Neto UorK ?Tribtme.
SIU?DAT. ?KPTEMBER SO. 1S14.
Oemed and publish?* dally by Th? Tribun? AserarUtlon
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?vor.? niriiu.N RA1KK?uy ?tau. r-i>s???'- ?-??
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FORRION RATK8. I CANADIAN RAJE"
DAM Y AND St'NDAT I DA II.Y ANO MINDAT I
On? month.$l.St One month.Vro
???? y??''.22.05 one year...... ????,?'.?." "w
? SUNDAY ONLY: 1HI1.? OMA M
Wlx months. n IVOne month. ?rC;
?n? >??' ..i.ll'On. year ... ? ??? i:'?-,'."
O A II.Y ONLY: I SVNPAT ONLY.
"na month. I.Su'On? month. .'Bs
Ona y*ar.13 8V One year.
Entered at th? Poatotflee at New York ee Second Clasa
The Tribun? use? It? be?t endeavor? ?o ,n **"'!,,''}!
trastwcrtlilnaw? of ever? advertisement It prints ?nil to
avolat the publication of all advertisements containing
railcUatllna ?t?t?ment? or rlalma
Germany's Aggression and the Na?
tional Sentiment Behind It.
The Russian "Orange Rook." a compilation ?vf
the Russian f-overnment's diplomatic correspond
one?? iu the crisis preceding the war. confirms
strongly the Impression made by the eorreapoadlng
summaries already Issued by Uie British and Gef
man Foroi>?n Oftlces. It Is not difflmlt to Sz re?
sponsibility for the diplomatic deadlock which made
war inevitable. It was not accident that put C.er
niany In the position of starting a world-wide con?
flict by declaring war on Russia. Germany was th??
aggressor throughout, In fact as well as in form,
and there is nothing in the diplomatic correspond?
ence published so far?her own "White Rook" in?
cluded?to show that she was willing to make any
concessions whatever for the sake of preserving the
Herman diplomacy was sadly nt fault In thinking
ihnt Kurope could be browbeaten into countenano
ing Austria-Hungary's "punitive expedition" Into
servia, just as it had submitted t.. Austria-Hun
L'.iry's appropriation ?if Rosnia and Henegovina,, in
deflan? v of the provisions of the Treaty ?if Berlin.
So confident of their ability to bluff Russia wer?
Herr von Rethmann-Hollweg and Herr von .lagnw
1hat they never took the trouble to inform thein
s??lvea of the attitude of Italy, the third partner fn
the Triple Alliance. They gave Count von Rerch
it>ld in Vienna a free hand in dealing with Servia,
and when Austria-Hungary declared war on Servia
Germany encouraged her to say to the Triple En?
tente powers, asking a suspension of action, that
mobilization was ander wny and could not be coun?
In order to be in a position to argue on etpial
terms with Austria-Hungary RuMia began a ?partial
mobilization. The immediate effect of that move
was to make the Vienna government more con
?dilatory. Germany, however, refused to ?Counsel
Austria Hungary to submit the issu?? with Servi.i
1?? i conference of the European powers, suggesting.
instead, that Russia and the Dual Monarchy try to
reach a s??ttlenient by direct negotiation. Yet while
?'ticouraging this renewal of ordinary diplomatic
activities Germany began to take umbrage at Rns
?da's mobilization, and without wailing tor Vienna
and St. Petersburg to reacb an igreemenl by peace
fui means laned i : July 31 an ultimatum demand
ing that Russia's ?.n?'? rations sliouid cease. Th
next day the Kaiser declared war.
Here are Russia's two offen to Francis Joseph's
government, as given iu the "Orange Book" .
'On July 30? l? Austria, recognizing that the Ans
tro-.Servian question has assumed the character of a
European question, declares herself ready to elim
inat?? from her ultimatum the points aimed :ii the
eovereign rights of Servia, llu.ssia agrees to cease
her military preparations.
[On July 31] If Austria con?ents to stop th?
inarch of her armies upon Servia* territory mid if,
recognizing that the Austro-Servian conflict has as?
sumed tke character of u quct-tion of European Inter
est, she admits that the great powers shall examine
Ihe satiafaction which Servia should accord to the
Austro-Hungarian government without threatening
her rights sa a sovereign and independent state, Rus?
sia engages to preserve her attitude.
Under the circumstances these were liberal *rug
geations of compromise. Rut Austria-Hungary
never had a chance to consider them seriously.
After the Kaiser's ultimatum was Issued, on July
31. they became mere scraps of paper, Interesting
only for historical purposes.
Germany plunged into war without rej*T??t and
even without counting the cost, because her people
?a considerable leaven among the Social Demo
erata excepted?had yielded to the insidious gospel
of militaristic aggrandizement. Event? .since the
war have kIiowu what any one really ac?iuaiiiird
with conditions in G?*rmany must have anticipated
?the solidarity cf all classes but one in support
of the government's aggressive policy. These who
expected a protest against militarism from the | ro
fesslonal and bourgeois class???from the univer?
sities- and the centra's of commerce?did not appn?
clatc tho change which had come over German so
ctef-ff aln<*e the daye when political HbernlUni of
the old ?*tort was in fashion. The old Libera' party,
which fought absolutism and the rile of the sword,
was recruited from the ranks of the bourgeois-.?
and the learned professions. It was a middle class
party arrayed against the pretensions of aristoc?
Rut that once powerful bulwark against mill
tarlsm and autocracy has been levelled in recent
years by pressure not from the top but from the
bottom. Modern ideas of progress and democracy
In politics have been monopolized more and more
by the proletariat organized Into the Social Demo?
cratic party, association with which now subjects
n member of the middle class to social ostracism.
Aa the Nodal Democracy has become strong the
professions] classes, the merchants and the well
to-do of all sorts have been driven Into no ellUnc?
against It wllh the bureaucracy, tho tnllltnry rust??
und the arisirxtnicy, Hoclnl pif un lins beea Um
big factor bat??- of httlltut'isiii. mu? (It? apparent
niiaulmlty of tJerim.u;' ;., ?.??.u?ng t,?, ? policy ,,r
aggression lm? p**??? du? lo thi inability of iii?<
?Social D?UM??/?-? foiiow?ig Uftdtf the a-Miiuioa?-.
of a state of war to exert any "^preciable Influence
on the programme of the ruling clssses.
It has been represented that the Social Demo?
cratic Deputies In the Reichstag were a unit In
approving the hip war credits. Bat Dr. Osrl Lieb?
knecht, the Socinl DaUSUCf?ttc leutler, Is now quoted
in the "Hiirgcr Beitrag," Of H reinen, ns denying
that statement. H?< Is re|mrted a? wiving:
In order to prevent the (ii-?-?omlnatlon of an inad
miRRihle legi-ml 1 feel it to be my duty to put on
nord the net that tin* Issaes involved irnve ri?e to
diametrically oppoeite ?lew? within our parliamen
j tary party, am' these opposing views found expre?
: ion with a violence hitherto unknown in our delib?
erations. F? is alie entirely untrue to nay that ?usent
to iho war credits was given unanimously.
it wouhi bare been surprising if the social
IVinocrnt.e element had acquiesced without a pro?
test in a war which, if successful, would glorify
militarism and make its exactions still more ex?
cessive. 'Hiere Is si ill In Germany a rallying point
I for the op'xinciits of the "blood and Iron" and
"knnonen flitter" th?orie?? of the Kaiser and tic
military party. If the (?ernian armies are de?
feated and Cern?an aggressiveness is tamed, there
may lie a strong popular reaction toward more lib?
eral and democratic methods of government. Bol
it would be Idle to expect what is popularly known
as ??(.ennaii culture" to lead in that reaction. Ger?
many would ?uve its modernisation rather to the
liberal proletariat. whi?*h, unlike Its "culture,'* ha.i
never fallen a prey to the great militaristic de?
Supplement Prayer with Works.
M?-.S Mabel Choate makes the suggestion that
?>n Sunday. October ?. the day designated by Presi?
dent Wilson as a day of prayer for peace, all the
churches in the land take up collections for the
Rod Cross' It is an excellent suggestion, whicli
should be adopted everywhere.
The Red Cross work is enseriar?an, it makes
no distinction of race. It Is a broad labor of help?
fulness for suffering humanity. The need for aid
is great?perhaps not In this generation has thero
been such need, ami as this dread war continues
want and misery and disease will increase and the
liMs of wounded grow longer daily. Out of !ts
abundance this country, fortunately spared win's
horrors, should contribute bountifully to aid
stricken Europe, ami there could not be a better
method or occisi?n than the church collections m
the ?lay of prayer f<?r peace.
W"ipiii#* Out the Stripes.
Miss Davis, Correction Commissioner, has be
gun t?> substitute a uniform <>f plain blue for the
black-and-white striped uniforms at present In use
in the Institutions under tier < barge. Within a
week the stripes tvill be nbollshed.
The new uniforms <??-t only (W cents each. Hut
there la a greater nrivautage Iban that In doing
away with the stigma?the unnecessary degrada?
tion of the "stripes." This step has been taken
in nil modern penal institutions, with noticeable
Improvement in the spirit-: and behavior of the
ininntes. It K n not her Item in the good work _f
Miss Davis here
The Crisis lor Railroads and Their
The announcement tbal tbe Interstate Commerce
Commission has reopened the railroad rat? ?ase is
welcome. Bul why u uionu before bearings? And
why bearings nl all. except ?is n mere formality in
compliance wiili tin* law? We surely hope thai
no sucb Inquiry ns thai whicli recentl. concluded
is t?) precede the commission'?" decision in the pres?
ent ease. Th?- commission lias the subject In Its
own hauds. It may restrict objections to the rail?
road-' request within reasonable limits, it may
readily avoid !!.<? false advisers whose counsel it
accepted in the recent Inquiry. It need not be
led upon false trails. The question before it is
perfectly plain: Are (be railroads face to fa?-e
with a crisis nr a result of tin- wur? That ques?
tion may Iki ?m weretl quickly, und there should
i?e no mon- delay aliotil answering il than observ?
ance ?.?f the due formalities requires.
This is nut only n crisis fur the railroads. This
is a cri.-is for public regulation, if the commission
is not able to deal quickly with tbe issues before it.
public regulation is m failure. Emergencies will
arise, and it is necessary tbal they be met at once.
If the public control of rates prevents them from
being met at once, if long debate is always neces?
sary at which all sorls of visionaries must bel
heard respectfully, then the public control of rates
will have to give way as impracticable.
Poor Old Peace.
Peace has been a pleasant sounding word In its
day. We Americans have looked upon it as one
of our most cherished | s ?sessions. In its name we
have lived and nourished. For it we have been
quite ready to light, it necessary.
What, then, has peace done to deserve the ?Wo
ipiy int?, whicli it has fallen'.' Mr. Bryan did much
t<? make the word grate upon the ear. Bui with
the horrors of war before ?is \? e were quite ready
to forget an?l forgive. Now arrives Mr. William
Randolph Hearst upon the scene, sobbing bitterly
over the Wounds of l-.iirop.- and crying aloud for
"Peace!" l'eau- be will huv? if he has to write o
thousand editorials ami sell a million newspapers.
The Vke-Presidenl is graciously permitted t<? help,
but then- is n?> mistaking the situation. Peace Is
now Mr. Hearst's middle name, and lei do Bryan
?>r Wilson think to stcul bis stuff!
Poor peace! What ;t good old bird she was be
fore tbe Nobel prize clipped her wings and Bryan
taughl her Chautauqua tricks and Willie Hearst
captured ber for an ??time pet!
Open Investigation of the Facts.
The pul lie Investigation of the Municipal Civil
Service Commission aunouueed by the State Civil
Service Commission is to be welcomed. It is c
great Improvement on th<> siar chamber proceed?
ings which the state commission has been conduct*
ing to the accompaniment of Interviews which
amount t?> charges against tbe lornl commission.
In the formal public investigation it mny ho ex?
pected that the state body, which must act in a
judicial capacity, will at least pretend to maintain
a Judicial reserve and not obviously decide the
case in udvance of the evidence.
Up to dute the public has no reason t<> feel any?
thing but confidence In Messrs. Moskowlts, James
and ivugh. They are well known and respected
bare. They bare reorganized the commission, oust?
ing as secretary Mr. Spenser, known among Tun
iniiny's elect r?*i one "willing at any time to go the
limit for us,"' and mnking other internal Improve-1
iniiils. if they have violated the law or exerclssdj
their discretion lu approving apin-iutmeut- uu-j
- ' I I
wisely, the facts should be known and Jnd
connection with the known good work of tli
mission. But this commission must not be h
by secret charges or Investigated behind
doors by a state Isidy Itself ninler formal ?
loi lawbreaklng. That Is a violation of i
and fnlr play which not even Tammany <
AFTER READING THB PRIME MINIS
SPEECH AT THE QUILDHALL.
; There, with great phrase, outspoke the heroic
Of Britain'? heart. There, at the right mark
Hr?*- the right arrow. There the true tire flat
With ter.se and governed ardor, even as o'er
i The clung of tempest on a granite shore
Flames the still pharos. When in lands ashi
, Of that most fais? evangel e'er proclaimeil
I The gospel of hlood and Iron is no more,
These words shall echo afar, a Pibroch blowr
| In Freedom'e highlands, with free-soaring soui
I On no rude pipes, for no barbaric clan:
I Pealing for England, nor for her alone,
! But mightier Powers, more anciently renownoi
! Invincible Justice, and imperial Man.
From the London Westminster Ga?
CREATING THE YELLOW PERIL
When We Have Opened Up China with Our
ern Ideas of Greed Anything May Happe:
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Still another explanation of th? K
| efforts for peace is Mr. Vezin's idea that Germa
itari*m stands between us and the Yellow Pen!
the Slavs, who with all their faults, used to b
N'o one grumbles at the- Emperor's building
defence against the Yellow Peril, it is th?- pr
work on his own people and their neighbors tli
object to, and the avowed desire on the part of
f?irman to own the earth.
The policy of the white races will surely
upon them the disasters thry fear. The idei
even the most pacific of the human rac?- will ft
tolerate other nations overrunning their cot
trampling on thoir cmtoms, Instituting trade
- religions which they consider doubtful ble?
: judging from our results, and still remain en
1 separate from ourselves, II a grim and foolish
I China has never exhibited any desire for Ktir?
.colonies. Realising an essential difference bet
themselves and the rnces they consider compara
uncivilized, tluy wished to remain isolated. \\ ?
Bold them engines of destruction against their
taught them how to use them, pointed out th
! adopting Occidental methods lay their only poi
salvation, and then, long before there is any in
tion of a real change of heurt, ? e aerean "Vi
Peril!" all together. If there be any peni, a
fault is it?
Sooner or later if we insist on "opening up Ch
Chinese men will marry our women, mir nun
marry ("hi?ese girls, and in time we shall !>>? Ul
to ignore them. If they are ?till opposed, esas]
i tion may force them to use our guns to "opei
Eorope" a little, and we know un?l fe;,r it. They
not attempt it until they have l<^?rt.<?l their le
thoroughly, and can do it. They will try every o
method (ir-<t, hut if they once begin, God help us
our paltry international contempt of one another.
We have seen what one yellow nation can di
fifty ye_rs with Western methods. The Japanese
hoisting us with our own petaid. Their dealing* ?
us anil with their own people are regulated by dit
ent standards. Shall we ever attain to the hono
business methods which distinguishes the Chinan*
Can we rival their skill and industry any mort t
the philosophy of Lao Tsu or ('?nfucius? Whet
lies out superlative superiority which 1? a?
demand from all the colored peoples what we tli
wo want without paving the natural price?
New York, Sept 18, I'M l. STEPHEN HAWEI?
A KIND WORD FOR BRUTE FORCE
Too Much Neutrality in Our Pretident for I
To 'he Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: If the people of neutrsl nationi evei have
could have moral or ethical international duty, 0U|
they to jeopardize its fulfilment, whatever the g?
ernment may do, by awaiting a time fot espress
of opinion when even the partial triumph o? Germa
would make all but hopeless the destruction of m
tarism, tho increase and sanctification <>i neutrali
the development of the weak? r peoples and the an
liorstion of tariff wars, to which all goud men *
looking with passionate aspiration'.' Ought they i
to assist in every possible way, short of act lal p
ticipation, "the brute foro" required in lar?
measure, as Dr. Eliot says, t?> overcome the "bru
force of barbarism '.''' Like the Italian . ?'? might
least accompany the announcement of neutrality wi
an expression of ":h<- deepest sympathy," in ??
case for the cause of neutralisation, to the doctri
and practice of which the Democratic parts ia tin
oughly committed. Could not the poor, straiten
President, in view of the fact acknowledged by ;
parties to the war, the violation of the
of Belgium, have gone beyond his diplomatic "phr_
book," and said in its behalf a word of sympathy
the Belgians, rather than only to vouchsafe his pror
ise to "consider the claims to the impartial sympatl
of mankind of a nation which deems itself wronged
Must not the rebuffed Brlgians have said to ea<
other, like the sailor in tho play, "Is it a man?
it a fish?"
Even a neutral cannot be forbidden to accept tl
fact of the respective declarations made by the pa
ties themselves. On the one side is the dec?an
principle ot permanent militarism, illustrated by ti
u-e of it la initiating aggression. On the other,
declaration by its spokesman, the mighty nation t
whose mother tongue we mu-?t listen, that succ?s
pledges it to the destruction of militarism.
The hope of the world may lie in our deterroinatio
an '. influence to hold to the fultilm? "il of :lus slogai
Boston, Sept. 1?, 1914. ERVING WINSLOW.
BLAME FOR GREAT BRITAIN
A Worker for Peace Find? Sympathy for German
To the Editor of 1 .l.une.
Sir: As one stu?; .._blic opinion here, the unut
tcruble pathos becomes more apparent of the terribl
i situation, due to different national psychologies sn<
(misunderstandings. Many English men and womei
arc bravely trying to be fair und to distinguish h?
S tween the?enemy's government and its people. Thi-r
is doubtless much more impartial judgment to bi
found in England than elsewhere. 1 know a scot.' o
persons like Hirst, of "The Economist"; Norman An
gell and Jchn A. Hobson, the eminent writer on poll
tics and economics, who are as fair minded about thi<
war ar. human beings can be. T'uey fully realize that
while Prussian militarism is the most menacing oi
all militarisms. Great Britain's policy in past yean
does not exempt her from criticism.
Some of them say in private: "For the last eight
years Sir Edward Grey has deceivi d ns," or as a
brilliant Cambridge graduate put it, "baa lied to us."
I was astounded to be told to-day by a Canadian resi?
dent hete, a university man: "I believe if any nation
has a clear cae now it ia Germany. It >uu want the
history of this war you must go back forty years."
Mute than any politician here or in Germany he
ccndemr.cd the Karmsworth papers, which have so
persistently poisoned the public'mind and _lled Eng?
land with suspicion and hatred of Germany. David
Starr Jordan said to me: "At the last England had
no choice bet ??ein virtue and unrij-hteou nets; she
had to choose between two degrees of unrighteous?
Many here are studying General Bernhardi's d??vil
ish doctrine of force, assuming wildly that it is the
doctrine of Germany as a winde. Every sober Ger?
man, of course, counts Bernhardi's writings utterly
extreme, though when war comes in any country the
militarists instantly dominate and public opinion be
eosses consolidated behind them. One e n Imagine
an American war in which Richmond P. Hobson
would quickly become orthodox.
Mme. Van der Yelde, of Belgium, will tell h.-r mov?
ing tale in America as I heard her last night here.
No words can adequately condemn the harshi
German reprisals :or civilian attacks. But America
has not yet heaid if the horrors that Germany cries
out at, committed by Russians and Servians and by
muddened, suffering Belgians upon alien (iermun res?
idents. LUCIA A MKS M LAU.
i London, Sept. '.', It'll.
THE KAISER'S TEKMS OF PEACE.
THE PEOPLE'S COLUMN *?&?g?Zm
A PLEA TO AMERICA
We Arc Asekd to Help the Allie? with
Our Fleet and Army.
To ;!i" Editor of The Ti ibune.
Sir: Does not the American nation
realize that this war, planned by Ger?
many, i?, t.ni s war sgainst frunce or
Kngland or Russia, l>ut against Immun?
ity itself? Its success would mean,
.1-t, the mastery of Europe and \
but ultimately of the world.
If the Allies win us \?.
Lacy will, though after enormous loss
,. ril ce will ?.' not be -.< i
; ?on, ??? ill it not I > t- ? 11 j-*; ?i sense of -
...i America, that she has not taken her
i.ar: in consummating and I
? ... , .,; .? if 66,000 volunte? i -
been offered by l'anada, whul muni I
? be already? If Am?
her fleet ami hi my, what would l>** the
effect, moral ami material "?
It. BROCK, Vicar.
Criggion Vicarage, Shrewsbury, Eng?
land, Si-pt. :?. l.n I.
AGAINST AMERICAN NEUTRALITY
Our Intervention to Enforce Hague
Provisions Is Urged.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I an glad ta see that al 1 it
some ?itn? has .spoken out as to Ameri
ean neutra ity in face of the German
methods of warfare. I refer t.. Rich?
ard Harding Davis'* eommunicati? n t..
you ss recabled to "The Daily Tele?
graph" lo-dsy. I cabled myself to tne
State Department three days ago.in
me sense, urging action. In view
of the present criminal proceedings
of the German nation on the battl? ?
lields, any rontinued inaction and neu?
trality of th? United State., appears
History will stand ach ist if Aim : . ?
does not sj,??a?*'. with clarion voice, und
if her voice be disregarded, take im?
mediate action. I cannot conceive a
nobler cause fur her to support vi et
armis. Germany will utterly : u ; i ? ? ? ?
mere protests. A threat of arm
may stop the fiendish sins being com?
mitted against mankind. It is useless
to sa- n ?I Red Cross bearers over *o be
massacred The government should im?
mediately declare i. CBSUX belli
anti-Hague proceedings do not
insUnter. II. C. HOSKIER,
Formerly member New York Stock Ex?
London, Sept 1, 1911.
CHRISTIANITY AND WARFARE
The Faith Has No Reason to Bow Its
Head in Shame.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Asida from the professional un?
believers who occasionally divert the
multitude in public plaees there are
many respectable non-Christiani in
clined to quote the present Europe in
conflict as ? demonstrative apology for
their position. This argument i
?.ious and calculated to produce an im?
pression on people who content their
ipiritual appetites by dwelling only on
the superficial phenomena of religion.
Vet Christianity, while regrettm-?; the
common tragedy of mankind enacting
in Kurope, has no reason to bow its
head and be ashamed. History has
always been written in blood as well
as brains, for jealousy and conflic* aie
connotation??' of rivalry, whether it be
religious, commercial ?i merely racial.
Much a:? We may ?i? plore the fact, it
temains that brute force is tin- funda?
mental of all political fabrication, al?
though it sometimes takes a French
Revolution and a Holy War to con
wmi philosophers of the truth of
this doctrine. Therefore, when c:n
nerors putntively ChriHtian forget the
literal meaning and moral signlfli
?if their tiller? and indulge in common
laiuit.ul emulation the world should
:... be s irprised ;.'. the ?equel. For it
?>e remembered tiiat Chris
tianil ' it? d to ameliorate,
not lo ? dure; that
.?.e:i individuals, fanii
ms is an in?
.. :': etor ol the Providential
tconomy; anal thai th (competition, no
:...t species or how care
: ully ? .; i igorously drilled, is
'... ? ; upt at any climax.
The Judai t will admit that war, so
fur from b< lictory to spirit
I by the Jews a'.
the very crux of their privileged inti?
macy ?\.t!i Jehovah; Bnd it would be
well t'?.i ...! who point to the present
calamity - the ?nefficacy of
i ? Mn* their own
Mil.linn- condition of freedom of
.. h m., attained by
ti,?? (lowing of blood and tear-, which
urc nul un artificial agony of man, but
Natur? I '?> 'he produc?
tion ei' iom? : ? thing for mankind,
the birth ol a boon we did not have
. . th? ??' is i o icluded the
Christian ' hurch, far from being coma
and inept, will awaken to a new
era ..?' energy, and the world will re*?
? in it an intrinsic part of tho
grand design of the Being we all call
God. JOHN B. KENNEDY.
G3 Greene av., Brooklyn, Sept. 17,
AN AGNOSTIC AND PRAYER
He Gladly Indorse? the President's
To t!u- l'a!,t..rot" Tn? Tribune.
Sir: Apropos 'he Day of Prayer, al-,
'o.v n t?. say thi . .??" agnostic
If, I heartily indorse it. Prayer
after ail is nothing but hope expressed
?n word I' can i ever do harm and can
hing hut good.
Your correspondent Mr. Harrington
?:t letter mentioned some
thing about reviving tli.- religion of old
Rome. This letter was harshly criti
j a Methodist, and it seems that
the ?'i' testant gentleman misunder?
stood Mr. Harrington. I do not believe
that Mr. Harrington meant the heathen
on, bul the Roman Catholic faith.
If in? did, however, mean the heathen
fa th, I myself do net think it would
he a bad substitute for the degenerate
form; that our so-called Christianity
?lien into. I' is just this that
nostic on' ' f me. For
yearn 1 hav? watched the Christian
Church. Por years I have listened to
all branches of
Lurch. Ami in r.oue of them can
I r ? * - -1 the true living spirit of thai
' hi . as I have read of Him and His
works. In the one 1 can find nothing
but. the < hurch it-elf talke?! of; in the
other I can find nothing but narrow
minded dogmas expounded, that take
the heart out. of me whenever I hear
But, v. .th all tisis in practical expe?
rience with the church Itself, I heartily
indorse our treat President's comma:),i
for a Day of Frayer for 1'. ace.
EDW. E. FUCHS.
New York, Sept. 11. l'.ui
AS TO COUNT VON BERNSTORFF
The Harm Which His Loquacity Has
Done His Cause.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In your valued columns of thi?,
date I read with neat astonishment
" ? :" lowing -'.atement
'" '"",/' '? hi th,. loquacious
von Bernai ?rff. .-?peakmg of
*Ytoel1 y Belgians, and
niter scathing r- marks of the Cathol
e!i rgy, the prince writes as foil
r''1''';,'- uh" ?' ?" troops in
?friendly manner during th.? day wer.?
at night detected with revolvers i-i
?fir hands, participating actively ,?
1 really Lav?, been QUIU interested.
and partly believed the count's state?
ments given SO often to the press, but
this latest, accusing priests of actual
murderous attacks at night, is really
What a lot of harm such a man is
doing to the country he represents!
This is especially marked in contrast
to the dignified silence of the repre?
sentatives of the allied governments.
New York. Sept. 12, 19U.
"THE HALF-SAW BAYONET"
It Excites the Irony of a Severe Teu?
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: To-day's article by Captain Rieh
ard Harding Davis claims an oxpn
of my appreciation. "The naif-Saw
Bayonet" used by the Germans, found
in German trenches! Horrors! fhis
nation which in science and arts was
the leader of the world, and now fallen
to the darkest depths of bestiality!
This strikes me only as remarkable,
as to my actual knowledge two soldiers
in every German company carry saws
and two others in every German con?
pany axes, these tools to be used when
intrenching. Could it be that Captain
Richard Harding Davis mistook these
saws for bayonets? Hardly possible,
for a man as impartial and unbiassed
as he is would under no circumstance
prefer such charges against his worst
enemy without being absolutely sure
of the facts.
FREDERICK J. 0. HARDY.
New York, Sept. 19, 191 ?.
"THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER"
Why It Is Not Our National Anthem
and How It Could Be Made So.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In regard to the position taken
by Lieutenant Glassburn in your edi
tion of yesterday citing the army regu?
lations to show that the "Star-Span?
gled Banner" is the veritable American
national anthem, I would say tliat bis
citations prove that the air has b"on
recognized by the army without any
manner of doubt.
But it does not necessarily follow
that it is so recognized by the ocoplo
of the country. On the contrary, ther?
are many people who believe that the
British tune )f "God Save the Kim*,"
fitted to the words of "My Country Tin
of Thee," is the national anthem of
America. Many people rise and come
to attention when it is rendered, and
it is taught in our public schools to be
the national anthem.
If the army or the government wishes
to retain the "Star-Spangled Banner" as
the nat'onal anthem they must make it
it singable and revise it so as to make
it suitable to any public occasion. As
it now remains it is not available, for
tin- people cannot sing it.
The people are the court of last *??
sort in the decision as to the national
anthem of any country, and if the peo?
ple cannot sing an anthem a centen?
nial celebration, a fleet of battleships
or Congress itself cannot induce then
to accept it as national. Let the army
and navy adopt a singable revision of
the "Star-Spangled Banner" and bring
the last verse into prominence, as was
recently suggested by a clergyman, and
it will need no official recognition by
our government. MANHATTAN.
Saratoga. Sept. 17, 1?11.
As to the Hessians.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Lot me remind your correspon?
dent "Mets" that the Hessians of 177"?
wore also Germans. They are invaria?
bly referred to in our history a? "mer?
cenaries," and, like a great many Ger?
man troops in our Civil War, fought
for "what there was in it" of bounty
an?I pay. XlPHUlU.
New Vork, Sept. 18, 1-14.
THE ANTAGONISM TO GERMA*1
Why American Sentiment li ?
Strongly Against the Kaiser
To the '- -.buce.
Sir: I. In the : Ml plsce, Aarr
??ans. whether fractionally preiu* ?
wholly pi i good -til a*
dalizcd by what might be ttmd ?
"I and God" partnership of III M
erland. W ing up Deiat*.
pilfering fi i, rubbinf F*i*?
or p?a) r tie?
purse m Belgium, il is the umt?
story: "I'll ? ?? of your ?a?
while I praj for myself." rttSta*
an?l Bill Siki ? in the >?me
This may be fun foi (iermuy. *\
it's hard on God.
_. We ?re fond ?M
women igt ?? no doubt **]
many, the 'ted ^^^
treat of the universe, is abust***1
us right; as a IW **
rectiv. reminder of sf?
bari. refUi *
drops a few bomb* ? ? the Is*?*
?uroes of ord! Beii*? '
deeil of chivalry our achieve*-?-?''
ana-nnc \irtue>. our crude ce*f
of a ? ontineni d? ind i te ? Pou,t
:;. An I art A ***
poet ry and tn i I tm f1*^
tiering . mh 1- ''JV*";_jJ
they not love ar:. thoM P?*? ^
mans their own, of .ourse.
I. Wh.- nio.iesty.jS_a
?if ard?m. - " ' ? iL
Belgium' Give - Holland, -?
States! I id! Irels-? *"
That's .!? "ut.?
diers! We ..: ! God! Gj"?_l
earth, and let u? pray!" Nnn?J??|
geration? Men- ? .-igabondsis ?? .J
per., eh? I . ?'- set about '-??
forty years or more G.-rmsny, w*j
....' b? '
ner tniinarv .. i-ii-*?.?-^^ta
an arnn ?;..-. bioated P?2?T?
and hellisl '"-:d ?%,
gression and nothing l'!**;_,iJ
dently wit -'-I' ?f '".j,
and Hie h. i."s ?*U~M.
the pr. 'unur,.'i_**
provoca! vi rature: Ho* *?,_^
?.I.-i.:-:.i ':,h,r- ?5
how to -rot ii to HollanJ ?"< 5TJ
and how *.. ' re: -"-d'1*^;
perhaps of igh? ?rA&t
Americans, how to raid ""V-i
S.Hles of ours, blo.k.ule ,h?r?L,i
blackmail to the tune ?-, ? "^fl
two of the 1 ^.'earned doll?"
confiding inh ibil nt* ?f l."Jwl
and so away to th.- Vater?? . ?
tune of the "Wa I ' ?"? ,*1^
"Deutschland ('?bei A|!"._.,-,?
Well, well. v.l. .' ?under'M?^
them; the-e naif. dihclOBSW^
No, in ' '?? r Am,r!j"frf
used their eves as well as W^j
and what ? "?' ^"''dii-*
transformation ??f every S'*"^,
(sen of K liserland into ?.?,
butcher of the human race. ?*?*:
urally. and it would seen? ?"
they ask theraselres, 1?
next"" -/ ?
For a graphic -umrasry ^
millions of Americans '"'"V^-a
cent "cultural" doings f .W-?_?_.
the work of ar' entitleO. JT^m
The Return of 'he Go'?. ?,? ???
<?ry opportune!', by ,T_JL?i*.B
Tribune in its i*?ue o ?Xfiffi^m
New York. S, i?i. H. m*i^M
""? ' ' ' ' "Jm
readers ?"?"' ' raftf
on'.? ,id,/ o.
o,?.,| /?.", ' l,tt%e?m\W
al jaul i k'Zttt*>
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