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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 21, 1912, Image 3

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If Negligence on Part of.White Star Line Can
Be Determined, Admiralty Lawyer Says,
It Must Pay for Loss of Hundreds of Lives.
Makes It Possible to Urge That Captain Smith's Action in
Paving Titanic Ahead at High Speed Was Within
Managing Director's Knowledge, Thus Appar?
ently Refuting Limitation of Liability Plea.
The presence of J. Bruce Ismay on board the Titanic when ehe struck an
iceberg on Sunday night, resulting in the most appalling marine disaste of
modert* times, will lead to important complications, it appears, when the ques?
tion cf the settlement of damages for loss of life, personal injuries and loss of
cargo arises. There seems in store for Mr. Ismay, now that his life has been
spared, ?n interesting fight in the admiralty courts after the government in?
vestigations here and in England have done with him.
I' the question of the negligence of the White Star Line can be determined
in respect to the loss of the Titanic and fifteen hundred lives, that company
or ihe International Mercantile Marine Company, which owns it. stands to lose
an ?unount in damages running well into the millions, in the opinion of leading
lawyets Howard S. Harrington, of the firm of Harrington, Bigham 4 Englar,
lawyers, of No. 64 Wall street, a firm which does a large admiralty business,
??ni- important English connections, discussed the question of liability arising
out ?o? the Titanic's loss at some length yesterday. Mr. Harrington has just
finish*?*-! conducting for his firm the limitation of liability proceedings brought
In beh?lf of the owners of the United Fruit Company's steamer Admiral Far
ragut, which sank the Ward liner Merida last May off the Virginia Capes, with
hot cargo, valued at over half a million. He expressed a keen interest, there
fort, in the problem now before the White Star Line officials. ,
"All the passengers injured as a result of the collision, as well as the estates
"f those drowred, may recover damages from the White Star Line," said he,
"provided the striking of the iceberg was due to negligence, and it would seem
from the reports in the papers that the accident was due to negligence. It is
?mid that a day or two before the collision the Titanic received wireless messages
advising her of the presence of tremendous fields of ice?one of the reports
giving the position of a field of ice, twenty miles in extent, as within a very
few miles of the point where the collision subsequently occurred.
"_p the light of this information there would seem to be no question that
it was negligence on the part of the navigators of the Titanic to proceed ahead
at the high rate of speed of twenty-odd knots, after nightfall, even though the
weather at the time was as clear as it is said to have beer. Under these cir?
cumstances the question arises, to what extent is the White Star Line liable
for the damages resulting from the collision, and in what jurisdiction may
proceedings be brought? Actions on behalf of the various claimants may be
brought in this city by the service of process upon the resident officials and by
attachment of the property cf the line, including the various vessels that come
to thi?" port. Under the provisions of Lord Campbell's act, which is part of
the--substantive law of England, recovery may be had in the courts of this
country for wrongful death on board a British vessel on the high seas.
"It is to be assumed, however, that limitation of liability proceedings will
be instituted by the White Star company. These proceedings may be instituted
either in England or the United States. If they are instituted in England the
White Star Line will be obliged to admit liability for the accident and pay into
the registry of court for distribution among the complainants ?15 per regis?
tered ton in the case of loss of life and personal injury claims and <*C8 per
registered ton in respect to claims for damages to cargo, etc.
"Having regard to the enormous tonnage of the Titanic, the amount to be
deposited by the White Star Line in connection with limitation proceedings in
England would far exceed the amount which it would be necessary to pay into
the United States courts if the proceedings were instituted here. Under the
American limitation of liability act of 1851 it is provided that when the loss
occur?* without the knowledge or privity of the owner the liability shall be
limited to the value of the vessel after the wreck?in this instance nil?plus
pendin*? freight (freight on cargo and all passage money), the aggregate of
which in this case would probably be over a quarter of a million.
"In 1881 the Supreme Court of the United States decided in The Scotland
(lu? U. S.. page 24) that the act of March 3. 1851, ch. 43, reproduced in the
Revised Statutes in Sec. 4282, etc.. applied to owners of foreign as well as
domestic vessels, and to acts done on the high seas as well as in the waters
of the United States.
"The presence of Mr. Ismay on board complicates the situation very
?eriously from the point of view of the White Star Line, as it will undoubtedly
?be urged that, in the light of his admitted knowledge of the presence ahead of
dangerous ice fields, the negligence of Captain Smith in proceeding at a speed
exceeding twenty knots after nightfall was a fault within Mr. Ismay's knowledge
in the sense in which that term is used both in the English and the American
limitation of liability statutes.
"Undoubtedly the knowledge of the managing director of the corporation
is the knowledge of the corporation, and if it should be found in this instance
that the disaster was attributable to negligence in the respects indicated it is
difficult to see how the limitation can be had, in light of the managing di?
rector's knowledge.
'But Mr. Ismay's presence is not only important in respect to the limitation
of liability. It also suggests that the cargo owners, or their underwriters
succeeding to their rights by 8ubrogation, may recover the amount of their
losses in full.
"Ordinarily in a case of this character no recovery can be had by the cat go
interest because the act of 1893, known as the Harter act, provides in substance
that if the owners of a vessel have exercised due diligence in making her in all
respect?; seaworthy they shall not be liable to ?cargo for any damage caused by
?in error in the management or navigation of the vessel
"It is important to observe the distinction between the act of 1851 relating
to the limitation of liability and the Harter act The former covers the claim?
of all interests and simply provides that the liability of the owner, when estab?
lished, shall not exceed a certain amount. The Harter act is limited strictly
to the relation**, between the vessel and its cargo and provides in instances
covered by the act that when due diligence hzs been exercised by the owners
?id the fault complained of is one of navigation or management, as distin?
guished from custody, stowage, etc., there shall be no liability at all on the
Part of the owner.
"In the present case, howevsr, it will undoubtedly be contended that the
?**rder? said to have been issued to Captain Smith by the officers of the line, to
the effect that he should make the best speed possible, coupled with the presence
of Mr. Ismay on board, must result in the elimination of the Harter act from
consideration. It will certainly be extremely difficult for the White Star Line
to show that it exerted the due diligence required by the act when it appears
?hat the disaster was directly due to the excessive speed maintained after the
danger of ice ahead was fully known?maintained, that is, in pursuance of
'Wdefs of responsible officials of the line represented on board by Mr. Ismay.
"If he had not been on board it might have been contended that the orders
importing- Otafacturing
Dry ?ci^ Storage
On tti* Premiaea
?H- --
384 WthAtefiuc
Between 35th and 36th Sts. TeU0440recl?'
for high speed we're fiven with some such qualification as 'conditions permit
ting.' This position, of course, is seriously weakened by the ??d??c?- tha?
Mr. Ismay knew of the actual conditions and none the less allowed the vessel
to proceed in accordance with the original instructions.
"If the White Star Line is denied the protection of the Harter act the
aggregate claims with respect to cargo losses collectible will probably run well
into the millions. And if the participation of Mr. Ismay operates to eliminate
the Harter act the limitation of liability in respect of the personal injuries and
loss of life claims would undoubtedly be denied, in which case an additional
recovery would he had on behalf of those claimants, the aggregate of which it
is almost impossible to estimate. Having regard to the high standing and
character of those who lost their lives in this terrible accident, iMs probable
tha* the recovery under this head would also run into the millions.
Abel I. Smith, Assistant Unite?. States
Attorney, In discussing last night the
question of possible criminal action
growing out of the Titanic disaster, said:
"No federal law that I ever heard of
has been violated. In any ease, the
United States has no Jurisdiction over
acts committed on the high seas. Crim?
inal proceedings would have to be
brought in England, if anywhere, but I
can't think of anv English law which
could bo lnvok?*"l und?* the circum?
"All this might Mehl tO Justify *he cry
for additional legislation to cover such
cases, but a much s'mpler -oay to cor?
rect the whole thing would be for
Lloy?' in London, to raise the rate of
Insurance on all v?=?.<>??=-ls and their cargA
takii - the short or northerly <*?*?urse
That would reach the owner.' pocket
books, and how many vessels would take
the ?short course then, do you think?
Lloyds could also raise the rate on P'ih
11c and employers' liability insurance in
the case of all vessels not equipped with
an adequate supply of lifeboats. We
should then have more lifeboats.
"And all this without resort to gov?
ernmental action of any kind. How
Another lawyer of prominence ex?
plained that the officers and directors of
the White Star Line, in his opinion,
could not be held tn any way criminally
liable for Captain Smith's apparent dis?
regard of danger ahead in speeding the
Titanic, since under the English law the
captain of a vessel was in supreme com?
mand on the hlKh seas and was alone
responsible for all errors In management
or navigation. The responsibility of the
owners of the vessel ended, so far as
criminal law is concerned, he pointed
out. when they had complied with the
requirements of the British Board of
As th? Titanic had complied with the
Board of Trad*: regulations and Captain
Smith went, down with his vessel, the
consensus of opinion In legal circles is
that no criminal action whatever can
result from the sinking of the Titanic
and the loss of 1,500 lives.
Bitter Against the White Star
Line's Treatment of Them.
Sine?, P. A. a Franklin. vice-pre*l<lent of
the International Mercantile Marine Com?
pany, did not see fit to held the Cedrlc for
the member? of the Titanic'? crew ?ho
came In on the Carpathia en Thursday
night. It was left to the upland, of the
Tied Star Line, to take them ba??k to Eng?
land. About li". s tiled on the Lapland yes
Strenuous efforts were made gy the White
?Star Line t<> ?prevea! tl?"tn frotn letting
their toagUM run wild with their version?
of the eeiMM leading to the Titanic*
wreck. Kscorted ?board the I_apland al?
most before the Carpathia had warped Into
her berth, they were ordered nr?f to ko
ashor?. except with spe.-ial permission. It
was state?!, and no one was allowed to v!-lt
them in their .jiiarters. A number of them,
however, found their way to the seamen's
"paradises" along th* waterfront or to the
home of the St-amen'a So??Iet\. ?here a
service was conducted for them y?j<terday
morning Hnd clothing and tobacco dlstrlli
uted for the vojag* home. Away from the
supervision of their Mjperlo. s they told
their stories freely.
The line for which many of their tOSO
r?dae bad lai.l down their live* an?1 whom
they themselves had served up to the point
?f death received few kind words from
?hem on the eve of departure. Had It no?
been for th* Seamen's InsJlt'ite, one man
declared, many of them would have gon??
home without even shoes. They ?ere tol?!
that no money would be forth<_?*nilpg from
the company on this aide of the water ?_n?l
that when they reached the other aide they
would be paid only up to the time that the
litanie aarik. The line'?. Indebtedn .s? to
them ended at that moment, they were told.
"I'm half sorry I didn't go down with
the steamer." on? ef the men declared.
"Then the wife an?, children would have
been cared f??r by the company, but now
they get nothing, and I come home to
them without a Job and with only a ?OW
Shilling! in my pocket. I, like many of
my mates, gave my ?oat an?) Jacket to the
women who were In the boat with in?.
But I'll have to buy a new one with what
little is ?'?mine to toa on ?the other sld-, ko
far as I ?an sec. The line's not worrying
about whether I and the family ha*.o atii
thing to wear."
Tho courage of the "old man." as tV"
affectionately termed Capul n hmlth, .ai
a favorite topic with all of tho non h??
once commanded. According to th?ta ne
would be the last man ?ho ever trod a
bridge to anticipate what th? tog had In
store for him by the use of a r?volter?
Each and every one of them ?ho men?
tioned him declared that he, ?rnt down
with his ship, standing M nearly upright
as possible on her slanting dt.k?. Ar.l be?
fore he sank he performed a feat of hero?
ism unexcelled by any of the bra*?e nvn
who perl?hed on th? fatal night
Cyril Handy, an ablfj seaman of the
crew, said be was on the boat deck near
the bridge when the captain was washed
off by th? encroaching waters. A moment
later he found himself In the water along
felde a boat and th* ?-.aptain anta be_ide
him. supporting a woman with a baby,
whom h?a had e.ldently picked up as ii?
fell. Lifting the woman and child abi?rl,
the cap-rain deliberately t'irr.ed In the icy
water and swam back to the vessel, In
spite of th? attempt? of several ?tliott, to
pull him aboard to ?afetv
Law Book Editor Thinks Eng?
land's Laws Should Govern.
In discussing the question of th? liability
of th? White Star Lin?, C. P. Johnson, of
th? editorial staff of th? American Law
Book Company, last night said the flr.t
thing of lmport*nc? to b? considered is
whether th? laws of th* United States or
those of England governed the question of
"I think that under th? rul? that the
law of th? country whos? flag th? vessel
flies governs th? liability of th? ship own?
ers." said Mr. Johnson, "th? liability of
th? White Star Line depends upon the law
of England, unless It is obvious that the
passenger or shipper and th? ship owner?
Intended otherwise. A vesael on th? high
seas 1?. in contemplation of law, g part
of th? country whose flag ?h? flies, th?
earn? as If sh? wer? a floating Island
over which that country had absolut?
Jurisdiction; so that the Whit? Star Line,
If it choose? to do so. may undoubtedly
Insist that it? liabilities be governed by
th? EngU?h law.
"Ot cours?, th? Hablllty of th? company
for th? negligent of th? persona navigat?
ing th? Titanic depends, under both the
English and the American law, on whether
the owner? of th? Titanic actually knew
or had means of knowing that th? vessel
was being negligently navigated. However.
th?r? 1? no doubt that th? knowl?dg? which
Mr. Ismay. the managing director of th?
Whit? Star Line, who was aboard the
Titanic at the tlm? of the disaster, had
or could have had of th? fact that tho
vessel waa being dangerously navigated.
In viaw of all th? drcumatanoea will be
lmpuud to th? company. Mr. Iamay. as
managing director, bad absolute control
of th? situation. Th? captain of th? v?s
?el could hav? been compelled to ob?y the
instruction? of Mr Iamay. who could. If
necessary, hav? discharged him on th?
spot for feiUur? to do ?o, leaving the navi?
gation of tho vesMl to subordinate? who
would carry eat hi? doalsm''
White Star Men Try in Vain to
See Survivors at Hotels.
Th? Whl ?_?.,* rtfnclsla. It wa?
learned y**?u,, .. hud mad? many futile
?ft?m*>ts to lnt?rv>w Titanic survivors rtlll
at the hotels In thin ?Mty. Th? efforts of
tha officials in that ?1 rsettO? -vor?? looked
upon aa ln?l|r?titi-; a desire to get material
ttOitmaeo in cas? of any damage suit.? that
might arts? lrom th#> dlsaater.
In a number of th? largo hosieries UM
Whit?? Star representatives sent up th. Ir
car?ls to th? survivors. Th? answers that
cam? l?a?k w?r? that those from whom In
tertnotSOn "?aa sought were not ?silling f?
he subjected t<? any lnt?rrogatlon.
"There ar? only h very few ol th?* Mir
vlvors* ?till In tbli liot?l.*' said th?' manager
?)f cue of lh? large ?JIM Hfreet h< stlerlos
yesterday. "This morning the s.e?iin??hi?>
r?*i?r<-.?*entatlv.'K cam?-* here to s. e the Ti?
tanic .survivors, and not ?inly found that
most of th?m ha?! left town, but were re
? Mtj l.t.rvl? ws l,y tl;o?-e still here."
At nn?.lh?r pla?"?- It was aald that the
r< malnln-c b?i?*s?8 had given strict eOmttt
t?> the hotel manager t<? p? rmlt BO <*ur?ts
to be sent up from person? ?|???H?ring any In?
formation about the wreck. While this
barred newspaper t4SfrOO0Otail?VOS, Il alM
I arr? ?i lh- bto-amship men.
K?latlves and friend?! have ?OOOHnJgd In
taking to their hOMM the larii?r part of
!!!?? survivors \\,?, gfent the llrst two ?Uj.?
her? after they land?-?!. At the Hotel bel
mont It was salo yesterday that the Rj-r
*? ,ns and ?'.vo or thr-e others w?r>- there,
hut thai most of the survivors who had
reg'M??.'<l ?h?re tia'l (OM away, several of
tl.< m leaving th?-* hotel yeatenliiv morning.
All ?x<-pt one Titanic survivor had 1
parted from the Manhattan. Where nc.my
u s<vi. w?r" KcommoUaitd. The Hotel
A?t??r r?'i?.?n?d on? ?nest remaining. Th
Ritz-<"arlton's colony of survivors, ?rhleh
has mclinl?<i J Bruce lsmav. Lord and
I_?.dv imfT ?ionlon, the ?"oiintcas of Rol ?
and sert r,*?i others, ?tin ke?>p to thotrrooma
Th? eountOM h.is l.?-.-ti under the care ol a
].h\s|? Inn. She handled an oar. I? vra? *-ai?l.
und ?overoly trronchod the muscles of h.r
The Gotham. Netherlands and Plaza ho?
tels have still a few ?if th ? survivors. At
the Gotham la Miss Elisabeth Alien, of
St. Louis: her aunt. Mr> toward Robert??,
and her cousin, Ml-s B A. Madill. who
v.-re In the Urst boat to reach the Car?
pathia. Miss AlUn says after the cr_sl"
Mi lsmav acted with much bravery.
At .1 ?l.'d street hotel a story was t'?ld
>e??er?la>- of the reservation of a room bv
wireless from the Titanic on Sunday night.
The messi?-? reached th? hotel ar??un?l 10
??'clock. The passenger "".-ho wanted the
room reserve?! was reported among th?
missing. At another hot?) two ro??ma wer?
?-'-.gaged by a wirniiie?; hotel manager for
two of Hi? first ?lass -ia?senK---r*- who were
his ftl?nds. Tlie me-sa?e of rOOsrvatlon
was sent also on .Sunday, ???me time In
tlie afternoon. The men who were to oc?
cupy th? r-tfliiu wer? lo? t
Hamburg-American to Increase
Number of Lifeboats.
Hamburg. April **?*>.?The Hamburg-Amer?
ican Line has been quick to draw a lesson
: from The Titanic catajtrophe. I? has de
? eided to lncr?sase th? number of lifeboat?
Ion Ita steamer?*, although they already
carry more than are required bv the G?rr
| man law. and It will also Improve all life
saving appliances, so that In an: circum?
stances every person on beard can be ac?
1 This has b?en done, although, according
to the management, the German legal re
O'ilrements are much more ttrlngent than
the British In regard to lifeboats, and have
been considered heretofore amply sufficient
by the ?German authorities and all experts.
Woman ?ays Titanic Sailor Filled
Bucket on Board.
Chicago, April ?.-Mr?. Walter D Doug
la?, of Minneapolis, whose husband wa?
drowned in the Titanic wreck and who w*_*
rescued In a llf?boat with Mra. Arthur
Ryeraon. of Philadelphia, aaid in an inter?
view ?credited to her here to-day:
**Th? day before th? wreck, whll? on deck
wi?h my huiband, we ?aw one of the sh]?> s
crew letting down a bucket out the side of
the ?hip and trying to dip up the ocean
water and tak? th? temperature. Th? pall
never touched th? water, ?nd h? pull?d it
up empty. He then took the pail to th?
water pipe on deck and filled the pall with
the ahfp "J water. Then h? tcok the tem?
perature of the w?ter in the pall. H? never
took th? temperature of the ocean water
while we watched him.''
Referring to th? ?peed of the Titanic, Mr?.
Douglas said:
''Everybody knew w? were near Jceberss
becauae It gr?w so cold. On Sunday, b?
foro th? wreck. Mra Ryer?on told m? that
Mr. I?may ?aid to her: I hav? Just had
word that w? are In the Icebergs.
"Mra. Rverson ?aid, 'Of cour??, rou am
going to ?low down?" ? . ,_
" 'Oh. no.' Mr. Ismay replied. "vTe are
going to put on two more boiler? ar.d get
out of It _; ; .
It U believed h?r? that Mrs. Douglas and
Mrs. Ry?r?on will be aaked to tesiify b?
for the ?Senat? lnv??tlgaUiig wmmltte?.
Rat? Advance to Follow Sinking of Ti?
tanic, Say Marine Underwriters.
Marine underwriter? aald yeaterday that
th? Titanio disaster undoubtedly would
have th? ettfict of advancing Insurance
rate?, though no definite steps to Increase
ihem had been taken yet. By Itself It
might not have been followed by a chant?
In rate?. It wa? ?aid. but thl? catastrophe
romes on th? heela of a ?arica of acci?
denta which make? a revlelon of th? pr???nt
schedule Imperative. Last year there waa
an advance averaging 10 per oent on bulla
on th? coaatwls? ?ervi<--e.
A member of ?hubb ?fc Son. marina- un?
derwriter?, ?aid yeaterday that If ther? had
been any bullion to speak of on th? Titanio
the result would have been an Imm?diat?
raising of ratea. Thl? wa? th? ca?e on the
England to India rout? In ??????juenc? or
th? r?c?nt 1om of th? OoAana in th? En?
lish Channel with MV?ral million? of tAleer
on board. *
AnnouncesThat in Future Steam?
ships of His Company Will
Have Enough Lifeboats.
Managing Director Declares He
Had Nothing to Do with Wire
less Service?Again De?
nies Woman's Tale.
Every one of the steamships of the Inter?
national Mercantile Marin? Company will
be equipped In the future with enough life?
boats and liferafts to save every soul
aboard, was the announcement made yes?
terday by J. Bruce ismay, managing di?
rector of the company, as he came Into the
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel to be on hand
?hould the investigating committee of the
Senate recall him to the witness stand
With this one statement, volunteered by
him to newspaper men, Mr. Ismay's desire
to talk about anything connected with the
disaster of the Titanic seemed to have ex?
hausted itself. Only to the question as to
who was responsible for the silence cf the
Baltic on Monday morning, after her wire?
less operator bad received a report from
tfie Carpathia telling of the full extent of
the catastrophe, Mr. Ismay deigned to give
an answer, and that was that he had noth?
ing to do with the wireless service and
knew nothing about the messages that
were sent.
Counsel for Mr. Ismay later warded off
all further questions by saying that the
managing director was under subp?na to
appear before the Senate committee at
Washington on Monday, and that for thts
reason Mr. Ismay could not talk about any?
thing connected with the inquiry now go?
ing on.
Calls Woman's Story "Absurd."
There was no difficulty, however, In re?
ceiving from Mr. Ismay a repetition of his
denial, made earlier In the day, of the
story told by Mrs. Ryerson on the Car?
pathia to Major Arthur Peuchen and Mrs.
Walter Douglass, also survivors of the
Titanic. These two, telling of their con?
versation with Mrs. Ryerson. who Is a
sufferer from a serious nervous breakdown,
quoted her as saying that ulie aske?l Mr.
Isinay If the proximity of the Icebergs
would cause th?. Titanic to proceed more
?lowly, and to this Mr. Ismay had replied:
"No. wo will go faster."
"There Is not a word of truth In any
such statement." wa.- Mr. lsmay's com?
ment. "You cannot deny too StaphaUcaJly
that I ever made such an absurd remark."
Mr. Ismay disclaimed also all r_tpon__
lilllty or knowledge concerning th? dis?
tribution of passengers In the lifeboat?
and their manning. He ?TOOld not discuss
Um .e s.-rUe.it! mad? by almost all the sur?
vivors that the law demanding a supply of
food and drinking water f?.?r each boat
Hiiiflrlent for six days, hful not been com?
piled with, and that th- lifeboats had ab?
solutely nothing In them to sustain their
It was pointed out to Mr. Ismay that a
Miff breeze might hav? separated the Iff?.
I boats and that the pro??ess of picking them
up might have lasted some days. Mean
erhtfa Um pe. .pi? In the boats would have
b.-.-ti nhjoetod to terril.!?? suffering. Mr.
Iamay Oxen sal?! that h?> knew nothing |
?heal It. but that he thought some, officer
t.?l?l him there were food ?and drink In
Um beata it may ?have I.n that the
oflcer spoka about the b In which Mr.
Ismay >*???-, m Um "tie'1 rlvora almost
tmenimooaly declarad ? ??? ?waa neither
(?..id nor ?Irink in their boata
Counsel Keeps Franklin Silent.
p a. s. Franklin, rtce*pr___d?t)t ot the
?International Mercantil? Marine Company,
who aeeompenled Mr. Ismay, was ctjually
reticent. Ills counsel, too, insisted that
Mr. Franklin . hoiil?! not discuss any mat?
ter In ooaaectioa with the Titanic, as he
also was under subp?na to appear before
the Senat.; committee lu Washington.
The ord.r tsstMd by Mr. Ismay to equip
all the steamships of the International
Mercantile Mario?- Company with .utli.ient
lifeboats will affect the While Star Line,
the Amer!.-an Line, the Atlantic Transport,
tho Red Star Line, the Leyland Line and
the Dominion Line, in announcing his de?
cision Mr. Ismay said:
Lverybody barns by experience. One
thing I learned 'rom my experience is that
the laws relating to the preservation of
life in case of lust such an accident are
not adequate. They were based, no doubt,
upon the assumption that th?s? great steel
ocean liners were unsinkable, with their
highly developed system of bulkheads. But
experience has tayght us that In certain
circumstances ?here ore at present no such
things as unsinkable ships.
I issued this order as a result of my own
observations. I am candid to admit that
until I had had actual experience In a
wreck I never fully realized the Inadequacy
of the rule* of our and other lines with
reference to the preservation of Itfe In
case of an accident In ml locean. I had
gone along lik? the rest of the steamship
I men on the theory that our f hips were un?
i slnkabte.
I determined to do this Irrespective of any
present or future laws on the subject,
either In this country. In England or Hol?
land or any other foreign countries touched
bv the lines of the International Mercantile
I M"arlne Company. I am going to se? to it
!that not only ?very passenger but every
I member of the crew on any ship of th?
White Star, the American and all other
Unes of the International Mercantile Marine
shall in th? future be as safe as possible
in case of another accident.
We are not waiting to merely comply
with the law. We art going to disregard
technicalities and give the most ample and
complete protection to human Ufe, irrespec?
tive of all legal requirements In the future
there will never ?rl?? a condition in which
ther? is not rorm for everybody in the life?
boat? or on th? unsinkable pneumatic llfe
j rafts, that are not ?ven capable of being
upset In rough weather.
Vice-Chancellor Says Govern?
ment Is After Ship Owners.
Berlin. April 20.?Th? motion Introduced
into the Reichstag yesterday requesting the
Imperial Chancellor to order an Investiga?
ren as to whether German Steamships are
equipped with sufficient llfesavlng appll
' anee? for all the passenger? and crew waa
ecn?ld?red to-day.
Replying to Dr. Otto Arendt, who spoke
?a th? Introducer of th? motion. Clemens
Delbrtlck. Minister of the Interior and
Vlee-Chancellor of the Empire, said that
the government wa? already In communi?
cation with the large ?hipping companies,
and would ?ee that everything necessary
and possible would be done. Positive meas?
ures, however, could not be proposed be?
fore the detail? of th? catastrophe to the
Titanic had been learned. The motion wa?
thereupon withdrawn.
Herr Delhrtlek declares that he insti?
tuted a r?vl?lon of th? German regulations
as soon a? the ?first detail? of the Titanic
disaster became known, and In the Imme?
diate future will convoke a conference of
the shipping companies and maritime as?
sociations. He ears he Is convinced that
the German captains, shipping companies
and constructors, whose responsibility and
car? for passengers and crews Intrusted
to th?ro are reco?gnlx?d by th? whole world.
??Ul And ways and means to provide for
everything neoe?t?ary.
Th? question as to whether international
regulation of the passenger steamship traffic
Is advisable has been already discussed
by th? German government, and Germany 1?
r?ady to act on any proposition with this
?ad in vl?w. j
A Special Sale of Imported Model
Gowns and Dresses, $75 to *245
FORMERLY $125 to $295. Models by Drecoll Doucet.
Cailot Soeurs, Paquin and Martial-Armand?of chiffon,
chiffon taffeta, marquisette, charmeuse, Jouy silk and batiste
and-silk combinations.
Smart Morning Frocks, $35, $40 & $45
New, exclusive styles?of taffeta fou'ard. cotton voiles, serge and
crepe charmeuse
Women's Tailor-made Suits,
?38 & $50
FORMERLY $59, $65 and $75. Dup'icates of new foreign modela.
Small Women's ?and Misses' Suits, -$35
FORMERLY $45 and $55. New Norfolk and fancy-trimmed models.
Motoring and Utility Coats, $35 & $45
An extensive variety of styles, materials and shades; many neW
effects exclusive with this establishment
Millinery?Specials at$15&$18
Smart Street Hats in sailor, wing and fancy-trimmed effects in
wide variety.
Flower.trimmed Hats?New importations from Suzanne Talbot,
Paul Poiret, Marie Louise and Lewis. Also, many smart adaptations
and creations of our own. FORMERLY $22 & $25.
Paquin Model Blouses, $25
FORMERLY $35. Of white charmeuse, trimmed with net in
various shades; also of colored satins combined with net.
White Knitted Coats, $6.50
All of these Coats which formerly sold at $8.50 to $12.50.
Departments of Mourning IVear
Tailored Suits?Dresses?Millinery made up
' or to special order.
fiitb flwnue at 4Mb Street
Lord & Taylor
Found?! flmtXS IS20
-Fur Storage
Years of Continuous Cold Storage have proved the
superiority of the system over all others. ,
Our Cold Storage Tlant
(One of the first to be installed by any house in
New York) is on our premises, in charge of expert
and practical furriers, and is modern in every detail
that would aid in the preservation and protection
of furs.
Our storage rooms are dust-proof, secure against
moths, and the odors of moth preventives are
Articles stored are first cleaned by vacuum or
compressed air. Minor rips in furs will be sewed
and all fur collars cleaned free of charge.
We are particularly well equipped for repairing
and remodelling fine furs at special prices during
the Summer months.
Broadway k 20th St.; 5th Ave?; 19th St.
TITANIC^ CARQO. $425,000
Duplicate Manifest Received on
Mauretania Shows Value.
A duplicate manifest of the freight cargo
of the Titanic reached this city on Friday
PS[the registered mall brought by th?
Mauretania. A? is usual In th? cate of ?x
I ______/?.earners the cargo wa? a compara
Lively smau oW not exceeding about 1 400
on. and consisted principally of high class
tona, ana estimated total value
oTA^^en Placed at around 1425,
004monr the articles shipped on th? Tl
tan^were ?Hk goods. Uces. woollen, vel
?tl mmZa and ?Plrlts and varlou. luxu
V?t '* ttm SL all of which pay a high
,rt^h.rchargfan?i contribute largely to th?
freight chirP? cl&#t
r?en"1.? prep." and If'prepayment had
hlln mad?o? th? con.lgnm?nt. on th? lost
?SrS owner, of the Titanic will b?
?Mined to refund the amounta. A clause
m Mbllls of lading, however, protect, the
.elmshlp companies against risk, at ?~
r the list of consignees are s?v?ral
hanks and banking house?. Th? National
X Bank was th? consign?? of eleven
hiieU of rubber, the Broadway Truet
rtZrSnv three case? of coney ?kin? and
2T?S National Bank of Chicago. 000
?a!e. of ?helled walnut.. To Heldelbach.
r?fhelmer * Co.. of this city, wer? con
22T55o! case? of shelled walnut.:
S? ?Sri * Co.. 100 barrel, and 100
JIZ of ?hailed walnuts. 7? ca.?. of dra?
wTwood. a casas of gum and 16 cases of
r?bblt hair; Knauth, Nachod A Kuhn* 107
ea*ea ot mushrooms; Laaard Fr?roa, 1 bun
'r8f akin?. 25 case? of sardine? and t
ri.es of preserve?, and Barln? Brother? *
OoVtt cas?? of rubber and 100 bags of
to Look Around
That's what many hare said after
Andina tha superior valu; lo
Christman Pianos.
Player-Piano?, frcm.$375
Bab? Grand Piano?, from .... $450
Upright Pianos, from.$250
Our Piano-Player me'l? ?nlem can he
Installed in any Piano. Why not have
one put In your?*
Information Ch<*e-rfull7 Vurnlahed.
Christman Sons,
35 West fourteenth St
It 1? tha beat ?spffa? offered In thla city. Try It
Callanan'a Macaalne mailed an requeet.
U a. C ALLAN AN._41 aad 4S Veaa-r tu
CARPET J. i J. m WiLUftlt
Tal. 909 C^umbua Eat 1876.
CLEANING 35-3 fut Htfc tt
Antlaeptlc. healing and net treaay.
fioftena tha board oadekar than sema*.
Soothes A. ?nvlforatea chapped a tatular akin.
NO BRUSH used.
Apply Ilka col?! cream, then aha*??.
If your barber or dealer haen't It, aend t?cente
to Sha vena Salaa Co., 3S1 Madlaor. A va.. K. T.
Amona other conalfmm<5nts wtra thirty
caaea of athleUc pooda for A. G. SpaWint
ft Bros., a cask of chin? and a caaa of sil?
ver good? for TlfDwny * C_* and a ?Ma at
cottons for B. Altaan * Co.

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