Newspaper Page Text
TIM RSDAY, MAKCII l?. 1914.
Ownf.1 and ruhllilird dally t.y The Tribune Assoclattoii.
a N>\? ? >? ?OgdM M. Re?d. PTMldsnt; 0
Verser 1 . ? - tu.l TrtiHSurer. Address Trlhuna
i Naatuu street, N?-w ?ork.
l?v Mal!. VoPta-;? Paid, out*"-" ?''
r?ally a niO $ .T.\ Pally onW. e months.I.?"'?
pally and 9 moa. 4.341 Dally only, i rear. *?;,',
? lay. 1 year. 8..'?(?,Sunday only. f. month?.... ??;??
.50 Sunday only. 1 y??ar. '.'???4?
-. I CANAD1 kB It ?**>? ?9.
PAU.Y \M> SUNDAY : DAI'..Y AM? SI M'AV:
Olio month. Jin:, On? month. ?In
On? year. l?4.50 ? ?ne year. " "?
DAT ??M.T: DMI.T OMLT:
trUx asentas. 3.07 on? montli. ?',*;
r.. e.t i . fl'
1..MI.Y ONI.?-. BUNDAT ONI T:
One. month. 1.U2 On? month. -?V
. 12.26 One >'-?r. ** u8
-.? g\ ?? . rMte?ssa at Hew Terh si taeosl iTient ?Msll
1v - Trillin?*? USSi It! t'est endeavors to Insure the
?Ttrustworthlnesa of svetry advertieement it prints ana
to a\.'i?i the ; ubllostlon ot all edvertistinsnu contain?
ing ml tatemante or claims.
Not Much Gain for the Uplift.
Murphy, Ko ley and Caffney are fully warranted to
?srllnlni to ?take their "expulsion" from the Na
tt4?nal I ?fin? '( nit!'' t'lub Korlously. Tho reform ele?
ment IwgiaWl ?by Jud?o O'Dwyer had to make use of
a technicality to get rid of them, and the doing Of it
bv M?rh imana toada much color to the assertion
?of til UM good Murphy henchmen that the reformerH
?lacked fl??* strength In votes to do It any other way.
Murphy lias Vont his membership In the club not
?becau.-?4 ?IM was n pestiferous boss, 4l1s?Tedit1ng his
(party ?by 1 Is peroonal n?cord and ?several years of
(potltio^il misnianagemeut, but. because he ffollahly
?liegiecteil to pay h!s dues promptly. That, has hap
Ipened to batter men than he, and to worse Mean
?time he remains boss of Tammany In Manhattan and
?overlord of Brooklyn, The Bronx and RJ-chmond, even
?x^n-cedlng that the reorganization of the Democratic
f*>tate Committee ha? left him out of power in that
Itbody?which Is a hupe ?concession. All this may be
?uplift, and It may he great Murphy la for It Mur
Iphy will not be against anything unless it promises
?4o defeat his agents at the primaries.
Tplift hy pp.eeches and resolutions?, even npllft by
?placing a flreeasolt Democrat at the head of the
?state committee, will not get far. Murphyl.?.m is far
'stronger?as strong as the cohesivo power of pulule
Iplunder. .Murphy's man MeO-ooey, In one of his most
genial moiietits. enraged young Mr. Malone hy tell?
ing him the brutal truth about the uplift?that Ota
?way to "get across" ?with it was to defeat Murphy 1n
his own district at the primaries;. Until some prac?
tical move ?ike that takes the place of resolutions
and trick expulsions from clubs, th ?. uplift won't rise
far above sea level.
Idle Men and Idle Farms.
'I lie <;.?vern?>i*'s well-meant plan of shipping un
enipk.y.i.1 nit-n from the city t?> rural regions where
they may gtA w.?rk on farms is ohviously confronted
by two (iliMHi-les, or at least difficulties. One is.
that comparatively few of the idle men Know how
t?. il?? firm work, and, contrary to a widespread
in?tion. such work requires more familiarity ?mi
exporieni-o than many other occupations demand. V
man Who COUld do good work at other trades under
the constant tllrectloa of a foreman might he worth
Icaa on i farm where he had to trust largely to his
The other difficulty is the m?torious dislike of so
?Large ? pr??portion of city workmen for countxy, and
particularly for farm, Ufe. The Isolation from com
?ii'l'-s und from familiar resorts is odious to them.
Wo may not re-poet this reason for unwillingness
to g" t?> ?the country, but it is unquestionably one
that must ?be reckoned with. Many social workers
have four:?! families averse to leaving overcrowded
tenements in the city slums for pleasant cottage
homes in the suburbs on just that same ground.
Nerert!??'.-?-?.. the Covernor's experiment is worth
making, ami Is worth urging in the strongest pos
?elhle way Tl?e city contains many idle men, who
?want work; and the country contains many Idle
farms, whleh want working. To bring the two to?
gether should be profitable for both.
Publicity for Prison Evils.
Miss I ?a vis makes a broad statement when she
?Bays that the l?epnrtment of Correction Is the worst
.in the city. Yet nobody who knows of the graft and
i mismanagement .she has already exposed and fol
jlows her description of the hideous conditions en
'c.unter.il l,y g'.rls ?sent to the workhouse to herd
?with ?hartaMd offenders will bo inclined to question
: her Judgment
in her frank dismission of these conditions ehe
may he using woman's readiest weapon, but It hap?
perns to be the most effective one In this situation.
Jier remedy for the workhouse evil, a farm colony
for women, is hound to come in time. It will com?.
quicker, and the other conditions will be bettered
easier, because of her prin-riple of pitiless publicity
regarding her department's affairs.
lily Charges That Must Be Brought to
There is general sympathy with the hundreds ?if
depositors In the SIt-?gel stores Very possibly no
misrepresentation was made to them. But that they
' supposed that their deposits were In a general way
?safeguard?-*! by banking rule? and customs cannot be
questloned, The loss of the small sums standing In
their names !-< a hardship and a heart breaking mis
fortune in almtMl every case.
The indictments now returned charge grand lar
cette Hti'l the. ae<-o??tanoe of deposits when the ac
1 knew the hank to lie Irisolrent Tbese are
?grwii eharve- There must he no color of PSTSOCU
ti??n ?la the fre-itm?>ri*L of th?**se men. But their trial
uiKin ?than Irdh'trnents should be promptly moved
lad Justice done in the fact?. Nothing less will
n ??ijiniunlty already stirred by this working
of wld*?? prend calamity upon a host of Its citizens.
Nature Will Have Its Way.
Potttkal prejudh-es may propose, but eeooomte in
< will generally dispose. Canada, under the
.'?? Of riuti',rili!i-t|c sentiment, rejected the '.- ?
prodty treaty which Prertdaat Taft and Premier
[4 .ri. r bad drawa and afetofe the ?United states had
Hpf.r??ve?J. Hut the closer i-?yiiini?-r?-ia! relations ?.?.hl<-li
1 ; a?IIms dd not want In theory fh*?y ore will
. !?? ?i 'I <-ven we|c,,riie In pra
(i.i?i<- betweea this ?eaaatry aad -afinada Li gr???A
? ?i ?? and will '*<?iitiiiiie t., Krow in ?..,a,. ,,f
Clanadas fallare t?, give iM?iiti?-ai eaacttoa t?. agree
in-titH |i.t/i?<l?'l to |ir.,ni.,te It In ?the '"ilen.hir resi
r>!.';, according t'? tcanadlan ^refeiiiaB?* r?--.../1 h
there v..,? i ?galo of |28v00O/XX) iri exports to Um
?United ? d i. gaiti of >.".'?'??<?"") in Importa
rr??,ij I'?- I r,i??.<J Slat?-- WJill?. ImpOftl from ihe
???i wers Im reet log p\J9jOtot<->??, lujportt
from Great Britain, with a preferential duty discount j
"f 88 l?8 per i'ent, wer?? increasing only 88,?000,<000.
T'ropliiqulty and natural advantage in trndi? wir!
always Otrtwdgb urtifVliil political oonsi?IerHti??ns.
fot ??<'innier?-l;i! purpose! Canada :in?l the United
States lire on?! onbroken area, and In time the tariff
boundary Hin? Brill surely be eliminate?" ?s hd irra
t ioriH 1 nli: triictioD.
No Wide Open Town Under Mayor
Although Meyer Mitchel is do prude end evidently
has every desire to meet ? lennlne demand f?>r per?
gonal liberty In eating, drinkinf, even In dandng and
kindred pleasure, it la manifest thai this i- to be no
uidi? open town. Comndaaloner McKay In reducing
Inspector (.iiii'n i?? n raptaincy and having ble "secret
rervice -squad raid Beveral reaorta bag served notloa
on the Tender!.?in 1 hat the a?lniini?.irati?in Intends to
"keep things in shape.*1 to ate the atayor*a phrase.
And that is probably as much as any Mayor or any
Police Oommiegloner can d<> In bandltng the vice
Raiding ?disorderly reeorti arid gmaabing gambling
apparatus will neither al'ollsh the evils ?if prostitu
1 i ? .xi and gambling DOT reform the Individuals at
fi'iteil. Those thlugl *r\ 1 i 1 have to <><?me gbout thruiigh
a mUCta longer anil mon} thorough ppw-css of pulilic
edncation and ?conomie readjustment About ? n the
police have ever been able to do at tin? beet, the
laws which demand prevention of this?? vi????s to the
contrary notwithstanding, is t?> beep them from be?
coming unduly offenalve to the general public and
reduce police graft from them t?i a minimum. The
Mayor and Oommiosioner McKay win bave publie
support in all their efforts along theee lines.
.lohn Id. Cadwalader.
Public atTalrs in New York have nhvay?- derived
lrmch of their hiebest significance from men Who
have refused to take any part in the actual -,"*?"
ernance of the city. It has been enOUgb f??r theae
strong figures to render what s??rv1??o they could DJ
their private efforts. Such a type was John I.am
bert Oedwalader, whose death is reported in our
columns this morning. Once In bis life of seventy
nix years ho held office. That whs in 1K74, when he
went to Washinirton to servo as Assistant ?Secretary
of state under Hamilton l'ish. Hut in 1878, when
be came back to .Vow York an?! Kaumed the prUO
tice of law, repeated opportunItlee could not tempt
him to leave his profession or t?i give bia energlea
to anything save the broad duty of u ..""?i citizen?
If he is mourned not only among his fellow mem?
bers of tho bur but by a multitud?! of frlendi in
n any walks of life, it will be because he devoted
' himself without thought of reward to the best
I interests of the community.
His influence was quietly but reeolutely exerted,
I and It was effective not merely becauae of what be
said but'because of what be was. A warm regard
for his charaefer was quickly developed by those
who came to know bint That John Oedwalader wae
on the *dde of a movement, that he would vouch for
a given Institution, was by itself r. powerful argu?
ment, ?-?i the time of tho competition for the new
Public Library, that building which is In a peculiar
sense a monument to his ?"tonetractive policy, there
i was one eminent firm of architect! Which bad
! flatly decided not to submit drawings, it only j
j needed Mr < "a?lwala?ler's Intervention for the de
i cisi?n to be reversed. His counsel iras alwaya
being sought in the large projects that distinguish I
our civic life. As a truste?? of the Metropolitan
'Museum of Art. for example, he was for years
indispensable. His colleataies knew that he would
always speak the right word at the right moment '
? And they were doubly grateful to him when be
spuke, for he was a man of sympathetic demeanor.
grave, kind and charming. Individuals who sought
his legal help found In him not only a wlae lawyer
but a considerate friemi New Yorkers will regret
the loss of his RorvVes and the passim- of his tine
Why I?5 a Home?
Thai ouispoken lecturer Mrs. Charlotte Perkins
Oilman has a most engaging way of presenting
Startling notions. After rending lier thoughts upon
"Home" one has almost a sneaking suspicion that
she Is right when she asserts;
The Imme of to-day, ?vlth Its f?mnll srroup of be- j
lated trades, ??? a permanent check upon the growth
It is not the abolition of the home that Mrs. Cil
man lias in mind. Par from it. Rather would she j
free the borne from the evil ways upon which it baa
fallen and restore it to its old usefulness. "Every
Child has a right to grass and trees gad tlouers," j
f-ho declare?. Every family should bine a separater
home, Is her inundation principie?
But should we <-o"k, make dresses, have our!
clothes washed In our homes? Or ahould ih?-e trades
lie turned over to trained speoi.ili-ts Who know bow
to carry them on economically and hygtenlcally,
"The home as a place of Industry la crippled, abor?
fire, primitive, unsatisfactory." |g Mr? Oilman's
view. One-half of humanity apanda ils lime --raiting
on the other half. Our present way of llring i?-'
twice as expensive as it should be.
Tho monthly bills have Just com.? in to rapport
Mrs. Oilman's economics. So we mlgfal as well con?
cede thai a borne, as at pr??s??nt operated is an cx
pensivs luxury. But it is a pleasant one, and from
long experience with hotel food and bat Chech boya
and slrong arm laundries ?re are Inclined to think
that home Industrie*, are not nearly as Inefficient as ?
they might be.
I he Unwelcome Brown Aryan.
i here s 111 probably he no diplomatic complications
Over the dcji.irtatkm and cn-lus'ion of Hindus from
the United states and ?s territories, for the reason
that tho only goverament which could make protests
to us is itself hopelessly compromised In the matter.
Hindus are subjects of the I'.ritisi, Empire. But
son,., \er.v importent inembers of that empire arc as
Inhospitable toward the Brawn Aryan Brother as
are ire. I mil be la welcomed by the various do
millions and COnunoawealths anil unions under tin
wept re of Un? King and Bmperor be cannot convict
us of inhospital ty
The rireumatencc draws renewed attention, bow?
erar, to the increasing Intensity ami Importance of
the racial problema of the world Despite the ghoij
tion of slavery ami the nominal extension ??f prind?
plag of 'liberty, equality, fraternity,*1 ra.? dlaeriml
nations are actually Increeaing. That le, no doubt,
becas s "f ?conomie rsaeooa Ha?tes or Nys/i
Bententioua reres, "We uro ruined by Chinese cheap
labor ' set forth ths arbolo philosophy, vmi with the
increase of population in ths world, and of commer
rial ami Industrial rivalry, the soonomic reasons fot
race discrimination aril] grow rironger. The oltl?
ii.ii' ?inn,?o of flu- problem \n something arblcb thla
generation ni,ij gralcfull) **ori|*s"?*"e to some futur?
The Conning Tower
To the Redfern Corset Lady.
Lady. I was never one to flatter.
Never one to pull the insincere;
Ever am I chary with my chatter;
Few the frails for whom I fill an ear.
Diffidence and shyness are my habit;
Frightened I as any forest fawn;
Timid I as any startled rabbit;
Shrinking as Orion at the dawn.
Yet I feel no trace of any shyness.
I lurling elegiacs at your head,
."spc.iking of your obvious divineness?
Not a fear, anxiety or dread.
Cast the gyve and break the galling fetter!
Far away discretion's chain I throw,
Lady, for I feel I know you better
Than most any other girl I know.
While this Pilaff of l'ellucidity does not come tiuder
' the head of provider of refreshmonf or armiseinetit
; A voira: Ton said something there", we assure the
Mayor and tin? make-up man ?hat we shall always
' .-lose before 1 a. in.
The Mo-rles AppBsx to Be Old Stuff (1698).
[Frosi Ben Jonson'? "Ev-Ty Man ?Jut of His Humou"- "1
SOOUXBOO: They say there ia a new motion of
ih.' city of Nineveh, with Jonas and the whale to be
seen at fieri Bridge. Too ?'an tell, rauainl
n NGOOO: fea, I think there be ?iich a thing. I
??aw the picture.
411 we heard was her reply. "I don't know, she
purred. "Ther??'s nothing s?? wonderful about you."
ui.at bad HI said?
WK PID ONCE
Sir: If BOSS*. d!?l BOS know fhn binomial th?or*m with
o'it looking It up? We ?r? c. I k
OLADYs AM? FIFINE. Barnard 1917.
II i?. the whlmsh-al idea of Q. B. T>. that that Dif?
ferential Calculus Rag should suggest the logarithm
Rut nolvil.?. np to the hour of half-stopping to
press, ha- Mid a word sboui the tangont and ?*o
tangonl \ n?i now It's too late.
THE DIARY OP OLR OWN SAMUEL I'EPVS.
Uarch 10 i p. and to the eye^hyrargeon'a, and he
?lid examine my ?'yes f<tr near an hour, bidding me
re.ul this and that, which I had no palus in doing,
and asking me as te various colours, all of which I
knew. So he told in * - then? was nought wrong with
my vision, which I was glad of, hearing, sithen 1 had
been in groat tear of losing it. To luncheon with
Ray Baker and Y Hapgood tlie pamphleteers, and
we diSCUaaed many things, and I do love to h??ar
such men speak, for that they have so much wisdom.
To my otSee, and thence to Freddy Steele the artist'?-?
Where was a great, crowd indulging In the new
dances, but I ?-ate in the hull with R, Kirby and
Griett Burgen until the party dispersed, and home
?n a metered-cabriolet and I think the fellow did
swindle m?', charging me 8a
U?-To Mistress Heloise's in the afternoon, who
s????nis in better health To my ottlci? in the evening'
and bard st my serivening, hut had no gr??at ditti
CUlty With it And I found a great box there, and
in it an hundred ?*nkes from Mistress Alice David
sun, heaven bless her. And 1 ?lid give some of them
to fh?> scriveners in the OfBce, and ttmy vowed they
trere the best any ever had sent Into this place. S?>
home and to bed
l! was decided to set apart one day in several of
the lut?? large ritlra*??Tribune.
"Dead dtiea," asks Gil "Tbornelay, "or town- that
Stay open after I a. m.V"
Mrs. Humphrey Ward.
.lohn Purroy Mitchell
And the World's firoofroom and copy desk permit?
ted, yesterday, "Roootter Johnson of the Century
SOlNlls LOB II.KANOK HAM OW KM. ABBOTT
Sir: I?uf?-h an?! I bave B bet placed on the author?
ship of the "jimmy-pipe." "spe.'.lulike." ??r?'<l-blo?*-d
niaii's siii"k?''' tobacco ail-, hutch takes Nell Brink?
ley. After reading the two last Issues ?>f the Ameri?
can Magasine I lake thai stormy petrol of art and
literature, J Mt. Gummery Flagg.
Edfflrfency In sign painting, In the window of a ?8d
itreet store: "Open for Inspection from 12 to 1 an?i
i t?. .""
The Vanderbilt ll"t??l Is not only for Yale. Pringo
t"ii. Harvard and Columbia men. "When in New
?ork," says tin? a?i in the i niversity of Pennsylvania
ruii'hhowl, "ri'iueiiilier that the Vnndcrhilr Hotel is
the ?deal home f??r Pennsylvania men."
TBI ?"iRI".\T niVIIiF*
? Ihfl 'A nrltf. I i ri'rnm Um Jour....
Cool ? ? ? "? r, il'inarci* of ;:? ninent *o
? not excluded toe pul riety women ator-nod tin?
lu- fr? ?:.- n,.?I, I'll?- Miia.ll . ?, ;rt)'.., K-, hut 44 ,-ri? n't per
???: ??? '?1 ?city mltted ?-. enter, ;? ? the ?.irbii?
v. in, handsomely sew nett Is exclude?!.
"The tlllmltablllty of irritation." writes r, v. b.,
?is to be able t?? translate all of a Prend? joke in
l.a Vi<> l'.iiislenne' except the line wlih the j.?ke in
?1 And." he add**, "the waiter was Herman."
PM.ASh PASS Till. ( HIM SAMT..
Miss Romaine might !"? May n'Nai-??
< ?r OHve Hoyle.- there's lots of traya
I'o MTw her on a salad-plate.
hut lettuce endive this debate.
Private advices from New Haien are to the eff?s.*t
that the staff of the Tale Record has finish.?d BOCrat
practice ami is in the p. of c for ih?> editing of Tues?
GCNEKAL THOUGHTS ON
r ARTICULA a AirnCAIdS.
b. Goaooa Gnxn
// you verr Ihm h-re parket
Do ?/lit tuppnne
You'd ut a trouoh of OOtwtt /aamuaA
It,m tip TO?B BOSS' / A A A A A A A A \
\ '- '""*
I ?ir the most c.?inf.irfal'le line |-j English llterafiir"
we nom?nete one from "<>n Being Idle,*1 by Jetaras
K Jerome, who should have been ?? eelyum eenduetor.
"Idling ha- always been my strong point, i lake
m? credit to myeott m il,. ,, ,i|, 1 |, |a 1 -m ??
f B A.
( V )
I SHOULD WORRY!
THE PEOPLE'S COLUMN A\?Z?C?;zZlot
TRIBUNE MEN LAUDED
Refusal to Violate a Confidence
Wins More Approval.
trarW8PAPER MEN AND ?CONPIDENCB
Judge Hariil. of the federal court of
New fork) has n White elephant on his
hsnda ?and la meMng frentio ?efforts to
?gel rid of n i?.??''itiy the ehipping
newa report? r of The Mew-York Tribune
obtsioed .? pises of news thst the oourta
thought a > ??m- ha-i the right to ?tve him,
Htid ha and ?the city editor wets ?sum?
moned ?to t.?ll 'Aliere they ?jr.it tin- ti-u.".
With the typlcsl loyalty of nswa gather
erf*, they refused to t?-ll an?I were held in
contempt of court, bu-. this didn't ?gel
the dehired Information from them.
They clslmed thst the evidence might
Then President \\ II on cams to the
rescue and offered them pardons for any?
thing thsy might have done, hut, like
"Jones's niggers," tiny had in ads of
their own nml ssld the President had no
power to pardon them for offences of
whleh they hri'l ?not been convicted
.1 idgc Hand srgued with them that he
had and cit? ?! < asea In ?point, hut as they
?ere the Judge end Jury in that case
they turned down the judge and the
l'r. ; I.?il!, dSCldsd thai the latter had H"
power of pardon Under the circumstances
il! rsfUSSd tO '"11 ??here they got
their Informstlon. Thereupon the Judge
Bm ?1 them ?."'00 each, bal asid th.-y would
opportunity t?? purse thema?lvea of
conti mpt by answering ?he <iU'??-ti ?ne be?
fore ?another grand .?';
The reputation thee men have msds
i? worth mu?', more than |1,000 to The
Tribun". That ?reporter and city e?litor
-?aill be ill?' to gsther news from men
who do not ?vlsli t?i be Known in connec?
tion v. ?th it. No ..ne ??ill fear that lie
? ' through ti?.? ir hma?'h of
The case of these two m?-n Is not un
.1 Th.; average reputable news?
paper ?man, aspeclslly if working for a
?reputable newspsper, v. HI take punish?
m? lit himself rallinr than Violate h ??oti
fldence, and a esse like this will give the
public so much confidence in him that i
inn ?nine a- a neu s gatherer will be
? i ? i- ted, .hi. ksonville 11 la >
IMMI'MTT BATH MAT BECOME A
Tlie two employee ot The New-York
Tribune who ha*..? been held for contempt
of court !.. -aus.? they refus,>d to hetray
tO a grand jury their sources Of Informa?
Uon oomsernlng a customs fraud eses are
not basins their defence on any claim of
"privileged rommunlcstltm." bul rather
on the light of any Wltneai to decline to
Incriminate blmai if The ?government
holds that an anticipator) pardon from
the President from all ronsSQUQIIIIal In?
i?iiity under ?the law eomplet? ly abrogated
?Ii.it pISS? and the court, citing a long
line of ?-ases, hsa upheld raen estrsor?n
nary use ?if the pardoning ?power. If the
?Mntentiea of th?? government ?hail be
Upheld In the higher court, th.- lOUUUMt)
lath, Whlofa ht'ietoloie has bSSS OOBStd'
crcd a pleaeiire hii?1 a luxury, to he en
J..y. d bjt only a privileged f. w, mav
com.? a terror it it i. t?, be sppllsd a i an
etiforced "ducking" for -WltneSSM who
are unwilling f.i talk Philadelphia Hulle
PROFESSIONAL KIiJIITS ill THF,
*?\ hile thin?,r courts have m some In?
?tances upheld sswapsper reportera ??ho
have refiiM-d to divulge iiour?'?s of tutor
mation, the full ?rtghti of repr?sentative!
of the presa in thla direction ten? Baser
been definitely decid? d
Affr lung >?ars of waiting for a high
??ourt dp. liiioii that *?'UI estai.I,sh a pr, ?-? -
dent, It ?HOW looks, through the efforts of
The New-York Tribu, .?. | though |UOh
a .1. ?'..? ion I, about to be obtain. ?I.
Two mem bora ??f The Tribuna itsfl ha^.
?bees bi Id In oonti mpl sad ined ?>>x.) each
for isfuatna to <ii??? ilose the eouroee or
i,.'WH pubnshsd in that pspet la rafersnee
to Indictmenti f.-r ?muggling.
The Trlbum he* deetsrsd the! ?M ??ill
?an | the ??:??? ip t.. the Bupremes/.'oun
Of th. 1 "ml. .1 :'!>.!? ?
The Tribune says that 11 "would be
false to its ?record as a tiefender of the
rreedORl .?f the press If it did not resist
to the bitter end a proossdlng which
?trenchea upon ttiat liberty end s?"-ks to
cripple tie- eftVieney of the press as a
helpful crltie ? f public men fiel public
Satrnpnpett K??n??raity ?sill Ind-orse The
Tribut, 's stand ?sad d? man.i a decision
that will scttie for all time th?? question
of the right-; of papers t?> refuse to di?
vulge the source of Information that
works for the public welfare and good.
Reporters should enjoy the same pro?
fessional rights as attorneys, physicians
ar,?l clergymen and he 1? ?ally exempt
from (testifying In ?as?-* wh?re they pos?
asse information that 's given ,,nly und? r
a pli dge of Mersey.
Publie opinion Invariably favors the rc
?pprter Who honorably stand-?, by his ob?
ligation, and "The Fourth Estate" sln
cerely h?'pes that the highest court In the
lend will do the same thing and forever
sett:., thia much-m<*?oted .i?ie--tion.-N'ew
York Fourth EatStS.
TUR NFrv\--T(-?F?K TRIBUNE ?CON?
Two memben >'f The New-York Tribune
city staff were fined MM each this week.
for contempt of court la n-t" ?s.ng to re
v?ai to a federal grand jury their source i
of news in two recent ?-muggling case |
They hat .-cored a beat in ??curing OOnfl
dcntisl Inform?t.on not obtainable
through the usual channels. There WSi
no question as to the ae?'uracy of I
neSTI print?.i. nor were the newspaper
mi a socussd "f committing a crinas. Tht ?
simply refused to divulge their aourcso of
Information on the ?grotuid that it mlgh4
ti tid to Incriminate them.
bent upon lecsttng the leak m the de
?pertinent; the Treasury officials obtained
from Presid? at \\'?leon a partos securing
the newspaper men against punishment oi
any ?crime involved in their answering
Persistent refusal to give up the Inform?
ants' names '.??d to the line, and a possible
jail term If they fsil to Ii'irge thrmselrtl
nten pt. Judge Hand, in Imposing
pei : 11 . luetainsd the PiseMent'a
right t?> Issue I ?pardon to a person not
? ?mV lei ??!.
it is an established principle In the pmc
Uce of journalism that the ??onfldentlal
relation obtaining between the reporter
and his Informant is as <-l?i.se and I Indlng
M that which the law recognizes bstWSSn
doctor and ?patient or lawyer and client
Indsed, it is one of the ?protective ?meas?
ures that secures a ?TSSSOnsble freedom
tor 1h.- press. Much informal 0,1 is thus
?.'.tail;..i hy the newspapers through eon?
ftdential, though virtually unofficial,
raun .s i? la oi of the m tt gusrda of a
?i? ? ?i-rati?' ?government and i mits a
???.-liant pr.ss to keep sll-wstrhful eyae
i pon t? e pubUc .? ? ?> i.' i.
is not the Trsssurj De?psrtment, then,
t. king on a bureau, i a ti,- function When if
.-? eke to ? ontrol Information ? ??? ? ? g
governmental operation! shout which the
people are entitled to full publica? .' If it |a
a ?rime to obtain news through any ? ?hen?
? el available to the ah-rt new.-? ??per man.
?ml punlshmenl is to be meted out to both
it forment and informer, then the hhertv
o? th?- ?prssi i. s? riou.iv thraetened.
Newspaper nan are ever on the alert
toe "lnaldi ' noon and never betray the
<-. i.'id.-n? ?? HOtor which alone, m nin-i
? ? . they are able tO obtain oflfelal In
f?.rmati??n unoffll-lall?. Ths Trlhune men
; -.it that they win continue i?. refuse t?>
dlvulgt th.tr Informants' names, come
0 I at Uta* To have ' , tr.,.. ,-,( ??he ,,,,,,,
\-h., trusted th.m would not odlj heve
? nipt of their fellow '? ?
. but would have meant ostracism ?from
th?. newspaper Held. The court's a.-the. is
unreasonable ?,,h| restricts personal lib
, m ??m- whole com tltutional system a
ba* ?i in? n th.,t,?ri pi ,,,? ,,,.,.,, a u1
us ?Mlesuarsttng tor th.? ?r.-atesi ?public
W. are lt?i ing m .m era of r,,? .? ru?ante!
publicity, and any attempt to mu. . ?,? the'
?press bj ? tosjgtne ?'??? tduumets, ab ???? or
1 ? to* groatst, thtrough which nswe must
' "? ??""" I I a MOS Hl that dem... i
?T. ?.i..m whi, h ban besa the gtorj and
example of ,,!,,' fend N"?v hnk l?lllor
? - -. i....I ,., ,.,r
f OUR PERVERSE PRESIDENT
Nothing Weak or Wabbly in the Court*
Which Now Makea Intervention Likely.
Tu the Editor of Ths Trll
sir: I think the slmoot unlverssJ nies.
! that President ??Vllson and hecrt
Br* rn ll.iv?? ! ? ?
dealing with the Mexican sltuetioi ?? i
i ?jnlstaken ? cm? eptlon of a : ? u
work to overthrow lb? i~"'? neot t>
If? ... . . in their
?I'-in and iIrfue, did "i appi"?
; i should say that they have
iirenJou.s strength and purpos? In ??
t'ceir Individual likes and disllk? .?gal***
the? judi-'itRiit of all otl:??r nation tnatot
our former snuliasasilor t-? Mexl '.?. tiut
?jf tbS St.ite li.'partnr-r I ? Silt orUj on
?:,-..in,?i..?i law; against tii- ?T.vin
' r ris of poor Ml ?. h i?:*
tii" opinion of um' ?> -nine out ol i
i iindred Americana in Mexico, sa areUai
all tii?- isssons of ? ? pert<Bn?*e end III I
I They save been strong and persistsettt
th.? point of perversity. That tiny liav
jt-icn entire!) ernme la anoth r mattet.
? they have Kon* to th? extent o?
nlng an b11I*uk*s ts ith ti *? I. v.'. ""'
? and bandits of Mexico and virtually
landed them arms aid bullet-1 with whte"
to proi.'iiK the oondlttoite In Mexico adt'.ct
' they profess to abhor shows ti ?? -itrenSth
I and determination of tivir poU . N'oth
! lncr "???ak and wabbly n! out that.
it sesma to m? iiiat we have b??
grossly taken in by those '? ? la UStah
ful waiting, if Intervention, s hlch is war
[ reeults it esrill not be due t a ?>"*?*
| ?of UM .?di .ii'lstiation. but to ItB h**B*BflSB]
? Btreagth In mahhig N poi Bible
? ' II S!A??LT
No. lei v averie) Fleet N ' "'"'
I ie, ?-m.
! IN DEFENCE OF THE CHURCHES
; Criticism in This Column Stirs s
Churchgoer to Reply.
| TO the Editor of The 8'n .
Sir: Tho Joifp *-;?.ir?'l "XOTS Caii'
? well." appi m _ -? edi?
tion of Ths Tribune, Interested ms rrest
iy. I, too. hava beea Interested inthadh'
euaalon relativa to the u : ,'K,,
in tiVir \isltfl to our eb in
une eaaaot read such .? ktter as No"*
I Cantwell has trrtttee without festlag 88
slemeat et regret tint people -'~o\iid hold
.m Htiitnde toward ti?.? Church Bseh a?
is heia. aThal has | olsoned h? r "' "^
?f1-?* thai divin? i ''??-'*???
know, but it la ? \ Id? I I art ?
f.?ir orltM iMii ...f tho ? .hu**eb or Kb ?'?
tempts to aiicMat?. ths d - ?'lf
pOOt m our ?ift .-? .
P tonally, i thti - I - ? ? **xt
met tii?* bitu.iiion brosjghl ahout bj "h**?
W. W, I.??ler.s in i splendid wn.? and ha"*
ni all ways ?mii.?i ?" ?
??Hi? I.or ! t' ?? ?< ? ? i- ? ?? ? ''
fortunate than ourselv?
much ?i it i?!?,. ?! .,' thii day, and i^ri'si*"
boom et ?ii?- attacks a*aa\
Justified, but you will rind that tho* ?*""
crlUctee ars the ones srhe i ?
church, -Mio have no erork '? ?
? H Idly by ? omplalnlns about ti t b**J
thooa who ?i?- Ire to do ''" v*
work their crlUca Bhouid hdp ?*- d?
Then, too. Um rs la s tei den? > <? ?,?Jr
the ? "hureh bj sons? mema? ri orna ?r
careless ?t thett rssponslb Ht bs oa?m
Um the print "f attack t"- " i ','" !w*
lor fla ?.?..?
We waal our "Christ ' !" l*
practical ,?nr. tot a fait*
Is u ? faith, an ' our bxi ret-alon of ?*?
lies in the pta.-li.al .?!'|!i hU?"i -rf*'MJJLJ
i< achinga t" ? ondttkMM ? Ihej
attempt of ttre i w U to test the ?^
osrtty ol ear ehurehaa rteulted la t"""'1'
that ths Bhurehss km- read) to ????>' $
M.'iiiiv. and oft.m uaworthy, v??oi'?* **
are brought 1" th.-lr ni t.-rlton
1 iriiNt that Norn < '.?niw-ll is doing *
pooalMs to bring sboul ? hetter ?""'"''
u.m in her Bphrr? . and would tegtet* ?""J
nHbOUgh I admire sud J???n "*'*??" ntT (||
bsi Bympath? tor the unemple)***? """^
our iaad shs i?"i?i ?? "",,',? cbartoPj
opini.Mi "f thooa who ars deine """r
in brine aboai a belter Btata ota*1*
i: u URANt-*"
i:,;,'i,iir, N J Mar. I? It, I ' ' *?