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GERMANS HARSH TO
FRENCH CIVILIANS Tie Them in Streets of Towns to Check Fire from Hiding Places. MHN SHOT FOR LEAST INFRACTION OF RULES Copy of General Knoerzer's Proclamation to People of St. Die Example of Rigor Used. ID. (. IWIVN BARNARD. i lant r-: Th? \.w \ .irV TrUH.r.?l* g>a?gay-aat Meuse. Dec. it, A re?u -otn St. Dia ha.? just handed me ???. af thi? proclamation issued lo th?? population of that town l.y Gener?! :i romirsiiii of the German ? winch raptured that town. It i? a typical] specimen of the truculent tone which the invaders adopt toward |...pki'at ion. It begins with n r. in history as MM or im ???. lite German mind. I ?reraaaoal of the French Ke -. "has caused its troops ??? rman frontier in order Raaaia I I o?v how unpopular ? il la Ft:, ?ice. ? war which ha? oro d on you by your govorn .li.unst the deliberately expressed 0? the countrv. European civili dofoadod by Germany :.:id '?. itrie against the Servians and Rus protectora ?. political aaeaaaiaa ? and the well known German : ",e are guarantees that armed onl) be taken against mili eoes or to karabidinej eiriliaa need r or propertv. \ct? That Meant Death. ? " he adds, "though we will re a liberty of non-combatants, we ?1 to repress with the utmost ? .i without pity any act of .srainst the German troops. will he immediately shot: person guilty of any tj ai i a member of -?>- ?:??? ... ? "Second AM inhabitants or awMn -i- who shelter Frenchmen bc c to the army or persons who rr.av iave ' r.'.i on our troops, unless ? if of ?uch persons is at once . : ? Ck rnian eomaaandant toan .. .?oon as our troops \n ? person who seeks to aid or who has aided the enemy's army. *.o harm or who has harmed our army in any way. espe !?. cutting telegraph or telephone V y person who tears down ? Ht'.on will be held respon t prieat, the mayor, dep? end schoolmasters for any ,?y on the part of the pnpu ?rill be burned from lit) shall have been In case these acts are re ;..'.vn will be de bui nod." Knoereer than goe?- on to ?nnts that they must revolvers, sabres or ? nd. Any one found in aa 8 o'clock at night np will be shot by ? .hallenge. Any groups are forbid forbidden to rii.g ? ' . . might thereby com?; n th the French. It is n to approach, on any ? th? German sick or led or German dead bodies or any Moa lud in Street. ? ? that (?enera! Knoer ..nd t<> the point ttle to the imagination of at' inhabitants of St. Die, but, unfortunately, though his excel-1 fully carried out the pro-] | inhabitants, the ? proclamation, regard? tectiofl of the lives at:<i ? ?? . en ?Hans, was less j irried ou', la order to pro-1 ? rom the fire of the ' -.veral civilians were' of the Germans, so that a unable to tire without I folio? countrymen. In a ? I Munich newspaper ' Keuete Nachrichten."] ?ere via Switzerland,I ?nt 1 berloin, of one of j ? ? ? . ? ? occupation ! the following account i ? tool idea. I bad'throe j : and Tiad them placed ! the middle of the streYt. tod, but I replied to Hieir Ea iroaii, hut I admit lsing for them; but the ;?: irahle efficacy. The lire ! ' our men at once dimin- ' Mti ?;;. nu ii were thus masters ?J tl treat Every one who i now ihowa himself in the street is at I The artillery was also put | i f ork. and by 7 -o'clock in | irdor reigns il in St. Die. a tesen e regi to the north of ; ade a Minilar experiment to? mine, hour civilians who were placed, in chair- in the middle of the street: there . ? by French bullet?. I ea? thi . II lying in the middle of hoapital." GERMAN-AMERICAN SENTENCED AS SPY 19 i Im ? of an ? . .' l.oerrach ? terday, when James t.ut a Bat? ur'li" an, -'??>- charged before litar. tribunal with apj - 1 .? r many and using ?v for the purpose. mad? everal journeys Is *' ? packet of documents ????.' eon Baale and Genera, ets on the french mil:' . lion. When ar ?etod out Geneva caf? il was ? ?ff hie mustache raiaod himself. months' im and a man named Kohl id of the Loorrach spy ed to eighteen described himself as t of the New York . BRITISH RECRUITING IN GREEK ISLAND! Bei Im. Dec. 19 ib\ wireless t i Sa*, ville, N. T.). The nfflcial Pre I Bi I reau gave out the following InforBU lion to-day to the German newspapers "The Rold reservo of the Imperil Hank of Germain- last week totalle '.\0J0.0O0.0O0 marks IMl?t,0OO,ljX>0), ? increase over the privions week of 33 ?xm.ooi? marks ($8.250,000). "According to reports received hen the Britiah have established re? run in offices in the Greek islands of Cret and Cephalonis. Only volunteers pa? the age of forty-five years will be s< cepted." may?r?Fl?on greets americans Says united States Ha: Greatest Opportunity in History. 11 lom a MafT C areeBaaBBsat of Tin. Tttbaat London, Dec. 1!' Sii Charles Johr Mon, Lord Mayor of London, in an ii terview v? ith the Tribune coi responden to-day sent the following Christmn greetings to New Yoik. Bit Charle hu* crossed the Atlantic seventy cigh times and know? people all over Aniet ica. One of his late friends in Net York was Mayor Gaynor. He Is sixty sis years old, but gives an inipressio of alertness which makes him seer scarcely fifty. Although by birth a Lit erpool man, of a shipbuilding famih Sil Charles was Sheriff of the Cil y o London before he became Lord Mayoi His inauguration last N'ovi-mber wa the most pretentious military displa London has yet seen. The interviev follows : "This ancient city, through myself its Lord Mayor, sends to the people o New York and of the United States it friendly greetings, none the les- (leo, because at this time of peace of tin Christian year the world is at war Speaking peraonally, my knowledge ani Mmpathy with ami affection for th. Tinted States is very groBt. I havi trussed the Atlantic to and from Amei ica seventy-eight times, and as tin*; have passtil I have noted with dee* satisfaction an ever increasing under standing between the two people? whl have come of the same Anglo-Saxoi stock and are animated by kindred civ llized ideals. "That understanding, having its ori? gin in the same fundamental concep tions of national ami social life, wa* never given such scope us now, wher every nation in the world is at war 01 in peril of war except the Cnitet! States and when this country stands tn be judged for the share she has in the world conflict a judgment which sh< has no cause to fear. It is comforting to every Britisher to realize that in this very winter there will be between the United States and this country cele? brations of. one hundred years of peace, which had its foundation in the Treaty of Ghent. Now and again during that one hundred years the I'nited States has been at war, and once at war with? in herself, but the cup of peace between us, tilled in 1811, ha? never been emp? tied, and her people and our people have had no wounds of war to heal. "The people of the I'nited State?, perhaps more than ail others in the world, arc loveis of peace and haters of war. With them to cultivate the t>oil. develop industry and expand com merce through the arts of peac<- is al? most a religion. They lament the en < rgv diverted from peaceful toil and labor into channels of war. and if I lead the trend of public opinion in the Cnited State? aright there is a (??'ter? mination to throw the whole influence of that great commonwealth into an effort to secure, when this conflict is over, such a settlement as will prevent militarism organized for conquest from again torturing the whole world and destroying human life, energy and the accumulated wealth of generations "The I'nited States has the greatest rpportunity and the greatest responsi? bility which has ever fallen to any na? tion. From my knowledge of the Amer? ican people, I believe they will judge justly ami act wisely in their hour of duty. I notice that the most promi? nent advocates of the peace societies of the I'nited States hare ?aid that, hor? rible as this war is. it is 'a war against war,' and they profoundly believe thai shocked and enlightened humanity will so order ?rente m the future that then can be no repetition *of the presen; ghastly turmoil ami bloodshed, the rav? age of cities ;,:i,i the destruction ol in i.ocent populations. "We may all well wish m this win? ter, when 'he Treaty of Ghent is com? memorated, that there may be seen the dawn of an unbreakable peace loi all the nations now at war and a B tenure of life and liberty to all small nations like Belgium. In that BOW ! epoch may the I'nitei! State? and Great Britain again walk the way of concord together, rightly caring for their own interest?, but chivalrously serving civ? ilization with a high and honest pur rose." I GERMAN RAID MAY PROVE BOOMERANG I Kaiser Strikes at Home of Radicalism and Puritanism. BLOW STRUCK FELT AS FAR AS CANADA _ 1 Effect on Englishmen with Mid? land Blood in Dominion Instantaneous. H |..',.|i?4'li I? Thi* Tilmuj? I Toronto. Ont.. Dec II B| b.nnbatd I ing North Sea ports of the Knglish | midland? Germany again showed her | entire lack of political knowledge Bl I itiatmct. Yorkshire and Lancashire oc I cupy a iiiiiq'ie position in the British ? Empire They are noted not merely as ! the most densely populated induatrial ' area in the world, but as the home of ! the radicalism and puritonism which i has had a large influence both within ' and without the British Kmpirc. If there is one section of the British BB Don to ?hieb WBf in any form i? re? pugnant jiml a Mm.g to I"' avoided Bl ' anything but the highest cost, | ? . from which the Germans might have looked for apathy Ifl the long drawn i out prosecution of hostilities 01 for th? most favorable term? when peace will be arranged, it was this midland? p?pu lation and their descendants and rela live? in Canada and elsewhere in the rmp-re. But little docs the Gci-hhi. kn-.w of tin? type of Knglishman if he thought to intimidate him. Ha has. on the contrer**,done tl i one thing that would raise him for the tirst time to j fighting pitch. There are ten? of thou ? sands of Knglishmen with this midland ; blood m Canada. .The effect on them wa? iiiFtantaiieous. This particular t\pe of Knglishman i has rarely had his heart in Conflicts. He ?as lor the most pail opposed to the South African War. the Crimean War and the minor st rumples of em-; aire. When he was not openly opposed Be eras apathetic. Napoleon got under in ?kin, but in **f? hm heut era? prob ably with George Washington. GonSBBJ could not have selected an . other point ifl the whole empire OB which an attack would have done so , , much to inciense the strength o? the . determination to see this thing through. The resumption of naval activity BBS revived discussion of Canada's naval policy. The naval work now being done is of a character beyond what a local Canadian navy could have accom? plished, and accordingly the imperial? ists are having their innings But in the discussion th'-rc ar-* signs ,.f good , temper, almost the first that have up peered since the naval ismh- tirst came ' on thp political horizon. "How foolish were the arguments that there was danger to the autonomy of the dominions in a common imperial ' navy?" asks the Conservative "Toronto? News." And the Liberal "Halifax Chronicle" answers: "How foolish were the argu-, ments that there was danger to the integrity of the empire in the creation of dominion navies." To which "The News" replies: "We agree. The <?? ol argumints was as foolish ss the 1 other." Surprising progress ;* being made by the troops in training for Canada's sec ond expeditionary force. At Aral there wa- ?OtBO fear that the second con? tingent woald be inferior to the Brat in mat. lia!, t being said that all the enthusiastic soldiers, which would lite ly include most of the good one-, had rushed to rn?st at the Rrst ipportu* nity. But the second contingent i* rapidly demonstrating thai it will hold it> own with the be Cables from England aaaert thai the reaaoB tl.contingent i- not get? ting to the battle line more quickl) i not because of any backwardnea? m the rank and tile, but because- the officers aie not competent, it i*- charged thai a large proportion "i them were abso? lutely Ignorai I of modern ararfare mol. Mole ?eriOUS, that in :. few ca-e- aftol getting to England they Wei.- more anxiou? to enjoy themselves iban to get equipped for the grave d ?ii.t a.i of them. An impertan! project inaugurated; before the war to pro1 idc a ?Upp adequately trained officer? ins received a irreal impetus, it is . tem of establishing officers' training corpa at the leading oniversities, the work being undertake!, by the M Department m co-operation with thi oniversities. The idea ?a to give under? graduates a military trau them for commissions, but no* i ... - sarilv involving servit,, either n Cue militia or in any expeditionary force. SULTAN'S DECLINE SEEN IN HOLY WAR'S FAILURE Great Britain Working to Alienate Arabia, the Loss of Which Would Mean End of His Power in the Moslem World. - t., The Tribune i London, Dec. & When, in his Guild hall speech on November '.', Premier A -mi..'Ii I poke of the knell of Turkish dominion Inning been tolled, not only ?n Europe but in Aaia, aoaae critica In private, not in public suggested :hat he would have boon better advised ba 1 he ristricted himsell to predictir'g what would be the fate of the Turk in Fu rone only. Threats of what was in store for hin in A?i:i. whan are situated the Mahom etan "holy places." might, ?t was aaid, merely increase the danger? of the wtr Bl '.caged by the Sublime Porte becom? ing a holv war ir. which all eood Mu? sulman- would participate. A holy var ims beer, protiaimed from ( onatantinople, but so far there are no indications that the proclamation is affective outatde the actual oomi,. ioni of the Sultan. So far at any rate i.s the Hiiti?h eeneoro bave alloweil tho public here to learn neither in It - dia nur m Egypt has the holy war I lo.lamation boon anything but a pia? l?me pronouncement. It seems to have had more effect in thoae region?! of Northern A frier? with which Franc.? is concerned, while two <>;' the neutral nations, Italy and Spain, appear to be nach ''lore alarmed bj It than any of the belligerent Allies. Sultan Losing- Authnrit> in England the general ,!, position! i?, to ? -off al che Sultan's action. A ' holy '??-.ir. m which Turkey is fighting I arith .". ?hristiar. nation, Germany, by' her side, will, it is as.?erev;iretd. net I i onliat the sympathy of the Mahome? tan populations, which have experience of tl?" advantage* af being rulad bs other ( liri-tian nations Iikc Prance and tireat Britain. The Sultan a> Caliph, it is alae declared, haa for yean I." loainjc authority. "The Caliphate," aoya "The Nation," "i? a peculiarly vul? nerable in. 11 tut it n. There have always be?a '.losl.ni doctor- who qaostiooed the claim.-- of the Sultan <>!' Tu boCBUae he i? no?, a descendant of the ! : acred ,'lan o! the Komsh. and won the auecessiofl from a weak EgyptiaB dyaaety i>\ right of connu. In any cas?, the tenure oj" the (Caliph- , ate depends upon the safeguarding of the holy places of Arabia and providing for the stem it\ of all pilgrims who riait Mecca. Britain haa obviated, .?<> tar a. in her power, the possible fear , that war with the Sultan night brine about dangers ot this kind by declar? ing that ?he Will respect both the holy places and the lights of the pilgrima to Mecca. Hut in the back of the mind of the British govei nm.-nt there are poaaibl] other plan.? plans af a far reachiag character which may bringe about a? great a change 111 the chart ? of the world'.? religious domiaatioa aa the war may bring about in the maps"* of Europe's national divisions. These plans, or these possibilities, are outlined by "The Nation" as fol? lows : "It has often seemed to be i|Ue tionablt whether Turkey could retain s possession of Constantinople In point of fart, the possession of Arabia is for more vital to the prestige of the Ottoman Kmpiie than it? hold upon the Strait. It might lose Stamboul and remain the tirst power in the Moslem world. If it lost Arahis it would lees all claim to the veneration and nbe dience of Moslem? beyond its border?. "The Idea tii.it this might be ,i salu tary thing to bring nho-.it has haunted the imagination of some schools of Anglo Indian officials for more than a ration. M may explain the rather Intimate relations which we have al? ways kept up, for no other obvious rea? son, with some semi independent Arab chief?. Friends of Islam, like Mr. Wil? frid Blunt, have advocated it. "To-dnv there nre signs that it is ?BmOBg the possibilities of this shatter? ing war. An oddly worded official com? munication has declared thia week that we ?hall not pursue military operation? in Arabia, save for the purpose of as? sisting the Arabs to free themselves ; from Turkish oppreaaion. If any Arab chief and moat of thorn claim to be of the lineage of the prophet one of the inveterate rebels of the Yemen, for ex nmple, should manage with Home aid from us to make himself master of the ' holy places, the problem of the Caliph] ate would be solved. "The Caliph is not a Tope elected by a conclave nor a Lama sanctified from birth, He is the Moslem chief who holds the road to Mecca. If the Sul? tan's armies cannot >\o this for him he has ceased automatically to be Caliph. In this ugly modern world he remains Caliph chiofly because G?*r man engineers but* built him a rail? way to the ?acred place?. It remains to be seen what would happen if the Bedouin should cut that railway." As "The Nation" adds: "There i. something to appeal to th*? romantic imagination in the notion of a military stroke which would alter at one blow the spiritual allegiance of millions of men." Whether or not something of this kind waa in the mind of the Brit -h Premier when he predicted th?? doom of ?the Saltan ot Turkey at tho Lord Mayor's banquet remain* to bo peen, hut, as "The Nation" observe?, "Ii < necessary to walk with firenm spection," and in ra?e there should bo developments unfavorable to Great ?trit un ir, the attitude of her Mahom? etan populntions Mr. A?<,uith is likely to be reminded of the saying that i| i bad policy to prophesy uniese you know. Special Christmas Opportunity I here is now on sale, ;i! Aeoliau Hall, ;i superb stink <if nett Pianolas. 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