BRYAN TO "DROP IN"
Nebraskan's Letter Late in
Reaching President-Elect, Who
GOVERNOR SEES HARMONY
Those Who Expect Democratic
Split Will Be Badly Fooled,
Hamllton, Bermuda, Dec. 8 (delayed).
-The story of Juat how the engage
ment for the approaching conference of
president-elect Wilson with William J.
Bryan came to be made was told to
It seems that Just before Mr. Wil
son's departure from Prlnceton, and
while he was keeping his destlnation
secret ln order to avold callers, word
came to Mr. Bryan that Mr. Wilson
was going to Florida. It happened
that Mr. Bryan already had made plans
to vlslt Miami, and in writing to tho
President-elect casuaflly mentioned tho
fact, addlng that he might drop in on
Governor Wilson some day if the latter
; happened to locate nearby.
The letter was not rcceived by Mr.
Wilson until after he arrived at Hamil
ten. In r'plying he said that he would
b* pleased to meet his distinguished
friend when he returncd to the United
States This ia the extent of the corre
spondence on that subject between the
two Democratic leaders eince election.
Paetional Fight Would Ba Stupid.
The President-elect is not permittlng
htmself to be troubled over the pre
dictlons of factional differences afTect
ing his adminiatration.
? I know that there have been all
sorts of criss-crosseB." he said to-day,
"but there ls not going to be any
trouble. Why, it would be downright
etupidlty to start trouble in the present
state of things, and those who expect
tt are going to be fooled?and badly
It is known that Mr. Wilson's mlnd
is an open one on many momentous
matters, and he has made lt clear that
he will have no single adviser. He
has said that any one who haa followed
his course in publlc life knows that lt
is contrary to his principlea to form
indlvidual alliances. His idea is to
eounBel with all those who are in a
position to aid him in the furtheranee
of those policies that are for the cora
in on good.
Immediately upon his return home he
will meet mahy of the party leaders,
thotigh no engagcment other than that
with Mr. Bryan has been made. In
his hope that Conpress will fulfll its
campaign aeedgaa, Mr. wilson is en
couragad by his confidence in Oscar
Inderwood. the loader of the Demo?
cratic majority in the House
Praise for Underwood,
The President-elect waa much im
pressed by the talk whlch he had with
Mr. I'nderwood at Trenton early in the
campaign, and since then he haa re
ftrred to him frequently in terms of
praise. He believes that the House
leader is the type of man who looks
upon leglslation from the viewpoint of
the national good rather than from
that of aectional advantage.
Mr. Wllaon haa not permltted affairs
of atate to dull his aenae of humor.
Aakod to ait in a chaJr at a local
shop, whlch ia aaid to have been occu
pied by President Cleveland and Presi?
dent Hayea, the President-elect obliged.
As he roae, one of the party asked:
"Did you feel any sensatlon?"
? No," waa tha laughing reply, "I
gueea thay forgot to turn on the
REBELS TORTURE WOMEN
Loot Banches and Sack Mexi
rrrean Th* Tribun* Buroau I
Waahington, D*c. &??Wanton devaata
tlon of property and barbaroua treatment
of lnnocent men and woraan by Mexlcan
rebels are egaln a aonrce of grav* con
cern to the admlnistration. **Very aeri
oua" la the algnlrtcant characterrzatlon of
th* sltuatlon by a high offlcial of tho D?
partment of Btate.
Dtapatehea to the Btate Department to
day tokt of extenalY* depredatlona ln the
vlclnity of Duraogo, one message atatlng
that overything of value on twenty
rancbae had been deatroyed or eeised by
the rebels. It wai reported that Ban
Juan del Rlo, flfty milea north of Du
rango, had baen captured and saoked by
two hundred rebels on the night of De
cembar a, and that th* federal garrlaon of
aeventy men waa defeated and forced to
Larga banda of rebela are aiao reported
to be ptllagtng and deetroylng proporty
l?ee than flfty milee eaat of Durango.
Theae banda are beingr augmentad by the
lawless element ln Mextco, and ther* ia
danger of aertoua d*velopmenta. Ther*
are federal troopa In the diatrlct, but re
porta atate that the governm*nt soldlera
are greatly outnumbered.
The situation along the internatlonal
houndary Hne is not aa aerloua aa it waa
?everal weeks ago. but the Btate Depart
n.ent fears further trouble.
ROBINSON TO HEAD M008E
Opposition to Roosevelt's Nephew aa
State Chairnun Weakens.
The Progreaaive State Committee will
efjmeet thla morning to elect a auccessor to
I halrroan William H. liotchklas, realgncd.
1 here aeemed to be llttle doubt last night
that Theodore Douglas Hoblnson, nephew
of Colunel Roosevelt, would be chosen, in
spite of opposition in certain quarters.
controller Prendergaat, who frankly
says he thlnks lt might be wls* to name
aame other man, because of the relatlon
*hip between Mr. Roblnson and Colonel
Roosevelt, aaid last night that he was not
1' ading any opposition to Mr. Roblnson.
It la poalble that the opposition may be
represcnted by the nomtnation of Judge
Vlrgil K. Keilogg. of Watertown, but lt
probably will not get much aupport. Al
though a majority of the committee will
probably not be present, moat of thoae
who cannot come have scnt proxles.
Thla afternoon there will be a meetlng
of the legislatlve committee to map out
leglslation and appoint adjunct commlt
WENT TO WASHINGTON ALONE
Representative Divorced for Deserting Wife?Leaving
Families at Home, Deelared To Be Responsible
for"Carousing" of Statesmen at Capital.
St. Paul, Dec. 5.-Mrs. Kffle J. Mlller
Obtataed a fUverca in the Ramsey County
Dietrtot Court to-day from Clarence B.
Millcr. Representative from the 8th Min
m .^ota Congress Di.-trict. Mrs. Mlller
also obtained the custody of their daugh
ter, agtd flve. The decree wa? granted on
the ground of deaertion.
Mrs. Mlller alleged that when her hus
band was flrat elected to Congreaa, four
yenra ago, he refused to take her to
Waahtngtea wlth him, and that he then
deserted her. Harvey S. Clapp. former
law partner of Representative Mlller and
a son of Senator Moses E. Clapp, waa the
only wltnesa. He appeared for Mra. Mll?
TAFT URGES WATERWAYS
Solution of Mississippi Problem
Will Be Found, He Says.
I From The Trihune Bureau 1
Washlngton, Dec. B.-A solution of the
problem to improve the waterwaya of
the MisBisalppi \nlley will be had. Presl?
dent Taft told a delegation from the
iAkes-to-the-Gulf Deep Waterwaya Asao
elatlon at the White House to-day. The
delegatlon presented him with a hand
eomely bound copy of the reaolutions
adopted at the oonventlon in Uttle Roek.
Ark.. last September. "It Is appropriate
that these resolutlona be passed upon by
my successor," said Mr. Taft.
Scnator Polndexter told the National
Rlvers and Harbora Congress to-day thm
the rattwajn eould not handle the trade
and that waterway transportatlon was
A bond isaue to improve on a large
eeale the waterwaya of the country was
advocated by Harold F. McCormick, vic .
presldent of the International Harvester
Secretary Stimson proposed harnesalng
the Mississippi and making the water
,ower deve.opment pay the expense of
Improvlng the river.
fPv TeleRraph to Th<- Trihun* J
Richmond. Va., Dec. U.-The country is
faced by a transportatlon crlsls. sald
Governor Foss of Massachusetts before
the Conferenee of Governors to-day. The
ley to the situation lay in ?ter*ay d
ve?opment. deelared Mr. Foss who added
that "the Unlted States haa K<me raii
road mad." The result. he aald. bad been
to stunt forelgn eemmerea and to ralse
exceseively freJght ratBB.
LUCE TO BE CITY JUDGE
Board of Claims Chairman to
\lbanv Dec R? Robert L. I.uce, chair?
man of the State Board of Clalma. is slat
ed to succeed Supreme Court .Tustlce-elect
Theaaaa F. Donnelly aa a City Court judge
of Manhattan after Janu^ry 1. accordlng
to a report here to-day.
Judge Donnelly's succeBsor will be ap
pointed by Governor Pulzer. The reor
ganlzatlon of the State Board of Clalma
by the next Leglsllture *o as to Inclnde
two lawTers in its memherahlp la pre
Mr Luce is a member of th* law flrm of
Luce & Davis. at No. I Llberty Btreet. He
Is a Tale graduate af the class of I8?s.
and belongs to the Manhattan Club and
the 8ons of the Revolutlon. He lives at
No. 137 Wert 14th street. He Bpent yes?
terday ln Albany.
HOUSE ASKEDJTO^BAR LEVY
More than $5,000 Spent by
Him, Says Progressive.
Washlngton. Dec 5. ? A. H. Good
man, Progressive candldate for Congress
agalnat Representative Levy. of New
york, eent notlce to-day of eontest to the
House agalnat Mr. Levy'a retentlon of his
It was alleged that Mr. Lrvy Bpaat
more than the $5,000 llmit to obtaln his
ELL10TT RES1GNS 0FF1CE
Mystery in Retirement of Philip
[From Tha Trlbuna Buraau.]
Waahlngton, Dec. 6,-Chartes B. Elliott.
a member of the Phlllpplnea Commlselon,
haa BUbmltted hia reslgnation to the Sec?
retary of War and lt ha* been accepted.
There 1b conBlderable myatery over the
cauae of tha retirement of Commlssloner
Elliott the only ?plonatlon glven by the
War Department oftlciaJs belng that ln
vtew of the Inevltable changes ln the
commisaion under the Wllaon admlnlstra
tlon. Mr. ElUott did not care to under
take the long trlp back to the Phlllpplnea
to conUnua hia duUea for ao short a time.
T0 RUSH IMMIGRAT10N BILL
Special Eule for the Measure
Whieh Splits Democrats.
(From Tha Trlbuna Buraan ]
Washlngton, Dec. 6.?Tha Burnett lm
mlgration bUl, whlch the Deroocrata of
the House feared to take up ln advance
of the campaJgn. will be made tha snbject
of a Bpeclal rule. A atubborn flght la ln
progress over leglaiation reatrtctlng lra
mlgraUon. but Mr. Burnett, chairman of
tbe Committee on ImmlgraUon, expreesed
the ballef to-nlght that he would muater
260 votes in favor of hia measure.
Mr. Burnett will apply lmmedlately to
the Ruloa Commltte* for a rule making
tha blll prlTliegad. Chairman Henry of
that committee had promlaed that the
rule would be forthcomlng whenever da
aired by the Alabama member.
Under a spedal rule the Houaa paased
to-day the Adamson bUl for the phyalcal
valuayon of railroada, and a spedal order
ls pendlng to make priYlleered tha meaa
ure provldlng eventually for the acQuiai
tion of Montlcello by the government
The Burnett immlgr?tlon blll haa apllt
the Democrata because of the clauae pro?
vldlng an illlteracy teBt. Membera from
the rural aectloiui ap"prove and memberi
from the largw dtiee are almost uhanl
moua ln antagoniBlng lt.
CASTRO BOUND FOR PARIS
Will Disembark at Antwerp?
Appears To Be 111.
Southampton, Dec. o.?^--Preeident Clp
rlano Castro of Venezuela arrtvad te thla
port to-day on board tha ateamer Wlnd
huk from Tenerlffe. He did not land. but
procaeded wlth the ateamer to Antwerp
and will go from there to Parla.
Accordlng to paeaenaare on the
huk. the former dtctator refoeed to eee
anybody durlng the voyage. He fajpaajaai
to be lll and kept to his catotn moat of the
Washington. Dec. 6 -Suggeatlng that
"carousing around Washington" waa an
almost Inevltable result of members of
Congress comlng to the capltal alone,
Representative Mann. of Illlnois. to-day
defended the practice of paylng membera
?A) centa a mlle for their trips to and
from Washlnalon, on the ground that the
excess allowance was used largely to de
fray the travelllng expcnsea of the faml
liea of Benatora and Representativea.
The Houae devoted nearly all of to
day'e aeBBlon to conslderation of the
legislative, executlve and Judlclal appro
priation bill. Representative Cox. of ln
diana, souiht to amend the bill so as to
provide for the payment of actual travel?
llng expenses of members, but his propo
Bltion was voted down, 37 to 21.
Cardinal Farley Speaks at Din
ner at Catholic Club.
TELLSOF GREAT RECEPTION
Describing Trip Across Country,
Says Salt Lake Oity Extend
ed Most Striking Greeting.
.lohn Cardinal Farley, of the Diocese
of New York, addressed the members of
the Catholic Club of New York < ity last
night on the occaalon of a dlnner *-lven
by the members for the former presldents
of the club. Michael .1 Mulqueen. presi?
dent Of the club, was toastmaster.
Tht former prcsidents were Dr charhs
<; Merhermann CS74i. Kflward P. Slovm
(lfJS), william l.ummls (187fi-'77). Morgan
J d'Brlen. former presldlng Justlce ln the
Appellat* DIvlMon of the Supreme Court.
ilrst Departmcnt (IgaV'Hh Charles V.
Fornes, Representative in Congress and
former President of the Rorounh of Man
hattan (IVQ to tgf), Jo*eph F. Daly. for?
mer Justire of the Puprcme Court (1^4 to
|BJg), I.eonard A. C,le?rcrlch, Justlce of the
Supreme Court (W to \r?H). I >r. FranHs
J. Qulnlnn (UM to IWi. Kdward .1 Me>
Gulre (1907-1JKH) nnd frank s*. Gannon
Among those at the tablea were S.ini
uel AdamB. Alfred M Barrett. Mlehael
Rlake, John J. Rovle, John Rrennan.
Jaaaaa Rutler. Jr.. John R. Butler. 9, J
Cavanaugh, Andreu J. Connick. Jahfl ?
Conboy, john D Crlamdna, John F Croa .
Frank T. Cunnlon. Terence F. Curley.
John R. Dooley. John J. Farrell, gtaghen
Farrelly. Joseph Frey, Frank S (Jannon.
Jr., Rhillp B. Gaynnr. Francls Plerre
Garvan. GktOTgO .1. (Jillisple, Charles N
HarrlB, Edmund J Healy, Henry Heide.
Benedict Mnlden. Rrlan G Hughes. Brlan
G. Hughes, Jr . Kdward F. Joyce, Rryan
I, Kennclly. Perev J. Klng. K. L Knoed
ler. Dr. Constantlne .1 Magulre, Martin
T. Manton, jHines K. Marrh, John F
Martin. Dr. I.ouIb M. Mooney. Thomn'
Mosher, Tliomas M. Mulry, Charles Mur
ray. J. i MeOornaaeh. Patrteh J. HaCaa,
.1. W McGuin?ss, John J O'Keeffe. John
I' O'ltourke. John T. Oussanl. Charles J.
Perr>. Bugene A. Phllbln. John J. Pul
leyn, Clarence J. RamBey, Herman Rld
der, Henry Rldder, Joseph T Ryan,
Thomas F. Bcully. Danlel F. Bheelinn.
Andrew J. Bhlpman. Mfred J. Talley.
FTank H. V'ermllyea, John B White and
(ieorce A. Zlmmerman.
"At the time of the openlng of thia
club," said the Cardinal. "yeara ago. I
said that next to the openlng of the
cathedral. It waa one of the most Impor
tant eventa for CathollcB. and I now go
further and Bay that it is one of the most
Important eventB to the ("hurch throuuh
out the entlre Unlted States."
The Cardinal then sj?oke of hia return
from Rome a Uttle over a year aa;o and
said he waa made most happy hy the way
the cltlea through nhhh he paaBed west
ward recently vfed with New York ln
their receptlons for him.
"You will perhapg be aurprised when I
tell you that my most atrlklna receptlon
was In Balt I^ake Clty, whtre the moat
unusual occurrence took place, when
about seven hundred Unlted Btatea eo|
dlers turned out to glve a hearty greetlng
to a Catholic Cardinal.
"It seems to me that this was largely
due to the notabl* deslre on the part of
all Amerleana to draw and blnd together
the people of thia country. This aplrlt
waa shown ln the election, when th* de
feated candldatea, hlgh and low, gent con
gratulationa to the successful ones."
FEARS FOR MERIT SYSTEM
Oharles J. Bonaparte Predicts
Attacks hy Democrats.
Mllwaukae. Dec. 6 ?"Th* change ef
party control at Washington will, It ta
to be apprehended, lead to aerloua aa
aaulta upon the Integrlty of the merit
ayfltem, and unleas the next four (and
especlally th* next two) years belia all
prevlous experlence, the league will soon
be called upon to meet many and per
alatent attempta to evade, undermlne or
overthrow that system ln the federal ser
Thla statement was eontalned In th*
annual report of the councll to the Na?
tional Clvll Servlce Refonn League. pre
a?nted by Chalrman Charles J. Bona?
parte at the thlrty-aecond annual meet
lng to-day. The report contmuea:
In realatlng these attempts It Is entltled
to hope for the cordlal sympathy of the
incomlng President and the flrm aupport
of publlc oplnlon. The magntflctm vlc
tory ln Ohlo, where a clvll servlce reform
amendment to the state constltution waa
adopted by rnore than 100,000 majority, Is
only the moat atrlklng of many proofa
afforded by the lncidents of the last ycar
that the Amerlean people now wjsh. and
Intend to have. a clvll aervtce worthy of
a great natlon ln tlie twentieth century.
U. S. FIRM 0N CHINA LOAN
Will Frown on Plans Outside
[From Th* Tribune Bureau 1
Waahlngton, D*c. a.?New Intereat In th*
proposed $300,000,000 loan to Chlna by the
alx-power group has developcd here
through the appearance of Wendell Jack
son, the Amerlean who conducted the
negotlatlons ln Anguat for th* SfcO.000,000
loan hy LJoyda, of London The flnancier
called at th* D*partm*nt of 8tat?, but lt
la nnderatood that thla govarnment will
not awerve from ite orlginal determlna
tlon not to countenance any loan not in
conformlty with the rectrlctlona lald
down hy the atx powars.
Mr. Jackaon did not conf?r with the
Becretary of Btate or the aaalatant aeere
tartaa although he did talk informally
with offldals of th* dlvlalon of Far Eaat
arn aifaira. Ranaford 8. Miller. chlef of
tha divdslon, aald that Mr. Jackaon haa
virtually turned hia connectlon with the
gg) 000 000 loan over to the Crlat tntereats
and that there waa no partlcular etgnlfl
caaofjlorhi* w*? . . _ .
Forty-one Battleships Minimum
Standard of Safety, De
clarcs the Secrctary.
IS SKEPTICAL OF PEACE
Danger in Trusting Even to
the Most Solemnly Bind
Equipment Too Small.
Waahington. Dec. B.-Tha Unlted Statea
muat have a blgger navy and muat be
prepared to meet any ehance of war. aaya
Secretary Meyer of the Navy Depart?
ment. If lt Is to preaerve Its natlonal
safety. In hia annual report. made publlc
to-day. Secretary Meyer pleada for three
new battleahlps thla year, and declarea
that thla country soon will fall from
second to fourth place.ln the relatlve
standlng of naval powere If lt contlnues
the pollcy of building only two ahlpa
International peace haa been brought
no nearer. the Secrctary declarea, so far
as a limitation of armamenta ia con
cerned. To guard lta coasta and protect
lta commerclal actlvltles the Unlted
States needs a pertnanent navy of forty
one capltal shlpe?battleships and battle
crulsera?accordlng to Secretary Meyer.
The present strength of the navy ln bat?
tleships is about thlrty-three, but .four
ahlps will soon he retired as obsolete.
Secretary Meyer's report Is a recltal of
tha development of the navy during the
>ear, wlth few recommendations beyond
thojie eontalned In his former reports.
He aivis chlef emphasls to his recom
mendation that the navy he Increased a?'
co-dlng to a proaramme that will keep
tlie natlon In Its present po.Mtion among
the world powers, and the auggestlon
that ?'onaress remove the llmit upon tne
amount of money that <an ba snent for
avlatlon and permlt the navy to compete
wlth the llke establlshmenta of other na
tlons ln developlng aerlal methods of de
Three Dreadnoughta Urged.
Fnr the coming year the Secretary of
the Navy urges that Congress appropriate
aaaajai for three battleshlr* of the Dread
noufht elass and for two hattle rrulser?.
*ixteen destroyer?. atx aubmarlnea, two
fnnaeata and a fle.'t of auxillarles. to m
ude transports. supply ships. tugs, ten
ders and a drxdock. The Navy (ieneral
H>>ard reoommends four battleahlpa, and
Secretary Meyer polnts out that even
thoujch this number ahouid h? authorlzed
lt would mean no real ln> rease ln the
! Bavy, as four shlps are soon to be retired
beeaaaa thev will have passed the age of
1 te ent> ) ear
| lecretary Meyer asareaeea akepticism
U te the jiholltlon af ?ar ln the near
future Wa'a rr?n.e wlth little or no warn
Ing. he savs. and only by the possesalon
of an efflrlent fleet of adequate sixe will
the country be safe from attaek and free
f. work out Its own destlny ln peace and
wlthout hlndrance. Tha Secretary adda:
The historv of all tlmea, rncludlng the
praaent ahowa the futillty and danger of
tiustlng te the gm.d will and falr dealln*
Of, alM e^en te the most solemnly blndlng
treaties het?een. natlons for the protec
tlon ?f a natlon'a soverelgn rlghts and
tntrT^*tsi. and wlthout doub? the tlm?' Is
remote when h enmparatively unarmed
and helplesB natlon may be reaaonably
free from attaek by ambltloua. well arnx-d
pnwers, especlally ln a commerclal Rl",
sueh aa the present The economlral eys
tem of a great commerclal natlon la so
dellcately balanoed that even a threat of
uar la very dlsturhlng and harmful.
whlle a war ?lth un\ other great power
would cauaa IneaJeulabla daaaaaje.
To avold wht and Insure peace the
country must be prepared for war. No
pernon of Intelllgenee who haa Atudled
International polleles can be hllnd to the
faet that the poaaeaalon of great wealth.
reaources and poptilatlon doea not carry
wlth it tmmunlty from attaek should tha
natlon s IntereBte rlash wlth those of
another better prepared.
Canal Will Not Double Flaet.
The operdng of the Panama t'anal will
1n no aenae double the Amerlcan fleet. a<
eordlng te Secretary Meyer Whlle It will
Increase lta effielenc y by facllltatlng lta
paasage from one coa*t to another, thla
condltlon haa been fully conaidered ln
cakulatlng tha naval programme. Wlth?
out the canal, aaya Secretarv Meyer,
experts flgure that the Unlted 8tatea
would need a fleet double that of a coun?
try whose coaBtllne 1b conllnuous.
The Secretary eatlmatea that a total of
forty-one battleahlpa, wlth a proportlonal
number of other flghtlng and auxlliary
veaaelM. la the leaat that would place thla
country on a aafe baala In Its relatlons
with other world poweia. This fleet
ahouid be secured aa aoon aa practicahle,
he aald, and lta strength ahouid be maln
tained by replaclng obaolete vesaela wlth
new ones by a unlform annual pro?
gramme. Whlle the Navy Department
would welcome more torpedo bouta and
aubmr.rlnes, the Secretary expre&aea tha
bellef that until rtiuro of the old battle?
ships are replaced It Is wlser to bulld bat
tleshipB than amaller vassela.
Aa to the need of battle crulsers. the
swlfter shlps of the flrst llne of defence,
Secretary Meyer quotes the Naval Gen?
The Inlted States haa no vt-aaela of thla
type. They have a mllltary value not
poasible to obtain from other typca or
comblnatlona of typea. To further neglect
their necesalty Is to dellberately weaken
our naval strength The paramount need
of the navy la, however, for battleahlpa,
and the board doea not recommend any
rnodltlcatlon of the building programme
by whlch preference In building la glven
to battle crulsers, or other fleet unlts, and
auxillarles whlch will Interfere wlth the
uitlmate battleship strength
Navy Ready for War.
Battle practice has brought the exlating
fleet to a state of complete readlness for
lnstant aervlce, saya Secretary Meyer. Re?
serve as well aa actlve veasels are kept
In condltlon for any contlngency, and the
navy's gunnera have during the year
made recorda that more than auataln the
hlgh atandarda of the aervlce.
Aeroplane equipment la entlrely inade
quate at the preaent time, accordlng to
Secretary Meyer. He polnts out that
whlle the Unlted Statea apent only J14O.U0O
for this purpose last year, Japan spont
1600,000, and flve European natlons apunt
lndlvldual lumi rangtng from J2,000,0U0 to
$6,000,000, the latter belng the expendlture
of France, Secretary Meyer aaya there
ahouid be no UmlUtlon upon the progrea
alve development of naval avlatlon.
He recommenda the creatlon of a naval
reaerve of about flfty thousand men
twenty-flve thousand to be aecured from
the honorably dlacharged men of the
navy, the naval mltiiu and varlous me
chanlcal trades of clvll llfe; the other
twenty-flve thouaand from among aallors
of the merchant martne.
The appllcatlon of the elght-hour law to
all shlpyards, says Secretary Meyer, will
probably cause an Increase In the appro
ptiatlon neceasary to build shlpa of a
SHERMAN UW AMPLE.
Particularizing of Unlawful
Practices Unnecessary, De
clares Annual Report.
UPHOLDS COMMERCE COURT
Oompetition Among Packen Re -
stored and Publicity in Shoe
Machinery Suit Urged?De
partment of Juiti;e Payi.
Waahington, Dec. 6.?The Sherman antl
truat law ia proving Ita adequacy aa a
clvil Btatute. and there ls no neceaalty for
the much dlseusaed propoaed amendment
particularizing unlawful practices ln re
atraint of trade, accordlng to George W.
Wiokeraham. Attorney General of the
Unlted Stat?a, in his annual report, sub
mitted to Congress to-day.
However, the Attorney General doefl n*t
pasa Judgment upon the efflclency of th*
antl-truat act as a crlmlnal statute. He
"The experlence of the laat yaar in en
deavoring to enforce crlmlnal llablllt*
under the Sherman law haa not been en
The Attorney General defends the Com
merce "ourt. the abolltlon of whlch was
attempted at the laat aesalon of Congress
A return to the old method of dlatrlbut
ln? lltigatlon arlslng from the orderB of
the InterBtate Commerce Commisslon to
the aaatrtet courts would be lnjurlous to
the IntercBts of the publlc and delay the
adminlstratlon af justlce, says Mr. Wlck
Dtawlng concluslons from the deerees
?f diBHolutinn and lnjunctlona whlch al
raad] liave been entered under the Sher?
man law, Mr Wlekeraham malnulna that
the federal courts are exerclslng In equlty
sulta a power to restraln which la cu
extenBlv* with the evlla against wnlcli
the Sherman law was enacted. Ttie
courts have found no dlfflculty, he adds,
!n applyirg the terms of the law to en
Joln the continuance of any form of un
t'alr rompetltlon whlch has reaulted tn
Imposlna an undue rcatralnt upon ln:er
atate commerce or whlch makea for
Particularizing Not Needed.
These denees, the Attorney Cenerai
contlnuea, demonatrate that no amend?
ment of the law ln the dlrectlon of de
elarlng the lllegallty of partlcular prac?
tices ls BOOeeaar* to clothe the courts
with full power to prevent any and all
acte whlch may he employed to accom
pllsh the llloB.il purpoaes denounced by
the statute. He says:
l am atrongly of the oplnlon that the
advoca- v of smeridments of the law whlch
Bhall /partlcularlxe dlfferent acts aa OOn*
stltutlng unlawful rentralnts or attempts
at monopolv has Its orfgln not bo much
wlth those who dealr* the enforcement of
the law aa with those who are anxious
to secure a flafe means of Ita evaslon.
An enumeratlon hy statute of the dlffer?
ent practices whlch In and of them
selvea, wlthout regard to the clrcum
stancea of partlcular caseB. should be
drclared lllearal will elther go too far or
not far Inough.
The Attorney General takea issue with
the declMon of the Judges COtt, Putnam
and Broan at Roston authorlzing the
hearlng in private before ai: examiner of
the clvll antl-truat *uM acalnat the Unlted
?BOe Machinery Cnmpany. and asks
for leglslation admlttltiK the puhlic and
representativea of the press to MCh hear
Th* declslon. lt appears to tne, ia based
iiimn a nianlfeMt mlncunceptlon of the
tiatare of the proreedlngs and the char?
acter of the partles. When the gnvern
ment of the Inlted States Is a party to a
ault, and partlculaily to a suit broaght
under the Sherman anti-trust law. M
pre\ent unlanful rcotralnts upon Inter
Mate commerce or foreign comnierce--es
Bentlally a matter affeeting the publlc -
all the people have a legttlmate Interest
ln the proceedlng and are entltled to
know J.ist what evidence ls heing glven
and when It Is glven The puhlic are the
real partles to the suit.
Defect in Wilaon Law.
The suit against the "cohVe trust," or
the Brazillan valorizatlon scheme, the.
operation of which. the Attorney Cn
aral saya. has resulted ln more than
doubllng the retail price of coffee to the
Amerlean consuiner. therehy laylng a
heavy tax on him, has developed what
the Attorney General regarda aa a defect
ln the atlll operatlve section of the Wilson
tariff law deallng with corablnatlons.
Polntlng to the fact that the govern
ment waa unable to secure a temporary
Injunction restralnlng the exportatlon of
930.000 bags of coffee said to be stored ln
New York Clty under the valorizatlon
scheme. the Attorney General recom
mends the enaetment of an amendment to
the Wilson law. authorlzing the aelzure
by the govern.nent In th? state of entry
of mcrchandise imported for the purpoaes
of unlawful comblnatlon. At preaent such
.ommodities must be in the course of In
terntate transportatlon to JuBtify aeizure.
The \oluntary dissolution of the Na?
tional Packtog Caaapaay. foUowkag the
acqulttal at Chicago of the beef packera
of crlmlnal vlolation of the 8herman law,
haa accompllshed. in th* bellef of the At?
torney G.neral. "a subatantlal restoration
of comp*tlti\e condltlons ln a very large
induatry whlch have not for a long time
Objectlons to the Commerce Court, in
the Judgment of Mr. Wickersham. would
be met by leglslation requlrlng the Inter
state Commerce Commisslon to Btate ln
ita report, aa a baala for its order. the
flndings of fact and the reasons on whlch
the order la baBed; provldlng that all
nndlng of fact and concluslons of policy
appearing in the report shall be flnal and
conclusive. and llmlting court revlew cx
cluslvely to questions of law arlslng upon
th* commisslon'a report.
Urgea Commerce Court Review.
Aa a reault of tJN declslon of the 8u
preme Court holdlng that the Commerce
Court haa no power to revlew so-called
"negatlvc" ordera of the Interstate Com?
merce Commisslon. the Attorney General
rerommends that the law be amended *o
that the Commerce Court will have Jurls
dlctlon to revlew all errors of law In rc
spect to orders of the commisslon whlch
deny rellef to shlppers or other?. Just as
the eoart now haa power to revlew order*
grantlrg rellef. The practlcal reault of
th* present siti.atlon, he adds, ls that
rellef against errors of law bv the com?
misslon la llmltcd to the rallroada an I
denled to the ahlppers.
ln connectlon with the suit against tne
Iellgh Vallev Itallroad Company undu
lhe commodltleB clauae of the Interatate
commerce act, becau.e of He alUged
ovMier^hlp and transportatlon of the coal
of the l.ehlgh Valley Coal Company. tho
Attoney General aaya that the aubae
ouent action of the rallroad company In
organlalng the Latdgk \ alley Coal Sale*
Company will he aubmltted to the court
soon to determlne whether the situatlon
now aatisfles the deraands of the law aa
TlFFANY & CO.
Pearls for Necklaces
Interpreted by the Supreme Court. Mr.
The aituatlon la that coal whieh is
ehlpped over the Liehigh Valley Rallroad
la mlned by the Lehlgh V'alley Coal Com?
pany, all of whoee stoek Is owned by the
rallroad company. and Is sold at the
breakers to the I.ehlgh Valley Coal SaUs
Company, all of whose stock has been
orlglnally lsaued to and dlstrlbuted among
the stockholdera of the rallroad com?
pany pro rata. but whlch company haa
separate offWs from the rallroad com?
pany and aeparate dlrectors, and wIiobb
atock may be sold hy the stockholdera
wlthout regard to their cotitinued holdlng
of stock In the rallroad company.
By this arrangement both the rallroad
company and tne coal companlee seem
te have parted In good falth wlth tltle
to the coal before transportatlon begins.
and dlsclalmed, therefore, that transpor?
tatlon is free from the prohlbltion of the
cemmodltlea clause as construed by the
Te Seak Petroleum Lands.
The Attorney General announces his in
tentlon of soon flllng sults in equlty
against the 8outhern Paclflc Rallroad
Canaaaay and others for the recove^y ot
vast aieas of petroleum bearlng lands in
? allfornla sald to be worth more than
fcon.000,000. The leglalatlon under whlch
the patents were granted to the rallroad
company, he says. excepted mineral lands
other than Iron or coal lnnda. The rall?
road company contends, accordlng to the
Attorney General. that the exceptions ln
the patents are vold.
To lnveatlgate and preserve the rlghts
of the government to the sources of water
aupply for the stupendous reclamatlon
projects eonstructed or in contetnplatton,
Mr. W'lfkcrsham strongly recommenda an
approprlatlon to employ an adequate force
of lav.vers. Polnting out that Innumer
able clalms inevltably will be lodged
igalnst the government contestlng Its
right to seleeted water sources, he says
the welfare of the citlzens who havo
staked their fortunes on the success of
these cnterprises and the honor of the
go\ rrnnient demand immediate actlon.
JURY SEES "BOMB CHECKS"
Witness Pleads Ignorance of
Union's $1,000 Orders.
Indlanapolls. Dec I ? Pcenes about the
ironworkers' natlonal headquartera when
John J. McNamara. the secretary, was |
arrested six montha after "The I,os An
geles Times" exploslon were described by
Henry W. Legleltner, of Denver, a de
fendant, at the dynamite consplracy trlal
legleltner said that he and other mem
hera of the un(on*s executive board were
ln seaslon when the detectlvea enteted
Oa Instructlons from Presldent Frank M.
Ryan he w-nf t" gunrd somo vaulta to
prevaat detectlvrs from ohtalnlng papera
untll the union's attorney arrived, but he
denled knowledite that any exploslvea
were ln the vaults from whlch nitro
glvcerlne, dynamite and lnfernal ma?
chines later were taken
At that time Leirleitner said he was
niemher of th* l "mmittee appoiute.t to
audlt the union's finances. He Identitied
one check for (MM paid to < >laf T
Tveltmoe, San Franeisco. in AtiKuat. 1911.
twii months before the Los Angcles ex?
ploslon, but he denied passlng on any
cheeks glvlng McNamara $1,000 a month,
whlch the government charges waa used
for a "dynamltlng crew."
Showlng the witness cancelled 11.000
checks marked "?et aslde for organlzation
nurposes by order of the executive
hoard." whieh L.-Kleltner sald he had not
passed upon. I'istrici Attorney Mill.-r
Idd rod understand that President
Rv.-in api-ointed you on that audlting
committee as a fake or to cover up
?No." replled Legleltner.
Legleltner was also charged with hav?
ing carrled on a pasaenger traln a nltro
glyeerlne case from Fittsburgh, where he
formerly Hved. to Indianapolis.
L I* Jewet had teatitled that Herbert
S Ho<.kin reported a plot to blow up a
brldge ncar Beaver. Penn . "when a
locded passenger traln waa passlng." In
that connectlon the government read a
lltter written hy Legleltner to McNamara
whlch it wns aileged. related toproposed
rxploflona n.ar PUtsburgh. The Vrtter
""?i'have mnde two trlpa to Heaver job
and flnd it too dangerous a proposltion to
BVeKleitner testtaed that he meant he
had vislted the Joh >"li whlch non-union
men were rmployed and had found too
many faarda praaent for htm to induce
the non-union men to quit work.
OFFICE BOY "TRUST SPOTTER"
Loss of Head KiUa Dog," Aileged Re
mark of N. C. R. President.
Ctpclnaatli Dae l>-MBtaeda aileged to
have been used by the Natlonal C*sh
ReglBtar <'0mpany to crush .ompet tlon
were described to-day in the trlal of
Preaident John H. Patterson and twenty
nlne other onVlals or former officials ?.f
the company by Joseph B. Uarren, an
automoblle dealer of Boston. formerly
emploved hy the Natlonal company. Tne
onVsals are'charged wlth having vlolated
the <-rimlnal section of the Shcrman antl
trust uct. .I'-.
Wairen teatlfled that President Palter
son had aald that to cut off the eara. tall
and feef of a dog would not necessarlly
;>rove fatai. but to cut off its head would.
Friends Freely Prophesy a Reno
Decree Will Be Obtained Be?
fore Flrst Anniversary.
SHE SAYS SHE1L STICK
Has an Offer to Go Into Vaude
ville?Her Father Hasn't
Seen Her in Five
Kayrnond Belmont's lonely bride of tvo
weeks and a day has rctainud a lawyer
to look aft<_r her interests, accordlng to
report, and friends of the Belmonts are
already prophesying that befort the tlrst
anniversary of the marriage, Mrs Ray
mond Belmont will again be Kthel iieleii
Llndner by virtue of a Reno dlvorce. Th#
lawyer ib sald to bo Adolph Suntienthal.
of No. 277 Broadway, but he rcfused to
dlscuss the case In any way.
Mrs. Raymond Belmont when ask? 1
yesterday If lt waa truc. she had agre/.d
to an annulment of the marriage, aa.OM
report had It, sald:
"I am Mr. Raymond Belmont's wife.
and I have no lntentlon of domg any ?
thing but remainlng so."
Further than this she would not talk
To annul the marriage It would be nec
eaaary for elther huaband or wlfe tu.
prove force or duress. fraud or false rep
resentatlons on the part of the other, and
lawyers yesterday sald, ln vkw of the
young couple's knowlng each other for
about flve years, none of these ground*
would stand the test of the law The
only ground on whlch August Belmori*
could sue for an annulment would be on
the ground that his son was insane at tho
time of his marriage. The only casy
solutlon ls for elther young Belmont or
his brlde to go to Reno and ottain a
The ldentlty of the father-ln-law of
Raymond Belmont was dls'overed last
nlght. He la Alfred Llndner. a cloth
aponger, with a prusperous plant at No
147 West 22d street, called the Universal
He has not seen hfs daughter In five
years, slnce sh?_. left home, at the age of
seventeen. and ft w tlciings, If any, has
he heard of her in that time. It was not
untll he read ln the newspapers of her
marriage that he knew of it.
When a reportcr for The Tribune called
last nlght at Dallas Court, a well ap
pointed apartment houae at No. 60) Weat
144th street, and asked for Mr. Llndner a.
servant aaid he was out of town. A step
sister of young Mra. Raymond Belmont
readily adrnltted her relatlonshlp, but
said she never saw Ethel.
"My stepfather," ahe explained, "mar
rled my mother three yearB ago, so you
see that I came Into the family after
she (Ethel) went out of it. None of our
family has seen her ln flve years. Hy
stepfather will he home to-morrow, and
he will be able to talk about her. I d<?
not know her. I know nothing about the
William Hammerstein, manager of tha
Vlctorla Theatre, said last nlght he had
offered Mrs. Raymond Belmont 12,000 a
week for a two weeks engagement. "If
she accepta." aald Mr. Hammerateln la??
nlght, "I will put her on aa the ChrtBt
nias week attractlon. I expect to hear
her answer ln a couple of days."
Raymond Belmont, it waa learned posl
tlvely through a frtend of his yesterday.
haa been at his fathefs home, No. 44
East Mth street. ever slnce he left hia
wlfe, who Is stlll llving at the Uoaford.
No. 23? Weat ooth Btreet.
MISS MORSE BRINGS SUIT
Speculator's Sister Begins
Action Against New Haven.
Sult In behalf of Mlas Jennle Morse. ?
sister of Charles W. Morse. waa tiled at
Newark yesterday agalnat the New York,
New Haven & Hartford Railroad Com?
The action waa inatltuted ln the Court
of Chancery by Mlsa Morse as a atock
holder of the Metropolltan Steamahlp
Company. She allegea, aa the holder of
137 shares of atock. that the Metropolltan
company waa so llleguJly manlpulated
that the New York. New Haven * Hart?
ford Rallroad obtained control of it and
therebv gained complete monopoly of tha
passenger and frelght trafflc water llnes
between New York and Boston. Miss
Morse asks the court to have the trans
actlons annulled and to have the stcam
era Yale and Harvard. whlch were sold
to a Paclflc coast Hne. returned to th?
metropolltan Steamshlp Company.
DJ-TII I l.!>
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