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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 19, 1914, Image 1

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WEATHER
FAIB TO-BAY ?UND TO-HOSSOWa
Yaatar?ar'* Taaafpasatitr??!
Ulf h, RI ; I .?m. (at. H^^
Fall repart sa Teme- IL. t
?ri.XXIV....X>?. 84.T7?.
ICopyrlRht. IBM.
By The Tribun* Aasoelatlnn.'
NEW YORK, SATlRDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1914.
? * ?
PRICE ONE
nV XTT ?*? C1*' ** Ji*w Yof|*' i***??arl?. ?trrser rtty as
{.??Uj? i- KIJ4KWHEKK TWO CUNTS.
^n
Allies Drive Kaiser's Right Seven Miles;
Germans Repulsed in Ten Night Assaults,
But Report Their Centre Slowly Gaining
I ALLIES ADVANCE ON
LEFT AS ENTIRE LINE
IS BITTERLY FOUGHT
Series of Fierce Engagements from iNoyon
to Frontier Mark Fifth Day of
Fight Before It Slackens.
GERMANS MAKE POSITIONS STRONGER
Elaborate System of Intrenchments Protect In?
vaders?Positions on Centre and East,
from Both Reports, Little Changed.
7 he French War Office declares the alli?e have
advanced on the left, that a series of German coun?
ter-offensive movements have been checked, and
that a lull has come in the battle.
The British official bureau makes no claim
concerning results, confining itself to a mention of
activity on the part of the allied cavalry.
The Berlin official report says the French at?
tempt against the German right has failed; that
the German centre is gaining slowly, and that the
allies' resistance is relaxing.
Park, Sept. 18.?The following officiai communication was
owed here this evening:
'There is no change in the general situation, except that we
hire continued our progress on the left and that a lull in the battle
?noticed."
The advance of the Allies' left against the army of General
ron Kluck, mentioned in the announcement, is one of the most
?dient features of the French offensive. It was mentioned in the
earlier communication to-day.
The lull in the fighting is an altogether new development of
the gigantic battle which for five days has continued along the en?
tire front from Noyon to the frontier. The fighting has not con
tilted of one sustained and combined movement, but of several
combats al the strongest points of the Germans' defending line
?long the River Aisne.
The principal official communication issued to-day said :
"The battle continued during the day of September 17 along
ihe front from the River Oise to the Woevre without important
changes in the situation at any point.
"First?On our left wing, on the heights to the north of the
River Aisne, we have made slight progress against certain points.
Three offensive counter attacks, undertaken by the Germans against
the English army, failed. From Craonne to Rheims we ourselves
repulsed some very violent counter attacks executed during the
?light. The enemy tried in vain to take the offensive against
Rheims.
"Second?On the centre, from Rheims to the Argonne, the
tnemy has reinforced himself by constructing important fortifica?
tions and has adopted a purely defensive attitude. To the east of
the Argonne, in the Woevre district, the situation is unchanged.
"On our right wing, in Lorraine and the Vosges, the enemy
occupies positions organized on a defensive basis in the vicinity of
the frontier."
BERLIN CLAIMS ADVANTAGE.
The German official reports, which come through London, are
almost identical in some respects with those of the Allies. They
**y that no decision has yet been reached, but that the Allies'
Power of resistance is relaxing; that a French attempt to break their
right has failed ; that in the centre the Germans are gaining ground
?'owly, and that sallies from Verdun have been repulsed.
It would seem from all this that the commanding generals
hsve not yet found the weak points in their opponents' dispositions
?ad that each is withholding his determined blow for, as Lord
Kitchener said in the House of Lords, "the right moment."
The Germans, having reached selected positions, which they
*?*ve strongly fortified, would appear to have the advantage, ac?
ting to military critics, but for the fact that they must defend
the whole of their front to make good their retirement should an
?Hack by their side fail or a smashing blow from the Allies break
thcir line, while the Anglo-French forces are declared to be free
to mass at any point General Joffre may select as most suitable for
*tack.
It is not certain where the French generalissimo will direct his
*^*?lt While the armies forming his left are pressing the German
*** wing, it is thought to be quite probable that Joffre is making
*rr?ngenients for an attempt to cut through the German front
i0?-*where north of Verdun and thus drive the armies of the Ger
*?**Crown Prince, the Duke of Wurtemberg, General von Hausen,
^??1 von Buelow and General von Kluck westward and sever
/J* Con-mimications with the Rhine through Luxemburg and com*
*-*- to rely on lines running into Belgium, which are menaced
CoutinuMl oa i>?gt '., column 1
r_
BATTLE IN THE AIR
WON BY FRENCHM
Paris. Sept. in.?The ne??pa|
to-day related the story of an
duel between a French aviator
a (?erman airman at an unnai
piare during a battle. After I
m.-inneu? rin?? the Frenchman *
reeded in ????-ending ah??e the (>
man. Both men need revolver??. '
German was serum*!? w?,untied i
hi? machine turned over and
among' British troop?. He was d
when piekpd up.
PEACE PATH
IS BLOCKED.
WILSON FINI
President Holds Defin
Expression on Term?
Is Necessary.
BRITISH NOT YET
READY TO TRE/
Allies Sure of Winnir
and Insist Germany
Must Be Crushed.
Washington. Sept. 18. Great Blit
has received no. proposai fox v"'
either direct or indirect, flor.. G
many or Austria, gad therefore 1
nothing to say on the subject.
This vas th? substance uf a mtsu
received lat-j to-night by Sir Cl
Sprirtff-Rle?, tbc British Ambassa?
here, from Sir Edward Grey, 1
British Foreign Secretary.
The ambassador hud Inquired ea
to-day whether any proposal i f pet
was before his government, in view
the persistent rumors from Berlin tl
peace proposals were being cmcI anp
Coincident with the receipt of tl
; information from Great Britain it w
! learned authoritatively that Preside
Wilson had not pursued either wl
Grant Britain, France or Russia t
? informal suggestion of the Impel'
German Chancellor that "i* vas up
' the United States to obtain .-. stal
i ment of peace terms from the Allies.'
At the White House the view w
expressed that the President liad pri
1 tically abandonc'l the idea of eontin
ing the informal peace movement, Ii
gun ten days ago in a conversati?
between Oscar Straus and Count v?
Bernstorff. the Gorman Ambas.-ado
He lias decided to await a definite c
pression on terms fr?itn some one i
the belligerents, feeling that it wou
be inconsistent with American neutra
it y to press any of the belligerents 1
make overtures to the Others.
No Further Step Taken.
Incidentally, the State Departmei
has not communicated with the Hi it is
or French ambassador, here or th
German Ambassador, in New York, o
the subject Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, a
will as Jules JuRterand, were at th
State Department to-day in conferenc
with Counsellor Robert Lansing, act
ing Secretary in the absence of Mi
Bryan. Ambassador Spring-Bice d?
not mention peace, discussing neutral
ity questions.
The French Ambassador made onl
casual inquiry as t'? the correctness o
two newspaper reports, one giving
list of prerequisite* and condition? un
tier which Germany \?.j?s supposed ti
ha?-?? informed the l i?A.I Stute-, of
willingness to make ^eacc. und thi
other giving the substance of a con
vernation between Ambassador Gerard
at Beriin. ami the Imperial I'haneelloi
Me learned that the latter report ?va;
correct, but made no comment. Th'
Belgian Minister had also inquire?
about the reports.
The '.. prevailed amona the alip
lomat? representing th? allied nowen
tl-at President Wilson would nol asl
the American Amba ador? abroad u
??ontinue the conversations until lermi
of peace were voluntarily proposed by
one or more of the belligerent*.
The informal ??changes thus itai
conducted by tiie American Ambas?
sadors :?' Berlin, London ;?n?l Bari*
'lave brpught forth almost identical
statements, each side charging the
other with responsibility for starting
the war, eaa h declaring that h had
i been atta?-ke.l, and saying it arould con?
sider terms of peace only if or irturei
?.-.ere. made by the enemy with a d?fi?
nit* statement of terms.
K?K>sevelt'? Pm-edeni.
It was pointcai out here to-day that
the United Sutes was careful t<> avoid
in!'orii).:l soundings and obtained a
written re<iucs< ?rom Russia and Japan
for a discussion of p?-a?" before act?
ing as an intermediary to settle the
: Hussian-Japa .?-se arar.
Presida-i!' Wilson held further to?
day, m reference le \nn Bethsaann
Hi.llweg's suggestion thai the Cnit?-J
Slates sound the Allies a> to t.rtn-,
that sui'h a ?-ourse was precluded by
tateasoat which Sir Edward Grej
recently node to Ambaasadaor Page.
; That atatemant, too, it will !?? re
' toaUqucd on pus? 2. Vuluuin 0
HALF-SAW BAYONET
IN GERMAN TRENCH
Weapon That Tears Flesh and Rips Bone and Is For?
bidden by Laws of War Found After
Battle at Soissons.
By RICHARD HARDING DAVIS.
| Special Correspondent of The New York Tribune.]
I'iui-. Sept. 15.?When on Sunday I caught up with the French army
as ii na- lighting the Germans at Soissons I announced I was returning to
Paris and thai any letters any ??ne wanted posted there I would gladly
take luck with nie
.My pi m was that. I>et'?re the French army liad finished writing to
? \? ni Ik arts and wives I would have seen much fighting. My plan
worked well, but it nearly put an end to the battle. All, from
colonels t.? company cooks, produced pencils and postcards and. seating
themselves ?mi and under haystacks, began writing loved ones at home.
There "\.i- no one left t? train the guns.
I appointed my chauffeur assistant yfis'master and he collected
.uough letters to /'ill our outomobile. He read most of the postcards, but
informed me he f. und them disappointing, for instead of messages of a
sentimental nature and tales ?f war ran chiefly to recpiests for socks
and cigar? tt- -.
In return for carrying their mail the soldiers presented me with many
souvenirs i ;' the battle. One of them is the most gruesome weapon of
war I hav< known issued to a civilized army. It is a German bayonet
h Inch is ball si"v.
When in London i \\a- askc?l by English officers ii in Belgium I liad
???? n these bayonets, which, because they rip and tear bone and tlesh, arc
forbidden by law- ?if war. I liad not then seen them, nor did I believe they
existed. ! c la ?sed them with the other false charges that arc made in ever)
..ar i?i poisoned welW, dum-dum bullets and tiring on ambulances.
.'eslerday I san three saw bayonets found in trenches the Germans
had abandoned. The saw edge was not given them by soldiers hammering
??tic bayonet blade against another, but was machine made, and each bay?
onel In ?re the government stamp, a number, an imperial crown and the
'? r I "I'rinrt "
Mail) people argu? that if tb<* 'bjwtyuJIrViMj* t?- -*?11 Incn? how they
ire ki'le<1 makes litt'.'* differ??--?. But Jvfllia<V powers do not asient to
that. ?Hid certain methods ot>War*i*-re and certain weapons arc forbirlrhv-n.
The more mcrdful i?lea is to kill a man quickly and not mangle him. ?.?r
only to wound hint, and so keep him out of the firing line.
Tht m. ?lern ?teel-jackel bullet and short bayonet blade i- not vin?
dictive, li' it can -?nil an opponent to the hospital for the remainder of
< ??rttliiu?'?! on |MH?> J. roliinin ..
THANKS GOD FOR
WAR.WITH BRITA
_
German War Gazette Sa
Nothing Has Been Mor
Ardently Desired.
11 Tt inaatlaatte Wlrsltas.l
London. Sept. 1!). The "Kreuz !
tuii?'' of September It. in an edito
anule saya: "No hour has been m
ardently desired by us than that o
reckoning with Fngland.
?'History tells us that no wars arc
l.-rev ^oin" and so hard as those bet?v
people of the same race. So be it th
**We must have satisfaction, and
over a war should be regarded a:
judgment of (iod it is thi> one.
"\Ve know and feel more every ?
that England is not unconquaral
We have seen her mercenaries
Prance fight and fly. We nave no*.ed t
diaparity between the numbers of 1
killed and wounded and the number
those made prisoners.
"We know that the more Kngla
sends troops lo the Continent the mc
her position of military defcncelessnc
must be accentuated. We know,
many instances have recently sho??
that her .hips approach and familiari
themselves with the place, whether
the Baltic or the North Sea, from whi
we shall h- able to drive a blow in
the heart of the British Kmpirc.
"I; should and must be, however, n
inertly retribution, bat above all, tl
facing of the ?iiiei-tion of which Kur
pean power hall in future exerci:
dominion on th?* seas beyond the Ge
man Ocean.
"The one that remains victotious i
this striifcRl" holds the trident in h
powerful fist. The trident in Germa
list, however, will not be a symbol c
domineering and of injury to foreig
lights. No, but the sign of moderatioi
discipline, morality and justice."
ADELINA PATTI
PRISONER OF WA?
Held Several Weeks at Carlsba?
Escaped by Gifing Host
ages to Germans.
Paris. Sept. It. Mme. Adelina Patti
?.h>' famous prima donna, arrived ir
Paris yesterday ti'ter being kept sev
ami weeha, together with her husband
Baron C?-dcrstrom, a prisoner of war al
Carlsbad.
Slu ??as finally obliged to leave al!
mala domestics as hostages wi'.h
the Cet mans to gain her own liberty,
This was obtained only after laborious
negotiations. In the mean time the
count and countess were subjected to
nsults by the people besieging the
hotel in which '.he> were kept urn'or
?u:.r?l.
AEROPLANE DROPS
BOMB ON ANTWERP
Lenden, Sent. 19. -A I'rutci- dis
natcli from Antwerp says that another
German aeroplane dropped a pro?
jectile in Antwerp yesterday, and that
! a man in the street aas severely
?wounded in the shoulder. '
ITALY WAITS, FULLY
PREPARED FOR WAR
Premier and Foreign Min?
ister Meeting in Daily
Conference.
Illy ?'able I? The Tribune J
Rome, Sept. 18. - The reported ?esig
n-tion of the .farquis di San Giuliano,
ihr Italian K-rei^.'. Minister, owing to
ill-health, ic. officially denied. The mar?
quis, lias the pout. The Premier regu?
larly wsits th-' marquis at the Foreign
Oft ce, wh<?rc Ion? conferences are hold.
Meanwhile no"iing indicates an im?
mediate chang. in Italy's policy. The
country remains neutral, since nothing
so t'ar justifie:* her participation in th.
conflict. Nevertheless. Italy is fully
prepared for war. Her navy !? com?
pletely mobilized and her army is effi?
cient and ready. The n?-e;;s urges gen
cial mobilization yf the army.
Milan, Sept. 18.--Signors Mariuetti
and Uo.cionis, ?veil known futurist
artist;., have been imprisoned lor or?
ganizing an anti-Austrian demonstra?
tion during which th.? Austrian Hag
was burned in one of the leading the?
atres of Milan.
Th'y are liable to be condemned to
? long term at imprisonment for vio- !
lating the ministerial order positively
forbiddim: any public manifestation
likely to injure the susceptibilities of
Austria-Hungary.
BOMBS HALT TEN
GERMAN TRAINS
. ordeaux, Sept. 18.- -The Troves cor?
respondent of "Le Temps" has sent the
following dispatch:
"According to wounded prisoners, the
German aeroplanes have been put out
of action through lack of _u.?olene. The
French aviators, on the other hand, have
been doing excellent work. One
French airman succeeded in dropping
bombs at an important railroad junc
tton. with the result that ten trains
?illed with retreating Prussians were
stalled.
' In the last body of prisoners
brought to Troyes were seventeen Im?
perial Guardsmen who were captured in
the wood nAr Vitry-le-Francois, De?
partment of Marne. Attached to their
sleeves by pins were Red Cross in?
signia, to w'iich, it is suspected, they
had no right- They have been sent to
a French ambulance corps, where their
qualifications may be tested.
"Military automobolists report that
the country around the battlefield in
teeming with German stragglers, who
frequently fir.? upon French envoys."
? -
PRUSSIAN GUARD
IS BLOTTED OUT
London, Sept. 18.?The Paris corre?
spondent of the Exchange Telegraph
Company say?:
"All accounts received in P_..., agree
th? the famous Prussian Guards corps,
the elite of the German Kmpirc and
th. especial pride of the Kaiser, has
been practically blotted oat in the bat?
tles alone th.- Meuse, Marne snd Aisne."
U. S. MAY HELP EU
CHANGE CAPTIV
London, Sept. 18. A Reuter
patch from Paris says:
"It is understood that the I
ish. French and German gov
monts h?.ve agraed to exchange l
oners through the. agency of
United States government."
aaaaaaaa? aa ?????.
RUSSIA PUTS
900,000 ME1
INTO POLAI
Advance Guard of 1
Great Army Only i
Touch with Enemy.
2,000,000 MORE
READY TO FOLK
Czar Said to Have 6,01
000 Under Arms an
Can Add 4,000,000.
Petrograd. Sept. 18. The chief ol
1 General Stan" gave out this state!
! to-lay:
"On the Austrian front the pui
of the enemy contint?*. The Kusu
I hre "approaching the deienetve ponit
I ?If ?Hienaw?., Jaroslan and Przei
i Galicia)."
11!> CablS t.. The Trlt.ini. . |
Milan, Sept. 18. "La Tribuna" i?
formed from an authoritative I'.us
source that Russia ha; actually l>,(,
i C0U soldiers under ?unis, and is in ?
t dition to mobilize still another 1,0
I 000 men.
Notwithstanding th?ir brilliant I
1 cesses in Galicia, the truth is that
Ruasians in contact with the enemy
r.ot number more than 500.000, wit
like numerical force in Kastern Pi
lia. Rut in -Polaml another an
j iioo.ooo strong, is advancing, an?!
advance guards arc as yet only in toi
with the Austrian?.
Behind these enormous masses
another 2,000,000 Muscovite-, are ga
ering now from all parts of Siberia. I
Caucasus and Turkestan, ??hile 20C
I 000 more quickly will be re&dy to si
forward and fill eventually depict
rank.-.
London, Sept, 18. Report* reeel?
from Petrograd to-day say that t
Russians have gain?.'?! important it
cesse:; over the Austria-i rear guard.
The whole of the. Austria-Ruesi
border between Yusevoft' and Annapo
is reported to be overrun by Coesac
who a'c leading the Russian advance.
The Russian army now in Galic
will be left thai* to complete its wor
for, according to a Rome dispatch, i
army"* of 900,000 Russians is march if
into Centrai Poland, followed by ai
other army.of 2,000,000, while a thii
army, also aggregating 2,000,000,
coming from more distant regions e.r
will reich the front in October.
Rome, Sept. 18. Reports from Ru
sia augment daily the magnitude c
the Austrian defeat. The number c
cannon captured by 'he Russians i
now placed at 1,000.
Venice, Sept. 18. - In the complet
absence of any satisfactory details re
carding the progress of the eatnpaig
in Galicia anal along the Servian fron
tier, the Austrian public is waitin
with dumb patience for some d?finit
new.-; as to what is really happening.
Ever since it became known tha
Russia was making great headway ii
Galicia, comment in Vienna newspaper;
has been guarded, the editorials deal
ing chiefly with the German cainpaig;
in Western Kurope. The presence ol
70,000 Polish refugees front Galicia
however, added to the constant arrival
of train loa Is of wounded, tends to off?
set this reticence.
The police recently issued a decree
warning persons againn "'treading un?
favorable war news, under threats o:
the severest penalties. Spies are
found everywhere, in cafes and in the
streets, trying to overhear private con?
versations, and then hastening to the
police and denouncing suspected per?
sons. Hundreds of arrest* already
have been made, and many persons
have been place?! under more or less
strict police surveillance.
Six Slav deputies in the Reichsrst".
already have been imprisoned. These
include Dr. Kramers, the O.ech lead?'?.
Paris, Sept. 18. it is announ-.. ,??
Petrograd. ac-ording to a tfavai
Agency dispatch, that the Germans
who were campaigning m the Kielce
province of Russian Poland on learning
of the Austrian defeat on the line iron?
< ont ?nue?! on nage 3, ??.litmn ?f
ATTACKS AND COUNTER
ATTACKS ARE MADE
BOTH NIGHT AND DAY
Within Few Hours Germans Along Aisne
Make Ten Assaults in Darkness
and Are Repulsed.
BOTH SIDES STRUGGLE ON DOGGEDLY
Allies Push Resisting Enemy Back Seven Miles,
Much of Way with Hand-to-Hand
Fighting.
On the Battle Front (via Paris), Sept. 18, 5:30 P. M.?-The
trreat battle along the line from Noyon to Metz has continued day
and night for five days.
"Attacks and counter attacks along the River Aisne follow
one another in rapid succession every hour out of the twenty-four.
"During the course of the night of September 15-16 the Ger?
mans attempted a formidable movement in the western sphere, but
were met by the French and British with a courage that was mar?
vellous against overwhelming odds. The Germans returned to
the attack no fewer than ten times with tenacity and intrepidity,
but wer? unable to break through the first line presented by the
Allies' infantry.
"The fight just before daybreak was the most violent of all.
The Germans appeared to throw into the charge all that remained
of their energy, but were rolled back, with enormous losses. Be?
fore retiring behind their big guns they sacrificed many of their
number, displaying a resolution v/hich approached desperation.
A vigorous counter attack from the Allies ensued, during which a
, small extent of ground was gained.
"Last night was relatively calm along the front, but to-day
the fighting became more furious than ever. During the darkness
operations are difficult, owing to the reluctance of the opposing
commanders to use searchlights, which might expose their positions.
"After this stage of the fight was concluded the Germans ap?
peared to retire about seven miles. During the combat the adver?
saries in many instances came to hand-to-hand clashes and the
bayonet was extensively used. The carnage was terrifying, but
the troops of both armies appear to have been hardened to such
?cenes and fought with indomitable coolness, despite the heaviness
, of the losses.
"The Allies' aviators apparently discovered to-day the place?
ments of some big German guns, notwithstanding the cleverness
with which they are hidden beneath an earthen covering, strewn
with the branches of trees. The Allies' artillery opened a concen?
trated fire on a certain portion of the line, and the heavy German
artillery shortly afterward lapsed into silence at that spot, although
it is not known whether they were rendered impotent or were
merely effecting a change of position, owing to their former era
placements having become untenable.
"It is impossible to learn from any one portion of the line
what is occurring at other places, but an inclination to reced
jlightiy seemed evident on the German side, although they offered
the most obstinate resistance and fought as though made of iron.
The Allies at the same time doggedly pursued the small advantage
they gained and kept at the heels of their reluctantly retiring foe.
"At a point where the bulk of the British troops formed part
of the Allies' line the fighting was furious yesterday and to-day
and some of the most famous English, Scottish and Irish regiments,
including the Guards and the Highlanders, suffered severely. They
performed the task set for them unflinchingly, advancing and occu?
pying some of the advanced German positions, but at terrible coat
"Behind the fighting line along the Acy-Puisieux road still lie
many of the dead who fell in the fighting of September 5. Labor?
ers engaged in the task of interment declared that mor? than a
thousand bodies still awaited removal from the battlefield."
INVADERS FIGHT FROM
INTRENCHED LINES
By C INMAN BARNARD.
[Special Correspondent New York Tribune.)
I'ari*. Sepi I- Th? b ting ?ruin tin- oi ? t Woevre, cast
of Verdun, i ntinue? da) _ik! nicht .vilhout intermission. '11... (?ermann
are makin?. de*perat< i .unter attack*, ??urhiK the ?m;ht, especially just
befar?* dann. These furious onslaught*?, in which tit? lien nan he?
tiller, ni. !.< use . range? previous..;.' determined by daylight, have all
been repu!s?t? uith tremendous loss I?) i!i>- German*, by the Ircnch and
British ?nine-. Three <?; these counter aiticks have just been repelled
l>> tli- British .irmy on the left un th.. heights north <t tltV Aisne The
i Germans arc constantly div?*iii:.? new imc-. ci intrcuchmcnA and laying

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