DINAL SECTION OF THE WHITE STAB LINER TITANIC
SHOWING HER BULKHEADS AND COMPARTMENTS.
I g _._._.
According fo evidence of shlp'e officers and ??tories of survivors, the Titank- struck Ibe ed^ or shelf ??f n low Ijlug iceberg, about where the arrow indicates on the diagram. The heavy black line lndlcat<ea approximately the MCtloa of the ship's akla and bottom torn ont by
the here, causing her To fill and later to l?r??ak amldahtoe. The dotted lim* indicates Un? outline of n protective dock <>r Inner hull, such ?is la Incorporated in warships. Experts say thai Hie Titanic would u?t have sunk bad she ln?en built with such an inner hull.
BULKHEADS TOO LOW
Naval Constructors Say Those
Forward Were One Deck
Beneath Those Aft.
URGE USE OF INNER HULLS
Officers Point Out That Th;.3
Feature of Warships WoulJ
Make Ocean Liners
I Krom 'IT.* Tribun? Karsai
Washington. April 19.-Naval officer, have i
taken the keenest Interest la the stories of
the survivors of the wreck of the Titanic,
particularly with the view of learning the
effect of the collision on the ship. As yet
tiler? ha* b?en nothing revealed which fully
satisfies the na?, al constru?.tors a* to the
real cause of the ?Inking of the ship. Offi?
cers on duty here have examined the plans
of the Titanic and have formed the opinion
that the ship might have been saved had It
not l*e>?n for what they regard as a de?
ficiency in bulkhead construction.
These officers have observed that in
th? forward part of the ship the bulk?
heads extended only to a deck which
was en? dock lower than the height of
the after bulkheads. There was omitted
from the ship a reinforced bulkhead,
which, they eay, should have extended
above the others and which would have
served to prevent the inrush of water
when the vessel settled by the bow,
bringing the water Im? above th? for?
ward bulkheads. In this way, it is be?
lieved, it was possible for the water to
Sweep aft and enter the remaining com?
Accounts of the slaking of Um ship differ
It, detail, hut. taking all the conditions in
t. r.Mderatlcn, it Is surmised by the naval
constructors that the immediate cause of
|ba sinking of the ship was this arrange
in' nt of bulkheads
It is pointed out. aim. that there was no
V.ner hull, such as is Installed on warships,
a IK? which In the case of the Titanic, the
?ft.? ers say, might have kept her afloat
?until th<? arrival v.f th* Carpathia at least.
If not long enough to limp Into some harbor
?r to seOM b^uch. The Titanic did have
the double bottom which If a feature of
Th? naval constructors believe, there?
fore, that it would be advantageous to ;
add to the weight carried by transat?
lantic liners by additional bulkhead con
etruction and an inner hull, to say noth?
ing of adequate lifesaving apparatus, and i
to do away with some of the luxuries
which are used largely for advertising
purposes and to satisfy the demands of
the wealthier travellers.
Thinks Speed Minor Factor.
One of th. naval officers who has taken
_puch Interest in the discussion arising
from the loss of the Titanic is Rear Ad?
miral Philip Andrews, formerly naval aid
to the Secretary of th?? Navy and now
chief of the bureau of navigation, who said
There i*-. naturally enough, a good deal
?f discussion concerning alleged excessive
apeed in the trsnsatlantic liner, but It seems
to me that that is not the factor in oceanle
?avigatton which may properly be regarded
?a a peril calling for protective measures.
II 1? only natural that there should be
?very effort made to reduce the time te
qulred In transatlantic trips. That Is sorm
fhlnK which the public ?iemands. and it Is
by no means certain that the chance of
dbaacer would be materially laaaaaei by a
reduction of spewed from, say, twenty-One
to eighteen knots, which would be a great
?jtocriflce in a commercial way.
"What is of real neceaslty. however, I?
t5i. e.-.tabllshment of safe lanes of travel,
?kith an avoidance of tie obstructions
which navigators ?-orne to dieai aji?l
?ita:n'-t ?? hid. they ..re re; catedly warned
by O'jr naval h? dr??Kraphlc offl. ?? If th-*
establishment of, these ocean lanes of safer
1?*- augmented by sn in?rease in th*> facili?
ties of the hydrographie office and the em- i
ployment of a patrol vessel to invest igut?
it. conditions and other menaces to navl- i
cation, and to give warning and Informa?
tion to navigator??, it seems to nu that the
igtuatlon will be met in a m? re adequate
way, so far as ther? is protection to life I
and property on the ?????. than by requiring
?cean steamers to reduce their s|>eed. ex?
cept, of course, at | time when it Is obvi?
ously necessary io proceed with caution,
fat' Ir. a fog. It d?-e| n?et require a nav_<l
etxpert 10 know thai there are times when
ro vessel could Jeopardize the lives of pas
?arngfrs by disregarding the rule? of cau?
"One of the important demonstrations by |
the loss of the Titanic is the need of the
auccessfui International regulation of wire?
less communication, concerning which futile
efforts have been made by the naval au?
thorities for several years. The legislation
?Which has been recommended has for some j
reason encountered obstruction. At all I
?rvents, nothing has been done in the dlrec- I
Bon In which action Is urgently needed.
Suggests "Abandon Ship" Drill.
"It would be well, also, to establish rubs
?n board ship ao that passengers and crew
JDlfht regularly be stationed at the boats
and drilled at 'abandon ?hip.' There would
then b? familiarity with the means of meet
?to? an emergency and lessening the chance
tf panic ?and disorder Another beneflclal
practice wouid be the sdoptlon of the nava'.
custom of closing the water-tight doors at
DlfhL There shov.ld be. moreover, a re?
vision of the laws concerning damages. s?>
as to have something more expll? It than
the exemption on account of perils of the
"It is quite ev'dent that th.- newer ?>???
of ocean 6tearner? have man.- features
which are luxuries, suet* as palm -"arden??
and elevators, and cany too lev? lifeboats
and lif* rafts
"One suggestion las Inn made wh!? h
might very well be -?dopted-that of issuing
to each passenget a card designating his
place In the lifeboat. t> be supi lament, d
by Instruction to th? Individual how the
boat may be reached and what to do K It
CITY GOES INTO MOURNING
tions Express Sympathy.
The pervading sorrow over the faie of the
Titanic, which, with ?he first receipt of the
news five da.\s ago, began to thin o?it the
theatre crowds arid quiet the .lln?r.? end
wlriers along Broadway, assumed a more j
formal aspect last evening- Uiindi?*Us of
private fetes and entertainments were at?
ruptly abajidoned and many public dinners
and meetings were Indefinitely postpone?"
Mayor ?-u-.i-.or, a?i pi evident of tliu m
clety known as the Sons of Oneida. which
was to have held Ita dinner at the Waldorf
Astoria next Wednesday evening, suggested
that it be ?postponed for the present, and
his action was instantW* approved by the
Paul Faguei. general agent of the 'Com?
pagnie General Transatlantique, lia,?? re?
called all of the invitations foi a dinnei on
board the new French Line steamship
France on Tuesday evening, April 30 The
same action was taken In the caso of the
1st Squadron. 1st Cavalry, of the national
guard, which was to hold its review and
parade to-day In addition, the ehurch
services next Sunday, which will be at?
tended by the guan?, wU1 no? be aecom
panlied by the usual marching to ami I rom
The reetor, wardens and \estrymen of th*
'church of the Incarnation announced last
night the postponement of the sixtieth an?
niversary dinner. No futur?- dat?- was ??et
| for the event.
Resolutions, the great majority commend?
ing the courage of the men who died on
the great steamship and expit-srin?, sym?
pathy for the bereaved and thanks for the
Saved, were passed by i ?core of organiza?
tions at special meetings held yo-torday
and last evening. The Men's Association
erf the University P)a?.e Presbyterian
Church, the board of managers of the New
York Produce h-change and the New York
Hoard of Jewish Ministers were among
these. The resolution of the last named
closed with thew? words.
While grieving ?ver the great tragedy
I the members of the board Miare the uni
\eraal feeling of profound admiration a?
the s-pirlt of 1 erolc self-sacrlf*? e shown by
those, who gave up their lives that the
weak and helpless might live
APPLY TO MAYOR FOR HELP
All Referred to Headquarters in
Metropolitan Life Building.
?everal applications for the relief of Ti?
tanic sufferers were made at Mayor Gay
nor s offlc? In the City Hall yesterday.
He referred them to the committee in
charge of the relief work, of which Robert
W. de Forest is chairman, and which has
established offices In the arcade of the
Metropolitan life Building, at No. l Madi?
One of the saddest cases bre ight to the.
attention of the Mayor was that of an
Kngllsh woman and her seven-year-old
daughter. Th* husband and father went
down with the. Titanic, carrying In a belt
around his waist JR.?WO, which was every
cent the family bad Recently they sold
all their r^ssesslons In Surrey, Kng
land, and were on their way to start a
new home In Idaho. Kven their tickets
for transportation to that state were lost.
The father ha?] obtained a place in a life?
boat shortly after his w Ife and child had
(Ot places, but hi? boat was swamped and
he was drowned.
The mother and ?laughter, whose names
were not given by tne Mayor, art: being
eared for temporarily it an uptown hotel
by a fraternal organisation to which the
W. Krank Persons is In charge of the
r? lief h?>a?l<iuarters in the Metropolitan
Building It was announced thst the tele
pnone n'imtier was Oramercy i:"29, through
which persons desiring relief or wishing
to al?l In the work could communicate with
Mr. de Korest said they had sent out s
number of Investigators to visit the sur?
vivors, get their stories and ascertain their
need of assistance It is said that the
committee hopes to provide permanent re?
lief for the women and children who lost
their husbands and fathers.
MESSAGE FROM ROOSEVELT
Mayor Gets Telegram Expressing
Grief at Titanic Disaster.
Theodore Roosevelt sent the following
message to the Mayor on Thursday, it be?
ing received at th.- ?*)ty Hall yesterday
? -.'- Ulnioin. Neb. April 1?.
Hon. William J. Gaynor.
Msyor of New York.
I wish I were present in New York this
afternoon to Join with ray fellow citlt*n?
in expressing our grief st the shocking
cstastrophe to the Titanio snd our deeo
sympathy with the kinsfolk of those who
! have perished THEO. ROOSEVELT,
BOTH HARRIS THEATRES CLOSE.
Ti e Hudson Theatre and the Harris
Theatre, In West ?i_d street, the properties
of Henry h. Harris, the theatrical pro?
ducer, who was lost when the Titanic
foundered, will be closed to-night out of
respect to tho dead manag-er. 1
LESSONS FROM DISASTER
Meyer Would Require Lifeboats
Enough for Every One Aboard.
MORE OFFICERS NEEDED
Wireless Operators Always on
Duty and Control of Air
Washington, April 19.? Secretar, lieyai
lias decided views on the lessons to h*
drawn from the Titanic disaster. They are.
Ships should not t.e allowed !?? crOM the
Atlantic WlthOlll having i'tioiigh lifeln;itsto
?ave all on board un.i all ?.hips should bo
confined to dimensions ihat win insure
their being able to ?air> boats .-.rtlclent
for all the peeeengers an?l CTOW,
I It would appeal thai stOOlTUhlPI are un?
id, r ?oflcered. The large ships do not seem
Ito have as main offi-eis In proportion t?>
passenger* ai n??.i un the ol.ltiine pausen"
ger ships of S.nOU ton?
.v?rele??? operators should be on dut>
?very hour of the twenty-four. There should
lie a day un Well us .. night wireUsa net.
vice, un.] un n?i OperWtOI can work <on
tlnUOttaly there should be at lesst two on
every passenger steamship Hs?l that been
the cfuse. many more Uves might have I eon
saved from the Titanic whose dlsireni.
calls fell on sleeping ears It would se?m
that there should ne, by Internat i"n_I
agreement, some system ? f searchlights
The government should Insist on Its right
to control the use of the ^ir for wlrelea?
signals, tn be able to regulate the ?.n?lli g
of wireless dispatches. No fake messages
could appear, nor could official comnrinlea
tlon be refused In such ra?-e
Bill for Wireless Control.
Either from the Hatty Depart men I or
the Department of Commerce ai,d I_nh?>r
a bill will soon emerge which, it is hoped
will be a??cepted hy Congress as a basis for
Its action us regards wireless ?ontrol.
! Meanwhile the Navy Department I* con?
gratulating Itself (?ii the facf that by rea?
son of the recent approval of a long pend?
ing treaty, making tfie t'ntfed State? a
part} to the wireless telegraph convention,
th? department has now a right to set out
it* view? In the international ? ..ngr-es
Which is to be held In Europe in .lune Sec?
retary Itejrer bus announ?'ed the personnel
of the Navy Department's representation
at the congreea as followe: it-ar Admiral
John H BdWarde, al preset,i ? htef InepOO
tor for machinery for the navy' Lieutenant
?"ommander I>avld W Todd, and Dr. I* W.
Austin, who lia.* Charge of the navy's
President Taft will not ?end ? ?portal
message to <'Oiigr?'!?s urging legislation to
strengthen the present laws regulating su
pervision of ?teamstilps clearing from
American port* The President believes
that Congress needs no each suggestion
sime the Titanic disaster Moreover, he
is satisfied that th? existing laws <>f tho
Pnlted States are adequate If enforced, as
the Department Ol commerce and Labor
would be able to enforre them with the re?
strictions of present International agree?
British Certificate Accepted.
I'nd?*r agreement with Great Britain 'he
certificate of the Titanic that she had met
with the requirements of the British Hoard
of Trad? as to life-saving equipment would
have been accepted in New York, and the
Titanic would have been allowed to ?*lr;ir
again for England.
The disaster, however, undoubtedly will
bring about a new agreement t_Mwe?n tn?
I'nlted States and '?reat Britain, and with
other nations In the same class, In ?he
opinion of officials here. The regulations
of the United States as appllesd to ves?els
which sail under th? American flag or
under the flags of nations not in the agree?
ment are strict enough to compel the car?
rying of life-saving equipment sufficient to
tuke care of every passenger and every
memVer of the crew
An a?t of Congress nullifying the ex?
isting agreement would make It Impossi?
ble for officials of the Department of <"*o?n
merce and I>abor to accept a certificate
from any board of trad? or similar or?
gaiiizatlon unless the requirements of this
country were met as well. Such action
by Congress eras regarded as probable here
Secretar?. Nagel returned to-day from
New York, determined to recommend
strongly to President Taft the tailing of
an international congres.) to impose strin?
gent regulations for the protection of life
on th?? oeeag
Secretary Nagel observed that apparently
all who might have h?en rescued from
the Titanic were not saved. He calleiT at?
tention to reperte that some of the iif?
boats were not filled and returned again
and again to pick Up men who ha?i dived
into the sea.
In support of an international congress
to study oceanic transportation the Se. rc
tary said this seemed the proper way to
deal with the question, as the United States
could not undertake to impose Its views
or laws on the rest of the world which
'likewise ll endeavoring to solv" the mat?
"We have the laws without the merchant
! marine, while other nations have the mer
ehant marine without the adequate laws,"
was the Secretary's remark.
TO UROE SAFER SEA TRAVEL
Memorial Meetini Will Be Held To?
morrow at Broadway Theatre.
In memory of the Tltanlcs dead there
will be a memorial mass meeting at the
j Broadway Theatre to-morrow afternoon at
?3 o'clock., Frederick Towr.send Martin, the
?chairman, will read letters from Cardinal!
Kai I. y and the Rev. Dr. Ernest M Stires.
| rector of St. Thomas? Church, both of
j whom will be unable to be present. Bishop
. James H. Darlington, o? Pennsylvania.
will read a prayer for the dead, and the
Rev. Dr. Joseph Sllverman, of Temple
Emanu-El; the Rev. Dr. Thomas R. Sheer,
ef All Soul?' Unltarua Churoh; tho ?ev.
Dr. David c. Wyii-. of the Scotch Presby?
t?rien Church. an?l the Hev Dr H M
Warren, ?>f Bayonti?*. will apeak, In a?ldl
tlon t?? William J. Bryan. Henry Clews and
Sol tfeMttian. Who will represent the la?
\ll ?III argue foi safer s*a travel and tiie
nee?! of immediate legislation l?> that end.
Through Brigailiei General Tasker M
hi*?--, a. tmg oommandei <>t th? i?epart
me? t ?.f ?he KflRt. th?- band from ?"overn
or*l Island will play Miss Mice PreMon
will Ring seveial solos. The theatre will lie
den.rated with flowers The doors will l?e
opened -it ?I'M P m ?nd no tickets will be
AFTER WIRELESS AMATEURS
Navy Yard Men Plan Action to
Curb Their Interference.
Interference with official and huslness
? jierograms lias erOUSOd na\al men to a
point where thnv declare ?hat some m-*>?->
lires must be taken to curb the ambitions
amnteiirs and keep them from hutting in"
on matters with which thoy ate not con
cerni-.l. It was suggested at the nav\ yard
yesterdav that laws !>.- passe?! requiring
ever) one possessing a sending apparatus]
In take ??ut a license and limiting an
utetir apparatus t<> a ?ertatn sti'-ngtli mi -l
wave i. ngth. which would not Interfere
with the official and commercial station??
USlnS rone above a s| ' ? J strength arnl
a mlnlinti m w?\? length long enough '?>.
pr?nv?-nt lnterfer?-nce by the amateur?.
"The navy." said on?? officer, who Is well
BOOted on th?? subject, "Is now working on
plane t?? us? wave lengths of from V*0 to j
l.Ouo or moro feet, and If the amateurs were |
limited to a ma?*hln?s throwing a wave oft
not more ?han 100 feet w? would be snte
from Interference. The best comparison
would be the oeean. 'lake a Ion*;, heavy
wave, moving steadily ahead A eroM rip?
ple of wind would rals?j little wavelets ? n
its surface at all sort* of angles, but wnu'.l
In no way Interfere with its progress s-?
v. tn th? wireless, and any small fry at?
tempting to cut In eouM be 1" at??d very
quickly With * kn??wn length ??r irave
?aid radius of a?*tlon confined to a certain
clas* w? could ?-asll.v determine ttie direc?
tion an Interfering ?urrent came from and!
then It Is simply a matter of distance I >
fore ?he offender*! -erial wlie* are found. |
' ' ?ne thing should be done," In continued. ?
A law Hhotild be paji??^<l compelling some !
concert ?.f a. lion between the rival wireless
rompantes At present things are In ? had
way, but ire hope that gome action win
be ??ken which will bring eboul harmony,.
especially as the present dleeord Is n?*t un- I
Itkel) to have dlenotroue effects In eoeee
UPHOLDS NAVY'S OPERATORS
Rear Admiral Cone Resents
Criticisms of Their Work.
-treehington, April 1? Meat- admiral ?'? n<*
chief of the bureau of steam engineering
?>f I lie inivj. Issued to-day a stateiiK-ni n
eentlng ?-.?coi.nts accredited to Mar?on| op?
erators on the Csrpsthla. to the effect that
tin* navy wireless operators on the cruiser
? bester were l*iO slow, could not ?we the I
Continental Morse code and hamper???! the
I 'arpathta'l wireless by their Inefficiency
He declare?! the ?rltlclsra was b? lug u?-e?l
as a subterfuge to explain unsatisfactory
work by tin?. Marconi men.
Hear Admiral Con? examined the records
of the Chesters men before talkini* lie
said a chief electrician in the navy was at
the key on the Chester when lnformati?i.*i
was being sought from the rescue ship
He bad lieen a wireless operator for seven
years, the last four of which had been
spent In the navy.
The rear admiral lay*? stress upon the
fact that after .?-'?cretary Meyer had Is?
sued orders suppressing the activities of
all nava' radio stations, so the Murciml op?
erators miKht get news from the Carpathla
without interference, they also failed to
get any Information.
I have examined the repoi ts of times*
of wireless operau.rs aboard the Cheater."
said Hear Admiral Cone, "and tind that
the operators on that vessel have given en?
tile satisfaction, and their reporu of fitness
show them to b?B i-apable men '1 he ?,on
tlnent.il c?,(Je Is need by all the wireless
operators In the navy, and they are suc?
cessfully working with it all the time."
The rear admiral said the surviving Ti?
tanic operator's statement was probably
given under a harrow/ing strain from which
he had been suffering for three and a half
days. This, he add?*?l, while natural, was
PLAN FOR WIRELESS NEWS
Company Would Have Ten Re?
porters Travelling De Luxe.
The Titanic disaster and the strange ab
sen? ?? of news to the relatives and friends
on both continents In spite of the perfec?
tion of wireless telegraphy brought out the
fact yesterday that an organized ocean
news service Is planned through a con?
tract with the Marconi Wireless Company
of New York.
Willis Pratt, a formet nowepapei man of
No. 367;. Broadway, Is the general manager
Of the group of men who say they will
finan?.?? the venture. 'This fearful story
of suspense and rumors of censorship of
news ought not to have been,*' said Mr.
Pratt In speaking of his plans last night.
"Ocean news service would have given to
the world a satisfactory account .?f the
tra-i?(iy and a? least that would have bevti
Mr. Pratt seid his plan Is to employ at
least tan picked newspaper men who will
travel first cabin on th* ships of the five
biggest Atlantic liners and furnish morn
ne ?.ewspapers with the "doings of at
least lo.Ofii) newsmakers who are constantly
on th?* ocean highway." He saya that he
has thirty-eight contra?:te ready to be
signed with the largest morning dallies In
the I nit?*?l States and Canada. The only !
hitch t?j his arrengements now, he ?ays
tomes from the conaervetism of the gen?
eral agents of the English steamship lines
They object to the innovation of having
trained reporters on their ships and Mr
Pratt says they refuse to make liberal
rates for the first cabin pamag* of the re
MATES 10 WERE LOST
Survivors Gather To Be Clothed
and Tell Tearful Tales of
Sacrifice and Heroism.
STEAMER ON FIRE BELOW
Stokers Agree Blaze Was in
Progress from Time of Leav?
ing Southampton Till
2 P. M. Saturday.
?Seile- e,f heroism and ??elf-aacrlflc? on
the part of 'be membera ol the crew who
?ent down With the '("IT ;t m J. vmm.- t"M V ?'??
lerdaj by thooe of the crea who survived
The once who wltneaeed th? tragic death
of Captain Smith wept ms they told their
tales. In their eye? th?. captain of the Ti?
tanic was sanctified bv his fate
The Story of h'?w chief Engineer Bell
an.I his assistants vent te) th?'lr d??nt'i
down In tho reeeosM "f the slip, working
ahme at the pumpe, after they had or?
dered thV chief stoker aloft, telling him to
flee for his life, was one that was on the
lips ?if every sailor
But, ilk?- tr'i? sailors their flaal w?.rd
of praise went to the women. They to'?l
of cultured women who took the oars wh.-n
the men who manned them tired. f)f the
Counteoa of Rothea, who h*M the tiller of
one of ti?" lifeboats for over fire hours, on ?
of them laid:
?she waa bet ter'n a ma". ? at - wot. An'
when i guv her me ??niei* -he obeyed them
Just like any - ei'"'- would. '
All the crew united in saying that no ote
on th.- !:. at Mr" believed th" vessel wa?
in danger. Many of them went be u 'o
'tllelr billeks. .Til' to be roilSCil .1 fe\v mili
lites i,it-i i.? irdei . to stand b. the ?eoat?-.
? ?i the i.ieji scene? |uai before the ship
Tv. lit down, and when all the boat.-- ha?i
h ft her, n?'ne wa.- mon solemn than ilia.
ol group of men and women kneeling
bareheaded about ? priest, making their
'. i ...m?loi Ai the priest's hand waa
?seen to uuk?' ihe sign <>f the t*rosa, pt?>- j
nounclng the w??rd* of absolution, the shl;. |
sank, and tin- "Ego te abeolvo ' <?r the prteai I
wa answered by ? brief prayer b) ??< ?t
tile in- ii an.i Ai.ni> i'
Say Fire Was in Progress.
Every stoker who v.a*? Interviewed di
? ?! thai th.' Titiiiii?' was >flr< f.-om the
cm.- she left ?Southampton until Saturday
afternoon .?: I ?? i i??? k
This itor) vas lirai te.i,i by an officer ?>f
the ship, who requested that Ins name be
withheld, saying that all the men liad been
wain ?1 nol t" talk about the disaster.
The in?- wai In th? coal bunhera, for
wat'l.'* said this man. 'in >StOkehol0S I ?irs'l
lf>, on the forward end, in what is known
as the second and third sectloua.
"The Ht?- mue! bave ?been realm long
before she pulled out of her pier in South- |
aiupton, for the bunker was ? raging heii
?hen, one hour out past the Needleo, the
tire was discovered.
"Immediately we ?began la work on the
Are, ane| ii took us until Saturday after?
noon to extitiKuish it. W. wer.? compelled
to dig out all the ?oal from these SI ???
"In mv opinion this tiie played ti ? ? small
part m the dleaeter, for when the bow
vevas .stove m the waten ?readllj t??r. open
th? watertight bulkheads I ehlnd which
had been this ? oal If the coal had been
still in the second 'and thh.l sections
when th?- veaael struck the Iceberg It would
have probably helped the bulkhead t?> re?
sist the strain."
Tin- same man, ?speaklni ??f ihe ?accident,
None of us reallied there was any dan?
ger at ttrst. I ran to the deck, :ui?t soon
returned thinking nothing serious had
happened. Then I vvondensl m hat would
be tbi- result If the order Was given t'i
lower th?' lifeboats, for no man knew his
place ?en th?? ship In such an ev?'nt "
No Muster of the Crew.
Asked lo explain, lie said
"Well, w.' bad no muster Ordinarily
th.- crew is muetered every ?Blindai mom
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ing. and they are put through the same
paies they would have to go through in
the event of deserting the ship. Whet
Sunday morning passed an?l no muster was
or.lered we all thought we would surely
hav? a muster Sunday night. We did," he
added grimly, "but it was not a drill. Yet
it .-.emed that every man who went on
de? k jumped into his proper place. That
the lifeboats were put off without any
being overturned In their davits was a
miracle. Th?-? llfeb?jat 1 had charge of be?
ta me fast a?- th?* men who should have
lowered the forward fall rope, evidently
did not know his business. However, I
pulled out aiknlfe and cut the rope Just in
Aske-d if be knew any reason why the
men had not been mustered, he answered:
I suppose-well. I really cannot answer
that question "
This officer said that the vessel had thre?s
additional hollers going Saturday and that
the ship was striving her utmost to mak>*
When w.? left Southampton," he said,
"we had twenty-one of the twenty-nine
hollers going. Friday, at midnight, three
limn- were adde?i. so that on Saturday we
made 54f? mile?-. The ?lay before we made
something like ?-10 miles."
Sixty Lost in the Hold.
Edward King, a stoke?, said that when
the ship struck tho berg he was tiring.
"Th'-re were over seventy of us down In
the hold," he continued, "and only ten of
us escaped. .lust before the crash came the
slimal was given to stop. The chief stoker
ordered I he dampers closed. This we did
We were standin?- around for fully ?
minute, wondering what was wrong, when
the ?rash came. A'most a minute later
there came a message from the engine
room over the telephone. Knirineer Harvey,
gfter hanging up the receiver, shouted:
" 'All the men <?n deck" The men ***
?ponded by scrambling up the steel escape
ladders and taking their places by the
Thomas Jones, an able-bodied seaman,
hailing from Anglesea, told, perhaps, the
most dramatic story of the lot.
"1 was put in commend of No I (??.a* In
it were many w?m*ti-m"?t or them wer.?
w.inen and children. Two <.f them ?wore
titled ladies, one was the Cbnnteas or
Rothes, and she was a 'brick.' She asked
me if sh?? ?oiild be of ser ele* when s,.m.
of the men manning the oats began to g'*'
weak. "Certainly, your ladyship.* says i I
took one ?if the men's placel at the o.irs
an.I she t'K'k mine at the tiller, and?would
you believe it'.'?that lady, the Countess of
Hi-ihes, stood at the tiller all night! Yes.
sir. An' she".-: a long si*<ht '.'?-tter'n rnooi
men. Ever* order i guv her she obeyed
just like a sailor would
"And there was .-?notier- titled lady, a
baroneea I think, with little hands, but they
were strong She worked beaMe me at the
same oar when <?n?? ?if the men got tired, I
ami she kept a siiong. sMudy stroke, with '
never a word of complaint, all night."
Only One Distress Signal.
Seaman .Iones sai?l thai there were bul
tliirty-fhe in ills lifeboat, and that it COUM
have held thirty more without overcrowd?
"When we cut off tt*otn the bom." he
?aid) "Captain Smith ordered me to pro?
ceed t?. the tishing smacks, whose lights
v\. i..uid .see in tin- distance, and then t?>
come hack t<> the boats. But the tishing
?macki pal?) no attention to us, probably
becauas we used no rockets, and, then again,
there was but one boat among the whole
fleet of lifeboats that carried a blue light?
the signal of dlstreea
"When 1 saw the ship was doomed i
slocd by. My ??o?I. but it was somethlrg
awful! The people on the boat were err?
ing, most of them, and many of our met?
who had se?en the boats pull off with let I
than their full capacity cried out to us t<
?'One voice 1 could distinguish. It ?*?*.
that of my matey, "Paddy* Lyons, of Corle,
who lowered our boat. He was shouting
Boat ahoy!' I wanted to turn ba-k, but
most of the women began to cry and urge4
mo to go on."
Ismay One of First to Get In.
Jones said that he helped to lower the
first lifeboat that left the ship, and thtt
J. Bruce Ismay was one of the first to ret
into tho boat.
A steerage steward, W. S. Halford, whs
escaped In Lifeboat No. ?", said he was a
mile from the vessel when she went down.
It sounded like a volcano." h? sad.
"Even at that distance we could hear the
groans and shouts of the drowning. I ?aw
two collapsible boats overturned."
When half the lifeboats had been lower<!d
It became apparent to the officers of the
ship that th?? fishing smacks could be .if
n . aid to them, and Captain Smith, know?
ing the Carpathia was on her way to the
res.ue, gave orders to the men In charge of
the lifeboats to stand by, after roW?__f '*
A etewar?! who got off In one of the last
boats told the following story:
"When we pulled away we could hesr
the orchestra playing 'Nearer. M> God, to
Thee,' and those In the beats took up th*
hymn. My, but It was solemn to hear thai
sonc. knowing many were singing ths
"But there ?WOTS many women, and men.
too, who woul?! not believ? the ship would
sink, and mar.v of the women, when their
husbands were not all??wed to get In the
boats with them, lumped back on deck
again to remain with their husbands.
Heard Fifteen or Twenty Shots.
".lust after the light? were our or. 1M
Ship there, was a deadly silence for a min?
ute. Then ther.? were groans and cries si
the ship parted In two Just aft of th?
third funnel, counting from the bow. I
could plainly hear fifteen or twenty Shots
in rapid succession. I guess there were
some who preferred to go that way."
A fireman who feared to gtv? his name
told a Story ot horror that brought tears
to tils eyes.
* I jumped, ' he ?aid. "as the hoat was
sinking. I ?ame up near a raft. Sonis
?me helped me ?aboard. There was just
barely mom for another. A man In tl.?
unifoim of an armv officer crawled <?n Ifl
the raft, but he stiffened out at once and
died. We threw him overboard t?. nuk?
?TOOm for a living man.
"There were many men swimming around
out raft, and they tiled to get a hold or. It
Mut some of us hid to be prepared for
this, and we beat th??m off with oats. \\e
struck some <?n the hands to make then
let go their h??ld. for they%might ha*.e over?
turned the raft, and others we bad to beat
on the hea<l."
The crew were ca?red for at th? Am?' i
Beamen's ?"..????ml Society's Bntldtni >'??
M. west ?tie??!. They ?rill leave here on
tii?' Lapland to-day for Plymouth, i
they win ?be paid off. There was ? brief
service for them yesterday at the institute,
conducted by the Rev i?i George HcPhar
BOD Hunter, ami the men wept m tney
sang "Nearer, My Ood, to The."' \ | re?
ceiv? ei .1 complete neu ??utt?t. few having
sufficient clothing. The outfit eotutoted of
a new suit, shirt, shoes, underclothes a ?1
cap, the total costing the institute over
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