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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 22, 1914, Image 1

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High. ?I ; \?w. at.
Full report ?sa Page %.
LXXIV....NO. 24,782.
iropyrlthl. ItU.
I?y The Trlhune Assoelotlea.]
? ?
?I* la City of Ma? York, Newark. Jera*? < It?- aad
Reinforced, Von Kluck Yields Seven Miles;
Allies Make Further Gains in the Centre;
Wreck of Rheims Act of Attila, Says Pope
Officials Credit Russia with Exact Knowl?
edge of Dual Monarchy's MobiTiza
tion and Campaign Plans.
Czar Holding His Grip on Scattered Enemy, and
So Sure of Success That Civil Government
for District Is Being Organized.
Vienna, Sept. 21.?The belief is growing in official circle?
bare that the Austrian reverses in Galicia were to a large extent
Wwght about by an exact knowledge held by the Russian War
Ofice of Austria's mobilization and campaign plans, which had
?Wo secured through an elaborate system of espionage.
The military authorities, it is claimed, discovered two years
?fo that Coolnel Alfred Redi, chief of the General Staff of the
Stb Austrian Aftny Corps, had betrayed information of vital im?
portance to Russia, and although it is thought probable that the
Awtrian General Staff made changes in their plans the military
aperts think that the modifications would not have greatly af?
fected the general basis of the campaign as worked out.
Colonel Redi was found guilty of being a traitor, and on the '
advice of brother officers committed suicide.
Austria., official reports continue to give only scant details of !
t?sh fighting in Galicia.
There is a constant flow of Polish refugees into Vienna. Sev
nl tratnloads arrived here Saturday and more are reported on j
le way. The municipal authorities are experiencing great diffi
O-ty in finding accommodations for the large numbers of desti- !
Me, who already aggregate 100,000.
Farmers are unable to secure sufficient labor to prepare for
??lumn planting or to ?carry new grain to the mills, which are be
*-ged with orders for flour. Consequently the price pf grain has
?Jvanced 25 per cent.
The temporary suspension of import duties on grain, fodder,
attic and meat is proving futile, owing to the Agrarian party in
Hungary, which is contesting the admission of foreign provisions.
A shortage in the supplies of raw cotton threatens to bring ',
?erious losses to the cotton spinners, who are trying to procure sup?
ples from the United States through Italy. Italy prohibits the ex?
portation of cotton, but it is thought she will permit supplies to pass
through her territory.
London, Sept. 21.?The Russian grip on the scattered Aus
?riea forces in Galicia is holding relentless. According to Petro
P*d advices, the fortreu of Jaroslaff is being bombarded;
ftxemyil has been invested, and General DankPs army, which is
^treating toward Cracow, has been surrounded. The capture of
m town of Dubiecko, on the River San, by the Russians has cut
"A Prtemysl from the western armies, who must now rely for de
face on the Austrian and German army corps which are there.
General Dankl is believed to be in a difficult position. Driven
** of South Poland and separated from the main body of the Aus
*n*?Q army, he was compelled to make a race for Cracow, in which
* was, according to Russian accounts, beaten by the Russian army
?*wing southward from the Vistula to Baranoff.
The Russians are now so sure of Galicia that they are organ
?*g a civil government for that region, as well as for Bokowina,
?* Austrian crown land, oc which they are complete masters.
The Germans have retaliated to some extent by penetrating
** territory of Suwalki, in Russian Poland, and further to the
*or*h* But the Russians are contenting themselves with defending
?*-* fortresses until their work in Galicia is completed.
A Reuter correspondent who is making a motor trip through
mt Pultusk district of Northern Poland says that no fighting has
*wred there. The Germans are advancing very slowly, as the
d?ment of their heavy guns and armored motor cars is retarded
"* the had roads and marshes. The Cossacks, the correspondent
*t% are doing efficient service in keeping the country clear of
P?is, Sept 21._ A Havas Agency me*.saKC from Petrograd says tliat1
J""1? the last three ?lays the Russians in Galicia have captured I5JKI0
' """in*, including 150 officers. Mam- cannon, quick lire guns and
*???? also have been taken.
Austrat, aeroplanes which flew over the Russian army were de
. 0,td. the correspondent continues. On the body of an aviator were j
???T? H?t? ?f tlie A,,stria" reserves, with notes as to their positions.j
,ch neatly aided the Russian*
'V K?.*._n
featly aided the Russians.
N, -Sept 21 -A dispatch from Vienna relates that General Radko
*? tht BulKariati Minister at Petrograd, whg resigned to join
*>??* held ?forces, was fatally wounded in the fighting at Tomai
lrc,rad. sept. 21.?The position of the troops in Western Galicia
**k? ?>f pursuit ..f the enemy is now sotnewha. cleared up
? Austro German armies defeated wesi ..i Umber? an now
I'__< !_--_ __ .._._ ?? Mili.nl S
[Special Correspondent New York Tribune.)
Statues and Carvings, Collected Through Seven
Centuries, Representing Angels, Apostles and
Patriarchs, Are Now Piles of Junk.
Paris, Sept. 19.?In several ways the city of Rheims is celebrated.
Some know lier only through her Cathedral, where were crowned all but
six of the Kings of France, and where the stained glass windows, with
those in the cathedrals of Chartres and Rurgos. Spain, arc the most ?beau?
tiful in nil the world. Children know Rheims through the wicked magpie
which the Archbishop excommunicated; and to their elder.-,, if they are
rich, Rheims is the place from which come> all their champagne
'?n September 4 the Germans entered Rheims and occupied it until
the 17th, when they retreated to the hill- north of the city, without
:"Rhting. Rut the day before yesterday the French forces, having entered
Rhciiii?:. the Germans bombarded th* city with field guns and howitzer.-.
Rheims is fifty-six mile? Irom Paris, but though I started at an early hour,
so many bridges have been blown up that I did not reach Rheims until
3 o'clock in the afternoon. At that hour the French artillery, to the east
at Nogent and immediately outside the northen edge o? the town, were
Tiring on the German positions and the Germans were replying, many of
iheir shells falling in tin heart of the city.
The proportion of those that struck the Cathedral or houses within a
hundred yards of it to tiiose falling on other buildings was about six to
one. So what damage the Cathedral suffered ?vas from blows delivered
not by accident, but with intent. As the priests put it. firing on the church
was "expr?s" (of set purpose i.
The Cathedra? dominates not only the ?it?, but the countryside It
rises from the plain as Gibraltar rises from the sea. as the pyramids rise
from the desert. And at a distance of six miles, as you approach from
Parir along the Valley of the Marne, it has more the appearance of a
fortress than a church. Rut when you stand in thr scjuare beneath and
look up, it is entirely ecclesiastic, of noble and magnificent proportions, in
design inspired, much too sublime for tho king* it has crowned, and
almost worthy of the KiiiR in whose honor seven hundred yrars agn it
was reared. It has been called "perhaps the most beautiful structure pro?
duced in : he Mid'lle Agi -s " On the wcm fa?ade rising tier upon tier are
560 statues and carvings. The statues are oi angels, martyrs, patriarchs,
.,{,. .?-tics, the vices and virtues, the Virgin ami Child. In rhr centre ?if
these is the famous rose window: on either side giant towers.
At my feet down the strps leading to the three portals were pool- of
bl?.od. There was a priest in the s.?uarr. a young man with white hair and
with a face as strong as on? of those of the saints rarved in -tone, and '
as gentle. He was curf doyen of the Cathedra!. Canon Ire/et. ami he
explained the po'ds of blood. Before they retreated the Germans had
carried their wounded up the steps into the nave of ihc Cathedral, had
spread straw upon the stone flagging, placed with it a bucket of water
and a raw shoulder of beef and abandoned to the care of the enemy those
unfortunates who had become a burden. In this procedure there was
nothing exceptional. During this last week of retreat it has been their,
Wounded Germans, Attended by French Red
Cross Doctors, Are Slain by Shells from
Guns of Their Own Comrades.
rule. Alona; the twenty miles of their withdrawal the wake of the Ger?
man- is strewn with these derelicts, no longer able to help them, nc
longer able to help themselves.
The ctiri'- guided me to the side door, unlocked it and led the way into
the Cathedral. It is built in the form of a crucifix, and -o va-t is the
edifice that many chapels arc lost in it and the lower half is in a shadow
Rut from high above the stained windows of the thirteenth century, or
whai was left of them, was cast a glow so gorgeous, so wonderful, so pure,
that it seemed t?. come direct from the other world.
h rom north and south the windows shed a radiance of deep blue, like
the blue of the sky by moonlight on the coldest night of winter, and from
the west the ?\-re.u rose window glowed with the warmth and beauty of a
thousand rubies. Beneath 't. b.uhed in crimson light, where for genera
tions French men and women have knelt in prayer, where Joan of Arc
helped place the crown on Charles VII, was piled three feet of dirty straw,
and on the straw were gray-coated Germans, covered with the mud of the
fields, caked with blood, white and haggard from the loss 0f it, from the
lack of sleep, rest and food. The entire west end of the Cathedral looked
like a stable, and in the blue and purple rays from the gorgeous windows
ihe wounded were as unreal as ghosts. Already two of them had passed
into the world of ghosts. They had not died from their wounds, but from
a shell sent by their own people
it had come screaming into this backwater of war and tearing out
leaded window-pane- as you would destroy cobwebs, and had burst among
those who already had paid the penalty. And so two of them, done with
pack drill, goose step, half rations and forced marches, lay under straw
the priests had heaped upon them. The toes of their boots pointer}* gYr""""
tcsquely upward. Their g:"ay hands were clasped rigidly as though in
Half hidden in the straw, the others were as silent and almost as still.
Mncc they had been dropped upon the stone floor they had not moved,
but lay in twisted, unnatural attitudes. Only their eyes showed that they
lived, rhesc were turned beseechingly upon the French Red Cross' doc
Par-, kneeling waist high m straw and unreeling long white bandages. The
wounded watched them drawing slowly nearer, lighting off death until
they cam.-, clinging ta> life a- shipwrecked sailor- cling to a raft and watch
boats pulling t<???ard them.
\ young German officer, his smart cavalry cloak torn and slashed and
filthy with dried mud and blood, and with hi- eyes in bandages, groped
toward the pail of water, feeling his way with his boot, his arms stretched
out ? hitching the air. To uni.le him a priest took his arm, and the officer
turned and -tumbled against him. Thinking the priest was one of his own
men, he swore at him. and then to learn if he wore shoulder straps ran
l (iiillnua-d ?in pax* .1. column I
London, Sept. 21.?The German
Kmpcror has taken up his quarter.?
in Luxemburg, according to a Pari?
agency dispatch. Thousands of
troops are ?stationed around the
legation where he reside?.
To guard against possible raid?
by French aviator??, a squadron of
aeroplanes is in constant readiness
to beat off attacks.
Germans Lose 1,000 Men
in Surprise Assaults
on Waelhem.
London, Sept. 21. A correspondent
of "The Daily Chronicle," telegraphing
from Antwerp, says:
"I have just heard of a desperate but ;
unsuccessful attack which the Germans '
niHde yesterday and on Saturday to ?
take Fort Waelhem, one of the strong- l
e-t of the forts which protect Brus
sels. It lie? between Mahne and Brus?
sels, and is in reality the key to the ',
situation in Belgium.
"Shortly after dark the Germana,
\?ho had brought up considerable forces i
m the region of Hofstadt and lampen- '
bout, opened fire with their deadly '
artillery, and at the same time half a
division of the enemy fired on the Bel?
gian.-' who were concealed m trenches I
before the forts. It was intended as a
surprise attack, but it failed. The fort ?
of Waelhem replied with telling effect.,
and the front line of the German forces
VII devastate?",. Still tiiey brought up ?
men, who continued to fall before the
guns of the fort. Then the German
firing ceased as suddenly as it had
"Just before dawn on Sunday the ?
sudden attack was repeated, but on |
this occasion the Belgians were more
fully prepared, and the attack again !
failed. Later in the day came a third ?
attack, but the enemy's shells fell wide,
affording little covering and protection !
to the first line of invaders. I'lti
mately the Germans withdrew, having
lost nearly 1,000 men."
\ in N. .1. Contrat, Heading is Halto. ?M
UtllO, MUItdH)', Sr\i\. '.'7. Leaves \V :M St. ;
M 'n Kul'ir.lav Nicht: Liberty St.. 18.0! i
Mail. Return from Waahliigton 4 i\ M.
?Sept. ;?;. -Au\C 1
Humanity League of Germany Declares Wilhelm Great
Criminal Disgracing His Nation, and Calls
on All to Destroy Prussianism.
Rotterdam, Sept. 22.?An appeal to the civilized world has been issued ?
by the committee of the German Humanity League here. It is signed by
Karl Benstein, Emil (>..tt. Fran/ (jaussen. Jacob Mamelsdorf, Gustav
Ochs and Ernest Schuster, and says:
"We reiterate, as men passionately loving our Fatherland, and. al
though living in exile, serving our country to the utmost of our power,
that it is the bounder duty of every man who cares tor the welfare of
mankind to join hands in arresting the kai <*r and the men around him
responsible for the appalling crim * which have disgraced our nation in the
eye? of the world.
"NO matter how long the campaign ami how threat the sacrifice- it
may entail, we know that the true and lasting interests of the toilers
and wage earner-- in Germany can only 'ic served by the victory of the
Allied armies.
"The Kaiser, having ruined innocent and deceived Belgium, is now
despoiling France and drenching the land with the bio.id of his victim*.
"It must therefore be plain to all honest men. without distinction of
race ?>r creed or party, that there can be no settlement of the existing
disruptions, no lasting peace or security fir the rights of man and it"
protection of democracy from brigandage ami death until the imperial
domination of Prussia within Germany U crushed, disarmed and swepl
away forever
"Then and then only will Bavaria. Wurtenibutg, Saxotl) and Hanover
be rescued and Poland liberated from the grip of the monarch who, hv
his conduct, has forfeited the allegiance of his subjects, and by 'us
boasted defiance of all international treaties and conventions lias cm
barked upon a career of crime unparalleled in ancient or modern history."
l'y Cable to The Tri*v.n<
Rotterdam. Sept. 21.?A significant message rea? he? het*e from I'trerht
to the effei-t that all transportation ?if merchandise to Mannheim, Raden
and bevond hat been ?"topped by Cern?an order?. This traffi?* would of
necessity go along the Rhine and the ?hole ?entern frontier of (.ermany.
Thin ?Maternent, re?d in conjunction with the report from Amsterdam
that the (ierntim are seriously reinforcing the fortifications at Cologne
and Dusseldorf, making every preparation for defending the town?, ?ug
gesi? that ?hole right bank of the Ithine in being prepared for ?).f?-n. e
and thai the Germans are anxious that even the Dutch shall not see their
UenulM p? r>t>le eye-*l'?Hsen. the >-ool kind | Imported Bock Panetela, mid nn<l mil '
iltHt nevei nilai. Spentar'a,. Maiden l__ne. . >ji ir_Kn-.ii'.*??. A favorite for yeuim Ad\t
?Advt. '
Rome. Sept. 21.?When informed
of the destruction of the Cathedral
of Rheims, Pope Benedict XV said
he "could not believe it possible, in
such a civilized epoch as the twen?
tieth century, to be plunged back
tu the time of Attila."
The Pontiff requested (ardi?al
I errata to ask Cardinal Amiett?*,
Archbishop of Paris, for full par?
ticulars, as telegrams for Rheims
are not accepted.
kaiser's troops
Bavarians Enraged at De?
filement of Portraits of
Belgian Queen.
[fcpeclal l'orra-sponilent ?f The New York
Tribun? anal "London Standard."!
Ostend, Sept. UL- If rumor speak true
there is a possibility that the generals
in command of the Kaiser's armies will
in the near future have to cope with a
danger even more serious than the
threatened disaster to their right wing.
This new danger ts the attitude of
?he Bavarian troop?, who, if stories
pus-i'ig from mouth to mouth are to
b? believed, arc seething with discon?
tent, and, in the case of some regiments,
ara- ulnv? t on the verge of mutiny.
Leal week there was serious trouble
between the detachments of Prussian
an.I Bavarian troops occupying Br?s?
sel--. It re.-ulted in the death of sev?
eral soldiers.
The explanation given of the trouble
annm-; the Bavarian troops is that the
men are enraged at the action of the
Prussian soldiers in ?It-tiling portraits
of the Queen of the Belgians, who before
her marriage was a Bavarian princess.
It would abo appear from various re?
ports which have come through that
the Bavarian soldiers have another
??rievance. Wien they were mobilized
they were allo-*eil to imagine they
were merely called out for manoeuvres
and *ere then marched off to the act?
ual battlefield without any opportuni?
ties of making those domestic arrange?
ments which even German soldiers have
a rieht to expact.
French and English with Fresher Troops
Win Advantage in Their Envelop?
ing Movement on West.
Kaiser's Forces Pressed Northward Between
Rheims and Argonne District?Engagements
at Points Become Less Desperate.
The French official reports say the Allies have
captured the heights of Lassigny, on the banks of
the Oise, and have advanced between Rheims and
the Argonne district. An unofficial report declares
the German right has been driven back seven miles.
The British War Office mentions only the success?
ful repulse of German counter attacks.
The French attack on the German right wing
having failed, says an official Berlin dispatch, the
Germans have assumed the offensive, the right wing
and centre being greatly reinforced. Ambassador
von Bernstorff announced a denial by wireless from
m(. Jt9e*'?'im that peace negotiations were in progress at
Paris, Sept. 21.?The Allies' enveloping movement hats
? forced the German right wing under General von Kluck ?even
mile? further back within the last forty-eight hours. At the same
time the French army has advanced considerably in the region be?
tween Rheims and the Argonne district, which is approximately
the battleground of the opposing armies of the centre.
The success of the Allies' left, while intimated in to-day'?
official announcements, was definitely reported in a responsible
unofficial dispatch from the battle line. The advance of the French
centre was set forth in the following official communication, isswd
late to-night:
"The engagements to-day have been less violent. We have*
made appreciable progress, notably between Rheims and the Ar?
To-day's earlier statement authorized by the Ministry of War
follows :
"First?On our left wing, on the right bank of the River Oise,
we have advanced as far as the heights of Lassigny, west of Noyon.
To the eut of the Oise and to the north of the River Aisne the
Germ?*ns have given evidence of a recrudescence of activity.
"In the region of Craonne there have been violent encounters,
which did not stop short of bayonet charges. The enemy has been
everywhere repulsed, with considerable losses. In the country
around Rheims the enemy has not undertaken any infantry attack,
confining himself to artillery fire from heavy guns directed against
our front.
"Second?On the centre, in the Champagne country and on
the western slopes of the Argonne region, an exception being made
of Souain, we have taken Mesnil-Ies-Hurlus and Massiges. In the
Woevre district the enemy still holds the region of Thiaucourt and
has cannonaded Hassonchatel.
"On our right wing, Lorraine and the Vosges, there is nothing
new. The Germans are fortifying themselves in the vicinity of
Delmeit, to the south of Chateau Salins."
The thrusting back of the western wing of the German line
came as a sequel to continuous fighting night and day. Both
armies, despite almost superhuman fatigues, show the utmost deter?
mination not to yield an inch of ground without a terrible struggle,
but the fresher troops at the disposal of the allied commandera
1 have gradually forced the Germans to recede.
The unparalleled struggle on the River Aisne, southeast of
the western flanks of the two armies, which commenced about a
week ago Saturday, has developed into siege operations. The
opposing forces, strongly intrenched, are carrying on an artillery
duel, while the infantry make attacks and counter attacks like sor?
ties from a besieged fortress.
Occasionally one or the other gains a little ground, but it is
'? so little that the opposing forces remain in their trenches or take
up positions in new intrenchments immediately behind those from
1 which tliey ?are ?driven.
It is now becoming the conviction of military men that noth?
ing but outflanking movements can have any serious effect on either
army. The Germains, according to their own official report, have
been strongly reinforced both on their right, where General von .
[ Kluck h.?? been making such a stubborn stand in almost impreg

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