FOREIGN NE W_S
CROWDED TO ROOFS
Wealthy Men Accept Ser?
vants' Quarters Rather
than Seek Elsewhere.
Q ?EEN CONGRATULATES
MISS L. L. FLEITMANN
' ?orican Rider at Horse Show
Visits Buckingham Palace on
[By ?'able <o Th* Tribune. ?
ntlon, June Ml- At laut the long cx
?d flood tide of A :r. tTk-an arrivals
has set in, and for tho first timo
il season the big hotels are turning
*.y would-lw guests. Strange stories
told of millionaires no insistent upon
plnf at certain hostlerles that they
h.ivo consented to accept accommodations
in the servants' quarters rather than ko
elsewhere. Most Americans who visit
1-ondon at all regularly have their favor?
ite abodes, and no matter how crowd.-!
they may be Ihejr re*Ol?lt?ly decline to
? ?tar oomfort in lea? pretentious
Tho run ?? Boat Uii> week thnt
one Western tnone? king was ?o annoyed
by his failure to nci rooms In a particu?
lar hotel in the West End that be tried
to buy the entire establishment, like the
hero In Arnold Dennett's novel, "Burled
Generally the hostleries were well filled
long before this time and tho present
crowding ?rffl probably laat only on? or
two weeks, as the bulk of the visitors
are passing through either from the Con?
tinent homeward or t.. th? Continent on
An Unusual Compliment.
unusual compliment was paid to an
American society girl when Queen Mary
summoned Miss Llda Louise Fleltmann to
gingham Palace to ' congratulate her
on her successful rl?llng at the Hor?=*
Show. This honor is seldom paid to an
?isli ?rirl. even if of me hlgheat rank.
Miss Fleltmann rode Walter Winans's
honea and won the Russian Gold ('up,
Ot% of the MRgeai events at the Olympia.
I? stairs at Auckland's Hotel with
Mrs. Fkitmatin ami baa been attending
t and al! the affairs priven by tho
hislv? horsey set.
re was universal applause for the
~>es of the American quests In ti.e
royal im-iosjure at Aaeot, as the gowns
considered to combine the height of
ite so lacking in some exalted
ro:iH IttendlBg the races was a busi
-?? .iring that society was disinclined
y evening festivities, and early to
rule during the four Ascot
-?n residents who are less fond
he faehtoaabta whirl displayed inter
n the opening this week of the rooms
the American Historical .Society, in
thampton st., under the chairmanship
. iscount Bryce Ambassador Page de?
llV?M h Othen ?.resent were Sir
??rick Pollack, chairman of the Rojral
Commission on Public Records; Professor
Oaaood, of Columbia: Prof?SS?or Hull, of
Cornell, and Professor Perciv.il Newton,
of London University, who. though an
American, has the imperial history chair
at ??xford. The rooms are Intended to be
the headquarters of American student? of
history in London.
Otto H. Kahn Busy.
impetus ?a" given to op?ratii .if?aira
? ek bj th? arrival on the Aquitanla
to H. Kahn. Mr. and .Mrs. Kahn, with
r children, are ?topping at the Kahn
? in May fair. Mr. Kahn is dlviri
tim? ?etween financial affairs In
City and Corent Darde:? He declined
t? -day to < "intnent on finan
or Industrial conditions In America,
? . th? oparatle season bera H?
contemplate muck social ac
tlvlty, though he visited the Ascot races.
il<.wan! Could, another Aciuitania ar?
il, got rooms with great difficulty a.t
ton He whs obligad to produce
proofs o? his identity, as an impostor had
claimed the suite reserveu tor him by
wireless Ho remains here until the end
? f tin- aeason and then will go to Paris.
?utier New Yorkers at the Carlton are
Mr. and Mrs. Richard 8. Cardon, Mr. and
Mra C. II. Lyford and s w. Fairchlld,
.ill on short V
Rtts, which is the fullest because
Ok their accorniiiiV.atlons fo:*
? ^ room only ?"or three newcomers
? r.. ,iii (if New York?Uta j. t.
?.??han (from Um A.?uitania), Harris
?'.i.t . and James ?'. Brady, son of th:?
? ? ; ?? j n. Brady,
Admired at Ascot.
Unerioaa? at Huckland's Include Mrs
Kdu.ird H laitchiieid, whoso husband is
.?ne of tin bigg? ?d? in Brooklyn,
with her two daughters, who were among
the belles of the royal inclosure at Ascot.
Mi. Mtchfielti, who has visited London
. lally for the last twenty-seven years,
joirti? his family for ?hooting in Scotland
fcttgtist He has had a place in Scot
land for ten years past.
Mr. and Mrs. J. Athern Folger. of San
ir;n;cisco. with their two ?laughters, are
bera for the Hrst time in eighteen years.
They are amazed at the development of
motor traffic In London, particularly with
d to trucks and other commercial
vehicles. Colonel and Mrs. W. H. Poster,
Huston, are aMO at Buckland's for the
The week's arrivals at the Berkeley in?
clude A. H. Manners, Mrs. H. 1\ Brownell,
Miss Hthel Zabrlskle, Miss A. H. Williams,
ii.rbeil L. Bridgman and G. R. Sheffield,
all from New York, also B. 1?. CJuggen
a, from Pari.- Mrs. Andrew Christian,
?laughter of B. ft Hotchklss, arrived at
the Berkeley from Paris on Wednesday
and is stopping a week.
Mr. and Mrs. Dan R. Hanna. who were
unable to get rooms.at the Kitz, are stay
? the Alexandra.
.Mi. and Mrs. R. K. Straw-bridge have
i. Mrned to Claridge's from the country
- at Claridge's are Mr. and Mrs.
Andrew W. Rote. Felix E. Kahn. Mr. and
Kugene M. Moore and Colonel Cteorge
:ng, all from New York, arriving on
,\ pjltanla. Mr. and Mrs. Elbrldge T.
I and Mrs. William II. Sage arrived
?I.if week from Paris, and will be leaving
\t the Savoy are Mr. and Mrs. Robert
?Ullarti. Mrs. C. B. Stockwell, Ralph De
Palma, (who expects to do some automo?
bile racing at Brtxiklande?, Mrs. John
*, Max Warburg. Oetjeral and Mrs.
, Meancy. Albert Werthelm, B. C.
?ander Maxwell. ?William Our?
di, and lin. D. B. Morrosty, H. W.
? ?.?a, John Lynn and V. A. McKet
i ? a
fl-f, r^?- ?ait lira D. E- Marroaty. IJLjS
MRS. \\ LEITMANN \\n mkr n.-ur.HTER.
Miss Lida Louise Fleitmann was summoned to Buckingham Palace
last weck and congratulated by Queen Mary on her exptrtness
in the saddle.
trick (who is managing Frank Mora
all o? New York,
Mr. and Mrs. I. Dupont have airP
at the Piccadilly froin the ConUnent i
J. P. Blakealee, B. O. Metcalf an?-! C.
Sawtell are ail at the same h??t'1
T. Ht. John Gafraey, who is Btaying
; i? guest at the realdeooe of J. E. Milh
; land and can . to ?.union from Munich
greet Colonel Roosevelt, Intends to
to IP-land shortly to study conditions
eral hotel manag? itinp 1
tcrs to the newspapers pleading with i
government t<> permit properly a? credit
Americans to vi.-slt the National Qallei
?to. They gay the -losing of th. pub
Institutions Le?anse of the auftraget!
, has caused much American mom
| diverted from London this season.
TO FEAST WAR'S
Americans in London Plan \
Honor Next Fourth Edward
Monroe, Aet. 105.
[By Cabli ' ' -r> '? Ti '
London, June SO.?The oldest living v?
eran of tha civil War will be the gut
'of honor at the celebraU?n of the Foun
! of July planned by the American Si
jciety at tlie White City. His name
Edward Monroe and he is 165 yean ->!
s horn in Kngiand. but joined ;r
American navy iti 1W.1 and fougl
? through the war, Altogether V*) vetei
ans are ex?? til to attend the cer,
monies which will Include a Held dg
'with American athletic snorts, a bas?
lall fame, speechn and luncheoi
baaaador Page la expected to h>i??;ik.
The American Boclety was i
Monroe present, but becauae o
his extreme age he at Brat refused uni
, the godtey arranged for an automobil? t
convey him to the White City and t
have two attendant.- ootiatantly with hin
Monroe told The Tribune corresponden
that though he is a loyal Bltgllehmail h
utiii dues not object to celebrating Inde
pendence Day? and is particular:
at the ptoapact Of >a reunion with hi
Camp mutes. He enlisted t.n the AIort:i
BChOOner lirst, and then t'ansierred t<
? ?it'oik pack?l mid battled foi th,
Union at l'on Jacaaon, Bt PhlUlpg am
VIckshurg. Ile sa> s h? feela ":?s strotif
; as Hooseveh." He enjoya kla pipe? bui
j preleis to remain In his suburban 00b
as he dislikes 4?t> confusion. I If
has not seen a baa ?ball game for thlrt)
years, and is gwalUng the Fourth ol
July contest easily.
W. Perry, ninety-four years old, SX?
i private ?Mh Indiana VolttntMra, la the
next oldest Kiiglinri veteran. He foiiRhl
at I'liii-i.arnHtitta and MurfT?
! D'ANNUNZIO HONORED
His Portrait Placed in the
[By ?Table to The Tribune. 1
PariH, June 20.? Gabriele D'Annuntlo,
long a favorite subject of the famous
1 French caricaturiste, with their odd ex?
aggerations, has heen honored by the
more serious In art, and, moreover, by
the Trench government itself. A hand?
some portrait of the author of "The Tri?
umph of Death." executed by Humaine
Brooks, was purchased this week by the
French government, which has placed it
in the gallery of the Luxemboui.-.
LONDON TO HEAR
ABORNS' OPERA CO.
Otto H. Kahn Negotiating
for Two Months' Tenancy
of Covent Garden.
i Th? Tribune. 1
London, June SO.?The Poyal ?""ovent
robably be utilized next
? lary for the preaentation of a music
drama i': fcmgllsh under the direction of
the Centur? Opera Company, of New
York. Of which Otto H. Kahn Is chair
nian of the ex? utive committee and MU
ton Aim,in managing director. Although
the enterprise If headed by Americans,
will be unrestricted by any
?peel illty. Mr. Aborn, who Is
?topping at the Savoy, says he Is np
proa? [iOndon operatic situation
with nn op, n mli
"I have already an adequate number of
:s," l:.> says, "but I am always on
the lookout for fresh talent For Instance,
I am told there is a new tenor here who
by profession and a church
? sololsl by avocation. I have not
? . him ?/et, hut I have sleuths on his
? tter vocalist than a
layer of bricks I ?rill engage him for the
English eason i do not claim that as 'i
?ni Caruso, bul In church circle? his
? is acclaimed the finest of the lasl
Arrangen ot ???? complete, but
with Uie asalatance of Mr. Kahn, who
hold? a high position In th? operatic
world here, Mr. Aborn is confident that
the deal will go through. He expects to
play eight week? at ?'ovent Carden, start?
ing on Februar?; ?, and presenting stand?
ard opera? with an entirely tSagliah
n- .as! Hi. company numlers 17s,
of which . ? clpals. 100 chorus, 24
ballet and the i- executive staff.
Th? st ir? incl id? OrrlUe Harrold, Morgan
Kingston, Gustav Bergman, i.ois Kweii.
Felice Lyn?, Kathleen Howard, Alfred
Kaufman and Tina Freeman, who has
just I ? - d here. Jacques c'olni Is
the artistic disector. The Century Com?
pany plays twent] weeks in N??w York
beginning on September 14 and will then
com? to London, and later another five
in Now York.
Th? Coy?bI Gardes deal necessitates
tiling t. n ureeki of bookings outside
\. g York Mi. Aborn is overrun with
applications for ?i ?agea-tent?. He ha?
i hfty singers within the last three
?l,iys. but not one who Is up to the stand?
ard re.piircd. He is confident that voices
In America ore better than those In Eng?
MAINE T~0~BE ABANDONED
Another British Hospital Ship
Will Receive Same Name.
GlaagOW, .Tune jo?The British Admi?
ralty to-day decided to abandon the hos
.pltal ship Maine, which was presented to
the British nation by American women
during the South African war and which
went ashore on June 17 In the Firth of
Lome, on the west coast of Scotland.
It was the opinion of the officials that the
cost of the salvage and repairs of the
Mame would b? more than the value of
Th? hospital shin which Is now being
fitt??d oui and which was to have been
known under tne name of Mediator will
.rlstenid Maine, In order to perpetu?
ate the memory of the abandoned hos
I pita! ship Mam..- and her services during
the Boer war.
Brilliant Race Meeting Part?
ly Redeems Miserable
Royal Visit to North Britain To Be
on Unprecedented Scale of
iiiv c ble la THf Trlbai
ivjntlon, June ?o -What time remained
ufier the. long days at AaOOt this Week
was devote?! by lAMidon's fashionables to
?'??vent Harden and the Russian opera at
Prury Lane. An extraonllnary production
labelled a ballet opera and called ' '.?
<"oq d'Or," the singer? in which stand
motionless while the dancers Interpret the
story, like marionettes, drew the smartest
audience of the year. The feeling of gen?
eral glory at Ascot partly r? deeme4? the
miserable season. On Gold ?'up day the
royal inclosuro contained two kings, tlnv
(?King Manuel gnd many lesser
The htift'ragetii ? igcol ?verely
alone, and society irolicked tier?- without
fear for the first time on a bl? public oc
i a si on for many months.
Th? King and Qu?>en are now preparing
for their Scottish tour, wblch la to he the
most magnlfl? ent ever marie.
The Prince of Wales, after his first pub
lie speech when laying the cornerstone of
K-imington Church, has returned to his
studies at Oxfonl.
The Countess of Granard was the only
i Brass of American birth in the royal
party at Ascot.
I'rlncess Ludwig: zu L'Wensteln-Wert
heini, sister of the- Bar! of Mexborough, ib
tit? first princess to try for a woman
aviator's license. Yet she is no longer In
th? first blush of youth, P.urke'B Peerage
rat -n-ding UM as her natal year. Hne has
Oil "ted great Interest by her recom?
mendation of -flying as a cure for head?
aches, neuralgia and nervousness.
Boeiety is looklntr forward to a big gar?
den liar*;- to be i.'lvetl py the Duchess of
Albany at ? lareinont in two weeks.
Following Am.-ot, many yachting par?
ties were arranged, in. iuillng notably
two by Karl and Countess FltSWlUiam on
their steam yacht IHiOlllgH and by the
Dowager Countess of pnrtaiilngton on
her steam yacht Joyous?, DOW in the
The Duehess 4>f Sutherland won univer?
sal pralM for an ai-ticl?' on the midnight
ball for Ul? benefit of the blind published
?m the dally advertising columns of a
m aient stor.- in all newspai i
MU'iie*nt, Duchogg of Sutherland, and
Lady Rosemary Leveeon-Oow?Br went to
Parta for the Grand Prix.
Mr. and Mre. AtasaTM Paget hav?
joined the tanks political of hosts and
hostessea by announ?-ing a Unionist gar?
den party at Panshanger, Hertford, next
month. Almerle Paget is M. P. for
CaabrMgO. His wife was formerly Pa?il
lM Whitney, of New York.
Receives Deputation of Working
Women and Discusses the
I. ndon, June 8fc?Premier Asqulth to?
day fulfilled his promise to receive a dep?
utation of suffragettes which he nia?le
when Miss Sylvia Pankhurst. after h?>r
recent release from Holloway jail, took
up her position on the doorstep of the
House of Commons an<l threatened t>
carry out a hunger and thirst strike |
until the Prime Minister r? <eiv<?d a depu?
tation of her r&uiradee,
A party composed of six working
women, members of Miss Pankhurst's
F,ast aSnd IVderation, to-duy visited tt'?
Prime MlnlatCT at his official residence
in Downing street.
A big crowd had gathered in anticipa?
tion of the usual fight between the pottce
Sad UM W4?nien. The pr"<'<.'??(linps, how?
ever, were carriel out in perfect or 1er
pt for a little roughness on the part
Of some workmen who hod ''COCOS to see
that thiir women got fair play." Th-tr
presence proved to be ?uilt4; unnecessary,
as the deputation, whpgg members -ar?
rived in taxlcabs, was Immediately re?
ceived by the Premier.
Tho women were accompanied by
George Lanshury. a former Socialltt
Member of Parliament, and they urged
tho cause <>f woman nifCraga from their
gpecial point of view.
Miss Pankhurst v.as not present, .-?
Mr. As'iulth had Inalgtad that the deptt?
tation must In- compoeed of genuine work?
'i'he Pren.ler w.le. rneil th'- members of
tin- deputation as repraaentatlveg <?f "an
gggpflstlon which dlggoclated itself from
tue criminal methods of thoes who hav.i
done so much to damage and put back
the cause of women." Mr. Asqulth nr
gued that If every wbman over twenty
one years of age possessed the vote they
would still find legislative problems ie
gardlng women exceedingly difficult of
solution in the same way as the men hid
found them. He agreed with the deputa?
tion that If the franchise wer.? given to
women it should be granted <>n the same
terms as It w?s given to men.
The Premier explained that while it
had become necessary to suppress tbe
organised violence of the militant suffra
g' ti???, the government had no desir? to
i interfere with free speech or the proper
? organization of opinion.
In conclusion. Mr. Asqultb promised
consideration of the women's representa
tl"ns anil s;dd h?? would present to Kerl
nald McKenna. the Home Secretary, the
women's request for the unconditional
release of Miss Sylvia Pankhurst.
Wrexham. Wales. June ?.-Militant auf.
! fragette* set fire to and destroyed the sta?
tion and several adjoining buildings at
' Coedpoeth, near here, last night. An at?
' tempt also was made to set tire to a triln.
: Quantities of suffrage literature were
? found In th? vicinity..
?. S. Squadron at Gibraltar.
Gibraltar. June 'J).-The squadron of
American war vessels forming the prac?
tice squadron for th? midshipmen from
; the Annapolis Naval Academy arrived
i here to-day. It consists of the battleships
j Missouri, Idaho and Illinois.
ENGLAND'S RANK AS LEADING
WORLD POWER THREATENED
Can Retain Her Position Only by Increasing Army
Navy to Keep Pace with France, Germany and
Russia?Armaments Growing Everywhere.
(From Th? Tribun? Correspondent.]
London, June 13.-Tli* military cor
spondent of "The Times" exsmlned t
week the growth of Europe as an arn
camp, and draws from his examin?t!
the deduction that England must J<
: France, Oermany, Russia and the les?
European states In th*i Increase of 1
! army and navy, or else loo?,e her posltl
as one of the leading powers of the wor
He predicts, Indeed, that unless Engla
loes Increase tier arm?}d forces she w
cease to be consl'lered by France ai
Russia as a desirable member of tl
triple entente, and will be left to shl
for herself in the game of Furopean ?J
plomaey. His llnal conclusion Is that "tl
. time Is at hand when we shall have to <?.,
1 India and the Dominions to our councl
. to Gurvey the whole field of Imperial stra
? egy and to establish a defensive systei
adequate to the n??eds of an Oceanic En
I pire." In his survey of the growth of Et
ropean armament, he says:
"W<> naturally take stock in German
first because this power .8 always forwar
In armaments, and on the whole sets th
puce Which other DOWeni h'ivc to llV? wit'
if they can. Thcie has ben no 'lacken
Ing of German prepsration for war, bu
quit? the contrary. Now, as always, tin
aim of Germany Is to obtain the larges
poHBlble numerical values consistent wltt
qvallty and to acquire the utmost fighting
efficiency at the shortest notice. The per?
sonnel of the German navy has been
doubled In the last ten years and contin?
ues to expand. Three new German ships
of Dreadnought type are to be commis?
sioned this year, and by the autumn Ger?
many will have In full commission a great
fleet of battleshlp.i and battle cruisers of
whbh only a few will not belong to the
I?r. adnought type. ?'ommerce raiding In
war has been much discussed in Germany
of late, nnd the retention of the battle
: cruiser type is probably not unconnected
with this discussion.
Vessels More Effective.
"The completion of the 'Ausland
of eight ran?; "ruisers of this typ
be ezptaOted at an early date, wl
must note that the new light c
built In Germany have larger fuel
tty than before, and consequently i
radius of action. The destroyer an
marine flotillas continue to grow, a
former develop high speeds in theii
nttacks. The ran?.' speed and po
irarbeed of the latest German torpe
to the efficiency of torpedo attacks
"if we turn to the German army a
that the schemes of 1913 are In
of successful execution. Between
and October 'ast the German admit
tlon had to take steps to receive
>jO,<j0? more men and 21,1**) more 1
than in' 1012, and this was no light
The difficulties were overcome and th
law begins to bear fruit. The army I
short of 3,00?) officers, but It Is ex,
that this deficit will be made good I
years. Hy the spring of 1916, whe
second increased annual contingent
be not only Incorporated but mobill
the gasman peace establishment
nearly have reached the figure of I
of all ranks, and the law should ha\
celved complete application by the e
the same year. The reserves will
annually until they ultimately nu
5,40O,?>? fully traln?wl men. A larg<
crease, In the number of reservists c
up for training this year enables
ranks to be well filled at any mome:
France Coming to Front.
' The political situation in France ?i
unsettled to ?nable us to decide wh<
the three yeara' law is safe or not. It
In any case be?n loyally applied. It
a Kt? at task to incorporate two coi
gents last autumn, but th?3 work was
fully don-. It may still take tlm<
tilinga to settle down, but, broadly sp
Ing, th?; army Is now mobilized ag
and the Immediate risks arising troi
delicate situation have been removed.
"The covering troops on the Gen
frontier arc now sufficient to meet
type of attaque brusqu?e, and the p<
strength of the French army as a wl
1 no longer presents that dangerous
feriority to the i .crinan fltrure wl
formerly caused such serious anxiety.
the same time, France Is still much
ferior t" Oermany in peace strength i
ha? considerable fon.es tied up in No
Africa. She in also beaten In tho ba
of reserves, for the French system \
eventually result In 1.20i>,<>X> fewer
serves than the German.
"France has done all that is huma
possible to maintain her military posit
in the world and looks confidently to I
allies and friends to support her In p
serving tho balance of power, not oi
on lar.'l, hut at sea. She possesses no v?
marked superiority over the Austro-It
Ian navies in the Mediterranean, and I
permanent presence of a strong Brltl
ileet in this sea is one of the m
j of the time.
"The maintenance of the balance
power between entente and tr?plice
land depends now, and will depend at
; more in the future, upon the action
Russia. The reply of Russia to the n<
? German law is not yet completely kno^
i in all its aspects and consequences, b
it has apparently been forcible. Tl
class due for dismissal In January la
I was kept with the colors until April 1
, and, thanks to this measure, compensi
! tlon was secured for the temporary weal
? ness of France.
Russia TripUs Germany.
"M..re important Htlll Is the increase <
the annual ?contingent, which will ai
: patently be from 125,000 to 130,000 me
? stronger than before. In view of the fa?
that color service in Russia is from thr*
to four years, according to arms, the tou
peace establishment will be raised wlthl
that period by about ?50.000 men, makin
, a total peace strength of about l.TOO.OiX?, c
approximately double that of ?Tormanj
It appears also to be the Intention to r?
I call yearly for training two crasses of th
I reserve for six weeks, and this year th
1907 and W9 classes ?'ill Join the color
j for the period named.
"Russian figur?e have to be disoounte?
< to some extent on account of the sise o
; the Russian Empire, the comparative pov
eity of communications and certain difn
I culties which training encounters owlni
j to climatic and other causes. But ever
| with all due deductions made, the Russlai
! leply to Germany is next door to a
mobilization in time of peace. There It
talk of the re-eetabll8hment of two arm>
corps at Vllna and Warsaw, and other?
nay be create*! as resources become
available, but the additional men will ap?
parently be used mainly to Increase the
pMc? establishment In southwestern gar?
risons in order to enable the troop? to
tak?' the field with less delay.
"There are signs that Russia has done
with defensive strategy, and the steady
grcwth of her naval power In th* Baltic
enable? her to act with vigor at aea. It
Is possible that Russia Is not building
Dreadnoughts for action In the Baltic
and Black Sea alone. The Increased num?
ber of guns In the Russian army corps,
the growing efficiency of the army and
the improvements made or* planned In
strategic railways are, again, mattera
v hi? h cannot he left out of account.
Makes Germany Anxiou?.
"These things are well calculated to
make the Germans anxious. The Rang**?
reply to the German law, combined with
the sacrifices of France and the growth
of the British navy, completely reverses
the results which Germany expected from
her naval and military laws. Neither In
peace strength nor In aggregate war
strength, nor in numerical strength at
sea. will the tr?plice have any advantage
0*ef the entente when existing laws have
worked themselves out. It is a question
on which side quality will rest, for the
naviex and armies opposed to Germany
have longer servi? e than have hers.
"The growth of armaments hau not
been restricted to the leading militan'
states. Austria steadily adds to her ef?
fectives on land, and is committed to an
ambltiouB and costly naval programme,
which is already paralleled and will prob?
ably be surpassed by that of Italy. Tr-.e
Turco-Greek rivalry adds to the number
of accountable battleshlpa In the eastern
Mediterranean, and there has been one
more reform of the Turkish army. Tho
Balkan States are borrowing as much as
they can get and are organizing fresh
forces?for example, the twelve divisions
of Servia?as fast as their state of ex?
"Spain has plans for an army of 460,000
men and a ?eld army 215,000 strong. Swe?
den Is developing her defensive prepara?
tions. The Netherlands, hankering after
Dreadnought?, are also busy with their
coast defences and anticipate higher ex?
penditure upon their field army. Finally.
Belgium is working up to a field army.of
178.00ft men. Look where we will, arma?
ments are growing and there Is no symp?
tom anywhere of a change."
American Aviator Beats Eight
Competitors in 332
London, June 20.?Walter L. Brock, the
American aviator, to-day won the air
race from London to Manchester and
back, beating eight competitors. Brock
covered the course of 322 miles as a crow
flic? in 4 hours 42 minutes and 26 sec?
onds, actual flying time, at the rat? of
about sixty-nine miles an hour.
Mr. Brock was the winner of the re?
cent Aerial Derby around Ixmdon.
The competitors left the Hendon Aero?
drome at Intervals In the order of their
handicap time, the limit man starting
first at S o'clock In the morning, and the
scratch man at about 11:30.
The course was a distance of 822 miles,
and competitors, besides stopping an hour
at Manchester, had to stop thirty minutes
both on the outward and homeward jour?
neys at tho control at Birmingham. The
route of the race was over the. most
thickly populated districts in the country.
The prize for the fastest time was n
gold cup and K.OOP, while $1,750 was to be
divided among the winners of the handi?
-? a ? ? ?? ?
MUST STAND TRIAL HERE
Two Men Extradited to U. S. by
London, June 20? Thomas Adam Reid.
a former employe of Chubb & Son. of
Mew York, who was ordered extradited
on June 4 on accusations of larceny and
? i. oezzlement, was taken to-day from
London to Southampton to embark on
the MlnneWaVaata for New York.
A raihetic scene occurred at the rail?
road station, where Just before Um de?
parture of the train Reld was greeted
by a young woman with a child. She
claimed to be Reld's wife, and as the
prisoner was taina away she fell fainting
on the platform.
An ineffectual attempt to defeat an
extradition order issued by the court here
was made to-day by Adolph Schmidt,
alias Zowalskie, who was arrested in
May at the request of the Chicago police
on his arrival at Bristol from Montreal.
The at'cusation ngainst him one of
IN 61 DEGREES FAHR.
! This or Less, He Says, Is the
Temperature for the
[By Cable to The Tribune.-)
London. June 20.? Caruso, as willing a?
: ever to grant an interview, an?l as pleas?sd
as always to be In the limelight, whether
off the stage or on, han been talking to
the London papers lately on the best
temperature for singing. Tn? Golden
Voice has agreed that ?SI degrees is Just
the ??orrect temperature for a grand opera
"The singer," says Caruso, "lg very re?
sponsive to the atmospheric conditions of
the hall he sings in, even of the country
In which he sings. It takes one's voice a
week or so to get acclimatized to a new
country. England compares very favor
| ably with other countries; the proverbial
dampness of the air Is not without ad?
vantages, for it keep? th? dust down.
When the dust Is bad I cannot go out,
for dust has th? worst effect upon the
"The beet temperature* to have in an
peru house Is 61 degrees If there i8 t0
b? any variation from thb? figure. I pre?
fer It to be on the cold side, as long as
! there are no draughta. A hot atmosphere
1 and draughts are the worst possible com
', binatlon. The hot atmosphere makes one
! pant and strain.
"To sing in a room where there haa
i been smoking is very trying to a singer;
' he haa to give an absolutely fun effort."
REACTION IN LONDON
AGAINST N. Y. PLAYS
"Adele" Fails Lamentably.
Shattering All Traditions
of Gaiety Theatre.
APPEALS NO MORE
Sam Bernard Is Worried and Elsie
Janis and Ina Claire Use
Their English Accent.
'By Cable to Th? Tribuns. 1
London, June 20.?The abrupt termina?
tion of the run of "Ad?le," which, despl ?
Its first night welcome, has failed lamen?
tably, shatters the traditions of the Gai?
ety Theatre and foreshadows the ban?
ning of the end of the American Invasion
of the faondon stage, In the opinion of
managers, actors and playgoer?. Two
years ago one only need say on? was aa
American to get an engagement at a good
salary in the music halls, and even the
more conserv?t ve theatre* were clamor?
ing for New York players, singers, d:m
cers, song writers, chorus girls and entlr?
Nowadays, except for a fear stars, trans?
atlantic Thespians are concealing their
nationality as much as possible tnd tee
vaudeville contracta with Amaricen? ar?
finishing or being cancelled to one being
signed. The constant antagonism ot th?
English to "ragtime revues" with aa
Broadway atmosphere ha? no Influenced
managers that the latter are afraid even
to permit tho American flag on ih? ?tag?
It Wit Too American.
Joseph H. Blckerton, Jr.. th? produciw
of "Ad?le," sums up the failure In th?
words "Our show Is too American for In?
sular tasbes." Ho says that many news?
papers and a section of the public, toe,
began roasting the production long oefor?
the opening, because of bitterness at the
thought of an all-American piece d?s??
crating the stage dedicated to th? Eng?
lish girl shows, adding:
"In the first place, they didn't like the
players' accent, and in the second place
were disappointed because the cnonis was
not a big one. I believe we might have
had a chance at another bouse, but not
In the Gaiety, and perhaps a year ago, but
certainly not now."
"Ad?le," has made trie ehorteet run in
the history of the Gaiety Theatre, and
the ten beauteous American ?how girls
who were the rage at the night clubs
on their arrival are expressing th*lr un?
bounded disgust of the London Johrnies.
Madeline Howard, who was much a?l
mlred because she is of the English blonde
type, says that London "Knuts" arc worst?
than the mnshers at one-night stands
"You hoar a lot about Gaiety girls marry?
ing lords, but from what I've seen of the
English aristocrats I'm not impressed.
I've had doxens of mash notes whl<*h read
ns if written by an East SHe schoolboy.
They seem to think an introduction ?I
t\ny kind a quite unnecessary prelude to
an Intimate acquaintance, and though
they like to Jlngls money In their pockets
the most they ever display at one time
is sixpence." Madeline Howard, Incident?
ally, thinks night clubs are grand when
escorted there by a real American
"The Hell? of Bond Street" Is reputed
not to be doing well, although the press
notices were excellent. Ham Bernard Is
wearing a long face, but Ina ?'a're I*
greatly pleased because "The Dally Mir?
ror" printed some praise of her, conclud?
ing with that highest of all tributes, "N'o
one would think you an American."
Real American Success??.
Among the real successes of the season
the only American protluctione ar?
"Potash ?t Perlmutter" an'l "Within
the Law." and the latter hats an El
oast, Charles Frohman, seeing the writ?
ing on the wall, Is not planning to present
any American musical plays her?j, though
he announces the appearance in Paris
ne.tt year of a New York company In?
cluding Julia Sanderson, Donald Brfaa
?ltd Joseph Cawthorn.
tulla Sanderson told The Tribune corre?
spondent with a little shiver that It was
her particular wish not to play In Iaondoa
Just now. Even big star?, such as Elsl?
Janis, Ethel Levey and lna ?Maire, are
carefully using an English accent for
fear of offending ?London ears, and Sam
Bernard in his curtain speech emphaaUe?
his Birmingham birth. I.agttme has be?
come unpopular except for one-step danc?
ing. The stage tango, the maxtxe, ?tc
Introduced by Maurice, Florence Waltoa
and other Americans, is entirely dead.
The new Illppodromo revue Is not t*
he written by Lewis Hirsch, whose tune?
have been the biggest hits of tho laaVC
two years, and will be wholly English. Mr.
Hirsch is writing two other shows, but
he concedes he must abstain from ?/?
copatlon and supply the English ratlM?"
than the American touch to ?ils mu?t
He says he will bo glad of the chang? sad
is i .leased that the American "hams" who
have dominated the lesser music halls ??"?
at the end of their string.
"laondon now naturally regards all
American acts with suspicion,' say? ?**?
Hirsch, "because in th? wake of the red
artists came an array of lncompet?"-*
men who could not get a Job n the S?r?
York movies, but who were engaged her*
because the American theatrl-al invaslo?
was then at Its flood tide."
Shirley Kellogg. wife of Albert de Covr
ville, and one of the stars of his "UeOe
Tango" revue, gives It as her opinion that
Americans will still be swx-essful In \*ee
don as individuals, but not heeaue? th??
are from Broadway, which fact ?****t
their success in the immediate past, ?**
that musical ?hows with the Breed*??*
hallmark ar? dooom?<l from the start at
An American resident In London ?*?
has attended every first night for ?*??"*?
1 years past prophesied to The Trlb??*
correspondent this week that not a sin?*-?
transatlantic player exwpt ?tars of ?*?
first magnitude will be here next ??*?*>?*?
j The only notable novelty of th? fort?*
: coming week is the production of L*?1-*
Randolph Churchill's play, "Th? BUI/' *
special matinees at the Prince of Wal**'*
The cast Is as follows:
; Th? Right Hon. John Larnsen.r**\.,',2
' Hsrol-1 lamaon.Owen K*u*h-.<*-?
Mi rjecrg? Lac?y.Leon gaartsmiss?"
I Th? Right Hod. Cfcar l?a Vernon. _ .
I Walter Dsvsrous.Doamlme l?
i Mr Tlmcthy Mullan.Arthur ?t?"
Mrs. laawson....la-nb "jjjf
Mabel laacwMn.Mis? |U? ' i***2.
Udy Cortiand? Lsjbsi.1.Mit? Marts l*-*?
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