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First to Lsst the Truth: News, Editorisis, Advertise? ments. Bl'MlA?, UK K.MB1.R S. 1S14. 0??r.??rl a-i puMUhul ?laiiy i.? Th? Tribun? A???>orlaU?i?i. ? vew ?-?ri IHmlllil o?.ru M R.I.I Ivtailderil. ?> Vatno? [?>?'" ?? A I .r.ai Trll/.iti? BullJlif. N? ? ?? >?"'" ?.. Se? ?OMBPTIOn KATES 11? Mall. rSSISSS Pali. ou-?l<1? of tmUSSU Sett \ntk Hall?- ? : nvith $ TS Dal??, only, 1 nvvrtri.S ??? p?i.i - ? lii'ly er.;?. S root.'-.'.? . '?rily. 1 rear . " H '? iitha... 1 : (.?-.n..l?T '.'.17. 1 Jr". PnSBBBSn TtATT- I i ANADIAN JU??W r>AII1 AMi SITNDAt 1..MIV AM' ?1 MIAT , tl ?4 ?>n? n?.n;li .'. J i ??.: 0', ii.?. yaai.*? SUNDAY ONLY; I DAILY ONI.? SU Month?. S.SSJ0M month .___ Or? jfar. 6 iHKid? yr?r . ??"" nniti oHLi s'-miat own On? month. ? -ntli . Is" ?i .a >e*r . M . Mtnsl at th? Po?t?r>tBca at N?w 1 rV. ?? S?ecn<1 CU?a Mall Mstter. You ran purrhase merrhandiae advertised In THE TRIBI'NK ??ith absolute aafety?for if dissatisfac? tion result? in any rase. THE TKIIUNE Ruaranteea to pay vr.ur money back upon request. No red tape. No quibhlinjr. We make good promptly if the adver? tiser doers not. "Our Navy at Lowest State of Efficiency in Its History." The investigation of the navy which The Trib? une hah conducted points to nothing less than a farreaching decline in the efficiency of the entire service, it is not that one fleet is below the aver or that certain supplies are inadequate or that BOW tam ?re needed for a particular pur? pose, in every line where The Tribune has been able t<> obtain authentic information there are sign-, of disorganization and demoralization. When- i.tre- theic was a service that ranked with the best in the world there is now a servie? frankly and concededly inferior. For one rea? son or another we have ceased to have a navy in which wo ?an feel unqualified confidence and pride. The case of the submarines is typical. We still have the able and ambitious young officers in command, we have the crews, we have the boats,; undoubtedly as well designed and constructed as those of any other nation. Yet at the present moment only four are in commission along our home Atlantic coast, and of these only one is in ' the highest state of efficiency. The farce of at? tempting to defend such a seaboard as we possess with one submarine, or even four, passes com? ment. Undoubtedly the rubmarine is a delicate mechanism requiring constant care and repair. No amount of efficiency and watchfulness could ? ever keep all of our submarinos at sea at the: same moment. But there is a long gap between a flotilla and one boat. Something has pom wrong. Instead of prompt, thorough efforts to keep the fleet at the highest possible point, there is delay, confusion, blundering, an utter lack of effective organization. The Tribune does not pre? tend to fix the blame accurately for the extraor? din?r?, condition of our submarine fleet. Only a thoroughgoing and impartial investigation by Congress can successfully analyze the troubles and trace them to their source. The same cannot be said of the decline in gun? nery, of which we publish the detailed facts to? day. That decline can be traced to just one cause ?lack of target pructice. If American gunners have been able to boast that they ranked the world in the past it has not been by any gift from heaven. It has been through tireless and constant practice, a training as rigid and absorb? ing as any schooling __ the world. That practice: was stopped by Mr. liankls for reasons known only to himself. As a result our navy showed re? cently the worst record in its history. A submarine flotilla unfit for sea and a fleet of battleships inferior in gunnery?that is the condition which faces the American people as it sets about its duty of safeguarding its shores. The Tainted Money Microbe in Indiana Out in Indiana twehe state officials have just been indicted for helping to put through im? proper claims on the state treasury. Grafting m a small way seems to have been a well es? tablished habit in and about the Capitol at In? dianapolis. It was a habit a good many legisla? tive employes and state officers hid come to con? sider a> altogether innocuou-. There la missionary work to be done in Indi? ana'.- highest political circles by the most pict? uresque Hoosjier missionary now swinging around the Chautauqua circuit. Vice-President Mar? shall, who cannot face an audience without drop? ping a new moral epigram, delighted Catasauqua. Penn., the other day with this crisp sentiment: "I have been accused of being an enemy of the money makers, but I say: Make your money so cleanly than your child can bite on every dollar snd not get microl? The grand jury indictments found in Indian? apolis ought to be a high call to Mr. Marshall . go back and practise uplift among the breth-' re?1. Since he left Indiana for Washington too many Hoosicr statesmen have been so inoculated to hiting tainted money that they have lost all fear of microbe infection. Club and Bullet for Gangmen. Mayor Mitchc!'.- sanction of club and revolver treatment for gangmen caught in crime is a pretty drastic policy, but necessary. The gangs don't he-iitate in the least in using every avail? able weapon against society; there seems no c.pecial ranaoa why soeioty should go after them with fine words and rosewater. There were gi.ngs when Iieveiy was Police Commissioner, but they didn't riot all over the city and they weren't prominent enough to be hired for promiscuous assa.-.--?nation. Oevcry's men had clubs and pistola, ar.d they weren't afraid to use them on crooks. The crooks knew that. It la tune for them to realize that the police force is ssnjfl armed now and is re idy to use its weapons against lawbreaker?. There are few big cities in the country where organized criminals openly defy the police, and probably no other city has a gang problem like ours. The boltto?na and safety of th? gangs have come, of course, from the fact that their leaders have b?;en protected by politicians and have had political backing at their disposal even in the courtrooms -whenever th tv got there. The politician whose chief reliance is the thug is ?otnewhat in disfavor here now, and his back? ing isn't worth what it onc?$ was. Nevertheless, th? gang1, having created new industries of blackmail and ?nntiU-r to supplement their old ' one? of ballot box :-luffing and p.-ocuring, con to flourish. All the gangmen canjiot I" I caught and sent to jail offhand. Nobody expect? ?i the impossible of the Police Department. It is perfectly possible, however, to keep track of these ganga by ordinarily aBtute detective work, and to police them relentlessly, so that their occupations of robbery and murder should become really dan? gerous. The gangmen have been favored crimi? nals because of their political pull and strength. The only favor they should receive is to be put on the preferred list for jail cells or the morgue. The Teacher-Mother Controversy Nears Its Hnd. Whatever may be the result of the hearing announced by Dr. Finley, State Commissioner of Education, on the cases of seven teacher mothers who appealed from dismissal by the local Board of Education, there il every indica? tion that that tangle will soon be satisfactorily adjusted. Mayor Mitchel's attitude favoring an indefinite leave of absence in such cases has helpe?!. The new blood he has put into the Board of Education will help also in bringing that body to a rational view of the situation. The instances where a teacher requests leave of absence for child-bearing are not so numerous us to threaten the school system. The desired arrangement Is feasible in every practical detail without risk of harm to the pupils or the curric? ulum. The risk rests on the teacher, who in assuming maternity takes a chance of being un? able to retain her efficiency in the schoolroom when she returns, and so of being dropped. The sensible thing to do would be to grant just what the teachers have requested, without all the fuss which the Board of Education'! attitude has pro duced. There never would have been need for appeal to the state authorities if the local board's policy had not been unfair as to the individuals concerned and unwise as to the schools. Hxamine the Judges About "Hand Pick? ing! " It is hard to see why there ibould have been , any division in the committee of the Brooklyn Bar Association about inviting Justices Benedict i and Scudder and ex-Justice Marean to give their side of the controversy produced by District At- < torney Cropsey's charges against them. The : charges have got to be met. No judge is so ; exalted a person that he is above question as to Ml acts. It seems to be only fairness to these men, accused of improper bias, to give them an opportunity to be heard, and it is fortunate that the Bar Association's investigators eventually chose that course. Mr. Cropsey's remarks about "hand-picked judges" and their activities have hit a sore spot. The public wants its judges to be above suspi- ? cion, and to be proved so, not declared so when? ever there is a specific question raised. The Bar Association's committee in investigating this matter is acting as an agent of the public. It has already made one tactical error in not having all its sessions open. To seem to be lenient with ? the judges by not ssking them to stand examina? tion, or to seem to treat Mr. Cropsey's charges as so immaterial that no answer was needed, would have been a much greater error. A Living Work. The annual report of the Children's Aid So? ciety, just 'ssued, gives evidence of the value of that splendid institution's work. During the year it has placed 557 children in homes where they will receive care and education and family in? fluences; it has returned 6<'i" runaway boys and girls to relatives; it has had 1.0(11 inmates at its farm school; it has sheltered 6,311? children in its lodging houses; it has enrolled 10.!'91 children in industrial schools; it has helped 14,679 women and children to day outings at the seashore and in the country. Helping children as this society does is creat? ing a rich investment for the country's future. It makes live, useful cit?7,ens out of possible out? casts and criminals. One of its children has be? come Governor of a state, another a territorial Governor, two were elected Mayors of their re? spective cities, and four grew into judges. Others have become professional men, bankers, teachers and clergymen. As one of the society's con? tributors phrases it, "this is a living work." The Austro-Hungarian Occupation of .Servia. The Austro-Hungarian forces have now occu? pied the whole northern portion of Servia. The weakened Servian armies are falling back in th?; direction of Nish, the present capital, and al? though thi- arrival of reinforcements from Rus? sia is reported. Servia does not seem to have strength enough left to hold the Austrian ad? vance in check. Nish will probably have to be evacuated, if the invaders think it worth while to push their campaign to a finish, Austria-Hungary's object in overrunning Servia is largely political. In August last, after the first defeats on the Drina River, the Austro Hungarian General Staff announced that the of? fensive against Servia would be suspended. !??? cause it was necessary to concentrate the forces of the empire for the defence of Galicia. That was a sound military decision. While the bat? tles in Eastern Galicia were being fought Ser? via was neglected and Servian and Montenegrin troops invaded Bosnia and got almost within cannon range of Sarajevo. The Servians also captured Semlin, in Hungary. Austria-Hun? gary's plans on the southern border were then suddenly changed. The offensive was resumed. Bosnia was cleared of the enemy and the Austro Hungarian forces pushed into Ser\ia from the wet. After a good deal of hard lighting they got close up to the line of communications be? tween Belgrade and Nish, and thu* compelled the evacuation of Belgrade and of all Northern Servia. To accomplish these results an army of from .100,000 to 300,001) men was ..eeded. By employ? ing so many men in the southern field Austria Hungary handicapped hersell in the critical struggle against Russia. It must be clear to any one that Servia is a minor field of Optra? tions. What happens there will have little effect '. in a military sense on the final outcon.e of the war. Yet the government in Vienna was justi- ; fie?! in thinking that what happened there might have important political ronoOqUQIUOl Thc occupation of a large part of Servia would , undoubtedly help to keep down disaffection in ' Bosnia ami Her/.egovina and to re-tore Austro- ? Hungarian predig.- ,,, the Balkan-. Penetra- I tion into the southern section ?,f Servia would ?IM put the Teutonic alhe.s almost in touch with ? Turkey, a strip of Bulgarian teiiit..ry al?m- ' intervening. Possibly the ?**? tation that Tur- ? key Vould come to their nriltunc? lufluonrid ' most of all the decision made by (?ermany and i ' Austria-Hungary in October to push south and try to get possession of one of the main railroad routes to Constantinople. The occupation of Servia would, however, be a big military task and one beyond Austria-Hun? gary's resources if the Russians should invade Hungary or make a demonstration against Vienna. Francis Joseph will probably have too much trouble defending his own territory to be able to afford leaving a big army of occupation more or less unemployed in Servia. It is prema? ture, therefore, to compare Servia's fate with Belgium's. Belgium is on the main western bat? tle line; Servia is far away from the main east? ern batt!?; line. A complete conquest of Servia would hardly be worth its cost. Moreover, Ser? via can be reached from the sea through Monte? negro, and when the Allies feel able to spare the troops it will be entirely feasible for them to send an expedition to restore Servia to the Servians. If Italy should enter the war on the side of the Allies a natural line of attack on Austria Hungary would be through Montenegro and Servia, taking in the rear all the Austrian coast and frontier defences. Servia's case is there? fore not as hard as Belgium'?. Though ex? hausted by three successive wars, Servia still re? tains control of more than half of her territory. Her government may never have to go into exile. And after the war Servia, as well as Bel? gium, can look forward to recovering all her lost territory and being compensated for her heroic sacrifices. COMPLACENCE Tin giver of our nation's laws It sound <>f hea.l aiid heart; Thai lie is tria? we know, because He alwajr? looks the part. His purposes are hi(?h. and they Are hidden -0 completely That v hat they are no one can ?ay - He functions so discreetly. He made Big BnaitMSS how the knee, He jralvanized Finance. He breathed upon Prosperity And woke it from its trence. He cured a score of ills that irked His altitude reflects it; And yet, so quietly he worked That not a soul suspects it! A peaceful and a natient mtn, His spirit naught can vex, :1s rte perceive if we but scan His policy in Mex. Thif policy, without a doubt, Will be explained by history: Hut what the dpucc it's all about Is now a well known mystery. A subtle and secretive man, ?C doesn't stamp and storm, But moves on a mysterious plan His wonders u> perform. We do not question <ir deny, Bnt make profound obeisance, ( (iTvinceil of his achievements by liis singular complacence. B. L. T. in The Chicago Tribune. WORK. A Sont of Triumph. Work I Thank God for the might of it. The ardor, the urge, the delight of it Work thit springs from the heart's desire, Setting the soul and the brain on Ar?. Oh, what is so goo.l n< the heat of it, , And what is so glad as the beat of it. And what is so kini! r.< the stern command ? hallenging brain and heart and hand? Work! Thank God for the pride of it, For the beautiful, conquering tide of it, Sweeping the lite in it? furious flood, Thrilling the arteries elcanaing the blood, Mastering ?tupir and dull despair. Moving the dreamer to do and dare. Oh, ?vhat is so good as the urge of it. And what is so glad as the surge of it. And what is so strong as the summons deep Rousing the torpio soul from ?leen'.' Wortl Thank Or! for th" pac" ?f it, i-'or ?he terrible, keen, iwift race of it; Ki-rv ?te.ds in full control. Nostrils a-quh-er to ??reet the goal. Work, th" power that dii\-es behind. Guiding the purposes, taming: the mind. Holdirg the runaway wishes back, Reining the will to one steady track, Speeding the energies far-er, faster, Triumphing over disaster. Oh, ?v 11 h t is so good as the pain of it, And what is M great as the gain of it, ?and ?that is SA kind as th? cruel goad. Porting ?- on through the rugged road? Work! Thank God for the s\?ing of it, l-'or the clamoritie-, hammering ring of it; [ally hurled On 'he nighty sntrils of the world. . . . 01 , wh?( i- " t ine ;.- the flame of it, A"<1 what is so huge as th? aim of it, dcring on through ? I ? ?? r t h and doubt, Celling the plan of the Manor out; Work, the Titan; Work, the friend. Shaping the earth to a glori?os end; Draining 1 snd blast lag th': hill?, Doiag -h.it'vri the --pint ?viil?, Rending s continent ?pntl To answer the dream of the Master hesrt. . . . Thank God for a world where none may shirk, i'l.-nk (??d for th.. splendor of work! Ansel? Morgan in The Outlook. MASS ATTACKS BY THE GERMANS A Critic Quote? by the Book and Doubt? the Re? port? of Ob?ert/er?. T?? the Editar of The Tribune. Ill ? From the firs' attacks on Liegt wo have been fed with ?-tories oi' th?; reckless employment of by the GerntSBS. Their attacking forces mo'< forward aero.? the open country in dense bodies, v.| irh .-imply wither away under the Allies' rifle and srrnpnel lire, etc., etc-. W! en one considers that? Germans have, on the arbola, about the same amount of common sense as the other civilized nations, and have studied modern ?arfare much more deeply than the others, such asinine tactics are surprising, to say the very least. We must i'o beyond the common belief that Ger? many is in the clutches of a dominant military caste und admit that that military caste is a pack of idiots who don't know the most fundamental principles of their own business! Let Bl BOS what the Germans themselves have to , ay about their own attack lormations. From their infantrv ??rill reflations we may pick .such extracts followiaa: "Paragraph Ht* Within the zone allotted a unit for attack let el tracts of ground devoid of cover must b<- avoided as much as possible, or only small and well extended forces must be ordered to advance ?.ein - tiierr. Every Sttaeh begins w'i'h the deployment of skirmishers. ":;:.:<--' Very often . . . the attack will have to pa : over bread tlatCtf devoid o! cover. "Over such ground the enemy's tire may compel the ;.U ick to advance in loj.-e, unconnected firing units, whieh o Ter dilficult targets. ?"'U Units in elote erdet must not expose them ?i? effec'ive tire." We ihoald remember that the detailed descriptions of the German attacks have all come to us i generally ..' lotead -?r third hand? from men whose point of view has been unfavorable for calm and accurate ot.?ervat,on namelv. the men at whom the attacks aere ?liroiied. And for the man who does the actual lighting ti> overestimate the force of his enemy is i phenomenon as old as warfare. B . ome people will object, observers at German pence manoeuvres have seen them using dense ina?ses in supposed attacks. The answer to that is found in :he preface to the drill regulations: "In peace manreuvt SS, unies- exceptional losses are or?lered, aart m? i. are added to the tiring line through rein? forcement than can tin?! room for the free use of the rifle. The men in excess follow immediately behind he firing line." It i- qaitt true that the Germans are thoroughly n.i'iiiil >? irh the belief that no omelet can be made ?vithout its broken eggs. Hut it is too much to ask is to believe that they needlessly and senselessly arrilicp their nu n by adhering to antiquated anil IBSCientiflc tactical methods. Whatever else they iay he, they aie no bunglers when it conies to the' ?usines... of lightiiia.' G. S. New Vork, Dec. 4, 1114 ? .. . w I OUR GLORTrSTTiTFLOTILLA. THE UNSCIENTIFIC FIFTH AVENUE. Holes in its Pavement Offend an Ob? server of It? Progress. To the Editor Of The Trihm S. Sir: l iras kmong th? delighted ones when Fifth iiv. Bros so ?cientitieally raved last September, ?ft?? months yes, years of ditch digging and pip? laying. The efficiency of ?he new ma? chinery, the rapidity ?f it? ?vork and the laoothnt ? of it? product eemed to ?ugur ?ell for the perssaacney of the improvement. Ye'. Withl? -ten days t'iere was ftl great hole cut just around the cort.-f et the enrh in the ,i:?d st. extension of th? i.'w pal -entent, and another actual It OH Fifth ;iv. by the null m 11 St St, The?? were doll repaired, though ?re know bj ?inorisnc? thai rncfc repairs lea? e irregularities, To-d-iv m tin- nine blockl pav?d from 2fih it to ;?ith st. th?re is ? hole in ;he extension into Mtb st.; th?r? are two ol Im;.' holes between 26th ?nd L'Tth It?.; a hole, with a long "I." e? tending from it, to the ?orb near 211th rt.: live holes, aggregating ISO square fret ai.vi. crossing the avenue ?? :?! t st . lis hoirs, with a total area of .".tout eighty feet, blocking the avenue a- SSd ?t.. ?nd comparatively insignifi? cant ones at the curb in ,',-lth st. At one time n, November the 'buses had to turn int? Madison av. I ask you what kind ?f an ndniinis ciation permits this? Cannot the Bor? ough President, the Mayor, th? Gov ?rnor or the President of these United Mates of Amarle? ?xcreise any au? thority over the vandals? And where " the Fifth Avenue Association while this destruction is going en? I am told that it cannot now be '"graft" ?Man?? the city does its own asphalt paving repairs. That disposed of, 1 am completely at a loss, as my friends are, to account for the mal administration of the people's business which permita both the ?. ??? 11. i i >? u of money needlessly (with all the digging that ha? lie? n ilotie, surely the pr?tent Underground work could have been pro? vided foil, and the interference ?vith the coivenienre and pleasure of citi? zen? who bava to travel over and to look upon the wanton destruction of their lineal a-, enue. ROBKRT ELUOT. N?W York, D??. I. 1014. TWILIGHT SLEEP Extravagance of Claims in It? Behnlf Is Criticised. r? lb? Editor of The Tribun?, Bir? ?Toar is?ue of Wedaeaday con? tains an article in which u woman physician of Flushing is siid to have diaeovered 'he "twilight sleep" form? ula. Now. I \ery much doubt if the lad] ?ronld personally make that claim, and I think that she is ml? quoted. According to my own experi? ence, the scopolamin-morphi.ie anie? tnesia is nine or ten years old, and I have personally used the "twilight sleep" method at intervals for several years, and know that others all over the country also have done so for probably seven or eight years. Foi ?n? ulas vary, but all contain morphine; I?-..- e thai out and you have whi?key punch without the whiskey. Tin general public seems to have gone absolutely cra;-.y and nysterieal ' "? i , tin. lay exploitation of a method vhii-h has been advocated by many I'hysiciuns for a 'ong time. The i method has its n???! but also its dan- I gers nn?l limitation?. According to nej ' experience, lbs lav journal? which are I the ? of the so | | "method are unwilling to publish any i i i il ni tn n??? it. As I staled Ix-forc, , the moiphine m the essential element PEOPLE'S ( in .the "method." The other drugs may. v it somewhat favorably, but it is the same old "dope" and the same 1 ."bit-forming ?Irup;. Now, do not nine <.ut of ten morphine fiends refer their downfall to some doctor who first ad miaistertd the drue to them? And at the present time, when this rage and hysteria is rampant, I desire to bear itneaa that it is the lay advocacy of habit-forming drugs that is impel? ling physicians and hospitals to their indiscriminate use. I am not con?lemning the method as ;: t hole, but the extravagance of its claims and the minimizing of its dan? gers seem to call for a halt and a little calm consideration. H. o. CABRINGTON, M. D. New York. Dec. 2. if 14. AMERICANS AT THE FRONT What Our Ambulance Men Are Seeing on the Fields of France. To the Kilitor of The Tribune. Sir: The American Yolunteer Motor Ambulance Corps is engaged with some fifteen motor ambulance- in carrving the wounded from the battle line in France back to the ho-pitals. It is ? and? r the Red Truss and St John's Ambulance Society. All the men with the ambulances, except a few hired chauffeurs, are American college gradu ttes. The following extracts from let t? rs received may interest your read? ers: ' "W?> have had a most exciting time. We have been whore the lighting is the hortest, and have had two German ?hells break within fifty feet of us. It is a strange sensation to be under fire, especially when one is in a car and has no means of hitting back or being in the spirit of fighting. We have car? ried a great many wounded from the outlying hospitals to the ones nearer the railroads, and have seen inntimer able troops and aeroplanes under tire, from the English guns as well as the Gorman. "Though not many Germans come our way. we carry them just the same as any one else, and we have written letters for them. The German wound? ed are given exactly the same care as any one else by the French. One who was asked how he had been treated enawered, 'Fine.' "I-. and I were billeted in a French haust tritt, a family of nine chilijren, ??ho would take no money and always gave us tea before going to bed. "It is an awfully hard fight, and I certainly pity the men. "We ?lave seen German prisoners and ?. it P>- At one plate there was a spy on the roof of the hospital signalling while we were carrving the wounded. He an shot." ELIOT NORTON. Now York, Dec. .'!, l'.'H. THE VICTIMS OF SCIENCE The Viri?ection of Animal? and Hu? man Being? I? Denounced. To the Matar of The Tribune. Bit : lu 'he early part of summer there appeared in your columns a lat? ter protestiag against a proposal of a lawyer that men sentenced to death should be turned over to vivisectors. You gave as a sub-heading for the let ter "Views of nn Excitable Opponent m' Experimentation l'pon Animal?." A few years since it wus the fancy t.. ?pea?. slightingly of peace advo eatt They m?t? ranked with woman luffraffitts, prohibitionists and other 'effeminate" creatures who believed in ' fl ? abolition of clulil labor and sweat ?hops, the reduction <>f hour? f??r trout n workers tad the neeesaitj ?if prison refoi m i, ? War was actually praised by diatiu COLUMN A gulahed publicists a? the only source o those hardy virtues indispensable to the perpetuity of a virile manhood. Hut now things have ehangoda Ou? whole country echoes with denunci? ations of war, and the war spirit is evecra*ed as never before. Peace ad? voca-.es have i.equired great popularity. So likeWJtM are the other reformers, ?vith whom they are classed, gaining in public esteem. About thirty years ago, when humane societies in this country lirst obtained laws preventing cruelty to animals, 'Tuck" had a cartoon embodying the rather general resentment again -t in? terference with i. ri owner's absolute right over his animals. I'r.der the car toon -as inserted "Things have come to a in' ittJ pass when a man can't heat hi own jackass." That sentiment is almost extirpated now. Logically, and in justice, the animals sacrificad in the cause of vivisection should have a part in the solicitude and protection ?vhich the rapidly expanding altruiam of this country, at least, is devoting to all other victims of suffer? ing and oppression. We" i-ave a late example in the move? ment for bird protection? Ltt us en? courage aid for the victims of science. JAMES P. BRIGG& Washington, Dec. 1, 1914. THE ART OF ISADORA DUNCAN A Reader Defends the Color and Va? riety of Its Dramatic Expression. To the Fditor of The Tribune. Sir: In the review of the work of Miss Isadora Duncan's pupils in the issue of December 4 due homage is done to the remarkable grace and rhythm of the dances. Vet 1 should like to call attention to the closing sentences of the critique in ?vhich Miss Duncan's art is questioned in the mat? ter of "color," of "vnriety" and of "dramatic expression." As to Miss Duncan's work it should be unnecessary to say that in subtle variations of nuance, in delirious abandon, in all the modes of ?elective expression presented in the perfection of dramatic form, such mastery could only be lacking in conviction to minds ignorant of great creative art and developed, alas! by the specious "warmth," the "variety" and "expr?s sion" of the vaudeville stage and the motion picture platform. HELENE irXGKRIcn. New York, Dec. 1. 1914. WHO IS JAMES LARKIN? A Voice from Ireland in Description of His Career. To the Kditor of The Tribune. Sir: Your correspondent "Slie\e t.amon" asks who .lames I.arkin is am! ?vhat are his credentials. Who that has the welfare of Ireland at hear* does not loathe his very name? Late labor strike leader and agitator, he has brought more suffering and misery into the homes of the poor than anv man I can remember. He has led them on with fair promises of higher wages, etc , till they were compelled to accept the bread o*' charity from the trades ?in ion BOCi?ti?S of Kngland. Yes. James I.arkin has had the proud privilege of humbling Ireland to the .?-is*. As to his credential?, I doubt if he baa the e.teeni ot any higii-mtnded man ft woman. His alms now SOM loint to being something more than labor loado? and agitator, but " ril] tell." 'Pride goeth forth on horseback gra.id and ga\, It'll cometli buch content to be.' way." I VKRITAS. Long Island City, I've 1. It'll. pen Forum for blic Debate. THOSE FOREIGN MARKEIS Why Look So Far When Happin*M Can Be Found So Ne?r? , To the Kditor of The Ttihune. Sir: I alt tors lil ?" S. Kendo regarding the pe ? port to other count r. I? r why people will write "'i sul ? know ?' litt!?- about ami which they do "*! study fron ' i"11'111*' , our Presid? ? R?os*" \\ ?? manu fact u mud a?r? ' concern?-?! in hoi II -m mir?w than trying t? g? ? nrkeu t compel ' 'M ?* outsell u- m '. ? lue* thoae n ?hi? ? ^a~A, of certain COI "T fa.T,*'i any Europ? .- d ''olio?'? same ? ?'??neu s? every tina-, foi ? If they woul i - '" the ret? ords of import suaaata** tire-, and thii "?< ? ?* ?? difference I would niak. trtawJOOS here, perhaps ? ?' opened and "lil" '.'' truth of the '/'O"* '*'!.' when happin? ? ,0 "??L. If it wen ' '*'' u:r wo would not be having ?-?> much noiv employment t; Ml p,*,wr of fact, then ressti ntj et should not til be el yin? the ??'P? prosperity in the tar **? ' is, business conditions ?re someth nf ter ible. and the : ro?i eritf of tho*? that happen to be busy on ?ceount *? the war cannot i "??d ,n **J slightest to ? ? i"* **? been ruined bv the influx of '"I*?"" goods displacing those they have here? tofore made. ??,,.c HENRY W. STB?? New York. Dec. t. IMi IRELAND'S NEUTRALITY Unie?. She Help? England She Dot? Not Deterve Home Rule. To tho Editar ti "? ? ' "'? '? ? Sir: Padraic ( dreamer, write? t'?d?f n ream or. tvriie?, , i far calling to account ?*ir < ; Dni'Li-. expressing hi? ' a"-!*. dinary ipeet icle ? - : ment, enjoving Br I ' HndJ-? tinctions, .h -ter:!!- ' ever the qui p<,?,?'?i* ?during and .. tei the war is (tT* contingencies. Mi folum ssys Ireland is neutl r ''?'? ? ? ".'' 'obten* iieiaiiii h neu? ?.ii. ?? ? ? , ?^? how devoted and loyal to the? <??? trv the Germans kre . , To be neutral in Ireland to-W- .. mv belief, is to be d <graeett*S" j Ireland does not assume her *n*"^j the fighting that has been '?,?rf.'a/j% England and her empire to 'i*'f"*V,f. erty and democratic institut.??*m~ ever they exist, tl I do*' manic hegemony of hrute sa*M ^ neering force throughout r-'?t9v*'t?ti ?luestion may pertinently he ?,. Are Irishmen in the circumiUnf?-. serving of the right to he pom'-*jJJ free and to have Home Kule- ? w land continued t?> remain nos?' o England. Germany no d.MiM ^ some time in the futur.' loo? ?*_** ?l for the granting of a naval "r ' a> perhapt for other aa?iatance- ' M t.? Irishmen in this supreme no ?hot wh? re their real inter?? ^ and no doubt their conduct n* , el largely ?loit-im.no the final ??' Home Rule foi Ireland. How f**"VL2 i.tii.MMseV With an Ireland ?? ? und dialoytl to the besl ?"?u?Tt\t i? humanity, how <?>ul?l Kngland.fv J testing the bloody ?I?? ":I"'K ..lanel* force versus righl on goi'V "tjsSJ [?? ?la>. grunt unto Ireland sn mv?) melted political freedom ' .< Glen Ridge, N. J , Uec. 1. *??*