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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 18, 1914, Image 1

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IVm> lorie
atibune
WEATHER
FAIR TODAY AND TO-MOBKOW.
Te?ter*Jer's ToesoeeXor? :
Hlfh. Ml lew, ffl.
Fall report ?? Face ?.
Btt?AXlV-. No- M.7T8.
(Copyright. t?H.
B> The Tribune AMmeletlon.,
NEW YORK, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18. 1914.
? * ?
PRICE ONE
/? Ta1 VT *? City ?' ?*?*** V?r'*. Wewarfc. fermer f'Hy e?
V r.IM 1 EMCWHKIC TWO < ?>?.
Kaiser's Armies Are Holding Their Own
as Deadliest Battle of the War Rages;
Germany Asks Peace Terms Through U.S.
ASKS WILSON
TO PUT PEACE
UP TO ALLIES
Germany's Chancellor An?
swers U. S. Inquiry
Through Gerard.
KAISER HIMSELF
NOT HEARD FROM
Inspired Statement Indi?
cates Exacting Attitude
on Part of Russia.
"WAR WILL GO ON
SOME TIME YET"
Count von Bernstorff Skeptical
of Anything Coming of
Overtures Soon.
Washmgton. Sept. IT. Germany has,
?nested informally that the United
gates nhooM undertake to elicit from
Great Britain, France anil Russia *
itsterocnt of the trim? under which
the Allies would make peace.
The suggestion was made by the
taptrisl ttiatic- ilor, Von Bethmann- |
JWlwee.*? Ambassador Gerard at Ber-j
lia su a n -tilt of an inquiry sent by !
1st American government to leavn ;
??ctiier Emperor William was desirou
af discusiing peace, as Count von
Bern*' German Amoassador.
and Oscar Straus recently had re
?aSTied.
No r. ade by Emperor Will?
ihaself no? ?aid the Imperial Chan?
cellor indicate whether or not he spoke
an bel. monarch. Amba.'sa
cabled I're.-ident Wil.-on
Chanc?llor's remarks from rec-ol
i re substantially as
iaOr - :
??t.? n-...i appreciative of the
Ameno . go? i rnment's interest and of
lerof ;ry in-to make peace.
Geraun) J d not want war, hut had it
rare??! on lier. Even if she defeats
Praae? -t likewise vanquish
bath Great Britain and Russia, as all
:'nre< have made an egreemeat not to
?.. hi ? xcept by comomn consent.
ilv. England has announced
thronga Premier Asquith and her di
vloina? newspapers that shs
"atend? I to the limn of bei
assurance. >? view of that determina
, ;.n ol Great Britain, the
i .-?..??? ought to get proposai?
ace from the Allie?. Germany
fould accept only a lasting peace, one
that would make her people secure
again ' To accept
ratdib- would be interpr-t-.-d
by th< \ a sien of weakness on
tbe part ol Germany, and would bs
aisundtr.-t.. .1 by the German people,
Sao, having made great bscriflces, had
the righ' ?-.? demand guarantees of re
tarit) "
"?er- Was l<> Mediation.
' Ambassador Gerard
? u liia conversation.
Be added only the brief comment that
he hlmsell thought the way might pos
d to mediation.
President Wilson did not regar?l td?
?- ever, n? bringing ; :iy thing
tengible. lie referred to the Cksn
?llor's conversation as non-commit'.il
?nd incidental to the acknowledgment
?f the American government's inquiry.
fi* President indicated that he rather
?d a reply to the inquiry to be
?eat eventually from the Emperor him
though In- realizes thut the ira
8*'ial Chancellor nay have consulted
?natch by telegraph before t-.lk
formally with the America? Am
ktudor.
President Wilson took no action as
? Noah <>t' the meaaage, waiting to
"*?r from Ambassador Gerard whether
-??thing u! h more formal character
??aid be obtained by him which the
{y*** States might communicate to
^?eat Briuii!, r ranee and Russia. It
.?? understood to-night that neither
"* Bntigh nor the French Ambassador,
wn of *hom are in Waohington, was
'"?armed officially or unofllcially by
^?rttary Bryan of the conversation
r.ii " tne ?mperial German Ciian
*V.or ?id Ambassador Gerard.
??v.',hn*n>'!\ P??"tion is that -he v. ill
then v ?P',,,on on 'erms of neace
?n.1? . h** re?ived a definite state
Pose,. 'tT the ?ll?M ?r thoir P?
ST?L hi statement that Germany
he, !l *??* *??". *>ut had it forced on
laa'JL-. . ' "* tb? declaration that
??! ,?,th ?h? remarks which Sir
Paaa u i **1 m*df t0 Ambassador
*?" in London last week. The Brit
A C*%*-?ee?l ?a page e, calasaa 8
AEROPLANE CHASED
OUT OF ANTWERP
. ?y ?-tie to The Tribune
Antwerp. Sept. 17. A Taube aero
. plane flew over Antwerp at 7 o'clock
. this morning, coming from the west.
It circled the city, flying low until
; near the gas works. No bombs were
i dropped.
The forts endeavored to bring it
??own, but their attempts were frus?
trated by the machine rising to a great
height.
Immediately after passing the old
i fortifications Belgian aviator.? gave
chase, but the Taube .scaped in the di?
rection of Wilryck.
m ??.
MAY SEIZE GOODS
HELD FROM MARKET
London Board of Trade Gets
Power?Wheat Confiscated
at Sydney. N. S. W.
London. Sept. 17.?A proclamation
wa. issued to-night authorizing the
Hoard of Trade to take possession of
any articles of commerce which are
being unreasonably held from the mar?
ket, paying the owners fair prices for
them.
A Reutcr's dispatcl. from Sydney,
N. S. Wa, -ay.?: "The state govern-,
ment, acting in accordance with the
powers conferred upon it by Parlia?
ment a? the outbreak of the war to
prevent gambling in foodstuffs, to-day
seized 140,000 bags of wheat which ts
holders had refused to sell at $1 04 a
hundredweight, the price fixed by the
government."
HOLLANDEXPE?D
TO JOIN THE ALLIES
Likely to Enter War Soqji.
"as Germans Begin
Their Retreat.
I By Cable ?-? Tlic Tribu .c
The Hague, Sept. 17.- Publication
here of a report that the Germans are
strengthening the fortifications at Co?
logne. Dusseldorf, Wesel and Duisburg
; lias given rise to much specw.a ? .
While, of course, such a Step is only
natural as a precaution againr. an in
1 vasion by the allied forces, yet Dutch
i opinion to a certain extent is inclined
j to credit it to a fear by the German
: authorities that Holland will take- a
! hand soon in the great war. The four
towiil mentioned are all dot east of
the Dutch frontier.
Despite the fact that any violation
of Dutch soil must be far from the
thoughts of Germany, Dutch troops
; still are massed on the frontier, and
i feverish military activity is every
; where apparent.
The belief is generally prevalent that
i Holland will join the Allies once the
German retreat to their own territory
begins.
SISTER SPEAKS OF
SIR JOHN FRENCH
; Napoleon Has Taught Him Every
Inch of France, Mrs.
Despard Says.
By ""able to The Tribun?
London, Sept 17.- .Mrs. Charlotte
Despard, interviewed to-day about her
brother, Sir John French, commander
< in chief of the British forces fightinr,
in France, said:
"My brother will be one of the hap*
piest men in the field. The war game
is his one passion. He loved it when
; he was a boy. Hattles and preaching
i were his only hobbies.
".Napoleon was. i-tid is still, his hero.
But it is Napoleon the soldier, i>??t
Napoleon tue politician. Indeed. Sir
j John holds very etronglj* that a soldier
! should stick to his sword.
"That i. one ol his first axioms In
; life. My brother has made Napoleon
, his hero, because the Corsican was the
! greatest tactician the world lias ever
? known.
"In one curious way, his Napoleon
cult has been unexpectedly useful. In
pursuing nis hero worship, he has
traced every hillock and hedge row ol
the country over which he is now light
j ing. He knew the Belgian theatre -i
war by heart, through the Waterloo
' campaign, before he ever landed there.
"War is the game the general best
1 loves. It is the game he has spent his
I life in learning. He thinks it the
! greatest game of all, and when he is
j in action he is the happiest warrior
, in all the world."
m ?
TRAINING VESSEL
FOUNDERS IN GALE
Twenty?one Drown on British
Naval Ship Lost in the
English Channel.
Londcn, Sept. I?. The Admiralty
?nnourices that the training ship Fis
gard II, formerly the battleship Frebus.
. hss foundered off Portland during a
\ g_le in the English Channel, and that
?wenty-one members of her crew were
? ?jrowned.
At the time of the disaster the Fis
g_rd II was being towed by tugs
through a heavy sea. Forty-four of the
crew were rescued by the tugs. Boy
artificers were trained on the vessel.
Imported Bock Panetela. Fragrant und
uilld. Mora excellent than ever.? Advt.
GERMANY
SETS FORTH
CASE TO U- S
?Detailed Argument Given
to Tribune by Foreign
Office Dignitary.
NOT DYNASTIC WAR,
SAYS BARON MUMM
Purely a Business Prop?
osition with Britain,
He Declares.
FORCED TO SUPPORT
BROTHERS IN AUSTRIA:
i
"We Shall Conquer Unholy AW
anee," Official Tells Joseph
Medill Patterson.
I By .IOSFPII MKU1LI. l'ATTKRSOX.
Special Correepewdeat of Tii?* Tribun??.j
Berlin. Aug. 26. The following re?
markable authorized interview *???
granted to-day by the German Foreign
Office--comparable to the State Depart?
ment in Washington to your corre
spondent.
-The?Interview -r-as held directly with
Baron Mumm, ndvlser t- tbe Grtrtmtn
Foreign Office in American. Chinese and
Japanese affairs.
Baron Mumm, who speaks English
fluently, was secretary of the legation
; in Washington 1888-'92 and Minister
pro tern, to the Vnited States in 1899.
; He was Minister to China 1900-*06. in
the six difficult nnd critical years suc?
ceeding the Bo:;cr rebellion, and Am?
bassador to Japan 1906-'ll.
When the interview was completed
it was typewritten and submitted to the
German Foreign Office- for approval.
! This approval was very hard to get. In
fact, the German Foreign Office at first
entirely disapproved of the article,
lather on account of its* manner than
because of its substance, which it was
. acknowledged had been faithfully in?
terpreted.
But the way in which the interview
was written, in American newspaper
style, caused some of the older Secre
: taries of State, accustomed to the for?
mal phraseology of less hurried and
more elignil'.ed days, to gasp.
However, liaron Mumm, with his
deeper knowledge of how things are
done, written and said in the United
Btatea, persuaded his confreres that
I the infor nility of the 'conversation as
: reported would, if anything, cause it to
be more widely lead in America.
On that plea the Foreign Office finally
and in considerable perplexity assented
to the interview, stamped it with the
official stamp and it appears herewith.
One-Sided Stories in V. S.
1 first explained to Baron Mumni
that the American public had so far
heard little but the Anglo-French side
of the ctita-tronhc now taking place in
' Europe, owing to the cortrel by those
governments of the Atlantic cables to
the United States, the control by the
Rnaaian and Japanese governments of
the Pacific cables to the United States
and the practical stopping of mail from
Germany.
The answer was that the Geimar.
government un?!erstood this situation
' perfectly and regretted it greatly, be
I cause it was its wish to have the estire
; facts in the matter laid freely before
the American public.
Baron Mumm continued that the Ger?
man government realized that the im- \
pression had been spread in Amcrice ?
? that Germany and the German Em- j
1 pcror had wished for thi?? world-wide
war, provoked it and precipitated it,
whereas Germany had made every pos?
sible effort, first, to keep Russia from
fighting Austria; second, to keep
: France neutral in the event of a Russo
German war; third, to keep England
, neutral in the event Germany found
itself forced to light at two frontiers,
:ind fourth-obviously-il hoped that
the Japanese would be able to restrain
?hem-elves from the raid on Kiao
Chou, in China.
"Germany is not a.sane.' declare 1
Baron Mumni vigorously, "and unless
| ... 'hink us insane how can you be?
lieve that we wished to light the worid
just for the fun of it? No, the Em?
peror's quarter century of peace gives
I the lie to that impossible conception.
Russia fought us because we are the i
outpost of the West and she is tbe oui- !
Ceatln-**! on tiefe 9, colunia 4 I
TWO KINGS PRAISE
VALOR OF TROOPS
Albert and George Exchange
Felicitations on Conduct of
Men Under Arms.
London. Sept. 17.?King George re?
ceived the following telegram to-day
from Ihe King of Ihe Belgians:
"I desire to congratulate you most
heartily on th-_> splendid action of the
British troops at the battle of tne
! Marne. In the name of the 'vhole
! Belgian nation, I express to you our
? deepest admiration for the stubborn
' courage of the officers and soldiers of
your army.
"God will surely help our -irmies !o
avenge the atrocities committed on
peaceful citlssas and against a country
whose only crime has been that she re?
fused to be false to her engagements."
I King George, on receipt ofathc tele?
gram, sent the following ii>plv to King
; Albert:
"I thank you most sincerely for yowr
kind telegram and for your appreciation
for the services of my troops. I orn
estly trust that the combined ?p^ra
tions of our allied forces, in combina?
tion with your brave army, whose
heroic effort* are beyond all prai=e,
will meet with continued SOOMSMJ and
will free your much tried country from
the invader."
ITALY MAY JOIN
WAR IN FEW DAYS
Call of Reservists for Sep?
tember 28 Supposed to
Indicate Time.
, :: i sbl? to i:-- Tris rae.
Rome, Sept. 18.?Italy's call t?> the
colors of all reservists for September
?6 is believed to*indicate the time set
for a deolsration of war against Aus
?tri?. and, Ger raapj?. ?Jubila?* Va*, hv
been going on in the mean time, nl
' though the customary announcements
have been withheld.
The Italian military attache at Ber?
lin has been recalled, and the German
i military attach? at Rome will be with
' drawn." It is understood that the Ital?
ian attach? whs insulted in an official
salon by remarks about Italy's action
in connection with the Triple Alliance
an?l that he replied vigorously before
taking his departure.
The insistence of the people, how?
ever, has been the deciding factor, per?
haps, in inducing Italy to throw her
lot with the Allies. Refusal to 6ght
Austria, it besan t?> be feared, would
result in an uprising at honi". The
; streets of Rome, Milan, Turin and Na?
ples are crowded daily with an army o?
unemployed which blames Germany for
its condition and cries for vengeance.
These riots have been suppres-ei1,
with great difficulty, and arc spreading
; to all parts of the kingdom.
The "Messagero," returning 'o ihe
i subject of a grand ministry, compris?
ing men of all parties, under Signor
I Salandru, who enjoys the nnhrersal
j confidence, openly accuses Berlin and
; Vienna of i-mploying much i,">l?l in
Rome Is pt'ipagate their reniions o?
the war.
"If Austria wins." says this demo
; cratic organ, "our Adriatic-Balkan
! equilibrium will disappear in smoke,
lor in that case the coming congress
; will make her mistress of the eastern
shores of the Adriatic and Balkan
' r.cninsuUi. Every one admits that
Italy can never oppose Kngland, but
Will not the always difficult policy
of maintaining good relations with
Kngland simultaneously with the
Triple Alliance* be absolutely impos
? sible after the rancor caused by the
i war?
"Italy must therefore choos either
, to be with Kngland's friends or with
: Kngland's enemies. If the latter, th<-ii
I how can Italy manage Libya, Eritrea
i and SomalilandV"
The Austrophile "I'opolo Romano."
! which, However, has a small circula?
tion, taki-s the opposite view, advocat
injr scrupulous maintenance of neu
' Irality to the end, describing Italian
; participation in the war as the vilest,
i most ignominious action that can be
' taken.
London. Sent. 1".?- In a dispatch fiom
Par,.- the correspondent of "The Daily
Telegraph" says fiat the Italian re?
servists in the French capital have
been called for September 28. They
believe, the correspon nt says, that
this means Italy's entrance into the
war.
a ?
GEN. DE LA REY'S
DEATH AVENGED
Johannesburg, Sept. 17. The gang
of d.'Hperadoe?, under the leadership of
a man named Jackson, who were indi?
rectly the cause of the killing of Gen?
eral Jacobus Hendrick De La Rey, the
noted Boer general, came to a dramatic
ending to-day. Thev took refuge in a
cave on Ka?t Rand, and the police sur?
rounded the cave and called upon them
to surrender.
The desperadoes offered to give up
their arms to Jackson's ??rife. :>he en?
tered the cave and JachaOtl -hot her.
Jackson and hi" two accomplies then
commited ?uicide.
AMERICAN FACTORIES
UNHURT IN BATTLES
Boideaux, Sept. 17.--Word **- r -
ceived here to-day tha.t two America.!
factories in France?the International
Han-ester Company, at Lille, and the
Weeks Company, at St. Just-en-Chaus
a?e-near Amiens, were not damaged
during the recent fighting in that vi?
cinity.
BRITISH ARMY
DASHING.SAYS
AN OBSERVER
Half of Soissons Gained
in Night, After Long
Artillery Duel.
TROOPS CROSS AISNE
ON PONTOON BRIDGES
Report of Field Marshal
French's Officer Covers
Sept. 10 to 13.
CITY OF RHEIMS
GOT DIRE WARNING
Proclamation Threatened 81
Leading Citizens. Held as
Hostages, with Hanging.
London, Sept. 17.?An account of the
operations of the British army in
France and of the French army in im?
mediate touch with it during the period
from September 10 to 13, written by an
officer attached to Field Marshal Sir
John French*! stsiT, was issued to-night
by the officiai _. -as bureau. The ac?
count fellows:
"rtineo Thursday, September 1?, tee
British army made steady progress in
its endenvor to drive back the enemy
' in co-operation with the French. The
country across which it had to force
its way and will have to continue to do
la undulating and covered.with patches
cf thick wooel.
"Within the area which laced the
British before the advance commenced,
right up to Laon, the chief feature of
tactical importance is the fact that here
are six rivers running right across the
direction of the .ijvance, at all of which
it irai possible hat the Germans might
make resistance. These are, in order,
from the south, the Marne, Ourcq,
v e?l?', Aisne, Ailettt and Oise.
"The enemy held the line of tiie
Marne, which was crossed by our forces
on September 9 as a purely rear guard
operation. Our passage of the Ourcq,
which here runs almost due cost and
(feat, was not contested. The Vesle
was only lightly held, while resistance
along the Aisne, both against the
Preach and 'hi- Britiaha has been and
still is of a determined character.
I.iltle Opposition Met.
tin Friday, September 11, but little
opposition waa met with along anv
part of our front, ar.d the direction of
the advance was, for the purpose of
co-operating with our allies, turned
. (lightly to the .lortheast. The day was
.-p. in rushing forw; rd and gather?
ing in various hostile etachments. By
night lall our forces had reached a line
north of the Ourcq extending from
Ouchy-le I'hateau to Longpoint.
'?Vn tins day th e n also a gen
?ral advance :! the French along their
v lu?!* line, which cnd-M in a substan
tial success in one porti.n of the field,
link- Albrccht >[' Wurtcuiberg's
army, being driven *. :k acrods the
Saul- and elsewhere the while of the j
'corps artillery <f a German corps be?
ing captured Several German colors
also were taken.
"It was only on this day that Lai
full cvtent of the victory gained by
the Alii? on Septer ' ?r 8 was appre?
ciated by them, and the moral effect
of this success has been enormoui. An i
order dateil September ?5 and 7, issued I
by tl-.e commander < " the German Sev?
enth Corps, wa* pi ed up. It ?tate-i
that the great object of the war war.
a? -a to be attained, since the Iiench
were going to accept battle, and that
upon the re-ult of .is battle would
depend the issue of the war and the
honor of the German a nues.
"It seems probable that the Germans
not only expected to rind that the Brit?
ish army was beyond the power of as- '
suming the offensiv for some time, but
counted on the French having been
driven back on to the line of the Seine,
', and that, though surprised to find the
latter moving forward against them
after they had crossed the Mame, they
were in no wise deterred from making
a great effort.
Enemy in Formidable Position.
"On Saturday, tl j 12th, the enemy
were found to be occupying a very for?
midable positie.ii oppteite us on the i
north of the line ..t Sois.one. They
held both aidca of the rive, and . i
intrenched line on the hills to the
north of eight road bridges and two
railway bridges crossing the Aisne,
within our section of the front.
Seven of the former and both of the
latter had been demolished.
"Working from the west to the east, i
?LobtLoue- ea pace *,.|_?lu?_.n *
FRENCH TRY AGAIN
TO OUTFLANK FOE
London. Sept. IS.--Describing the
battle along the Aisne at Sois?ons. a
dispatch to "The Daily Express" says:
"French picked troops, with heavy
guns, are endeavoring to outflank the
German position. A French officer said
that the position of the Allies was ex?
ceedingly good, and that the enemy,
consisting of three army corps, was in
a practically hopeless position unless
it found a way to escape to the north?
east. But he admitted that the Ger?
man position was actually a strong de
fen sire one."
GERMANY LOSES
MORE WARSHIPS
111?. c:__l* to Th? Tribun?. I
Antwerp, Sept. 17.- According to in?
formation from trustworthy sources,
seven German destroyers and torpedo
boats have arrived at Kiel in a ?Jam
aged condition and it is understood ;
others have been sunk in the vicinity ;
of the canal.
SERBS REPORTED
OUT OF SEMLIN
Lonrton Sept. IS. An Athena die*
! patch to "The Times" says that, ac- ,
cording to latt-1 reports, the Servians '
have been obliged to evacuate Sta.Ua.
A?STRI?lAfSEEK
PEACE WITH RUSSIA
i Reported That Franz Josef
Hopes Berlin Will
Not Oppose.
I Dy Oa)M_ to The Trlriup?.)
\ ?i?jii,ttk?V-i!Ji^t-B*nfl*JM?
I Sera" loam* that preliminary steps are
? being taken toward a possible arrange?
ment for peace botween Austria-Hun?
gary ami Russia. It is asserted that
Emperor Franz Josef cherishes the
hope that Berlin will offer no serious
! opposition, since, apart from th? cor
: dial traditional friendship that has
' marked Anglo-Austrian relations, there
' is strong ground for believing England
really desires the preservation of
Austria-Hungary.
Motives constraining to such an in?
itiative are to be found in the remark
; able revulsion of public feeling in
Vienna, where there are grave symp?
toms of popular revolt, and in other
parts of the empire, particularly Bo
! hernia.
The negotiators, moreover, urge that
F ranee, loo, always showed special re?
gard for Austria. Indeed, Vienna dip?
lomats would fain discern a token of
Anglo-French benevolence in their
country's regard in the comparative in?
activity of the allied fleets in the Adri?
atic-, as though Britain and France,
being mainly concerned in humbling
the pride of the Prussian roundheads,
were both loath to deal Austria a death
blow.
They opine, too, that Russia's prin
eipal objective is likewise Germany,
that smart whacks just inflicted upon
Austria are strietly strategic, so as to
eaanre Russia a free hand in crushing
Herman hegemony, and that provided
: Austria shows sincere readiness to
1 give satisfaction to Servia herself.
! Russia will not be unwilling to make
i up the quarrel straightway.
FRENCH GAINING
IN ALSACE FIGHT
i ____________
Violent Engagements Reported
?Germans Fortify Mul
hausen Again.
London, Sept. 17.?A dispatch to the
| Exchange Telegraph Company from \
Tordeaux. says:
"A ?elegram rrcen-ed here from '
Delemont, Switzerland, reports that
violent fighting is taking place in '
Alsace, where the French are gaining j
ground."
Illy Cable t? Tlie Tribu?.e.J
Berne, Sept. 17.?The Germans are
strongly fortifying Mttlhausen. The I
International Red Cros? Aasociation, j
at Geneva, have fifty volunteer sorting j
clerks working day and night dispateh
ing letters sent by relatives and \
friends to prisoners of war.
, Letters from prisoner?; of v.-ar to-day
from both France and Geirranv testify ;
' they are being well treated.
BATTLE. BELGIUM'S
REPLY TO GERMANS
London, Sept. 17.?T-legraphing
from Antwerp, the Exchange Tele?
graph Company's corre-,pondent says:
"The report that Field Marshal Baron:
von der Goltz, Governor General of the :
territory in Belgium occupied by the ;
Germans, had visited Antwerp arose
from the fact that M. Woeate. leader ;
I of the Catholic anti-military party,
who remained in Brussels after the
1 Belgians left, was sent to Antwerp by
the Germans to ascertain whether it ;
was possible to arrange an armistice
! by promising Belgium an extension of
her country.
"Belgium's reply was a our days'
1 battle near Lou*, ain and Aerachot."
GERMAN CRUISER
SINKS FIVE SHIPS
Tokio, Sept. 17.?It is reported here
that the German cruiser Emden has
sunk five Britiah steamer? off the coast
of India. The passengers of the vea?
sola are aaid to have been sared. j
3,000,000 LINED UP
FOR GREATER CLASH
THAN MARNE BATTLE
Opposing Armies, Along 150-Mile Front
North of Aisne and Eastward to
Meuse, Begin Struggle.
ALLIES' ATTACKS OF LITTLE EFFECT
Pursuers Discover They Have to Meet More Than
Rear Guard Action?Each Si?e Claims
Slight Successes.
The French official report claims successes for the
Allies at "certain point?" along the new battle line.
Berlin asserts that the Germans' counter-offensive
has been effective, and that their position is favorable.
Paris, Sept. 17.?Another great battle, even more vital for
the countries concerned than those which have preceded H, is now
in progress on a line extending from the region of Noyon, on the
River Oise, northwest of Paris, to the River Meuse, north of Verdun.
The hope of the Allies that the German resistance was only a aeries
of rearguard actions, designed to cover the retreat of the main
body, has been dispelled.
The front is somewhat shorter than fn the beMll of the Ms**??,
Bttt this, as Was indicated by th? Httl? altered positions after the
' desperate fighting of the last two days, will only result in a more
fiercely contested battle, with masses of troops throwing them?
selves at each other, and every available piece o? artillery' concen?
trated in the determined effort of each army to break through the
other's lines.
As the crow flies the front of the opposing armies, which,
I with the heavy reinforcements that have reached them, still prob?
ably number about three million men, stretches for 110 miles.
With allowance for the deviation around Laon, the line must be
quite 150 miles long.
The official announcement issued to-night flatly stated that
the situation was without change. This threw the burden of infor?
mation back on the report made a few hours earlier, a conservative
statement which admitted that the resistance of the Germans had
not been broken. This statement follows :
GERMAN RETIREMENT SLIGHT.
"First?On our left wing the resistance of the enemy on the
heights to the north of the River Aisne has continued, in spite of
the fact that the enemy gave back slightly at certain points.
"Second?On the centre, between Berry-au-Bac, on the River
Aisne, and the Argonne, the situation shows no change. The
enemy continues to fortify himself along the line previously indi?
cated. Between the Argonne and the Meuse the Germana are
intrenching themselves in the vicinity of Montfaucon. In the
Woevre district we have come in contact with several detachments
of the enemy between Etain and Thiaucourt.
[Berry-au-Bac is eleven miles northwest ot Rheiins and ?bout
twenty-five miles east of Soissons. Ltain is twelve miles to the
northeast ot Verdun, and Thiaucourt is twenty-eight miles south
cast of the same place.]
"Third?On our right wing, in Lorraine and the Vosges, there
has been no change.
"Summing up, the battle is being continued along the entire
front between the River Oise and the River Meuse. The Germans
occupy positions organized for defence and armed with heavy ar?
tillery.
"Our progress is of necessity slow, but our troops are ani?
mated by a spirit of offensive action and they are giving evidence
of vigor and enthusiasm. They have repulsed with success the
counter-attacks undertaken by the enemy, both during the ?day
and at night. The morale of the French soldiers is excellent"
The official report and the press dispatches from reliable
sources, taken together, furnish an account of the military oper?
ations, which, though lacking in minute detail, is generally accepted
as true.
INVADERS FORTIFY THEMSELV.ES.
The Germans, who a fortnight ago had to abandon their first
swift endeavor to destroy the armies of France and Great Britain
and capture Paris, have now fortified themselves on the mountain?
north of the River Aisne, through the plains of Champagne and in
the Argonne Mountains, through which the Meuse flows.
They are in a stronger position than they were for the battle
of the Marne and have been strongly reinforced with fresh troops
from the north and east. They have attempted some counter at?
tacks against the allied troops, which, flushed with victory, have
been trying to prevent them from intrenching themselves.
According to English and French official reporta, these attacks
have been repulsed and the Germans compelled to give way at
certain points, but the German General Staff claims just the op?
posite results. It is certain, however, that the huly country north of
the Aisne offers good ground for such tactics.
It would appear that these western wings of the two armies,
the German right and the Allies' left, are again to beai a heavy

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