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Total Stranger? Now don't forget?the opportunities to make fatal foola of yourseivea presented by salt water are unaurpaased in nature. The Constiti ( ootlnued from thlrd pace. aer in which the food was prepared a nun dred years ago and the cullnary Byst-.-m BO**- prevalllng on our ahlps of war. The cooks to-day are profeaalonals. and ev.ry 'blt cf the meats and other provislons are axamlned by food experts before they are ?bcepted for Isaue to the men. The chl?f j eommissary steward has ln his keeplng a teritable market wlth all aorts of staple articles. and when his shlp puts to aea, donn ln hla refrlgerated compartments, he earrlea qulte forty thousands of fresh b?-f. lad thtre are alao preserved there other ?eats and an abundance of fruit and gr_-n ?tgetablea of varlous sorts. Offlclally, the han. ,ck of former days sti'.l exlsta, but lt la held in reserve, for emergendea, and for tasue to llfebeoats?it ls no part of the rou ttoe <_!?*r So much for the broad aspect of the personnel of our navy now ar.d a hun ered years ago. The comparlsons which bave fce,n made glve us a pretty falr ideaj of the character of the aocial development ution, Naval i which has taken place In this country wlth? ln the century. The evolution has not [ beon confmed to the navy, but has affected substantiallv wlth equal betterment SV-T. ! walk of lif". But what of the ( !. whlch have been wrought In the flghting ! craft themBelv If lt were posslble. perhaps we mlght show comparatt-'ely the dlff.-ronce.i between the -wooden walls" of y--r-- aad tho rein f-,ree.l bulwarks of steel of to-day. but thera is really no occasion to do so. Wo can get a far better Idea of the offenslve powetl of the modern Dreadnought lf WS remember the ( haracter of tiie blows whlch the o!d Conxtitutlon's heaviest gun* able to dcMvcr. In order t- pleTW the ?', 1.--'. of an opponont !t was the custom then to (tt Wlthln something 1IK=- three hunlivd ! yards of the foe before blailhg away with any hope of doing more than to damage spurs and rlg-xlng and the expoeed p-rson nel. It la thc practice to-day to estimato I a gun'a power by ita so-called muzzle ener? gy?that Is, the pent-up force In the \>ro* 1 Jectlle at the lnstant lt leavea tiie rifle. Thla Wonder of factor is determlned by the welght and the veloclty of the shell. The muszie energy of the Oonatlt-tton'l 32-pounders was prob ablv BOmethlng l:ke _7.r. foot-tons. and ahe ! ad tO brlng these weepona tO bear upon her quarry Inslde of a ratige of a flfth of a ml'e In order to aerlously damage the op ponent's hull. i fa our modern Preadnou^hts we carrv 9 number of 3-lnch guns Intended for service Wlth landing parties These Kuns thrOW a projectlle of fo_rte.-n pounds and have a in ir./.le energy of 876 foot-tons, and at e thouaand yards OOUld deatroj ln a few mln? utea any vessel of the old frigate type. 1 heae -lnch guns are really ahout the imallee. weapons that we cxprct anythlng _-f aboard a modern flghtlng ciaft. In OT 1 -r to repel torpedo boats the shlpa Of the battle line of the present earn" 5-lnch rapld* Bre rlflaa. In point of callbre these guns ;ire real 1] amaller than the 32-pound>rs which formed the Constltution's prlme means Of offaaoe. The muzzle energy of une of these weapons Is more than enough to ralse a frigate like the Constitutlon a lt's About as Hard to Break Jail from Outside as from lnside Cootlnoed from fourth p-?g' Prtaon included Carlyle W. Harrls, Dr. Buchanan. Mrs. Mary A. L. Flemlng. kartln Thorn and Mrs. Naek, tho Slayera <* Ouldensuppe; Dr. Samuel J. Kennedy, Albert T. Patrick and Roland B. Mollneux. *?mt of the low, 111 gotten lot of the Ytetern <-_y> the drega of Southern Europe. *b?eh ar? ln the prison. are by eomparison *?*? the notable prlsonera of years ago the ?eum of ci\Hi_atlqn. Tben. there were some othera?Wllllam M. "?^eed, and Buch of the boodle aldermen *? were charged wlth taklng bribes from *j*?k?" Sharp; Ferdinand Ward and James :>- Rah, charged with a gisantle fraud Jbieh brought about a flnanclal panlc ln j*- Johnnle Hope and "Red" Loary. the ?h'OUi bank robbere, were also among tkote preaent. Yew escapeB from the prlaons of N'ew Tork Clty have ever been recorded, but "?? of wiiiiam J. Sharkey is about the *??t notable. He got away in the drosa of "?aweetheart and wlth the asslstance of a *_* A Wagon waa awaltlng hlm outslle tb* Priaon, and Into that he Jumped and *?? rolle, up in aome old beddlng and the **rt was hurrled away from the scene. p? amall boy saw the eacape. and when 1 '**? "hout to yell for the police h- wai wked by the eacaped priaoner to walt a -w mlnutea. The boy dld as he waa asked ?I 8h?**key waa never recaptured. .?i.^e,?" ?*id the old warden as the inter "' "r 001 up to leave hla offlce. "we uaed ? n?v? iome blg rrlminala ln the 70'a aod | And some of them were lntereating **" 'o talk with. Tho qaearsat caae that ' oonjo under my notlce ln a long time Is "?a <* y-uag fjibe, xbe aou of a well known [New England family, who recently kiuea ln cold blood an innoce_t man In Harlem "He was brought here after the crime. I recelved a note from him shortly after bls arrival. and when I WOBt to see what he wanted he said: 'Don't let any of those preachers come around me. I have nothing I to be sorry for. I was destlned to kill [eomebody, and I dld as I was destlned to | io: "He dld net show a blt of remorse. | Shortly before he was taken to Matteawan he sent me another note asking for a pair ?ora. I told hlm I would see to lt that he had hls wish gratlfled, but of courae I did not. Next he wanted to be ; away from tba Tummles,' as he called hia cell nelghbora. "Drop in agaln." aaid the warden, as he shook hands, and the lntervlewer said he would, but was glad when the blg man at the gate unlocked lt and the sidewalk and the life ot the QtlteH-* world were before hlm again. ________________ THE GREATER NEED. The only way to learn to speak a for? elgn language with a pure accent ia to learn to apeak it in one's childhood. Hence ln Europe?and the cuatom is also being adopted here?infanta have French nurses. Oermnn nuraes, Itallan nurses. and so forth. Thus unconaclously and wlthout ef.ort they become auperb lingulata. Miaa Eleanor Bears, apropoa of thia wise cuatom, told a story at a luncheon at the Bellevue-Htratford ln Phlladelphla. "One afternoon," aaid Mlss Sesra, "I dropped ln at a young Boston matron'a. '* 'Oh.' ahe aaid, 'l'm so glad you've come. Jacky's so ill and I can't make out what aii. him.' " 'I've got a car outslde, i aaid >nan I run for a doctor?' ?? No.' said the poor young mother ?Run for an lnterpreter .Jacky'a Itallan nurse Is off thls afternoon and none of us can understand what he says" ' THE ONLY WAY. South THmM-i dark of the House of Re.pre'si-ntatives, was talklng ln Waahlng? ton about a Kentucky orator "He ls more lo.uaclous than eloquent," said Mr. Trlmble. wlth a smile. "His mouth. to Judge from the length of hls speeches, must be as blg as Peleg Ander son's. "Peleg Anderson entered a Loulavllle muslc shop to buy a mouth organ. He had a very large mouth, and, though he trled every organ in the esta^ilahment, none of them seemed to suit hlm. " 'Bee here,' the salesman said flnally, 'we'll have to make an organ to order for you, I guess, Peleg. Just try your mouth along thls plano.' " THE TIMELY BEGGAR. r. ('. Andrews, the charlty expert of Denver, was describlng professional beg gara. 'They keep timely." he said. "Thus the Tltanlc disaster has caused a lot of them to pretend thls season that they are sailors. "A professional beggar tackled me ln the country the other day aa I was mendlng a puneture ln my motor car. " Boss,' he said. 'kln ye glmme a llttle help? Im a sallor, and. as the Tltanlc proved, I carry my life ln my hands.' ?? 'Oh,' said I, 'and that sceounts for your not washlng your hands, I suppose. Afrald to do lt for ttJmf youll drown youraelf, _-_'_' ? 1812, Has foot out of the water; Its 60 pound projectlle j ls ".-nt Bpoedlng on Ita couMe wlth auflflclent i veloclty to carry it more than six -nlles. j and at a dlstance of 1.000 yards the shell Caa bore Itr way through three Inehes cf hardoned steel. But what of the oontraatlng 14-lnch ord nance Titans wlth whleh the newest of our Dreadnc-ughta wlll be arm'd* Kach one of i theao guns wlll flre a projectlle welghlng ' 1.400 pounds, something more than twloo the total welght of eaat lron thrown by an entire broadslde from thr. old frigate. Hut this ta merely a hlnt of the destructlve capaclty of the present day climax ln naval or.inance. Tho projectlle hurled from n 14-lnch gun haa a maximiim range of 11.9 j milea, and at 10.W0 yarda ian bors Us way thfOUgfa nearly slxtcen Inchet of Krupptaod ; armor. Tho muizle enersj of one of these guns roaohes the stupendous flgure of I f..-.t-tons. which. If couverted Into horse power, would be aufllclent to ralao tho "Old Ironsldes" bodlly out of the water to a bolght of nearly twlce trat of the Klffel Tower ln doa mlnuto. Tie latest of our Dreadnoughts will -any ten of theae i on derous rlfles and twenty-one of tho umaller riipld-llre .'.-lrieh guns. ln the War of 1M_ th. lotlgaat of our xl?ns had a total length of Ies? than nlne foot; to-day our 14-lnch "long tomH" n-ach llfty-four feet from breecli le muzzle, and they aro fa. hloned of vanous steels of | real Strength Instead of belng mai. of eaal Iron. as was the custom in th- daya of the Conatltottoa, so that, pound for pound of metal. the modern rllle Is In Hnltely superior to Ita ancleiit smooth-bore rival. (julte apart from .his, the modern projectlle ta a vaatly dlft'erent and more complex creatlon than th.? eaat Iron balla of a hundred years ago. whlch had to con tend against only hulwarlta of wool. To dav tho armor pierclng projectlle must be (upable of golng through, suhstantlally un deformed, its own oallbr* or di.im.ter of hardened steel, and lts fabrloatlon ls a wonderful metallurglcal and englneering achtevement. But our present guns and WE'RE GETTING FATTER. "Three of my old college clasBmatea," a physlclan said. "have tur.ied antl-fat spe clallsts and are dolng well. The antl-fat Bpeclallat. who was unknown ten yeara ago, Ib to-day as recognlxed a flgure In medlclne as the eye or lung speclallat. Why? "The reason la that, thanks to automo blPng. msnklnd la growlng too fat. Thcre'a nothing. you know, that ruta flesh on peo? ple llke daily motor drlves. "That awlft rueh through the keen sweet air for several houra daily ereates an enor mouB appetlte. After lt you go' down to dlnner all aglow. You eal llko a llon. You feel happy and vlrtuoua. ai though you had walked ten mllee. But you haven't walked ten mlles. You haven't valked one. ' And that's why motorlng makes ua fat. !t glveB ub the exercUer'a suporb appetlte wlthout givlng us the exerciaer'a dlgeatlons, ellmlnatlona. persplratlona and aa forth. Hence our double chlna and bulging walata. Hence the audden rise of the antl-fat ape ciallai" * Seen Vast projectlles would be qulte unequal to the tasks Imposed upon them If It were not for the smokelegfl powder whlch ls now used aa a propellant. Aslde from com paratlve amokelessness, thls powder. ounce for ounce. Is surely three. and probably four, tlmes as efflclent aa tiie smoke-mak Ing artlcla whlch won our battles during the War of 1812. The.?e dlffcrencea between the battle craft of now and the frlgates of a hundred years ago are very good lndexes of the entlre revolutlon whlch has been wrought ln every departmeM of our flghtlng craft since we last bade defiance to Great Britain. Steam power has aupplanted salls. steel has taken , the place of wood as a structural material, aad the mechani'* arts are drawn upon In ', every dtrectlon to make the warshlp of t"-day a rerltabte flghtlng naachlne. Be? fore a falr wind the best of our frlgates ran somethlng like thlrteen knots, wlth every stltch of canvas spresd to catch the favorlng gale, but the story was a far dlf fereal one when the good shlpa had to eat their way toward the eye of the wind. To Changes in day our Dreodnoughts of nearly Z&.ftftft tons are expeeted to make a sea speed of qulte twenty-one knots and to keep pretty close to thla when the sea is heavy and the wlnds blow so vlolently that the frigatea of old would have had to heave to. Moreover, ln additlon to all mechantcal ( inntm makes it. electrlclty has In? creased ln many waya the rnllitary capaclty of the man-of-war of these latter days. Many hundreds of Incandescent lamps keep the war craft aglow night and day withln, where eandlea were but sparin^ly avallable a hundred years back Electrlclty does pretty nearly all of the heavy work ex? peeted of the seaman a century ago, and tt does aome other rondcious tasks wlth faellity whlch are qult-- bojrond tlu mulated brawn of the entlre eomplement of such ships as the COOBtltUtlon. But be aldes all these thlnga. electrlclty searehes the darkness of the gloomieat night with an eye that can reach for miles, and by rays invlslble lt can cover dlstances of hundreds of leagues and carry mesaVges ' War Craft ln the fractlon of a aecond Katurally. the men that watch over and utlllze all of the marvellous facilltlea al the modern craft of fhe battle line are themselves lntellectually away ahead ef their flghtlng fellowa of 1813, and In their walk ln life they typlfy the name relatlve changes whlch have taken place between the citizen of a hundred years back and our townsman of to-day Therefore. aa we look back to the perlod when the good old Constltutlon and her slster ships were building more securely the stablllty of thla country, the leeaon for us Is not ao much a cauBe for rejolclng ln the deeda of that perlod aa a reason for thankfulneee that we live in thla truly wonderful preaent. There ls no reeord of human advancement that ahows as much development ln e> thousand years as the story of our na? tlonal progrese ln the last century. It la thla rather than our battles won ln 1*J upon the land and the sea whlch glves _e the most food for thought, and ln that thought apeculatlon aa to the future. These Stories Were the Result of After Dinner Mood of Merriment A ROYAL JOKE?PRICE $10. "John O. A. LelBhman. our Ambaaeador to Germany," said a Plttsburgh man, "tells a good atory about the late King Edward at Blarrlts "King Edward always stayed at Blarrlts under the name of the Karl of chester. Well. he was walklng one Aprll afternoon, accordlng to hla hablt, down the hill from the golf club, where ho had been playlng croquet, to the Hotel du Palats, where he rexlded The sun shone on the wild Bea. The king. In a gray suit. smoklng a hugo cluar. walked a llttle In advance of hta compan lona. And on the other Blde of the atreet a amall crowd of dowdy Engllah rubber necks followed, as usual. shecplahly. "Then, suddenly, aa the king waa paas Ing the great gray villa of the Dowager Ducheas of Manehester, a man accosted hlm. " Excuae me, air," aald thc man, In the drawllng, nasal accent of the Weatern pralrles, 'but are you the King of Englandr " 'My name la Cheater,' the king an? awered, wlth hls genlal smlle. " 'Confound It! Then you've loet me a ten-dollar bill!' aald the American. and. Hlapplng the king Jocosely on the shoulder. he walked away." QUITE UNIQUE. Ray T. Baker, warden of the Nevada Penltentlary, ;? abolishlng wlth wonderful xuccesa all the brutallilng rulee of the old Hme prison eystem. Mr. Baker'a prlsonera lead healthy. Industrlous llves. They atudy and they work. And on leavlng prison they engSge ln honest labor. "Our Inatttutloa." Mr. Baker aaid to a re [ porter. "Isn't much like a reformatory I once vlslted In my youth. ; " 'A very atrange thing happened in thls reformatory back In '89,' a warden aaid to me. " 'Yea*' And what was that?' I asked. " 'One of our prisoners,' he replied, Te ; formed." " WHY THEY STRIKE. Ty Co__. the famous baseball strlker. was dlscusslng the recent walters' strlke wlth a Thlladelphla reporter. ?The motlve of it?" ha aaid. "Well. there was a dlalogue the other day between a walter and hls boss that explalns the mo? tlve* pretty clearly. "The boss had Juat returned from Europe, ar.d he was astonlshed at the way pro vlslons had Increased ln price during hls brlef absence Butter. beef, milk. pota toea-lt waa fhe same atory all along the line. " 'My goodness. Baptiste,' he growled, have you nottced how everythlng s gone up?' " 'Ah. no, monsieur; not everythlng,' Bap? tiste answered. ?? 'Not everythlng?* said the boss 'Well. what hasn't?' " 'My _alary. monaleur.' said Baptiste. THE HANDSOME 80LDIER. Adjutant Oeneral Nathan B. Foreat. of the United Sona of Confederate Veterans. I told. st a hanquet ln Memphls. a raUltaiy | anecdote. "A handtom* young aoldier." he, said. smillng, "lay ln the last sgony upon a battlerteld. To the friend bendlng over hlm Aa murmured hoars__y> ' " Tell Caroltne my laat thoughta were of her. Say I dled wlth her portrall pressed to my lips.' "He gulped and added: " Tell Mtnnle and Orace and Harrlet tba aame thlng.' " a FILLEO ALL 0UT000R8. John H. Klmble. aecretary of the Farm ers' Natlonal Congreas, aald the other day at Port Depoalt: "Thla Fourth of July offera the farmer the proapect of unusually flne crope Buch crop3 as we may hope to have thla year brlng to nslnd an Abe Lincoln story. "A farmer once told Lincoln a whopplng blg ftb aboyt hls hay crop. Lincoln, amtllug hla melancholy Bmlle, drawied: " 'I've been cuttlng hay, too.' " 'Good crop?' the farmer aaked. ?? 'Flne, very flne," said Lincoln " 'How many tone?* " 'Well. I don't know Just how many t,in>. said I.lneoln careleaaly; 'but my ni?o -tacked all they could outdoorB and tbea btored the .est ln th* barn.' " BETTER MEAT NOWADAYt. J. Ogden Armour, defending packin* houae methoda at a luncheon ln Chicago, ?ald: _ _? We eat. thanks to tbe packers. more wholeeome meat than we formerly dld. My father used to tell a etory about a farm boy who once called at a houee en? took an order for a leg of mutton. TheB a day or two later the boy called again " 'you'll have to countermand Uiat mut? ton order, ma'am,' he said. ?? Yee? Why aor m - 'Xtoe aheep'e lmprovla'.' aaid tha aaw.