Newspaper Page Text
?^^^?p^lM,^,,^^;.^^ .... ? n.. a.. ... i.
th? pr?t?rt that th?r wtr? tofaf forw?t?r. ^J^1"8^:
? totgwr Ymge than ti??? of A? Mai*b?oi? fortt. H wm not dim
cak far tiwm to cono,?**." ' '-J
Tbt Pari? corret|Kmd?atkt of "Th? Dkfly Chronfc?k" ?ay? Hut
all th? G?rat*n li??Vy atftfflbry wii placed on ooncrot? pUtfornu
Ultcti j -Mm? year? ago m foundation? for fartoria? ttover to b?
cooapfoted? _ _
PARIS CENSOR NOW
Parts of General French's
Cut Out of Papers.
IB- WIi*.1?m tI* laOaiiativr--, K. B.]
Paris, Sept 26.-The closeness with
which the military situstion is guard?
ed iaer-MSM rather than diminishes
to-day. The Paris papers show irrest
whit* ?-raps where matter has been
e*-*ens?red. The censor even cut out
some portions of Sir John French's
latest dispatch. Con vernation with a
British soldier this moraine developed
the fact that he knew even less of
what was going on than the French.
He is driving: an automobile backward
Mad forward between the base and the
front, and he remarked that he was
not aven allowed to ask the names of
the villages through which he was
pass inc. French guides go with each
convov, and other drivers are not per?
mitted to know anything. This sol
dier -fives an interesting account of
the state of the German prisoners who
were captured a week ago. He van
with a small force which surrounded
1,650 Germans in n wood. All sur?
rendered without parley. They were
famished, he said, and had been liv?
ing on grass for some days. Some
of them were men of more than fifty
and were bald-headed. The next morn?
ing twenty-five other Germans were
captured by the same force. Accord?
ing to the informant, other large
bodies of the enemy have been capt?
ured further to the north, all of
whom were in the same state of des?
titution and hunger.
AMERICAN HELD AS
London, Sept. 26.?James T. Macey,
of Denver, whose invalid wife commit?
ted suicide in London on August t, !
after being driven out of an Antwerp j
hospital by the outbreak of lio?itilities, I
'.?-as to-day set at liberty at Plymouth,,'
where he had been held in custody as a
Mr. Macr-y was arrested after Iris ar- j
rival in England from America. He
tamo over in search of his mother-in- ,
lav and daughter, who were supposed
to be stranded in Germany. l?e was
-detained by the British authorities,]
along; with three other Americans, un- !
til his citisenship was proved ami he '
had explained the object of his trip.
ON CASUALTY LIST
British Headquarters in Field
Report 35 Killed. 54 Wound?
ed and 13 Missing.
London, Sept. 28.?A casuulty list re- ?
?* e-erwed from the British general head- ?
quarters in the field under dato <?f ;
September 22 gives the names of 35,
officers killed, 54 other.? wounded and
i 3 missing.
The wounded officers include Lieu?
tenant Colonel R. E. Benson, of the <
East Yorkshire Regiment; Lieutenant ! i
<'.olonel W. I). Bird, of the Royal Irish I
Rifles; Lieutenant Colonel A. W. Hau?
ted, of the Duke of Edinburgh's (Wilt?
shire) Regiment, and Lieutenant Colo?
nel F. W. Tow se y, of the Prince of ;
Wales's Own (West Yorkshire) Regi?
The ?tasualtii- in officer-i amonjr the
various regiments included the Sher?
wood Foresters, 4 officers killed and 7
wounded; the Connaught Rangers, 4 ?
killed; the South Lancashire?, 3 killed
and 3 wounded; the West Yorkshires,;
V. killed, 4 wounded, including Colonel
Towsev, and 8 missing; the 'Worcester- !
shire Regiment, i**? killed, 6 wounded!
and 1 missing; the Durham Light In?
fantry. 6 killed and 6 wounded, and the
East Yorkshire?, 6 wounded, including j
Colonel Benson, and 3 missing.
FIELD IS SEIZED
British Take Luderitz Bay and1
Kaiser's Troops Raid Walfish
Bay in Africa.
London, Sept. 26.?A Reuter dispatch
from Cape Town says that a union de?
fence force occupied Luderitz Ray, in
German Southwest Africa, on Septem?
ber 18, The German garrison had pre?
viously retreated, blowing up the rail?
way and d-rstroying the wireless in?
stallation, but otherwise leaving the
Tha British seizure of Luderitz Bay,
otherwise called Angra Peque?a, Ger?
many's diamond field in Southwest At*
riea, was followed quickly by a German
raid on the British harbor at Walfish
Bay, in Cape Colony.
These raiders are only a patrol, and
appear to be the advance guard of a*
larger force. The patrol attempted to
dynamite the jetty at Walfish Bay and
a tug moored alongside it, but the dam?
age they inflicted was slight.
DEBTS AND THREATS
RAISE WAR LOAN
Bordeaux, Sept. 26.?-A newspaper
published at Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzer?
land, copies of which have been re?
ceived here, declares that manufactur?
ers in the Chaux-de-Fonds region have
received letter* from their German
clients informing them that they are
unable to settle their hills, it being
contrary to the interests of (?ermany
to send money out of the country.
The Germans add that, being con?
vinced the Swiss manufacturers desire
to leo Germany triumph, they had with
the amounts due their Swiss creditors
purchased in their names stock in the
German 6 per cent war loan.
Th? writers say further that they
have decided to do business after the
war only with tsuch firms as accept this I
Washington, Sept. 26.?The following!
cable message was received by the
British Embassy to-day from the Lon
n view of the admissions which !
haWe appeared in the German press as !
to the unemployment caused by stop
pee* of German exports and imports,
owing to command of sea exercised by
British fleet, it is of interest tu state
that unemployment ?statistics for th?
United Kingdom for the last three
waaks show ?teady decrease of unem?
Warships of Allies Seize
Suspected Neutral Mer?
Washington, Sept 28.?Officials at tht
British Embassy here believe that Ger?
man cruisers in Wast Indian watar*
have been entirely dependant for somo
time apon such coal and supplies at
they have bean able to obtain from
neutral merchant steamers.
British and French cruisers have
I been maintaining a careful watch on
neutral steamer* in consequence, and,
in addition to the capture of the Ameri?
can register steamer Lorenio and the
Norwegian steamer Thor by the Brit?
ish, the Norwegian steamer Htina has
bean seised by the French cruiser
| Conde, according to embassy advices.
! The Heina was sent to Fort de Franc?,
I Martinique, but later the captain of the
j Conde suggested that the British prize
totirt at it. l.ucia consider that case ss
I veil as those of the Thor and th?
If the shins are found to have vio?
lated their neutrality, it was said at
the embassy, the penalties set out in
I he Declaration of London will be en?
forced against them.
i [rVoin Tlie Tribuns Corr??pi>ii*cnt. ?
M. Thomaa, West Indies, Sept. 18.?
The French cruiser Cond? captured a
Norwegian steamer (name undivulged)
off ?.his harbor on Sunday. The capt?
; ure was not visible from town, but was
! seen and reported from the signal hill,
; and the captain of the British steamer
Stratham, which entered the harbor
the same day, confirmed it, stating that
the Conde had stopped his steamer out
: :,lr the harbor and that the French
officer who had boarded him had in?
formed him that the Conde had capt?
: ured ? Norwegian steamer that after?
noon and would take her to a port in
the French West Indies, as she was
leaded with coal and provisions for the
German cruisers in these waters.
Next day the British three-funnell?!?l
armored cruiser Essex came off the
po;t, and the Cond? steamed away
with her priie toward Martinique. The |
Essex anchored just outside the lu.r- j
bor and her commander called on Gov- ?
ernor Helweg-La'son and on the Brit- ?
ish and Frenen consuls. Later in the ,
?lav the Governor returned the com?
mander', visit, and on the 16th and
17th she kept cruising about the chan?
nel between this island and St. Croix,
steaming sway the afternoon of the
Site is not visible to-day from the
signal hill, and the Hamburg-American
Line steamer Pr?sident, which has been
lying in this port since August 30, ?
deeply laden with provisions for )in
vana as announced by the agents, but
which cargo, it is commorly reported
here, consists of coal, ammunition and
provisions for the German cruisers,
left the port to-day under full steam,
Several people bave ridden up on '
the hills, from which the waters be- j
tween here and Porto Rico are visi-1
ble, believing that the Essex may be |
lurking around, as she well knew that
the P-??ident Intended slipping out the !
first possible chance.
QUICK ACTION TO
Thiebault Sisson, Art Critic of i
uLe Temps," Reports on
Damage at Rheims.
London, Sept. 27.?A Reuter dis
patch from Paris says that Thiebault
Sisson, art critic of "Le Temps," has
visited the cathedral at Rheims and
gives the following description of the
structure as it now stands:
"To judge of the damage it was nec?
essary to ascend the towers. There I
saw the bells, completely melted. The
roof, which was made of lead plates,
had entirely disappeared; the magnifi?
cent Campanile, made of wood and
lead, erected at the crossing of the
transepts and apse, had vanished. The
vaults are still standing and the nave
was not touched by fire/'
The writer thinks, however, that the
autumn rains and frost will play havoc
with the stones and that measures
must be taken immediately to
strengthen the walls. He concludes by
quoting the words of the German Em?
peror's son to the Rheims municipality
j a few days before the bombardment:
"The best proof of my desire not to
| touch the building is that I am anxious
I to put the wounded inside."
FOR LOSS OF SHIPS
Cabla to The Tr.l
Koine, Sept. 26.?Commenting on the
j loss of the three British cruisers, the
' "Tribuna" considers it the price that
I Great Britain pays for maintaining the
supremacy of the seas for Feven weeks,
thereby paralyzing German trade and
bein? abb to transport armies to the
i Continent safely. It blames the Brit?
ish for their lack of precaution against
submarines, adding that the lesson was
; necessary, because the British learn
only by experience.
Many Italians have expressed their
; sorrow over the Iobs. The Mayor of
j Rome has written a letter o.i the gen
| eral situation, saying that while Italy
j can allow no offence to her interests
and rights tmd should be ready for any
! emergency, she should calmly reaffirm
: her confidence in the King and his
j The "Corriere d?lia Sorra" hears that
M. Asmara, the Austrian representative
in Abyssinia, is intriguing against
Italian interests there, with the object
; of diverting Italian attention from the
| Indignation is expressed here at last
Sunday's demonstration in Vienna.
AUSTRALIA TO END
li.v Cable to The Tribunal
Melbourne, Sept. 26.?Premier Fisher
said at a gathering of representative
men here to-day thet every Australian
was willing that the Commonwealth
should send as many contingenta as
might be necessary to insure ictory
for the Allies in the war against Ger?
many and Austria.
Speaking i?i behalf of the govern?
ment, lie emphasised the point that
there would be no question of expense,
adding that ha was aura ?hat the Aus?
tralian people would rather be dea.J
than be ?n the grip and under the dom?
ination of another people.
"We would," he said, "leave a" hon
orabla name behind us if we perished
in trying to maintain it."
FIND KRUPPS HAD
PLANTS IN FRANCE
French Say Secret Works
Covered Maubeuge and
Caused Its Fall.
READY TWO YEARS
Visits of Krupp to Factory Were
Ridiculed When Disclosed
at the Time.
By C. IXMAN BARNAKD.
?Par!? rorrespond?nt of The Tribuna- >
Paris, Sept. 26.-The amaiin*- rapid?
ity in mounting their heavy siega guns,
which alone enabled the Germans to
destroy the forts around Maubeuge, is
now explained by r?v?lations throwing
a flood of light on the secret prepara?
tions made in Franco by the German
General Staff. Without ever attracting
suspicion this work has beeu going on
In the spring of 1010 an estate be?
longing to th? Due de Luynes, about a
thousand acres of land, comprising a
plateau in the forest of Lani?res, five
miles from the fortifications of Mau?
beuge, was sold by auction in four lots.
The most important of these lots, con?
taining a hill overlooking the Mau?
beuge forts, was purchased by a cer?
tain Gilbert Marty, of Brussels. Now
th? discovery has been made that Gil?
bert Marty was merely a man of straw
acting for Frederick Krupp.
"L? Matin" Told the Story.
A factory for the making of railroad
engines was established on the land.
Frederick Krupp, whose close personal
. relations with the Kaiser are well
' known, made on three occasions per
! sonal visits of inspection to the Ioco
? motive factory. These facts, which
; were published by "Le Matin" on July
8, 1910, were at the time regarded as a
bit of sensational journalism and were
It is now proved beyond all doubt
that in 1912 masonry platforms, nicely
levelled and crowned with cement, with
balance adjusted recoil buffers, re?
volving metal supports and a hundred
other technical details for laying heavy
siege guns were prepared on this sup?
posed engine factory. All these slow !
operations, involving, through the dry?
ing of the concrete masonry, a work of j
at least nine weeks to complete, were, i
carried out and put in working order by !
special technical artisans sent from the i
Krupp establishment at L'ssen, in Ger- >
Had Range of the Forts.
Moreover, from these secret gun po?
sitions the range mid angle of fire !
for every ridge and defensive point '
about Maubeuge had been calculated i
in minute detail and accuracy. Aiso,
long underground telephone wires had
been laid from unsuspected points in
Maubeuge to the gun positions on the
hill outside, enabling spies in the
town during the bombardment to
telephone information about the effect
of the shells.
It can readily be guessed from this
that similar secret preparations have
probably been made by German spies
in other places.
The recent declaration of Anatole;
France, in a letter to his friend, Gus
tave Herv?, the apostle ?if ar.ti-mili
tarism until the outbreak of the war, '
but to-day a fervent patriot, that in
spile of the brutal infamy of the mil- ?
itary caste of Prussiauized Germany |
the day must come when the French
people would extend the hand of
friendship to the conquored enemy,
has aroused a lively discussion here.
Rene Doumic, like M. France a mem?
ber of the Academy, proclaims to-day:
"Never can we forg.ve the nation
that during forty-four years has de?
liberately and with cold calculation
striven to crush us and is now doing
its utmost not only to annihilate us
but to obliterate our history, as is
shown by the destruction of Rheims
Cathedral, where our kings were
crowned and where Jeanne d'Are
All societies and solons of French
artists and also the ?Solon Nationale
have unanimously eliminated all Ger-.
man artists from their lists. The As- ;
sociation of Foreign Journalists in
Paris has also stricken all Germans .
and Austrians from its membership.
The same has been done by all the
leading clubs of Paris.
Institute Will Wait.
The Institute of France, however,
with exceptional magnanimity, has re?
nounced any intention of making us?
of this form of reprisal in its five ?
academies, three of which have corre- '
sponding members of German nation?
The Secretary General of the insti?
tute, Robert R?gnier, interviewed on
the subject, states:
"Such patriotic inalignation is fully
justified by the abominable acts of the
Germans, and doubtless that indigna?
tion is shared by members of the
Institute of France in their individual
capacities. But to strike from our
list, the names of our German col?
leagues ?R absolutely contrary to the :
traditions of our society, and to do
so would tarnish and belittle our dig?
nity. It seems unfair to hold a few
individuals responsible for the crimes
of a whole nation and to punish in?
offensive men who will perhaps be the
first to deplore the savage aberration
of their countrymen.
"Of course," added M. R?gnier, "it
would be very different if any German
member of the institute should ap?
prove of or apologize for the barbar- ]
Ities that have been and are being ;
ANSWER SURRENDER j
DEMAND WITH GUNS
Nish, Servia (via Paris), Sept. 26.?
According to reports reaching here
from Belgrade, when a representative
; of the Austrian commander, bearing a
i white flag, was admitted to the pr?s-1
' ence of the Servian commander with
? the demand for the surrender of the
I capital, the Servian officer replied:
""Keturn to your camp, and in three
hours you will receive my answer from
thp cannon's mouth."
Three hours later a Servian battery
opened tire upon the Austrian positions
across the Iaanubi?.
The military commander at Sarajevo,
capital of Bosnia, has forbidden all in
press and egress to and from the town I
without special passports.
Manchester, Mass.. Sept. 26.- Dr. '
Constantin Theodor Dumba, the Aus
tro-IIur.garian Ambassador, announced
to-night that he had been officially ad?
vised by wireless that the reported
capture of Sarajevo by the Servians ?
was a "pure invention."
palace for war
Rome, Sept. 26.?The Freemasons
have offered the government the palace
here in which they have their head?
quarters, one of the largest in Rome,
for hospital uses In case of war.
The Minister of War, in reply, said
h?- would remember the kind offer in
tase of a general mobilization.
TAUBE AIRMEN SEEN
OVER BELGIAN PLACES
Antwerp (via London), ?S-spt. K.?
A Taub? aeroplane flew over the
town of Duffel, near this city, yes?
terday (Saturday) morning, sn?*J
dropped two bombs, which fell in
Another Taube machine flew over
j Antwerp yesterday afternoon, hut
tha shrapnel Art fron the gnns of
the forts forced It to fly st sneh an
extreme altitude that observstlon*
were impossible. _
AMERICAN RED CROSS
UNITS TO TORQUAY
England's Share of Nurses and
Surgeons Will Be Sent to
London, Sept, 26?Major Robert M.
Patterson, Medical Corps, U. 8. A., in
charge of the physicians and nurses on
board the American hospital ship Red
Cross, now in Fahnouth Harbor, con?
ferred to-day witli the Duchess of
.Mnrlborough, Lady Randolrh Churchill
and Ln<ly Paiet concerning the placing
of American Red Cross nurses snd sur?
geons in the American Women's Hospi
I tal at Torquay.
It has been virtually decided that
, the American hospital units assigned
' 'o England will bo sent to Torquay,
although the official announcement to
1 this effect by the War Office will not
j be issued until next week. The Tor
I quay hospital has three hundred bed?*,
and the American women are anxious
I th?t all the nurses and surgeons be
I Americans. The two units assigned to
j England are only half enough for this
! hospital, ami an appeal probably will
be made to the American Red Cross to
supply two more units later.
Dr. Ernest Lane, an English surgeon,
director of the Torquay hospital, will
supervise the American staff.
Washington, Sept. 26.?The French
! Embassy received to-day tho following
message from Bordeaux:
"The United States Ambassador at
I Paris and the Minister Plenipotentiary
to Bordeaux have visited the ramps of I
Piers, in the Department of the Oanc. j
dihI Balave, in the Department of
Gironde, whore the Gennan prisoners
and wounded arc gathered. Both rep?
resentatives of tho Cnited States de-1
clare that the organization in the camp
is perfect, and that the prisoners are
well satisfied with the treatment and
ears that is given them."
The message probably refers to Am
lassaelor Herrick and John W. Garrett,|
formerly United States Minister to Ar?
gentina, who is acting as secretary at
GERMANY CUTS OFF
ALL WORLD'S NEWS
Berlin (vis London), Sept. 26.?The
cutting of Gdrman .-ubmarino cables,
the censorship and the exclusion of
foreign newspapers from the empire
have resulted In .shutting out from
Germany virtually all news of the out>
For the last, t.inee, dayri the* Berlin
newspapers hav*o been ?.frying full de?
scriptions of the architectural details
of the ftheims ?alh'edr?l, while in the
lust sixteen tlays only three places
have been speelfieallf mentioned in the
government whi* bulletin. These are
Noyon, Rheims and Chateau Brimont. '
RIFLE FIRE KEEPS
AIRMEN TOO HIGH
Paris, .Sept. L'O. - An aviator who has |
just returned from the front tells of
the difficulty encountered by the flying j
men on rcconnoissance duty. He said:
"We arc obliged to fly at a height of
about one mile and a quarter, which
riakes observation difficult, as small
objects, even with the aid of the
(?trongest glasses, assume unfamiliar
shapes and become foreshortened.
"If we fly under that height we are
greeted by a hail of rifle fire, which is
tar more effective than cannon. We
fear the rifles more than the bursting
shrapnel, as the fire of the regiments,
concentrated or. a singlo object, is far
TURKEY TO HANDLE
OWN FOREIGN MAIL
London, Sept. 26.?A Reuter dispatch
from Athens says that, in connection
with the recent decree by the' Porte de?
claring Turkish institutions free from
foreign tutelage, the Ottoman Post
office at Smyrna ha? notified the for?
eign postoffices that they must remove
their ?ignbohrds by October 1 and
thereafter haul over all mail to the
Ottoman postal authorities for delivery.
U. S. COMPLAINS OF
Washington, Sept. 26.?Acting Sec?
retary Lansing said to-day that the
State Department was negotiating
with the British government for the
removal of some of the stringent re?
strictions imposed by British censors
on commercial cable messages.
GERMAN ADVANCaT FAILS
Czar Checks Kaiser in Su
walki, His Attache Reports.
The military attach? of the Russian
Embassy. Colonel Nicolai Golejewski,
issued the following statement in this!
city ye?tonlay: J
"On September 23 we repulsed the at ?.'
tempt of the advance guard of the Ge.
man.? to penetrate further to the east
la the province of Suwalki. Our ad?
vance troops have been successfully en?
gaged with the enemy in Western Gali?
cia. No fighting of importance has
"The Austrian army, which has been I
?forced to evacuate Khyrow, continued!
GERMAN COLLIERS TAKEN I
Karlsruhe Escapes British Off
the West Indies.
The German steamship Lorens and '
the Norwegian steamship Thor are re?
ported captured off the West Indies by
a British cruiser, according to a dis?
patch to the British Consul General
here, Sir Courtenay Bennett.
The two merchant vessels, Sir
Courtenay said, were captured while
coaling the German cruiser Karlsruhe
The cruiser escaped. They were taken
to the harbor of St. Lucia, British West
Indies, to await the decision of the
The Lorenz ha.? a registered tonnage
of 1,84'J, and the Thor 943. The Lorenz
left this port on August 6 for Buenos
?jtoo while the Thor left on August 1
1er Neirn-ort N*.)***?, Va.
Kai****T ?ei i^i i" --??*---"""? ?-? ? ?'
PLANT HUGE GUNS
TO TAKE ANTWERP
Germans* Weapons Re?
quire 36 Traction En?
gines io Move Them.
WEIGHS 2,500 LBS.
Poisoned Metal Used. It Is Said,
in Making Bombs Dropped
1 liy CUM? to Th? Tribun??. I
Antwerp, Sept. 26. Every day seems
to add to th? almost f?v?rish activity
within th? new Belgian capital, for It
j is becoming* more and mora apparent
that th? Germans, having suffered so
much from repeated sorties from Ant?
werp, have decided to take the city if
possible. A small corps of aviators
which did spjendld work have brought
back information to the effect that the
Germans, who are wall intrenched soma?
ten or twelve miles beyond the outer
line of fortresses, are merely biding
their time until heavy siege guns can
be brought into action.
The preliminaries to this take con?
siderable time, as the guns are in eight
sections and require the united efforts
i of thirty-six traction engines to move
I them into position after an elaborate
I concrete bed has been prepared. In?
deed, so much material is needed to
provide the sieg? guns with a suffi?
ciently strong basis that it takes weeks
for the concrete to set. The guns
throw a projectile weighing more than
2,500 pounds, and the violence of firing
is so tremendous that the gunners,
: specially trained engineers from
I Krupps, stand a long way off when the
; discharge takes plac?. It is understood
that each gun can Are a thousand shots
' in many directions.
Tha Germans have begun to build up
| suitable beds for these mighty wea?
pons, hut whether they will succeed
i in finishing them is another matter,
! certainly not if the intention of the
j Belgians is carried out, but what their
plan of campaign is must be left for
i the Germans to find out.
It is computed by the authorities that
the Germans can only obtain access to
the city at the expense of losing 100,
000 men killed an?! six times that num?
ber wounded. The Germans probably
know how formidable a task is before
them, because the place is infested with
spies, but under existing conditions the
Germans cannot ignore Antwerp and so
it was decided that they try to occupy
the capital even at an enormous sacri?
Th? work of completing the Belgian
defences is occasionally enlivened by
Zeppelin bomb dropping, which the peo?
ple have come to regard with small con?
cern, although when the day of reckon?
ing comes to the list of fiendish mal?
practices will have been added the
?atrocious crime of using poisoned metal
for bomb making. It is said on excel?
lent authority that no person, however,
slightly cut by a bomb fragment, ever
recovers. Rapid blood poisoning sets in
and death ensues in a few days.
London, Sept. 26. A Central News
dispatch from Amsterdam quotes an
unconfirmed telegram from the frontier
"It appears that the German attack
on Antwerp is likely to begin at an
turly date. For some days large bodies
of troops have been conveyed from Aix
la-Cuapelle . tt the district east .And
south of Antwerp.
"Heavy sieee guns have, arrived and
hav? been placed rapidly in position
against the southern forts, while on
the eastern side heavy Austrian howit?
zers have been brought up and earth?
The Hague (via London', Sept. 26.--]
Part of the force gathering outside
Antwerp for an attack on that city is
Austrian, according to dispatches re?
ceived here from Dutch correspondents.
Some < t tho siege artillery also is
Austrian. The artillerymen arc mark?
ing time, waiting for the drying of the
concrete foundations necessary for the
heaviest artillery, which is said to be
the same employed at Maubeuge.
More heavy artillery has been placed
in position near Grimberghen and
Meyuse, from which places the inhab?
itants have been moved for safety.
The influx of German troops into the
neighborhood of the Antwerp lines
continues, eighteen trainloads of sol?
diers having arrived Saturday. The
authorities have discontinued the issu?
ance of passes permitting the holders
to cross the borders.
THEIR BELGIAN LINE
London, Sept. 26.?A Reuter dispatch
from Amsterdam says that according
to the "Telegraaf" the whole German
line of communications in Belgium he s
been fortified to the northwest of Ant?
werp, where the invaders are building
.oa-tifications and are digging trenches.
Communication with Antwerp now
is extremely difficult, the newspaper
says, nobody being allowed to enter the
zone of fortifications unless they can
produce a pass signed by the militar/y
governor of the Belgian fortress.
The "Volks Zeitung" of Cologne, says
the Germans have heavy siege guns
around Antwerp. The streetcar line
between Brussels and Minove, thi?
newspaper says, is being exclusively
used by the German1 for the trans?
portation of provisions to the German ,
positions on the northwest of Brussels,
where skirmishes with the Belgians art !
of a daily occurrence.
ENDED BY HOLLAND
ID-? Cable to Tl-.e Tribuno. I
Amsterdam, Sept. 26.?Martial law
has been proclaimed on the eastern
frontier of Holland. The principal rea?
son for this is stated to be that food
and other goods on the prohibited list
are still being smuggled into Germany
in large quantities.
fhis is an important action on the
part of the Dutch government, and .s
further indication of its determination
to maintain ratrict ?cutrality. The gov- j
ernment has prohibited the export of a
large number of articles, not only food
products, but iron, coal, coke, petro?
leum and many other things. A careful
watch is kept on the main avenues ?>f
trade between Holland and German',
and it is certain that nothing could '
pass up the Rhine or over the railwav. j
Good.-, however', were being brought,
into eastern towns, and, as tr.e new ac- '
tion of the Dutch government shows, j
w're being importe?! into Germany b/ i
motor cars, vans and carts in the night j
There was a great temptution put be- I
fore some people in Holland to se'l
goods, as German agents were offering !
double the prices current in Holism!
Ounarder Keeps War Vigil.
Although her companion, the British
cruiser Lancaster, had slipped away in '
the night, the auxiliary cruiser, that was
formerly the Caronia, of the Cunard
line, lay off Sandy Hook all yesterday \
keeping a strict watch on all vessels |
entering or leaving the harbor. She <
seemed to be at anchor.
A ?ole to-morrow tur Hinman and
against Barnes means a party victory
?WAR WRITER'S LIFE
LACKS IN ROMANCE
McCutcheon Finds Rain
and Dust Fatal to
CONDUCT AT LOUVAIN
Invaders Admit, However, Ex?
ecuting Telephone Oirl
By JOHN T. M'CUTCHEON.
(?O-fgrlgsA 1?H, by John T. McCutchejon.)
Aix-la-Chapelle, Sept. 11.? The war
correspondent, according to popular
conceptions, is generally a dashing look?
ing personage in smart riding clothes
and with field glasses, camera and re?
volver strapped about him. He is a
romantic ana striking character. Not
so, however, were the correspondents
j who found themselves on August 26
l down at the French frontier with the
i rounds of a great battle to their right
and their left.
By no stretch of the imagination
could we have been considered very
| striking or very dashing in appearance.
| One was walking, two were jogging
along in a cart drawn hy a motherly
I looking roan horse, and two were
I mounted upon cheap bicycles. A!! wore
1 etusty and rather rumpled street clothes,
1 wet with a drizzling rain, and the total
of our field equipment weighed less
than a pound.
We had come out from Brussels for
fin afternoon drive, intending to return
that evening, but the fortunes of war
were such that we went on and on,
1 always expecting to be stopped by the
Germans, but, always by some strong
. stroke of luck being allowed to pass
j further within the German lines.
For three days we had continued
| southward and were now on the French
i frontier, with the big guns of the Ger
! mans thundering away at Maubeuge, ten
| miles away. We felt that we might go
on to a point where the artillery was
I posted without being stopped or turned
! back. Our relations with the officers
! and soldiers we had previously met had
been most pleasant and we saw no rea?
son to expect a change in their atti?
tude toward us. Whenever we got out
Ride the German lines we looked for?
ward eagerly to again rejoining them.
1 have talked with a number of Ger?
mans about the atrocities with which
they are charged. Practically all of
these alleged atrocities have occurred
on Belgian ?oil. The German soldiers
have been accused of murdering de
, fenceless men, children and women, and
j even of inflicting the most barbarous
: of tortures upon the people.
Says Germans Are Slandered.
It is doubtless true that my attitude
I toward Germany has been influenced
| in its favor by the kind of stories that
I have been sent out. I do not believe
: the Germans have been committing
[ atrocities. During the time I have
been with the German soldiers I have
seen no evidence of a brutality of dis?
position among the soldiers or men.
Their attitude toward citizens has been
uniformly kind so long as the citizens
refrained from any hostile act.
In my own observation, covering
about a hundred miles with the army
and over two weeks, I have seen not
fhe slightest exhibition of brutality
toward the Belgians, If brutality were
a^pj-i-racy?vistic of the Germans I feel
sure I should have seen evidences of
it during that time. So far as I know,
I have seen more of the German army
in the field than any other correspon?
dent except the four who were with
me, and the opinion of all of us coin?
cides completely in respect to the al?
leged atrocities. We are neither pro
i German nor' anti-German; in fact,
I those of us who have been anti-German
I are less inclined to be so after having
seen how unfairly the Germans have
I been slandered.
i In expressing my opinion as to the
i atrocities I am basing it. entirely upon
my own observations. I have seen no
! evidence of brutality and have found,
i after investigation, that a number of
? atrocity stories were groundless.
Naturally, tho German officers resent
1 being placed before the world as bar
! barians. They say, too, that if these
stories persist they inevitably will lead
to the actual commission of frightful
acts. If the Russians believe the Ger?
mans are committing atrocities, they,
too, will commit them, and the conse?
quences will be awful.
Of course, towns have been burned
and citizens killed. There is no deny?
ing this. The Germans not only admit
it, but justify it as inevitable in carry?
ing out a rule of warfare. The people
are warned, however, that any attacks
| upon the soldiers will be visited with
unrelenting punishment, in which the
innocent may possibly suffer along with
! the guilty; that if any person fires
upon or molests German troops, that
person will be shot on the spot, and
that all persons suspected of harboring
or aiding him will also be shot; finally,
that if any shots are fired from the
houses at the Germans, the entire vil?
lage will be destroyed.
This was the procedure at Louvain,
in which ill-fated city I happened to be
when the Germans drove the Belgian
soldiers out. The proclamations wero
posted both by the Germans and by
the burgomaster, who was held as a
hostage, along with two magistrates
and a number of prominent citizens.
Praises Conduct at Louvain.
During the three days in which the :
German army passed through the town
I had an opportunity of seeing how
both the soldiers and civilian? be?
haved. There was not a single in-1
str..ice that I saw or heard of which ?
suggested brutality. The soldiers and
the townspeople seemed to be on the j
most friendly relations. In fact, the
citizens were eager to show a friendly
spirit when they saw that the Ger?
mans, instead of being insolent or over?
bearing, were friendly and polite. The
citizens were warned to commit **o
overt act, under penalty of severe pun?
ishment, and so long as the army occu?
pied the town their behavior was i
Immediately after the army had i
passed, however, the sniping began and !
the efity was destroyed. The Germans !
claim that the citizens began an attack ?
in concert with an attack that origi- ?
nated in Antwerp and that light sig?
nals from Antwerp started the tigitini*.
The Germans accuse the English of
using dum-dum bullets. At Maubeuge
a number of prisoners were found 'o
have Kly .400 cartridges, such as are
used in big game shooting. They are
lead bullets with a small copper tip,
which mushrooms the lead when it
strikes a body. One of these bullets,
was shown to me here in Aix-la-Cha- ?
pelle, and it was said to have been i
found on a British prisoner.
Other atrocity charges are made by ]
the Germans. Yesterday I talked with
a young German soldier in a hospital
His name is Wolfgang Koecher, and he
is the son of a professor at Magd?
b rg. He is nineteen years old ard
belongs to the 74th Infantry of Han?
over. The st****y of his experience is
interesting. He was wounded at Lt?t-e
on August 5. His company was prac?
tically wiped out. He, with thirteen
other wounded Germans, was taken *o
a Belgian hospital aitd remained there
tive or six days, until the Germana oc
cupied the town.
While he ?ran in the hospital the
wife of the e'oetor told the wounded
wmil^mimmnmmn^ns^^^*'-^-esf^jfS*YTW ? . ~^*in?**1**??'??^--?e?Ta??BL1|M
a?ataaaf *^?mMk> &**?+ e*W <*V ?f> JL Aje*
?? m m flfllL-awk?WE I1! Jfc Ar MlT
C#56-V56?5 **? 5?5? aWftfc JW ttttf,*?* ?46!? ?no ?V?7^
Preparations and preliminary
displays have given way to *
complete readiness. 1
The mere viewing of fashions has developed
into tlie actual fulfilling of wants.
Six Galleries de luxe are rep'ete with the most
exquisite apparel that woman's fancy could de?
mand?embracing practically every mode of the
The tailored styles are particularly noted for
their smartness of line-? their quality of
fabric, and that indescribable refinement of
detail?an ensemble totally distinguished from
the ordinary and highly appreciated by the
woman who closely observes the highest stand?
ards of discriminate dressing.
Pirtkular attention bang directed Us the untitual Tailleur Sutfs at $5t, f?i
and *75, including fur-trimmed efeet*.
In Costumes Tsilleuf (or callan and afternoon wear, of doth, ?rer-et. at or
Mtio, at $65, $95. $125.
In Costs introducin? the new Eajlish Hasser snd Crt-s-adier nylr , u weO ?
Ruisian and circular eiedi, at $45 and $58 ; or Far-trimmed Coats at $65
AXSO EMPHASI^NG OUR
Very notable showing of Gowns, Wraps and
Dresses for various functions of the Fall and
Winter Season, and
Exceptional Displays of
burs ????? Millinery
! Germans that if anything happened i
her brother, who was a soldier in tl
1 elgian army, she would poison all <
them. After this threat the wound?
j men were afraid to tat anything ar
I would only drink the water that the
saw come from the faucets. Wh?
1 they were found by the Germans the
were like skeletons, and even yestei
day when I saw young Koecher he w?
?frail and emaciated.
A young girl using a telephone i
Dclhain was directing the fire of th
! Li?ge artillery. She woulel observ
how the shells were striking and woul
then telephone to a friend in Lieg?
?and this friend would report to th
; forts. After the interval necessary io
| the messenger to report, the rang
i would be corrected nnd the next she!
would strike the target and kill man
Admit Executing Girl.
The loss of life to the Germans wa
1 great in consequence of the girl's ac
| tivitica at the telephone, but the gir!
?when discovered, had to pay wuh he
i life. She was executed. A Bclgia
?doctor who had been using carne
pigeons for he same purpose was exe
cuted when discovered.
To return to our adventures on th
French frontier, from which I digressed
?We continued our way toward Mau
I beuge, only a few miles away, hopini
i to arrive before nightfall at a spo
? from which we might see the setloi
I which we were now hearing so dis
, tinctly Wc drove through Haute
Wiheries, the ecenc of a furious Ugh
! two days before, and continued on til
we reached a little wayside tavern ii
a depression between two hills. Hen
we were regirded with suspicion, an?
! the; proprietor, a Belgian, maintaia?.d :
j sullen reserve.
We went in and sat down and toi?
i him what we were. His family an?
i one or two silent men regarded ui
I silently. They refused to thaw out
j Their nerves were still shaken by th?
I stirring events they had recently seen
i The inn was between the French ant
j the German artillery and shells ha?
screamed over it. By turns they ha<
I been receiving French, English am
j German soldiers, so that they found ii
I hard to adjust themselves so quickly t<
\ the change.
When we arrived they thought w<
were Englishmen, und our profession*
of Americanism apparently seemed not
to be convincing. For a quarter of ar
hi.ur we remained there, trying to ??e-t
information. The French were only
two or three miles to the south, across
the border, whil the Germans were oft
to the southeastward, at Beaumont, ot
near it. The Germans were apparently
trying to swing in behind Maubeuge,
where the German artillery was shell
in;,' the forts.
When we left the inn wc went on
toward Maubeuge. It was evident we
were out of German territory, for we
saw none of them. A Belgian boy
riding a wheel and wearing a long black
cape caught up with us as we entered
the town of Sobre-sur-Sam*bre, where
our appearance created a great impres?
sion. A crowd followed us and Hwarmed
about us when we stopped to have one
of the bicycles repaired.
Here we had a long discussion. A
Belgian said he had seen acopy of
"Le Matin" the day before, and that
it said America had sent an ultimatum
to Germany demanding that the Ger?
mans leave Belgian soil w thin twenty
four hours. A tall, imposing looking
man was introduced to us. Ik- was
the Burgomaster of the town, and he
struck me as being a conservative,
unemotional man of considerable dis?
tinction of manner. He sa?d he had
heard of the copy of "Le Msntiii," but
had not seen it.
We asked the Burgomaster about
the stories of German atrocities and
the brutality of German soldiers, and
he said he thought the stories were
very much exaggerated. He had heard
of one civilan being killed by the
soldiers, and when we questioned him
further it proved to be the man we
had heard of in Merbes-Ie-Chateau.
The Burgomaster knew of no other
Beaumont was twelve kilometers
??.way and Maubeuge about fourteen
kilometers. A broad road led to Beau?
mont, so we decided to go to Beau?
mont, near where a great battle might
be expected, and if we failed to see
one there we nvght still be able to
return to Maubeuge, where the light?
ing' would surely continue for uome I
It was a fatal decision, for it led us !
into no end of trouble. If wo had !
taken the road to Maubeuge tee might,
have seen far more and might still
be with the German army, instead of
here in Aix-la-Chappelle, where we j
were ?*?nt in custody of armed guards
after having been prisoners in Beau- '
mont for three dayr.
You can see the beat!
"movies" free. Read
about it on Page 1
WAR CLOUD HANGS
LOW OVER ITALY
New Ambassador Denies MoM
lization, but Others on
Liner Tell of It.
The Italian steamship Dues d'Aastt.
from Genoa, which docked 1st? ItAt
night, brought to port conflirtisi
stories regarding the position of Ksl**
in the European war. There -"?***
many among her 144 saloon psiuM**?
who were confident that Italy aetji
become involved*?within two or ttaW
weeks, and that she was prepannf iar
action with unusuul energy.
Count Vincenzo Macchi di Cell?**?.
the newly appointed Ambassador tras
Italy to tine United States, cams ettt
on the Duca d'Aosta, accompanied *1
his wife a:ui daughter. He d?niai Hit
Italy was mobilizing and declared eat
she was and would continue ta 9t
"Italy is certainly neutral nos*," A*
said, "and while I car.nol msk? AV
forecasts I believe she will rem?is ??
There has been no offensive nsobilha
tion. The country has aswM?
troops in certain pluo>?J for proUttJ*
only, but it was done merely a< a oat
ter of prudence."
The count said he had been in ?*?
country ten years ago, as charf? tv
faires with Atnbassadur May?' eSt
Planches, and had been promot?*? 1*
his recent post as Italy's reprtntl?
tive at Buenos Ayrcs.
Dr. .lohn S. Tanner, of thin ??'."?!*?
returned with his wife and his am?.
Miss Rhoda Tanner, said he ws? ?*?
lident that Italy would enter the **?
if she was unable to get ci-rtsin a*?*a*****
tcry and ports fi',. ? Austria tStSW
conciliatory means. .
"The troops are mobilizing '???S
in every sense of the word," s*?-'' r
Tanner. "The country is extremely*
tivo in this ?lirection and sh? Stem
business. The work 1? iroing os ?f?"
tematically and vigorously, ?nd^aaj*?'
ter where you go in the kintoSM'
night you can see the entrsioiDC te*
movement of troops The P*i>f'*t\
for war, and everywhere tb?y **??
intense feeling of sympathy lot ?**"?
An Italian close to Ambassador *?
chi di Gellere said that, while i**??
pie are anxious for war, in ?**'.*W*|L?.
assisting the allied armiei, ?' g.
enment is opposed to war, an?. *ssw
the people, is going to keep 00;MnL
Among the passengers on tne -*T
d'Aosta were Pietro TroubeUW?^,
artist, and his wife; .'solo <?? ?3s
Ethan Stanley. Mrs. Cecil Hsrt, *?*?
Smith and Mrs. Edit,' 3 i dealt.
OUT OF CERHAIh
London. Sept. 26.-"h? ?ti?yC
London, Sept. 26.-~M iw\\\SJk\
ernment is daily making "*J\:gny
t arer as to what is regards? ??,;
traband of war. Food tu"',/?!-Jr
to neutial countries accessiMt ?p
many will not bo peri.itted ?T^
unless the govermr snts a-.su""-* *??&.
tl. .t the food is not *^M*,^g*0
...i.ny and not intend? : to twftsm ?*?*
supplies destined 'or ^'^7.^ga*
lund. however, desire? that ?Xrf
c intries shall have an aaV<l--?w
supply for their own peopl*-_
OVER AU FLAN*?1*
London, -Sept. 26.-The <4^H
ship which on Thursday .?t?*m\zE\\\\\K
bombs on Ostend cruised. ???^JTj-kf
the "Volka Zeitung," at C#*-JF
the whole profince of FT***??*?<jJ(
Washington, Sept. *-?2?fftt |
four bombs on Ostend by ?f?*?5#
?hips waa reported tod?*/ '"jSj
dispatches. The incident. U *"?
the same as wa? reported ira? ?