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SATIRUAY. JV1SK ?. 1P14. 0*?n???J an* p?ihll?h?d dally by Th? T-Mhun?? Ai"?or*t%M?*'*>. a Km York rorporatlon. <*?-<*.?n M. R?*4*J, l'r?>Bl.1'n? ?'? Veinor Rot-?**??. S.-.-i-t-ry end Tr-amirrr Iddl-aM Tt b ' " BnlldlnK. No. IM N*.?aau etr???t. Htm Yr?rV ?UB?CRll'TtON RATF.S.- By Mail, roui?-** ???14 ?WtaKl? *f ???-^??r "s--**. York . t, rtn ndaj*, l mo.| TSlDt-.lt*- ?*nly. S moalna ?? ? ????.i s?irda\. <? m.>!? 4.SSIDali* only, i rear ??ml Sunday. 1 year t ? ' '* , . ! 1 month.6?*? Sunday onl>. 1 year. ... - ?? ' "?-ORt-UON" RATK!*. I CANADIAN RATBS. DAILY AND SUNDAY: DAIL.1 AND BUNDAV .. On-, month. 91 f.*' On? month. a'in On* >??ar. Ik .-..? i >n? >ear.??? 8t*\*DAT ONLY: DAILY ONLYj ft*? t-non-h?. .1.0T!One month. * ? ? ar . ?114 One year. n.m DAILY ONLY: 8VNDAY ONL.T One month. l.nc.in* month. One >?>ar. 12.2?. ?">ne year. . . .:.?-? 4 ."?-? Enlored at the Poitoffl.-e .?.t Sew Tor* aa Seoond '"!??? -all Matter. The Trlti-ine uaea it? beat endeavors to Insure the twertfcllMSa of ev.ry advertlseriu-nt It j?rints and t<* avoid th? i Ublicatlon of all .xivertis. menta contain? ing mil Mtpmrnt.- <>r .-laims. Overplaying the " Psychological " Pleasantry. * I.ike Bast?, like man." Secretary William *'? l.c.ltleld, who as a practical business man ought to have known better, fell into the error the other da*.- at Balalgh, N. C. of trying to hide an Irritating ?ttnatioo under a thinjy specious phrase, l'y bor rowlng President Wilson's explanation that ?the pr?sent depression In business is merely "psycho? logical" he ranged himself with Umso "?New Thought" miracle workers in politics who believe that economic experiences caaa never be unpleasant except that thinking makes them so. It is no great tribute to the sagacity of those who are now -**aiTe*"ln** from business depression to tall Iheni that all the trouble is In their own minds. For that reason, as "The Evening Post" sadly pointed out the other night, Mr. Wilson's phrase has merely created irritation and has been treated as a Y?sry tactless placa o? facet iousness. The country bus now learned that Mr. Wilson cannot resist the beef tt lug temptation to play with phrases. But Mr. Redfleld, head of the Department of Com mer?-e and closer in touch than any other member of tho Cabinet with trade and industry, ought to know that it doe-* n<-> good to dodge facta and figure* and to say that the let-down in business which many parts of the country feel la merely "psycho logical.** it would be boneeter and more courageous to admit that the general reduction of tariff rates was intended t?> Increase imports and depress prices. The tariff rntes were CUl in order to lessen the high v?nst of ttving, and if they haven't lowered prices and put something of a damper on the domestic ?producer they bare failed to accomplish the chief object of the Demo?cratic revisers. We should have inore **eapect for Mr. Itedlield if be bad bragged about the Increase of imports and the re duction "f exports Instead of trying to apologize for them an?l t?? prove that the readjust inen? they jiif bringing about is not real, but Imaginary. IV? ?h? not think that popular dissatisfaction with the administration can be traced chietly to its tarin policy. Everjbo.lv i.iiew tliat some profits must be cut off and ?joma activity must be checked by down? ward revision. Business has pretty well discounted the effects of tariff legislation. What m?ist alarms the busineas world now is the ineptitude of the ad? ministration in dealing with foreign affair?, coupled with its desire t?> deceive Itself in negotiations with tin* labor interests over anti-trust legislation. In these two fields the President has followed a t<?r tu??:is. double trail, and the country has come to distrust what he may do in Mexico or in the Philippin?** and In the way <?f destroying the equal application of the Sherman anti-trust law far more than what he ha? done in lowering tariff rates and Inviting larger imports. Discontent with Mr. Wilson's Mexican and labor policies is not '-psychological.'- it cannot be laid by an infelicitous phrase, even from the stock bar? rel of a usually felicitous pbrasemaker, From Farmer to Consumer. We have vigorous competition t?i thank for a most Interesting experiment to be undertaken by the Adams Express Company, a few years ago to sugg-est that an express Company might solve the high-cost-of-llvlng problem would have caused one's burial under an avalanche of ridicule. But (hat is Just what the Adams Bxpreaa Company, puabed bard by the parcel post, purposes trying through the establishment <?t' an order and Pood Product! Bureau, Fruits, berries, butter, egKs. poultry, lish, meats ?these are i few of the delicacies which this coin]?any will deliver at your door direct from th?* locality of their origin. The rates charged win compete with those of the parcel post, and prompt ?enrice will be a feature, the company assuming r?'sponsibility toward both buyer and seller not alone in this matter, but also in the matter of pay? ment. The bureau, if successful, will thus become a competitor Of the city market, of the middleman in nil his guisee. The moral Of which would appear to be that once y.iii introduce | new element of competition into our complex industrial fabric its ramifications will surprise e\?-n the most optimistic. A Departmental ?Court. ; Magistrat? IfeAdoo, in the report of the Hoard <?f city Magistrates f??r 1918, Just pubuahed, ?J Uress on the Bead f?>r a new "departmental court"' to handle actions brought by the various brandies of the city government to enforce laws and ordinances tellement house riolations, build-1 ?lug violations, child lalK?r violations, tire prevention rlolatlona, health violations and the like, it is ? ue of the pressing problems <?f judicial reform la this city. At present these ?ases are brought to trial in the magiatratee* courts, scattered around the city. They dog the calendars, preventing prompt atten? tion to other eases They themselves ?lo i?.?t get the attent <>n which they deserve, for it is Idle to expect a magistrate to l?e able offhand t<? render ad??piate decisions in cases of ibis nature, where the knowl? edge and experience of a specialist in municipal law would n??t be t<><? much. The departmental court, either one central <?>uit for the city, to hamlle all Buck cases, or on?- magis? trate's court In each bOTOOfh, giving attention to a calendar of such ?ases o?. specified days, and presided over by ma ?? is tritt es win? have specialized In them, is the way to meet this difficulty. It would be a saving of time and money f??r the city. The department heads forced to bring actions could f?tel certain that the cas**? would be called promptly and handled carefully and with sjieclal knowl edjre There would !?.? one stnn?lard ??f enforce ment of the laws and erdlnances -not as many standards as there are magistrates; ami the effect of this on citizen*? and property owners would be highly salutary. Ilu* would learn what they were e**pe?ted to live up I?? an?l what penalty await?*?l them if they fallet!, Such a curse <?f education is badly needed here. Provision for such a departmental court was In . luded, with ??liier valuable improvements in court procedure, in a i?ii| reorganizing tin* criminal courts .oh., ate.i IflMi winter by Hi?' t'barlty Organization Soflety. ? ne Legislature didn't seem t?> realize the Importance ??f the improvements sought. Since relief must come by way .?f the ?Legislature, it Is t?> be hoped the madstrates will press their recoui mendatlon next winter In the form <>f a bill at Albany and that the l.iwmal ers will cive more attention to ft than they did last session. The Indefatigable Sarah. Mine. Sarah Is unlike the "old" folk who adon some other professions, such as baseball, in that she Is really ??Id. That poor old veteran Christy Mnthcw Ison, for Instance, is re-illy but thirty four. II?* Is still entitled t?? kick a leg now and then. Bui II was in Taris. France, on the 23d of October, 1845, that Mme. Sarah Bernhardt first saw the licht <?f ?lay. Ami that is getting pretty well on toward sev? enty years ago. No easy t??ur of the big towns Is In her contem? plation now. As a real adventure with which t?. t??p off a fairly Interesting life she purposes to tour the world, playing Shakespeare and Maeterlinck and her French repertory across Am?rica and then tripping overseas to Australia, South America and ?South Af? rica with a vaudeville troupe Mme. Sarah is in the rare position of witnessing her own immortality. Not only that, she is part of it. Small wonder that she likes to be about and that the world ?till rejoices at her presence. Greetings to Another Great Ship. There are boats and boats, and nobody can tell in advance what the disposition of any particular craft will be. The Vaterlnnd was a calm, self possesaed giantess on the high Feas, but misbehaved sadly in narrower waters. Now cornea the new Aqultania and slips into her North River dock as quietly as a eatboat shooting for h?*r moorings. Twenty minutes sees the operation completed with? out a barge threatened or a hawser parted. (if course, the A<piitania is shorter than the Vater? land by some 49 feet, being only Pol over all as against the German vessel's 960. And when you are navigating a boat a sixth of a mile long in a waterway only a half mile wide a matter of .??? feet adds considerably t?> your problem. This difference may account for some of the Vaterland's troubles. Also there is the matter of channel. The th'O]) water fairway to the Hoboken docks is de? clared to be too narrow for proper nianrruvrinj:, and the Hamburg American bine has already ap? plied to Congress fora channel enlargement. This dredging should be ??one and ?loin* promptly. There sli??ul?l be no parsimonious policy toward the nation's greates! harbor. Nevertheless, it is worth hoping that the Vaterland will learn manners as the miles go by and behave as well as did her dodle English sister the next time she drops in for a stay. Platforms and Gored Oxen. To a disinterested ??utsiiier it is always amusing to see the swiftly changing values put by Interested insiders ??ti the virtue of loyalty to party declara? tions of principle. A platform Is usually a ?good thin*,' t<> stay on <?r t?> jump off, according t?> dr? cumstances. Senators O'Gorman, Walsh and v.-ir daman and "The New York American'' have bitterly assailed Mr. Wilson because he threw overboard th" Democratic National Convention's declaration in favor ?if a t??lls exemption for American coast wise shipping going through the Panama ranal. The President was described by them as a violator <>f th?* party's solemn compacts with the people. But now that Mr. Wilson is -rolntr to put a check reta ?m Representative .iones, the Filipino emand pator, and p-ive his O. K. t?> a hill wlih-h departs very widely from what flu* Democratic party prom? ised in its ?national platform. "The American" hails the abrogation of the platform as laudable states manshlp. If said yesterday: "Since the administra lion was s?> ready t<> abandon the patr!?>tic and help? ful Panama plank, it may he applauded for aban? doning now the unpatriotic and harmful Philippine plank." Here i- a ease where political interest slanghter political logic. The Baltimore platform is none of our concern. We are clad that the President has fractured it at two points Yet if we hoi censured him for breaking it at the one we should not now laud him for breaking it at the other. Whose o*r is gored Is still .?ne of the llvest issues In polities in the Morning Just at Dawn. Di?l you sh-ep until the last alarm ?lock this morn lug? Was the sun halfway up the sky 'when you bolted your egg ami niufhn. kissed the baby ami dashed for the train'.' Are you still owly and grouchy as you spread these scintillating pages be? fore youV I hen, wor?l by w? r?l, read what follows: The noft ?wish-a*wlsh <>f l?aro feet tramping across dewy gmm in the gray light <?f oarly dawn, the panting of winde*, horses pounding their way at a gallop along soft lanes, a shout and then a plunge into the clear, cold Waters <?f the lake, carolling of blrda answered by a musical whistle from a hiiniin 11 in ?at ? Well, that is enough, a beautiful but Irritating idyl, you Bay? Not at all. It is realism, crass real? ism, from th" fmnt page "f "The Chica?.'.? Daily Newa,** ami ?describing what are declarad to be "daily occurrences within the contlnes of hurried, worried Chicago.*1 In other words, the early rising Idea has hit the metropolis of the Middle West and sunrise has become playtime for scores of Cblcagoana. ?Barefoot golf in the dew is one of the exer??!-<?-? declared to be ?gaining in favor and highly recom? mended. Not only are the robins in Letter form then, but the duffer's mind is keener ami strokes which a f?'W hours later are Impossible1 come off as sweetly as new mown hay. Swlmmlm* ?t dawn and hor-epack riding before breakfast follow on the list. The general impression <*<?n veyed is that'all Chicago has turned its ?--docks ahead an?l is sneaking a couple of h??ur** on the real of the worid. The best thing about su?h glowing enthuslaaa fat the dawn \g that WS know It Is true. There Is noth i ii -_r se<??iiil rate about sunri-e. It is the ?ri -p.-t freshest, Basel hour of the ?lay. The worst thing about su?h reading is that we know in our hearts we Khali never, never follow if. Conceding all the atlje?live-, neither we nor y??u (unless you belong with the exceptional company <?f awfca) *.\iii aval chaiiKc the a? ?n-domed m??de Of arising and btfll the day with a bang. We know all the best anl mals do II. We know it Is the rij-ht idea. But the deail hand pf ?Ivlll'iitl'm Is upon us. we are ??ut of step with the natural rhythm of sleep, and not even the example ?>f hundreds of brave Chicagoana can win us back. Dawn may come up like thumier out of Lake Michigan, a simpler, bolder clime. Here, and every? where effet?*, ?lawn Is Ignored, and morning, when it <b?es at last reach our bedsid?*. is no more than a cold poached egg, a limp and dubious remnant of its earlier self. THE TALK OF THE DAY. Recently two partners in a d??\vntown firm were promised a visit from an undesirable a??|i;aintance. Jinks (let's call him) was alune in the office at noon. Ho looked at the clock, went ??ut, had luncheon, killed time and finally went to the ball ground?. leaving Uinks (his partner) to take care of the "co*u I'.'iny." He was firmly glued In his seat at the game when .-?nie one ?tapped him on the shoulder. "Well, if you ain't a coward!" he heard the som*; one say, and the "some one" was his partner, who, returning to the office, had sneaked away so that Jinks would be the victim of the ?aller. Whenever there Is a street spat nearly every woman has the idea that her husband would ht* a very Bend for carnage if she didn't hold him ?back. - LouiBville Courier-Journal. Graduation day at the T'nited States Naval Acad? emy at Annapolis recalls the custom, Ion?? prevalent among I'ncle Sam's future admirals, ??f melting up the silver napkin rings of the graduating class to make a gift for the "baby of the class." The "baby of the class'' has been the name -j-iven not to the youngest member of the class, as might be sup !?"s..l, but to the first child born to any member of the class. Judging b) the fact that whenever he li wanted William Rockefeller la taking a rest in Georgia he ought to change the name of thai island from JekyI to hide.?Hoston Transcript An enterprising Bronx shoemaker, who appreci? ates the interest manifester! in some present day plays, displays this sign in bold letters in a con? spicuous place in his show window: "Traffic In Boles.** In small letters at the bottom of the sign Is ' Also Heels." Mr. Lloyd George, after distributing prizes nt a n-hool, said h.' hoped the children would have a good record when he came again. Thereupon thev rose, and with one accord said, "*-*ame t.. vail sir""?The Argonaut. ' NEW YORK FROM THE SUBURBS. .some of th* SmWS? people we know have never spent a nlttht In New York?Washington Herald. Still another New York heiress ha? eloped with a chauffeur, renouncing* rlehfs without a moment's hesi? tation when the alternative confronted her. NVarly all of bar prede? essors have been only t??o willing to give up th. ir chauffeurs at varying period? after th- honey II.00n, hut, of course, she Is going to he different.? Washington Herald. A New York man named Plumo objected to It and had It ehani?ed by the courts. It l-n't every fellow who ?an live up to a name like that?Bo-ton Transcript. A grasshopper was seen on Broadway, New York, the other day. and a crowd gathered and wat hed It Jump until a hoi se PtSppei on it. Ufe is a big city Is full of variety.?Itochfster I'nion and Advertiser. A New York nmn says he has discovered a way of manufacturing bichloride of merciiiy ?ombln.d with the antidote, so that It will be harmle-a when ?.wallr.wed accidentally or with suicidal intent. Next thing som? meddler disguised as a philanthropist will be doing ???.rnrthlM*- of th" tnri t.. nil*?-Vax, WmenttnOT' >? !??? ?' WHAT'S THE HURRY? MESSENGER?The mediators wait for you, General. CARRANZA?Ma?ana, ma?ana. THE PEOPLE'S COLUMN ^?teftES** A CALL FOR THE COLONEL The Only Man to Lead Republicans Out of the Wilderness. To the Editar of The Tribune. Sir: I have voted the Republican ticket since the fall of lficX?. when I first voted for "Abe" Lincoln for President, ami am M stanch as ever in the support of the principles of my party. T voted for Will? iam Howard Taft In 1S12, and would do so aealn if he were nominated on the Re? publican ticket In 1916, If alive and able to get to the polls. I trust the party to which I belong will nominate a Rood, loyal American states? man like Colonel Roosevelt. All 1 have ever liad against ex-President Roosevelt is that he tried to pull down the bouse I Ix!i?p<1 to build, the Republican party. I have forgiven him for this act. although at the time I s.ml I never would do so. What we need now is ?action, not "watch? ful iraiting." If Mr. Roosevelt was in the White House there would be "something doirii," besidts treating with brigands and murderers. I think Roosevelt the only man that ca:i unite his party and l?-ad us out of the I "wilderness.'' WILLIAM M. PBCX, l.x-Sihool Commissioner of Queens Coun? ty, N. Y. New York, June 4, 1314. A CALIFORNIA GRAB Oil Land? Are Turned Over to Private Ownership by This Decision. To the Kditor of Th" Ti lb******-. Mr: Of all marked instances o? the un s< iirial, unwarrantable and <!< termin? ?llv r? rni? ious court ruling in those tar**"* and \ ?tally Important eonsuloratlons which iti ioIvc conservation of our natural m s?. mves none aacaods the following, ?a I.ich, coming as it ?loes from California, m ?:.-t ?late o? June I, irrefragably denotes an incorrigible disposition in the West to "grab." such as was the Hetch-hetchy man, Illegally put through the t'nited States Senat?: "A withdrawal order by which William H. Taft, while President, In 1900 exempted from entry government lands In Califor? nia estimated In value at from tS-tt ?JOO.OO?) to $1.0?','?","". was ?Iceland invalid In a Ion by Jmlge Maurh'e T Pooling, of the I'nlted States District Court of Baa Francisco, ?hi? h r*-a<*hf<l Los Angeles by mail to-day. . . . Thf former President had planned to provide a gr?-at source of tin 1 for the American Navy by exempting the oil land from entry by private lo? cators. Judge Pooling s decision gives to the Midway Oil Company and the Stand ;.i?l <?il Company, the principal defendants, undisputed possession " That in his decision Judge Dooling says, "The effect of these withdrawal orders is to suspend the mineral laws of the I'nlted States," and that "The executive power cannot permanently effe?*t su<h legisla? tion," is perhaps pertinent, quite; but when he furth? rmore declares that he ?Judge Pooling) is "not ?<>ut>nt to seek lor authority for these withdrawals In the dicta of decisions" he thereby places hlm M'lf on record as ?lolng what no Judge on any bench has a right or authority to do, for by so doing he deliberately defies the -, . . ..... tlclarjr sense whereby statutory law Is properly administered and virtually as? serts to himself a kind of autocratic pow.r which In this country belongs to no mar. whatsoever, be he Judgo or be he President. ALFRED LAURENS BRENNAN. New York, June 2, 1314. THE PENROSE ISSUE It I? Simply Roosevelt or Anti-Roose? velt in This Reader's View. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I have followed The Tribune for many years ?beginning with Horace Gree ley? as an exponent of the true principles of the Republican party. Lately 1 have be?mi interested in its attacks upon Sen? ator Penrose and former Senator Foraker and the applause it has received from former President Roosevelt for those at? tacks. Am I right in assuming that as between Poorest and Foraker, on the one hand, a..d Roosevelt, on the other. The Tribune would take Its stand with the latter? If so, I am sure The Tribune is at od?ls with ninety-nine out of one hundred old line and new line Republicans. penrose and Foraker may be much that I The Tribuns thinks; they may have mis? taken Ideas of the principles of the Re? publican party; they may at times have violated those principles; but. In all that, they have kept nearer the heart of the Republican party than has the man who imagines himself to be the reincarnation of Abraham IJncoln and then does vio lenco to every noble instinct, purpose and consummation for which Republicans venerate the name of the great emanci? pator. What has The Tribune to say about it SS ? whole.' Has it. too. Joined the ranks of those who "stand at Armageddon and battle for the Lord*' and of those who as Shakespeare ?aya, "?'lothe naked vll lany with old odd ends, stolen out of Holy Writ; and seem a saint when most they play the devil"? ? 'i'NRAD SCHWEITZER. Los Angeles, May 28. 1914. A NOTABLE EXCEPTION The Courageous Stand of J. Hampton Moore in the House. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: It must be gratifying to thousands of present and former Pennsylvanians, as it certainly Is to me, that while In the matter of the Clayton bill labor ex? emptions the entire House of Repre? sentative.?, with apparently but an Indi ? idtia' exception, bowed In pusillanimous submission to the dictate of Samuel tiompers and his associates, there was at Wast one man, Representative J. Hamp? ton Moore, of Pennsylvania, who had the courage to express his abhorrence of class legislation and his defiance of that largest and most cruel of trust--?the labor trust. All honor to Mr Moore, and may his constituents show their appreciation of his principles and hla courage by long retaining him in Congress, or by afford? ing him the opportunity to serve them and hie country In some mure exalted office. W. C. c. TACTFUL CHRISTIANITY How the Y. M. C. A. Attract? the lt differ**nt to Its Gatherings. To the Kditorof The Tribune. Sir; I call the attention of thou ?1* your readers vho cherish an Interest M a Socialize Clrlstianlty to an admlrsl* Young Men's Christian Association al? truistic scheme for the wel'are of ?as* that is in marled harmony with the tr***4 of the time? and worthy of the hlsmn commendation I make referent* to th? Sunday evenhk' social path-ring of m*i held under tie auspices of the Twsnty third Street V"oung Men's Christian As? sociation, anc designated In the tuoeim Jional scbe.liSe of events as the "Socitl Hour." This ?.a-practically, that Is wbat It Is?consists of a luncheon, followed hJ pleasant seal and entert.uning feat? ures, and a brief, stirring and imsresuni talk by some proinii: r.t -piker, who H known to be qualified to clinch the at? tention of thsuf-hn'ul men. It 1? t?0 apparent that a good, live speaker, SSM is competent t> proclaim advanced Chi** tian sentiment-, invariably makes a fa?*?***" able impression on the men and reostux a cordial, appreciative approval. It Is notable that ?th. re is sprinkled IS the constantly Changing thro | t? vlslWf? many men who aeon* to feel reaaaaaW Justified In loosing upon the church ?"Id supreme Indifference and distrust. Sttrf theless these same malcontent* a/? avowed lo> a! supporters of the To*-*?* Men'? Christ:.. ? ?? latlon proptitxd* of Christian tri.ih, and never fall ?* evince a roverentlal reg-ard for thin**? P a religious im.*>ort. These religious social weekly tut? have been ?Mcassfully malntalnei ?* years for the laudable purpose of eneH*e the young mei of the Young Men? CMt* tlan Assoclat.on and the ?trangers ?? stray In to g?t together in <-lo*e tri***1 contact, to *?ccome acquainted an?? mutually enjoy a happy social hour ?a* genial, whoNsome atmosphere and la rational wa> It is exceedingly gratlfyaj to see the splendid democratic spirit tU kindly afTatliity which seem to in*? each man look upon his *?lde partner * the table as a genial comrade. Obviously ;he real beneficie.,? Idea a?JJ | get the me? earnestly Inter--:..1 in ? Christian message. Furthermore, it" planned to 1-npren* upon th.- n ids ott men the valie of true Christian l'r',,?f hood. It la ??llfylng to stuoy the nietfc*" employed to attract a big aUm.Unce- _ 1 am Inclined to surm.ee that the nuUr ous pulpiteers who are eorely ?JI*,r*T! over the vista of deserted pew*, and ?*<"* perplexed br the impotence of their tr tort* to resaptur* the legion? ?,>n*|t joint their control, may rin?l m tht? ??"" ?Implo ?tory of a pr.ict.cal chrl1""*; scheme many valuable e?ig?e?t:?**.* ? are worth considering. R R- MllEM* New York. May 2*. ?M. FATHER WAS HENPiCKlO? From The Louisville Com 1er-Journal. "My kid talk* back to his mother. ?* Mr. KnjxKk. ^f "Of cours? you correct blm ?r ?*""\. -.-*h. 1 coire-1 him. but I can't h*lP mtr