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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 10, 1914, Image 32

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JL ?i?
In Mex?co Wo^en Are So Used to Revolutions That.
Tfcey Gayly Continue Slapping Rright Colors
on Themselves and Their Homes.
MEXICO is the last place o
would look for art in th*
troubled days, and especia
f-uturist art, yet it is from Mexi
thai Miss Wilhelmme Weber got h
inspiration lor the glowing paint
furniture which lias taken New Yo
captive as the late7-.t iad in interi
decoration. As for that, even in
exterior decoration has modernis
extended, for Miss Weber and h
i - worker, Thomas Furlong, are no
decorating a garden in a country e
t?te with Slavic-blue fences strip?
Miss Weber has been in New Yoi
but one year, jnd already has hi
distinctive niche among artists, y
?r.he sighs at the plis,^t o* ?he count?
from which she absorbed the lessor
which made it possible for her i
niak e her art individual with sur
orenched beauty.
Into the technique of a formal ai
education Miss Weber brought th
spirit of Mexico, with its sunshine an
dazzling color he absorbe
in the years she "vagabondagerl
theie. So that when she speaks c
Mexico it is with understanding c
Ihe crude yet vibrant spirit of th
Spanish-Indian race.
Mexico Riots with Happiness.
She becomes very enthusiasti
when she speaks of Mexico. "It ;
the most wondertully beautiful place.
Miss Weher sajrs. "1 always think o
tad rioting with happiness
not as one cieva:?tated by bandits anc
black with smoking turns. This, too
in spite of the fact that I live
through three revolutions, nine milei
from the City of Mexico, and that w<
were finally driven from our home b-,
the noise of battle just over the hill.
"We expected at any moment that
the tight would spread into our town,
and we feared we could not tiust to
the kind feeling of our neighbors to
overcome the anti-Ameiican preju?
dices of their countrymen. At all
evci.ts, a town clamoring with battle
place to woo the muse and we
felt it timely to depart.
"Mexico is udijiit with wonderful
lemon white sunshine that glorifies
everything and brings out the beauty
of all the the people
love. Americans who are not well
informed think Mexico is made up o!
irrra cotta and mud color. Nothing
is more false. The people revel in
brilliant colors. They use red and
ourple dyes even on their fioois. After
'he fioor has been scrubbed to a daz
rfrjng cleanliness they take a pail full
of dye and snlash it on. swishing it
tfound with a boot
"U a woman ge' tired ol hei white
nuslin dress she dips it in the dyeing
?lail. Imagine the color effect oi a
?oman in an orange skirt in a room
v-ith a lemon yellow fioor, with f urni-1
ture of a deep purple, lighted 1
touches of red!
Mexicans Love Brilliant Colors.
"The Mexicans are not afraid i
color, you see. They dare all the;
wonderful effects which Americar
lave nol the courage to adopt. W
cling to dismal old gray-greens an
blues, and, of course, we get dcsponc
ent and think the world is full c
trouble. The Mexican puts on he
red skirt and her green shawl an
laughs at trouble."
When Miss Weber made her firi
?visit to Mexico she found the countr
rich with art treasure;; complete!
overlooked by the eager collector
who ransack everything from a Ncv
England farmhouse to an Italia
peasant's hovel. She brought back t
the United States precious antique;
and called the attention of the connois
reurs and travellers to the rich ar
objects and furniture to be had fo
almost nothing in the pawnshops.
Their Art Is Met Crude.
"All the art of Mexico is not th'
crude art of the peons, however. Tht
old towns are full of exquisite bits o
Talavera pottery, such as are treas
ured to-day in the British Museum
This is the art of the Spanish in
vaders. When Cortez and his fol
lowers settled Mexico they brough
ever with them Talaveia tiles.
"They soon discovered that theic
was a kind of clay in the north o!
Mexico which was very similar to the
Talavera clay, so they began tht
manufacturing of tiles on a large
reale. The domes of the old churches
to-day are covered with these won
rerful tiles in soft yellows, greens,
old blues and vermilion. The jars in
the apothecary shops and the house?
hold pottery ate made of this same
wonderful tiling.
"Then, too. the Spanish conquer?
ors brought over boatloads ot the
most beautiful att treasures that
Europe knew at that time. They
were aristocrats, you know. The-'
brought rich tapestries for their
churches and beautiful furniture for
their palices. Much of this is now to
be nicked up in the pawnshops, since
the old families have died out 01 have
had their taste perverted by a certain
American standard which can only
understand the price of things, not
their artistic value.
"The revolution, o? course, has
meant the undoing of many of the old
family fortunes, too, and priceless
tapestries which have hung on palace
walls for centuries are now to tie
picked up by the tactful collector for
American Tourists Dest'ov Standards.
"It is quite true that the modem.
art of Mexico ?s being destroyed by
the American tourist. The beautiful
eld vases and jars which the peons
have made tor centuries according to
the standards set hy their Spanish
masters in the old days are now be?
ing altered to suit the souvenir
"Perhaps some American thought
it would be nice to have a Mexican
flag set on the side of the jar. so he
could remember where he bought it, I
f.uppose. The peon, eager to please
the dispenser of gold, drew a flag in
the jar, ?A-hich was quite out of har?
mony with the pure color of the pot
tery. Then along came other souvenir
hunters who thought it would be
even better to have two flags, the
American and the Mexican, crossed.
To do this meant that the potter must
broaden Ml "ase. and thus the de?
struction of the perfect form was ac?
"Please do not imagine that the
I'uturist furniture which we are mak?
ing now is a product of the Mexican
art. The Mexican is a decadent art.
Out furniture has been influenced bv
the crude Slavic art of Bohemia and
South Germany. Mexico's part in my
career is that while there I learned to
love bright colors, and when 1 re?
turned to this country, after five years
there. 1 was ready to learn the les?
sons of Fvurope as I could not have
done had I not had preliminary train?
ing in Mexico.
Decadence Wedded to Innocence.
"The South of Germany and the
little known country north and east of
Vienna is where one must go to-dav
to find real color in innocent abandon.
The people there use it even on their
fences, and the little kiosks, which are
like Swiss chalets, are covered with
conventional flowers and birds in all
sorts and colors.
Miss Weber and her partner.
Thomas Furlong, are having a lovely
time making a blue, green and white
g&rdgn set fot a wealthy Long Island
landholder. The fence is to be of
alternate green and white pickets,
with the thickness of the boards
pointed black. The summer house an
gateways are to have broad bands of
"1 don't know why people thin'.:
i heir garden benches must be green
riways." said Miss Weber, in explain?
ing this creation. "Every color is
beautiful in the bright sunlight with a
background of green. A bit of colo*
in the landscape makes the most per?
fect gaiden a brighter and pleasanter
_?__? g
Ills! Re?.?!? rtr.itt.'-. a San F*T81
newspaper reporter, ha? lallen heir to
4-i',?i. ?o lie n-rii in behalf of poor chil
MISI Hear*
The Wisconsin cupem
% Idea to.- tbe I i
only upon 11.r ' ? rtlfl at? of a ? lean i 111 ol
health, has buen di i Isr? d inronatll
Women a> t as Bteamshlp captains In
In a Revolt Against Established Authority Young Women of
the Fiery Becky Edelson Type Take Their Share
as Agitators in the Labor Strife.
IT IS little more than a mt
since the newspapers began pi
ing the sayings and exploit!
of one Becky Edelson. Besides b<
an agitator, who and what is this |
son who. bursting out of obscui
has ?.aused more editorial comrr
lor and against than any wor
since Emma Goldman? Where d
she come from? What conditi<
have thrown her into the fight as tr
spawn' What has this young girl
dured to make her ready to outf
street rowdies, to criticise the g
ernmcnt and laugh in the face of r
ognued authority?
As she tells her story there is
tie in the background of her life
the East Side to differ from the I
bringing of the ordinary child in tf
section of the city. She, in her (
pression of the restlessness that pi
vad:s all womankind, give:-? one a cc
crete idea of what we must recogni
as the spirit of a large class of youi
women and men?first generate
Americans?in whom is combined t
traditional oppression of their fathi
in Europe and the breath of treedo
of the new world. They have tak?
;he word freedom in its almost cath
lie sense. Should Becky give wa
there are many ready to take h
place to fight the tight of "lab
.-.gainst capital" tinto the death.
Works on Anarchist Magazine.
Becky?her full name is Rebecca
is an anarchist. She was nurtured i
the faith of Emma Goldman and Ale>
ander Berkman. and now works o
their publication, "Mother Earth.
The blood of Russian revolutionist
is in her veins, heated by the exper
enees of a life on the East Side an
by the fire in her own heart.
Doubtless the melting pot will giv
us more burning "Beckies" before a
the fires which have been smolderin?
m the hearts of the oppressed of Eu
tope for generations shall have burnei
themselves out or before there ?
nothing in American life to maki
food for these flames. As a porten
of the Fast Side woman of the future
then, Becky becomes a candidate foi
analytical attention.
In what she has actually said in hei
speeches in Printing House Square 01
elsewhere there is nothing mort
alarmingly radical than the utterance;
of eminent women in public meeting
m regard to the Colorado and Mexi?
can wars. Yet hers have been the
opinions which have been greeted by
the majority of men arid women with
alarm, anger and contempt. And that
is because she generates, without say?
ing it. a bitter hatred of all institu?
tions and ?ituations which the major?
ity of us view with complacency, if
not glorifying satisfaction.
Becky ls Short and Stocky.
She is a strong-faced girl, with a
good forehead and deep, keen brown
eyes, not at all the melting brown
eyes of the poet or the soft, passion
ate brown eyes of the south of Eu
rope. Becky's eyes were built t
flash, not to weep. Add to the eye
strong, regular features and a skii
which is a healthy brown and red an
you have the type, short, stocky
"built for service."
Listen to the explanation of her lift
?the life that is like that of thousand:
of young women?and remember tha
this is a young woman of twenty-om
or twenty-two only, roughly speak
ing. a young woman the product o
a neighborhood house?the Ferrei
School?but a neighborhood hous?
which sews seeds of revolt instead o
those whose blossoms earn the com
mendation of society.
Upbraids Teschsr.
Becky did not hear anarchistic talk
as a child, but she began to prac'ise il
in her own life from the days wher
she wouldn't go to bed just because il
was time to and when she ran away
from heme just because she was told
not to. When she war, twelve she
had her first clash with "authority."
It was a case of the child who was
too smart in school. Becky got a dif?
ferent answer from that the teacher
had in a problem which dealt with
quarts and gallons
"I knew mine war. right." her ver?
sion of it runs, "so I told that teach?
er she had forgotten to change the
quarts to gallons. She had, too. She
was much annoyed at my heresy. She
was one of those old-fashioned school
m'arms who thought her word was
law, you know. I ?vas kept out of
school for three days, but then they
found out I wasn't going to apologize
and they let me come back.
"My next encounter with estab
ever, so impressed **d*h ?he unf**.
ness of the euthorities that I beagi
more and more in sympathy with th.
revolutionary party here.
Could Not Stand Discipline.
"I went one year to High School,
and another to the Nurses' Tra?na??
School, but I couldn't stand the bZ
discipline of either. Since then I haT.
worked at various things, in offi--?
and as secretary of the Cloak Make*-/
Becky is bitter with the bitterrm.
of the Industrial Worker of the Woty
for all things capitalista. There g t
whole generation of bitterneii ?**?,
tween her and Emma Goldman.
"There can be no understanding j
this class war," she said.
"I think settlements and those other
near-charities are a menace to tin
working class, because * *v obicure
the issue. They make the poor thini
they are gettine something, when, a
a matter of fact, all that the rich ?_-?
to give is the wealth 'ha* the post
have earned and are bv right -
to. any way.
"These rich women who c
to the factories when there is 3 itni,
and dole out coffee, dressed in the*,
sands of dollars' worth of fu
ridiculous. They cannot understand.
The rich never can understand The
sooner every one understands this a
a war. and not a fit f th? k?. th?
better it will be for all.
Suffrage Won't Help.
"Woman suffrage won't help ?he la
boring classes any, either As soon ?
the women get the vote they will start
making laws, while the trouble arts.
this country to-day is t1?-- we hr.-e
too many laws already. I don"; <e?
We have iKit heard anything to carcfull?. balanced
lyor Mitchel'a <r?rfoh t" the suf?rafr-st? lince Will
l.ini Howai I [ft retired fmm public lue
Jusi four \ - President Taft, in cracking up
representative ( ...... convention of laf
1 - mderi ?od a ex< lad ?
ini- "Hottentots, or an*, wholly unintelligenl class."
In commenting on ihr 'The New York
Time?" said: "That the President ?i not for 01 against
eithe of the judicial tem??
bul ?l will nol give him peaci "r popularity in the
mp "t in in? other "
rthui Eng) tatistkian, i
i ?? ? itive index ?ve ?>?-><.
The infant death rate in Ken Ze.i!.,'
- '?? thr r.ite of the United S ?
I would confer ma?
terial " i " cent oi women in indus?
ni - reca tli . I
?!- ' : . rk.!'?The
Woman's Protest fai ge], April. 1914
\- ? ... ton confer anj benefit upon
the human rao? we luve only to consider th.it about
0 ? ?pie die arnuallv m tin? country.
Dispatcl ? tha* in the I ikin| of
nildreti a ei t
1 ab?>ut ?orr.r
in il said to have been \?on
the girls during the
; fad
where 135 girls and
only IS men w r
' ? ?? io
'?? If 0 the fenne ?r i ?gislatufe reft* ed to
the married woman's property bill the | ound ''lia*.
??.onion have n-> sou! and therefore ha ? right to
hold property "
i olorado ? please note,
We d'?bt ii timid males will be much reassured by
Mi- ? ii'nan? assertion that femini I never pro
llcr rca on is lo lini t i she says the]
je without.
In commenting upon the younger women oi lu- d
?Lord Chief I ol England, who died in 1676, said'
? lu fm mer times t\ ,, , ? -
imio'i.-. gober, a? Hogs mott ?' U b ?
leas their hnbit mid rire*. l\ I ? ?? thl ?.,
tram, d 10 rend and to Stt ? -.? ? l I
to ?fon. to knit, lo make uri their own ?
what Menget to gout o- tht merit >?
alteret rwomes leurs 'o be bold, tels loud and
mor* then euatee led dlsgurugetmrul to
ihem m knw, whet belongs to gond hemoevciferg or to pene.
tise I' '
Because man'i pla? t - the ai m<
Because no real.] manly man wanti to ^ct'.* any
? bj fight in ^ ? ?
Because ii men d dopl pea eabli n el
will no longer look up to them
B can e men will lose their ?.harm ii the) ?tep out
*i their natura: ipherc and bus) themselves with "ther
matter? than uniforme, drums and feat? of arms.
0 an e men ate ?? te Then con?
duct at i>; 'eball game . football gamei and political con?
ventions ihows this, while thi to ap?
peal to force renders ihcm peculiar
1 ? rrnment.
' 1 do nol believe that thei i l-bl ?ded nun in
the world who in hi?, heart beli ? ? ?* 'tage.
lays Mr. Heflin. "I think that an] man who favors it
be made I wear ?? dress "
That all ? ho w ander d?
In cai
Of male m female, youn? c* old,
Are murh alike?are much ,plike.
lished authority was when I was four?
teen. The Russian revolution had
just broken out then and there was a
protest meeting held at the Manhat?
tan Lyceum. The police came with
clubs to break it up. They were bru
tal in their bch'vior to the people, not
giving them aa opportunity to leave
the hall, even when they were trying
to do so.
Arrested When a Child.
"One policeman tried to push me
downstairs. I resisted him just be
i-au-jc he was so officious. He ar?
rested me. I was then, remember, i
little girl with short skirts and hair
down my back. I was put in the same
cell in the 57th street court with
thirty street women, who were sodden
with drugs. The place was full ot
vermin. We had no beds to sleep on,
only wooden benches. I was kept
there three days until our friends
could get us out on bail. I was the
only ?A-oman arrested at that time, but
there were a lirge number of men.
"When the case eventually came to
trial I was accused of "assault" upon
that 250-pound policeman. The case
| was dismissed at once. I was. how- ,
what women want to make laws iot.
I'd rather break them."
And that is Becky's philosophy?*
philosophy to which h* becomes
more and more attached and which
she goes out to Colorado to preach
to the striking ?tuners untaught, un?
reasoning foreigners. What ?s ?*-?
kind, a promise or a menace?
Women Silk Culturists.
Tli? l-al:?--' BUS '
. ..
Klane? fur .. ? ? for -?-?*? t
353 West 54th Street
I ? I Uli l?HH? IS. .
I Vll-I ?l\ VII M \(,| M V
Til w 5J.1 -i PMOM It ru: i*"Ur?
KINOTO! ?.VI '-. Murr??- Hill *?*??
Formerly with I.I la A ,s?a>ly. Male? i'lOtr*
Help Roferanres lnv??tl?ate 1 tad ?S A *

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