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TIM RSDAY, MAKCII l?. 1914. Ownf.1 and ruhllilird dally t.y The Tribune Assoclattoii. a N>\? ? >? ?OgdM M. Re?d. PTMldsnt; 0 Verser 1 . ? - tu.l TrtiHSurer. Address Trlhuna i Naatuu street, N?-w ?ork. l?v Mal!. VoPta-;? Paid, out*"-" ?'' ? rk r?ally a niO $ .T.\ Pally onW. e months.I.?"'? pally and 9 moa. 4.341 Dally only, i rear. *?;,', ? lay. 1 year. 8..'?(?,Sunday only. f. month?.... ??;?? .50 Sunday only. 1 y??ar. '.'???4? -. I CANAD1 kB It ?**>? ?9. PAU.Y \M> SUNDAY : DAI'..Y AM? SI M'AV: Olio month. Jin:, On? month. ?In On? year. l?4.50 ? ?ne year. " "? DAT ??M.T: DMI.T OMLT: trUx asentas. 3.07 on? montli. ?',*; r.. e.t i . fl' 1..MI.Y ONI.?-. BUNDAT ONI T: One. month. 1.U2 On? month. -?V . 12.26 One >'-?r. ** u8 -.? g\ ?? . rMte?ssa at Hew Terh si taeosl iTient ?Msll Matter. 1v - Trillin?*? USSi It! t'est endeavors to Insure the ?Ttrustworthlnesa of svetry advertieement it prints ana to a\.'i?i the ; ubllostlon ot all edvertistinsnu contain? ing ml tatemante or claims. Not Much Gain for the Uplift. Murphy, Ko ley and Caffney are fully warranted to ?srllnlni to ?take their "expulsion" from the Na tt4?nal I ?fin? '( nit!'' t'lub Korlously. Tho reform ele? ment IwgiaWl ?by Jud?o O'Dwyer had to make use of a technicality to get rid of them, and the doing Of it bv M?rh imana toada much color to the assertion ?of til UM good Murphy henchmen that the reformerH ?lacked fl??* strength In votes to do It any other way. Murphy lias Vont his membership In the club not ?becau.-?4 ?IM was n pestiferous boss, 4l1s?Tedit1ng his (party ?by 1 Is peroonal n?cord and ?several years of (potltio^il misnianagemeut, but. because he ffollahly ?liegiecteil to pay h!s dues promptly. That, has hap Ipened to batter men than he, and to worse Mean ?time he remains boss of Tammany In Manhattan and ?overlord of Brooklyn, The Bronx and RJ-chmond, even ?x^n-cedlng that the reorganization of the Democratic f*>tate Committee ha? left him out of power in that Itbody?which Is a hupe ?concession. All this may be ?uplift, and It may he great Murphy la for It Mur Iphy will not be against anything unless it promises ?4o defeat his agents at the primaries. Tplift hy pp.eeches and resolutions?, even npllft by ?placing a flreeasolt Democrat at the head of the ?state committee, will not get far. Murphyl.?.m is far 'stronger?as strong as the cohesivo power of pulule Iplunder. .Murphy's man MeO-ooey, In one of his most genial moiietits. enraged young Mr. Malone hy tell? ing him the brutal truth about the uplift?that Ota ?way to "get across" ?with it was to defeat Murphy 1n his own district at the primaries;. Until some prac? tical move ?ike that takes the place of resolutions and trick expulsions from clubs, th ?. uplift won't rise far above sea level. Idle Men and Idle Farms. 'I lie <;.?vern?>i*'s well-meant plan of shipping un enipk.y.i.1 nit-n from the city t?> rural regions where they may gtA w.?rk on farms is ohviously confronted by two (iliMHi-les, or at least difficulties. One is. that comparatively few of the idle men Know how t?. il?? firm work, and, contrary to a widespread in?tion. such work requires more familiarity ?mi exporieni-o than many other occupations demand. V man Who COUld do good work at other trades under the constant tllrectloa of a foreman might he worth Icaa on i farm where he had to trust largely to his own Initiative. The other difficulty is the m?torious dislike of so ?Large ? pr??portion of city workmen for countxy, and particularly for farm, Ufe. The Isolation from com ?ii'l'-s und from familiar resorts is odious to them. Wo may not re-poet this reason for unwillingness to g" t?> ?the country, but it is unquestionably one that must ?be reckoned with. Many social workers have four:?! families averse to leaving overcrowded tenements in the city slums for pleasant cottage homes in the suburbs on just that same ground. Nerert!??'.-?-?.. the Covernor's experiment is worth making, ami Is worth urging in the strongest pos ?elhle way Tl?e city contains many idle men, who ?want work; and the country contains many Idle farms, whleh want working. To bring the two to? gether should be profitable for both. Publicity for Prison Evils. Miss I ?a vis makes a broad statement when she ?Bays that the l?epnrtment of Correction Is the worst .in the city. Yet nobody who knows of the graft and i mismanagement .she has already exposed and fol jlows her description of the hideous conditions en 'c.unter.il l,y g'.rls ?sent to the workhouse to herd ?with ?hartaMd offenders will bo inclined to question : her Judgment in her frank dismission of these conditions ehe may he using woman's readiest weapon, but It hap? perns to be the most effective one In this situation. Jier remedy for the workhouse evil, a farm colony for women, is hound to come in time. It will com?. quicker, and the other conditions will be bettered easier, because of her prin-riple of pitiless publicity regarding her department's affairs. lily Charges That Must Be Brought to Trial. There is general sympathy with the hundreds ?if depositors In the SIt-?gel stores Very possibly no misrepresentation was made to them. But that they ' supposed that their deposits were In a general way ?safeguard?-*! by banking rule? and customs cannot be questloned, The loss of the small sums standing In their names !-< a hardship and a heart breaking mis fortune in almtMl every case. The indictments now returned charge grand lar cette Hti'l the. ae<-o??tanoe of deposits when the ac 1 knew the hank to lie Irisolrent Tbese are ?grwii eharve- There must he no color of PSTSOCU ti??n ?la the fre-itm?>ri*L of th?**se men. But their trial uiKin ?than Irdh'trnents should be promptly moved lad Justice done in the fact?. Nothing less will n ??ijiniunlty already stirred by this working of wld*?? prend calamity upon a host of Its citizens. Nature Will Have Its Way. Potttkal prejudh-es may propose, but eeooomte in < will generally dispose. Canada, under the .'?? Of riuti',rili!i-t|c sentiment, rejected the '.- ? prodty treaty which Prertdaat Taft and Premier [4 .ri. r bad drawa and afetofe the ?United states had Hpf.r??ve?J. Hut the closer i-?yiiini?-r?-ia! relations ?.?.hl<-li 1 ; a?IIms dd not want In theory fh*?y ore will . !?? ?i 'I <-ven we|c,,riie In pra (i.i?i<- betweea this ?eaaatry aad -afinada Li gr???A ? ?i ?? and will '*<?iitiiiiie t., Krow in ?..,a,. ,,f Clanadas fallare t?, give iM?iiti?-ai eaacttoa t?. agree in-titH |i.t/i?<l?'l to |ir.,ni.,te It In ?the '"ilen.hir resi r>!.';, according t'? tcanadlan ^refeiiiaB?* r?--.../1 h there v..,? i ?galo of |28v00O/XX) iri exports to Um ?United ? d i. gaiti of >.".'?'??<?"") in Importa rr??,ij I'?- I r,i??.<J Slat?-- WJill?. ImpOftl from ihe ???i wers Im reet log p\J9jOtot<->??, lujportt from Great Britain, with a preferential duty discount j "f 88 l?8 per i'ent, wer?? increasing only 88,?000,<000. T'ropliiqulty and natural advantage in trndi? wir! always Otrtwdgb urtifVliil political oonsi?IerHti??ns. fot ??<'innier?-l;i! purpose! Canada :in?l the United States lire on?! onbroken area, and In time the tariff boundary Hin? Brill surely be eliminate?" ?s hd irra t ioriH 1 nli: triictioD. No Wide Open Town Under Mayor Mitchel. Although Meyer Mitchel is do prude end evidently has every desire to meet ? lennlne demand f?>r per? gonal liberty In eating, drinkinf, even In dandng and kindred pleasure, it la manifest thai this i- to be no uidi? open town. Comndaaloner McKay In reducing Inspector (.iiii'n i?? n raptaincy and having ble "secret rervice -squad raid Beveral reaorta bag served notloa on the Tender!.?in 1 hat the a?lniini?.irati?in Intends to "keep things in shape.*1 to ate the atayor*a phrase. And that is probably as much as any Mayor or any Police Oommiegloner can d<> In bandltng the vice problem, Raiding ?disorderly reeorti arid gmaabing gambling apparatus will neither al'ollsh the evils ?if prostitu 1 i ? .xi and gambling DOT reform the Individuals at fi'iteil. Those thlugl *r\ 1 i 1 have to <><?me gbout thruiigh a mUCta longer anil mon} thorough ppw-css of pulilic edncation and ?conomie readjustment About ? n the police have ever been able to do at tin? beet, the laws which demand prevention of this?? vi????s to the contrary notwithstanding, is t?> beep them from be? coming unduly offenalve to the general public and reduce police graft from them t?i a minimum. The Mayor and Oommiosioner McKay win bave publie support in all their efforts along theee lines. .lohn Id. Cadwalader. Public atTalrs in New York have nhvay?- derived lrmch of their hiebest significance from men Who have refused to take any part in the actual -,"*?" ernance of the city. It has been enOUgb f??r theae strong figures to render what s??rv1??o they could DJ their private efforts. Such a type was John I.am bert Oedwalader, whose death is reported in our columns this morning. Once In bis life of seventy nix years ho held office. That whs in 1K74, when he went to Washinirton to servo as Assistant ?Secretary of state under Hamilton l'ish. Hut in 1878, when be came back to .Vow York an?! Kaumed the prUO tice of law, repeated opportunItlee could not tempt him to leave his profession or t?i give bia energlea to anything save the broad duty of u ..""?i citizen? If he is mourned not only among his fellow mem? bers of tho bur but by a multitud?! of frlendi in n any walks of life, it will be because he devoted ' himself without thought of reward to the best I interests of the community. His influence was quietly but reeolutely exerted, I and It was effective not merely becauae of what be said but'because of what be was. A warm regard for his charaefer was quickly developed by those who came to know bint That John Oedwalader wae on the *dde of a movement, that he would vouch for a given Institution, was by itself r. powerful argu? ment, ?-?i the time of tho competition for the new Public Library, that building which is In a peculiar sense a monument to his ?"tonetractive policy, there i was one eminent firm of architect! Which bad ! flatly decided not to submit drawings, it only j j needed Mr < "a?lwala?ler's Intervention for the de i cisi?n to be reversed. His counsel iras alwaya being sought in the large projects that distinguish I our civic life. As a truste?? of the Metropolitan 'Museum of Art. for example, he was for years indispensable. His colleataies knew that he would always speak the right word at the right moment ' ? And they were doubly grateful to him when be spuke, for he was a man of sympathetic demeanor. grave, kind and charming. Individuals who sought his legal help found In him not only a wlae lawyer but a considerate friemi New Yorkers will regret the loss of his RorvVes and the passim- of his tine personality. Why I?5 a Home? Thai ouispoken lecturer Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Oilman has a most engaging way of presenting Startling notions. After rending lier thoughts upon "Home" one has almost a sneaking suspicion that she Is right when she asserts; The Imme of to-day, ?vlth Its f?mnll srroup of be- j lated trades, ??? a permanent check upon the growth Of humanity. It is not the abolition of the home that Mrs. Cil man lias in mind. Par from it. Rather would she j free the borne from the evil ways upon which it baa fallen and restore it to its old usefulness. "Every Child has a right to grass and trees gad tlouers," j f-ho declare?. Every family should bine a separater home, Is her inundation principie? But should we <-o"k, make dresses, have our! clothes washed In our homes? Or ahould ih?-e trades lie turned over to trained speoi.ili-ts Who know bow to carry them on economically and hygtenlcally, "The home as a place of Industry la crippled, abor? fire, primitive, unsatisfactory." |g Mr? Oilman's view. One-half of humanity apanda ils lime --raiting on the other half. Our present way of llring i?-' twice as expensive as it should be. Tho monthly bills have Just com.? in to rapport Mrs. Oilman's economics. So we mlgfal as well con? cede thai a borne, as at pr??s??nt operated is an cx pensivs luxury. But it is a pleasant one, and from long experience with hotel food and bat Chech boya and slrong arm laundries ?re are Inclined to think that home Industrie*, are not nearly as Inefficient as ? they might be. I he Unwelcome Brown Aryan. i here s 111 probably he no diplomatic complications Over the dcji.irtatkm and cn-lus'ion of Hindus from the United states and ?s territories, for the reason that tho only goverament which could make protests to us is itself hopelessly compromised In the matter. Hindus are subjects of the I'.ritisi, Empire. But son,., \er.v importent inembers of that empire arc as Inhospitable toward the Brawn Aryan Brother as are ire. I mil be la welcomed by the various do millions and COnunoawealths anil unions under tin wept re of Un? King and Bmperor be cannot convict us of inhospital ty The rireumatencc draws renewed attention, bow? erar, to the increasing Intensity ami Importance of the racial problema of the world Despite the ghoij tion of slavery ami the nominal extension ??f prind? plag of 'liberty, equality, fraternity,*1 ra.? dlaeriml nations are actually Increeaing. That le, no doubt, becas s "f ?conomie rsaeooa Ha?tes or Nys/i Bententioua reres, "We uro ruined by Chinese cheap labor ' set forth ths arbolo philosophy, vmi with the increase of population in ths world, and of commer rial ami Industrial rivalry, the soonomic reasons fot race discrimination aril] grow rironger. The oltl? ii.ii' ?inn,?o of flu- problem \n something arblcb thla generation ni,ij gralcfull) **ori|*s"?*"e to some futur? ii"/. The Conning Tower ?-' * To the Redfern Corset Lady. Lady. I was never one to flatter. Never one to pull the insincere; Ever am I chary with my chatter; Few the frails for whom I fill an ear. Diffidence and shyness are my habit; Frightened I as any forest fawn; Timid I as any startled rabbit; Shrinking as Orion at the dawn. Yet I feel no trace of any shyness. I lurling elegiacs at your head, ."spc.iking of your obvious divineness? Not a fear, anxiety or dread. Cast the gyve and break the galling fetter! Far away discretion's chain I throw, Lady, for I feel I know you better Than most any other girl I know. While this Pilaff of l'ellucidity does not come tiuder ' the head of provider of refreshmonf or armiseinetit ; A voira: Ton said something there", we assure the Mayor and tin? make-up man ?hat we shall always ' .-lose before 1 a. in. The Mo-rles AppBsx to Be Old Stuff (1698). [Frosi Ben Jonson'? "Ev-Ty Man ?Jut of His Humou"- "1 SOOUXBOO: They say there ia a new motion of ih.' city of Nineveh, with Jonas and the whale to be seen at fieri Bridge. Too ?'an tell, rauainl n NGOOO: fea, I think there be ?iich a thing. I ??aw the picture. 411 we heard was her reply. "I don't know, she purred. "Ther??'s nothing s?? wonderful about you." ui.at bad HI said? WK PID ONCE Sir: If BOSS*. d!?l BOS know fhn binomial th?or*m with o'it looking It up? We ?r? c. I k OLADYs AM? FIFINE. Barnard 1917. II i?. the whlmsh-al idea of Q. B. T>. that that Dif? ferential Calculus Rag should suggest the logarithm of motion. - Rut nolvil.?. np to the hour of half-stopping to press, ha- Mid a word sboui the tangont and ?*o tangonl \ n?i now It's too late. THE DIARY OP OLR OWN SAMUEL I'EPVS. Uarch 10 i p. and to the eye^hyrargeon'a, and he ?lid examine my ?'yes f<tr near an hour, bidding me re.ul this and that, which I had no palus in doing, and asking me as te various colours, all of which I knew. So he told in * - then? was nought wrong with my vision, which I was glad of, hearing, sithen 1 had been in groat tear of losing it. To luncheon with Ray Baker and Y Hapgood tlie pamphleteers, and we diSCUaaed many things, and I do love to h??ar such men speak, for that they have so much wisdom. To my otSee, and thence to Freddy Steele the artist'?-? Where was a great, crowd indulging In the new dances, but I ?-ate in the hull with R, Kirby and Griett Burgen until the party dispersed, and home ?n a metered-cabriolet and I think the fellow did swindle m?', charging me 8a U?-To Mistress Heloise's in the afternoon, who s????nis in better health To my ottlci? in the evening' and bard st my serivening, hut had no gr??at ditti CUlty With it And I found a great box there, and in it an hundred ?*nkes from Mistress Alice David sun, heaven bless her. And 1 ?lid give some of them to fh?> scriveners in the OfBce, and ttmy vowed they trere the best any ever had sent Into this place. S?> home and to bed l! was decided to set apart one day in several of the lut?? large ritlra*??Tribune. "Dead dtiea," asks Gil "Tbornelay, "or town- that Stay open after I a. m.V" PROOmOOM BLUDER& Mrs. Humphrey Ward. .lohn Purroy Mitchell Mil-hell Kennerly. And the World's firoofroom and copy desk permit? ted, yesterday, "Roootter Johnson of the Century Magasine." SOlNlls LOB II.KANOK HAM OW KM. ABBOTT Sir: I?uf?-h an?! I bave B bet placed on the author? ship of the "jimmy-pipe." "spe.'.lulike." ??r?'<l-blo?*-d niaii's siii"k?''' tobacco ail-, hutch takes Nell Brink? ley. After reading the two last Issues ?>f the Ameri? can Magasine I lake thai stormy petrol of art and literature, J Mt. Gummery Flagg. Ray Sari?--.*"t. Edfflrfency In sign painting, In the window of a ?8d itreet store: "Open for Inspection from 12 to 1 an?i i t?. ."" ;_ The Vanderbilt ll"t??l Is not only for Yale. Pringo t"ii. Harvard and Columbia men. "When in New ?ork," says tin? a?i in the i niversity of Pennsylvania ruii'hhowl, "ri'iueiiilier that the Vnndcrhilr Hotel is the ?deal home f??r Pennsylvania men." TBI ?"iRI".\T niVIIiF* ? Ihfl 'A nrltf. I i ri'rnm Um Jour.... Cool ? ? ? "? r, il'inarci* of ;:? ninent *o ? not excluded toe pul riety women ator-nod tin? lu- fr? ?:.- n,.?I, I'll?- Miia.ll . ?, ;rt)'.., K-, hut 44 ,-ri? n't per ???: ??? '?1 ?city mltted ?-. enter, ;? ? the ?.irbii? v. in, handsomely sew nett Is exclude?!. , "The tlllmltablllty of irritation." writes r, v. b., ?is to be able t?? translate all of a Prend? joke in l.a Vi<> l'.iiislenne' except the line wlih the j.?ke in ?1 And." he add**, "the waiter was Herman." PM.ASh PASS Till. ( HIM SAMT.. Miss Romaine might !"? May n'Nai-?? < ?r OHve Hoyle.- there's lots of traya I'o MTw her on a salad-plate. hut lettuce endive this debate. s. s Private advices from New Haien are to the eff?s.*t that the staff of the Tale Record has finish.?d BOCrat practice ami is in the p. of c for ih?> editing of Tues? day's Tower. A*-s A GCNEKAL THOUGHTS ON r ARTICULA a AirnCAIdS. b. Goaooa Gnxn // you verr Ihm h-re parket Do ?/lit tuppnne You'd ut a trouoh of OOtwtt /aamuaA It,m tip TO?B BOSS' / A A A A A A A A \ \ '- '""* I ?ir the most c.?inf.irfal'le line |-j English llterafiir" we nom?nete one from "<>n Being Idle,*1 by Jetaras K Jerome, who should have been ?? eelyum eenduetor. "Idling ha- always been my strong point, i lake m? credit to myeott m il,. ,, ,i|, 1 |, |a 1 -m ?? f B A. ( V ) I SHOULD WORRY! THE PEOPLE'S COLUMN A\?Z?C?;zZlot TRIBUNE MEN LAUDED Refusal to Violate a Confidence Wins More Approval. trarW8PAPER MEN AND ?CONPIDENCB Judge Hariil. of the federal court of New fork) has n White elephant on his hsnda ?and la meMng frentio ?efforts to ?gel rid of n i?.??''itiy the ehipping newa report? r of The Mew-York Tribune obtsioed .? pises of news thst the oourta thought a > ??m- ha-i the right to ?tve him, Htid ha and ?the city editor wets ?sum? moned ?to t.?ll 'Aliere they ?jr.it tin- ti-u.". With the typlcsl loyalty of nswa gather erf*, they refused to t?-ll an?I were held in contempt of court, bu-. this didn't ?gel the dehired Information from them. They clslmed thst the evidence might Incrim?nate them. Then President \\ II on cams to the rescue and offered them pardons for any? thing thsy might have done, hut, like "Jones's niggers," tiny had in ads of their own nml ssld the President had no power to pardon them for offences of whleh they hri'l ?not been convicted .1 idgc Hand srgued with them that he had and cit? ?! < asea In ?point, hut as they ?ere the Judge end Jury in that case they turned down the judge and the l'r. ; I.?il!, dSCldsd thai the latter had H" power of pardon Under the circumstances il! rsfUSSd tO '"11 ??here they got their Informstlon. Thereupon the Judge Bm ?1 them ?."'00 each, bal asid th.-y would opportunity t?? purse thema?lvea of conti mpt by answering ?he <iU'??-ti ?ne be? fore ?another grand .?'; The reputation thee men have msds i? worth mu?', more than |1,000 to The Tribun". That ?reporter and city e?litor -?aill be ill?' to gsther news from men who do not ?vlsli t?i be Known in connec? tion v. ?th it. No ..ne ??ill fear that lie ? ' through ti?.? ir hma?'h of cotilideti? ?<? The case of these two m?-n Is not un .1 Th.; average reputable news? paper ?man, aspeclslly if working for a ?reputable newspsper, v. HI take punish? m? lit himself rallinr than Violate h ??oti fldence, and a esse like this will give the public so much confidence in him that i i inn ?nine a- a neu s gatherer will be ? i ? i- ted, .hi. ksonville 11 la > Time.?. IMMI'MTT BATH MAT BECOME A TERROR. Tlie two employee ot The New-York Tribune who ha*..? been held for contempt of court !.. -aus.? they refus,>d to hetray tO a grand jury their sources Of Informa? Uon oomsernlng a customs fraud eses are not basins their defence on any claim of "privileged rommunlcstltm." bul rather on the light of any Wltneai to decline to Incriminate blmai if The ?government holds that an anticipator) pardon from the President from all ronsSQUQIIIIal In? i?iiity under ?the law eomplet? ly abrogated ?Ii.it pISS? and the court, citing a long line of ?-ases, hsa upheld raen estrsor?n nary use ?if the pardoning ?power. If the ?Mntentiea of th?? government ?hail be Upheld In the higher court, th.- lOUUUMt) lath, Whlofa ht'ietoloie has bSSS OOBStd' crcd a pleaeiire hii?1 a luxury, to he en J..y. d bjt only a privileged f. w, mav com.? a terror it it i. t?, be sppllsd a i an etiforced "ducking" for -WltneSSM who are unwilling f.i talk Philadelphia Hulle tin. PROFESSIONAL KIiJIITS ill THF, JOURNALIST. *?\ hile thin?,r courts have m some In? ?tances upheld sswapsper reportera ??ho have refiiM-d to divulge iiour?'?s of tutor mation, the full ?rtghti of repr?sentative! of the presa in thla direction ten? Baser been definitely decid? d Affr lung >?ars of waiting for a high ??ourt dp. liiioii that *?'UI estai.I,sh a pr, ?-? - dent, It ?HOW looks, through the efforts of The New-York Tribu, .?. | though |UOh a .1. ?'..? ion I, about to be obtain. ?I. Two mem bora ??f The Tribuna itsfl ha^. ?bees bi Id In oonti mpl sad ined ?>>x.) each for isfuatna to <ii??? ilose the eouroee or i,.'WH pubnshsd in that pspet la rafersnee to Indictmenti f.-r ?muggling. The Trlbum he* deetsrsd the! ?M ??ill ?an | the ??:??? ip t.. the Bupremes/.'oun Of th. 1 "ml. .1 :'!>.!? ? The Tribune says that 11 "would be false to its ?record as a tiefender of the rreedORl .?f the press If it did not resist to the bitter end a proossdlng which ?trenchea upon ttiat liberty end s?"-ks to cripple tie- eftVieney of the press as a helpful crltie ? f public men fiel public measures." Satrnpnpett K??n??raity ?sill Ind-orse The Tribut, 's stand ?sad d? man.i a decision that will scttie for all time th?? question of the right-; of papers t?> refuse to di? vulge the source of Information that works for the public welfare and good. Reporters should enjoy the same pro? fessional rights as attorneys, physicians ar,?l clergymen and he 1? ?ally exempt from (testifying In ?as?-* wh?re they pos? asse information that 's given ,,nly und? r a pli dge of Mersey. Publie opinion Invariably favors the rc ?pprter Who honorably stand-?, by his ob? ligation, and "The Fourth Estate" sln cerely h?'pes that the highest court In the lend will do the same thing and forever sett:., thia much-m<*?oted .i?ie--tion.-N'ew York Fourth EatStS. TUR NFrv\--T(-?F?K TRIBUNE ?CON? TEMPT CASE. Two memben >'f The New-York Tribune city staff were fined MM each this week. for contempt of court la n-t" ?s.ng to re v?ai to a federal grand jury their source i of news in two recent ?-muggling case | They hat .-cored a beat in ??curing OOnfl dcntisl Inform?t.on not obtainable through the usual channels. There WSi no question as to the ae?'uracy of I neSTI print?.i. nor were the newspaper mi a socussd "f committing a crinas. Tht ? simply refused to divulge their aourcso of Information on the ?grotuid that it mlgh4 ti tid to Incriminate them. bent upon lecsttng the leak m the de ?pertinent; the Treasury officials obtained from Presid? at \\'?leon a partos securing the newspaper men against punishment oi any ?crime involved in their answering Persistent refusal to give up the Inform? ants' names '.??d to the line, and a possible jail term If they fsil to Ii'irge thrmselrtl nten pt. Judge Hand, in Imposing pei : 11 . luetainsd the PiseMent'a right t?> Issue I ?pardon to a person not ? ?mV lei ??!. it is an established principle In the pmc Uce of journalism that the ??onfldentlal relation obtaining between the reporter and his Informant is as <-l?i.se and I Indlng M that which the law recognizes bstWSSn doctor and ?patient or lawyer and client Indsed, it is one of the ?protective ?meas? ures that secures a ?TSSSOnsble freedom tor 1h.- press. Much informal 0,1 is thus ?.'.tail;..i hy the newspapers through eon? ftdential, though virtually unofficial, raun .s i? la oi of the m tt gusrda of a ?i? ? ?i-rati?' ?government and i mits a ???.-liant pr.ss to keep sll-wstrhful eyae i pon t? e pubUc .? ? ?> i.' i. is not the Trsssurj De?psrtment, then, t. king on a bureau, i a ti,- function When if .-? eke to ? ontrol Information ? ??? ? ? g governmental operation! shout which the people are entitled to full publica? .' If it |a a ?rime to obtain news through any ? ?hen? ? el available to the ah-rt new.-? ??per man. ?ml punlshmenl is to be meted out to both it forment and informer, then the hhertv o? th?- ?prssi i. s? riou.iv thraetened. Newspaper nan are ever on the alert toe "lnaldi ' noon and never betray the <-. i.'id.-n? ?? HOtor which alone, m nin-i ? ? . they are able tO obtain oflfelal In f?.rmati??n unoffll-lall?. Ths Trlhune men ; -.it that they win continue i?. refuse t?> dlvulgt th.tr Informants' names, come 0 I at Uta* To have ' , tr.,.. ,-,( ??he ,,,,,,, \-h., trusted th.m would not odlj heve ? nipt of their fellow '? ? . but would have meant ostracism ?from th?. newspaper Held. The court's a.-the. is unreasonable ?,,h| restricts personal lib , m ??m- whole com tltutional system a ba* ?i in? n th.,t,?ri pi ,,,? ,,,.,.,, a u1 us ?Mlesuarsttng tor th.? ?r.-atesi ?public good W. are lt?i ing m .m era of r,,? .? ru?ante! publicity, and any attempt to mu. . ?,? the' ?press bj ? tosjgtne ?'??? tduumets, ab ???? or 1 ? to* groatst, thtrough which nswe must ' "? ??""" I I a MOS Hl that dem... i ?T. ?.i..m whi, h ban besa the gtorj and example of ,,!,,' fend N"?v hnk l?lllor ? - -. i....I ,., ,.,r f OUR PERVERSE PRESIDENT Nothing Weak or Wabbly in the Court* Which Now Makea Intervention Likely. Tu the Editor of Ths Trll sir: I think the slmoot unlverssJ nies. ! that President ??Vllson and hecrt Br* rn ll.iv?? ! ? ? dealing with the Mexican sltuetioi ?? i i ?jnlstaken ? cm? eptlon of a : ? u work to overthrow lb? i~"'? neot t> If? ... . . in their ?I'-in and iIrfue, did "i appi"? ; i should say that they have iirenJou.s strength and purpos? In ?? t'ceir Individual likes and disllk? .?gal*** the? judi-'itRiit of all otl:??r nation tnatot our former snuliasasilor t-? Mexl '.?. tiut ?jf tbS St.ite li.'partnr-r I ? Silt orUj on ?:,-..in,?i..?i law; against tii- ?T.vin ' r ris of poor Ml ?. h i?:* tii" opinion of um' ?> -nine out ol i i iindred Americana in Mexico, sa areUai all tii?- isssons of ? ? pert<Bn?*e end III I I They save been strong and persistsettt th.? point of perversity. That tiny liav jt-icn entire!) ernme la anoth r mattet. ? they have Kon* to th? extent o? nlng an b11I*uk*s ts ith ti *? I. v.'. ""' ? and bandits of Mexico and virtually landed them arms aid bullet-1 with whte" to proi.'iiK the oondlttoite In Mexico adt'.ct ' they profess to abhor shows ti ?? -itrenSth I and determination of tivir poU . N'oth ! lncr "???ak and wabbly n! out that. it sesma to m? iiiat we have b?? grossly taken in by those '? ? la UStah ful waiting, if Intervention, s hlch is war [ reeults it esrill not be due t a ?>"*?* | ?of UM .?di .ii'lstiation. but to ItB h**B*BflSB] ? Btreagth In mahhig N poi Bible ? ' II S!A??LT No. lei v averie) Fleet N ' "'"' I ie, ?-m. I ! IN DEFENCE OF THE CHURCHES ? ; Criticism in This Column Stirs s Churchgoer to Reply. | TO the Editor of The 8'n . Sir: Tho Joifp *-;?.ir?'l "XOTS Caii' ? well." appi m _ -? edi? tion of Ths Tribune, Interested ms rrest iy. I, too. hava beea Interested inthadh' euaalon relativa to the u : ,'K,, in tiVir \isltfl to our eb in une eaaaot read such .? ktter as No"* I Cantwell has trrtttee without festlag 88 slemeat et regret tint people -'~o\iid hold .m Htiitnde toward ti?.? Church Bseh a? is heia. aThal has | olsoned h? r "' "^ ?f1-?* thai divin? i ''??-'*??? know, but it la ? \ Id? I I art ? f.?ir orltM iMii ...f tho ? .hu**eb or Kb ?'? tempts to aiicMat?. ths d - ?'lf pOOt m our ?ift .-? . P tonally, i thti - I - ? ? **xt met tii?* bitu.iiion brosjghl ahout bj "h**? W. W, I.??ler.s in i splendid wn.? and ha"* ni all ways ?mii.?i ?" ? ??Hi? I.or ! t' ?? ?< ? ? i- ? ?? ? '' fortunate than ourselv? much ?i it i?!?,. ?! .,' thii day, and i^ri'si*" boom et ?ii?- attacks a*aa\ Justified, but you will rind that tho* ?*"" crlUctee ars the ones srhe i ? church, -Mio have no erork '? ? ? H Idly by ? omplalnlns about ti t b**J thooa who ?i?- Ire to do ''" v* work their crlUca Bhouid hdp ?*- d? Then, too. Um rs la s tei den? > <? ?,?Jr the ? "hureh bj sons? mema? ri orna ?r careless ?t thett rssponslb Ht bs oa?m Um the print "f attack t"- " i ','" !w* lor fla ?.?..? We waal our "Christ ' !" l* practical ,?nr. tot a fait* Is u ? faith, an ' our bxi ret-alon of ?*? lies in the pta.-li.al .?!'|!i hU?"i -rf*'MJJLJ i< achinga t" ? ondttkMM ? Ihej attempt of ttre i w U to test the ?^ osrtty ol ear ehurehaa rteulted la t"""'1' that ths Bhurehss km- read) to ????>' $ M.'iiiiv. and oft.m uaworthy, v??oi'?* ** are brought 1" th.-lr ni t.-rlton 1 iriiNt that Norn < '.?niw-ll is doing * pooalMs to bring sboul ? hetter ?""'"'' u.m in her Bphrr? . and would tegtet* ?""J nHbOUgh I admire sud J???n "*'*??" ntT (|| bsi Bympath? tor the unemple)***? """^ our iaad shs i?"i?i ?? "",,',? cbartoPj opini.Mi "f thooa who ars deine """r in brine aboai a belter Btata ota*1* i: u URANt-*" i:,;,'i,iir, N J Mar. I? It, I ' ' *?