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Diera f ark
To-day, fair sud warmer.
TE.MPEBAT1 Rfc YKSTKBDAYl
Wgb. 7?3: Low. 44.
Full report on u?c- IT.
I? "PHri-rlil, 1111,
B? The Tribun?- \???K-iution.|
NEW VOKK, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 1914.
?ti # *
ark. Jerser ( liy and Hoboken.
PRICE OXE CEXTtan,yof>7S.?;:KKT*iotENr>
\T. S. MARINES CAPTURE VERA CRUZ;
FOUR DEAD, 200 MEXICANS KILLED
USE OF FORCE
LongNig]lt Session Ends in
Passage of Modified
IAKES NO MENTION
01 HUERTA'S NAME
Hostility to Mexican People
or Aim o? War on
DEBATE STIRRED BY
VERA CRUZ NEWS
presider,t Defended by Shively as
Workine to Preserve Peace.
\ Propagate War.
?a,m i "ici r,s0,u
? 25 thi? morn
. , -? ?? - fact? presented by
th? President of the United States in
totearon delivered to the Congres?
?n joint session en the 20th day of
April, ft14, ?with regard to certain ?f?
fe* ?nd dignities committed
agamtt t-e United States, be ?4 re
?C'v;d: . . x- J
That the President is justified in
I? ?Wployment of toe armed forces of
?Ja United States to enforce his de
-ki-kI for unequivocal amends for af
f-cnts ano nri.gn.ties committed
tarnst the United States.
Be it fu-ther resolved. Tnat the
l-?er States disclaims any hostility
to the Mexican people or any purpose
to make war upon them.
? th? tote
ttaiharr: toilette, Llppi-,
Ixd*e. Non Root. B?oot,
W'??ks and '-'
Th, j j ? ?amble wm
An 6r. ?
H pro* tubjusatlou
of Mex ? M ilioold rp
?- - ? ? lravin? Me?*
!*0 a!TJ of H
?a unei pi - ? i
Ihltnftr ? i le?t m
. , to 'ifc
18 to 4<?.
tinted m confer?
mj m *v<- ?part of the Senate Sena
rkm -, and
\rrii 21.?The tunm
'bat ?>.< ?? . ricans had be?
?of Vera ?Sru* which
ktl be<-r . tot thl eh th?
; on th** de*
?<? when H '? m
'? : -k e expiration
f the t
: among the Sfr<
-?n? the rrop-rj?1
"??"?? | artoa Bad. ?JVflied
Ion ' ' the ?"apit'ii,
'??? th? i max 0f the Mexican
? \t th?- raoMat
?toa XsWt ??? m a <i most taten i
eeWAfm Root >f'rr ?ha roll had l'?*?*n
**w?i, took the *' ? r to plend for the
?dop?r. of th? ? batttote preamble
**???* : ?from ilaeoachu?
'The reaa< ? given rh?* How Ni*
Coo'inrjol .,!? iiugr t, ?olumn .'<
?Till Morning's News.
' . *
?? -? .*
'' ?'??-; 1n * rf'.rr 3
. \ v r-jn-i??.. e
. at Battle . 18
Army of l?f.??M ? ?
:>x\- ><f Witt ? ? *
'?? ft] : -, . ? i *jii for Raei dtt ?
*'">** i- u ? , , , . Boom. 7
???? fort ?' t ? ???????
??"A? lr . .- ? -.;..;,;. .? UotOI 13
?-??luith'? v.-,,r,< Doabteel pi Honee ?? e
**h''>**e|J > .B
^?y ..' *
^tlltfy ,'" ?
?H?)rt4 . ..... XO *iri-l 11
*W '*..?.. . -. ? ?. I*
[??i*?*) mm] M /./.I IS
*?*J **?.?, 18
W?Mh* . .17
7*16* nfci ?.,.l7
VERA CRUZ HARBOR, CUSTOM HOUSE AND CASTLE OF SAX JUAN DE ULLOA.
U.S. SHIPS ALL TURN
TOWARD VERA CRUZ
President and Navy Officers
Routed Out of Bed to
FORCE OF 12,000
READY THERE TO-DAY
Attack on Americans Comes as,
Surprise to Washington
IN VERA CRUZ FIGHT
Americans killed and ".minded in
the takiTiiT ',f Vers Cru Included the
Coxswain Schumacher, the Florida.
Corporal Haggerty, the Florida.
Seaman Poinsett. the Florida.
C. J. Leahy, the Florida
Nathan Schwartz, the Florida.
J. D. Cameron, the Florida.
J, F. Place, the Florida.
Edward A. Gifburne, electrician,
D. D. McMillan, private, 2d Ma?
Wa ihln -\ i'n? 21
Vera i r../. la the centri o? activity In
the Mexican crisis, the administration
had i - ? - iges flashed to the fleet
hound for Tampico to pi*oce?sd to v. ra
Crur, ir??ead with all speed
Another Indication of impending
event? cam?* when it was announced
that a portion of the torpedo flotilla
had been ordered to Texas. The de?
nt royers ?will be used to convoy trans
?orTq carrying troops u> Mexican
?ratera. No danger is expected from
Mexican gunboats, but the government
ng no ' hai ? -
It was at .> o'ckx h thia morning that
?h?- administration first heard that th.
Haraburg-AniTi' an lnu-r Tplranea
was o .? ? .i . to-day at Vera ''ruz
with 2,000,000 rounds of ammunition
. -'i 260 machine k ins aboard The
news ' ot to Mr. Jir.vaii and he called
Mr. Tumulty, tho president's secretary,
on the telephone. The two dine;
the matter and then Mr. Tumulty de
cided |q rout the President out of beda
nportant did It seem to keep tue
munition* "f war out of the hunda of
Huerta, who, in a f? w days, miKht use
them against American soldiers and
Routed Out of Bed.
Mr. Tumulty told the President i lie
facts. Th? Resident at once dire t< i
that v.'iit- Admiral Fletcher be ordered
?o pr?vint the delivery of the muni?
tions into the hands of the Federals,
Navy Department officials were
; i ompt ly awaken? if i '; del I ?? ? ?
drafted and sent from the wir? ?
tion at Arlington and by the old style
land in.? i and ' abl?.
Hear Admiral Fletcher ?ras told
.ri no ein uni tan< ? nust those arms
reacta Huerta. Evidently the Qerman
rnerchantman appeared ini.-? morning
?ad Admiral Fletcher sent his nun
re Tl''-. ?'nt from the Prairie,
s/hkh ?arncs B00 marines, and the
Dreadnoughts Utah ami Florida, the
last nsmed being the flagship of Ad
mirai Fletcher It la assumed that
they were untter ?i'r ? ommand of M ijor
.?' r i ! * <? 1 : ? >' Butler, ?' rn .t r j n?- of win. < .
p?rtanos, who did exceptional ?<>ik in
N.' iriiKi'a l?*t >ear.
n i ai Impossible for ths American
t?, stop a German merchant ves
hei and thus solve the problem in
tornational in* would ?? -?t permit n.
blockade had been proclaimed; no vvui
had m en d< lar? d. In eon < i i? m ?. ths
FIRST AMERICAN BLOOD
SHED TAKING VERA CRUZ
Washington, April 21.?Secretary Daniels gave out the fol?
lowing dispatch received at 7 o'clock to-night from Rear Admiral
Fletcher at Vera Cruz :
"Tuesday, in face of approaching norther, landed marines
and sailors from the Utah, the Florida and the Prairie and seized
"Mexican forces did not oppose landing, but opened fire with
rifle and artillery after our seizure of custom house.
"The' Prairie shelling Mexicans out of their positions. De?
sultory firing from housetops and streets.
"Hold custom house and section of city in vicinity of wharves
"Casualties four dead and twenty wounded."
Rear Admiral Fletcher supplemented his report half an hour
later with the following dispatch:
"Am holding part of city vicinity railroad yards, custom
house, cable office and consulate. All rolling stock is safe.
"Desultory street firing continuing from housetops. A light
norther is blowing."
"ACT OF WAR," SAYS
Firing on Marines Called
Breach of Interna?
"STATE OF ARMED
?Admission iMade on Behalf of
I Fmm Th? rrlbsne Bun M
?vTrishineton, April IM.? The f'nited
Stateg ?s a' vv?r with the Republic of
Mexico. This admission was made by
the Secretary of the Navy on behalf
of the administration etui v.;- several
i '? m- ratic Senat tri ...ti the 11?.?if the
- house to-da.v.
Bserstary Daniels, while contending
th.it the selsuce ol the custom bouse
at Vera Crua vv t- not an act of war,
asserted that the firing on the Ameri?
cans by the Federal troops was, so
that It no longer could be denied that
a state of war existed.
Mr. Fianlels also said that ths Ger?
man ship carrying munitions of war
had arrived at Vera Cruz to-day, but
nad nut entered the harbor. It was hs
? understanding that she had on board
15,000,000 rounds of ammunition a'nd
i!<"?o machina guns.
It has been reported also th.it BS1
; eral hundred railway cars were being
held in readiness at Vera Crua to
transpoli these munitions to Mexico
City. Following a conf?rence at the
White Honen early to-night, S-viotarv
Bryan went to the German Embassy
and discussed the situation as It affects
' the (terman ship wtth the German Am?
Th?- Hamhurg - A menean steamer
Vpiranfta moved to the harbor of Vera
Cruz this afternoon and signalled the
flagship, voluntarily placing herself un?
der Hear Admiral Flet'her s order*?.
The Tplranga *?*? ill stand by to-night,
and the captain has Riven hts *> ord that
he will not go out of hailln?* distance
RICHARD HARDING DAVIS
is on his way to represent
The TRIBUNE in Mexico
Is on the battleship Michi?
gan for The TRIBUNE
Mexico City Vera Cruz. Tampico. Juarez. Chihuahua and every
otherTrnpoSnt Po,n. will be covered by TRIBUNE, correspondents.
TRIBUNE READERS WILL GET THE NEWS
DANIELS CALLS THE
FIRING BY MEXICANS
AN ACT OF WAE
Americans Forced to Fight Every Step o
the Way Before Stars and Stripes Fly
Over the City.
PRAIRIE TURNS 5-INCH GUNS LOOSE
Hostilities Continue for Several Hours After Men fron
Battleships Have Landed, Mexicans
Vera Cruz. April 21.?Vera Cruz is in the hands to-night ol
marines from the United States warships, but the occupation of th<
port was not accomplished without loss of American lives.
Four Americans, bluejackets and marines, were killed by th?
fire of the Mexican soldiers and twenty fell wounded. The Mexican
loss is not known, but it is believed to have been more than 200.
The waterfront, the custom house and all important piers, in?
cluding those under the terminal works from which extend th<
railroads to the capital, have been occupied.. All the territory around
the American Consulate is strongly patrolled, and detachments hold
other sections of the city.
The Mexican commander, General Gustavo Maas, offered a stub?
born resistance to the American advance, and for many hours there
was fighting in the streets. Toward nightfall it was reported that
the main body of the Federal garrison was in retreat to the westward
MARINES THEN LANDED.
Rear Admiral Fletcher, in command of the United States war?
ships, prefaced his occupation of the port by a demand through thr
American Consul, W. W. Canada, for its surrender. General Maas
! promptly declined to accede to this demand, and shortly afterward
ten whaleboats were sent oT from the transport Prairie loaded with
These boats effected a landing in the neighborhood of the custom
house before noon, and a few minutes later Captain W. R. Rush, of
the battleship Florida, who was in command of the operations ashore,
brought his flag in. Captain Rush's men had already taken up their
positions. They numbered 150 bluejackets from the Florida. ?W
marines from the Prairie and 65 marines from the Florida. Later
these were augmented by a detachment from the Utah.
The coming ot the American forces was not heralded by any
great excitement, but small crowds gathered to watch the landing.
Soon the bluejackets and marines marched through the streets lead?
ing from the waterfront and along the railroad yards. Others pro?
ceeded to the American Consulate, while still others were deployed
along the approaches to Central Plaza, in which General Maas had
concentrated his men
GENERAL MAAS OPENS FIRE.
These man?uvres were effected without opposition, but sud?
denly General Maas challenged the advance with first shots?a volley
fired from a point three blocks from the marines and two blocks
south of the main plaza. The marines replied immediately, but the
action ceased in a moment. There was a lull for ten minutes and
then another brief exchange from the west end of Montesinos st.,
where a Federal outpost was stationed.
The firing became general at 12:30 o'clock, and at 1 o'clock the
guns of the transport Prairie went into action.
Prior to this a detachment of bluejackets from the Utah, hold?
ing the ground between the consulate and the waterfront, opened
with two of their 3-inch guns. The first shots from these pieces
were directed against an ancient tower which once served as a light?
house. This was occupied by Mexican sharpshooters. Lieutenant
Commander Buchanan, of the Florida, ordered that it be destroyed.
Five shots brought the old Benito tower down.
The women ot the American colony in Vera Cruz had already
been placed aboard the chartered steamers Esperanza and Mexico,
but the foreign colony, especially the American section, was greatly
augmented this morning, when three trainloads arrived from the capi?
tal. Some of these remained ashore, but many were taken aboard
the steamers. So far as can be learned, none of the refugees was
SHOOT FROM HOUSETOPS.
The postoffke. government telegraph office and the cable office
were the first buildings occupied after the custom house. A squad
of marines was placed in charge of the cable office. The telegraph
wires were found intact and enough Mexican operators were detained
to man the lines to Mexico City.
After General Maas had been driven from his position in Central
Plaza the Americans found themselves the object of fusillades from
the tops of houses, where small groups of soldiers had taken up
positions. It was learned only to-night that the greater part of those
engaged in this resistance were civilians, who refused to accept the
American occupation passively. They obtained guns and stationed
themselves at points of vantage and did much to prolong the action.
Lieutenant Colonel Wendell C. Neville commanded the marines
from the Prairie and Majors Reid and Berkcly and Captains Hughes,
Hill and Dyer along the line. Every precaution is being taken to
prevent a Mexican atta? k, and the lines have been reinforced by a
detachment which was originally in position beyond the terminal
Toward the middle of the afternoon a large body of Mexicans
evacuated their position, and are now somewhere in the sand hills
back in the interior, where it is reported from Mexican sources thev