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i70U LXXII....Na 23,896. T??-dB.T, cloudy. To-?norr?i?*i, fair; we?t wind?. NEW-YORK, FRIDAY, APRIL 10. 1912.-?SIXTEEN" PAGES a a PRICE ONE CENTfa^l?wWB?Wofa?Sl Hobokea. HIT BERG Afll^KNOT SPEED CARPATHIAN STORY OF TITANIC5 L055, WITH THRILLING DETAILS OF RESCUE THE CARPATHIA, WiTH TITANIC SURVIVORS, ARRIVING AT HER DOCK LAST NIGHT. SLUNG ON HER SIDE ARE THREE OF THE TITANIC S LIFEBOATS, FROM WHICH WERE RESCUED SOME 150 PAS? SENGERS OF THE ILL-FATED LINER. THESE BOATS HAD TO BE LOWERED AND TOWED AWAY BEFORE THE CARPATHIA COULD BE BROUGHT ALONGSIDE THE CUXARD PIER. ALL DARK AFTER CRASH; RUSHING CROWD INSANE Robert W. Daniel, a Philadelphia Banker, Describes Scene on Great Liner After She Crashed Into the Iceberg. Among the first survivors to leave the Carpathia was Robert W. Daniel, a Philadelphia banker. The majority of the survivors were dazed. The gangway was thronged with ambulance surgeons. Daniel said the Titanic collided with the iceberg at 10:20 o'clock on Sunday night and sank at 2:20. He was in bed at the time. He leaped into a collapsible boat and was picked up five hours later. Mr. Daniel carried from the steamer Carpathia Mrs. Lucian P. Smith, daughter of Congressman Hughes, in a fainting condition. Mrs. Smith was rescued by the Carpathia. She was hurriedly taken from the pier by her father. Two-thirds of the survivors were dazed when they were assisted on to the pier. Some of the women passengers screamed hysterically. The ambulance surgeons were unable to care for those who needed immediate medical attention. Mr. Daniel also said: "I had just left the music room and disrobed, and was in my bunk, when there was a terrifie crash. The boat quivered and the lights went out. In the darkness I rushed on deck almost naked. There seemed to be thousands fighting and shouting in the dark, and then they got the storage batteries going, and that gave us a little light. "Captain Smith was the biggest hero I ever saw. He stood on the bridge and shouted through a megaphone, trying to make himself heard. The crew obeyed his orders as well as could be expected. EVERYBODY SEEMED INSANE. "Five minutes after the crash everybody seemed to have gone insane. Men and women fought, bit and scratched to be in line for the < ontlnued on fourth vage, sixth column. SAYS ISMAY PICKED CREW One of First in Lifeboat, and Then Selected Men to Row. Arcordlng to Mr?. W. J. Cardc-za, of Philadelphia after she had arrived at the Rltz-Carlton with T. I. M. Oardeza. J. Bruce Ismay, managing dire?-tor of the White Star Line, not only wai? safely seated In a lifeboat before It was filled, but he also selected the crew that rowed the boat. Accruing to Mrs. C_.rd??z*i, Mr. Utjiay knew that Mr. ?'ardeza was ?n expert oar-man and he beckoned him Into bis l>oa|,. Mr. Cardeza manned an ?*?r until Mr. itmay's boat was picked up ???bout two hours later. ANTIDILUVIAN WHISKEY. Jo?e th? dltter*****. * ?moles Bros., N. T_ SAYS BIG MEN CAUSED PANIC Official Says Prominent Passen? gers Led Rush for Lifeboat3. ?'aptaln Roberts, ?uperlntendent ?,f dock* for the White Star Line, who was present at the arrival of the Carpathia and went on board at once to see mem? bers of the crew of the Titanic who tremo a m on* the survivors, was later heard to say to s??me of the officials of the White Star Line on the Carpathia: '?'.entlemen, the panic on board the Titanic wan caused by the men whom We would naturally expect to attempt to avert mich B thing. It was our Con , jnm*nflll our Senators and our big ,ncn I who led iu the crush for the lifeboat?.** GREAT BEAR SPRING WATER. 60c par case ot ? gU*?-?top*x**MKl boulin. ~A4vt NUN ON BRIDGE TELLS OF COLLIll - Going Top Speed. Titanio Quai termaster Savs, 21 Knots. Though Warned as to Ice Fields. [EXPLOSION RENDS VESSE This, Caused by Water Pourin Through Gaps in Hull to the Boilers, Caused Catas? trophe. Some Sur? vivors Believe. Quartermast? t Moody ITM OH lh> bridge of the Tltani?* on Sunday OVMI ling. Tin- ihlr *h" thon tnakiiiK h< top .speed, uri*?*(l to her utfnost t1 demonstrate to the w??ild what th gr?at?-st ?hip could do. Th?- ?hip irai making not hSBO than twenty-un?- knots the ?*<*iiiviii?-iit of more than twenty thre?' land mile?, or mor?? than five bun <lre?l miles ii da\ . Captain Smith bad been wain.-?l i.j several vessels <<l the proximity <?f I dangerous i?*e fiel?), and had replied ii at least <?ne of them, the Mesal?a, of tin Atlantic Transport i-ln?*, trou ?Londoii his appre'iatlo;* of the w??rning. 0*9 Bunda) evening the Titanic, which ba?j i>t*t-n ronnlng through smooth irater and beneath a brilliantly starlit sky. eut? r?-?l a llgLI l?'K bank. an?l th.- t.-mp.-ratur?. fell. The ship's ..ii li?-stra was playing an?! th?* passengers wer?? diverting them? selves with cards, Looks and In the varl <?us ways customary to seagoer?-*, ?-??m. promenading the decks, when the man in th?* <-row s-nest, far up abov?- th?* pntmena?!?* deck, suddenly criad out: ??Berg ahead! Port your helm!" Quartermaster .Moody instinctivel?, obeyed the order and sheered his vessel sharply off the starboard, through thi? ll. ?I?! ?.f ice that surround.-?! him. Hut the warning ha?l come too late, for the graal ship juagad her p??rt hern against the side of a craggy l??*rg that loomed In her path, and with a ripping and rending of steel against Ice this sea pal? ace was rent from stem to ??midships, and the <??can waters pound in Upon the doomed hundreds. The shock was not great, for the ship ? ontlnurd on fourth page, ??-?null rolutnn. WAUMBEK AND COTTAGES. Jefferson. N. M . in the White Mountains. (?pens Satunlay. June 29th. 18-hole ?iolf course maintained in excellent ?un'lltlon. Scenic auto mute. Attractlr? family ?of ?aires completely furnish?'?! for rani with , hotel service. Charles V- Murpliy, Mgr. ! Addr.'ss Laurel Houae, Lakewood, N. J.,. until June 1st.?Advt. COL. ASTOR DIED BRAVELY, GIVING PLACE TO WOMAN Left His Bride's Side and Stepped from th< Lifeboat, Saying: 'The Ladies Will Have to Go First" Stories from the suivivors of the wreck seem to be agreed in th? main that Colonel John Jacob Astor met death heroically. According to one story, told by Miss Margaret Hays, of No. 304 East 83d street Astor himself chose death to save an unknown woman who came alon? just as the lifeboat in v/hich he had a place because of the absence oi ! any more women was about to be lowered. It was a grim lottery, in which Astor had drawn a fortunate num? ber, which he later fteely surrendered to a woman whose name is not known. The story as told by Miss Hays was as follows: "When the Titanic struck I did not feel the shock very much. I made my way to the deck, where everything was excitement, and was assisted into a lifeboat that was waiting to be lowered. "Colonel Astor, with his wife, came out on deck at that moment, 1 and both got into another boat. Colonel Astor had his arms about his ! wife and assisted her into the boat. At the time there were no women waiting to get into the boats, and the ship's officer at that point invited Colonel Astor to get into the boat with his wife. The colonel after looking around and seeing no women got into the boat and his wife threw her arms about him. "The boat in which Colonel Astor and his wife were sitting was about to be lowered when a woman came running out of the com panionway. Raising his hand, Colonel Astor stopped the preparations to lower his boat, and stepping out assisted the woman into the seat he had occupied. Mrs. Astor cried out and wanted to get out of the boat with her husband, but the colonel patted her on the back and said ' something in a low tone of voice. As the boat was being lowered I 1 heard him say : 'The ladies will have to go first.' Another story, told by Colonel Gracie, revealed Astor as a devoted husband, seeking only, in that hour of terror, to save his young bride from peril and death. "The conduct of Colonel Astor," said Colonel Gracie, "was de? serving of the highest praise. He devoted all his energy to saving his young bride, who was in delicate health. Colonel Astor helped us in our efforts to get her into the boat. I lifted her into the boat, and as she took her place Colonel Astor requested permission of the second ! officer to go with her for her own protection. The officer told him no ! man should go aboard the boat until all the women were off, and Colonel Astor simply inquired as to the number of the boat, and turned to the work of clearing other boats and reassuring frightened women." It was evident last night that the young Mrs. Astor was not aware of the supreme sacrifice which her husband made. She spoke? of him I hopefully as having escaped, but she knew nothing of how it might | have been accomplished. At the homej^her parents, Mr. and Mrs. * Can.la.ird on aacsnd gage, tttb caluma. I Mrs. Straus Refused to Leave Her Husband; Major Butt and Colonel Astor Together as Steamer Sank?Captain Smith Reported To Have Shot Himself. MEN IN I ST AND 2D CABINS CALM; ITALIANS SHOT TO KEEP ORDER Survivors Agreed That, Despite Promise to Contrary, Vessel Was Speeding, and Struck Berg on Clear Night?No Searchlights. SAVED FROM THE TITANIC.775 LOST " " " .1565 Saved. First cabin passengers . 330 . . . 240 Second cabin passengers 320 . ... 125 Steerage passengers . . 750 ...? 200 Officers and crew . . . 940 .... 210 2340 775 The maximum capacity of the life boats was less than one-third of the complement of the vessel in passengers and (crew, and they carried 80 per cent of their capacity I away from the s-nking ship. The Cuiiard liner Carpathia reached New York last night, bringing the survivora of the wreck of the giant White Star liner Titanic, with the firs, authentic accounts of the loss of I the Titanic. Among the many tragic and heroic incidents of the wreck .hat of the heroism of Mrs. Isidor Straus, who refused to he ?saved and leave her husband to drown, stood out. Mrs. Straus was in one of the lifeboats which was about to put off from the Titanic. She railed for her husband to join her. He waved his hand in goodby and smilingly refused to 1 take the pla*ce of a woman who might be saved. Before the boat could ?be lowered into the water Mrs. Straus scrambled out and half fell at the feet of her husband. Xo urging could maku? lier take a place in another boat, and she went down on the Titanic with Mr. Straus. Colonel .lohn Jacob Astor and Major Archibald Butt stood side by side as the Titanic sank, and waved goodbv to the small boats hardly to be seen a mile away on the starlit sra. When the order was first given for the passengers to take to the lifeboats Major Butt had defended the passage from the steerage with an iron bar against the maddened rush o? the panicstricken men in the steerage and saved the lifeboats for the women and children. Mrs. Churchill (andre, of Washington, one of the rescih d, said last night that Major Butt placed her in a boat and re? mained on the Titanic's deck himself. Prom the stories told by survivors these salient facts stand 4 out: The Titanic struck an iceberg from fifty to one hundred feet high. The blow was not head-on, but rather a glancing one. It thus ripped the great ship's sides and made useless the watertight compartments most essential. The Titanic was going at full speed at the time. Promises had been made to the passengers that no attempt would be made to break the record in crossing the Atlantic. Despite these promises the ship was urged ahead at full speed from the time she left Daunts Rock. No ice had been seen during the day. It was a clear and starlight night. Captain K. J. Smith was not on the bridge when the ship struck the iceberg. The first officer was in charge. Fifteen minutes after the ship struck the ice the berg had disappeared from view. The Titanic struck the iceberg on her starboard bow and a great hole was ripped in her side. The passengers were at first assured that the ship was in 110 danger and was unsinkable. The ice was struck at 11:.'J5 p. m. Fifteen minutes later the passengers were called oil deck and told to put on life preservers. Forty minutes after the collision the passengers were told to take to the lifeboats. The passengers who were in bed were not aroused by the collision, but by the stopping of the engines. The maximum capacity of the lifeboats was less than one third the complement of the ship in crew and passengers. The men in the first and second cabins made no attempt to save themselves, but remained to sink with the ship, and watched the women put oft' in the lifeboats. Some of the men in the steerage tried to storm the lifeboats, and half a dozen were shot to protect the women in the boats. The Titanic sank two hours and forty-live minutes after she struck the ice.