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THrnenw. October .;. tsu. 0?m?e ?nO published Sally by Th? Tril.uo? 4WI||a?1?? . KWW Tork c?T>oratlon. O.rten M R??-1? X*2!i T?lbun? ! iirnor Roarers, meere?ity ana TT?.??urer. Addr*?? itiouo? ( ButlStor. No. 1S4 N????u ?t. New Tork. SUBSCRIPTION- RATKS--Bi Mnll Postas? v*?- ?at,li*' "f .1'.'?"' \>w Tork: .. .i .**???!>? ?no- SWaSajr? J mo..I .TBIDally only. ' menil?.-9m? Dally ?nd Kundtv, ? mo?, 4.23 Dolly only. ?< month?.... *.v? ?nd SuntUJr. 1 >e:.- ' ?*J Sunday only. S month? ?y only. 1 >??? POnEiaN RATKS. I CAN MM an s5nsmj DAI1.T AND ?I'NUAT: DAI1.? ,\M? SI NWT- ' On. men.h.?1 ?4 On? month.V? On? y-?-..iOnOne ><??> . ?? ???*" ITO? DAtlA OM-T. S!t moi.?h?. S SS'cm? month. ^n? On? year.?Uli,One je?r . ..?? ???? ? ?.;?? DAILY ONLY ?stNDAT OM.l ?*n? month. 129.On. month. T? On. y??r.15 SO'On. y??r. **"" Knlerefl at the roatofflo? ?t N?w T?rk ?* ??con? 0-OSS Mail statt? Th. Tribun? us?? Its ->e?t ??.????ve-? ??> m?iire th? ??.rtlilne?? of ?v.rv adv?rtl?.ment It i:1iit? ?"?. V> : ; th? publication of ?" ?<lv?rti??nient? contamine ???dine etatemeiits or claim?. Can Germany Maintain the Offen? sive in the Western War Theatre? The operation? of the next ten days ought to ?how vrhetlier or not the Germans are going to be able to maintain the offensive In the weaten?. war theatre. The purpose and progress of the fighting In the extreme northeastern corner of France and a<yoss the Belgian border have been wrapped In obscurity by the censors. The out s Id ? world bas only a vague Idea of what has beeu bap -, penlng there, the only thing detinJtely estab? lished by the meagre bulletins from Parts and Ber? lin being the escape of a portion of the Belgian army and Its Junction on the Une of the Tser River with tbm extreme left wing of the allied army. Further sooth, in tbo neighborhood of Roulera. fVonrtrai and Lille, violent attacks and ?counter, attack? have been reported. But thn general drift of the operations has not been disclosed. In fta wsr news summary yesterday afternoon "The l-Wenlng Post" said: "Dispatches from l-oiidon and the western area of war indicate that a great ruining movement Is developing through the corner of Belgium bonnded by France and the North Sen. Whether tils is an attempt ou the part of tbe| Allies to turn the German right or an effort on the part of the Germans to envelop tbe Allies' left has not been determined.*' As an analysis that leaves' ? good deal to the Imagination. Yet it doesn't do ? great deal of violence to the information recently svellable from tbe front. Some critics have been ImputiDg to the Genuaii Genera! Staff a purpose to launch a new campaign acainst Paris oter a new route. According to the supposed new German plan the Kaiser* forcee ire to sweep from Osfnd down the Channel coast, occupying Dunkirk, Calais, Boulogne and Dieppe. and then push on to Havre, whence the march to Paris would be made up the valley of the Seine. Frederick the Great is ?said to have picked out this route. It has a flavor of antique tradition, there? fore, as well as the charm of actual military nov i elty. If made, It would go down in liirtory In th??, category with Sherman's march to the sea. But it has obvious military disadvantages, under taken against an enemy at least equal in number on land and overwhelmingly superior on the se?. Had the German fleet a secure control of the Eng? lish Channel, the French Channel ports would ???ne as convenient "i'ase?, of 6upply as they were captured, and Havre could be turned into the final base, just as the "Union armies ut-ed Hampton Roads as a base in the campaigns against Rich mond. But with the British fleet holding th?v Vortb Sea and the English Channel, the Frencu ports in German hands would be subject to hostile rslfla, and it would be impossible to establish a safe main base at H awe. Any interior line of attack follovrlng s trunk railroad would he much preferable for an army obliged to retain n base Of supplies back in Germany. Moreover, sine? the Germans already have got ?e far as Noyon, which is only about seventy miles from Paris, why should they abandon a for? ward movement from that point In favor of a eir ??altous rosreh from Osteud, vis Havre, whioh would corer more thsn two hundred milos? If the German srmies are capable of a vigorous advance, why should tbey not take the shortest cut toward tbelr objective? The capture of Antwerp started t lu- ??leu that Germany wss going to make a new beginning on the offensive. The Berlin General Staff had ii" time to bother about Antwerp wben its flra. da-'i towsrd Paris was under way. It was ouly after the defeat on the Marne and a long deadlock on the Aisne that operations against Antwerp viv?uslv pushed. The question ?niscs. then, whether (he re<lu<-tina of Antwerp i\as not a de fwnaive rather than an offwnsivr? measure, 1* many Intended merely to hold on in Northeastern Frame and to dear sway all ebetftelea to ? gafo emenr, if s retirement should le necessary, it I s wise precaution to gal rid of (he Belgian amiy in Antwerp. A raobtt? forre there, capable Of l?eing enlarged l>.v detachment* from oveioea. threatened the German line of communications through Uegc. And the threat was more serious while Genusn.v stood on the defence on the Hue ..f i he AJum than It would have been If tbe German srmies had already overrun France as far as Paris and were tnim; to (Irire the disorganized Alli.'s ?>ut of tbe valley of the Loire. It is easier to reconcile the turning aside to take Antwerp with a defensive German cumpaign o;i the present Hues in N'orthea?tem France and Northwestern Belgium than it is to find in II etaaffw evidence of the beginning of h new for wsrd movepicut. Germany'.* initial military sd vantages insy now be so far counterbalanced that sggresbion ou a large scale is ont of the question. Tet German policy demands ?pee ly results a: almost any ri?k. If the Orisnaaa cannot res the oh*erj.i\c in Fian.' all the creat hopes with, which they L?egai? IL.*- i ii. I'Im ten days ought to throw ? good d?al of light un' their purposes and on tbeir capacity to resp the, fruit? of their first overpowering rush into Frcm-h territory. Mr. McAneny's Poor Ground for Sup? porting Glynn. Whether Mr. McAneny la right in supporting s.oM'iiinr Glyun is a ?luestion for hlui to settle with uta own judgment, lint if he docs supps?r; the Governor, it is regrettable to liud II oAetftl who has himself labored for real ?conomies iu the fusion Board of Kstimate swallowing whole Gen erns>r G vnn's story of economies st Albany ami passing it ?ion;; aa his own. Mr. McAneny will And. if he annlyzfts the tig lire?, that Governor Glyuu has not saved the state $11.000.000. or anything like thnt sum. He v>ii: find that, in order to make up that total, the Go\ ernor has included identical appropriation? which | he vetoed after the regular nml special sos-imi -. Ihu? gaining double "credit." Ho will find thai tin- i.ovtrnor iti'-hu.ed sums which be vetoed once and later approves! surely not a saving. Hfl Will find that the Governor ineltiiM very large sums which were merely diverted from existing fund? into the general fund for state expense* Sirred] no saving, since the money was spent. If Mr. McAneny. who has long enjoyed s reputa? tion as a leader in the tight against Tammany ami the kind of government, which bas flourishod under Gflygraor OlyBD, can reconcile himself to advocat ing tie latter'? election, h? Is entitled to do so. But It adds nothing to his reputation to base his support on the ground of this "fake" economy. ? hit ii my study will promptly demonstrate to be "fake " 'The Legal Floater" Called Illegal. The dedslon of Magistrate Freschi. upheld by Justice Donnelly, that tb.? "place of stay" section of the election law !s unconstitutional puts the. test of it well ?long toward tbe highest court, it, is to be hoped there can he a disposal of this issue by the Court of Appeals before Election Day. This! question is one which only that court can nettle. and it is important enough to alfect thousands oT' votes. Meantime the action of Magistrate Freschi In holding two voters who registered under that so?? tlon, confessing that they lived elsewhere than the place from which they registered, leaves the police and the District Attorney's office aud the State Superintendents of Elections no option. CatO that decision is reversed they must dsuj ?II efforts to preveut the voting of "legal floaters'1 under the disapproved section of the law. Break the Egg Trust. No legal proceedings such as those which Attor noy General Parsons Is undertaking are necessary to convince New Yorkers that there 1s an "egg trust." Just how the affair 1s conducted is beyond their knowledge, hut they sec Its results in the Ftunual jumps In prices nnd have full faith that no such unanimity could prevail as does prevail if somebody weren't rigging the market. The defendants in tbe Attorney General's action ' lave hesn attacked in official actions before, with- J mt permanent success in breaking the "trust"? f it is ? trust within the meaning of the law. It s to be hoped this case will be more successful. This is going to be a winter when every cent taken from the cost of living of the family of ordinary ircumstances will b? a distinct help, and eggs May an Important part in tbe domestic engage? monts of most families. Russia Goes "Dry." Whether we can believe all that 0011,0- mit ol Petrograd or not. It is a significant report that the Oaf has resolved upon ending for all time the government sale of alcoholic sjrlnk9. The sale of* vodka has been stopped completely since the war becran. and various reports have arrived to sshow the improvement efferted. The s-hange 1n Bliaslan spirit and efficiency is declared to be strikimr. Savings bank deposits have increased and the ds mand for a continuance of the reform afler the war's end Is -widespread. It may well be true that the Czar has resolved to take the Important step of ending the aovernment monopoly ss un initial measure toward lifting the vodka curie frota his people. Meanwhile te-Moti^ni continues |g the Rntisli army. To accentuais? the fact a poster circulated In Baglaad and signed by Lord Roberts and Sir Prederleh Tr?ves, ameng others, urges "all men serving the empire" to become total ar*tainer.s, "at least, as long as tbe ?rar la^L?." This is Hum reason giren: It has been proved by the most careful scientific experiments, and completely confirmed bv actual experience in athletics and war, that alcohol or drink (1) ?lows the power to see signals; (2) con? fuses prompt judgment; (8) spoil? accurate ahoot ing: M) hasten? fatigue; i51 lessens resistance to dises e and exposure; 16) increases shock irons wounds. This argument and appeal may nol reach the whole length of permanent, teetotaltan. Bill II is significant and petsuaalve, and svill hardly bo foi gottea when tb? war Is ended. Wounds as in the Days of the Musket. One greal tragedy of tbe flghtlng in France aad its gnmm<-?t satire upou endeavors t'i humain/.. war Is the nature'of the wounds reportad. In the i-m-rt-ni London "Lancet*' there appears the Ural authoritative sUtement, ? note by i>r. Q. 11. Makins. sonsultiug surgeon to the BritM for. It was sapp0a?4 tlmt a great forward Mop bad beea taken when the hiiitit nesed lend bullet aras replaced i>v the ?aodern steel Jacketed, pointed tin. amtnuiiltioii. Ami, generally speaking, such rifle wonniis as are now reported are fectared to be relfltivel.v ?mail and clean. Rut the tragedy is thai the vast rafljorlty of wounds are proving to le not rifle wounds al all but shrapnel wounds. An pareiitly the great losses in the lighting thus far, on the side of the Allie--, rmvo h?>en due to artillery, not to rifle fire. The wtninds Infli'-ted by shrapno' are cr-cM taffy severe. Dr. Makins declares that there Is little differenoe between them and the wounds produced by the round ball tired from an olsl-l fashioned musket. The wounds observed in this w.-sr are eiactly like wounds of the Peninsular War or the Crimean. The round balls scattered bj tli<> bursting of shrapnel produce Injuries of the ?"lere "explosive type" when travelling ol high velocity. Lacerations are the rule and luft" tion Is very frsquent. So far ns cures iu hospital go. an admirable rec? ord is prophesied. Rut it s<H-m9 certain that tbe percentage of deaths on the battlefield will be Meh In one more respavH the r?hr**# -hnmsn?? wai 1.- ?? -i. 1 . '?? ., ?? .-i v ,,.1.1 j.-(. The Conning Tower How Everywoman Read? the Paper. Mrs. i'?irm;ui's left II danger, French install a dictograph, Hints of a mysterious stranger, Celia on Imperial SI a IT. Jury ut ?Mend defeated. British witnesK for dcf*-nce. i Name by censor hen? deleted i. Tramp is Belgium's evidence. [ m roll holds important seaport. Cutting off the colored cook. Bed Cross nurses land at Freeporl, Oeneral Lewii r.uni- \.>n Kluck; c. w. ??Thackeray." sa.\s Mrs. ??ettrude Atherton. "?..mid have re\ell<*?d in ?i .study of Mrs. Carman. Thackeray would have revelled in a study Of an.? body. Whi'h i one of the things th.it made bun TkacJcaray. Cood analysing deaeribars are few. M"st of the Titanic stmivnrs tell you thai ?t was terrible; awful; they never shall forgot it. lull Irwin OJ Arnold Bennett Dii'.lH ride from 1 Uli street ?'? Brooklyn Bridge in the subway, and describe the trip absorbingly for an hour. It is the Seeing Rye or. as you might say, the Wonderful Lamp. TO ADVERTISERS: Oh, yes, we have a few be? sides what we've told of. Next Wi ibosr s Un? (I ! -?n? oik of sp-crmau Celt Among the poets Germany has boycotted are D'Annunzlo and Maeterlinck. 'Neither of them." says tbe Berlin "Vorw?rts." "is n man <<f any particular genius and boycotting their works wi.l be uo great loss to German raedera." m the In stant of half-stepping t<> prca I e i onntng Tower has not been proscribed for Germany. Miss Mary 0. Burke, tbe Tower's cloacal approach to parti? ular genius, has been instructed to remain as neutral as possible. r\- rwn if Tin; BNTBRPRiaa MAKES A IFrom the Pom-' . . On;y or.c coimnt'r?. lal lee fill ?r I? to Lo rnf-sai,-e<l, ar<i no' four. ?? unmlsta'nenly printed In the ?Btarpflo? of Sat urday. Londoners are suffering from "Zeppelin Neck, a malady whose title explains irself. It recalls th? story of the stiff necked man who went to th' balloon ascension, "(?.?no up yet?1 he asked bis Mend. "No." "Yet." "No." "YM7" "N..." ''Yet. "Ye6. It's gone up now." "Let's uo home." THE DIARY OF OIK OWN SAMUEL PEPVS. October 20?With B. teo t.. the courte, and played there from ten In the morning till near dark, poor weakwill thai I am. when I shouitl have liccn at work. Hut tiic beauty of the day ?vas too strom: for me. and I did hasten to my r>fnVe and rush ttsTOUgb my stint. To the play bouse then, and saw "Chin-Chin." which I deemed the inerrleet show I had seen this year. And at: Fred Stone's antkks 1 did langh loud and often, and when he saith to the dummy. "Very good, Eddie," I roared like any aeal. And there fa nougbi in the harlequinade to offend any, shoving that the puhiick do like greatly ? 'han and merry play, Saw In ? box \V. Hearst tbe pamphleteer. whom I never had soon before, and liked blm bet? ter for seeing him latieh at. Btoue's i omlckal trick'-, albeit I am out of sympathy with his JonrnaUatick methods. So vtith my wife opon an omnlbn and home. I'l Another inspirit in? day. and Mi-tress Lucy Is come to vi-it us foe the morning, looking verj handsome. All afternoon at the court with I.. Scott, playing till dark, when,',? to Mtstrees All'-o Miller's for dinner, and a good one, too, and tbej did have ? lemon cream-meringna pye, but not the kind I do so loathe, but a vrry good kind, ?nul I was iioipon twice, as i wai to ererythlng. To the office then, where i labcmred with much zest and content. Bead this day "Pierre VintOO," an amus? ing ta.\!e or i;. Venable's, who bath a droll and pleasing style, B08E STAHL IS THE ONLY ONE WE KNOW. Sir: If you have friends who can qualify, let it be knoiMi that then t-i.irt.i will be made from their oiMi material for si at "The Perfect Ladie's Tailor? ing Cu.," 539 Fulton ut., Brooklyn. _W. Et B. Or as our favorite Rahway woman contrib point? out, 'tad may bare derived it from Cowpei "Cone ersu tion" ; His wit inrltea you bj bis looks to come, But erben you knock II never la al borne. Tennis Is an old game, surely, as witness tin-. which II. A. L, flnds fn Pose's "Book of Mi "The prie t excused himself by suying be s gulsed with liquor, bul this Cranmer told bun was a double fault." (CUT. re Rfl ita* i: BIEN IKE . '.' .1 for; Mr: Ii - ? Brat time that tli? terminal arborizations cf my t.ourone? are In A A. It. Thoroughly American in theme, ambitious, niany tided and >et unified, "The Rhrer" ?.Laud? out from among current fiction as a no.el that has the right to be heard. Publisher's blurb. "in which in- learn," ?uggi it Dorothy, "thai com ni fiction Include! ? i be Rh er.' " Still, It's a Lona ^ a> to Tipperar.?.. Son-: Pleaae tell Sweeney thai rt?-i?.?rt?- \| Bride. Quina and (VRonrke base just arrived ut the Motel Fla tin can in Qeo Barry M:-lion's and Police lawpoetor Jno, halt's town of Melone, ire land was Ireland when F.ngland Was I pup. My ?ame 1s oMmiky. An unneutral contrib with a Rro<->klyn BCCOal sticL"~5U that the Kaiser is th?< potentate who took the joy out of .loymany. WK rXAtX ' * * -1 In the r?Jt tiro week?, tiro of the?, erntng In on u:ie u*>. Po :-ou tnlnk J. w. u. "The summer of 1P14." unif? c. \ (j ? wa good; but great was the full tberoof." Well. as the weather.tinoea sublime, a refer to tbe subject la rhyme. MBTBOBOLOGK \i CONCLL'SIO I l?nnk la this air; it's like nine, and ImMbabla, Isn't this weather of ours indeacribob i F A BELGIUM. I he home of the brave?but the land of the Kaiser. PYGMALION THE COCKNEY AS A CASE OF PHONETICS B] Pilot. BAYMOND WEEKS, of Columbia Ualveraity. My chic-.' interest, in "Pygmalion has been that of a phonetician, and I i- mainly as a phonetician that 1 (h sire to speak of Mr. Mhaw's lates venture. "What an absurd au .? will exclaim. "Can there possi bly bo anything dramatic in s which treat of the nature end pre ductiOU Of ;-|M-eeh-sullild- V The pis If will answer triumphant!) question?. The author's ehoice of aubjoct has been profound, nnerrini liis pursio c has not been simply t nmuse, as was, p* rhapa, Molii re'a who [ha wrote the delightful scene in whle Monsieui Jourdain, of the bourgeoi gentilhommi given ? on in pho netica b\ hia profeasor of philosophy It cut deeper, ami the author kne* that ho waa analysing on? of thefoun tain spring; of character. The princi ides, by which the London flower-girl ?peaking her unspeakable Cockney nia lect, aeqvires in tin- space of n ?es months the language and address of : duchess arc significant, and have noth mg in common with the irrelevan hj pnoti m of a Trilby, hey an ig nifieant becau ??? they are scientific and, because they ?re scientific, tin ?i of **Pj gnialion" I a ti ne le on Bat Low did Bernard Shaw, dram atiat and literary critic, know tha there cm.tel ? science of phanetiei sad,that its methods and conclusion: ivvere intirr- aoeiiratu h> far than thii-i ! of the experts in handwriting have contribute?! so exuberantly te de iTtiv u stories und to detective plays' While we cam ol be sore In the ease ol one possessing such largo intellectual curiosity, it ?i probable that he learnei of the new science through his friend Mr. William Archer. In any e-. eut Mr. Shaw appeal-; to he aware of tin word m phonetit -. Hia qualifi eationa in phonetics are sppareat both mi the development of his motif ?nd it tage directions at ths commence? ment 01 A't II. This act taKos plaei in the phonetic la lliggini, iwimt a Shavian name far a ? '\ at'd v.- *<-e iiie usual instru? ments for ? perimental phonetit such a s phonograph, ? taryngoacops tuning fork-,, an apparatus for mano m? 11 ic fanie?, ti, be ut il, ? ? uring the air pressure of consonants. It i.t thoroughly c Shaw thht phonetics sppears to him "amiable" beenu ful, thai is, because it enables one tu divsst him ? i a vicious accent learned In in? . and to put on iu it pit elegant mantle of h BO*callcd pnlite pronunciation and intonation. There aie m Kngland phoneticians like Mr, Panicl Jones, of University College. London, vvho can accomplish man-els in the more or less completa eradica? tion of dialect peculiarities. Ti,. laboratory in CAistence for all such purposes is that of the Abbe Rousselot at the College de France. The sbb? is itirt-idercd the founder of e.nerimcntal phonetics, a study whoso purpose, at first purely scientific, has only re cfritly assumed a social or economic value. It la the construction, -o to ??peak, u'' this lut a?-ch of the bruise which inspired Shaw to see in phonet? ics a dramatic motif, ?a yet unutilited. 1 he spoken language is tar more im? portant than are believe. It ha^ been called the garment of the soul. If the soul cxi?t;. while we cannot see it or touch it, weigh it or photograph it, we can hear it. Nothing la the world is so intimate a part of us as our spoken ???do, neither clothes nar furniture, heases, books, :", ,, Banners Surely, therefore, whate-. ? B language is vitally important: .-icccnt, intonat.on, pru.iu' elation, \ocabulary, syntax, pi recast? ing, in reforming the speech of the gutter-snipe flower girl, at he call? her, Hijrtrin?, the phonet.cian and hero, does s heroic act; he recasts and re? , form? feu touL '? ? ill be well to reply to doubts which some may feel as to the possi? bility of one's distinguishing -light difference? In dialect, us Hlggina docs in the opening scene. The scan? rep thf portico of St Paul's at 11:16 of .? rainy night Among those who h?ve taken refuge from the ram , rii?g-iit note talker, svho is none other than the enthuaiaatlc phoneti cian, Hlggina The ?minute?, group by noticing Higgins, takes him for*? spy m- a detective and acts threateningly toward him. With just a louih of the bravado of Cyrano in Ait I. Scene IV of "Cyrano do Ber gerac," Higgins turns 10 each person who addrcasei him. To the flower girl "You voie born in LJSSOn Grove ? to the bystander, "And how an- all your people down at Selsey'.'": t,i the aarcaatic bystander, who bus inquired if be knows where bo, the lyatander, cornea fi-om, h? replies correctly, "Hoxton." Is? this thing possible'.' Wo can, of course, II an Irishman from an English? man au?J both from an American. We ??an generally distinguish a Now Eng lander from a Southerner or from a Westerner. Bui ?re finer distinctions Could we say unerringly to one person. "Vcu com? from Arkan -.1 ' ; to another. "Vtiu are from Maine"; to ? third, "You are from IB thing is pre-sihle. I ' . French police have lor:.? had de? ll who could "locate?1 almost without error hundreds of suspects imply from listening to them. Liter? ary evidence of this fact will be found in some of the novels which served Co nan lso > "?i- ;. models. Words are i creatures, and they fly back home like pigeons. I venture tu draw attention to the .,- to ? it of inobhlshnei * in our Bower girl. Whether 8h?w of the danger beneath his path, or not I do not know, but it was there. It is well known that in the to speak more accu rately, west of the Hudson such words a- "caat" "past," "path." "grant" ami "advantage'' are pronounced with isp pro\imatel> i the v ovv rl of "patter," whereas m Now Knglaud and in the so called polite dialect of London the vowel la pronounced much as U the rowel of "father" in the current. American pronounciation. Allow me to add, bj a*aj ?f parenthesis, that at lessi three-fourth-, of the Knglish speaking population of the * It* of New York use the "Western" vowel, m do the gros*, majority of American?. From the standpoint of national usage the vowel t?r" requires no defence. It will probably triumph, whatever well mean? ing iexieegrapaera t coming mo?t of them from New England) may say or du. Nov. when an adult "Westerner" removes to some such centre as Boston or New York and is found a few years later to have replaced his native vowel of "patter") by the vowel of "father" his old friends put him down as a prig. I venture tha statement that, while one may not of course call all who do this prigs, one may safely say that ail who are prig? do it supposing, to be sure, that they can! Shaw ha?, then, accomplished a real achievement in presenting to us a man? ufactured duchess, who, linguistically, leaves no impression of snobbishneas! This feat is all the mwre remarkable bt cause, in accordance with the author's aversion to sentimentality, the heroine's utterances about her former associates do not indicate love and lovelty. She makes on us from first to last a great impreuion o' sincerity, and we believe lea she says, toward the close of the play: "I only rant to be natural." I have been asked whether it is pos? sible for a phonetician to reform, as Shaw has indicated, the vicious speech of a per?on of Bliaa'a age and station. Y*?. provided, of cour?*, that both the teacher and ?object possess unusual taluit and ?cal. THE PEO PI, H'S COL UMS An Open Forum for Public Debate. SOCIALISTS AND WAR What the Pru??ian? Did at the Copen? hagen Conference o? 1910. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: You have given much -(??tec t" ?he discussion between Professor Hourwich and Mr. Leidler a.-; oialist reaponsibility in the preaent Euronran conflict. Other paper? have taken at) the same question. Hut I have nowhere sen any discussion of the subject that included significant happenings at the Ii tcrnat;onal Socialist Congress, that at Copenhagen, in 1010. I wus prr-i'Mit as s delegate from the Fabian Society. The hostility of the German delegates to the English wai very marked. The deep antagonism ?ras especially manifest at ths report of the commission on arbitration and disarmament. The ma ort ol the commission, as presented to tl congress, vas ircncral in its nature. Ir proclaimed the dut> of Socialists to avoid war, to promote international arbitration and to discourage arm? menta ami secret diplomacy. I' clear message ?as to proclaim "in? sistent!) the autonomy of' al! nal ami to defend them again.-t all attack an.I all oppresiion." An amendment vas proposed, ligned h\ two delegates only, one French and one English. \ aillant and Keir llardo. It provided for the calling of a m strike in case of war. a strike "in the industrie? that supply war with its implements." Hardie, in u most elo? quent and moving speech in support of amendment, proposed i:i ease of conflict the ci.IIin?? of h strike in to?' Welsh coal field* and the Krupp works it Essen. He was auswaren b] sn leader, l..?debour, who repre? sents a Berlin district in th?? Reich ta/. I.edebour denounced Hardie for his proposal?, ?aid he represented not international socialism, but B cowardice, and made his propn-.;,!?, nor to enforce peace, but to protect Kn^ land, who wai afraid of war and ut prepared for it. A stormy scene fol lowed. The report ef the Social llrmocratij party of Germany to the Magreas con taina th?.? significant sentence: "Hen Bobel lias furthermore e\pre?--<''l ; opinion that a great European v. a would chief', benefit the Social Demo? cratic movement." Hoe? this not lend color to the view that, a characteristically unmoral Teu? tonic pragmatism it the ba.-.is of the ?upport given by a majority of German Socialists to their militar*/ h ? ELIZABETH DU H HER. Brooklyn. Oct. Ig, 1U14. If England Had Zeppelin?. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir! Would Mr. F. Hopkin>on Smith protest against airship bombardment? if England were supreme ha this type of warfare? I suppose we ?rill hear protest? against the German It centimetre mortars on account of their terrible destruetivene??. and against German ?ubmarinei on account of their great range. And. by the way, what has become of the Rus?i?n slogan. "Berlin in three weeks," of which we heard so much in the beginning of the ?rar? BENEDICT PRIETH. Newerk, X. J., Oct. 20, Wie. That Irish Welcome to Germany. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Having possibly more Irish blood in my vein? than Marguerite A. Coleman, I wish to state fur her in tormation that the real Irishmen ?rid Irishwomen do not offer a welcome to the Germans. The ?>0,000,000 Irish men? tioned are probably composed of ?o called Irish-American?, who, living in thi? countr;,. upend their time in stir? ring up trouble betwe.cn the real In?h and the Eng?ih. The magnificent behavior of the Irish m coming to the aid of Great Britain in Mil preicnt trouble, despite th? harsh treatment by England in thepssl,S?l that tic Irishman can forftt atj troubles in the face of a n?110,"*"I utter. mCW York. Oct. -JO. 11 GIVE WAR SUFFERERS W0?l Make Them Self-Supportiej Usai of Pau pen. I To the Editor ol He Trbar.e. Sir: In connection with ?V** behalf of the war -ufferen *fj? Montenegro, I desire to ass? following suggestion to tb* *?" Red Croas, the Committee _ei*" and all other groups and wer/* now working to save the viet?" wi'.r '"rum starvation, deatB aa*^ miseries caused by ^'"^S While th..- ' a,d,e., "Ty and grateful for the world? reay we may be sun- that the idea ol ? maintained by gifu pure ?"???? formi ? "?ir ?ussj. ig :)1.? constitutes in itself an -"J condition whoae influences in?? permanenl injury t0,a,,MLf.,? ? * "",'''' .?Js* torn fon. their lii-me? ?"? pa.:.,,,.-, were sel 'uppel?*h?Jl?" ers of useful and bcautitu t ?'??*?. , ,ir,uul .orne aysten bei ??J whereby these largo ??^"??t geea and sufferers ean ^?'J'J, ,,-tion with centres here ^ other neutral itstsa, riiablinl? men, young boy? asi.l ?omen ??? b?tants to employ t^-rigSj brains in ^onie easy but rsguW? by which they can produce obj* ? t0 ?? extent *??fi them H ?rtinsj du???^, ter period ' '^ ' U^ , mam mass of the-* r wcuW be the result. doubtkm.ffJ ?killed" Isl ? '"rT?tT< would be . ? "'"'.'?r*. making uf many thinga ne? " , exp?rience. Pertoni unable .? ? other ways might make tanear , germent* for the wounded. T?*J? '"? 7fu-*^ .tTaat' enabled to go on producing. * ?j U way. articles of whirtlj??, ?heritors by ?7d,t'u"-n/rna1 .tance. cannot the Bel??" ?n4??f? Iscemakers be given "),ter'* ,, **? ditions under which they <*> ?e extent, at least, produce ??>^tl .pon until the time eemei thev ean once more go 'l0n'ew-ri* The Servian women h*"* w-j moat beautiful rug? s*"1 ,, / of marvellously a?fBj8?MS ? materials, -,--i I Cannot our great ?m^^ ?? ftaancUl men got ???etnb!%D4 *?* eager philanthropists ?n*,"rts>|*' swift and practical mean* or ? ? ^ uch works of construction e^g amid the present scenes o ? vu.n in Europe? They *??"?&i1 up the souls as well sa *",,-?*? ?he stricken multitude* ???? .y, in them the power to r%** *. easily to normal condition? ,,? Destroyer sha" h,ve d ? ELErN?R^L^AROVICH-H^ ?V,CIS:leanob CAL*** New York, OctJ80jlM<-_^_ Varick Street Forevar To the Editor of The J^'f,*** Sir: Please i?'P??***! reader, at all events, for P-J^?y sgainst renaming *??'??* ,fc* jtk ?Jf* tainlv does seem a shame, ^m* association, there are v-it*- ' *yj There is not even the ?? ?t^gr .....---,^Hg> KDWARU J S?W?*-j New York, Ott 1?, I?**