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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 21, 1914, Image 1

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Yaalinlay-'e Temperatarem:
High, f 11 l^w, M.
fall repart em rout t.
No. ?4,781.
ICap-rrlchl. 1914.
By The Tribune A ?Mar hit ton. 1
? *
La City of ttaw York, Nan-ark. ?ferae*- CH? aad Howahaa.
Allies Lose Ground, Rally and Retake It
in Furious Fighting at Soissons; Advance
at Centre; Rheims Cathedral Destroyed
Begins Shelling of For?
tress in Galicia, and
Austrians Reply.
Czar's Troops Repulse At?
tacks at Baranoff and
Prevent Hi*? Junction with Von
Auffenberp and Seek to Cut
Off His Retreat.
Pettorra-. Sept. 20.- The ofPcial
Mlament from the chief of the Gen
, ml Staff, issued to-night, says that
^ t?a Ruasiann .tro bombarding the fort
! tau of Pncn*"sl, whose artillery has
i ttmti fire
! **T_? Austrian troops which atterr.pt
; ti to i eck our advance in front of
i fcruoff and Ranichoff. in Galicia, wer?
[rftii*. with heavy loase!?," says the i
f ftttcaient.
| "Hiefe artillery is now bombarding
*? fortifications of JaroslafT.
"Pifhtine is going on against the
Itrriion at Przemysl, who have re?
lied ni Hi artillery fire.
"The Russian troops crossing the
iirtrt* are finding batteries aban
\imtd by the At. ?nan?."
London. Sept, '_0. A Central News
?bsratch from IVtrograd savs:
"It ii reported that a strong German
ttuy, consisting r>f three army corp?,
?it Prumyil, completely equipped
iwthe defence of that fortress, which
.'? his been ordered by the German
!>tm-ral Stafi 10 ?.old until the last, to
mible fresh German troops to con
(tntrate agaii I the Russian! in East
Ili? Petroi*rad correspondent of the
? fachanjjc Telegraph Company send?
llfltring by way of Rome:
"?"'?c It a completely cut
*?* Gcnern -rniy, which forms
i ? ?xtrt-ni. ? * .,r the new battle
)m I'r rmysl to Cracow, and
' hi junction with the forces
neral ..?1 Auffenberg. While
*? "eral I- treating in a des
??*"-tc tttem] '.. i each the Cracow
- Russians are advanc
i :? from S n an endeavor to
as well."
I A Petrograd di; patch to "The Times"
"The Saxon cavalry division, which
irnu in East 1'rus.sia from
.1 heavy losses.
Bando: r, liu-.--.ian Poland,the
defeated the bro
???* remnants of the 2d German Land
licnt-ral Woirsch.
?-?-. ev,.: Austrians had pre
Butd to cro- in? ^ is tula iuver.
-Heshoff, which is
I*' point i? Austrians would
H??? cro** r, is of great im
flprtsnee I i? a small town
the San i; -.-, . between JarowIaF
the eonfluenet ,,f the San and the
U^llla. I ?y ivitll its occu
?"1 the Rur ian front widens np
ibly an-t tin army can cross the
tr at stvtral points simultaneously
^wtuiderahli '
"-?voroff, when- the Russians cap
aaT^ fi??"" thousand prisoners and
7 guns, i- fifteen miles east of
?laff. Thus the Russians are ap
rhiDf Jaro 'iiT also from the east,
Uftttened to emerge at the rear
the fortn--> after crossing at
|L ?* relentless pursuit of the Aus
Ev*ni CWntinue The Russians are
ll^-T?! an iron ring around the Ga
'? *t''ongho,i)s, where the remnants
?H,,,.' Austrian armies are seeVinc
?? r*
Jt ? estimated that the Austrian
, * '" the prfat battle of Galicia
' *?. ?'rh as Ha per cent. There are
*ll,b-t! ?iat-t r-^arding the Russian
**"? but it ?i bel e\,-,l iliat thev are
l ?, ?ne;t'n,h of lho** sustained bv
I ?,?_??* ?-?Parity is ilue in great j
E". ' t0 'In- superiority of the
*P*4'th *UT"'" A" ejewitiu-sses '
tfcii-M tt" 1; 1>-""1 regiments are
?* -I?. ,,tra'nPl1 ?" ,h?' diff.cult arts
iksher- R ,hrir ,lrp Hnd t?kinP
?floi".^ 8*pt' -?- Thp German (han
?-Wrr.,Lr'->ort'd to have had a long
^????*ad_''g,'r<:,By w,th ,'"' Am--riCHI'
***<*'tioBarr ln "er',n f,,ncerning peace
'X? ______ **?c German fleet was seen
J!S?? th?, ???-*?<? ???*?7 -lowly j
?s ?as?ward. I
Cunarder Sinks Big Armed German Merchantman Cap
Trafalgar Off East Coast of South America?9
Killed, 26 Wounded, on the British Boat.
London. Sept 20.?-The official press bureau made the following an?
nouncement to-night :
"The Carmania. armed as an auxiliary cruiser, attacked and lank a
German armed merchant cruiser, either the Cap Trafalgar or the Berlin,
oft the ea^t coast of South America.
"'lhe siirviv(.?rs of the German ship were rescued by a collie . The
Carmania had nine men killed and twenty-six wounded."
The Admiralty report says the Carmania is commanded by Captain
Noel Grant, of the Roval Navy, and gives the date of the action a- Sep?
tember 14. The Cap Trafalgar is said to mount eight 4-inch guns and
ponipon*. The action lasted one hour and forty-live minutes, when the
German ship capsized and bank. The report ends as follows:
"Of the Catrmania'l crew nine were killed and five seriously wounded.
None of the officers was injured The lir-t Lord of the Admiralty has
sent the following telegram to Captain ('.rant: 'Well done You have
fought a line action to a successful finish.'"
Montevideo. Uruguay, Sept. 20.?The British auxilian cruiser Car?
mania has sunk the German steamer Cap Trafalgar.
The Carmania belonged to the Vimanl Line, and was in lhe service
between New York and Liverpool until taken over by the Hriti-h govern?
ment and converted into a warship. She was hist reported as ready to
sail from Liverpool on September 5. The ta]. Trafalgar wai a ship of
\9J854 tons, h-he sailed from Monteviedo on Vugust _'_' for Las Palmas.
THAN 500,000 MEN
| Forty-fourth Anniversary
of Entry Into Rome
Rome. Sept. 20.- -Italy already has
more than half a million men under
arms. The beut of these troop* are ir.
? camps and barracks in the Lombardy
| and Venetian provinces--.
The forty-fourth anniversary of th?
? entry of Italians into Rome was cele
| brated to-day with a programme or?
ganized by the municipality. The usunl
profession to the pont where th?- open?
ing was made in the walls of the Citf*
I was arranged, but .is tl.r route passer
' the British Embassy the government
| took measures to prevent a war demon
i otration.
The democratic Constitutional partv
held a meeting and adopted resolutions
I saying that th? manifestations of de
I mocraey indicate to the government
? the enthusiasm of the people for th-?
| time when th? national aspirations
j may be realized, but expressing th?
opinion that the publie should leave to
'the government the determination of
Italy's final attitude toward the intcr
,' national conflict.
The resolution adds that i*. is hoped
ihHt ?he government's ?iecision will
lead to the triumph of those senti
: inents of national il.'mocraey from
which alone Kurope can obtain an
j a-poeh of . ucial peace.
? ~ - ?
Rome, Sept. 20. A dispatch received
here to-night from Cetiinje says:
"There is great enthusiasm over the
! reunion of the Montenegrin and Ser
: v?an troops marching against Sarajevo.
! It is believ?-i! this ??ill lead to the capt
I ure of the Bosnian capital.
"Montenegrins have defeated th??
! Austrians on the mountain slopes, kill?
ing many. They have capturer! several
quick-firers, which will be used ?gains!
i Sarajevo."
Nish. Sept. 21?. It is officially an
nounced that a numerically inferior
1 Servian force has repulsed ?m attack
? by 20,000 Austrians near N'ovipazav.
I The Servians inflicted heavy losses on
\ the attacking force.
II] ?'.-ililr lo The Trit.ii a?
Copenhagen, Sept. 20.?News has
? reached Stockholm that the big Baltic
Sea battle, expected some days ago,
1 has taken place.
It is reported that several Russian
? warships have arrived at Ilelsingfors
ir a damaged condition and that a
! great number of wounded were landed
1 and taken to hospitals.
A terrific cannonading ?v..s heard in
the neighborhood of the Aland Isl?
ands a day or two previously. It is
believed that Russian cruisers have
been engaged with a German fleet near
London. Sepl. 21.-?An Kxchange
Telegraph dinpatch from The Hague
saya that a me-mage received from
Berlin in to the effect that Prince
August William, the fourth mop of
Kmperor William, was ?hot in the
left arm during the battle of the
Marne, and Emperor William ha??
bestowed on him the Iron (roas ??f
(he first class.
German Warship Disab
Pegasus While Makin
Repairs at Zanzibar.
London, Sept. 20. Not a gun
been lired in the North Sea for d
1 so far as the Britinh public knows,
tl . Admiralty to-night issued bulle
of important encounters in far-ofT
tcrs. Successes and misfortunes v
I bo h chronicled impartially.
The German protected cruiser I
' nigsburg caught the BritiFh light cr
er Pegasus overhauling her machir
[ in Zanzibar harbor this morning,?
. attacked and completely disable?! 1
i The British lost heavily, and the K
J nigsburg was able to steam away.
The German cruiser, while of
same class as the British, bail in
! modern guns, which outranged her
The British loss is given as 2.'. kil
and 80 wounded.
The German cruiser Kniden captu
i six British merchant steamers in
' Bay of Bengal in si\ days and si
tue of them. The Emiten reappea
at Rangoon, possibly hs ng taken p
in other exploits, as yet nut known
On the British side the score was
sinking of a German merchant cruis
thc <*ap Trafalgar, by the forn
Cunard liner Cannania. familiar
transatlantic traveller-, also armed
a cruiser, on September 14, in ?vat.
which the Aalmiralty describes as "
the east coast of South America."
The British armored cruisa?r Cu
berland reports some .-mall encount?
between small British and Germ
craft in the Kamerun River, in whi
the British had the better of it.
The Admiralty report says that sin
the outbreak of the war the Pegasi
under command of John A. Inglis. h
been working from Zanzibar and h
: rendered very useful services, inclu
; ing the destruction of Dar-es-Salaa
a seaport in German East Africa, ai
th sinking of the German gunbo
Mewe and a floating dock.
"Early this morning," continua.-, tl
statement, "she was attacked by tl
Koenigsburg while anchored in Zunz
bar harbor, cleaning bollara and r
, pairin" machinery. The Pegasus, th?
t iken at a disadvantage and somewh;
outranged by the newer four-inch gir
of the Koenigsburg. was complet il
disabled, aftei suffering a loss. unofi
cially reporte?, at twenty-live ki'l?
and eighty wounded. This is a hi?
proportion out of a crew of '?M.
"The damage done to the Koenig;
burg is not known. She was last see
steaming to the southward.
"On September 10 the Gernii
cruiser Kniden, 'rom the China StS
tion, after being completely lo-it fo
>i\ weeks, suddenly appeared in th
Bay of Bengal, and during the perio
including September 10 to 14 capt
ured six British ships, as follows: Th
li dus, the Lovat. the Killini, the Dip
lomat, the Frabbock u i 1 the Katin?f
' of which five were sunk and the sixtl
??; sent to Calcutta with the crew? o
tht others. The Kmden is now report
ed at Rangoon, and it is possible ?hi
has made other captures.
"The British armored cruiser Cum
berland." says the Admiraltv state
ment, "reports from the Kamerur
? River that a German Steamer, on tlu
night of September IS, attempted tc
sink the British gunboat iHvarf, Com?
mander Frederick Strong, with an in
fi rnal machine in her bows. The at
trn.pt failed, and the steamer, with one
, prisoner, was captured.
"<>n the night of the 16th the Dwarf
?ras purposely rammed by the Nacht i
, Kail, a German merchant ship. The
M-.arf was slightly damaged, but sus?
tained no casualties. The Nachtigall
?ras wrecked. The enemy lost four
aritite men and ten colored men Bad
a ?ght white men and four colored men
are missing.
London, Sept. 20. A Reuter dispatch
from Vienna, by way of Amsterdam,
says an agreement has been concluded
: between the Red Cross societies a>f
I Austria Hungary, R i sia and Servia
for th? aschanffc of a list of prisoners
Allies Forced to Take
Defensive in Intrenched
Preparations Complete to
Attack Fortifications
Near Verdun.
Germans Reported to Have De?
feated Finnish Brigade and
Taken Two Towns.
Berlin, Sep!. 20 I Ry way of Rotter
Jam and London). The following offi
, cial statement was issued by the dor?
m?n headquarters staff late last night:
"The situation in the western cam?
paign is unchanged along the entire
I front. The Franco-British forces have
; been obliged to take the defensive in in?
trenched positions, the attacks upon
, which are ?low in results. |
I "Preparation? for an ettacl; on ihe '
i fortifications on the line south of Ver- j
dun havt? been completed.
"In Alsace the German troops are in '
I "t-ntact along the border with the ?
' French troop'."
The final result' of the sabseriptiofl !
, war loan are not yet known. It is offi
r tally st.itcd that so far as can be de- ,
termine?, now the amount has reached
I (1*500.000,000. It is known, however,!
i that these fipures are no! complete.
According '.o a letter from the front,
the Frenen aviator. M. Chevilliard, ?at I
capture.! 0:1 Sentember :.'. He on- '
proachetl too closely to the (?ermans,
i whom lie mistook for British, and his
machine was shot down by a soldier
?bo recognized Chevilliard, whom he
had seen in exhibition flights in Ger?
Airman Carried Bombs.
The airman denir.l his identity.
I Chevilliard ha?) as a passenj-cr an ofti
I cer of the (?encrai Staff who carried
?evernl important maps. The aeroplane
was provided with bombs. Neither 1
Chevilliard not his passenger was
G?nerai Steintet!, possessor of the]
Iron Cross sin-e 1870, was killed on I
?September IS. Another officer killed'
uas Commander Count Pctlew Rantr.au. :
Berlin, Sept. 20 (by wireles- by way
of Sayville, Long Island 1. -The Ger?
\ man war headquarters made the fol
, lowini* announcement last midnight:
"The situation on the western front
is generally unchanged. The An?lo- .
1 French forces have been compelled to |
assume the defensive on the whole
line. A decisive assault on the line of
tort- Miuth of Verdun is about to be- '
"The (?ermans are in contact with
the French along the frontier in Al- ,
"In the east the Germans have dc
f.-ateil the 4th Finnish Rifle Brigade
! at >,'gustow. and forces advancing
I against Ossomiec have captured (ira
? jewo antl Szouoiy***."
Subscriptions to the war loan closed
! yesterday. Although full returns have
not been received it is officially _n- j
' no* need that subscriptions to the im- ;
perial bonds of 2.500.000,000 m?r?.?i
1 $626.000,01101 and to the treasury cer?
tificates of over 1.000.000,000 marks
i $260.000,000) are already reported.
The total is subject to an increase,
and hopes are now cherished that news
? iintinuril on pugr '1. column 2
Paris, Sept. 20.-?Jules V?drine?,
the noted French aviator, is credited
with a courageous fight in midair
t?ith a German aiiator. whom he
brought to earth. The German was
daringly reconnoitring the Allies'
position ?hen V?drine? ascended.
Moving s?lftl> upward until he '
?as abo\e the German. V?drine?
gave chase, and as he skimmed along
fusilladed the air scout with his '
automatic gun. The German ma?
chine ?as riddled and the ?vistor
killed, both collapsing to the ground ?
?ithin fifteen minutes from the '
time Vedrines took the air.
Once before V?drine? accom?
plished a similar feat.
Edifice Dating from 13th Century, and Called Most
Perfect of Its Kind, Destroyed by Artillery?Arch?
bishop's Palace and City Hall Also in Ruins.
Bordeaux, Sept. 20.-Thc Minister of the Interior, Louis J. Malvy,
announced to-day that the famous Cathedral of Rheins had been de?
stroyed and all the otlu. historic and public buildings of Rheims either
laid irt ruin? or seriously damaged during the bombardment of the city
by the German artillery.
Coupled with this announcement was a statement that the govern?
ment had decided to address to all the powers a note of indignant pro?
test against "this act of odious vandalism."
The structures which the minister said had been destroyed or ruined
included, in addition to the cathedral, the twelfth century Chur-h of
Saint-Jacques, the fifteenth century Archbishop's Palace and the City
Hall, dating from the seventeenth century. *
M Malvy said that official reports revealed that the cathedral was
in flames to-day, the burning having begun yesterday as a result of the
?c?seles- bombardment.
It was officially stated that the destruction of these historic build
?ngs was accepted as indicating that the Germans considered their situa?
tion desperate, and the following editorial, said to have been published
l'y i lie "Frankfurt Gazette" on September 8. was given publicity. The
;iaprr i?, ?|uoted as saving:
"Let us respect the French cathedrals, especially the Cathedral of
Rheims, which is one of the most magnificent basilicas of the Middle
\ges and is particularly dear to Germans, since the master of Bamberg
lound inspiration in its statues and porticos for many of his drawings.
The cathedral* of Laon, Rouen, Amiens and Beauvais also are master?
pieces of Gothic art.
"All these to'.vns are now occupied by Germans. We consider with
Continued on pege t, column S
London. Sept. 20.?A correspondent of "The Times" sends the fol
!.>?vuirr dispatch from "Behind the British lines," dated September 19:
"The great battle draws to a close. Exhaustion, rather than shot
and shell, has wrought a terrible peace along the river banks?a peace
which in? experiences of the last few days lead me to believe may be
the herald or victory. That, at least, is how I read the situation.
"1 have seen our troops and the French go into battle these last
day?, not a* wqrn and weary men. but as conquerors. 1 have seen them
return wounded, in this valley of death, with conquering spirit fanned to
;. tierce fury.
"Here is a typical inscription from the trenches of the great strug?
gle 'We are ?lowly beating them back. We have to do it foot by foot,
for ihry have huge guns and their shell tire is terrible. But wc keep
pegging away. How- Well, we dig ourselves in?we British lads have
learned that lesson?and then we go on fighting and fighting until the
moment comes when we can make a small advance We crawl up again
and dig ourselves in. and so on.
"'At tlio etid. of course, it comes to ccld ?-tc? 1 We are all right
"The scene on the river at night was magnificent and appalling be?
yond unrn-. The whole valley was swept with a blaze of searchlights
from darkness unlit dawn. Great beams mo\ed up and down, searching
the skie-, pud trenches, and revealing marke?! batteries on the heights and
nark forms lying along the ridges.
"Here and there a lurid fla?-h revealed the bursting of a shell or a
wisp of fire, a volley from some concealed vantage, and over all rolled
the perpetual thunder of the guns?a fierce and thrilling accompaniment.
"An incessant ram, too, flooded I he great river, making the work of
the heroic engineers a veritable task of Hercules.
'This was a battle to the last ounce of strength, in which man and
hor.se poured out iheir whole lives in a few frenzied moments. Day and
night the combat raged without intermission, ebbing and flowing like
'he tide, seething lik>- a cauldron. And into the hell strong men went
down. Oh. it ?vas a brave sight to see them go!?gayly and light
heartedly, to return, perhaps in a few hours, broken for life, or, it may be,
never to return at all. for the loss was terrible."
\ dispatch t?> "The Times" from Paris says:
"The public was reassured by the announcement that the fur) oi tlif
( nntlnurd on pace 3, rnlnran 7
Rewards Kindness of Protector for Three Days by
Aiding Wounded French Officer and Accom?
panying Him to Hospital.
(By Cable to The Tribune.)
Paris, Sept 20. ?The remarkable adventures of a boy of twelve years
on the battlefields beyond the Marne were told in a letter from a Deputy
to Alexandre Millcrand. the French Minister of War.
When the troops were passing through the village of Neuilly-en-Theile
young AndK' Guede said to his mother: Tin going to follow the soldiers."
Off he went, and the regiment he was following was soon in the thick of
the fighting. Sub-Lieutenant Grivelet took the hoy under his charge.
lor the whole of three days of the battle of Bouillancey the youngster
remained by the side of the officer in the firing line, and would not leave
him even under the tornado of machine gun lire that swept the ranks. Dur?
ing the third day of the tight Sub-Lieutenant Grivelet was wounded. Then
came the boy's turn to reward the kindness of his battlefield protector.
I'ndcr tire the youngster carried the officer's sword, revolver, maps and
equipment, while for three hours they sought an ambulance When the
lieutenant was ?ately in the Red Cross wagon, and wu being driven to
the railway station to take the hospital train for Calvados, the boy ran
for miles after the vehicle and then succeded in hiding himself to the
train. He thus accompanied his wounded protector to Riva Bella, where
he i? now staying.
Three days ago his frantic mother appealed through the newspapers
for news of the boy, and she has now been assured by the Minister of
his safety.
Counter Attack by Superior Force on the
Franco-British Left Repulsed?Paris
Also Reports Progress in Centre.
Near Rheims, Which Enemy Shelled, Defenders
Repel Vigorous Advances?Men Now Fight in
Flooded Trenches?.Artillery Fire Terrific.
Paru, Sept. 20.?The official statement issued to-night ?ay*
that in violent fighting north of Soissons the Germans gained
ground, which afterward was recaptured by the Allies.
The statement follows: "On our left wing, north of the
River Aisne, below Soissons, our troops were furiously counter at?
tacked by superior forces and yielded some ground which, how
! ever, they regained almost immediately.
"On the other hand, we have continued our progress on the
; right bank of the River Oise.
"Likewise to the north of Rheims we have repulsed all the
attacks of the enemy, although they were vigorously conducted.
"On the centre, to the east of Rheims, we have made new
progress through our attacks.
"In the Argonne the situation remains unchanged.
"In the Woevre district the last rains have soaked the ground
jto such an extent that all army movements have become wtsry
j difficult.
"General L. E. de Maud'huy (80th Infantry Brigade of the
6th Army Corps ) has received on the battlefield the cross of Com?
mander of the Legion of Honor."
The communication issued by the War Office earlier in the
day was as follows:
"On our left wing we have again made a slight advance along
the right bank of the River Oise.
"A division of Algerians captured another flag.
"All the efforts of the Germans, supported by strong artillery,
to smash our front between Craonne and Rheims have been re?
"Near Rheims the hill of Primont, a portion of which we had?
occupied, has been retaken by the enemy. In return we have taken
possession of the defences of La Pompelle (about five miles east
by southeast of Rheims).
"The Germans have roused themselves to a condition of such
fury that without military reason they have fired on the Cathedral
of Rheims, which is in flames.
"In the centre, between Rheims and the Forest of Argonne,
we have won the village of SoUhine and have made thousands of
"On the western side of the .Argonne our gains are main*.
lained. In the Woevre there is nothing to announce.
"On the right wing, in Lorraine, the enemy has been driven.,
back beyond our frontier, evacuating in particular the region of*
I Avr?court (a border village). In the Vosges the ene.ny has tried
to resume the offensive in the neighborhood of Saint-Die, but
without success.
"Our attacks progress slowly on that side because of the diffi?
culty of the gfound, the defensive works encountered there and
the bad weather.
"As yet we have no certain confirmation of the reduction of
the forts not previously destroyed at Maubeuge, but the German
press reports the taking of this city and even indicates that its gov?
ernor will be interned at Torgau (Prussia).
'The Saxon army has been broken up and its commander,
General von Hausen, has been relieved of his command. The
cavalry division of the same nationality, which had fought in Lor?
raine at the opening of the campaign and was later sent to Russia,
hsui shared the downfall of the Austrian army and must have suf?.
fered heavy losses."
"L'Echo de Paris" states that, according to the latest dis-?
patches received from Rome, it appears that the German armj?
has begun retreating movements toward the Belgian frontier. This,
in the opinion of the paper, would explain the diminution in the in?
tensity of the battle recently noted.
The paper declares that it learn? on excellent authority that
the battle on the Aisne w?l soon conclude in a fresh retreat by
the Germans in the direction of the Forest df Ardennes, where,
though greatly enfeebled, they will intrench again.
London, Sept. 20.?The Exchange Telegraph's Paris corre?
spondent, m a dispatch sent to-night, says:
"The steady advance by the British and French on the left,
is highly important, as the German General von Kluck's flank i*
now exposed."
Reports from the front, according to the same correspondent*

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