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THE TRIBUNE'S FOREIGN NEWS
SUN UMBRELLA IS FAVORED BY KING British Monarch's Action at Newmarket Starts Rush to Cover. AUSTRIAN TRAGEDY CLOUDS THE SEASON Dokc of Morrtrose To Be in Charge of Arrangements for Royal Visit to Scotland. I By <***>'? IS i"*? ": London, July 4. K re George's, ap? pearance under a sun umbrella at '.he I Newmarket races this week has given auch an impetus to this farhion, which ' ha? been steadily mcreas.ng of Int? year?, that umbrella maker:) predict the probability of its continued use hereafter in hot weather in England and are delighted at the prospect opened up by its present popularity. There umbrellas have doubie coverr. the inside of dark blue or green silk. Already large numbers of them have ?old for $5 apiece. Britiahera irere only waiting for the King to set the stamp of his approval upon the fash? ion. Then the rush began to get under cover. The regatta at Henley stood out as the most prominent feature of the week. The races at Newmarket con? stituted a social event ..." im?'?rtance. and there has been mach entertaining on a large ^cale in London, including dinners, Tjr.cher:';- . The week, howevei, has not been without diaappoiatraent. The assasi - nation of the Archdui rand caused the Kir..; to postpone the final state bail, fixed for Monday last, and the Aaatro-Hangarian Ambassa? dor, of course, postponed the dinner* he had arranged for this week and i The French Ambas-iador. Paul ?am? b?n, too. postponed a dinner he had in? tended to give on Thursday. The King and Queen will go to Scot land on Tuesday next, and the viait will he attended with much apl? causing a notable migration of society to North Britain, including the Doeh ess of Montrose, who goes to Buchanan Castle, near Glasgow, to rejoin the duke, who is in charge of the arrange? ments for the royal visit, and their son, the Marquis of Graham. Others who will cross the Tweed are the Duchess of Portland and the Earl and Countess of Kenmare. Those leaving London for other places this week include the Marquis of Tavistock. wno aril] spend a few weeks at Woburn Abbey; the Earl and Countess of Stradbroke. who have gone to Baden-Baden, and Lady Katharine Vane, whose residence is at Thorn field. The Duke and Duchess of P,edforJ I hase come from Woburn Abbey to , l.on?ion, where they wiil remain for the next few weeks. Lady Montgomery is again in town, as are the dan?! Duke Alexander and the Grand Puches Xenia of Russia, Princess Alice of Monaco. Prince Kinsky and Lord and Lair Rothschild. Cowes week will be attracting south? ward Lord Abinger, Sir .lohn and Lady , Jackson, Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, Sir ! Archibald Orr-Ewing, Lady Cynthia and the Hon. George Colvill?? and Gen? eral Sir Henry and Lady Emma Crich ton. JOYOUS FOURTH IN LONDON TOWN Victories at Henley Lend Zest to Independence Day Celebrations. 1 By ?'able to Th?? Tr.i m London. July 4. The banque- , by the American Society to-night at the Savoy completed tha Independence Day celebration here, which included a reception at the Ambassador's house in the afternoon and also the enter? tainment of fifty ?".vil War veterans, at the Anglo-American Exposition. Everywhere the success of the American crews at Henley was re fleeted in the jubilance of their coun? trymen, especially a*. the banquet. Ambassador Page. Lord Bryce. the Archbishop of Armagh, Lord Primate of Ireland-, Lord Shnttlewortfa and H. W. Thornton were tha ?peak?r Both Mr. Page ard Lord Bryre re? ferred to the Panama tolls question. The American Ambassador, speaking of Earl (?rey'. r.'?-r,t speech laying that nothing touching the repeal of the clause had been exchange.) be. ?ween the two governments, said: "I wont to call attention to many state? ments made by SOUS misinformed per sons which their aaiaiater should put at rest. Not a word has passed on the subject between the British gov? ernment and the t'nited State? since 1 rame here." I?ord Bryce lauded President Wil son's courage in the tolls matter, ar.d seid that r.o pressure had ever bee** brought to bear on tha State Depart? ment while he was ambassador. Captains I- W. Barrer, and I. ? ?? < .-.?ape, of the English polo team, at? tended. The Ambassador's reception si houo* earlier in the ?lay dr?-v.- h I. ^ ?rowd, including Mrs Lewi Hareo rl hyram and Lady 'Maxim. Mis? F.sfher Cleveland. Mrs. Thomas .1 Pi? ton, jr., Claire Goode, Mme. Domin ?raos, wife of the Argentin? Minister; Hopkmsoti Smith. Senator a id Mn I-odr??. Vi?ieount Bryce, Mr. and Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt and Minister Croat? raelin, of Liberia The arrival of Kermi? Rooeevolt and his bride raused a Satter of excitement. They havs been visiting Portugal und after remaining for a weed in Loadon m. Ambassador Page's guests, they will N'ew York to greet Mr?. Thoed ire KoaaaTrl*. who was attend ?he wedding. They will go thence to South Ameriea, where Kermit Roose-i volt is to ?tart in bai AMERICAN ART EXHIBIT I IN GALLERY IN PARIS Brygon Burroughs and Ernest Lavvson Selected as Typical of Tendencies in U. S. i ? - Par,?. !?.'?/ \ The Peril elesaawiti, erst <fk?r?ran art at ?esduav The organisers have . ' - Bryaoo Burroughs and Ernest Lewson, ??ten? works, totally different epismtioi: a'??*! exeeotien, have su' ???I? In their own wsy in winning the *eoOWtO sOmiratio? ofth>- Par.aitn art Burroughs is above at a master of I ?Uevrottve eanels. Mis "'enaan^of j PR( EMINENT IN KXC.USII Si ICIKTY DUCHESS of BEDFORD. ENGLAND MAY TRY THE P0LICEW0MAI\ Movement in London tc Have Feminine Mem? bers on the Force. - London. Juno 2~. Just now whei the ?ubject of women constable? ii London has rome to the front in ; movement proposed by Lord llenr; Cavendiah-Bentinek for the appoint ment of women <?' everj polic? precinct? in London, the remarks o th<- "first policewoman in Europe,' Schwester Henriette Arendt, have re ! much attention. Thin woman . record of ' :? ear in SI Germany, took part in ?1?m women police at a London conferenc? laal ?reek. For some year? ihe chief wink oi ? woman has been in i ?Aith the "white slave" t; children. Sh? has run (Treat riaki al times, and on one occasion received i homii ir. an innocent looking packai;? In speaking of th? principal pan ol her work as ?ucl it was the duty of such a woman o? tirer "to | afeguard th? woman'? point of view ;.t.?j t<> see thai women and men offender iret equal treatment." She also dwelt on th? ? social work. Continuing! she said: "If a policewoman hi : i- the poor, <>r a trained ? mus? then training in the law and in the actual work of the police. I myself had no such training, ? .<:?? taught me that it was necessary, ' : " policewoman must the law. especially with regard ? "Only too often policemen in my ?oui,try are inclined to go beyond th? n their dealing with women. It is th? business of ii,<- policewoman to [ ? cnt thi?, and to protect her It'-pina!?! McK? Home Seere matter of po it, so far as in' knew, ? t the pre ent tim? gland. Po ? pow b? ''ii insti ? and the I'nited '? I In Fingland, in n era, ?hen ' ? ?roman who practically act as a police "f.. . I.c \t no) B iworn constable and ? .-, ;;cvi rthel? ? er?: ai v to ni eaa? ?,i spe? is 11,.- taking of itaU men I girl? and children i nee? Another point of inter il In connec th the | th? que t.on of cam tried camera. 'I l."?>' <??"'?? are often most whee children urt- conc?-r.,. ? prea enee oi an , rod doubl? Not even ' the pre*? || admitted to ueh bearing? Some women may be counted on to regard with .-.pati ?.? -, meai itfi public piril think thut ? sould be l?fl nnturne-1 ???ri ?he sum of miaery among woman and children. I Adoni? m th?- ?, VenUB," hil "Prince?? and and his "Plata and Proserpine" po ? charming bland of technical skill and ,?! aeel ul compoi i tioa and sentiment ol color, with ? appeal With m to I . nd drawing? ' ihibited place opinion of Pren? h 11 ,,' mod? i oratii a art loi', ilbillty, the ? igorou . ?.r?-'1 Au,. | of Ki ? ? b delight .? ? r:,^' HI ' il-. . ? ' Ino ??," ?i l'en- ,n fpring," hi? "< oaey l?i*r?d Beach" and hi i from Waahingtaa Height ?." impart j truthful Impression? ?>f American at j mo?ph?re and American color and life. DUCHESS OF PORTLAND. FULL ROSTERS FOR HOTELS IN LONDOI Henley Regatta Attract Americans?Continent Sends Big Quota. SEEING ENGLAND BY AUTO IS IN VOGUI 'Roswell W. Eldridgc Said t Have Bought Show Horses for Export to America. [By ' 'st le ' - TI e Tril : ? London, July 1. Despite n week < tropical weather, which established record, the Londoi hotels were so fu 'that in m?:ny instance! would-be vil itors could not be accommodate? Americans wire much in evidenci large numbers arriving from the Coi tinent and eh ? here, m< sttraete by the Henley regatta, and ?till other in Londoi - trip throng the British Isles, these trips b? ng noticeable he this year. With only three we? ? o the eason now left hotel manager arc glad to see Americans arrive. The marriage of Mii Hope Etizabetl Warren, eldest daughtei <>?" .Mr. an Mrs Schuyler N'eilson Warren, of N'e-, York, ? rl Wilberforce wes ; pron inent ocial event of the week. I wai attended by man) well knowi ins and El . The Ritz is itill th" scene of larg! '?-i*erteil ind crowded ai to hi unable to take care of the in ? of arrivals, Amoai New i'ork? tl reek are Mi and Mrs. Walter King land, Mr. an? Mrs. .1. X. Kinnicutt, Ogden Mills, Mr* H. Sturgis, with her son, Howard A . -. E (.?!hari. James Hrowi Pott? r ai ; ? ?. !?> tcter, all iron Pai . and tmba ader Thomas Nelsoi Page from Rom? Late arrivals ;.' the Carlton in M r. and Mi ? i i i fron Paris, ? ii route for Ireland on a vieil to Rii er; Mi . Robert Goelet from the country; Mr. and Mra, Col ik-'tt?- Hoyt, from Ai.a, who !?-f* on foi Pur ; llenr* Clarkson Vork; als. Mr. and Mi , Frederick ''. Hood. Mr, and M ra. ? i ank '1 horn] ion, M and Mrs. W. Terhune, J. B. Lippineott, ol Philadelphia; Mrs. Craig E. Lippin? eott. . fi ?>m the ? '.-it inent; Co ? Guild, of Boston; Ogden Armour, who lefl to-day fur Paris; Rodman Wana countrj. where he has house foi ' ? At Clai ?.:;-?' are the following Sea York? rs: Mrs. B oil, Mr. and Mrs, Hartley D? dgc, John A. Towle, Mr. ? liddl? ton Burril] and family, .1. .-'. Morgan and Mrs. Clarence Moore. Ainoiii- recent New Ymk arrivals al the < ? ?? ! arc Mi I 1 " ton Rockhill, with her two cl Ii '. William Oler, jr., W. I-'. Potter, Il )berl Voi noh, D d O. Wolf, Pi .' .V. Friedlandcr, Prank . Jame M. Beck, Frai I Thynne, ' . W. Snow, B. W. Rogers, F. I-r,,:,-.. Robert : ox, Waldo Billard, ?. M. Mrlntosh, Henry Martin, Mr. and Mr-, .1. E, Dodge, II. W. Swift, A. W. Baylis, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Newcombe, Mr. and Mrs W. N. Stewart and Mr. und Mi H v? aring. At th? Berkeley recent Sew Yoi Will iam .1. ' ? Thoma H. Leggett, Mr. and Mrs. 11. Hi : eh? II, Mr . II, Westervelt. F. <?? .lr . 11. Manners, Mi and Mrs. C. \ | and H, Ames, ... !!'. 11, i-.- influx of American . including thes? New York? ers: Mi and Mr I! id ion Maxim, Henry Prentii ?, W. II Plummer, M. Mar? guhes, K. N. Lisman, A, A. McKay, in, I. B. Thomaa, A. ti Wither bee, Mra .1 E May, II. D. Lamby, '?! ? Edwai d B? i i -. Jamas 11. Moffetl ami Irwin Coleman; al**?? Cap? li n and Mrs. Di he A a? riean ' i A- ? Vorbei ai . i i M, I ran? I B Swai ne, Ro Eldi "h" ..?i to have bought hor ?? al the Royal Hoi le . ho .' ..1 M' bUI | !' r ? < pin ' !<i t he tinted St-'to", Mr-. ? .iiii|il,?-l I ? lurk? and i."? daught i K it? lie and d In Jo . id) ? ollim; .. ?? Mi und Mi .1 A. t- ulg? r. of San Krim ?llll-l . \ll?l ? -.. day foi Scotland by antomo bila, M lea Mary Benaoa, president of the . <ilrtn' I'neriillv Soriity, is /hnpi-ronina four rtlil on m autoll-ohile tnpj through OfOOl Britain, j FUTURIST MUSIC LATEST IN LOND? Orchestra, Consisting Whistlers. Thunderer Cracklers. Murmuren ROARERS, RATTLERS BUZZERS GURGLE Performs "The Meeting of ( torcars and Aeroplanes." bt Public Disapproves. 1 i: ? . rltJun? London, July I. "Need London ure all olghl orturei " a quest ?."hich i- nov. receiving much consi? atioi bj a number of w< ll-kn? a ho aie complaining bit !,,- ??f the unnece si here I irony wou such complaints come at ?: I the city has had ?-! introd ;, .,,., Futurist music. "Marinetti'i Noie .1.. this variety of musical entert? men- i< called on a in?: sign Otttl the Coliseum, iiad a stormy hear from ?ta flrst audience. On? pit ? described as "The Heating of Mo? enrs and Aeroplanes," ?Id not *n with the popular approval of the i lery. This nen Milanese orchest m aggregation <>f bright colored ft ncls lemon, orange, crimson i , irave another number titled "The Awakening of h Gri <iiy." It was the quietest feature the programme. .v- substit itei or Bute, ? loi n i ? i then- were butters, whittle rattlers, exploder?, murmurera, era? underera, gurglers and roare I ?? . then were luch trad, ioi ? kettledrums and hut the thunderers and roarel ; ,.?i thundered ver> mildly compar i'. .th the gallery's tones of disapprov Ho? ? '.'."?. i! is not | i,, | ,.? uriat mu which ha- called forth remark? in .?? n llenr.'. Moins, a pa It | the Royal College of Surg I -, ,r ?i,in?' year1- now been pointi .?? - ? the growing tortu l mdon streets from the inceasa ? d ? ? "London never sleeps" ii an old t pression, hut Sir Merry is ?ell awa thai ai. appre? iable part of it i get a little real during the night houi Speakinir of noises 'hat harm t healthy Rnd rack the sick, In- iaid: "N'o ?me who has lived in London l an ha\ ?? failed to ol ? growing pandemonium of tin, ?tree Ped? triana are not only losing th. hithei to mu?:." abl? ri hi to hut foot-passengers are finding *vri* walk in London ;- becoming more ai more of a nightmare, while to t'lc hooting at.d screeching of moto and the rumhline: of hea\; tral , positi?, ? ? ' ' Considerable space m some Londi papers has be? n tilled lately a remedies for th" conditions complain1 , of by Sir llenr;. Btl i Other? I '"'' 1 tiie ie to ,.'tra ' some a' tentioi ; suggestion that all o lid required to pass a noi t teat to quali for a license. Motor Vehicles ^liol'd i required to ?top,their machinen vi :.-" standing. The us? rauco i motoi horn, should be forbi v. .,,,. present time, it ia point? ' out, the police ha\?? i o po?ei .- Il matter. They simply licens? every \ t hiele which i- lit. It is nobody'? ?I ? to insist on s vel ossible. W ! tling for taxic other night noises, which i.n unt i those of th? milkman and succe.'u them hi the early mon in-.:, leave no quiet interval for nndii tut b? d rep? TITLE LIKELY FOR MRS. ?AMBERLAIP I American Widow of Unionis Statesman May Be Specially Honored by King. London, Julj 4. It ia reported tha K.m; George I likelj po thumously t? honor the lat? Joaepl Ch imberlain ? : , o en ing a title oi I a idow, who i n daughter ? '??'? illiam C. Endi ?ott. of Salem, Mass. Mr. < hamberlaii himself i" rsistei refused to acce| any title. The Dean of Westminster ha? o to the family burial in WesU Aid,. ead atateaman, I | ave decided to abide b ,, in" v him buried next at Birmingham, with which he ? so long eonne? I ed. GETS INDEMNITY FOR 'PHOME WRECKED NERVES Accident Insurance Policy holder Obtains Legal De? cision in His Favor. Berlin, Jane 26. Bussing, rattlini ai d ot her unui ua I noi ? in a tel? phone may lo affect on? 'a n? rvea a t<> make hnn an invalid, and auch CBS? are eov < 11,1 by accident Insurance pol i i cording to a ruling made tlii week bj the Imperial Supreme Court. Th? came on appeal from a judgment i ;,ii in luranee company. Tin defenc'ant contend' ,| that th? plaintiff was of neurasthenic predispo ition and that th?- effect of unusual telephonic noises upon ?um wa a "psychic ?fleet," which wa? i ??: covered by an DCCidl '.'??' policy. It could not lie denied, -aid the court, that many objeet ona could l>< urged to th?' plaintifTa .lain,, it might he questioned whether In- invalidism was not due to imagination, following diaturbaneea wtyich aa he asserted had th<- effect upon him of ?, aevera electric shock Xcverthelea . it could h.- aaaumed that then wa- s great probability that tha no, .? complained of had such a shattering effect upon ; ? " plaintifTa nerves that his : '.m nt mal.idle could properly he con idcred as due to mi aeeiileni within the term ? <>i hia accident po DESTROYER FIRES ON SHIP Athiu, . .loi. ; 1 i." Athena pnp-r?. publIi i, ili-p,,', hea from ? h lo -. an i -I and in the /rii.can Sru, stating that i Turkiah dastroyor on ,lui> :i bombard ed and captured a Greek ?ailing --hip .i, trail porting refugee? to ? I, lo? I h? ism? deal raj ?i then pro? ?aeded to ?loom fatal and bombarded and di trayad a mona itery. Aeeordlna to the?? dispatch??. Iah? armen at Tcheema, a leapart of Asia Minor, snaaslts Chins, msIum they ?aw the captured transport, bul with? out p?:?sen(f?*r?, whom they ?lie??' the Turk? drowned. I GOBF.UX TAPKSTRY MADE IX CHINA. Central portion of large?! piece of I hint e tap? try known to exist, executed m Peking by Ghmese :*ii'U*r the tuition of eighteenth century Jesuit?. RARE CHINESE TAPESTRY WILL BE SOLD IN LONDON Supposed i o Be of Gobelin School and Executed Under Jesuit 1 uition, but Never Presented. ? rien? | 1 01 don. June 27. The lai*. I | of Chinea? silk tapestry known to rxist, valued at no) leas than 150,000, ii to be placed on \ .< a at 104 S'ea Bond it, ? July I, v.m.te ii will be the ebjecl of special exhibition. According to tho?.' who have procured this tapestry, it is of the Gobelin ichool ai d believed to im?.!- tuen iwcjifd at Peking by Chi ;.. ?? workmen under the tuition of Jesuits from the Court of Louis \\'. It has recentl) been diacovered bj I*. .'. Larkiii i:i the hear' of ' I ina. been authenticated bj the leading au? thority on textil? South Ken sington Museum. Fea pel have had the privi ege of viewing the panel. A number of private collectors in G real Birtain are aware of ?t^ pres? ence here, and I i."i i is a letermina moi,, if possible, to ke< p it in the coun? try. It i- consideredol luch importance American collectors .. ? ? to make strong In?1- for it. There is every ? idence that tha pan? el was originally intended as ? royal present from China t>? France, Whi ..n completion of it the Emperor Kien Lung wa too enamored of the marvel? lous textile work .-.criited by his men to he able to hear the idea of g from it or whether at 'hat time friendly relations no longer existed be , (ween himself and the French monarch : oud? ?I m mystery. . . i ? . ure ? H f< el ?'> inches by ? * _' -.'.cl'.?"?. In the panel the num In r of stitch? to I ha iquan ii rdinarily high, ranging from "00 t?, 1,100. Th?- wort. ,,. t>,,- bordei shade le - line, the numbei of stitches to the square neh being from (300 to B00. The difference is signi.icant. A glance ;?? tl" border hows that it i? Frei ? gn. It is, it is contend ni. r.n exact reproduction save for the omission of the arms of France at the top) of th? borders of the set of tripes triea by Bond er which war? woven in ? tin Gobelin in.-t."..- and presented by Louis XV to the Emperor Kien Lung. The subject of :!??? piece is the do? mestic celebration in i? room in the palace on the aged Lmp< ror's birthday. The room i large and richly furnished, .A car'..-i? trelli.? .- t *>i<- hack is partly covered by b piece of embroidery or ?*?'. "i which the repeated design of hats holding swastikas and peaches symbolizes, vcrj appropriately to the seen?, long life and happiness, Above, depending fro n a broad strip of a rav? ishing deep blue -hade, hangs a paler blue ei ibroidered curtain, and an open ? ? a glimpse of rock?, pi mus ti. in blossom and lespede On tal al the hack and sides of tan 1 hook-, nore,'lam bol I I, j ide : ong in a ! wooden frame, splendid porce? lain vases, flowers and o great jade sceptre with a K"i.? t? 'amps i. -> oi eil hei hand, and I hei e are two magnificent porcelain jardini?res, with a white azalea and a whit? peony ex> ? ? y colored. Robed in gold-embroidered dark blue, '.vith h headdress of :.ai?.r blue, th? Lin-, peror ^i*^ in his chair by a round table covered with dishes of fruits ami nuts.1 Hi familj are bringing him gift?. Near by, on a - ,j the Empress wiih i group of ch idren. Mr. Larkin discovered this tapestry lying face upward to the iky. Eighl years or ? 020 a tapestrj repairer in London was report.'.I '?? have ?een two small pieces. Beyond thai '.'*''rt" 1,1 tli- re : no cvidenci that an) ,.,?? , 1? . -i outside (.hma such .1 piece as thi>. Sir Percy Scott Dreams of Navy Without Battleships Aeroplanes and Submarines, Hf* Thinks, Will One Day Be Sole Craft Utilized. Tin Trll .,?.?? London, .lune l'T. Sir Percy Scott's recent letter to "The Tim? - " he prophi i'-d the mar doom of Dread? noughts and the subatitution of sub ? i.ii aeroplanes a< I he fleet of ? ? ? ? powers, ha i i.i".. ed a tremendo ; dei ? i ml brought forth a hug? b i k of c? unter criticism. At the tame tim? there ii much agreement with Sir 1'ir? ?;. ' theories in \ ar* ing degi ? ? It is hard!;, possible to I "? hole ma is of coi i espondi :.??. th il Pei -. hit brought forth opinions widely divergent. There are some cu thoril ies a ho .?.?'!.it mn the ??? h ?I? ri russion of th? m.ittir. seemingly on -n ground thai so much money h, - been spent on building battleahip that ;- .1 wrong policj to suggest l other nations that tnej rnij build a cheaper type of v? se more effec i/e than warships and thus tip them eff n' to the besl method to destroy the immense capital England has invested in Dreadnoughts. This argument, of eourse, loses sight of tin- foci thai other naval experts might lo- i Sir Percy in i ? nun;: the pow?r of naval warfare. I hi r? are ?.tier-, who consider Sir Per? cy's theory in the words of Lord 3yd i nh.-im, "a fantastic dream," while .,i i,, r ? thinl tl al the time has coin.. for a reconsidei il ion "f tha whole o; ni ral policj. Submerged Battleahipa Bean. .lohn Leyland, editor of "The Navy," is of the opinion thai future na ? buil.h rs "mual beaten ilowly" ??n the line pointed oui bj Sir Perej ?.. ea in the courae of time a specie m submerged battleahipa. rhc nai reason a' tin- back of .'.) Percy's argument m favor of sub? marine -."'n- *.> have been dleclosei bj an anoymous correspondant "' on? , u ho tells .-? secret hitherto care? fully kept by the admiralty. He saj i thai' in la t year's manoauvrea, which, according to' tin- published rep? I i. ended in t In* triumphant defence of England against an opposing fleet, in truth had a directls contrary end, the facts being thai through the uaa of submarine practicalIj everj warship, certainly every battle ihi| ? battle ?i and wai i ? -1 of uni? . ? t power to offer any worthy oppoaltion to the enem; '- He? I was theoretics wiped ?.?it of ???. i. nee by th? : ubmarines ef tha enemy's Hi In Oppoi ni).' r I'rr. > '- ar?- II 11 buttle hip . howi ver, this anon -, mou i m n pond? ni i.n to < ? plain that : ubmarii e ? war? suec? I i becau ie they were practically ? ' adrift by the commander of thr "enemy" and lefl to work out a earn palgn of their own, while th? principal fl?. - of the "?'in my" kept -' i ? eol ?if reach af tha ?l? fending leal until it limi boon ?ieatroyed by tha lubmarinei u hereupon the "enemy" came late tin roast, bombarded towne, leaded troops ami ili.i what they pl.-a-id. lie OaotBI j to lo?r night of the fact that thin la exactly what in actual warfare would SIR PERCY s?OTT. ?ilace, and assumes, in taking issue v. ith Sir i'? rcy, that the E lish d?? fi ? ? ,.? ti. pi would be informed before of all the stratea) and tactic to '- ?. nducted by the opposing force of ,i .m i. Need Parent Shi'i Near. The Iron I ai gument found ? Sii Percy : o far seema to be 'i,,. on thai submarines and a? ro yet had no prac eal ? in actual warfare, then- duties ? I , i limited almo ' entirely to i aval nai i ???? re :. In a huh they, op ?? to tip ir ba i ? and a ith the parent ship alwa) n?"ir by in casa m trot In th? Rui o Janane ? v. .<? the ai in? had : I a Vei " I, ;;h ,t .:.? of di??? elo| nent, and the Russian crui er? al i'"", ?rthur, which i a the ob ibmarine attack, were There w as litt le B i'- :.l light ing :n the Balkan War, bul there was ana at t, m pi '?? i Greel ul marina to at? tack th?' Turki -h 11..ni,du h. ?in ti t occa ion Ih< ml marine wns nun di eoven d and oblta]??d to submerge ?ven her parisaepa in anist to aaeapa th?- fm.il of torpedo boat? Hod ili?troyeis that w?re Immediately i afte- bar, She remained submerged for four hour? before being, able to romo to the surface, having succeeded in eluding her pursuers. f?he ha done no damage to the Hamidieh ?j to any of the other Turkish vessel: while if she had had to remain und?? water a couple of hours longer it i doubtful whether she would ever hav been able to return to ihe surface. These are only two examples of th actual use of submarina? >n ?tartar upon which conclusions for the futur may be based. Many of those who ar opposed to Sir Percy found their BTgU meat on the extremely short radius o i per.Uion of even the latest type o submarines. On the e'.her hand, man; of those who agree with him in greater or less degr.'e base their argu ment on the rapidly increasing paws and efficiency of torpedoes. Lord S.denham Dissgrees. Lord Syilenham, who is one of Kng hind's greatest e\per:s on national de fen?*e, an?! who, besides having a wa record of a special distinction, has beei -, , rotary to the Colonial Defence Com n.ittee. secretary of the Royal Commis rion of Navy and Army administration a member of the t'ommittee of Wui nince Reorganization, secretary to th? Committee of Imperial Defence, an ha? published important and well known books on "The Last Great Nava War." "The Navy and the Nation." an? "Imperial Defence," says in a letter t "The Times,' answering Sir P. Scott "The id?a that the automobile tor peda must involve the abolition of th? battleship is as old as the inventior of that weapon. It has been advancei only to be discreilited by experience Now that our naval manoeuvres at? Moated as secret, it is inevitable thai false conclusions should be drawn fron them. If. however, the performance ol t'r.i subma.-ines were examined in ?ie 'ail by any competent and impartis i ave' eritie, I imagine ?hat they woule be heavily discounted. In any case deduetiona from manoeuvres whkl cani\ot repro'.luc? all the -.?on?itions ol naval war must be received with th?: greatest caution. "On the surface the submarine is s most inferior des'royer. slow, supreme 1?. vulnerable and unsuitable for Ion?; habitation. When submerged it car be nrvigated only by the periscope, the idea of which I suggested nearly thirty years ago In this position it is not wholly invisible, und if caught by h destroyer it would be sent to the bot? tom. On the other hand, in favorable circumstances it might approach un ? 1 tetrad. "If wholly submerged and completely secure from attack, except possibly bv aeroplanes, it cannot be navigated with anj accuracy, and would in confined waters incur the gravest risks. The helplessness of th-; submarine in cer? tain conditions is emphasized by the desire to provide it with a gun arma nnnt. Craft of Limited I'tility. "1 agree with 'A Naval Officer' that an attack upon ships lying in a de? fended harbor would in all probability tntail disaster upon the submarine. Thus the only conditions in wh'ch it can secure the maximum of advantage is one in which the use of its onlv w -apon is attended with difficulty. The submarine will undoubtedly impose new risk ' on the lar^e ships in certain wa? ters, and If favored by chance it will ?teure occasional successes. On the high ?eas the chances will be few, ? luHmarine? ?ill require for their ??nee parent ships, which, on Sit I'. Scott's hypothesis, must disappear. "This increase of risk is one of sev? eral reasons against concentrating too much naval fores in i. single vessel, the loss of which would make a heavy deduction from the national str?-ngth. If the whole question of building pol? icy had be. n thoroughly thrashed ?nit the Dreadnought would never have been constructed and present dimen - on? would never have been reached. If Sir P. Scott had pointed this moral I should have agreed with him. "To assume tiiat while al! the trade of the world must continue to be car? ried m surface ships of increasing ton? nage, all naval warfare will be re? stricted to submarinas, which cannot effectively light each other, is to my mind a fantastic dream. At least, it is certain that uhmariiu-s cannot Serve all the many purposes for which the British naval force is required through? out the world, and if they Btood alone thi recrudescence of piracy might be expected. Perhaps this is what Sir P. Scott had in mind when he inclu?!? d m his programme, *a few last cruisers. provided we can tin.! ,-, plan- to ke'-p them in safety during war time.'" A weil known naval ofuear say?: At pr?sent no one can sav that the Dreadnought . r.i ?a ending. <>niv when a campaign or a battle has take:- pluce :n which the submarine has been proved to render Dreadnoughts useless ran ?hit theory be accepted. I have made and received submarine attacks both 1 n the surface and down below. My experience is that the submarine ?rill i,r. a very much more dangerous enemy to the surface craft than' is at ? believed by those who have not lad experienc? <>t working with them aad against them But, of course, it must he home in mind that ;n all exer? cise? organised attempts on the pHrt of surface emft to sink submarine?, which arc attacking th. m have been avoided owing t.? the great rink of loaa of life ?i in?, collision, ami although .?o far aa known Uva submarines have not t> ,.,'.? '?'' '' '" ,,N ?. H is not i.n like!) that a heavy projectile bursting ...? o,.. surface <.,- ?lightly below it ?night causa injury to the submarine or lu r ,-ri'\y " So far us t, legraphed here Germany has not got very much ?XCitad over the contra? i r?) Rat rian seem? to be summed up by "The Merlin post "which . qu< t Si i ivrey t., areaa hi? pro posal anan Kngland with ull the inrlu i BC? he eau command, and ?888 that Gatmany would boI follow the British . (ample, but ?he would "gratefully in? banl the supremacy of the ?e?, v/hlch would then fall to her lot." | BRITAIN WELCOME* FAIR COMMISSION Arnold Kruckman Courl ously Received by Aero Officials. SEES LESSONS FOR AMERICANS ABROA National Interest ?n Science England, with Five Fliers to One Here. ! r-; ? able to The Trtnune i London, July 4. Arnold Kruckm ? aeronautic commissioner for the Pi ama Pacific Expoeition, has been coiving marked courtesy at the har of government officials, the officers the Koyal Aero Club of the I'nit Kingdo.n and of the Aeronautical So ety .sino- his recent arrival here. 1 had an interview with Sir Fdward Gr? who made a formal appointment take up at length the object of !? Kruchman's mission here. He is to s Winston Socncer Churchill. First I.o of the Admiralty, later about na\ patrol from England to Iceland. Al an interview has been arranged wi the Lord Mayor Being notified some week? in a vanee of Mr. Kruckman's arrival A? bassador Page took up with the Briti: Foreign Office the scope of the work Mr. Kruckman. The latter, spcakn to-day of the interest in aeronautic activities in (ircat Britain, said: "1 have boon greatly impressed wit the national interest in aeronautics Great Britain. Government officials ar persons of social prominence are v tally iatereoted because of its impor anee. There is a le?son for us Amer cans in this respect. Aeronautical a tivities are n?i*. of national con?ider ?ion with us. but more or less 0f ind vidual interest. There are about th fliers here to ?very one m the I'nit? States. Ar. amazing note of progress the construction of machines and Ml tors and the large body of practici fliers." Mr. Kruckman spoke to the Tribu?: representative of the plan now und? wat looking toward the organization o a juvenile aeronautical tournament s the exposition in San Francisco, wher hundreds ?if model aeroplanes are es pected to participate. In each countr he visits he will invite representative of the respective federations of juvt nile aero clubs to .send representative to San Francisco to enter the contes' He is also promoting in this connectio the biggest kite-flying contest eve held. Kite flights, a diversion popu lar 400 years ago in England, will b held between nations. Mr. Kruckman is also working to ir. terest scientific people here ?n the In ternntiona! Aeronautic Congress in Sai Francisco. He hopes for BOCCeei this connection. At this congress repre tentative? of all the allied acientifii arts in the construction and develop ment of aeroplanes will meet. Harold Perrin. secretary of the Roya Aero Club of the I'nited Kingdom promises ever;, assistance to Mr Kruckman in his work here, which ha in large part to do with the establish ment of fuel stations ?n connection witi the world flight. Details will be worke? out Monday with Mr. I'errm and othei officers of the club. Secretary Cooper of the British Aeronautical Society promised co-operation in regard to th? congress in Sun Francisco. Later lu Will take up the matter before a *pe cial meeting of th?- society. Mr Kruck man will see ?laude Grahame-Whiti and other well known fliers here in the near future. The loss of Gustav Harne!, who wa? to be entered in the world race, is n blow to ?,reat Britain. Mr. Krurkmar thinks he finds tha greatest activity here in regard to hydro-aeroplanes. In this connection he believes England leads the world. CAGES ABOLISHED IN LONDON ZOO Yawning Chasm 12 Feet Wide Separates Wild Animals and Human Spectators. T Trlhuii?. ?^orr^np >i London. Jun?. 27. In imitation of *: ? Hagenbeck "Jungle Zoo." n. Hair.bur.'. Germany, th? Regent's Park /.?lolj,: cal Gardens have installed a sot ? open air ?nclosures, known as the Ma] pin Terraces. They arc constructed of concrete, after tha Hagenbeck nica. which, briefly expressed, is that a f?v better knowledge of /.oology may be ob? tained by studying wild animal.. I no bars between them and the student than by gazing at them when th. in small cages. The London public takes groat pride in it.? Zoo, and certaial*/ that institu tion bousts a very large and variegate ! collection of beasts of the wild- .. fowN of the air. Unfortunately, ko** ever, the Mappiu Tenacea wen- aponed before tin scheme upon which tbev were deeigned hud been fully work? d out. In eoaaequeace, while one behold? the inmates of the mclosures acrOBJ .. twelve-foot chasm th?. illusion of IS ? ?lorn from captivity is lesaen?d h\ the fact that there is no foliage wh ll to reliev* the bareness of the COI er. *. . and then- ara aven a fe? bars riaibU at the rear of the pens, which a??.' Con ?iderably smaller, incidentally, than thoae at Hamburg. In the Hagenbeck establishment the ditch?! Separating the animal-, from th? httmana ar,- so skilfully concealed that one has the impression ef WaadOl ing about in a real jungle, but at R> gent's Bark not even the most tun aroui loologial would have any fear at any of tin- beaats getting into close quarters with him. for it is dispirit? ingly apparent thai they are imprisoned quite as effectually as if they were in cacea I'll.' plan of tha Mappui Terrace-. architecturally, has alieted general ap probation, because the spectator can stand ut the foot of them and git .1 general \ lew of all the lacloeuree, which are arranged in the form of a quadrant of a arelo, Tha aatena*Mt and highoat portion of the I'uadrant ?s a rrssrent shaped carva af reek* work, rising into four peak*, and suit able for asountain goets, sheep ami chaasoia, which seem aiera at home m their new quartera than >'o tha boat an.i aoer la tha ather leAioai of the terraces. Probably whoa th, flora pa culiar to the habita',.-, of the various animais is spread out o\cr the or. ereta tha ?iTict will be fur mote illu ??i.r> .uni uttractivs than it It ?t the ? preaeot tune. The terraces, which cost appro\i mately |ltt,e06, are the gift of the late Newton Mappia, who was head of tha lug Hardware firm of Mappm & Webb.