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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 09, 1912, Image 1

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But Not Radical.
The Only New York
Republican Paper.
Ia Clty ef Nrt*/ York, Jeraey Cltv an-1 Ilnl ?,_<?_.
Republican Candidate Promises
Quick Action if He Is Elect?
ed Governor, and Law
Is Not Enforced.
Voters Told the Issue in New
York Is Whether There Shall
Be a Republican or Tam?
many State Admin?
(jr-em a Staff Correspondent of The Trlbune]
Troy. N. T.. Oct. 8? Declaring that
the police were not enforcing the laws
ln New Tork Clty. Job E. Hedges. Re?
publican candldate for Oovernor. prom
iied to-night that his flrst offlrlal r.ct.
lf elected. wouid be to remove the Po?
lice Commisaioner lf the lawa were not
enforced better at that time. He sald
tbta would he the klnd of executlve ac?
tion ?arranted in the attuatlon.
Tbe candldate prefaced this utter
anca?whlch he ?aid he considered ai
important as any likely to be made ln
the campaign?by the remark that ho
-M not talking to the people of anv
one locality. but to the state at large.
He sald he was runnlng on a platforn.
whlch recognlzed ln the most deflnlt ?
_id Bpeclflc way the deslrabillty of
.enulne home rule?freedom for mu
n!rip___e_ to aolve their problems In
their own way without state Interfer
ence or polltlcal dickering. For th-t
reaaon, he went on, he was opposed tu
a state conatabulary. He added:
Wa ?"?? confronting a condition in
Naw York City now where Mra ia .*tot
ta**. Murdera ara baing done avery
Httla while. Tha police are not enforc
(ng tha law as it should be, whether
from inoompetency or dishonesty.
The question haa been put to vai ious
ciridlilates for Governor aa to what they
trould do in th<* premlaea. Mr. Sulzer?
and I ha^v no quarrel with Mr. 8'ilzer -
MM he can't croa? thia polltlcal bridge
until he oomra to it Me knows things
are not qulte wh_t they ought tr. be. and
he promlaes to work lnduatrloualy to
It-medy exlstlng cv'.ls. Mr. Straus say*
he doea not know What the law Is on the
Sybjeet. and so can't say what he Wll* do.
I shan't have to wait to ba informed
on condition*. in New York: I know
them now. ln the morning after I take
my oath of office I shall ba prepared to
aot. ard I know the law. If tha crim
i*i?l la-s ara not anforcad, I shall act.
?nd whcsvar ia at haa- af the police
force will aecount to ma at onea for
tha cond'tions as they exist.
Duty of tha Governor.
rnder the constltutlon the Governor is
comraanded to enforce the law. The
per-1 laws fall wlthln hii Jurledlctton.
The Police Commlaalorer of New York ia
subje-t to lnatant removal by the Gov?
ernor, even without an Inveetigatlon. He
ta aubordinate to the Mayor. who may not
be removed without an tnve-tlg_tion. The
result la that the force does not know to
whom to be resporttible.
I know the police force. I got to know
tt when I waa secretary to Mayor Strong
There's no braver force ln the world.
Man for man. there'a no force ln tho
world with higher etandarda B?t there
8r? man on lt who ehould not be there.
at_ there are aome who make the forco
b'ush wlth ahame.
Tha trouble ls the oollce force ls tha
playthlng ef politics.
Mayor Gaynor'8 order against lm
proper force ln making arrests, Mr.
Hedgea aald, waa "aound as a bell," yet
lt had become dletorted through lgno
l-neeand the efforta of polltlclans, until
-"meet policemen wer. afraid to do
thelr duty and arrest crooka. Ieat they
be the objeet of compl?lnta and forfelt
thelr pantrion rlghta on tha coraplaint
?f non-reeldent crooks. He went on:
I would euggeat to tha Poilea Oommli
Slonar not ln any apirtt of polltlcal ri
J-Ur or meddlesomeneaa, but beoause T
hara the falr name of New Tork at heart,
that lf he called ln all the lnepectora and
eai. to them. "Now, you drlve out all the
atrong arm men from thia eity, and T" 11
**_v? you one week to do lt ln or prefer
<-_.<-? against you all," there would be
Witnaaaed the greateat exit that you ever
Lffa In Naw York City muat ba pre
tectad. Wa wlll net wait to eroaa thia
MlHtea! bridge. Wa will aet tha very
mit-wte wa hava authority. Executlve
astlen la warranted In thia aituation.
fll conflde a. llttle aecret to you: The
Police force knowa. and the man at the
b**A of lt now knowa, that there'a no
ioottr of executlve action before Jan
-R.I** *or very *CKM' r*>**on*1
'hls Is a queetlon of eommon senee
**d aerve, and there'a na feeling hera
|er anything but the aafety of life and
**e good name ef tha eammunity. I'd
(ooHaaed oa thlrd psa*. Otth rolumn.
This Morning's News
-004*-. Page
?>*ntB Loae Plrat Oame. 1
*?"*er Jury Only One Man 8hy. X
'?Hc* 8ar -Reri Phil" Aeted Alone... 3
r~-llng8 Affalrs ln Many C'ourta... Tl
**|Mrx Club'a Dlnner. T |
?***tall "Fana' Keep Patlenee. ?
JjMbJngton Market Celebratea.10
"*omen Are Growing I'p.10
?"'nt Hearlna on Wreck Beglna.11
**y PolU-e Alded Wlre Tappera.18
Hlsra Clean Ship for Vlsltors.16
. PO_iTica_.
liiu1** Pled*et Pol,c? Peforma. 1
*???>? s Charges sUr Prendergaat. 4
"*-*iblic_n Pre-ronventlon Kuod. 4
*"***?n Itentws Attack on Roosevelt.. 5
"?oeerelt Bpeaka ln Mlchlaan. 5
***** Renewe Alleglence to Colonel. fi
?^aamite Trial Defence Set.11
%, _o_._i.i-.
"?*? '*? Balkana Beglna. 1
{***?***? ln Mexleo. g
L*oo, Nlcuragua, Held by {]. g... \... g
t-torta, mCinAm^'
?fheatrlcai .....
?*tuary .. ..?':???? I
*8orta ... .__????*?_* 7
f*~ for Women. ia
W and Navy.[Z
*?*thar ,, .**
Jj'fPing News".'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.JJ
tJL??*? *?*???....Vu/ii and"l?
, U .14 and U
Announced Score, but Didn't
Know What It Meant.
IRy Telejraph to The Trlbune. 1
Boston, Oct. 8.?To the amusement
of those ln the Superior Civil Court
room. East Cambrldge. Judge FTed
artch Lawton announced during a lull
Ifl the business late thls afternoon:
"Clerk Smith Informs me that tne
score ls 2 to 0 ln favor of New York.
Whatever that means, I don't know;
but perhaps there aro some persons
liere tnat will be Interested."
Court had adjourned before the later
and better news for Red Sox "rooters"
reached the courthouse.
Youth's Discussion Leads to
Fatal Skylarking.
The world's series was indirectly tO*
sponsible yesterday for the death o(
George Brown. seventeen years old, of
No. 1<>1 Star street, Brooklyn. Brown
was employed by A. Schrader's Son.
manufaeturer of armor. at No. 82 Uos.
street. He and Frank fJrtaahBMB.
eighteen years old, of No. H Cadar
street. Brooklyn. employed by tlie same
firm, discussed the relatlve merit? of
the competing teams yesterday after?
noon and then started an impromptu
game in the hhop.
Groshaus plcked np a _%->fOOl file
with a wooden handle. Brown was the
pltcher, and luirled a small piece of
metal. Croshaus strtick at it. but
mlssed. The file was not strongly
fastened to the handle and it fiew out.
the point of it penctrating Brown'l left
One cf the employes p'.illed ihe Bla |
out of Brown's side and t!ie police and j
Dr. Fricdman. from the Volnntcr Hos- j
pital, were called. The injured yonth
was taken to the boapltal, whara hal
dled a few hours latar. Oroahava was j
locfcad up on a charge of homlold".
Woman Living in Lower Broad?
way Skyscraper Infected.
lt became known yesterday that H \
woman named Margaret Guphy had j
been removed by the Department of
HaaltfO from the top floor of a big offlce ,
building in lower Broadway when B ;
diagnostician pronminccd her ill with
smallpox. Her case is one of the most
remarkable <-nes cf Its sort that has;
ever come to the DottCB of Ihe depart
ment. an offlcial said yesterday.
The w >man left Kngland on the I.usi
tanla on September 7 in tbe third
cabin. She was va<*< inatcd "n Septem?
ber 11. and it "took" Blll il BBafllll J She
arrlved ln New York or. September 14.
It was not untll Kaptemher 28, how?
ever, that a 8uapi.*lou8 rash broke out
on the patient. wrbo was Uvlng wlth
tbe famlly of tbe si'i??rlntend<-nt of tho
offlce building.
A physiclan who was called in on Oc?
tober 1 reported the woman's ' ondltlon
to the Department of Health. and OO
lnvcstigation by tha diagnostician it
was determined she had smallpox. Wb ?
was later rernoved to the Kingsto-j
Avenue Hospital. and all members ofl
the famlly with whom she llved were
The most unusual feature of the eaaa
wftM Its long perlod of incuhatlon,
whlch extended over a perlod of twenty
days. In ninety-nlne out of one hun
dred cases of smallpox the disease de
velops ln fourteen days.
Woman of 75 Least Injured,
Falling on Another.
Three persons were thrown from an
automoblle laat nlght at Frelinghuy
aen avenue and Weston street. New?
ark, when the front axlo of the ma?
chine broke and the automoblle
turned turtle. Two of the victims are
ln the Clty Hospital, in a serious con?
dltlon. and the third ls at her home,
suffering from ahock.
The machine was owned and driven
by Goorge S. Tuttle, of Newark. With
hlm were Mlss Mary A. Turner. sev
enty-flve years old, an aunt. and Mlss
Kate Jones. thlrty-flve, a tralw-d
nurse. When the axle broke Tuttle
was thrown twenty feet, landlng on
hls shoulder, and breaking his collar
Miss Jones landed dlreotly in front
of the machine. receiving a POaatbU
fracture of the skull, and Mlss Turner
fell on top of her. Thls -.uved her
from serlous Injury._
Pomeranian Choked to Death in
Battle in Alley.
[By Tele.raph to The Trlhun*. 1
Pittsburgh. Oct. 8.?A dog valued at
$fi,000 was choked to death this morn?
ing, when a pet monkey belonging tO
Joseph Wimmer, a gcrap iron dealer, of
Stratford avenue, throttled the prize
Pomeranian owned by Robert Garland,
mllllonaire councllman, in tho allev
back Ot the Garland home after a bat?
When a mald let the frisky little
Pomeranian out into the yard this
morning he lmmedlately nighted tho
monkey p*rched on the baokyard fence.
Tho Pomeranian made his way into
the alley, barklng defiance at the mon?
key. As soon as the dog appeared in
the alley the monkey attacked hlm. and
a flerce battle resulted. The nionke/
tlnally secured a hold on tho dog-?
thrt.at and tbe flKht was soon over.
Garland sued out a warrant for the
acrap iron man and his monkey.
? -
[Bv Tele**raph to Tho Trtbune.)
Philadelphia. Oct. ..-James J. Corbett.
Who uoderwent an operatlon for appen
dlcltls in a Tocal hospital aeveral days
ago. was pronounced out of danger to
nlght. The ex-puglllst to-day demanded
that he be aupplled wlth bulletlns of the
Olants-Red Sox game.
Three Men Chosen at Night.
Following Day's Sessions,
Which Rapidly Added
Seven to the Box.
Nearly 11 P. M. Before Trial
Adjourns Until This Morning
?Prisoner, Still Active in
Scrutinizing* Talesmen,
Pleased with Result.
No. 1?Warold B. Skinner, foreman,
cf No. 601 West 135th street: mana.jer
ol Edison Company branch, No. 839
Third avenue.
No. 2?Robert C. Purcel!, of No. 589
West 178th street; manufacturing
cherr.ist at No. 274 Pearl street.
No. 3~-Jolin B. Hardy. of No. 204
West 94th street; rctired nce mer- ;
No. 4?Edward C. Soule. of No. 559
We*t 149th strest; auditor, with office
at No. 14 Park Place.
No. 5? W.lliam F. Ward. of No. '59
West 73d stieet; rea' estate dealer, with
office at No. 7_3 Fiftii avet.ue.
No. 6?Dow J. Becker. of No. 1005
East 167th street; wholesale lumber
c'ealer, with officcs at No. 290 Broad?
No. 7?Chs.-les J. Pe.itt. of No. 301
St. NichoUs avenue; connected w.th
cemmissary department of the New
York Central Railroad.
No. 8?Leslie A. Ward, of No. 310
Lenox avenue; baker and restaurant
keeper at same address.
No. 9?Clarence T. Coiley. of No. *9
West 57th street: mechnnic*-! enginec,
with offices at No. 128 Broadv.ay.
No. 10?Paul T. Kamn-erer*. of No.
157 East 46lh street: real estate. .
No. 11?John E. Dillon. living in tht
Hotel Belnord; manager of Bo- v t.
Teller 6. Co.
I'ourt adjourned betore Justice ('.off
in the extraordinary term of the Su
prama t'oun al 10 M>o'clock laal nisht
with aleven Jnran ln lha box at lha
trial < f iv.li'.' Lleutanant Chi
BackaTi arho ts charpjad with insti
gatlnp tlir> murder "f ll.rnian ROMBV
thai. tl.e punMar.
Justice (Soff afjreed to an adjoum
nnopt only after John F. Mclntyre.
Ber kor'ij counsel, had made a plt if ul
plea thal ba *.?-?:.'' phyatcall) and nmn
tally oxhHii.st'.1 _nd not a. keen ut hc
?hould be to protecl hla rllcnt't int<i
Batt. *,r M' lutyre asked for an n<\
Jo'irnni'n: ta Ica during tha evenlnK *<
fora he got it.
Juattce 4joff li.i.i ararnad eounaal lhal
if tiie jur> boa araa nol Dllad aatarday
ai ."? o'i-iock ba aronld boi.i a nlfhl mb*
uion. He mad.- good his word wlth
n vensjeavnee when conrl adjournad ?.I 8
o'.-lork wlth oid\ alffhl Jurymen in
thataf sent*. Tha alaven men arera
plri kad from 100 talesmen who artra ? l
amlned during alEBOBl tuolvc l.cciirs of
court paatorday. Courl will reconvana
Ht 11 n. m. to-.iH.v for tho aelacUoti ei
Ihe last man In the JUTJ I 03
Wh-an the aacoad dajr*a work was
don.-, wlthout induditiK tha nlfhl s.s
slcin. <?? v.-rity-fi'iir talesmen had been
examlned ln all. slxty of tlicm nt >???
tcrday's ses.-'h.ns. The elght Jurors had
been scU't.'l fmrn that number. The
daftooa ha.i exhausted atghtacn par
emptory challcnges out ?.f thr thlrty
allowed emh slde hy law, whlle the
Dlatrfet Attorney had used only elght.
Kourteen talesmen were. challenK'-d
peremptorlly hy the defence yesterday
and six by the prosecutlon. Excludlng
the seven men selected on the Jury dur?
ing the day, and those who were chal
lenged, Just half of the slxty talesmen
examlned were excused by consent or
by the court for actual blas.
The speed obtalned In -jettlng tht!
Jury was remark.ihle. when o.mpar'J
with the tlme rerpiired in sel.ctlng the
Jury In the last big murder case whlch
was trKd in thls county, that of Harry
K. Thaw.
Room Whtrt Thaw Wnt Trltd.
Tho slayer of Stanford White wa*
tried ln the same coiirlroom where th"
accused police lleutenant now sits t'?
awalt the verdict of hls peer.s aa tO
whether he shall llve or dle. At the
flrst Thaw trlal ten days elapsed from
the openlng of the trlal, on January '&,
KK)7, untll the Jury was completed, on
February -? I>urlng that time .137
talesmen had been examlned, and It
had requlred four special panelt tJ
furnish a sufflclent number of m?i
from whom to select the Jury. Th*-*
lury at the second Thaw trlal was se?
lected ln three or four daya.
Justice Qett has clearly shown by hls
repeated rullngs ln the prcllminary
atages of the Becker trlal that he will
brook no unnecessary delays, and a
new record may be set In the present
trial whlch wlU put to shame the long
drawn out proceedlngs in former mur?
der trials.
Justice Ooff BTM ou the bench punc
tually at _O*J0 o'clock. when court
o|*ned yesterday morning. Becker's
counsel. John l\ Mclntyre, and hls as
soclates. I.loyd Str ker and Oeorge W.
Whlteslde, were already on hand. A
deputy sherlff had been waltlng In tho
paa back of the eourtroom wlth the de?
fendant for ten or flfteen mlnutes be- ?
fora the tlme for court to open. As I
soon as Justice Oodt took hls seat on '
the bench the prlsomr was led ln and ?
occupled hls accustomed place wltt, hls
counsel. Distrlct Attorney Whitman
apj-eared shortly. and court ?oon
Backtr in Changed Mood.
Lleutenant Becker had acqulred a
good color ln hls face overnlgnt. Thera
Co-it4-iurd en thlrd J_-f?>. thlrd columj-.
_1 \\\ *~ *? -**<? "?- . - *"_*-_-1
CPbetegreaae Itf The Ameriran I'rr.a An-o-'latlon.)
"Smoky Joe" Wood Drives Tesreau to Cover
and Later 38,000 "Fans" to Distraction
by Checking a Ninth Inning Rally
When One Hit Meant a
New York Victory.
Howard F.merson Wood. allas "Smok;
Joe " of the ball wlth a hop. hypnotlzol
the' .lants int.. 8 xUpyat in tho Brat
ggflM <.f th** world'a aerles. whirh
forced Its attentlon on I >>usy popular.
ot the Polo Grounds yesterday after
n<,nn There ?*_? - poteney to tho
parahollr- .''irvea whl,h the great
plKher of the Hoston BM MM toaaed
acr-M the plate, and the minlona of
McGraw t******* lmmbled. New York
died hard. but none the less .-omplctely.
A piming ulnglo stood between them
und victory in the last of the nlnth inn?
lng, when. wlth one out and a run
?oored, men were planted on second and
and thlrd bases. But llttle Joseph struck
out Arthur Fletcher and tho hard Wt
tlng Crandall. leavlng the acora 4 to 3
ln Boston's favor.
Home forty thousand of the elect
fllled every nook and cranny of the
Htadlum. with the exraptlon of a ya
,*ant spot behlnd the flagpole in the
left fleld bleachera. Among the apec
Utora were Admlral Osterhaus (Jen
eral Barry. Governor Faa. of Maaw
,hll?etts. Uayoe Gnynor. Mayor F.tx
KPrHld of Boston and lesKer lights of
Ut oi "rooters" from the "Hub. who
remalned q.Uetly in the baekground.
lf the full glare of the caldt.m can bo
,o deacrlbed. The attendance was
about three thouaand less than for th*
flrst game of last year. but lt made ap
ln enthualasm what it lacked in num
The total paid attendance waa 85.730.
_B compared lo 38.281 for the flrst
tame last year. The total recelpts
Were $7!U27. a drop of about $_,00l>
from the |H** glven by the "fans-'
to see the opening contest between the
\thletics and Giants. The National
C'ommisalon - share yesterday WTR
513, whlle the players earned *H),oxjS
ind each club $13,">_3.
The game waa a thrlller from curtaln
to curtaln. and belonged ^to nelther
team until the laat man waa out. How?
ard Emereon. who halla from the Far
West, but waa chrlttened twenty-three
years ngo to be a pltcher for classt-'
Heantown. presented a hleroglyphlc as
?ortment of < urves whlch even the re
nowned Profe.ssors Cobb and Jackson
of hls own brotherhood flnd ?uch dlffl
rulty Ir. transliitliiir lnto base hits.
Perhaps Mci'raw had an Inkllng thit
thls would bo the case, for he made i
move whlch was B surprise to man/
by summonlng "Jeff" Tesreau to the
firlnK Ihie ln place of Mathewsot^ who
| has started every post-.sea.son series
the team has played since ho Jolned tho
Nlne-tenths of the ercltement was
compressed lnto the last half of the
ninth Innlng. when the Olantt. faelnu
a detlclt of two runs, made' a rally
that all hut turned the tide'. and com
pelled Wood to exert all his wonder
ful cunning to avert disaster for hls
team. No one who wa_ there wlU
ever forget the pandemonlum that
marked these crowded minutes, when
the host of erazed spoctators prayed
for a safe hit that would brlng vic
tory, or even a long fly that could
hardly help but tle the score.
Murray started the innlng by flylng
1 out, and thero was a nervous move
I ment all over the stand as the '*fans"
i saw what they thought was the be
I glnning of the end. Thousands stood
j up to start for the entrances, when
Fred Merkle dropped a safe hit in cen?
tre. Herzog followed wlth a single to
rlght, and Chlef Meyers set the crowd
wlld by hammerlng out a wlcked
double, on which Merkle scuttled home
and Herzog to third bate. The uproar
was deafening, and whlle McGraw hur
ried Becker to second to run for the
Chlef. the Boston team gathered arounil
Wood, who plalnl" was nervoua over
the unexpected attack.
Fletcher was up; a long fly any
where would have brought Herzog
home wlth the tielng run; a hlt would
probably brlng Becker to the plate,
too. Wood was on his mettle. Fletcher
( ?n4lnu*_ <>n *i_hth pac-, flret rolumn.
Facts About Big
Baseball Battle
Boaton Red Soi defeat New York Glanta
hT a ?rore of 4 to 8 ln opening aame for
-nrlil'N ba?eba-U champlonahlp.
Total paid attendance, 38.130 poreona;
actual attrndan. ?*. about 40.000.
Total trroaa recelpta. 878.127. dl-dded aa
followa: Natlonal Commlaalon. 10 per
cent, or 87.813; playere, 80 per cent of
balance, or I40.M*; club*-, 40 (.er cent, or
818.*<t3 rmcb.
Second game of aerlea to be played In
B.iNton tl'l- afternoon.
Weather foreraat from Waehlnaton aay*
that It niay ruin ln Roaton to-day and
in tltla clty to-morro..
lntended Victim Oets Scare Un?
til Patrolman Appears.
Whlle standlng wlth a friend laat
nlffht In front of the Vanderbllt Ho?
tel. at 42d street and Lexlngton ave?
nue, Edwln D. Murray, of No. 202
Kast rJ7th atreet. received the scare
of hla Ilfe. when a roughly dressed
man walked up to him. thrust a re?
volver agalnat his br? aet and told
hlm to prepare to dle. Murray's
friend, Matthew Dublin, of No. 143
Kast I2d street. although expecting
every second to hear the report of
the gun, managed to edge around thej
corner and beckon to Patrolman La
The man wlth the gun. on seelng
the offlcer approaching, ran eaat in
?12d street to Lexlngton avenue, where i
all trace of hlm was loat. Finally
a woman who had seen the chase j
polnted out a doorway into whlch she |
said the fugttive ran. Ladeu went j
to the doorway and brought a man
out at the polnt of-hia revolver.
At the Kast 51st street atation the
prlsoner refused to give hia name and
address. but aald he had been re
kused from a hospltal the day be?
fore. The police say he waa auffer- |
Ing from the efrecta of aome drug or
itiiiixi.ant. Later the prlsoner waa
:said to be Frank Crotty, nephew of
a promtnent Tammany politlcian. Ha
was locked up, charged wlth the vlo?
latlon of the Sulllvan law and wlth
felonious assault.
Stanford, Ky.. Oct 8.?Ed. Elam, twen
ty-one years old, a farmer. ls dead here
from rables, whlch developed a few days
after' he waa bltten by a negro farmhand
during a fight two weeka ago.
Montenegro Withdraws Diplo
matic Representative from
Constantinople and Sends
Troops Across Frontier.
Oreat Poweri May Themselves
Become Involved in War
Whichever Side Is Suc
cessful in Present
Bulgarian Premier Refuses to Cod
sider Proposals for Maintenance
of Peace?King Nicholas
and His Son Leave
for the Front.
"Bv Table to The Tribune.]
London, Oct. 9. -The outbreak of war
ln the Balkans. whlch has been j.ointed
out in The Tribune CBbU dispatches
from London as the only lugical de
velopment of the impossible politlcal
situation in Southeastem Europe.
caused a profound sensalion here, Bffcaf
the optimistic statements made In of
flcial riuarters throughout tlic crisis
had been taken at their face value.
For the moment there ie a signii;.*ant
lack of naara frrm the theatre of w ar,
and there is no doubt that the pres.*>
censor is buaily at work.
According to the latest advic.es the
Bulgarian. Scrvian and Greek minis
ters are still in Constantinople. It i*j
sald, however, that they are arrangln;;
to depart on Thursday, ar.d there 1?
not the faintest doubt to be entertained
that Montenegro will be supported by
the other three states of the Halkan
Bulgaria Dtcidtt for War.
The latest news from Bo6i
clearly that all hope of peace Is lOBt
Yesterday morning the Austriir. Bttd
Russian ministers. acting iu behalf of
all the great powers. made a d?.*< laration
to the Bulgarlan government that tlv
had decided to take a hand in tb. work
of reform in Macedonia. in conformity
wlth Article XXIII of the Treaty of
Berlln, and in case of war would i rc
vent any change in the staf.is quo in
the Balkaijs.
Tht Bulgarian Prerv'tr. in reply, said
that Turkey had had more than thirty
years in which to apply these reforms,
that now that tht armit. had mobi
lized tht situation had changed. and
that it was now impossible, thtrtfore,
to ketp peact at any prict.
It is belleved here that Bulgaria and
Turkey are both nianceuvring to throw
the onus of the first hostile act on
the other.
Montenegro would not have declared
war lf she had stood alone, as ln that
caae, despite the mountainous charac?
ter of the country. its comparatlvely
small army would be quickly crushed
by the Turkish forces.
The Balkan powers have evidently no
faith in Turkish promlses of reform ln
Macedonia. and have determlned to at?
tack the Turka before the Ottoman
government has had tlme to brlng up
its huge Asiatic reserves.
Expert mllltary oplnion ls divided as
to the probable course of the war, but
it is agreed on all sldet that the
struggle will be one of hldeou-**, OjeM
perhaps unexampled, ferocity.
Mortovtr, whichever side it tucctts
ful, tht peact of Europt will bt im
ptrilltd. Auttria it resolvtd not to ptr
mit any ttrritoriat txpansion by Servia
or Bulgaria, whiie in tht event of tht
Turkt twetping their tnemies btfort
them and trampling tht Balkans under
foot, tht tympathitt of the Ruttian
Ctoplt with tht conqutrtd Slavt will
t arouatd and tht Ruttian govtrnment
foreed by popular patsion to taka an
aetivt part in tha game.
Europe ls divided lnto two hostile
camps?England, Franee and Russla
occupylng one and Germany, Austria
and Italy the other. The six powers
are mutually dlstrustful of one another
and have agreed to do their utmost to
localize the war, so that not any of
them should have reasonable ground
for interferlng and annexing some ter?
rltory to whlch each of the others
thlnks it has a better rlght.
To Mainta.n Statut Quo.
Thus rhe powers have decided to
maintain the status quo as far as they
are dlrectly concerned, but clrcum
stances may be too strong for them.
and lf one Intervenes and declares war
in the interest of peace, others may
follow sult ln the same rlghteous cause.
The members of the Greek Legatlon
at Constantinople have been ordered to
prepare for word to depart, and this
may foreshadow a declaratlon of war
by the Balkan league either to-day or
to-morrow, Thursday, as has been said,
belng the day on which It la believed
they will depart
A dlspatch from Constantinople says
that ofllclal news has been recelved

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