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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 05, 1914, Image 7

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THE TRIBUNE'S FOREIGN NEWS
TRIPLE ALLIANCE
IN GRAVE DANGE
Removal of Francis Fer?
nand Reduces Germany'
Chances of Support.
CHANGE IMPENDING;
BFRLIN REALIZES I
Dual ?Monarchy Has Work Mo
Pressing than to Uphold
Northern Neighbor.
\ ro-H
?
11 ai ? ly in political circl?
v ,;!i consider ibis and
some chses 'iitrt genuine grief. Tl
i Mian Kii-er has not only lost
stanch friend, but the II
of ihe archdu'-. i in tl
...
Triple A?: ? long sun ..
The late arc!?,hike was known to I
an ardent n the Trinlice ar
to be strong enough to h<>
m check th?
alliance which ? ..'.arc1
er han
German statesmen had e
?ustris o long as l ike wi
. for he had promised the Kais?
to raise the etlicien. ?
army a:id navy.
filings are now- changed. Austri
will have considerable trouble keepin
the Servians under control, and Au
tria would be of no Uae to (ierman
i i the event of an international wa
coming overnight. (?ormany. it is sai
in Rerlin, cannot afford to have alii?
which are weak, which cannot giv
ready and powerful help when needec
With the deep nnti-Servian feeling no?,
prevailing in Austria, it is sure ths
?n case of war Servia and Montenegro
?ecretly assisted by Russian rnone?.
would attack Austria, for the pol?tica
?im of the two countries is the down
fall of the Hapsburg monarchy, whicl
would be the end of Austria as an em
p;re. Austria would need more thai
i roe-quarters of her men to handh
that situation and would require thi
remaining quarter to keep a check ot
-??publican agitation which wouh
be certain to burst into flame, am
which is much stronger there than it
generally believed abroad.
The question is now pertinentl;
ssked. Where do we Germant C"me il
who have helped Austria out of s?
y difficulties in recent years"
I he Kaiser, while nn intimate frient
th? murdered archduke, hardl>
kt'ows the new heir. It is known ir
Perlm that Charlas Francis Joseph dis
! ked his uncle Francis Ferdinand an?
? ot on speaking terms with him. sc
probable the new heil
have a policy widely different from
of the pro-German Archduke
. - Ferdinand.
Finally, there is a strong feeling in
ng ? "f tnili
? .i and naval expenditure, and this
ment wai successfully combate?'
Ka ser Wilhelm when he brought
s Ferdinand to the point of or
? a navy for Austria which
be a worthy assistant to that of Ger
..) case of emergency. Now the
has to be begun afre?h. for in
Bei ' ' advice it is feared by
? ?, ? army bill involving
va?t expense will he 1*8
fntnre Emperor.
Germany hat decided to wait and see
,n the full
re that the fairest days of the
-??nan alliance aie past and
lack of trust has now set in he
Vienna and Berlin. Austria has
? o money, no time and r.o soldiers for
?,erma: ? . Sue has the pan-Servian and
Slavonic peril? on her hands, and
are question? of life and death
the Dual Monarchy. Germany
? ornes after Servia in the thoughts of
?an statesmen ar.d not without
?-.?on. and this, it may he. will bring
Triple Alliance to an end.
Vanni Marcoux Weds in Paris.
Paris, July 4.?Vanni Marcoux, the
French bas? singer of the Iloston and
? hicago operas, and Madeleine Mor?
?a?, of the Theatre Antoine, Tr.ris.
were married to-day at the Church of
Saint Sulpice.
FUTURE RULERS OH \USTR!A-I! UNGAR Y.
Archduke Charles Francis Joseph and his son.
FRANCIS JOSEPH'S NEW HEIR
A MAN OF SIMPLE TASTES
Archduke Charles Hates Luxury and Display?Cares Little
for Soldiering and Les? for Learning, but Much for
Music and Flowers and Country Life.
[B} rai-'l? to Th?? Tribun?]
Vienna, July 4.?One of the former
equerries of the Archduke Charles
Francis Joseph, the new Austro-Hun
garian heir-apparent, gave The Trib?
une correspondent yesterday some in?
teresting details of the personality of
the future Kmperor. He sai?l:
"The archduke has for many years
been termed the mo.-.t amiable prince
of the imperial house, and not without
n a -on. He is always all sniil"s and
is m unambitious as any one possibly
could be. Hud it been possible h?'
would have done anything to ?Scap
the heavy duties now falling, and still
to fell i:i heavier burden upon his
shoulders. He often told me he en?
vied his cousins, Leopold of Tuscany,
now Herr Leopold Woetling, who re?
nounced his titles nnd name to marry
the servant girl, Marie Adumovicz,
whom he is now divorcing.
"The archduke likes obscuri'y and
yawna when obliged to be on duty in
barracks. He cares extraordinarily
little, too, for learning. When in
fonned of the murder of his uncle he
cried like a child not so much because
he regretted the atrocious deed, bul
because ami bringing the wi'ole bur?
den of the imperial and royal crown to
ihouldcrs. He often told me:
"'I think I'm going to be Kmperor.
Bow strange! 1 don't know v.-ha; I
am going to do on the Kniperor's
throne. Probably I shall not succeed
il!. 1 Fl.all try n>y b? it.'
"He spends most of his time shoot?
ing deer and swine, and claims to have
The Merry Widow' fifty times in
! fty days. While he was living at
Ptyerbach three years ago he once no?
on leaving a moving picture ihow
that a flag had been hoisted over the
building. On inquiring the reason he
found that the flag was there to cele?
brate his hundredth visit to the place.
"Many Austrian? feared that the late
archill'!, e would h?> a war Kmperor
? is little fear that the Archduke
(liarles will be anything but a nio. t
easygoing Knropean monarch. Thnt is
why he appears to be the right man in
the right place for the great work oi
reconciliation so necessary in Austritt.,
without which tha Dual Monarchy may
soon crumble into as many ?mall stat-s
and powers as it includes various
creeds and races. If this ever happens
Austria will have played her part as
a great power and will be something
like an improved Albania."
The future Empresa ?>f Austria, the
Archduchess Zita, has been as little in
the puhl.c eye as her husband. Those
who know her soy she is a delightful
young princess, though not exactly cut
out physically or otherwise tn occupy
the place which Mane Theresa made
illustrious. She was born in Pianore,
. .n IM'L'. She will be th?- only
emprct ; of this country bom in Italy.
A ?laughter of the Duke of Parma, she
was educated to be a doctor of sci
? nee, and was brought up Bl the Wien
N'eastadt a. Castle Schwarxcnau, a few
miles outside the Austrian capita!.
When she reached her teen- she was
sent to the Zangbem convent, in Ba?
varia, and later to the Benedictine
convent in the Isle of Wight. She had
little inclination for convent life, how?
ever, and returned to her parents.
After her tuition was complete .he
was received at court and fell in love
with the Archduke Charles when ?n a
visit to her aun*., the Arehducheaa
Marie Theresa. She had played rith
her future husband when a child. Th?
day a'"ter th? Princess Zita came of
age the Archduchess Marie Jos^pha
travelled in state to rianore to ask the
young girl's hand for the heir prc
sumptive. The Emperor Francis Jo?
seph gave hi? consent to the marriage
in Ju'ie, Mill, and the ceremony took
place in the following October.
Both love nature, music and flowers
and hate luxury and display. The Vl?j
anna court is already uneasy at the
po libia new departure the comiig
reign may bring.
Th" archduchess is known in Vienna
as a model wife. It is recalled how
she followed her husband to all the
garrisons to wihch his military service
called him. They rented a small h OHM
when the archduke was stationed : t
Kolomea. Galicia, arid the archduchess
foi:nd her greatest joy in feeding the
hens and ducks herself, letting them
run into the drawing room even when
high personages called to pay their re
. spects.
JEALOUSIES FLAME
AT ROYAL RINERAi
Fewness of Invitations fo
Archduke's Obsequies
Arouses Bitterness.
SCANDAL AVOIDED
BY NARROW MARGM
Courtiers Allowed i<> Attend ui
Threat of Resignation ii
Interfered With,
Vienna
bei i- ?.r.vited to Ci
servtce t'..i the -.?.? I
r'erdtnai ?I and
eoi-.rt i hapel *. ??- tei day. althoi |
tributad ou-!' *. ? sited cccon*
modavion, cave ?/rea* -imbr::. , : ..
titled friands of the eoupla ah
not asked U.? ??
A ? t prot? ? . . * , .
about 1x0 members of ' i"1 nobl? i fa i
?lies in Austria and Hungary? "'?1' ?
thi'p-, bains privy eouacillon
chamberlain- and nea?! all hold 111
iiiui". offices, decided t.. march in thi
fu?en.! procession fron the l?o
railroad
Tl ' ? -: ; . ,, (b) '??' "
Mont?nuovoi ;1 ambei
i ero.?' i court, I ? loned a
ministerial coun'.il te lecide
what actiu mid '??
ven' a demonstration, but the ce
when Informed thai th? nobles con
eeraed would resign the r offieei if In?
terfered with, decided to do BOthing.
Conaeaueatly, when the nobles
peered, many af them wearing theii
oflic.nl uniform-. t|>e police made way
?md allowed -hem to fall in i*"m<*
diately behind the hearses.
Discrimination I'o?ente?l.
1 ho1-' i ha |o?'.-.??ii -i the prot?
resented th? diacriminati? n man
in the court ceremonial against th?
late Dachest of Reheaberg, on the
(.'round el urn i|ii:tl birth with the
liapsbnrgs, where? . they point out,
Ii- >? i, i member <>i the ancient Ro
heniian family of Chotek, her rank
standing similar to their awn.
Empero! ftanei? J?aseph has written
an autograph letter to th? An ri
and Hungarian premier-, in which.
lifter referring to the assassinatioi of
th? Arehduk? r.Mi th? Duche . h?
sa;, s:
"if anything cat eomforl me in t h i .
heartfelt sorrow it - the innnm?
proofs of warm atVi-riioii and
sympathy which have reached me thi
few days from all ?eetioni af Ihi
populace. A criminal ham! ha? robbed
me i t my dearest relation and trust?,
helper and has matched from hi* chil
dren, ?ho have scarce outgrown their
unprotected and tender infancy, all
that on earth was dear to th?-m ha
hi niied indcsei ibablc sorrow on their
Bt heads.
"Hit the fanaticism of a small band
or misguided men cannot -lake the sa
cred ties thai bind ra? t?> my people.
For sixty-live years 1 have i I
my people joy and sorrow, mindful.
even in the gloomieet hours, of mj
high duties arid my responsib litj 'o
the destinies of th?* millions for ?vhoi
I am answerable to the Almighty,
Hopes for IVople's l.ove.
"This t'r?. ,!i ?nil painful tris
God'i onfathomabl? jecrec l??s imposed
upon me and min? will strengthen me
. i th? reaolva to follow tha w?v I know
to be right to my last breath for th?
welfare of my people, and if 1 ?
tbe ? r.'l bequeath to my SUCCOI 0
pledge of their lev? ?s my must price
leas legacy, - ? rould be th? dearest
reward for my paterna! care.
? 1 authorize you to express my heart?
felt thanks to all those who in these
. orrowful days have ranged themselves
in trusty loyalty and devotion around
my throne."
In a proclamation to 'he army and
navy issued to-day the Emperor says:
"We bow in our grief before the in?
scrutable will of the Almighty, who
?ins (iemaii'-ed an imrieasuiahW .?i,-n
ice from me, my forces and the fal
land. Nevertheleaa, I ?!>? no*, ab?
hope of a prosp?rant -'uuire, convinced
that in every trial by which we may be
? ! th? monarchy will find it.-. sure
refuge in the devotioi . I eon unto death
af thooa Aoetre-Hungariao forces
whose loyalty cannot be shaken."
GERMANY NEEDS
SWEDEN'S AMITY
Her Interests Menaced by
Neighbor's Partiality for
France and Russia.
?By Card? to Th? TrfBtBM '.
Berlin, July 4.- German politicians
?re considerably worried at the news
from Paris that President Poircar?, on
return from St. Petersburg next
month, will pay a visit to the King of
.-weden at Stockholm. It is feared
ant without reason, that this
offictsl and formal as it :?
re of considerable political im
on? rj. wondering
? <? tO J'" '
i aving any unpleasant consequences
?
? on friendly
., and
t? tkholm
return from R . it ?an be
tween St.
burg and Stockholm. Such rec
!,.- Of
astil?
i. apl?
of the Baltic, ai
work
undefended
earing
Of ?
? (
? i
? ? ? i i -,
Bg Of
.
aliy th? Ka!?er
r*'Od '
". a? well
the
imoui
?,. i
?
|
Balti?, ?nabllng
?hip?
t? ta?
ol President l'on
' - i raake?
rmany useless
s, will play the Kmne
< ate in tutur?.
AMERICANS HONOR
FOURTH IN PARI!
Cool Weather Favors Fes
tivities?French Take
Little Part.
[By 'able to The Trlhunt.'
Pans, July 4.? The glorious Fourt
was patriotically celebrated by mor
than four thousand Americans i
Paris amidst the cool temperature o
19 degrees ?"entigrade and fresh west
erly breezes, but not for many year
have Parisians shown so little en
thusinsm and co-operation in partici
? g in the American national fete
This attitude is caused by the ill feel
tag again?t the United States ?"ustoft
Houa? agenta and their alleged rpyinj
and inquisitorial method?.
As in formet years, the Americai
? namber ?it ? ornrnerce rave a banquet
With its president, Alfred g. Heide!
bach, in the chair. Speeches were mad'
by M. Thomson, French Minister o
Commerce, who mads a clear and hon
' tatemen! of the French complaint'
BgainBt th? 1'nited States Treasury anr
assurance of th<- efforts of thr
to obtail a vote of the ('ham
Deputies enabling French ofti
? ai particip?t-on in the San Francisco
lion.
Oth sehet were made by Am
ta?sudor Herrick, Chauncey M, bepaw
ai d ' . ai les M. Sherrill, formet Mm
?'. Argentina,
in th? afternoon Banaon Cleveland
Coxe, Deputy ' onsui General in Pan?
of the United Stat ?, representing
. ??,- p?j -, 0, A B., Nett lTork,
ed a wreath on the tomb of La
Picpu? Cemetery. A large
?'imp.h y of Amei 'i i i,nd French men
.-, -i . , ? ,? present? Including An
?. ,.. th'- kfarq iis of I??
. t? Brigi <:<??? Genara
i . , ' '.?nting th? French Min
, ?< i -, u'.ir; Oenerai Edouard Bol?
. ? pi.nting the military I le
tmor '>f Paria, ?-nd a representa! ? i
. r p., ,.' Vlvtanl and the l reneh
, , offie? Ch? ?'?"-. "'?' I" i""*'
alae attend? d.
A great many gathering? of Amerl?
</,. held in the Latin
? ? ? and th? American Girl ' Club,
? ... , .< decor?
. id blue, wa? the
' of i? |,^tri', , ? Dg In a sen
tibia bul nol tee noiay fashion, with
I lent V ot good fun ,'? and danriiiK
i-; d ng h?tela m l'an?, notably
in Mm ?martre, gava Feerta of July!
IN and dtaplaycd th? ?stars and
btripts.
SOCIETY DESERTS
PARIS FOR SUMME!
Delegates to Congress o
Chambers of Commerce
Seek Carlsbad.
[By '"?Me to The Tribune ;
Paris, July 4. Departures froi
Paris for the summer increase <l?il;
Mr. and Mrs. Jules Montant, Mrs. ill
nest de Weerth, also John S. Fancy sn
F. A. Filene, delegates to the reren
congress of the chambers of commerri
have left for Carlsbad. Mrs. Elmr
Roberts has left for Ktretat.
Mrs. Florence Belknap GilmOUt ha
taken a villa at Can?ale. Mr. and Mi?
Laurence V. Benel will spend most o
the summer motoring. The Com'ess
Co?tlogon, nee Blake. Roes to Inter
I lal.eil.
Mr. Canldwell and his ?ister hav,
taken a villa in Normandy. Mrs. Ann:
Bowman Dedd will he m her villa neat
llonflcur. Mr. and Mrs. ?'. Mitchel
Depew have chartered a yacht and aril
spend two months on the M?diter
ranean.
The Infanta Eulalia will occupy hoi
villa urn Cherbourg, The Due and
Ducha ? ?? ?le Talleyrand will spend
Bom? time al their ? huteau le Murai I,
Mrs. Griawold*?Gray and her sister,
Mis. Burden, are already in England
Ur. and Mrs. Oro? go to their chutee i
: ar Kir? ?at. MrB. J, .1 HolT and he.'
family will spend tha summet at <'u?
teau da Pyrieu. near Aix-leS-BaiBSj the
Com??', i- de Bode!lo? du P?rtale at h? r
Chftteau ?l?' Kerateers, near Breat, and
Sheldon Pennoyer at Fraseati. Italy.
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick <l?i Iteiset
bava gon? to then Chftteau d*Osney,
Mr and Mi?s He.ldiug will go to S'wil
/??i land. lira. Btellwagon has taken a
villa at Le Touquet, Th.- Comtesse de
Tredern la si hei Chftteau de Brieaac
'i h. asedas for Deaaville, Treuvill?,
Cabourg, Ktretat. Dieppe and ether
season i? mit |/:?,iiii-e- to be unusual?
ly large, hihi entirely new design? tor
bathing eeatume? era displayed The??
ar? mo tip ?.km tight, ileevelest and
buttoned ov?i tha noaldera, They will
he worn without Bteeklags. The hiir
I 'I hi pi i,di i. ,| Ir, .1 11,. ? - .'led 'ban?
dana." a "kiss curl" smerglag b seal
ihe haaddreaa w-ill h? "<iu dernier
I'lilC "
Conan Doyle Off for England
Mofitn-al, July I. Sir Aitbur and
l.ady Ceaan Dejrl? n*ii<.i t<> <iu> for,
Liverpool 08 'he \V I. i ? ?? Star liner Me- i
gunlic, after a tour of the I intcd
Sut?? and Canada. * '
PARIS DISCOVERS
4 NEW ACTRESSE
Graduating Class at Coi
servatoire Yields Excel
lent Crop for 1914.
IRv CabU i?. Ths 1 rife
Paria, .luly 4. The annual couipe;
lions in the graduating class ot yeui
actresses at the National Conaervi
toire of Dramatic Art proved unusual
brilliant thin year. Forty candidat?
varying In age from twenty to ''.vent;
four, most of them exceedingly attrai
? - i and - i 11?.us and all ?if them ro?
nervous, played the part-t a ilgned t
them before a jury composed ?. ' ?loun?
Sully. Maurice Donna?.. Paul Herviei
Robert de Fiers, Albert Carr?, Jea
l'ii hepin, Pierre Wolff, 1'aul Gavaul
hnd Huron d'Kstoiunellei d? Constant.
After long deliberation ? -
prise? were awarded, the recipient
thus becoming the first favorites of th
rising generation ot actr>ls':es, and |
the) continue to work hard and ar
able to with ?tend the traditional y?
very real temptations to abandon tin
striiight Thesnicn path they have en
viable professional careen b ifore them
The four recipient.? of tirs; prit? ;.:
Mlle. Marquet. a fall, willowv blon?
beauty of exquisite voice and a greca
ful diablerie of gesture and expression;
Mlle, Servie?*? . a large, statuesque, ini
poaing, .i.iiii.-like young aroman, arlth ?
trumpet toned voice; Mile. Qoereau, a
tragedy brunette, with wonderfully ex
preaalva dark brown eyn. and Mile.
Brett*, a frisky little soubrette, with
fascinating smiles and brimful of ma?
licious drollery.
The comp?titions in singing were le.?
interesting than those for acting, th?
jury awarding only two fis? pri'i In |
graduating class of thirty candidates,
the recipients being Mile, Marillel and
Mile. Reutermaan.
Chief Justice of Canal Zone
to Return to Law Practic
Panama? July I H. A. Gudgar. wh >
is retiring us ?'hief Justice of the
(anal Zone Supreme Court, in ten I
practise Invv with his son, Herman.-nt
Asheville. N. C. Judge Gudger ha
been OH the isthmus for the lasi sevoi
teen years, lie ?*??? formerly i n - .i
y \at? ? m.sol ileneral hoi?
Thomas E, Brown, aaaociate lustlce i
i., the ('anu? Zone Supreme ?unit, al?.,,
i. proporiag to return fi, the 1 nited
states, to practice probably In New
\ork. The Suprema Court, ?hen ?t i,,,
finished th? teats? neu an >t doekal,
Will i-esiie to .-vi-l. its work be ?ig un?
dertaken by the United Staten Iiintnct
( ourt, which was call?*d into being un i
April 1 last.
i, ALFONSO POSING TO AMERICAN ?^ULPTOF
Hutchineon, the founder and patron of the Hispanic Museum in Xi? Vork, v\h" has done much to
in;.!.e Spanish art known in America, ordered from the American sculptor Hascltinc recentl* an e? ?estrian
itatue '?? King -Ufoaso, to be placed in Hi* museum. Mr. Maschine accepted the commission and iu..?ic a
trip :?' Madrid, where King Mfonso posed for him,
The King is .m exeellenl horseman, and his pose in the uniform of Ihe guards is charactcristt? Tite
m clay is finished, and Mr Ha*s?-ltine ??j now working "ii the marble
AMERICAN SINGERS
POPULAR IN BERLIf
Six Included in Wagne
Cycle Company Now
Giving "The Ring."
B> l ? '
Jul; American
slwayt in evidence in Berlin in th
.-, thi i :. ar? con ipicbou I
111 possession Of th? Kaiser's capita
Pit Americai opera singers are in
? d in the Wagner cycle eempan
now presen ing the "Kibelunge* Hing
at ? . . ?'?%.
At the ?Veal F.i'd Theatre Williai
Hinshaw haa been engaged to sin
Wotan and other roles. Henry d
Garmo, ? barytone, alternates wit
M 'In ihaw. Elsa Hirschberg Lyon,
messe soprano, ii i nging the roles c
a and Waltraute with great su.
1 abeth Schiller, of Ch
? ifo, a beautiful i> i -? soprano,
- nging Sieglinde and Gutrune,
' .lud the number of Bun
11. n at? ecured b
American singers for th? coming wit
ter, ?? well ai thi tummsjr, in oner:
? ? ? ? bo slump "i tha popularity o
. rs here, in
mi tic propl . ? following crit
ade ;.: Ahum ica last winte
.?? ?. in-* European managen at a claai
\ idrea Dipped manager of the Ne
11 pen I em que, has been heal
ing in Berlin some (?ermar.-America
? er he pn poses to enga *a nes
writer. He -ummoned several fror
. Carlsbad to meet a number of th
0| ra Coi |U? directors, a her? t!i
era had b en heard in previous t
g engag? mente.
Alvey A. Ader. American Aasiatan
Secretary of state, apent a ?lay thi
? ? . in Berlin. He i sn e rom I h
1 j ren?es, and ii to I Kristiania
re he will be an ftmerican delegat
to the Spit ? nui c? !i\ ention, cal lei
? ? : th? qaeation "? the ownershi|
Spitzbergen territory,
? rstood i S'o .Mai'? Land un'il 'In
? ploitation by American capi
r?e wa < ntertained at ?linne
by Secretary Buddock of the Americai
Embaas; during l it brief stay.
Ambassador and Mrs. Gerard havi
led ti, H- rlin from Kiel, when
they receivi ?spa ;?i attentions -'ron
the Kaiser. The entire ambas?]
I enjoyed 'he Kiel festivities.
Alexander Benson, tormer Secom
Secretary of tiie American Embassy it
Come, ?a registered at the Adlon
?.-.here also ?a Urs. Hugo Reisinger
; Her husband ?rill join her there, an?
will go later to Southern ?1er
??ii.:.' .
Lloyd? Vankirk, of the United State:
Departmenl of Labor, is enjoying ?
brief \ i- t I
? filer American arrival? here ar?
Professor Henry Thatcher Fowler, o:
Brown i aiveraity; Fonetta Flanaburg
of Colorad, Springs, president of th?
Federated Women's Clubs of Colorado
and Major George T. Langhorne, Amer.
?cea milita'y attach?, who la on hi
aray fron th? Olympian games conven
t ion m Part?. .*
Captain ?Vhitehead, I . S. A. whe il
?pending a yeat with the German eav
alrj i gissenl at Schwedtoder, one of
tie fines! regiments for cavalry train
Ing In Germany, ha? completed hi? term,
On hi- arrival m Berlii hi will make a
bne:' ttay ?.; the A?ll?in before going
o France, where h i son
? school. ? ap'ain Whitehead .?.a?
i' ven ." farewell military entertainment
prior in hia departure. Captain Berke
le) Enochs, JTth Infantry. C S. A., by
? Emperor's permiaaien, iias bee
i to "" h year with a German
regiment near Berlin
The Berlin Harvard Club helj us an
pual social gathering last night. Many
kn ' ? - - prea? it -. ma ? ( these
> te C? '.? "rate .lu.y t by boat rid
?' g at Grunau-nn-the-Saree, n time
honored picnic, a:u-de.i tiie Harvard
Club gathering. Among those present
alph Christiana, director oi
the New Vorn German Theatre; Profes
-, r Max Friedlander, head of the musi
I... faculty of Berlin I ni varsity, and
Dr Erteal F. Henderaon, of Harvard.
Mrs. Alber' McGill, one'of the lead?
ing hostesses In Berlin'? Angio-Ameri
lony. has returned from Kngland
to Badlandeek, near ?ira-.
Howard C. Lend and party, Including
Dr. Frank niorthrup and wife, of Vow
*iork nre ?topping nt the Ad'on. Ti.ry
go t" Dread in Monday night,
whence they will proceed later to
Nuremberg ?nil Carlabad.
Other Amer cans registered a' the
Adlon are Mr and Mr-. Theodor? !..
, ighter, Mr. and Mr.?.
i sderlcl s. Smith. .1. ? Guggenheim
?ml Mr?. Helen A Wade, all of New
York ami Mi. and Mr? A. F. Goodwin,i
Mrs. M N Slate! and Mil Slater, ?>f
l. .-in' .
\ th? I i laaade Hotel are F. .1.
Steiawai and wife, Mr. and lira. J- II.;
Aid'i on. Mr. and Mi*. A- G Thomae
and .1 I' Sie.ml. all of New York; Mr.1
,,n,I Mi B \> Heller, of San Fran?
cisco, and Mr. and Mr?. John Henry i
Purdy, of Waahington.
U.S. CUSTOM WAYS
NETTLE PARISIANS
Animosity May Cost Ap?
propriation for Panama
Exposition.
MERCHANTS OBJECT
TO OPENING ROOKS
Say Information Is Often Given
to French and American
Competitors.
B ? ni..? te Th? Tribune 1
Paria, July 4. The bitter animosity
of the Pul".? ( bomber of Commerce
and tradesmen against custom house
methods m the United State? ;s -'.ir
riom subsiding, M. Thomson, Minister
of Commerce, who is a guest to-night
at the Fourth of July banquet of the
American chamber o*" Commerce, is
doing his best to carry out the wishes
of the Vivian! Cabinal ir? the
French government'? participation in
tin? Sao Francisco exhibition. The Min?
ister of Commerce's bill, asking for a
S4!"io.ooo appropriation, i; already be
' fore the Chamber of Deputies, with
' the strong support of the Cabinet, in
spite of the violent opposition of 'he
Paris ?. bomber and the busiaeaa com?
munity.
M. Tilnian, appointed by the Bar?
thou miniatrj commissioner general af
tiie French exhibit at San Fran
- making ovary effort possible to calm
tii.. agitation, bul the opposition is now
so powerful, since th? revelation?
made during the legal p-.-ocoeding; In
which th? Massrs. Mur roe i'er.ianded
the withdrawal of the injunction
forbidding the disclosure of H I *
Dolan'i hank account, that it ha- he
come doubtful whether the Chi
will vote the San Francisco appropria?
tion demanded by tin? Minister of
Commet ce.
The feeling is all 'he stronger be?
cause Paris business rnei sre organiz?
ing a campaign against the "fiscal In?
quisition" on the part oi' their own
? ? ? -.. it, ?? of the !? rench in?
et me tax. On the other hand. I.. H.
[lowland, confidential agent here of
th? United States Treasury, continu?
categorical denials that refusals to
his demands to examine the book? o,"
the Fren?h tradesmen were followed
up, ??s 'ar r he was concerned, by
rcpriaala of the euatoma authorities in
holding Up goods exported to th"
United States by French Arms tha*. de
dined to ?how their books to him.
V thorough investigation of the mat
tor leemi certain, as many undervalue
have been made. Also it appr-ars
to b- established thai rtrmi -?'ho re?
fuse to show tkeii books to American
agents here have met diffl?
? if ng good? through the j
hou es at New York and Be ton.
\v si practically happens in mat
?s is this: Some enterprising
. woman will go to a
dressmaker, for instance, and say: :
"What's the price of this gown?" The i
dressmaker saya: "Two hundred dol?
lera." The American woman ?rill reply:
"Well, that's more than 1 can afford ...
pay. because the duties of entry ;n*o
the United State? bri ig the pr e? o* ?r
1300." Then the Parii dressmaker will
remark: "Why not invoice th? gown
a- :i ??wer ligure?" Th? ll ?
woman sometimes agree?, and thus a
n.arked down invoice la sworn to in
New York or some other port of entry
Bui what gets on the ner-. .
French merchants and what aroueei
their indignation againat the alleged
United States custom < "spies"
is .he method, attributed to the c .
houae agenta, of compelling French
firms to open their books, thus ob?
taining, it Is claimed, illicit informa?
tion as to their business which they
assert is often cemmualoeted to then
French or American competitors,
I? i? the principle of the Inviolability
of their books ?Vom inspection that
French business eommunitl
mid a?ks whether under similar COadi?
tioaa Inas in the United states would
open their book? or accounts to French
or* other foreign treasury agents in
New York, Chicago. Boston <ir other
i-,ties in the United States.
?
Mad Woman Tries to See King
London,Juli t ih reman whowua
am ted lau ; i I nighl et the gu'>
Buckingham Palace, ?here she de
raaadee entrance and insisted on see?
ing Kinjt Gootge, ??? identified to-day
*? aa Australian who was suffering
from hallucinations. She carried two
revolvers in her pockets at the time of
her arrest. k
CHANNEL TUNNEL
PROJECT RIPENS
Plan Beginning to Win
Over Many Influential
Rngiishmen.
Paris, June 27, Now that the great
Panama Canal is virtually open to
navigation European Interest espe
ciaiiy French sentiment is directed to
tht.- huge engineering operation of
piercing a tunnel between Frame mi?!
England under the uea. The construe
tiot? of this tunnel has long been op
i in England nom strategical mo?
tive?, as well us from a itrottg feeling
idition. The opposition, however,
to linking the two countries together
by a land commun ?cat ?or. beneath the
-even leagues rf water seem? to have
weakened in the course of time, ai ?
the building of *he tunnel luis in re
eent years found man., influential a?!
vocate-'. The French would welcome
the execution of this great undertak?
ing ?.?.!to joy as another link between
the two friendly neighbor! and ai")
as an advantage to commerce,
Believing that its construction is
within meaaurable distance French
plans on the mode ?<t" procedure ?
'vitig out the work and fh<* result to
be attained are interestin-r.
Shafts must he sunk on botli ?boret
to the depth of on? hundred metre
rather more thr.-i three hnti Ired
? SO as to reach 'he bottom of the
chalky stratum, iron theae points a
trial gallery would be pierced liai '
ni? upward, to the level at which lie
tunnel itseif would -lope downward
? .n the ??..'? oward the cent i ? ?? '
tue charme' Tais experimental gal?
lery, always bored through th? chalk.
WOU?d be used tO fix th? ?Xi? of th?
real tunnel, traced above by boring
perpendicular branching shafts, These
tions, conducted on
would meet under the middle of the
channel.
By this ?'".'. rapid plan the tunnel
???n be bored throughout a fro
to lix year?, "he co-t would amount,
in ?-our..', figures, to ahou- 180,000.0 10
The tunnel would start on the French
?oa<- al VVissant and could be joined
to the ma.i ;-..'.?? French N'orth
era Railway Bear Calai.-. Dn the Brit
he tunnel would reach th?
village of Maxton, near I)ov?r. after
?c ? distance beneath <ea and
?ami o.' fifty-four kilometres, or about
thirty-three un?l . half miles, of which
. distance about thirfv mile?? would He
beneath th? lee.
It is thought i rains would
pass through thi tunnel du'lv from the
?tart. Passenger trains would require
mlnu SI LO run through from
?>ide to ?ide. Freight trains would
??.n hou.-. Power wool?
ell y.
Train? running from Lend? ('
?>?>u!d top .-.* i tiding at Wi? i.i and,
after changing the electrical r-ngir.?
? team locomotive, weald ee I
the d irney to Pari?. The same ..per.
MO?! would tar'.e place with
reaching ;I ?? Eagliab coast on
ray to London
in order to -s I ify British si
concerning na'ionnl defen?
ment i ? ould be made for placing ex?
plosive mine al both ? ndi of the
t'innel i moreover the ?xlt a
re. o". tie English side .vould be int
mediatoly under the direct : r? ol th?
gen of Dover Castle.
Power stations would be built, one
at each end of the tin nal. The Bag?
Ii-?!? po. ? ork ? . -. . h the
current for trait. ? rom ! ranee,
whereas the French marks would sol
in motion those coming from Ei ? I
In thi" *vav either country could stop
any train from access to its scores.
ii believed here, ao national
or military difficulties can he oppo ed
to the building of the iong dreamed of
submarine art.ry between Lngtand and
I- ranee.
Last Rites for Archduke.
ArstOtten, Austria, .1 iily 4. - The
bodies of the assassinated Archduke
I . Ferdinand aad his wife, the
Duche is of Hohenherg, arrived here to?
dog, and were interred beneath the
castle chapel with very simply cere
mo n>.
The funeral procession had crossed
the ferry over the Danube at Poeohlarn
a*, dawn m the presence of many pee*
plae. The eoflns were placed in the
chapel of Artstetten Castle, wher.?
priests ami nuns ?aid prayers at the
lid? of the catafalque for several
hour?.
Later in the niornmjr two trains ar?
rived from \ i-Mu?a with the late arch?
duke's children and the members of
the imperial family who weer to pre
efli al the burial.
After the final rites the coffins were
carried through linen of nrmy veter?
ans and lireaien to the Ismily vaults
and were plaOed In their llnal resting
place in the presence of the new heir
apparent, Archduke Francis Joseph, ami
a number of other members of the im
perlai family.
SCIENTISTS PLAN ?g
A 7-YEAR VOYAGE*
J. Foster Stackhonse to
Lead Sounding and??*
Charting Expedition. s
SURVEY TO BE MADE
OF TITANICS GRAVtt'
( )
Every Ocean To Be Visited, from
Iceland to Singapore, ?*.??*
East and West.
London, June 2" The Stackhanae
expedition, 'I nter St;u khoi??,?,
which v.;.^ originally intendei
cern itself only with exploring th? i I
arctic ?oast, has since it ..iception d??
? eloped into a scheme for surveying.'
sounding and chartirg the ocean and'
it; bed on a ac.-.le which has not bairn
.ttemnted ?me? the Challenger e |
? ,-n ai vnt'tt.
According to tie original
? on ?aa to <*art from Londo?? in?
the I> ? Uecenbev aiid^W1
back in about tw o var* ; ii .
plan ii to m: . ? ?
si.\ or sevei ? . I he original id
?iploring the Antarctic era-' hst
been abandoned, but on the \.?>?::?
and home ; he Mi-.-.ivei > will net???
over the Atlantic and Pacilie oces? - '
and endeavor to mark exactly th" man***"
ialands, lock? and nhoal? which are rfow
noted on the charts as ??position doubt?
ful."
'I he route follow.,! will be roughly
fror,' London to Ireland, then to N??**H
Scotia. nt?i*>pinx lor soundm?-? on '??.#
lite ol the litanie disaster. Fie.,
;'."? -,i?' Discover? \ :i ? ail for <???
Asares, and from there aero?-: ?,. r*ri i?
?dad, aaamining on me way th? . io . ?
par', ot th? OCOaa where there id no
present record of aauadiaga. The I'lUte
will lead nom I i lindad to Kio ?hi il..-,
netto and southeast of the Bra
metropolis. The jrreat sandbank eta
the trade route around ? ape lioia v.,il
lie examined, ihen 'u Monte? d< i .. d
Buenoa Ayre?, taking ?oundings all the
? I) :ie At ?.'.nt ;c will b< n oaa i
from Bueno? \\re- to ?'ape Town, ?.ne
from there 'he Antarcl , part of t; .
pedition ?ill siart. After the Ant..
i South Seaa and tl e Pacil c ?/ill hd
? ?sited
SounditiRs in the Pacifie.
The to k ..i sounding the l'a
I).'' ill . I?) Of of till
mos| imp?rtame n \ i.-w of the of\'. ?
ml ol the l'an'.m.? ?anal. A >
will be niadi' to Cape Town and --?
, D co ??!?> ?*. ii! a? to Mauritiu
amininc on the ? a> the banks ,??
south coa-t of Africa. From Mauritian
the ro;;'." will le t., /:. iz'bar. ?hems? ???
,les, to the north of whie?8
are di if! ng banka on tl-'*
te India. After that Bombay, Singa
pore. Uong>KoAg ?">d .1
There ?till be on the Discovery under
the command of M r. titackh. I
' eel s ?pd
eighteen 01 ? ?? while#?tag .
hydrographlcal and aeientilic equigr/.?.
.I w ill be as co,'
?1 i !??,.> co ooeral on of the lurn'i*.?^
learned societies can make ;t. All ?*ip
officers and , i"-.'. of the Hiscovei
, ? ,1 on for seven ye. .
It is estimated 1 1:1! about ?'!??",?
??ill !)?? r?.|uired to cover tl 1 ?
, age, and of tin? ;.um an
Bte v SI2?,.' has still tO he
I'p to the pn sent tun.
?,.,; been ap;>r<>.
contribution though the (Le,-,
longei *fl,s .
ported ''lorn the Exchequer, la I a
present expedition Mm enleere and
?'iv.m? thei rj
toual) rh? ?calete? tint? Ifl
?1 made up 1
. 1 l...i,,|.,n ei I "?? ?? ' I ??
V Allant
n AI
'..
v 'V
?
I
?
?
I
? . : I.I
< ." '
r
?1?
A gaed deal of '.:.< will !.? pent ?wt
be neighbor 10. lh<
Titanic di aster, a?
?i, ,,? of that ?p? ? man
Hers ,
?de '.o
j . n invuj,
tain rii nir in tl ?
liners.
To Fxui'.rc Band Bill
Aid
? , .?. ,
remarkable sandbank kno?"ii a?
Hilt, wall h 11 bel e< ed '? be the rep
1 <? gn it Ulant c mountain. In?'
the Ind'a'i Ocean th?? hithe
vayed channel between Kai tibar .iMT1
the mainlai d will b< ? md< ?I si I
curatal) charted. ' ?
* rade in the Pacific ha
\ Ann . ie?n
res, and H 1? ?
" . ? are ,| iilKf
fu!. The eharta 1 iihm???
. ?
ported m this local
doubtful."
With the oi v n Panama
Canal the whole p?
te the ?',-! m..?, ea of tl ? '? l?e
altered, and ;t bicuin imperatively
. ary to lili ? ? - en
the present eharta? and this ora .?-?it
he undertaken by ?he Diseevary.
FLY FIGHTING IN PANAMA
Proposal to Establish Ono
Public for All Private Stable*.
Ppnair.a. July 4. As a further ?*>
guard te public health the c mal
emment h?s proposed t? the Paaaaa?n
gevernment thai the numerous c??w?>,
and liver] ttab ?a in the heart of Pan?
ama City he concentrate! la one loea
tien, where they can be readily ?-upe?
vised and cleanliness maintained.
The plan is for a !nr*;e public ?tabt??
in one of the outlying district? unde.
the direct supervision of the P:t:i?ma
Ballroed to accommodate all th.? coach
and car animals la I he ? ity. Stall? ? id
parta of tho balldiag will be rci.tcj sa?
the owners af tiice ai maU. as iflf
v ill ?pace in another I uilding l?>r ve?
hicle?.
The present stables *.r? great brceJ
::T -narr? for flic?.
Fon Rheumatism a. Gotrr
Sarg, Mud, Erncrivt
LAIR
ILLt

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