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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 20, 1914, Image 2

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tain that a tremendous battle is in progress within the area str<
int? from Diest and Tirlemont as far as Givet.
*nd after some marching and countermarching the German
Paris, Aug. 19.?Careful study of the situation on the n
cm frontier by French military observers dcmonstrater that
events transpiring in Belgium to-day are the beginning of o|
tions on an immense scale.
Germany, it is declared, is making a fresh and mightin
fort to break into France through the comparatively open Bel
Th? French government, however, is confident that the a
will be able to meet this shock successfully and reply to it cr
An official announcement this morning says the retiren
of Belgian troops toward Antwerp is rumored, but not confirn
It is officially explained that even if this were true it wc
be neither a grave nor an unexpected symptom. The defensive
ganization of Belgium, as conceived by General Brialmont
presented in technical works, considers Antwerp as a last
fence. It has been fortified with care and is to-day a vast
trenched camp on the flank of the enemy.
An official communication made public to-day declares
tiansfer of the seat of the Belgian government from Brussels
Antwerp was not an immediate necessity, but that it was m?
so that the change might be effected in a normal manner, with
risk of interruption to governmental business.
While Belgian officials have gone to Antwerp, their fami
remain in Brussels. The Queen and the princes are at the Antw
palace, while the King is with the army.
A dispatch to "Le Midi," of Paris, from Brussels, dated
day, says cannonading was distinctly heard in Brussels at 6 o'clc
this morning.
Details of the fighting at Dinant between the French a
German troops show that the carnage was terrible. The F
Trench company, although decimated, held a position until ,
other company came up with artillery, which destroyed a brid
The French cavalry then advanced and pushed the German
lackers back into the Meuse.
The Brussels correspondent of the Havas Agency telegrar.
rxs follows :
"A committee to inquire into alleged breaches of the laws
?var by the Germans has drawn up its statement of facts. Ma.
Van Damme, who was wounded at Haelen on August 12, v
dispatched, it is claimed, by a revolver shot from the Germai
It is set forth that Major Knapen was killed under similar circu?
j-tances at Orsmael on August 9.
"Emile Vandervelde, the Socialist leader in the Belgi
Chamber of Deputies, who recently became Minister of State, h
returned from a visit to Paris, where he conferred with the pron
rent men of all parties. He says that his visit gave him absolu
certainty of final victory for the allies."
?By Cable to The Tribune.1
. ?
that .ill l'
at the new ad?.anc toward the i
rorc .in over?-*, . ?ghl oi tun
al:y withdrew .:> ftoo? order. Our advanced tro ?!
'd the enemy . before fallir
. an intrenched position,
? ?
? . ?.
?Hey wai fired ;?t it. then
? d. The machine fell in tl n lin - eral feints, tl
clock -.tr-ur? ii.r??-, ni cavalry and ?
ry and machine guns,'poured down on the vi
rious battle v
ed to push tin? .
I he cavalry dismounted and o?
and bravely vith*f. o? ire for tv
antry behind the earthwork
and --h- ?t their horse
... . , .
?'reir rele*
their -tubbiiin defence.
th]. In a tren?
? ? .. ? . i ght, Lieutenant ? OUI
?n the head 1>> .? bul ? 11. Hi* con
him. 'Il* ? 'I ,eai
1 lc breathed his la*t a little lat<r.
. .h cavalryman did hi bi
. i?< r**ln ?l in the raid. At tl
about 240 . . ?
K 2,000 G? I their superior number*
??nu-, i ?mid claim no distinct adva H aftei two hi
?*\\ mlier
railway station and 1?
. ? traggling i
? ? h ot a pla ' I he in
\- the
? .1 houses v. ere ?i
t that 1 rnmenl and th<
a large c lodua ?
esterda parti? oast
By Cable to The Tribune.]
Copies ol the "Hambui -
r that Germj . i
- ?tin to I .?i writcrsi
? . A ,
Pai ??..., barbarities ??' ?l barbarities in French chiei
. . .
1 lie "Hamburg? Fremdcabl thai in Antwerp ?.erina*? ?Anni
: tAi, i ,.riv,aii
y their luir through th- tree!
? with indi! -
; cliiidiiii ?a? ? ?indo? * by the
VVomc? | i,? i dead children,
If .?H t!. talei 'lie Hi -..ken |.j In .? ? vagUC
.?nd locality, |M*g a?, authorities "a man," ".i ship
" German Troops Shoot Down
Belgian Burgomaster's Wife
By Cable to The Tribune.]
lit i- betweaa the tavadiai troop?
i tin. civil pOpllrtion "i -\- rtlu-a-teiu lllgj? ,-yntiiiuc tu be alinobt
Some German r-a* er?, passing through the Dutch-Belgian lronticr
E y L G I ? M
wAtlEN^ c?,HA>5tLr
,2, *?L1GNY
UE6E fibj
1 ? ' ' ? ? - ' ..'n.ii.i
ensui ? .......
?? lawyei who was visiting the plac? wer? shot dead
igen ar?? coming ?n large numbers over th? frontiei From Cann?
I r ? s.
Loss of Brussels No
Setbacks Says Expert
N - 19. \n Ami ? .?.?i t .'.i... '? h Bi
n in Belgium, said to night :
?on ol Brussels x?ill l, foughl out?
'.'. avre and 1 ouvain. It the <?erni.ni- I
.'? an] '' i ... ? illies 1
ntimental effect, and tl" opinion in Brussels was that, ??xxin^ t,,
and th? check rli?- Germans' right xx ? .
?' in Belgiui ething mus? be done which would have al lea I
"Bru*?,',- apparei i red. 1 h? - . th?
nning and l newspapi n art .,?.? ?
rly. Then - irm, and th< staff states that the situation
'??'?''? the genera] publi? had i ird the
1 ? " ' earlj thi ?
ing m ..ft:?-ial qui rters.
" I l*c peopl? will Bubmil to the Germans without an> i ation,
the praci which teaches ?them
?stance aftei their arm) back it frail : because of
ipremi con dence that thr British and French will evetituall) drive
?In? < iermans out oi K< Igium,
? I peopl?. pt repri
that v - I ?;? . ? on them Y?.u ?m kind "t
rumor in iir the Germans ..re determined to attack in force,
Brussels will be. I nless the allies de< idc to n ilsi for the - ' ? of th?
French Army Aviators Fly
Daily Over German Border
! !'?.. Cable 1 11 ?hune. I
Vug. 20 "The Morning P? t's" corresp . tells
? ' ing ??1er of the txxrlvc French arm) .. ? . who
th? j are stationed to ?
?'? Igian army.
The aviator, ? I army business, g
ni of hi? flight. Hi- ? rag? heij ? 3,000 ,,,.. :
tcet. for then w as a constant ed ai in mistake foi
h .m a? r? ?plane.
AH !?? elv? ax ? Brass? Ii witho it a mishaj nee have
bten making daily? ? ns over the frontiei into German) rhc riser
t< d thai tv ice he had been as I gne and Coblenl
.i mishap, though he had been often fired al He has seen masses ol the
l. g< Germ n arm) i one? ntratcd in thai
Germans Take 1,000 Russians
Prisoners in East Prussia
London, Aug. 19.?A dispatch received to-day by the Mar?
coni Wireless Press Bureau from Berlin says that in an encounter
near Stallupohnen, East Prussia, August 17, a division of the
German First Army Corps defeated a Russian force, capturing
1,000 prisoners arid six machine guns. Many Russian guns which
could not be taken by the Germans were destroyed.
Berlin (via Amsterdam and London), Aug. 19,_German
troops to-day occupied the town of Mlawa, in Russian Poland,
close to the German frontier on the Warsaw Railroad.
French Aeroplanes Carry
Cheer to People of Liege
I By Cable to The Tribune.j
Rotterdam, Vug. 19 I rench aeroplane pas . - .,,,
Sunday -nd dropped ? Urge nvmber oi broad sheets reading "Keep
your courage, people I ! ?ege! \Y<- are getting the best of it."
ilu- "KoclnUche Zeitung" asserts that thr advance ol the Germ?n
. while slow, bai noi been seriously checked anywhere.
Large contingents oi tustriaa ?troops, Including ?mountain arti ?
of xx hull the '??-ri?an army (loca pol possess an) hav? pa
along th? Kline on theii way t?> the ft
Paris Herds Cattle on
Longchamps Race Course
[Sjf i tblc to 1 he Tribune I
ihr city continu? t., D prep rati i all
' ial tii it ii ; r the third |jnc ,,, defence, and th
"! reservist - being mobiii ed around the cit ?'? ,- aupplic ..;
lioni ."?1 materials are being centralized in Pa
"" * ' eui
? '
1 ' ' ' .
? ontainii -? ??7?000 o u
Preparation! arc being mad? to?
and Buttes Chaumonl rung purpose, and in
he aheep p?cna, the i? rc-aei housing ionic 20,000 head.
Italians from America
Would Fifrfit for France
'< uptaiti Ki? ? iotti
in Pari, ?
-'incinni.n.io. 1*0 lt-lu? volunte? ^?g
I ..- French government doe, ?m accept Uses, lerake., the, will S
u j ?m th, Lng.ish or tip Belgian fot '
Moving o? Belgian Capital Hrld To Be Unimportant
from Military Point of View?Germans' Twelve
Dayi ol Raids and righting Reviewed.
? to l h l ribui ? |
Paris, -\u- ID ll ? fullj recognised here that the rem?
-;-( and government from the open cit) ol Br?ssel to the
I t of Antwerp i> '':' ' -"1 **J ,l" e??denl
i nd is insi : ' '?"
....?Mi thai ? '? "- ?
..,!?> all?i that ' ? eri bell,.- ? u* in
? road ? ??? hing the i apital to give il emi wr? I ?'* fen? ?
l a hi ? ffort ?-nt. ? thi ity, but
u. ii an aci would be worth) "i the general futility ol the German plan
ild postpone to tl nds any hope ol r< a? h
j?g , ?n force. In fact H could have only one purp
-pi r? ?it triumph th? alse n< whi? h li i
rculati ? beginning to i-* e timated ??' ?I - true
. i? mor? importan! for the Emperor than
man public opinion, bul - ol I" understood in I '
Fatherland thai 'lie am j ? : blood and iron ?? heels in Brus
is no longei faintest
. t that th? In? ? toi? n ? nd its ring
troyed th?' German plan <>i campaign such as it ?
??, ? overrun b) wall bodie! ol hor ? in the
,,i finding s? me open way and probably also t.. draw ofl the Belgian
arm, ,,r defence And whal is th? result after twelve
daj - of raid
The advance along the northern frontier from M
.,,,,1 i ? -. abandoned. It can hardly intended
ously in the mi Idle of th? country aboul ?Lauden, Jodoigne and Gembloux.
Nothing ? gathering on the right wing ol the Belgians.
!,, -i ??.it. .,???1 Namur hai
I-, i. probable thai ?? dec! ive ihoek maj yet take pla
? ! tinanl appears t.. have broki n th? ?.
through i?? th leuse and French front ei a! Girei b) waj of I
? and I ?rey S railway line runs round from
? to Dinant, but the only approach from Cirey is b) Courards
l hi wh? le distri I consist? ' ;!;- thlcklj wooded
?-. operations, and those who remember Dinant
wonder h I d b< brought into conflict within ?o c< nfined
Whel meant t< a) for the
... ... : the wa ii di " d ? bo-* i or was intended to sup
advance up th.- Meuse Valley f?om Liebe, by wa ?
? i, impossible t.. say, nor is it known whethei thi ob
direct advance by Givet into France, supported, perhaps, b) a
? rch from Luxemburg by Sedan or Mezieres, or u
ank movement to cul ofl the allies in the region of Charleroi
< >n no hypothesis, however, can the German outlook be considered
promising, bul when General Bonnal foretells the final conflict I
Idle Rhineland before the end ol ' tetober l I
ably optimisti?
French Pick Battle Ground
to Decide Fate of Brussels
Said to Have Germain in Such Position That Iwo
thirds of Their Northern force
Must Be Engaged.
! ?Tribune.]
i ?'} m rvous 'i?: ? ? ening and there
x fficial statements a*- to its position an
I bei every da) Brussels's nerves .-.re taut,
i ted-in tl ts 1 >-nighl laying that an) one with ?nus in
lion should depo it them with the poli ?? as, otherwise, he will
be shol b) any invaders, attracted crowd all evening. Their
did flu* depart? ? day of the
family and the Ministers ol State to Am ? gnificant, t?
thi barricades and intrenchments no? put .?'I around the city, especially
Bruxellois an sadl; reconciled il theii beautiful city must b*J
sacrificed in I great ga th? ?powers are playing. It ii only on .i
with the usual rob ol Belgium, where Fontenoy, Jemmapes, Fleur
?y. Neerwinden, Waterloo and ? oi other great battles have
; been fought
.gainst this pessimistic out!? ever, news comes by eye wit?
from me trout. Jenappe, Wavre and Gembtonx, which, for the
rbidden ground to journalists, that the French are assuming
. and are hunting Uhlans out ol the woods ami hack acn
en Namur and Brut -?
Further, froi a good sourc? 1 have new-, that the French gen?
their battle grounds and have the Germana now in such a
cannoi avoid lighting a battle in which two-thirds u
laged if it is, in fact, the body of the
Frcn?*h fore? which has been rolled up mt?> Belgium.
i hi battle '?'dl decide the fate ol Brussels? il that ha* not already
h,(' by giving it as bait to Germany It also in large measure
? ? the fate ol the wai on this northern side, perhaps of the wl
.?ar I temptation to - ble, but what 1 have
: the French already have shown their hand
? ry difficult for im n? new-,, hat
l manag? hurried i te this afternoon toward the ?a-:,m line to
myself th ? ? I,.,,* |?.in (X,,t.,,,.j *, ,
- lubtle thing, th,*- question ol attack and de/ence. I could
in the atmosphere at different points There ., not the
?m what I saw, thai pressure is ilowl) turning ?gains.
,:'c :i 'i!"r'' ? rta\ . ? . hope that in a week or so they
will be ? n the . ting for their live*,.
" :! '"' '"": ?' - the state-'
n ?Ol t.. return unie*,, rictorio
I i the unbending ?tu? heroic or brutal, just ?
" ol the Prussian officers, it ig quit? certain that they will keei?
tiieir , '
'' Sumut the battli kel) to he worse h will
? - lance and bayonet to bayonet affair up and dow.
' ?"' M th French have chosen
II play.
formations, the
- will be terrible Wherever the English -re there will be a lot
loodmarfci anship
It. "It I -
am . ag th -,
? '.???! in Rueaia during
a letter to " I'hu
Umlx i Bt I'eters?
bare eu August 12 It eontii
" l! ; " e.'.ablc, or,
rather, ?thai haunting ?beauty st Rus
' ?tie which those of us who live here
?gropinglytand often Mdty, feel and love!
idden!) abone forth radiantly I
fiom OUt of the heavy clouds of failur?
and defeat that haw- hidden ?t foi a
"Bo ? .? -.
i ? ?? ami
of bar
orally in th?
"Raasias intOeraal condition x??.- j
I omble. I h* l'oie-, Kinn-, nn.l
vere embitteied by the po?.eriun? nt'-.
al oppression, I i.<- I'ouma was
Uixided and helples.-. Strikes xxere
spreading [here were serious riots ,r. j
bt. Petersburg.
_ ?
"I ? Bastians trantod ta light for
the - ?? ???' ieei ia. but xx hen
rame ?leur that the Austrian mo?
?,nl> tiir prelude to a German attach <?n
i.i! apparently helpless and demoralize?! '
., tue feeling changed in an ui
"'Mi? general mobilization made all
Russia realize the situation. The peas?
ants, ?he workmen and the strikers of
the week before; clerks, students,
teachers and lawyers - all dropped their
? orb xxithou' a murmur and joined the
i unk-.
"I bad hulf r\|)rrte.l mobil'
i th.- count i?;. district like th?.-??
which ..????iir'-.?.l daring ?Uie lagans
?.. bul - the eSoutl
-,x, ? i 1,1 th,' K.?*ft declare thai all Bus?
ans man. K\?t>?s iierr tbe
rtr" (?oing to war,'to die for our
country." as the peasants say.
"The drink -hops were closed and all
x ?nt soberly and ?sternly, expecting BO
easy victories aa-! prepared for a lon?
and hard struggle.
New York Tribune's Special Correspondent, at the
Iront in Belgium, Watched Operations of Large
Body of French Troops Near I irlemont.
(Special Correspondent New York Tribune.)
.? 18, noon
I ,< I )? rniere H? thii I that ahell
Tirlemoni and lozen how
' night refugees r'ro:. ["irlemont arriv?
morning th? y ; nting in
suddenly that they have not even ha? : I I
- demanded bot t
their luggag . . . .?11 who ran
Yesterday I - I
and artill? ry that was
White n?
thoroughly convia? e one that the Germans i re withdrawing.
Commercial Classes Follow Lead of King and Cabinet
?Austria Offers Strong Temptation, but
British Friendship Desired.
fBy Cable to The Tribune.]
Ron ?. Vug. I'?1 \ - ?
mercial classes, especially rdj and Vt ikh luxe
the Austrian yU.e. ?Ir-iie neutrality. Most ol the
o 1 -- openly at the p?ible defeat ol their ?l?ar allies, the k: .
er, Sig?or Salandra, and the Colonial Minister, Sign? r Fer I
Martini, t ;?.r i - colleagu? Following them, ar?- understood to fai ** ? tra!?
ity, on which the Premier is ?said t?> have insist
It may. perhaps, be assumed that the Ma; - t
Minister of Foreign Affairs, whose pronouncedly Austrian a I
ead Austrian and German itatesmen to believe that II
mention is in their behalf, lias th? same views as his chi
i'.it a party in the ?army, especially the General >???.
ral Cadorna, ivinced that tl.
is working i??r intervention In behall nd Germany.
Forcigi ? ? inriuential officers
?'?I the Duke ol Davarna, Italian Vmbassadoi .?t Vieui i
904 is probably friendly to Austi ia should tl
improbable, gam ?the upper haul. Sig?oi Salat resif
n would be such a demonstration ?>t public
especially in the north, that the most serious effects might ens
N'.i Italian wants war with Great Britain, Italy's best
Italians would x?.ish to run tiie n>k i t -e.-in^ ?Libya and 55.000 -
therein eut off, a?, they would be, ir?>m C< miiiunicati'.n with SUppli?
\ nation which has a North African colonj ?can s? ireely L?e u.>
? ms with Great Britain and I ranee.
'taly has in the last t'cxv ?ia>s had hei
Austria generously offered her other people's terril. lui
Valona in return for hei ai?i. .1- well - rrentino, which is an
territory, but Italian by speech and raer.
But, besides tl of neutralii
..I?.? the possibility of interv?
? improbable should Austria occupy the Monte pi
position of Mount Lovtchen, which dominates Boo e di Catl
Austrian hands v...?i!.i 1?. a menace to Adriatic equilibrium.
Prince Arthur of Connaught
Anxious to Go to the Front
I 19 1'rnixc Arthur ??i ? ? nnaught
?untrj. an.; ? ?j, although it ' .
been nounced, that he xx?M be given military appointment
it 1 id be
to boycott all German mush m 1 ondon. The directors ?.t H
Hall orche-tra deny this r<p? ?rt. As t.ir as they are ? ?uieenu ?I, W
t. Brahms and Schumann will*continue t-> nguie m th?
?grammes during the present sea
Bill'to Prohibit Loans.
U a .?iin/lon, Au-j. 19. To relieve
the I'resnlent from the responsibility
of decidme ???.hc'h'-r loan*, to foreign
powers a' wat shall be permitted
Senator Hitchcock mtro'lueed g bill to
?luy BWking -uch loar?a illegal and o
violation of the neutrality law*?.
Rejection for Ultimatum Ad
mitted in Berlin.
London, Aug.'?ft. Th?- Rotterdam cer
rtspandtat of "The rrmt--," ??>* he
I has learned from ofnVial sou
Berlin tha- ?.?ertnuny will re;*?*' the
? Japane?e ultimatum.
The Tribune's
Comprehensive Atlas of the World
and European War Map
August 20, 1914.
This coupon and NIN1 i Y I ICI 1 I CUNTS will entitle the
bertirr to one copy of the Comprehensive Atlas of the World
and ?*. European War Map, in color?, when presented at
12 cents additional is required if sent by mail

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