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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 20, 1914, Image 2

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mrttrW already pre-perwl to cfc*ik*e ?mry brtd?tt ifcaly t? bt
destroyed by the enemy. This was taken to th? appointed places
Though the Germans have received 50,000 new men for the
right wing, with the necessity of ?ending troop? to the eut, H is not
tihely that they axe any stronger on the centre and left thu they
were at the beginning of the battle.
The Allie?, with fewer men to ?draw upon, ?ire keeping their
?trmie? up to full strength and are probably increasing them. They
will soon have a lot of trained men from the British garrison? in
Egypt aand the Mediterranean station? sud later from India. The
battle, however, may be over before these troops reach the front,
?o the Allies must make the fight with what they have.
In Lorraine and Alsace thing? ?eem to be at a standstill, or at
any rate none of the report? refer to fighting there.
London, Sept. 19.?The official information bureau to-day
gave out the following statement regarding the situation in France:
'The situation remains unchanged. A counter attack against
the 1st Division, delivered during the night, was driven back.
"The weather i* bad and it is raining continuously."
(Special Correspondent New-York Tribune and 'London Standard.")
A town in France (name censored;, Sept. IS (delayed).?The tearful
horrors, "f war can never be ?rasped by seeing the carefully tended
go had. to ?England nn?i hearing their tales, however grew?
aome, while there is scarcely a day in any of the French towns near the
- that i!"i- no! bring with it ?.muc new terror from the front,
i ? i,?? example will suffice t-> point rat this truth. Tour days ago the
hospital corps und volunteers were notified that a convoy was expected
toward midnight, bringing French and German wounded who had been
abandoned by the Germans m Senlis wlien they retreated, after setting
lire to the town. We had had many trains of wounded before, and the
necessary arrangements were made as usuai, but when this convoy ar?
rived even the most hardened had to summon all their fortitude to the
task of emptying the carriages
When :i man has a hroken lei* ot arm, or h?llet through his lungs, the
4killed ambulance staff soon has him comfortably backed, but here were
human vestiges so mangled that it was difficult to find a place to
?ouch them without .screams and moan?. An insufferable charnel hmivc
stench pervaded the ?hole night air. Most of the wounded had lain
for four days and nights where they had fallen before being picked up.
and not yet had their wounds been examined, much less dressed. Under
the burning sun. and under later rains, they had been left to suffer
the tortures of pain and hunger and thirst until it was a marvel thai they
still breathed. The tan: of their wounds can be guessed, but cannot
be describe?'.
It was 3 o'clock in the morning before they could be disposed of in j
ihe hospitals, ami even twenty-four hours later before all liad had their:
'irst dressing.
It was the Germans who were in tar the -,vor>t condition, ior the1
French fir? seems much more destructive than the German, and when!
it does not kill outright the ravages arc horrible.
\fter four da>> it w ?^ decided to shift thes"c victims again?such
them as could be moved. The reason seemed extraordinary, for the
authorities alleged fear of mutiny, and had no troops to guard them ;
propcrlv. That these poor wrecks should ever dream ?if rising appeared j
a fantastic idea, but some of them were morose and halt mad, and one or !
Iwo, especially sullen young officer*, declared they would not remain!
nuietly in the hospital. Such things must be the effect bf the war fever,
? hat comes upon the maimed, for a batch of French wounded transferred
from Dieppe to Havre to make room for newcomers, had attempted mu- ;
my because they wished to return to Dieppe, where they had made j
friends, and actually had been threatened with fixed bayonets
<>n ihe Battle Front, Sept 1? (by way of Taris).?Overpowering
'aligue and privations resulting from five days oi unrelenting struggle ,
brought about last night a temporary lull in the combat of the powerful
armies that are lace to face along the Rivers Oise, Aisne and Wot-vre.
The roar of cannon, machine guns and ritle-, died down early last ;
ening, and the presence O? two armies, composed probably altogether i
1,000,000 or more nun, within touch on an uneven line and ready to
Spring to a fatal grip, scarcely could be conceived, so intense was the:
ttflness, broken only by an occasional vagrant report.
The soldiers of the Allies and the German? alike were snatching a
ittic rest, huddled up in the strong intrenchments. In some places the
trenches were hah tilled with water, as the equinoctial storms continue.
The French and British, like the Germans, have now intrenched and
settled down for the stern tight which threatens to he even longer and!
inore sanguinary than the battle of the. Marne. Trogrcss is being made ?
?-me points by the Allies, but very slowly, and the developments of
the la*t twenty four hours are not important, except that it is officially ?
Srmcd that the Germans have received reinforcements from Lorraine. :
There were a icw isolated encounters to-day, but both sides appear to
have abandoned the rash movements across the open which marked the
early stages <d the war. Obviously the deadly machine guns have taught
a lesson.
One of the incidents of yesterday, when the fierce fighting wa? awful
in its sacrifices, was widely recounted to-day.
A British infantry regiment, opon receiving an order to advance and
take a Germ,.ii position, knelt for a moment in prayer. Then the men,
knowing that their charge was to be terrible in cost, sprang to their feet
and, with fixed bayonets, clambered out of the shelter of the trench. In
?hort and rapid rushes 'hey advanced in wide open order, alternately
lying <l"\\n and then making another dash of faiteen yard
From tli? German position ?ame the thick had of machine gun bullets.
The attacking oldiers hurrahed and sang as they pressed forward. Many
fell with cries of determination on their lips. Finally those who remained
of tiie regiment reached and took the German position aft?r a desperate
hand to-hand en? ? unti r.
This ??ras only on? among many similar acts of courage ami discipline
.?n the part i f French, British and Germans alike ai various point? alonti
ihe line.
i ?.. b 'iii? U
Melbourne, Kept, lt.?Beat Admiral
Sir George E. Patty, of the Australian
fleet, has sent a wireless message to
the Minister of Defence reporting that
the Australian but-marine ALM, under
-Ww --pi-ly tram N?H_r*?t I?r?U*r.
Lieutenant Commander Benant, hu:
disappeared, with all hands on board
namely, thirty-five officers and men.
Search by other vessels of the Aus
trulian fleet has failed to discover an?
wreckage. The loss is attributed t(
accident, as no enemy is within hun
died? of miles and the weather hai
been fine.
The disaster is th? first in tb? lilt'
time of the Australian navy.
The AK-1 had a displacement of S1?
tons, was 17(i feet long and capable
of It?.I knots an hour. She was
?quipped with four torpedo tubes and
two 1_ pound truns.
I Hy ?'atile to Ttie Tribun?-, i
Home, Sept. 19. M. Diamendy, one
of the Rumanian delegates now here,
said that he spoke in the name of the
great majority of Rumanians, who,
though eutral for the present, could
not let slip the moment for realizing
their national aima. He believed that
the Triple Entente, if victorious, would
redraw the map of Europe according to
the p inciple of nationalities, wheteat,
Germany and Austria would establish
a political and commercial hegemony
from which Rumanians would suffer.
"We consider ourselves," he add-'?!,
"as co-heir? of the 1'ual Monarchy.
Divide Spoils Outside the
Town, Officers Taking
First Pick.
Mortally Wounded, Brave French
Brigadier Dies Singing
[8|*-i > ??rresponih-iit of I hi? N. u I'ork
Trli Lia? and "London Man.!. r?J ?
Pari:-. Sept. 19. Between r.
Belleville nnd Nauteuil. the country
looks so smiling that it is hard to b??
lier? a very inferno was there a week
:."?'. It is only by walking through
the villager, and small towns thut one j
sees the Rutted housei ami the streets
?trewn with smashed furniture and |
At Dammartin scarce!] a ?hop .
Most of the inhabited houaea were via
ited by German looters, though many
? mpty villas were passed by. The
Urn of th?. Germana h main!)
tame everywhere.
At Dammartin tiny brought huge,
empty vans bearing th?- Red Cro
They stuffed them pell-mell full with
whatever they could ?teal. Outside the
t:nvn the distribution took plac?
oncers securing what they pleased and
leaving the rest to their men.
At Coulommiera the Mayor and hi
secretary, with the procurer, were
seized as hostages. The whole night
they were guarded by sentinels, who
talked in Kreuch about their approach?
ing execution. In the morning, when
they really believed they were to he
shot, a German lieutenant sat down to
a piano and played Chopin's "Funeral
March." This seems to be a farorite
exercise of German humor.
Too Drunk to Flee.
Coulommiera was fined $20.000, l,nt,
on the arrival of the Hiiti.^h troo] .
the invaders cleared out of tin town
in double ?juiik time as soon as can
non wero heard. During the night
the Germans were in a general panic,
i;nd by 3 o'clock in the morning all
those not hopelessly intoxicated bolt?
ed. Hundreds of these and other
piers wer?; picked up in a pitiable
plight next day by the Britiah.
All the lyc?es and public schools of
Paria w-ill he opened on Monday.
The orderp of thi da] mention as
among the bravo French dead General
Mangln, who achieved lame in the
Moroccan campaign; General Bataille,
who was killed after showing the ut?
termost bravery ami sangfroid; Briga?
dier of Dragoons Voituret. who, when
mortally wounded by a shell, cried, as
he fell: "Vive la France! I ?lie for
her; I am satisfied," and ?lied trying to
sing the "Marseillaise."
300,000 Witching Frontier
Dual Monarchy Rushes Manu?
facture of Explosives.
Home, Sept. 10. A report received
here from the Austro-Italian frontiei
f.ajs that ,100,000 Austrian troopa ar.'
watching the Italian border. Trie.!?
has been left with only u garrison of
20,0(10 men. ,
Reports received h?r?. state that the
factor:? ?? of Austria in which explo?
sives aro manufactured aie he I
worked to the ;r cap? city, day -i .i
Acearding to the ?< i ?.onu
rnt ?.f the "Messagero," the munici?
pal authorities of that city, ih?. great
bulk of whose population ?i Italian,
huve refused to permit a ipecial ? hurch
service imploring victory for Austrian
arms, on the ground that the ??'?
contrary to the sentiment of the people
of the city.
London, Sept. 10. A dispatch re?
ceived here from Strassburg says that
tin former Mayor of Colmar, in up?
per Alsace, is being tried by court
martial on the eharge of treason. The
Mayor's property has bien seized by
the authorities. He was a member of
thf First Legislative chamber of Al
Places Debt Fund at Disposal
of European Bankers,
I Ir.im I! e Tribune I ?? i .
Washington. Sept. 19. Argentina has
taken precautions to meet every obliga?
tion! according to un announcemi nt at
tho Argentine embassy to-day.
'The Argentine government, with due
anticipation, has placed at the dis*
posal of thu' bankers of Europe the total
sum in gold to meet its obligations due
October 1 in connection \s:t'n the ex?
ternal debt of the nation," was :he
statement mude.
At a time when man} South Ameri?
can countries aie Crippled by the Euro?
pean wur, this announcement not only
will be a reli? f to European holders
of Argentine bon?)-, hut affords evi?
dence of th?- solidity hihI stability of
the Argentine government ami of Its
d?termination to meet every obligan in
promptly und with gold payments.
Retreat front the Maine Includes Visits to Rheims Wine
Cellars Before Desperate Stand Is Made?Allie.;
Fiffht Every Inch of Advance.
London, Sept 20. I. I- Cumin, In
"The Observer" to-day, urul<-r th?* head?
ing "Germany at Bay," says:
"The eevtnth week of the war may
have seemed to the av?rait* reader
tinner than th?- prvviom weeks, but in
reality il has been marked by stirring
exploits, bj momentous preparation, by
tactical engagement? on a ?cal? which
would have counted a? large bat!
..lili i war?. All this led up from ti c
n ?' th? Maine to the ofa
liattlt ?af the Meuse, hiuI t?i ? second
and more critical debate between the
main itrength of the belligerent? in tin
wei I.
-It the invader? are beaten again we
believe they will have t? u e
exertion to ni ike ?r.1 their escape
from France, and ? ill he ?wept
ward oui of Belgium. That, in th<- cir
cumstaneea of thia war, would only be
th?. i n?l of the beginning. If ,v ?
mam . on the other hand, ha ild tic
n Iheir furioti ? attempt? to !". ??'
the A ' ? trc '-r tu throw back
their extreme left, the dellniU i??ue of
th? western campaign would bang long?
er in the balance. In ? word, Ihe Ger?
mans' di?po ii oi i are -nui"!, and their
defences are -"in! a'nl bri?tling. The
movement? of the Allici are powerful,
iiit-ir plans deliberate and iheii pro?
. ..ml.
Longeai Struggle oa th*- Alane.
"The battle ol the Aisne, fairly
: on Sunday last, may easily
t and longest ^struggle
thai t1 - -i-i likelj to ?ee. The
German battle orders, breathing un
hesitatinii conlldence, declared thai ti e
ilecision was undoubtedly at
hand, ..i?.l summoned the Kaiser's ?ol
'o fight to the 1? -i breath. Gen?
eral Joffre announced to all hi? troop?
that the retreal wa? at an end, that the
lour for attack nail come, and that tin-,
duty of the allied armies wa? to go"
into action determined to be killeil on
the ?-??ut rather than to fait? r.
"Fui several day? the Allies had fol?
lowed hard on the heela of the enemy
,ii a drive of the broadest ?cale ye
known ii. ti??- war, The German? a?
went shed prisoners, accoutre
? I, abo\e ?11, ?run.-.. The
French captured tin- ..?hole artillery of
; corp.? and found ma sea oi ammuni?
tion thrown int . tin- water. Straggler?
iiiiil atrontj detachments came out of
the wood? tu surrender at tin? light of
our troop? who had crossed the Marne
? ii Wednesday, September '.'. near Cha?
teau Thierry. Th? French centre wa?
crossing th.- next ?lay at Epernay and
i l iev her?. rejoicing to be closing again
? n RI m . whose captur? had counted
loi .. much m the German calcula?
tion -.
"At Epernay, Rheima and Chaloi
alike eitle? ?if immens? ehampagne cel?
lar? hewn m rock, there were found
?ufflcient proofs that the invaders, lind
inn tbamselve? among myriad? of bot?
tles of the liest, had succumbed to the
m?.si suntle lura- that th? line French
touch hau devised
"?in Friday, September 11. the
weather broke, and rain fell in tor
nuts that day, and afterward ihe um
ni' r was aver, the chi'l of autumn ?vas
in the air and at night there ware
clammy bivouac-. More ?erioua it was
tl ?.' in this i. /mu tha river? and
-ti..,ms ?n all their eouraea ?rere
- n i.-ii. i . i- ..I up hill or don n hill il
2 foi rum ami Iran -
: bridge? were down.
ii . chhaje.se? ped ?n th? foi mer
mov? lu ?it v the Fri uch were in rc
... .i- i i-i ig now destroy? d Ly the
!.. -, ! , so circurastanca
pui ..i proper .
,'hin So
???ntiliod ?i ii.i
b? trinnini . ? ' l'r? uch i torn -
( ornai? l'or.-es Rally.
..m othci
mai . ? . mi p up . s ich
i.i "... .1 ?. . !:: . pite of grevioua
. :,
. i of iheii ;??
ii ,
re? :?? iiing force i -,
? .-.
??? I,ad ? : .. rm touc with
cai 'i other.
"Ea?1 along tl
und among the fort '? of tl. ? Ar
? ? ?rmj ot il ?? i - ? -. pi nee
ha?! been in
h* baj cut off . r ? the r I
..I ? . despi ...'.- :!.<rt
to break the bi rri? -chain al it? weak?
est point i - Fort Troyon, a
? .n oi ? Id? and stand
n g on ? ? luth of \ erd -
.-. i d| > above the Meuse. Th? French
ho?. ' ? recapture of Vitrj
!i -Praneoia and urth? r ea '.
i i-.'ii i the Argonne, pushed on
usly in the latter region from
height to !.. ight and i rom foi ?
forest, driving the Germans before
them. Troyon was relieved and Verdun
wa- pass? d.
"Before a new battle line could he
fully formed, how? ver, th?. All:?-* had
gained more ground and tha advantage
in a way 'hat make? one of tha- finest
chaptera of the war. The British
army ?>..-> not yet to be lenied. It
had already earried ?ta mi???*hes over
five rivers, bul the Aisne ??.a* a more
lerioua obstacle. At Hoisaona on Bat
urda) i week uro the enemy was
found posted in fore? on both sides
of the Aisne, and it fell to our task,
apparently, to force passages along a
distance of about fifteen miles. The
river flou h >ut of the forests of Ar
gonnc and passea midway between
the great rhthedral eitles and fort?
resses of Khrima and T.aon, washes
i Soiasona and joins the Oise ut Com
I pi?gn?. It wa?? ?wollen by rains, and
all the bridges, with a ?ingle ?<.d ex*
liridgca lllown I |i.
"()l?l .tone bridges which bad stoad
fur centuries had vanished at last.
Mew iron bridges, we suppose, showed
tbove water the haltend and twisted
skeletons of their former selves. Ac?
cording to General Sir John French's
report, i:?-uu?i by the press bureau, of
ten bridges that hud cro led that see?
tion of the river bet'.,re our front, nine
be? ii i. noli hed. Down the river
'rom Soisson? to Compi?gno the (Trench
on our left had a sinnlur task.
"Then began one.of the heroic com
of the war. Again and apuin at
seme points pontoons were shattered;
again and again the engineer? returnoil
under ! re to tin ,r work, cool, iiuick and
iteady. The enemy's heawy howit-ers
in well hidden emplacements again
I laved th?'ir novel and effective par.. :n
war artillery. Duels thundered from
height to height v. ith a roar almost :\J.
continuous aa the rifle lire until the
whole of the rival lines seemed to be
marked out by bur-ting shells. The
German lire was slowly mastered, iie
?-?pit?' their intrenched infantry and ma?
chine guns; passage after pussage was
carried in their teeth. At one point
some of our men go over by a little
viaduct missed by Germans which car
?i.-s a canal over the stream near Bois?
"The Free.? n infantry got across like
Bchoolboys by swarming in Indian Hie
???i the single remaining girder of
?he rail...iy bridge. l!y sunset on that
loud sabbath th?' British army ha<l
forced all passages before it, and by
the ncM morning the Allies' pontoon
stretched from bank to bank. At last
;.t all necessary points down the fifty
miles of river between C'ompiegne and
Barry-au-Bae, north of Rheims, that
.?.ii.?? day Amiens and Rheims were
both recovered by the French -after
the invaders in the latter city had
threatened i?> burn the place and hang
its chief citizens in case of the slight?
est infraction of the German orders
that the civil population must be as
quiet a., sla'.. -.
"But the Germans had made the best
of their respite. They were lighting
no reai-guard action to cover further
retreat liny had made the best use
of their time. They had gone back to
the tactics of Wallenstein against GttS
tavus, and upon another front, strong
by nature, and made more formidable
?very hour by night and day labor.
They are standing ut bay along the
whole line from the Somme to the
Meuse and to Met..
"These dispositions were made and
improved with excellent judgment,
v itli live armies striking straight
across the north of France, and in
closer touch toward Mets with the
Sixth Arm;' of the Crown Prince of
Bavaria, hitherto almost separated
from the rest by the fortress barrier.
The German Position.
"The Germans, if they could win,
would be in the best position to r??
unie their advance. While they mai?i
tain themselves where they are and
look well to the rear, they have the
best means of supplying. If they lose
have the bes* means of retreat
always supposing that General JotTre
not preparing u surprise more -ffec
.iv?. than General von Klutk's fatal
?.i h for the Seine.
"The German line, _; we may
gather, starts from the msrsb-s of tha
Somme, near Peronne and Saint-Quen
tin, then across the Oise. It strotciioi
behind Letts over a high ridge in f roil I
? fortress of La Fere, which . c
. tpicUOUsly dominated the flats, '.. .1
sir popular fringed water courses
and wide behind the lat
? r venerable city and its cathedral
ied rock. The Germans -re post
. < : rolling ground overlooking thi
? 1 "i the <i rte and the ve.le
? '.1 ig ?? of the tower oi
i o invade, ?' f. ont ?a ? on.
dual!* r:?:nr grounj tc
til] higher country between th?
.,nd the Meu ie,
"We may be eertaio that ? sun
fouch ' being kept wi'h Me?.., th?
p.voi of the whole German une
\\ hei i! wheel backward or for
ward, this front, covers all chief rail
? ummun cations with Belgium
i.u ? ml erg and German Lorriaen. Thi
supplying a million men <
. s good aa possible.
"in I ' ' 1 ? en1 I he lines of re
1 ad toward Maubeuge, Charier..
Il d tu?' -ates of Aid. ..
1, Dinant, Givet, Mesierea and Sedai
?? ward Luxemburg, Thionville an?
Mel . Ii tead ??i hi ?in;* almost hope
lessly n seed, aa before, between Pari:
and Verdun, tho German right thi:
time leans safely on a strong position
I*. will at least force any outflankinj
It will at least force any outflankini
movement on the part of allies to gi
a long way around and be fairly s loi
ami cautious in its preliminary move
Imadcrs Well Placed.
"Altogether the invaders have cho ,?
about the host possible positions fo
the struggle which will either mem
their fortunes >?r be their la. t fight 11
1 1ancc
"From !a-t Monday to tho presen
the writer had had no doubt hut tha
this was a rearguard action, but nov
we know that the battle of the Aisnt
which has been swaying for s week, 1
a more -alien and deadly struggle thai
the battle of the Marne, and may prov
;n ever', way more decisive.
Made Supreme Kffort.
"For dynastic as well as national rea
-oils, the lavadora were compelled t
make supdemo effort, dead beat as ar
(heir lan'ns. Mercilessly driven fo
nearly flve we-ks, they are bound t
summon up the energy of despaii
They are not trained for defensiv?
but their new measures show the ful
serse of the almost tragic gravity o
I their position. On slopes they hav
During Battle of the
Marne Corpses Buried
?n Layers. .
i Conflict fur Ridge of Monti'*?
ment Fiercely Waged for
Four Days.
...-.mIo::, i ep*. ?0. Tele;;, .,[.:.
Scanne, i.i Uta Dcii?-..-- ..- it i
.V .mo, t.i. if-,-' ft .Tiik.i lOt !. I
'..ay. "Th<i Time:" cGrrcpGndeiit ?.
'?The tav/ilory over which the li CO**]
' battit af the Mama v.?s fought i?
oW a pintura of de-.r. ?tat?on, a'oomina
. ind d . Ii almoct too ?iwiul to
? ? . :ib?.
"Evan now many ?on? o? lii? Father?
luid ure sleeping their last sleep in
th? o?:en iie'.dn and in ditches where
thay it'll, or under hedge? wh?re they
? c:-.?'.vied after being caught by a rifle
I lullet or piece of shell, or where they
| ?ought ihelter from the mad rushes
French tireur?, who have never
In ' their natural dexterity with the
Lnifo and who at close quarters fre?
quently throw away their rifles an?'
. ..I.', hand-to-hand.
"The German prisoner? are now be
: mg t;sed on the battlefield in searching
! t-ir and burying their dead comrades.
Cver the greater part of the huge bat?
tlefield there have now been buried at
least those who died in open trenches,
j on tho plateau? or on the high roads.
' The extensive forest area, however,
ha? hardly been searched for bodies,
although hundreds of both French und
a rmans must have sought retuge and
died there. The difficulty of finding
bodies is considerable, on account oi
the undergrowth.
"Long lines of newly broken brown
earth mark the graves of the victim?.
siomii of these burial trenches are IN
yards long. The dead are placed shoul?
der to shoulder and often in layers.
This gives some idea of the slaughter
that took place in this battle.
Flowers Planted on Graves.
"The peasants, who aie rapidly com?
ing back to the scene, are marking the
grave trenches with crosses and plant?
ing flowers above or placing on th'-m
?simple bouquets of dahlias, sunflowers
and roses.
"Some of the hottest lighting of the
l prolonged battle took place around the
beautiful old ch?teau of Mondement,
on a hill nix miles east of Sezanne.
This relic of the architectural art of
i Louis XIV occupied a position which
1 both sides regarded as strategically im?
! portant. To the east it looked down
into a great declivity in the shape of
i an immense Greek lamp, with the con
; cealed marshes of St. Sond at the bot
', torn. Beyond are the downs and
heaths of Kpernay, Kheims and Cham?
pagne, while the heights of Argonne
, stand out boldly in the distance. To
' the west is a rich agricultural coun?
"The possession of the ridge of
i Monderacnt wan vital to cither the at
, tackcrs or the defenders. The conflict
I here was of furnace intensity for four
; days. The German? drove the French
out in a terrific assault, and then the
French guns were brought to bear, fol?
lowed by hand-to-hand fighting on the
? gardens and lawns of the chateau and
' even through the breached walls. The
! French again held the building for a
I few hours, only to retire before an
I other determined German attack. On
the fourth day they swept the Germans
; out again with shell fire, under which
the walls of the chateau, although two
or three feet thick, crumple?! like
German? Well Equipped.
The correspondent describes evi
? dences on the battlefield of how mag?
nificently the Germans are equipped in
I th?? matter of ammunition and war ma
I terial. He saw pyramid after pyramid
? of shrapnel shid'.-. abandoned in the
rout, likewise innumerable panniers
, for carrying such ammunition. These
I pannier? are earefully construeteal of
I wicker, and hold three shells in exaet
' ly fitting tuba?, I? that thero can be no
The villages of Oyes, Villeneuve,
Chatilioa and Soizy-ai-.x-Hoia were all
bombarded and completely destroyed.
Some fantastic capers were played by
the shells, such r.s blowing away half a
house and leaving the other haif ln
; tact; going through a window and out
by the back wall, without damaging the
interior, or going a tew inches into
the wall and remaining fast without
Villeneuve, which was retaken thrtfl
time?, is, including its fine old church,
In cbaoluto ruin?.
dug deep trenches, line behind line
?'ith croun connection?. This front is
eo' erud by barbed ?.vire entanglements
and bristles with concealed machine
*run>. The artilUry positions, und
ci.pecially the heavy howitzers, have
been hidden with a cleverness which
has often perplexed ihe Allie.-.
"On the Crown Prince's side, where
any sudden and ?lecisive French suc?
cess would ?t fatal to tho Kaiser's
otker armie-, th? Germans have not
ta'!? d to rr.itkn their front as nearly
"sihle impregnable.
"Their trenches are three feet dn?p,
i.. told in i telegram of yesterday,
with ?plintar ?creen? every twenty
? is ami wiili resting place? e?
MO'ise door.-;, with earth heaped
?e tnem. One of our officer*1, loo'..
toward the heighih in iron
. ia ?aid to ha' ? : ?marked that if
;oons held ?uch position they
? i".' could be turned ont ?while am nu
i.itior. remained. But if human power
Can carry oueii positions, the British
.-.?Idiers are the men. There ia uodoubt
that they .'nave had BORIC of the ?tern
tat and most desperat? work .which
eva-i- can be known in war and that they
have one?? more proved themselves un?
' curpa.-suble.
"The butt!'? raged ?Hth no appre?
?dable ehange in the dark hour; b<
Tueaday nnd Wednesday. The
Germai i at last tried ? furious night
! atatek, lirect?d especially against the
: British. Three times the emu
? ne'ved :.* terrific los.? the attempt to
break 'hrough our i-nes. and thrice
they war? repulsed. By Thursday ths
(?irmaiis at last showed the first
of discobagement, giving groudn .
mil?*. The advance of the Allies,
though slow, seems now to be re?
War Aida Columbia.
When Columbia t'iiiversaity , ,-,
tins week for registration of ?tndenta
It ii expected there will be iucreas'a
m many department:?, because o* the
war in Europo. Annually largo rum?
bera go abroad for ?ta?1y--partlcu!ar!y
? t. Germany, where certain chemical
courses aro unsurpsised. Columbia
plans to offer a eour^e In iiuiustria'
chemistry which attracts th?. greatest
number of students, based on recent
investigation of profeason. sent to
uermany for the purpose.
Open Saturday? UntU 6 P.M.
Fourteenth Street
West of Fifth Avenue
A Human Interest Story
An artist, a friend of the firm, called yesterday and told us the
following incident, which occurred in the French town of EtapUa
on the Knelish Cha?ad. '
' A woman brought her supply of potatoes to the market for
t . i* all other market people had been selling at the same price
as before the war, but she thought she saw a chance to make ?
little more profit nnd advanced her prices. The consequence*
were, that the people became ?o indignant that they threw her
potatoes on the street and crushed them under their feet. The
privilege of selling in the market wss alto denied her."
We feel a* did those people about advancing prices at this time,
when many have to economize.
Apropos of the above, we submit copy of the instructions under
which our buyers are operating.
u Instructions to Buyers."
"NO PRICES ARE TO BE ADVANCED beyond what they wert
on July 26th, THE DAY BEFORE the first declaration of wsr.
ALL NEW FALL GOODS are to be priced on the basis of whit
ihey won!?' have been priced if no war existed.''
Fortifying, It Is Believed,
to Protect Retirement
if Necessary.
, By Cable to The thi u
A..twerp. Sept. 19. The second battle
of Tcrmonde,. which was fought with
desperate courage on both sides on
Thursday, resulted in a victory for the
Belgians. The enemy letired. leaving
several hundred dead. Coming through
from Gher.' via Termonde yesterday it
was "ten that the partial destruction
of Termonde lust week had been con?
verted into total ruins, for the Ger?
mans tired every building possible.
During; the firing the Germans tried the
old trick of throwing down their arms
and holding up '.heir hands, and when
the Belgians approached to take them
prisoners unmasking mitrailleuse,
which then turned on a deadly lire.
The result of the fighting at Termonde
yesterday afternoon i : not yet known,
hut the visit of a German aeroplane
here on Thurs?lay was not repeated.
Interesting details of the recent Bel?
gian advance as it eras seen from the
. German side are told by a I'.eigian who
\ was in Brussels all last week. The ac?
count is veritied in important details
1 by reports from a scouting officer who
penetrated rignt up t<? the German <le
fensive lines. The German force hold?
ing Brussels and Louvain is about
60,000 strong and effectively intrenched
behind the segment of a circle begin?
ning southeast of Termonde and end
! ing close to Wavre.
The trenches are deep, roofed in and
1 galleried, being reinforced by iron
rails and cement. Such grave fear was
' entertained by the German com?
mander during tii?' attack that the
German ?tat major for the Brussels
district was removed from the city and
| stationed somewhere south. .V
' point the Belgian advance got within
, twelve kilometres of Brussels, and the
Belgian shells fell around tile German
oliserv.it?on balloon.
Germans Are Reinforced.
The inhabitants of Brussels went
out to the northern heights and
watched the advance, and when no
German observers were present
cheered at the bursting o"" each Bel?
gian ?hell. A temporary cessation oi
Belgian operations came >S a great
relief of the Germans, whose position,
despita the reinforcements they had
?viung out of the headquarters t-taiT,
vas fast becoming desperate. The
Germnn foree has been slightly rein?
forced again and moved up as a line
from Wavre, n A is shaping at
an advance letween Aloet an.! Ter?
monde fer the trcngthening of its
defence line thei Pare heavy pieces
have passed through Brussels from th
south and gone toward Mai
The centre ni -h" German de?en iva
position is nortl il Vllvorde, v.her
they have ?eld fo catioi
iroiits, one io\\ ird Termoi .a> and one
towanl the eanal, rom Lou?
vain to Malines. <>n t
ty-eight guns are mounted s vit?le
position ??!' affaii s sugg?
fortification to covei ?
Later yesterday afternooi .. Ter?
monde the Belgians and Gem
..-eli other without action b? l taken
..i, i itlier side. The corre
it.to ?he town by .; side rout*.
traversed bridg. .. ,;' boats
?aid crossed gap
areas by pl?nkln**, v guai d
of Belgian Infa h tiding the
of the ? ' ...:
Men Lack .-?piri?.
?' lie Gein -,,
?n advance ol the towi
little ?<iua?l of German ?coul
penetrated Into
been shot and othei : ven be
while tl ? . oi rti pon? n
Ten, under the command t*f ? non?
commissioned officer, showed gre?
ing, and welcomed some hints on ?
cover that the Belgians hav.- ,..i
:n this direction. it,;., is :i clear .
dication of wan' o>' any spirit i
vanee in the Germans, but ???
doubt thur line i.? been < ?
greatly toward theil left.
Bombardment if the rums ..? Tel
monde by the Gen
the o< Ifry of the Hotel de Villi
celebrated in strew the
treet an,i are me j I ? ken I u
intact, towever, eictpt ior damage by
i'_r. i, Sept. 20. In the . ' ? ?? of
oi ded is pi
ch a n. ..i. of
Tr.ree oth
also are ir the army. T
Marshall MacMahon, la i Pn lent of
France, also are with the oolore, with i
the rank of eolonel and lieutenant
| colonel. '
Well Known Polo Player
Meets Death While
in Action.
, London, Sept, 19. Captain B, X.
[ Grenfel!, the well known polo pisytr,
i of the Buckingham Yeomanry, attached
to the !nh Lancers, was among th*
kill?-?! in action in Frunce. Hi*
name appears in the !i>t. unda-rdaUaf
September 16, irsued bj the War Oft?!
1 he II mtaina th? names *f
Captain Lord (?utirnsey and Captain
Lord A. V. Hay, of th? Irish t?uardi.
Colonel F. It. F. Boileau, of the gentni
: taff, ?lied from wound?.
The names are given of twenty of
eer? killed, forty wounded, one who
died from wound? and on?? nuising.
Captain L. N. Grenfell and tii
brother, Captain Krancia <?rrriff?!!, both
of the 9th Lancer?, were member? .>i
;he Hurlingham team which ?is t?
have played th? United Statci tests for
the internationl polo cup in 1'JIO. A?
accident to Captain Francis Grenftl!,
however, caused a p.'-'pi.nement of th*
international match. Later, as asa
ba-rs of the Hanelagl? team, the broth?
er- played that year in the tournatSMt
of the l'oint Judith Polo Club, ?oi it
?as B. N. Grenfell'a dashing play
which won the final of ,; e ?.jaen eha?
pionabip tournament, in which I*
?cored seven of tha? eight ?.'nuls mud?
' by the English team.
Captain Francis (,n nfet! Jn'.iv
guished himself in battle ?arly thi?
month, when, although suffering fr?m
three ?rounds, h? led 11- men in ? <i?.<ii
which save.I two Britiah guns, tl*
servers of which had been killed b>
shrapnel. Later on in the eafa****|Ml
he fell and wa? curried to .-?fe!y by
the Jink?- i.i' IVestmiaster, wiio ruiht-1
to hia aid through a ?falling I re,
Colonel Prank Kidlej Karret Boil??
was the son of Colonel I'. U. Boil*?''.
C. B., and had ?ervi I m India and ta
?South Africa, l.or.i (,u rnsey w?? th?
eldest son uf the Karl of Ayksford.
? iililiaiiiril Iriuii lian?- I
ingly illustrate?! in two ??..>- on? ?
lensel) practical, on? ?t-ntimeatal Th*
first ij that th Germ? i av? di-cl?**
no moratorium. The second i* t?*'
there ?Aas no general display of_Cer
man flags m pi vale building? Mil?*"
pon of ? .. toi - -mi??? I?
Slow the imperial colors ?? ?a.?ni"?*T
where, as well as ti . white ?nd bl?c*
of l'n ,- y? Ho? ?nd ?>??**
city (lag.
The !v ??*??
rancor that I can di ?cover ia the alt?'
ing of the names ? it? "??f^
for English ? itiea non?. Tl
t( . ?ample. eU
become the i rown l'r m A mill'?""
ha* obliterated n rara "??**'
eltiea" from i ,*'*? tt'
The reports ???' .air...- I - ?;l-g?d J
have ' . . 'ru (,*rf?i"'
truck ??
.tr* in it? ?**?
laaion of the rv
?...ii- n not clami - m
-,. ?k G? ririan ??'
iggi *yiniL?
"In two n,. ' ??II ???*
s, can ?*?'.
i iviliuns ? . voluaUat ??
' " ' k hi
"Don t you know i i?' a m??" *'|0?,
been in prison cannot belong t?
la'erman aim; und? i u y r-rriim?t?s?**
. .-i ??h..-.- hoaoi h?? i**^
ehed be ? ?oldier " .t
-;,,;. i, r"l?n'
, I??, they ? . i.i to )? .A"\tl
? ! 1J' ??&
? i :n?-ii w ho tayed <*
..- ?.at many " would b? '??'?J?*
? women and children" jsS
i ?-"? R'\rXri
the Koyal Field Arui.?"
rough! lu Am sa ?? V'to9tl?,
wa- naked what aould be dune to ^
him . omfortable. He r?pl?w j'
"Better than anything el?? ? *"T
! kc s briar pipe and ?urn? l0}**^
Major von Mumm ?*ein d?**w^
hunted ?oui?: time for the br??? ?JT)
I > -'. r had namt-d. *? r*lw^
In ti in with ?1 and ti'> P'pe- ^l
"How much ?lo I i'?'' y?u' "^
i he captain. ,ltj ?J?
"Nothing, I heg of you, t<fim
"When Ihia In over \?>u "J*1
?? . ??., ia
nv, ;. good dinnor tugeH?*?*- .^
The) ih? ok hand? -?'"I "VjaV
m.. il .1 ?tingui????^
?deration. I ha?. -??? n ?thar '?"T'eja*
ndl. alive of th?' .-pu" nul on,'T?ar
idicativ? of th?' ?pirn ?i"1 ?'"' ?jr
av. but of tendent???, bei??**
.-i? .nid Germaa aiHiiet.-. ?i^'

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