended ? meeting of the wel? fare department of ths Civic Federation at , the British Embassy this morning. She is SO honorary member of the society. The Rve girl frienda of Miss Taft who ! have been her ii'iests, for several days have returned to school at Br**g Mawr. THE CABINET. 1 i. in Tin? Till,un' Uureeu. | Washington? Feb. ".?Mrs. IfaoVeagh re? turn?.! ti.-i|;i-, from a short visit in New York She did nui bold h.r regular Wednes? day reception, but a number of the other < 'abloel women n celved. -e THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS. m Tb? Trll in.- H'ir.-aii. I Washington, Feb. 7.- The British Ambas-! ?ador at.ri Mrs. Bryee gave the use of the; embassy ballroon this morning f?>r s meet? lag of th* w?mien's weifan- depaftmeal "f ' the National Civic Federation. A. 11. Ham,' of New York, delivered a lecture on "Th-: Evils of Loan Sharks," being Intredueed by Representative Kahn. Mrs. arehlbaU Hop kin-? ami .?tilers also spoke. A hrtlHnnt au.li en?e gt.ted ths spiishera. Mrr?. Taft, Mrs. M? I'llntock, Mrs. Wi.-k.rshi.m, Mrs. John Hays Hsmmond, Misa Besst* Lfaramen-d, Miss Hoyle, Miss Leslie ?Page? Mra Win? threp Murray Crane, Mr.? Nicholas ixmg-' worth? Mi** lledlll MeComlck, lira w.t m. Miss t-Vetmore, lira Jamea Wads irortb, .Mi.*-. H?arbert Wsdaworth, Mrs. W. PlnchOt Mrs. Phil Sheridan, Mrs. Hobaon, lira Uttaner and Mr.? Morton Grlnnell being of the number. Another', meeting ol th* Mine organization win sajoyj ?pltallty of th* Ambassador und Mis.' Brj.n We.in? aday of nest week. Th* l'r. t!.*ii Ambassador returned this1 | evening from a hurried ?is'h te New York. Mr I??j.an. French second secretary, bus issy In of Mr ?le Persttl de la Korea. who is abroad, but win return ?o.-n. it la :?? thai ba win i.?- promotad te coun-i of ths embassy, In place of Mr. Le Pontalla who has been sppolnted ? ? Sl d'AS) will K" to New ..n February II to attend ths opera for th?- benefit >>f the French Hos? pital. She w:ii remain there for other ho. ? ?al engagt ; IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY. h The Trtt.une Bureau J j Washington, F? !? 7. The third of the' tors' Hermans oft srai given! at the New W11 lard t<>-n!gh?. and was o,ulte' ? .<?* IbOSa affairs always are. IS and Mrs. ?-. '" Draper received for the officers j of the committee, a/ho earlier la th? aven Una**** ?if William Hit f Taft was entertained at dinner to-, I.. I tenant and Mrs John W. Tlmmone, ahoso other guests were Mrs. Leigh Palmer, Miss rlarrwl Andersen, Miss Margery i olton, Mis.? Gladys lagsils, Mis.-. Ingalla Barnard, Mlaa Laells Psge, <uptam Bymlngton, ??f th* Mayflower; Major win Ssptatn tittle, Ueutanant ''o-.k. Lieu? ? Leahy and Paul Wlllatach. Later thej attended th? bache? germas Tin- Ru SSSSdor and Mme. Bakhmeteff, th? Qenna? Ambassador and CountsM ron Bernstortfi ths Postmaster encrai and Mrs, Richard n Townssad r?/er< smong th? guests enlortain-*d at din-; n? r to-night b) Mr. and lira Alexander Legar? ?Latei they ????<? guests at the g< rman. win.?m P. iiii.it- sntartatnstl a li:n.*h?-.n party at tha marin- barracks to- ? I . . nd Mrs. Thomas W. Svmonrta lined guests ut diner to-night, this ' ?being Colonel Bymonda's birthday. Mis?, Margaretta Bymonda will sail for England on Itarcb h\ and win spend the spring with her brother at oxford. / Mr. and Mrs. William Llttauer are enter? taming their nt.ee, Miss Dorothy J. M.inl?-?-, of N? w York, and gave a small dinner in her honor to-night preosdlng the ! ? germen. Mrs. O'dorman and two of her daughters' will Join Senator O'Oorman at the New Wlllard on Friday, and will remain In ?? Washington the rest of the season. j The ex-Secretary of War and Mr?. Ulck ? inson have gone to old Point Comfort, j where the latter will recuperate from an ! attack of grip. Mr. Dickinson will return here In a few days. The Playhouse was tilled with a repre ? s? ntatlvo audience this afternon to see ?' moving pictures from Dickens'? "Tale of ? Two Cities," given in honor of the Dickens j centenary. NEW YORK SOCIETY. Miss Kllen Granvllle Brown, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Waldron P. Brown, was married yesterday afternoon in the Church ! of the Incarnation, to C. Alan Hudson. ' The bride, who was given away by her | father, was in a gown of white duchess i satin, with a band of old family point i appliqu? lace falling from the waist j to the long court train, where it was : fastened with a bunch of orange blossoms, i The bodice was made entirely of this lace. ? The veil, which extended to the end of the ] court train, was of tulle, and was fastened i with a band of orange blossoms. 8he car 1 ried a bouquet of orchids ind lilies-of-the ealley, and her Jewels consisted of a string of matched pearls, a gift of the bride? groom's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles I. ' Hudson; a diamond bracelet from the bridegroom, and a cluster brooch of dia , mottda, an heirloom, from her mother. ? Mrs. Harold U. Talhot was lier sister's matron of honor, and the other attendants were Mrs. J. Victor onatlvia, jr.. Mrs. Lawrence Durant, Mrs. Morris H. Volck, Miss Alice Blebard and Miss Martha Kol.l.e. Mrs. Talhot wore a gown of mauve charmeuse and a large black Neapolitan Straw hat, faced with black velvet and trimmed with white feather... .The other alt? ndants were dresse?l in pale pink crepe brilliant, trimmed with muruuis lac:, and trefe black hats, with black feathers. They all carried boagSSta of pink roses. Heinlrik HUdSOO was Ills bioi'.-r's best man, an?l his ushers wer. another brother, H. ?Dentada Hudson; Francis N. Hangs, James F. Helges, Rdwln T. Pox. James M. Brown and Wright Brown. The cere? mony arga performed by Dees Urosvenor, of the Cathedral of _t. John the Divine, SSSlSted by the rector, the Itev. Howard C. Bobbins, ??wing to th<- recent death of tbe huiles aunt, Mrs. Anson W. Hard, the reception which followed at the bousa ef i Mr. ati'l Mrs. Brown, No. '?2 East 35tti was .?mall ami limited to relatives only. Mr. Hudson and his bride will Fall Shortly for Europe to spend their honey? moon abroad. The ?second and last of the Wednesday Evening Dane?-?, took plage last night at tiie St. Regis. The marble ballroom was used, and the ?laming was ??crierai until midnight, When supper was served. Among the patroness? s, many of whom gave ?linners previous to the dance, were Mr?. Oliver Gould Jeanlngf, Mrs. W. Coadby Loew, Mrs K. ?Trench Vunderbllt, Mrs. ? Archibald ('.. Thaeher, Mrs. Allen Apple ton Bobbins, Mrs. Morris W. KXlogg, Mrs. W. B. (?.-good Field. Mrs. John W. Pren ti'-e, Mrs. Forsyth Wickes and Mrs. Joseph Karl?- Stevens. The guests included Mr. ami Mrs. Edward Dclahei?!, Mr. and lira, M. ni-;.imery Hare. Mr. and Mrs. Clarence C, Pell, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Wluuhouse, Miss Sad!?' Jones. ?Miss Dorothy Tucker man, Miss If. Dorothy Karu, John Clinton Orsy, Jr., F Victor Loew an?i Barton Wilting. Abrara A Anderson gave a dinner dan?*e [ht al studio In West '??th street f?>r his niece, Miss Beatrice B? CUtlln, daughter of Mrs. Arthur B. ? iaflln. Among the dinner guests u,.r,. *,iIb, Bichard Bteveaa, Mr and Mrs. Stephen H. P. Pell, Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Oakley Khlnelander. Mr. and Mrs. Sb.tuy B. Br?ese, Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Durand, Miss Ellen H. Bogara Miss Katherine Lawrence, Miss Sa ra S. Wlborg. Misa Mary N. Wlborg, Percy R. Pyne, Id, Boell Holllster. Ham? ilton Fish, jr., J. Harry Alexandre, jr., Louis C. ?'lark, Jr., and Edmund P. Hegers. A f? ? additional ?guests ?-ame In for the dance, which followed. At midnight a .?eated supper was served - Mrs. James |*. DeerlBg an?l her slster ln-law, Mrs. Theron ive a dance at Sherry's last night. It was a late af ; i -, many of th?- guests coming on from ??ra and others from dinners There was s-*?n?-ral ?lancing throughout th?- ?veil? ing and a seated supper vs.is served at midnight. Among those Invited wer?* Mr. and Mrs. Albert /. Gray, Mr. and Mrs. Reginald C. Vaadarbllt, Mr. and Mrs. I.yttleton Fox, Mr. and Mrs. Dudley Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Ccurtlandt Dlxon Barnes, Mr. and Mrs. Julian McCarty Little, Mr. uni Mrs. John Aspearen, Qriswold A Thompson and Cleveland Cobb. Tim Misses Furnias gav?- a dinner last Sight at their home In Madison avenue for the Ambassador to the Court of St. James's and Mrs. Whltelaw Reld. Mrs. Frederick W. Vanderhllt will give a dance tn-nleht for Mrs. John Leslie, ot London Eugene Delano will give a musical this evening a? bis house, Ne s Washington ?Square. Dltinirs will be given this evening hy Mrs Joseph BtlCkney, Mrs. William- Alex ander and Mrs. Chauncey M. Depow. Mrs. Jsmes A. Burden Will give a recep? tion, with music, to-day at her house In Fifth avenue. SHUSTER SEES SIR EDWARD Ex-Treasurer of Persia and For? eign Secretary Confer. London, l'.'b. ,'. W. Morgan Sinister, the former American treasurer geaeral of Persia, had n long interview with sir Ed? ward Qrey, the British Foreign Mlnteter, this morning. Th? situation In Peral? was exhaustively discussed, and while no start? ling Chang? In British policy In that coun? try la expected t.. occur as s result of the Interview it can b* stated that the meeting m.r an entirely plasssnl sod eoiVlal nature, l.eth Mr. Hmster and Sir Edward Or?) obtaining ? better understanding of th. other** p.?int of view Mr Sinister has replied to M. Mornaids chargea against him In Tsberaa, which ha\e been talsgraphed to ths Belgian Min? ister of Finan..-, .-.ml which are to tlM .-i..-t thai th- Americans who until re? cently win- connected with the Persian sry Department srsrs guilty of fraud and left their books. In confusion. Mr. t?huster said to-day: "I was prepar? ing to audit M. Mornard*S customs ac ..mnts wh.n th.- Uusslan ultimatum de mandlng my dismissal cama, i belt*v* that th- ultimatum was hastened in order to him. My office never handled any r ish, even for the payment of salaries. All the ?r*COUnta Wer* passed by ?be Imperial .n Bsnk, who** books pro'..- ths hon? est] Of thS Ameri.an ailmlnistration." W. J. Oudendyk, th- Hutch Minister to r. ii. who la one of the candidates for th.- Persian in asurer generalship, Is now In London. It is believed that the British Foreign Office approves hla candidature for the post, which is strongly favored by the Persian Cabln?:t. WELCOME HERE FOR SHUSTER. W. Morgan Shuster. the deposed treas? urer of Persia. Is expected to arrive in this <lty on February 20. and the Twilight ?Club has planned a dinner In his honor on thit date. Mr. Sinister I** at present In. I?ondon. i? POPE NAMES. MEXICAN BISHOP. Home. Feb. 7.?The appointment of Vln ???tizo CaaSsUanes as Bishop of Campeche, In Mexico, was announced at the Vatican tp-d&y. PLANS JAPANESE SHOW Society to Give Exhibition of Flower Gardening on Astor Roof. The fifth annual meeting of the Japan Society was held yesterday afternoon at No '203 Broadway. Llmls.tv Bussen ?.reside.!, and among those present were Dr. Jokichi 1 Takamlne, Professor Honda, editor of the ! "Orienta] Review*"; Dr. Lewis Liv-inKston ? Seaman and Alexander Tlson. formerly a j professor at Tokio University, now s law? ><-r In this city. The foflowlng officers were elected: President, Lindsay Russell; rice proaldsnt. August Helm, tit; honorary vice-presidents, Jacob H. S< hilf. General Stewart I,. Wood ford. Dr. Takamlne and Kmerson McMlllin; secretary, Bugen* C. Werden; treasurer, the Manhattan Trust Company. Since the founding of the Japan Society In 10j7 the membership has grown from one ; hundred to six hundred. It was decid?.1 j that the society would give an exhibition of Japan*** flower arrangement and land SCap* Hardening on the Hotel Astor roof from March 1 to March 15. ????? ?j NEW YORK FROM THE SUBURBS. Now York City 1? not worried because th< groia debt of th? metropolis Is greater than that of th" United State?. In New York they faul that they are greater than the entire count**-)'? Elmlra Advertiser. N .v.- there Is scrn?- t:ilk of ?ettlng greater Now \ork and l.oriK Inland aside as a sov? ereign state of the I'nlon, to bo called Manhat? tan. Of co'urse. ihe talk Is purely along specu? lative Unes. It Is doubtful If anybody enter? tains It seriously. Yet that it should find lodge? mont anywhere Is Interesting.?Christian Scl SBS* Monitor. That Investigation Into the high coat of liv? ing at New York ought to bring out something John Doe Is t wholly repreaentatlve citizen, and probably has had the ?ame troubles as tho rest of us.- Indianapolis News. Twelve member? of a women'? whim club have migrated from Philadelphia for the pur? pose of doing New York. Whist ha? not been generally *jppo?ed to be the national game of the Now Yorker?.?Boston Advertl?er. Three Judge? of the Special Seaalon? Court In New York have decided that a negro buy? ing ?eat? In the orchestra of a theatre I? en? titled to u?e them. Certainly, if there I? ?uch 'a thing a? propertr right?Portland Press. STATISTICS OF HE RECENT RECORD IN THE U. S. Andrew D. White on That Merry Which Is Worst of Cruelties. To the Kdltor of The Tribune. Sir: Allow me, through your columns, to call the attention of various o.nclals and private cltlsens who are advocating still more lenity and virtual Impunity to ?he highest crimes. In this state and through? out the nation, to the statistics of hom' i clde for the last year published in "Th* ; Chicago Dally Tribune" of December 31 The first fact there revealed Is that the number of murdere In the United States I Is still Increasing more rapidly than OUT j population. From the year 18t?* to 1911? tvyenty-tlve years?as previous statistics : of "The Chicago Tribune" show, the nuin ! ber of homicides Increased from a Mai of ; 1,500 to over 8.?10 a year. Tha- ?second fact Is that ?luring? th> las? ; year fewer than one In one hundred of those committing these homicides were ! punished capitally. This shows an JnTeas j Ing relaxation of Justice, tbe number of per , BOOS punished capitally In recent preceding ! years having been about one In eight.?. Connected with this, sundrv facts, mainly derived by "The Chicago Advance." from I the Sheriff's office of Cook ?'ounty. Ill Chicago'? county, may b-> added. During the last two years there have been in that county ?553 homicides, of which more than three hundred were ' . old l loaded mir der?," and not one of these has beau cap? itally punisheil. |n Loulsvill?-, where the law still requires th*? hanging of murder? ers, there were forty-seven murders dur? ing the year ended August 1 last, and not S single execution. Th??' third fact shown by various papers throughout tbe whole country is that these murders show a decided Increase in wantonness, brutality and cruelty. One of these recently attracted the attention of the public on this account for a few mo? ments. A young gardener going from his home to his work, near Chicago, at an early hour of the morning was beset by half a dozen rutilan? armed with guns and clubs and looking for a victim. He begged them to take his property but to spare his life for the sake of his wife and Ids child, two months old. He was their only bread winner and protector. The only answer was a more fiendish assault. Th-, murderers broke their victim's Jaw, knocked out his teeth, drove n stick down his throat, and then, having left him dying In a ditch, went on to niak?? war on other Industrious people. Justice Brought to Naught. Two of these criminals confessed and four of them were sentenced to be hanged; but an appeal was made to the Governor, not only by the attorneys In the case and the relatives of the murderers, but by SSV? eral of the most Influential people of Chi? cago* amont,' whom "The Advance" names the Rev. Jenkin Lloyd Jones. Miss Jan?) Addams, Kabbl Hirsch, Professor CharK.-s R. Henderson, and oth.-rs, and Justice was brought to naught. I need hardly remind your readers tiiat m? other fjlTlHesi country shows any ap? proach to the ligures above given. ?Jr. at Britain and the Brltlsh-Amnican domin? ions upon our borders, which are supposed to live under laws substantially like our own, have relatively only about one-tenth of the yearly percentage of muniers shown by the statistics In the United States. By persisting In a well regulated admin? istration of justice Great Britain has culti? vated and enforced throughout her do? minions a law-abiding habit. By tie very opposite course our own country has cul? tivated the habit of seeing the law at defiance. Supplementary to the above facts an* some given out from official sources re? garding the number of murdsrs in New York during recent years aa compared with those In London. London has a popula?lot of seven millions; New York, a population of not quite five millions. During th?. years I9u8-'|VJ-'W the average annual numcer of murders In London was twenty, and o? those guilty of these murders an average of fifteen were convicted, or committed s?ji clde before trial. In New York, during th?* sani? years, the average annual number oi murders waa 117. and the average Dumber of convictions only twenty-fiv?- The last year?1911-was even worse for us While London, with its seven millions of popula? tion, kept the numoer of its murders down t?) about twenty-three, with seven osarte? tions. In New York, ?1th its population of two millions less than London, the numbe?' of murders rose to US, and for these there were only thirteen convictions. In London each trial for murder was speedy, dignifica and vigorous, and each conviction was fol? low.d by punishment speedy and severe In New York th? trial? were, as a rule, long delayed and long drawn out; only about 10 per cent of the murderers Wog convicted, and of those convicted a very considerable proportion arc still llngeilng along, under various pretexts, unpunished. If any one wishes to understand why the two cities present such cnoimous oilier enees In the administration of justice, they have but to compare the Thaw trial With the Crlppen trial. Unpunished Murders in America. A similar difference, greatly to our disad? vantage, exists between Continental Euro? pean nations and our own. About twelve ??sirs of my life have been passed m France. Germany, Italy and Russia, end la each of these cpuntrtes careful study of their criminal statistics has shown me that, except in the last named country during its recent revolutionary period, and possibly at ttasea in lower Italy and Sicily, there has been nothing to compare in numbers and Impunity with th?? American records of murder, and especially of unpunished mur? der The evtdent reason for this condition o. things is that a person charged with the highest crimes In either of those forelgi countries has usually a speedy, common sense trial, with a prompt and Just verui?.. followed by a speedy punishment. If the punishment be death, it is not delayed until It has lost its deterrent effect on .the pu. - He mind; if it be life Imprisonment, it does not mean a seclusion Just long enougu for public indignation to blow over, in our country, as a rule, the main purpose ? a murder trial seems to be to amuse the general public and to glorify tins person.? taking direct part In It. The American ideal murder trial seema to be a sp?* - tacular game in which Justice Is really the last thing thought of. As regards this spectacular business th one encouraging thing during the last gear was the Beattie trial, in Virginia, i was, of course, the usual heralding of Bated criminal lawyers, who were "bound to clear" the accused, and of the wealthy rel? atives and friends, who were "bound to back up" the criminal lawyers. But eras was especially auggaatlve of thought was the plain, kindly, but common-sense rulings of the Judge and the sans and aober con? duct of the Jury. Virginia won the resi ? of the whole nation when those twelve men. before considering their, verdict, fell upon their knees and prayed that they might do Justice, not only to the prisoner at the bar, but to the State of Virginia \\ New Yorkera may well compare that with the scenes at the Thaw and sundry other recent trials. Let me remind the "liberal" philosophers who assert that capital punishment ha? no effect In diminishing <*ritno that we have not yet tried capital punishment. The ex? ecution of one in one hundred is certainly no trial of It. The figures simply prove that murder is a safer pastime than hunt? ing. Let me remind the sham Philanthrop!--1 ; who say that as punishment for murder they pf.?f. r Ufe imprisonment that tlfe Im? prisonment we cannot have. That Is proved by our experience for many long years