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that not more than oue life had been lost.
He complimented the attendants on the heroism they showed and said it was due to their faithfulness and adherence to duty that a terrible catastrophe Wet averted. "I cannot speak too bigfely," he said "of the men who ventured into the room In which the helpless patients were lying. The room was well filled with smoke "hen they got there. On the last trip they had to grope their way around to the beds to find the patients.'' When the Amitvvllle firemen realized their helplessness because of the lack of water and the strong wind that wa? blowing, calls for assistance were sent tS I'armlngdalc and I.tndenhurst. Uoth ?J? rartments were quickly on the scene, but arrived too late to save the burning luiildinge. They did efficient work, how < .er, in preventing the spn ad of th? flames to th?- adjoining buildings. In the opinion o? Dr. Markham, the fire was caused by a defectively insulated uire and starte?! in the cupola of the an? nex. The Brunswick HonM is -i puvatc insti? tution for Idiotic, spilspt < and f?-ei 1? tnindcd children. It alno ria? bulldlnii? where mature persons suffering from sim? ilar afflictions at? cared for. The insti? tution ia one of the most prominent of its k'nd in the state, and at various times several well known persons hava bean inmates. Maurice Barrymot?-. the aclot. . ied in the institution in Mas, and Terry M.Covern was for a time an Inmate. The entire damage will sanoont i<? shout $8.000. which. It-li understood, la covered by insurance. SEATS FOR EX-PRESIDENTS House Bill Would Make Them Representatives-at-Large. Washington. Nov. -4.- President s of the T'nited States on the expiration of their terms of oaVs irill become IU-p regentativcs-at-lajge, with a seat in ihe House and an animai salary of <fl7j?0 as long as they live, if a pro visiqn prepared for the legislative, ?x ??i-utivo and judicial appropriation bill by Representative Albert .1 Burleson, Of Texas, is passe?). Mr. Burleson is second in rank on ihe Appropriations Committee of tits House and has ? ??i.siti?-rabie InflUSncS with the other House loa?lers. The f.ci that he intends to insert the Pret-iden tial clause in one of the regular appro? priation bills as a "rider" indicates that it is almost certain to meet with ap? proval. The provision follows; Hereafter every ex-President ol United States ahali during ins life, I held and regarded sa a Representatlve-at larRe of the |,?-OI'l?- of til?- I"li!l-ii BUteS and shall be entTtl? i to the privtlegi the- floor of the Hous? of Representativas, with all the rights ol members of th?a House of Representatives save that ot voting, and shall receive for ins service?. an annual salary of ?117.500 pro. ?del. that no obligation to eerve or? the committee! of the House shall be hnpOSed t-n such Representative. Mr. Burleson regard?? the Carnegie pension plan with disfavor. Els svi? ?1? ntly prefers the suggestio;. of Will? iam Jennings hryan. that cx-1'. have a seat in IBS House of K? pr?? sent?t ives, combining this idea with the general Mheme of Carnegie fr.r re? munerating ex-President?. He Is op pesed to straight pensions, but bellevi - thai an; man arito has served his coun? try .va ?President i-houM pot be - pelled to engage in any work which might*<??f)n.-| roinise the dignity ?>f the nation. WILSON ATTENDS CHURCH Hears Pastor Pray for King, Taft and Self. Hamilton. Bermuda, Nov. IM-Th" President-elect, accompanied by Mrs. "Wilson and the members of his family, to-day attended the oldest I'resbyerian church In Hamilton, of quaint setting. The pastor, the Rev. Archibald ?Cam? eron, offered a prayer for the King sad then for the success of the ekM President Taft's sdministration. an?l that "the new President of the United States be Imbued with Thy spirit, and. fearing Thee, have no other fear; that he be honored as the leader Of .? na? tion, and that his administration be one of peace, honor and prosperity." Mr. Wilson will attend the session of Parliament to-morrow and Governor Bullock's dinner on Tuesday. CVERY nurse will be inter? ested in a shoe [ i expressly made to relieve indoor " foot fatigue." The Coward Shoe for Nurses eombin?es remedial principles which help all weakened con? ditions of the arch and ankle The height of the hwl* h varied to correspond with Um arch elevation of the individ? ual foot. Leathera, "flexed" by special prrar?-, are used for the soles. Rubber lifts on the heels make the footsteps noise? less over the hardest floors. Wearing thta Coward Shoe will re?t the feet and strengthen the entire foot ?tmrture. ??OLD NOWHfme ELSE JUMES S? COWAHD .164-274 Greenwich St., N. V. I <**-a ?.ut? ?raasTi MaaOrteraFttta? \ StneUttCatalea.ua ?KIM I LOW MORAL TONE CAUSE OP GRAFT, FOSOICK SAYS "Government Will Not Rise Above Level of Citizens Be? hind It," Church Folk Hear. "THIEVERY DISAPPEARING" "Contractors Bribe to Evade Law?Pharasaic Attitude of People Causes bO Per Cent of Police Graft." ?: ] mand )'? i ted!) k. f.>; m? i Commie? ?loocr of A-oounta in spsahlas hurt alaht m th?. Manhattan Ooosr-saUonaJ C-oi-h, BfOadWar and TSth sheet, upon th?? Sllli .Jad "How tii?- People's Mono] la BpentT laid apon the dtlaenahlp "f New fort; he* cenea of its "i,,w moral lona." reopens!? blHty for th" Knit m th.' Pelle? Depart? mem .m?) in ether publie department-, Wort it not for th? Pharisaical ??tti tnda of the "reepoc table element," bs as? s.'ite.l, there would !??? upOB On statute '??'??Us laws Which WOOM ??unit an ef fecttve handlhH of WCh ?\ils ai Resti? tution. The acMress was one of a .-? ? PObllc affairs arranged Of the pastor of the church, the Rav. K. a Btimaon, tot presentation at ?eculai m? ?li'iKs. Mr. Poodlck sal?! \\'e are heartns ? greet day? hUiiu graft, ami u undoubted!) ? slats m t'lr Poll? ? ? Depai Inn nl Mr, Jerome aol Ions ai ?de th? - n ? it thai It exist evei y city do? partaient This statt m< nl will I ? ? t.ik?'ii with ?-??ni?- quallfl? atl? ft is n??t nearly ?q prevalen! In departments as it \?.?^ ? aso, although it perhaps estai in ?oni< departments, lust a? it exlal in form m most buatnesi ? nti i pi Th< n Is not s ? ??n- em ton ? City I or* doing "a er ml bai.? . small leaks, ?in?- t?? dishonesty, The ? condition ii Iru? ol our cltj depai In it i ... ngulfh between the \ .?i imis kind? ? i srafl Graft can ba ? ; und? . n'..? n? a?ls. Pirat, ?lisii.ii,. m practlc? s by which public in??n t? .1 for l?ilv ate pul ; ?idons or privileges ? !? ?ola to In? ?dividual? ition, Thl? fiinii dot i nol direct!; i Iteci th? public irj. ? Irafi In 11 ?? flrst form whl m?.n and devices from lb? public i1 ? from our nun I? il life, both In v v. toi k and othi r oil - Mod? ' ods along a? ? ountlns lines, and rapidli n 1 this form "i ; i.i'i difficult if ii ticalljr Imposi , 1 ?1?. i ..t lielievi ti it along tins line In the City ol Tora to-daj than then would luis:- ?SS COI Il ? but Inesi .cei n ? \;" nd? il ? : lolen in Its la stolen from tb? City of New .ork to __J Second Form of Graft. 0 re ft m ti ? s' ? ? ' ; raft that has shown tu ? Kisl m th?' Police I?, part Is the predominant vital problem In our municipal go?. ? rnment, Tin ? ? ? . tposure In t ' De? portment ? ' B all - '" nil cltl ? ,1 to \\ . a;. (?Ilfro 0 ',?.1.1.1; aft..-: ' foundation i i nmi i ' and call? '1 ui. to h-iit an Inaldi mis fot Il ? : . onnectlon I i ;r at? tention to ... solution of thli volve? not only bett? r official?, bul I the rltlsen who wants lo g? I ?me! w hi- ? t . ntltl? <! tb? ' ? ' ilty. 1 min who di im.l.M the law he ?muht nol t.. *? L or protection In thi '? a*' with thai public ??ui . imb i?> t? mptation. li the build? ? ally wanted l?> eliminate I ? In tha Building l '? p irtmenl thi ) i ould do ten days, want t.? eliminate II Th? ? m ? d it In theli E ? them wanl lo ? the opportunity of putting In ?? I quired. They want to avoid ?? >UM of I ? ode. to pay an Insp? ctor than t<> ;.!? ? bullding ib:?' i- safe, .'?'m - ?( whe n n pick ui ami i ead of gi ?ft in ? . _-, hold up horror _nd i emoan the lack ?if hon? -t men In office. When i think of the srafl thai undoubt exists In som? lildlns de not poctoi ? s ho tal temptlbl? as thi y are, bul ? he re? pi ctal i.rrti a? tor? who graft poeslbh at th? >>? ginning. "Need to Roform Our Citizens." \\> ????? .i to retoi m our i Itiseni as noch ai ws <i?> o'ir public offlclali After all. the moral level ol governmenl will not i?-, shove tii?' moral level ol the citltens behind ll v??u cannot have efficient and honeat government until you bars effl cient fin?) hontst cltii Take thi Polio Department, for as> ample To tatlafr our own con ncei we peas laws at Albany In renard to pros? titution which w? do nol Intend aha Ix strictly and rigidly enforced Perhaps tie majority of people In New York ?in not ball? v<- that the? i laws can t.. ally softs ? ' n. B .t th? y pass then , to satisfy the respectable elements in tha community, '*to pandei s bit to the moral crowd of the towi i i : ando Wood once said With this law ??n the statute books, we turn to OUT poll ? com m I ,n?i tel] ihenj to adopt a polley in rd *o proatltution what are' w? doing" We nri telling ? ?.minis.- Ii t?, entune the law when and when thai We ai ? . poll i ? ?: tlon for enforcero? i I \v< srs creatins thi on? condition undei which grefl ? -m mo I aeeily flourii h We are m?kln? a r"''h ?? "system" nol only possible, but \'r?m. . probable Then, wii?-n an exposure comes ai?...,K ami w?' und the police have beei ?ell Ins pro toetisa to keepers of disorderly houses, we hold up one hands In horror ami ml cries for reform tin the heavens. Tha 1'harasa.ic attitude of the people <,t Ken York i?? responsible l??r BO p?r eent of the graft in tha police Department. We cfiin?' back, therefore, to our orig? inal proposition that botest goveri n oaaod on honest citizenship. m MINISTER REBUKES MAYOR Dr. Price Says Administration Is Indifferent to Obligations. In his Introduction of Dr, C, L Patter? ?on, who spoke nt |_g Washington Heights Methodist Episcopal Chureh last niglit on tin- wert done i..\ the i'loieme Crlttanton Homo f? upfertonsta wowoa. Di .i.e o?? i; Prlca past of the -horch, gi?\e his honor the Mayor ? somewhat courtly broadside. "Th?' Mayor," sai.i in. Pri?e, with pride to th?' outward deoeoey that eharaoterlaot our city and urgoa u* to ?top talking ahont tii?- guantes n Bay be that we ought to fOrgOl tha tragedy on the *Crreet White Way.' with all that it feeoalod; it may bs thai ire ?mKiit to forget his honor's remarkable Interprets tlon? of the in??, which bars resultes in tying the hands of the polio? ; '.t may be that we should be thankful that so many crimes m" hidden from public attention, but It Is not for his honor f. stigmatize our oewegepen as follow |ournala The) are the p?-ers "f any Journals in any lam!. an?! there haw recently appeared In all of them strons ?dltorlala thai should ha? e mantled the Mayer*! cheek v.ith ihrnsM if lie had ha?l any regard for an outraged public sentiment The easso, las best index to public ?ipinion, ha? nia.le It clear thai the jif-ople are weary of an admln ?atiation of which tas uasBt ? barttabls thing tliiit ess b*. .?-abl is that it is In tllffersai Is Its ohtigalasiw to auforra the law." DRENCHES IHE Off ( ontlllll.Nl from llrol pas*. ?le? trie and gas lamirs going. The streets presented the appearance of night, all the houses being brilliantly lighted. Brae the vhh kens went back to roost, firm in the belief that the day | had run its course. Morris-town was also in the path of the atoras, hein? rmtmi by a draw hing rain an?) (lying pieces of hall. The plant of the Morris County Traction ?Company araa put out of business more than an hour, and the trolley service between Morristown. Dover anil Lake ll'.p.it? ong was ?lls?'ontlnue<l. TBS who!?- town was thrown Into etnh darhnssa thai strict lamps were lit and artificial light In houses, churches and ??tarai aai called Into service. Descending Iba ?tamapo Valley a* through a tunnel, the storm cut a swath In Its passage to the southwest, swelling the waters ?>f the Haniapr?. Haekeasnek, Paaaak and Bsddla rivers into raging torrents, und inundating much of the lovv lying country in the v i < ' I n i t \-. The Etaritan Valhy encountered ?me Of the neat rioleal thunderstorms of recent yaara, sceotnpanlsd by stinging hails-ton?-*- and vivjd Hashes of light? ning. Bonvervllle was aerelopsd In a pall of dartasss. Within Isaf tlian ten minutai after the paaalm ? ( the riornt howerer, the scene ? h inged In a -narked degree Where before the landscape presente,, th?- appearance of midwinter, it now, with Ihs breaking forth of the sun. re? s' mi.b d b cool Bspteunber day. Storm Passea to Sea. After paasli g ovai other towns in lh< southwestern aectlon of the stale the i storm passed down lbs eoaal lias i 'swept mi out to BOB, leaving fi ?Ir.-iiclnil and miserable land In its wake Nol more than two hours had |>assed. Those weather prophsts urho bass their calculatloni on signs prof? ?wed , rday t?. >??? In the day's storm sn Indicatll n of ? bliter winter and freely predicted thai New York would Und ? in th?- grip Of arctic ?rsatbei within the next few day?. The local Weathei Bureau leata folloarlng report ?>n weather eOt-dlttOM pn ailing It* the tw?-nty t?.ur bOUl ? , ruled at ? O'clock yesterday nmniinc. >b?.\ving that the ?bmatic unr? st ? general throughout the ? ountrj The OuH and Atlantic norm? have . .i end nos? dominate th.- weathei lion? over tha lower lal ? tin Atlantic Htatea and New l-:naiaii?l Ltght rain baa l.ilb-n ??v?T th?- loWel region and Ukm snow oser M Bird North? n N- ? i ork Temper? ?er tins region bare risen tly, . , .,?" high preaaun that ?was mornlna two crests, on? ?? ? ' ? ?ilddle \? esl and tha . ? th. Soi thern Pa? It I'nder th? .f high pr< temi>eraturea have fallen from twel twenty degreea In th? laal twenty-foui ? . ?, ind valleya and the Middle \\.-.-t Tempera t tires a a low as 8 dea i-, the Pur Noithw? ai tin r. hai be* n ?? i ?-?? ' i from ?la lo twei mdei ' hi infill- noa of ?? los The higbSSl I? ni|i? rature recorded n the United Btates yesterda) araa 72 d? Igreaa, i1 Kej W?BSt, Pia., andthi lowesl at Huron, B. D., where the temperature was oui) B degrees HEAVY SNOW UPSTATE Foot Deep Fall Plays Havoc with Telegraph Wires. T. lurapli t,, Th' Trieun-l Walertown. ti, Y, Nov. 24.?The Btwl ?HOW ?ii the winter fell ?v m-rally thronch mi? Nertharn New v??rk to-?day< Bat aa ln"he? of wet. nogpv SUOW had fallen hoe t | o'<l.?-k t?. i?ei,t Reporta from the 1 North hadtCatS thai the fall was ?eneral WSSl f'f th?- A'lliori'ln? ks Sonn- renions in the remote BSCtloaS of the woo?ls report a mowfall Of twelve Inches The storm waa arrowipnnled by Bsrlons electrical dtatnrhaa ? -. Railroad tele? graph s i" s from t'ti?-a t.. b| - BprlnaS Wire ?low?, BeOS : a Of th?' heavy ?SOW, i>lffl'-?iltv v.,, , \| eil?n- . ?1 In trnns rnittlng train farden bssatUM ?>f the falb-n ?flies Itailr'iad I r.? f tl - QSf n??i fSt bSSfl afl? <?!??,I. Blnaliamton, n. I. Nor. M -a? the re suit of a beery, w?-i Baosfgtsrai thi? sec? tion ?if the State k having the Worst wire tro.ihles Ir, tweiit.-.-t?ve years By the bragklng of tv.?> big polea near the Laeka? wanna ?I? put every l.a, kawanna wire Into ari'i out of the ?ity wa* hroken. At Bndl* OOtt aad Orsa! I'.'-ml ?>n the ea?t gad ?rest, all the ICrle wins an- down F.very ? in-,lit ?>f the fire alarm ?ystem Is <l??wn and msny telephdna an?! elastrle light wires are broken. KILLED UNDER MOTOR CAR Albany Contractor Crushed to Death?C. S. Sussdorff Hurt. [By Telegtspli te The THbsaa i Albany, Nov. M. ? William B. Ann strong, an Albany contractor, former Inspe? tor at the office of the st.it?- Ar? chite t. Who live.l at No li'.'J lay sti?et. Albany, was kin?>?i to*nlgh1 in an auto? mobile accident nv?- miles fron Lake Gkorge, on the road running from ?liens Kails t?i Saratoga H[ rings. ?Charles A. Bussdui if, sssistani deputy state Architect, who Ihres si Ko 131 Laaacaater street, waa seriously injured. Aiinsiroi,.-. and Buaadorlf wer?- riding in Armstrong's two passenger cur wh?n it ? am?- in collision with u heavy tour? ing ?ar owned by Henry T. Naiver, of Hudson Valla Th?- small cur turned over aad Pinned both m*n under It. Th?- occupants <?f u?, Barrar car aa? ??aped aahurt . broksn gtoartag Rear' was tin- cause of the nolllasaa Winlicld A. Huppu.'h, form-r Public Servi? ?? ?oininihsiiiner, win, was on the way to his home at Hudson Kail?, t,;,,k Buasdorfl t<? th?> (Hem ?Valle HoaU^taa? gUBSdoffl formerly \t4t.i <e fttooki/n. COMPROMISE AWARD IN RAILWAY DISPUTE ( i.iitiniied from flr?l l?UR?*. ami an o\ ertline rale of M cents an hour, with an average speed of twenty miles an hour. The ennlneers u_ked 14 4d and MWJ a ?lax- of ino niil-'M. .-wordin? to the si/.? of the locomotive ?Minder, with an over? time rate of 70 cents un hour alter HV0 hour?. , . In through freight servie? a minimum was Kran-.??! of fill a ?lav of W mil? or i?'ss, with overtime pr?? rata after ten hours. Th?' engineer? reque?ted rat?* "t % ?:;. tito and MU ?? daj of W mile'?. according to sise vt the engine, and .. (or Malietl engines, the same rates to applj to mine runs. work, w.k. helper or posher, milk and circus trains. hi h.eal freight service :'.'. cento addi? tional t?? th" through fr.-lg-ht rutes was M anted. Thin met th? Mil request of th.' enKlneers. In ?Witching servi? <? a minimum of $110 n ?lav of t*m hours or less was granted. Th?- engtneers asked MM n ?lav of t? ;-. hours in "witciiing sendee ami for n H line SSI y Ice, All exlstlns rstei higher than th.? mini? ma granted by the board are eoatlaoad la force. In fi.'cing the minimum wage in pas? senger ssrvli ? at ?fi 28 ? day a higher minimum rate is established for th?' roads parties to the arbitration with the exception of a few. In awarding the minimum through fr? ?Klit rate of SIT.", | ?Jay the board establishes wages for the district tii i* measurably approach the current mini? mum of roads now paying the better rates. In making the rate for local freight sen ice _."i cents higher than through freight service a general increase of compensation is granted. The effe? t of the _0-niile-an-liour basis of computing overtime In IhS pass? nger servi??', th*? rules regarding final terminai delay and other chancea In the rules of the service are all more favorable to the ??ngincors than exist? ing rules upon many of the rooda Wide Rancie of Inquiry. The problem before the board ??f er? bltratlon was one <,f gnch dllBculty that it becacae neceeaary before an award wrh mail?? for the board to con shier tho principien which shoiiM ob? tain. The facts upon whi? h it reached Its conclusions were oo Involved and numerous thnl they cannol be sum? martsed. Tii?- Investigations regarding th" compenantlon lo capital, the inter? corporate relation? of th" rallroeda, th? ir presenl earnings, their f.iture hie earnings nnd <<th?r fa? tors were so comptes that the board was unable to arrive at a concluolon re? garding the ability of the ron?ls to pav j an in i? ised "ini" neatlon. It was determined, however, that a reasonable wage rhould be p.vH. Dis? regarding, therefore, ths claim of the i railroads that they war? unable to bear i an increase, the board ?greed to th? I principle that the engineers should be paid a fair wage. in determining the beats of -? fair arage the hoard took the p'.tnt of view that the existing facts regarding the relation ?'f wag?s of engineers to thoee of Other ?lasses of employ?"? In the train s< rvl? ?> m t!., ,.. ?, m <ii;-trl?'t rm.l in other parts of th?- country Id be th?. gui-iing principle. Tho lourds dtarttaotOfl "t fart* In this I nectimi led it t<> the conclualon that 'i ? ral Increase of wages on all ro.-idi tot warranted upon th- baetg <>f the evidence pre?r?nted. it was concluded bj II ? board, hnw SVer, that ??n ?Oatt roads and f'?r cer? tain ? lu.-ses r.f ser\|.'?. the COmP-ttaa? tlon waa loo ?mail, and therefore the hoard introduced Into th<- award .the principle of a minimum wage for the entit? distri. t In QUOOtioU. The board stat?-s as its belief that th_ engineer* should be granted ? fair compensation It f,irth?'r states If to t ?? probable thai the great majority of the railroads in the dtetrict considered nr?' sble la pay ;i fair compensation, if llicv are tmt able to pay Stich Compen? sation with existing rates, (h* report says, there is Just cause for them to open again the queetlon of .m IncreuM of rates with th?- Interstate Oom_SSrsa Commtasion. Public'? Interest Paramount. The board points out that n railroad strike for the great centr?e of the United States ca? na longer i?e eonstt* Srad SS a matter Which primarily af f.iis the railroad operators Bad ?m ployos. While it does affect th?m seri? ously, ths Public is far m??re deeply in tereeted, Indeed, the Interests of the public oo far exceed thoee of Um par? ties t?, the controversy, says the re* poii. as to render them paramount, it is therefore Imperative thnl some other Wag be found to settle d-KerOMOS 1" tafeen railroads nnd 11. ? - i t employes than by strik?-. the leport nays. [g this ' onneotloa the gains sseured through the Brdmaa sei and ths Ce* rnniian Industrial dirait.s ait ure dis? cussed, ami while these BOtS are found lo Bave IlK'litS they ggg )|?1,1 t,y ([??j beard to he lusdegnsts to meet the sit ualion. in man) respects tho railroads aro subject to IhS Interstate Commerce Commission and various: ?t?te commis. Mon- Tin- same Is not true of the em ptoySS of tkS lallroudH, the board says. This disparity of statiiH suggests the citation ?if federal an<i stat?. wage commissions whia h shall exercise func? tions regarding la ban- ?'iig.iK?"d in work upon pUUtl ' BtnttiSS analogous to those Bxarclsad with regard le sagital bj the Public lervtos commlealons already in existence. The report sajs: it Im weil understood b) the b??aiU that tin- problem for width th?- above plan is a suKgest'si solution Is s comptas and littn nit ?.n?. The suggestion, however. onl of a profound COnVKtlOn that Hi?' food ami clothing of our people, th? industries ami the general welfare <>f the nation, cannot i??- permitted to depend upon the policies ana the dictates of any i-artiMiiar group ot m?n, whether em? ployer? 01 employee, nor upon the de? termination ?f a group of employers and employes combined. The public utilities of the nation are of such fundamental importance to the whole people that their operation must not be Interrupted, and means must be work???! out which ?Till guarantee this result. The report Is signal wi_j_?K reserve by Charles R. Van His.?, tit Madison, WIs. (chairman)! Onoaf s. itraua, of Hew Volk; ?Tbert Shaw, of New York; Pre?ortch n. Judson, of st. Louis, and Orto If, Kidlltz, of New York, who wcro appointed by ths ?'hief justice of the Buprems court of the United states, the United States Commissioner Labor and the proifdlug judge of United states Commerce Court anil Daniel Wlllard, president of the Br more & Ohio Railroad, representing railromls. Morn????/ Pessimistic. P. If. Morrlssey, former grand ma: of the Brotherhood of Railroad Tr? inen, representing the engin?>ers, wi a dissenting ??pinion in which Im? pressed tlm belief that the award W? have the effort of retarding the pr re?s of arbitration in the settlement industrial disputes on the railroads Mr. Iforrlaaey contends thai award dOCS md Settle the import principles raised by the engineers, ; claims that it Is based upon Statist thai arc not only unreliable for purposes for which the boat u them put that the board also cried j the application of these ITdgB StSl tica For thi? reason, say? Mr. Morrms "while the engineer? will farthfb abida by the award during the per that it is to continue, at the same ti it can be only temporary because fundamental basis is so insecure." Mr. Morrlssey recognizes the imp tance to the onglneeii of the offecti such Increaoes la ?age r,tt?s and i establishing of SOCh uniform rules service as the board has swarded. "There has been," he says, "a gain Saw n t i ils and S step forward has In taken In the standardisation In en neere* rateo and of conditions for i JSastei n ?iistt let." Mr. -forrleeey dissents from the n Jortty of tho hoard in their reco mendatlon that ?age cominlasions established with power of COmpulS, arbitration, although he suggests tl th?TC are some important. activities which wag?' commisoloni might prol ably give their attention. *A Striking Arbitration Suggestion A striking suggestion is HUMUS in I recominendatioti that hereafter arl tratioti boards should bs so conetltui that non?? of the parties compool them--not even representative?; of t public-should have a majority Of t mombera; that the majority ohould constitute?! hy reiiresentntlv? I of least two of the parties agreeing. Mr. Morrisaej i dla rating 'repc il? s a it ii th?' ttatemsnl i I to i that t ? ' ommendatioi In II ? Itect virtuell; ' art itiation for lhe rail!uads ? nd ia< , | l;,|g , obll Itlons -a nil h n Is operate agalnet its being adopted, it ? w boll) It iprai tlcable TI ?? , .?? i the aettlemenl i ( dlnputi eta ? i th" ri i, and their employes wit ho1 industrial warfare marked. There is aothlni undei condit prevent ita contii will never bi perfect, but, even ?< !?? Immeaaurabli bettei than it woo 1er . ondl i Ion? ?ucl 11 I h? i oai s Ths peace that would i ich an Ideal ? mdli Ion us that h id those makins the r? o I t:.?ri would be t'io ,i> ui'. ?ought ? II ??? ild be attained To insure the pe ? i Industrial pi s< ? so mu? h ?h sired will require a broa 1er s: t i .n that wh!<-h would aha ? l rights of a large group ol o History of tho Controversy. The arbitration resiltel from a ?ol movement begua by the Brothet hood of Locomotive Engineer! In Jam ary bis?, when the brotherhood | ?d t?? (he railroad- ?? aeries of Ing uniform rates rf pay, utlifori oleaaMeetlona of eervieo end unifon working ralee throughout the ? latei diatl i t (efus_l of the mill ? ! graol the reaueeta ? r? pan ?>r in wbol resulted In ? strlhe vote by the engi ? hi- ti indicated thai more than l psr cent of the men wer? prepared to k ? ?i ? "hlef w it i"ii S H tone Judge Martin a. Knapi i nlted States ? 'ommerce i 'our nnd in. Charlea P. Neil! United Btate ? r of Labor, urged an amice ?u - 'i.t a conf? n n. ? with thee two ofllclals brought about an agreemen between the railroads and the englneei to -ni.mit the dlapute t?? a board of ar ? The board began Ita deliberations i juia, hm only i?? ?i" waa abli to ai nouuee Its .lualons Hearings wei given store than a ??rore of ei whose case eras presented ,,->' Oran Chief Warren B. -tone, and the railroad i by u M Duncan, r< oalvet of th? *a heeling .\ i.. ?-?? . ? n. a. Wortnlngton, no ? presiden) of th Chicago * Alton. Rack party preaente an abundan.r statistical material an< of documentary evidence In support o Ita cootentlona Claims of the Engineers. Th?* englneei i preoented sa I la favor of their olalma the following The nature <?i their ealll ig, they ?tated involve?! heav* and Increasing reeponal l.lllty, si eat sUill and errUleney, long l>i ? pnretory training, acute mental ?train much hansrd and llndted reara ei i um ing power. Thai ii"i?i that <m .? oaal m tha In '? 'v- m the slss ol enginoi theii rosponeihillty sad productlvltj v., ?. steedllj inn roe sing. The) beU tn.it the wages ot engineers had nol kepi pact with othei clae ?a ??f train aorvloe und thai the wagea ?>t the engineer? is the Kantern diatrlot aA,.|.. not eo high an in the Southern and Weatern dlvl The railroad?, ?m their aida, held that the engineer? now receive nol only a fail i n s iitjirui compensation for the ?oik performed, being the highest paid ?i.i ?? si employee in the railroad servies; u.at th?- hours of duty aere limited and othei ?condition? "f service so arranged as t?> relit re the engineers in the normal cours? of ?oik of excessive strain and thai there bad been no change In working con? ditions sine ths last wag? adjustment no? requiring adjustment Also, th? rail? roads held that um) were financially un? able to meet the Increseed compensation naked. The reipieste, upon one Bide, and their general refuaal, upon the other side, ?ith no propooal for ? modification of exist? ?as ratea of p.iv or rule? of service, placed the problem before the board o? determining whether an Increase should be graiiteai, und, If so, bOW liiiich for t a? Ii claaa of service for each of the Bfty-twe roads. Th?i board's Investirai lot.s l??d it to con? sider the broader aspects of the problem Never In the history of the i otted States has these been a utllke on all the rall roads of a ?ri-at section of the countr . The presen' arbitration, invoivins as it diii a ooaoerted movement affecting Bfty two roada, represented a new phai development. The railroads mvolved op? ?rated 9UM miles ?>f main track In IMO, or more tban one-fourth of the total mile? sge of Aim rlcan railroads, Their annual operaUng revenue? exceed B,000,000,ouu, or i,earl a- 4?) per cant Of th?? total for Uli nmerr?ten rallroada. They ee?rted nearly one-half ?>f the fr??igbt" traflSc ol United Slates Uhd over two?flfths of the pa monger traille. Excluding general ??th cera, the annual payroll of th?jlr smpki amounted to |ne,0w,00a), and the annual I compensation ot tha engii.re aloni near!) 88,000,000, or 41 per cent of tit?' total compensation paid nil railroad engt? i.. ? i in the to u,trv. Th?- railroad? comphae nearl) sil "i thoee in New England, New York, Penn? sylvanie, Delaware, New lereey, Mary? land. Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and part of Illinois, or pr*?tl.-*lir nil line? eat of ?CbfcuKO ttiad nOfSb o? the NerfoA. "*a Western Railroad. They serve ??>lm_t S7 ?_???.?"?? people, ??r more than t"1 per cent of the total population of the country. If an effective railroad strike had oc* eurred In the Eastern part of th?? rnifii States It not only would have been dl? SStroU? to the railroads and resulted In great loeaae to the engineers, but would have meani a loss to t ie public vaatlj larger than that of both parties to tie conflict. A ?ucoeaaful general strike in the Eastern dletrlci would have put thai great section of ihr country In much the same situation as granee was placed i r? a?, rears ni.'", when there was ? general rollruad strike In tha? COUUtiy, RAILROAD HEADS SEE VICTORY IN AWARD New York Centra! and the New Haven Engineers Will Gain Little, They Say. SMALL LINES PAY MORE Presidents and Managers of Eastern Lines Favor Plan of Official Arbitration? Men Oppose It. in the osas ?>f nom?, of the large raada tin wagea awarded to-'lay bg tli" arbitra? tion board In the railroad engineers' bob? troveroy ware little alabar, if any, than tii?- wages now pai?i, but in the smaller roada, which are not on as Rood a psjring la the Increase, which ?s practical!} a ISTslHag up of the nages, la consid? arable Regarding tha saggastJoa of a system of official a i nitration. whi?-h the labor member of tha cotwntttaa la appssed to on the around that it would ritan com? pulsory arbitration, rmrnssnlstlTsa ?>f the rallrtMvda said v?-m? niay that the pressure ?,i pablle opitiion would bars a good deal to ?i?? with furthering legislation which ???ni?! make this possible. Vice-president .lohn B, Kerr, of th* Ken Voik, ?Hitatio & Western Kailroa?!. asid the wag? i aw?srdad would he a. slight percentage OT? the wages paid on that road, 'The award," In- continued, "will be hard ?m the an-allsr roads or roads which srs not ?/leltltng moieh profit. The un fortanats part <?f the matter la that w? bars now IS fa* B Ihe demamls of the flremen, trainmen an?l others for large Increases In wages. Iba dsa-unds of tfcs ?ir.-iii? n being In already, ta t'. compulsory arbitration, i; would pood thing if Bome ?y-ism oould he devised by which strikes Buck as threat ? n??i by the engineers before arbitration .v... ,i . mad <m could not take place. "The <!??< -Isiori of tho arbitrators on auch caaes, however, as fur aa i can se? now, could he enforce?-! on the rallroa'ls, bttt COUld lUH be enforced on the BMB, The force of public opinion Bomnllaan is to av? rt BUOb industrial it not always." w. ?'. Etrown, prsahh nt of tin* New \,,'k central Railroad, was In faene ?>f a system of arNtraUeu. i ballere?" be ?aid, "that ?t ?houid not be in the power of s rerpsrsllen or sap ?it amployea bteausa of sa Indus? trial dispute to tie up sU the traffic in tha Bast by a ?-tr.k?- which would para? lyse trsJBC, abut off the delivery of fnod hiuffs and all other BacaaaUtfte? and brim; i .'.'..?n ot affair.? Which WOUld to the ? -mire ??immunity. v i the noaslNlliy of brtnglag about itlon which would B-aks such a Unity Impossible tht'iiigh a sy.?t?'m of arbitral ?a I am not preparad to asy, but tii?- public ahould i?> oiaudalsrats? and if snch , is brought about public opinion otighl Is be s great factor In the , ? it?, r "Am to IBS iragSS in the award, they ?;i|.roxlmat?-ly the WagSS paid on the Nt W Vork ?.'entrai or must of its -UlSS, No doubt tii?- raiataf of the wages to this tSVSl will , OSBS hard Ml the sm.i'ler lines. w ii.it i bare said ragardtag some official m teas of ?preventing a railroad ptr'.k?* BSD h as was threat--n? ?l ought. In my -. to apply to ga? companies and -bear empt? ? i a repreeentatlre of the Brie Railroad aald ''? ?? ar?t ?i nttghl ?nena a amall adran.n bobsb of the ssetloaa si tfcs Brie RitJlroad. The Brie in it? sgree? mentrt witli the aagtasOfl and other em? ploy.? . '' ' ?iperatir.g force gave the areragi wages paid by th? principal roads. "A* to the t-uggestlon of a system of arbitration by watch the Undings ??f ??n arMtratlon board oould be saads ooiapul? ? BUSd, "it would be fbugbt 1,-.- ail ti,- latKir union;?. I'n'h-r the seSB? ? rtt (.'?institution I do not se?- how aiiv employe co?ald tie eosapskad to work if be ,li?l not want to w??rk." The llremen OU tlie Eastern roads, who Bjiead to t- itpaae the dlBonaston of their demanda on the fifty-two bsaecn rati ma,ls with the i:u?nag?)ia' committee, are BOW wuitiiig tiietr tan, rrecld'-nt \V. s. Carter, of the Brotaerfcoed ?>f Locomotivo I'lit-m? n and Kngln? men. who ?-ame to thU dtp hurt svsning from Washington, said he beUtrred the adjustment cotnmtttee of nfty-two raaasssenttag the firemen <?n the Bastan roa?!;? weadd he ready to meet the BUUkSgerS* committee of th?* rallroa?t? au Mondai meet, ??* BUggeatad by j. Q Stuart, Chairman Of the managers' com? mittee Ragardtag the award in the casa Of the aaglUSBia be sal?! : ?Th.' engineers ' bailees, win b*> dis sppoiatad, They flapseted a ?????od deal more. Ah to compulsory arbitration, every worker la the country would o>ppsss it. it is contint) to the prlnilples of the Amer? ican Constitution and would be what I I The Chasmar- Winchell PRESS has been consoli? dated with The Winthrop PRESS '"THF. scope of xboth these well known con? cerns has been greatly enlarged by this consolidation, which should in? sure artistic excel? lence combined with economical and mechanical ef? ficiency. John H. Eggers President 141-155 East 25th Street TKLEPHONE MBMAPItOM IQUAKI wollt! call judlclal'sin If It were In oper? ation." M*mbei? of the arbitration ?-omi-itt?-?; wi.u arare Interviewed in this city did nor ? m?' 10 dlecuei th?: award before It was made publie. Oscar B. Strand ?aid that for tho members to comment on S would mean commenting on their own, \?.orl<. Everything In the report had been carefully thought ???t- ?nd weighed la every aspect ?x-fore it was adopted. The award Is retroactive to May \, 1$12, ami operates until May 1, l?ia. New Haven, Nov. 14. -Th* effect of th? finding of the arbitration board upon th? wnees of the engineers of the New York. New Haven & Hartford Railroad t.'om pany is Indicated by The following offlolal statement laauad to-day by the road: On the New Haven roa?! the rate named In tii?; telegraphic report of the award Is 10 i enta a day higher than now paid in freight and IS centu a day higher than now raid In passenger. Coupled with the avunmlssion's award. b"tv'.'i?ir, la a change in the overtime rat? and metlioal of flgurlnj? overtime, making the ovt-rtlme rate of the award lesa than tow paid on th- New Haven. In switch? ing service the rate nanvd in the award is the same a.s now paid on the Now Haven Roughly, en the New Haven the In. crease askcl tor by the engineers would have amounted to probably %z',?.t\t\o a yar. or 15 per cent Without attempting to make any r-al caiculatli n of the p?r oenl of Increase, if any, under the award. il Is thought it will vary from 2 per cent Increase in the ?-as. of fr?dght <?> possibly a little more in tho case of pas songer ?BLAMES DEAD ENGINEER Report Says Short Cross-Over Helped Cause Westport Wreck. i Uy T? ?-?rraph lo ? '?? 'Inl Hartford, ''onn., Nov. :'t in a report issued to-day C. C, K!w,-||, the chief engineer and Inspector of th?? CooaeCt cut PabUfl t'tilitles Commission, who ?ai formerly In the Mew Haven cliia'erlng department, dim ,\??t ii?jrt wreck of Octohea I, m which people note kt!i??i, 'dama* th? d ??t ?ii glnaer first, und. secondly, ti?; sharply curved ' sion iss ied tide order: it is ordered: 1 That the New Yolk, N? v. Ha Hartford Railroad Corai d it hereby Is, directed forthwith t.. ri said facing switch leading from to tra?'k No. ?. -. When high Speed trains SI varied Ironi one ira. k to ?not he I the crooso?-er through which they r. il pass is not safa? for hiKii speatd, >ai?t trains must be brought to ? I ill ?toi' before the switches an -1 for 1 oaeovar movement??. RICHARD T. HIOOIKS, .7. H. HALE, T. IV I'OHD, Publie Utilities Oinimisslon Concerning the facing point switch re f.'ire?! to. InTtTtfT Klwell ?j.i>s. The character of the marks west of the the cross over prove that the tendei mot raroonlng m?>r? than the engtoe, de? to Its centnfugal force, and ?hit'tlng load ?f ?Ml and water, ami that the (ef1 wheels of tii?? forward tend? r trueki were not touching the rails, while the right hand flung? s were preosh | hard BIBta** the north rail. This condition exist? d while they were g nng fru? the weat eni of the ? roaaover to where tho mala ?"'?" tiii'.ts a facing -wiTch leading fr?m trac? No I t?> ira? k No. 6. At this point the width of the rail beds conihln?d gave S wider fuirfaf for the Wheel treads and. th?* bearing, whi'h came on the outer part of th?i treaii raised flange? on part of the wh*el and allowed It to cross th? top of both th? BWtteh and Stock rails: h-T?* th? forward, tender trucks were derailed ami dropp-'d to the ties forty-four feet beyond. Th? flve-fOOt drawbar connecting the engin? to the tender made It possible for the ?an? gine to keep on the main track until H reached the fi?g, where It lost Its e?iul lllrlttm. due to the direct action of th? derailed tender and aided by tho centrifu? gal force of the eiiKlne Its.?It. The fad that th.? engine passe?! througi ami beyond the oroaeoToc at !"?ch hi?da n.1 is remarkable, and I feel as*ur?*?i that hail It encountered curve? not e*? feeding 4 degree? the train would h_v* ' been uuharm?'d in making the crosnover. PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD Bu I leti n. THE EARLY WINTER RESORTS OF THE UPPER SOUTH Chill November and the first sharp bite of winter frost turn the face of the winter vacationist toward the resorts of the lTpper South. He ifl first attracted by the pines of the Carolinas, where the edge of frost il ?lulled by the protecting barrier of pine-clad hills. It is an out-of-door life that beckons to the Northerner with the promise of colt* and gun and horseback exercise. Ptaehurat if the rirst to open wide its doors. It is an ideal place for earlv winter recreation and sport. Winter golf ?8 indigenous to its soil and climate. Other sport* of the open help to till the sea.son's attractions. To accommodate the tra\el to this region, the Pennsylva?ia Railroad will inaugurate, on November 30, through sleeping car service between Pennsylvania Station, New York, and Pinehurst, on train leaving Pennsylvania Station week-days at 3.38 P. M., arriving Pinehurst 8.30 , ,?'dsKj? the following morning. l'n?Lniaii reservations and tickets to the resorts in the I'pper South may be had upon application to Ticket Agents, C. Studds. District Passenger Agent, or William Pcdrick, Jr., j Assistant District Fp^senger Agent, 263 Fifth Avenue, New York. Telephone ''M^t*^ ^XXX'' f