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WAS MILITANCY RESPOM-SFB^ ? FOE HEIR TRAGIC LIFEfl
1\NTI-SUFFRAGISTS BLAME SUFFRAGISTS FOR MOR? AL DOWNFALL AND SUBSEQUENT SUICIDE OF JOAN LAVENDER GUTHRIE. CHARGING THAT MILITANT THEORIES RUINED HER AND UPSET HER REASON. r.v \IE\A\DER VEMOS .-?AMIE PUBLIC int?r?t in ?militancy h ?o far bren concentrated almo entirely upon the effects of mi tant acts upon property and sociel a recent trsgedy. almost incre la its completeness and cons quemr* has centred public opinion and for the time bring upon V tl that may recoil upon those m ?, who. unequipped, go out into tl world determined to experiment in i phases of Hfe in their quest for abs lute freedom. An inquot -was held recently in Lo: upon the body of .Toan I.avend. trie, a young woman of twent; who had so cast ?11 conventic . ?Sa? was born in surroune i-f refinement and culture. 11? Bl was an officer in the Britis . who died upon the battlefield i Saeta Africa, and her mother was on th court Hat and had presented this daugl let at court. Yet the circumstances o -' death showed that within thre - had run the gamut of vio - to tradition, tirst as a militan graft <? ? th four periods of im : ment to her credit then choru C r!, demi-mondaine, drug-eater, an ? incide at the fall of the curtain. File a Remorseless Tragedy. I story told at the inquest wa nat made a Zola of the reporte! ran the complete cycle of hums: ??gedy at a remorseless pace fo ? perhi in all history there i y a prececi' I effect of the teaching of militan "ragum tin on her was to cause he -?.ceive as an ideal life for a youni one in which she would be inde per.dent both of the economic am ttiee support of her home, ant anti-suffragists have been citing hei .. triumphantly'as an ?xani li wlat will happen to any woman who bec?mcs imbued with the militanl ?: the suffragettes. As a con l>ittcr has been the argu? ment?t, ve war waging around Joan ? es acts in both camps. Coroner rejoiced the "antis" when la his speech at the inquest he .-pesking of what he conjectured ??as her itate of mind after the militant r,? hui entered. "The effect upon this young girl is quite clear. Afte this she began t? exaggerate her ow importance. The weak mind probabl pave ??a\. She leaves her home, be siMor. her mother, for a garret i order to cam her own living an probably devote herself to this eau?? "She i? next on the stage a* a panto mime gir'. and when a young artr brought up as she was. starts to Ihr? the free and independent existence an hear so much about in England mer of the world know the danger she run a danger from ?which this girl un fortunatclv did not escape. Next w? find her in the company of men fre ?lueiting night clubs and taking mone? from them. "There is no more about the suffra gist movement. The girl .seems to liavi bfin absolutely degraded, and iron then on her whole history is one of drink, drugs, immorality mid deatf, from her own hand. Papers founc show that she was lost to all scn?e ol *>hame and decency, because they found among them photographs of a very un desirable charecter. There can be no doubt that her degeneracy was com' Two short extract?, pathetic and beaut,ful. may be quoted from the r-vi ?ence of her mother, given at the in? quest. Repudiated Her Rich Relatives. It seems that Miss Guthrie had re? pudiated her rich relatives for living in opulence, as well as refused an al? lowance from her mothei. Yet her mother used regularly tu set out to meet her U she walked in the streets, , and on the last occasion, in answer to the question of the Coroner as to : whether* ?he had any conversation with her about her mode of living, an? swered: "No. I asked her to come back and ? come away with me. 1 told her she was always welcome whenever and however she came, that we only w:shed to help ' her. ... 1 told her everything as gently as possible, I did not reproach , he?." Nobility Engenders Nobility. But the nobility ef the mother founl ! its counterpart in the daughter, for in I snite of all she had endured the soul ! ?a? sweet and pure aril lefty, as evi? denced in the letter fourni bj her body and addressed to her mother. In this she bravely took all responsibility for her acts, and forest slice! all eritieismi with a penctrstion that put to naught the offered extenuating opinion that she was insane. "My dear little mother," the letter ran, "I am hoping that >ou will not get this foolish epistle for some timr at any rate, that it will aal at B great shock to you. I ha\e given you so many. 1 am inclosing a few thing, that I do not know what >,, ,\,, with, but I do not think there is any need for you to come bark here; at |< have left nothinp to roi'ti.?-' fOOl with nine. "i\he I hem s *A cl? ou?t." "There arc a few privat. I bad not the heart to destroy. Yol? have probably one or two such roar* self. . . . You must not think,dear mother, that 1 am at all unhappy. Whatever wretchedness I have had h?s come to me from my OWB doing during this last year in particular 1 have met some vet y eieat -ct.lv both men and women. It' you ever come across them, ?ml they speak te yu o?' me. give them a weleotns fer my she even though 1 may have met them in bad and immora' I "Of course, the k : i ? ?JI y Coroner will call it ?temporary insanity,' but, as a mat'rr of fact. I think this is about the sanest thing 1 have yet done. . . . Dear soul, there are certain ways o? life which it i.? absolutely impos-il.lr to give up. In fact, one does not want to. You arc so pure ami good that it is hard to write this to JTOU, but I feel it 10 b? the absolute truth. . . . "\o One Had a Better Mother." "Ne one in this world could have hsd a better or a more sympathetic mother than 7. U 0." That, shortly, is ti ??' the tragedy, a story so unspeakably Bad and full of horror that it has struck ?he hearts and imaginations of society :n Ei.glard beyond anything happening. In attempt,ng to fathom lhe chan? nel of ideas along which this poo 'ravelled the Coroner, who seems bit- I terlv ooposed to suffrage, placed great emphasis upon the letter and medal "i by the militant organization, which ?rail as follows: "Ii?ar Soldi? i- in the WeSMM*. Army: No mere srefdl can possibly s the feelings of the committee teward you anil the other eoniradi-s who h;ui -ii aoMy and with utter disregard of itJffered the puin of the hunger ? and the horrors of forcible feed? ing ir. prison at the prompting of duty DIGNIFIED U. S. CENSUS BACHS FEMINISTS' CONTENTION Volume Just Out Reports an Increase of 3,000,000 Women in Gain? ful Occupations Within the Last Ten Years. BLAHNG out the contenu? th? feminists that the ter of modern industry is 1 women U work outside of the and that there is as much pu - in the sttempt to check tendency as there was in old Canute'? naive request to the st ??and still, comes ?o dignified an tution as the United State? Ce Tresomably so far remoTed from dust of party conflict, one would t the census would hold itself aloof a thing so radical as feminism. But there it is in black and w parading itself unashamed. It maj be the feminism of the Feminist . anee, of Charlotte Perkins C-ilman, jet of H. >'.. Wells, but feminisr surely is. For ?f feminism places grestest stress on the economic it pendence of woman it has a valui ally in the census, which, by the s pie logic of facts, supports the feir contention. three Million More Women Kmplo? than Tea Yeara Ago. ? volume on "Occupation" j\ ? we tind recorded an immer Change in the extent to which worn ?srticipate in the work of the worl There were employed in 1910, in a stcupations, 8,075,772 women, as con ssrtd with 5.31S>,3i)7 tan years a? *J99h,?>'?'? in 1800 and 2.647,570 in 188 f?e number of women at work to-da ?s the I nited States is three time tfcat of thirty years age. Fuithermori ^i? development has gone on mor r?P"dly with each succeeding decade. ?"?Be:? now constitute 21 per MaV ?1 Ue working population of the United ?"**ts, where in 1900 they formed only 1 *? ser cent, and in im and 1880 17 *** 15 per cent respectively. They have *??* increased at a faster rate in the setadt just ptat than ever before, and H** Present rate of increase con ^**<. ?t will not be difficult to ?"*Jbc??>- that great changes will come Brar civilisation. ?ma will have a position of per- j ??oenomic independence, and the ' 'consequences of that sitjation mi prise even the most radical. Ft more, this change is not confit America, which has been called bj Europeans the "promised lar feminism," but esn be seen taking all over the world with greater c rapidity. In Austria, one-half the women some occupation outside of the land in France a third. In Franc ] Italy there is one woman occupic evrry two men, and in Kussia 01 ( every five n.en. In Germany the number of ma 1 women at work increased 160 per in the period between IPSli and while the number of women in al cupations exclunne of domestic sei increased 58 per cent from 1895 to 1 ?s compared with a gain of only 'J4 cent for the previous twelve ; period. Inclusive of domestic ser? the increase was from 6,000,000 C000.00O from 18?SL* to 1895, and f; 6,000,000 to ?.000,000 in the next tw? years. Similar figures could be quoted Great Britain and other countriea. the United States, in 1910, the won greatly outnumbered the men in i raestic service, there being two wont employed to every man in this divisi? Peur Women to Every Five Men Professions. In professions! work there ?sere fo women to every five men, and in c?e ieal occupations one-third of the pe sons were women. In manufacture women constituted one in six, in agr culture, one in neveu, and in trade, on in eight of the gainful workers. While th? greatest number of worn en was engaged in domestic ?servio ?.12 per cent), agricultural and menu facturing pursuits follow closely, each with T? per cent, ard trad? and trans? portation, with 15 per cent. Profes? sional services ?8 per cent) come lag? ging after. Buv the last two classes of occupations have increased in im? portance since lf*W>, ?hila domestic service hss decreased. It is in the professions! field thst woman is making some of the nm?( important of her conquests Of wom? en at work, ? per cent are occupied la the professions, as eesspered to " per cent of men so engaged, while four times as many women are doing pre? BBal work now as la ! - This high proportion is due in great measure to the large number of mili? ciana, teachers of music, srhool teach? ers and trained nurses among women; but they nie well represented Bleb li the other professions. There an ! I, ? ? . .? omen physicians, almost twice the number for 1900, and of nurses and midwives there are 1M.>12(. Jearaalisai as a profession for wom? en is assuming great importance. The number of women so engaged 1,111] has doubled within the last ten years. | while in l^O ?there were only 2R* i women journalists. The number of teachers has multi? plied itself threefold, ami the BVBsheT ?if clerical workers twenty fold within the last thirty years, and eve the undertaking profession en!' to the number of almost a thousand. Very, Verv Many "Literary P?rSssSbS." In the vague hut iaspressivB eat? of literary and scientific per.-on.<, we find over half as many women as men, and the proportion of ench enrolled as I . ner.-s of art is almost eejual. Aroung bankers and brokers there arc now over l.JOO women, while irehltecta there are 3.1?0 and of govern .tentai officials l!,.'i!l. The number of women engage1. i\ traca? anel transportation has more than doubled -since 1900. Among these th?*ic- are now J.*)??.n?l0 saleswomen and r_.ii.io merehi Th. lunibi r of women Is ARE WOMEN PEOPLE? By ALICE DUER MILLER Father, what i? the Legislature? A repre?entative body elected by the people of the ?Isle. Are women people? No, criminal?, lunatic? and women ?re not people. Do legislator? legislate for nothing? Oh, no; they are paid a ?alary. By whom? By the paople. Are women people? Of courif, my ?on, ju?t as much a? men are. UHFA THF IGNObUKI ?OIF. In IHll Bl.hl?. Chicago? ?Iul> -"? 'h - '**!'? *?W ?listrict felt the full force of palle. rule to-day for the Irs1 urne in its twenty years of existence. New York Keening Post. ?hat kepMB flressea who cannot MSB? to undT tar.l ?srd politics, are allowed to vote. ( WDOR. ' Bj ??Hi'. BC "I know what you're going to ?ay," ?he ?aid. And she stood up, causing him ?ome alarm; "You're going to tell me I'll lose my charm, And what i? a woman when charm ha? fled? And you're going to ?ay that you greatly fear I don't under?tand a woman'? sphere; Now, aran't you, honestly?" "Ye?," he ?aid. "I know what you're going to ?ay," ?he said, "You're going to a?k what 1 hope to gain By stepping down to the dusty plain, By seeking a ?tone, when I might have bread; You're going to say: 'Can a vote replace The tender force of a woman's grace?' Now, aren't you, honestly?'' "Yes," h. said. "I know what you're going to do," he ?aid, "You're going to talk to me all day long, Trying to make me ?ee I'm wrong; And other men who are le?? milled Will pale with jealousy when they see The time you give to converting me; Now, aren't you, honestly?" "Ye-es," she said. i?4i rou atom llut. a?-.?.Mim'-' to I asmtj I tort ?Sdracsdor, ?ivorce. ?>a?c ?ncrt ;(, ,,,r ecrrt m Manhattan m km than ?? fear? Thal tumi oi the men CMMsfad N Alt subject arc Ol the upituon tliat tlie fault he-- with the sromi ?' Wtrtvag????. love of dancing, suffrag; aBd pr?tent ?Ctninra? Usinons in dress being among the causes suggested;' That the ? bj ' ourt has Kept statistics ol tlic causes '?' eli\?.ti.- and nds tiicy .ur. ?n th? ordei ol frequency, bad pbye? iccil ?"ciuiiti.ti. ?druajkenness, desertion, infidelity ami incompatibility? That must ..? ?the ?romea consulted -com to th'nk thai men arc more responsmle for these conditions omen are: I TO THE \01EKS 1511.ON?. THE JOKS. ?... - n?, rne of Jersey City, - ?rish from her position a? bead ol the Poor ?Department, where the ha- n expenses SO pet ? i-???to?l t.. have ?given the following reason foe hi* opposition to her: i "When we have- - 'it we should ?give ?them people ere ?BUT THE PRIME MIMSTEK WAS >PFAMN?. M IKEI.A.Mi. "The difficult!? ?lb, "are due t?? the attempts in this House to govern .1 people it cannot understand by .1 Parliament imper ? jf rqui|i|?e?l for the t., N?> lltffragisl ? OUld ' '? mere ?'early. nu in?- ? \<i ? o\i KR.N Of WOMEN. Mrs. ?Gertrude Reilly may ran t"r the assembly in Neu Jersey, She i wants t<? help factor] ?fir*?** litioni ?iii'ln- which th?j*>e girls .work are Bnbg-ttevable she ? There is no factoey inspection now at all. because they found ?SO much ?; att m the department they had to 1 abolish it." "SO I.RE\T A FAVORITE 1?^ WOMAN I MiKR THE LAW." i ere is a Itw m Austria ttnder which a wife leehing refuge in that .. antrj maj be exti tits her lack, the ctl.er hand, the Unit? rnraeat is about t., ?J a young Cuban woman who came here with he. '?1 child, -cckin?,,' her hnshatiej The bttsbtud, who di? ?' ?. -, it is rep.irteel, to cicpetrt her, i?.?. .?N means, .is far as he is ?concerned The .?m? tah will probably ' ??crmit her to take her child hack with her." 1 lu-bands iiin-t be protected. REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS NEAR FIST FIGHT.?Headline. When men in Conj/e?? com? to blows at something tome one said I always notice that it shows their blood is quick and red; But if two women disagree with very little noiae, It prove?, and this seem? ?tr?nte to me, that women have no poise. While th? men. young and old, ru*h 'o war. the nation's women in "League of I esth" drill to defen?! 'he r besase. tupturn lor photograph in New York Tribune. Evidently even th? S-rvian women l.ehrie that WOMAN"*-) PI A? 1 II THE HOME. Hut they lava not yet been told that WOMEN CANNOT l?E FORCE 1 BOTH PARTIES ENGAGED IN A AIT TER CONTROVERSY OVER THE FATE OF FOUR-TIME HUN GER STRIKER ONCE A COURT DEBUTANTE. and loyalty to the cause you passion? ately love and which is the dearest m life to us all. "I send you. therefore, in all honor and on behalf of the committee of the \V. S. P. I'. the m?dal for valor in ac? tion, and my personal wish that you have not sufTVred too seriously 5n health as the result of your heroic fight ;'ur principle. Vours with all greet ?,gs. UAMuTL TOasaV Her S?seel Spirit Remembered. Imagin?- the feeling? of ner friends as they read of all this in the paper.-. The instinct to spit out ?pile is uni? versal, and not even the recollection of the past days of peace and assured social position would avert the hail of stones the self-thought pious are apt to throw. And society surely enough did not spare the affront one of her members had seemed to offer to her rank. Yet not -'1, for there was at least one exception. For the day after th-.* iiKjuest ?here appeared in "The London Times" a letter from L\ W. Hornung. the well-known novelist, which came like a sweetly distilled benediction, breathing only love and chivalry, and which, is perhaps the noblest utterance that ever came from his pen. Sir: To those who knew and who admired Lavender (Juthrie the pitiful story . Id at pitiless length in to-day's papers must read rather as the ravings of a crimi nous lunatic than as the tragic truth which her sorrowing friends can no longer controvert. For to know Miss (Juthrie, down to the incredible beginning of an ap? palling end. was to know a beauti? ful and gentle creature; one both gracious and unaffected, indeed, as great-hearted and noble-minded and sweet-tempered a girl as ever looked like a Greek goddess and carried herself like a queen. Krratic and wilful she no doubt had always been; the best of brave testimony has been given as to that; but that much was observ? able outside her family circle; and my only excuse for addressing you, without sanction or authority from within that circle, yet while this horror is still fresh in land, I hope, on i the public mind, is to declare with confidence that the last ??hange rung by those "sweet bells jangled" was indeed the very last which could have been foreseen or imagined by any one familiar with the ?arlier symptoms of this cast. It is not too much to say that no handsome and amusing girl ever cared less for the sweets of soci? ety, thought less of her looks or her di? S3 or of personal popularity, maintained a calmer dignity or set lc?s store by the admiration of SMB. Her end is known to all; her almost impassioned yet always gracious aloofness is also known I and a precious memory it is now i to her friends of, as it were, only the o'her day! Not in "The Bridge of Sighs," not in "Jenny," not per? haps in all literature er in life itself, shall w* find even the dis? tant fellow to this heartbreak a young and beautiful lady who li\e3 and dies this death, and of whom the first photograph to ao pear in the press was taken in her still found in domestic and personal sen-ice, e?cn excluding the large num? bers who do housewoik in their own homes or thoae of others without re? muneration. At present 3? per cent, or one out of three of all women at work, are in this sort of employment, but the percentage has decreased 9 per cent within the last ten year?, while in the previous decade the fall was only 2 per c?nt, which shews that women are being attracted more and more by ether kinds of work. Farm Women Increase Twofold. Farming and other agricultural pur? suits, for instance, now employ almost twice as many women as they did ten years ago. It is an interesting fact also that the oroportion of women en? gaged in manufacturing occupations has actually declined, from 15 per rent in 1900 to '?2 per cent in 1910, although their number has increased somewhat tfrom 1^12,?68 in 1900 to 1,77;?,095 in 1910J. Some industries heve, of course, proven much more accessible to women than others. In the clothing industries they constitute half the worke-s, and n the textile industry they have large I ly replaced men, especially in spinning, ' where there are rive women to every , tares men. In other industries they ! appear everywhere in greater or less I proportion. <v i m presentation festhers! "It ?;'?*.?? a goblin of the sua" indeed! , Much has been made, too n*|oe?* * it ia perhaps impossible to m See, of the slow and subtle sex posaoa inherent in the methods and pre*-, tice? of militancy both in and oat' ot prison, but I think fair to the most notorious leaders of ? movement which I personally abbor to express the belief that they did regard the appeal of this poor, child's mother, and did not avail ? themsehfs, to 'ne **uH, ?f erstccs ? given with irrespon? ble teal and untrammelled by any ?shape er form of fesr. Rut the at ? baas was done, the delicate bloom gone, the thirst for sensation had t come a passion and the cra?? revolt a disease, eating cm de? er than the mind. By what ?t< the last phase was reached, wh? er in the first instance by tricks and trap-. *?> which o;.-* reckk's? and so Jaw!e?s, and not long ago so guileless, would inevitably c\po??e hei ?? ? * may never now i... known, but that the mind went lira', and went com pletely. none who knew the Ea^*;. ender Guthrie of even two or three , years ago can for an instant doub It may be that before the end she saw her terrible situation in its true light, and resolved to help herself to those wages which * death. Nothing could be mor? '* characteristic than the iron rc.olu- ' tion with which the mcrcilcaj self sentence was carried out; ther? was the old misplaced pluck to the ., last; the old false yet gallant , sportsmanship in and between the ? lines of every one of those last -. piteous but so strikingly non-self pitying letters. There, to the ?.id, " was the tremendous will which had made her uncontrollable by ber distracted friends; there also the 1 absolute lucidity which that will enabled her to assume, and wh baffled all the doctors who from time to time were called in, "ew- " pecting," as Dr. Helen Royli? de? posed before the Coroner, "to be J able to certify the ?'eceased ri?gbt 1 away," only to find her "suffering .-, from no delusions or abnormalities sufficiently grave to warrant put? ting her under any restraint.'* Sir, it is for others to draw what moral they may from this ' unspeakable tragedy, and to strike with redoubled might at the upas- - roots of whatsoever they may deem even remotely responsible for it. ; My only longing is to show, how- i ever feebly, this young girl as she ?as before perverted sentiment inaele of her the woman who is dead, and as she will be affection* ately remembered in one at least of those houses which she soase tunes brighten u with her thea naive and gracious wit, her thea sweet and kind simplicity. Yours faithfully, E. W. HORNING. Finis. Yet the price of her life, which Jean Lavender Guthrie paid, was not alone for suffrage; it was for the larger vision of complete freedom to live ber life as she would, in spite of economic or social restriction. The price seem? to us too high, but at least there h? bean given a new meaning to lb? words, "Who would save his lift must lose it!" though to some it will appvsr^ that Joan LaveacSer Guthnr's inter/prs*. * tation resulta in losing evorythn life save the right to end it. > uch . ii? ia Woman's Activities The women's ?petition asking for the granting of political suffrage to Swed? ish women has now reached the Swed? ish Diet. It shows 351,164 signatures,, 1*6,317 of which are of married women ? and 119,693 of single women, i'lbo'* remaining 45,244 women do not state whether they are ?ingle or mairie??. the University of Leipsic conferred the degree of M. U. on Miss Eli Lie* demann, of Osnabr?ck, now as.vstant physician at the Hamburg Ihlrnheret Nursery. The city of Munich has decided ?yon the establishment of a school for the higher development of women for the household and their contractcial ead industrial education, in which nearly 8,<NH) girls will be instructed. TV teaehcra as wall as the direetois ef the various departments are t > be woman exclusively.