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Unarmed Citizens May Here Learn How to Foil the Ubiquitous Thug
Daring of Roughs Has Become So Great That a Mere Honest Man Feels Safest at Home. HOW ill a ? s ? f.. i m ket trav?-l -.ii. I3 to ami from hi - during the present carnival ofhold 1 I'S ' Th< ibb? ? Is plying lii-- trade at every hour of the day end nigh) In every so? tlon "f i he ? ity. Your lif.. i ! ??? raandi ?! on th? bus). daj lighted In resp? 'table avenues, on elevated station stairs, In ? I on bridges, and even n? \t door t'> ?".?i ?? stations. The news i i pen are filled with .i hair raising <-.n:i r.i" \\ hen .' rltlsen lea* ? s the comparative ? - ui it > of n?>n.r office he Is lik?'> to feel that it may b<* his turn und uneasy visions arise of ambu? lance hospital and a no1 uituai y ? ol iimn, Hi blame th? olic? \ high r s y man and not a t h.y ?ont ron la there any waj t?> dodge the slungshot und avoid t; " attentions ?>f the stick-up man? there precautions t" h* taken which Will at ]<-ms; lessen the peril of thosi who go abroad and who are unable to indulge I', the luxury of a bodyguard? Ho? >0u lake ,-? walk ?m Broadwa?, or Fifth avenue an?l fe. i reasonably sure that you were r?oi going i" .:? i your skull fractured? The.?? Questions wet? put by th.-- Tribune ?writer to ,? privati detective, Charles E. I- '>ey. vs hu Ii.is h ??! loi - ' N -'? *? 1th the hold-up i roblem. 'The first thins every man oughl to do " said Mr ? "? Is t?> wr to his will and take out POU? I? ? Of I .tsil:il? '-- In? surance. Then, II inythlng happens to him In sprt ' ?ns, h? knows Ms fam? 11 v will be t ? ? Besi? stiffens a ?nan'? nerve and at tho same t me makep him more carel I to take these preliminary steps, f-***ople generall* bu> ?ceeuslty.insurance when Ihej ; ton?! joui ? ?' h n you're travelling around New York in .1 ?-? eet( ar. Kv? rj body should gel h end it wouldn't be a bad sch? to | f ? your favorite surgeon In advanc one you'd rathei have for ?1 trephining Job nftei >oi; . i Your name, address end telephone number should be written In lnd'lihi?. ink mi cloth bands, to ,?" eeu*ed In \our clothes. '!' lould be Ii on the Inside "f the sweatband of ><>? ij- hat. Von may 1?'-' Identification carda and lei hut th? Indelible, <ewi d Ins? rlptlon you, It would I"- liest to havi every srtlele you ??*.',.?. even your "?hoes, marke?! ivith name and address, Bince llieie Si'- ?ases where thURS Strip 1h?ir Vh'tlllia Kln-.ost to the last garment. And the more tu***- ' un?)-seovered ai the hospital or th?. police station, a here a ' ?ken h? ad oft? n ? | I tor a r,i-<* of Intoxication. "Fou are espe? cially likely to lose your bat Bo plant enough tugs in your clothes. "A hold-up is generally looked at n dis? ige, something tiuit strik? quickly and without rea eon. This dlat U wrong, und it accounts s good deal fot the poor results In treating and dealing the complaint, A large proportion of bcld-up* :.i<* long planned, carefully studied, deliberate crimes simed against ?? particular person, When a highwayman ? i ? and Invites shell 01 t. it la no < hance me? tin* bi im.- ? ou tog? t' ? i- II did nol ni' ni i? ?i to you. The tim ?. the place and the ; wore arranged for ?ia\ and ??? weeks In advar. The Job was planned Ilk? a bank robbery. Your ' were learned, whaf time you leave home and arrive at the office, when you co to lunch, how much money you probably ?any. i; was figured out whethei could pul up a fight. A getaway v.. ranted Pkkets were posted to signal your coming and warn Ihe strong-arm arl. any obsta? le in the way. "if you ur? wise lo this diagnosis of ?he hold-up, you will work inore ?or th vent Ion than the cure of the dl ease, Von will, im one thing, avoid the danger of a habit, it is comparatively easy to change your dally route, to use different exit entramas lo buildings, to travel various!; by Btffi ? ! and subway. This .1 Itaelf win keep the hold-up - Ing and ma) make them turn to an ? victim. The habits -if the average man |are so ridiculously sot Huit a crook can bam them In almost no time. Remember thai crooks are th? - keen and clever In dogging the foot-j steps of prospe? I ? ms t ? Ihe al lest 'shadows' ever employed In legitimate de-1 tective operations, The crook 'shadows' are n"t tic on who do the actual holding . simply to learn the habits of the quarry, and the; do 11 to perfection. "Yfl the ,r"nk i? s' follow ? Indovv. Tl e> see w Iheir ? ? ?-?? or lakli money and how much A report i- mole to the aceo npli? ? ? and I is dei id? ?! ? r to hold up the man on a T or a Wednesday The crook who entera a bank for this p of course, well [? ? sed ?' i good excuse?If neces? sary, a bank aci being there. 11' cashes a small c? rtlfled ch? ck, exc some torn paper money for new hills, or I i something like that. Th? banks, and eapc- ; Iclally savings banks, are hon? y pots around [which criminal h i always bussing Many a hold-up and burglary Is pi mned at , Ihe bank d? .n a while the a I on 1 he bank steps, If you i walk out of a bank i ramming a roll In righl I t or f? ellng a bulge undei \. ire giving a valuable tip to some i per You may be followed for the !" si ol ? '1 of ! j our wad al night. I 'club. There ?re other professional tools that will serve the sam? purpose. The placo to apply* a club, after the head, Is the side, just below the riba. This blow >viI1 ,ay out an ox. The main thing is to be prompt. Don't argue with a suspicious character on a lonely street. If be ?isks much for 1 philanthropy hand It to him below the ribs. "You may Und a man lying down and groaning. He seems to be very sick. An? other fellow comes tip an?! suggests that you help lift the sick on? and take him to a drug stor?. When you stoop over to lift the sick man grabs you by the neck, and the other one slugs you on the head, after i which they weed you out. This is what ?*.? call a hold-up trap. "The walking stick is no use unie? you have time t?. n.-e it. Therefore, walk on ; the edgo of the sidewalk, 01 In ths street, so that the thug can't jump on yOU ft";" ? doorway. Watch both sides of the street. Turn a. corner wide an.i look out for what ?is beyond. Never pas- through the wood? work tunnel over a sidewalk In fronl ,,f :* new building, or ons that is being repaired, even at an early hour and when people are about. Quits generally thugs attack In ! pairs. Vim must <i" quick work to dls|. ; of them on?, at a time. Besides its service 'in hitting, the elub may be used for rap? ping on the sidewalk t<> call police aid. A ! rap Is heard a, long way and is a lirst class ; trouble signal. It is als., well to ?airy a ! police wiiisti?', which you can buy for s small sum, ami bavs II bandy for Immedi? ate use on those last t> ?*-? blocks. "A woman cant very well ?an.', a stick, ; : it she has s weapon In a long hatpin, and 1 fhe might ill"! ha\-> an a miil.ilii.i squirt gun or a package of i?.?i pepper t?> throw In the eyes of the thug. Ammou pepper are a ?strong combination. Another tl'.ing that a woman as well as a man ?an do Who i? attacked by h thug In front is to ki. k blm just leiow tii?. kneecap. This paralyses the leg and side; it puts ths highwayman out of action, it Is easy t?i deliver and is not SSp?M*t-d. If >"u ore grabbed from behind, lift your foot and como down hard with (he heel ?Ml the af'li of the highwayman'? fool M ?rill make Mm loosen his hold Then you can turn II d and till Mm In the stomach. I>**n't try i?? punch any one in Hi" head; it Is a pOOr ola?"? to land. an.I is lo?>ko| for and warded ?gainst, a punch In ths stomach o? solar pies is is unexpected, ind do l uflnes.**. "If a man asks > ":i !''"' the time || night on a lonely street, if Is tlms to get reaily t?. swal him. A shiny ObjSCi Ilk? I meiai ?i_ar <*a<*e thnt resembles s rx A Few Simple Precautions Here Outlined May Pre? vent Many a Hold-up in Lonely Streets. may he useful in bluffing a crook. The other night I drew a bead with a <igar case on a panhandler, made him throw up his handa and inarched him toward a police station, erne night, before the time of the Bulllvaa law, 1 was stopped in Washington square by a tough customer, who ggfcsrj for th?? tini". I had my hands m my overcoat pockets and tin- -oat was open. There was I gold wat? li chata across my vest. I kept ! my hands in my pockotl and told the yegg : to help himself to the watch and sec what ; time It was Ht took th- watch out, looked : al it, put it back Wry carefully, thanked me, and walk? ?I away. And when he wag ?ont distance oft be ?ailed out. mxy. | you're a wise guy, all right.' There was a i reaaon for his honesty and polibness. i J had a gun in mjf right-hand pocket, and | When 1 told him to help himself to th?s watch i ihoved the muzzle ?>f the gun ? against his stomach. He could feei ?t, "But to get l?cb to the hold-up. .\s I sumlng thai you have escapad or fought ! i fi danger up to tin* moment of entering [ your houas or Sat, you have one more gauntlet to run. A thug may be hiding within tin- vestibule of tho buil'ling. a small electric light is useful hero as at other times. Get one of those vest pocket : affairs an?l throw ? flash in the hallway b< fore you ent?*r, while your stick Is ready f? r action? if there is ? double door, look sharp for .**?>nie on" In the vestibule. When .< oi| open the Inner ?loor look ?>ut for some < n- behind it. Use the Bash until you can light the gas or switch on the Incandc. ?? nts. Tlu r< aie a number of caaes whera i' p|< have been sandbagged entering their own homes, ? - ? ally flats. Som?: nom? n make il .- point never to enter their apartment without rimilng the bell and I any crook inside time to be Warned and make hi? getaway. They figure that ?r is better to be robbed than slugged. "W'hci; you an: in your home, look after i ? doors and windows, flx th? burg!?r alarm, unchain the dog, put your uncon ; seated pistol under your pillow and thank i heaven that the hold-up man does no* Into 'lie American's castle. Any on who breaks in is a bur_lar. Y'ou will n"l be In ?langer of a hold-up until you leaVO the hOUSC n xt niornlncr" KICKING THE FOOTPAD JUST BELOW TH!_ KNEECAP IS AN EFFEC? TIVE MEASURE OF DEFENCE. IF YOU ARE SEIZED FROM BEHIND. LIFT YOUR FOOT AND BRING HEEL DOWN HARD ON ARCH OF THUG'S FOOT. "In some Lank tl pre ar? ?letectiv? ? the ? rooks and ? I where it i- .1 good i ule to look ? eerful a hen yoi >:o In ai l look glum a hen you ? urn? out. Then the hold-up wat? her w ill 1 you have !>???-i depositing and you won't be ? ?! afe maul. M Id )?? *-1 ?? w ? ? 'I :n an Inside i L of i Put II away v. hile j or in one of those comp; ble, so that no one ?>? bi re It I it H a good plan to k?eji ?i dummy roll in your right hand trousei a pock I dollar bill wrapped around a ws : *j he hold-up man <??? the plckpockei 11 ? dummy and leave th? i \\ ealth elsea here in *. our . loth? i . pin handy t" fast? n 1 the llninc of your pocket. M ?ny ?? dip' has , be? n fooled by hai.ui.' on ca ilk? that Hnd finding tliat he ? ? ! "The 'flashing' of * ? lie pis ? man. Home men like to th? ' through ?ir ? ' ? i i ? a man to ? d to look poor, if you hav< ?? th? i i ? ? . ? drink. Ts Keep a i etful ng ? t j?'v. ? watch chains and f? ? ii m? i>i - ?'" not ?-xi treel If you ?ran! t? *-?? ar ?ii< m il fun< tton, ke? fi th? m In an Inside : ? ? itr\\ ?? : mau. from t he hohl-up i.i of vie? lab i: ?? i (Sag? i le ... k? d n poor thai i he panl i ft II like ? ? "The vnv that a. , ... i ..... , .1 the ha . ? ?..- bid t"i ? itta Tak" n pali ' gold ant? h !? ' ' ? : ? ? ? in i ? g In It, , Women should be more careful lhan |i l> They , a deep pocket ? re In for st<?w ? in ?? plain ? . ? I many crli ' - tin city never notl?*? ? ? ?? aisle In .? ?uhwaj Wat? ? ' ? ?I lute stid In Ion? :. the ni.v one follow ? noti ?? ? ? Ibat von will knov , H|?|H ,1 ' ? s. ! t. i ? see thai i ? ? everal things 5 ou ran Fact that you an 1 ... Il 10 him and p? rhapa g? t the crook chased "i frightened swsj ff you take by tl way, note 'he number of the II may com?- useful If the chauf la a crook end something happen t >OU. ' Tl at hold-up feeling come? most Strong i man or woman going home late at night walking i ie last few deserted blocks from itreetcar, subway or ?? station There is not another human in and (lie street lamps are far apart ir footsteps sound hollow on the pavemenl What fun you do if a rubber soled tb ir sneaks from a doorway and ? ou In the bai k of the neck? He i blsckjack and a gun, Tou are a law-ahldlni citlsen end the Sullivan law saya i si constitutional right to carrj arms does not ???>?.m, .*??> you are unarmed and b?l| less. This Is an OUtrageOU of affair? Every man ?-X'-ept a kno'\.i pi >ok should 1?' allowed to carry a sun ? Mink who carries i gun with life Imprisonment, but give decent men ? to protect themselves. It i*. ? ? o? ly i f? w can Ui .? |y, but tl ft ? ti/.ens. ii armed, would constitute an auxiliary police which would help .? lot toward holding down th<* ? rook At m.t tb.? crooks sre embol? dened bj the knowlei cltlsens can i ? i "However, the next best thing to a ?in, ? un? tunes bettei la a club. 'Ii. - ;t r?gulai club, but you can ??? l ? tltute In ?? short, heavy walking tick. Have it straight and solid, with .?. knobby head and a good grip st ?he lower ??? you ?hi swing l? with ?he heavy ' the enemj A photographer's tripod folded up makes an excellent! WALK ON THE EOGE OF THE SIDEWALK AND KEEP YOUR STICK READY FOR ACTION. Just Unspoiled, Lovable, Carefully Guarded Youngsters Are the Stage Children ? ?ntiniieii from t lai r?] paar 'Mrs. IVlgga of the l'ai,Lace Pat. i. A! licne nfarly grew up in It. What .salaries d?> children get? That depends upon what they do. Fifty dol?ais a week is no un? common thing. .Many get much less, of ? our.se. It all depends on how the con tract li and how tlie mother man? i? stop only at pood hotels, for gOOd fOOd must be had. I ktlO'.v SOUIC ?mothers who, i i'oti arriving in s town ?rarly. find some family to ?stop with. In that way expenses ore often reduced, bet" ter accommodations secured and pleasant acquaintances mad?-. It is a great mis? take not to give children every possible ?jdiahtag'' for Study SI well as recreation. .Most Children today receive educational iifl\aiitage<-. "Certainly children have protection, in Ihe first place, there is the protection of Occupation ?wry on?, is very busy. In the best companies dressing rooms are as? signed. There the child Mays until time for his appearance. When his work is done he expects to return. Where there are a large number of children a matron Is pro? vided. In my estimation, the stage cer? tainly offers no more difficulties than does the factory or department store." After all, stage mothers, as far as the investigator had mm, were ?juite an good mothers as some of those who spent their time at clubs, militantly reforming. Next she had a chance to test the stage ginnd ?parent. No one in the world has more unselfish and devoted interest in a child'? welfare than a grandparent. Jerry Cohan, of the famous Cohan family and grandfather of "Freddy" Nlblo, who is now on the ro_?l with his parents In "The Fortuno Hunter," was found working over papers in his of? fice. "Tell you something about -Freddy'? "Why, let me see," he mused deliberately. "I can't think of a thing. He's Just like ?very other boy. We don't want him spoiled. We try to have him understand that the most Important thing in the World for him is to be manly. "lie's a great ki?i," grandfather added, reminlsc??ntly, his kindly bin? eyes twink? ling. "He knows how to work grandpa, all right. (Anybody would know such a grandpa couldn't help being Indulgent ) "You know we have a place up in the roun tiy. If? i" crazy over the cowboys and iran?s to fix up a Wild Weht show oui there Awbile ago he wrote me a very affectionate letter thanking trie 'before hand' for getting him a lent and all Um ether things he thinks necessary. II? likes to dreet like a rowbow One?. In Den? ier he strayed sea?, and was foiind down in 17th street Dying to And out fiom trtre cowboys what they'd chargs Wui w out to Arizona 11 . ws certain* ly do s?'- that he studies every day. There is no a boy a Ithout an educa? ti?m He do-sii't like arithmetic vary well, but he does like history and geography. He likes t?> g?t up 'lectures,' with the ? aa audienca H<* tells all about places In t e geography that lie has visited We surely do believe In corporal punishment, but he's a pretty good boy, I only remember one spank? ing He wants to Write plays?one fhat lied "Sorry After1 he has sold al? to iiis uncle. I hope he'll really sell one some day. l hope he will stick to ?he stave- Vim know he made bis debut this year. Whatever be does, i hope he Will be a good man." That -venlng "Freddy's" grandmother granted an Interview, she la now playing with lier husband ??n<i Oeorge M. Cohan, l.er son. In "The Little Millionaire" In a dressing room, pink and powdery and frilly with lac? she visited informal? ly, while bi'i* maid deftly arranged ?ho costume to be worn in the next ??ct. The mirrors reflected s grandma with hair Iron-gray and a mouth whose corners per? sist in glrllahly curling upward, making it pretiy hard for the blue-gray eyes to look stern, if they should try. She lovor of her home and fulfils the blenls of mother and grandmother as well a? those in her audiences. " 'Kreit ly'-vve all call him 'Son'?was born lure in New York," she said, "lie has been attending the public schools, which ws thoroughly believe In, and will keep on there until he goes to college, or perhaps Wsst l'olnt. lie went to the school In Monroe, where our country place is, after we went up there last year. He felt so sorry to sec the pchool flag worn looking thut he got ua to let him get a new one to replace it. "Does ho ever got into mischief? There are so many capers It confuses me to try to recall them. One dreadful thing I do remember. I noticed him and another boy out on the lawn having great sport swing? ing g bac round and round. I went over and found they had taken a pillow case, lnclosi-d S pat kitten and were 'seeing if It WOUld get dizzy.' 'Son* got whipped. We toM lilin be had caused a poor little anl may to suffer, so lie must suffer, too. He fait Very contrite, for hs lias s warm haart be couldn't help that, as he is of Irish descent. "Oh, no," she laughed, "I no longer dance My ion, '.eorge. war, lather awk? ward 1 thoiiKiit. until he was about thir? teen, and 1 ?hink 'Son' seems quite a hit as he did when Die ?ame age. I'm son v you c-n'l see Son.' but of course he is with his mother on the read I used ?<?> ?ravel urtth all four of my children Con? dition?. \\nr diffcient then ?)f?en 1 COUld get no on? ?o tend them and lb" ??lily place 1 could put the baby, would bs In my trunk In my dresi Ing room. mi grow up In 1 ' c'?"'i " A Quick sin-' ?l ted ' aller. There in the '!?" i ? ?; ? ? '"i"1 grandpa, prim looking ?n hi II d him to so And these * et? rani wei ?? urging ?,v. h grandchild to take to the i l?ge at an early s re, afl r ? ? In?, th? Ir < lldrs there Tl e thought ol "parental Ignorance and greed" In connei tlon sIth ths * family mads ths Modem Member smile Further Inquiry is of other little actors, equally Interesting and equally fortunate Toe roly-poly Turner twins, tue ?/ears old?, enjoy the fun of being in the "Doll Chorus" In "Over tin River," and, while they would !?" rlaa-l : ? .1 as ' extra ? hildr? n," lh?*y probably gel at leasl |1G s week. Their father i ?ill?. Of the sta/. ' tllS same tre, and they are constant!) under his Watchful eye. Kenneth Casey, known i "T <? Vita? graph Boy," is s well cared for ?hap of nine, lie is a familiar li^-iii?- in the mOV? Ing pictures, some my he g.'is $7.". ? week. Another vltagraph sctor Is Zens Keefe, now sixteen years old, who was tbe original child in "Ths I'.iiil Wedding." Mma Bedley and Donald Oallaher are two well known children la "Alias Jimmy Valentin?;." Alma was born in Dawaon, Alaska I or generations her family has produced actors, and she Was carried ??n the stags when she iras three weeks old. with such ancestors and so early a debut it isn't Strangs that she not parts as soon us she could talk. When ths kindergarten da\s were past Alma had her mother as tutor, and schoolbooks went with them everywhere. Hhe loves to SOW an?l fashion new dresses for her doll. Crocheting, too, helped to make her lingers Blml 1?* Donald is sixteen years old now, and has been on the stage for some years. Formerly lie was "leading man" in Mrs. Burnett's "The Little Princesa," by virtus of being the only male actor of any eon? sequence in the production. H?, h eently written a ?Civil War play, designed for boys and filled with thrilling episodes. One day, when hs was playing In "Th.: idttie Princess,*- ho strolled into a library la a Western town An attendant conde? ?oondlngly offered th? small youngster a number of picture book* Ho Immediate? ly returned them wl h the scornful com? ment: 'Save these f,? t ,?? natives I ?nine to take a fall out of Shakespeare." Then there are the five Flnley children, whom even casual ?erpialntsnres of as a "fine lot "; Da rid and Arthur Ro I who played In "Mnth<i." end Thnm,,.. nahan. eight yesrs old and sppearing In ?raudo*, nie Those who believe in putting the child] on the st.ic -it a tender sg< de ? , i ,i i in no othur way taa a latem dramatic I . talent be fully developed In ol word ?: want a good act .bun young Their o however, main? tain I : me mlv antage may b? tain? 'i In t ie dramatic schools Hut your dyed-in-the-wool Iheatrlcal man i Inclined, not without reason, t?? ? dr.iiii.ii' mine I companled bj practical experience Lieh ? o i ? con '-ling the combination s- two <bn.'Uii* by the establish? ment of a dram iti.' school in connection with the Century Thestre for the benefit n and all other lii I le rhlld ac? tors who wl h t.. take ? dvanl ige of it T ? eleven rehearsal rooms could be utilised for Instruction, which would be given by ?rained men and women, pe? i haps actors themselves, si no expense to lid T ??? have ev en thought of the . illit) of hat lug outdoor ?la es In warm weather, making use of Central Park, ? ?? n'ay, for stage and seen ery. From the standpoint of benefit to the ?luid, this la In Un,- with work already being ?lone by educators here. At the lion centres dramatic work is very popular, Bits of Shakespeare and other authors sre given by the children. Par I'ni teachers silks regard the urork as helpful toward a broad education. Singing, ?lancing, foreign languages, ?>u contribute toward this end. No longer Is a. polished manner and an appearance of culture accepted In stagedora for real h t. lie.duality. Blanche Bates has said: "In sctlng the one fundamental, absolute!) requisito. Is imagination which can snalyss and com? prehend s character In all mental and physical aspects ami ? ?in compel others to gas tl?,! character in the same way." Stimulation of the Imagination Is sought In every schoolroom, lei ans- il is one ""' the most valuable qualtlttSS of tli- human mind. Educators Dad thai children who leave school early for haul work lack initiative ami ?t proper sense ?if reaponal bilit.v so are not as likely to SUCCSpd, This sense ,,f rcspon.slhlli ty is Strongly davalopad already in Richard Abboyytt, Of "The ??arden Of Allah," the haiuNome Syrian ?en-year-old who murclu'S SCrOSS the desert in red f?-z ami tattered burlap robo. "Come on here; you'll be late"' h? id monlshed Sophie Hansard, ?he dusky? eved little JeWOSS ?if twelve, who ?vas ?halting With their caller in a nook out of tie way of tlio shifting scenes. "lie's always hurrying ?ne; he likes to go on so ?iiuch himself," she commented "I know the whole play, Jus I as well as he doer? and I'm Raver late See' There's his father over there. Know linn'.'" "Corns on' Come on: Bashed Blchsrd, and off ?im went, her biich? \cibu? head dr? lending snothei dash ol trokw lo the I scene, ou weul the home?*, camele, goats | and the toilers on fool.?? carryln_ i h? i- i sck fat little Eddy R|C1 . SgC f? m,???half ) ears, Th? visitor pressed close to the \ew sage of the curtain, wondering if the children would think t?i give her s Klan?., of recog i itlon ?She was dlsapoplnted, They wen temporarily living in another world. Buck they came, and with faces aglow asked how ?hs Hk?-?i it. Tiny ass-red her thai it *\.?s "tun", then, remembering that ihey were the lio?ts, hasten?.?1 t" point <?ut and name everything In sight, t? uin?r *-.ttt? gr.at ? \ a tnees just what pari e.t.-h one ba?i in ths i" ? formanca, "Look! ?v*ulck: There i? Miss Msnnner? Ing! Ever seen her'* isn't she tine:" said the little girl. "Some da) I ?vlsh i could i " like her " "Aw, Pit rather he ? circus m.in, leered the i oy. "That's because his father ones had a circus," explained Sophie "My sister is on the stage, sin's playing now. Sue comes after ms nights, so I wont ko horn? alone. "Y( ?, I ro to school i havs the : teacher, i like to g<>. No, I don't miss much, l have s permit I? be s little ? *t? ? mornings. That's all Mams says l must havs my sleep. Can i read? Here, let's take this." And she reached for a long tip?-written report sheet, which she read glibly. "Let me, to<> " urged ?Richard, "He can i.ad,'' remarked ?Sophie, hut i bei he can't spell m well as i can." Richard had ? Deetlng sxpreaslon of worry, hut stoutly ?Mid.1 "Try." They spelled ' de.scrt," "Intermission," '"performance" and a lot of other big Molds. "I think you peek a little," accused Sophie. "Never! I'll glvs yoi an easy word you can't spell Mississippi!" Sh.? did It correct!). "Amsterdam." 'I'Mi.-? was a real spelling be?*. Neither was "spelled down." The boy waxed cour? ageous. "Spell ?Louisiana.** "fophle faltered, tried and failed, bul sought i?? retrieve. "Ton spcii it yourself!" **he cried Thera was s painful delay. "oh!" she cried, poking his fat little Stomach, "he can't spell his own words blmeeif!" "( 'oine mi. lei I ?hau- pi? ture.?." BUggeStSd the resourceful competitor Both children wers the embodlmeni of perfect health Sophie has had a "earSSf she ha.- been M the "mad" ?in?*.', ??ver in Jersey, if Ittchard should decide not lo b ? i circus man hs i*< surp he srould like i<> be an Arabian prince, ths pari m] father bar- in the pi.,?. Babj I;d?he Rli o mads fi !. nd lie hesitated shyly a moment, then decided to ? ?-o to the lady," mad? a grand i ush j and flunk' his ?hubby, soft anus around h? r neck. His dark eyes shine with delight when his mother carries him behind the ?cenes, where he r? elves much petting, He la ? specially I md of ' Papa Irisl of th< Stage band.-:. So mm o for intim?t- ptcturea of some of our little stage children, Then ' about two thousand ol them In the I Btstea, From flftj lo one hundred And employment In Net*. Vork City, and many of them, appearing outside, com? from New York City homes But these cas? examined are ? tlonal, some may say? Supposing they I weic \t leasl thej are suflli lent to the sweeping charg til auch chil? dren are unfortunate Tl ej prove, more? over, ?a* the theatrical folk, thai with proper protection the ? lid on the not onlj is not harmed but recelt i live benefit. The National Child Labor Committee la working to banish I ?? ? hlld from the ! stage, lis proposed uniform law would forbid Its appearance ta : perform ? un? der the sge of sixteen In any kind of en , tertalnment. Tliroui organisation plays employing mu*-! stay away from such great theat? rical centres as Chicago, Boston and Se? < ?i I?-.m-, or get along tl e beul l with dwarfed adults in child parts < ?n the other hand is the National Alli? ance for tu?' Protection of Stage Children, of which Augustus Thomas is president. "Take away the child from the and you take away the be?! plays those with the tender home relation?," says Mr. Thomas. This organisation, however, believes In protective legislation, as Its name implies, though it would not be so sweeping as the Child Labor Committee. Mr. Thomas and his associates believe In the licensing Bys? tsm, discriminatingly spplled, as In New York State. In I'a.t. ths Child l-i'?"' ? 'ouimitti-e s acere tar y, Owen R. l-ovejoy, admits that if all the ?tate had as n.t laws as this one there would I"' t" great ?luarrel. The National .Milan..- for the Prot? of staue Children Is making every sfforl to prohibit the employment of children In ?my dangerous work, su? h ss acrobatic a.t*., wtrt walking, blcycls sets, stc it would keep them oui of imwropor ploy? and see that tliev are under tin* CSM ol prop,! .mult gusrdlsns wbll.nployad. Tins Organisation's retort to th.- sweep ing charges of the Child Labor Committee is that dramatic training IS education, not labor, and must not I* confused with sweatshop w.uk and other aid.s c? ploj.t wind, mors proper!) ?ni,i., that exi-ellenl tommltte* in. ? In Rnglsnd the law? carefOll ; Um child, forbiddiiis ?ny uuder teQ t0 ?*'-<? iai .ill on ? . stage, ??.:?! requii ? 1 license f<>r all between that ago and f r t'.-ii. Thtr-se licenses strictly regulate the conditions under which the child is em? ploy? ?I. Here at.- some Of tit?? names of actori well known to-day, who bagan their earsers .? - ? hil.livn and attribute mu? h of thStff ?Ui C4 ? to that fact: Charta Macklln, John Philip Ksmbl^ Oeorgs Arno Bellamy, Kdmuiui Kenn, Mi* Puff. Frederick Cooke, Mozart, Bach, Handel, Charles Kemble, John Bow? lard ?Payne, Adelina Pattl. Eneanora Du*e, '. Edwin Forrest, Rachel. Adelaide Phillip*. * Loie Fuller, Joseph Hart. Mrs. John ?Drew, 'Mi ?'.. C iTopay) II..waul, Mrs. ('llbert. Arnold Daly, Agnes Robertson, Peg Wof? \ ?Ington, Dong J?*rJ_n. ii? I? o Faucit, Mast. 1 Betty, Or Mendelssohn, Huydn, Beethoven, lili O'Neill, Joseph Jefferson, the Bate-man Bieters, Balvlnl, Rlstoii, .lean Davenport l*andor, Faj Templeton, Fanny Davenport? Ma ide .dama, Mrs Flake, Jane Hading. ; ?Sffle Shannon, H. 1:. Dixey, ?Adeline denes, Anna Held, Agnes Booth, Annie RuSSSla Barton Hill, Bijou Fernandes, Cyril ?Seott, I Clara M irria. < i.na Llpman, Oiovanal Peta? t glni, Henri VV?oodruff, Ehrte Janls, Phyltts Rankin, Edward Harrlgan, May Buckley. Frit! Williams, Mild. gpOOg, I". Rothwell, Frank Ollmore, Tommy Russell, Joseph Su? an, Daniel Sully, Walter Jones, Mabel Hollina i.iiban Lasnsacs, Maud? Harrison, Robert Qraham, Mrs. Kandsll, lauta, Frederic de Belleville, Lew t May Irwin, Bijou Heron, Deis I Edna Mas, Henry ?'lay Blaaey, l.iiiun Blauvelt, Frederick Bond. Rowland Buck? stone, Joseph Cawtborne, ?Peter f. Daiiey. Mis. Yearn.ins. Dunlin Karmim. .Sam Bernard, Lewis Mailman. J. w. Wallsefc, Henry Placide, Louis AMrtch, lira Bon croft (Marl? wilt?.n>. Haggis Mit.-h-n. Julia Arthur. Sol Smith. Julia Marione Mm?. Alia Na/iii'ov.i, Mah?l TalialVn'". it.i-.. Coghlan, William ?Collier, Helen B?t tiatn. Molbrook I'.llnn, May Buckley, H_UM Carus, Qeorgs ?Cohan, JssTerson Ds gehe, Joseph ?*7eber, Oraos Kiiktns. BsVhs I'.'.v. Richard ('.??bien. 1*. M. Molland, PU I Terry, Andrew Hack, Bland?.- Mas Tus Templeton, Bdna May gpoonsr, Laura Hops CrWWOB, l?la V?innn, Joaspt Hoff? man. Lmrs Kiralfy. Wallace Edding?*' Mlnnis Palmer, Tony Pastor. William 8**> mour, Many Davenport, Vesta Tllley, OsOll Si.,.i?ner. Irene PrankJIa and Fritsl Scheff. At 1 he best, .?-tage conditions surrounding tli? child employed liiere may satisfy S watchful, ?ultured parent, desirous of th* hlgheat development of his offspring. At the WOrtt, they ran hardly equsl the pet nldous Influences that pervade homes M ?rime ami Ignorance, or the tatiatsus 1 other places of exaettng employment dttti mental to ths sprtngtlms of life. fluri-C? la-M-ucU SnottX.