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SIU?DAT. ?KPTEMBER SO. 1S14. Oemed and publish?* dally by Th? Tribun? AserarUtlon a Hem York corporation. Ogden M R?ld. Pr*??!?'?"'? ?, Veanor Roger?, sccreaaiv and Treasurer. Addr?>M TnDun? building. No 16t Naseau ?u. New York ?vor.? niriiu.N RA1KK?uy ?tau. r-i>s???'- ?-?? of Oreater New York: ... ., ? Dally ?nd "?unday, 1 mo..l .TB Datly only. ? month?.. ??? r??l!y and Sunday. ? moa. ?.M Pallv only. 1 ?f**r", ?l' ,?-, J>?i!> and Sunday. 1 year. 8 BO'Sunday only. A montas, i.? Oa*41y only, 1 month.nO'Sunday only. 1 rear.... ->."?> FORRION RATK8. I CANADIAN RAJE" DAM Y AND St'NDAT I DA II.Y ANO MINDAT I On? month.$l.St One month.Vro ???? y??''.22.05 one year...... ????,?'.?." "w ? SUNDAY ONLY: 1HI1.? OMA M Wlx months. n IVOne month. ?rC; ?n? >??' ..i.ll'On. year ... ? ??? i:'?-,'." O A II.Y ONLY: I SVNPAT ONLY. "na month. I.Su'On? month. .'Bs Ona y*ar.13 8V One year. Entered at th? Poatotflee at New York ee Second Clasa Mall Matter, The Tribun? use? It? be?t endeavor? ?o ,n **"'!,,''}! trastwcrtlilnaw? of ever? advertisement It prints ?nil to avolat the publication of all advertisements containing railcUatllna ?t?t?ment? or rlalma Germany's Aggression and the Na? tional Sentiment Behind It. The Russian "Orange Rook." a compilation ?vf the Russian f-overnment's diplomatic correspond one?? iu the crisis preceding the war. confirms strongly the Impression made by the eorreapoadlng summaries already Issued by Uie British and Gef man Foroi>?n Oftlces. It Is not difflmlt to Sz re? sponsibility for the diplomatic deadlock which made war inevitable. It was not accident that put C.er niany In the position of starting a world-wide con? flict by declaring war on Russia. Germany was th?? aggressor throughout, In fact as well as in form, and there is nothing in the diplomatic correspond? ence published so far?her own "White Rook" in? cluded?to show that she was willing to make any concessions whatever for the sake of preserving the world's peace. Herman diplomacy was sadly nt fault In thinking ihnt Kurope could be browbeaten into countenano ing Austria-Hungary's "punitive expedition" Into servia, just as it had submitted t.. Austria-Hun L'.iry's appropriation ?if Rosnia and Henegovina,, in deflan? v of the provisions of the Treaty ?if Berlin. So confident of their ability to bluff Russia wer? Herr von Rethmann-Hollweg and Herr von .lagnw 1hat they never took the trouble to inform thein s??lvea of the attitude of Italy, the third partner fn the Triple Alliance. They gave Count von Rerch it>ld in Vienna a free hand in dealing with Servia, and when Austria-Hungary declared war on Servia Germany encouraged her to say to the Triple En? tente powers, asking a suspension of action, that mobilization was ander wny and could not be coun? termanded. In order to be in a position to argue on etpial terms with Austria-Hungary RuMia began a ?partial mobilization. The immediate effect of that move was to make the Vienna government more con ?dilatory. Germany, however, refused to ?Counsel Austria Hungary to submit the issu?? with Servi.i 1?? i conference of the European powers, suggesting. instead, that Russia and the Dual Monarchy try to reach a s??ttlenient by direct negotiation. Yet while ?'ticouraging this renewal of ordinary diplomatic activities Germany began to take umbrage at Rns ?da's mobilization, and without wailing tor Vienna and St. Petersburg to reacb an igreemenl by peace fui means laned i : July 31 an ultimatum demand ing that Russia's ?.n?'? rations sliouid cease. Th next day the Kaiser declared war. Here are Russia's two offen to Francis Joseph's government, as given iu the "Orange Book" . 'On July 30? l? Austria, recognizing that the Ans tro-.Servian question has assumed the character of a European question, declares herself ready to elim inat?? from her ultimatum the points aimed :ii the eovereign rights of Servia, llu.ssia agrees to cease her military preparations. [On July 31] If Austria con?ents to stop th? inarch of her armies upon Servia* territory mid if, recognizing that the Austro-Servian conflict has as? sumed tke character of u quct-tion of European Inter est, she admits that the great powers shall examine Ihe satiafaction which Servia should accord to the Austro-Hungarian government without threatening her rights sa a sovereign and independent state, Rus? sia engages to preserve her attitude. Under the circumstances these were liberal *rug geations of compromise. Rut Austria-Hungary never had a chance to consider them seriously. After the Kaiser's ultimatum was Issued, on July 31. they became mere scraps of paper, Interesting only for historical purposes. Germany plunged into war without rej*T??t and even without counting the cost, because her people ?a considerable leaven among the Social Demo erata excepted?had yielded to the insidious gospel of militaristic aggrandizement. Event? .since the war have kIiowu what any one really ac?iuaiiiird with conditions in G?*rmany must have anticipated ?the solidarity cf all classes but one in support of the government's aggressive policy. These who expected a protest against militarism from the | ro fesslonal and bourgeois class???from the univer? sities- and the centra's of commerce?did not appn? clatc tho change which had come over German so ctef-ff aln<*e the daye when political HbernlUni of the old ?*tort was in fashion. The old Libera' party, which fought absolutism and the rile of the sword, was recruited from the ranks of the bourgeois-.? and the learned professions. It was a middle class party arrayed against the pretensions of aristoc? racy. Rut that once powerful bulwark against mill tarlsm and autocracy has been levelled in recent years by pressure not from the top but from the bottom. Modern ideas of progress and democracy In politics have been monopolized more and more by the proletariat organized Into the Social Demo? cratic party, association with which now subjects n member of the middle class to social ostracism. Aa the Nodal Democracy has become strong the professions] classes, the merchants and the well to-do of all sorts have been driven Into no ellUnc? against It wllh the bureaucracy, tho tnllltnry rust?? und the arisirxtnicy, Hoclnl pif un lins beea Um big factor bat??- of httlltut'isiii. mu? (It? apparent niiaulmlty of tJerim.u;' ;., ?.??.u?ng t,?, ? policy ,,r aggression lm? p**??? du? lo thi inability of iii?< ?Social D?UM??/?-? foiiow?ig Uftdtf the a-Miiuioa?-. of a state of war to exert any "^preciable Influence on the programme of the ruling clssses. It has been represented that the Social Demo? cratic Deputies In the Reichstag were a unit In approving the hip war credits. Bat Dr. Osrl Lieb? knecht, the Socinl DaUSUCf?ttc leutler, Is now quoted in the "Hiirgcr Beitrag," Of H reinen, ns denying that statement. H?< Is re|mrted a? wiving: In order to prevent the (ii-?-?omlnatlon of an inad miRRihle legi-ml 1 feel it to be my duty to put on nord the net that tin* Issaes involved irnve ri?e to diametrically oppoeite ?lew? within our parliamen j tary party, am' these opposing views found expre? : ion with a violence hitherto unknown in our delib? erations. F? is alie entirely untrue to nay that ?usent to iho war credits was given unanimously. it wouhi bare been surprising if the social IVinocrnt.e element had acquiesced without a pro? test in a war which, if successful, would glorify militarism and make its exactions still more ex? cessive. 'Hiere Is si ill In Germany a rallying point I for the op'xinciits of the "blood and Iron" and "knnonen flitter" th?orie?? of the Kaiser and tic military party. If the (?ernian armies are de? feated and Cern?an aggressiveness is tamed, there may lie a strong popular reaction toward more lib? eral and democratic methods of government. Bol it would be Idle to expect what is popularly known as ??(.ennaii culture" to lead in that reaction. Ger? many would ?uve its modernisation rather to the liberal proletariat. whi?*h, unlike Its "culture,'* ha.i never fallen a prey to the great militaristic de? lusion. Supplement Prayer with Works. M?-.S Mabel Choate makes the suggestion that ?>n Sunday. October ?. the day designated by Presi? dent Wilson as a day of prayer for peace, all the churches in the land take up collections for the Rod Cross' It is an excellent suggestion, whicli should be adopted everywhere. The Red Cross work is enseriar?an, it makes no distinction of race. It Is a broad labor of help? fulness for suffering humanity. The need for aid is great?perhaps not In this generation has thero been such need, ami as this dread war continues want and misery and disease will increase and the liMs of wounded grow longer daily. Out of !ts abundance this country, fortunately spared win's horrors, should contribute bountifully to aid stricken Europe, ami there could not be a better method or occisi?n than the church collections m the ?lay of prayer f<?r peace. W"ipiii#* Out the Stripes. Miss Davis, Correction Commissioner, has be gun t?> substitute a uniform <>f plain blue for the black-and-white striped uniforms at present In use in the Institutions under tier < barge. Within a week the stripes tvill be nbollshed. The new uniforms <??-t only (W cents each. Hut there la a greater nrivautage Iban that In doing away with the stigma?the unnecessary degrada? tion of the "stripes." This step has been taken in nil modern penal institutions, with noticeable Improvement in the spirit-: and behavior of the ininntes. It K n not her Item in the good work _f Miss Davis here The Crisis lor Railroads and Their Regulation. The announcement tbal tbe Interstate Commerce Commission has reopened the railroad rat? ?ase is welcome. Bul why u uionu before bearings? And why bearings nl all. except ?is n mere formality in compliance wiili tin* law? We surely hope thai no sucb Inquiry ns thai whicli recentl. concluded is t?) precede the commission'?" decision in the pres? ent ease. Th?- commission lias the subject In Its own hauds. It may restrict objections to the rail? road-' request within reasonable limits, it may readily avoid !!.<? false advisers whose counsel it accepted in the recent Inquiry. It need not be led upon false trails. The question before it is perfectly plain: Are (be railroads face to fa?-e with a crisis nr a result of tin- wur? That ques? tion may Iki ?m weretl quickly, und there should i?e no mon- delay aliotil answering il than observ? ance ?.?f the due formalities requires. This is nut only n crisis fur the railroads. This is a cri.-is for public regulation, if the commission is not able to deal quickly with tbe issues before it. public regulation is m failure. Emergencies will arise, and it is necessary tbal they be met at once. If the public control of rates prevents them from being met at once, if long debate is always neces? sary at which all sorls of visionaries must bel heard respectfully, then the public control of rates will have to give way as impracticable. Poor Old Peace. Peace has been a pleasant sounding word In its day. We Americans have looked upon it as one of our most cherished | s ?sessions. In its name we have lived and nourished. For it we have been quite ready to light, it necessary. What, then, has peace done to deserve the ?Wo ipiy int?, whicli it has fallen'.' Mr. Bryan did much t<? make the word grate upon the ear. Bui with the horrors of war before ?is \? e were quite ready to forget an?l forgive. Now arrives Mr. William Randolph Hearst upon the scene, sobbing bitterly over the Wounds of l-.iirop.- and crying aloud for "Peace!" l'eau- be will huv? if he has to write o thousand editorials ami sell a million newspapers. The Vke-Presidenl is graciously permitted t<? help, but then- is n?> mistaking the situation. Peace Is now Mr. Hearst's middle name, and lei do Bryan ?>r Wilson think to stcul bis stuff! Poor peace! What ;t good old bird she was be fore tbe Nobel prize clipped her wings and Bryan taughl her Chautauqua tricks and Willie Hearst captured ber for an ??time pet! Open Investigation of the Facts. The pul lie Investigation of the Municipal Civil Service Commission aunouueed by the State Civil Service Commission is to be welcomed. It is c great Improvement on th<> siar chamber proceed? ings which the state commission has been conduct* ing to the accompaniment of Interviews which amount t?> charges against tbe lornl commission. In the formal public investigation it mny ho ex? pected that the state body, which must act in a judicial capacity, will at least pretend to maintain a Judicial reserve and not obviously decide the case in udvance of the evidence. Up to dute the public has no reason t<> feel any? thing but confidence In Messrs. Moskowlts, James and ivugh. They are well known and respected bare. They bare reorganized the commission, oust? ing as secretary Mr. Spenser, known among Tun iniiny's elect r?*i one "willing at any time to go the limit for us,"' and mnking other internal Improve-1 iniiils. if they have violated the law or exerclssdj their discretion lu approving apin-iutmeut- uu-j - ' I I wisely, the facts should be known and Jnd connection with the known good work of tli mission. But this commission must not be h by secret charges or Investigated behind doors by a state Isidy Itself ninler formal ? loi lawbreaklng. That Is a violation of i and fnlr play which not even Tammany < away with. AFTER READING THB PRIME MINIS SPEECH AT THE QUILDHALL. ; There, with great phrase, outspoke the heroic Of Britain'? heart. There, at the right mark Hr?*- the right arrow. There the true tire flat With ter.se and governed ardor, even as o'er i The clung of tempest on a granite shore Flames the still pharos. When in lands ashi , Of that most fais? evangel e'er proclaimeil I The gospel of hlood and Iron is no more, These words shall echo afar, a Pibroch blowr | In Freedom'e highlands, with free-soaring soui I On no rude pipes, for no barbaric clan: I Pealing for England, nor for her alone, ! But mightier Powers, more anciently renownoi ! Invincible Justice, and imperial Man. WILLIAM WATSO From the London Westminster Ga? CREATING THE YELLOW PERIL When We Have Opened Up China with Our ern Ideas of Greed Anything May Happe: To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Still another explanation of th? K | efforts for peace is Mr. Vezin's idea that Germa itari*m stands between us and the Yellow Pen! the Slavs, who with all their faults, used to b ?ldortd white! N'o one grumbles at the- Emperor's building defence against the Yellow Peril, it is th?- pr work on his own people and their neighbors tli object to, and the avowed desire on the part of f?irman to own the earth. The policy of the white races will surely upon them the disasters thry fear. The idei even the most pacific of the human rac?- will ft tolerate other nations overrunning their cot trampling on thoir cmtoms, Instituting trade - religions which they consider doubtful ble? : judging from our results, and still remain en 1 separate from ourselves, II a grim and foolish I China has never exhibited any desire for Ktir? .colonies. Realising an essential difference bet themselves and the rnces they consider compara uncivilized, tluy wished to remain isolated. \\ ? Bold them engines of destruction against their taught them how to use them, pointed out th ! adopting Occidental methods lay their only poi salvation, and then, long before there is any in tion of a real change of heurt, ? e aerean "Vi Peril!" all together. If there be any peni, a fault is it? Sooner or later if we insist on "opening up Ch Chinese men will marry our women, mir nun marry ("hi?ese girls, and in time we shall !>>? Ul to ignore them. If they are ?till opposed, esas] i tion may force them to use our guns to "opei Eorope" a little, and we know un?l fe;,r it. They not attempt it until they have l<^?rt.<?l their le thoroughly, and can do it. They will try every o method (ir-<t, hut if they once begin, God help us our paltry international contempt of one another. We have seen what one yellow nation can di fifty ye_rs with Western methods. The Japanese hoisting us with our own petaid. Their dealing* ? us anil with their own people are regulated by dit ent standards. Shall we ever attain to the hono business methods which distinguishes the Chinan* Can we rival their skill and industry any mort t the philosophy of Lao Tsu or ('?nfucius? Whet lies out superlative superiority which 1? a? demand from all the colored peoples what we tli wo want without paving the natural price? New York, Sept 18, I'M l. STEPHEN HAWEI? A KIND WORD FOR BRUTE FORCE Too Much Neutrality in Our Pretident for I Erving Winslow. To 'he Kditor of The Tribune. Sir: If the people of neutrsl nationi evei have could have moral or ethical international duty, 0U| they to jeopardize its fulfilment, whatever the g? ernment may do, by awaiting a time fot espress of opinion when even the partial triumph o? Germa would make all but hopeless the destruction of m tarism, tho increase and sanctification <>i neutrali the development of the weak? r peoples and the an liorstion of tariff wars, to which all goud men * looking with passionate aspiration'.' Ought they i to assist in every possible way, short of act lal p ticipation, "the brute foro" required in lar? measure, as Dr. Eliot says, t?> overcome the "bru force of barbarism '.''' Like the Italian . ?'? might least accompany the announcement of neutrality wi an expression of ":h<- deepest sympathy," in ?? case for the cause of neutralisation, to the doctri and practice of which the Democratic parts ia tin oughly committed. Could not the poor, straiten President, in view of the fact acknowledged by ; parties to the war, the violation of the of Belgium, have gone beyond his diplomatic "phr_ book," and said in its behalf a word of sympathy the Belgians, rather than only to vouchsafe his pror ise to "consider the claims to the impartial sympatl of mankind of a nation which deems itself wronged Must not the rebuffed Brlgians have said to ea< other, like the sailor in tho play, "Is it a man? it a fish?" Even a neutral cannot be forbidden to accept tl fact of the respective declarations made by the pa ties themselves. On the one side is the dec?an principle ot permanent militarism, illustrated by ti u-e of it la initiating aggression. On the other, declaration by its spokesman, the mighty nation t whose mother tongue we mu-?t listen, that succ?s pledges it to the destruction of militarism. The hope of the world may lie in our deterroinatio an '. influence to hold to the fultilm? "il of :lus slogai Boston, Sept. 1?, 1914. ERVING WINSLOW. BLAME FOR GREAT BRITAIN A Worker for Peace Find? Sympathy for German in London. To the Editor of 1 .l.une. Sir: As one stu?; .._blic opinion here, the unut tcruble pathos becomes more apparent of the terribl i situation, due to different national psychologies sn< (misunderstandings. Many English men and womei arc bravely trying to be fair und to distinguish h? S tween the?enemy's government and its people. Thi-r is doubtless much more impartial judgment to bi found in England than elsewhere. 1 know a scot.' o persons like Hirst, of "The Economist"; Norman An gell and Jchn A. Hobson, the eminent writer on poll tics and economics, who are as fair minded about thi< war ar. human beings can be. T'uey fully realize that while Prussian militarism is the most menacing oi all militarisms. Great Britain's policy in past yean does not exempt her from criticism. Some of them say in private: "For the last eight years Sir Edward Grey has deceivi d ns," or as a brilliant Cambridge graduate put it, "baa lied to us." I was astounded to be told to-day by a Canadian resi? dent hete, a university man: "I believe if any nation has a clear cae now it ia Germany. It >uu want the history of this war you must go back forty years." Mute than any politician here or in Germany he ccndemr.cd the Karmsworth papers, which have so persistently poisoned the public'mind and _lled Eng? land with suspicion and hatred of Germany. David Starr Jordan said to me: "At the last England had no choice bet ??ein virtue and unrij-hteou nets; she had to choose between two degrees of unrighteous? Many here are studying General Bernhardi's d??vil ish doctrine of force, assuming wildly that it is the doctrine of Germany as a winde. Every sober Ger? man, of course, counts Bernhardi's writings utterly extreme, though when war comes in any country the militarists instantly dominate and public opinion be eosses consolidated behind them. One e n Imagine an American war in which Richmond P. Hobson would quickly become orthodox. Mme. Van der Yelde, of Belgium, will tell h.-r mov? ing tale in America as I heard her last night here. No words can adequately condemn the harshi German reprisals :or civilian attacks. But America has not yet heaid if the horrors that Germany cries out at, committed by Russians and Servians and by muddened, suffering Belgians upon alien (iermun res? idents. LUCIA A MKS M LAU. i London, Sept. '.', It'll. THE KAISER'S TEKMS OF PEACE. THE PEOPLE'S COLUMN *?&?g?Zm A PLEA TO AMERICA We Arc Asekd to Help the Allie? with Our Fleet and Army. To ;!i" Editor of The Ti ibune. Sir: Does not the American nation realize that this war, planned by Ger? many, i?, t.ni s war sgainst frunce or Kngland or Russia, l>ut against Immun? ity itself? Its success would mean, .1-t, the mastery of Europe and \ but ultimately of the world. If the Allies win us \?. Lacy will, though after enormous loss ,. ril ce will ?.' not be -.< i ; ?on, ??? ill it not I > t- ? 11 j-*; ?i sense of - ...i America, that she has not taken her i.ar: in consummating and I ? ... , .,; .? if 66,000 volunte? i - been offered by l'anada, whul muni I ? be already? If Am? her fleet ami hi my, what would l>** the effect, moral ami material "? It. BROCK, Vicar. Criggion Vicarage, Shrewsbury, Eng? land, Si-pt. :?. l.n I. AGAINST AMERICAN NEUTRALITY Our Intervention to Enforce Hague Provisions Is Urged. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I an glad ta see that al 1 it some ?itn? has .spoken out as to Ameri ean neutra ity in face of the German methods of warfare. I refer t.. Rich? ard Harding Davis'* eommunicati? n t.. you ss recabled to "The Daily Tele? graph" lo-dsy. I cabled myself to tne State Department three days ago.in me sense, urging action. In view of the present criminal proceedings of the German nation on the battl? ? lields, any rontinued inaction and neu? trality of th? United State., appears disastrous. History will stand ach ist if Aim : . ? does not sj,??a?*'. with clarion voice, und if her voice be disregarded, take im? mediate action. I cannot conceive a nobler cause fur her to support vi et armis. Germany will utterly : u ; i ? ? ? ? mere protests. A threat of arm may stop the fiendish sins being com? mitted against mankind. It is useless to sa- n ?I Red Cross bearers over *o be massacred The government should im? mediately declare i. CBSUX belli anti-Hague proceedings do not insUnter. II. C. HOSKIER, Formerly member New York Stock Ex? change, London, Sept 1, 1911. CHRISTIANITY AND WARFARE The Faith Has No Reason to Bow Its Head in Shame. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Asida from the professional un? believers who occasionally divert the multitude in public plaees there are many respectable non-Christiani in clined to quote the present Europe in conflict as ? demonstrative apology for their position. This argument i ?.ious and calculated to produce an im? pression on people who content their ipiritual appetites by dwelling only on the superficial phenomena of religion. Vet Christianity, while regrettm-?; the common tragedy of mankind enacting in Kurope, has no reason to bow its head and be ashamed. History has always been written in blood as well as brains, for jealousy and conflic* aie connotation??' of rivalry, whether it be religious, commercial ?i merely racial. Much a:? We may ?i? plore the fact, it temains that brute force is tin- funda? mental of all political fabrication, al? though it sometimes takes a French Revolution and a Holy War to con wmi philosophers of the truth of this doctrine. Therefore, when c:n nerors putntively ChriHtian forget the literal meaning and moral signlfli ?if their tiller? and indulge in common laiuit.ul emulation the world should :... be s irprised ;.'. the ?equel. For it ?>e remembered tiiat Chris tianil ' it? d to ameliorate, not lo ? dure; that .?.e:i individuals, fanii ms is an in? .. :': etor ol the Providential tconomy; anal thai th (competition, no :...t species or how care : ully ? .; i igorously drilled, is '... ? ; upt at any climax. The Judai t will admit that war, so fur from b< lictory to spirit I by the Jews a'. the very crux of their privileged inti? macy ?\.t!i Jehovah; Bnd it would be well t'?.i ...! who point to the present calamity - the ?nefficacy of i ? Mn* their own Mil.linn- condition of freedom of .. h m., attained by ti,?? (lowing of blood and tear-, which urc nul un artificial agony of man, but Natur? I '?> 'he produc? tion ei' iom? : ? thing for mankind, the birth ol a boon we did not have ' . . th? ??' is i o icluded the Christian ' hurch, far from being coma and inept, will awaken to a new era ..?' energy, and the world will re*? ? in it an intrinsic part of tho grand design of the Being we all call God. JOHN B. KENNEDY. G3 Greene av., Brooklyn, Sept. 17, 1914._ AN AGNOSTIC AND PRAYER He Gladly Indorse? the President's Command. To t!u- l'a!,t..rot" Tn? Tribune. Sir: Apropos 'he Day of Prayer, al-, 'o.v n t?. say thi . .??" agnostic If, I heartily indorse it. Prayer after ail is nothing but hope expressed ?n word I' can i ever do harm and can hing hut good. Your correspondent Mr. Harrington ?:t letter mentioned some thing about reviving tli.- religion of old Rome. This letter was harshly criti j a Methodist, and it seems that the ?'i' testant gentleman misunder? stood Mr. Harrington. I do not believe that Mr. Harrington meant the heathen on, bul the Roman Catholic faith. If in? did, however, mean the heathen fa th, I myself do net think it would he a bad substitute for the degenerate form; that our so-called Christianity ?lien into. I' is just this that nostic on' ' f me. For yearn 1 hav? watched the Christian Church. Por years I have listened to all branches of Lurch. Ami in r.oue of them can I r ? * - -1 the true living spirit of thai ' hi . as I have read of Him and His works. In the one 1 can find nothing but. the < hurch it-elf talke?! of; in the other I can find nothing but narrow minded dogmas expounded, that take the heart out. of me whenever I hear them. But, v. .th all tisis in practical expe? rience with the church Itself, I heartily indorse our treat President's comma:),i for a Day of Frayer for 1'. ace. EDW. E. FUCHS. New York, Sept. 11. l'.ui AS TO COUNT VON BERNSTORFF The Harm Which His Loquacity Has Done His Cause. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In your valued columns of thi?, date I read with neat astonishment " ? :" lowing -'.atement '" '"",/' '? hi th,. loquacious von Bernai ?rff. .-?peakmg of *Ytoel1 y Belgians, and niter scathing r- marks of the Cathol e!i rgy, the prince writes as foil IC r''1''';,'- uh" ?' ?" troops in ?friendly manner during th.? day wer.? at night detected with revolvers i-i ?fir hands, participating actively ,? the outrages. 1 really Lav?, been QUIU interested. and partly believed the count's state? ments given SO often to the press, but this latest, accusing priests of actual murderous attacks at night, is really too much. What a lot of harm such a man is doing to the country he represents! This is especially marked in contrast to the dignified silence of the repre? sentatives of the allied governments. A PROTESTANT. New York. Sept. 12, 19U. "THE HALF-SAW BAYONET" It Excites the Irony of a Severe Teu? ton Critic. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: To-day's article by Captain Rieh ard Harding Davis claims an oxpn of my appreciation. "The naif-Saw Bayonet" used by the Germans, found in German trenches! Horrors! fhis nation which in science and arts was the leader of the world, and now fallen to the darkest depths of bestiality! This strikes me only as remarkable, as to my actual knowledge two soldiers in every German company carry saws and two others in every German con? pany axes, these tools to be used when intrenching. Could it be that Captain Richard Harding Davis mistook these saws for bayonets? Hardly possible, for a man as impartial and unbiassed as he is would under no circumstance prefer such charges against his worst enemy without being absolutely sure of the facts. FREDERICK J. 0. HARDY. New York, Sept. 19, 191 ?. "THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER" Why It Is Not Our National Anthem and How It Could Be Made So. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In regard to the position taken by Lieutenant Glassburn in your edi tion of yesterday citing the army regu? lations to show that the "Star-Span? gled Banner" is the veritable American national anthem, I would say tliat bis citations prove that the air has b"on recognized by the army without any manner of doubt. But it does not necessarily follow that it is so recognized by the ocoplo of the country. On the contrary, ther? are many people who believe that the British tune )f "God Save the Kim*," fitted to the words of "My Country Tin of Thee," is the national anthem of America. Many people rise and come to attention when it is rendered, and it is taught in our public schools to be the national anthem. If the army or the government wishes to retain the "Star-Spangled Banner" as the nat'onal anthem they must make it it singable and revise it so as to make it suitable to any public occasion. As it now remains it is not available, for tin- people cannot sing it. The people are the court of last *?? sort in the decision as to the national anthem of any country, and if the peo? ple cannot sing an anthem a centen? nial celebration, a fleet of battleships or Congress itself cannot induce then to accept it as national. Let the army and navy adopt a singable revision of the "Star-Spangled Banner" and bring the last verse into prominence, as was recently suggested by a clergyman, and it will need no official recognition by our government. MANHATTAN. Saratoga. Sept. 17, 1?11. As to the Hessians. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Lot me remind your correspon? dent "Mets" that the Hessians of 177"? wore also Germans. They are invaria? bly referred to in our history a? "mer? cenaries," and, like a great many Ger? man troops in our Civil War, fought for "what there was in it" of bounty an?I pay. XlPHUlU. New Vork, Sept. 18, 1-14. THE ANTAGONISM TO GERMA*1 Why American Sentiment li ? Strongly Against the Kaiser To the '- -.buce. Sir: I. In the : Ml plsce, Aarr ??ans. whether fractionally preiu* ? wholly pi i good -til a* dalizcd by what might be ttmd ? "I and God" partnership of III M erland. W ing up Deiat*. pilfering fi i, rubbinf F*i*? or p?a) r tie? purse m Belgium, il is the umt? story: "I'll ? ?? of your ?a? while I praj for myself." rttSta* an?l Bill Siki ? in the >?me This may be fun foi (iermuy. *\ it's hard on God. _. We ?re fond ?M women igt ?? no doubt **] many, the 'ted ^^^ treat of the universe, is abust***1 us right; as a IW ** rectiv. reminder of sf? bari. refUi * drops a few bomb* ? ? the Is*?* Antwerp. ?uroes of ord! Beii*? ' deeil of chivalry our achieve*-?-?'' ana-nnc \irtue>. our crude ce*f of a ? ontineni d? ind i te ? Pou,t :;. An I art A *** poet ry and tn i I tm f1*^ tiering . mh 1- ''JV*";_jJ they not love ar:. thoM P?*? ^ mans their own, of .ourse. I. Wh.- nio.iesty.jS_a "Der Alle,!_?fl ?if ard?m. - " ' ? iL Belgium' Give - Holland, -? States! I id! Irels-? *" land!" - That's .!? "ut.? diers! We ..: ! God! Gj"?_l earth, and let u? pray!" Nnn?J??| geration? Men- ? .-igabondsis ?? .J per., eh? I . ?'- set about '-?? forty years or more G.-rmsny, w*j her militar* ....' b? ' ner tniinarv .. i-ii-*?.?-^^ta an arnn ?;..-. bioated P?2?T? and hellisl '"-:d ?%, gression and nothing l'!**;_,iJ dently wit -'-I' ?f '".j, and Hie h. i."s ?*U~M. the pr. 'unur,.'i_** provoca! vi rature: Ho* *?,_^ ?.I.-i.:-:.i ':,h,r- ?5 how to -rot ii to HollanJ ?"< 5TJ and how *.. ' re: -"-d'1*^; perhaps of igh? ?rA&t Americans, how to raid ""V-i S.Hles of ours, blo.k.ule ,h?r?L,i blackmail to the tune ?-, ? "^fl two of the 1 ^.'earned doll?" confiding inh ibil nt* ?f l."Jwl and so away to th.- Vater?? . ? tune of the "Wa I ' ?"? ,*1^ "Deutschland ('?bei A|!"._.,-,? Well, well. v.l. .' ?under'M?^ them; the-e naif. dihclOBSW^ No, in ' '?? r Am,r!j"frf used their eves as well as W^j and what ? "?' ^"''dii-* transformation ??f every S'*"^, (sen of K liserland into ?.?, butcher of the human race. ?*?*: urally. and it would seen? ?" they ask theraselres, 1? next"" -/ ? For a graphic -umrasry ^ millions of Americans '"'"V^-a cent "cultural" doings f .W-?_?_. the work of ar' entitleO. JT^m The Return of 'he Go'?. ?,? ??? <?ry opportune!', by ,T_JL?i*.B Tribune in its i*?ue o ?Xfiffi^m New York. S, i?i. H. m*i^M ""? ' ' ' ' "Jm readers ?"?"' ' raftf on'.? ,id,/ o. ?/?*' o,?.,| /?.", ' l,tt%e?m\W al jaul i k'Zttt*>