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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 01, 1914, Image 2

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aft that tfc?y have been unable to arreat th? French advance ?gainst
their figiit*
Although the War Office is very ?paring with it? information.
it ? ?ridant that th? force? which advanced from Tou! to oppose
the Carman? who crossed the Meuse near Saint-Mihiel have suc
oaaded in getting behind th* ?mall contingent of invader? who had
successfully carried out an attempt to bend the French line. Other
efenaive movements by the French between Verdun and Toui
were, however, according to the German report, repulsed.
In Lorraine and in the Vosge? the armies ?ecm to be awaiting
the result of the greater contest going on further west
London. Sept. 30.?A message from Maestricht, according
to a Central News Amsterdam dispatch, says 5,000 Austrian troops
have arrived at Aix-la-Chapelle from France on the way to the
Austro-Russian front
GERMANS IN QUARRIES
HOLD WOMEN AS SHIELD
Invader?, Cut Off by Allies at Lassigny, Drive
Inhabitants Into Their Fortifications?
Surrender Is Expected.
[By Cable to Th( Tribune.]
Paris, Wednesday.?The movement initiated on the Allies' left wing is
assuming even greater proportions, and the Germans, while seeking for a
weak point, have delivered a violent attack at Tracy-le-Mont, ten miles
?theast of Compifgne and five miles southeast of Ribecourt. However,
they have been repu'sed with great losses The situation around St. Mihiel
sppears to have become better. Military opinion here does not seem to
attach great importance to the German diversion on the French right wing.
Towrs and villages from Vic-sur-Aisne round to Pcronne and beyond
being captured and recaptured daily in tht work of turning the Ger?
man flank. The valor and desperation ot ?he Germans in their efforts to
keep out the Allies frequently bring them partial success.
In all that country the fighting of the last week has been of aw ex?
traordinarily violent character, but the general progress of the Allies east?
ward and imsard Is unquestionable. At Lassigny, for example, a German
force, the strength of which could not be learned, has been surrounded
by the French and cut off from the main body. It has taken refuge in
some e.xtensive quarries, and its position no** is very like that of Cronje's
at Paar^eburg. These quarries, which are of an unusual nature, were of
German ownership, so that every yard of their intricate workings is known
to the Germans. Their long subterranean galleries are artificially lighted.
The careful Germans, when they saw retreat was impossible, drove
into the refuge thousands of inhabitants, mainly women and children. The
uves of these pr,or creatures now act as a shield for the German soldiery,
but as the French troops surround the position and the French artillery is
shelling the German guns and trenches, nothing but a miracle can save
that imprisoned section of the German force. In the end it must surrender.
BELGIUM ACTED
ON HER INITIATIVE
British Under Secretary
Denies That England
Provoked Resistance.
London, Sept. SO. -In an interview
with the correspondent of a Copen- I
hagen paper, Francis Dyke Acland,
U der Secretary of State for Foreign
Affair?, refuted to-day certain state
menta made by the German Foreign i
Secretary, Herr von Jagow, to the ef- ]
feet that "England had provoked poor
Belgium to make resistance."
"This leaves it to be inferred," s*id
Mr. Acland, "that Belgium, if unpro?
voked, would really have allowed her- )
self to be trampled upon. It might |
have been thought that the nature o? j
the resistance offered by Belgium
would be enough to prevent such h
libel on a gallant foe.
"An official statement issued this
week by the Belgian government con?
clusively proves that no provocation
from England or an;; other country
was needed to make Belgium maintain
her right?. The Belgian government at
the time of the Agadir crisis did not j
hesitate to warn the corps diplo- j
matiqu.: in Brussels, in terms which
could not be misunderstood, of its in?
tention to compel respect for the neu?
trality of Belgium by every means at
its disposal."
The Under Secretary calls attention
to Herr von Jagow's statement tha*
Germany did not violate Belgium's neu?
trality until the night of August ;i-i.
But on August U Sir Edward Grey,
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,
promised the French Ambassador the
full support of the British fleet if the
German fleet attacked thn French
coast.
"The German minister," comment*
Mr. Acland. "suppresses the "acts that
on July 31 Sir Edward Grey ?ad asked
the French and German governments
if they were prepared to eng ige to re?
spect the neutrality of Belgium, that
France immediately gave the required
?engagement, that Herr von Jagow said
he could not answer, and that the an?
swer ultimately received was 'N'o.'"
czarTushes
germans back
Oeatlnned free* pa??" t
courageous foes, the Austrians have
won the entire respect of the Russian?
who bave been opposed to them in the
field. Letters from the Austrian front
received here express this feeling most
warmly, but there are no similar utter?
ances from those who have been en?
gaged against the Germ*
That the Germans, having lost their
war machines, are no longer fighting
men is a conclusion which has some
significance, now that Russian suc?
cesses have cut off the motive power
?or the majority of Germany'*, lighting
engines. One of the principal re?ultt>
attained by the Russian raid into Hun?
gary, across the Carpathians, is the
cutting off of the last possible source?
of supply io Germany of mineral oils,
without which Zeppelins, aeroplanes,
armored motor ~*rs and big gun trac?
tion engine? become pieces ?fold iron
?nd the German soldier a negligible
quantity. The Austrians met the Rus?
sian bayonet charges boldly on many
occasions?the Germsns never.
London, Sept SO.?The fighting along
the East Prussian frontier, in which
the Russians have been successful in
extending their front ICO versts (99
miles), has resulted in the repulse of
all the German attempts to force a
passage of the River Niemen, according
to a Beuter dispatch from Petrograd.
I Galicia the Russian? have crossed
the country in great parallel line?, and,
masking Przemysl, have ?wept the ter?
ritory elear as far as a line drawn
from Douklo. in the south, to the
neighborhood of Rzersow, in the north,
while other forces have pushed their
vay through the passes of the Car?
pathians into Hungary.
The Russians have only to gb a lit?
tle further to get possession of the
railway that runs from Sendee,
through the mountains to Lublau, and I
tbenc? through the heart of the coun-1
try to Budapest If they accomplish
!Vl wy wl?l be *bU t0 J?iu h?n(l8
with the army ?rhich is approaching
^nvcew. According to Petrograd corre
vpoudenU, they intend to treat Cracow
as they did Przemysl and continue
their march in Silesia.
[By Cable to The Tribune.!
Rome, Sept. 30.?The Russian Am- ?
bassador gives out the news that th?"
Russians have surrounded an Austrian
army near Douklo and have captunl
all the food, ammunition and war sup?
plies, with 500 military automobile?,
which the enemy was carrying back on
its retreat.
LONDON SEES HOPE
IN MEAGRE NEWS
Official Bulletins of Bat'l" ?
Satisfactory to MM>
tary Experts.
(Dy Cable to The Tribune. 1
London, Oct. 1.?Although expecta?
tions, rife in both Paris and Loidon
yesterday of decisive news from the
French battle front are not yet ful?
filled, the official bulletins are still re?
garded in competent quarters here as
satisfactory. The German army which ,
crossed the Meuse between Verdun
and Tout seems to have made no prog
! reas and the uneasiness which was at
one time felt over this apparent pierc
! ing of the Allied line has now disap
! peared in the belief that the Allies i
I have strongly corked up the hole made '
at St. Mihiel.
In the west progress Is reported in
i the extension ot the flanking movement,
though sensational reports from Paris
j that the German right had been broken
| and that von Kluck was thinking of
| surrendering evidently outran the fart.-.
i London does not withhold admiration '
i of the skill and resource with which ',
? the Germans changed front to meet ;
I the danger on their right wing. 'The
. Daily Chronicle" says:
"They may have been to some extent I
i prepared, but they must possess an ad- I
! mirably organized and capably adminis- i
i tered system of supply and transport
to enable their army corps to face
j around, to be heavily reinforced from
distant parts of the line and to be sup
j plied with all requirements to sustain
a great and vital contest."
In Belgium the German siege opera?
tions against Antwerp are undoubted
I li necessitated primarily by the fact
that the place is a standing danger to
their line of communications. After
the reduction of Namur and Maubeuge,
the hope that the Antwerp forts can
resist the big Germun howitzers is
small, and one fort is already report?
ed destroyed.
CRUISER CAPTURES
10 GERMAN SHIPS
One of Them the Gunboat
Soden ? Scene Near
Cameroon River.
(By Central News)
London, Sept. 30. -The Secretary of
the Admiralty announced to-night "that
! the armored cruiser Cumberland has
; captured the following vessels off the |
? Cameroon River:
The Max Brock, the Renata Amsinck, ?
I the Paul Voerman, the Erma Woer
I mann, the Henriette Woermann, the
j Alline Woermann, the Hans Woermann
I and the Jeannette Woerrnann, all of >
I the Woermann Line; the Arnfried, of '
I the Hamburg-American Line, and the
gunboat Soden.
The merchant vessels captured have
a total tonnage of 30,915. They con?
tained general outward and homeward
bound cargoes, including a large
amount of coal.
The Woermann Line is one of the
principal steamship lines of Hamburg.
It has a fleet of forty-two vessels.
The German floating dock Hertzogin
Elisabeth, which was sunk, can be
raised, it b believed.
The Cumberland is an armored
cruiser of 9,800 tons displacement, 440
feet length and 22,000 horsepower. She
was built in Glasgow in 1904, at a cost
of about $3,000.000. Her speed is near?
ly 'J4 knots an hour. She has two tor?
pedo tubes and carries fourteen 6-inch,
eight 12-rounder and five 3-pounder
guns. Her usual complement of offi?
cers and men is 537.
BERLIN REPORTS
FRENCH ADVANCES
War Office Admits Suc?
cessful Operations at
Verdun and Toul.
ANTWERP'S FORTS
AGAIN UNDER FIRE
Officials Say British Disregard
of Holland's Neutrality Has
Aroused the Dutch.
Berlin, Sept. 30 (Via London) A
report given out at army headquarters
to-day says:
"Ther^ hn.s been general fighting on
our right wing in France, bu? nothing
decisive. Th<> centre is quiet. Thy
French advances in the vicinity of Vit
dun and Toul have been renewed."
A Beutet dispatch from Berlin, com
iiifc by way of Amsterdam, says tha*.
the headquarterr. of thr German Gen
oral Staff made the following ofnch'l
statement last night:
"On our right wing in Franc?
eistve battles have occurred. TV I
the Ois? and the Meine it is generally
quiet. The army operating against the
forts on the Meuse was repulid.
"The French have made a new as?
sault al< ng the line from Verdun t >
Toul.
"Our siege artillery has opened Am
on the forts of Antwerp. The assault
of the Belgian forces against ta<
tacking line has been repulsed.
"In the eastern theatre of the wHr
the Russian assaults in the government
of Suwalki failed. Heavy artillery
yesterday began a bombardment
against the for* of Ossonrence."
No official news from the western
battle ground ha* been received hero
since last nifht. The newspapers have
not been informed by their correspond?
ents regarding the great general en?
gagement which is progressing, and
the details are not known here.
Archduke Frederick of Austria, com?
mander in chief of the Austrian forces,
in army orders to-day declared that h
new and great victory was imminent lu
the western camp of the Germans, ac
cordin? to dispatches received here
from Vienna.
Berlin, Sept. 30 (bv wireless to Say
ville, Long Island!.?Reports made pub?
lic here from Constantinople declare
that owing to the bellicose attitude of
British warships cruising near the Dar?
danelles Turkey has closed this water?
way.
The ppople of Holland arc described
in Berlin as excited by the repeated
capture of Netherlands ships by the
British. The "Rotterdamsche Courant"
declares that Great Br'tain is allowing
utter disregard of the riehts of neutral
state?. It says the Netherlands steam?
er Sophie, from Rotterdam for New
York, was captuied by British warship
in the channel and taken into Lowes
toft.
The British Minister at The Hague,
it is related here, has admitted that a
British aviator flying over the Hutch,
i.nd therefore neutral, town of Maas?
tricht dropped a bomb.
A story has been given out in Berlin
to the effect that Colonel Gordon and
Lieutenant Colonel Neish, British of?
ficers attached to the Gordon High?
landers, and now prisoners of war In
the hands of the Germans, confessed
in the course of an official examination
that the British government had sup?
plied them dum-dum bullets for use In
automatic revolvers.
Albert Eallin, director general of the
?amburg-Am?rican steamship line, has
Dublished an article in the "Hamburger
"'achrichtcn," in which he declare?
iat the British money market will be
? .iscredited by the moratorium for ?
'opg time to come. Continuing, he
says that the cutting of the German
cable by the British and the "stupend?
ous lies of the English and French
r.ews agencies have produced a mora?
torium of truth for the world over?
seas."
Berlin (via London), Sept. 30.?Two
cigarette factories in Germany?the
Jusmatzi concern, at Dresden, and tht
Halscrari factory, at Baden-Baden,
owned by the Anglo-American tobacco
combine, have nun placed under gov?
ernment control for the reason that <?
majority of the capital is held in Eng?
land.
According to the "Lokalanzciger,"
Prince Franz, son of the King of Ba?
varia, who has the rank of major gen
tral and is in command of the -d
Bavariun Regiment, has been slightly
wounded in the thigh. He is now on
his way to Miirich.
Prince William of Hoheprollern,
whose daughter is the wife of Manuel,
former King of Portugal, has been
decorated with the Order of the Iron
Cross, first and second class.
London, Sept. 30.?An official state?
ment issued in Berlin to-aay and re?
ceived here by wireless follows:
"The Russians in trying to cross the
Carpathians in small columns and break
through into Hungary have been re?
pulsed everywhere. As these troops
, are operating a great distance from the
? main theatre of war, their man?uvres
j are unimportant, but if the intention
I was to create disquiet among the Hun?
garian population it has been entirely
; frustrated.
"As the result of new operations
commenced by the united German-'
Austro-Hungarian forces the enemy on
both sides of Weichsel (in Silesia on
, the Vistula! has retreated. Strong
i bodies of Russian cavalry have been
? dispersed near Diecr (Galicia), while
i to tho north of Weichsel several di
! visions of the enemj's cavalry have
I been driven in front of the German
j army."
SPECTACLE PITIFUL
, AS BELGIANS FLEE
| Cripples Beg Help During
Rush from Alost?-Foes
Seemed Omnipresent.
[By Cable to The Tribun-. |
Ghent, Sept. 30.?The flight of the
inhabitants from Alost would have
been without a parallel in the history
of Belgium if that history had not
been so painfully built up during the
last two months. Aged people and
young women and children were to be
?een down on their knees begging from
those in overfilled conveyances to be
given, a lift.
One could see lame people pressing
on with frantic, pained speed for fear
the Germans might catch up. Thirty
thousand of these homeless people have
bun accommodated in Ghent, in the
Leopold Park, bur they hardly hope
their journeys are ended, for the Ger?
mans are here and there and every?
where. Alost to-day is held by neither
Belgian? nor Germans. Part of the
town is burned to the ground.
The latest news is that two compa?
nies of Belgians reconnoitring found
the town empty with the exception of
a few drunken Germans, whom they
took prisoners. Always the invaders
raid the wine cellars.
The Germans are beginning the
?iege of Antwe-p la earnest. The B<1
Hre everywhere flooding the j
country against the German advance, j
ND ITS ENVIRONS.
Showing Malines, retaken by Belgians, and Lierre, where Germane
have renewed bombardment.
??ELGIANS RALLYING,
RETAKE MALINES
' utd from page I
teemed with painfully moving people, and here to-night ?re many
thousands of them herded on straw in the Palais de fetes."
The cv respondent of "The Daily Chronicle" with the Bel?
gians, writing under yesterday's date, estimates that nearly 150,000
troops are engaged in a desperate battle along a line extending
from Termonde to Aerschot.
'This battle," the correspondent says, "appears to be the last
effort on both sides. Belgian resistance in the face of the superior
German artillery is really magnificent.'*
A dispatch to the Central News ?from Amsterdam says that
refugees arrived from Ghent report that Belgian forces marching
on Brussels are in contact with the Germans.
The following official dispatch has been received by wireless
from Berlin:
"The German Military Governor of Brussels has announced
the arrest of Burgomaster Max by public poster, as follows:
" 'I have found myself obliged to suspend Burgomaster Max
from his office on account of his irreconcilable attitude. He is
now in honorable custody in a fortress.' "
A Reuter dispatch from Amsterdam states that a telegram
from Brussels, reaching Amsterdam by way of Berlin, says :
"In the battle around Malines the German ? tillery was in?
itructed not to bombard the town, in order to spare the cathedral.
The Belgians themselves threw heavy shells into the town from
Fort Waelhem.
"The commander of the German troops around A werp an?
nounces his readiness to make the following agr ment with the
Belgian government and the American and Spaniah ministem:
"If the Belgian military authorities will agree not to use the
monuments of the city and particularly the steeples of the churches
for military purposes, the Germans will spare these monuments so
far as possible while using the high explosive power of modern
shells."
FOES NO LONGER FOES
AS WOUNDED THEY LIE
French Infantryman and British Soldier Help a Stricken
German, and in Turn Are Soon Helped by Officer of
Uhlans?Cyclist's Bravery Saves Reg'ment.
By Alfred J. Horke.
[Sffrlal CoTeerondent of Cintrai Newa.l
Anger?, France, Sept. 30.?Lying in
the military hospital here, recovering
from severe wound?, ia the hero of one
' of the most wonderful stories of self
sacrifice, patient suffering and bravery
which this war is likely to produce.
He is Jean Berger, an Alsatian pri?
vate in the 2d Regiment of Infantry,
a volunteer, eighteen years old. H
tells nothing himself, but his comrades
relate the following story:
During one of the engagements of
the battle of the Marne, a day of
furious righting was followed by a
night of comparative calm. Berger,
? who had been through the day's awful
j ordeal unscathed, was crossing the
j battlefield covered with British, French
and German dead and wounded, when
he found his own colonel wounded. Ik
started to carry him to the rear, und
was doing so when a wounded British
officer, who said he was a (.trena.lier,
i called that he was thirsty.
Berger removed his chief to a place
? of safety, procured food and a flask
i of wine and returned to the battlefield.
; with the bulleth whittling around him.
He was in the act of raising the
; British officer's head to give him the
; wine when three of his lingers were
i shot away. Benrer, suffering intense
! pain, retained his hold on the flask and
) put it to the Englishman's lips, when
I a second bullet entered hi.-t back and
? came out above his groin.
He fell groaning, and the two wound
ed, Briton and Frenchman, lay side by
' side, when their attention was attract?
ed by a German soldier feebly calling
for a drink. Berger and the English-'
mau managed to drag themselves to
the side of the prostrate German and
to force wine and water down his
i throat. Their etfort was such that
' both fainted. When they recovered
consciousness the German was dead.
The night was far advanced, an<1
they lay on the sodden field until dawn
I vas heralded by the shrieking projec?
tiles telling that the battle had been
resumed. A body of Uhlans rode by
?nd Berger hailed an officer, who dis?
counted, pointed a revolver at him
and asked what he wanted.
Berger replied that he wanted a
(inr.k. The German officer noticed th?
dead body of his fellow countryman,
?fit? the empty French flask beside it,
tell'ng its own noble tale. He wan '
profoundly moved. Kneeling beside
i he wounded men, he gave them each
a drink, saluted them and returned to
his own command, with that in his
u which the tongue could not
g.'"e expression.
The two men ?ay in what was a i
veritable swamp the entire day while
'he battle raged until they saw the ?
uermuns retiring in the afternoon. The !
! exposure was tellii.g on tht English-j
t.an, who was shoving signs of de?
lirium. Berger, despite his own
wounds, pushed, dragged and carried
the Englishman toward the Allies'
lilies, until the Red Cross aids found
them. As the Briton was placed on a
stretcher he asked t-j be taken to the
Frenchman's tide. Ho grasped his
hand.
"If I live I will do the best in my
power to get you the Victoria Cross,"
he said. "If ever a man deserved it,
you do."
Here is another story of the battle?
field, with the positions of the princi?
pal actors reversed:
Picture an expanse of open country
bounded on either side 'iy forest Und.
In the open area behind the trenches
of the French t!ie iermans are Asking
the ait hum and scream with rifle and
mitarilleusc.
In the forest land on the right, un?
known to the enemy, a strong body of
British troops has .aken up its posi?
tion. In the forest land near the Gt r
mun trenches it is believed German In?
fantry and machine guns are hidde.i.
Alon^ the road running past this
section French reinforcements are
marching into the ?inibush. Unless they
are warned they will go to total de?
struction. Who is to wurn them?
Henry Roget, a private in the 5th In?
fantry, tells how the apparently impos?
sible ia accomplished:
"? wrs in the trenches with my com?
panions when I heard the olttcers :on
ferring -nxiously. 'We must signal
them," they said. One of the ?o.diers
began flagging, but he quickly fell a
victin. to German sharpshooters. An?
other shared his fate.
"The itrea of signalling was aban?
doned. The situation seemed hopeless
when suddenly from the trees where
the English were hidden dashed a
khaki-clad cyclist. He went down when
he had only covered a few yards.
"Another went down. Then a third
appeared, riding full speed across the
inferno of lire. With his head bent
low he managed to reach the advanc?
ing French eolumn and deliver his
warning. The French commander <'is
mounted, took from his own tunic the
medal he had won for bravery and
pinned it to the British cyclist's breast.
"It was given to nie, mon camarade,"
he said, "for saving one life. I hive
the honor of presenting it to you for
?aving the live? of hundred?."
ERIN, HOSPITAL
SHIP, AT HAVRE
Havre, Bopt N. Sir Thomas Lip
ton's yacht Krin, which ha? been trans
f >r-ned into a hospital ship, arrived
here to-day. On board the Erin were
the Duchess of Westminster and a
number of nurse?.
BRUSSELS ON BRINK
OF ARMED MUTINY
Hermans, with Their Per?
secutions, Goad Popu?
lace to Desperation.
CITY TO BE BURNED
WHEN RIOTS OCCUR
Mayor's Imprisonment Creates
CHsis?Attack? on Antwerp
Forts Continue.
f Hy Cable to The Tribun? 1
London, cept. 80.?Chafing under the
in'entii nal provocations of the Ger
r ans, the residents of Brussels are
growirg hourly more surly, according
to a courier who reached London to?
day from IBs Belgian eap'tal, which
place he left yesterday morning. He
reports that there have been several
r. Is, and that although the German-?
tl eatcned to shoot the ringleaders
tr, refrained from doing so after
som." deliberatioii
However, the Belgians give ample
(.idence that sooner or later they will
??ise up in arms against the overbearing
enemy In their midst, and i* Is the
hope of the Germans, accord" to the
courier, that they will rio' i large
?scale, for that would give enemy
a lonircd-for reason for setting the
torch to the city
Speaking of this possibility, the
courier
"There will be a? .ir outbreak in
Erusiels in the near f'.ture if the Ger?
man? do not stop their overbearing
tactics, and when that doe? occur the
M will tiro the city. Prominent
Be'gians I have talked with declare it
would be impossible to control the
populace .ihould the provocations con?
tinue, despite the fact that the Bel?
gians know these provocations are all
planned to give an opportunity to de?
stroy tho city on the pretext of a re?
prisal.
"One particular form of provocation
is the marching of Belgian prisonerf.
through the streets of Brussels while
German soldiers taunt them. The in?
carceration of M. Max, the Mayor of
Brussels, certainly has intensified the
Belgian feeling, and when the news of
the torpedoing of three British cruiser:'
leached Brussels no pains were spared
to let the populace know about it, and
the Germans strutted about more of?
fensively than before."
Despite the spirit of braggadocio, th.1
tourier said, the Germans show un?
easiness over the big battle on the
Aisne. It is believed in Brussels that
the Germans really intend making no
great move agaii st Antwerp, although
siege guns now are battering away at
some of the svrrourcding forts.
The courier asserted that the move?
ments in the direction of Antwerp are
looked on more in the nature of engag?
ing the main Belgian forces to keep
them from joining the Allies at this
juncture..
Fully 2,000 Austrian-, with heavy ar
tillery, passed through Brussels a few
days ago. It was said by the courier
that they were on their way to join the
German right wing. English papers
are sollinp in Brussels for 25 franc;
apiece, and the Germans are doing
everything to rrevent their importa
tion.
?
ENGLAND AND U. S.
IN COPPER DISPUTE
Continued from page 1
addressed to Senator Smoot, under
?utc of September 20, a protest against
English interference with shipments of
copper from this country to Rotter?
dam, which communication Mr. Smoot
caused to be inserted in "Tho Record"
of September If,
To-day, at the instance of Senator
Smoot, the Senate passed a resolution
calling on the Secretary of State for
information regarding the interference I
by Great Britain with shipments of,
American copper to Rotterdam. This
is the first controversy which has
arisen regarding shipments of condi?
tional contraband from this country.
.Mr. Bryan is known to be strongly in
sympathy with the Western miners,
whose interests are adversely affected
by interference with these shipments
of copper.
Great Britain's intention to setze
goods which may be classed as condi
t'onal contraband of war specifically
destined for Germany or Austria, even !
v hen such shipments are carried in
American ships and consigned to neu?
tral ports, was announced at the State
Department to-day by Sir Cecil Spring
Rice, the British Ambassador.
( By Cable to The Tribune. |
London, Oct. 1.- The vastly important '
question of preventing or permitting !
shipment of supplies which might ulti- ?
matcly be destined for the use of the ?
cnem> through neutral Holland is now
before ih' Br.tish government, and)
forms the basis of diplomatic negotia?
tions between England and America and i
England and Holland. The question is
of super-importance because it is no
sma.l part of the Allies' plans to force
Germany to her knees through cutting
off her supplies. Therefoie England
must decide upon a definite policy con?
cerning the treatment of cargoes car?
ried to Holland under neutral flags.
England's decision will be against
permitting anything which might give
aid or comfort to the enemy going to
Holland, and her naval forces are al?
ready being used to prevent such pro?
cedure. England's point of view is rtud
ily seen by observers, who consider Eng?
land right in stopping cargoes, even
though she may later he penalized in
prize courts, for if such stoppage of
supplies should shorten the war i
single day England will .save herself
practica.ly all damages, as the war is
costing nearly <?,000,00? daily.
The British navy has arrested abou:
score of vessels flying the Dutcn
flag. Some of these come from Amer
ici bearing American cargoes. That is
where the State Department has come
in, and there has been a rather lively
exchange of views on the subject, al?
though the whole negotiation is being
conducted in the most amicable man
ner imaginable, the British foreign
Oiliee being keenly desirous of afford?
ing the American shipper a minimum
of inconvenience and mterferenae, and
being guided in imposing restriction
only by the laws of self-preservation.
Two Vessels Held.
Two of the vesse'i now held in u
British port are the Rotterdam and th?
Potsdam. These are tilled with Ameri?
can cargoes sold by Americans to the
Holland government and to commercial
agents in Holland. Aboard tho Hotter
dam is a large shipment of cupper
from the American Smelting Company
and other smelters.
Copper is in the present emergency
of the utmost value to Germany in
making ammunition, completing battle?
ships and in many other ways. There?
fore, England desires to preven
livery and is holding the ships, while
the State Department, on behalf of the
American shippers, is endeavoring to
procure their release. This particular '
case is complicated by the fact that
W. & J SLOANE
DINING ROOM FURNITURE
ORIENTAL RUGS
FIFTH AVENUE AND 47TH STREET
I copper was not declared contraband by
I England when It was shipped on the
Rotterdam. The ease, however, fur
riche-* the basis of diplomatic negotia?
tion?, which muat result in a deeieion
as to the treatment of all shipments of
I supplies from America which England
i may consider will ultimately reach le
| many.
There is no doubt that England will
hold that she has the right to detain
any shipment who?e ultimate destina?
tion may reasonably be suspected to be
Germany, and la view of America's at?
titude durinr the Hvil War, viz., the
Alabama claim?, this contention will
doubtless hold good, although on ac?
count of the belated declaration of -or -
I er as contraband this particular ship?
ment may receive ?peeial and different
treatment. The parties concerned are
anxious to reach a definite conduelo*
because-, while the Dutch flag now is
the only one concerned, a similar case
will probably arise sooner or later as
to the rights of a ?hip carrying thj
American fiag.
Holland Refused Guarantee.
There have been extended negotia?
tions between England and Holland
regarding Dutch boat? which have been
detained in English port?, some of
which had been arrested on the high
seas. Some of these boats have been
released after negotiations, but no
broad, general principle of treatstsat
ha? be?*i decided lipor Knglnnd >m
asked Holland to give a guarantee ta*,
nothing aboard Dutch boat? would ever
reach Germany. To this Holland ??
fuse?, holding that no government n
required to give such guarantee. Bet
Holland has offered England every ts
eility to make investigat-ons in lie)
land a? to the Dutch consignee? vita
i a view of determining whether ta?
i ultimate destination of supplies aufit
I be Germany.
There the matter rest?, with no de
1 ciaion reached. In the meantime mat;
i ship? carrying foodstuffs, which Hei?
land need? for her own eensomptien,
are in the name of the go -ernraent.
whieh is an adequate guarani-? that
the cargoes will not be sent t Ger?
many. The whole question it quit?
technical and needful of rather e>
tended diplomatic negotiations.
As described by responsible persesi,
the British government's attitude re?
garding American shipments i? te gir,
America every possible concessut,
while looking after England's own vital
interests At the same time, the SUU
Department is mindful of the impor?
tance of American commerce with Rsi
i land, which, under the circumitaneei,
I would be great. It is not unlikely that
diplomatic precedents will be create*
through negotiations now progressing
SCOPE
VOTING COUPON
This coupon, pronerlv Ailed out. is good for 6 votes
in The Tribune'? School Children's Pathescope Contest.
It la void alter two weeks trorn date.
Credit Votes to School.
Coupons should be tted up In packages of 25, SO or
loo, with number or name of school on top coupon.
Mall to the
PATHESCOPE EDITOR, NEW YORK TRIBUNE.
Oct 1. 1914
The Pathescope Editor's Daily
Letter to the Boys and Ciirls
To-Day He Tells Some Ways in
Which You Can Get Voting Coupons
Thursday, October 1.
DEAR BOYS AND GIRLS:
To-day is the lifth day of the great Pathescope Contest.
It certainly is wonderful to see how Interested everybody has becomt
in this short time.
Of course, you are extremely interested in seeing one of those Pith?
scope iMotion Picture Machines come
to your school, for that means that
you are goinfto have all the fun out
of it! It means that you are going to
see all the most exciting, most ab?
sorbing "movies" free.
I do not think that 1 am guessing
wrong when ? say that you are busy
saving all the -oting coupons that you
can get hold of?and turning them in
for your school. That is the spirit
that wins, all right. If all the other
pupils were Just as enthusiastic, your
school would win a Pathescope in?ide
of two weeks.
Now, perhaps I can tell you some
ways of getting coupons?ways that
you have overlooked.
Of course, your family is getting
The Tribune every morning and you
are clipping the coupons.
Perhaps your father knows people
at his place of business who get Ttit
Tribune. If you have brothers or sis?
ters in business, perhaps they mar
know such people, too. Here is t
dandy chance to get lots of coupons.
Tell your father, your brother, your
j sister to get all the coupons for yos
It you know some of the neigbbon
1 who get The Tribune, bave them sau
the coupons for you. Sunday, wbe.i
you go to Sunday School, ask around
and see it you cannot get people tc
bring you coupons.
Get coupons everywhere that Jfw
can and turn them n for your school.
Every coupon that you get brings
the Pathescope so much nearer?and
! with the Pathescope come dandy, if?
j movie shows.
1 hjve another important message
'to-morrow. Yours heartilj,
How You Can Help Your School Win a
Pathescope
Her? in a. brief explanation4f the Path?- b?r ?; 3 machine? will be divided la CIS?
in.p.. Contest for tho?? children who are I Number 3.
Juiii becoming- Interested In The Tribune's The winning school? will be decl?SS ??
dandy i " iohnol? wtiUh get the '"?J?5
The Pathescope Contest I? open to all ' lumber or vote? In proportion to tee?
schools In New York City ltd within a average dully Attendance darin? the tew
radius of fifty mile? from New York City. I teat will be awarded the machine?. ?
The school? ?re dlvlued Into three ' In cas? of He a machine will Le gl*e? ?
classes. ?las? Number 1 comprises all I each of the lying contestant?,
public school? In N-jw York City Class Vote? may be secured In two way?. V*
Number 2 comprise? all public schools out- way I? by ?ending In the voting eeefg
side of New York City. Class Number S ! which appear In the Daily and WW
comprises all parochial schools In and out- ! Tribune. The othor way I? by eec?"**
' (few York City within fifty miles, j patd-ln-advanco subscriptions to ??*
Twenty Pathescope Motion-Picture Ma- : Tribune ?
chines wtl! be given free by The Tribune I The contest opened on September .'?
te the winning school? a? follow?' 12 ma- close? November Zftth. ?.
chines will be divided in Class Number I; j Vote? given on subscriptions are a *?
0 machines will be divided in Claa? Num- I lows:
Daily coupon Is good for live vote?
Sunday coupon is good for twenty-flv? votos. .,
On subscription?, th.; vote schedule, divided into two P.nod? pteaw?
27th t ist. and Period Ne - .is
NEW ?IBHCRIPTION
Seat to The tribune Office paid in ad ?anee.
?i Ke i Perted I
i Month, daily only . 2MV?U?
?tb, Sun,lay Only .
i Month, daily and Sunday.
: Months, dally only.
nth?. Sunday only .
fonths, d?liy and Sunday.1.500 Vote? i
? Months, d?lly only .
?i Mouths, Sunday only . I Vote?
?< Months dally and Sunday....
1 Year, -.i.iily only .
1 Year, Sunday only .1,38* Votes -' '
1 Year, dally and Sunday.. 1.000 Vote? 0.0W Votes
OLD ?ailSCRIITaOX*
beat to the Trlbnae Office? paid U atfvaac?.
Perl..
Month, daily only. \:
Month. Sunday ?'nly .
Mouth, dally and bunday. .*}n Votes
Ij only.
Montr,?. Sunday only . ST..
- and Sunday.
IM Vote?
MonCi?. Sunday only .
dally ftnd Sunday_
dally only .
--inday only .
Year, dally ant Sunday.4,000 ? otea
'.'SO
Vote?
Votes
Vol.?
Vote?
a. wo *

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