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OUR PAVING DENOUNCED
BY GAYINOR'S COMMinEE New York's Streets are Worst in the World Is Gist of Most Exhaustive Report. STAMPS CITY UNCIVILIZED Blames Conflict of Authority Be? tween Oity Departments as Chief Reason for Defects. Tha report r>f th? Movor's committee on ravrman?- aubmltted to tlM Ma\or to-day. 1? an ep??? of vitriolic vituperation and " i ornpendtum of ill thai la disgraceful and ursati.?-fH<~torv in the condition of the atreei I a* envois In thla Cll Vh?- committee Wa;? ? ippoiated by Mayor Gaynoi Ihm October nt the peajue I of ? ir,iiif -somtnltto? represent irg Hi? Chamber of (Toamnetoe, the lier rh^nta' Association, the Hoard of Trade and Transportation and the Automobile ? Mib of .AmTlra. to Investigate the present condition >f lh? pavements in the <-it>. (\ ?mine into the m?thode used In their eon? truoHon and repair and make au*h rerom meudatior.H ?? ih?1 fa< ta might warrant. la summing up the preaent condition of tr* pgvementa the committee says: if ?up condition of a city's pavementa la a fair gauge it itn clvitlaatlon, as hna been maintain"-! by high authority, Near fork n?uet rank loa in the c nir. That Ita pave? menta ?!?? an unmistakable evidence or pro vindallani there can be no doubt. Ihe pavementa of the city are and probably al wav* have been verj Inferior to those ,,r lit? nrn ' lana cltlei of lha Old World. How i, noceasarih bad ihey are at th< preaent, i me can onlj he full) realised by one who haa carefully ompared them with the chief cltlea nf Europe, and notablj thoee of Eng? land and < ierman . Th? commlttw furnlahea a Hal of Ms? uni reaaona why the pavementa are ?-.n ba?l. pointing "ut particularly that on?* rltj department haa ?o nterfered with another atriel work, and Ihe reaponalbillty ha* ?"-ii ?o divided, that there i? no reaponai Mr head over public worka In any of the w.rough>. and the work ha consequently brrn sorely neglected. Bpe? lfivationa and methods of pa ins aie defective and antl duated, and Um workmanahlp slovenly and caresses, and there is an entirely Inaut f>< ient aupervialon of the ?oik. the report ? . The committee auggeata four s?pa rata ?mendmenti to th? city charter and whatever furthei lecisiation 1? neceaaary to carry taw recommendation? of the eoanaalt tee into Mfect, The principal recommendation, with an amendment to tlio rharter to make it ef? fective, provides for the establlehment of a "pacing hoard," consisting Of the chief en? gineer of |be Board of Eatimate and Ap? portionment (who shall art a? president) and th? engineer In charge of highways ef rarh of th" boroughs, whoae duty it shall b? to rtandarlatf specifications relating to nil work which has to do with the pave? ment" throughout the city, to determino the quality of the materials need and to e'tahiish such atandarda of workmanahlp and methods of construction as may stem to them best calculated to insure pave? ments, of the greatest ultimate economy and the most satisfactory service to the fertile. While the committee feel? that sub? stantial tnasarovetnent will follow from the Immediate adoption of its recommendatloaa, much In matters Of important detail still remajnn to be considered, the report states, and. therefor?, the committee asks to he continued in erdet to make auch uth'r re? ports as may lie required. Reason for Bad Streets. The report offers a seneial reason for the pn aent disgraceful condition of the pave men's, as follows. The conditions ps enumerated have rome about partly through Inheritance and parti v through the general lack of apodal knowl? edge of paving, and the scant attention which haa been paid to this Important aub. *fi i by our technical achoola. Habit, too, nas plaved an Important part. Our people are used t<> pavements of the kind we have, and few of them naliro how far behind i < reel Of Ihe world we are in this respe, i. Our engineer? aie not altogether to hlume; city ofltetai* have often dlaregarded their civile. ?n<i assay ra? ommeadavuona for Im? provement made h) them ha\e yield* d no fr'iit for thai reason In further let ins of general rondemnation the rejKirt state? Many of our pavementa, and especially thofte which are much uaed for heavy trdeking, are in a condition Injurious allk? I ? (e.iiih and eronoml? welfare of the community; they ;re rough, uneven, oftcTi broken an.i obstructed. ean?rnelve to cleai ??id impoaaible to clean properly; ihey aie Ini-or.venient lo use. exc?ssivel\ costly to maintain, and are altogether ' a sertou". handicap on ?he proa perl ty of the city. To continue the building of niore of the same kind would he most unwise and wasteful Ifnong the other reasons for th? present condition of the pavementa tha committee rites the followinir '.ack of co.operation heiween the ritv and railroad oawipaaiea in icgaid to that pail of il.t pavements for which the latt? r a.? reaponalble, Dala) In makinr repairs and in .-los|rg atreei openlngi Lack of a properly >iuallri??<l force of in spectois and assistant to th-- ?ngin??rs In chai Z' "f pavi ment v.i little knowledge among our engi* near* of tbo moat approved modern m?th oda of paving, a? carried on In pla.ee out? side ?if (he Inlted States The v)?teni of Ions -tarantee?, for th? maintenance of pavement a by contractors. Whlcl hindera pro mot repairs An almost complete lack of traffl? sts tlatics upon whi.li to ba?* an Intelltge I ??Miniate of th? value of the various kind Of pavement UBed No proper system in for?? for determir. ing by test? ihe \alue of many of the m? tenais iiaed In paving, and notably so a-" resaid? granite and asphalt Restrictive specification?, espsclsiiy aa r gards asphalt, which haa prevented g?nu [lie '??>mr""tlon and given to r>n? InterSSt a iv,r.nopolv In the making and repair of as? phalt pavement! In Manhattan Too much license given t?i? haltfgra to th* uae of lb? street in fruit of n?w rondines which r?sultai mi greal hindrance to nam? ?and damage to the pavement" I The hio.-k--?.lini; 01 cumbering ?f t'r streeti by Other privat? inter??i?. and b ; anow. which und?? the present ayatsrn n removal carniot h? dlspoacd of raptan Suggests New Policy. j Thora are twenty saparate racommenda Itlona Th? report recommend? "a ?ompiet? ?reversal of th? poMcy of the city in regato I to pavamente, end ?bat ultimate acenom) rather than chaapneaa be made the gov? erning ronsMeratJon In th?ir conatructlon and maintenance.'' it recotnsrtenda that the city make its own purchases of all material? ueed in paving direct from ih? producei. and thO? obtain better prie?? and a better quality than it now gata" Th? engineers in charge of ?trcet work should he sent abroad to study the paving method in use in tli? principal cities, and adopt those methods found lo have given th? best re? sults, as far n? practicable. All 'l?ad ami unnecessary tiacks should b? removed from ?th? street?, and the street railroad compa? nies be governed by tlM same rubs which apply to Individuals In the opening Md eloping of pavements. All repairs should be mad? by the city and <i~h borough should have an adequate repair plant. More stringent regulations than no? ?xtst ar? recommended for the use of the street by contracto? for the atorage of building material, by th? transportation companies for the storage of merchandise and by th? pushcart met: in peddling then war?a A trial of tha use of the s?w?rs for th? re? moval of snow, without the use of cart?, and the rapid extension I that system, if found auccagaftil, is ??commended. A trial of tli? French method of flushing out th" gutter.? daily with a view to its general In? trod tir t ion here, should be made, the report s iggeata. Th? report? of \arlous suh-comm!tte?s. which point out specific findings and de? tailed remedies, dealing with Hie kind of |pavement? which are mosi desirable in dif? ferent parts of th? city, etc., ar? attached to the general report. The report Include? numerous photographs illustrating the bad condition of th? pavement? on Broadway and many other streets. A. R. Bhattuck, of the Automobil? Club of America, is chairman of th? committee Ernest Flagg, of the Fifth Avenue Associa tion. is vice-chairman and I'. R. be Berard, of th? Marchanta1 Association, is secretary. The other m?mh?rs of tli? committee are J. o. Bless, of the Chamber of Comineros; Jacob A. Cantor, former Horougn President "f Manhattan; L. Barton Case, West End Association; Robert (?ricr ?ooke, Fifth A\enue Association; Joseph [.. Delafield. v\ ashington .s?iuara Association? Thoraaa DintOtid, Dtmond Iron Work?; John c. Earn??, Merchants Association; Stephen Katteliy, Americas News Company; Will? iam H. t?ibson. Board of Trade and Trans? portation; B. Carman Harriot, Fifth Ave? nue Association; <'hrrl?<- R. Lamb, Mu?id? pal Art Society; ?;. Howland Leavltt, Rich? ard W. Hand, W. W. Nlles. William 11. Paga, Joseph K. Orr. president of the New York Team Owners' Association; Henry Sanderson, president of the Automobil Club of America, Aaron c. Thay?r and.? F. Welbusch. of the City Club. ELUDES NURSE AND DIES Attendant Clutches Robe as Man Leaps from Mt. Sinai Window. Micha?! siiei.ik, who was in the Mount Sitial Hospital being treated for heart troii ble and under ?be ?-are of a ?pedal nurse, ?jumped from a window on the third floor of 'the Inatltutloi yesterday, ?md wa? killed on tha stone flagging of the court >ard. shciak mis an iron worker, thirty year? "Id. Hti.l hve.l at No. 1174 1st street, Brook? lyn, tie was admitted to the hospital four ?eck.? ago. At noon yesterday thelak was apparently asleep, and tha nurss left the room a moment. When he returned he aw his patient astride the window alii. The BUrse rush.-d for Shciak and caught his night io. e. ? Mrh tore away as th? man fell. WILL "COME BACK" APRIL 1. John W. Smith, Ihe veteran director of the ?'entrai raik menagerie, will be back on the Joh this morning after a three j month?' vacation. It was th? first vacation ? taken In twenty yeara, and the aped dire? tor ?evill allow conclusively on April fool's ?lay that hs i? one of the exceptions to the "can't COme back'* rule. Fascinating Paris Fashions Ready for Easter Week at "Variety Is the Very Spue of Life, and Lends It Half Its Charm' Close by historic (?race Church, with its fast greening gras*, the old gray .store of John Wanamakcr holds within its four walls an assemblage of fashions unsurpassed in all the many years since its doors were first opened by A. T. Stewart to New York. To-day we pr?tent new fashions in diamonds; we open the Kaster Exhibition of women's gloves; from new Paru hat boxes just unpacked we present the latest models by Suzanne Talbot. and exclusive millinery by Marcelle Demay, 11 Rue Royale, Paris. The Little Gray Salons for young girls bave been opened only for ten days, and thev have already Matured a large clientele. The little French Shops will show the latest arrivals of exclusive blouses and lingerie from Paris. On Tuesday and following days we shall pr?sent the new Paris fashions in costumes, wraps and millinery. All this besides special exhibitions of Kaster dress fabrics and Summer linens; new blouses for women and fOUng girls, new styles of silk petticoats; the new laces and necktixings, the latest Paris pe r f U m c I. For women who motor UK have received direct from Eng? land the new Fond?n hats and coats. Old-Fashioned Luncheon Served for the < on venienre of our customers. Eighth ?lallery Restaurant . I :;i? to |:Sf n'cio.-k 1 'i emu of Spinach Roast 'llhs of He^f Mashed Potatoes Stowed Toislosg ?"herry Tart or Pencil lee Cream Tea Coffee Milk JOHN WANAMAKER Pormerly A. T. Stewart A Co. Bioadway, Fourth Avenue, Eighth to Tenth Street. ?ALASKA TURNS FROM ROOSEVEirS PROPHET Instructs Its Delegates for Tait, Despite Gifford Pinchot's Earnest Efforts. IS SOLID FOR PRESIDENT ? Developments of the Week Show Continued Drift Away from Rooievelt East and West. ? ,m l ???,,? Burean T Washington March ?] Although th? t?r rttory of Alaska will have only two d?i? gatea In the Republican Sstlonsl Conven? tion, both of whom have heen Inatructed to worh for I ie renomination of Prealdenl Taft the action ?>f ?be territorial votera al ; th? primarle mean more than th? adding of two more rotea t.? the Taft column, s? rordlng lo ihe analysia of th# altustl ? i msde ?' thi Tsfl bureau t.. <ia\. it is regarded a? a defeat for Gifford Plnchot, one ..f Colonel Rooaevelt'a mosl active campaign proph?te, In the territory which hi regarded as hla own dominion and in whlih hi fOughl hard against the administration. Following Ii the etatement of the Taft bureau: President Tsfl ?ill have caei foi him ibe votea of hie two delegatea from the terri? tory of Alaska In the Chicago convention. The algnlflcance of this result lies as much In the iiiethn.l by which Ihe delega!? ?'ere chosen as it does in the tfctual rcault Itself. For tic purposes of the territorial con? vention Alaska elects delegates by Judicial districts, there being foui such dial each having lift, etc. in the convention. The district delegates wen chosen al masa : primarles, in which ihe vote cual waa ap? proximately 71 per ..ii| of 1 ? vota esst at the Isai ei. .-tion for territorial delegatea In Congres? This Ii b) fai the highest percentage of \?>t>-- cast In anj primar) yei lield, and the Indorsement of the Taft ad? ministration and ihe iiisini.ti.-ui ..f dele I gates f->r Pr?sident 'l'ait by a standing, vote iln the convention are on? of the hii I tributes he ha.-- yet received. Mr. Fi5her"s Trip Important. The outcome m Alaska la Important trun simthri point ol view Laal (all the lerrt ! toi> -ne. visited bj vYaltei I. Kisher, Bee ! retar) ol the Interior, ??? ho explain???! i" I Alaskans in town meetings th? policy of the administration 10wai d the territory. I Certainl) 110 one la mor? Intei ted in Alas? kan aiTaus than Alaskan- themselves, and i In view >'f what followed llieae meetings of Secretary Kisher, the result Is important. I After Secretar) Fisher luid left Alaska j Gifford Pincho! the leader of the right against the T ? ft conservation poll. 1? , ? companied by Senator Miles Poindexter, a Plnchot-Rooaevelt-La Follette follower, ! visited Alaska They also spoke at public meetings and did all the) rould i" Iln? up ] Alaakana against the administration In tha 1.xt campaign The outcome is hi " told in this telegram, f-Mowing tlu Aluaka convention v. atsrdsv: Please extend t-. th? President greet-?, Inga from the first unanimous Republican convention ever held in Alaska. Convey to him the following resolution, which ha* just bean unsnlmously adopti atanding vote Revolved, That we herein, iinainniouslv Indorse th?- administration; we i*ummen<i bis wise, progre slve, economic and pa? triotic course We commend the friendly Interest of the Presiden) In our problems. We instruct the delegates from Alaska to tha national convention t.. vote foi ind do their utmost to secure the nomination of President Taft Q BO ROE R WAI.KKR. L i' BHACKLEFORD, CHARLES HERRON Control of the Vermont State convention and probable control of the Missouri con? vention by the Taft forces are assured, ?< I cording to reporta received at the Taft bureau to-day. in Vermont tue frisada of ' the President dominate tha altuatloa and m Missouri th?- progresa ...' tha Paasldsni has been accentuated by tha victory of th? Tall forces ?n Speaker Clark's own diatriol Situation in Both States Analyzed. The situation In both atatei li described a.? follows b>- th<- Tafl bureau: ?alendM prnjrcsa la th? Tafl cerapslgn in Missouri fs Indi ated In a dispatch Just received from that atste, following ih? piimarles In ?, doten COunttCa In that state yesierday. Acordlng to iba repon Preal dem Tafl carried ?? er; county in the it h Congress District, which is the home of Speaker Champ Clark, "no of the Umn cratic candidates for the nomination foi President. Ha also carried Randolph Coun ty. in the M dlatrlct, and Monlfeau and Osag? counties, in the Mh dlatrlct, M?o) Ver nor. County, in ih? i.'.tn diatriol The ?? ? 11 com? materially Increased the probability that President Taft'a friends will control the state convention in Missouri. ?l?s[>it< the opposition of ?Jovinor Herbert lln.ll>-v and iimnv of th? offlcehokiera under th? stat? administration, Th? outcome In th? prlm.it les Ir. Vermont yesterday virtually assured President Tafl a solid delegation a' Chicago from that stale. As ha?- been tin custom in all I lie New England Btatea for many yeara, it la highly probable thai no delegates from that Section to the chl. ago ..invention will be Instructed for any candidate, but the indi vidual views of the delegates to nil of the conventions in Vermont are altead] known and the outcome of th? primaries Is indi? cated b) ih? following telegram Tan will have ? majority In the state convention of at least IM) The l"t dl?trlet convention will give Taft a majority of 1?7>; the M district ba? elected ltiii del? gates pledged I" Taft, II" ol?dK?d to Roosevelt and thirty-two unpledged and unknown ' After th? striking result, of last week there will be an interim of ojuiel In tha choosing of delegate?. Only a handful of delpgates will be chosen tbil week, but tbo we?k following will be unusually u'ttv?. Conventions and primarle? In New York. Chicago Bt Lotus, Vannent, Kentuckv. Pennsylvsnl? and ?Isewher? win bring th? president's convention strength to fully 490 vote?, it Is estimated, with 530 necessary to nomination on the first ballot. Among th? developments ?if th? w??k Just ended Is th? continued drift of Re? publican sentiment toward Mr. Taft In Iowa, which promises his ft lends control of (he rtate convention on April 24, and which, be yond the four districts that ha\e already Instructed for him, even now assures ad? ditional Taft delegates from the 2d and 6th districts Mlehlgan. the horn? of r;o\?rnor Oaborn, continues to report Taft gains and Instruct? ed Taft delegatea to th? state convention iM.d brings rumors of (?o\ern<>r Oshorn's desertion of the colonel's cause In Mis? souri the campaign 1= progressing mor? than satisfactorily, with recent gains Indi? cating Taft delegates from several districts. In T> xa?x ihe -late will? It Cecil l.yon pro faaasa to have In his pocket, the first coun? ty executive committee meeting, that ,.f Iiallas County, resulted In a vote of II to 1 for President Taft. Dallas polls more Tie publican votes than anv other county In the ?late, and the action of the committee fore? shadows the ?lection "f Taft delegates from that district and reflects the general politi? cal s'-ntimeiit of the state. BETTING AGAINST SOCIALISTS Municipal Election in Milwaukee To? morrow Awakens Great Interest. Milwaukee March II.?Intsrsat ?n the Milwaukee city ele? lion on Tuesday next between the t.on-pat tlsan and Socialist tickets and the contests throughout the state for delegatea to Ihe na'ional polit? ical convention? is probably n.? gt?'at as that attending any political contest in the history of Wisconsin. In Milwaukee a non-oa rtisan ticket, made up of Republicans ?md I'emociats. la headed by in. ?lerhard A Hading. Mayor Km 11 Seldl is seeking re-election ?11% the Manda ?if th? Socialists Keiting "ii the Milwaukee ?-i?, non i? largely in favor of 'he non-partisan ticket. In the Presidential pilmaiy tb? chief .'itilesls are between the Tafl and th? La Koiieii? farces on th? Republican side, and Wilson and t'lark adh?rents on the D*MM cratlc tide. SiWIE MIE MS BEFORE COURT TO DAY Supreme Tribunal Will Consider Most Important Question of Present Term. WHOLE COUNTRY AFFECTED i I ? Laws and Orders in Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia. Ar? kansas and Ohio Depend on Court's Decision. Washington. Marri, fj Their hulk and j Importance rank the group of atat? rata c?sea to be <ak?n up for consideration to< i morrow hv the Rupreme ronrt a? the most I important catea to mm? before that trlbu nal thlf? t?rm S'ate rate laws and orders In Missouri, Kentucky. Weal \*irslnla. Oregon. Minna sota, Arkansas and Ohio ?111 Pfand o- full bj the decision of the rourt. Hiate rat? ordert In practically every state of the i ilion uiu he awept nut of existence if the court find = that the orders and laws now in question burden Int?ntate commerce. The record In th* Missouri cases alone euer.? in.rnri vnsec Thli represents more words than have heen uttered In both th? House and Senat? during the pr?sent C* aion of Congress. Tie justices ara each supposed to digest i hi?? record a"d th? thousand pa?ses of briefs besides. Tue Minnesota, ?asea aie hImo.st as bulky and have leen referred to as fh? most com prehenshre. The validity of practically all maximum freight rates In the State, sa well as ihe iwo?oent iiH.ssenaer law. la Involved Two Mk questions are hefore the court. The fii."!, likewise arising in cases from ihe othei i-ix stales, i? whether the reduc? tion ef state rates would require 'he raii roada Id reduce s'mllar Interstate ratea and If sii.-ii reduction of state intes a*ould be a burden on interstate commerce. The Minne? sota federal court held thai It Mould he auch a burden The other question is tvhethei ihe late? ??onfis?at" the property of the railroads. in answering the tatter question In Ihe affirmative th? lower court adopter! th? "reproduction <n?t new" of the railroads aa showing their fair value The slate hold? thai aras a wrong h,i?|s. The slate also oh |e. ta ?o the use of the grosa sarnlnga .if the basis r?>r dividing the value between Interstate and Intra-state buslneaa and he. twepti passenger and freight business, f'i the Ml sourl tases maximum fieisht and tli? two-Cent pas.? liter lawa are in VOlved The federal COUn In Missouri held the rates roufJacatory, but nol a burden on interstate commerce. The controversy over valuation was avoided by an i_: ? ? to regard three time-; the taxation i aluation ?< the Tali \aiue ' The Kentucky case Involve th.> r-onetltu tionalifv of the Ktate railroad commission set and the validity ol red.d rate, on distiller) supplies from Kentucky cities on the 01 !?> River to Inland Itles. The rail p mis lost <n both point! In the lower fed eral rom is The Weal Vlrglala rontroversj tei4te' in-ill;, io the valldit) of the two-cent pa ? aenger law The Bupreme Court of \\. ?? Virginia held !t did nol burden interatate rommerce ind was not conflecatory. L*n aucceasful attacks arere made on the law because of it-- penalt) clause and Its ap? plicability only to steam railroads, and not to ? h 'irle ratlroadi The ( iregon cas? i ??? t Identical with Hi" Kentucky cases The coastttutlon allty "f Ilia state railroad i ommrasion acl and the validity of rates from Portland to othei orejen dtie^ in th? eastern ami outhern paita of the state .n? involved The lower I dens' court upheld the ?aw and the ratea In th? Arkansas rase the ma nimm freight ?aw- ano! Ihe twoceril ps aenger lew were found by the ferlerai district court to be ronneeatory. The valuation ? ? ;''???! el iuii ? il? taxation valust 01 in the Ohio cases the ont) question In volved is in- validity or h atat? rate Bxed iij tl ?? Otue Railroad Commission, on ateem < oal from Kastern fdilo to l-ike Kric Pitts? burgh vein operator! obj?*ct?sd to the rates . h the Wheeling & Lake Erie, The ral ?? contends that the freight ii interstate com merce tranaahlpped at Cleveland and Huron, Ohio, for lake eitles In Other statr-. Th. lalltoad ?on belOW FAVORS SHORTER BALLOT Wadsworth, Before Congress Club, Urges Other Reforms. .Inmes W. Wadsworth, formerly speaker of the Assembly, addressed s large sudl enre, which iiniuded many members of the ?'ongreas Club, el the United ?'on?r? gationa! Church, In Wllliamaburg, vesier day afternoon On the auhject of "A More Effective I ?em? i acj " ?m?- of the greatest evlla noa fa< ?d by the people in their attempts to get ad?? quate representation at the polls, said Mr. Wadsworth, aras the present system of voting II? suggested Bs a remedy a shorter I ?Hot, and said that this could easiiv he secured bj a cbangs in ihe state elective and appointive offices). fin the same principle aa that on Wbleh the President, elected to Office, selects hie own Cabinet, composed of the men who h? helieves may liest help him in hi* ad ministration, the ex-Speaker advocated ? the cutting down of the stato elective or flees to three those of Governor, Lieuten? ant Governor and Controller. The Con? troller would act. he said, aa an affective check upon the generous tendencies of the Ooveinoi, and the tilling Of the other state offices by appointees would place all re sponalblllty directly nt the door of th? chief executive Mr. Wadsworth made a h||ef reference to the recent elections, and gave If as his opinion that the direct primary would re? quire considerable reconstruction hefore It became a servtcrahla system. PINCHOT'S DEMOCRATIC TALK Advocates Policies Enunciated by Bryan Fifteen Years Ago. I prom The Trlauaa Ban >n l Washington. March 31.--Glfford PlnchOt, speakine In behalf of th<- candidacy of Theodore ntoosawelt for the PrVaMency, ad dressed in audience in IforgantOWn, W, Vs.. last Monday nlxht. "The New I lomln ion," ihe Democratic newspaper of Mor gantoWBJi in it? Issue of Tueoda] inornlng, March ai saya: Mi PlnchOt made the hc.-l I >? iiioi-i atii speecfa heard m Morgaatown In man) reara and with ? \ei> jew. ir any. exMption? ? ont? nded .strongly for the pollcl?*a and prin? cipies enunciated by Mr. Bryan twelve or Aneen years ago. His remarks were la t< 1> in tin- nature of s scathing arraignment of the Taft administration und the Taft at? titude on public questions. ?|,. Mw ll() virtue whatever In the policy of ?in- F'reai dent. and declared thai be would prefer a proamasive Danaocrat aa Preatdeni m pi,o-. of l*re.sid"-iit Taft, provided, of course his friend and patron. Colonel Roosevelt, Van not he nominated and elected. Mr Pincho) was verj clear and positive on this point, and did not besttat? to make his position so plain thai none ?an misun? derstood it He ?a unalterabl; opposed tu tin ?lection of another Preatdeni of the Taft type, no matter with what ticket his name is coupled, ills deelaratlonn in favor of reforms were so clearly In line with the contentions of Mr. Hrvan thai the Demo? crats in the audience wire moat frequently stirred (o applause. ? SUNDAY'S NEW-YORK TRIBUNE Mailed anywhere in the United States fcr 12 50 a yssr. fNEW HOiMDURAN LOAN PLANS ( Offer of Southern Bankers Radi j cally Different from Morgan's. Washington, March 21.-The state Depart? 1 mfnt announced to-day th? terms of a pro , posed new loan lo the government of llon ! dura?, to le tinanoM by th? Whitney 1 en ! tral Trust and Savings Bank, of New Or j l?ap'', Instead Of by the Morgan group in j New York The department nffV ?als claim ' that tb? objectionable feature of th? Mor ! can proposition 'o?s been eliminated by the : Southern bankers, and they are again nrg ! i"g th?> Senate to act upon the llnnduran 1 lean convention, whleh ha? been before the Foreign Relations Committee for more than I a year. Th? offer of a |tt,?JMM loan hy th? Mor? gan group recently vvas withdrawn Tha Southern bankers. It Is Announced, have , made a t?i,der .-.f a similar amount under a : new and radically different contract They j propoee to limit the tli at isfuam-e of bonds I to }(5.<vxi,n?vi nod will requlr? of Honduras : f:*)vn one, n year to meet the service of th? ! loan, as compared with ?lM,<v?1 a year nnd?r tb? form?r centrad ? Th? official announcement of th? r.?w loan ?Issued to-dav by tli? BUU liepartment j ?nvs, |n part. The Southern hankers limit the ii*?s of I their b>an escluelveiy is 'be refunding or the Mcnduran foreltrn debt and discard the proposals of th? Vegan group to promote railroad building and other Internal lm t rovementa ?nd to settle Internal drhts and claims |i?n'llng aRmn?t the llon-luran fOV? . rnmsnl With the general public m Honduras the .-?? uthern xank?r? rind tha meal vea handi? capped bv a Widespread prejudlr? toward j loans In anv form, and sav that I hla oppo? sition has undoubtedly b?en augmented by tb? feiler? of tli? ficnat? to ratify th? eon* vin loti. I Th? new Offer, as described by Ac'lng Secretary Huntington Wilson, la for A ? -i lo,.n. payable in forty years, with Interest at th? rat? of I per cent and with ,. sinking rund ?'ter live years of 1 per . ?lit. The bonds are lo be secured by the luetoma revenue of Honduras, collected, as provided for In th? loan convention, hy Imerlrana appointed bv Honduras with the approval of tha resident of the United States. Connected with the New Orleans ?Mikers la tha firm of William C. Sheldon .< Co., of New York. Tha Southern banker.? imv* already mad? con idsrable headway, th? Honduran Coa* bavin* accepted their tetma fur s prellminsry le-.n of $<vio,nfv\ off?red to meet the pressing need? of that government. FOR SCHOOL CO-OPERATION Report from Municipal Research Bureau to Estimate Board. 'i h.? Bureau of Municipal Research has submitted a report, embracing a booklet or forty-elg ? pages, lo tha Board of Bet! committee on school Inquiry, under th.- heading "Outside t'o-operati.'ii with the Public Schools of ??r.-.it'r New York " Ka< h Individual member of the board ba< re? ceived th? folio .ting letter <>f Uanemtttal; The m->i ? coai alone of the organized outside (private, semi-public and public) help given each year for New- York Clty'g public s'-lnml children is fully $1,000,000 I'hla meens a capital outlay equal to the two huge national foundations the |-ar ?n!? Poundatton for th.- Advancement of Teaching and the Russell Sac? Foundation. ii is nearl) half "f tin* income of tl-.o ?ien eral Education Board Because of the preecnt actual value of le Intereal In New York's publie la and tha vastly ??reat-r pot.-ntial value, we nop" you win personally case to - ai th.- r?i''?r' *<-nt you herewith [tiitstd. ' o-operstton with the public s hools of Greater New Kork." Tbia study i-, na ? -u ..- ?.' irna from UtJ outside agen 9 ipertntendent'a lejiorts for '-? ii, the Board of r.ducailon's hi'-i tha board ol superintendents' minutes for 1**5 ii, and newapapei flies for IM6 '11 \\. are hmlttlng it formal!) to !Ik Moar.i ol Katlmate'a committee on s.-iiool ln?|iiiry, with the recommendation on page h thai ai t in - time, when Its experts ur-< studying both educational and business h^ peets of school problema, i? cali a confer - Of or arraiii;" communication with nil agencies, pul.ii.- and private, which are en operating with public achoola '?> to eon l?der questions and opportunltlea arising from avalla?.le citizen co-operation, ib> n insider Ih? deslrabllltj and method of con? noting - central agency which, through ail othei agencies, ?'all co-operete all th" t. a ? ii' k hoola In ail boroughs The reaaona foi this recommendation ?or. st it ule ihe report Some of the apeeial things a hlch it s??t is clear to us. a central mlR-ht ?to f.?r nil other ?K^ncle?. uni for ihe ..hoois, aie noted on peg? ? 12and tt, The report la ?inne.i hv two ?llreeto?/a. William H Allen md Henry Bruere, loma ol Its significan) facts, bowing th? 1 ,,f , .....p. ration available for the - from agencies outside the school s\ Mom Include direct, continuous and gratuitous co-operation, which is offsrc.i hy seventy-sla agencie? and many other con? tributing ? luaai toward the advancement .1 Ihe schools, Chlefl) through fh? aid of citlsena ?nd privet? organlsationa ATLANTIC'S HEAVY TOLL Shipwreck Causes Death of 121 Persons During Last Winter. Boston, March 31 nn? hundred and f wenf.-one persons perished hy Bhlpwrech and ehrhty-flve vc???cls met disaster off ?he New Kngland coast or while engaged In th? NViv England, < "anadian or Newfound? land trade during the fall and winter sea? son of Itll-'ll Of the eighty-five, vessels cast ashore, sunk, burned or Involved In other mishap?, seven were steamers, two wer? full-rigged ships, two were harks, tlree brics, sixtv-four schooners and seven were barges. The financial loss I? esti? mated at more than $i,flnn,ooo. The revenue cutlers vlresham, Arushn?t and AndroSCOggin, ever on the alert while at their stations, saved many lives and ves? sels during the winter months Wireless calls for asslslnnce were quickly answered by these three government vessels, and a large number of disabled or sinking BChOOn era were, towed to pla? es of safety. OTHERS WANT MORE PAY Station Agents Follow Lead of Engineers in Demands. The question of making general demands on (lie RaStcrn raUroad? for higher wages was taken up yesterday at a conference in the Grand Union Hotel of representa fives of th? station agents, signal m?-n. malntalnera ami others outside of th? op? rating forces employed hy these roads. The delegates t ?presented the men in their respective or?upat|ona in Ins employ of the Pennsylvania, Heading. New York, New- Hsven A Hartford, rioston A Maine, Rutland and other Eastern lines The general sentiment was that their . lalma for hitch, r wages should n? consid? ered before am- Increases wsrs granted by th? railroad? to their higher salaried em? ployee The ..inference represented about three thousand i.illroad ?tnployea -s SCOUT GREAT IRON DISCOVERY Geological Survey Says Existence of Billion Tons Impossible. Washington. March M The recently re? ported discovery of a billion ions of Iron or?- In Pulton <'"iinty, Penn., |s a physical and Chemical Impossibility, according to tin- United ItatasOsoleajleal Survey, which mad.- public to-night the r.-sult ?,f an In? vestigation The .Survey timls that it I lllion tons of u.in would occupy a volume nearly c.pial to the maaa <?f th? three lulls In which (he deposit Wai ?listed t" be touinl The In? vestigation show? that tiie hiiis probably ...m.in several million Ion- of low grade i"d iron or? "id inav contais g small araonni of i"eb grada eros/a on and more low grade, bruan ore. WOO MINERS HE; MAY SOON RESUME WORK Believed Anthracite Operators Will.Offer Men 10 Per Cent Advance. MITCHELL HOPES FOR PEACE Soft Coal Workers Expected to Ratify the Cleveland Agree? ment and Return to the Minea in a Month. Philadelphia, March II, -Tteporta from all sections of the anthraeite coal region to da'- Indicate that there will he no at t?mpt made to resume operations at the principal minea pending the negotiations for a HOW working agreement, which Will he resumed in this city r>n April 1? Meetings of all the locals of the T'nited Mine Workers In ?he region were held to dav, at which th? officers instructed the men to remain away from the rolllerlep I .-<nd warned them of the danger of contre gating In groups .lohn Mitchell, who led the miners In 1 f?A2. delivered a lecture to-day In Wllkes Harre. He met the mine leidere, who ha\e returned from Cleveland, hut there was no conference regarding the present situation He expressed the hone that, conditions may clear and peace he re? stored The operator? of the principal collieries In the Lackawanna rejlnn asserted em? phatically to-day that they would make no effort to operate their mines either In whole or in part, un'll after the confer? ence. Officials of l'ne Delaware & Hudson say that work may he done in some of Us waaber.es, hut mine leaders say BUCb work will he opposed The mine leaders aay they are willing that the companies use all the men necessaiv to make needed re? pairs, hut that If there I? an attempt to set the araahsriOS or collieries in opera? tion there will he no delay In calling all the men out. No disorder has heen reported and none I? expected. Reporta from vYllkee?Barra say that some of th-> companies have guards at their collieries and mo'-e are heing rushed to that field, hut the head' of the large collieries near BcrantOfl *<iy that If any protection ja needed they will rely on their under officials and office help to do the protecting. The minera also have offered to furnish responsible men from the flanks of the union to do guard duty under Sheriff P P. < onner. who has agreed to deputise them if they are accepted hy the companies. He will not deputize Imported guards. tVhlle the operators refus.,, to discuss what concessions they will be willing; to make at the conference, sentiment throughout the mine regions la that a 1<? per cent Increase will be offered. Many of the workers ar? said to favor the acceptarv-e of such terms, but others want greater concessions, especially the recognition of the union. Indianapolis, Marca IL - No anthracite or bituminous coal will he taken from the mines of the country to-morrow hy union miners, aa a result of the suspension, which wetit Info effect at midnight to-night, due to wago troubles afore than l'?i,00ii miners, about 160.000 In the anthracite tie Id and HO (inn in the bituminous, will take a vacation, which probabljr will last only a few weeks. Different from a. Strike, the minera will have pump men and others at work to pro? tect the mines from flooding or other trou? ble due to a shutdown of the plant?. The bituminous miners will be out only long enough foi the wag.? agreement, reached In Cleveland, to he ratified by the miners by a referendum vote. The balloting ?? to iak? place April in and votes will be counted at ?he headquar? ters of the organisation In this city. The result, it Is expected, will be known April 13. though the (i mplcte count will not be annoiim .-.I until BOWIS ?lavs later. PredtC tlon whs mad- to-night bj union officials that the agreement would he supported by ?i H per rent vote. The bituminous miners are expected to resume work in a month. The suspension does nol affect ail of the mines In the South, as the union Is not ao strong south of .he Ohio River as it Is in (he Northern s'ates. The mines of Wyom? ing. Washington, Colorado and Montana also will sot be affected, bocauss the union contracts in those districts do no? expire on April 1. It is said the miners will ?nso ji.iwi.wi every day they remain out. and that the suspension will cmie? a loss in coal pro? duction to the country of nearly 42,?io>iii?> tons a month No formal order was issued by the presi? dent. John P, Wime, for the miners to leave work, as the suspension w?is auto mafic, since the miners have no agree? ment to work after mldnl?thf to-night. when the contri f made two years ago ex? pires No trouble is expected at any of. the mines Involved. MAY RESUME" IN A WEEK Head of Pittsburgh Miners Ex? pect* fiiippension To Be Brief. Plttobu'Sti, March fl The .Vi.?nn miners In the Pittsburgh soft coal district will h.- Idle tomorrow. It Is stated to-night, how. thnt th.? suspension here will come to an end in ene werk. The annual convention of district No 5 iPtttoburgb distil--!!. United Mine Workers of America, which has been twice adjourned |0 tUftble district officials to attend ihe con? ferences at cieveimd. will be reconvened on Wednesday morning. Francis Pethan, president of the local miners, Is authority fo- the statement that Ihe convention will he asked to authorize a resumption Of op? erations in the Pittsburgh district pending ratification of the Cleveland settlement. Should the convention consent to this plan It Is said the men will be lack at work one week. S|?ak:ng of the in. lease In ?su I for the Pittsburgh district, Mr. Peonan said The advance in wages Is similar to that we received two rears .ig". It means li a ton for mining eoul in the Pittsburgh dis? trict. Drivers and othei akllled wo-l.e an Increase from t2 7<> to $2 M a day. Cor? responding ?ni-r^.'i- ire granted til othei classes of labor. BRITISH MINERS APATHETIC Only About Half the Men Record Votes Regarding Strike. London, March II.?The miners ;:re tak? ing far less Interest in the ballot to ?jnd the strike than they did in the ballot which began It. Probably this is because Ihe result Is a foregone conclusion. In many districts only about half the men have recarded their votes This indiffer? ence ulso account* prohahlv foi the fact that Northumberland. I.ancashlro and some other districts arc voting against a resumption, only the irreconcilable? taking the double to vote. However, the aggregate voting is huge? ly for a return to w,,ik. and the Indica? tions aie that many men will bave taken up their tools again before the tlnal result of the polling I? declared. In not a few of the districts the men have already be? gUBj t.? reopen the road' and pr?paie the miner, for a new Mart at ?he eaille I PBO m??t several collieries in IPaiwIctaMre have been recaeued, and probably 10,000 WHERE DO YOlJ BORROW MONEY? \y E stand ready to make any good mortgage in Greater New York. Weshould liketocon8tderyour application. IiTlEOTAIUNTiE AND TRUST C9 Wt*\ . . $ 4,375,000 Surplust all earud) 10,625,000 176 B-way, N. Y. 178 Rem?r SL$??l 380 mitw St.. Jamaica m non will he weefeBag to-morrow ln the As the crj.|8 m no*- virtually <n-er. the King, who haa up to tha r-??T.t da?ineo, to leave I,ondon, ha? tersad to cam- out his original plan to apinn Faster at gajjd. rlngham with the Qu*n an4 thft ?JJ family. Me proNahly win r-maln there until April 33. The P. rmmgham <o.por.uton will etart to morrow in shutting of? tha ?aa ?utrpir between noon and * oVicck .n the eyening, to the dlsmav of the sbopkeepere, who are loudly protesting agaln?t this action. ENGLISH VIEWS ON LABOR Harry Phillips Advocates Govern? ment Interference in Strikes Harry Phillips, first honorary pregnant of the i oal Porters" Vnlon of F:ngland. made a short address yesterday afternoon io the members of the Voung Men's Chr'?. lian A ?sr-dation at the Ue?t "M ?treat branch on the subject ef industrial peace. .Mr. Phillips, who for vears haa been BJ i ciated with labor unions of all kind* HI Kngland. said that there wit? two v.-a\?. of settling dispute? betwe?n 'ha emplo- er and the eniplo\ed T,aho'- war, or strlk. ', resulting in the loss of work to hundreds of thousands ,,f men, he said, should '>? atopped and ail difference should be set? tled peacefully between tha ntaatet and his men by conference. ?'orp.orate ownership and co-pannerai )p between an indu ?dual or a firm and the workers, according to Mr. phtUipa, is the Surest way of doing away With ?' This, he said, has been tried ln Kneland, the Workers havinc a share In the ; ? Stock and sitting on the board of ?? tors, taking an Int. rest in the work from which they derived both a salary and divi? dende on their Investment. "I reallv believe.'' said Mr Phil i?, that In the great dock strike In England last year, and In this coal strike. Um gor? eminent would have been Justified In step? ping In when millions of men were nut ef work and the condition of affairs i rltlcat, p io ?nylnp: 'Settle this matter anilceM/ t hr - keep up your business, or w< aill na i onalise It as we have don? the telegraph? telephone and mall business, and do i*ny v:th these differences forever.' " SECRET UNION IN SURWAY Agents Working to Organize tha Interborough Employes. it became known yesterday thai rVilkam Ii. Ilahon, ?'resident of the Amaigai . Association of Street and EiOCtlic Ka;l>\-i/ Edrployes, ililR paid scwral visits to New York within the last six weeks, and ! ai agents nt work secretly trying io organise the guards and conductors i'i ihs lubway und on the elevated road- Such of the motormen SJ are organ./.cd lelo. K to 'Le, I Brotherhood of 1/Komoiive Engin? ; engineer OH the nUam lo< onioi ?., 01 I '? I elevated roilroada, both lu Manhattan and Hrookb-n, before electric power aras lotre duccd on these roads, were menil)e'- e; the biotherhoo.l, and remained BtewNM aft" i- t!i-y oecame motorim n. A prominent union officer, who is in communication with Mali ii every we. k, ?aid la.-t evening: The men arc b. mg enrolled in the Amal? gamated AaoodaUon, on the street and ele? \ led railroads in both Manhattan slii-I Brooklyn and In the a?bwa\, *. ? retlv m Individuals. A corps of oiianu-r- Is at work, and sometimes men who have it?n enrolled are working side t y iule without either know In? that the othei |a enrolled. I believe half of the men are enrolled I'll? tin n will cleet officers al a secret. m< \v!:ic|i will be called whf n the majority ?'* In the Union, and no demand ml 1 foj >-,.verai months. \s to Urand Master stone of the engi? neers, who was alwavs reputed to be refp conservative. 1 a:n glad to eee tnar h* i opening his eyes and taking r real lnt^re?! In trades unionism There were slwaya ?. punit er of the motormen In hi hood The organising or the men is g'dmr on In SUCh S way that If will be a B own fault if the company know*, he ha? j"incd a union No demands maj Im ma^e for several months, in th* mean c me, organisers are working hard under cover, Hid in) of them who lets hi work be known outside Is put on other work. 14.000 CARPENTERS STRIKE Allied Workers May Join Movement and Swell Number of Idle to 50,000 Chicago, March ll -It ?; dap ted t'""' on ano workmen will bf Idle i- the result "f s strike of 14,001 union carpentei ? effective at midnight tO-night Members of ?'!' Slll?d trade unions are expecte?! to lay do?n t;,,''f tools in sympathy with the carpenter?. Difference of opinion between the Chi" eago Carpenter Contractors' Connotl. 'he employers, and the union eref a new was? s.-ale brought about the strike The union demanded 18 cent- an h/>ur pnd toe 'in ployers offered %Vm ?cms. Tit? fo;m?r wage a. ale was fia rents. Contractors say the strike ha? ? ?me at * nio^t critical time, as work on many Urge StrU? tUI CI is lieing rushed. m INCREASE FOR COKE WORKER? Friok Company Also Advance? T-ty *f Miners 71-2 Per Cent. Pittsburgh, March 11 Twent* 'hnii sand workmen In Payette, vTsntssorelaad and Washington counties will go to their worl Ihe mines and coke evsSM ef 'ha ' c i'nek foke Company to-oaorrew morning and learn from notices post? I IS> night that they are to receive a ftf Bgf cent advance In wagea, beginning April I? Not one employ?, Il II said, Is anticipat? ing the advance The men ba\e been Working under the former scale for nve years. They srk not orga oiied ART EXHIBITIONS AND SALE?._ "Executor's Absolute Sale" *wmmtm ^?N?W Y0RK-C1TY THIS (MON.) & TUESDAY Assssnaans at IdaX AND THIS (MON.) EVENING ?t a iicmi. Oil Paintings Ceramics, ! ?las-ware Silver. Fine \-ai*^'? Fan?, Hric-a-Mrac. Expensive 1 ??*?* gltd (lock Set?, Furniture and otl>?'r Object, M Art and Utility Hook?. incltidiuR a copy of The Cata*? Encyclopedia, Vatican Edition." The ?ale ?i'l he conducted h? fir. TNOMA1 B. KIKBY, of the American Art Association, Kanagers ? t. :. d street? MadUon eauare ae?