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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 06, 1914, Image 1

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Your Money Back
If You Want It
Se. Eilitorial P?ge, First Column.
Him Uurfc
First to Last ? the Tntih: News - Editorials - Advertisements
?i?????!!? ? "l>inp?'m?ur??a:
Ulli?. Ill Id?. Si.
lull rrport oa Paar S.
VA LXXIV....a?
No, t*,8i7
|( ??pvrlglit. I!?14.
B.T Th???Trlliumt A?aorlaMnn.l
Sunday, decembeb g, 1914?seven parts?sixt
Offers to Make "Clean
Breast" of Bank Deals
He Manipulated.
New Indictments Scare
Wrecker?May Trade
for Mercy.
Frightened by th? pro?p?el c-l* spend
.?jtli? m "n ** *
Cultor thf ?nd tment? follawiaf The
Tribune'? ' A' S?'HV?B
ye?terd?y dropped hi- cloak of affected
i-adifference ai ? announced that h? wai
retaytoTTi?K. ??? ofasery
;l,inj" ?nd to throw himself on the
Bmy of the King? i ounty ?ourt.-.
From ?p BAcial ?'>d unquestionably
riliikl? Stare? '?Jno learned
lut night th?. ex-pr??ideat and
?oeTasr of th- Union Bank of Brooklyn
it iH>t ?alj ??lling but feverishly
trxioot to inf.- i ?f such of
the ita-iin ?acont ?" ** he has hidden
???ay, in the hope that his punishment
?nil b? lightened a? a result.
To Sob?* Auto Mtfjterv.
Not only is Sallivaa willing to ex
piini everything COBt rted with his
misminagement of the affairs of the
bank, it is a&eerted, but his confession
sill clear up once and for all the
mystery of tht ?. ? ? '? the prison
cir, the medium that brought the ava?
lanche crwhing dawn on the former
ssatsf ?nd ?-Warden "vicCormick.
Rumor? were thick last night that
men hitherto unnamed ?rill lind them
lelvei deeply invoked when Sullivan
teilt fais itory I? th? i' -'rut Attorney
of King?.
That Srt*livar.'j belated disclosure?
will nd him ?jateriall) in escaping
justice is doubted by those close to
the Kingi County authorities. The
possibility of * confession bv the con
net h?s been considere t from the rirst
by District Attorney ? ropsey; and it
his been understood t ?' the attitude
cf the District Attorn?y'a office is far
?mm in? of compron
frtmmtiimmtssismsseer. ...iia^gMMsf*
night be ?tile to lay his hands at pre?
eit constitute "s drop in the bucket,"
it ?u uid, ?nd the banker must ?how
?ii willingness and ability to make
complete restitution to the depositors
Wore the District Attorney will dis?
tan even partial iansooity with him.
The four old snd tares new indict
?ents pending against, the convict
?barge the larcsay .?f nearly $500,000.
?Not ?ven th?. retan of this amount
would satiety King? < ounty, as ?uf
ficient evidenc. ?x ; against Sullivan,
it is said, to obtain countless fresh in?
dictment?, lac p? latiom under which
?"ould run into mill.?
Bink Looter in I'anit.
According to information from Sing
Strg Prison yeaterday, Sullivan has
Wen comidering the advisability of a
4sef?Mion for -one : ? , determined
that all ?rsrturei should come from
*? ****?*, Asi tant ?ii-trict Attor
*J Goldstein, risita to the
****' Ji*' ;. refrained from
^?S to ?anker. Prior to
?to Tnb. conferences
***tm Goldstein and Sullivan were
?ffrtijuent occurrence.
Acor.ff? -all,van. it is said,
**? eonun. .tie that the Kings
forty authoril e* have not suspect?
's ?f kr. .a (or some time. Nearly
"try move made by the banker for
Tsars ,, known to the District
""tersey, -. the possible exception
?the banker's actions on his two
?"H ?broad, made in 1911 snd 1912.
'**?*?'?" ling the prison car
*?* tarmation a- to whether the
**?*T d:-t. ed of or hid any stolen
"""?'t'*' Europe are the two dark
an conf'-ssion is
?nether the con
?"* airea,?. . ,. arranged with Dia*
? ropsey to turn ?tate's
?**nce ,;an.ed to morrow,
will be brought to
'o piead to the three new
iettaentt? reamed agsin?t him.
bel.eved that the form-i
prepared to entei
**** *f Kailty. The?e will be sub
?^totod toter, it is ?aid, sfter Suili
J* aai bargained for the best poi
?**? terms Paill?t to obtain terms
** ?"y kir.d, ar.d knowing that any
**????r of Indictments is liable to fol
** the pressnt ones, the banker, it
" '"?" plead guilty and
'"'** <r?-y of th?
?rtt ?f hat?)?! corpus, obtsined
?y Lew.? j.. Birdseye, chief clerk of
""??"let Attorney Crop-ey's office, wai
?***<! yesterday by Justice Kelly in
* 8uPr* ? rdering that Sul
"*? be ?eues iuigs iiylan,
*?U?k ? "*", *? ':"untjr Court' ?l 10
*r??? Monday morning.
?/??.wlr,t- which i? the only method
SeZ ,h* '''?ti-'ct -attorney er,n get
? for arraignment.
m ?i.f?..-.,? ta ti.?- motes/. ai si.ig
? ?? **? -na?le<j t'a birn at onre.
jjj???'??!! Will ),t brought ta Hrookl-, ri
m-1"* ' '?'.'?dy of the wsrden or
rant.?-. Ifs rill plead
Saal il'
.ken back
?t SSr,
'?"nj term I hrealeneil
of the qusetion of a
Jmmtkl1*^ i.'1 "? ?? >et undecided
?eibtr hullivsn will he tn.?| ?u the
?-*S?t??4??4l 4M? la??!? S, t*|?oi. t
R. H. Jones Quits Suffrage Job
?Not Successful, He Told
Robert H. Jones, a graduate student
in political seien?'? at Columbia Uni?
versity, was found ?lead in a room at
the Hotel Marie Antoinette, Broadway
and MU. st., last night. He lay on the
floor with s pillow under his head and
? revolver by his side, (.?tie shell had
been exploded and the bullet had en?
tered the heart.
Identification was made from a card
?n the man's clothing, which rend:
"Robert H. Jones, secretary Kings
County Suffrage League, 555 pulton
St." In ink was "Livingston Hall, 1120
Amsterdam ?v." Inquiry there revealed
the fact that he hud a brother, Dr. E.
H. Jones, at 1fi5 West 5Kt!? <f.
Dr. Jones told the police that his
family was well kno?vn in Texas, where
they had a home at Salado. His broth?
er, he said, ?vas graduated from I'ni
?ehsity of Texas and Columbia Law
School. He eould give no motive for
the suicide and claimed the body.
In Rrooklyn, through R. C. Beadle,
chairman ?if the Men's League for
Woman Suffrage campaign committee,
it was learned that Jones had been en?
gaged two weeks ago is secretary on
unim: iithttioii of the Rev. Dr. J.
Howard Melish, president of the league.
An office was opened and the ne\? ??ec
lotary began work. Before thr- ? . ,??.
?vas out he complained that he didn't
seem to be making the proper head?
way, and suggested that perhaps he
should retire. It was arranged that he
was to get through last night, hut si ,?
matter of fact a heavy cold prevented
him from doing any work last week.
Millionaire's Mann Act
Accuser Arrested on
Bribery Charge.
Chicago, Dec. 5. Miss Jessie K. Cope,
accuser of Colonel Charles Alexander,
of Providence, R. I., under the Mann
white slave act, was arrested here to- I
day, charged with attempting to bribe
government officials in Chicago to aid
her to blackmail Colonel A! wander
out of $50,000.
The public had its first view t f the
woman when she was arraigned bet?re
1 nited States Commissioner Mason,
who held her on the bribery charge
and also as a witness Hgain?t th* mill
ionaire. who was arrested in Providence '
yesterday. Sh* is thirty-two years old.
and ?vas described by one of the gov?
ernment agents ?"ho resisted the al
1'iretl bribe offer as a "brilliant bru?
nette beauty."
District Attorney Charies V. Clyne,
Michael L. Igoe, his first- sssistant; :
H?st?n friy-CW**?**>.>. >??a of ti?? local j
n of the Department of Justice.
and Lucien C. Wheeler, an >gent work?
ing under Clabaugh, manifested reluct- I
?nee to accept the case when Miss Cope
made her accusation against Alexander
before them, it w?? stated to-day in
the District Attorney's office.
In the end, according to a formul
statement issued by Mr. Igoe, she pro?
posed, and formulated the proposal in
a written agreement, that if the gov?
ernment officials would assist her in
extorting $50,0<?0 from Alexander she
would give them half of it to be di
vided among them. The other half of
the sum she said she would keep, trd
out of it she must pay her attorney?.
she said, according to Mr. Igoe. He
added that her attorney at Los Angeles
was named Terrell and her other law?
yer, in Providence, named Thomly. He
did not know their other name?.
Mr. Igoe, who formerly was a mem- j
ber of the Illinois Legislature, is laid !
to have pretended to fall in with the
scheme to obtain evidence. His testi?
mony formed the basis for her arrest,
which was ma?le at a downtown hotel
by L. C. Wheeler, a special agent cf
the Department of Justice.
Miss Cope's demeanor was entirely
composed ??hen she was arraigned be?
fore United States Commissioner Ma?
non and held in bonds of $5,000. Hear?
ing was set for next Saturday.
"You are charged ?vith attempted bri?
bery," the Com nissioner informed the
defendant. . .
"What am I to do?" she inquired.
Commissioner Ma^on explained the
usual procedure and advi?ed her to rc-#
tain an attorney.
"I really ?Jon't know what this is
?bout," she commented.
Igoe gave out u statement telling of
the alleged atv-mpt at bribery, which
contai- ed the following:
"On the arrest of Colonel ( harles
Alexander nt Providence yesterday the
preas reports declared that both he
?nd his attorney charged the complain?
ant Mis* Cope, with attempted Mack
mail. ItntOl G. Clabaugh. division
i-jperintendent of the Department of
lusti-e. 1.0-dai has wired the attorney
for Mr. Alexander, requesting any ?i'<
all ??.formation to support this alleged
charge. During the Investigation ol
the complairit of Miss Cope by federal
at Chicago, suspicion as to he? |
good taith in the matter existed."
National Civic Body
Warns Congress to
Strengthen Forces.
Peace Men Offer No Op?
position?Navy Faults
Bared?War Sifted.
With ihe prevailing sentiment es
? d at the elosing session of th?
annual meeting of th? National Civic
Federation yesterday thai th*
nients of national defence in tins coun?
try ?tere inadequate to meel possible
emergencies ?rising oaf of th? Euro?
pean w?i. a resolntion s
calling upon Congress to create s coun?
cil of national defence to determine
what legislation to obtain
the efficiency of the existinf fore** on
land and sea and provid* Tur the na?
tional defence, without ?racte or un
n?cessai y expr n ?
Talcott Williams, director ?f th* Co?
lumbia School "f Journalism, intro?
duced the resolution, und it was
promptly seconded by several promi?
nent member? of the federation, There
was no opposition, even David Starr
Jordan, chancellor of I.eland Stanford
University and head of 'he Ameri?
can Peace Society, who had made S
.strong plea for disarmament in an ad
dri'ss delirered a few ninntei before.
indorsed it
In presenting the resolution Mr. \S ill
iams said:
"The United Stute? nir.? face? in its
defence a wholly neu problem. The
conditions ef defence have been radi?
cally changed by the last three month*.
Last July the ??hole civilized world,
military expert and untl men
alike, believed that a for in sde?
quately built and an- mied,
could defeat or ?it le. .??, ;, 1
vancing arm;,. Tiie naval expert held
that the super-dreadnought bat?
was a weapon of defence upon the high
seas which no other Weapon f'uiid de?
feat except s stronger force of super-,
dreadnoughts.. Mengst ill believed four'
?oaths ..go that -the defence ?l a city
and the control of territory by an '
armed force was still under essentially
the Fame conditions as in th?
War Teaches Lesson.
"The great war has vitally altered
all these conditions. The SOCUritj of
the fort is gone. It may aid an army,
but without an army it is itseler The
submarine has shown the dreadnought
and the super-dreadnought an vulner?
able as no one before believed,
battleships, while still nee.
no longer a safeguard. Lastly, tl ?
of modern explosives on a ;
from Zeppelin?, from ?eropls with
modern artillery or employed upon the
ground by a force temporarily occupy?
ing h city, hnr? demonstrated thai
houses, villages, cities and entire quar?
ters of a city can be ruthlessly de?
stroyed on a scale which <|uenehes re?
"Out of all this welter only one thing
has emerged ?till a national defence,
sfeguarding the security and in?
dependence of States this is the mo?
bile army, organized, ?quipped,
ticered and equal to the new Warfar*
of trenches, extending, as in France,
over a line of '.WO tsttss.
All else, fort, dreadnought, citizen
warfare, are on the scrap heap. An
army cannot be made in a day. Unlesi
a. nation is provided with a mobil?
army, drilled and officered, strong
enough to tight wherever it is and
wherever a trench can be dug, the oc?
cupation of us territory by an invad?
ing force equal to the task is certain.
Because of tl
ami rendering efficient our natioi ?
i'i nee, l offer this i.lotion:
i i oil"<l. That the National Civic
ft deration recommend that
.. by I.it. a council of na
? t.nliniietl mi pan* r'. i "Ilium ?l
Ship Steward Falls Exhausted on Fifth Av. as Biting Wind
Sends Crowds of Homeless to Find Surprises in
New Comforts at Municipal Lodging House.
I 1,1 the ?rirs* time this winter the j
parks last night were swept clean of
their bench brigade?, snd the city's
army of homelea? ones ?wept down in |
force on the.Municipsl Lodging House. |
For hour? early in the evening ? few
of the more hardy one? kep their vigil
under newspapers, but as the aleet
changed to ?now, with ? driving wind,
the force? began mobilising toward
downtown points.
At 10 e'clock a l*rge line of 1,300
hungry ?nd shivering men snd boys hsd
lltd in'o the pier st the foot of Es?t
? By midnight th* number had
increased to ~?000' *nd up to the e*rly '
mULMS ol this morning stragglers kept
ng. As esch msn presented him
l,|l h* i ?????, ved coffee and f*nd?vich???
""Th!? ?IdtteMn f?u"<i things m the
o,?r m??h more to their liking. Instead:
of the floor cot? *n appropriation of;
S10.1X10 had resulted ?n * new row of,
"doubl?, deck" beds all ?round he big i
building. Also inst**d of lining up I
und netting their food bsnded to
as they tiled by the men found that the
?lining ar?iiK?'ni?nt-< p?rtaitt?d two hun
dreil to -tit down at tnlihi at SB? '.me
hihI tat their mt-aK
'II,.- evtia hard tune-, Mterdiag tfl
S'iiperint?-fi(lei.t William A. Whitney, of j
the Municipal Loigin? Rat**?*, alraady
have | h'i'4'ii th>- I *, fttUX
veek laut December tuen- w?S au aver
ago "f 7M nightly applicants for food
and ??es. This week the av? rage ha*
been l.-.M, and there an- indications :
tl number is rl mn staadily.
Arthur Churchill, tw-ents one year?
old, a messroom stewai?), oi Cardiff,]
Wales, collapsed laut night in Fifth
av . rear tafaj It il?- u a | revived by
rara policemen and locked up in the
Went L'tith it police ?tatiaa, eharfad
with vagialM-y. Th? policemen
Inn? cot!-?-.' ami fo.nl
Charthill ?aid b? i.n?i i??-en banatl
.ill ?lay. mid had had no food sin..
?lay morning. II?- .? bar? <>?i
ths Ressnborfr, oi th? Daal t. Lias, la
Novemlici, and gal -lioir- l?-ftv<- By
tardiness In' failed to In- .ilmnrd the :
vessel when it xaili-l. Sinn- that tune I
he has tried to obtain employment, but I
Battleships Show Poorest
Gunnery in Navy's Record
Many Crews Have Not Had Regular Target Practice for Two Years
Keeping a Great Fleet at Gunboat Duty Off Vera Cruz
Has Hampered Drill of Officers and Men?Navy Never
Before in So Low a State of Efficiency.
The Tribune's investigation to-day reveals the exact extent to which target practice ha.?
been neglected and marksmanship has declined in the navy under the present administration.
The battleships North Dakota, Vermont, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina. Virginia, Min?
nesota and Michigan have not held divisional target practice since the autumn of 1912. The Con?
necticut, New Hampshire and Louisiana have not held divisional practice since the spring of 1912.
The South Carolina, Minnesota, Connecticut. Florida, Utah and North Dakota have not held day
individual practice since the spring of 1913. The New Jersey has not held day individual practice
since the spring of 1912, and the Vermont since the spring of 1911. The Arkansas has never held
day individual practice, although that vessel was commissioned in September, 1912. As a conse?
quence, marksmanship in recent tests has been the worst in the history of the navy.
Secretary Not to Reply to
Tribune Disclosures Un?
til Later in Series.
Coniiress Not To Be Blamed.
Say Members, for Best Sub?
marines Were Supplied.
W ?i?h ui|?ton. Dec. ?. Secretary Den
ni i to-day declined to make any state?
ment in ?newer to the article in The
Tribune relntive to the present inef?
ficiency of the submarine division of
tin United States Navy. The Seeretaiy
plsinlj eeaeenied over the flood
O? criticism now pouring in from every
direction aiiauist his department. He
?vas nervous end apparently disponed
to spar for time.
r? the reporters who called upon him
al the late afternoon conference he ex?
plained that according to hi* under i
standing the artieli- in this mornin,?'''
l-sue of The Tribune ?tan tht? e*?eUmeet ,
of a scries of articles regarding the de
fii-ien?-ief of the navy and of hin par?
ticular administration of Uncle Sara's
sea fitfhting force.
"For this reason," said Mr. Daniels,
"I feel that it would be better if I de?
layed ?nswvrlng this criticism until at
least a few more of the articles have
appeared. 1 think that would be the
fairer anil the wiser way in ?vhich to
??'.ich criticism. Furthermore, my
iinnutil report is already in the hand?
of the newspapers for release within a
On Wednesday or Thursday of,
? ?reek I ??'ill appear before the
Hu'i-. Committee on Naval Affairs, and
I do not think thai I should make any
public utterance on this subject before
that hearing."
Earlier in the day Secretary Daniels
bad premised nn immediate answer to
the criticism of the submarine division.
Following this promise, however, he
hi ?! nn extended conference with Ad?
miral Watts, ebi?f Of the Bureau of
1 traction and Repair, and the
el lai ?.?o of mind seemingly followed
hang* of -'lews w?th his ex
li-r adviser.
Hear Admirai? Te He Heard.
Ii. announcing the programme for the
?i ?- oi heating? before the House
Nawil Affairs (oinmittec next week
Be?! itary Daniels said that he would
b* preceded la the hearings by Rear
Admirals Fletcher and Badger, who
would ii'ivv their views as to the gen- '
eral conilition of the fleet ard the
need* of th* general naval organiza- ;
tien. Reai Admiral Fletcher has been
?nmmoned te Waahiagtea and ail] ar- j
ire here on Monday. He will pri cede
Rear Admiral Badger on tb? stand.
The rribune'i disclosures that most
? I submarines now m see in the
B?i ) pi.uiically out of comrnis
lion ereated largri?? and interest
among members of the House Naval
Affair* Committee to-day, and it la
practically eartain that Secretary Dan
i?ll will be closc'y quizzed on this
wl ? B he appears before the
House committee.
Members of the House committee
prof*i*?d ignorance of the condition
of the submarine? now in commission,
but insistid that they should br> ir.
Iirst cla?s shape, as only the most ap
on, id typ?* ??'?-,' mrnWU given from
time to time to the navv. ,
"It is hard ?or me to believe the
int that the submarine.; haw
been allowed t* run down in c-ondition '
until they are practically useless now," j
said Reprcsentiitive Hensley, a Demo-1
cratic Member ?f the committee who '
-.iitly advocated larger ap- ' t
propriations for submariner? and
smaller appropriations for battleships. I
"I know that Congress has supplied'!
lb?- navy with the best type? of sub?
marines and they should be in excel?
lent condition. So far as my observa?
tion goes they are in good shape, but
I am Bat as familiar with these mat
illy, as the Navy Depart
in. ml ihoald be. It I* the bu?ine?s of
irw department to keep the submarin??
in good -hape aller we furnish them."
liest Submariner? Furnished.
Kepri Mltatir* Tribble. another Dem?
ocratic member of the committee, said:
"Wl have ?upplied the department
?rith tlie best ?ubmunnes obtainable, '
und I tru-i that tb? di*oo?raging re-j
port* are unfounded. There is no rea- ?
.?on why our ?ubmarine fleet should
Oaalh.il*? aa um? ?. aaluaw 1
"The service has reached the lowest state of efficiency in the history
of the fleet."
These impressive words, slowly and deliberately spoken lu n naval
officer of command rank, express briefly what is the unanimous verdict
of men of every rating and grade in the navy. He went on:
"The basic fact with which the service is face to face is that the
f-ecretary of the ?Navy, Mr. Daniels, no less than hi.-- sponsor and patron,
the .Secretary of State, Mr. Bryan, is opposed to any military organiza?
tion. The navy is a military organization, or it is not. It is a school
or educational isystem, or it is not. It cannot l?e both. Early in his
tenure of office Mr. Bryan good-naturedly conceded that he would not
oppose the granting of two new ships to the navy by the Congress then
in session, but immediately added, "You shall have no opportunity to
use them."
It is two years since the Atlantic fleet has been able to hold with
any regularity what are the elemental drills of any naval fleet. Dread?
noughts have done gunboat duty at Vera Cruz. Month after month for
two dreary years, in a tropical heat, while the city was properly held
by a sufficient force of soldiers and marines, the ships have stood Ojr,
never landing a man, never tiring a gun. and for no conceivable purpose.
as is said aboard ship, but for political effect at home. Let it be remem?
bered that the Chester and the Prairie, the first a cruiser and the second
a transport, were the only American ships to rite a shot. Of the subse?
quent sending of five Dreadnoughts at a time to Hayti. where in the past
a gunboat like the Paducali has handled the situation with ease, the less
said the better.
During all tha time the administration kept battleships doing gun?
boat ?luty in Mexican and West Indian waters target practice had to be
largely negleoted. The resulting situation on November 1 was as follows:
First?The battleships North Dakota, Vermont, Florida,
Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, Minnesota and Michigan have
not had divisional target practice since the autumn of 1912.
Second?Division practice is one in which ships are ma?
noeuvred and fire at long range under conditions simulating those
of war. The Connecticut, New Hampshire and Louisiana have not
held division practice since the spring of 1912.
Third?The South Carolina, Minnesota, Connecticut, Flor?
ida, Utah and North Dakota have not held day individual practice
since the spring of 1913. The New Jersey has not held day indi?
vidual practice since the spring of 1912, and the Vermont since
the spring of 1911. Ships are scheduled for practice at least twice
a year, at every spring and fall. The Arkansas HAS NEVER
HELD day individual practice, though commissioned in 1912. Is
it to be wondered that the Arkansas scored but 66 out of 160
five-inch shots?
Fourth?During the year 1912- 13 six battleships failed to
hold division practice, and four failed to hold day individual
practice. In 1913-' 14 eleven battleships failed to hold division
practice, and eleven failed to hold day individual practice.
Since November 1 there have been some hasty efforts on the part of
the Navy Department to make up for lost time, and by drills and prac?
tices to restore efficiency aboard ship, but the evil results of months of
inaction cannot be wiped out in a few days.
What wonder, then, that in recent practice some of the worst
marksmanship in years was revealed! The score of the Florida was so,
had as to call at once for a court of inrjuiry. The shooting of the
Arkansas's T)-inch guns is said to have been the worst in years. Out
Of IM shots she is credited with lib* hits in elementary practice. This
is about one-half the record which used to be made when Yankee gunners
ix.asited of being the best shots on earth?as. indeed, they were when
Mr. Meyer turned over the Navy Department to Mr. Daniels. The North
Dakota, unlike the Florida and the Arkansas, made, it is true, a fine
record with her 12-inch ?,'uns in recent practice. This was due to the
remarkable skill of one marksman, who is a genius with the big guns.
The average of the fleet was very poor.
It is impossible to exaggerate the importance of accurate shooting.
The saying il that it is "the man behind the gun" that counts. He '
counts precisely because he can shoot to hit. It was marksmanship that
enabled the Japanese to beat the Russians on the sea. In that war a '
single well placed shot stopped the escape of the Russian Admiral Rojest- '
censky. In the recent Anglo-German engagements off Chili four shots '
are said to have put the English ship Good Hope out of action. ,
Marksmanship is the constant aim of an efficient navy, to be attained i
mly by unremitting practice. To this end is the entire programme of 1
nces-ant work ending in target practice. At stated periods every ,
Jivision of the deck force is taken in hand by the ship's surgeon, who ?
ninutely and carefully examines every man for defective eyesight. Any
lefective is immediately rejected. The others are listed by the division
affacers as possible candidates for the position of "gun pointer."
A gun po nter is the man who aims the gun, and who, despite any
notion of the ship, such as rolling, pitching, or turning keeps the gun ,
>n the target. A gun pointer's job is second in importance to none ,
iboard ship. His rating as such constitutes him a petty officer, and he ,
Uso receives extra pay and allowances. On the top of the barrel of
.very 12-inch gun a "one-pour.der" is mounted and so "bore sighted" that ,
Us runge shall correspond with that of the 12-inch, that is to say, if the I
rne-pounder hits ? target at a distance of one mile, the 12-inch, at the '
?ame altitude, will hit the target at three miles. Drill in firing these
>ne-pounders, which is thus the same as drill with the 1'2-inch, goes on
lay after day, week after week, and month after month. It is the end 1
md aim of a ship's entire existence.
These drills it was impossible to hold while the ships lay at anchor ,
I Vera Cruz Harbor. An ordrr was, in fact, issued that no drills
( ?otm?ird em pac? S. es.oms I !
Invaders'Front, Filled in with Fresh Troops,
E.xtends from Kutno Southward to
Besieged City of Cracow.
Kaiser's forces Hurled at Russian Positions
About Szczercow, in Effort to Reach Petro
cow?Their Losses Reported Enormous.
1 iic German? liase mu?.ceiled in forming a new line in Poland, ?*\
^ from Kutno tu Cra ? ?? [*heii asei ?row -i i odz ..re reporte?.
tu have been enormou?, bat tin- separated detachment* have effeetcd .?
junction. The ?entre of the present German Htt.uk ?- .it Stegtrcooti
the invaders are trying to gain an opening to Petrokow, A Sibe
lian battalion in the fighting near Lodx hai captured a German battery
with the bayonet
The French appear m have nude considerable progress m developing
their campaign m Upper Aliace, but the iitfhtmK ?s of the .-iegr varirt\
ami the actual advances in position have been comparatively slight.
in Flanders, where most of the fighting bas been in the form ???t artillery
duel?, the Allies report Some advancement It is b, In-verl that th?
in.m? ,ir-.- preparing to take new positions on that part of the line.
It is reported from Berlin that the Australian Dreadnought crime?
Australia is missing. She was last heard from m Hawaiian waters in
September pursuing 'he German cruiser Nurenberg
Try to Cut Germans' Com?
munications ? Report
Advance in Belgium.
I.o.idon. I'cc 5. In upper Alsace th?
Kr?tack apparently have naile saasldar?
able progress. Thoy are making des
pcrate efforts to sever the communiea
tions of tho German force that has
been holding Saint Mihiel, on the
Meuse, for many weeks. r'verywh?-r.',
however, ??ege warfare prevails, ami
lor the rno.4t part th? advance* extend
hardly more than a hundred yards.
Ther*? has been little lighting in that
par' of Belgium still held by the '
Allies, and the French have taken nomo
aid German trenches, which ha? given !
rise to the belief that the Germans
have decided to fall back to new por?
The Allies, according -o tlie latest
official statement, have consolidate?!
their position to the north of 'la
ferryman ion the canal between I)i??
mude and Ypre?>, which was capture?!
December 1.
The official French communication
given out in Pan? this afternoon says
that north o'" the Lys the French
troops have marie perceptible progi?-- .
advpneing at one point for a distance
of .">'"? yam*. The French resisted
successfully German efforts with heavy
artillery to drive them back.
Rhein.s again has been bombarded,
and the French heavy p.rtillery has
been used with success against the
earth posititn-? of ;he enemy. In the
Argonn?; the . ghting is being waged
hotly. t '
Washington. Dec. ii. Offensive op- ' ,
erations by th? French garrison of
Belfort and French counter attacks
were reported to-day from the French
Foreign office to the embassy here, j
The communication adds thBt destruc?
tion of German earthworks, mentioned '
in the War Office statement of to-day, '
took place near Thann, a village which ]
has been a disputed point since the be?
ginning of the war.
The dispatch ?ay- in part: "In the
region of the woods of Hirtzbach the
offensive taken by the garrison of H.
fort has been slightly driven back.
Th?? still hold the west bank of the
small lake in that vicinity. Our artil?
lan at this point has inflicted consid?
erable loss upon the enemy."
Berne via Paris'. Dec. .*?.
*onn?l of hoaiy cannonading in I'pper
Al-ace has been heard a> far a- Basel ?
r.nd other localities near the Swiss -
frontier. The mam ?tfaggU between ,
?he French and Germans, according to
icp.irts reaching the ,S4viss frontu:
around Altkiroh and Damerkirch.
The inmates of a large madhouse
near S-nnheim, more than 400 in num?
ber, were so frightened by the roaring
of the guns that they became frantic {
and tried to break out of the asylum,
rhe German authorities were obliged
to convey all "i them to Mulhausen. >
A newspaper dispatch states that the b
ijernans arc- mounting guns before the
City Hall and church in Colmar with *
he object of forcing the French t?- ~
)r?.-,bard the town in the hope that the
uopula?ior. will thus be turned again?* ,
he French.
Berlin, Dec. 5 ( bv wireless to Say- t
?ille. H. V.l.-A British submarine
ried to-day to force a passage through !
he Dardanelles, according to a di -
natch from Constantinople to the I
'Frankfurter Zeitung." s
The submarine's presence was discov
>red, however, the message adds, an.l I
he v.-ssel r.pparently was hit bv shot? f
?red by the Turkish fort?. 1
Portuguese Ministry Out.
I.or.djn, Dec. ft*. A dispatch to the (
?.?.change T? legriiph Company from ' .
-a-, s thai the members of the
'orta-raosc 'ahmet resigned to-dsv in '.
i bod?..
a .
Photograph* for Xmas. Psch Broi.. ?tli
Vve. at 46 St. IMione 7010 Bryant. I'opu- ? ?"
ur prlcos.-Advt. ?
Petrograd. Poe. ?. The Gtrmana
whose daring stroke to penetrate th?
Russian eontre in Kastern Poland hai
cnded la failure, with heavy lone?.
??peciall] in the lighting southeast of
l.odz. are funning a new 11n?>. extend
'?IB roughly from Kutno. in th*- north,
tu Irani?, in th? south, for a freih
onslaught. In the meantime desperat?
lighting continues.
The (?erman effort no?- rentres ?I
Szczerczow, twenty miles west of let
rokow, with that town the objective.
Vii h ut attacks and counter aMa?-ks are
:il?n iMiag made along- a line from
(ilo?.vn'?, sixteen mile.? northea.it of
LoH*, to the Vistula Rncr.
The right, or southern, wing of th?
German-Austrian army, which rest? on
Cracow, is commanded by General
I'ankl. He is supported on the north
by the army under General Hetzen
dorf, ?vhieh is based on t'zeri*toCa.*wa,
while the new army which Tra* **at
from the west fills the gap between
this force and General Mackcnsen's
army, which after extricating Itiel'
from the Russian meshes, is now in a
new position, extending from Kutno
southward. The eighth Ka?? Prussian
irnjr, ft is believed, has taken up the.
northern part of the line.
200,000 Oppose Russian Left.
The prepirations for an entirely new
brittle are taken as proof of the Gar
mar. B1 determination to keep the Ru?
sians out of their territory at all cost!.
The strength of the German forces
opposing th* Ku-.iau left wing is ?S
timated at five corps, ?.bout 'J0O.0OO
men, raeh corps occupying a front of
from eight to ten miles in extent.
Thee* i.re indications that, owing to
their exhaustion, the troops composing
the German centre, where most of the
regimrats lost a large percentage of
tneir trgliting strength, have been re
plaeed '?;. treeher troops.
'I in. following official communica?
tion was issued by General Headquar?
ters to-night:
'?'????perate engagements in if ont of
Lewies, and particularly in the region
ft Lodz and along the roads to the
nest toward Petrokow, continue. On
[?ecember I, on the roadway between
Pcbianice and Lank, our armored
iutomobile?, by favor of the darkness,
fell upon n large column of the en
?i?y. dispersing it with machine gun
rr ami artillery, causing serious
?. ? of *!ie front is without
.! moiiii'rcation."
d:-patches from the front at
:iie chief cause of the Russian
in crushing the German force?
M?! Lads t? th? miraculous endurance
,nd tireless aggression of the Siberian
r < ? <. ; ? -
Siberians Work Havoc.
? m,ii- v.-ooded region from
irzeziny to Kurpin is described in
:. snatches as a German grave
ard. Here an unsupported Siberian
attalion is reported to have charged
battery of heavy German artillery
nd to have bayonetted the gunners.
Heavy German forces which had pene?
rated to Tuszyn were surrounded and
bliged to fight their way to Brzexiny
o unite with the main body. The Rus
ian? essayed counter-attack after
ounter-attack to prevent the junction.
ut the (iermans cut a passage at tb*
oint of the bayonet for a distance of
fteen miles.
Tin- dead and wounded in this dis
rict are reported to be so thiek that
he Russian hospital corps, after work
ng three days, had not cleared t?*
nid. Most of the Germans treat*?!
beared bayonet wound?.
The t: re-blackened ruins of th* ?ril
?ge ?f Kurpin, dispatches from th*
ront ?ay, are packed with charred
? if Germans, who took refuge
rom Siberian bayonets to fall under
ht? fir?- of a Russian battery.
Dispatches from Poland ssy that the
'.erman di?asfer, attending the march
o reach the main German force fr?B*
n i?oiateil centre, began with a
barge or' the Siberians at Rzgow, a
own si\ miles r?outh of I.OZ.
The Siberians after * long march
ntered prepared trenches and Itn
nediatelj- ??**? purnuMioa ta attaak
^. . I .. I

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