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TMOFvc t-__- i_j_i AND COMMENT LITERARY CRITICISM AND BOOK NEWS The Monroe Doctrine: John Quincy Adams's View and Ex-President lafts; Momni sen's Law -Travels in Holland. Uli: MONROE DOCTHINF. SITKD STATB8 KSV PEACE B p S, IM - -|-\ s 1 \\\ |: l Mi.Hm ? 'e-v Mr. Taft'* four lec? . ter under the auspices of the Peace So iiety are reprinted in attractive form, r-nd are to be welcomed as among the mo-' important utterances thr.t have been made in our day on tiie relation of America to the peace of the world. In any case, the words of an ex-Pros dent of the United State* should com? mand respectful hearing, but Mr. Taft is more than a mere ex-Preaident He has the distinction of hairing been the President who. of all since the founda i.on of the Republic, took the most sd ?v.-need ground toward the settlement ? f all international disputes by judi? cial and peaceful means, and thus toward securing in fact "pence with honor" on the only sure foundation of justice nnd equity. la the present trying condition of our relations with Latin America it is of treat value to have Mr. Taft's sane and reasotmb'o interpretation of the Monroe "Doctrine repeated, as an an? swer to the incorrect fear, pretence, or what not, that the United States under that doetrinc ia intent upon establish? ing suzerainty over its neighbors. Mr. ''"aft right)*?/ repudiates all such rub 1 not law over ? ither 'he domestic concerns or the for ? ij?'n polices of other American govern? ments. We are concerned that their go\ci ? ill not be interfered with by European powers,and that this hemisphere shall not be treated as Asia and \ a have been, because such a condition would be inimical to ?'ur ou u s;tt't-ty and interests. gentina, Brasil, Chili and the other ?ries are to understand that we claim no supzerainty over them, and that we ?lo not intrude our guardian? ship upon them aa if they were chil? dren ., i it. We men l*f re? fer ourselves the right in any contingency to act for our own protec? tion: but the probability ol such a ' ngeney requiring auch action is so practically t-i remove the chief power of South America from the operation of the doctrine. As for B titude toward some of tiie small? er and moie turbulent ? .-a ami the Caribbean, it is not based upon the Monroe Doctrine, but upt>n principies of civilization and liu manity; and it would be assumed just Bme if there were no doctrine. ' ?? and other sane views are to he ???mostly commended alike to South Americans who regard the doctrine .is a R-enacing bogie and to North Ameri b ho affect I I us a cher ter to bumptiousness and unlimited in t? i national meJdling. The address en "Aliena and Treaty Rights" is an argument which should be complete;. :,?? in favor of investing the national gov ent with power and authority to vindicate its own treaty obligations: in other words, federa! performance of Bj "Arl tratton Treu' ? -lean Something." Mr. conventions as those which he tried ta hich would not exclude from arbitration a.l the issues which most needed to I" mitted to it, but winch would be eiently comprehensive to inclu.: ! ? di.-putes which gave greatest menace on "Kxperi ments in Federation for Settlement of International Disputes" is an interest? ing bist idy, well calculated to demonstrate the practicability of an efficient international tribunal of ad? judica! ? i ?-*"ul reprint ? Idress Mr. Adams made before the can Society of International Law .tig to sciety'a publications its valuable contents in permanent form. And its conti vi !u<ib!" from more than one point of view, as indeed a:e al! of Mr. \ ? ontribution- to historical reseai lit: cu-.sion. I pon the present topi; he course, with exceptioi - eeinr> tha' :<jr of his who was proba.. I thief author of the doctrina. It ran), indeed, have h"en co: ? ore, but Qeincy Adams who formulated it for promulgation. So :;, ? it relating to l.uropean colonization of the American continai cerned, there can be ! ttlfl doubt that he both conceived and pbras? ? other >art, warning the Holy Alliaae* to leep hands ofT, may have been BUggS Canning? but It, too, was probably put into orm by the great Sec of State. It has long been a eommon thing for Presidents thus to be assisted by Cabinet officers in the ? ? I that i- was Adams holds that il ; ? ledge of ) v.i II as American atfan-, But . ? ? ,?,1 e,i i., exist 0 load them. John Quiney Ige. But if ad ?v a principle of national ? adapta? tion on* which non ? i.'e bad in mind ? hegemony that worn then in ,i was familiar bowed hi his ? ward the Pan?'' ? poli'y of his own adm ni ?? on. I bat policy carne to naught, . i,'?', oi I said be adams toriaa, asm | a was have ghboi i util! . ? al i a law which be A da f ' "'v l" B rule whl< h 'nay at .-it,,. || ?vas, ? Without, there B their -.pplicat oi i lr pri or ? Adams profitably * i| of giving U etaapri i them, furthtt/ m 4 ?o a?"- n. m?.' ? nail ?tk to ?mil . I the doctrine a? Between hi? \ ic-^ ami that of Mr. I'aft till thus a marked contrast; ?? ?! ? is ere it.ted. the making .>:' which b) this i ation v. ill be onl) e. littli epochal than the enunciation < ooc* I in? ?' sel '. THE LOW COUNTRIES Travel at Home in Holland and Belgium. KROJl i.\M> l'?,?II lie ? ? ? Mai n Ulan Dl'TCII DAI I-:, It is with .1 pi . and it i.- - ?? i, a pi pen that he writ? i the delightful nates of his acci ?sit to Holland i,i i itter, the Rose. The quaintnesi and picturcsqueness of ["he Netherlands have been described so ? ;en. so many enthusiasms have been lavished anon them, that ', be more tiian familiar to US, at :n book . Yet this author ha beauties, and describes them as well a ; he depict them in i is illustrai He i- D in de? lightful thumbnail sketches. Of course, hi does not always approve; no Englishman abroad can ever be ex pe? ed to ?io thai aside his consciousness of immeasurable supe? riority. That Mr. Pears does not 'ike Hutch cook? y natural when ore remembers that the English cuisine is the va I pil civilised nations of Cue world: but, On the whole, the Dutch did ?is well Bl a queer little people like that could be exnectt d to ?lo. and. at leas*, their water-manner? are perfect, Th? i and skipper of .?. fin? English yacht which ignored the little Rose's notice! Mr, Pear? describes the al M iddleburg his fron! ispi? ce picture - reproduced here, together with a characteristic sketel planade of that pleasant little Belgian Blankenberghc, lie and his companions had a p? i lovely vacation on Hutch Inland ? and the chronicle of it makes th? "Dutch Hays" is a pi? I . travel-at-home book foi younger read? ers. The author tases them - - in The Hague. Kot;, 'i. Heil! und Couda: gives them I the Dead cities ?,f the Zuyder Zee, ?is Harvard called them many year ago, a ni. of course, tells them hi-: of Hutch history from Mot? ley. Dutch art is not forgotten in either text or illustrations. WASHINGTON A Monumental History of the Scat of Government. A Hi8T?JilY OFTHE NATIONAL CA? \ ' - n con hundsonie volume is the firsl of S which will, if the pi plan and scope are maintained, fo standard if net the definitiv? the American capital. .Mr. Bryan ha made painstaking ami discrim i research into apparently every . able source of information concerning i object, ami has ace imulated ?> mass oi acts ?mu he bewildering if they wi re nol io gen? erally interesting, and if lie had no', marshalled them in so orderly and m fashion. The result .? y winch, while it make? no pre ? - to emulate the "purple patches" of Macaulay, but on ti. trary cultivates a particularly and unassuming style, i? nowhere un? interesting, and which is accurately illuminating a- to the first quarter century of the national capital. We have recentl) seen, m Australia, an illustration of the complexity and . ? ? -electing a apital for a federation or union of former! Like ?hat in kind, but vastly harder m de? gree, Was the problem which i Republic. I ;.,i m o- .i|i i i ; liment of the capital in a fe?l eral ?listrict. bul it shoul?! be. and r.v.ilr ? choice wer? numerous and keen, Th? contest was marked by some degree of sor I.?lues ; and ?sel end in some re nee-s b) I While New Yoik and Phil? adelphia both would have liked to be the nut.?,nal capita!, the plan of a federal districl practical!) debarred them, for neithi Hing to be I ma?!?' it neeessar) ? mi y or lo a new one : rom the beginning. ? ? on the Su " lehanna Rivei much favored, but the tation ol th? H a* rrenton and th? I a the New the favoi te, and it ? i ?dopted b) l ongre . o Federal City, in 'he .- IDUI b .. , ? Again, it was thought well to hs capita : governmei oi o< ? | ? on alternately. Then there ied b) J?i , de; where b? i ap tal ' ' placed be well within the of the Union when thai ' - ? ' occui red. | elf who Anally, lonal authorii . leffei on who, an? ? e, pr< il plan of thi ., ? ? , i ? ? r. ? . I, anil a' ? the rect?ngula ? : ' re? ' an ; I? idth. Writ : i . hi o || propo ? th? ? to i" st i n Philadelphia, aid 11 ? i.,- narr? on? hundred of flfte? n i ?" Mg and I? might I"- on? ; indred and tuen' wide." Il?- objet ted, he rever, of Philad? , :; house? to be ? ? - Paris -j- tern of height, propoi ' oi ? 'i le Ih? i Idth ?I th? But the | ?? ,i L'Knfai '. albeit he a pi i rtoit of the i ? i me fooli hi Hal to. or i Hi ?? ? iiaps somewhat in advance of his time. Certainly the nation owes him ever? lasting gratitude ''or his work i capital; if for nothing more than h I addition of the ?.rent diagonal avenues iTerson's checkerboard plan, thu i giving the city an almost ideal ar? rangement, whether for convenience or for sei ? -.it waa regrettable, as a matter of sentiment, tha' d I greementt aro .-, at a r? ult of whic'i the gifted Frenchman separated hiro lelf from !n- great work long i .niete, lint the foundal ions had by that time be^n so well laid tha ifa? lory completion eras practi? cally assured. It is interesting to re? member what is not always borne in mind thai L'Enfant waa tiie designer of the first Capitol building. Federal Mall, in tin- city, nnd that after leav? ing Washington he went to New Jer? sey and there made grandiose plans for the building of Hamilton's industrial city .. P on and ?.n connecting it with Newark by means of what would have been the most imposing highway on the continent. The selection of the site nnd the building of the city were inevitably much implicated with national poli? tics. Mr. Bryan, however, judiciously avoid- discursiom upon such themes, and confines himself with surprising and gratifying fidelity to the lory of pital and nothing else. Thai in ?? and most fittingly, BCCOUnl of Bome political and p< rsonal incidenl -? w hid oc< which have or had direct bearing upon the condil on et the de ? eil v. Tv o of the mosl notable of I elati t.. tha in? auguration of Jefferson, who wi :'ii-1 Pre idei I to be naugurated at ngl on, hit ; m o pi edec? - oi ? hav ll .1 m N'en- York and P delphia. There has long been a legend Io I thai Jefferson si -t inaugui ation rode ?},. I ? and walked into the building una? i ompanied. There to lie no'?nil) ?n tr?g so far as i nauguration ; concerned. ! is true thai Jo \ ? ? i ami outrai:ed. left the city ? nrly in the morning, and pres? ent, to se? ?? dueled intO 0 !a.-k of pomp da] . 'I here vas : pi 0 cession of ? lalut ei .1 there v. . ompi - ? attendance tl " Pre?id< nt e walked om hi - residenoe to the Capitol. Indeed, it ibout ; : i day. The horseback storj pertaina to the u-cond inauguration, if ?I be true at all. At thai til d inaugura i ion ? I as scai cell worth notice, as it mean? merely tiie con I inuation of i he status quo. The closing chapter of the l'ook deal? with the aftermath of the Burr con ? v. and With the British raid upon th? . *;. a hut in id J ears ago th ? pended for the time at a payehological morn i t, leaving the reader absorbed in ? ? snd eagerly awaiting the auc ? h ihall bring the ?tin;, of th? capital down to our own times. Nothing more could well Ik the work shail be con tinned an.i completed Bl Well Bl it has been begun. LOUISE DE LA RAMEE: HER LIFE AND WORK A Biography of "Ouida"?Her Romantic father?Har? rison Ainsworth 8 Friendship?Her Eccentricities and I 1er Gifts?Her Many Novels. It i . ? ash ion to decry ..i ' -1 drawl acks wai ?nl romantic lya Wal n t he Kngl i? h -nao'' of Kltzab? Hi I.. ? ' **al? of the novel! t, Hei i omaal .-. ' hough a .1 h the trui on ? I .. romanee was doubtlei blended, Hut .... id. I ? - 0 itroma on 11 a one hand af -. mu inte cooped up .I ?.,1 the proud, nmbitiou i,-. .,i|i net that en Bgg? 1 -iied th? 11 lut powei while it disdained to modify 'hei. extra? Bhe became ihe lui foaliaga. Hut evsry i here hi ? i sted an electric stmoi phen of I . o n. even m her scented i ? udo i roa an h? ai omi thing of th? thunderstorm. Everywhere it is audible, "? hetht r in the * orld of her in ? ention, or in tha ucc? si? a, nai.t worlds oi her sojourns tha -mall. provincial arorld of her childhood, the mall London round of bar girlhood, i . can ? orld af her tame which I all Italv, , the titfu! nutro .. id of her parth i at tha m Hotel finally, th? ?d. ruined, defiant world -at ViarssKie 'i iggl? ? i ' I. tat. and t be sei pl ng up oi ..ppi. ianeei Her critica arela .,i ortl te fa b a hi t :.." at ring . The) taw iaa whe could aol ?be di -aria-, of ber thought- . the over coloi ol bei ? I ; If. the iirca- ' ? ional e< of her delicacy, t taste that traversed 'hen-, and t fangs of her many prejudice B the) were blind to her wonderful gra ? . and hei vivid - ? rapathy a i ? si phase and forai of being, bn a.- well a- human, The melodrama of her own care inspire? that of her work;, and ' ha? onl) to '?ad "Friend best, l think, of her compositions kno "Huida." There \<. e can disce the "oman at once, generen and u -. ? rngitiv? beyond mea-,?re to kin ne maddened beyond measure by i I iitf. She is a tissu? , trail \ oni; ,| by sentiment anil i stinct, y?t the loyal adherent of lo and lovely traditions; the ?, i r.ictor ol ' ? nker fro intrusion, a lighter for freedom, hut detestct of the crimes and follies co it mtl) .n m it ted in it? name, tl trong patriot. ye( the born eosmopol Ian; the daring, 'ft never the despai ,i dogmatic doubter. Indre Ouida was s sort of pagan m a feud for she loved equally tl ?,,, hie church and the pagan tempi What sh? abhorred were drabne s ai abstraction?. Voove all she eras priestess of intuition. Has she m herself declared that to understand 11 tuitively i? the breath of a poet's life Sh? gravitated to a distinction high i lot -. ano in these respects there i ,nit between her, Bulwer Lyttoa, an Hi r;teli. Like a I'lO-enca' troubadoi sh? roved from th?- crowd? <>? beggai to toe court? sf love, \m! yel to th upper nudill?' das? pcrhan? by her ui likeness) ?he appealed si Ceorgc Flic Could never do. just a to day Man CorelII urou c? th? lower muid!" elai a Mrs. Humphry Ward hai neve ?lone, it is not by quick railways, s ti speak, up the "problem" Rigis th? the crowd is stirred. It i= by p.issio "inl ??motion, by pronounced typo' an effects, b) sounding conflicts. Ever agi;?,it on the high road wafts a meas page, and when Adventure mounts th pulpit, somehow the sermons live. Who but Ouuia eould boast an inter mitten! father that soldier of fort un? who cam? and wem, and went a,i came till he peri-lied v. ho knot ho at the tune of th? Pari- Commun? This mysterious Louis P.aniee p'aye hule an.i icek with In, home. A achola and .- wit- 'he triend o'" l.oiii ? Na pi.le?n, with v. iioni he quarrelled ;:fte th?- conn d'?tat, absent or present, h ? ? ? ci great influence over hi? ?ml: ? hii,i. 0 ? took her to Fran renvoi ' " h? i a he alen? <? >u 1 ? i i , .hough but a French teacher a Bur) d? ???hen he married, b* all repon it i? mor? than plain then v a, ;. .1: i'n of th? fairy prince abou him. I i, political conspirator an? member o? leeret societies, alwayi airily accomplished, always a fascin?t mg riddle, carl;, riveted Ins queer dreamy, quaint, worshipping, ye ild. deal's afterward, wher he had published "Idaiia," be was sau ? ? reappeared ami met her i". Kensington Hardens. And then Faetienate talk ami walk and eoagrat ' her fame, rumoi has it that he vanished like a dream, When ''Friend hip" came ?,, he writ Lcn. with it-, self-portraiture of her as "Etoile," '.he wistful, wayward genius, the! lather figure? as Count Avesnes ". black bead '" th? golden rosary of the happ) childhood" the high-born \ .?mb", r, Sin- tun ed bun into an , i a: and "de U" '?'. a - non ? dded im?? But it i i nder her childish m iplng of ' Lou! a," i! i ? as "Ouidi " ami will alwaya hi known. Her devotion to her mother the prett) Mis? Button who saw so litt!" of her husband was tk? passion i i r life. Ne?, i v are I hey parted ,. e b) death Hew bitter must it hav? b.-.-i lor Ouida, ? be had delighted ii lieu ing and clothing tlmt mother so sumptuously, perfore? at the last to ha-. laid her in a pauper's grave. Harrison Aiasworth helped the girl when h? .'iiii her mother came io live ,n Hammersmith, where his cousin vus their doctor. Her talent soon ?hewed .i self, unusual, sometimes perverse, but ever ? ith a voie? ?>f its owe. Always Ikerc emerged the type? of the woman ?.ho give?, 'he man and the Woman whe . all. V hen I tal) came into \ n ? . the ?rtist Bohemian troubadour t.\pe Ici lowed, tin charm of ?eg-humanity, and. later, the p.-, will cd cruelly of the adventurers, whether la vice or virtu?', ihr? culminated m "Frieadskip," which resultad from her passion for and ; fering from the Marcheae della Su Italy waa an accident. In 1871 and her mother had been in Bruss where "A Dog of Flanders" was w t<:'. They journeyed to Florence i n mained in the realm of romance their deaths. Huida has left many i intimately beautiful descriptions i-.nglish park and greensward, of Tu-, i ;!lage and homestead. But in lights and shadows of landscapes she ever excelled the picture of FI enee in "Pascarel"? Here let ua leave lier before tragedies and comedies of a life at. *? with much and many, culminated debt and lawsuits, in the sad and lu catastrophes of her latter years, f | in the lonely dignity of her death. Tl vas but seven years ago, but anotl age of more hysterical endeavor s r less robust humanitarianism see to have sot. in. Independent if p verse, disillusioned If cheered by t i ever friendship of the Viscondc Sarniento, robbed of the sight of c eye, battling to the end, she was ind< a'militant. But all along she mail the homage of distinguished frier und foreign countries. That she ovi u ?ought herself and overrated her m lion and her importance is only to s that she felt acutely the contrasts her circumstances with her spii Surely Ouida had always a touch ?he poet in her. Why should she n have thought so, however Bggressi she may have been'.' Miss Lee seen if I may -ay so, to over-apologue f ?lese failings, (luida loved the gc geous hues which she has declared be inherent in nature; Titian also lov them, "Yet - she exelsimB) the pietui that are painted m sombre semiton ..?id have no positive color in them a pronounced the nearest to na ure."' Such is the North. THE PATIENT PLAYWRIGH Some Experiences ? and Moral. ? THE Till K \V\ EXTI RES Or "> Pt.A B i."in. Bvan Bhlpman | -. . |S2 Mit ell Keni There are "how" books innumerabi ne believe, for budding dramatist 'I Ins is not one of them, but tho-. t dream of writing for the stage woul do wt 11 to take it to their heart-, pom ering eery experience which M Shipman records as author of thi charming comedy. "D'Arcy of th Gerards." Composing the piece in n mantic mood he learned, as he followe its fortunes, much more than he migr have learned as, say. a stock broke or a farmer, about the hard roalitie Of life. We speak advisedly when v, i!, cribe him as "following" the foi tunes of his own play. The fermai il i- true, has to icckon with th weather and the stock broker, wa sup pose, is more or less governed by clc maatfl beyond his control in that myi tarions place called "the market. Still, these two breadwinners, know after a fashion, where they are, an what, roughly, the upshot o;' thai travail artll be. Nut so the playwright Once his manuscript passaa out of hi hand'- he ?an only wait and watch 'dr. Shinman raised to a high powe this art of watching and waiting, suc? ceeding in the process very largely, wi gather, becau-o of a natural 'und o COmmonsensB and humor. As lie look back over the ten or twelve years wbicl embrace the essential history of hi: plaj be is frankly amused ami tell: us all about it in such wlae that we too, are entertained and ediiied. It is patience that he preacnes. first and la-it, and what makes his enforce ment "i* the principle conclusive am leally helpful is the candor with which he traces the vexations he has -uifl'ered not to any inimical forces, but just tc 'the nature of thing-. I' is true that he has some not altogether flattering observations to make on the typical theatrical audience, metropolitan ot provincial. He allude* to that familial object of reproach, the commercial manager, and we do not lind that he sits m an attitude of < (static admira? tion at the feet of ihe American dramatic critic. But he don not blame any of these alements in our theatrical situation for the del?; which dogged the production of his comedy. It" actors ar.d managers are ilow, capricious, or otherwise "difficult" he -ces. plainly enough, with the eyes of good uatun , that that is only pretty Fanny's way. We shall n</t attempt to expose in de? tail the droll playfulness af Fats as il affected the career of "D'Arcy." Thi main thing that impresaea us ?s the Luge indefinite manner in v. hieb a BSanUSCript may be handed abou*. may get itself practically purchased, ai d yet delicately escape, for an uston i hinglj length of tinir, anything like actual production. And when, at last, the bli ii ful occasion da i na if a "i rsl night" ma] be aid to (?awn it :? odd- that author. ,tar. and manager v ill promptl;. get together to pull tha about and "tinker** at it until their bend- Bwlui. Henry Mill. r was it the ?Vest ?hen h. first presented Mr, Shipman's plu>, and ihortly after n had been affective? ly "tried out" lie ?role that it was ".,bi ti * fi i.third-, gocd.** Waal went the author, and. lie says. "Nightly. the Ma.-. Millar and i compared notes, .?nd decided on changes." ? ,i cae changa thaa ace-., plished wa may I? i.-minted a comprehend ng smile'. "Fred rhorne, as Gregory, the old iur geon, v- ?, *oo quaint and amusing, so ' a decided ?> laeril ea bun and a< .Mii\ of his 'good lines' as poBSibrB to D'Arcy." Somehow, wa seem ta hava heard ?f that kind <>:' changa b !'he point is not. In, ..v-r. to be e\ug gerated. rii ? tendeitcj of Mr. Hhip n an' narrative 11 to h >w timi tha a ??.u In th- theatre betwsen .iiithor and actor or manager make, in | tl loi - run. for a better play Wa i .nfer tout all th.n i - would Bspoelally I pl*ad for is the developmc it of ? svm- I Ipathetle snd genuinely artistic almo-' HERE AND THERE IN BOOKS AND REVIEWS A Southerner on the Negro Question?Professor Muen sterberg and Proverbial Wisdom?Charlea Dickens's Far-Spread Popularity. F.M\M IPATION ?\V. In the opening osees of hii most readable novel, "The Professor and the Petticoat" i Dodo. Mead * Co. \ Alvin Saunders Johnson desc-ibe? the ar? rival of his Northern hero in a Texas town on Emancipation Day and his first eolighteameat on the subject of the Southerner's attitude toward the ne? gro: "The steaks won't open to-day." my new ?.couain'ancc said. "This is a holidav." "Holiday? What holiday is this?" "June teeatk. N'iggah holiday." he explained. "Emancipation Day." "I am pur.tled." I said. "Do you mean to say that si! this town closes up to help the negroes celebrate their emancipation ?" "It ??uhtamly does," he replied, smiling. "Every single niggah vho can walk will be on the street from 9 in the mohnin' to 2 o'clock at night." "Do tell me more ab,out this holi? day," I insisted. "It somehow shocks my expectations. I should have sup? posed that the Whites, If they did not veto it. would anyway ignore it." "Ignoab it?" My ompanion laughed. "W? couldn't if we wanted to. No niggahs. no wohk. But we won't igno.ih it for anything. Be?t fun w? evab ha?,e in town." 1 ran through all my memories of the literature on the race problem, but there seemed nothing in it to explain this good-natured acceptance by the masterful Texnns of such an interruption of work to celebrate so obeetionable a holiday. Mow appeared a huge-flower-be deeked float, drawn by four mules. At its front end was a big, round pedestal. On the pedestal stood a tall negro woman in white drapery. Her bare black arm held aloft a tinsel torch. "That's the Godde?? of Libert-." explained Mr. Marshall. "She's Pr?sidant Brett's cook, up a? the uni? versity. Ah reckon Mrs. Brett wohked two weeks gettin' up that robe." "Am I to under.-'and that the mis? tresses drees up the negro women for this parade "You suhtainly ah. You go any wheah m this town two weeks befo' Emancipation Day. and you'll heah the lady say. 'Ah'm suhtainly puz? zled what to give Sally to wear.' Those ah the fx-s!aves you see fol? low in' th? Goddess's chariot. Soht or veterans, you see. My, hut they ah proud of it. See that old niggah at the end of the line? Looks, mighty hfi'nd up. don't he" Well, suh. he owns prop'ty enough to buy all you jM'ofessohs up on 'he hill." "But you don't 1*1 him vote," I re? torted. "Yes indeed w? do. suh. Theh ain't a man I know won't 'uhn out to IN h? cot his vote if anybody tried to throw him ou'." "I don't understand you Texans." I said. "You seem so much interest? ed in individual negroes, yet you pur- | sue b systematic policy of keeping the race dowi.." "Ah don't know about that, suh. Now, look at these old niggahs. How many of them look caihwohn? How many look like they didn't have all the food theih old gums can chew? Looks like a happy, caihless old age, don't it?" I admitted that it did. "Now," continued Mr. Marshal], "did you evall sec in one of yo' No' thehn eitie? such a procession of old people who wohked in the factories befo' the wah? You couldn't get up such a proc?s-ion. You have wohked them all to death." PROVERBIAL PSYCHOLOGY The Quality of the Wisdom of the Ages. H. tl c latest of his popular books on the application of scientific psychology to the practical tasks of modern life. "Psychology and Social Sanity" iDoubleday, Page & Co.1, Professor | Hugo Munsterberjr e:.amincs th? qual? ity of the psychology of proverbial wis? dom from the scientist's point of view; 'Let us begin at the beginning. There has never been a nation who.se contemplation was richer in wisdom, whose view of man was subtler and more suggestive than those of old India. The sayings of its philosophers ami poets and thinkers have often been gathered in large volumes ofap 11?. How many of these line-cut remarks about man contain real psychology? The largest collection which I could discover was that of Boethlinck. who translated T.?OO Indian sayings into German. Not a few of them refer to things of the outer world, but by far th? largest part of them speaks of man and of man's feeling and doing. But here in India came my fust disappoint? ment, which repeated itself in every corner of the globe. After carefully i-oing through these thousands of general remarks I could not find more than a hundred and nine in which th? observation takes a psycho? logical turn. All those other thou innae of reflections on men are either metaphors and comparisons of distinctly a>stn?Mic content, or rules Of practical behavior with social or moral or religious purpose. Vet con if we turn to this I*?j per cent which has a psychological laver, we soon discover that among those 109 more thun halt' are simp? defini? tions of the type of this: "Foolish are they who trust women or good luck, as both, like B young serpent, creep hither and thither," or this: "Men who r.re rich are like those who arc drunk, in walking they arc helped oy Others, they stagirer on smooth roads and talk confusedly." It can? not be said thai any psychological observations o* the fool's or of the rich man's mind are recorded here If I ,'?*> those maxims more carefully, I cannot find more than twoacore which, stripped of their picturesque phrasing, could really enter into that world sysrem of naive psychology. And yet even this figure is still toe high. Of those forty, most arc, afUr all, epigram?, generalisations of ?one chanVe casts, exaggerations of a hit of truth, or expressions of a mood of anger, of love, of class spirit, or at male haughtiness. DICKENS'S POPULARITY Some Instances of It Recount, ed by His Son. In bis article on his father, in the Julv number of "Harper's Magazine." H. F. Dickens, K. <".. himself a man ?f achievement, writes with warm filial appreciation of the delights of bctag the roa of such a man: This. I think, is a convenient place in which to give three or four oui of a large number of in? stances of ny father's widespread popularity, aa eridencod to myself n' uit'erent tinier amor' a'1 "it and conditions of nun. Whan I was an undergraduate at Cam bridge I was ashed by a friend of mine if I would like Io meet Charles Kingsley. As [ was a great admirer of his works. I ?aid it would give me the greatest pleaa lire to do so. Accordingly, I was invited to a large luncheon party a* St. John's College. When I ar? rived I was introduced to Kings ley, but he did not <*atch my name, and shook hands with me as a mat ter of ordinary politeness. In the course of the luncheon some one asked me a question about my fa'her, on hearing which Kingsley whs was seated at the other CI .. of a long table putting down his knife and fork, said, "Are you ? son of < barios Diekens?" And on my answering in tiie affirmative he came ?'! tiie way round the table to shak'? me bv (he hand. The next incident took pi?. ? a' Toronto, in Canada. I nad been Btaying there with two of my daughters i-nd we ?ere going by rail to Niagara. When we ai? med at the siation I found I ? "boots" of the hotel with a hold nil under each arm and a bag in each hand, ad I -aid Io him, "Please take the wraps to my par? lor car name. Dickens." "In any way related?'' he an? swered. "Oh yes; I am a son." Dov n wen) the hold-alls n< bags, arid, holding out his baiui to me. he said. M?Qod bles? \ou. sir!" The scene shitfts to Jamaica. Some years ago I ha?l to go out ta that ??land to represent s, ara surani e offices in some very he* , litigation whiisli arose out o! the ?ires which followed upon the g earthquake which laid Kingston in ruins. One of the Lest cases ? fought at. Montego Bay. quite the other side of tha inland I Kingston. The litigation CSS immense exeitSment, and tha per- a ere full of the trial and pub? lished portraits of the counsel en? gaged. One morning betwe< . snd aereo, when I was having early morning walk. T saw a !? . - with two comfortable looking tie black people inside it coming toward me. As it came abreast of nie the buggy stopped and a li'tl? black man. leaning out of it, "Mr. Dickens, sah ?" "Yes," I replie,) "Will you shake hands aril ssh **" "?Certainly -by all mear -." So I first shook hands with his smiling little wife at.' then w th his smiling little self, and then ?hev both proceeded to tell me how greatly they loved mv father's hook*, and. so far as I could judge, they had read them, every one. ? BAGEHOT'S WALTZ A Great Economist in Frolic** some Mood. A biography of Walter Bage |? af h - - In-law, Mr-. Russell Farrissy ?ton, ha- just been published in London by the Messrs. Longmans:. Thi- truly remarkable man, whose intere-- j"i writings range from metaph; 'n banking, with excursions by the wty into belles-lettres, religion, politics SB** history, had a wit which adorned what? ever he chose to touch upon, bu' ? h never ran away with the sound judg? ment that made his serious work **i*st it was and remains. From BIS msn? letters printed in this biography thst written by linn m Mol to h>* mother from Paris shows his lighter mood St its best: I have added what I call wa!* r to my other accomplishments. Il dif? fers from what other people call by that name not only in the which is of my own invention, but also in its having no relation what? ever to tiie music, and by presar* inf its rolatory motion in a great saeM lire by collision* with the ot'ier couples. It's very amusing runnwf small French girls against sor-r fel low's elbow, it*., Mke killing Hi?? years ago. There is. however, the is convenience that one does not like fa ask the same girl twice: sin* mich' Bay she had not insured her life, but if you are careful to select a frr.?h subject for each experiment, th? pastime will succeed. I do not fancy it pleases the girls: he dances tout seul i"all by himself"> I heard on* of them say with great indignation t? her female friends, as '? a fellow of m| age could be expected to ???1* time with her or with t iie- must? either, and it pleases me. it beiaf s new. if not humane excitement, snd is bitter than talking feeble philoso? phy in out of the way corners. sphere 'ii those crises which call for the inter intlon of th? tiiko ?. lie hud ti make alteration? in hie comedy. bu< they d,< not ke ?p him from heartll) ?ng every I ira la the adventure? ,? th? piece Hlller wts delightful, ; ,1 o ras Sir George Alexander, who ii? h' d the play m London. There were rewards nil th? way. raere v.>??<? royalties, ?nd :herc was encourage in int. at w'.ieu I'inero wro'.e to him ??id seiet Sir John Hare was down here the Other day sad talked about your plajr. He hhd seen it on the first nigtit in King Street and was de? lighted with the charming writing, delicate cl.ariii'lcri. at ion and pleas? ant fancy contained in your work. Above all, the author of "D'A rey" ?\:is wiser after 'he ?venl, wiser both in the craft and in the business of the theatre, versed m contracts and ilium inrd h< t? "rights," He puts before B? every document which may sene to like us to the heart of the matter and to C've the reader, if he simply muni write a pl.i\. a romp??, and m guide in one of the strangest of the huuiits of men. And, incidentally, !?? ha-, made up a beguiling tale. 'yt* la 'hat sin.?!! remnant of out modem society where a low queer individual? UnaCOOaatably leave the drama to t*k? 'an of Itaelf there ought to be so?? i'v readers for 'The True ?*?* venture? of ;i Play," And ?her* a?' hitious pens arc busy the) ahsBja abound. LOOKS KLI'RIMtl). Harper ?t- Bros, announce th.?; teal are putting to pre a this week for r?J printing the following books: "TeP Cnited States." |,v \rnold H( " "Parallel Source Problems in MrdirvS' History," bj Dams-all and Kiev; "? Apingal Kingdom," and **t:<imatorta? Vfn.-ii." b\ i-, ni ii? Challla, ??? "Farm Festivata," b\ Will farlstas? '_?* ?a 4 LL.?t I Or-J'klN I .BOOK-?'' t\\\ i;, 1 H Ml ?n i i sen ?nv I eek *??" publl hi .1 on aie > -i ? i ' e?I .*?*2 |.e,,W mi,lei exlaiil. When in Inflan,! eflB^BBBJ ,....>, ,?,? \??,!v. HAKI ' Us H?K Mli'l'. Join? til ?K ht ?t. iniiiillik?*?