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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 01, 1914, Image 1

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Vol LXXIV....XO. 24,791.
? ?P.trltht. lit?.
B.? Th* Irll.unf AMxx-latton.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY. OCTOBER 1. lilt
? * ?
PRICE ONE CENTto^*n,^H^^?^
Germans Prepare to Retreat on Right;
Centre Holds; Invaders Bombard Antwerp;
American Copper in Dutch Ships Seized
BELGIANS, RALLYING,
BEAT GERMANS BACK
AND RETAKE MALINES
Kaiser's Forces, Renewing Bombardment
of Lierre, Shell Church and Convent
?Four Women Among Wounded.
ATTACK BEGUN ON ANTWERP FORTS
Outer Ring of City's Defences Under Heavy Fire,
with Foe Bringing Up Batteries
of Siege Guns.
London? Sept 30.?"Malines has been reoccupied by the
Belgians/' says the Antwerp correspondent of Reuter's Telegram
Company. His dispatch continues:
'The German* to-day renewed the bombardment of Lierre
(a manufacturing town nine miles southeast of Antwerp) and
Hey?t-Op-Den-Berg (a town near Lierre). In Lierre the tower of
the Church of St. Gommarius, the Convent of the Blanc Sisters and
tome houses have been struck by shells and four women have been
wounded. Most of this district has been completely deserted by
the civilian population.
Jlic Church of St. Gommarius, one of the finest late-Gothic
in Belgium, was begun in 14J5 and completed in 1527.
it was restored. Thrfe of its fine stained gla^x windows
ted by the Emperor Maximilian.
The Germans have begun an attack on the outer forts of
Antwerp. For two days they have been shelling frrts Waelhem
sad Wavre-St Catherine, which cover the road from Malines to
Antwerp. Behind Waelhem are the waterworks that supply Ant?
werp, but even the destruction of these would not be fatal to the
fortress, as a good supply of water has been provided for from
other sources.
OFFICIAL REPORTS DIFFER.
Concerning the progress of this attack, the official reports
g?re widely different accounts. The Belgians say that the German
attempts to advance have been repulsed and that their shells have
had no effect on the forts. On their part the Germans declare
that the Belgian sorties have been driven back. It probably will
he some days yet before the Germans bring the full force of their
?rtillery to bear, and not until then can it be judged whether the
forts can stand the fire of the big modern siege guns.
An official statement issued by the Belgian General Staff at
Antwerp to-day says:
"A vigorous German bombardment of forts Waelhem, Wavre
fed St Catherine, which was continued throughout the night,
?bated at 8 o'clock this morning. The assailants did not succeed
?a silencing the guns of the Belgian forts nor in any way lowering
'he morale of the garrisons of the forts.
44At no point did the German infantry dare to move against
our first lines of defence. Only one attempt was directed against
forts Liezele and Breedonk. Our troops, holding positions between
these works, allowed the enemy to advance until they were within
dose range, when the artillery and infantry, working in a remark?
able combination, showered the attacking column with a hail of
projectiles and bullets, which threw their ranks into disorder and
compelled a precipitate retreat.
BELGIANS RETAIN CONFIDENCE.
"This attempt cost the Germans dearly and was not repeated.
In short, the events of the day confirm the confidence of Belgians
<n the power of resistance of their national redoubt"
A Reuter dispatch from Amsterdam says that the "Telegraaf"
hu received this message from Antwerp :
"From various points the garrison made sorties and repulsed
Ae Germans, with heavy losses. The bombardment of forts
Wselhe mand St. Catherine by the Germans continues. A single
?Hack has been delivered by the Germans on forts Liezele and
fceedonk."
A Central News dispatch from Antwerp says: "The Germans
bombarded Alost and set the town afire. Fierce fighting is raging
st various points along the whole line."
The Ghent, Belgium, correspondent of 'The Daily News,"
? ? dispatch dated Monday, asserts that by order of the military
?"thorites Alost was completely evacuated by the civilian popu?
lation before the Germans took possession of the place on Monday.
ALOST A VAST SEPULCHRE.
"When the Germans entered Alost to-day it was as quiet as
? ?epulchre," says the dispatch. "The German advance guard
?Ottnd the doors of all the houses open, all food in the larders ready
te be eaten, all wine ready to be drunk?everything that tho army
COttW desire to satisfy its wants?but the occupants of the houses
**re musing.
"Imperative orders came Sunday night for every person in
tost and surrounding villages to leave on Monday morning for
*??? To-day as far as the eye could see the broad highway
CoBttaord un p??e 2. coJuir.? 4
GERMANY SAYS MILLION
HAVE VOLUNTEERED
[By oabl? to The Tribu?., l
Bern?, Sept. 30.?II in asserted by
Germany that 1,000,000 men hsvt
volunteered for service in the army.
Some of the men are very old, and
that ?ome serving in the ranks are
almost children is proved bv the
"Berliner Tageblatt" of September
25, which proudly notes the pres?
ence in the 3d Regiment of Foot
guards of a boy fourteen and a half
I years old.
KAISER'S ORDER, "CRUSH
: CONTEMPTIBLE ENGLISH"
London, Oct. I.?"The Times to-day
says that it Is able to give from a thor?
oughly trustworthy source the text of
an order issued by Emperor William to
his army on August 11?. It follows:
"It is my royal and imperial com?
mand that you concentrate your en?
ergies for the immediate present upon
one single purpose, and that is that you
address all vnur skill and all the valor
i?f my soldiers to exterminate first the
treacherous English and walk over Gen?
eral French's contemptible little army."
RUMANIANS DEAF
TO PLEA OF KING
- _j_
Charles, Who Wished to|
Aid Kaiser, Rebuffed
by His Cabinet.
London. Sept 30. -The Rome eorre
bpondent of the Excnange Telegraph
Company reports that a message re?
ceived at Rome from Bucharest says
that King Charles has summoned the j
Cabinet in special session ??-morrow to
decide the attitude of Rumania toward
the war.
Paris-, Sept. I'.O. - According to a
Bucharest dispatch publihhed in "Le
Journal des D?bats," Germany count?
ed on the intervention of Rumania, lut
when King Charles asked the Cabinet
to order a mobilization of the army
one of the Ministers replied: "We are
quite willing if it is against Austria."
King Chati*! turned to him and
said: "I gave my word to Emperor
William, and a Hohenzollern keeps his
word."
J. J. C. Bratiano, the President of
the Council, here interposed, saying:
"The country knowc no Hohenzollern.
it knows only the King of Rumania,
who does not have to give hia word to
any one whatsoever."
King Chariot then decided to call a
Council of the Crown, with the former
Ministers in attendance, but only one
sided with him in favor of Germany.
It is then reported that the King ap?
plied to General Averesca to trv a
coup d'etat and arrest the Ministers,
hut he refuted, saying: "Sire, you will
be the first victim "
It is also said that some superior
officers declared they vould desert
and join the Russian army rather than
tight for Austria.
?
GOSCHEN DISMISSED
HIS GERMAN COOK
"Lokalanzeiger" Says Her Dis- (
missal Proves England
Wanted War.
By J. VAN HER BRUNA.
(Special Correepondent of The N?"r Tork
Tribune und "London t?tanoar'J " 1
Amsterdam, Sept 30. The Berlin
"Lokalanzeiger" has published an edi?
torial on the causes of the war, in
which it offers as proof of England's
culpability the discharge of Sir Edward
Goschen's cook. The "Lokalanreigcr
"As incontestable proof that England
wanted war all time the time and was
secretly preparing for it long before i
the crisis occurred may be cited the
fact that the British Ambassador du- ?
missed his female German cook on July
30, five days before war was declared, i
while telephonic and other negotiations )
were being conducted between Sir hd- :
ward Grey and Ambassador Lichnowsky !
and whil<? England pretended to the
outside -.vor^d that she was interested
in the preservation of peace
"The British Ambassador in Berlin
evidently was quite dear about it all
ending in hostilities, as is evidenced by
the fact in connection with the dis?
charging of his cook, above mentioned.
We only regret that five valuable
i days. i. e., from the moment the cook ,
! was dismissed until the moment of the
declaration of war, were lost in futile
pourparlers. The famous cook has now
become a great historic personality
constituting, as ?he does, the most im
portant landmark in the history of th*
world." ? _
RUSSIAN INSTITUTE
GETS KAISER'S STUD
London, Sept. 10.?A dispatch to
"The Star" from Petrograd says that
among the remarkable war trophies
a.riving at Smolensk is the entire
stock of Emperor William's famous
pedigreed cattle and stud h 'raes capt?
ured by the Russians frcm the Em- '
pcror's estate at Rominten, in Kbit
I'russia. They were taken to Moscow
".rd presented to the Russian Agri- j
cultural Instituto for distribution toj
agricultural breeding associations. J
CZAR PUSHES
GERMANSBACK
ON FRONTIER
invaders in Retreat After
Vain Attempt to Cross
the Niemen.
FLANK ATTACKED
BY THE RUSSIANS
Enemy Evidently Prepar?
ing for Active Opera?
tions in Silesia.
TO TREAT CRACOW
SAME AS PRZEMYSL
Muscovites Purpose to Mask
the Fortress and Continue
Westward March.
I By Cabio to Tho Tribune. 1
Petrograd, Sept. 30. -West of Grodno
lies the big pine forest of Autustovo,
twenty-four miles long and thirty-five
miles broad, intersected by a canal
connecting the River Niemen with tho
River Vistula, and studded with
islands. Through this comfortless for?
est in rainy, chilly and sloppy weather :
the Germans, who the other day tried !
to force a passage of the Niemen '
northwest of Terodno are ' retiring,
while the Russians are advancing, at?
tacking the Germuns on the flank, ap?
parently with the object of cutting
their communications.
A little further south the German*
are making a frontal attack on the
small fortress of Asvurec, which com?
mands the only negotiable passage
across the swampy Biebrz. So far the
attack has proved unsuccessful at this
point also.
The attempted German advance in a
Fouthwesterly direc1 on has been
checked, but still further south, in >
Silesia, along the frontier of the Pet
rokoff and Kalisch governments, in Po?
land, the Germans are greatly
strengthening their forces, and, ac?
cording to a Russian official statement,
are preparing for active operations.
In all this curious shuffling, this
hurried spade work, these marches and
counter-marches of the Germans along
the Polish frontier, a certain plan is
becoming dimly visible. The German
and Austrian armies together consti
tute one big army extending from
Galicia to the Baltic and connected
through Cracow. The left flank of f
this army in Galicia is crumbling under
the unceasing blows of the Russian
battering rams, and the Germans are
apparently trying to neutralize the ef?
fect of tlla" Rassiaa advance from the
southeast by a turning movement on
the Russian rltfht to the north of War?
saw. So far this attempt has failed,
and the reported preparations for ad?
vance in SttesU may be intended to
create a diversion with the object of
facilitating the more northerly move?
ment
In Galicia the Russians havo been
taking fortresses and fortified positions
literally In their stride, while tho Aus
tro-German forces have consistently
failed to utilize to the utmost the
chances offered by possession of these i
fortified lines. In Russia there is a
disposition to attribute this failure to
the presence of Germans with the Aus?
trian forces. The latter everywhere
have fought with a steady bravery that
ha? cost Russians dear, and, like all
Continued on pave ?. column 1
ENGLAND AND
U.SJNDISPUTE
OVER CARGOES
Senate Asks Why Copper
Shipped to Holland Is
Held by British.
BRYAN AT ODDS
WITH SPRING-RICE
Secretary Opposes View
That Such Shipments
Can Be Seized.
LONDON SURE METAL
IS MEANT FOR KRUPP
Holds, Therefore, That Deten
tlon of Dutch Ships Is Legal
?New Precedents Likely.
(From Th* Trib?ne Hureau.J
Washington, Sept. 30.?The relations
of the United States and Great Britain
at this time are in a stage which, while
they may not be called critical, ?re
causing some anxiety among adminis?
tration officials. The condition is due
to the attitude of Great Britain on the
bhipment of copper in American bot?
toms by way of Rotterdam.
It was reportad, heie that two vei- j
veis wer? held, the Rotterdam and the
Potsdam, and that the Rotterdam was
allowed to leave Plymouth after dis?
charging all the copper in her cargo.
Great Fritnin is convinced that
American coppe- shipped to Rotterdam
in neutral bottoms is intended for the
Krupps, ar;d by ti em is to be used in
the manufacture of cannon and projec?
tiles for the German army. The Brit?
ish government has explained to the
Americap Ambassador, Mr. 1'uge, that
it cannot permit copper shipments con?
signed to Holland to pass without con?
fiscation when the opportunity to con?
fiscate comes within the power of the
British authorities.
Sir Edward Grey has pointed out to !
the American Ambassador that Eng?
land did not. sign the so-called Decla?
ration of London, Article 35 of which
declares that "conditional contraband
is not liable to capture, except when
found on board a vessel bound for ter?
ritory belonging to or occupied by the
cnemj, etc.," and that, therefore, Eng?
land does not feel herself bound by
that article.
The so-called "conditional contra?
band" includes such articles as food?
stuff:, forage, grain, etc., clothing,
boots, shoes, gold and silver coin,
bullion, powder, explosives, etc. It is,
however, the shipments of copper to I
whkh Great Britain is particularly
averse, and that government is so be?
cause its military intelligence depart?
ment has informed it that tha copper
consigned to Rotterdam is designed for
the use of the Krupps In the manu?
facture of arms and ammunition to bo
used against British soldiers. Bag
land has, accordingly, informed the De?
partment of State that she will con?
sider herself at liberty to confiscate
such shipments wherever they are dis?
covered.
Following the representations of the
british Foreign Office to the American
Ambassador, Secretary Bryan gave
evidence of a disposition to oppose the
I'ritish contention and to maintain that
shipments by Americans of conditional
contraband to neutral ports must not
be interfered with.
A? if to strengthen the position of
Secretary Eryan, the International
Metals helling Company, of New York,
( ontinued oa page t. column ?
AUSTRO-GERMANS ARE VICTORIOUS,
ARCHDUKE FREDERICK TELLS ARMY
Vienna, Sept. 3ft.?Archduke Frederick of Austria, commander in chief
of the Austrian army, issued to-day the frllowing army order:
"The situation of the Germans and Austrian? is favorable. The Russian
offensive is beginning to break down. We, with the German troops, shall
beat again the enemy already beaten at Krasnik, Zamosc (both towns of Rus?
sian Poland), Inaierburg and Tannenburg. (The laat two places named are in
East Prussia.)
"The German main army, without hindrance, has penetrated deep into
France, where a new and great victory in Imminent.
"In the Balkan theatre we are fighting in the enemy's territory. The
Servian r?sistance is beginning to weaken.
"Internal dUsatlsfaction, insurrections and lack of food threaten our
enemy in ihe rear, while the Dual Monarchy and Germany are united, and
have full confidence of fighting out to the end thia war which was forced
upon us.
?This is the truth about the situation.
?This proclamation most be made known to all oflWrs and men in their
respective mother tongue. ARCHDlKE FREDF.RK K.
DEATH FOR OFFICERS
SUSPECTED OF TREASON
Venice (via Paris), Sept. 30.?
The raptain and all the officers of
the Austrian steamer Radium, char?
tered to carry coal for the Austrian
navy, have been arrested and sum?
marily shot at ( autclnuovo, Dal?
matia, on suspicion that they were
selling information to French war?
ships regarding the position of
minea in the Adriatic.
SWITZERLAND LOSES
ENGLISH PAPERS
JBy Cable to Th? T.tbune.)
London, Sept 30.- A member of the
American Relief Committee here re?
ceived to-day a letter from an Ameri?
can in Lugano asserting that English
papen are being suppressed in
Switzerland, but by order of whom no
one seems to know. It is suspected
that some German news venders have
received word from German authori?
ties to hold up all English papers, if
possible, and there has been a dearth
of English papers since September 7.
The letter says that two German news
vender? in Lugano who used to nell
English papers never have any now.
austmnIunes
arouse italians
More Disasters in Adriatic
Lead to Protest at
Vienna.
[By Cab!? to Tho Tribune.',
Rome, Sept. 30. -Floating mine ac?
cidents in the Adriatic culminated in
great indignation against Austria to?
day when news was received here of
the blowing up of a fishing boat with
all its crew of nine ?near Rimini, Italy,
closely followed by a hitherto uncon?
firmed report that an Italian torpedo
boat has been sunk by one of these '
Austrian devices between Venice and
Comacchio.
Floating mines in the Adriatic, ac?
cording to the announcement made to
??ay, have ulrcady caused nineteen
deaths.
It is recalled that at the time of the :
Italo-Turkish war Austria protested
became a flotilla of torpedo boats, un- '
der command of the Duko of the
Abruzzi, approached th3 eastern coast
of the Adriatic.
The situation has lod the govern?
ment to telegraph ur;;?nt instructions
to the Duke d'Avarna. the ambassa?
dor at Vienna, charging him to draw
the attention of Austria to the fact
that loss of both life and property has
resulted from the appearance on the ;
Italian coast of floating mines which
must have proceeded from Istria and '
Dalmatia, and to ask that adequate
measures be taken to prevent the re- ;
currence of incidents of such gravity, j
Admiral Viale, the Minister of Ma- '
rinu, has been informed that Austrian !
mines arc floating hither and thither
in the Adriatic and that in consequence
the suspension has had to be ordered
of all mail steamers and general navi?
gation until a flotilla of Italian mine
dredgers actually at work have fr^ed
passenger trade routes from these dan?
gers. No fewer than five of these
mines have been fished up near Pesaro.
Experts found them to be exception?
ally destructive.
Details of the fishing boat disaster
off Rimini show that the fishermen mis
the mine for a wine cask, which
ought to recover. Throwing out
a line, they drew the supposed cask
tuward them, and when it touched their
craft an explosion occurred. The boat
was blown to pieces, and all the nine
men on board were killed. Members of
other fishing crews in the vicinity were
wounded by (lying splinters from the
unfortunate fisherman.
Naval experts express the opinion
that hundreds of mines from the Aus?
trian coast arc tluuting toward Italy,
and a3 a consequence all steamship
lines operating to Dalmatia. Montene- ?
gro, Albania and Greece from Italian ''
i ave suspended sailings. Ships
which have been operating between
Italy and Constantinople and other
Black Sea ports have limited their trips
to stops at Salonika and Dedeaghatch.
Seafaring interests demand that the
government require prompt and thor?
ough satisfaction from Austria.
Meetings were held to-day by the
various Italian Parliamentary groups
to discuss the general situation. Reso?
lutions were passed at all the gather?
ing* substantially approving the atti?
tude of the govern lient on condition
that its neutrality snail mean the sure
protection of Italian interests.
Venice (via Paris i, Sept. 30.?The
Rumanian sailing ship Maria struck an
Austrian mine and sank off Istria, in
the Adriatic, Monday. Only one of the
crew was saved.
RENAMES HIS PAPER
AND EVADES CENSOR
Toulouse, Sept. 30.?Former Premier
George.-i Clemenceau has succeeded in
evading the suspension order against
his newspaper, "L'Homme Lien
changing the name to "L'Hommo En?
cha?n?" (The Man in Chains).
The paper was published as usual to?
day.
FRENCH SWING BOTH
WINGS OF ENEMY IN
TOWARD ITS CENTRE
Part of General von Kluck's Force Re*
ported Cut Off and Trapped in
Quarries at Lassigny.
BOTH MIDDLE ARMIES STAND FAST
Military Observers Forecast Line of Retreat Through
Rethe!?Official Communications Make Con?
servative Claims Concerning Battle.
London, Oct. 1, 3:25 A. M.?A Rotterdam dispatch to 'Th?
Daily News" says:
"Dispatches from the south indicate that preparations for
the retreat of the German right have already begun. German
troops have been observed coming from the north of France tow?
ard Tournai and Mons, prepared to cover the main army in case
of retreat."
Mons, which was General von Kluck's headquarters, was re?
ported in flames on Tuesday. To-day's message received from
Flanders states that the Germans have fired part of Tournai, de?
manded a war fine of two million francs and taken notables of the
town as hostages.
A dispatch from Ghent to "The Daily Express," dated
Wednesday, declares that the Germans have built five heavy pon?
toon bridges across tie "River Meuse between Givet and Namur,
apparently for the purpose of facilitating their retirement from
France. All their wounded, the dispatch says, have been removed
from Brussels.
Paris, Sept 30.?Dispatches from the battle front on this, th?
nineteenth day of continued desperate fighting along the 150-mile
front from the Somme to the Moselle, add sufficient to the some?
what meagre official reporta to indicate that the Germans are re?
ceding before a sustained pushing from the allied armies, especially
on the eastern and western wings. The centre, where the Germana
are most strongly intrenched with heavy artillery, remains almost
stationary.
To-night's official announcement, which follows, conspicu?
ously avoids mention of the fighting on the allied left :
"The general situation is satisfactory. There has been no
change of any account on the front, except to the south of thei
Woevre, where we have occupied Seicheprey and advanced as far
as the slopes to Rupt de Mad."
FLANKING MOVEMENT CONTINUES.
This afternoon's communication, confirming in considerable
measure the more optimistic statements of the unofficial dispatches,
says:
"First?On our left wing, north of the Somme, the action
continues to develop rapidly more and more toward the north.
Between the Oise and the Aisne the enemy has delivered a vigorous
attack on Tracy-le-Mont. To the northeast of the Forest of Aigue
the Germans have been repulsed, with heavy losses.
"Second?On the centre there is relative calm along the en?
tire front, which extends from Rheims to the Meuse. Between the
Argonne and the Meuse we have made slight progress.
"In the Woevre district there have been severe battles. Our
troops have advanced at several points, notably to the east off
Saint-Mihiel.
"On our right wing, in Lorraine and the Vosges, there has
been no change."
GERMAN WINGS FOLDING BACK.
It is generally concluded by French military men that some
important move must soon be made by the Germans, who have
found it impossible to stem the advance of the Allies, though they
opposed the sternest and most desperate resistance, sacrificing
thousands of men daily.
The German wings appear as though folding back on Use
centre, leaving the sole loophole for a backward movement by
way of Rethel.
The Germans' main supply base at Junuille, which is protected
by heavy masses of troops, as it is absolutely essential that this
place should be held for the revictualling of the German armies in
northeastern France, appears to be placed in a precarious situation
with its single line of railroad.
The official report that the action continues to develop to th?
northward indicates that the French left must now be pushing
toward Cambrai, as yesterday it was in the neighborhood off
Albert.
FRENCH FAR TO. NORTH.
Even further north than this the mnclrtsfCatry are -operating,
and last week a German force ?jCth was sent to Orchies, sixteen
miles southeast of L?le, to purj^ranc-tireurs for an alleged at?
tack on a German hospital at that place, met with superior forcea
and had to fall back.
The Germans, too, in their official report received here? ?A*^

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