Newspaper Page Text
MAY LOSE MILLIONS IN DAMAGE SUITS If Negligence on Part of.White Star Line Can Be Determined, Admiralty Lawyer Says, It Must Pay for Loss of Hundreds of Lives. ISMAY'S PRESENCE A BIG FACTOR Makes It Possible to Urge That Captain Smith's Action in Paving Titanic Ahead at High Speed Was Within Managing Director's Knowledge, Thus Appar? ently Refuting Limitation of Liability Plea. The presence of J. Bruce Ismay on board the Titanic when ehe struck an iceberg on Sunday night, resulting in the most appalling marine disaste of modert* times, will lead to important complications, it appears, when the ques? tion cf the settlement of damages for loss of life, personal injuries and loss of cargo arises. There seems in store for Mr. Ismay, now that his life has been spared, ?n interesting fight in the admiralty courts after the government in? vestigations here and in England have done with him. I' the question of the negligence of the White Star Line can be determined in respect to the loss of the Titanic and fifteen hundred lives, that company or ihe International Mercantile Marine Company, which owns it. stands to lose an ?unount in damages running well into the millions, in the opinion of leading lawyets Howard S. Harrington, of the firm of Harrington, Bigham 4 Englar, lawyers, of No. 64 Wall street, a firm which does a large admiralty business, ??ni- important English connections, discussed the question of liability arising out ?o? the Titanic's loss at some length yesterday. Mr. Harrington has just finish*?*-! conducting for his firm the limitation of liability proceedings brought In beh?lf of the owners of the United Fruit Company's steamer Admiral Far ragut, which sank the Ward liner Merida last May off the Virginia Capes, with hot cargo, valued at over half a million. He expressed a keen interest, there fort, in the problem now before the White Star Line officials. , Vf NEGLIGENT WHITE STAR LINE MUST FAY, "All the passengers injured as a result of the collision, as well as the estates "f those drowred, may recover damages from the White Star Line," said he, "provided the striking of the iceberg was due to negligence, and it would seem from the reports in the papers that the accident was due to negligence. It is ?mid that a day or two before the collision the Titanic received wireless messages advising her of the presence of tremendous fields of ice?one of the reports giving the position of a field of ice, twenty miles in extent, as within a very few miles of the point where the collision subsequently occurred. "_p the light of this information there would seem to be no question that it was negligence on the part of the navigators of the Titanic to proceed ahead at the high rate of speed of twenty-odd knots, after nightfall, even though the weather at the time was as clear as it is said to have beer. Under these cir? cumstances the question arises, to what extent is the White Star Line liable for the damages resulting from the collision, and in what jurisdiction may proceedings be brought? Actions on behalf of the various claimants may be brought in this city by the service of process upon the resident officials and by attachment of the property cf the line, including the various vessels that come to thi?" port. Under the provisions of Lord Campbell's act, which is part of the--substantive law of England, recovery may be had in the courts of this country for wrongful death on board a British vessel on the high seas. "It is to be assumed, however, that limitation of liability proceedings will be instituted by the White Star company. These proceedings may be instituted either in England or the United States. If they are instituted in England the White Star Line will be obliged to admit liability for the accident and pay into the registry of court for distribution among the complainants ?15 per regis? tered ton in the case of loss of life and personal injury claims and <*C8 per registered ton in respect to claims for damages to cargo, etc. WOULD HAVE TO PAY LESS INTO COURTS HERE. "Having regard to the enormous tonnage of the Titanic, the amount to be deposited by the White Star Line in connection with limitation proceedings in England would far exceed the amount which it would be necessary to pay into the United States courts if the proceedings were instituted here. Under the American limitation of liability act of 1851 it is provided that when the loss occur?* without the knowledge or privity of the owner the liability shall be limited to the value of the vessel after the wreck?in this instance nil?plus pendin*? freight (freight on cargo and all passage money), the aggregate of which in this case would probably be over a quarter of a million. "In 1881 the Supreme Court of the United States decided in The Scotland (lu? U. S.. page 24) that the act of March 3. 1851, ch. 43, reproduced in the Revised Statutes in Sec. 4282, etc.. applied to owners of foreign as well as domestic vessels, and to acts done on the high seas as well as in the waters of the United States. "The presence of Mr. Ismay on board complicates the situation very ?eriously from the point of view of the White Star Line, as it will undoubtedly ?be urged that, in the light of his admitted knowledge of the presence ahead of dangerous ice fields, the negligence of Captain Smith in proceeding at a speed exceeding twenty knots after nightfall was a fault within Mr. Ismay's knowledge in the sense in which that term is used both in the English and the American limitation of liability statutes. "Undoubtedly the knowledge of the managing director of the corporation is the knowledge of the corporation, and if it should be found in this instance that the disaster was attributable to negligence in the respects indicated it is difficult to see how the limitation can be had, in light of the managing di? rector's knowledge. ISMAY'S PRESENCE MAY AIT? CARGO OWNERS. 'But Mr. Ismay's presence is not only important in respect to the limitation of liability. It also suggests that the cargo owners, or their underwriters succeeding to their rights by 8ubrogation, may recover the amount of their losses in full. "Ordinarily in a case of this character no recovery can be had by the cat go interest because the act of 1893, known as the Harter act, provides in substance that if the owners of a vessel have exercised due diligence in making her in all respect?; seaworthy they shall not be liable to ?cargo for any damage caused by ?in error in the management or navigation of the vessel "It is important to observe the distinction between the act of 1851 relating to the limitation of liability and the Harter act The former covers the claim? of all interests and simply provides that the liability of the owner, when estab? lished, shall not exceed a certain amount. The Harter act is limited strictly to the relation**, between the vessel and its cargo and provides in instances covered by the act that when due diligence hzs been exercised by the owners ?id the fault complained of is one of navigation or management, as distin? guished from custody, stowage, etc., there shall be no liability at all on the Part of the owner. DIFFICULT FOR LINE TO PROVE DILIGENCE "In the present case, howevsr, it will undoubtedly be contended that the ?**rder? said to have been issued to Captain Smith by the officers of the line, to the effect that he should make the best speed possible, coupled with the presence of Mr. Ismay on board, must result in the elimination of the Harter act from consideration. It will certainly be extremely difficult for the White Star Line to show that it exerted the due diligence required by the act when it appears ?hat the disaster was directly due to the excessive speed maintained after the danger of ice ahead was fully known?maintained, that is, in pursuance of 'Wdefs of responsible officials of the line represented on board by Mr. Ismay. "If he had not been on board it might have been contended that the orders importing- Otafacturing Dry ?ci^ Storage On tti* Premiaea ?H- -- 384 WthAtefiuc Between 35th and 36th Sts. TeU0440recl?' for high speed we're fiven with some such qualification as 'conditions permit ting.' This position, of course, is seriously weakened by the ??d??c?- tha? Mr. Ismay knew of the actual conditions and none the less allowed the vessel to proceed in accordance with the original instructions. "If the White Star Line is denied the protection of the Harter act the aggregate claims with respect to cargo losses collectible will probably run well into the millions. And if the participation of Mr. Ismay operates to eliminate the Harter act the limitation of liability in respect of the personal injuries and loss of life claims would undoubtedly be denied, in which case an additional recovery would he had on behalf of those claimants, the aggregate of which it is almost impossible to estimate. Having regard to the high standing and character of those who lost their lives in this terrible accident, iMs probable tha* the recovery under this head would also run into the millions. SAYS NO FEDERAL LAW BEARS ON DISASTER Abel I. Smith, Assistant Unite?. States Attorney, In discussing last night the question of possible criminal action growing out of the Titanic disaster, said: "No federal law that I ever heard of has been violated. In any ease, the United States has no Jurisdiction over acts committed on the high seas. Crim? inal proceedings would have to be brought in England, if anywhere, but I can't think of anv English law which could bo lnvok?*"l und?* the circum? stances "All this might Mehl tO Justify *he cry for additional legislation to cover such cases, but a much s'mpler -oay to cor? rect the whole thing would be for Lloy?' in London, to raise the rate of Insurance on all v?=?.<>??=-ls and their cargA takii - the short or northerly <*?*?urse That would reach the owner.' pocket books, and how many vessels would take the ?short course then, do you think? Lloyds could also raise the rate on P'ih 11c and employers' liability insurance in the case of all vessels not equipped with an adequate supply of lifeboats. We should then have more lifeboats. "And all this without resort to gov? ernmental action of any kind. How simple!" Another lawyer of prominence ex? plained that the officers and directors of the White Star Line, in his opinion, could not be held tn any way criminally liable for Captain Smith's apparent dis? regard of danger ahead in speeding the Titanic, since under the English law the captain of a vessel was in supreme com? mand on the hlKh seas and was alone responsible for all errors In management or navigation. The responsibility of the owners of the vessel ended, so far as criminal law is concerned, he pointed out. when they had complied with the requirements of the British Board of Trade. As th? Titanic had complied with the Board of Trad*: regulations and Captain Smith went, down with his vessel, the consensus of opinion In legal circles is that no criminal action whatever can result from the sinking of the Titanic and the loss of 1,500 lives. IIUCS ? SAILS Bitter Against the White Star Line's Treatment of Them. Sine?, P. A. a Franklin. vice-pre*l<lent of the International Mercantile Marine Com? pany, did not see fit to held the Cedrlc for the member? of the Titanic'? crew ?ho came In on the Carpathia en Thursday night. It was left to the upland, of the Tied Star Line, to take them ba??k to Eng? land. About li". s tiled on the Lapland yes terday. Strenuous efforts were made gy the White ?Star Line t<> ?prevea! tl?"tn frotn letting their toagUM run wild with their version? of the eeiMM leading to the Titanic* wreck. Kscorted ?board the I_apland al? most before the Carpathia had warped Into her berth, they were ordered nr?f to ko ashor?. except with spe.-ial permission. It was state?!, and no one was allowed to v!-lt them in their .jiiarters. A number of them, however, found their way to the seamen's "paradises" along th* waterfront or to the home of the St-amen'a So??Iet\. ?here a service was conducted for them y?j<terday morning Hnd clothing and tobacco dlstrlli uted for the vojag* home. Away from the supervision of their Mjperlo. s they told their stories freely. The line for which many of their tOSO r?dae bad lai.l down their live* an?1 whom they themselves had served up to the point ?f death received few kind words from ?hem on the eve of departure. Had It no? been for th* Seamen's InsJlt'ite, one man declared, many of them would have gon?? home without even shoes. They ?ere tol?! that no money would be forth<_?*nilpg from the company on this aide of the water ?_n?l that when they reached the other aide they would be paid only up to the time that the litanie aarik. The line'?. Indebtedn .s? to them ended at that moment, they were told. "I'm half sorry I didn't go down with the steamer." on? ef the men declared. "Then the wife an?, children would have been cared f??r by the company, but now they get nothing, and I come home to them without a Job and with only a ?OW Shilling! in my pocket. I, like many of my mates, gave my ?oat an?) Jacket to the women who were In the boat with in?. But I'll have to buy a new one with what little is ?'?mine to toa on ?the other sld-, ko far as I ?an sec. The line's not worrying about whether I and the family ha*.o atii thing to wear." Tho courage of the "old man." as tV" affectionately termed Capul n hmlth, .ai a favorite topic with all of tho non h?? once commanded. According to th?ta ne would be the last man ?ho ever trod a bridge to anticipate what th? tog had In store for him by the use of a r?volter? Each and every one of them ?ho men? tioned him declared that he, ?rnt down with his ship, standing M nearly upright as possible on her slanting dt.k?. Ar.l be? fore he sank he performed a feat of hero? ism unexcelled by any of the bra*?e nvn who perl?hed on th? fatal night Cyril Handy, an ablfj seaman of the crew, said be was on the boat deck near the bridge when the captain was washed off by th? encroaching waters. A moment later he found himself In the water along felde a boat and th* ?-.aptain anta be_ide him. supporting a woman with a baby, whom h?a had e.ldently picked up as ii? fell. Lifting the woman and child abi?rl, the cap-rain deliberately t'irr.ed In the icy water and swam back to the vessel, In spite of th? attempt? of several ?tliott, to pull him aboard to ?afetv QUESTION OF LIABILITY Law Book Editor Thinks Eng? land's Laws Should Govern. In discussing the question of th? liability of th? White Star Lin?, C. P. Johnson, of th? editorial staff of th? American Law Book Company, last night said the flr.t thing of lmport*nc? to b? considered is whether th? laws of th* United States or those of England governed the question of liability. "I think that under th? rul? that the law of th? country whos? flag th? vessel flies governs th? liability of th? ship own? ers." said Mr. Johnson, "th? liability of th? White Star Line depends upon the law of England, unless It is obvious that the passenger or shipper and th? ship owner? Intended otherwise. A vesael on th? high seas 1?. in contemplation of law, g part of th? country whose flag ?h? flies, th? earn? as If sh? wer? a floating Island over which that country had absolut? Jurisdiction; so that the Whit? Star Line, If it choose? to do so. may undoubtedly Insist that it? liabilities be governed by th? EngU?h law. "Ot cours?, th? Hablllty of th? company for th? negligent of th? persona navigat? ing th? Titanic depends, under both the English and the American law, on whether the owner? of th? Titanic actually knew or had means of knowing that th? vessel was being negligently navigated. However. th?r? 1? no doubt that th? knowl?dg? which Mr. Ismay. the managing director of th? Whit? Star Line, who was aboard the Titanic at the tlm? of the disaster, had or could have had of th? fact that tho vessel waa being dangerously navigated. In viaw of all th? drcumatanoea will be lmpuud to th? company. Mr. Iamay. as managing director, bad absolute control of th? situation. Th? captain of th? v?s ?el could hav? been compelled to ob?y the instruction? of Mr Iamay. who could. If necessary, hav? discharged him on th? spot for feiUur? to do ?o, leaving the navi? gation of tho vesMl to subordinate? who would carry eat hi? doalsm'' WOULD HEAD OFF SUITS White Star Men Try in Vain to See Survivors at Hotels. Th? Whl ?_?.,* rtfnclsla. It wa? learned y**?u,, .. hud mad? many futile ?ft?m*>ts to lnt?rv>w Titanic survivors rtlll at the hotels In thin ?Mty. Th? efforts of tha officials in that ?1 rsettO? -vor?? looked upon aa ln?l|r?titi-; a desire to get material ttOitmaeo in cas? of any damage suit.? that might arts? lrom th#> dlsaater. In a number of th? largo hosieries UM Whit?? Star representatives sent up th. Ir car?ls to th? survivors. Th? answers that cam? l?a?k w?r? that those from whom In tertnotSOn "?aa sought were not ?silling f? he subjected t<? any lnt?rrogatlon. "There ar? only h very few ol th?* Mir vlvors* ?till In tbli liot?l.*' said th?' manager ?)f cue of lh? large ?JIM Hfreet h< stlerlos yesterday. "This morning the s.e?iin??hi?> r?*i?r<-.?*entatlv.'K cam?-* here to s. e the Ti? tanic .survivors, and not ?inly found that most of th?m ha?! left town, but were re ? Mtj l.t.rvl? ws l,y tl;o?-e still here." At nn?.lh?r pla?"?- It was aald that the r< malnln-c b?i?*s?8 had given strict eOmttt t?> the hotel manager t<? p? rmlt BO <*ur?ts to be sent up from person? ?|???H?ring any In? formation about the wreck. While this barred newspaper t4SfrOO0Otail?VOS, Il alM I arr? ?i lh- bto-amship men. K?latlves and friend?! have ?OOOHnJgd In taking to their hOMM the larii?r part of !!!?? survivors \\,?, gfent the llrst two ?Uj.? her? after they land?-?!. At the Hotel bel mont It was salo yesterday that the Rj-r *? ,ns and ?'.vo or thr-e others w?r>- there, hut thai most of the survivors who had reg'M??.'<l ?h?re tia'l (OM away, several of tl.< m leaving th?-* hotel yeatenliiv morning. All ?x<-pt one Titanic survivor had 1 parted from the Manhattan. Where nc.my u s<vi. w?r" KcommoUaitd. The Hotel A?t??r r?'i?.?n?d on? ?nest remaining. Th Ritz-<"arlton's colony of survivors, ?rhleh has mclinl?<i J Bruce lsmav. Lord and I_?.dv imfT ?ionlon, the ?"oiintcas of Rol ? and sert r,*?i others, ?tin ke?>p to thotrrooma Th? eountOM h.is l.?-.-ti under the care ol a ].h\s|? Inn. She handled an oar. I? vra? *-ai?l. und ?overoly trronchod the muscles of h.r arm.??. The Gotham. Netherlands and Plaza ho? tels have still a few ?if th ? survivors. At the Gotham la Miss Elisabeth Alien, of St. Louis: her aunt. Mr> toward Robert??, and her cousin, Ml-s B A. Madill. who v.-re In the Urst boat to reach the Car? pathia. Miss AlUn says after the cr_sl" Mi lsmav acted with much bravery. At .1 ?l.'d street hotel a story was t'?ld >e??er?la>- of the reservation of a room bv wireless from the Titanic on Sunday night. The messi?-? reached th? hotel ar??un?l 10 ??'clock. The passenger "".-ho wanted the room reserve?! was reported among th? missing. At another hot?) two ro??ma wer? ?-'-.gaged by a wirniiie?; hotel manager for two of Hi? first ?lass -ia?senK---r*- who were his ftl?nds. Tlie me-sa?e of rOOsrvatlon was sent also on .Sunday, ???me time In tlie afternoon. The men who were to oc? cupy th? r-tfliiu wer? lo? t GERMAN LJNEQUICK TO ACT Hamburg-American to Increase Number of Lifeboats. Hamburg. April **?*>.?The Hamburg-Amer? ican Line has been quick to draw a lesson : from The Titanic catajtrophe. I? has de ? eided to lncr?sase th? number of lifeboat? Ion Ita steamer?*, although they already carry more than are required bv the G?rr | man law. and It will also Improve all life saving appliances, so that In an: circum? stances every person on beard can be ac? commodated. 1 This has b?en done, although, according to the management, the German legal re O'ilrements are much more ttrlngent than the British In regard to lifeboats, and have been considered heretofore amply sufficient by the ?German authorities and all experts. SEA WATER NOT TESTED Woman ?ays Titanic Sailor Filled Bucket on Board. Chicago, April ?.-Mr?. Walter D Doug la?, of Minneapolis, whose husband wa? drowned in the Titanic wreck and who w*_* rescued In a llf?boat with Mra. Arthur Ryeraon. of Philadelphia, aaid in an inter? view ?credited to her here to-day: **Th? day before th? wreck, whll? on deck wi?h my huiband, we ?aw one of the sh]?> s crew letting down a bucket out the side of the ?hip and trying to dip up the ocean water and tak? th? temperature. Th? pall never touched th? water, ?nd h? pull?d it up empty. He then took the pail to th? water pipe on deck and filled the pall with the ahfp "J water. Then h? tcok the tem? perature of the w?ter in the pall. H? never took th? temperature of the ocean water while we watched him.'' Referring to th? ?peed of the Titanic, Mr?. Douglas said: ''Everybody knew w? were near Jceberss becauae It gr?w so cold. On Sunday, b? foro th? wreck. Mra Ryer?on told m? that Mr. I?may ?aid to her: I hav? Just had word that w? are In the Icebergs. "Mra. Rverson ?aid, 'Of cour??, rou am going to ?low down?" ? . ,_ " 'Oh. no.' Mr. Ismay replied. "vTe are going to put on two more boiler? ar.d get out of It _; ; . It U believed h?r? that Mrs. Douglas and Mrs. Ry?r?on will be aaked to tesiify b? for the ?Senat? lnv??tlgaUiig wmmltte?. ? INSURANCE TO COST MORE Rat? Advance to Follow Sinking of Ti? tanic, Say Marine Underwriters. Marine underwriter? aald yeaterday that th? Titanio disaster undoubtedly would have th? ettfict of advancing Insurance rate?, though no definite steps to Increase ihem had been taken yet. By Itself It might not have been followed by a chant? In rate?. It wa? ?aid. but thl? catastrophe romes on th? heela of a ?arica of acci? denta which make? a revlelon of th? pr???nt schedule Imperative. Last year there waa an advance averaging 10 per oent on bulla on th? coaatwls? ?ervi<--e. A member of ?hubb ?fc Son. marina- un? derwriter?, ?aid yeaterday that If ther? had been any bullion to speak of on th? Titanio the result would have been an Imm?diat? raising of ratea. Thl? wa? th? ca?e on the England to India rout? In ??????juenc? or th? r?c?nt 1om of th? OoAana in th? En? lish Channel with MV?ral million? of tAleer on board. * BW SAYS MM TAUGHT m LESSON AnnouncesThat in Future Steam? ships of His Company Will Have Enough Lifeboats. ORDER AFFECTS SIX LINES Managing Director Declares He Had Nothing to Do with Wire less Service?Again De? nies Woman's Tale. Every one of the steamships of the Inter? national Mercantile Marin? Company will be equipped In the future with enough life? boats and liferafts to save every soul aboard, was the announcement made yes? terday by J. Bruce ismay, managing di? rector of the company, as he came Into the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel to be on hand ?hould the investigating committee of the Senate recall him to the witness stand With this one statement, volunteered by him to newspaper men, Mr. Ismay's desire to talk about anything connected with the disaster of the Titanic seemed to have ex? hausted itself. Only to the question as to who was responsible for the silence cf the Baltic on Monday morning, after her wire? less operator bad received a report from tfie Carpathia telling of the full extent of the catastrophe, Mr. Ismay deigned to give an answer, and that was that he had noth? ing to do with the wireless service and knew nothing about the messages that were sent. Counsel for Mr. Ismay later warded off all further questions by saying that the managing director was under subp?na to appear before the Senate committee at Washington on Monday, and that for thts reason Mr. Ismay could not talk about any? thing connected with the inquiry now go? ing on. Calls Woman's Story "Absurd." There was no difficulty, however, In re? ceiving from Mr. Ismay a repetition of his denial, made earlier In the day, of the story told by Mrs. Ryerson on the Car? pathia to Major Arthur Peuchen and Mrs. Walter Douglass, also survivors of the Titanic. These two, telling of their con? versation with Mrs. Ryerson. who Is a sufferer from a serious nervous breakdown, quoted her as saying that ulie aske?l Mr. Isinay If the proximity of the Icebergs would cause th?. Titanic to proceed more ?lowly, and to this Mr. Ismay had replied: "No. wo will go faster." "There Is not a word of truth In any such statement." wa.- Mr. lsmay's com? ment. "You cannot deny too StaphaUcaJly that I ever made such an absurd remark." Mr. Ismay disclaimed also all r_tpon__ lilllty or knowledge concerning th? dis? tribution of passengers In the lifeboat? and their manning. He ?TOOld not discuss Um .e s.-rUe.it! mad? by almost all the sur? vivors that the law demanding a supply of food and drinking water f?.?r each boat Hiiiflrlent for six days, hful not been com? piled with, and that th- lifeboats had ab? solutely nothing In them to sustain their passengers. It was pointed out to Mr. Ismay that a Miff breeze might hav? separated the Iff?. I boats and that the pro??ess of picking them up might have lasted some days. Mean erhtfa Um pe. .pi? In the boats would have b.-.-ti nhjoetod to terril.!?? suffering. Mr. Iamay Oxen sal?! that h?> knew nothing | ?heal It. but that he thought some, officer t.?l?l him there were food ?and drink In Um beata it may ?have I.n that the oflcer spoka about the b In which Mr. Ismay >*???-, m Um "tie'1 rlvora almost tmenimooaly declarad ? ??? ?waa neither (?..id nor ?Irink in their boata Counsel Keeps Franklin Silent. p a. s. Franklin, rtce*pr___d?t)t ot the ?International Mercantil? Marine Company, who aeeompenled Mr. Ismay, was ctjually reticent. Ills counsel, too, insisted that Mr. Franklin . hoiil?! not discuss any mat? ter In ooaaectioa with the Titanic, as he also was under subp?na to appear before the Senat.; committee lu Washington. The ord.r tsstMd by Mr. Ismay to equip all the steamships of the International Mercantile Mario?- Company with .utli.ient lifeboats will affect the While Star Line, the Amer!.-an Line, the Atlantic Transport, tho Red Star Line, the Leyland Line and the Dominion Line, in announcing his de? cision Mr. Ismay said: Lverybody barns by experience. One thing I learned 'rom my experience is that the laws relating to the preservation of life in case of lust such an accident are not adequate. They were based, no doubt, upon the assumption that th?s? great steel ocean liners were unsinkable, with their highly developed system of bulkheads. But experience has tayght us that In certain circumstances ?here ore at present no such things as unsinkable ships. I issued this order as a result of my own observations. I am candid to admit that until I had had actual experience In a wreck I never fully realized the Inadequacy of the rule* of our and other lines with reference to the preservation of Itfe In case of an accident In ml locean. I had gone along lik? the rest of the steamship I men on the theory that our f hips were un? i slnkabte. I determined to do this Irrespective of any present or future laws on the subject, either In this country. In England or Hol? land or any other foreign countries touched bv the lines of the International Mercantile I M"arlne Company. I am going to se? to it !that not only ?very passenger but every I member of the crew on any ship of th? White Star, the American and all other Unes of the International Mercantile Marine shall in th? future be as safe as possible in case of another accident. We are not waiting to merely comply with the law. We art going to disregard technicalities and give the most ample and complete protection to human Ufe, irrespec? tive of all legal requirements In the future there will never ?rl?? a condition in which ther? is not rorm for everybody in the life? boat? or on th? unsinkable pneumatic llfe j rafts, that are not ?ven capable of being upset In rough weather. GERMAN MEASURES RIGID Vice-Chancellor Says Govern? ment Is After Ship Owners. Berlin. April 20.?Th? motion Introduced into the Reichstag yesterday requesting the Imperial Chancellor to order an Investiga? ren as to whether German Steamships are equipped with sufficient llfesavlng appll ' anee? for all the passenger? and crew waa ecn?ld?red to-day. Replying to Dr. Otto Arendt, who spoke ?a th? Introducer of th? motion. Clemens Delbrtlck. Minister of the Interior and Vlee-Chancellor of the Empire, said that the government wa? already In communi? cation with the large ?hipping companies, and would ?ee that everything necessary and possible would be done. Positive meas? ures, however, could not be proposed be? fore the detail? of th? catastrophe to the Titanic had been learned. The motion wa? thereupon withdrawn. Herr Delhrtlek declares that he insti? tuted a r?vl?lon of th? German regulations as soon a? the ?first detail? of the Titanic disaster became known, and In the Imme? diate future will convoke a conference of the shipping companies and maritime as? sociations. He ears he Is convinced that the German captains, shipping companies and constructors, whose responsibility and car? for passengers and crews Intrusted to th?ro are reco?gnlx?d by th? whole world. ??Ul And ways and means to provide for everything neoe?t?ary. Th? question as to whether international regulation of the passenger steamship traffic Is advisable has been already discussed by th? German government, and Germany 1? r?ady to act on any proposition with this ?ad in vl?w. j ?OUTER APPAREL MILLWEW?-**!-"* FURS FOR WOMEN, MISSES _wu/ JUNIORS WILL HOLD. BEGINNING TO-MORROW. A Special Sale of Imported Model Gowns and Dresses, $75 to *245 FORMERLY $125 to $295. Models by Drecoll Doucet. Cailot Soeurs, Paquin and Martial-Armand?of chiffon, chiffon taffeta, marquisette, charmeuse, Jouy silk and batiste and-silk combinations. Smart Morning Frocks, $35, $40 & $45 New, exclusive styles?of taffeta fou'ard. cotton voiles, serge and crepe charmeuse Women's Tailor-made Suits, ?38 & $50 FORMERLY $59, $65 and $75. Dup'icates of new foreign modela. Small Women's ?and Misses' Suits, -$35 FORMERLY $45 and $55. New Norfolk and fancy-trimmed models. Motoring and Utility Coats, $35 & $45 An extensive variety of styles, materials and shades; many neW effects exclusive with this establishment Millinery?Specials at$15&$18 Smart Street Hats in sailor, wing and fancy-trimmed effects in wide variety. Flower.trimmed Hats?New importations from Suzanne Talbot, Paul Poiret, Marie Louise and Lewis. Also, many smart adaptations and creations of our own. FORMERLY $22 & $25. Paquin Model Blouses, $25 FORMERLY $35. Of white charmeuse, trimmed with net in various shades; also of colored satins combined with net. White Knitted Coats, $6.50 All of these Coats which formerly sold at $8.50 to $12.50. ESPECIAL ATTENTION IS DIRECTED TO Departments of Mourning IVear Tailored Suits?Dresses?Millinery made up ' or to special order. fiitb flwnue at 4Mb Street Lord & Taylor Found?! flmtXS IS20 -Fur Storage Years of Continuous Cold Storage have proved the superiority of the system over all others. , Our Cold Storage Tlant (One of the first to be installed by any house in New York) is on our premises, in charge of expert and practical furriers, and is modern in every detail that would aid in the preservation and protection of furs. Our storage rooms are dust-proof, secure against moths, and the odors of moth preventives are avoided. Cleaning Articles stored are first cleaned by vacuum or compressed air. Minor rips in furs will be sewed and all fur collars cleaned free of charge. Repairing We are particularly well equipped for repairing and remodelling fine furs at special prices during the Summer months. Broadway k 20th St.; 5th Ave?; 19th St. TITANIC^ CARQO. $425,000 Duplicate Manifest Received on Mauretania Shows Value. A duplicate manifest of the freight cargo of the Titanic reached this city on Friday PS[the registered mall brought by th? Mauretania. A? is usual In th? cate of ?x I ______/?.earners the cargo wa? a compara Lively smau oW not exceeding about 1 400 on. and consisted principally of high class tona, ana estimated total value oTA^^en Placed at around 1425, 004monr the articles shipped on th? Tl tan^were ?Hk goods. Uces. woollen, vel ?tl mmZa and ?Plrlts and varlou. luxu V?t '* ttm SL all of which pay a high ,rt^h.rchargfan?i contribute largely to th? freight chirP? cl&#t r?en"1.? prep." and If'prepayment had hlln mad?o? th? con.lgnm?nt. on th? lost ?SrS owner, of the Titanic will b? ?Mined to refund the amounta. A clause m Mbllls of lading, however, protect, the .elmshlp companies against risk, at ?~ r the list of consignees are s?v?ral hanks and banking house?. Th? National X Bank was th? consign?? of eleven hiieU of rubber, the Broadway Truet rtZrSnv three case? of coney ?kin? and 2T?S National Bank of Chicago. 000 ?a!e. of ?helled walnut.. To Heldelbach. r?fhelmer * Co.. of this city, wer? con 22T55o! case? of shelled walnut.: S? ?Sri * Co.. 100 barrel, and 100 JIZ of ?hailed walnuts. 7? ca.?. of dra? wTwood. a casas of gum and 16 cases of r?bblt hair; Knauth, Nachod A Kuhn* 107 ea*ea ot mushrooms; Laaard Fr?roa, 1 bun 'r8f akin?. 25 case? of sardine? and t ri.es of preserve?, and Barln? Brother? * OoVtt cas?? of rubber and 100 bags of galla. IT PAYS to Look Around That's what many hare said after Andina tha superior valu; lo Christman Pianos. Player-Piano?, frcm.$375 Bab? Grand Piano?, from .... $450 Upright Pianos, from.$250 Our Piano-Player me'l? ?nlem can he Installed in any Piano. Why not have one put In your?* Information Ch<*e-rfull7 Vurnlahed. Christman Sons, 35 West fourteenth St !K .1 BLEND COFFEE It 1? tha beat ?spffa? offered In thla city. Try It Callanan'a Macaalne mailed an requeet. U a. C ALLAN AN._41 aad 4S Veaa-r tu CARPET J. i J. m WiLUftlt Tal. 909 C^umbua Eat 1876. CLEANING 35-3 fut Htfc tt SHAVENE Shava with Antlaeptlc. healing and net treaay. fioftena tha board oadekar than sema*. Soothes A. ?nvlforatea chapped a tatular akin. NO BRUSH used. Apply Ilka col?! cream, then aha*??. If your barber or dealer haen't It, aend t?cente to Sha vena Salaa Co., 3S1 Madlaor. A va.. K. T. Amona other conalfmm<5nts wtra thirty caaea of athleUc pooda for A. G. SpaWint ft Bros., a cask of chin? and a caaa of sil? ver good? for TlfDwny * C_* and a ?Ma at cottons for B. Altaan * Co.