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TJtCRSDAT. OCrrr.BER 24. 1?12. York. F"TtS-*-*RIPTION RATES.?Bv Msll. PflStBgfl :tflde nf Oreater N*w VorK. ^ and Sanday. one month. 4 on I'aily nnd Bundajr, t\x months. g ^ anrl Bunday, one >e*r.s0 Daily only, one mon'h. jj','>0 only, six months. ft 00 lrally only. one year. ? gfl ay only. alx months. o'.-.y Sunday *>nly, ona year. Forelitn mirmcrlptlnr,-. to -.11 rountrte*tn_the Unlversal Poatal Cnlon. lncludlna poatagc DAILT AND FINOAY: One month.B1.SB i One yar.?ll"v UL'NDAY ONLY: f-lx montha.8"* 07 1 One year.?**?"?**" PAILY ONLY: One aontb.81.0*2 ' Oae >?**?*".? "--?? CANADIAN RATES. DAILT AND SfNDAT: One tnonth.8 .00 I One year.#10.03 DAIT.T ONT.Y: One mont!*.8 t>0 I One year.o*.w BUNDAY ONLY: One month.8 70 i one year.*? 0!* Entered at the Poatofflre at New Tork aa Secerid Cl?-? Hall Matter. Our readers will confer a tar-or hy S4MS ln* ua when thev are unable to procti" ? copy of Tro Tribune from thelr M*asa?BMr. ArSdreae: Tribune. elrculation Department. TAKING CHANCES. Fven soine Of bd Democrat le news papers which are gupporttng Oorgrnor Wilson because he is the repular Democratic nominee for President rcilize that the country would he tak? ing chances in pivinp him control of Uie natlonal povernment. "The New Orleans Plcayune" pave expression tlie other dav to Its approhension lest Democratic snecess shonld check the tlde of prosperity which has now be pun to gather force. It said after fl revlew of the situation: Thus lt ia that there ia little in the polltical situation that Promi^es an> earlv return to prosperity. There is IrlW reaaon to belleve that Oo**ernor Wilson wlll be our next Preeident. and hi.Trta-onaWe and well lnformed as to tho practical business of the coun U-y and* what is needed forltsjroa terltv. but he ls only a part of tbe polltical machlne. All depends on how radical Congress may prove to bo But the Amerlcan people wlll elett Governor Wilson and put their trust ln Provldence for the balance. lf thev elect Mr. Wilson President the voters wlll probably bave to fall back on Provldence all aloup the line. Louislana certainly will have lmmedi ate cause tO repent its part in restor lac tbe Democracy to full power at Washlngton. The Democratic rnajority ln the preseni Hmise oi Kepresenta Ures pa-sed l bill puttlng sugar on the f,-,.e Ust Tf Mr Wilson ls elected President there will be a Democratic Senate nnd tbe Dem.?or:itlc rnajority in the lion-e wfll be lncreased. Would the Prtnceton Orator Pnff. who is b\ wayi nll thlngl to all men. venture ,,, oppoae the wttl of the two houses bv vetoing a free sugar bttl, ptwed ta .,,,.,,ttuaee wlth ? legislattre record whlch the people imd dellberately ap* provedl Mr. Wilson may be a rational protectionlst when he talk? In New Orleans, just as he is when he talks in PMsburgh, but as a Democratic* T'resi.lent. elected on tlie Baltimore platform, he would have to yield to hls party ta Coogrees and let New Orleans and Ptttsburgh co on "trustiug to Provldence.'1 In tact so far as prosperity is eon 4friied. the whole country would have to po it blind and hope for the best. The capture of Conpress and the Presl dencv by a party whlch has deelared all protective dutles to be unconstitu tlonal could not bttl upset industry, whlch has lonp been adjusted to the protective basls; depress trade aud check public confidence. The new ad? minlstratlon would be one of radical experiments, and investore and busi uesa men would all have to sif tipht 'until the scope of its destmotlve ac tivlties had become clear. If that ls ' vrhat the voters want they oupht to : glve thelr support to Governor Wilson. ' But ln that case they mipht as weli dlspense wlth the feeble pretence that 'thev are doing the best they can and (leavlng the rest to the charltable dls? posltlon of Provldence, THE FINISH AT VERA CRUZ. The general expectatlon concernlng the revolutlon of F*elix Diaz at Vera Cruz has been speedily fulflllcd. It was expected that it would be a "fipht to a flnish," and lt has been. The flnish came, lt is trne, more expeditiously than some thought lt would, and was decidedly dlfferent lu character. Those, however, are mere details. lt ls not. material Just what is achleved by a I/atin-American revolutlon. Generally nothlnp ls achleved whlch ls of more than personal Interest The essential thing is to have a revolution and to eondnct it accordlng to the rules of the pame, which are varled aud capricious, but generally picturesque. At Vera Cruz the rules lnvolved ? ptinctlllous courtesy and considerate Mgg compared with which the tradl tional "Gentlemen of the French Guard, fire flrst 1" is slmply "not in lt" "Kn "ter. gentlemen of the federal army, "und accept the freedom of our poor "but hospltahle city." "Many thanks, "ireiitleinen of tiie revolution; if you ?are sure we shall not diseommode ?yi.tiV* "Hy no means. gentlemen. If "\..ii will make yourselves at home ln ? the public bulldinps and the residen **tial (iiiarter. Wb shall be quite 00m ??r.-rtHble in the barracks." "And tlu 11. ?bv tlie way, our little battle. Shall -vve have ir at, say. 0 o'clock ln the "inoriiltig, before the heat of the day 7" "We shall be deliphted; though, per "bafft 7 o'clock would be better. sn as ?;!ot to hurry the withdrawal of the "non-oombatnnti*." "Bueno! Seven let lt b?.; A thousand thanks, Don Fellx!" "Don't mention lt . Adlos! Hasta mafiana, General Beltran!" And the next morning, in order that. there mlght be no perturbation of the tran qull mlnds of all wbo were concerned, tbe police or somobody went out and captured the revolutionary leHder gttd his staff and disarmed all his. fol Uiwers. Away back ln the last century tbere was ln the expressive vernacular of ?fandom" such a phrase aa "busted phenoraenon," applled to a ball player of ptatantloaa paoulaa who failed to fuifii axpactatlona. it appagra to be appUcable to Gejneral Fellx Waa. Oertalnly ho gave moat of us tho idea that he was a true nephew of his uncle BBd tlmt hg would give Prealdent Ma daro the flght of hla llfa. la teet, ba gppaara t" have been not altogtbec un Uke that other most Com_dat*4e gen? eral. (oxey. who was going to take Waahlngton by storm and dietate na? tional polldca t'? Prealdent nnd Oon* greaa from the doma of the Capltol or tlsiwhcre, hut wl o, ivlien bade to "Ki*ep off the grggar atayad not upon the order of his going, but weut. HELPING MURPHY. A good many persons have joined thc rieu party on the theory thut it is bet? ter than the old. Is lt? It is not if its voters are so snturated with the old boss-hreeding partisanshlp that they ara to vote half votes for Tammany and butcher genulne Progresslves. lt is an amazing thing that men who say that party labels do not count much and that one should look beneath them to substantials are countenancing nom inations when they know that the only effr-ct of them ls to aid Murphy. Throughout the etate, with raspBCt to the lt-gislative candidates that ho has named and expects to control, Murphy's Chlef help ls the Progresslve organiza tlon. It is maklrg hls path aasy f"r him. The only way to make 11 rough and prevent an atrocious state govern menl is for the rank nnd Ule of the Progresslves, showlng that they believe what thev preaeh, to take matters in thoir own hands and vote for the bo*t real Progresslve on any tlcket who has a chance of being elected.?The New York Globe. The Tribune qtiotes thls becnirso nn independent newspaper snys it, and one, luoreorer, with a Btrong leanlng toward Colonel Roosevelt Tt is not a Reputlican orcan whlch is saying that the chlef nlrl to Murphy ln secnrlng the I.egislnturo is the Progresslve party. with its legislative randldates, but a newsparer which looks with favor upon the ruijiaaalia cause. 'The Globe" ls right The whole Progressive Btate tlcket ls an nld to Murphy. hut espoolally so are Us can? didates for the Assembly and the Son nte. Thelr only excuse for existenee is to round out the tlcket on which they stand ani to please men of local promlnence nnd enlist thelr support Is tbere one who has a chance of elec? tlon? If so, we bave not yet heard of him. They will get only a part of the rotea whlch will he given to the head of the tlcket, whose strength is rhierty rjeraonal. At the most they wlll only tnke away enouirh votee from the Re* publican eandidati-s to throw distrbts otherwlse Republican iijto Murphy s hanrls. Their nomination is en ln.lnry to the s'ate. It is a disn(lvHiifnc*o even to Mr. Straus. as "The Globe" points out for if he is. hy a mlr.iolo. elected he will !..- w..rse oiT with a Murphy Legtdatnra than with n Republican Leglalature. A Progresslve Leglslature ip uttorly in concelvablo. A SALUTARY TRIAL. The Becker case will go to the Jury to-day, nfter a sixteen days' trial. Fonr of these slxteen were spent in obtalnine a Jury, a day or two having heen wasted whlle the ilefence was ezbaustlng its peremptory chnllengr-s in order to eatabHaD a technlcal basis for nn appeal. Thls loss of tlme was be? yond the control of .Titstlce Goff. Dur? ing the rest of the processes he has seen to lt that no time was wasted. nnd he rleserves the crtxllt for preveut ing thia case from becomlng BQCh a apectacla as, for example, the flrat Thaw trial. With a weak Judge on the bench it W4,uld have heen tumed into the travesty upon orderly nnd effective procedure that ni4>st of our sensational eaaea have been. But Justlce Goff has vigorously asserted the authority of the court nnd its control over what went on before lt. The coui'ts cannot bring back their own prestige more siirdy than by exhlbiting a capaclty llke that of Justlce Goff to do their work efflclently. The trouble with them ls not that they have "usurped" authority. They have nllowed thelr own authority to he usurped by dllu tory nnd posturing counsel. It ls to be hoped that if this case ever goes up to the Court of Appeals the trial Judge's assertlon of hls authority will be fully sustalned. This issue is only secondary in importance to seelng that Justice ls done to the murderers of Rosenthal. A vitallzing of the whole ndudnistrntion of criminnl lnw ls possible lf Judges may learn that it is within their power to control trials before them ns Justlce Goff hns con trolled this one. We have wlshed tliat OVT Judges were something more than mere umpires before whom the legal parae was played. Wa havo felt that the country would he the gnlner if they were more like the vigornu* masters of everythlng golng on before them tliat the Kngiish Judges nre. In this Becker trial that ldeal has not heen quite realized. But omch has been done toward removlng a great reproach from our courts. GROWING DREADNOUGHTS. While we were reviewlng Lhe great? est bgttlg fleet ttint the world has ever seeu assemhled in lnland traters, and one of the two or three most powerfOl ever gathered anywhere, Great Britain was launehing the Iron Duke, her lat est word ln the tleveloprnent of the all big-gun or Dreadnought type. The in cldent suggests a cobiparlson of the newly launched shlp with the original Dreadnought, which is not yet obsolete, and a review of the successive atapa of development which have heen taken by the British Admiralty ln the seven years whlch separate the two. In the (?ssential charactcristics of the Dread nonght type there hns heeu no ehnnge? namely, all blg guns of unifonn rall bre, nbsence of intermedinte battory and hlgh speed. In almost every other ?.-;.. t there has heen advancemeut toward hlgher eiheieney. The Dreadnought was of 17,fH?0 tons. carrled ten 12-lnch guns and made 22 knots. The next. type. the Bellcrophon, carrled 4-lnch instend of 12-p<>und guns for anti-torpedo boat arms and imreased the welght of armor within, to gnard against under-water explosion, nnd her tonnnge accordlngly rose to IH.ikki. The St. Vincent, a year later. Incrggggfl the length of the 12-inch guns from 44r) to 50 callbres and the number of 4-lnch guns from sixteeu to twenty, wlth an lncrease of tonnage to lO,2.rA ! The Neptune followed, wlth heavier [armor, with tnrretg in ecbeloa tastend of abroast, with the fourth turret i.raised so hlch as to fire over the [others, wlth stxteen lnstead of twenty small "'ms. and wlth r tonnage <>f j 10,9001, The Orbm. of thls year. made the radical cbangeof suhstituting ISJJ* Inch for UMnch guns each weightng 78 lnstead of 88 tons and throwlng a pro jectile of 1.280 lnstead of BBO pounds; with Ihe turrets on the central line, tba '' BSCOOd and fourth raised so as to llre uver tlM flrst and flfth: changes which neeessltafed an lncrease of tonnage to 22,880. NOW comes the Iron Dnke, with maln battery and turrets like thoOS Of the Orlon. b'lt with an In ei-eaas of projectiles from L280 to 1*400 pounds each and with 64nch lnstead of 4-inch guns for ropelling the niosqulto fleet the latter Chsngfl belng due to the lncreased streneth of torpedo boati and desirnvers and not indioating n return to the intermedl.'ito battery. By way of comparlson lt ls to be oh scrved that onr Wyoininp and Arkan sas are of 26,000 tons, or a little more than the Iron Duke, and have twelve r.'-inch lnstead of ten l.TMneh guns, and iwcnty-one r?-inch lnstead of slx ton 6-lnch guns. It ls a reasonahle eontentlon, therefore. that one of ours would 1"' the eqnal of _M newest Brlt? lsh shlp in Bghting effidsney. n may bfl gdded that tho present Brltish pro gramme wlll gtre to that country in Blarch, ir?i4, no fgwer than twelre bat tleships carrying lSJMncb enns, whllfl Germany wlll not have one wlth larger than 12-lncfa guns. It remalns. to be seen how many with 14-lncfa rlfles will carry thfl Anierican fiag. SQUARING HIMSELF. Colonel Henry Walterson's a'tempts to expiain awny his striotures on Gov? ernor Wilson just after the famous Haney-Wilson-Watterson estrangemont show more zeal rhan discretlon. Colo? nel Watterson has a generous tempera ment and hls readlness to send ? "for glve-me-and-forget-my-manners" fiag or truce to Trenton is natural und-T the drenmstancea. But when a raconcttla tlon ia SOttfht why dwell tor> reminls cently npon reereftriMe ]i<irtlni!an"? Why try to square ln too d< flnlte terms the mellnwer Jndpment of to-day wlth the harsher judgment of elfbt months ii go? In 'The LotdsvlUe Oourier-.Iournal" Colonel Watterson recentlj p-'iM ? gnl* lant trlbute to Gorernor WUson'fl "abil "Itiesand availability as a Presidentlal "candldate/' Warmlng up to the t:i**k of establlshing a wtodut virendi, he re marked: The defecta in Qovernor WIlBon'sper sonalit.y whlch it ["The Courler-Jour nal"] had detected, oi though! it de i,. t,..!. wi : ? f s klml to dlscredll bla relstlon to ths public qui I the tinie or to !.4i the making ol .* suc ful nc"mliil.stration ?.f the general ? i nment on I >? mocratl llnes, . . . Hls eiectlon bjr sn overwhelmlng rna? jority ls eertaln; and lt Ifl by no 1 hard to concslvs that thfl very qualitlea whlch "Ths Courler-Journar eontt in hla charactsr may prove the making of his future ln offlce. to whlch the ?tro- n hand rather thnn the wnrm ht-art will be m.-iinly requlred. The smend made is handsome, if not Ingenloua. it seems now thal whsl ths Governor lacks ls merely a "wnrm heart." and that such I shortage mlgbt stand him in good steiul a\ Presldenl Last February, ln replytng to the charge tbal he had oontradlctetl blm* seif to some extent in hls rarions ni> pralsements of Governor Wllson's in teiiecttiai snd moral equlpment, Oolonel Wattervm said of himself: Havlng nothing to conceal, seeklng only tO tell the tnth, h<* USefl the ],m gUSgfl of exactltudfl to descrlhe an In telleetns] crook He was looklng t r ? II itSSman. Iaght arrlved and he found B j**dagogue. He ho*,ed for a Tllden. Ths screen fell and dlsdosed a Bttl Aram. ('olonel Watterson has done himself a good turn and the worid of b-tters a Bfliike ta dlseovertag that the lack <>f a "warm heerl' was Bugene Aram's only trouble. COLUMBUS OF THE PACIFIC. The ereetion of a memorial to Jamflfl Cook at Whltby, whera his ghtpg were bullt and not far from hls bilthplacfl III Yorkshlre. England. was an lncldent which mlght well have commanded the syinpathetic Interest not only of the whole Brltlsh Emplre, to wbOM terrl torlal extent bfl coiitrihntcd far more than nny other OOO man, but also of thfl Unlted BtateS, because of hls redis covery of one of the most valuable of, Its otitlying possessions. Gaetano had proiiably tonchfld at Hawall long before Cook, but Spaln btd kept the BflCTfll N closely hldden thal lt h;id become prae tlcally forgotten even hy herself. and it reinalncd for ('410k to dlfldOflfl Ul tlu woild the existence of those intercstinp Islands, though ln doing so he MCfMCfld his own llfe. There ls no exaggeratlon in corupar ing the exjiloits of Cook ln the Paclflr* with those of Colmnhus ln the Atlantic, for lf they had not ln all respeets the orlgiuallty of tlie daring voyages of the great Genoese they were not devold of that quality. and they were siipmnc'y frult ftll of geographlcal knowledge ainl of lastlng results to politleal einpire, to commerce and to clvillzatlon. Magel lan. Drnke and fithers had preceded him by two hundred yeara, but during those centurles the vnst ocean remalned, save for a portion of its shores and coastal waters, almost an unknown sea. lt was left for him to dls*>ol the traditlon of the Tcrra AuntralUt, to eircunmavl gate for the first time Australla and Ni'iv Zealand nnd to win them for tho Britlsh crown, to demonstrato the Bflpa* rate lnsular position of New Gulm-a and to make known to the worid the existence of the great Hawaiian group. Apart from those major achievenionts hls other oxplorations, in the South Pa? cific, the South Atlantic, the waters of Alaska and around the coasta of New foundland, would also of themselves entltle him to rank among the world's greatest discoverers. Nor was the man himself un worthy of his achievonienta. ln every element of personal greatness ho was the peer of any who ever salled to chart tho un? known seas. In resolution he wns not surpassed hy Columbus, in iutrepldity and in fertlllty of re**ouroe he rivalled Drake and in devotlon to tbe attain ment of rosults of practlcal utility ho was the peer of Hudson, while in the important rwpeot of safeguarding the physicnl wellhelng of hls men on pro lnnged ocean voyages it is dotibtful if he ever had. down to his tlme, a rival. It was flttlng that a fine hronze monu ment of him should be emcted at Whlt by. where his ships were huilt. as well as another at his Mrthpla<-e and a tiiird when ba met bla untimciy death. Rnf hls chlef inomorial is the map of the Paclflc Ocean. Thc report that the Serv!ans who are invading Western Turkey flnd themaehrea vigorously opposed by 40, OdO Albanian trlbosmen ls a temlnder of the prcgnant fact that whlle those puUsant and resourccful mountaineers have for generations been In chronlc revolt against Turkish misgovernment, they are still more ho^tlle toward any outside interforence and probably hate the Bervtaaa a good deal more than they do the Trlbe of Othman. Of oo araa, it wlll be a little dlacourasdhg to th'ose wh4> are rushing ln to liberate them fr4.m Turkish oppreselon to flnd that they don't want to bs llberaied, but are ready to flght llke flends lncar nate for the support of thelr tyrantsl Sulzer is nfter the cnpltal "I" reeord. "Wilson Wants a Senate." Pnmposed of rye-cradling "farmer oratora" such as he steam-rollered the New Jersey Democrats Into choo.slng? Mr. Mi nk, the Canadlan Mlnlster of Publlr- Works, resi^jns offlce because the rest of the Cabinet won't let hlm fulfll all hls ante-alectlon pk-dges. The tradltlonal New England ConsctO-00 wlll now retlre in favor of th? Ca? nadlan brand. The Balkan war ls young yet and no corrcspondents have thus far been ner mltted to go to the front; hut the crop of pr.ipevlne "runardera" ls already abundant e That whlch makes the Klngdom of Italy one of the most remarkable polltlcal phe? nomena of modern E*urope Ib the conver Blofl of what Dlaraall termed "a gco graphlcal expresslon" Into a united na? tion?The New T< rk Sun And the ehndes of "Dlz.zy" and rirment von Bfetternlch grln at each other ln the BlVSlan Flelde. King Peter of Fervla ls prnbablv the first soverelgn who ever went to war in nn automoblle, Now that the hrunt of the Bull lfl ..<-* campaign devolves upon Gov? ernor Johnson, it is announced that Willlam Glllette, the a.compllshed ac tor and playwrlter, wlll g0 UPOB the stump to aid hlm. Mr. Glllette has hitherfo been much Identlfled wlth "too ? .' hnson." ? Mr. Dix wns defermlned thnt If the te'8 dlrty linen ever had to be 0 pul lt Bhould at least be of tbe best quallty. Krom Baltimore, where there is more, f.,r gorman-lizltip than in most other Amerban cples, comes tbe report Ihat "the long COUTOC dinner ls Ottt of ind a dinner wlth two or three "good di.-iu-s has taken its pi.uc" The change is ittrlbuted to the'high coat of living. If that be so, economical I ressure has made l I tnmon CBUSS wlth ( ommon sense. THE TALK OF THE DAY. Desplta the fact that "not he who beara ? jr ls, but be whoae spirit makea blm emperor," the aomenclatlata Bhould Bnd something elgnlfkant in the COlncldetX es whlch hlnge upon the myatlc Initials "W. J " lioubtless New York'b Mayor ls. at the present tlme, the man most talked >.f WhOBC glren nanios have these Initials, but he has SBVeral close competltrira < 'onnected more or less clocely wlth the Ma\or In the pre?, it police altiatlon are, W, J. Klynn and W. J Burna Ifl tiie fleld of polltlcB are IV. J. Bryan and?to Btretch a polnt -W. J . I'.i.-ey ') Ponnere 1'oubtleaB the aug gestlOfl COUld be worked out at great bngth. but these exumples will be amply enl to lntereat those who profess to believe that a man's destlny Ib ln the start and Ib reflected on earth ln the date of hls llrth and the flndlng of four-le&f - Huh (looklng up from newspaperi My dear, have you s< ,-n any of those Invlslhle suits yet ' Wif. invlslhle Bults! What are you talking about? Huh Why, here'a a New Vork ladles' tail .r advertising: "Suits made to order wlth or without mateiiul."?Boston Tran Bcript. HTH_? MU8T WE WORRY (Note ? FT?d*rlo Harrl?on. th* Kn?ll?h author. aay* haLplneaa con.?* from leaving the table whlle atlll hnn*-ry PrmMent Taft then annonnoea that tha <>.*t of Belnaj la soinB Sowa. J Oh. happlest of mortala. 1, A creature of unbounded blisB; For what, when cost of llving's hlgh, ('an cause more Joy than news llke thls? I'm often hungry when I leave The room wbereln my table ls; Therefore, from news I now recelve Much fUn ls fotoed on my phiz. But, though I'm quite without a care, I flnd myself a-worrylng BeCBUSC "f word whlch cornes from where Thr. president Bojourna. Thls thlng Of eoat of living golng down Means thnt weil now havo ample mcat? But that our very hearts wlll frown Because we get enough to ea.t. So worry glvea us lots of fuss, 'Cause nothlng's left to worry ub! A. W. U. "And what ls your occupatlon?" aak, .i tha accident lnsurahce agent. 'im u woodaman. During the hunt* ing aee bow t aot as a guuic " 'I'm aorry, but my company won't write a policy on your clasa " "Why not? Surely I'm a good rlsk." "Mv dear alr you're not a rlsk; you're a oertalnty.?Detrolt Free Press. A writcr In a Berlln paper, commentlng on the MSth annlversairy of the publlca *.lon of "Urlmm'B Palry Tales," says of the author thut, desplte the fact tliat chltdrSB all over the world had read and w.-re fasclnated by the "welrd nnd won derful stoties," the 88881 who wrote them was rnorose and devold of love for chll 4lren. Mra. I... who, desplte ber elghty live years, ls Btl 11 u crltlcal reader, re ferrlng to the article, says that she thlnks an lnjustlce has heen dono the fairy tale wrlter. "When I was a little glrl," she says, "I lived ln the clty of Cassel, and around the corner from our home, where I was born, wub a hotel called the Hlrschen-Hof, where Grlmm lived. He was a tail. thln, clderly man. 1 saw him nearly every day take blfl walk. always, raln or shlne, carrylng a large green urnbrella and wlth a troop of chlldren around hlm and other chlldren, followlng. Chlldren are not attracted by men who dlslike them." "Pa, why are a fool and hls money soon parted?" , . "80 that a wise guv can live without working, my hov."-Detrolt Free Press. AN APPEAL TO REASON Why a Veteran Republican Will Vote for Taft. To the Fdltor of The Tribune. Sir: For several months the nation has been treated to a polltlcal campaign of personalltles, a matter of secondary Imp4>rtance. ln the closing weeks of the campaign there begins to bo some atten? tion to the prlnclple lnvolved, whlch ls of the Brsl Import.in.c, and ln conslderlng the prlnclple care should be taken not to confound It wlth lmpulse. It ls falr to assumc that every lntellt pent and luMMBt man Intends to vote for that whlch h.- belleves wlll he for the best Interest of hls country. and. ennse qucntly. for hlmself. Each voter should calmly ask hlmself. What wlll be for rh. best lntere?t? Reason wlll answer, That whlch wlll prc-erve and continue the present buslness prosperity, for on that prosperity depends the welfare on all eon cerned. Not less than four tlmes in seventy slx years, beglnnlng wlth 1817, there has been enact.-d a non-protectlve, for-rt-ve nue-only tariff, immedlately followed each tlme by the prostration of buslness. We nee.] take only space here for hrlef refer? ence to the last experience wlth such a tnr Iff, as lt ls within the memory of mlUions of voters who wlll go to the polls next month. The Democratic platform of 1?*K was In the mali. llke that of 1012. The Democratic candldat" ar.d orators t.alked then much tha BBJM as ln the present campaign. But once in power thev passcd a me.isure which closed the doors of our factories and opened the doors of dls pensarlec for the dlstrlbutlon of free soup and bread. There ls a genera' bellef that there ls too hlgh a duty on many articles. but not one man In ten thousand can dcflnltely or logleally tell what the duty should b?. Our present tariff law wlsely provldes for tbe appolntment of a blpart'.san commls slon whlch shall lnvestlgate and report on each schedule, the only method by whlch a proper and s.ttlsfactory tariff ro vlslon can be made,. Thls work has be gun. and buslness aafety demands that lt should continue. The only danger of Its Interruptlon comes from the Third T-rtn party. A vote for the Third Term candldat> ls a vote to help the Demo? cratic p.irty. It ls .f Vttal interest to the nrm who works for weekly wagee, to tha mer chant and manufacturer that the Repub? lican p.irty should cntlnue to admin ister the buslness of this government in the forty four yeara that I have voted at Presidenttal slaetlons there has been no tlme when Republican success seemed so neceseary. My bellef ln our ronstPutlon and love of COUfltry are as strong now as they w#re a half rentury ago, when, with more than two mllllons of others, I volun teered tc- andurc the hardahlpa and dan Kers of A soldler's llfe thal the Coastltu* Uofl and country mlght be preservad. CHARLBB BURROWB. Rutherford, N 3 . Oet 81, Wl * ? ABLE AND WORTH WHILE An Acquaintance of 24 Years' Stand ing 80 Characterizes Mr. Hedges. To the Ed'.tor of Tbe Tribune. Sir: Twentjr-fOUT yeara ago thls month 1t was my pleasure, whlle iourneylnif from New York 'ity to keep a public enarage tnent ,n one of the lnlund cltl.-s of the I state, to meet on board train an attrac tlVC looklng. alert-mlnded young gentle man, who waa travc'.iing with an ac? quaintance ,.f aboit hls own age, bb I nirer lt, to fllt nn eniragement to a.1 dress a puMic meetlng In behalf of the Republican party. I waa most agreeably surprlsed as I . l to an anlmated dlscusalon be tween the two young men of the lssues lnvolved ln the national electlon of that year It appeared thev were both stanch aueportara Of the Republican natlonat cat.didates One of the young men to whom I refer ls the present Republican candidate for (Jovernor of the State of New York, Hon. Job K. Hedgee. I *\as so Impressed wlth hls courteous, dlgnlfled beartng, hla knowicdge of the candidates hc was supportlng and the prlnclples for whlch they stoo.l that I then and there mentally expressed the thought that ln tho natural order of thlnj-s an honored and brllllant future Kwalted hlm. In thls I have not been diaappolnted. I have watched hls career. He ha* been honored by pt.bllc men ln state and ln n* tlon, and In every Instarco haa mnde good through his eplendid, lntelleetual attaln ments and a name and reputatlon that have ever remalned clean and unsullled The wrlter knows pcrsonally of many Oetnocrats and Imiepepdents In your clty und state who know and admlre the aplendM pers- nallty, unrjuestloned ablllty and clean public reeord of Mr. Hedges, who )\lll not permlt biind party fe.ilty to east thelr votes against hlm. Without prejudice l believe that there Is not within the conflnes of tho Emplre State to-day an abler, cleaner or more worthy man ln any party, and I am mh-,. that thls ls ln no soise an exaKKerated eotlmatC ln the Jndgm.-nt of those who know Mr. Hedges pcrsonally, aB well as by reputatlon. I therefore look BOrOSBthS borders of my own etate earnestly and hopefully for hls electlon. JOH.V D. SPKLUMAN. Rutland, Vt.. Oct. 23, 1912. OPPOSED TO COERCION James F. Morton, Jr., Would Not Compel Foreigners to Salute Flag. Te the E.litor of The Tribune. Mi?: gflCh letters as that of "K. A ." In a rec.-nt issue betray an Intolerance unworthy of cltlzenshlp In a free country. Why ahould we dlsplay a tyrannous In sisten4.-e on empty f4)rms? A democracv ought to be broad-mlndcd enough and large enough to go Its ways without ref? erence to the diasatlsfactlon of those who cannot appreciate its ldeals. A public school has no rlght to demand a servlle worship of a mere ceremony where tho dlsposltlon Is wantlng. If thi forelgner doea mit like our tiag it la our plH4-e to convlnce hlm that he ls In error by maklng that llag Btand bo palpably for e.,ual llberty and the hlghe_t ldeale of 4 ivllizatlon that the most purbtlnd eye cannot fall to see Its glory. To snarl at hlin becauae hls honest convlctlons dlffer from ours sjid to persecute hla innocent and Immature chlld by denylng lt an education ls contemptlble llttU-ness, and the very reverse of enllghtened patriot? lsm. How little of a true Amerlcan "K. A." Is appeara from hla demand that no change be made In the Sunday lawa, as If the people of thls country had not a rlght to change any law whlch they have made. So Intense a patrlot as your correspond ent pretendB to be should at least have mafltered the elementary democratic prln? clples of relltrlous llberty and the separa tion of Church and State. JAMES F. MORTON, JR. New Tork, Oct 17, ,191 J. People and S< NEW YORK SOCIETY. ] Miss Mlldred Page Johnson. daughter "by a former marrlage of Mrs. Charles E. Bayne. waa marrteii yesterday afternoon in Grace Church chantry to Augustus ff, Kelley, Jr. The ceremony waa per formed by the rector. the Rev. Charles L. Slattery. ar.d a receptlon followed at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Bayne. No. 54 West Ilth street. The brlde wore a gown of whlte satin, trirnmed with rose point lacfl and orange blossoms. Her vell of rose point and appllque lace was fastened wlth orange blossoms and fell the full length of the court traln. She carrled B bOOQUOt of lllies-of-the-valley and whlte orchlds. Mlss Helen Johnson was her sister's mald of honor, and she was attired in pink chiffon. wore a brown velvet hat. trirnmed wlth pink roses, and carrled an arm bonrpiet Bf yellow roses, tied with brown tulle. Mrs. tfdward N. Townsend, Jr., who was married on October 8. BTSfl the matron of honor, and the hridesmalds were Miss Ruth Adsms. Miss t'ornella Cllfford Brown, Miss Yvonne Gourd and Miss Chrlsttas Kelley. Tbey srers all drssssd Sllfcfl in pale pink satin and lace, aml wore brown velvet hats, trlmm?d wlth a single brown ostrich feather. They also carrled arm bourjuets of yellow ros^s, tleri wlth brown tulle. Sydney Kelley acted aa hls brother's best man, and the ushers were Edward Kane, DOOaM Moore. Robert Winmlll and Alfred Maolay. At the end of thr-lr honeymoon Mr. and Mrs. Kelley wlll make their home ln thls city. Mlss Catherlne N. Cameron wlll he mar? ried to-day at the home of her slst. -r, Mrs Belmont Tlffany, No. 63 West 9th atreet, to Jurlah H. Sears. son of Mr. and Mrs. Zmaa Sears. of Boston. Owlng to Mrs. Belmoiit's 111 health only relatlves and a few lntimate frlends wlll he present at the ceremony, whlch wlll oe performed by the Rev. Dr. I^lghton Parka and the Rev. E. A. Dodda. Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Wagstaft wlll open thelr house. No. 515 Madlson avenue, on November 12, for the winter. Thelr daughter, Mlss Margaret B. Wagstaff, wlll be lntroduced to soclety this season. Mrs. Charles B. Alexander, Mrs. Winthrop Burr, Mrs. Edward T. M. Tal Btaga and others have organlzed the Colony Daaoas for girls not yet lntro T.irve wlll be two of them, the flrst on*? taking place on De cember 30 at the Colony Club. Mlss Martha Knox Orr, who ls to be marrKl to carl I.. VTstor o.i November 21, in the Fifth Awnue Presbyterian Church, has chosen for h***r attendants ; Mlss Isabel Attcrbury, Mlss Madellne lo'Brlsn, Mlsa Dorothy Shepard, mi.-s MUdred Harbeck, Miss Ruth Hasklns and Miss Blsanor Hlnton, of this dty, and MtSfl Mary ?hill!to, of Cincinnatl. Thomas I* Vi**tiir wlll he hls brother's best man. Announcement has been made of the cent of Mlss M.ilzi- I.ivlngston Delafleld. daughter of Mr. ar.d Mrs M;i turln L. Delaflald, to Edward RMtay Flncb, of No. 37 Klfth avenue. Mr. Flnrh | la a graduate of Tale, Claaa 'M, and of the ..aw Behool, Claaa 'M Us Is i member of the St. Nicholas Bodsty and ;.s of tho ItsvolUtlon. Mlss Dela? fleld Is a sist.-r of Mrs. Fredr-rlck W. LongfallOW and of Mrs. Jarvis P. Csrtsr. No date has been set for the weddlng. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Palmer Knapp wlll take i oeai ssiun of thelr apartment, at No. 247 Fifth avenue, at the end of next week Frederlck Townsend Martln salled yes? terday from England for New Vork. Ho MrlU i-pend tho wlnter at the Plaza. Mrs. J. J. Wysong has returr.ed to the city from Newport. The engagement ls announced of Mlss Marjorle Rlchards. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. G-eorgr* Rlchards, of No. 40C Park avenue. to OUvsr C, Reyn ilda ',*' '?'?? laa firm of Reynolds, Rlchards & McCutcheon. Mr. and Mrs. QoOTgS Jay Gould and Mis. XV. A. Hamllton left the city yester NEW DEAN FOR RUTGERS Professor Louis Bevier Succeeds Professor Van Dyck. New Brunswick, N. J., Oct. 23-Pro CaSSor Francls Cuyler Van Dyck has re slgned the offlce of dean, and Professor Louls Bevier has been appolnted hls suc? cessor by the board of trustees, it was an? nounced to-day. Dr. Van Dyck became instructor at Rutgers ln ISfA, almost Immediately after hls graduatlon. and ls now the co'.lege's BSalor professor. He has been a pro? fessor since 1S70. The trustees ln accept lng hls resignation as dean passed r.-so lutlor.s expresslng- thelr hlgh appreclatlon of hls long. falthful and very efflcient servlce as dean. The college ls to have lt" contlnued servlce of Dr. Van Dyck ln the department of physlcs. Dr. Bcler, who succeeds to the offlce of dean, has been professor of Greek for rnany years. He began hls work at Rut gcrs as Instructor ln FYench ln IM? flve years after hls graduatlon. ? ... URGES CHINESE RECOGNITION. Boston, Oct. 23.?A resolution favoiing the leOOgnltlon of the republlc of Chlna by the I'nlted States, has been adopted by the conventlon of the New England Presbyterian Symid. HUNTINGTON WILSON TO SPEAK.', Washlngton. Oct. 23--Huntington Wil? son, Acfing Ser-retary of Btate. left here to-nlght for Atlantic City, where bfl flrffl speak to-morrow before the Anierican Hardware Manufacturers' Association on thfl HUBfltluai Sf 'hls ccuntry's cxport trads and the relatlon of the opening ot 'the Panama Canal to that trade. SCOTTISH RITE ELECTION. At the one hundred and flfth annual ses slon of tho Supreme Cotincll of the Seot tish Rlte, for the I'nlted States, whlch closed here to-day, the followlng offlcers were elected: M W. Bayllss. Washlngton, soverelgn grand commander; Joslah H. Long. Bos? ton, lieutenant grand commander; George Clbson. Washlngton. m-lnlster of mate; Holden O. Hlll, Provldence. treasurer general; Marcus W. Morton, Provldence, secretary general. Waltt-r S. ytnour. Newark, keeper of ar chlves; LsaaiST C,. Sherman, Provldence, master of ceremonles; John A. Glidden, Dover, X H . marshsl general; Willlam F. Blxby, Haverhlll. Mass, Btandard bearer; John H. Messenger, Syracuse, N. V.. captaln of tho guard; Thomas Q. Waller, M. D., Dowell, Mass., grand prlor. ? CHAPEL NOT AN A8TOR GIFT. The rumor that a legatee of John Jacob Astor was the glver of a new chapei. to cost $150,000 or more. the last of seven such butldlngs to BlUTOUnd thesanetuary of the ("athedral of St. John the Dlvlne, was de? nled by Vlncent Astor yesterday. Mr. Astor also said through hls representa tlves at the offlce of the Aator Eatate, No. 23 West 26th street, that he desired to have lt understood that he had no auch gtft to the Cathedral ln contemplatlon. x_ial Incidents day for Furlough Lodge, the Oould pltc# In the Catskllls. Mr. and Mrs. John O. McCullough win return to town early next month fron* North Bennlngton, Vt. Mr. and Mrs. Hlram W. Slbley and Mlaa Slbley have arrlved in town and are at the Hotel Ootham for 8 few days. Mrs. Benjamln B. Mayer will give t dlnner-danco on January 10 at fiherry'a for h.-r detutante daughter, Mts- Teason Mayer. AT NEWPORT. [By Tcleg-raph to The Tribune] Newport, Oct. 23.?Mr. and Mrs. Theo? dore M. Davies will. as usual, spend the w-inter in Kgypt. They will close The Reefs on November 10. Mr. and Mrs. EL Casimlr de Rham hava gone to New- York for the wlnter. Mr. and Mrs. J. Stewart Iiarney wlll close thelr season on October 31. Miss Louiso Ward McAUister was a luncheon entertalner to-day. LSBpenard Stewart has cards out for & dinner on Saturday evenlng. Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Watts and Misa Watts, of Philadelphia, will spend the wlnter here. Mrs. J. Gordon Douglas has returned from New York. Mr. and Mrs. Jullan McCarty Little will close their stay here on Sunday. e IN THE BEfcKSHIRES. [By Tvlegraph to XhC Tribune.] Lenox, Oct. 23.?Heavy rains to-day preventcd golfing and automoblling. At tha Lenox Boat Club Miss Heloia..- Meyer gave a luncheon. To-nlght dinners were given by Mr. and Mrs. George W. Folsom, Mrs. Morrls K. Je_up and Mlsa Georglana Sergeant. Mr. and Mrs. Henry P. Tailer, who have been at the Godwin cottage, left here for Roslyn, Long Island, to-day. .Major and Mrs. Charles F. Brooker and Alton Farrel have returned to Anaonia, Conn. Miss Margaret Wlnslow and Mra. Francis Dana Wlnslow have gone to New York. Mlas Wlnalow, who haa been ln a Pittsfield hospital. lc much lmproved la health. Departurea for Boston to-day lncluded Mr. and Mrs. John L. Saltonatall, Mr. and Mrs. John D. Larkln, Jr., Mr. and Mra R. A. Adams, General and Mrs. Joaepa W. Merrlll and Miss Rcth Merrlll. leaving for New York to-day were Mr. ani Mrs. S. T. Calloway, Mr. and Mra Harry P Robbtns, Mr. and Mra. Louia Curtls and Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Iselin. Mr. ar.d Ifra. Walter F. Cobb have gone to Oreenwlch, Conn., to vislt Mr. and Mra m h. Truea I Mrs. E. Hayes Trowbrldge, Mlsi EJlta beth Lunn, of New Haven; Mrs. D. J. Craln and Miss Craln, of New York, are St the Curtls Hotel. Mrs. John W. Mlnturn is entertalnlng Miss Wtlllamson. of New York, at the I'urtl.a Hotel. Mr. and Mrs George F. Crane and thelr gueets, Mrs Monroe Smith and Miss Ger Imlth, have returned to New York. Ip, who was a guest of Mr and Mrs. Giraud Foeter. has gor.e to riaverack. N. Y. Miss Ellsabeth Denham and Mlsa Elsle Cremson. who have been with Miss Isa ; B| tter, have returned to New York on the way to Savanr.ah. Mr. and Mrs. H. B. _yon and JudSOB R. r?tii,sberry, of New York. are at tho P.,-i Llon Inn, Stockbrldge. The R.-v ar.d Mrs Willlam M. Crane. of Rlchmond, are recelvlng congratulatt ,ns on tho btrth of a daughter, Caroltr.e. l.ur riam. who arrlved thls week. Mrs. George H. Morgan and Mrs. Cora C. Boydea started this afternoon for Loa Ar.geies, Cai., where they will remain six weeks. Colonel and Mrs. Warren H. New-omb have closed their country place ln Pitts? field and are at the Maplewood. Mr. and Mrs. George IfaflB ar.d M:?* Waters, who have been at the Ma| >? wood. returned to town to-da. . Miss B. Porter and Miss Borup, of New York; Miss McWllliams. Miss Madden ar i Miss D. W Porter, of Osslnlng. have arrlved at the Maplewood, Plttsf.e'.d. OEORGE BURNHAM ILL Retired Locomotive Builder Ia Ninety-six Yeara Old. [By Telegraph to Tha Tiibur.e.] Philadelphia, Oct. 23?Oeorge Burn? ham, who for many years was the senlor member of Burnham. Pavey, Wllllama A Co, which firm was succeeded by tha Baldwin locomotive Works, ls 111 at hla hemo ln Weat Philadelphia. Mr. Burnham is nlnety-slx years old and retlred from buslness five years ago. He has been conttned to bed sinee htd return from Beach Haven, N. J, last month. but his condition is not regarded as serlous. CHICANERY IN CALIFORNIA Progressives Gullty of Fraud and Corrupt Practices, Senator Says. From Th- Argonaut, San Franr',--* Realltlne; the nereaalty. lf he. woull avoi'l belnj amlrehed peraonally by tha courae of hls Progreg*lve partl?ana In Callfornla. Sen? ator Works hia given out another ?t?--ment with respect to recent polltlcal event* ln thi* state It la worth attention, hera ar.d *!?? where, for It embodle* a alngularly clear pceSSBtmeat of the *everal form* of turpl tude lnvolved ln Roo?evelt polltlea ln thtr* I eoBuaaatti Senator Works flret characterliea ?he Pro greeslve policy as fraudulent. He polnt* out that under the law?a law, by th* *?v written on the atatute booka by th* Pr<>' giea?!ve party?ri,e only <vay by which Ko^** vclt aa a Progre**lvo oould lawfully b'cin,* a ?-.iiulM.ite waa by petltlon. Having thu* it llned the ?ltuatlon, Senator Worka aeta forth what was done: "In order to aecure the rlght to vote at th* prltnarlea. not for Republican*. but for Pro greaalvea. votera who v,-ere In fact Progr** ?ive? and not Republican* wera ad? i?ed bf Progreaelve newepapera to. and pre?umably dld, regiater oa Republleana and voted ln th* gepoblteaa booth. The voter* who w*re for Rooaevelt and hls new party movement, or for Rouaevelt without the new party, end who were reglatered aa Republican*. wer* gullty of corrupt practicea. Thelr regUtra tlon affidavit* were fnlae and thelr vote* eait In -. Republican booth were fraudulent and lllegal." Seiietor Worka next polnte out that th* Progreaalve* of Callfornla are gullty of cor? rupt practicea. On thi* polnt he *ay*: "It would do a Progreaalve no good to vote ln a Republican booth unleaa ha could vote for Progre?alve candidate* Therefore, I" order to mak* thla atupendoue ?y*t*m ?' fraud effectlvo, Progreaalve candldataa itn.** ln aomo war bo plsced on tho Ropubllea" ballot, so that Progreaalves maaqueraaini ea Republican* mlght vote for them. Thi* n*oee altated addltlonal corrupt and fraudula"* practlceB even mora reprehenalbl* than th* othera Tho law of Callfornla roqulre* that a candidate for nomlnatlon ot the primerlae muat make affidavit ehowlng the party ?( whlch h* belonga; thot ha Intenda to ofllUote. wlth thot party. and that ho wlll vote fer ? majorlty of Its candldatea"