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NOTES AND COMMENT FROM THE
WORLD OF MUSIC
THE LAST DAYS
Composer*? Death i
By H. E. KREHBIKL.
tKrom *.;\?ik-c t?li???tn of Th?>er'i? ' I.U? of ?
trleethoven." <?y |?ermls?lon of ?-hart?? ;
The consulutions between Beetho- I
ven and his legal advisers, Bach.Breun
ing and others, concerning the proper
di8po?ition of his estate by will, which
had begun soon after Karl's departure
for Iglau, had not been brought to a
conclusion when it became apparent to
all that it was high time that the docu?
ment formally be executed. Dr. Bach
does not aeem to have been consulted
at this criaia; haste was necessary, ??d
on March 2S Breuning made a draft of
a will which, free from unnecessary
verbiage, set forth the wishes of the
testator in three lines of writing. Bee?
thoven had protested against the prop?
osition oi"his friends that provision be
made that Karl should not be able to
dissipate the capital or surrender any
portion of it to his mother. To this
end a trust was to be created and Karl
was to ha-?t the income for life, the
reversion being to his legitimate heirs.
With this Beethoven at length declared
himself satisfied, but when Breuning
placed the draft before the dying man.
who had yielded unwillingly, he copied
it laboriously, but substituted the word
"natural" for "legitimate." Schindler
?ays the copying was a labor, and when
Beethoven finished it and appended his
signature he said: "There; now I'll
write no more!" Breuning called his
attention to the fact that controversy
would ensue from his change in the
text, but Beethoven insisted that the
words meant the same thing and there
should be no change. "This." says
Schindler, "was his last contradiction."
Hiller's description of the last visit of
Hummel pictures the condition of the
dying man on this day, and Schindler'?
statement that it was laborious for
Beethoven to copy even the few words
of the will is pathetically verified by j
the orthography of the document which, ;
c? / b. <t lit. is as follows:
Mein Neffffe Karle Soll alliniger
Erbe seyn, das Kapital meines Nach?
lasses soll jedoch Seinen nat?Tichen
oder testamentarischen Erben zu- i
Wien am 34. M?rz. IS_7.
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, mp.
According to Gerhard von Breuning '
signatures were necessary to several ;
documents the will, the transfer of'
the guardianship of the nephew to von |
Breuning and the letter of January :!, ;
which also made a testamentary dispo
aitioo of Beethoven's property. These
signatures were all obtained with great
difficulty. The younger von Breuning
places the date on March 24. After von
Breuning, Schindler and the dying
man's brother had indicated to Beetho- ?
?(il. who lay in a half stupor, that his
Signatare was required, they raised him
as much as possible and pushed pillows
under him for support. Then the doc?
uments, one after the other, were laid
before him and von Breuning put the
inked pen in his hand. "The dying
man. who ordinarily wrote boldly in a
lapidary style, repeatedly signed his
immortal name, laboriously, with trem- ?J
hling hand, for the last tim*J| ?till leg?
ibly indeed, but each time forgetting :
one of the middle letters- once an 'h,'
another time an 'e.' "
"THE COMEDY IS ENDED."
On the day which saw the signing of \
the will Beethoven made an utterance
eminently characteristic of him, but |
which, because of an interpretation
which it has received, has caused no i
small amount of comment. The date ?
is fixed as March *2? by Schindler'? let- i
ter of March ??4 to Moscheles. in which j
he says: "Yesterday he said to mc and
Breuning, 'Plaudit'. anii'i. rumoiitia >
flititn eft.'" Though the phrase does
iiot seem to be a literal quotation from I
any author known to have been fa- ?
miliar to Beethoven, it is obviously a
paraphrase of something which he had '<
read. According to Schindler and (Jer
hard von Breuning, the words were
uttered in a tone of sarcastic humor. ,
Schindler and Dr. Wawruch (though ,
the latter was not present) agree in
saying that he made the speech after '.
receiving the viaticum, and it is this j
circumstance, coupled with the deduc?
tion that the dying man referred to
the aacred function just performed,
which greatly disturbed the minds of
some of his admirers, especially some
who were devout children of the
Church. It needed not have done so.
The phrase is almost a literary com?
monplace ?it closes the opera "Pagli
acci ), and its significance has never
been In question. Something of its
hiatory m_y be learned from the pref?
ace to the English translation of the
life of Rabelais, by Philip Motteux and
tir Thomas Urquhart, where we read:
DYING HUMOR OF RABELAIS.
Rabelais being very sick. Cardinal
du Bellay sent his nage to him to
have an account of his condition.
Hi? answer was, "Tell my Lord in
what circumstances thou findest me;
I am going to leap into the dark.
He is up in the cockloft; bid him
keep where he is. As for thee,
thou'lt always be a fool: let down
the curtain, the farce is done."
. . . An author iThov. His de
Jean Cloyinel), who styles Rabelais
a man of excellent learning, writes
that he, being importuned by some to
tign a will whereby they had made
im bestow on them legacies that
?exceeded his ability, he, to be no
more disturbed, complied at last with
their desires; but when they came
to ask him where they should find a
fupd answerable to what he gave:
"As for that," replied he, "you mutt
do like the spaniel, look about and
?learch." Then, adds that author,
having said "Draw the curtain, the
farce is over." he died. Likewise, a
monk (P. de St. Romuald Rel. Feuil?
lant i, not only tells us that he end?
ed his life with that Jeat, but that
he left a paper sealed up wherein
were found three articles as his last
will, "I owe much, 1 have nothing, I
give the reat to the poor." The last
story, or that before it, must un?
doubtedly be falae; and perhapp both
are ao, as well as the message by
the oage; though Fregius (Content,
.tit Urat. ("h. torn. I.) relates a'so
that Rabelais said when he was
dying, "Draw the curtain," etc. But
if he said so many great men have
said much the same. Thus, Augustus
t\ miquis rit< minum Vont modi
prrcguat-t ) near his death asked his
friend? whether he had not very weil
acted the farce of life. And Dc
monax, one of the beat philosophers,
when he saw that he could not, by
reason of hi? great age, live any
longer, without being a burden to
others said to thoee who were near
him what the herald u?ed to ?ay
when th? publie game? were ende
"You may withdraw: the show
over," and, refusing to eat. kept 1
usual gayety to the last, and set hi
self at ease (Lucan).
CONSOLATIONS OF RKI.H.K?
When Beethoven's t"ri?nds saw
end approaching they were naturi
desirous that he receive the spirit
comfort which the offices of the
man Catholic. Church offer to
dying; and it was equally natural t
Beethoven, brought up as a child of
Church, though careless of his du
toward it. should nt the last be re;
to accept them. Johann van Rectho
relates that a few days after March
when the physician? gave him up
lost, he had begged his brother to m
his peace with Go?l, to which rc?iu
he acceded "with the greatest re?
ness." Confirmation of this is fount
Dr. Wawruch s report. Wawruch 1
at the beginning of his sttdies,
i tended to enter the priesthood. At
| crisis described by Johann he ?ay?
I called Beethoven's attention to his
> pending dissolution "so that he mi
! do his duty as a citizen ami to
ligion." He continues:
With the greatest delicacy I wro
i the words of admonition on a she
i of paper. . . . Beethoven read t
writing with unexampled composui
; slowly and thoughtfully, his cou
tenance like that o' one transfigure.
: cordially and solemnly he held o
I his hand to me and said: "Have tl
I priest called." Then he lay quiet
i lost In thought, and amiably in?J
! cated by a nod his "I shall soon si
you again." Soon thereafter Be
; thovcu performed his devotions wii
? a pious resignation which look?
confidently into eternity, and tumi
to the friends around him with tl
1 words, " Plaudit c, am ici : finita <
Wawruch was not present at the ti
when the words were spoken. Schii
ler's account, in a letter to 1
"Oilia" dated April 12, 1B27. a
i printed in that journal in May, ig
On the day before Cthe 23d) thei
remained with us only on?? arilet
' wish to reconcile him with heave
! and to show the world at the sam
; time that he had ended his life
j true Christian. The Professor i
! Ordinary (Wawruch) therefore wrot
and begged him in the name of a
, his friends to receive the holy sacra
ment, to which he replied, quictl
j and firmly, "I wish it." The phy-i
cian went away and left us to car
Schindler describes the administr
tion of the sacrament, which Becthovi
received with edification, and adds th;
now for the first time Beethov,
seemed to believe that he was about
die, for "scarcely had the priest le
the room before ho said to mo nr
Breuning: 'Pianette, <imici: comnrl
finita tat. Did I not always say that
would *?nd thus?*" Here is agreetnei
with Wawruch. but to Gerhard vo
Breuning Schindler said that Bccthove
made the remark at the conclusion c
a long consultation after the phv>,
nans had gone away. In 1860 Ar.s'eli
Hiittenbrtnner wrote in a letter to M
Thaycr which wr.? found among II?l
tenbrenner's posthumous papers an
printed in the "Grazer Tagespost" o
October 88, 1868:
It is not true. as has been reported,
that I bogged Beethoven to receive
the sacrament for the dying; but I
?lid bring it about at the request of
the wife of the music-publisher
Tobias Haslinger, now deceased, that
Beethoven was asked in the gentlest
manner by Herr Johann Baptist
Jenger and Madame van Beethoven,
wife of the land-owner, to strengthen
himself by receiving holy communion.
It is a pure invention that Beethoven
spoke the words "f'hiiiditc, amid :
niiiKjdiii finita ' ?""' to me, for I
was not present when the rite was
administered in the forenoon of
March 24th, 1827. And surely Bee?
thoven did not make to otherB an
utterance so completely at variance
with his sturdy character. But on
the day of her brother-in-law's death
Frau v. Beethoven told me that after
receiving the viaticum he said to the
priest, "I thank you, ghostly sir; you
have brought me comfort!"
LAST THOUGHTS OF Ml ?1C.
Hiittenbrennor is confirmed by Johaur
van Beethoven, who wrote in his briel
review of his brother's last illness thai
when the priest was leaving the room
Beethoven said to him: "I thank you
for this last i^ervice." Beethoven re
reived the viaticum in the presence ol
Schindler, Jenger and the wife of hit
brother Johann. After the priest had
taken his departure he reminded hit
friends of the necessity of sending a
document ceding the rights of the
C-sharp minor Quartet to the Schotts
It was drawn. ..o and his signature tc
? it, the last which he wrote, was attest
j ed by Schindler and Breuning. He alsc
| spoke of a letter of thanks to the Phil?
l harmonic Society of London, and ii
i suggesting its tenor comprehended th?
whole English people with a fervent
"God bless them!" About 1 o'clock the
' special shipment of wine and wine
! mixed with herbs came from Mayence
'and Schindler placed the bottles upor
i the table near the bed. Beethover
! lookeil at them and murmured, "Pity
pity- too late!" He spoke no moic
'A little of the wine was administrer.
to him in spoonfuls at intervals as Ion.1
! as he could swallow it. Towards even
iue he lost consciousness and the death
struetrle began. It lasted two days
?"t>om the evening of the 24th to hi
last breath he was almost continually ll
Mirio" wrote Schindler to Moscheles
We have a description from Gerhard
During the next day and the day
? following the strong man lay com
I pK'tely unconscious in the process
of dissolution, breathing so sterto
I rously that the rattle could be heard
I at a di?tance. His powerful frame,
his unweakened lungs, fought like
! giants with approaching death. Ihe
: spectacle was a fearful one. Al
? though it was known that the poor
man suffered no more, it was yet ap
! palling to observe that the noble
i being, now irredeemably a prey to
the powers of dissolution, was be
! yond all mental communication. It
was expected us early as the 26th
that he would pass away in the fol?
lowing night: yet we fourni him still
alive on the 26th breathing, if that
was possible more stcrtorously than
on the day before.
THE DEATH SCENE.
The only witness of Beethoven's
death were hi? sister-in-law (the wife
?of Johann van Beethoven) and Anselm
, Huttenbrenner. From the latter we
i have a description of the last scene in
a letter written to Mr. Thayer. Thayer
also visited H?ttenbrenner in Graz in
June. 1860. and recorded his account
of the death scene in his notebook.
This account was printed In The Trib?
une of January 30, 18-JX, Mr. Thii>er's
posthumous papers having been kindly
I placed at my disposal by his niece and j
heir, Mrs. Jabez Fox, of Cambridge. I
The following account is that written j
by H?ttenbrenner for the biographer:
When I entered Beethoven's bed- I
room on March 26, 1827, at about 3
o'clock in the afternoon I found !
there Court Councillor breuning, his '
son, Frau van Beethoven, wife ol
Johann VMn Beethoven, landownci
and apothecary at Linz, and in.*,
friend Joseph Teltschcr, portrait
painter. I think that Professoi
Schindler "?Vas also present.
Gerhard von Breuning ?ays that Bet
thoven'a brother was In the room, t
waa also the housekeeper, Ball
Schindler adds a nurse from Dr. Wav
vuch's clinic. No doubt.all were pre
cut at one moment or another; the
came and went as occasion or dut
called. H?ttcnbrenner ?ays that Tel
scher begun drawing the face of th
dying man, which grated on Breuning
feelings, and he made a remonstrant
whereupon the painter left the roor
Then Breuning and Schindler wtl
away to choo?c a spot for ?he grav
Save Fraa van Beethoven and me
nobody was in the Jcath chamber
during the lust moments, of Beetho?
ven'/ life. After Beethoven had lain
unconscious,, the dentil rattle in hi-*
throat from 3 o'clock in the after
| noon till ?fter 5. there came s flash
of li?htning, accompanied by a vio?
lent clap of thunder, which garishly
illuminated the death chamber. iSnov.
lay before Beethoven's dwelling. ? Ar
ter this unexpected phenomenon oi
; nuturc, which stsrtled mi grcutly,
! Beethoven opened his eye., lifted nil
I right hand and looked up for several
! seconds, with his first clenched and a
vary serious, threatening expression
' as if he wanted to suy: "Inimical
powers. 1 defy you! Away with you!
! Cod is with me!" It alto seemed as
i if, like a brave commander, he wished
?to call out to his wavering troops:
: "Courage, soldier?! Forward' Trust
in me! Victory i? assurul!" When
1 he let the raised hand sink to '?'nc
bed his eyes closed half .?ay. Mv
right hei ?I waa onder hit head, my
1 left rested on his bren-st. Not an?
other breath, not u heartbeat more!
The genlna of the master of tonei
i fled from this world of delusion into
the realm of truth! I pressed dawn
the half-open eyelids of the dead
man. hissed tliem. then his forehead,
lipa ?'id hands. At my request Fraa
van Beethoven cut a lock of 1'air
from Ilia head and handed it to nie in
a sacred souvenir of Beethoven's last
houi. Thereupon I hurried, deeply
moved, into the city, carried the In?
telligence of Beethoven's death to
Herr Tobias Haslingr-r and after a
few hours returned to my home in
The transcript in Mr. Thaycr's not?
book of Hiittenbreniier's recital of th
supreme moment of the death scene i
more sententious and dramatic! "A
this startling, awful peal of thunde
the dying man .-uddenly raised his hem
from "H?ttcnbrenner'.. arm, strotehei
out his own right arm majestic?II)
'like a general giving orders ;o hi
army.' This waa but for an instant
the arm :unk back; he fell hack; Her
thoveu v?as dead! "
CAU-I OF BEETHOVENS DEATH
It remained for modern seiend
give the right name to the di
which caused the death of the ri
of all tone-poets. Dropsy, ?aid lh'
world for three-quarters of a eentury
But dropsy is not a disease, but on';> ?
symptom a condition produced by dis
ease. To Dr. Theodor von Frimmcl >e
longs the credit of having made it cleat
that the fatal malady was cirrhosis o1
the liver, of which ?OcUte, or hgdrotn
abdominatlm, was a consequence. Bee?
thoven had suffered from disorder? ol
(he liver years before. In 1821 he en
dured an attack of jaundice. In hil
medical history of the cuse Dr. Waw>
ruch stated that the cause of the dip
case ?Aas to be found in an antiquated
ailment of the liver as well as defects
in the abdominal organs. When lie ob?
served the first aggravation of the dis?
ease he recorded that, "the liver plainly
showed traces of hard nodules the
jaundice increased." In his report of
the autopsy Dr. Wagner said: "The
liver seemed to have shrunk to one
half its normal size, to have n leathery
hardness, a greenish-blue color; and
its lumpy surface, as well as its sub?
stance, was interwoten with knots the
size of a bean. All the blood vessels
were narrow, with thickened walls and
empty." The treatment prescribed by
Dr. Wawruch and adopted empirically
at the suggestion of friends was de?
signed not to go to the seat of the difli
culty, but to relieve the droptical con?
dition of the abdominal cavity; medica?
ments, decoctions, the unfortunate
sweat bath, all were intended to pro?
duce liquid evacuations from the bow?
els, increase the secretion of urine or
induce perspiration; the final resort
was to pavmrntiKix.
?\ hen Breuning and Schindler left
the dying Beethoven in the care of
Anslein H?ttenbrenner and Frau van
Beethoven they went to the cemetery
of the little village of Wahring and
there selected a place for Beethoven's
grave in the vicinity of the burial plot
of the Vering family, to which Breun
i tig's (Irst wife had belonged. The lad
Gerhard had run home -at the ap?
proach of the storm. When his father
and Beethoven's famulus re-entered the
sick room they were greeted with the
words: "It is finiahedT" The immedi?
ate activities of the friends were now
directed to preparations for the
funeral, the preservation of the physi?
cal likeness of the great composer and,
so far as was necessary, the safe?
guarding of his possessions. In re?
spect of the latter duty, Gerhard von
Breuning tells of a painful incident
which happened on the day after Bee?
LOOKING FOR BANK SHARES.
Breuning, Schindler, Johann van
I Beethoven and Holtz were met in the
lodgings to gather up the dead nun's
i papers, particularly to look for the
i seven bank shares which the will had
j given to the nephew. In spite of
i strenuous search they were not found,
and Johann let fall an insinuation that
the search was a sham. This angered
Breuning, and he left the house in a
stHte of vexation and excitement. He
returned to the lodgit'gs in the after?
noon, and the search was resumed.
Then Holz pulled out a protruding nail
in a cabinet, whereupon a drawer fell
out, and in it were the certificates. In
later years Holz explained to (Uto
Jahn: "Beethoven kept his bank shares
in u secret drawer, the existence of
which was known only to me (Holzi.
While Beethoven lay dying his brother
in vain tried to rind out where it was."
On u copy of this memorandum, which
passed from the possession of Jahn
into that of Thayer, Schindler made
the following indorsement: "First of
all. after the death Johann van Bee?
thoven searched for.the shares, and
not rinding them cried out: 'Breuning
and Schindler must produce them.'
Ilol_ was requested to come by Breun?
ing anfl asked if he did not know
where they were concealed. He knew
the secret drawer in an old cabinet in
wihch they were preserved." Even this
simple incident has given rise to con?
tradictory stories. Schindler says the
place of concealment was a secret
drawer in a kntfttC! Breuiiing "in a
secret compartment of a writing denk."
In 1K63 Schindler explained to Ger?
hard von Breuning that the article of
furniture us? an ordinary clothes
press. With the certificates were found
the letter to "the Immortal Beloved,"
'which has been the object of much
?peculation and more romance, and a
portrait of the Countess von Bruns?
wick, whom a theory first advanced by
Mr. Thayer, but only as a theory,
Beetfcovers Grv-/? mtKtpzntrtMrkdhot.v?ziini*.
identified rg? the recipient of the pas
sionate liner letter or letters.
? Mi March "7 an autopsy was per
formed by Dr. Johann Wagner '" *at
l presence of Dr. Wawruch. It? aifgnifi
1 cant disclosures have been pi i??le<l hi n
in connection with the explanation ?-1
the cause of death, In order to facili
tat? i?n examination of the g-rgana ol
hearing th? temporal bones ??.eie sawed
oui ?nd carried. away. Joseph Dtn?
hi?j er. i. :'Hing painter who chance*.
to be in Vienna, received permission
from Breji.ing to mal.c a plast? .
of the ?len'l n'.aii"s face. This he dill
on March 28, but the <?a-.t hud little
value ni a portrait inasmuch as it '?as
made af:?r tie autopsy had disfigured
the feature . On the ; ame day, no.
"immediately after death," a? has been
Incorrect!} stated. Danhuuser made a
drawing of the head of Beethoven
which he reproduced by lithographic
process. Tliis picture bears the in?
scription? "Beethoven, March -8. drawn
I at his deathbed, 1837." and at the left
"Danhauser." This, drawing, too, was
made after the autopsy. For a bust
which lie modelled the artist made use
ci the cast taken by Klein in 1812.
Danhauser never came in contact with
DLAD COM POSERS FINANCES.
The attested inventory of the tale of
Beethoven's effects which, preserved
by Fischoff, liasse?! through the hands
of Otto Jahn into those of Mr. Thayer,
shows that his estate amounted to
i 9.8&? florins, 13 kreuUer, silver, and
j 600 tlorins. paper ? W. W. that is Vi?
enna standard). The market value of
the bank shares, including an unpaid
coupon attached to each, was ,106o flor?
ins on the day of Beethoven's death.
In the item of cash as set forth in the
? appended table is include?! the ?100
sterling received from the London Phil?
harmonic Society, which, as ha? been
rtated, wa.i found intact. The official
summary was ?-et forth in the inven
. toi y as follows:
< -?-I? .l.'Jl.. 0. IC. M? M fl IW. W.)
Hank ??liar?!? ;,l?l fl.
? ii ti ii ?a it > i . 114 fl S; k
; j??ari: and sll
1 vaneara . 3M fi
Clothing . ST fl.
i houaalioM good? IM (I.
! Instruments . 7? ft.
I Mu.-I. an.i insiiu
i fcirlptd . <M fl. M k.
j Bool.? . li fl. n k.
!>.?...'. fl. 13 k. ?JOO fl. ?W V. 1
| According to a statement by Aloys
1 Fuchs to Jahn, the :.um realized from
! the sale of" th?' musical compositions,
'autographic and otherwise, .-ketch
[ books, etc., was 1,063 florins. In view
of the ?lifference in purchasing power
of money in 1.^-7 and 1914 it may be
said that Beethoven'?.: ?state amounted
co the eauivalent to-day of i'U.000 ster?
ling, or about $1T>.0d0.
THE COMPOSER'S FINERAL.
Beethoven's funeral look place at if
! o'clock in the afternoon on March 88,
It was one of the most ipiposing func
i tions of its kind ever witnessed in
: Vienna Breuning and Schindler had
j made the arrangements, lards of in?
vitation were given out at Haslinger's
music shop. Hours before the appoint
1 ed tin.3 a multitude assembled in front
of the Schwarz.ipanierhaus, and the
crowil grew moment by moment, Int
th? ?iiuar?? in front of the hous-e il I
nid twLi.ty thousand ?arson? wer
crowded. All th?? notable tepr?' ei !.'
of the musical art were present
The .iciiooU were clo??ed. For the |?r"
er vat ion of order Breuning had a-1??
the help of the military. In it" repor
"Der Sa*nmler" said:
Ihe crowd was so great that af
ter the roomy court of Beethoven's
residence could not longer hold ?'
the gates had to be closed until the
procession morod. The eofltti con?
taining the corpse of the great com?
poser ha?! been placed on view in the
court. After the clergy were come
to perform their sacred one. the
guc.< i whf had been invited to at
t'iid these solemn function? mu?
sicians, singers, poets, actor.: all
clad in complet?' mourning, with
draped torches and white roses
fastened to bands of crape on their
sleeves, encircled the bier and the
choristers sang the "Miserere," com?
posed by the deceased. Solemnly,
sublimely, the pious tones of the
glorious composition floated upward
through the silent air. The scene
was imposing. The coffin, with its
richly embroidered pall; the clergy,
the distinguished men who were giv?
ing the last escort to their colleague
and the multitude round about all
this made a stupendous picture.
The "Miserere" sung in the court o<
the Schwarzspanierhaus and its com?
plement, "Amplius lava me." were ar
rangements for male chorus niaile by
Seyfried of two 1,'qualr for trombones
composed by Beethoven in Linz, in
1812. at the request of Gldggl for use
on All Souls' Day. On the conclusion
of the canticles the coffin was raised
from the bier and the door of th.'
court was opened. The singers "lifted
the coffin to their shoulders and car?
ried it to the Trinity Church of the
Minorites in the Alserstrasse. It was
difficult to order the procession be?
cause of the surging multitude. Johann
van Beethoven, von Breuning, his son
l;erhard and Schindler found their
places with difficult?/. Eight chapel
masters i conductors ) - Eybler, Weigl,
Hummel, Seyfried, Kreutzer, Gyrowetz,
W?rfel and Olnsbacher- carried the
edges of the pall. At the sides walked
the torchbearers, among them Schu?
bert. Ca&telli, Bernard, B?hm, C.:erny,
Ijrillparzer, Haslinger, Holz, Linke,
Mayseder, Piringer, Sehuppanzigh,
Streicher, Steiner and Wolfmayer. In
the procession also were Mosel and
the pupils of Drechsler. While pass?
ing the Rothe Haus the sound of the
funeral march from Beethoven's Piano?
forte Sonata, Op. 26, was heard. The
cortege moved through the crowded
streets to the parish church in the
Alserstrasse, where the service for the
dead was concluded with the "Libera
nos Domine," in sixteen parts, a capilla
composed by Seyfried, sung by the
The account in the "Sammler" con?
tinues: "The coffin was now placed
in the hearse drawn by four horses
and taken to the cemetery at Wahring.
There, too, a multitude had assembled
to do the last honors to the dead
man." The rules of the cemetery pro?
hibiting all public speaking within its
precincts, the actor Anschiitz delivered
a funeral oration, written by Grillpar
P K OF ESS I ON AL ENTERTAINERS.
Emimnt Italian Tenor
In \iiir-l<_ teuton 1914
'II. Opera. Concert, Re- !
? It ? Ik. lumpen dales ?d
Hrp??: Annie I rledberg-, ,
112.1 Broad ?i a> i Per?oaal
addr**?. 14 _a?t 43d hi.
"Th? -y that TltklM th? Nino"
' With ?II '?'!? latest datte? jihwi?*. Tang-*??, ,
I Maxtxea He.itailoii?. ?ta Munie furtiUliod
'foi all occaalon* Call or writs
I 15-A W. 1 Wit* Ml. Tr!. t__l HUerild?.
GEORGE CARRE ReTiti!, Oral-r?o
VOCAL INMIIII HON.
i |3 r. l'itl. ?t.. S, Y. riiotio 'JO'-'T Muncwnt. i
MILDRED DILLING HARPIST
tONt_Kl>? H_CITAIJ*?INVTBlt TIOJ? |
Siu'ilu. '-' K S?d fc't. Phone Pleaa e7?d
rr?-*:it? It? talent for h'I occasions
DANC'B Ml Bit A SnCClALTV.
in.; V.' 132* tit. __ Mi?im JIM? Murnlng.
"A ,s? riimdo at tli'.. \illa." ?We Two To
g?ttitr." puMistisd by o. g-cblrmer.
Europe's Society Orchestra
1 OK DANCIS AND SUNU.
S7 W. IS1HT HT. Theme I tito Hari?ta.
ROSE WOLF UH?? JOSEFFY
Pit MM", TKAi'llKR WO ill*? ll
Mrinwiar llalli. 10? Vj>?l Mil. Ml.
"?V?L PEAVEY t?B?f^
- ? ??ri ??Si? smKoarn.
li. Etat Jill St.. N. V. 'I'iiuiic S3M Mai So.
11 ttsclld As?.. Br??sl>n. PU??? 3747 E. N. V.
I.ll.tt K AMIKKMIN.
_!*? W, Hth ht, Mioiio Ec'iuyUr S3M'. _
L IM A O'B RIE (i iff ?#5??
r.1 West 30th Wt? V V_
iluguit. yululiu Agency, 1 W. 84?? Bt.N. T.
' r.er. over the coftin nf the cemetery
gale. After Ih" cofliii had been low?
ered into '!"? grave Mailing?".- handed
three laurel wreath? to Hummel, "ho
placed them upon the coffin. A poem
by Castelli had been distributed at the
t ? ? ? 11 -- ? ? of mourning and one by Baron
?on Schlechte h? the cemetery; but
there was no more speaking or sing?
ing. I he c (?iiiies took place in the
( in' ' iiiireli of I he Augustiiiians on
April '?'?. when Mozart's *'Flequiein'' was
- ing, Lablache singing the bass ?olos.
i?:i the ?th of April I herubini's "Re?
quiem" was sung in the Karlskirehc.
Tlif gtravc in 11?.o cemetery was marked
h; i. imnle pyramid of ?-lone iii-icribod
* itli bu'. one word:
Tie Krave m the cemetery at Wih
ring having fatlcn into neglect, the
<?? :icllschaft der Musikfrcuii?le caused
the body to be exhumed and reburied
en October Vi, l*st?:j. On June 21, 18S8.
the remains of Beethoven and Sehu
hert wrrr> removed to the Central -
friedhof. In Vienna, where they now
repose aide by aid?. _ ? tli ,
(Cmcyrtget, 1>M. by H. t. KretikW i
NEW < HJCKE-TN- HALL TO OPEN.
L_lvatore (iiordano, the operatic and
concert tenor; Helene Koelling, the
German coloraturn soprano, and Wil?
helm, solo pianist und accompanist, are
?jnnounced a-, the artist.? who are to
open the nrw Chickerlng Hall, on the
seventh floor of the Lord _ Taylor
store. Thursday afternoon, September
tO. at 3 o'clock.
It has been a number of years since
New York has boaeted a Chickerlng
Hall, but there arc many people still
living who will recall the first Chick- |
cring Hall directed by C Krank Chi?.k
cring in 1S75, also on Fifth ave., but
further down town. The old Chicker- j
ing Hall was the scene of many notable
concerts Ly virtuosi such ai Bulow,
Joseffy. de Pachmarui and many others.
It will also be remembered as the home
of many musical organization? : uch a<
the Mendelssohn Glee Club, the New
York Vocal Society and the New York
Quartet, so it is with much inters?,
that the announcement of the opening
of the new Chickerlng Hull in the mag?
nificent Lord * Taylor building on
Fifth ?v., 38th and 3?th st?? will he
received among New York musical
The new Chickering Hell is a beau?
tiful room, ?eating capacity for about
300 people. The ?tage is large and
adequate, with decorations beautifully
conceived and.carried out. A number
cf prominent artists who have in?
spected it have remarked on the touch
of intimacy which seems to pervade the
The selection of Sigror Salvator?
Giordano as the tenor for the opening
recital may be regarded as a compli?
ment to both Signor Giordano and the
new Chickerine Hail. Having achieved
notable successes in Germany, Russia
und America in both opera and concert
work. Signor Giordano is well equipped
for the honor conferred upon him for
next Thursday afternoon.
Miss Helen Koelling comes from Ger?
many, where ; he won a large reputa?
tion for herself both in concert and in
opera. Her voice is one of rare beauty
i.nd wide range. She r.pDeared in this
'. ju.itry with the Manhattan Or.cra
Company and was afterward enguged
?vith the Montreal Opera Company.
William Spohr is a pianist of high at?
tainment? both a? soloist and accom?
Complimentary admission cards for
the opening recital for the new Chick?
ering Hall may be obtained in the
piano -;ec?ion on the seventh floor of
the Lord 4. Taylor store.
At Music Studios.
Signor A. Carbone, teacher of surg?
ing, formerly of the Metropolitan
Opera House company, ai.iioancea the
resuminjr of his lessoi-.s on Monday,
September 14, at his studio, in Aeolian
H'tul. H?J ha? _ls.o opened u L?r:.nch
tudio for voie? and piano at 6o_ Lex?
ington .iv. Mibs Linda Carbone will
have charge mc the piano department.
Signor Carbone i?, plaimii.g t.j give
during the winter a scries of operatic
performances with his advanced pupils.
An interesting musical vas given by
pupila cf Mine. Haggerty-.Snt-l!. teacher
cf -.ocal music, last Monday evening in
her studio, at _*J17 Broadway. Laura
I.evus?Oinc. Rose Uidner. Lillian Lu?
ther and ? liarles Norton Hunt were
participants. A well arranged pro
granuno waa enjoyed by the guests.
Hiss Carrie Louise Lockwood was the
Mr. and Mrs. John Oen-.is Mer-an.
teachers of vcice, will reopen their
studios in Carnegie Hall on Monday,
Max Friedman, pianist and teacher,
has just returned from his vacation
and trill resume his teaching or. Thurs?
day. September 10, rat __7 Vcrnoti av.,
Brooklyn. On Mondays he has a class
at the Pouch Gallery, ;i l? Clinton av.,
Theodore Van Yorx, tenor, announces
the opening of his ToeaJ **-*?
September 14. A specialty i??3.?5|
the reauirements of ehorch <nS
which Mr. Van Yorx has had ???Jli
twenty years' experience.
Mrs. A. M. Virgil, of th? ViraUtgiw
Conservatory, ii West 71th i?*W
been enjoying n vgry ulssuMu? ?IJPJ
In Bronte, Canada, near Torwtaig?
Is now making another ?xUosresi ?
through New York, Pennsylvsau/aSF
Indiana and Kentucky with a s2sf
Miss Marlon Blair. i,h? expect? E^
turn tor the f.ll term, which -
Mme. Laura Merrill, teacher of ?w
ing, of Aeolian Mall, has rstjrssajS
her vaeatlon and resumsd her lssji?
??' ? mmm^
Minna Schloemann, ??oesl I ??a.
who Is ep?n?iing the sammr-r atl
Branch, N. J., will resume Uaehise?
her studio, 10 Manhattan av ?a if
tomber 21. While in Long fc?
many of her pupils haveconiin..as5?
studios with her. ^
Mr. and Mrs. Carl H. ToUefae-, hai
returned after a summer vgcgtjjl^
the J?Mey coast and have rsaaiJ
their studio, at 116(1 t.r)th st., Brttgjk?
In addition to their solo eni/i|*sMg,
and piano and violin r?citait, tk?*ss?
be frequently heard this ffMso sM
the Tollefsen Trie. Th* 'cellist 3
season v;ill be Willem Durieux. Aasa?
the engagements already arrans>atM
concert.? at the Brooklyn Instituts, ft
lumbia Universitj. People's In??tak
Peopl-'-: Symphony concerts, etc ?Ci
Tolle?t?n will appear in joint tm?M
with Horatio Connell, baryto? ?
Aeolian Hall, New York, on Nesaa.
Ov?r forty n?w teacher? ?er? ?,
i to the Rusicll method circuit thii trne.
| mer through Louis Arthur "uniu*.
normal cla-isei in New York, Ne?? J?,.
1 sey and Ohio, including prositas*
teachers from conservatories, sasj ?*,.
| vate studios through the Weit, ?g
I and South. Vr. I.u?,scll has retsn?|
| from his summer ichool. ?and ?iU?aaj
, his New York and Newark Mhe?U?o>
1 ing the weet of September 7. ?*n?
I the summer Mr. P.ussell hat als*asMaj
to In? long list o' c?.i i n Dos it ions a H*
: pianoforte suite and severs! ?onp,^
! prepared a thini edition of h * am
booklets. "Some Psychic Reflect.?? hr
| Singers," "Plain Tal1, ?ith '?\ttmt,'
and "The Body and Breath for Sat?
The Edgemere Club to Resun
Open During Fall
Edgemere. Long I?tand, Sept. a.?*
, grand fete for the benefit of ta? Its
Cro?s international war fund will k
' held at the Mdgemere Club on lag?
i Day afternoon and evening. Then?!
i be a th? dansant In the afurnsea as?
a dinner dunce in the evening at both
I of which Basil D.jra-it and Miss asv
garet Huwkesworth vill introdvei ?*
newest society dames. A huge mi
party i:. bt-ir? arranged which ?rill W
. in eh inre of Mrs. K, Pfariu*. fn**,
including a Pekingese dog, ?nil St
| awarded ;n the vanouj contest?, sa?i
largo ?attendance is expected. Th? th?
hopes .o be able to forward to the Its
Croa? a tub-'tant ial futid.
For the first time in its history ttt
Edgemere Club will remain ope? iv
. ing the fall, and an < luboraU fS>
jrrammc Cor September was anstesssi
The programme includes a ?au
dance ?very evening, except ?tankM
; every Thursday evening, an ?.isiii?
1 tion conteHi, with f?ivors and pria?:
every Friday evening proiniaetit W>
of national reputation will addressth
club on the war and carrent tophi; j
i very Saturdav evening ihtrewillafi
grand week-end ball, and every Sstv
day afternoon from 4 to 6:30 i ?t
There will be a three-day round-tow
I tennis tournament In men's *t*Mml
extending over Labor Dsy.
Mr. and Mr--. Forbes JUCretry If
1 rived on Frid?j>.
Ml SICAL INSTRUCTION.
2? V?un? M?rrli Park W.. ur. l.:!<l ?:., N Y
I minen! Inalru. for?: Maeitr? Pletro Horldl?.
Tin I ?- of Minting' A. Volpe, V-lta: Mme. $.
Triubmin, Vole J. Paiternack, t1?? li; V.
Dublniky. *Cel? 8. Flr.ktlittln. (?..-. ??; M.
Malkln. IK.. CATALOGUE FREt.
Or ? to ?? ?. . td?M t? ti ". R<??rll M?Uio>|
ilrrtiH during the n?.-'. I?nokt (Ur. Riarell'i
summrr Nor??Ul. AiMrt?? Hrerrtiri lof rlullrttn-i.
rum??- llfl!. ManhUi-?, vt ??-,.,. m 0f Hm.lt,
; X?w?rk, V J, Uli IS ?mill It III sSKf.I,. Dir.?-tor.
rtliitng tfeiiool fof <!-??? I?ti ?ikI <imlriu??ter?.
FELIX LAMONO, Director.
Offl.e Hour*. II I? I.' ?nil? l-'ur prorpc.lua
???Ire.? I??1?irT, '."1 Trl.iity llmte.
The Russell Studios
(>?? ? m let ?. ti o i
.?rillt during the p_*. p'timuier t
suinnifr NoraiaUi, A.ii?ri'?ii Krerrtsri
('?me?- llfi!. Manhattan, .- Cell
Ni.'.-r? V i Mil IS Mil III It lit rtM
REFERENCE. RAFAEL J08EFFV.
Imtructlon. Metropolitan Optra Hou?? Bulldln?.
_ U25 Broadwcy. Root? 2? iFrll??;.
ICI. RAFAEL JOSEFFY.
ropelltan Opera Haut? Bulldln?.
dwgy. a??m 2? I Friday?).
! School of Accompanying
Mr?. Menhall Elliott St ?wart, O'rtcter.
Seu?l lor l?ool?:?t. A? ocin?.?;.?? _ ?i i Art."
AEOLIAN HALL, J3 W-l 42 ?id Strut.
V?c?l ?lud??. At?ilin.ii K?IL Ur-??.'. 'i"J -I
iiigtMj At. ruiin Intirui'.ii'.i l?y l.lml? t'u-lmie.
Huilait VacaI Iantruclor.
( oncerl OiganUl aod C?iiiiii:??er.
i*TlWOMS? *??'? < AKXEHIr. HAU,. N.V
T. U|AD|| Irinlierof riano
AKTOfN-TTK ft?HUli and lUrmoiy.
MUSICAL READINGS. PUBLIC RECITALS.
? ?n ink? Simile?, n:iu nth Are. ?t HitI M
Viols Palmer ^"H"Sf'r;
Carnea? Hall ?tu?iio mi Bvmry d^y c.\?ept
MON.. Till K.M. * s.*T., ut,ill :; f^M
Vocal InitruetUn. AulUn Hall. 31 W. 42? St.
Horn?. 142 Claremont Av?.. Mt. Vernon.
Mi STICKLES *??-Triw.
Pupil? prepared lor ?pert ?ncert. ?rtt?rl?.
Aeella.i Hall. 33 W. 42 St. Studio 1.021.
MAX FRIEDMAN f'?
.??7 Vernon Ay?.. Brooklyn. N. Y. Pli??? 3842 J.
W'i?tj?urB._ Mo?.. P???S Gal.. J43 Cllat?? A??.
I0HN CAMPBELL tenor
M.iii ise.,u IIA-NMKI.
AEOLIAN HAM.. NK
Pruldettt ?f Grand C??>?ry
Un.yeri'ty n ^h, tnti ?
Cra.luat? Mutlo Dept . Urs?_?_
1 a-l;. r e? t!,? VIOLIN and t'.i-einb.e Mini?.
Va? Oyk? Studio, lij _l?hlh A?_. ??a? lath.
T. TERTI?S NOBLE
ORGANIST ANO MASTER OF TNI CHOIR.
St. Th?mu't Church, Fifth Ay*, and 114 St.
l>rf?ii_Ji?.'U?iv_ I'uplW A.:<**|rt?<t.
OM?a ATWnAO Pe?**, entntm ?emtn tm
Y.. HI WWW? Kaniil* BlDomOrld ZoWler
Srelal Tcarliara' Coure??. Ind. I-iti-Ukr Ter?nl.-.
,Ni_\\tst ISId HI.. V Y. Phoii? 90} Mora-?,
Touch G??1er?. 343 L lint ou Av.. -rovkJya.
.M?n.i?;e?ient HA-N8KI. _ .IOM>.
AKOUAN HAM.. NBW lOKK.
(?.?ter of Mu?le
113 W?at Uth St.
Prtaldent ?f Grand C??a*rv?tory ?f Mnft.
Univartlty ?I th? mt.U ?t N?w V?rt.
I'? l>t W_ H_?M,
Cra.luat? It?*_ Dept . Teaniien' ?'?llego. I'ulumbl?
" NU-IhiI?- A?. Thou? ,-i2.ll Morn
Conservatory of Music
incorporated In liSJ and chartered In
1801 by SpvcUl Act of Congress.
Jetsaaette M. Thurber, Found. * Pr?s.
Established fur the thorough edu?
cation of serious students in music.
Dates ol E\?mi??tloo sod Eirollmeot
Sept. 21st to Sept. 30th, inclusive,
Th?TKrti??h SJioUusiic Y??r Cpan? Oaobtr In.
Kor furllier Infori.iallon address th?
???.??cretas. 1?.'? Webt T9th St.. New Tori?.
New York German
Conservatory of Music?
306-308 Madison Av.. near ?S4*8t
Irtundrii lit*. It'.tor?oi*t*J I*S?1.
? Dtisjctats l'irl Hein ?id Ausu-t praam, k?.
Inomugh li.siru? I to.. in PIAXO, VInUN.
! ? Y.IAJO. OKUAN ?lid ?11 OIK'UCKTIU INKTKL
\- ?? Meal tiv.rui-tloii at sOSSst rait?, ii
eulnp?t?ml ?i.d vfli-kiio.n; pretmmmr*.
lite,. Los In pu.IK- plsi'.i.g a .?1 orcl.estrs dl
TERMS ?10 Vl.tt <Jl'AKTi;n I 1?.
< ?talos?.?? o" Application.
Opon fre?s 9 to ??. Moii.liy and Tl.ursilay until 9
Aji|i!ti'?tltoii for fren scliolaualilpa slivuld bs aitdo
1 Lrtor?. U-t..l?r .?.
A laliMl Hr V?le?. N??,ivi IJM ?', t.g ? < I si
VI Hui?* 70 ?.'?r.i-sl?: Hall. X. V Tri i'0l ??a?
t'ttlll Wept J9 I'lionc ?oiry l.ltid tStt.
f Uno an4~
TUX Vr.AKN PLTII. Of K. M. BOlVMtN
"tr-Hi-asy Hall. Km 12 IQQ K. nth iTtiur?i
Plssiit * rnsksr'
Pupil l?r 9 yisrt
?I C. M. (.?*???.
The feuch Oalla-ry. I Brooklyn I Ke?ideo?-s.
??lintoii Av?.. ' Studl??. 4S teeex Bt
a i ? a a ? ?? ss. .a asgn, *-?> I . S I ., H'll r,, If
Th.; fauch Oalhry, ?, Brooklyn I
ll*:. ? ?Union A v...'Studl??.
VOCAI. Ml DIO.
Hotel CarkUy, T4tb gt a Ai.i?:?-<j?m A\
KNIE ANIJ ART
'srnsals Hail Ph?
HCIKXCE AN? ART tit PINCIM..
?I-I Csmsyls Hall Phone Columbus m?
?S. AHUISDR l.e?jlir.sa,
M i l.u i.
HOMK STI BIO. ?? W. MIXT HT.
srKlIAIIsir IN FRENCH DICTION.
?20 W. .TSTH ST. iMi.'ue Sil i-ui.iii.hus
VOICE l'LACINO. BKr \ 1 III.Mj.
t'rsp?rulton fvr ?'lioir, i'oucrrt ?nd Orbtorlo
111 r)TUtX 57TH S^s WKW .YOg?"
jo Ht* fifi Y?*Tk w-ar??i ~
ADAM nUtlU WA??
"* ***"*r iNsrrtt CTiON
METROPOLITAN OPERA HOlHE Bl.Di...
Iin Broadway, Hturii.? I?. WSd. assd Sat
RAGTIME PIANO i??.
Varita. B?ii)o. ?alMKlolii?. ?JiilUr. ist ui?ll*<l LalSMS
K. io.il. :.; Ila!j>a>> ?i llruoklm l'honc 371 Rasjuwli :<
?UllU?: DkOm?fQ '?"?raa-h?r ?f ?Inging
l'Om.KR r^Wl?U? la all it? brans lar?.
ISO IV. :4th M. Tel. iKtmw ColyiwlHia.
VIMIL PIIr? C0?$ERVAT0flf
Mr?, .y XI. VIRGtU Ptrsctor. 4'.'W. T?th til.
?EC VAN YORX ??ou,
VOCAL STUDIO. Il WEPT ??TH ?,T.
ClVarO DUfAREST %&mV5i.
Instruo'n. Ch. et lit? Mesaiab.rark av.43* st.
New York Collegt
128-130 Ea.?t 5Mb St., Ne* V?*
I Inreetir? CARI. ?II IV ALOleT riiW
Hrwi? Kr_.? I. I.lt'l ??cta-u?. Uoa_. c?_. ??_J_
A ?i_li !?. hool of Music for unm
? Student?. All Branches Taught K,9?r
n-i.l inatru?-low. Sp.-? tal Pejroa.iaSP
for Btffftmiera. t>ept. of P"""?_?,sP
Music In ?-harge of It. Frank-.??
S??i|(J forj.it.ilofci''*._ _ -
Institute of Musical ?Art
of the City of New Yot*
IHWK DAMROstH. nireeH*.
Sen I o ? ?pen? 0ct?4l?r I2t?.
E??tnln?tl?n? for cdml-l?? Sept. 2lt? t? ?? ?
'111?! ItiJstltijt? fl?e? preferen?? "? lk___
' pll?_nta **h<H?e tutor.? I ?bllltl ?"?'JE
purpa?? five proini?e of n . leal ?"_?
t tiduwed and eo au? ted ? Ithout Is????""
j?rollt, the Iiiatltute command? th? 9
of ?rtl?t-t?-? her? ?ho.-?' privat? .
?Aould be prohibitiva to mo t ?iuil?*??a_?
i re iiio(lrr?te and gtilforn*. ' u'rt*t*?^
, Invited from tho?e tienrlnf U? ?**? '
; drey? ?> i
1 The Secretary. 120 ( larrt?oa?_AJ__g,
DI?tiD|ulshed Italian Teacher at ra_
THE sKVKRX. 170 Weal It* tX, _>
Tel W? i "'? ?e
IHK AKT OK MNOIMO.
'*,'eaeli?r of ii.-n> ??????liraied ????j-^g
artiat? iww appeal-t.r- ?j?f?'r? tn? w?*g
AeoH?n Hall. ?\? A"*u* T"' <g*4.,g*c
Htndlo. IT*.' WTTOth Ht. Hho' T?MJSS-C
DO TOC WANT
COM- TO "I- ___i|
\-olli?,i Hall, II4S-41 t, ..r?ie?r? wegS?!
ALICE GARRIGUE IP
ART OF MNdlMi- ?
IV2 WEST JfjTH ST.. VKjV *i__>
2 ?KM 12 IST f?T.. ld\_i
??le? I'la?-iua. .nterprelallea.
atndl.i: ?W_W. S7th_sr IMioii?jJ_
i:uvkL canill ?,;vu;AS?
llroolibii. TI nalnl?rUl?B M . H*"
GUIIMA?T OS? AN SCMO
Resumed ??eral !o?irife???sa*
??I Ka?l 54th S4. - -J?M
l?*:^ _t?alwa? M.i-. ? "?o"?
M.r.eii. COf|S?R??TOIiy ?
a? da"? g w]?*ys5j
^r^ BRISTOL,,; r?a