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\U Po.ta?e ?'??'? , -? nionth.? '?' ??. !_] . anel 6ui*dl I . :nonth. . S t ' - - ? ". , . s.melay onl;.-. kIx mont'ia. ??*? :.,}? only. one- y.-ar . . ? rorrign MSaeiiaUMM te tM _*?*??*_*____!_tom t'nlv_r_al I'oatal t*nl.,n. trvljdinir postaje DAI1.Y \M? Sl IfDAYi nn* month.. |LM Oaa 1*01.S18.40 ' *T "NLV I x montha.13 u7 Oafl rflBT.?????? DA1-1 e-s'I.Y. month. Sl "- f'r.e y.-ar.112.26 CANADIAM P.ATE3. DAILY AM. "r-KDATl One; month.II "O One year.110 5R DAILY ei.M.Y One month.* r-" Oae year.ttoo SUNDAY o.Nl.Y: (?ne nionth..I M '-ne year..|4.B_ ?atflred at t'ie Pltlfllll a: ffflW Tork as " ul Vatter Our readers wll, ronfer a favor by adetatBg ua when they aie unal.le to procure a copy of The Trlbune from thelr newaelealer Addr.-s* Trlbune. elreulation Department yrHAT IS SArE SPEED? Bpeed probably cavaed the New Haven Railroad accident Bl Greens Farms. The train araa going il about a mile a minute-l.fhind the sohed-i> nc ls asual when such things hnppet. snd that probably hnd a good detl to do wlth the brenking of n part of the running gear, whlch, ar*cordlng to tlie latest theory. brought about the de* railment. It WAA speed also which caused tbe two more serious accidents whlch oecurred on tbe same road re? cently at Westport and Pridgeport? upeed and tbe BSndt-f of swift ei pi-esses through CfOBBorflffB. Tbe New Haven Railroad long enjoyed a good reputation for freedon from acddents. It bns in recent years incrensed tbe ppeed of Its expresses and limited trains. An unusual number of serious accidents haa followed. This may ba a mere- eoincidenee Again. the ItOO-t dlsasters may be due to tbe operation of faster trains on tracks OOUfiOtfld with traffic. tbe present general con? gestion belng reflected in tbe shortage of frelght cars througbout the count/y. Congestion of traffic CaOBga delays. witli consequent apoedtng tei make up for time thus lost and compels more use of crnssovers than is usual. lt is remembered that Bfl e*sp<*cially lanre nnmber of railroad acddents oecarrod througbout the country Ifl lfMKJ and 1907, when Ihe railroad*. wer.' grei'.tly overbtirdened with frelght traffic. The railroad men and public author itlt's should deterniine what is the cause of tbe present se-ries of frequent i accidents and take effective measures for the* protection e,f passengers. The; <-ouiitr*. is now SBtarlflg upon a period ; of husiue-ss actlvity when tbe railroads j will he strnlned to handle the frelght coming to theiu. What is needed ls a proframOM which will make travelling just as safe as it was during tbe last few years, when many frelght cars were Idle It wlll not do tO assuine thej belpl__a attitude which tiie New Haven, road ussumed after the Westport accl dent. when it put all the blame upon tbe snghMOf arho (Udnl obtty ofderg, geOOaptlnf 00 HBIMmBlMlHj for its own failure tO compel blm to obey orders Off to make lt lapOOfflblO tor hlm to dis obey them, and which it now seems; raodj lo assume in taklng tbe ground ' th.it tiie breaking of running gear is i-ne of tbose- things tbat it is inmossible, to guard against. The public gave thej railroad Its franchise and pfljg it hand-j somely to provleie safe transit, and it ls its business to do BO. As for speed. It has been tadtly ad? mltted by two of tbe most lmportant railroads, operating tw<. of tbe fastest' trains ln the country, that lt ls not al-1 ways safe to run trains as fast as they J can be made to go. The New Yt>rk . Central and Pennsylvania roads length- J ened by two hours the schedule time of thelr two fast trains to Chlcago, for tbe winter at least. thus recognlzing that there are conditions under which the bighest speed is dangerous. What ls needed ls some determittatlon as to the couditlons under which hlgh speed ls safe. What conditions of track and way and equlpment are necessary to tuake a rate of fifty or sixty mlles an hour feaslble. and do the roads whlch attempt to run trains at such speed always live up to them? Apparently they do not, for tbe crossovers of so rlch and generally well eqtilpped I rail? road as tbe New Haven bave been pro nounced by experts to be unsafe and the railroad Itself seems to concede that they are, for lt ls replacing them with longer ones. Hailroads whlch arel taklng chances with high speed underj present conditions ought to follow tbe! example whlch the New York Central j and Pennsylvania railroads set with regard to thelr Chicago "flyers." CRAZY LY1NG. ressimistle phfloeopbera have held tbat tbere ls no llmlt to human credu lity If so. tlvero ls pi'rhaps teinptatlou ',, eipzally unlimited memhte'ity. lf! ? very Iie tbat is told is sure to be ?elieved by someb'Hly, why should liars ,,.f bave free OOWM to run and be? rortfled. ln tiiis rloar of the case. it ls porbaps not t<? i?c wondored at tbat mehody has revived tbat crazy forg , <if a let'er freun "J. M Hre.ik ?izni). Assistant Serretary of Str.te" wiio nev er exi*-ted?to the command :ig genoral of tbe army. oittilning I:in- for thfl] 'eimiuesl of the West Iiield-s. presiimnbly gg a praftCO tei the otiepte -t of Bll Lflttfl America. In fact this wr.-t'he'd falaahOOd i** not epiit.. thfl BM *t ti.'iblu-liing or the most prapoatereaa ol the ktod iIimt baa bflOB put fe*rtb It atfBS apparently rtv vlvitl iu this year's Presidential <am p.ii'_n. wlth tbe mallcious gtpoctfltiOII that iiy elim-redPing the American l-oi ' it mlght CTert SOflM reticx inllue_'iiiHA.ion nr domestie- poUtlca, It hael w 'Ti'.'ln in tbfl e-ampalgn of 1!'<?*\ when lt wah rom-octed flrtth tbe MIM misernbb1 purpose Rut feiur years eailie-r arlll |g tiie Presidential e-ampaign of UMM. a still v!le>r trick of the aame klnd was attempted. A man went to Pnnamn from this conn try as tht alleged represcntative Of ? great pottttf__ organizatim. and there erolrad the story that in r.*'" tbt American President had brlbed tl"' Ooiomblgn Prealdenl wttb $__aonO \o foment the Panatnaa r-rnlutlon tgainal Colorabla. nnd be offered, If provlded wiib enimgh money for bla work, to se.-urc documentary evldence of such t 1 _rg-i_ n w.mid aeein thal -Bch _-_?_? Bbou-d be bapoeafble oot__d? 0- bed hui). Yet the fhitoeophk theorj ifore s-ii'i eeemlnglj et-co-i-gea tll('lr J)rol> agatlon among those W_0 ibooM be sane. nnd the deplorub!. (ad li lha* when put forward tlii-y ar- aitually neoeptod as true hy soine pei-OM Bl dl-tnnt lnnds. to the disomlit and re pmadb of thi* country. Perhgpa aome daj ioom atonl pet-fl-effcel bBctef-* ogfcrt will dtecorer tne germ of su'-n madncae and 'iiso a __nun fotltH I*** vention or its cure. Tntd then we must endure the oocaslonal infli.tion Wtth such fortltude hh we can eummoii. THE NEW APPLE OF DISCORD. The Onward-Clirlsiian-Soidiers-March inp-as-to-Wnr nre pettlnc well 4>n tow? ard the war ittge. To those who rememlier bOW, even in their nrregen erate Kepubliimn days, Mr. Prentlei gaat and Mr. Hotchklss used to i>ht} Damon nnd Pytblas to admirinp nudi onoes ih- growing evldence that the serpent 1ms entered their Bdeg and that the canker Of Jealou.-y ts ln their ' bearti -raal he paiuf-l Tet retlf-oa :"..(! mvthnloev _0__-_a_ te show that : the talnl of iniperfection always creeps latO ererj soheme Of human bllss. I Whether ll I>e the apple. or Pandora's box, or the unhrotherly quarrel Of -teanthH Ho-ehldae and Bemui Pre* dergaal on the hills of Rome or the i field ot Armngeddon? we forget which ?somethlnc always tnrns up to rernlnd ! the htppy pooaeoooraof consclous virt M tbal tbii is a world of . in. .So the present ill feeling ln the Progressive party may simply he taken to tnean that the Full MoOOOfe I re human. If we put aslde the notlon thnt they are I hodv of saints and oonsider them ns just ordinary polltlclana their conduct j hecomes perfectly understnndable and 1 the ri-gieaalTa orgnnization gets down 1 from the clouds ln the shape of a 1 polltlcal party with natural appetites i and passions. Mr. Prenderpast doesn't want any hull moose tosslng its horns around recklessly in the munlclpal chlna shop r.ext fail. He has a lot of chlna of his own on the shelves. ITis only chance to he re elected rontrollcr ls In an anti-Tammany unlon. He is con vlnced that a separate Dull Moose movement "would not only he suloidal "for the Progressive pnrty. hut wickeil from a civic point of vlew." On tho other hand. Mr. Hotchklss, whose chlef ol.Jeet in llfe is to visit the wrath of <;od on every Repnhllcan organlzntion man ln the state?whether he is a just judge seeklng re-electlon or n candi? date for Mayor ln a non-partlsan fight -ls perfectly wllllng to encrince aii his wlfe's reintions and his dear friend Mr. Prondcrgast to that nohle anitd tion He is devoted to n "cause." and even thnt extreme of self-abnegation does not stagper him. Better I fiou sand Prenderpasts thrown to the Tiper. alonp with the whole City of NtW York than failure to defeat anything. however good. that the Itepublkaii party of this state has n hand ln. Then. too. the Armngeddon Twins find an apple of dtfCOfd ln the Iion. Timothv WeOdT-ff. The austere Mr. Hotchklss regards "Tim" as a braud snatched from the hurninp. as a peni tent whose place is the mourners' seat. Mr. Prenderpast regards him as a strong i^aptain of the Lord. nnd he has roason to do so, for "Tlm" has been good to the f.ontroller and helped him to his present greatness. It was a sad exhibltion of narrowness when Mr. Hotchklss ruled Mr. Prenderpast ont of the nomination for Governor just hecause "Tlm" was pushlnp him. Now Mr. Prenderpast is not only grleved bat outraged beeause "Tlm." wlth all his experience of leirlslation. is ipnored in formlng the Progressive legislative committee. He flnds that "ordinary polltlcal wisdom and decency" were ignored by somebody in namlng it, and that some'body was, ln his opinion. not Mr. Straus, hut a "sotin-e" which evi dently looks to him like what ln nn old political party would be called a self.sh boss. Thus we see human nature unfold lng ltself ln Bullmoosla. THE UNIVERBAL LABEL. Commend to us the remorsele-S logic of the Chlcago trade unionists who ot? Ject to their fellows playing on Cre mona violinB hecause those Instru ments do not bear the unlon label. There ls no proof that they are entltled to bear it. A. Stra4livarlus was not, so far as we can ascertaln, a member of the Federation of Labor. On the eontrary. he appears to have bt*>y a "scab."' What business. then. has any labor unionist ti? play one of hi_ scah made flddles? The pretence that It la a superlor instmment, and makea musie superlor to any of modern unlon productlon. ls Ineonsequentlal and fu tlle Musie has nothlng to do wlth the case. The use of a violin lg not to make mnslc hut to glorlfy the Federa? tion of Labor Nor ts that all. We cannot see what buslness organized lahor has to play acab written mualc nuy more than to plny it on scah-made Instrumenta, Did Iteethoven ever join a union? Do the first editions of his works bear the union label7 Not a blt of it. Away 4vlth h's musie: tlett4T the verlest ragtinio Joggerel hy a tme unionist thiin a Ninth Syniphony by a "scab." Nor should we st'?p 'here Where are the unlon lahels on tbe great hulldings of the world. the abbeys, cathedrals, pnldoaa, pjr_a__da1 Tha) are not then-. Those structures were built hy ??>cabs.' I'nfair. unfair! Put ov'er the is?rtal of eeeb MWe don't petro tbis place!" What right has organlzed labor to enter them or to paze up<in theml (iood unionists could pui up other buildlngR ln their places, and should have the chance. Nay. but here is this land of ours. Is it not a proiluct of "scab" enter ('ohimhus wns never a mem? ber of any Federation of Lalior Not one of Ua men had a BBlOfl ?ld I Not one of his ships was stauiped wlth j the unlon label. Hls dlscovery of j America WAS I "BCflb" pcrt'ormane*e. i What business has any loyal unlonist |fo live* ln such I countryV _Ogk ls logic." thntV what we say. A LIMIT TO THE ABUSES. The "niimeograph case" dOekM by the Snprenie OtNUl IflBt t*M* Bfld the "hathtnl- *rust" *** declded by the Stlpreme Ceuirt yesterday togetber lell what the holder of a patent _M| do Ut reetralfl trade and what he may not. In the' former case it was held that tbe patentot ol the ntoMognipk Blfhl ree-uire buyers of hls device tfl 080 witii it a eertain kind Of ink made* hy hlm? self. To use another kind of iuk Wfll dedared fe be an infringement of hls patent. [fl the second case it was held tliat the natentee of a tool used Ifl mantifactiiring enamel bathi'oom tlxt ures couhl not extend hls patent tO cover thfl sale price or conditions of sale eif iirtides made wjth tbat tool. J The dlstlnetion seems to be that tho ? rlght confo-red upon I patent holder. ' while very broud. dotl BOt extend he !.on<l the article pab-nted. Monopolistic pntctkfli wllli retrard to it. even though Ithey seetn to the public unjust and un , misoiuible. are sustained. Mono[Hilistic practi'.'s with reuard to things made ' wlth it are without warrant and un i lawful. The line draam is plain enough. it ls useful, too, so far as lt fOOB, foi at tompCa bave beofl made to build up monopolies opoo tne basis of tbe mo nopoly whlch the bathtub conihlnntion souglit (o establlsh And lf a patent on a tool mlght be used to r?*strain trade Ifl articles manufactured with tbat tool ln tbe way the bathtub mak ers sought to restrain trade the puMic would be at the mercy of a good many (omhinatloiiB now forbldden. Rut the mime-tgrapb dedsion leaves the way open to a bo?t of abuses. Tbe mere fad that there 1? some llmlt to these abuses should not discourage efforts to amend the patent law. IfAMES. A "Mllleunlum Culld" hns been formrd in Roston ln an effort to bulld "perfect lives" for Its members and those who may fall under Its InfHienoe. As a flrst step the members wlll adopt a no-meat dlet: thereafter the-y will stop wear Inp furs. feathers. leather gloves and leather shoes. They wlll pledge them selves not to profit by the dellberate killlng of any creature. Meantime little chlldren will be earn ing thdr living 00 the streets and in factortflg and mills Weimen wlll be toillng ln swentshops. where they bar ter thelr health and the health of thelr future chlldren for sennty wages Famllies will l*e 11 vintr In squalld tene ments which fosfer *ti_**__*9 and crime In splte of well meaiit and poorly en forci'd lnws. Thotightless boys wlll be lured Into crime; Ignorant glrls wlll be entlced Into lives of shame by vlcb ns DMfl ln all classes of sodety. The grinding battle of human llfe wlll gu on, day after day A "Millcnulutn Culld" mlght well dflVOtfl Its efforts, It would seein." to heallng tlu* slck and caring for the w.uinelod ln that battle. Rut maybe there's nothlng ln BflflMB. THE BLOND ESQUIMAUX. The original ste.ry of Mr. _tflt_flflBOfl concernlng the blond Ksqulmuux whom he discoveri'd in thfl OoftOBBtfOB Qfllfl reglon has bOOfl 10 flOflgljI dfOtOftfld and perverted as to l.iing upon It BTOCh j discredit. whlch It !,y BO means de-j srrves. The slmple facts of the dls-1 covery as he stVited them an- e-re*eli ble and Imve n,,t been COBtTOfflftfld | or challengeel. The dOdOCttOM whl< h .are to be drawn from them are an? other matter. Mr. Sle-fansse**. ell<| wt draw any. and neither does his c.im panlon, I?r. AfldflffBOB, who has m?w returned tn this eoUBtrj and who pre cisely conllrms tbe orlginal story. Tbe orijrln of the tribe. be says, Is at present subject for mere gucsswork. Rut there are some ohvlous sugges tions ceuicerning lt arlsing from known facts nnd some circumstances pretty dlrecfly bearlng upon lt. None of tbe trlhe hns the flat noso and other IfOflgoHail features. but all have Caucaslan chnracterlstics. Mauy of the men have llght halr, eyebrows, beards and g_t_gtacbflg nnd llgtit eyes. .Some of the women have fair sklns and rosy cheeks, hut tlielr halr Is dark. All other Fsquimnux have black halr and eyes, fltat BflOflg and skln so dark, even after the elirt has been removed. that only ln chlldren ls a touch of red perceptlble in thelr cheeks. Certainly. then. there is PBBBOB for stipposing It probable that these Htrangers are ?t least partly of Caucaslan?Scandiua vlan or Tentonlc origin. The sugges tlon that they mnv be doscended from survlvors of Slr John Franklln's party. Intermarrled wltli Fsquimnux women. wotdd be more tenable If a longer ttflM* bad elapsed since tbat great tragedy of the Aretic Rut It was In 1K47 that Franklln perbhed, and It is s-carcely concelvable that In only slxty-flve years so complete a mental and moral j transfeirmatlon could occur. Thethee-ry that they are dOflCflttdBBtfl of Ibe eurly Scnndlnavlan colonlsts. who were nu BMffOtn ln Creenlnnd. Lahrador and tbe adjneent reglons. and the ultlmate dlsposal of some of whom has never yet been satlsfaetorlly determined. ls more credl'ile ln point of time It win> ln the tenth ccnrtiry thal those colonles were founded bv Krb- the Red. and In tbe course of the next three centuries they became widely dlstrlbuted. i.'iilng as far north ns Melvllle Ray and poofl tratlng n consldcnthlo distancc west ward. I' In the course of tive or six eOBlurffla of complete Isolation In the Arctlc tvll i demesses all human charncteristlea Ij ?light naturally BfldflfffO great e-hanges. t Ye*t lt Is dlfhVult to believe tbat even ] ln so buig a time ine-n could be so , radlcally transfornied. For w,' are , told tbat tbe>e- blond Esqulmaux i liave bo records. no hlstory. no legends. 11 no reliirlon. no marrlage ceremony. and nppnremtly no Interest In llfe save to malntnln nn exlstence of the lowest order. Rut the foOowCffS of Frie nnd I.e*if were conspicuously religious. re gardful of Ibe .anetity ?>f marrlage. nnd. most of all tr. the present point. given to tbe preservntlon eif hlstory and legends ln tbe form of eagas. The coi .iiete disappearance of these cbar aeterlattea, under eireumstnnce* which iiu-lit narurally be _upp4>sed to make for their malntenance and oultlvaflmi. would be a difflcult matter to explain. and It preaeatta I Mt-OBB obstacle to aceeptaBee -?f the throry of the Norse origiu of this strange trlbe. Representatives of vartous other clties are to be enrolled as etudents ln the Fire Dopartmenta "flre college*' when Its opens Its next term. Thla is a deflerved tribute to the efflclency of the flre flghting force of this city. It is to be noted that the nrtmen here do their work well whatever may be the political compllcations agltating the people at the top of that depart? ment. although their tradltional rlval?. the policemen, can't seem to escape de moralizatloh. e It would be an Interestlng slfht to eee members of the Drltlsh Parllament VOtlng to abolish their own salaries; and many of them are qulte capuble of dolng lt. e A "speechless dlnner"? Oh, Joy! a A "Chicago clean food club" has been organized to banleh cats from grocery etores. provent the storhge of live chlckens in crates on the aldewalks. blarkllst shops harborlng flles. see that all footMuffs are kept covered and dls courage the storngH of horse blanket ln (lellvery wagons. Such a _-_fl_-da should hardly be neeeesary ln this day and gencration. Yet only a glance at aome of the groceriea and butcher ahopa in this city Is needed to show that tt is. Manufacturers of many va rleties of foodstuffs are allve to this pbaea Of sanitatlon. Retall dealers should follow their example. a Journeymen barbers aay aeven clean towela must constitute a part of every sanltary ahave. Must the tlp and the towela be ln proportion? THE TALK OF THE DAY. A profeaalonal maglcian who "reflda thou.hta." "tellfl of the past and glvea vou Inforrnatlon aa to the future." bealdea dolng the stnge trleka whlrh "othera have attempted. but never aucceaafully." ac? cording io hls prlnted advertlacments. was temporarlly halted ln hia buslness by a clergyman The magiclan-Joaehim Oname-waa glving performancee at Han nver. In Germany, and ona of hia many handhllla ahowed the man readln* a b,..k. wlth the Angel of Death. armed wltb a acythe. on one alde and Mephle tophelea on the other. The clergyman. armed wlth the grewsome document. agpearad before an offlcer of the law. and | flflfcfld ""ln the name of decency and mo rallty" that the handhllla be iuppreaaed. The petitlon waa granted. "Me's dlfferent from moat man " "That so?" "Yes he admlts that he llkee to go ta N.w York "-Detrolt Free Preaa. Wrltlng frnm Pllsen. Rohemla. a N>w York merehant aaya that for tha flrat j tlme ln more than twenty yeara he haa had an opportunlty to Include some sight- | seelng on hia annual trlp to Kurope. "Bodagaat Wlth Ita American arehlt-et- i ure. Ita flhflflCfUl atmocphere and unu-tial j up-to-dateneaa, surprtaed me. Vienna Im- ' ptuaeal me, aa lt does any American who , Dflaa and understand Oerman well enough to rub elbowa wlth Ita hoepltal.le It.l.ahltnnts. I'rague waa lntereatlng. be? eause It still contalna remlndere of the tlme long slnce gone; but all these are nothlng wh-n I thlnk af the game of foot? ball I wltnesaed flt Pllsen. Although 1 plnyed at school, I would not have known what the lads were dolng had I not been loM that they were playing American football.'' PhUflflOBlur ?'__?_- and forbear" la my metto. Dyspeptlc?"Chdw and eschew" Is mlne. ?BC-iOfl Trnnacript. MORE LETTER WRITINO. [Ma>or fiaynor iJeflnet Sunday an. tha Sab bfltll N<?? It-m.J Executive ahlllty, Wlth logic theoretl<:al, And mentallzed agillty - ? rt aeeklng tba theutrleal; Keen student of the aophl^trlea, (if rh.uds a strong flbatalner? The mentlon of stu h tralta aa thesa Pajnaaanea Mayor Gaynor. He fllea to the untanglement f?f problems rore nnd puzzllng. Explalns Just what the anclenta meant In wrlt of Sabbath muxsllng: He aete arlght wlth method great Each rjulbble whlle Ita hot; Bo why can't ive appreclate This treasure we have got? A. W. U. "Never aee any more aea aerpenta around here""' "No," replled th* coaat dweller. 'What do you euppoae kllled Vm off?" "I dunno. Rut I have my auaplclon lt waa loeal optlon."?Waahlngton Star. The current laaue of the "Theaterad Iresaburh" contalna among other ata tlsttcal Inforrnatlon a "performance rec ird" for the laat theatrlcal and mualcal leaaon. In the grand opera record R|eh trd Wagnar atanda flrat, wltb 1,_1_ per? formancea, outranklng for popularlty all ompoftera Pucrlnl ls credlted wlth S60 .erformancea. Rut the wrltera of llght >pera went ahead of Wagner, Johann .traua. I_?o Fail and Krant I_-har leading ill othera On the dramatlc stage Schlller S'aa aecond only to Karl Schflnherr. -ihakespcare was one point ahead of Su lermann, wlth Blumenthal next and then roethe. The atatlatlcian aaya ln a note hat he refralna from namlnr "the hun lreda whose worka were performed 'flrat ind laat' on the aame evening." "Well. how'a polttlca among the auf 'ragettea?'' "We threw kisaea at Mra Wombat, our ?andldnte. for nn hour nnd aeventeen nlnutea "?Waahlngton Hernld HELPING AMERICAN TRADE -onmerc. Asaociation OfficlaJ Tella of R-Sults in Germany. Po. "te Edltor of The Trlbune. Sl Readlrig your edltorlal "Aroused _e chants" ln to-day'a Trlbune, I venture o call your attcntlon to our, American 'hamber of Pommerce In Berlln, Oer nany. The underslgned has, for the laat ilx weeka, been addrcsalng American ?hambers of commerce and mercantlle aa loclatlona for the purpose of awukenlng ntcreat tn the American Aasoclatlon of ommeree and Trade of Rerlln, which vaa organlaed ten yeara ago at the eug reaUon of t.onaul General Frank H. ilason for the promotlon of American rade ln Germany. The underslgned haa In hia addreasea >een trying to dlaabuse American m.inu acturers' Ideaa of the ao-called averslun if Oermans to American gooda and prod icte. Thla ia really not so, aithcugh __nerl ran manufaoturera golng lnto the German market must make up their mlndfl to do bualneaa. and they wlU. aa haa been amply proved by all the American flrme In the German ma-ket to-day. American flrms must have their own organUation in Germany. If they wlsh to do bualneas, and, above a... muat not attempt to do buslness from their I_ondon house In no ' one Instance have American flnna been , able to do any amount of buslness from their London offlce The American Associa? tlon of Commerce and Trade ls admlrably equlpped for aaslstlng American manu facturers enterlng the Oerman fleld, and. besldea, la recognlzed hy both govern menta as a aource of valuable and rella. ble Inforrnatlon GEO. S. ATWOOD. i Secretary American Associatlon of Com? merce and Trade, Berlln. | New York, Nov. 17. 1912. ? KING SATURN | Three-Ringed Planet- an Interesting Subject for Celestial Obaerver. ITo the Edltor of the Trlbune. Slr: Just at pre.'ent. and Indeed during the rematnder of thia month and the [month of Deccmber. the rlngcd planct | Saturn la consplcuously vlslble, rlslng I (November 16) around 5 p m., or not long J after aunaet. in the city, owlng to Ita lofty ronfs and bulldlngs, this consplcu ous planet L, often hldden from our slght for several hoi rs after riaing; and the atmospherlc condltlons of the metropolts are, even at the clearest. seldom satts factory and ideal. Nevertheless, on any falr night (around 9 to 10). we may see and study thla remarkable planet, Its flrmamental positlon belng agalnst the | background of the constellatlon Taurus (UM Rull), ln the soittheaHtern and south ara bearana. the conuteiiation tbal pos aesaea the brlght, ruddy Min Aldebaran | and the haze-llke cluater of mlnute suna called the Pleladea. There la also an? other brlght. apurkllng sun ln that re glon of the iky, named Capelta; but we should have no dlfflculty ln detectlng Saturn, chlefly becauae of Ita calm, un wtnklng. placld llght and becauae of Ita yellowlah tlnt or color. There are certaln pecullar character latlca about thla yellowlsh planet that are known to aatronomers. Flrat, of course, la Ha wonderful "rlng ayatem," conslst- I Ing of three ringa or clrclea entlrely eur- | roundlng the planetary body Tho outer moat of these three ringa la aome 12.000 j mlles ln wldth, the mlddle rlng some 17. 000 mllea, whlle the Innermoat rlng, near eat to the body of the planet, called the "crape rlng," owing to Its darker appear? ance. la about 12,000 mllea In wldth. The body of the planet-the planet proper? has a mean dlameter of 71.000 mlles, whlle the aggregate dlumeter, Including the three rings, approxlmatea about 170, 000 mlles. The proper or hodlly dlameter of Saturn glves him a size or volume some 760 tlmea that of our earth. As we ehould expect from hia vast size, Saturn welghs many tlmes the welght of our world, but, owlng to hla remarkahty small denslty? cnly 13-K^th that of our planet-he has. but 96 tlmea the mass of welght of the j earth, and. accordlngly, posaeases a grav- | Ity or "puU' towarde his centre of only a little more than the terrestrlal gravlty or 'ptill"-one and elghteen one-hun dredth tlmea There are other pecullar characterlatlcs of thla yellowlsh planet, auch as his mean or average dlatance from ua, approxtrrat lng mO.OOO.OOO mllea-lt !s about W.nOO.OOO mll"s from the earth to our Bun and such aa hts "year" or tlme of one revolutlon around Klng Sol, more than IOaIOO daya. our own year belng, of course, soWie MRi daya. Around thla aolar orbtt or revolutlon the planet Saturn travela j wlth what <cems a hlgh veloclty-alx mlles per aecond; but hla orhltal veloclty appears less speedy when we remember that our own planefs Journey around tbfl aun averages about '.S', mlle.s to the sec? ond. In additlon 10 these dlstlngulahlng eh.ira. terlMb s, and ln additlon to Its sys? tem of three rings. _____ fll- .-ornposed of awarma or myrlads Of mlnute partl cles. Klng Saturn possessea a number of moons or satellltes, such fl? Tltan, Hy perlon, I'hcele and Rhea. In fact, in all. Saturn possesses ten known moons or aatellltes, the largest of which. Tltan. approxlmatea a dlameter of perhaps MN mlles As we all know, our own little planet has only one auch moon, and that moon of ours. Queen I/una, possesses a much atnaller dlameter than that of Tltan of Saturn, the lunar dlameter ap proxlmattng a rneatn or uverage of 2,li_ mlles. CHARLES NEVERS HOLMES. Boston, Nov. 16, 1918. .. i fl ANTI SU-TRAGIST'S VIEW8 Woman's Place at Home, and Not "Gadding About," Says Spinster. To the Edltor of Tha Trlbune. Slr. Theae women who clamor for ? vote and who parade after dark to esportse their cauae are repugnant to the womanly women of the country Thank Ood. they are In a mlnorlty! The majority do not wlsh woman auffragf. and hope lt never will be thruat on them. Women seem to be foraaklng their homea and reatleasly gadding about. In their asplratlona they are certalnly degen eratlng. In conaequence. the child en are brought up without any real feeling for the home. To prove thla. look at the -aughtera of to-day. wlth thetr palnted facea and Indecent and eccentrlc clothea. Oo you auppose the Lord admlrea auch? Then look at the sons. frcjucntlng the ?aloona at an early nge. Where are the rnothers, 1 ask! Never before, an now, In , the hlstory of the world have we had luch need of the aane woman In the home. Let her atay there and fulfll her luty to her famlly. The word duty" is i big word It meana more than provld- , ng clothes. food and amu.ement. It In .olvea a personal lesponHlhlllty In eatab Ishlng principles to flt souls for heaven The home should be the woman's world. Her trrone la there. The performance of < he dally taaks ehould be her hlghest joy. |i (Vhy ahould ahe dealre to aoar? She need \ lot be a, slave or a fool She can be a '? t lowtr of Intellect. wlt and ablllty In her | j ?efilm, wlth love and gentlene.B. ahe can 11 -leld met, to good thlnga, far better than I n arttculatlng and jaaHe_lai.Bg ln pub-11 le The frflnchlae fot women will not , t mprove condltlons. There are bad wom- c fn aa well aa ba.l men. Then, too, women \ ia a whole are le:-s Intelllgent. and will rote aa their men do. It will make more ! i mllota to count. that la all. li Why do we have to have auffrage force,) ' t ipon us, then? l_et theae abnormai', f vomen ft busy at something c-lse; and, i, Mfltflffl golng further why not aak all ronaaa lf they want to vote? A BULL MOOSE SPINSTER Rosevllle, N. J., Nov. 17, 1911 WHAT A DIFFERENCEI t prom The Wa?hln?ton Suar. 8ome of tha (.ntlemen who once saluter) W. i . nryan aa a blatant boy orator are now en _*ed In d.monatiatlfta that l.e would te an lea! Secretary of Htate. PROBABLY. "rom The Mllwaukee Hentlnel. A Nen Tork modlate belleves ah* ran opyright the atylea. I'selaaa! They'' hauga bafera tht ou.yrlght was porfected. People and S THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS. fFrom The Trlhure Bureau.] Washington, Nov. I8.-The cholce of a new home. for the Rus-lati Kmbassy wlll probably be made within a few wee-ks. nnd lf the declslon Is in favor of the new house of Mrs Oe-orge* M Pullman. ln Itith street, lt wlll give to that country one of the flnest embassy homes ln Wash? ington. M. Lefehvre de la Roulaye, rpcently ap? pointed second Fr**nch se*ore*tary. has ar? rlved In the capital, accompanted by Mme. Lefebvre de la Boulaye and thelr two ehUdrea. Llettteaaal Cninmand-r Maxlmll'.an Pur styn. Austrian Naval Attaohe. will 150 to New Tork on Wednesday. accompanyln*. Oomaaaader Corwln, a fellow offlcer ln the Austrian navy, who wlll sall on Thursdav for & short vlslt abroad. CBBMBandST and Mrs. Corwln. the latter well known in I Chlcago society, wlll take a house ln j Washington for the wlnter, rcmalnlng herr* untl! May. Ueutenant Oommander Burstyn wlll return to the capital at ehe e*nd of the w-?.-k The Rollvian Mlnister has returned to VffaehhUrtoa from New York. where. wlth S.-fiora de f'aldcron, he went to see hls e-lder daughter, Sefiora de Halllvian. sall for Rollvia. Se-norlta BISBBOT de Calderon returned to Washington wlth her father, and Seflora de Cilderon wlll Joln them at ! the end of the week. ? - IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY. rr-nm Tha TrflMM Beraaa I Washington. Nov. R-Fenator Henry F. Mpnltt SOd Mlss Frarres UPPttt are m Washington. after spending som- time ;>t Virginia Hot Sprlngs. Tbey flrtfl open thelr house ln N street in a few da> ft Lady Johnstone. t.ow shooting and flsh lng ln the South wlth her brother, Glf ford Plnchot, wlll come to Washington this week to make her annual vlsit to her mother, Mrs. James W. Plnchot. Mme. 1 hrlstlan Hauge wlll In a few days open her house in Shertdan Clrcle for the season. She ls now making a vlslt In New York. Mr. and Mrs. Thornns T. Oaff wlll sall for Europe early ln December, and wlll spend the coming year abroad They have been guests of thelr son-ln-law and daughter, Dr and Mrs. Cary I__nghorne, since thelr return to the capital from thelr summer home at Ostervllle, and Mrs Oaff wlll again be wlth them on her return from New York, where she ls mak? ing a vlslt of several days. Mr. and Mrs MaOB Rradley have opened thelr house for the se.*ason. They entertalned a few gue-sts at elltiner yes? terday. They left this morning for New York. acoompanb*d by their daughter, *.rs. Herbert Shlpman. The Llbrarlan of Congress and Mra. Herbert Putnam have returned to Wash? ington from thelr summer place at North Haven, Me. Mlss Dorothy Rldgely. of New York. arrlved to-day. and will be the guest of Senator Cullom untll nfter the marrlage of Mlss Eleanor Rldgely and Dr. Harry Parker, on Frlday. Attorney Oeneral W-fkersham enter- I talned a dinner party of twenty-four me-n ' to-nlght. In honor of Sollcltor William Marshall Rullltt and twenty-two of the attorneys of the Derartment of Justice. NEW YORK SOCIETY. Arrlvlng this wee-k from Kurope are Mrs. Harry I*ehr, Mlss Edith Deae*on. Ura Pr.-inklin D. Pelton, H. Percival Dodge*. American Mlnlstpr to Panama. wlth Mrs. Dodge an.i Miss Dodge, who are coming on the George \Y -hlngton. On board the Mauretanla nre William Phllllps, flrst secretary of the American Kmbassy in LSftdOO, who hai obt.ilned a yoar's leuve of abse-nce, and Mrs. Phllllps: Mr. and Mrs. (Jeorge Warren and Mlss Ceaataaes Warren. as well as the latter's flanc*. Count CrBff de I.asteyrle; Mrs. PrederlcB w. Whttrtdga. Kyroa T. Her rlck. American Ambassador to France, anel Mrs. Herrick; Slr William Young. Mrs. Jam*>s Henry Smith, Slr Adolph Tuck. Captaln the Hon. Moataga Parker and George H Mosea. American Minlster to Greece and Montenegro. Holy Trinity Church. Sloane street, In london, wlll be the scene to-day of the wedding of Countess Canjllla Hoyos. iBUghter of the late Count Geoige Hoyos, ot the Imperlal Austrian navy. und through her English mother a grand daughter of Slr William Whltehead. the Inventor of the Whltehead torpedo, to Charles W. Short, Jr., of Roston. Countess Camllia ls a famlllar flgure ln New York society. Tha Rlght Rev. Dr. Boyd-Carpenter. formerly Blshop of Rlpon and now dean of Weitmlnster and Clerk of the Closet to Klng George, and Mrs. Royd-Carpenter are In town. ataylng wlth J. Plerpont Morgfln. Mn. Renjamln S. Oulnnesa wlll enter taln a large party at dinner to-nlght at her house. In Washington Square North. Mr?. Oren Root will ehaperon the ocial Incidents a luncheon party which her alater, _._, I Mercedea de Acosta, ls glving to-day at Sherry's for Mlsa Audrey Osborn and f_. I Mlsa Edltb Logan. - Mr. and Mra. C Carey Rumsey ?-, spendlng the wlnter at No 1 Kast _th street, aa the gue8ta of Mra. Rumeer'i ' mother. Mrs _, ? Marrlmnn I - Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Parsons returnM to town yesterday from the Rerkahirag for the aeason. Mrs. Joseph B. Hoyt haa lssued ca-j, for a rece))tion pn Novemh-r _S for tj.. debut of .er daughter, Mlss __r___j Hoyt, at her house. In Kast ?;sth street. | Mlss J. I. Waterbury and Miss Gladya : Waterbury are at No. 40. I'ark avenat I for the season. Mrs. M. Lawrence Keene ls at N'o. ' East 68th street for the wlnter. General and Mrs. J. Pred Pierson ar rlved la town yesterday from Newport for the season. Mlsa Jullana Cttttlng, who has returned from French Llck Bprlngfl and Is eit__. llshed for lhe aeason at the Bi'-klnghtm, preslded over the danclng class whlca she has organlzed for young people th.ra yesterday afternoon. Tlarence Mackay has left town for h_ ."hootlng ln N'.rth Tarollna. and wfll te. turn in about ten days, ln tlm-.- to receiv? i on their arrlval here, Mrs. Ma<kay and I his daughter Ellln, who are book-d to 1 .'?all from Havre on November 27. I r. and Mrs. Lewis t ass I_fdyard ara ln London, ataylng at Clarldge's. Mrs. Charles Steele has taken th? greater part of the Garden City Hottl for the accommodatlon of the gueata at the ball which Bhe ls glving at Sunrldu Hall, her place at Westbury, Long Ialand on Thankaglvlng eve. for the debut of her aecond daughter, Mlsa Nancy Steel*. For those who are not ataylng ?thar at the house or at the Garden City Hotti there will be a apecial traln, leavlnj th* Pennsylvanla Rallroad etatlon at 9:80 aad returnlng from Westbury at S a m. Mrs. Wllliam Alexander, who la raturn. Ing from Europe on the Phlladelphla, wUl apend the wlnter at the St. Kegls. The new ballroom at the Rltz-Carltoa was opened laat night wlth a dance glvaa by Whltney Warren. The gueata, who numbered about two hundred, cama ln from the opera and from the horaa ahow, lt belng a aomewhat late affalr. a i AT NEWPORT. [By Telegraph to The Trlbune.] Newport, Nov. 18.?Mr. and Mra. Sata Iyow, of New York, are guests of Pro? fessor and Mra. John W, B.rgess, at Athenwood. Senator and Mra. George Peabody w.t more will return to Waahington to-nior row. Mr. and Mr?. Peter G. Gerry are plan mng to take a cottage here for next summer. Mr. and Mra. Reglnald C. Vanderbllt will go abroad aft-.-r tbfl C_tiatfl_M holl days. General and Mrs. J. Ftat .": r?on closed their aeaaon to-day and left for New York. Mlss i". Ogden Jones was a d.uner en tertainer thla evening, and Mrs fleorge tiordon King will entertaln to-u i. evening. Mrs. Wllliam Grosvenor will close her season here and go to PrOYtdfltt-fl Th-rt day. Mr. and Mra. John J. KaaOB wtll re? turn to New York Thur-day. Mrs. Vanderbllt has declded not to close The Hreakera untll December 1, R__fl sfta will go to New York for the remainder of the wlnter. IN THE BERK8HIRES. [By Telegraph to The Trlrtine.] I_pnox. Nov. 18?Harley T. Proct. r aent his stable of twenty-< ight horses to Lonf ialand to-day. Mr. and Mrs. Henry McBurney are vU Itlng Dr. Charles McBurney ln _t-.lt brldge. Mr. and Mra. Albert R. Shattu-k havt closed White Lodge. and Mrs. Shattuck and her mother, Mra. Wllliam L Stron., of New York, are at the Curtls Hotel for a few daya. Mrs. Newell Bent, of Roston. has teaet the houae of Mlaa Grace F. Parker. to Stockbrldge, and will pass the wlnttr there. Mr. and Mrs. Clark G. Voorhrea arrivid at Grey House for the winter. Mr and Mrs. J. F. Patten. of Set York. are at the Curtls Hotel. Dlrectora of the Country Club of Plttfl field have recelved $1,400 In sui scrlpdoM to keep the clubhouse open during tha wlnter. Mra. F. H. Sleeper, Mlaa Sleeper and Mr. and Mrs. Horace Packard are at tiie FUd Llon Inn, Stockbrldge. f.OLLO S. OGDEN HOPEFUL Pulitzer School 'Can't Turn Out irVorse Men than Some at Work.' Rollo S. Ogden, edltor of "The New fork Evening Poat," told studenta of the "olumbla School of Joumallam. in a lect ire on "Wrltlng for the Preaa," yesterday ifternoon, that many of the popular Ideas f newspapere were all wrong, and that leople were comlng to be dlslllusloned tt the eubject more and more all the Ime. "In the flrat place," he said. "Horace Jreeley'a Idea that a college man ln Jour lallam la no better than a donkey la all nong. It may have been true at that Ime, but now aome of the best men In ?'ew York Clty's newspaper work are col jge graduates, and however much of a allure the Columbla School of Journallsm nay be, It cannot turn out worae men han aome of those who now are worklng n papers ln thla city without having col ?ge educatlons." The old Idea' that the newapaper man -ada a gay bohcmiun llfe, Mr. Ogden a'd. waa also out of date. "The sys cmatlc mrthods of modern Journallsm," ? explalned. 'and the large amounts of anltal lnveated have tended to make the mdern newapaper man as plain, prosalc, loddlng and matter of fact aa any other lati. "it Ifl generally admltted now that the mn who eiiends the night in r-.velry and ien slta down wlth a wet towel around ls head to wrlte un edltorlal will not Ive the public any very valuable in Lructlon or guidunce. "In mv opinion the idea that good ewspaper wrltlng ls dlfferent from any ther klnd of good wnting ia another illucy. Of course. Joumallam has Its a-n apecial technhjue, but In the long an the essential quulitles whleh make a )od Wrlter of any klnd will make the eat wrlter for a newspaper." DEBUT OF MISS CLEVELAND "White House Baby" Makei Entrance Into Society. [By Teleflraph te> The Trlbune-.] Prlnceton, N. J., Nov. 18-Miss Eflther Cleveland, daughter of Mrs C*re*"i* Cleveland, made her debut thic iifternooo nt a brllllant rt*ceptlon given In her honor | at Westland. the home of the late BB I President. j Mlss Cleveland waa a Whlte Houie baby. She has been a favorlte ln Princ* I ton. and the lnter??st ln her entrance* into j society was unlversal. Profissor Pruton. j Mra. Cleveland'e flance. shared ln the In? tereat of the many guests. He wa* eei** I gratulated on all aMsft More th.in tt* hundred guesti were present, lu ludlnl I the famlllei of the faculty of tha un*' , verslty. the theologlcal se-mlnar*. ?n** *h' I other local and neighborlng institutlnnfl. , ns well as the general society of Prl1-1"*" i ton. Many other*; were present frofl* j Newark, Morristown, Trente.n nnd other | New Jersey cltles and from Kea VerK, 1 Hoston. Phlladelphla. Baltlmore. Waflh Ington and other dlstant points. The house waa decoratenl prlnclpaW wlth palms and chrysHntheuiutns and '??* many rosea sent to Mlse Cleveland. M** 'lcveland, wlth her mother, Mrs Perrlri*. and her daughter. Mlss Kstr-r Cleveland. recelved the guests in the eirawing too*9. SURELY. From The CleveUand Plaln Deeler. Chlctflo haa a ?ohDol for brtdaa. lt lt _"???"* antees every araduete ? poeitloo lt !? bound * bee:om?! the m_?t popular Institution of ?**B~ Ing tn the country. a DEMOCRATIC DOCTRINE. F*re*.tn The Houston Post We must thaijk Governor Wilson for eje)d* Ing to i.rnaln ln the Jersey Governorehtp BBB the. end of hls term. No Democrat !? Juittt" ln turnln? looee en ofllce untll he leavei B ** take K-nictblns better or equally u gtw