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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 02, 1915, Image 1

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GUARANTEE
Your Money Back
If You Want It.
See Editorial Page, Fir?! Column.
I?XXV....No. 85,065.
Nm iurfc
atibune
WEATHER
?AMTY CLOCDT TO-DAT AWD T?
MORKOVV ; I.I?,HT WIM?*
JteterAej's T?.|np?>r?lar<??:
High. S?; l?w. M.
Fall report nn ?tag? I?.
Firtt to Last?the Truth: New? - Editoriah - Advertisement*
| ? oiiTrlfti?, 11)18,
nr The Trll.iiur A??orlallnn ]
FRIDAY, JULY 2, 1015.
* ?
PRICE ONE CENT
la OMf of teem York. Newark. J?.r?ej iltr .ml lf..lK?kro
riTHHrRi; two ? knt?.
BECKER WINS
14DAYS;?LE?
FOR LIFE VAIN
Respite Gives Him
Time for Appeal
to U.S. Court
OFFER TO REVEAL
GRAFT VALUELESS
Whitman, in Granting Re?
prieve, Announces He
Will Go No Further.
PR1SONERHOPESAGAIN
Counsel Withdraws from Case?
Bourke Cockran May Make
Federal Appeal.
[Tttm ? W?ff Owr?j[po?*jt!nt of T?? Trl?wm?.]
Albany, July 1.?Refusing to com?
mote the death sentence of Charles
Keeker, despite offcra to expose polico
?.-raft, Governor Whitman to-day ex?
tended tho former policeman's Hfo two
weoks, ao that an appeal can bo taken
to tho United States Supremo Court.
With Mr. Whitman's announcement
that the date of Becker's execution had
bee? changed from the wick of July j
? 12 to the wock beginning July 26, the
ease passed finally from the Govern?
or's hards. Ho will hear no moro per?
sons in Becker's behalf, and all rea?
sonable possibility of executive intcr
isrence with tho sint.cnco has departed.
Martin T. Mant?n, Bicker's chief
counsel, Raid, following his interview
with tho Governor, that his office was
through with tho case, and that an?
other attorney would tako it to the
Federal court. Soon after this Mr.
Mant?n, who had prepared to take tho
train from Albany to Ne?v York,
Ruddenly disappeared. Word from
York quoted John B. Johnston,
Maaten*! asoc?ate, as saving that the
.-.ttorncy is now in Philadelphia. John?
ston seid a.'so that, despite Wanton's
assertion that ho was through with
the ease, it was probable that they
he appeal. This may
'-:ran, who is as
: h Mant?n and Johnston,
r the Federa! proceeding.
Offers Graft Story.
Mr. Mant?n arrived at the Kxecutive.
noon, and
tted to Governor
ee. Mr. Mant?n
the Gov< rnoi to up
of the
?jstices, to
hear ? ea for commutation of,
Bee!? : imprison
Mr. Whitman promptly denied tho
? ' rney said
: om Becker
that would
New York
would
? cker's
life.
Mr. Mant?n vas informed that r.o
"uch i nny weight
know planned to have
> to make
heen .'?'
? ili!. hut, si . ? ? rievo
? ?
Beck
nton added the
?
court
rnor Whit
. the state,
?
im opportunity to tako
this course. Mr. Mant?n said ha
rop out of tho
y, and urged that time
- ey to
Reprieve Knda Interview.
! o'clock the Governor sent
? latter*! arrival, Mr. Wl.it
. ?
?? 1:16, after Mr. potter
reeted to draw up the re
I
As Mr. Mant?n left tho Governor'o
the newtpepcr nun of the
reprieve. When he was asked for the
. that Gov?
ernor Whitman was preparing a state
iver the matter.
last itatement, which .vas held back
? the preparation
? eprieve paper, read:
Uty tf| lii-cline to ap
further examine
and feel that I
mu?t deny the application for commu
mprisonment for
life.
"Mr. Mant?n is of the opinion that
done all in his power for his
'lient liked for a reprieve, in
order that other counsel may
? n pr?parai loi in the effort
te take the case into the Federa! court.
"Owing to my absence during the
w*ek from ?! and the inci
I think it is fair that the
extra ' 1 he given, ami I have
. a reprte? ?
? t week be
?
Wife Win?. \i,1.
?v. Governor later refused to add to
?"'' ;' thai amplif?ca?
me! of
importance. When Mr. Mant?n was
; there was
W, giving a
i J*'0?? hint that probably to-morrow he
n full
decided not
? save
y*> il kl wn that for several weeks
L ,'.?'' ! that
fZ}blnt ? could ?ave Becker
jrom execution, and he was persuaded
??continue after tho Court of Appeala
,*;fl?;' .' a third trial only by
l?>? heroic Insistence of Mrs. Becker.
Her remarkable efforts to win a
?'mutation for her husband evoked
loDtlnufd on pate 0, column 7
MISSING DOCTOR FOUN
E. E. Rowcll, Jr., Located
Indiana?Aphasia Victim.
Btasaford, Cena., July 1. Dr. Ed?
1" K' well. jr. who disappeared May
en foand in North Judson, li
and is now en route to Stamford w
his eoasin, Dr. E. Everett Rowcll, v
?cut there in reapona? to a telegr
ved here Saturday.
A letter received to day from l>r.
Everett Rowell --aid the aliasing ph?
c?an was in ? state of aphasia when
! found him. He bad been vv,.
gravel pit then- and fell ill. A pa
found on him gave the name and
dress of his cousin, George i'. Row
a Stamford lawyer who v?:,
| I?r Rowell'g father, a physician h?
had given him up us mal. Tin- phj
I Ciar, was m g highly nervous Condit
verworh at the time of his ?I
nee, and had arrange?! to tak
I vacation.
- o
RACES TO JUNE ALTAR
| Young Woman Escapes
Seco^ih Being- July Bride.
South X. ? . July 1. M
Mary Mc< r, N. ?a Jf?i ...
?ranted i<i he a June I
? ?he got her wish last night with I
' seconds to spare. < onnecticut red tn
and the severe rainstorm came nc
I frustrating her wish.
Louis Allen Conrad, the bridegroo
l who lives at the Hotel Astor, New Yoi
I got the license here five days in u
i vanee, and last night set out in his a
! tomobile to be married in Grecnwii
! There he found that the license vv
good only here.
Hctwoen rain and tire trouble it vv
11:4;> when the couple got Dr. Frnest
McGregor out of bed. He threw a ba
robo ovo- h:?, pajamas and married t
New Yorkerr, I . fore the clock struck :
W. W\ ASfORGIVES
$7,230,000 TO SO!
-
John J. Gets Four Parcels (
Property Here, First to Pass
from Father's Estate.
William Waldorf Astor yesterdi
gave his younger son, John Ja^ob A
tor, real estate in lower Manhatti
valued at ?7,2.'.0,000. Keal estate m<
arc inclined to believe the tranaf?
was made tq enable the younger M
Astor to escape payment of an inhen
anee tax later on.
The property which changed hnn?
Includes the norfn end of the ol
House, at Broadway and Hi.rclf
eta; the Real F.state Exchange, I
.th adjacent bui
the Kxrhange Court Building, at Bro ?
way and Fxchatige Place, and tl
Building, at 10 Well Street
These -?re the first of the propertii
to pass from William Waldorf A.-4or
?iirrtrt control- since he succeeded h
father as head of that branch of th
family in 1890.
John ?Ificob Astor, the second son c
.?m Waldorf Aatoc. was born i
nent most of his life i
Ki'Kland. He holds a commission in th
Fngiii-h army, but it has not been ar
r.ounccd whether he has pone to th
front.
OPERATE SUDDENLY
ON F. D. ROOSEVELT
Physicians Say Assistant Secre
*ary Had Narrow Appen?
dicitis Escape.
Washington, July 1 Franklin L>
Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of th?
Navy, was operated on this aftcrnoor
for appendicitis, after a sudden attacl
early this morning. The operation wai
successful, although of a grave char
acter. At the Naval Hospital, wl en
the operation was performed, it vva;
two hours mighl
entailed .serious and po
?
Mr. Roosevelt war, about to i-1
for Eastport, Me., t<; join his famil.v
for the week end, whin the attack
His mother, Mr?. James D
ivelt, wa.s telegraphed for, _atu;
arrived this evening from New York
no, of the Federal Re
Board, uncle of Mr. Roosevelt
will arrive to-morrow.
Phj , Mr. Roosevelt is no!
in danger. No complication! are looked
for, a rj is expected at th?
norma' time. It h..s not been though!
iry to summon his family from
port.
OSBORME PLEA IN VAIN
Warden Fails to Win Reprieve
for Auburn Protege.
Albany, July 1. Thomas Mott Os
borne, warden of Sing Sing prison, mad?
an unsuccessful plea to Governor Whit?
man to-day for a repri? ve of David
Dunn, who will die in Auburn prison
to-morrow for the murder of Harry Ed?
wards, of Corning. ('?borne became
intimately acquainted with I>unn while
in Auburn, and believes he is insane.
Alienists never have examined him.
It required several houri for Osborne
to obtain an audience with the Govern?
or. Except for a short time when he
was at lunch, he set in the general
reception room of the Executive t ham
her._
TWO CHILDREN SEE
FATHER SHOT DEAD
Brooklyn Man, Walking with
Daughters, Killed from Am
bush of Speeding Auto.
While walking with his two daugh
i ter?, Frank Manba, a junk dealer, of
-, Brooklyn, was shot
?i.nd in fror' of 20 Gar.'-eld 1'iace while
returning from a visit to a friend last,
, night. The assailant, who, the girls
, told the police, resembled a man known
; 1o theni, f.rc?l the shot from a touring
car, in which he fled.
Mnnba, the police said, had received
several letters from Black Hand or
tivns in South Brooklyn dem ind
These Monba disregi
The police believe the murderer is a
member of one of these gangs. I>e
tecti?-es of the ?'th Rranch S re looking
for th" slayer.
? Vnwrlnkle ?our forehead ar.d Ret set for
?i Shorty McCal e
In EVERY WEEK, out to day.
Advt.
ALLIES CAPTURE
KRITHIA, TURKS'
GREAT BARRIER
Athens Reports Fall of
Position Hamilton Has
Been Assaulting.
BRITISH LOSSES
TO JUNE, 38,635
Premier Announces Casualties
to Commons -Ottoman Troops
Make Wonderful Defence.
?
Evelyn Thaw, her son and her dancing partner, on the /eranda of their Adirondack camp, at Chateaugay Lake
Narrows.
a___
press in Gallipoli is hardly more
Bounced than the realization of
tremendous task which faces Kngl
and France in their attempt to c
i'ks from their natural defei
barring the way to Constantinople
Premier Asquith announced in
House of Commons this aftern
that the British naval and milit
in killed, wounded and miss
in the operations against the Dard
elles up to .May 31 aggregated 38,
and men.
Turks Use Fists When
Allies Storm Trench
? i
Mexandria, July 1. i Dispatch
the London "Daily Chronicle."j 1
ch line on the Gal
poli Peninsula from the Aegean
the Dardanelles is confronted by r
und that culminates in t
centre In a flat summit BOO feet bi|
called Aclii Baba. On either side t
ground falls away to the sea
ravines and in dry water cours
tailed "deres," which the Turks ha
had tune to make impregnable to a
except those superb troops that a
now lighting to pass over them. The
is no room on the Gallipoli I'eninsu
to find weak points, and we are n<
in the position of having to stor
the immensely strong fortress, the a
vanced works of which, by an ama
ing feat of arms, we already hold ar
the glacis of which mujt be crossi
before we move forward to the a
sault on the bastion of Achi Bui
and hevond to the final assault on tr
very walls of that fortress.
On June 21 it was determined t
Straighten the line on the extrem
right, and at 1:80 a. m. th
preliminary bombardment was be
gun. All through the mornin
the cnanonadmg went on. By noo
the Second Division of the Knnch ha
stormed end captured all the 1
trenches of the first two lines on th
left. Even Haricot redoubt, with it
damnable entanglements and us maz
of communicating trenches, was i
French hands.
Victory Hangs in Halance.
On the right, however, the Pin
Division, after reaching its objective
had been countei attacked 80
j they ha.l fallen back. Agaii
they advanced, again they took th<
trench- s, again they were dm -
It began to look as if victory on th(
left would be fruitless and that thi
position would become an ,urttenab!<
Salient and that Haricot redoub1
would revert to the enemy.
At this moment a message was sen'
to say that the trenches must be re
captured and when recaptured held
liiere were sti!i five hours of day?
light for thir. battle. British guns
and howiUcis were asked for and sent
I at once and the bombardment was
resumed througluut the afternoon.
At 5:80 it leemed as if every gun on
earth was pouring shells on the
Turkish liai
At 6 o'clock the third assnult was
c'elivered. In one trench there was a
?ary shortage of ammunition,
but the enemy even fought with
stones, sticks and fists. A battalion
came hurrying up from the Turkish
r'ght as re.nforcement. It was
caught on the open ground by- the
drumming 76's and melted Bway. Thus
600 yards of the Turkish trenches
were taken and still the bombardment
continued in order to ward o? an ex?
pected counter-attack.
Evelyn Thaw May Be Arrested if She Fails
to Appear in Court, Despite Plea of Illness
Doctor's Certificate Not
Likely to Aid Dancer?
Husbands Dullness as
Boy Brought Out by State
?Ex-Governor Slaton at
Hearing.
Whether or not Evelyn N'eshit Thaw
would come to New York to testify in
the hearing to determine the sanity of
her husband, Harry K. Thaw, was the
chief subject of interest yesterday in
th' case. It ran be very safl ly said,
er, that Mrs. Thaw ?/ill appear
unless something unforeseen turns up.
gh she had announced she would
ing to appear at the trial if th?
her, yesterday a dia
patch came from her camp saying she
would produce a doctor's certificate
^- it would be a menaco to her
health for her to make the trip.
Following this there was a rumor
th.-.t if Justice Hendrick was not sat?
isfied with guch a certificate a body
attachment would be issue?! for the
i. John I!. Stanchfield and Abel
I. Smith, jr., of Thaw's counsel, said
it ?rai a matter of utter indifference t"
them wKther the state produced M ; ??
Thaw r not. She is expected here,
however, in time to testily perhaps
Tuesday.
Witnesses for the state will take the
stand to-day. The reading of testi?
mony tending to show that Thaw had
been long insane was continued yes
terday, but will he concluded early in
the proceedings to-dny, and the state
will then begin its direct evidence.
Slaton at Hearing.
Kx-Governor John M. Slaton of
Georgia was in court yesterday, lie
sa; mi the bench beside Justice Hen?
drick and intently studied Thaw. He
had seen the man who killed Stanford ;
White before, and said he was thus
doubly interested in the case.
Mrs. Slaton, who wore a pretty Leg?
horn hat with blue velvet ribbons, sat
near the bench. As Governor Slaton
left the courtroom he was nsjied if he
intended to take up law practico In
New York. He flatly idea. '
saying he was going to practKe ip. .V
During the five and one-half hours i
Deputy Attorney Generals Alfred I..
Becker and Frr.nk K. Cook occupied in
reading old testimony, the statements
of Mrs. Marv Copley Thaw and Dr.
Charles F. Hingaman. Thaw's childhood (
Continued on page ?. column S
GERMANS HURL
2,000,000 MEN
UPON WARSAV
Armies Invading Polan
from Galicia Hurry on
to Northward.,
London, July 1. The
drive of the Au ir-. Oilman armii
from Galicia int i Poland ii daily b<
coming more formidable, I
ICO to the city i
Warsaw, It cannot yet be determine
whether they propose to make thei
main etTort in this direction, .nstea
of maintaining a concentie.ted offen
live to the eastward, to force th
Russians out of the southeast tip o
Galicia.
Whatever the ultimate object is, th.
fighting ,-long the OnTa Lipa hus no
abated, and tins afternoon's Berlil
official communication not only re
cords progress in this sector, but fur
ther north, in the arc around Lern
berg, as well as along what has now
become the northern front, between
the Vistula and Bug rivers.
The Austro-Oerman forces on this
front are estimated nt two million
men, and their progress has been
rapid. They hase crossed the forest
fringing the Tanew Uiver, and, ac
cur.ling to to-night'- report
from Vienna, have captured the Za
mosc fortress, twenty -.'.ve m 1151 north
of the Galicien frontier.
War?aw Def/nce 100 Miles Off.
| s hundred miles to the north
is the great Rusalat base, Brest
Litovsk Inked with Warsaw by Im?
portant rtilways ai-d lying aim. ?
east of the Polish espiral.
The ih'\elopment of the Oalician
campaign has create? a situation en?
tirely unexpected by the Alli?e A
few months ago the Russians were at
irpathian passes, and during ?he
months there were eoi
predictions, both in England and
( nntintied on paff ? r.ilnmn H
Samuel Hopkins Adams
One of those amazing articles on business life, which
Adams writes with a careful, powerful hand, appears in
next Sunday's Tribune. It shows in detail the fraudulent
methods used by a store below Fourteenth Street on
Broadway. Order from your newsdealer to make sure that
his Sunday Tribunes will last until you get your copy.
ijhp ?imuau; (Bribunr
First to Last?the Truth:
News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
Lower picture?Jack Clifford, Eve
hn Thaw's dancing partner; upper?
Evelyn rha? r? >-.\ itig across Chateau?
Ray La'r ??
GERMAN REPLY ~"
IN KAISER'S HAND
Note to U. S. Expected To Be
Ready by July 6--Will Prob?
ably Be Compromise.
Berlin, July 1. As the result of
this week's conferences on drafts of
tha German reply to the American
note, the document is now in the hands
of Kmperor William at Ar.ny Head
?luarters. The Kai-er's ?'ecision is
expected In time SO that Cie note can
be presented t" James V . Gerard, the
American Ambassador, probably on
July i* oi 8
High : to bring
about a friendly settlement of the
questions with America and there is
?
anxious to make the proposals as con?
ciliatory and acceptable as possible.
These officials, however, have to
reckon with tha forre of .-trong public
opinion, which undoubtedly will op?
pose - ivorini of complete
acquieaci nee in the American pro?
posais. This force is being sKilfully
exploitei b) thoa? who are opposed to
i all concessions.
Friends of a settlement are working
under these circumgtanees with con?
siderable difficulty and the note prob?
ably will repri romieo not
in accordance with their desires.
VULCAN GOES AGROUND
Fuel Ship Loses Way in Fog?
Damage ?Slight.
Newport, R. I ; July 1. The naval
fuel ?hip Vulcan, formerly the repair
.-hip of the department, went aground
on the southeast, stde of Gould Igland,
Narragansett Hay, during a dense fo?
to-day.
?ar as known, the Vulcan hag not
red ar.y damage, but it will be
(er her before ?he can
i be floated.
GREAT BEAR SPRING WATER
the ?.aae of six g'.a?? atoipered bottle?.?
Aiv t.
U-BOATS SEEK ADRIATIC;
ARMENIAN BOUND ON
'ADMIRALTY BUSINESS'
Canadas Premier on
Liner Sought by
Submarines
CARRIES CARGO
OF MUNITIONS
i
Five Americans Among
420 Passengers?Many
Prominent Britons.
MAY CHANGE COURSE
Predictions Now Made In Ger?
man Circles Recall Similar
Forecast for Lusitania.
In German circles it wao predict?
ed yesterday that the White Star
liner Adriatic, which left Wednes?
day for Liverpool with a large cargo
of war materials, munitions and au?
tomobiles consigned to the Allies,
would 1 e sunk by German subma?
rines. Orders to that effect had
been issued, it was said.
Aside from being a floating arse?
nal, local Germans point out, she is
an especial mark because some prom?
inent Englishmen are among her
passenger.-.
Sir Robert Horden, Premier of
Canada, is one of the passengers,
bound for London to consult with the
British Cabinet about the transpor?
tation of Canadian troops.
Other passengers were Captain F.
Conway Jenkins, of the Royal Brit
i -'i Aviation Corps, Dr. Charles Sa
rolea, Belgian Consul at Edinburgh,
and a number of British army offi?
cers.
In addition to a large quantity of am?
munition and war materials, there
\?-re nearly two hundred auto-trucks
and trac'.jr engines lashed to the deck
of the liner. Among her 420 passen?
gers were only five Americans.
Although the manifest of the Adri?
atic's carpo has not been made pub?
lic by the custom house authorities,
It was asserted that duplicates were
obtained by German otlicials.
While the Adriatic is not one of
the newect boats In the White Star
Line service, she is ore of the fast?
est. Despite this, well posted Ger?
mans point out, she cannot, escape
the new, powerful anil speedv sub?
marines which Got many h;.s just
added to her blockading flotilla., one
of which sank the Armenia op Tues?
day.
The sinking of the Lusitania by a
German submarine was also accurate?
ly predicted in the same evidently well
informed German circles which yester?
day said that strenuous i-rTorts would
be made by German submarines com?
manders to bring the Adriatic to bay.
It was pointed out that strenuous ef?
forts era ?King made by Germany to
frighten ihippen and ship owners
from carrying contraband aboard their
vessel? before the liual German answer
American note relative to a
restriction of Germany's submarine
warfare, is dispatched to Washington.
Just i. '" the German government re?
ceived newa of the highly contraband
cargo of tlie Adriatic and how its al?
leged int- ntions to sink her became
known here is a matter of conjecture.
It was hinted, however, that important
and unneutral news is daily communi?
cated t0 Germany by its local agents
eral ways,
line way, it was said, led via South
American ci bles to Spain, across Spain
by telegraph to the border, aid thence
by courier ?'Cross French territor\ to
Switzerland and from there to Gar
many. An< ther route was over the
Dutch owred cables via the Dutch
owned island of Curacao, Wejt Indies,
! to Holland.
These roundabout connections are
chosen becnuse the Tuckerton wireless
station is operated by the United States
government and a strict censorship has
been placed over the Sayville wireless
station. Besides the static conditions
are not always favorable for the trans?
mission of long distance wiroleil mes?
sages of such importance as those
which send hostile ships like the Lusi
*o the bottom of the sea.
The Adnutic, und*r ordinary cir?
cumstances, would ?ntei the danger
zone on Tuesday evening, Jul..- 8, It
may lie, however, that her owners,
warned by the fate which overtook
the Lusitania, may order her rkipper
to go out of his regular course, per?
haps to the north of Ireland, in order
to eliminate as much as possible the
ever-present danger it Germso ?u
marines in the war zone around the
British l>les.
PLAYS"DEAD BIRD";
AIRMAN KILLS FOES
British Aviator Pretends to Fall
and Gains Position to
Destroy Taube.
Pan?, July 1 A ruse by which he
destroyed a German aeroplane near
Ypres is described by Mark Helson, a
, British aviator, in "Le Journal." The
battle took place nearly 6,600 feet ?n
the air.
"When the enemy machine sighted
me it immediately took to flight," said
Helson. "I dashed otf in pursuit. After
about ten minutes' rapid flight I came
up with him and flew above him. The
duel began at once.
"After fighting for some time without
result 1 adopted a stratagem which I
have always found successful, and let
my aeioplane dive almost perpendicu?
larly. The German aviatoi, believing I
had fallen, also descended in a gliding
t! ght. I then righted my machina,
denly and shot above him at a distance
of about fifteen feet. Then we re.-'jmel
the duel. One of my ?hots hit the
gasolene tank of the aeroplane, and the
machine bunt into flames, cashing to
the earth. The pilot and obsViver both
were killed."
U. S. Action on Her
Sinking Depends on
Meaning of Term.
FEAR CENSORS
HOLD UP NEWS
Government Unwilling to
Class Lost Vessel as
War Transport.
U BOAT SHELLED SHIP
Captain Tried to Escape Until
Engine and Steering Gear
Were Smashed.
IFrora ??h? Tribun? n<jr??u )
Washington, July 1.?No action
has been determined upon by the
United States relative to the sink?
ing; of the Leyland Liner Armenian
by a German submarine, with the
loss of several American liv.s.
Secretary Lansing said to-day
that sufficient details had not yet
been received at the State Depart?
ment to determine a cours* of ac?
tion or on which to express an opin?
ion. L'ntil more complet?; report*,
axe received no attempt will be
made to form a judgment on the
cuse.
The only official dispatch given
out to-day was a telegram from
Ambassador Page, stating that the
Armenian was on "Admiralty busi?
ness." The State Department is at
a loss to a?count for the lack of in?
formation from consular and dip?
lomatic sources. Instni rttOfM have
been cabled to Ampas-aili.' Page t)
rush all available details of the
tragedy.
The belief is strong that news of
the disaster is being held up by th?
British censorship. No other explana?
tion of the meagre character of th?
dispatches can be reasonably accepted,
recording to the view of offic als here.
I'noffieial dispatches are interpreted
in Washington generally as establish?
ing that the Armenian was attempting
to escape, and many oflicial? expressed
the opinion that in such an even? the
vessel could expect no better fate. It
was widely stated that this fact alone,
if proved, made intjuiries into th?
s'atus of the ship and her crew un?
necessary.
No Evidence of Transport.
The report of Ambassador Fage that
the Armtnian wbs engage 1 in "Ad?
miralty business" is regarded as capa?
ble of s<?-eral interpretations. The of?
ficial view is that the character of the
ship la not ?letermined by a mere char?
ter to th? Admiralty, and th? re is noth?
ing to support the notion that the Ar?
menian v.as commanded by British na?
val officers or gave any other evidence
of being a transport.
Although it appears that the Ar?
mer.urn attempted to elude the enemy
after being summoned to .stop, State De
artment officials declared that unleaa
the submarine intended to exercise ita
legal right of visit and search th?
vessel hail a right to disregard the
warning. The government's attitud?
on this po.nt is made clear in tha
second note to Germany on the sinking
of the Lusitama, which refjses to ex?
cuse the sinking of a vessel unlesa ah?
repeatedly attempts to run away after
being ordered to stop "for th? purpos?
of visit."
It was aaid here that the government
was not as yet in possession of sufficient
facts to form an opinion on th la point
but it was added that as th? German
government had up to this, time re?
garded the obligation to visit and
search vessels as not binding on aub
marines. it might be assume?! that ther?
was no intention by the cornrnan?ler to
visit and search the Armenian. On thig
assumption the Armenian was justified
thing every effort to escape, and
Germany could be held accountable for
the leatha of the Amer.
Question of Definition.
The question of ?h?' . f th?
term 'transport' ia considered very deli?
cate, thought probable that
admit the Ar?
menian to have been one, as thia would
raise at once the issue as to whether aa
such she had a right to cl-ar from a
neutral port Germany will undoubt
.intend that the Armenian was a
British transport, which would plac?
the government in the novel position
o" receiving rather than issuing a pro?
test. It is pointed out, however, that
if Germany had th? infornation that
the Armenian was a British transport
it should have communicated this in?
formation to the United States
Whatever may prove to be the trvi?
state of affairs, it seems assured that
there will be a considerable amount of
diplomatic correspondence with the
German government in connection with
the case. Officials here are disinclined
to minimize the gravity of tne situation
caused by the sinking of the Armenian,
and it is feared that it may complicate
the discussion of the l.mtania and
other cases now a iplorr.ati?
seal v? th Germany.
Did His Best to Escape,
Armenian's Captain Says
Liverpool, Juiy 1 j"Th? London
cle" service). ??<?rae of th? sur
I vivors of the Leyland liner Armenian

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