cr*awd before it could be pushed back sufficiently to hurry the r?
'e?tM feet from the station Gabrinovics leaped from the shelter
?he Girls' High School and dashed the bomb at the automobil?
Francis Ferdinand showed splendid courage. He threw
one arm to protect his wife, and with the other he warded off
bomb. It fell directly beneath the following car, and the flash
fUme that blinded the eyes of the crowd and the great ball
smoke that hid the two cars from view struck terror to the hea
of the onlookers.
SCORE INJURED BY BOMB.
But as the smoke lifted the crowd saw the Archduke stand y
upright in the car and gazing at the automobile behind. '.?
Duchess remained still in her seat, her face tense, but full of cci
age. Francis Ferdinand lea?ped from his car and ran to the ass?
anee of Count von Boos-Waldeck and Colonel Merizzo, two of !
staff, who had been struck by slivers of iron and were bleeding,
the face and hands. Some score of bystanders, several women ; n
children among them, were injured by the flying fragments, tu
the Duchess personally sent members of the royal staff in ti?
automobiles to tawthe wounded to hospitals.
The crowd was in a panic, which, however, was soon check re
for Gabrinovics was fleeing from the police and soldiery. fr
dashed through the crowd, shuttling in and out, as hundreds, ?
hands clutched at his clothes and tore them from him and ble m
tell upon his head and shoulders. Rifle bullets crackled after 1 li?
as he leaped for the bank of the River Miljachka.
He plunged beneath the surface, but a crowd of half a th pi
sand people were on the embankment in a second, so it seerrier.
The water was literally swarming with men, and soldiers stand tn?
with their guns at full aim forbore to fire, so that the printer mi g h
be taken alive. He was pulled half drowned from the river, bu
was almost lynched. Lieutenants had to threaten to fire into *th?
Both Prinzip and Gabrinovics are Serbs and natives of fh\
annexed province of Herzegovina. When put through examina* ?.or
by the police they gloried in their exploits. Prinzip, who hai
studied for a time at' Belgrade and who has been much concertied
it Socialistic activities, said in a braggart manner :
"I'm a nationalist. For years I've been yearning to kill a ruler
or a prince." He added that the presence of the Duchess in the
car caused him to hesitate, but only for a moment.
"Then my nerve returned and I fired," he boasted.
He denied absolutely that he had accomplices, and Gabrinc ivies
stoutly asserted that he. too, had planned with no one. He told
the police he had obtained his bomb from a Belgrade anarchist
whose name he did not know. Cynicism marked his attibide
throughout the police inquiry. He was "coldly indifferent* to
whatever haonened. he said. He is twentv-one vears old.
I'ntil word comes from the Emperor
the bodies of his dead will lie in state
at the palaco here, pending removal
to Vienna for the solemn masses and
their final rest ir the Hapsburg vault??
of the great Capuchin Church in
The only word to describe Sarajevo's
of mind ia "consternation. Tho
town is wild with grief and horror. A
? of terror possesses the people.
seem to fancy thut some dire fate
will visit them because th?ir to*n was
cene of ?such an awful crime, a
tragedy that has rocked L..
Mourning ia everywhere, Black ban?
ner* and black streamers literally cover
the public buildings, and even in the
tiny, winding ba the peasants
have hung black flags from their win?
dow?. The president of the town hur?
ried to ^end a message to the Emperor,
;n<? his majesty in the nost hum
crms conceivable of the people's
?Unalterable devotion to th? head of
tlje great Horn s of Hapsburg.
Warning women .-land with dumb
men, in great crowds, particularly
where the bomb exploded and the tfata
shots were fired. About them art
silent reminders, for the bomb wai
filled with nails and lead filings, an(i
the flying fragments left their ?gar!.;
on doors and windows, even piden *
iron shutters. Three pistol bulle *|5 arc
Uied in the wall ?>f the ?girls' |High
School. Anti-Servian demonstrfLions
began to-night. The crowds kn.?i ?r.
the street and sang the l.uSonal
It is said that after the attempt.",! with
the bomb the Duchess tried to dii-euaclo
the Archduke from venturing i 9 the
motor car again. To allay her fear-;
M. Potiorek, Governor of Bosnii., -a? I:
'"It's all over now. We have not more
than one murderer in Sarajevo,"
whereupon the Archduke decided tto go
At a meeting of the provincial Diet
to-r.ight the president of the encumber
?ii Bosnia's profound s arvov
Hid indignation over the outrai:? ? and
paid a glowing tribute to the Arc Wuke
, and the Duch?is.
"1 AM SPARED NOTHING,"
CRIES AGED EMPEROR
??a, June 28. The Austrian c
? -?s profoundly shaken to-day
v/s of the assassination of
Archduke an?l the Hitches?. At no
when the news was first received,
ricked with nerves. At dus.
was wrapped in gloom. Early t
afternoon the throngs rushed from <
place of information to another;
night crowds stand silent and tei
outside the newspaper offices waiti
for bits of new-,.
When news of the assassination v
imparted to the aged Emperor he ?
"Terrible! Terrible! I am spai
Rumors of a pi"* against the life
Franc:*. Ferdinand had been in circ
lation for the last few days, but tl
was not the first time such rumors h
been spread, and no particular atte
tion was paid to them. Tie poli
considered they had taken entirely si
laical precautions to safeguard t
Archduke and the Duchess on tht
vacation tour. Both were in excelle
health and spirits when they le
Vienna, an?; looksd forward to the ou
ing with pleasure. Up to this tin
their inception had been enthusiast
'Ilit- ?political aspect of the tragedy
talked of everywhere. \ustril
long fearad thi
Bear or the Eag
? ?ck. and no?v the assassins
Ht ".as further embittered th.' nev?
r^TLl .-dations with Servi
and Gabrinovics ai
Serbs. The bomb came from Belgrad
!t is freely commented upon that th
lassination whs r?
calved from Budapest, the Hu.
? turn received it i'roi
? r,,,/ being the festival of 81
r and St. P.?;-.l the Bonn? will re
mail? ?1 it is hoped that th
day ? ?st will giv? th
Bourse a chance to recover before th
opening on Tuesday.
??riar opinion sees in the traged;
I of a wall pep.?red cor.
sptracy. It is asserted that when 1
t the Servian Legatioi
.?ere that the Archduke intended to g.
to Bosnia he was advised not to under
ta'..- the journey, as certain S
desperadoes were planning an attemp
against his life.
? Archduke disregarded the warn?
ing. He took ur. his residence at a
watering place near the Bosnian capi?
tal and attended the various fetes as
well as the army rn which
were concluded on Saturday. He Issued
as army order expressing his great
satisfaction at the man?uvres.
Telegrams are being received to
? all parts of the kingdom
r the in?- nsation
! by the crime, a:! oublie festi
have been cancelled.
Srvian demonstrations oc
>-night outside the Servian
and stones wan thrown at the
? ot prominent Servians.
ere ordered out *,o suppress
reported here that several
and Serbs have been at
in the plot,
said to have wide ramifca
?ie newspapers have issued
i.:0:1s W'?h blnek borders, ex
bhorrence r.t the elm?*.
?s a warm
to the empire display? ?I by
"j'".t, to ,vno?e indefatigable
?ys, were due the great da- !
velopments of recent years in the Auj
Irian army and navy
Ever rince the publicat:on of a a in
pariai rescript, on October 7, 3901
proclaiming the annexation of Boiinii
Herzegovina to Austria, strong o??|pos
tion to Austrian rule has been dll
played by the Serb a??d Moslera ir
liabitants of those provinces. Bcsni
and Herzegovina were formerly ins lur
Kuropcan Turkey, but the Avutrc
Hungarian occupation was authco'ize
in 1R78 by the Treaty of Berlin. Th
treaty, however, had contemplate S th
evacuation of the occupied province
after the restoration of order.
In 190*8 there was a reform naive
Dient in Turkey, which might mean th
revival of Ottoman power, and Rufisil
after her war with .lapan, sh^we
weakness. Events in the Near Xas
seemed propitious, and, with .?|nal
I formality, the Austrian govern fr?en
proceeded to add the two provincas t
its territory. In this act Archjiuk
?Francis Ferdinand is said to r.hav
played an important part.
Servis was so wrought up by .Aus
tria's action that she threatened *war
but after several months of negiotia
tiens among the powers Servia capitu
lated and accepted the situation.
Many vague rumors are in cir?rula
tion regarding Servian complicity ii
the assassination, but it is difticiftt a
present to estimate their accuracy. Th?
two chief criminals are intense Se*f*>;iai
Chauvinists, but re? satisfactory evi
?lence is yet forthcoming regandinj
their accomplices or the originate??! o
what is declared to have been a T?ide
spread and completely organized -con
spiracy. Ii is known positively thai
ever since the archduke'* journew U
Boania m lir?t announced the auuSor
itien have bee?, receiving war,n?_ngi
from various carters that it was
strongly iiudvii-able for tiim to risil
Bosnia at the present time.
It i:? said that even the Servian Min?
ister at Vienna made private repre?
sentations to this effect, as there wie re
many indications of a recrudescence oi
paa-Servlan agitation in that territory
But all the warnings were in v?..in
The archduke was fully informed re
? raiding them, but. insisted upon carjry
ag cut his projet, although, it is
said, he woulif have pre*.erred to hsive
1. - wif ? remain xt home.
The events of the'Balkan war, ???Jen
Austria-Hu?gary s'ood in the way' of
Servia'l ardent desire to secure an
Adriatic port and owenly sided w?fth
Bulgaria against her former allies, an?
tagonized 'he Sen*ian people. Tb??y
were disinclined, however, to beliave
tina the Kmperor, at his advanced j^ge,
was initiating any energetic anti
Servian palie*?*, and attributed it main?
ly to the archduke. The latter ?aas
known to be ambitious and energitii
"iistftntly striving to increase tiho
military efficiency of the empire, with
the object of making the dual me?i
archy a still greater force in European
politics. The archduke also was bx
lieved to be a foe to the pan-Servian
movement, and it is thought nrobnblr
?.mi- such nioti.es as these may
have inspired the plot which has cul?
minated ?o tragically.
When the news mut communicator
to the .Emperor he wanted to re tun
to Vienna immediately, but in compli?
ance with the urgent advice of hit
? an he consented to remain at
lsihl over night. In spite of the shottk
his majesty worked until ivening. HI??
health is not all that could be desired,
hut he has borne up oravely under his.
The children of Archduke Francis
Ferdinand ar?* expected here to-mor?
row. It is stated that the interment of
the Duchess will be at the Archduk? ?i,
seat at ArUtstten, Lower Austria, a*
being morganatic she cannot be buric?*j
; ir. the Hupsburg vaults.
ARCHDUKE FERDINAND AND HIS FAMILY,
MURDER ENDS HO
Hungarian Colony Hen
Grief Over Death of
The assassination of the Arch?
Ferdinand and his wife shattered
hopes of the Hungarians for i
pendence. and as a result there
deep gloom in the Hungarian co
in this city last night. They
looked forward to Ferdinand aseen?
the Austrian and Hungarian thr?
with much expectation. It was t
fond hope that the Archduke's love
his wife would eventually result
making Hungary a separate and it
pendent country with its own ruler
Interwoven with the hopes of
Hungarians was the ambition of
Archduke's pretty wife. While in A
tria, because of the law of the Hi
burgs, she would not have become I
press, in Hungary she would have
i come Queen, and wouid have been
recognized. The Hungarian const
\ tion recognizes morganatic marriaj
It makes no difference whether
! woman is a peasant or a shop r
once her husband ascends the thr?
! she is recognized as Queen and
'treated as such without question.
With Hungary recognizing the Ar
duke's wife as Queen of their coun
and Austria refusing to recognize 1
as Empress because of the Ilapsbi
law, tne Hungarians believed it 01
natural that her sympathies would
with them against the Austrians, s
that she would do all in her power
set them free.
They believed that her hatred of t
Hapsburgs would be so bitter that s
would make extraordinary efforts
gain free?lom for the Hungarians, ex
going so far as to use her influence
the utmost with her hu?band. Arc
duke Ferdinand loved hil wife itUt
and the Hungarians believed that
the end she would have been able
sway him and have Hungary set apa
from the Austrian Empire, with
ruler cf its own.
To do this the Hungarians believ
that Ferdinand might havo had toma'
i his eldest son the King of Hungar
While it is true that the Hungarii
Parliament passed a law making su
cession to the Hungarian throne t
one of the Archduke's sons impossibl
I it was nevertheless believed that th
law cojld easily be repealed.
The Archduke's wife was an intens
ly ambitious woman, according to se'
eral well known Hungarians, last nig*.
and she resented bitterly her trea
ment by the Hapsburg court. The
believed that her love and sympathie
' would be wholly with the Hungarian
and not alone would she give aid t
their plans, but would take part?cula
! pleasure in so doing in order to g?
! revenge on the House of Hapsburg.
There was no doubt la the m-nds r
many Hungarians heie that the deat
| of the Archduke Ferdinand and hi
? wife had puf an end to their hopes f?i
independence for a long time. Th
new heir to the Austrian throne ;
married, according to Hapsburg law
and, therefore no condition will exis
under which the fight for independenc
? could receive real influential assistance
SCENE OF KILLING
AN HISTORIC OH
Sarajevo, Now a Business Ceir
tre. Has Witnessed Countless
Acts of Violence.
.Nestling in a green and fertile ??al?
ley, with lofty peaks of the Dinarit
Alps rising majestically in the near
distance, i.? the cupital of Bosnia,
Sarayeva, which in recent years tti
been changed in spelling to Sarajevo,
the pronunciation, however, remaining
? lies on both sides cf the
beautiful winding mountain stream
Milyatska. which only a few miles from
th'.? city empties into the Bosna, one
of the principal rivers of Bosnia.
The scene of th? .ition of the
Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his
wife, historic Sarajevo has in th--?
I course of the long centuries of its ex?
istence witnessed almost countless tmtt
lof violence. It has known war in its
most horrible phase the sack of a
Lfortified town. It has been taken ..i. I
retaken, has stood and fallen befo*e
| sieges. Just when the city was lirst
i built cannot be authoritatively stated,
but in it there are'to-day ruins of a
mediaeval castle built probably durii:?
[ the early part of the thirteenth Ma?
i tury by the Hungarian-., when '.hey oc
' cupicd Bosnia, and the target for nuni
THE ARCHDUKE AND HIS WIFE. PHOTOGRAPHED
i . I IS RECENT VISIT TO ENGLAND.
barlau uaaulta, if tradition be any?
where near ri-rht.
Under Austro-Uungariaa rule the
city has rapidly developed into ? flour
i.-iiirig business centre. In 1896 its
population wai 41.17:?.. To-day
well over ??0,000. There an '
and metal warns ?factories ?and I
plants, and it has important raiiroid
connections. The city lies 122
southwest of Belgrad'-. Its principal
buildings aiv the ?Roman Cathol
thedral, tne town hall, t!
centuty mo-.qu?- of Ha tut bty, the
Governor's residence nr.d the museum,
with its valuable collection o?- n*i
ti?iuities. In the ten years ?between
1886 and 1896 ?Sarajevo grew with won?
?lerful rapidity, its population increas?
ing by nearly 16,090 in that time.
EMPEROR BEARS UP
Takes News Stoically and Pre
pares to Return to Vienna.
leehl, June 2-V Prani I
und dorn il snee lu held ?to ?????'
the Iio:ie-to( -elotely-bound Una!
rehy of Auctria and Hungary.
? , .d in. l I.? :.* ?i to-night in
his ?u:.?mer palace here, in ?th?
?pathlana. He ret red to l?is private
apartment immediately the nows of the
assassination ?reached hin, an?l .
few to see him. Two of the cojrt
ehamheriains were in attondan<ee,
provided him from time to time with
further news of the tragedy. The au?
thorities at Sarav"*." took charge of
the telephones I nh at once
and coniined theii BSC to communica?
tion with Vienna i-id IschL
One <>?' th? ?oet pal ttt of
the jifim news was the situation of
".rv-iiduke's three little ei.?dren.
Emperor while th? ir parent, were in
Bosnia, and were pi: ly in
the ?gardent when the shocking news
arrived. .Nobod.?. cart to tell
The Emperor has given orders that
everything shall ht in readiness for
his ratura to the palace of Schoen
brunn on Monday.
POPE SENDS "CONDOLENCE
Cancels St. Peter's Day Re?
ception at the Vatican.
Rosse, .'* ? -.,-?,- F"m
manuel and*'Pope IV?
i to 1
peror. The Pope cr.ncrlled I ?
- Day reception, for which ten
Ion* had been
tion of Archduke Fran
1 ?rdinar.d has caused a deep im
..'i 'hroughouv Italy on account
this country and \ I
ly th.- signing of a concordat b?
the Tope and Servit took place,
was generally conihlered that thn
would tend to diminish the Servian
agitation against Austria.
TO GO TO VIENNA
German Emperor Will
Hasten to Condole with
Berlin, June 2*. Emperor William,
at Kiel, displayed the deepest grief
when informed of the death of Arch?
duke Francis Ferdinand and his wife,
M he an?! the archduke had been on
term? of the closest friendship and
tlie Emperor had shown many atten
All fetes con
i . ! .with . . regatta were cancelled
i.i d authorisation was given for the
?ml' ; ? 'he flags on the ships
of '.he feet. The flags on the British
v -r .hi?" now visiting there were also
a t?. half mast.
Emperor William decided to leave
Kiel to morrow and to go to Vienne
I io ?condole with Emperor Francis
Joseph in his grief and attend the
it of ttie archduke and the
Throughout Germany the assassina?
tion of the heir to the Austrian throne
,.::i' i?is wife caused intense feeling, as
both were popular in this country.
Accord.ni; to a .Sarajevo dispatch to
the "Loki.lan-'eigi'r," the Servian gov
eroiMBt hud urgently warned the arch?
duke _ :o Bosnia without ex
"i.i.ry ?police pu-cautions, in view
tf the dang? r of anti-Austrian feeling
Fresident Wilson and Secre?
tary Bryan to Send Messages.
Washington, Ju:.e 28. The assasina
tion of the Archduke Francis Ferdi?
nand and his wife, the Duchess of
reported to the State
Department to-day in a brief message
. fron- ?I Penfleld. Secretary
I himself shocked and
horrified hi ?the announcement. Mes?
sages of ?condolence from the President
to the Emperor and from Secretary
B.van to the Austrian Foreign Office
will be i>ei!t to-morrow.
Mm I M ^S. Dr.
: Liiiba, Arnbassa
,',or of Au?*tria-Hun?;ary, was deeply
distressed by the news of the assassi
:, of the Archduke Francis Fer?
dinand and his wife, the Duchess of
"The horror which will be inspired
I have no
(?oubt. aere firrilv unite the people to
Loyalty to the throre will be
? 'led." he continued, "and all will
1 be bound more closely together."
FULL OF DISASTERS
List includes Killing of
Brother Maximilian, San
Rudolph and Empress.
CURSE UTTERED ON
HOUSE OF HAPSBURG
Imprecation of Countess Karolyi
on Francis Joseph's Head
More than Answered.
Once ai-ain the ravens have flown
across the u ihappy path of Francis
Joseph. Once again the aged Kmpcror
of Au.?ria is forced to recall the ter?
rible curse put upon him in hi*, early
years by the Countess Karolyi.
Havens are the banshee of the Haps?
burg. A flight of them passed over
Olmutz the day when Francis Joseph, a
pleaiure loving lad of eighteen years,
was forced by his shrew-souled, stone
hearted mother, Sophie, to mount the
throne. For sixty-six year.? tluy have
hovered over the Emperor'?? head.
Alone in hi- ?,-Uh year, with not a
single confidant and only one real
friend, a woman, once a littly Bowery
actress, Francis Joseph has been
dogged by tragedy, harried by mis?
fortune and broken by scandal the
?vhole of his long reign. So brutal has
the hand of fate been to him that his
griefs have given to his people two
common, everyday expressions -"Ill
fated as a Hapsburg" and 'Unhappy as
Nor is Francis Joseph alone in be?
lieving that hia house II cursed. It
was in the time of the Hungarian re?
volt early in his reign that the curse
was put upon him. Among the victims
of the hangings and shootings of Hun?
garian patriots was the young son of
th" Countess Karolyi. The countess
faced the Emperor at a ball and cursed
him with words that seemed to con?
tain not only all the bitterness of her
heart, but all the possibilities of hu?
The Curse of the Countess.
Before the countess fell, fainting
with emotion, she had said:
"May heaven and hell blast your
happiness! May your family be ex?
terminated! May you be smitten in the
persons of those you best love. Mav
your children be brought to ruin, and
may your life be wrecked, and -*>et
may you live on in lonely, unbroken
and horrible grief to ?tremble when you
recall the name of Karolyi!''
The words of the grief crazed woman
have come only too true, indeed, the
fate sh<? wished to bring upon nim
would almost have been mild com?
pared with that which has really be?
fallen Francis Joseph. So bitter nas
been his cun ?thai ?-ven the COB
herself could not but f??el son? ?
him now. Throughout his reign pri?
vate affliction oi' the bitterest kind has
been heaped upon public disaster.
Twice in ins early days he had to
re-enter his capital as a vanquished
leader after disastrous wars. Napoleon
Ii? ?rrested from him the flour?
Italian provinces cf Solferino and Ma?
nnte, the !? ? of which he felt so
keenly he sought death upon the field.
Then enme Bismarck and the defeat at
Sadova in !?i-16.
Th? following year came the d?
of his brother. ?Maximilian, the ill-fated
Emperor of Mexico, and hie execution
by a .?quad o;- Mexican soldiers ander
the orders of Portirio Diaz. This -va-.
only the beginning of the long and
terrible string of tragedies, the mys?
teries of which still fascinate the
Chief among these were the violent
death of the Emperor's only son, the;
B Prince Rudolph, and the as- ,
ntion of his wife, the Empress
bath. Te ?this day the death of the
crown prince remains a mystery. There
are legenda about it as innumerable ai
? :ie. But whether Prince P.u
dolph died :? murderer and a suicide,
hot by his nistrOM or killed with
hpr by an envious riv !. hl : never been
?il?! r"?rhnos is not known.
Prince Rudolph was a brilliant de
?generate. He was a writer, an
and a traveller. His intellectual par's
were such that they won for him the
admiration of s? keen a critic as King
?Edward of England, who gladly count ?l
the prince among his friends. Rudolph
was niarrieil to Princesa Step
daughter of King Leopold of Belgium,
and was unhappy, as 'he princes 'n
subsequent conduct has shown h<a may
well huve had cause to be.
?Seem years after his marriage, in
1SH1, Rudolph met and fell madly In
love with Marie Vetsera, the beautiful
young daughter of a Hungarian baron,
who had married a famous Ore?- an
beauty. When Rudolph souqht a di?
vorce from Rome, the Pope sent the
prince's letter to the Emperor. Father
and son met. Their conference las;ed
all night. Rudolph left with hnggerd
face nnd burning eyes. The Emperor
was found by his attendants uncon?
scious in a faint. Two days later came
the tragedy of Mayerling.
Prince and Oirl Found Dead.
In his favorite hunting box at May?
erling, near Baden, the prince's body
?v.l.- found, the head ?shattered with a
revolver bullet. On the floor besi-le
him lay the body of the beautiful
Mari?' Vetsera, dead from a dose jf
The truth as to this tragedy, which
bowed the shoulders of tne kmpcror
and broke the heart of the Empress,
has never been told. It is probable
that the Emperor alone knows it. \n
official announcement was made that
the prince had d'ed of the rupture of
an aneurism of the heart. For a long
while even the main details of h?i
death were concealed. It is generally
accepted now that both the prince and
the girl committed suicide.
Some years afterward John Tran
qniUin, who ?as kncwi, here as Baron
Schau and died on Ward's Island after
a career of dissipation ?n this country,
gave a different version. He .said that
he drove the Crowr. Prince to Mayer
ling with r. merry party of men the
t.ight of the tragedy, and that during
supner the Baroness Marie Vetsera
suddenly burst Into the room and shot
at Rudolph on his telling her, in reply
t.. her demand to know, that he was
about to renounce her, as his father
would not allow their relations to
??-ist any longer. The prince, accord?
ing to Tranquilein, was only slightly
wounded, and caught the infuriated
girl in his arms, but before he could
y.rench the revolver from her she shot
herself dead, and then a relative of
hers Killed the prince with blows on
the head from a champagne bottle.
This is only one of hundreds of dif?
ferent stories which have been told.
Whatever the truth was. the death on
*. tt, 1 ?'.'. of Rudolph, the only
boy among her four children, broke
?art of th?? Empress Elizabeth.
? -ars the unh_ppy mother wan
d?red about Europe aione, with her
suffering locked *.n her heart. It was
during one of these wanderings away
from the gay functions of the court
that her death from the knife of a
crazy assassin brought another and
still greater shock to the Errperor.
In 1898 all Austria and Hungary
were preparing to celebrate the gold* i
jubilee of Francis Joseph. The Em?
press was in Switzerland. With a
lady-in-waiting she was on her way
on September 10 to a steamboat to
Assassinations in the Last 50 Years
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. President of the United States. April 14, IMS.
MICHAEL. Prince of Servia, June 10. IHM. m
PRIM. Marshal of Spain, December *_8, 187?.
RICHARD, ?Ear! of Mavo. Governor-General of India, February 8, 187J*
ARDIL A7-IZ. Sultan of Turkey, June L 1S76.
ALEXANDER M of Russia, March 13, Htt
JAMES A. OARF1EI.D. President of the*United State?. July 2. 1M1.
MARIE FRANCOIS SAD1-C \KNOT. President of France. June 2t, 1894.
STANISLAI'S STAMBOl LOFF, Premier of Bulgaria, July 25, 1895.
NASR.ED-DIN. Shah of Persia.. May 1. 189*.
CANOTAI DEL CASTILLO. Prime Minister of Spain. August 8, 181*7.
JUAN IDIARTE BORDA. President of Uruguay. August 25, 1897.
JOSE .MARIA REYNA BARRIOS, President of Guatemala, February
EMPRESS ELIZABETH of Austria. September 10, 18*8.
?UNMUT, King of Italy. July 29. 1900.
WILLIAM McKlNLEY. President of the United States, September C.
ALEXANDER. King of Servia. June 11. 1903.
DRAGA, Queen of Servia, June 11. 190*1.
EOBRIKOI'F, Covemor-General of Finland, June 16, 1901.
VON PLEUVE, Russian Minister of the Interior, July .... 1901.
CARLOS, King of Portugal, February 1, 1908.
LOl'IS PHILLIPPE, Prince Royal, February 1, 1908.
LUIS, Crown Prince of Portugal, February I, 1908.
SEROUS, Grand Duke of Russia. March 13, 1908.
MARQUIS ITO of Japan, October 26. 1909.
PETER ARCADOWITCH STOLYPLN, Premier of Russia, September II,
JOSE CANALEJAS, Prime Minister of Spain. November 12, 1912.
NAZIM PASHA, Turkish Minister of War, January 23, 1913.
FRAaNCISCO I. MADERO, President of Mexico, February 23. 1913.
JOSE PINO SUAREZ, Vice-Presid?nt of Mexico, February 23, 1913.
George, King of Greece, March 18, 1913.
leave Geneva to take her part in the!
festivities when an Italian anarch is-,
on the landing piace, plunged a stiletto
into her heart. The Fampress fell and
was carried unco.-.scious to the steamer.
The boat started, but put back, and
Elisabeth died in the Hotel Reaunvage.
Elizabeth was one o? the loveliest
women of her day in Europe. She was
a daughter of Duke Maximilian, of Ba?
varia. Francis Joseph was to marry
her elder sister, but on his going to
Possenhaufen, in 1854, for the be?
trothal he saw Elizabeth, who thre.v
her arms around his neck to kiss him
a3 hor new brother, and lave cam'e to
both. She was only sixteen. Her
father was furious, but the young
couple had their way and were married
in a few weeks.
Hardly leae mysterious than tV
death of Rudolph was another grief
that came to Francis Joseph. This was
the disappearance of the Archduke
John Salvador. John threw up lus
title and 'became plain 'Violin Onh."
The ?????carding of their titles has si?ce
been common with the Hapsburgs and
has given the old Emperor many a
John Orth am* a man of many ac?
complishment?. He was a soldier, sail?
or, pamphleteer and a composer of
waltz melodies that found strong public
favor even in Vienna, the city of
waltzes. He left Austria and vanished.
The last heard from him was a letter
from South America. Whether he is
living to-day or dead, none knows. Ev?
ery now and then someone comes for?
ward declaring he had seen the lost
Archduke. Sometimes someone asserts
that he Is the missing John Urth. But
the mystery remains unsolved.
?or was the execution of his be?
loved brother Maximilian to go down
alone in the total ?grief it brought to
Francis Joseph. The shock of it de?
prived Carlotta, wife of Maximilian, of
her reason. For years she had to be
kept under restraint, a prisoner, raving
mad, in the Castle Bonehonte in Bel?
And the assassination of Eli
was to be accompanied by ether I
For soon afterward the D?chese drAlen
con, the best beloved of all the Ex?
press's sisters, was among the victims
who lost their lives in the flames of tin
great charity bazaar fire in Pan *
a little later, the Emperor's favorite
niece was burned to death in the Pal
ace of Schoenbrunn.
Scandal, If Not Tragedy.
Almost every membor of his fanrly
I"? I brough sorrow to the old Empe?or.
Where it was not tr.-.gedy it was scan
das, which mut hardly lau hurtful.
?Princess Stephanie, widow of Print.?
Rudolph, was one of the ?ail.
bring him distress. Later ?she marri?'?
Count Elemer Lonyay. Her daught- r
Elizabeth, on her knees begged th?
Emperor not to let her mother marry
But Elizabeth herself mot soon ?.?
bring grief. Elizabeth, married t<
Prince Otto Windischgraetz, made p'r?
lie the scandal in her husband's lif?
by shooting at the valet who tried ti
guard the door of the prince's roo:
and then at the actress she found i:
Sorrow also came to the old rule
through the intrigues of Louise of Co
burg, the Princess Stephanie's eldes
.?ster, with Lieutjnar.t Mattacieh Keg
levic. who was as poor us a churcl
mouse. The Emperor had to fore?
Louise's husband, Philip of Coburg, t?
?lefend his honor by meeting Ifataelch
Keglevic in a duel. The prince wi?.
wounded in the arm. Later Fr-i:..?
Joseph again tried to end the scanda
by paying the debts of Louise and th
lieutenant, which amounted to no le-?
than ?$?800,000. Bui the scandal contin
ued until Mattacich-Keglevic was sen
to prison for five years for forging th
princess's name and Louise was sen
to a lunatic asylum.
Archduke Leopold Degraded.
The family maintained the cause o
sorrow to the bowed Emporor. Th
Archduke Leopold, brother of Louisi
married an actress, Fraulein Adame
vies, and was exiled, becoming Her
More disgrace and grief came wit
the Archduche?s Louise. Prince.?
(George of Saxony, who left her hus
band for M. Giron, a music teache
ten years her junior, wno left her ai
ter the birth of their child, Monica.
The shooting of the Archduke Ladi?
ho was killed in the hunting fiel?
was not, perhaps, altogether UBCXpect
ed. He had frec'uently been threal
tned. He used the cruel, prohibite
explosive bullets, uni was shot wit
one. The Archduke Otto was though
und called the "flower of the race
but he brought disgust to the Emperc
by taking ? drunken party home t
see his ?rife, the Princess Maria J<
eefa, daughter of the King of Saxon
i in her nightgow/i. An aid fought t
guard the princess's door, but in vai
later Otto had to be dismissed fro
the army for other scandals.
Neither in brothers nor grandchi
dren has Francis Joseph been a&le I
find happiness. His brother, the Arel
duke Louis Victor, was thrashed in
public bath by an an?ry father *l
sought to avenge his daughter. Lat<
he had to flee the country to escape
similar punishment, and for years I
was kept under restraint in one of tl
. imperial chateaus near Salzburg aa i
His favorite grandchild. Elisabot
daughter of his daughter Gisela, piqu?
; because the Prince Augustas chose h
younger sister, eloped ?a?
Siefried, a youig lieutenant she h;
seen only twice before. They an
found together a week later and we
; forced to marry. Her sister, Prince
[ Louise of Tuscany, not merely dared
: be seen bicycling with a ?.
Dresden or to invite her nots't tutor
visit her in Switzerland, bu- publish
a book to lay bare and glory in h
lapses. The Countess Larisch has sii
ilarly pained Francis Joseph by writi
1 "My Past."
Sends Telegrams of Sym?
pathy to Vienna?Puts
Off Court Ball.
TURMOIL IN EUROPE
Change in Austrian Succession
Bound to Affect Profoundly
!!', ? .-.ble to The Trlf.une.1
London, June 29. The news of the
assassination of the Austrian heir-ap?
parent and his wife reached the King
yesterday from the Foreign Office. His
Majes'y at once dispatched telegrams
of sympathy and ordered all Court af?
fairs cancelled. The state ball, which
was to have taken place to-day, has
been postponed. Court mourning has
been ordered for a week.
In unofficial London the opinion
seems to prevail thvt the crime could
not be attributed to any politic..1 in
trigu. a, but rather to the int
hatred of the Serbs for their Austrian
neighbors, which has become more bit?
iaee th?- reeenl events in the
Balkans, in which the .Serbs charge
Austria with taking part a,
The crime of Sarayevo will undoubt?
edly have a profound ctTect on the
destinies of all Eurone. The dead'
Archduke was a detached and
what my ?terious figure, deeply d>
to the Roman Catholic Church, in1
ly Teutonic in his prejudices and a re?
lentless Slavophobe. Had he lived to
ascend the imperial throne there was a
possibility that his eldest son by his
morganatic wife might have sue?
him, for although on his marr.??
renounced the right of succession for
mire children, the renunciation
* ?have been rescinded by a Papal
decree. For this his ambitious wife
had long been scheming.
New Heir Apparent.
The new heir apparent i-i tiic young
Arehduk:? Charlen Francis Joseph, eilt?
est son of the murdeivd Prince's broth?
er, the Ar? to, who dit
The young heir, who was born in
?-???7, it- n favorite of the old Emperor,
who had him specially educate?!
;i view to the ?succession. He married
, three years ago Princess Zita, twelfth
of the twenty children of the Duke of
Parma. She il a Rourbon, and 91 .-?
ge mutation of fate a Bo
may again be placed on one of the
great thrones of Europe. One of Arch?
duchess Zita's sisters is a nun in the
Isle of Wight.
Rightly or wrongly, the dead Arch?
duke was credited with having ambi?
tions for the. further extension of
Austrian territory toward the Gulf of
Sal?nica, which would, if attempted,
load to a conflict with Austria's neigh?
bors, and thus again cause a rupture
between the dual monarchy and Rus
While all peaceful actions of the
1 r-'onarehy were said to bo initiated by
| the Emperor, every' forward naval or
ti?.'i tary movement was just as readily
credited to the Archiluke, who on
these occasions, was referred to as the
power behind the throne or as an en
crgetic and ambitious prince. He in?
variably .?ided with the military party
of his country whenever it came into
conflict ?.vith ,iie civil authorities, and
this had on occasion led to the charge
that he would not even be averse to
going to wat with Austria's ally, Italy,
. if it would in any way increase Aus?
tiian influence in the Near I
The Archduke's friendship for the
German Emperor also gave his enemies
in Europe an opportunity to accuse
him of favoring an aggressive polic>,
and it had bien a fetich in the Conti?
nental capitals that when he came t<>
the throne there would be an end to
the peace that had prevailed among
, the great powers.
Where he was better understoo?!.
< l.owever, the Archduke was given credit*
for being an ardent patriot, whose only
ambition was to maintain the greatness
? of his country, which he believe.I eould
, only bt- accomplished by making the
army and navy such as to be feared by
the strongest enemy. Personally, the
Archduke and his wife were almost as
great favorites in England as they were
ii? ?iernian court circles. They were
iiaquer.t visitors to Londo",
. coming incognito because of the court
etiquette, which prevented the duchess
from being officially recognized for the
reason that she was not of royal blood.
Last ytmt the .?-Yrchduke and the LVuch
' ess visited King Georgo and Queen
Mary at Windsor and were shown every
It was generally believed that upon
the Archduke's accession Hungary
would recognize the Duchess a? (jueeu
of Hung-uy, and that in time the Arch
?iuke wou'.l su.ceed m getting Austria
to recognize her as Empress Consort,
although their children could never
hope to ascend the throne.
Those who met them on their visits
to England describe the Archduke and
, his wife as a much attached couple, en?
tirely free from any affectation. They
! moved about among friends in Eng?
land, and besides visiting at the royal
, palaces spent many weeks at different
| times in English country homes. From
? the beginning Francis Ferdinand was
? deeply attached to his wife, an?! bc
? fore the marriage of the couple all
! the efforts of the Emperor and of th?
j court to break off the attachment were
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