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HOPE TO" SOLVE EARTH'S FINAL PUZZLE-ICY CROCKER LAND
Donald B. MacMillan and His Hardy Band Will Be in Wireless Touch with Civilization in Their Search for the Undis? covered Continent Which Theory and Tradition Place North of Alaska and Siberia. Wlf.L. the spirit of adventure ev die? Will there ever be a time whi n ? ii ??.,II fear to go forth to face u known perils to snatch the laurel ? lame'.' The answer of the centuries has bei "Xu"' la spite of the toll of life ai liuil?, men have gone forth into the ui known places, willing to risk all, that tl world may be better because they live and died. And as the ages have answered "No, m> is the pr?sent answering. Brave ms still Uve. Fame calls not in vain. Jui as the Norsemen of old. just as Colun bus, Vespucci, the Cabots, father and soi Halboa. Magellan, Hudson and scores i others turned their vessels' prow? in tow ard the unknown, just so srlU s llttl band of hardy Americans leave this cit a. soon to find?a new continent. EV Take down your atlas or your globe an Ef you will see north of Alaska and Siberi W a vast territory which la mapped as th Arctic Ocean. Lying between the merle! ians of 106 west and IM east, there is rough triangular shaped section wide Is the sole remaining spot on the earth surface which has remained unexplore? which tha foot of a white man has nev? trod. A half million of square milei mora or less, it represents the sole rldd of the earth which is sti'.i ananswsret And it Is to wrest from the icy finger of Nature this, her last secret, that tr Crocker Land expedition has been orgar feed. THE UNDISCOVERED COUNTRY. Hera in these iceoound fastnesses, it 1 believed, lies the undiscovered land, th Atlantis of the twentieth century. Guare ed by the eternal cold. It has resisted th efforts of men of might, but hope I bright that In Professor Donald B. Mae Millan, leader of the expedition, and th membera of his party Nature will mee her match. Those who are pinning thel faith to Professor MacMillan believe tha when he returns to civilization it will b? with the story of a new world, a worlc of Ice maybe, but still a new world. T< bring back that story every member o: . the party is prepared to face death?tc die In the effort. If need be. The reader may be inclined to ask how it Is known that such a continent exlstt if no one has ever been there. The an? swer to this question la one of the moat interesting aspects of the whole subject. First, it la known that there is some land there, because It has been seen. Second In Importance, though chrono? logically first, it has been demonstrated, theoretically, by one of Uncle Sam's greatest scientists that there must be land there Third, there are Esquimau legends. The known continent wa? sighted by Admiral (then Commander) Robert K. Peary, discoverer of the North Pole. The time was June 30. 1906. Tho place was Capo Thomas Hubbard, the northern ex? tremity of Axel Helberg Land, weft of Haut Land. Writing of his discovery, Admiral Peary said: The clear day greatly favored my work in making a round of angles, an?l with the glasses I could make out, ap? parently a little more distinctly, the snow ? lad summits of distant land in the northwest, above the ice horizon." AGAIN, DR. COOK. 1 '?is discovery was made from the top of a great cliff, two thousand feet high. It was at this point that Dr. Frederick A, Cook spent his celebrated Arctic: winter, and from which he said he started on his "record breaking" trip to the North Pole. But Cook did not ?limb the clin*, or, at hast, h<? never BNOUoned having done so. Whether Cook really did disco?, .-r tta? p?lo will be, incidentally, one of the great points to be settled by this expedition. ? 'ook's records which he left at (.'ape Thomaa Hubbard will be brought back, as will Admiral Peary's ?'??ok said that on Ids way north he PS?Sad land to the west. In about M.'M north latitude. He named his land Bradley I ami, as a tribute to hla benefactor, ?'ook's "?Me? oovery" of liradley Land was two ysarg after I'eary had reported his finding l the land he had named after one of hi patrons, so it i- that the ?Brooklyn physl clan's enemies bava asserted thst sli "r. further north than Crock?r I ??ml ??a only a gu? - The theory that a eontinent. or at lu?? an archipelago, must exist in that Ml known wast?? is based on the w irk of lJr it. A. Harris, tidal BXpStl ?<< Hi- Unite? States Coast and (ieodetlc Sur? <?>. am thst puh'.isht-.l by him ill .lull". 1>'l. II "The Nati?.nal Q<***?g**apblc Magsxine." Ii a monograph he goes exbauativ? ly int.. ; study of tilles, arlada, Ice conditions ..lean temperatures, ste. Hi shows tbs the movement of the *.iue and of COf rent? setas? tin- lop of the work!, fron i'ianz Josef ru*chlpalago ?'""i Bpltsbergei to Bering Strait, is mysteriously retard led, and tin only thing that tide ??'ill war for, he argues, Is land. DRIFT OF THE JEANNETTE. The drill of the Jeannette from s pom' north of Siberia tn another neat ? Island, i.'.tw.eii ?Septembei ??. IJ?S, an? June 12, Iffja, and th?- marly tin <??? ?? sai drift ?if IfansiW. m the l-'imn, from ?i point a few hundred mil?? ?reel of tin j point where the Jeann.-tte was lost t1 i another north of gfritsbersjsn, also at? cited. Tradition among the KSglllmSU? shM bears out the deduction. Dr. Mmpson surg-on of the Plover, which wnit tn tin Arctic In l**::!', ret.orted that the B0QUl< maus of Point Barrow believed that sonic of their trlhe had been carried to tht north on the Ire hroktn ur' in I MUther.) gale, arriving, niter many mi? h Is, at u hilly country Inhahited by a psopl? Ilk? ?themselves, spssklng the Ks?iulmau lan? guage, and by wi om th?y STOtS well it ceived. After a long stay, one spring. In which the ic?? remained without mow ment, theji returned ?rtthoul mishap to th? ir owa country and reported their adventUl-M. Other l'squimau.s have since then been carried away on the Ice, and are supposed to have reached the northern land, fr<?m whence they have not yet returned. Th?' Smith Sound ?TSSjIlllllglBI also point in the direction of Crocket I?an?l and sa? sons of their tribe have disappeared in that direction. So it is seen that the proposed expedi? tion is not founded on a dream. It was to have been undertaken last summer under the co-leadership of Donald I!. Ma.Mill.ui and ('(orne licrup. also of the Peary party, but Borup's untimely death. by accidental drowning near Crescent I ?each, ?'onn., on the afternoon of April 1?. 1912. put an end to it at that time. After the Idtter's death it was decided to continue the work this year as a fitting memorial to the young explorer. EXTRAORDINARY EQUIPMENT. Never in the history of Arctic explora? tion has an expedition started out with such wonderfully complete equipment as ?vill bs carr*l(?d by Professor Mac.MlHan's party. everything that modern science ?an devise will bs taken along to study th.- country, its geology. Its plant and animal life. A complete meteorological sub-station will be set up tn the Arctic, with Instruments to measure tempera? tures of air and water, velocity of winds, barometric pressures, precipitation, etc. There will be a seismograph, to record earth movements, sounding apparatus? everything. These are being supplied to the party by the United States govern? ment, to which reports will be made. This much for the scientific side of the i expedition; most Important, it Is true, but not half so Interesting as the human aide. Iti line with tills one gets his lirst iolt when hi hears that the standing of th,? ?.Hants and Yankees will b* known to the expedition until the end of the season and all of next. How? Why. by wireless. ?Om nf th?? must Imp?t tant "tSSOM "f ma? chinery t? be set up at winter quarters | Ig a powerful wilt-less ?nitlit. This Is also being supplied by tht United States gOV? ernment, and is now being built lj meet t ?. [?? i.i i ?.. i smenU bj th? I ?? ??? i si i.'i? ?'tri?' Compan) In Bcheneetady, it will h? a station capable ot trans* milting messages al least LUV milis, and of coursa ?>f reeetvlag them from *m> ?listan. ??. The point ?hosiii for OlBtSI quarters is si the bead of riaglei Bai m Kane Basin, on the essl eoaal ol Qrant Lsnd, This is In Isl i H I only est miles from lh< \>"' Prom tin- , ...,,t th? I ?? mils radlu a 11 enable the expedltlori to keep li I with several stations i.i ? ? ? civilisa t Ion. The 111 daon I Is ' i ?mpanj la Ing tins summer a wtrelses station al Cape Wolatenholme, 11, ?- northern es tremlty of the Uagavs Provh.f Csn sde, about latitude ? Ai Bpltxbi raen ?lu?: east across tin Greenland i? a there is another stetlon, nearer? by Ih? 'way, than the one ?it Battl? Harbor Th? Csnadlan government Is constructing ?<? station at Fort .Nilson, and has r/o?"**?? teered lo relay all messages relsUva lo th'- r\jnditlon. Thus, while In former exploitions the men have gone into th" N?denteSS and hav?. been lost to tin- world while there, the < rocker Land exploran win know from day t" day just whai is gotas on in th" world. "You have no Mas what this means t?? the men.'' said ProfesBOf MacMlllaa yea* terdaj-, erben asea at i?i- boms m Central Park West "The greal thing is t?> keep the party amUBSd. A man gmused Is a man Mitistiod. and a ?llshatlstii'd man, whe'hir he le white n Csquimau. ?s bad, to say the bast, for an rxpedlUOO." Professor Ma,-Millan Speaks th? Bsqul mau langnage perfectly? and his knowl? edge of their habits enabl? s him to ilo much to ke?'p tin,.- from hanging Heavily on their hands during the long wint? i night, when the sun Ig not gOSfl for BSsrl half th" year. It is possible, in- says, t li.i t he will issoh tbean to play Imseball. ami he promises some great games under tin Arctic moon IN TOUCH WITH EXPLORERS. But It Is not only that the wireless will ! be useful In receiving news from eivlliza tlon; it will enabl?- the exploren- to tell ! of their accomplishments practically from day to day. Kven when the party is away it will keep in touch with wint? r headquarters by couriers, and th?- wire? less operator will flash th?- SOWS to the ether, e/henea it win be plotted sp sad )<- \ layed lo New York, so that the OhOie world may know within a f?w hours of what has be?n done and of the dally Uves of the modern Norseman F.ven UtS ?lis eovery of Cro? ker I_nd, though It means a sledging trip of about tares hundred ' miles hack to winter quarters, will pa known within g few days. TTm sipodlIhHi win leave New Fork on July :i. stopping at Boston for ILtM pounds of pi-nimlian and at Sydney to ink. lumber for thelt winter houses The ?hip ??111 then go to Smith Sound win re ti. , gpion t ??ill kill ?? bale and walrus ami gather Esquimau? and dogs It is hoped 111? ? ma? be able |ii |m,| tlinsl of the **?sf|ulmaus who were with Pear) si thai experi**aoe makes them Invaluable, I-|.,.,k-a ?lein and Ab-?. lab. ?? b.i WSM with Dr. < 'ook, will undoubt. dly be nil? .1 with genuin? Esquimau deligbl by Um thougbl >.f working . m"" for tii. 11 white friends, in whom they havi an ,?i mosl s?,-r?d faith. Th.- sralrus inning in Smith ?Sound wHI be greatly facilitai. .1 b) Un g a of Mr. MscMillan'a motorbtrat, lbs t3eorg? l'niup Sin- is M le. 1 long and T feet "Aide. e.|lll|)|.?-i| with II IV IIOI ?cp'l?? I l \\,.< verlas gasolene? kerosene engine. The hull |g sheath?.! with Iron plstlng, to prevent damage i.?- lea, Last Butnmet sfi M 1? - Millau made a '.'.'>?'-tin!?? trip with lid in tin- aa.it.i- if Labrador, and sin- 1? ROW at llattl. Harbin-, ?.bete In- will pick In r up on the ?aa*. north. SELECTING ESQUIMAU DOGS. At Smith Sound about otic hnmli-d ,.I" the strongest Bsagulnaan dogs ??,11 be picked t.. ?Ira??- th?- sledgsa Bight dogs are USttally allowed for each t.-am sight Ixllig equal In oh?' hoi s?- III po??.l. Tin ?bip ??ill lb? rt cross Smith Sound to Klai?!er I!ay, ?'?."'? miles fnun tin- pole flat? it'ide T'.i.l'?, nortbi, passing ?ape Sahim . at tin- soothers h??adiand of Plagtet Bay. aar-ggg the bay trota un.? point they will eslablisb ??Inter quartets in sieht of "Stai vation .'amp," WhetS BlghtSSS "I the ??reel?? exi i-ditioti petisli.-d in the winter of IM, Wlnu ??int. r .|iiaiters ha?.- b, ?m ?ttali lisb.d th?- slrip win return boma sad by the muidle of s.-pt,.mi,,., tin part] win bsgla ?1.-lent: suppii.--; t,, Caps Tbomiu llubbal.l ThlS ??"Ma ??ill take nil Wllil.i during IBS HHmiilii'ht p.-ili.'l At dawn, in lVhi 11.11 ?, 1:>I 1, the party ?ill make (he dash gCfOSg Ihe ice t'> cker l,and, one division going north, ??ii? south snd one anst. Their stay on the new land will ?lep? mi upon the ?heracter and condition of the ir.- behind them An early breaking up of the lee win compel the explorers t?. re* treat to the mainland t?, avoid being eut ??ir b) .'pin water, if Dr, Harris's theory is eorroet they , erlll Und here half a million square miles I "i land. Siiiii a large ares will mean at .least two ami posslbl) three years "i I W.'lk F'iii.iuiiii: their retreal I pom the pol ir sea, si'i.iitiii?' \???ik will be carried on al j atnter quartet a al Plagier Bay. Her? 'lining iii" summer months they win be insu? engaged In laying in Ihe ertnter'a meat SUPPl) for ?logs ittnl in? n. In th?' spring of ii"? the trip to Crocker Land may be repented, it it is, found lo be as big as is balk ?eil. WINTER QUARTERS. Utter their first return from Crocker ! I.ami m I'.'ll the) will ?ai r\ on s. lentltl?' I w.ik in liiaiit l.ind, working l.a?k giud I nail) i.i winter quarters al Plagier Hay land arriving there Is July. During the summer <>i Istl the expedition ertll g" t.? Whale Sound (Ingtefleld Gulf), then dl? rectly east t>? the summll of the Green? land lee esp at tin' widest part of that conUnent They win return t<> the Halted Btataa Late la the summer of HU or seul) in mg, Aside from its s. i.utilic ?'?luipinent, the outfll being prepared Is undoubtedly the most complete ever taken into the polar r?glons 41 winter quarters two real houses will be Imllt ?me for the white ni.-n of th?- puitv mi.I the BtkSff for th? Ks.puinan rlog ililv.is. The house Cor the white men, which will be hunt i,y the. , ships esrpentera win be ?'-' feel square, a i house within a house, as it OSTS, a slx I imh space between the Inside and outside ?belli senlng quite after the manner at .i thermos bottle, to keep the inner hou? ?? aim. This house will be furnished ?vtth mo? of the home eomfOrts of civilization. I will be lighted by electric lights, from i tine.- kilowatt generator, run by an oi combustion ein-iit?'. which also will sup ply power for the ?atriles?-. A ??t! ?known Besring *M**hi*t*i nianuf.i<*t'irini companj has p**-****mbr*i ? specially bull searing machin? ta be seed by the k .?'liman women In the making of thei akin clothes, dog harness, St*., thus sav il I time and labor. La. h man will havs a comfortable mat !?? with warm skins for bedding. Th? eating and >?" king utensils will be o White enamel, and an amazitiKly latgl supply baa been bought. Brsn peppa and salt shakers, and such small lux uti.s a? tea strainers are Included. THE TIN BATHTUB. A latg? tin bathtub will be among th? BUPpliea Mr. MaeMillan declares nothin> . Lsa so rejuvi natas s sana si a good "tui?.' And don't think they bathe in les ?tatet NO, unie..I, the water Used Is melted |0I Mai in?.I to a i OmfOI table degree. The ri>?.|iiiniaii house at winter quarter? will be .iliiuit the same as the expedition bou?!. e\,?pt (hat it will be smaller. Ii by II f.et, and built with a shelf iiroiin?! tin- walls about two fe?t from the ?found OH ??hl'h to aproad skins for their beds. "When an Esquimau joins an itpsBflng part? he always insists upon taking his wife and children along," said noteenant IfacMlllan, ''Wonten not having ?seossgi militant SB >.l :ii that part of IBS world. Hie Wives ate li"t In the way. The? sew. cook, help build igloos and make them sslves generally saefuL But man is mas? ter always Is the Ksquiinau family, sad if his belter half ?llspleases htm in ?ven so I small it mattet a.? the sl/.es of the stitches she puts in bis raiment a beating Is likely | t>> bs bet portion "Bui ?pm-iali? lli-y are simple and ! pi sceabla with the minds an?l faith of ?children. They aie **"***atly faHiinal?'?! by : iiu'works. and professor MaeMlllan Is tak? ing a gnat quantity with him t<? ch-brate the IVurth ?T July and to artius?' the ?'huskies" "The lv.?|uimat;'s greatest fear Is ?>f the devil, and il Is t<? him th, y pray-to stay away foaling that Um good spirits do not demand attention. They han no laws ami im chiefs. Kvery man Is his own boss, ami y?t crime Is practically utiknoivn. Mntders are rate, and they never steal. To hint that what they say is untrue Is to insult them beyond pardon, for their philosophy is 'To lie does no good.' "Primitive as they are, however, they have beaten ua in the matter of trial marriage. A man going on a hunting trip may Ixjrrow the wife of unother, to tin- perfect satisfaction of the husband. The littl?? affair doesn't *br?'?k up the igloo' Ot alter the love of husband or wile. If a chilil Is horn the husban.l nu'??' tot il as If it were his own. In sidle of all this their mural character Er/e277Zo J&*y?7?k. is invariably good?a tact ittOStOd b) their symmetrical bodies and perfect health. Admiral Peary tella of having seen only one Ks?iulmau kllol u? all hi? yuan ol soso latkm oil tbem." Smith Sound was rocentl] swept by an "phleini?' of typhoid, sad most Of the In? habitant.?about i_ men snd r*> ostaga* were tna.ie ill. It is I" II? red to have been brought to Smith gotind by one of the missionaries from goutta Gi??inland. Taking this as ., warning th< ? .tire ex? pedition will be VSCClnsted against ty? phoid before leaving New fork, ".?1 ta doctor will vacillate all th? :?-?, amain upon reuching Smith BSUad. PROFESSOR MACMILLAN. ri of tisser M,...Mi: .... waa t l'r?v Incetoarn, Mass., about thlrty-sev? ? asMj ago. His father and grandfather were aid Beoteh salltng <? ! fro!t' th.in be Inherited tale ? enture. Ills father w.i~ lest at SCS m ITS *^??*? twenty-Bve yean ige nothing bavins ever been heard from tali vessel or crew. Kver since he was ? i ?,??'^'lt t?i read an?! understand bonk explora? tion Dr. MacMillan- dreams Lave bean Of joining an SXpedll to tl " Nor?1' Pole, flirteen >"??rs after ?' ?tnniander Peary was graduated from BowJetn O* legs Dr. Ma? Millau . : ?ss*s hf sUtutl. there t., I ? on ? n., mber of ii,.- football and t,a th I I WrWt * teacher of athletl? ? After his graduation ft?? Usadgta, in 1-9?. Mr. MacMillan ta ghl at princi? pal la Um high school at Uorhagi, Me. then m the preparatory echo i ?'? Swarth aaore, Peon? and after thai u til fefaarg [the Pesry expedition In Ht?, he was phv Ica! director In the W-Mroester iMa**-1 Academy. Dr. MacMillan win be sccompsnieti m his Invasion of the frozen North by Profea sor Maurice C. TSoqvsry, A. B ? A- ?** I'll. D., zoologist of the gute AgricuHsrO College. Manhattan, Kan : W- BbBtO?-** blaw. A. lt.. AM? :,i boU' nlst; ntShSgb Green U B. N., cngineer an?i physicist, Theodors Auen, r\ptt electrician and wlrel.'ss ,?,. r.,t( r, and Jonathan ?'. Small, of lY.?vincetoe??. Mass. The SUrgeOB has not yet been se? lected. SPONSORS OF EXPOSITION. : The espedHfon is analer the auspice? of the American Museum .?: Natural llla tor/ and th?' American I leagSSPfe* Si *"?' ct.tv. with the ire epersUss of the wr : versify Sf Illinois, which has ,lona^, 510.00?. The bsnsrary ? .-TTit^itr^?? '^'"'j'* Henry Kalrfl.-l?! OSSOTn, ChSOttSf Ro? bins. Thomas H. llubi.ard, *M** . JsflSSS and Edmund J James, while ? ??on.mittee in charge is ItSSaSSSSd S^STT muii.l Otts Hovey, curator of *M?*y tha Am.tl.'aii Museum of Natural in tory; Herbert L BfMgmSa, *t *** lt Arctic ?-lub. an?l William B PSBeT' Many srs Inclined lo tah -Vflxaisjtm Baa SSSSe Of It all.' Why should men n? their uves t? sad an kseded eoti*Je*en.? l.?.d that will BSVST Si ? <"r __J i habitation ?" Th? answer i- that ??" n.av b.nelit. and the ult?mate r*"1'1 I,,,,.-,.) to science is 1*80?! t" f***9*! Ba-Prsoldant Theodora R?j-jeevelt. is ,,.?,,. m the Asssrieas Huseum ?*** ?ral History relative to tu- c-xp-dlttae, sa id : . ...i "The scientific work thai B ****** - in geology, biology. .,,. !."i''i'???v'^T. olorv. miigm'tlsni. gtactology. ?*'? ^ cou se. of prime importan?v. un, | pUstted it will ad.l materially t?. me - of braaSSS knowledge and should I"*t<* lieu.,- und?.standing of certain "1,ld';1 which form the daily environs***** ? inanity?to Instance SCslf ataWaht?. STUDY OF GLACIAL CONDITIONS A thorough study of glacier-*. PJJ ice caps and gla?-ial motion will ?' . for the purpose of solving the Problen^,n. the BtOCSSS of land moulding under SJJ tlnooua moving lee cap. s *?-_? Ih not v.-t tialltgllld ThS f*B_?_J ,r"\ ?ff the roast of (Irant l-and ****** ?*"* ticularly Interesting field for *aMT' _? on the return of the party from mwaa er I?nd. either In 1914 or 1915. one tion will tie detailed to make *****?' t?. th.- m.uthw.st of Pitees ?*atr,''K,| .?S This section, it is boned, may conne?' the BllfSlsSinn expedition, which ?? he working. If condition* permit. J 1 northwest of Prince I'atrlck'a Lan?.