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t:ksi?\y. KOVBMBBI 2*>. isia. Owned and published dully by The Tribune Association. a New Terh eorpsratioo: Ogdea M. Held, President; con-i? Hamiin. gecretair; Jan.? m Barrett, Treasurer. Addron "Inbuilt- BuiMI-g, Mo, I'M Nmmau street. New York. SUBSCRIPTION RATES.-By Mall. rot-tag? raid, ou tut t?o of Great. ? Ni w TOI k nt% Dally aatf guaday, 1 mo $ .TSlDally only- ? months.?a "? Dally ?ad Sunday, ??ni?.- ? ? only, i year... .... e.00 Dally and Sunday, I year. B.30j8unda) only, ??months.... 1.18 Daily only. 1 month.aOiSanday only. 1 yeur. 2.j<J tON HATES. *~T r\NAPI.\N RAJES I>\lt.y AND SL'NDAT: I-AT1.Y AND SLNDAT: nth .ll.BglOne month.? ?" .r. 18.5010a? >'"r. *0? SLNDAT ONLTi PAII.Y ONLY: ihn. S 07 ?ine month. on une iiiir. 0.14 One T??*. gw IiMI.Y ?.NI.Y ? B?NDAT O.M.T: One month. 1.01 On? month. -jo ?m.- r?ar. ?xatuOa? r?e?. 4-?8 ,. i . F . ? ?? ... ?t N.-w Yorl. as Second Cl??? Mail Matter ne unes its beet tndeevors to insure tha trnattrorl f ererj ?vertlaenienl it prints ami llcation "f ail advertisement- contain Ing n ? tatementi or clabns. The Railroads and the Public. it ig tu **ncouragl_? thing for the ntUroadg that pnhUc opinion universally approves ttuir request tot mi Increase in freight ratw. it is a proof that tbe people are, after all, Jus! T?ie old period of hostil ;ty and :?? - passing. When the railroads ...me forward and point tq the fad that added bur dens o? taxation, Increased ?rages and the advancing coat of supplies and equipment make aecessar- i larger Income than can be earned on the basis ol toe present rates hardly a voice la raised t?> dispute the justice of the claim. Doubtless an Increase In ratea should hare been made aome Urne ago, Doubtlesa the railroads bavej suffVred because ?d the delay In the face ?>f tin* a?i *.niK'ing coat of living for them. Bo far the; have "reasonable grounds of coinplalnt against the system o? public regulation of their charges. Readjustment has i.n slow But at least there is basis for the hope II be lees sie* In the future. Once the public has ndmltted that rates have-to be a?i Vanced to meet udvancing costs of operation it ghould be easier t convince it that future advances are necessary whenever they may become so. Th,- circumstan es of the last previous demand :<?r higher rates were unfortunate and the request waa in timed. Jual before the law giving the in torstat?' Commerce Commission its present author? ity t?> suspend ami Investigate uew rates wont Into effect the railroads sought to put through a consid? erable advance In freight charges, The movement was checked only through pressure exerted by the national administration, it produced ? bad Im prensi?n. By acting as if anxious above all things to av.ii.i Investigation i>y Um* Interstate Commerce Commission the railroads led the public t<> think that their proposed ratos would not bear Investigation. The public became auspicious . Tho Increase pro? posed then, as the present more moderate percentage requested seems t<> show, was excessive. The plan failed and the whole project of s fair readjustment of charges t?? in?***t needs was <?'t back several years. Had the roads not tried hastily t" Increase rates before the public authorities obtained the legal right t?. Inquire Into advances, and had they pre? sented their ?ase gome months later with all the out wiml evidence of good faith shown to-day, there la reason to believe that they might have been sue? ? essful. A great *-t<*i> forward bas been made toward re? lations of mutual confidence between tbe public and the railroads since the last propoesl to increase rates was Unfortunately made. To grow in public esteem and trust the railroads have only to use the surplus return-, which they will receive from the higher rates win? h they seem certain now t<? gat exactly as they now promise to use them?in Improving ser? vice, Increasing safety ..* travel, enlarging facilities and generally in promoting their own prosperity and that of the communities which they serve. The people BM Willing to pay for S better and safer ser? vice. "What Next?" Inder tins caption The outlook' presenta a aeiutlon of the .Mexican problem, pinning it to :i Tribune cartoon with the same title. Readers of I'll?' Tribune ?ill recognise tbe plan as one suggested by "ids paper sume months ago. llud the administration acted in cuneen with tin? leading South American nations in making repro sestatiOIIS t<> Huerta it might have failed, but even su it would have been in a better position than U is to-day. A eomvrt of powen WOUld Luve had *?? have a definite policy b?fete acting and It would n.'t have heen content to leave Its affairs In th? hands of magasine irriter diplomats. Blunders would have been avoided and this country's rela? tions with T-utin America would Imvo improved lastf-fl-! of being Impaired. whether South American powers would care i?. up-operate with this countxy as the attention htauib now !*. however, extremely doubtful. The Public Pays the Contractor-Politician Graft. District Attorney Whltman'a John Doe Inquiry into the contractor ^r?u't baa now proved its worth by a second indictment, on testimony whlcb seems unusually cl<f*a: aud pertinent. Again the campaign ? ?.ntribuiioi? extra? ted by force usures in the pro? ceedings. James K. McGnire, politician and con? tractors' supply man, has been indicted for attempt in*,' to extort a contribution from a corporation just ?is Fowler, the bagman, indicted before him. whs caught for actually squeezing campaign cotatribu? tiens out of state contractors. And in eacii case, .is in all other cases of the kind, there was the gg.? ?umitatloa, expressly stated or implied, that the pub Ik Kneif should pay. SdcGuire, In endeavoring lb complete his bargain with the corporation, he had ?m the carpet, is said to have declared that it would gat advantageous contracts ?rom the state If only it paid this campaign contribution to his party end gave him his commissions. Fowler, In compelling the contractor Hull to make his eontribiitions, is said tu have told him his work WOUld not be passed by the highway inspectors unless he did. but they would be friendly if he yielded. if the contractor -politician blackmail game, or the bti.sim-ss gian legislator ?raft ?ame, were merely a ease of ?l??i; eat fjQg the public could look <ui with comparative equanimity and the cordial hopa that they'd BOOS get tire?! of feeding on each other and turn moral. Hut the publl? pays. Graft always cumes 014t of Its pocket When the legislator bitch mails a publie nervi?*?? eor|K>ratii?n. <?r the corpora? tion buys a charter or franchise or pays ?raft to kill some bill to compel a needed reform, the public iniys in poor service or high rates?or both. When the bagman blackmails the contractor it is with the anderstsndlng thai his politic,;! alijes in oflce jiro t?> wink when they And the <??nai*.i?t--i stealing fron* tli" stilt?* in i?????r work and, ex?"*essive chances. Tin* result is ru< inevitable as t.ix?*s. snd the system is ?iliimst ?is old its fax . iillf't'lin*'. Mr. Whitman's work i>????-?*- ?uni Mr. Osborne's work in III?? ?.-raft Investigation upstate will -five the public a new and extensive course ?>f Instruction in tin* way it has i????*n I'l?'?? it will siso five the contTacton ami Hie bagmen wit.? bave ">?*-**i? iptcu* latins in public funda and inking chances with law ?'iif..i-??.nii'iit a Knowledge that th.* public does ii?'t always remain Indifferent. When the preliminary ftoureee an* ended ?t i- to lie hoped ?nu of the ad* van?'???! students in the bSglUSn anil politician class?'* Ui.'i.v ?begin a new course ?if iiistnu'tiiin in Jail id miiiistrath.ii as practised in the stat.? prisons. N"th tng else would render graft **" unpopular. May They Live Happily Hver After. The wool? liati.m will attend in iplril to-day the wedding <?f the President's daughter. For 11 ??*> ?lay. at least, it will relegate Mexico snd t'"' currency t?. Miiioniin.it?* chambers of the brain and dfa-patrt* i:> ccuntlese tbougbl waves its congratulations t?? tbe happy bridegroom. a wedding in the White House, no matt??! bow greet an ordeal it may 1??- for ih.? principal! ami then- relatives, always tarnishes the country with an engrossing, lau simple ami wbolesonM, topic snd ?pectaclc. When a girl as fresh ami as thoroughly American, Injthe heal tense, as Miss .tessio Wilson ami :?. young mm. clean cul ami Intelligent, like Mr. Rayre, proclaim ?their love t?. the world ami stand up t<> become man ami wife ?t renew*" one's faith in tiu? efficacy of American idealism. Our wishes arc all the nan?' ardent, therefore, thai tli?"*?* ?partners experience a pleasurable ami tranquil Journej along life's highway. We bone that Ha' ?celebration ??f their golden n*edding ?ill crown a romance whoue type we Americans iustly ami ]ir??uiily claim as our own. Mr. Mitchcl and Mr. ?Churchill. Mayor-elect Mltchel was m advised in ?some of hi? sctlons as bead of the s.-i.i inquiry committee of th?* ?Board ??f Estimate and Apportionment. Hi** coming out for Mr. Churchill'- reappolntmeal :?> tli?. Board of ?Education onlj proves thai in- Is still under tho Influence o? the rame advisers Mr. Mltchel s?'?'s the defects of the schools ami is Impatient to correct tbem Bui the short cul tow? ard Improvement by means <?f strl'iping the educa? tional heads ?>f the njrstem of their authority over technical matters and resting it in a lay board will lead only t<? ronfosion. When Mr. Mltchel assumes office ami has iin? ?respomdbility for h ? school.?, actiiaiiy npon his -.boulders we feel -ute that be ?in be leas read] to upset the existing system In favor of <<mi which has failed wherever it has heeii tried than his I'amima statement in Mr. Churchill's favor would now make him ?seem to be. The Slaughter of the Hunters. Main?* seems t?? have taken the lead In bunting casualties this year, I'p t.? date the seasou In thai -tut?* im*? ?produced twelve lictims. As ususl, tbej Mer?- almost all ??f them killed by ?some companion who "saw a movement In the boshes and Bred, thinking it made by i ?leer " New v?>rk siate bas been singularly fortunate ol tato?not thai its bunten are any more fool-pmoi than thus?? ?,f other states, t?ut as n by product ol the game laws and their enforcement, it Is t"i hidden to shoot a do?', ami violation of tlie law brings a severe penalty. As a result, hunters ?take a little care about what they shoot it might pay other states to enact a similar law. it only by in direction can s??m.' m?eaaare of protection t<>r tbe luiiiters he ***alned, Cornering Human Life. Humanity is dishonored by the ?tut" .,f affairs whlch is disclosed, in very high sutboiity, bj The Tribune's ?Berlin correspondent, Pour "f the most eminent (torman scientists declare thai the high ???ist of radium ami mesotborlum is due to tin* ?or ?lid ??oinmerchiHsiii of their pi M?hi?-er?. In a w,,i?l. those <'li?'iiiicals ?ire being ?uli.ered hy monopolist*). That is a moiistrmis ?thing. It is highly desirable that the marvellous mineral should be placet! as freely as possible in tin* hands of ail competent In* vestigators ami op?erators. At $U0 a gram it i- ?he fend the reach Of all hut a few. To redure ils COS? one-half would he to multiply ils us,, many time--. For men needlessly and from ?greed t.. keep tbe l>hc<* at an almost prohibitive Sgnre ;? equivalent i.? cornering human life itself. To correct such an abuse ?the intervention "f the ?powers, which some scientists are suggesting, would not be too extreme a course The Housewives' Boycott. it is h m"?: encouraging ?sign t?> s??<* the ronsum ?????- of the country combining, Caught between capital ami labor or made the victim <?f the pr., rtacsr and the middleman, the ?consumer has de layad his "turning" long enough, a? honor, then, t?i the heroi.- ami determined women who make up the hm>,(**) nicmhers of the Housewives' League. Theirs is the kind of militan? y which, whether they like It or ii??t, will bflng more votes to women than nil the viol,?nee <?1 their BngUsh sisjer?; can destroy, it is with ???als of tire on their beads thai their* bumbled brothers thank them. We hope their national boycott of tin- egg market will have the effect <?f opening up completely tbe entire rabject <?f food supplies ami cold storage Thl?. ?an do neither consumer DOT produce merchant any injury. The situation ?ah.? for s<>Mcthiu_ ?Iras tic, lince isiilated protests, or even combined pro? tests, if confined t?> words, seem Ineffective either in lowering the price or eUrithy** the truth, if cold storage eggs are being sold as fres*- Wg want to know it. If a corner in eggs exists ?,, want to know that, and if the supply <>f egg. i? totally inadequate to meet the demand the sooner we are sure ?if it tin* better. A Law to Unhobble Votera. From th?* outline <>f his views it appears likely Hint ('??veriior Olynn'i direct primary bill win be one which s?nc??re heli??vers in tli.it mmli needed primary reform may safely support, unless thev ' are mit now prepared i" go t?> the length of aban* floning th?* state convention tftre*~*"thlng, ?if ,.,,|Jrs. : will depend on the way in which tin? (hivertior's Ideas are Worked out in detail in the hill's provi* sioiis. Yet nny hill which lias for its fmmtg j|1(. groqp ******** or MasKiichnsetts form ?if ballot for the primarles, ami deprives tin? organlastiou of use of the piirty emhlem ami party funds in priuinrv contests, must d>> away with much nf the evil of j th?* present law Th?* ('overnor's ideas ahuut the usefulness of the' [direct primary i-1>* those which ?my sensihle man win? lias studied the system must reach. It is not ? political cure-all. DO* in its palmiest days will it ever produce a political inilleniii'im. Hut if the law . as liovernor Hughes used t?. say. can only he made to "take tile hoi.hies ?iff the patty vot?*f" it will he i the rotera' own faul! if they have to --nave about Icorrupt party management ami the ?graft<nweiled 1 fortunes of political bosses. A careful, adequate direct ?primary law will do much t<? nnbobble the j rotera, and there is no mhttaklng the tttei that they i want such a law. Facts About the City's Needs. The city riannlng BxbiUtion at the Public Li? brary offers the taxpayers an excellent opportunity to get ac-curate, schmtiflcally ?prepared Information about this city's needs and how t" meet them. II is t?. i?.- hoped they will lake full advantage ?jf it. With all its vast ??.?.penditures of money and all the i<-sources in tiie way <?f study ami disinterested advice-supplied by a few experts, New Yo'.k city is n??t s.? w?'ii governed as arc many municipalities ( less srell ??ff. This ,s largely bocanas its people it ??lection tiim's are t<?<? busy with personalities to .think of principles and means of government :'1"1 ; to.? busy all the rest Of ihe year meeting the '?'lit ?mil tiie grocer's billa t?> care much what the officiais | ?I... so long as they don't steal all there i- in tbe treasuiy. This exhibition will give people here a chance to i compare our municipal methods with th?..f other Icities in this country ami abroad, a basis for com? parison is an excellent stimulant for though! Buch i taking ??:' thought ought to ?result m more intelligi m interest ?n ?public affairs on tbe pan of tin* votera| I themselves. That of itself would render morel easy Intelligent work for city i.?-tf.i*iu<"iit. lioth ?a t" its Immediate i.I- ami th?- needs ??f the future which thoughtful city planning i> designed to meet Oil, apparently, has no inch effect on Mexico m it has on the ?raves >?f ?the sea, in the .?-t?te ?,f Cole Blesse the ??n'y cltlsens who feel like ?celebrating Thanksgiving ?r?? th.' "lifers" whom th? Governor has pardoned, uv offei Mrs- Pankhurst ??nr condolences A" thonj Comstocfe finds her daughter's book unobjec? ti'.n.il'l?' 'Mil* TALK OF THF DAY. While ii" was at th.- ..til??' the colonel's fsmlly had attended t., the moving Into a new Bat, ami when he entered i?i?- at night sfter the banquet m fac? - h? did no! see the colorado maduro cat that sccom* psnled him up the dsrk Stairway. '?.M'y.ink." s.u.i th? .-..t. uhih was a litt!? Il'.ars.'. "No, suh." said th. colonel, I'm ?from Jawjsb, suh." M'yank," repested the ...t st th.- second binding. i , .plain? ,i th? matter to > ???i befo', suh ? i ? olonel, bee) Into th" darkix ? !..? ,i In th.- , olonel's room th.- ? slmn? "ti the ? olonel strii. k . match, csughl I ? I .? n? w psplet i i\ In- h his w If? had install, d mollsh? d il '?th a ? ? Ii thai t?.?- ; .?ni" f. lio **e sas I ats In roplai "When v. usa ??W'll. h'l"l! I.... Vouna Am? i i'.? is ?m? i?. ?hit?', sad U not ?? ? *" ned with i lends ths pi ne ipli i of dl< tetl ??? si Bund [teacher discovered. The lesson sub.? ? ;.? - <? I? I I familiar ?Daniel In the 11? ? r i.-? ' den, snd seek [draw oui fact thai be was .i sodlj m : sk?'?l ' . ... ful pic? ?1 ni ? s : they ??? frald tlv d ? end ''"-?y ny i odamlnts with 'em Mother Now. Freddie, ;?t th. parti "l"'1 ?? . thank . .. ? n'l w.u.' n >"'i must j ,. ddie ?Don I bothi r, ma- i di n'l expe ' '? ? re? I ? ran] thing I ?? - ton Tr n i rlpt The Re. Dr. Henrj l. gtlmson. ?' Sea iforlt addreaainc the I the Clerical < r*nl |lunch(*on to blr William M. Ramsaj si the Savoy, ??sir William.' he said, turning to th" noted .-?? hoi it. "I ?have tiii '" saj t?> you I was .a th?; i heshlr? Cheesi ' in ?London, snd s m?t* frem Kber. il? h sal next me." Blr William, being the beat known product snd -it ,t the Unlvsnlt* ?? Aberdssn, smiled lally. ! "I>o win know .sir William Kainsav"" I a : U ? ? i. "'.\w.. i. a\ i,i,i he's ns mooch ye Americans dlnns think tno'." ' It slwsys lai:._ two lo mak. a .|iiai i ??!," quoted in.- Wise Ouy "l always thought s husband and wife srere one," added loe Simple Mue Phlladsl* ! phis Hi "i?.. How mat.y s?,,:., fountains are there In the United About 75,0UO, and their number Is growing ui ?ucb u rate lhaU the editor <?i "The s.><h. PVnun tain" confidently predicts that in s decade trier?' will be as man] of them sa then* are saloons ?_,<i??,?khi ; This optimistic editor sdds thai "the BOdS fountain i- becotnins s real fa? tor m ?our American life; it is patronised bj all classas* u.s influence Is srliolesoms? It w?irkw for food ?habits, good ?health and food ?iu senshlp, and u.?? highest standards should be care-* fully ? bit I? 'i " So SB) we all of us. She?Have you seen any ladles dressed In th.?* fall fashions yet? II, None. They still .seem to prefer the "hefore t?,. fall" fashion! Jud* e WHAT NEXT? A Solution of the Mexican Problem. From Th.- ? ? ill, i>'t th?- President "i the United States call upon Bra? wl, ?raentlns und Chill, th.' three rreatest states ?.f i*?t?- America, t? join tbls SQvernmenl in framina ? i.' * f"' establlshlnj ordei in ?Mexico end In ?endlos a commission ol foui special ambtusadors, on?* Chilian ! .ii, Brazilian, one Argentinian and one cltlxen .?t the United st.it.'?. to Mexico to see thai thai policy U car? ried out Lei a? in tins Jeinl waj say. to Mexico that the North end Booth American t-ontlnents cannoi toi ?rate the disorder m Mexico, which Injurlousl) affecl the entire world; thai human lif? mum i" prole t,,i thai proper.) must i?- r?*epe?*ted; thai the constitutional laws .,! Mexico must he obaerved : atnl that ?popular rights as titeo ar.- outlined upon the statute book- of Mexico must i? maintained. it is mid thai Intervention b) the United States would create s long and dlasstroue war. Certainly, the combined armies and navies ?>f chili, Brasil, Arstntlns snd th. l nited st.it. s can enforce upon Mexico an] pOliC) "1 Justice Which those f.,111 fr**Sl tiatloiis il.-t.-i iniiie upon. Orssl Brltsln sad, w? believe, tbe Euro pean nations would re..?illy and happily aasenl t<, tin.? plan, it would not ?.ni?. st?,|, bloodshed, pillase and injustice m Mexico, hut It w?,ui,| create throughout th?* entire length and breadth <?f Latin America the cop* vlctlon thai the United states has at heart not Its own ?elfl?h Interests but th?- welfare, Joint and nelahborly, of Hi, two American continents The Panama ?'anil la shoot to he opened, and the United states is maklns every effort t<> pr??m??t?' friend? ship, f??i- ?political, social sad coaunertela] reasons, with Latin America. Here we have s great opportunity to pm an end t?> an Intolerable annoyance at our own bor ?ler anil to develop ,i spirit of fraternity ?re? co-opera? tion with the I.atln-Arnerlian peoples. We know the difficulties >>f concerte?! setloo by nations We know that the I'uropcaii ?on. ?it has often been ?adly out of tut?. And y?*t doss not the Idea of an Arn?-tl?an con* i. it for the settlement of I'an-Amerlean affairs, whkh ?hall succeed In ? kln?l of work In which th?- Kur?>p?an concert has so often faUe.l, appeal to the imagination as w? 11 as to reason and common serve? ' ? AND THE PUBLIC PAYS. CONTRACTOR Five hundred dollars is pretty steep. BAGMAN That's easy. Charge it in your contract. THE PEOPLE'S COLUMN *^-5ff? J_J_5'" Public Debate. MRS. HATCH ANSWERS CRITIC I Review? Courte Purtued by the Suf? frage Campaign Committee. To th< ?I Thi Tribun*. Iff I: "ft.- of, .-? other ti ? ? -ks tint ti? i let? t?. (.?? prti let In the cfl ? ol ths ?' Union. This n.?Mt to ths ? Irculstlon <?f our papi i In ? onti ssl to that ol r Yorlt ? n that the lett? ? sritt I ?? i opli d II v ..1 tai ? u L it .--i>i Ing, ? iii ti i ? ?uffragi.letiei Invited Mrs ? .itt t.. be n committee, the Women's Political Union moved as ? i - Dmmendatlon thai Mi- Csti make the ?iHi.tnitt- ??? iroi.il.? representatlv? This recommendation was unanime : This sutumn tic flrsi meeting ?>f the smpaign commlttei eras called. Par from ever) Assembl) district being rep? resented, si yoiit correspondent claims, there aas not pre senl s single person friiiii any upstate distrti t. nor had anj upstate woman been even Invited to be pn *-? ni. mm resolution passed bj tins nar? row body ?ii sis members In opposition to the rots of ths Women's Political Union, stag to the effect that the union must give ;?i its organisation throughout the state ? ? a ithdi aw fi "m the committee i The mlnoritj of one asked thai so iweeTptng s decision be deferred until the Mcutlve board of the Women's Political l'nlon had an opportunltj to dlseuss a' proposal so vital to it This was ???-' toed. The minority of on? ssked that the ?ommlttee deflne bj resolution Iti powera I iii- eras rel used i.. The int.lui" ??i one then asked two , m ?Mili r to gain sn Idea of the KHindaries of thi committee, and found hem Quite llmitli 7 The first question eras, Would th?? Women'i Political Union, since Its er? lanlsation etas i?i be wiped out, be es? ??-.?till t?. give the funds it mlghl have for irganlsers t?> the treasurer of th.? eaai? ?aign committee t Th? gnawer was tree, I The minority of one then posed tins ly pot hosts; "8uppoe< ths Women's Polltl al Union wanted t?> give a dinner to Mrs Pankhurst and thi majority "f the cam? .mil committee thought such s feast un? wise, would tin* uiiiiin be free to ?iv?- the iititici?'.'" The ?into?i was no y Ti.c resolutions snd discussion ihowed thai ths Women's Political Union m- m t expected to "co-operate", it traa tajtag forced tu withdmu front th?* com Bittes or commit hari-kari, it srlthdrew. The gnlon has im pride <>!' organisation. f to wipe itself out would Insure s vi. "i j in 1911 it would srillingly annlhilats taetf. But, bettevtna H has somewhat the i.une part t" plaj In the future ns in the ?ast, it has decided, la ths Interest ?<f ths ? ferendum, to continue to exist. HAKKHiT STANTun BLATCH. Croton-on-Hudson, Kov. 20, 1913. 10W TO PRODUCE CHEAP EGGS ! )on't Buy Feed; Let Hen? Forage for | Themselves. ['o the i;?iit<ir of Th?? Tribune. Sir: In answer to Mrs. K. M Field's [usatlon to Mrs. Heath as to how can '*???*m be cheaper; Pot nearly ttrty years re iai.-?ii hundreds <>f fowls, nearly as niiiiy turkeys, hegldas pssnnnks. aii'l '.ever paid out a penny for thflr food. rhey are ?rent forager*, preferring graas t-oppers, hasps, worms, sie., duriaf spring, umni.-r and autumn They were always ed morning and nlt?lit on <oin. buck? lunflowers, 11?'. which we rail mi our own pla? <? ???,... ...?it:?- ipai i- tu in ? "I Man) times in wan. ? ad found all thi ? ; ot ? .un.- srhsn ? alii .1 foi theii : i healthy . | ? tl : felt s i 11.1\-;,in ir. are more healthful whi ? f. r themselves New York. No M. D M. ??SPUG" PRESIDENT EXPLAINS Mrs. August Belmont Writes of th Order's Objects and Ideals. To th.- Editor ol Th? T il sir. May i -'.-k for a iitti?* "f yo? ?. | .., . t CO I?Ct a fata? lmpr?-* ?Ion which ?x takin?,* rool regarding t?i purpose "f th.- Bocletj f"r th.- Preventlo of Useless Olvti i would like to state as ? rteflj ss ," slbl? what w ue trying to du und whs not trying t?> do We attack th . iii. tlve giving whKih Is current '"!S tomarj snd therefor? slmost compulser; at Christmas, Which results in unfair tax ation of working asaa and women. Am most unfair of all is to call it i lirtctma giving. We attack the exchange system of glv Ing, ?hull I'js degenerated Into an abu* of Christmas and has drifted to th? lev? of the common swap utterly devpid o the faintest trace of sentiment or mean Ing. Hut -.?.?? iid not organize to preven giving! That would be foolish in Ne'.?. Sink, t?> say tin- ;.ast Neu Vork. whlcl i ?iiw;n> th?. first t.? respond to a ral .r i.;. New York, whi? h ?s always first on th,. list "f subscribers; Sett Yoth which m spite ?>' her fault- stands atom mu? um Hailed in gi aerostty. On i in contrary, we urge giving. Olv? generously; but not from tear, to further Home lllti'l'liil motive, ?'I even 1..???alise it Is a tiresome tustom, but un.?* ?rllltngly for the pleas in or hell v,"> "';i> bestow; give for th.- love ami JO) of gtvtng. The society may bring about a few changes m th ? kind ?>f presents sold to anxious buyers is useful Christmas gifte, tint we ?io not expect to interfere with or limit tie purenaat of Christmas pros ? m II gay oi," thinks hy Joinm/ thS Bpugs he Is ssempt from giving he Is very much mistalun But ?? betlev? in th.- riKht ?il th.* in?livi.liial to freedom as i.??an?s Christmas giving Why limit th.' .!? Iinitl.ni of us. ful to material things? Anything that tit_ a seed "i any kind naturall) becomes "use? ful." Sim?i> at some moment we havi .iii esperienced the usefulness of encour? agement Man) of our most ardent sup* porters are th?* embarrassed receivers of collective presenta ?>f course, collective giving does nut exist everywhere and is i.ist dytna nut. bt?t it is still mor.' g?n?ral than people realise, and bellevtne "<> |aw ?>r custom is stronger than th.' pu?tlc opinlon behind t. w? hope to abolish thin custom hy showing oublie opinion Any MM believing as we <lo \h assgtt to beoome a member, each member is un*e?i to form h si|iia?l that Is to se? me tm other members thus tt* tearing by auto? mata preenotlon a ca tain <>f a_uga We plan to have a bin I'hristmas party, and each member is expected to bring or send t" that party tome lonely prison who would not have a happy day otherwise W? bettev? every ans should do his share. contribute his :uite to the general K??od will, good sheet and good fellow? ship of i'hristmas. The dues of the nociety are 10 rents a year. This includes the pin srhlch must he worn during the eampalgn. It may i?* obtained at th<> spug headquarter?, No. i".". West 'nth street, <?r any kwal ?sors tary of HM Vacation tiavinga Kund. ? we t?i?- t and pub? licity ywa ELEANOR ROB- N'T. Nov. It, !:?! ' PEACE CENTENARY EXPOSITION An Appeal for Support from the People of the United States. To thi Editor of The Ti II - Am? rii an Exposition, te * ; ?? i In London undi : I *? tinguishsd patronage, teat the hearty and t of thi people of the Unit d Btati - U at this sxpoeitton Is t.- cel?brete t? nar ? ol i ases ai d progi ess seien.-? -i and Industries ? ' ? ?tab i of America an?! th? Bi pire. This purpOOl - "' ? "'? ' x I ?'';"1 it is not the i ng of the Treat) of Obent alone that turns will unite in cell ....*?? t saw lbs development and spree ' th* n.asses of ths peopti ol I oth * of that spmt of mutual und gi od win which makes thi ' centrist between them ; '" . ristenoe Is unthinkabU Tin- United States, drae BtrOI ? and helpful .l.ii'..: ts of ? lation from .iiftei .tit nal :?m various races In the Old Worl larly Justified If tie ' ' " "'" nificanc? th? celebration of a e itasaSj of peace with Oreal B It is the purpose of the \ \o-.l " -in Exposition m.t only I commemi rate it will aim I '>1 deflnitenees and with comprehensive??"* a hietcrie summer) of what ?"?*" thms have ai hli ved In tl ' ?* education, t<* art, t- science. ( an?l to commerce The pro ? ! t'"1" ,h? -(position has receivi <vip' port Representative committee? en hotn -ados of th. Atlantic ar? isly de* voting themeelves t- fun l!,ir* i os, s of the expoeition, a'td they mvtM eon peratlon and the support of \"-hhe spirited citizens BVSC1 w her. In the exhibits kgggt - ? ? ' ' V'n t,, th.- pro?oets of Invsntivi ?"?t0 industry, because it is In tl ,!''at th? SPSrtt Of Its advaiii-i ' *?** tangible and visible evidl tivltV Th.se eVld.Ml.es of 111.111 II f 1H' tul I ng ?"' prise, which ???n >?? Siso ?*1 ' ?"?" terial proeperity, will bblp.tu strengthes the present bond of i ommerd il ? mon '** tween Um United States end the init-d Kingdom, ami win. in so ?>' Ina Instare th? contin?an ? ? ?? **00^ will between them Aiup'e ?" ?**<1 appropriate buildings ar? provld d '" "** ??live the exhibits from both nations, ?n? it may conlidently b? counted upon that American pride and American i-atrtotlsSI win net be lacking to mak? lb? <,v?'*lbl from the United Bute? worthy of the it* dements of our etvtUantton. In view of the import.ui'-e of the Ang*' American Expoeition snd In view of m valu.- as an evidence *f sound, popular recline and of i lendly internstlonsl t*W tuns. WS api-ai for the widest MSiW* support for the Ides which II represes? und we ask a.-tive Interest and co-op*W tlon In promoting its BOO ?C* NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER. Vice-Presides* JOSK.ril H. ITIOATK. Vli i President JAMM B, Kt'i?:.vN. Vice-Preside?. DAVID R. FRANVIS. Vlce-Presld?? I AI.VA B. JOHNSON. Vice-President A. LAWRKfCl LOW EM* Vlce-Preald*? ?AMUKL MATHKK. Vlee-Presld?SP New York. Nov. 22, ?U.